Page 1

S TAT IO NS O F R ENC A - OR I GI N A L E XH IBITIO N PANEL LAYO UT WITH FOUR PHYSIC AL MOD E L S -


TRAVELLING STUDIO CHILE 2018 | IRIS WAI TUNG FONG 636813

S TATION S O F R E N C A CERROS DE RENCA WAS SACRED BUT NO ONE KNOWS IT. IT NEEDS TO BE KNOWN. Cerros de Renca, located in a strategic location in Santiago, was a sacred site to the Inca people during the pre-Columbian era. It was where the Inca people guarded the city and exercised their famous solar alignment for the Mapocho Valley. However, the meaning of Renca was lost along with the fall of the Inca Empire when the Spaniards colonized Chile.

A set of landscape monuments, known as “Stations of Renca� collectively, is erected at the spots where the Sun aligns with the Plaza de Armas and the white cross stands. It is aimed to reinstall the cultural significance of the cerros in the hearts of people by revealing the Incan reference. This is achieved by reestablishing the astronomical alignment as well as heightening the vantage point.

Although Renca is crowned with a gigantic white cross on its highest peak, it has been treated with little respect. Much of its land is being damaged and degraded by human activities, such as arson, vehicular trampling and illegal dumping. Therefore, the existing open spaces are under threat and they gradually become unsafe and unsuitable for the community to use.

The set consists of three solar pillar towers and a fortress, with the former being remodeled after the Incan stone solar pillars. The stellar alignments of the grounds are also stressed in-situ with the employment of stargazing softwares during the design process. Thus, all monuments can be used as stargazing grounds. They can also be used a ceremonial ground, a garden, an amphitheater or a lookout respectively.

All these happen because no one learns the history of Cerros de Renca, and thus do not have a reason to treat the landscape with thoughtfulness.

With its cultural importance reinstated, Cerros de Renca will be seen as a sacred and meaningful landscape, where all people love and care.

FOLLOW THE STATIONS AND THE MEANING OF RENCA SHALL UNVEIL IN FRONT OF YOU.


0

LINE OF SIGHT

C AMINO A L AMPA

INC A TR AIL

+ CO LO NIAL IN C A TR AIL TO L AMPA + DISCOVERY ON IN C AN G R AVE S

+ TA L L E S T A N D E A N P E A K V I S I B L E F R O M S A N T I AG O + D I S CO V E RY O F P LO M O M U M M Y ( I N C A N HU MA N S AC R I F I C E )

I N T I ( T HE I N C AN SUN GOD)

RO

COLO

R

ER

A

DO

R

A

2KM

RO RENC

+ E RE C TS ON TH E H IG H E ST PE AK IN 1 9 8 0 s + VISIBL E FR OM MOST ARE AS IN TH E N OR TH E RN SAN TIAG O

CH ILEAN INC A TR AIL + CON N E C TS PL AZ A D E ARMA S TO COL IN A AN D CU SCO

C E R RO S A N C R I S TO BA L

C AM INO QUE BAL A L AMPA

+ K N O W N A S TA P U H U E ( P L AC E O F G O D) I N N AT I V E L A N G UAG E + A C R O S S WA S P L AC E D AT T HE P E A K F O R T W O C E N T U R I E S B E F O R E T H E CO N S T R U C T I O N O F MA RY

+ CO LO NIAL INC A TR AIL TO L AMPA AN CIE N T

RI O M AP O CH O

SAN TIAG O TRIAN G L E

CON TE MPOR ARY SAN TIAG O

R

O

C ERRO C HENA

N CRI

S

B L ES S E D V I RG I N MA RY + S E R V E A S T H E M E T R O P O L I TA N I CO N + V I S I B L E F R O M M O S T A R E A S I N T HE N O R T HE R N S A N T I AG O + O N E O F T H E P R I MA RY P R AYI N G S I T E S

P L A Z A D E A R MA S PL

+ IN THE SOUTHERN PAR T OF SAN TIAG O + DIREC TLY VISIBLE FR OM C ERR OS D E RE N C A + LOC ATIO N OF HUENA DE C H E N A (IN C AN FOR TRE SS_

SA

TO

CER

BAL

TRIAN G L E

A

ZA

AS

W HAT WAS AND IS HAPPENING IN SANTIAGO ?

+ TH E G R OU P OF TH RE E H IL L S IN CLU D IN G COLOR AD O AN D RE N C A + SE R VE D AS A G UARD POST BY IN C A PE OPL E TO OVE RSE E TH E IN C A TR AIL S

C

- THE STORIES OF THE TRIANGLES -

CERROS DE RENC A

1

WH ITE CROS S

CE

NARR ATIVE

+ S E TS ON CER R O COLO R ADO WHEN SEEN F R OM P LAZA DE ARMAS IN WI N TE R S OL STIC E ( THE INC A NE W YEAR)

0.5

C E R RO E L P LO MO

DE AR

M

+ MA I N C I V I C S Q UA R E I N S A N T I AG O + S E R V E S A S T H E HE A R T O F T H E C I T Y S I N C E P R E - CO LU M B I A N ( B E I N G T HE J U N C T I O N O F A L L I N C A N S O L A R A N D T E R R A I N A L I G N M E N T I N T HI S A R E A)


2

CERRO SAN CRISTOBAL

PLAZA DE ARMAS

CERRO RENCA

CERRO COLORADO

1 THE SOUTHERN FRONTIER OF THE INCA EMPIRE

5 1

4

3

2 3 4 5

RENCA AS A SACRED GROUND TO THE INCA PEOPLE SAN CRISTOBAL AS A SACRED GROUND TO THE NATIVE PEOPLE PEOPLE COMMUTED AND TRADED THROUGH THE INCA TRAILS WARRIORS OVERSAW AND GUARED THE TRAILS FROM RENCA

P R E- CO LU MB I A N E R A WHAT WAS AND IS HAPPENING IN SANTIAGO ?

- THE STORIES OF THE TRIANGLES -

NARR ATIVE

BEFORE CIRCA 1492

6

7

9

8

6 7 8 9

SPANISH CONQUISTADORS ARRIVED THE FALL OF THE INCA EMPIRE FIRST CROSS WAS ERECTED ON SAN CRISTOBAL RENCA WAS SLOWLY FORGOTTEN

CO LO NI A L ER A 1540s - 1800s

12

13

11

10

10 11 12 13

PLAZA IS RECONFIRMED AS THE MAIN CIVIC SQUARE URBANIZATION BEGINS VIRGIN MARY WAS ERECTED ON SAN CRISTOBAL RENCA BEGINS DEGRADING DUE TO POLLUTION AND FIRE

L ATE MO D ER N ER A 1800s - 1940s

15 16

14

14 URBANIZATION ACCELERATES 15 CROSS WAS ERECTED ON RENCA 16 RENCA CONTINUES DEGRADING

CO NTEMP O R A RY E R A 1940s - NOW

18

17 17 SOMETHING HAPPEN ON CERRO RENCA? 18 SOMETHING HAPPEN ON CERRO COLORADO?

F U TU R E


0

12 . 5

25

50M

CA

IA SANT

ADA GO R

17 SO 15 LA RA

MI

NO

CE

RR

O

CO

LO

RA

DO

R

LIG

NM

EN

T 720

1 st

PI

AR

TOWER

3 3 ° 2 3 ’3 6 .0 ”S 7 0 ° 4 4 ’1 2 .3 ” W

LL

17

710

700

25

69 0

nd

2

LL

AR TOW

ER

3 3 ° 2 3 ’ 3 9 . 0 8 ”S 70°44’13.1” W

PI

680

670

660

W

ER

650

17

T

O

3

rd

PILLAR

INFO

RMA

30

64 0

L PA TH

3 3° 2 3 ’ 4 3 . 1 ”S 7 0° 4 4 ’ 1 5 . 2 ” W

630

62 0

61 0

600

590

580

570

56

0

550

54

0

53 0

52 0

51 0

PLAN

- C E RRO COLOR A D O 50

S TAT I ON S OF P I L L A R S

0


0

12 . 5

25

P

LO

SS

50M

R FORT

3 3° 2 3 ’ 2 6 . 4 ”S 7 0° 4 2 ’ 4 0 . 0 ” W

MO

STONE PI LE

E

900

890

88 0

87

0

86

0

85

0

84

0

STONE PILE 83

0

82

81

0

0

79

0

800

IN FO RM AL PA

78

0

TH 77

0

760

TO RENC A SIGN

750

74 0

73 0

PLAN

- C E R RO R E N C A S TAT I O N OF E L P LOM O

720

710

700


1730

33°23’39.8” S 70°44’13.1” W

1725

33°23’36.0” S 70°44’12.3” W

1715

SU

NP

AT

H

33°23’43.1” S 70°44’15.2” W

- WINTER SOLSTIC E | JUNE 2 1 - 2 2 A S V I E WED FR O M THE COMUNA RENC A + PLAZA DE ARMAS

1 st P ILL AR TOWER

2 n d P ILL AR TOWER

3 rd P ILL AR TOW ER

SOLAR ALIGNMENT


0 1

5

O

N

E

C AIRN STELLAR PILLAR

STONE EDGE

SOLAR PILLAR MIRR OR OCULUS

PLAN ONE

- F IRST PILL AR TOWER C EREMONIAL STAR GAZING GR OUND

10M


0 1

5

TW

O

C AIRN STELLAR PILLAR STONE EDGE

SOLAR PILLAR MIRR OR OCULUS

CIR CULAR PLATFORM

CIR CLE GARDEN

PLAN T WO

- SECOND PILL AR TOWER GARDEN

10M


0 1

RE

E

5

TH

C AIRN STELLAR PILLAR

SEATING

STAGE SOLAR PILLAR MIRR OR OCULUS

CIR CULAR PLATFORM

PLANTED GR OUND

PLAN THREE

- THIRD PILL AR TOWER AMPHITHEATER

10M


FO U R

0 1

5

AR CHWAY

10M

VIE WING WINDOW

EXISTING WHITE CR OSS

VIE WING PLATFORM

PLANTED SLOPE RE TAINING WALL

VIE WING WALL

PLAN FOUR

- PLOM O F ORTRESS LO OKO UT


0 1

5

10M

SEC TION ONE

- F IRST PILL AR TOWER C EREMONIAL STAR GAZING GR OUND


0 1

5

10M

SEC TION T WO

- SECOND PILL AR TOWER GARDEN


0 1

5

10M

SEC TION THREE

- THIRD PILL AR TOWER AMPHITHEATER


0 1

5

10M

SEC TION FOUR

- PLOM O F ORTRESS LO OKO UT


FIRST PILLAR TOWER

- Z ENITH GA Z I N G AT TH E STARS AND MO ON THR O UGH THE MIRR OR OCU LU S


SECOND PILLAR TOWER

- MILKY WAY EM B R ACI NG THE STARRY NIGHT IN THE PLANTING GR OU N D


THIRD PILLAR TOWER

- C ELEBR ATION WATCHI N G HUASO S DANC ING C UEC A IN THE AMPHITH E ATE R


PLOMO FOR TRESS

- EL PLOMO GA Z I N G AT THE HOLY ANDEAN PEAK THR OUGH VIE W FR AME R


Profile for Iris Fong

Postgraduate Travelling Studio Chile | Stations of Renca (Original Panels)  

The original panels for my third postgraduate studio (Travelling Studio Chile), Semester 2 2018. It includes the four plans that are suppose...

Postgraduate Travelling Studio Chile | Stations of Renca (Original Panels)  

The original panels for my third postgraduate studio (Travelling Studio Chile), Semester 2 2018. It includes the four plans that are suppose...

Profile for fwtiris
Advertisement