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Secwepemc NEWS

PELL7EMETMIŃ/PELLTSÍPWEN’TEN 2011

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March 2011 Pellsqépts

A monthly publication serving the people and communities of the Shuswap Nation

NEWS

The Chief of Skeetchestn says ‘Enough Already’

The voice of the

Community serves notice to politicians, corporations that promises must give way to actual benefits By Rick Deneault, Vancouver Sun February 14, 2011-The Similkameen Valley

There’s a lot of talk in the current Liberal leadership race about rural interests versus urban interests, how rural resource development is important but that most of the benefits of this development flow to urban areas. Rural and urban voters alike are said to be frustrated. Really? Frustrated? Please spend a moment or two in our shoes. Imagine you’re a resident on a property that’s been in your family for generations. Over time, various governments and companies have whittled away at the property, hemming it in, dividing it, preventing your access to your waterfront, throwing all manner of transportation and utility corridors across it, always promising to “make it right” at some unspecified future date. It’s as if you’ve been raised to get up in the morning and look out your window just to see if somebody has moved your fences during the night. Over and over, again and again, various levels of governments tell you that you have rights to consultation, companies tell you they’ll sit down and talk with you some day, yet at the end of each day the bureaucrats and company officers seem content to tick off the boxes on their administrative or corporate to-do lists, putting off dealing with your concerns until next month. Or next year. Or next decade. Or next century. I think I can safely say that you’d find such conduct frustrating. So would your community. To see one’s resources taken without economic participation, or one’s home used as a staging ground for the economic benefit of others, all without any ability to co-manage or share in the benefits -it takes its toll on a community. Welcome to our world. We are the Skeetchestn Indian Band with reserves and traditional territory near Savona, B.C., in the Deadman’s Creek and Thompson River area. Our community is like any other B.C. community, wanting what any community wants: Jobs, good water, economic opportunity, health care, a degree of self-sufficiency. And like any other B.C. community, we’d like a say in those things that directly affect our community. We do have a good working relationship and a say with New Gold’s mining operation here, but it is the exception.

SHUSWAP NATION

Photograph by: Tim Pawsey, Vancouver Courier

• SEXQELTQÍN ADAMS LAKE • ST’UXWTÉWS BONAPARTE • TSQ’ÉSCEN

CANIM LAKE • STSWÉCEMC/ XGÉT’TEM’ CANOE/DOG CREEK • ESK’ÉT ALKALI LAKE • LLENLLENÉY’TEN HIGH BAR

As this is being written, work crews are building yet another few kilometres of road across our territory, throwing a bridge over a stream that cuts across the heart of the hunting and trapping territory that helps sustain us in winter. The road is supposed to ensure that logs that once went east to a Kamloops mill can instead be taken west to a mill at 100 Mile House. This West Fraser Mills road development is just the latest in several such roads constructed in the last few years across our traditional territory, over our objections. That this activity represents no economic benefit to us -indeed, it represents a loss of community benefit -is brushed aside. Canadian National’s rail line blocks our access to the Thompson River. CN’s original right of way through our reserve was negotiated without any input or representation from the band. Decades ago, a landslide blocked a portion of the line, so CN simply built a new line that detoured around the affected area, across our land, all without bothering even to talk to us about it. Concerning these developments, we’ve had CN saying they’ll get around to dealing with us any day now. The frustrating thing is that they’ve been saying “any day now” for 14 years. We’ve got BC Hydro saying they’ll get to us and discuss their various transmission corridors across the land, but until then we can’t use central pivot irrigation where it

• TK’EMLÚPS

runs up against a transmission corridor, and we can’t store logs or very likely anything else, including hay for the horses, under those lines. (Curious that BC Hydro found the time to buy up the urban homes of Tsawwassen residents who complained about an upgrade to an existing transmission corridor in the Lower Mainland.) There are others -Canadian Pacific Railway, Pembina Pipeline, Spectra Energy, International Forest Products, Teck/Highland Valley Copper -well, you get the idea. Our B.C. community -a first nations community -is being cut to pieces. By the time these companies or bureaucrats get around to our community’s issues on things they’ve already built, there will be nothing left of us. You wouldn’t want that for your community, for your friends and neighbours, for your family, would you? Neither do we. So enough. Enough already. We’re serving notice. In the days ahead, those companies and agencies that have not acted honourably will be receiving letters from us, advising them to tell their customers to expect possible service interruptions regarding their operations in our traditional lands. We’re writing to the six Liberal leadership candidates to advise them as well, because one of them will be premier and will no doubt be asked to take a position on whether a first nations community should be shredded for the betterment of forest companies or railway companies or energy companies or tax revenues. We hope there is talk -talk amongst the companies, talk amongst government ministries and agencies, talk amongst the companies and government -because a little talk and genuine consultation with us will go a long, long way to setting everyone on the right path toward mutual benefit. Because at the end of the day, the Skeetchestn community is like any B.C. community. We honour the past, we deal with today, and we want to be able to look forward to a future that includes having a say in what happens to us, to our homes, to our traditional lands, and to our culture and community life. continued on pg. 4

KAMLOOPS • QW7EWT LITTLE SHUSWAP • SK’ATSIN

NESKONLITH • SIMPCW

NORTH THOMPSON • TSK’WÉYLECW PAVILION • KENPÉSQ’T SHUSWAP • SKÍTSESTN SKEETCHESTN • XATS’ÚLL SODA CREEK • SPLATSÍN

SPALLUMCHEEN • T’ÉXELC

WILLIAMS LAKE • STIL’QW/ PELLT’ÍQ’T WHISPERING PINES/CLINTON


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Secwepemc NEWS

JAN/FEB 2011

NEWS The voice of the Shuswap Nation Circulation 4,000 Secwepemc News is published monthly

Editor Louise Alphonse

OUR MISSION is to provide a forum for members of the 17 Shuswap Bands to discuss and learn more about the issues, news and events taking place in the Shuswap Nation; to promote awareness of Secwepemc language, culture and history; to recognize the individual accomplishments of community members; and to provide a vehicle for the outside community to learn more about the history, current affairs and future goals of the Secwepemc people.

Language Page Kathy Manuel

You can reach our Editorial Office by phone: (778) 471-5789 by fax: (778) 471-5792 by e-mail: communic@secwepemc.org; or by mail: c/o Secwepemc Cultural Education Society 274A Halston Connector Road, Kamloops, BC V2H 1J9

Contributors Walter Quinlan Brynn Gise Holly Deneault Doreen Johnson Lynn Kenoras Yvonne Fortier Mike Youds STEP

Secwepemctsín Wel me7 yews “Preserving Our

We appreciate and rely on the Shuswap communities for their stories and activity reports. Kukwstep-kucw

Language”

Improve your SKILLS & EMPLOYABILITY

Become a Residential Building Maintenance Worker Apprentice The program covers:

Safety Trades Math Troubleshoot building problems Drywall Flooring repairs & maintenance Electrical repairs & maintenance Painting General contractor duties and responsibilities

Care, maintenance & use of tools Identifying/selecting building materials Roofing repairs & maintenance Plumbing repairs & maintenance repairs Heating systems repairs & maintenance Appliance repairs & maintenance Project Management/Estimating

TENTATIVE DATES Level 3

Start: April 11-June 3, 2011

Level 1

Start: September 12-November 4, 2011

Cost: $1,300.00 Cost: $1,300.00

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Start: January 16-March 9, 2012

Cost: $1,300.00

Please note: the course dates and fees are subject to change These classes will be held in Kamloops, B.C. Completion of three 8-week levels combined with 4500 workplace hours is required. (if you already have work experience in this field, you may apply to have your previous work hours credited). It is the responsibility of the apprentice to find his/her own work placement. Each apprentice must keep a record of their own hours worked and whom they worked for. This information must be reported to the Industry Training Authority on a regular basis. After successfully completing all three levels of in-class courses, completion and reporting of work hours to the ITA, the apprentice will be issued a Residential Building Maintenance Worker Certificate of Qualification for the Province of BC. Keep in mind, this program is transferable through the ITA. www.itabc.ca/TrainingPrograms_Profiles

For more information and registration packages, please contact: Secwepemc Cultural Education Society 274A Halston Connector Road, Kamloops, BC V2H 1J9 Phone: (778) 471-5789 Fax: (778) 471-5792 Email: trades@secwepemc.org Website: www.secwepemc.org

Calendar of Community EVENTS

All are welcome to list any upcoming meetings and events in this space. Please give us a call at (778) 471-5789 or fax us at (778) 471-5792 or E-mail us at communic@secwepemc.org. Notices received by March 30, 2011 will make it into our next issue. “Dance to the music of the Kamloops Old Time Fiddlers Saturday March 5th and 19th,  7:30-10:30 pm at Heritage House, 100 Lorne Street.  Members $ 6.00, non-members $ 7.00.  Everyone is welcome.  FMI 250-376-2330.”

Pow Wow Listings: Neskonlith Traditional Pow Wow August 19 to 21, 2011 “New Arbor” for more information call Patrick Adrian at (250) 572-6075 or Laura at (250) 679-8584

Men’s Hockey Tournament Friday, March 4 at 5:00pm - March 6 at 4:00pm Location Lac La Hache, BC Created By Tahnyea J Robbins, Frederick Johnson $675 Entry Fee. Deadline: Friday February 25, 2011 Accepting first 10 teams!! Entry fee must be paid before your team is officially entered. Contact Rolland Harry for Account information. Concession & 50/50 Contacts: Rolland Harry cell-1-250-302-1582 Frederick Johnson-work-1-250-440-5631

Canim Lake Traditional Pow Wow June 24, 25 and 26th...Come one, come all and enjoy a beautiful weekend.. For more information..please contact Cheryl @ (250)397-2002. MC: Gord Cuthbert Arena Director: TBA, Whipman: Adrian Retasket, Vendors: $20 a day or $50 for the weekend. Jr and Sr Princess’s...if you can let Cheryl Archie know if you are having a special or giveaway. thank you.

“A Spiritual Land Claim” - An award winning film directed, produced & moderated by Dorothy Christian, a member of Splats’in community, PhD student. It will be showing on March 7, 2011 (Monday) Event to take place at Thompson Rivers University – Kamloops beginning at 12:30pm. No cost to attend, please RSVP for catering purposes to Shelly Johnson, sjohnson@tru.ca , or phone: 1-250-371-5995.

ONE DAY POW WOW TRU Gymnasium is located b/s the Sciences Building, Access by Dalhousie drive just off Mc Gill Rd - Grand Entry @ 1:00 pm Host Drum : Qwatna Mountain, Sage Hills Sky Eagle, Barn Dance Boyz Red Thunder Rock Lunch @ 11pm - Supper@ 6pm CALLING ALL DANCERS AGES 0-14YRS OF AGE AND ROYALTY TO JOIN US FOR THIS SPECIAL EVENT!!! Dancers ages 0-6yrs and 7-14yrs of age will be paid honorarium. Specials !! Contacts Sharon (250) 828-2540 or (250) 682-3877 cell or Gerald Carter 250 373 0135 250 852 1429 cell THIS IS A FAMILY EVENT Alcohol and Drug Free event!

1st Annual Northern Shuswap Youth Conference @ The 108 Hills. March 21 - 24, 2011 – Workshops will focus on Health, Language, Culture, Employment, Environment, Education, Life-Long Learning, Family Violence, Alcohol and Drugs, Sports, Youth Safety, Healthy Sexuality, and Recreation. The conference will host a Youth Talent Show, DEADLINE FOR YOUTH TALENT SHOWCASE APPLICATIONS IS March 21, 2011. A description of the workshops is included in the agenda. Deadline for registration is February 28th. Limited space available, 1st 100 youth will be accepted. THERE WILL BE ABSOLUTELY ZERO TOLERANCE FOR DRUG AND ALCOHOL USE BY DELEGATES, CHAPERONES, AND GUESTS. For further information, to volunteer, or to register, please contact Wilma at 250.397.2502 or email w.boyce@xplornet.com July 1-3, 2011 – Queen Beez 3rd Annual Ball Hockey Tournament at Sugar Cane .Tournament is open both to Women (1st 15 teams)& Men (1st 20 teams). Teams will be playing for Prizes, Trophies, Prize Trophies, and Prize Money. There will be daily shootouts. Concession & camping available. Entry Fee and Roster Deadline is June 28th. Queen Beez and the Williams Lake Indian Band will not be responsible for lost or stolen items; and will not be held liable for any injuries sustained during the event. To enter or further information please contact Shiela at 250.296.3446, or 250.267.1456. Working Together Society Traditional Pow Wow June 17, 18 & 19, 2011 @ the Neskonlith Arbor Men’s Grass Dance Special sponsored by the Martin’s. Traditional breakfast on Saturday & Sunday, Lunch and Dinner will be provided. Sunday will be brown bag for the road. Vendors welcome, all food vendors and 50/50 will be done by the Society, no outside sales. Free Admission. Free Camping. NO ALCOHOL OR DRUGS WILL BE TOLERATED ! For more information please contact Lucille Martin’s @ (250) 679-8098. The Society will not be responsible for any lost or stolen items. DENEAULT FAMILY REUNION - Deneaultville, Chase, BC - July 1, 2 & 3rd, 2011 for more information on this event, please contact Lucy Martin @ (250) 373-8098 or Deb Deneault @ (250) 373-2270

Honoring Young Women Traditional Pow Wow April 29 to May 1, 2011 Chu Chua Community Hall Friday, Grand entry 7pm Sat., Grand entry 1pm Sun., Grand entry 12pm Host drum: Sweetwater Drummers MC: Buck Sheena Whip Man: Jules Arnouse Hand drummers bring your drums! Jr. & Sr. Princess give-away, Princess Pageant Craft tables, 50/50 draw (No out-side raffles or concessions please) Breakfast served Saturday and Sunday between 7am-9am Dinner served Saturday & Sunday between 5pm-6pm ALCOHOL & DRUG FREE EVENT! LOOKING FOR VOLUNTEERS AND SPONSORS ! Contact persons: Sam Saul – 250-672-5301 Eunice Donald – 250-672-5356 Linda – 250-672-9512 June 17-19, 2011 – Annual Father’s Day Powwow held at the Sugar Cane Powwow Grounds. For more information contact Virginia at 250-296-3128. June 25-27th , 2011– Annual Powwow at Canoe Creek hosted by the Rosie Seymour Elementary School. Contact Leona at 250-459-2329 for more information. Skeetchestn Community School Career & Health Fair, Wed. March 16, 2011 from 10:00 to 2:00 pm. For more information contact (250) 373-2420 Deadline for presentation tables is March 7th

DEADLINE IS ALWAYS THE LAST WEDNESDAY OF EACH MONTH Visit our website: www.secwepemc.org


Secwepemc NEWS

PELL7EMETMIŃ/PELLTSÍPWEN’TEN 2011

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Pellsqépts- “spring wind month”

Yi7éne te mégcen wes re tsímtes re swuct ne ctsetém̓. M-tsétsk̓we7mes te sgwígwle ne setétkwe. M-yews re snesnés te pésellkwe e syéwems tek písell. This is the month the snow melted in the valley. They fished with a pit lamp for steelhead in the river. Then they would go to the lake and dip net for rainbow trout.

Tekséle te qelmúcw re m-píxem (Two Hunters)

Tnk̓we7 xenwéllen̓ e stq̓wemút.s ne tsrep.

W7ec re píxmes re tekséle te qelmúcw. There were two people who went hunting.

Estqítsʼ m-t7éyentmes te skem̓cís. All of a sudden they met a grizzly bear.

One of them was able to climb a tree.

MEDIA RELEASE Kítsentem te skem̓cís T̕ucw m-stsílcwes teFor immediate release from ne7éne ne stsútes m-qwetsqéy̓em. SD 73 Parent Leadership Task Force m-semsúmentmes. February 24, 2011 SD 73 Parent Leadership Task Force Looks for Parent Input Online Parent Survey now Open Parent involvement in education really matters. Parents can be and are involved in their children’s education in a multitude of ways. In the spring of 2010, the School District No. 73 Parent Leadership Task Force was formed, and its mandate is to develop K̕émell re tnk̓we7 ta7 k sxenwéllen̓s e sllxup. CFDC of SoCentral he pretended to be dead. bear camefortoincreasing where and he supporting was a mediumThe term grizzly (2 – 3 year) strategy Interior But the other was unable to escape lying and began to sniff him. parent leadership in the District. The 8 members of the task First Nations force are a diverse group, representing rural, urban, elementary, Jackie Bandura secondary, and First Nations, and they all agree on the end goal: Jordan George supporting student learning. Dale Tomma The Task Force is asking parents for their input. Parents/ • Small Business Loans guardians of school-aged children are invited to share their • Business Plan Development • Entrepreneurial Training opinions on parent leadership and parent involvement in our stemét.s schools – what’s working, what’s not, andRe how can we improve #215-345 Yellowhead Hwy m-t.súxwenstses… it? An online survey is currently being conducted. It takes Kamloops, BC V2H 1H1 Phone: 250-828-9725 about 5 minutes to complete. Go to http://www.sd73.bc.ca and Fax:250-828-9972 find a link to the parent survey on the home page. Every voice Email: cfdc_loan@cfdcofcifn.com matters, regardless of the level of involvement of the parent, and Tskwenstút e sta7s e súp̓ems. will be vital to the Task Force’s research and Q̕7es éytsell llwélentmes te skem̓cís. the data collected His friend climbed down from the tree He tried hard to hold his breath. recommendations. In addition to the online parent survey, the After a long time before the grizzly left him. task force has met and collaborated with administrators, teachers and support staff, and is drafting a survey for these groups. The Tsútsentsems; m-séwenses re objective is to establish best practices for working with educators He told me: tek̓séles…. to involve parents meaningfully in our education system in order to “T̕k7élye pyin! Tá7us And asked his maximize student learning and achievement. k sqwémenc ec k companion The group plans to prepare a report with recommendations to welcmentsótes.” “Stem̓í k sétsʼent.s re the Board by the end of June. Anyone wishing to provide input in From now on, do skem̓cís?” addition to the online survey is encouraged to contact Tara Murray not invite one who What did the grizzly at tmurray@sd73.bc. <mailto:tmurray@sd73.bc.ca> is afraid for his own bear whisper in your For media inquiries please contact Parent Leadership Ship Task life only.” ear?” Force co-chair Leigh-Anne Larsen at 250-377-3484 or la.larsen@ Illustrations/Drawings were done by shaw.ca Cheryl Arnouse


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Secwepemc NEWS

“enough already” continued.....

It’s time we all treated each other fairly. The Secwepemc phrase Es tsellts’ílle es westwécw-kt means just that: To treat others fairly, and to be fairly treated in return. It is not a phrase that can be found in the long experience of the Skeetchestn with these companies and government agencies. In the days ahead, our efforts will test the

commitment to fairness held by those living off and benefiting from our land. It’s unfortunate, but when the issue boils down to simple survival, a community -any community -has to stand up. Rick Deneault is chief of the Skeetchestn Indian Band of British Columbia, and writes on behalf of councillors Darrel Draney, Thomas Hewitt, Gordon Deneault Sr., Terry Deneault and the Skeetchestn people.

CN Breaks The Silence With Skeetchestsn By MIKE YOUDS, Daily News Staff Reporter

CN has agreed to meet with Skeetchestn First Nation over its right-of-way through band land, a gesture greeted with open arms by Chief Rick Deneault. “It’s been over 12 years that we’ve tried to negotiate,” Deneault said, noting that the railway has been using the right-of-way through band land since 1935. “They took land and materials without consulting.” Deneault believes the band’s new strategy — one of confrontation based on years of frustration over a lack of consultation — is working. In a statement published Monday in The Vancouver Sun, Deneault issued an ultimatum to corporations and government. Writing on behalf of band council, the chief said corporations should be prepared to engage in consultations with the band or face consequences. Deneault, reached in Saskatchewan Tuesday, didn’t elaborate on what those might be, but pointed to CN’s sudden responsiveness as evidence the strategy is working. The band wants Canada’s largest railway to build a tunnel under the tracks along the Thompson River for the safety of band members going down to the river.

But it was another company’s activities that brought Skeetchestn frustrations to the breaking point, Deneault said. West Fraser Timber notified the band that it was putting a bridge across the upper Deadman River but never consulted. The road improvements enable the company to ship locally harvested logs to 100 Mile House rather than Kamloops. “That’s what really brought it to a boil. If you look at what’s going on up there it would make you sick — the way they logged and what they left behind. “We want co-management; we don’t want to shut forestry down,” he added. The band sent the same message to B.C. Liberal leadership candidates, letting them know of its frustration with hollow promises. “They’re looking for a leader right now. Maybe they should look at these concerns,” said Deneault. Only New Gold has dealt fairly with the band, first consulting then negotiating revenue-sharing and labour-training agreements before it started work on its New Afton property. Deneault is on the Prairies this week to give a presentation on those mining agreements to the Federation of Saskatchewan Indian Nations.

JAN/FEB 2011

First Nations argue legal challenge to BC Hydro’s transmission line First Nations argue legal challenge to BC Hydro’s new $600 million transmission line Vancouver, BC, NEWS RELEASE, Feb.22 /CCNMatthews/ - The fate of the environmental assessment certificate authorizing BC Hydro’s proposed new high voltage transmission line from Merritt to the Lower Mainland is now in the hands of the B.C. Supreme Court. Legal arguments were heard in Vancouver February 8 - 15, 2011 in the Nlaka’pamux Nation Tribal Council’s, Okanagan Nation Alliance’s and Upper Nicola Indian Band’s challenge to the Province’s approval of BC Hydro’s proposed Interior to Lower Mainland transmission line project. Mr. Justice Savage is now considering the case and will issue a decision as soon as possible. The ILM Project is BC Hydro’s biggest transmission line project in over three decades. Slated to cost $600 million, the project will add a third 500 kV line to parallel two existing 500 kV lines that run from the Nicola substation near Merritt to the Lower Mainland. Since its beginning, the Project has been set back by legal challenges by the NNTC, ONA and UNIB who have won two rulings on the issue of BC Hydro’s consultation regarding the Project. In February, 2009 the BC Court of Appeal ruled that the BC Utilities Commission had to consider whether the BC Hydro had met the Province’s constitutional duty to consult NNTC, ONA and UNIB before issuing a permit for the Project, and in February, 2011 the BCUC ruled that BC Hydro had not adequately consulted with First Nations. The BCUC ordered BC Hydro to undertake further consultation, and in an unprecedented ruling required BC Hydro to address First Nations’ interests in sharing revenues from the line. The BCUC authorization for the Project remains suspended and the Project cannot move ahead until consultations are completed. The recently concluded BC Supreme Court hearing is a challenge to the Environmental Assessment Certificate issued in June, 2009 for the Project. Liberal Ministers Mike de Jong, George Abbott, Barry Penner and Richard Neufeld (now a Senator) had promised to consult with the NNTC, ONA and UNIB regarding the impacts to Nlaka’pamux and Okanagan Aboriginal title and rights from the full system - the existing substation and two 500 kV lines as well as the new line - but

did not deliver on their promise before approving the Project. The NNTC, ONA and UNIB were forced to file law suits in September, 2009 challenging the EAC and seeking to hold the Province to its promise. The NNTC represents Nlaka’pamux Nation Aboriginal title and rights, including the Nlaka’pamux community of Spuzzum which is located in the Fraser Canyon north of Yale. “BC Hydro has cut Nlaka’pamux territory into pieces with all its transmission lines, substations, access roads and facilities” said Chief Bob Pasco, Chair of the NNTC. “We need to have the impacts to our people from the existing ILM lines considered and addressed before the system is expanded with a new line. We thought we’d made progress with the Province when two Ministers gave us written promises to consult regarding the existing and new line in October 2008 and February 2009, but now we’re forced to sue the Province to have that promise honoured.” The ONA represents seven member Bands of the Okanagan Nation, including Upper Nicola. “We have had to go to court three times to hold the Province to its legal duties” said Grand Chief Stewart Phillip, Chairperson of the ONA and President of the Union of B.C. Indian Chiefs. “The Province committed through the New Relationship to pursue a relationship with Aboriginal peoples based on respect and recognition, but the Province’s actions on the ILM Project fall far short of that promise. UNIB reserves are located in close proximity to the large Nicola substation, which takes up lands used by the Okanagan Nation for hunting, fishing and other traditional uses. “Our people have been impacted by this system since it was built in the 1960s and ‘70s” said Chief Tim Manuel of Upper Nicola, “and there has never been any consultation or accommodation. We as Okanagan people are clear that this system cannot be expanded until the Province has honoured its promise to sit down with us and address the full impacts of the system - the Nicola substation, two existing lines and proposed third line - to our Aboriginal title and rights.”


Secwepemc NEWS

PELL7EMETMIŃ/PELLTSÍPWEN’TEN 2011

5

Sun Rivers Developers and Leadership at Tk’emlups Have First Meeting Submitted by Brynn Gise

From the first meeting between Sun Rivers developers and leadership at Tk’emlups Indian Band there was a respect for each other’s vision for the next 120 years. The people with a plan to build a prime golf community understood they could only create this model on land where ancestors had lived, worked and played through thousands of years, with the blessing of TIB members. The TIB leaders knew that the economic opportunity being offered would benefit band members in many ways and for many years and that they would learn much from the developers who brought a world view to the table. But a ground-breaking (in a variety of ways) project such as this could only come together with forward-thinking people who were prepared to give and take as the process took shape. That relationship, begun in 1997 when TIB members voted to accept the developers’ proposal, has grown to include the builders, dozens of staff members and the hundreds of residents who now call Sun Rivers Golf Resort Community home. No one can say that it has all been easy but the great thing is that both sides have worked hard at building a unique community that includes everyone who has an interest in what happens on the strip of land at the foot of Mount Peter and Paul. A number of committees and projects have popped up throughout the past three to five years to address questions and to bring groups together in common goals. Sun Rivers Marketing Coordinator Brynn Gise said sometimes there are concerns that have to be addressed by staff or the creation of bylaws in either organization. But one of Sun Rivers’ goals is to get a variety of people involved in building cross-cultural understanding on an on-going basis before an issue becomes a problem for anyone. “Last year we had really good response to our major joint events such as the Heritage Park Tour, The Y Dream home day, the Elders Luncheon and the Christmas Hampers. We also have staff members from here and the band who work together on the “fusion” restaurant menus for Hoodoos at Sun Rivers, recipes which goes over very well with many of our diners.” Connie Leonard is one of the TIB Councilors who works closely with Sun Rivers. She said TIB members really appreciated the efforts made around the Christmas hampers this year. “People are appreciative of the caring and generosity shown by our Sun Rivers’ friends and neighbours.”

CRAIG NIXON Lawyer

Working with First Nations Since 1982

880 - 175 2nd Avenue, Kamloops, BC V2C 5W1

Phone: 250- 374-1555 Fax: 250-374-9992 E-mail: cnlc@cnixonlaw.ca

The annual project involves many, starting with residents who bring donations of food, toys or cash to the Sun Rivers annual residents Christmas social. A group of resident volunteers assembles the hampers in time for Christmas. The hampers are then given out by TIB Councilors. It’s the type of opportunity that Gise believes everyone enjoys participating in. “It is the spirit of Christmas – giving and sharing” They feel so good about it.” At the same time, in the informal setting, people learn about each other. “Whether they chat about grandchildren, how to modernize an old recipe or just what we value on a daily basis it’s all information that leads to better understanding.” The luncheon, museum tour and hamper events have been going for a while, with participation growing every year. In the last couple of years a new project has gotten underway and Gise hopes this year everyone will enjoy historical signs that will mark various points of interest around Sun Rivers Community. “Band members and Sun Rivers’ representatives will begin researching the information that will be printed on the signs and where they should go. It’s hoped we will have them up by the end of this summer. Stories, plants and animals are interesting and will give new residents an understanding of the heritage of TIB and the land,” said Gise. An understanding of where the land and people have come from and a mutual enjoyment of the new amenities that are part of the future of land development is a longterm goal for everyone. Day to day, enjoying a taste of venison or learning together about ways to use traditional medicinal plants at the museum is a pleasant way to get to know your neighours.

VOTE FOR JOHN PIERRO March 6,2011

FOR COUNCILLOR BONAPARTE INDIAN BAND * Honest * Reliable * Fluent in Culture and the Secwepemctsin Language * Traditional Secwepemctsin Elder


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Secwepemc NEWS

JAN/FEB 2011

We Honor “Yvonne Fortier” for her dedication to SCES

Yvonne Fortier, Executive Assistant Yvonne Fortier is the Executive Assistant at the Secwepemc Cultural Education Society. She has been working at SCES since 1987. She was here when SCES began, experiencing the struggles, the build up and the successes of SCES to where it is today. Yvonne grew up in Chu Chua and she is a Tk’emlups te Secwepemc member. Yvonne was brought up knowing her Shuswap background and she was taught local history and culture and the language from her parents. “ In order to succeed in school or work I had to concentrate on learning English” she states. “ I first started work for the SNTC’s Shuswap Declaration Interim Project in January 1983 as Secretary. Manny Jules was the Project Manager, and Annabel Crop Eared Wolf was the Assistant. This was an exciting time as it was the first time the Secwepemc Bands agreed to work together, in particular preserving & enhancing the Secwepemc language, culture, and history. For myself it was also a chance to get to know my Tkemlups relatives and Secwepemc people from surrounding communities.” Yvonne worked for six months and then her kidneys started to shut down. “I took my first plane ride to the scary big city of Vancouver for testing.” Her job was held open for approximately 6 months even though she said there were too many appointments in Vancouver, and she wasn’t feeling up to par, and most importantly she was looking into the unknown and at the time ‘taboo’ decision of kidney transplant. “ I got my kidney transplant February 1985, and continued to work part-time while the transplant settled in. I had just qualified for a limited intake for one of the first TRU computer courses when I got a call from Rita Matthew, SCES asking if I wanted a job. She said I could take a few minutes to decide – I asked for one hour.

I believe in fate – I felt maybe I was meant to work for SCES and continue to learn more of the Secwepemc language, culture and history.” It was very busy back in the late 1980s and 90s and SCES was innovative in seeking new ways to move ahead with the mandate. There was a lot to learn! The Adult Education Programs had two programs in which there was always a waitlist; SCES/SFU program was just starting; the Secwepemc Museum was one of the few Aboriginal run museums in Canada; the Resource Centre consisting of Research, Secwepemc News, and Curriculum Development Department was cranking out books, cassette tapes and video tapes which were in high demand as not too many First Nations were in this field. We put on workshops, held conferences, and assisted with the Gatherings. SCES moved to the Secwepemc Building, set up the Secwepemc Museum and Ethnobotanical Gardens, started in the new field of Aboriginal Trades Training, more language resources were developed, SCES/SFU was accredited and growing; Adult Education continued with their longstanding successful programs. There were many FN staff being trained in the different departments and moving on to work back in their communities or continue their education. “ I have seen many people come and go – students, co-workers, and directors. I, along with co-workers, saw a Society that had lean times, many successes, deficits, prosperity, uncertainty, innovative ventures, and yet always carrying forward. When times got tough the staff did what they had to and a few times there were management teams set up when we did not have any funds for an Executive Director. “ Throughout my years of employment I have appreciated the support I have received from co-workers, directors and community members. I believe the Society can accomplish whatever they set out to do with the continued support, direction and guidance from the Secwepemc communities. I keep hearing Change is in the Wind and I am looking forward to a revitalized and forward-thinking Society, while ensuring we stay grounded in our Secwepemc language and culture. “ All My Relations, Yvonne Fortier Recently the SCES office had to move from the KIB ofices to the former Secwepemc Fisheries building. This has turned out to be a step forward for SCES tht both staff and community members are praising.

Neskonlith Education Center Box 318, Chase, BC V0E 1M0 Ph: (250) 679-2963 
In 1993, the school was known as

the Institute of Indigenous Government (George Manuel Institute) and originally was being funded by the provincial government. Elders and community members were involved with the school and it grew and was renamed, Neskonlith Education Center. We are currently being funded through the First Nation Education Steering Committee (DIAND). UCEP PROGRAM This classic story of “The Little Engine That Could” depicts the UCEP program at Neskonlith Education Center (NEC). With a little hard work, optimism, and determination; our students can’t be stopped. The University College Entrance Program (UCEP), a Thompson Rivers University (TRU) accredited program, allows students to receive a B.C. Adult Graduation Diploma (“The Adult Dogwood”). This year we saw our largest enrollment ever. We currently have 27 students enrolled in our UCEP Adult Education program, and we are expecting five to seven students to graduate this year. Our success is based on a number of key factors. Our first success factor is having an education team that cares and supports our students. “We’re not willing to give up on any of our students. If we have to go pick them up in order to get them to school, we will,” says Lisa Sorensen, the UCEP program instructor. “We have a mutually beneficial relationship; we will be here every day to teach them if they show up

with a good attitude, a propensity to learn, and a desire to succeed.” Our second success factor is our ability to offer student programs that allow them to work at their own pace. Every one of us has a unique learning style and a pace that we are comfortable learning. A traditional, structured classroom does not support that. Some students get bored waiting for others to catch up, while other students feel stressed because they are not getting it and feeling pressured to move on. Providing a program where our students work at their own pace allows them to spend more time on difficult subjects and breeze through the ones that they find easier. Our third success factor is our student body. Our students are realizing they need to maintain a healthy balance between their social lives and their education. “Successful students come to class every day, do not make excuses, study every day, manage their time well, and keep organized through the use of a daily planner,” says Lisa Sorensen. “Dedication, commitment, and perseverance are essential to furthering our education and achieving our goals in life. Without them, we’ll have limited opportunities if any at all,” says Mark Michel, Jean Biron, and Margaret Finn. Our final success factor is having a community that supports and believes in the education of its people. Regardless of the future of First Nations people and Canada, we are realizing that our people must be working towards their education to lead us into the future. continued...........


 People working with Aborignal People. “It’s always successful to have Aboriginal You have that core understanding of background and need” Ruth Williams, ANTCO


Secwepemc NEWS

PELL7EMETMIŃ/PELLTSÍPWEN’TEN 2011

7

Whispering Pines/Clinton IB Land Designation Passes - Moving Foward The last week was very interesting and busy with Indian and Northern Affairs Canada conducting a referendum on designating the south lands. I am happy to report that the land designation referendum passed with a 66% approval rating. This means the WPCIB can move forward with meetings with developers and decisions will be made by the community. Our referendum and designation is unique in that we have the first designation that covers: * commercial, * residential and * light industrial uses. This means WPCIB has more options to choose from in the form of developers and investors. Land designations have become common place in the Shuswap Nation and in First Nations reserve lands in general. HIGH SCHOOL DIPLOMA PROGRAM (GRADE 8 – 12) We are accepting student’s applications throughout the school year. The high school program is accredited program with the South Central Interior Distance Education School (Merritt, BC). Each student can work on their courses at their own pace and have one year to complete their selected courses. Cody Bennewith is the high school instructor and she assists students to complete all required courses and the end result is a dogwood diploma. We have many students registered and they are happy that they can work at their own pace with Cody’s help. You are most welcome to visit and tour the school, contact Tammy Thomas or Dalla Powder @ (250) 679-2963. We are located on 739 Chief Neskonlith Drive, Chase, BC (by Shuswap Hall). SECWEPEMC STSMEMELTS YECWMINTNS DAYCARE The daycare has been in operation since 2000 and located by the school. We are a fully licensed daycare through the Ministry. The daycare was open to 3-5 year olds only at the beginning of the program (pre-school age children). Now, we are accepting registrations for babies 6 months +, 3-5 year olds, and after school care. Neskonlith provides transportation for the Head Start Program (Kindergarten) students, they are attending Haldane Elementary School in Chase. For further information contact Yvonne August, Daycare Manager @ (250)-679-7733 or daycare@neskonlithband.com Teachers, Education & Admin. Staff, Students, and Daycare Staff & Babies

Most Shuswap communities have some land designated which provides a means to: * develop, * create jobs, * increase own source revenue, * increase lease, * increase rent revenue. Other Shuswap Nation bands are currently in the process for designating for light industrial, gaming and hospitality and still others are managing change within their current designations. This change will allow for shorter administration times reducing cost and increasing entrepreneurial opportunities and creating jobs. Chief Michael LeBourdais Whispering Pines/Clinton IB (Pellt’iq’t) January 18, 2010

Skeetchestn confrontational strategy to begin March 7, 2011 “We’re getting down to the guts and feathers.”

Mike Youds, KDN

Skeetchestn IB has put corporations on notice that it will begin “service disruptions” March 7 with the aim of forcing negotiations over use of its land and resources. Citing years of failed efforts to engage companies and government in talks, the band went public last week with its intention to adopt a more confrontational approach. In a letter sent to Premier Gordon Campbell and Liberal leadership candidates, Chief Rick Deneault and band council stated, “We have had enough.” Unless allowance is made for talks, the band will begin the disruptions. The letter was also sent to CEOs of corporations that have operations either on band land or within traditional Skeetchestn territory. They include West Fraser Timber, Teck Resources Ltd., BC Hydro, CN, CP, Spectra Energy, Pembina Pipeline and International Forest Products.

There was no mention of what form disruptions might take, but resource roads, highways, a pipeline and both major railways intersect band lands. When the band’s traditional territory is taken into account, the list grows considerably longer. Deneault could not be reached Monday to elaborate on what service disruptions might involve. Mike Anderson, the band’s natural resource manager, outlined the various corporate interests. “We’d like them to come to the community, sit down and talk with us about impacts and benefit agreements,” Anderson said. “Anything we do will be peaceful,” he added of the service disruptions. Teck is cited for its Highland Valley operations and the community of Logan Lake, which are within traditional territory. As well, Teck Cominco ran the original Afton Mine, the impact of which the band still wants addressed. B.C. Hydro is included because of its transmission light right-of-way. Spectra Energy and Pembina Pipeline run, respectively, crude oil and natural gas pipelines through that same territory. Both West Fraser Timber and Interfor log within traditional territory. Frustration due to a lack of negotiations with West Fraser Timber over road and bridge construction led the band to adopt its new strategy.

Anderson figures 30 per cent of timber in the band’s traditional territory has gone to mountain pine beetle and another 30 per cent has been depleted by clearcut logging. “We’re getting down to the guts and feathers, and it’s still disappearing from band territory,” he said. Larry Hughes, senior vice-president of West Fraser Timber, said the company is aware of the Skeetchestn comments. “The Skeetchestn are suing us and the provincial government, and that relates to the subject matter,” Hughes said. “Because it’s before the courts, we’re very reluctant to comment.” The suit relates to Weyerhaeuser’s last year of long-term forest tenure to the company. Interfor was also involved in the same deal. “The duty is that of the provincial government,” Hughes said. “We participated in the process. If the Skeetchestn have a concern, it’s really over the consultation that was the province’s duty to discharge.” Campbell said last week in an interview marking his final days in office that one of his disappointments was failing to win consensus with aboriginal leadership around the Reconciliation and Recognition Act. “It would have created certainty in this province,” he said. “It is not there yet. I would say this: we have opened the door.”


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Secwepemc NEWS

JAN/FEB 2011

Meet the “Aboriginal Patient Navigators”at Royal Inland We in Kamloops are very fortunate. Why? Because we have two Aboriginal people working in the Royal Inland Hospital. They are :

Gloria Big Sorrel Horse who is Kainai from southern Alberta and her husband, Randy Jim, is from Xaxl’ip. In 2008, she joined the Aboriginal Health teams as one of the Aboriginal Patient Navigators for Royal Inland Hospital. Deb Donald who is Secwepemc from Simpcw First Nation is one of two APNs who use the ninth floor offices as a base, but don’t really spend a lot of time there. They’re scheduled so that there’s always a navigator at RIH seven days a week. Almost half of the First Nations population within Interior Health is found within the boundaries of the Thompson-CaribooShuswap. That area, which includes 41 bands and eight languages, is served mainly by Royal Inland Hospital. People from some of the more remote communities don’t always speak much English, they might live in a wood-stoveheated home without electricity and they may never have been admitted to a hospital before. Since the Aboriginal Patient Navigator (APN) Program was piloted at RIH in 2008, First Nations patients and their families are getting help from someone who can spend time to explain what’s going on around them in a system that’s under pressure to be efficient and fast. Joanne Mills, aboriginal health director at Royal Inland Hospital, said the program actually started at Cariboo Memorial Hospital in 2003. At RIH, aboriginal patients have reported much higher satisfaction since the program there began. “There are unique challenges between the aboriginal community and Western medical views,” she said. Traditional medicine wheel and sweetgrass-burning ceremonies aren’t considered in a system that turns to surgery and drugs to solve health problems. The navigator program helps bridge the two, she said. The navigators have to understand medical terminology and treatment, but put it into context of the aboriginal traditions. “Sometimes the aboriginal community needs a little extra support to understand.” “There are days where I can have four to 20 patients,” said Donald, who has a degree in psychology and experience in mental health and fetal alcohol syndrome. The calls come from every department of the hospital. “The reason why I love this work so much is every day is different and you get the bad with the good,” she said. “My first week I had seven major traumas and two babies were born.”

Above: APNS Deb Donald and Gloria Big Sorrel Horse holding the book of the Opening of the Spirit Centre, where all ethnic groups participated photo by Louise Alphonse

Her day can involve helping a family cope with a dying relative, putting together a discharge plan for a patient ready to go home, explaining information from a medical chart to a patient and relatives, or arranging a smudge ceremony. “We ask and allow the medical staff to participate in the smudges,” she said. “Sometimes it’s closure for them, too.” She helps medical staff understand things that are important to aboriginals, like not cutting the hair of a patient who needs brain surgery or how to approach an elder who spent time in a residential school. “They don’t always have time to work with the families,” said Donald. “Aboriginal families can be huge.” Gwen Campbell McArthur knew when she had to undergo surgery for breast cancer that she would need a navigator, especially to help her family members who were coming from Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta to support her. “I was hoping to get some good physical, emotional and spiritual support for my family members; for my sons,” she said. “I needed to be sure that my family circle was kept intact and strong. I couldn’t because I was so sick.” By the time she underwent nine hours of surgery last month, she and her family were already connected with the navigators. “They knew where I was and where to find me,” she said. “The one thing — maybe the most important thing — is they listened to the needs and followed them.” They would

offer her options and choices, but the final say was always hers. “I made all of the decisions. That was hugely empowering,” said Campbell McArthur. “To them, I’m not just a room number. I’m not a diagnosis.” She didn’t like waking up alone in the dark after surgery, so she asked to have her son stay with her the next night. The navigators made it happen. After her surgery, she wanted to hold a prayer circle with close relatives. It was supposed to take place in RIH’s sacred space, but she was too sick to be moved. Instead, Donald — who worked most with her family — arranged to have it in her room. “We did the prayer circle around my bed. It was a really powerful experience,” she said. My family trusted her enough to tell her what was happening with them emotionally.”

Campbell McArthur’s sister told her she saw Donald talking to some medical staff in the hall one day. One of them was quite distraught and Donald put her arms around him. They aren’t just helping the patients and their families. “My sister felt she almost became a part of the family,” she said. “Even though I was sick, there was a lot of laughter. And even the aboriginal patient navigators were laughing with us.” When asked “What is your favorite part of this job?”, “the response was “to assist them in navigating through the system that is foreign to them, and then watching them walk out the door.” One of the most important elements of being a navigator is working out a “EXIT PLAN”. To assist the community workers and CHR’s. ADVANCE CARE PLANNING IS A MUST !!! states Donald. “It is essential when dealing with Crisis. This helps the navigators communicate it to the medical staff and it makes it easier to work with family and patients and family dynamics. Aboriginal families are not small, and when there is a crises, they all tend to come to the hospital at once. The medical staff become overwhelmed. Thats where we step in and navigate through the system.” The Aboriginal Patient Navigators are not Social Workers, nor Counsellors, nor are they there to make travel arrangements or hotel accomodations for visiting family members of a patient. They “assist” the patience, families, promote open communication with the patient and medical staff, get am interpretator if requested. They will do their best to provide services to the patient “if the patient requests it”. It is a referral system. Patients are referred from Medical Staff, or CHR’s or Social Workers, or RCMP or family members. “ We are not permitted to give out information on any patients in RIH, family members wanting to know if so and so is doing well, even community leaders wanting information on a band member. That information is “confidential” and we cannot tell anyone”. Louise Alphonse, Secwepemc News

International Flag Day @ Thompson Rivers University We would like to take this time to thank Renee Narcisse for carrying in the Neskonlith Band Banner, compliments of the Neskonlith Education Department. Renee is a current Post Secondary Student at TRU, who is completing her BSW. On February 7, 2011 TRU had a Flag parade. The whole week at TRU was International Week, recognizing the various cultures that attend TRU. In the parade there were 97 Nationality Flags that participated. There were other FN Bands represented as well. It is with Pride that our Gratitude goes to Renee for participating in this memorable event.


9 Secwepemc NEWS 5 Secwepemc NEWS

PELL7EMETMIŃ/PELLTSÍPWEN’TEN 2011 PELL7EMETMIŃ/PELLTSÍPWEN’TEN 2011

Secwepemc Prayer

CFDC of Central Interior First Nations Jackie Bandura Jordan George Dale Tomma

• Small Business Loans • Business Plan Development • Entrepreneurial Training #215-345 Yellowhead Hwy Kamloops, BC V2H 1H1 Phone: 250-828-9725 Fax:250-828-9972

Email: cfdc_loan@cfdcofcifn.com

Kukstéc-kuc Tqelt ḱukpi7 te skect́ec-kuc ne7́elye ne q́ílqelt te tmicw We thank you Creator for giving us this beautiful earth. Yucwḿinte xwexweyt te stem ne7́elye ne tmicw. Take care of everything on this earth.

Lawyer

Working with First Nations Since 1982

Yucwmínte re qelmucw, re mesmescen, re spipyuy’e, re séwllkwe, ell re stsillenskuc. Take care of the people, the animals, the birds, the water and our food. Knúcwente kuc es yegwyegwt.s-kuc.

Help us to be strong. Kukstéc-kuc Tqelt Kukpi7 t’e skectec-kuc t’e xwexẃeyt t’e stem.

Office Space for Lease Board Room for Rent

CRAIG NIXON

880 - 175 2nd Avenue, Kamloops, BC V2C 5W1

Phone: 250- 374-1555 Fax: 250-374-9992 E-mail: cnlc@cnixonlaw.ca

We thank you Creator for giving us everything that we need.

Office Space for Lease......for more information on square footage, please contact Yvonne fortier at SCES 778-471-5789 Board Room Space for Rent $100/day CONTACT PERSON FOR RENTAL/LEASING IS ESME PARSONS


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Secwepemc NEWS

JAN/FEB 2011

Managing Forests for Culturally Valued Plants: Views from Elders Managing Forests for Culturally Valued Plants: Views from Elders by Julia Miragliuolo, Master’s candidate, Simon Fraser University and Charli Fortier, Simpcw youth representative, Bachelors candidate, Simon Fraser University. (Translated, Transcribed and Edited by Mona Jules, into the Secwepemc Language May 31, 2010)

Conclusion The Simpcw community is blessed with a number of elders who have been given Le7 re sw7ecs re Simpcwemc te stselxméms re stet’ex7ém te ck’ul’tens le q’7es te knowledge, about plant occurrence, plant usage, and burning practices by their parents stext’ex7ém, tselxemstés xwexwéyt re stem te tsk’ult te tmicw, ell t’hé7en wes e tsxíllst.ses e stscentés, ell le tserpúlecwem te stsún’mectem te stext’ex7éms and grandparents. These elders are highly respected by the community and are regarded ell te qellmíns. Ye7éne re stext’ex7ém xyemstém xwexwéyt te k’wséltktens te tsyem nerí7 ell tselxemstém as, teachers for Simpcw youth. They wish to see a more widespread practice of traditional k syecs well newí7s k Tsen’meksélt ne stsmémelt. Qwenmíns e sp’7ecws e súcwcwens customs such that many people recognize plants and their spiritual, medicinal, and re ck’úl’tens, t’7ek re qelmúcw wel me7 t.sucwst.s xwexwéyt k tsk’ult ell e stselxemstés yehén me7 tnmins e quqwentsínes, yehén k melåmen ell nutritional values. The elders have expressed their hope that this research will help their stem’I k le7 nenwí7. Re stext’ex7ém qwenmen7úymens e sknucwt.s xwexwéyt re community and neighboring bands continue to benefit from non-timber forest products k’wséltktens tl7éne te stsq’ey’ ell e sknucwt.s te sten ne skemk’méps re tsreprép sustainably, while allowing commercial logging to take place. However, elders have e syecwemíns, yumell we7 w7ec k nekník’pem’. Yerí7 mé7e re stext’ex7ém wel pointed out that a change in current logging practices must occur to meet ideal conditions tsut “Me7 nék’ens re sw7ecs re nekník’pem’ for the maintenance of a healthy under-storey layer and the forest ecosystem as a whole. e stsle7st.s xwexwéyt re stem ne skemk’mépes re tsreprép ell k w7ec nerí7 k cmem ne sxwexwiyúlecwems re tmicw. The main changes needed that elders have identified so far are less aggressive logging Ye7éne le tqwelmíns re stext’ex7ém “E sta7s e sxexwéyt.s e ník’enses re tsreprép mpractices (not clear cutting), long term management planning for the Timber Supply 7el7élkstes” , me7 cw7it tek swucwt k sk’úlens e sle7s kwemtús re stektsúsem Areas (TSA), and replanting tree species that more closely resemble the natural species Ne nekéct, ell me7 k’wen’llqens cú7tsem k stém’i k nekník’pens e sts’ílems te ts’ílmes profile of the region. Many elders also confirmed the importance of traditional uses of nerí7 k tmicw. Tcw7it ell te stext’ex7ém m-tsut “le7 ri7 re tmicw m-tserpúlecwentmes fire as a tool for managing under-storey plants. For example, forested areas that had been tsxillst.s re tmicw e sle7s e stsk’ult.s xwexwéyt k tsk’ult te tmicw. Ye7éne téke, re neknekéct te affected by fire (either naturally occurring wildfires or prescribed fires) are preferred tsp’eg (e tserpúlecwes t’ucw , héqen e ts’xwéy’entem tek e tsrentém) t’lu7 wes destinations for berry picking in summers following the fire. First Nations knew that fire me7 tet’e7ékwes tek me7 qwelqw’léwem ne sqepts tlri7 e ptekes k tserpúlecw. Tselxemstés ri7 re qelmucwe7úw’i k syecs re t7ikw was an essential element in maintaining a healthy forest ecosystem. As one elder k le7 m-yecwemínses re tmicws e sle7s xwexwéyt k stem tek w7ec nerí7. Re tnk’we7 te st’ex7é7em reflected: “Nature knows how to take care of herself. Fire will clean out all the dense re m-stsut.s: Re tmicw tselxemstés t’hé7en e xílmes e syecmenstsut.s.” Me7 qw’empép unhealthy plants and make the soil more fertile for new ones to grow back. That is how stém’I k tsk’ult k ta7 neri7 k sle7s ell me7 k’úlens e sle7s re nllúqwlecw e sk’ult.s nerí7 k tsítslem tek stem. W7ec re xílmes nature heals herself.” T’ri7 re tmicw e sltwilcs.” Although the use of fire to promote the growth of under-story plants was common

Wel kwemtús re st7el’kstenmínst.s re t7ikw e stsrentés k p’eqéq ne (tmicw) knowledge among First Nations, it was not a skill common to all families. Only a few tcw7it re tselxemstémes yilú7 te sw7ec, ta7 k sxwexwéyt.s k swet e stselxmémes. S7i7llcw families kept this knowledge of using low intensity fires to keep sections of the forest te kw’seltktnéws tsukw, tselxemstés e stsrentés ell e syecwemíns k k’woymúmlecw open for sunlight and to avoid overgrowth of shrubs. Moreover, because of the changing e swe7éys nerí7 k segwsés ell e sta7s e stsp’eqs k supúlecw. Cú7tsem, wel w7ec re n7ek’es climate, several of the elders interviewed expressed concern about implementing re tmicw re sw7ecs, re s7i7llcw te stext’ex7ém te qwlentém, nexéll e tsúntmes prescribed fires today in the lower elevation IDF (Interior Douglas Fir) zone, fearing that e stserpúlecwems pyin ne7éne ne cseksek’éwt IDF (Tsq’ellp) ne tsk’últes” pensménstmens the warmer climate, the drier soils and fuel build-up may increase the risk of fire escaping re qwetswílc te tmicw, te stsp’úll.lecws re llúqwlecw ell re stsp’eqs re supúlecw e st’ek7íls re t7ikw and burning huge areas at the high intensity of the wildfires that occurred in 2003. Fire is ell e stsreps k xyum te k tmicw, e sxílems te xílmes ne 2003. Stserpúlecwstem currently used to burn bunchgrass in lower elevation open range sites where it is easy to pyin re supúlecw ne spelpélem ne stam’es e control. Although originally fire was used primarily in the lower elevation forested IDF syecwemíntem. W7ec lu7 re stserpúlecwstmes re tmicw ne sqeqeltús te nekéct IDF zone, climate change has made this less feasible today. However, it may now be more te tmicw, te sne7ék’s re tsúwet.s re tmicw wel ta7 pyin k sts’ílemstem. K’émell héqen pyin e p’7ecw feasible as a tool in the higher elevation MSdm zone. E sle7s tek sw7ec t;lu7 ne t7u7íweltk MSdm te tmicw. In the recent past, traditional hunting and harvesting areas, such as Gorman Lake and Le tå7us put k sq’7est.s, ne cpexpíxten’ ell wes ne t’qellqes, ts’ílem te Gorman pésellkwe ell Skull Mountain had been less frequently used in favor of more easily accessible Quqw’ellqín ta7 put wes k w7ecwes t’lu7 put, m-tet’e7ék te m-w7ec then put locations. This was the case especially once the railway had been put in along the North le7 tek t’ektén’. Tsílem lu7 yerí7 put le tntémes re nuxwelxwéw’s t’lu7 te SimpcwThompson River, enabling easier access to areas accessible by train. However, this trend Cwétkwe, m-stam’es k scwesét t’lu7 t’ri7 t’hé7en e w7écwes ne nuxwúlecw. K’émell, Yerí7 te sw7ec has not affected how highly First Nations value those territories and consider each ts’ílem eye c re sw7ecses re qelmúcw t’lu7 te temtmicws ell tsuns ne sxwexwéyt.s harvesting and hunting trip as a vitally important experience affirming their traditions and re sqwelqw’éwems ell re spexpíxems yerí7 re tsxyemstés te sw7ecs te ck’úl’tens ell necessary for the education of their youth. For this reason, this project is regarded by yerí7 put e stselxemstés re stsmémelt. Yerí7 re qelmúcwe7úw’I wel tsuns ye7éne te s7elkst First Nations as having great importance for their youth, as it is their hope that this e syecs k xpqenwén’s re stsmémelt, qwenmíns e syecs project will serve as a starting point for a positive working relationship and that this ye7éne te s7elkst e syecs e t’ekstés tek me7 le7 e s7élkstmens ell ye7éne information will ensure responsible forest practices so that they can continue to thrive off te tsq’ey’ me7 yec e s7elkst.s tek yuwétemc tsukw e st’7eks e stsk’ult.s kwemtús k stem the land. It is a place where elders share their knowledge and stories with their children te tmicw. Nu7 wes re tsen’mekséltes te stselxéy’est.s re stselxméms ell t’lu7 wes re tsptékwllst.ses re stsmémelt and grandchildren. Therefore, the health of the forest has a direct impact on the health of ell re em7ímts.s. Yerí7 mé7e, e lé7es re neknekéct yerí7 ell t’ucw me7 scwelcwélt.s k the community. Qelmúcw tek w7ec nerí7 k nek’úsem. The End Yerí7 Stsukws


Secwepemc NEWS

PELL7EMETMIŃ/PELLTSÍPWEN’TEN 2011

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February Brings the First Nations Lecture Series to Thompson Rivers University By Shelly Johnson, (Mukwa Musayett) Assistant Professor, TRU School of Social Work and Human Service Program

I am a Saulteaux visitor from Keeseekoose First Nation to the unceded traditional territory of the Secwepemc peoples and thank the traditional owners of the land for making space for me to live, learn and raise my family on their lands. My thanks are also to Louise Alphonse, Editor of the Secwepemc News for this opportunity to share this guest article about the newly developing Thompson Rivers University 2011 Indigenous Lecture Series supported by the TRU Student Union, Aboriginal Education, the School of Social Work and Human Service and the Indigenous Child Welfare Research Network. These Indigenous lectures are focused on important and urgent local, provincial, national and international issues affecting First Nations people in Canada and asks the question “Where do we go from here?” If the definition of leadership is “organizing a group of people to achieve a common goal” then these four well known people from our First Nations communities are all truly “leaders”. Tk’emlups Indian Band elder, councilor and activist Evelyn Camille (February 3) was the first person to speak in the TRU Indigenous Lecture Series about critical issues affecting First Nations women in leadership and shared her experiences as a foster parent and teacher. It was a refreshing, insightful and profound lecture that included both a lecture and story-telling format, included Secwepemctsin language usage, culture and traditions. Councilor Camille demonstrated what it means to be a “woman leader” when she included her grandson in the audience, offered three beautifully hand-beaded flowers made by her sister as coveted door prizes, offered a prayer in the Secwepemctsin language and brought a large, delicious salmon dip to share with audience participants.

It was her question to the audience that demonstrated the strength, resourcefulness and resiliency of millennia of Indigenous peoples when she asked, “If there was some type of disaster and the trucks bringing food to Kamloops could not do that, I have enough fish, meat and berries in my freezer to take care of me and my children for about two years. We would be ok. Can you say the same for yourself?” The silence that greeted her question led me to believe that the same could not be said for the majority of the audience. Her question demonstrated Indigenous teachings about women’s roles and our responsibilities to “think ahead” for our children’s well-being while bringing her grandson underscored her understanding of the importance of modeling leadership and community actions to younger generations. It was a lecture that helped me, as a Saulteaux First Nations woman, to sit up straighter and to remember that the Creator has given me the same responsibilities to support the well-being of all our children. Perhaps it was more than that because Councillor Camille didn’t just talk about “children are our future” or the importance of language preservation, cultural and traditional teachings; in that brief hour, she showed us how to do it. The week of February 7-11 was International Week at TRU and it was on the first day that Carrier First Nations Summit leader and lawyer Grand Chief Ed John (February 7) spoke about Canada’s role in finally signing the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) on November 12, 2010 after 146 other countries had signed. He helped us understand his role as the Indigenous representative to this UN body and the fact that Canada has the “distinction” of being the only country in the world to twice vote against the UNDRIP before finally approving it with 16 pages of provisions. Only the United States of America signed later. When Grand Chief John was asked by an audience participant what Canada’s signature to the UNDRIP could possibly mean to the day-to-day lives of Indigenous peoples in Canada, he commented that “the purpose of instruments like the Declaration is to encourage governments to change policies and laws that are discriminatory or that fail to uphold and fulfill the human rights protections guaranteed to all peoples” and that “ the Declaration is important because it recognizes that the social and economic challenges facing Indigenous peoples are not isolated problems but part of a longstanding and deeply entrenched pattern of racism and exclusion in Canada.” Another audience participant asked if Grand Chief John would consider serving on the newly

developing TRU Law School Advisory Committee. His answer, within earshot of the new TRU President Alan Shaver, was “Yes.” It may be that TRU’s relationship with Grand Chief John will become much stronger, over time. The former Assembly of First Nations (AFN) Chief Phil Fontaine (February 16) was the third Indigenous leader in the Lecture Series and spoke in the TRU Grand Hall to an audience of perhaps 300 people about Indigenous history in Canada, Residential School Settlements and his hopes for the important work Truth and Reconciliation Commission (which many audience members hope will eventually have a session in Kamloops). He has a way to explain Indigenous history to non Aboriginal Canadians that leaves the door open to discussion and dialogue and perhaps that is the best teaching to take away from his lecture. Many First Nations youth stood to pose important questions and sought his advice. One young person asked (in reference to Barak Obama becoming the first black president of the United States) how long Chief Fontaine thought it would take to have the first First Nations Prime Minister in Canada. After he considered the question and outlined many former and current Indigenous, First Nations and Metis government cabinet Ministers, provincial cabinet Ministers and senior government representatives he offered this response which drew laughter and applause from the audience. He said “That may all be well and good, but my encouragement to you is to consider becoming the next AFN Chief”. His suggestion to work on behalf of issues of importance to Indigenous peoples in Canada, first, was not lost on the audience. The fourth Indigenous lecturer in the series was the Union of BC Indian Chiefs (UBCIC) President and Chair of the Okanagan Nation Alliance Grand Chief Stewart Phillip (February 17) who spoke about Aboriginal Title and Rights, his life experience as a former child in care growing up in a non Aboriginal home and his eventual and profound reconnection experience to his home community and family. This was a compelling lecture for social work students in particular, given social work’s professional role and uncomfortable history with respect to involvement on Advisory Committee’s and actions in the recommendation of children placed in residential schools and work to remove

Indigenous children from families and place thousands in the current child welfare and adoption systems. Through telling his own story about loss and reconnection, Chief Stewart Phillip helped to shape a new kind of thinking in students about the possibility of a different type of social work role and ways that this might happen. The door was left open for further discussion about a long over-due reconciliation between the social work profession and Indigenous peoples. Grand Chief Phillip spoke about the fact that the child welfare history in Canada is not as well known to mainstream Canadians as the Residential School experience and that it is still part of the “untold story” whose time for telling is yet to come. His response to a question about ways to have Aboriginal Title and Rights more fully recognized in BC and Canada identified, for me, the stark contrast between his activst leadership and that of others when he said with a smile (in reference to the recent massive Egyptian demonstrations and overthrowing of Egypt’s dictator by its people) that “Maybe it’s time to ‘Egyptianize’ our Indigenous efforts in Canada”. All of these Indigenous lectures have highlighted the richness, diversity, depth and breadth of Indigenous leaders in Canada today. We are grateful for their contributions to student and community learning and look forward to the April 7, 2011 lecture by the Shuswap Nation Tribal Council spokesperson and Splatsin Chief Wayne Christian to be held at 6:30 PM in Room 108 of the Arts and Education building of the TRU campus. Light refreshments to be provided. Below: Stewart Phillips and Editor, Louise Alphonse


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Secwepemc NEWS

SNTC Council of Chiefs Meeting Summary (February 2, 2011) Submitted by Walter Quinlan In attendance Chiefs:  Wayne Christian, Michael LeBourdais, Shane Gottfriedson, Rick Deneault, Nelson Leon, Judy Wilson and Fred Fortier (Acting Chief). SNTC: Bonnie Leonard, Walter Quinlan, Veronica Leonard Community Roundtable At Splatsin “we’re busy. Council’s working hard,” reported Kukpi7 Christian. They’re looking into a Long-Term Care facility business joint venture with a business that operates facilities in B.C. Alberta. One day each week is dedicated to a statutory review of our children in jurisdiction and youth matters, including families in need of support. They are also engaging a number of negotiations within the community with BC Hydro and Highways. This May 27-29, Splatsin will host a Traditional Gathering. Runners with tobacco will be sent out. Chief LeBourdais said that the Whispering Pines/Clinton referendum on Land Designation for the southlands passed. In March, four developers will make presentations to the community. “It’s looking up,” he said. Simpcw will hold a nomination meeting on February 20th and, if necessary, the byelection for a new chief will be March 27th. They are carrying out a fish values interview process with elders. What they learn “gives us the ability to negotiate on ‘footprint’ issues,” said Acting Chief Fortier. One of the warmest buildings at Neskonlith is our display Eco-home,” said Chief Wilson. She reported that they are exploring eco-heating and a wind power tower as means to reduce heating costs in their portables and community hall. She reported that they are exploring alternative energy options such as wood chip/pellet, solar and wind energy. Like other bands year-end audit planning and comprehensive community planning is underway. Chief Leon said that the Adams Lake gym received a grant to convert their heating system from steam (remote operated from Kelowna) to geo-thermal and solar. They want to include a potable water system in the funding for their irrigation system, because, many band members go on a Boil Water Advisory at different times of the year. As a result of health and healing work in the community, “I’ve seen really good change,” said Chief Leon. Youth On January 26th the SNTC Youth Council participated in a HIV AIDS Workshop. The SNTC Youth Council has been asked by Professor Shelly Johnson from the Social Work program at Thompson Rivers University to her class of approximately 20 social work students. Professor Johnson teaches the class “Aboriginal decolonizing social work.” This is an opportunity to identify some things that youth think are important for

social work students to know before they go off to work with First Nations youth. Reanna Leonard will start a Youth Council Draft Budget to be reviewed at their next meeting. Tribal Chairperson Kukpi7 Christian said that he would be sending a letter to Chiefs and Councilors of member bands to learn their “expectations” of the Tribal Chair. “I respect that our first responsibility is to the communities who elected us,” he said, then, outlined key nation issues such as: the All Secwepemc Chiefs protocol; revisit the rights and title strategy and focus on decision-making, co-management and revenue-sharing; a collective chiefs process on health with a need to focus on Secwepemc traditional healers as part of the process; and human resource strategies. With Stsmémelt, “we need to define: what do we want?” Chief Wilson offered her thoughts about “a people’s vote for the Chair, and, a people’s assembly.” The “number one priority for Simpcw is title and rights,” said Acting Chief Fortier. “Open communications is the biggest thing,” said Chief Gottfriedson. “I’d like to do this more often with other chiefs. We all have a role and responsibility in how effective, or ineffective, we can be,” he added. Whispering Pines/Clinton has always seen SNTC being about “title and rights and achieving self-government,” said Chief LeBourdais. “We have to explore alternatives to our current models,” he added. “SNTC should be like the Stsmémelt project – it unites Secwepemc.” Kukpi7 Christian’s letter will soon be in the mail to member bands. Honouring our Ancestors, Protecting Our Future Following up on an idea by Charlie Andrew, SNTC contracted Woodward and Co. to write this Position Paper. “It’s an important piece of work,” said Chief Christian. The Chiefs asked for revisions to emphasize that “the Secwepemc are a sovereign people” and that “we have not given up our jurisdiction over the ancestors.” The paper will be presented by Chief Wilson at the First Nations Heritage Forum. BC Hydro Right-of-Way “Transmission lines go right through our territories. We receive nothing,” said Chief Deneault. BC Hydro is not “answerable” for what they do, he added. Chief Christian suggested that Skeetchestn, Splatsin and Whispering Pines/Clinton initiate a table to discuss right-of way issues at the Band level. He also said that all Secwepemc bands should meet on the larger nation issues of rights and title and revenue-sharing. As a starting point, Chief Christian asked for an agenda item that gives an overview of “where we are and what has been accomplished.” “To implement on-the-ground is the hardest thing,” added Chief Leon. “It has to be on the agenda – if we’re working together, what’s

JAN/FEB 2011 it look like?” A key question for Acting Chief Fortier was, “What’s the process we’ll use to collectively deal with ‘footprint’ issues?” “It all boils down to process and you need the human resource capacity to support that work,” offered Chief Gottfriedson. “Involve economic development as well as rights and title technical staff,” he added. Furthermore, the Chief advised that the Chiefs look at “Canada’s role” and “consultation and accommodation guidelines.” Secwepemc Consultation and Guidelines have been in place since March, 2005. Recently SNTC asked Davis LLP to provide a legal opinion and recommendations for an update considering the recent developments in the law and the potential implications of Canada endorsing the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Tribal Director Bonnie Leonard noted that “SNTC is not the consulting body. We play a coordinating role in helping at the member band’s request.” The Legal Opinion was provided to the Chiefs for review with the Councilors and community members. Chief Christian said that the goal is to have consistent guidelines and processes to promote effective “interface” between the communities. Meaningful information sharing was also discussed. Health June Kelly (Secwepemc Health Directors Hub Coordinator) wrote that the current Hub budget faces a cut from the current level of $200,000 down to $116,000. The Chiefs decided to send a letter to the First Nations Health Council stating that these cuts will severely limit community dialogue and engagement required to develop a health strategy that is First Nations owned. URBAN Secwepemc “They’re moving ahead on their own steam,” said Chief Leon about a new group formed by Secwepemc living in the Vancouver area. Currently there are 450 members in their Facebook group and they’re holding regular get-togethers. “Keeping them in touch with the land,” is important to Chief Christian. Accordingly, the Chiefs asked SNTC to organize a social event with the urbanites the next time that there is a Chiefs meeting in Vancouver. WORK @SNTC - Tribal Director Tribal Director Bonnie Leonard submitted a list detailing over 30 completed action items. Her work spans a wide range of business involving, among others, the Consultation and Accommodation working group, Stsmémelt Project, SNTC Directors and staff, SEDCO, ANTCO and Secwepemc youth. Finance Nance Henne (Finance Director) said that all monthly financial reporting is up-to-date. The Finance Department has created new reporting tools that provide an easy method for SNTC managers to summarize their expenses as per funder’s requirements. The Councils of

Chiefs approved, by motion, SNTC’s monthly consolidated financial statements. Secwepemc Fisheries Commission Murray Ross (Director,) reported that: Pat Matthew will appear before the Cohen Commission to answer questions about his work with the Integrated Harvest Planning Committee; SFC staff are working a report on the health of key salmon stocks in the territory; and CCRIFC submitted a draft workplan and budget to provide technical services to Secwepemc communities in the Columbia River basin. Murray participated in a special workshop of SNTC chiefs and councilors to discuss commercial fisheries business planning. DFO funding for commercial fisheries pilot projects has ended. Now, SFC has to write a Business plan. Chief Gottfriedson advised that a business proposal that looks at projected returns over a five to seven year period would put SNTC in a position “to make an informed decision.” The Council of Chiefs approved a motion outlining the next steps in this business planning. Stsmémelt Project 130 people attended the Strategic Planning session. 90% of the submitted evaluations were positive with recommendations in January. The outcome was a Workplan that defined: key stakeholder roles and responsibilities; communications processes; dispute resolution and accountability mechanisms. On January 27th, the Tribal Director facilitated a discussion with nine Secwepemc lawyers on the subject of developing a legal framework for the Secwepemc child welfare legislation based on traditional laws and customs. There are plans for a Research Unit to support the legal work. Employment and Training (ASETS) Director Martha Matthew reported that 15 participants registered for the long-term sustainable employment program run by Central Interior Training and Employment Services (CITES). She facilitated a meeting with staff members from five SNTC departments to review the organization and explore ways to better deliver their services to the SNTC area. Martha also worked with a Proposal Writer in developing a home-based literacy project. The new Job Coach/Facilitator at CITES is Rochelle Cure. STEP Director met with Splatsin Education staff and Salmon Arm Employment Services to discuss training and employment plans for the community. More visits to the communities are coming up. On January 28th, Kamloops Aboriginal Employment Services hosted an Open House. Central Interior Trades and Apprenticeship Centre met with 150 youth and community members at the Adams Lake IB Job Fair. The Kamloops Urban Aboriginal Strategy hosted a planning meeting with a wide range of stakeholders from the city region on January 19th...continued on next page >>


Secwepemc NEWS

PELL7EMETMIŃ/PELLTSÍPWEN’TEN 2011

Discover Your Options for Insulin Therapy Practical Tips on Blood Glucose Testing This is the twenty third article in a series of articles discussing diabetes. With the incidence of diabetes being on the rise in our population, at Manshadi Pharmacy we have taken a great interest in diabetes care and would be happy to answer any questions that you may have regarding the diagnosis, treatment, and management of the disease and its related complications. It can be confusing to know how often you should test your blood glucose levels and what you should do with this information. This is especially true for type 2 diabetics that are treated with oral medications and/or lifestyle modifications as the guidelines are a bit ambiguous. The 2008 CDA guidelines recommends testing a minimum of 3 times daily for both type 1 and 2 diabetics on multiple daily insulin injections and a minimum of once daily for type 2 diabetics on once daily insulin injections and oral medications. For type 2 diabetics who do not fall into the previous categories, they recommend testing be individualized. So what does this mean? In this article, I hope to give you some useful tips that will help to clarify this for you and ensure that you get the most out of your blood glucose testing. So when is it important to test? The bottom line is that testing should be done when the

information gathered from testing will assist you and your healthcare providers in making decisions about your diabetes management. There are several situations in which this may apply including if you are above your target A1C, if changes are being made to your medication management and on days you are sick. I would like to look at each of these situations in a bit more detail. The target A1C (3 month average blood glucose test) for diabetics is ≤ 7%. This target has been set based on multiple studies which have found that at this level you have the lowest risk of developing complications from diabetes. If at your 3 month check up, your A1C is above this level, it would be useful for you to increase your testing to twice daily paired testing (before and after a meal) and rotate the time of day over the coarse of one to two weeks. Your diabetic healthcare provider is then able to make lifestyle and/ or medications changes in order to assist you with meeting your target A1C. Once any changes are made, it is important that you continue to test more often in order to ensure that they are effective and you do not experience any problems with hypoglycemia. After your blood sugars have leveled out and your A1C has normalized, then you may go back to testing as often as is comfortable for you.

Other business The SNTC representative on the Southern Interior Beetle Action Committee (SIBAC) is Chief Wilson; her alternate is Richard Manuel. On February 18th, there will be a forestry meeting to discuss Forest and Range Opportunities. A Position Paper will be drafted on key issues (FRO, ground rent, revenue sharing and carbon credits). Chief Wilson will convene a SEDCO meeting for February 24th. Donations SNTC donated $500 to the 20th Annual Murdered and Missing Women March to be held on Valentine’s Day. Two tickets ($150 apiece) were bought for the “Cops for Kids” fundraising dinner. STSMÉMELT PROJECT UPDATE The Stsmémelt Project is a response to a governmental system that has never been acceptable to our people. It is a project that is being undertaken by the Secwepemc Nation intended to develop a new method to heal our families through traditional understandings. At this moment in time, there are more Aboriginal children in foster care than at the pinnacle of the residential school era. Our families continue to reel from the effects of residential school, a school that still stands in our territory, and we are no longer willing to allow our children to be

placed in others care. After several ineffective attempts to regionalize the Aboriginal child welfare system in British Columbia, we the Secwepemc People are proposing a nationbased approach that aims for long term family cohesion and responsibility. Recently there was a conference held at the Quaaout Lodge with 14 out of 17 chiefs in attendance and 150 participants from Secwepemc bands. Kukpi7 Felix Arnouse did the welcoming, Dan George and Zandra Wycotte Ross facilitated the group in group discussion as to what they want to see in child care. Amy Sandy and Virginia Gilbert welcomed everyone with a honor song on the hand drum. MCFD representatives that were in attendance were David Stevenson and Andrew Robinson. The next conference will be held at the 108 Health Hills on April 11 & 12, 2011.

(a full update in next edition)

Another situation that warrants increased blood glucose testing is if you are feeling generally unwell and on sick days. The reason that you should pull out your meter and test if you are not feeling good is because often feeling unwell is a symptom of your blood sugars being uncontrolled and it is important for you to address this as soon as possible. Also, on days when you are sick, whether it be a cold, flu, or infection that warrants antibiotics, you need to test multiple times per day as being sick can make your blood sugars very unpredictable, running them either too low or high. Additionally, it is important that you notify someone close by if you are sick, so that they may check in on you and ensure that you receive the necessary treatment should your blood sugars go out of control. I hope that this article has helped to clarify some of the questions that you had surrounding the appropriateness of blood glucose testing. The most important thing to remember is to always increase the frequency of your testing when it will be valuable to yourself and healthcare providers to make decisions about your treatment. In my next article, I will be reviewing some of the meters available on the market for testing and the features you may find useful. Sincerely, Laura Burgess, B.Sc. Pharm., Certified Diabetes Educator Pharmacist, Manshadi Pharmacy

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In Loving Memory

Eugene Earl Dick August 30,1924 - March 12, 2009

The “You” in me... Walk with silence Do not speak to me Just hold me close to your heart Let me learn from you The shadows of tomorrow Not yet to shine are fears Fears I must find out for me For it is I who will awaken No one cares but you You help me when we do not speak You’ve helped me as I walked through yesterday Your care takes me far into the night My fears come and go I sit alone and feel lost I walk alone and cannot find my way back Then I listen to the “you” in me Forever Loved and Missed Lilla, Ivan, April Ken, Jo Jo, Shania, Amy, Ken William, Marg, Irene, Bonnie, Cecilia, Rona, Henrietta, Vic, and many grandchildren


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Secwepemc NEWS

JAN/FEB 2011

LEADERSHIP & RESILIENCY PROGRAM Submitted by Janessa McKenzie

LRP is a federally funded partnership program with Secwepemc Cultural Education Society and School District 73. LRP works with students at Four Directions Storefront School to enhance their internal strengths and resiliency. The Secwepemc Cultural Education Society is pleased to announce a five year funding contribution awarded by The National Crime Prevention Centre (NCPC), sponsored by the Federal Department of Public Safety. Monies from NCPC are being used to implement a Leadership and Resiliency Program (LRP) at Four Directions School. This innovative initiative will provide both in school and after school services to Aboriginal students attending Four Directions. The LRP will attempt to enhance youth’s internal strengths and resiliency while preventing involvement in substance use, violence and other unhealthy choices and behaviours.  The LRP requires a partnership between a high school and an appropriate service agency. Participants will attend weekly in school resiliency groups lead by trained staff throughout the course of the program.  Program components include after-school curricula/activities such as recreational activities, community services, problem identification, referral and skill development.  Program results demonstrate reduction in school suspension, reduction in juvenile arrests, increase in school attendance and increased high school graduation rates.  It is the intent of this program to nurture trusting relationships between leaders, youth and families, while reaffirming to youth that their community cares. It has been expressed by many in our community that there is a strong need to reacquaint Aboriginal youth with their culture and allow them to form an identity which will embrace the history of the past, while allowing new doors to be opened to the future. Such a vision will be delivered by promoting a healthy learning experience whereby community partners will be aligned with participating students. This call came from our community in order that we, as a coalition of caring spirits, can make a difference in the lives of many. 

For more information on the Program Contact Janessa Mckenzie, B.A. Program Coordinator/Manager Partner Assisted Learning Leadership & Resiliency Program PH: 250-852-3091/ 778-470-5542 www.palkamloops.org

FEBRUARY UPDATE: February has been a busy month for the Leadership & Resiliency Program (LRP). For our Resiliency component, the LRP visited Volunteer Kamloops where we were given a presentation on the services Volunteer Kamloops has to offer, as well as the importance of volunteering. A representative from the youth volunteering program, Katimavik, was also in attendance and presented on their program. Even though our students volunteer regularly with LRP, it was valuable for them to hear more about the benefits of volunteering in the community. Our new Group Facilitator Renee Gurnsey, started this month, , and she will be running the Resiliency program. Welcome Renee! A Student in Free Enterprise (SIFE) runs programming with our students twice a week. The name of their project is Inspiring Young Minds, and their objective is to provide our students with career development. SIFE assists with resumes, job searches, runs mock interviews which helps with conversational skills, personal selling, as well as professional attire. SIFE also focuses on success and decision making skills such as budgeting and financial options open to them through scholarships and bursaries. This month SIFE hosted a day for our students at Thompson Rivers University (TRU). The students had a tour of the campus, were treated to lunch in the cafeteria, met with professors from various programs, had a tour of the Gathering Place, and competed in a scavenger hunt to win prizes. The students enjoyed the day and the visit enabled them to get a better understanding of the different programs TRU has to offer. Our Arts and Culture component has undergone some changes recently as we have a new Support Worker running the programming. Daryll Laboucan has been working with us for the past month and has brought many new ideas to the program. This month the students made their own mini-tipis and made bannock for Indian Tacos. For our Service Learning this month, the students participated in the Twin Rivers Education Centre (TREC) Wellness Fair/ Anti-Bullying Day. LRP ran a booth in cooperation with Interior Health. We did a Kick the Nic/Quit Now table. We gave out information on the dangers of smoking and screened the TREC students for cigarette consumption with a carbon monoxide monitor. We also wore our pink shirts in support of Anti-Bullying Day, and one of our students was interviewed by CFJC News. For our Adventure Activities this month, we spent two afternoons at Harper Mountain. The students were able to go skiing, snowboarding and tubing. The students took a few skiing and boarding les-

sons to prepare for our upcoming overnight trip to Sun Peaks in March. In addition to our after school drop in and meal program, this month we also went bowling, had a night out at Executive Billiards, and continued to play our regular Tuesday night Volleyball game at TREC. We are continuing to co-facilitate the Physical Education classes at Four Directions Storefront School and for the next six weeks we are participating in an Act Now challenge. Our students are going to be working out at Body Works Gym for 6 weeks in order to become more physically active. Our Hip Hop classes are still running every two weeks, and we have been running a Life Skills program once a month. SCES is proud of the hard work and effort that both the staff and students are putting forth with this program. Over the last year, the students have had many healthy learning experiences that have aimed to minimize at-risk behaviour. We are confident that as our program develops and grows, we will continue to positively impact the lives of youth in our community.

LRP youth and staff enjoying skiing, snowboarding and tubing at Harper Mountain’.

This month we introduce you to: Carrie Higginbottom. Carrie’s summer position was at the Secwepemc Child and Family Services. Her position was funded by STEP. She was the Cultural Assistant, her main project was to put together a resource for childrenin-care outside of their communties and culture. Carrie experienced Cultural worhshops that were both traditional to the Secwepemc, as well as more universal traditions. Carrie learn how to make Birch Bark Baskets, Pine Needle Baskets, Cedar JRoot Strippping, Gathered sage for medicine bundles, picked berries, made a drum and played in Lahal. In September, Carrie returned to TRU is doing the Human Service Diploma and work her way to achieving a Bachelor of Social Work Degree.

“The experience proved the importance of holisitic balance of mental (work) Spiritial (cultural/ traditional)́ Physical (connection with people/self); Emotional (feelings/thoughts). I will be able to utilize these teachings in my studies and keep balanced.”


Secwepemc NEWS

PELL7EMETMIŃ/PELLTSÍPWEN’TEN 2011 Greetings...........

My apologies to Diane for forgetting to put this in last month. Happy Be-lated birthday to: Christine Anthony, January 1st Cst. Mike Moyer, January 10th Fay Ginther, January 25th Michelle Anthony, Jan 26th Steven Joseph Anthony, January 29th Love Diane & Verna Anthony Friday March 4th HAPPY BIRTHDAY TO KEVIN SAMPOLIO... HAPPY DAY MY SON, TAKE CARE KEEP SMILING AND I LOVE YOU!! From Mom, Dad, lil brother Tyrone Sampolio Happy Birthday to Tanya Sinclair for March 30th. Love Grant, Aly and Allan “HAPPY BIRTHDAY BEAUTIFUL “ Love Weezy Happy 1st Birthday to Deeken Willard Pascal for March 18, 2011. Love your Grandma Lori Pascal Happy Birthday to Lilla Dick for March 14, 2011 Love Ivan, April, Ken, JoJo, Shania, Amy, Ken William, and Weezy Special Birthday Desires for: our brother Wilfred Jr, Sheryl Johnson, Charlotte Linde, Jeanette Paul, Joseph Belleau, our nephew Nickibobbi and our neice Myla Johnson. Love the Johnson’s: Francis, Roxanne and Family.

LORDY..LORDY... GUESS WHO’S FORTY? March 14 - Happy 40th Birthday to a wonderful Husband/father/son/brother/ uncle From your wife Jeanne, son Joaqin, Mom Dalla, Arthur, Tania, Johnson & ALL your nieces & nephews

In Loving Memory

Call For Proposals for the 2011 SUMMER STUDENTS

William Gene Truran (Standing Strong Bear) May 12, 1985 - Februry 23, 2008 Memories don’t fade They just grow deep For the one we loved But could not keep We hold our tears when We speak your name But the ache in our hearts Remains the same No one knows. The sorrow we share when the family meets and you’re not there - we laugh, we smile, we play our parts Behind it all lies broken hearts, unseen, unheard, you’re always near So loved, so missed So very dear Just as you were, always will be Forever treasured in our Memory Love Always Ivan, Lilla, April, Ken, Ken William, Amy, Shania, JoJo

RIVERLAND INNS & SUITES

In Memory of Vera Jean Eustache May 22, 1956 - March 9, 2006 For my dearest Sister, Mother, grandmother, aunty, daughter and most of all the best friend I could have ever asked for. It has been 5 very long years since the Creator called her home and still the hurt carries on. I know that you are in a better place and that you will always be at my side. So I will continue to smile and carry on, even though words can’t describe how much I miss you. “Love you always my Sister” Too many questions in my mind Too many how’s and why’s if only you could answer them, then maybe I could understand all the times we had together I thought they were forever But the day God took you away I knew forever meant a day I remember the smile and laughter of you which eases the pain when I am blue Your sweet words still linger in my ear And deeply wish you were still here Every second, every minute I think of you and all the things about us to the joy I felt when I met you Thus all the pain when I lost you I wanted to blame myself and them But come to think of it, “what’s the sense?” No matter what I do you’ll never come back again. ‘Cause on that day you’re life was given an end. Now that you’re gone eternally, How can I move on, Finally? It seems that you took one half of my life with you And this life, it’s so sad without you............... But then I heard you whisper in my ear Telling me to cheer up, don’t shed a tear And even though painful, I have to let you go So I love you and goodbye, And I will see you in that wonderful place in the sky. by Katrina Reina De Leon

PLEASE SUBMIT ALL COMPLETED APPLICATIONS TO THE STEP OFFICE new location @ 680 Athabasca West, Attention: Debi Stewart, Program Dev. Wrkr

Mailed or dropped off applications ONLY No Emailed or Faxed applications will be accepted. All completed applications MUST be received at the STEP office located at the Shuswap Nation Tribal Council office by 4:00 pm, on March 31, 2011 For further information call (778) 471-8202 or email STEPprograms@shuswapnation.org

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1530 RIVER STREET, KAMLOOPS, BC V2C 1Y9 OFFICE: (250) 374-1530 FAX: (250) 374-1534

* WALKING DISTANCE TO KIB POW WOW ARBOR Mon * SHORT DISTANCE TO STATUS GAS BAR Spe thly * GROUP SPECIALS/SENIOR SPECIALS cia ls ! * BEAUTIFUL RIVERVIEW ROOMS * SPECIAL PACKAGES

Email: riverlandinn@shawbiz.ca www.riverlandinn.kamloops.com CALL TOLL FREE: 1-800-663-1530

SECWEPEMC BUSINESS DIRECTORY

This listing is FREE to all Secwepemc. Simply phone, e-mail, fax, or mail your information to the Secwepemc News, #311-355 Yellowhead Hwy, Kamloops, BC V2H 1H1, Phone: (250) 828-9783, Fax: (250) 372-1127, e-mail: communic@secwepemc.org All R Creations Hand Carved Jewellery Roxane McCallum (604)826-0095 Williams Lake BC Custom Wood Caskets Ted Moses, Kristy Palmantier (250) 296-3524 Beadwork, Regalia Kamloops Louise Alphonse (250) 574-8002 Baskets - Birch Bark Salmon Arm Delores Purdaby (250) 832-6538 Birch Baskets Harold Thomas (250) 833-4016 Big Sky Station Store & Gas Savona Joan McTaggart (250) 373-0043 Black Bear Developments Kamloops Rick & Sunny LeBourdais (250) 579-5720 Bow & Arrow Golf Enterprises (250) 318-0742 Frank Antoine frankant27@hotmail.com Resource Planner & Owner Orbis Ent Ltd. Fax:(250) 305-2445 Ph:(250) 305-7415 E: Wenona@orbis-consulting.ca http://www.orbis-consulting.ca Casper Creations Kamloops Dora Casper (250) 376-1736 Chief Technologies Chase Craig Duck Chief (250) 320-5219 www.l.com Don Cook Contracting - Excavating & Fencing (250) 838-6299 / 503-8006 (c) Deana’s Dream Cree-ations Kamloops Deana Nicholson, Consultant (250) 377-1087 deanasdream@gmail.com Nitehawks Band Interior of BC Les Johnson (250) 440-5692 Falling & Contracting Canim Lake Gregg Archie (250) 397-4137 Farrier Services Williams Lake Tom Alphonse (250) 296-0013 Full Circle Designs Kamloops Travis Marr (250) 828-0770 Hall/Conference Centre 4 Rent Chase Adams Lake Rec. Centre (250) 679-3515 Herbalife Distributor Kamloops Vanessa Holte (250) 574-6975 Indigenous Eco-cultural Education & Consulting Services Chase Dawn Morrison (250) 679-1116 Inspirational Catering, Aboriginal & Canadian Cuisine - Lonny Paul (250) 267-3314 reebs@live.ca (250) 375-2092 Lawyer Kamloops Linda D. Thomas Law Corp. (250) 319-8045 Little Bear Gift Shop & Gallery Chase Margaret Anderson (250) 572-4939 magand65@hotmail.com Margaret’s Cleaning Service Margaret Billy (250) 682-3517

Nature’s Best Buffalo meat/products Williams Lake Tom & Karen Alphonse (250) 296-0013 Neskonlith Advisory Services Chase Neskonlith Indian Band (250) 679-3295 Pathways Designs in Landscaping Linda Stump (250) 819-4969 Personalized Stained Glass Chase Doreen Kenoras (250) 679-3783 Pet Transport Kamloops Edwin Marten (250) 319-5097 Photography/Videography Kamloops Michelle Jones (250) 434-9703 Puss N’ Boots Daycare Kamloops Lucy Jules (250) 828-9429 Randy Sam Art Studio Chase Goldsmith - Randy Sam (250) 679-1054 Red Willow Designs Chase/Vancouver Tanya Willard (250) 299-5835 www.redwillowdesigns.ca Regal Representative Kamloops, BC Sabrina Thomas (250) 852-2878 Regalia & First Nation Crafts Kamloops Doris Bamford (250) 314-9820 Ribbon Shirts & Regalia Kamloops Trish Terry (250) 376-9001 Rock’s in the Wind Creations Chase Rock & Dianne Denault @ www.rockinwind.net Running Wolf Video Productions BC Doreen Manuel (604) 837-3663 www.runningwolf.ca Rustic Wear Kamloops Cody Stewart (250) 377-5237 Seklep Confections (250) 679-2053 Native Image Chocolates- Halle Dennis Shiny Nicol Cleaning Services Chase Doreen Nicol (250)577-3532 / (778) 220-4967(c) Skwlax Gas & Convenience Chase John Anderson (250) 679-7623 Spectrum Computer Services Chase Raymond Anthony (250) 682-3517 Star Blankets Chase Sharon Sellars (250) 679-8812 / 682-2261(c) Talking Rock Resort & Quaaout Conf. Centre Stephan Wittmer, GM 1(800) 663-4303 Testop Publishing Chase Tess Tomma (250) 835-8446 Tribal (band) Shuswap Peter August (250) 679-8597 Tupperware Consultant Merritt Deanne Eustache (250) 378-1808 Xwéxwne Creations - Weddings & Events Louise Alphonse (250) 574-8002 William J Steel Contracting (250) 377-5394 Renovations/Construction your business goes here.........


Secwepemc NEWS

16

JAN/FEB 2011

NEW NAME!

Kamloops

CITY CENTRE INN

Aboriginal Pathways to Health Careers

on Columbia & Fourth

3rd Generation Owner Preserves History Owner Jay Gallagher holds a framed photograph of himself and his sister sitting on the steps of the original Travelodge in 1959. After nearly 50 years in operation, Canada’s first Travelodge - located at the corner of Fourth Avenue and Columbia Street in Kamloops became the Kamloops City Centre Inn.

New Certificate Program
 From September 2011 to August 2012, TRU is offering a 3 semester program that provides students with the courses and skills to enter and succeed in a health career degree or diploma program. This 3 semester program offers small classes and tutors. Students receive a certificate after successfully completing the courses.

To enter the program:

Dave Eagles/KTW

High school students require Math 040 and English 050 with a B grade in each course within the past 2 years. Mature students and high school students require a recent TRU Accuplacer assessment at a Math 050 and English 060 level

• •

To apply: Call the program coordinator Vicki Holmes 1-250-852-7278 or e-mail vholmes@tru.ca

Note: this meeting has already taken place, this is for information purposes 
 • New Rooms • New Indoor Pool & Hot Tub • Complimentary Continental Breakfast • Close to Interior Savings Center & the Casino • Fridges in all Rooms • Across From Royal Inland Hospital • Hospital & Seniors Rates By Jeremy Deutsch After more than 50 years of standing tall above the corner of the old Trans-Canada Highway, the first Travelodge Motel sign in Canada is gone. Jay Gallagher remembers when the sign went up. He was just five years old. It was a simpler time, when a loaf of bread cost 20 cents, John Diefenbaker was prime minister and Gallagher's grand parents were entrepreneurs. His family moved from Spences Bridge in 1958 to coown and manage the Kamloops Travelodge Motel — the first of its kind in Canada.

They signed a 49-year lease agreement with the thenfledgling American company. At the time, the Columbia Street motel boasted 40 units, a swimming pool and rock work landscaping. It cost just $120,000 to build, which also included the land. A few years later, the motel was expanded to its current form of 67 units. Gallagher's grandparents later sold their shares in Travelodge, but continued to own the property. In 2002, the younger Gallagher bought back the final few years of the lease and renovated the property.

But, as the lease wound down, the third generation owner decided it was time for a change. "It was time for us to go on our own," Gallagher told KTW. So, in 2009, with an opportunity to get out from under the franchise, he decided to go independent. As of July 1, the Travelodge became the Kamloops City Centre Inn. "It feels good," Gallagher said, sitting in an office surrounded by old signs and memories of the former franchise. "I don't think anything is going to have an impact." He explained the cost

associated with being a part of a major company was just too high. "We didn't feel the franchise was generating a justifiable amount of our business," Gallagher said. He noted most of the motel's business is generated by way of the hospital, court house and Rocky Mountaineer. Though it may be the end of an era for Kamloops and Gallagher himself, he's not quite ready to bury the old namesake entirely. He intends to keep a couple of Travelodge signs around as reminders of what his grandparents started so many years ago.

Same Great People. Same Great Service. We look forward to seeing you soon!

430 Columbia St. • 1.877.372.8202 250.372.8202

| Tk’emlups Indian Band

For Immediate Release January 31, 2011

Important meeting sets future for Day Scholars (Kamloops, B.C.) – The Tk’emlups Indian Band (TIB) Day Scholar meeting on Friday January 31, 2011 was a huge success. The room was full of important faces at the TIB band office, as Chief Shane Gottfriedson, Grand Chief Stewart Phillip, Chief Garry Feschuk of the Sechelt First Nation along with many other band representatives addressed the idea of a class action law suit for compensation to the Residential School day scholars. The group is contemplating political strategy and a possible class action suit to obtain truth, reconciliation, as well as just and fair compensation for the day scholar students in the province of B.C. who were omitted from the Indian residential school compensation settlement. “The government is liable for the forced attendance and the irreparable harm that occurred at the day schools, and in our case the Indian residential school day scholar students that we estimate to be 200 or more from the Tk’emlups Indian Band,” said Chief Shane Gottfriedson. The TIB along with those from the Penticton, Neskonlith, northern Secwepemc, Williams Lake, Sechelt and other First Nation bands are making a final stance before they take the step of launching a class action suit that will certainly put the federal government on notice. “What truly impacts our community is the day scholars,” said Chief Gottfriedson. “Our families suffered from the same sort of abuse, if not worse as day scholars, as did regular scholars, and we’re not even considered for compensation for anything.” The Sechelt Indian Band and other communities are in a situation very similar to that of Tk’emlups. The joint bands want to develop awareness and will further look into pursuing litigation.

Your Flexible Solution from the RESP Experts Get peace of mind for your child’s future with Heritage Education Funds, offering safe and flexible RESP solutions for over 40 years. Ask us how we can help you get started!

Jennifer Pooley

Direct 250.574.8771 Business 604.327.1411 Email Jennifer_Pooley@heritageresp.com

For information on this contact: Jo-Anne Gottfriedson BGS CED, T’kemlups Indian Band Day Scholar Researcher - 30 200-355 Yellowhead Hwy, Kamloops.BC V2H 1H1 Contact: Kelley O’Grady Phone: (250)828-9788 or email jo-anne.gottfriedson@kib.ca Communications and Events Coordinator (250)320-9945

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March 2011