G L O B A L B R I E F I N G R E P O RT BLOCKCHAIN & SDGs
in addition to the great efficiencies mentioned above. It has been pointed out that the system is also expected to prevent fish poaching. According to the report in 2016 by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), it is suspected that 30% of the fish catches in the world are illegal. A report published in Japan last year, “Sakana to Yakuza” (written by Tomohiko Suzuki), stated that half of the sea cucumbers caught in Japan, which are treated as a luxury foodstuff in China, are caught illegally. Fish poaching of sea cucumbers, abalones, sea urchins, and eels could be a business of over 10 billion yen. If there were only fish with traceable logs in the market, it would be possible to prevent illegal fishery deals, saving fishery resources which are managed with great effort by local fisheries from overexploration. Furthermore, the 2020 Tokyo Olympic requires “all of its fishery products to be made of fish caught in a sustainable and environmentally friendly way.” It is also virtually impossible to export to Europe without obtaining international certification. The blockchain system will help Japan to establish an eco-certification system that is also applicable overseas. Akazawa, who is in charge of system development, also points out, “For example, if a fisherman uses a fishing net that is friendly to the environment, it is possible to add information about
Japan’s Fisheries Agency has begun to make efforts to improve the fishery industry, such as working on a drastic revision of the Fisheries Law in 2018, which was the first in 70 years. the fish net to the fish caught by the fisherman. Using the characteristics of the blockchain to convey useful records to consumers, the seafood itself can obtain additional value. “ Japan’s Fisheries Agency has begun to make efforts to improve the fishery industry, such as working on a drastic revision of the Fisheries Law in 2018, which was the first in 70 years.
Furthermore, if a comprehensive fishery product traceability system that links the sea to consumers using blockchain technology can be put to practical use, the value of the Japanese fishery industry may increase internationally. In addition, cooking with fish connected to their source in this way may provide an opportunity for people to experience the spirit of SDGs. ◆
A look at the world challenges and insight on how we can improve.