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2 0 17 S e m e s te r 1 A BPL 9 0 17 2 | L a n d s c a p e S tu d i o 3 : S p e c u l a ti on s Ir i s Wa i Tu n g Fon g | 6 3 6 8 13

S U N G A I S E G G E T R E E X P O S E D Development Catalogue


0.1 about this studio the flow of working This studio is divided into two parts: studio exercise and design. The first part covered the first six weeks, which we would carry out different tasks to deepen our understanding on civic spaces. The second part is design, which is our final proposal of a civic space in a given city.

studio exercises

design

civicness playfulness compliance resistance

individual + group work weekly exercises

group work investigating a city [ johor bahru ] speculate its future identify sites for potential civic spaces

what had happened in this city? what is happening in this city? what is the civic space that is needed by this city? is there any existing civic space in this city?

2


This catalogue is a personal document which records my learning and design processes. All text references will be included. For images, only drawings from external sources will be properly referenced. Images from group work will be referenced in-text. The unreferenced drawings are all done by myself.

individual work desk crits + mock presentations

looking for suitable theories adopting suitable frameworks apply the frameworks with programs

p re s e n t a ti on at week 12

pr e s e ntati on at week 6

reviewing the site analysis

fi nal subm i ssion

individual work refining the design

individual work investigating the chosen site [ segget island ] working with frameworks proposing the final form

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HOW TO DESIGN A CIVIC SPACE? PHASE 1

4


Wh at i s a ci v i c space? E ach o f u s h as o u r v e r y ow n def i n i t i o n s . A n d h o w can w e desi gn a ci v ic s p a c e ? In o r der t o bet t er ex pl o r e t h i s , ex er ci s e w e r e c a r r i e d o u t du r i n g t h e cl as ses , al l o w i n g u s t o e x p l or e di f f er en t co n cept s r el at ed t o ci v i c s pac e s w i th .

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1.1 studio exercise 1 redesigning state lib front lawn In our first class, we were asked to pick an existing civic space. We needed to speculate and redesign the space to make it suitable for people after 50 years . My team chose the front lawn outside the State Library. Each of us first came up with our own interventions, which later we would combine them into a single design package.

PERSPECTIVE 1

PERSPECTIVE 2 + SECTION

i n di v i du a l w o rk

Currently the lawn is used for various purpose, such as street performances, protest, relaxing , etc. I speculate that the site will remain as a civic space in 50 years. However, with very gentle slopes, I deemed the space is not welcoming enough for people to appreciate the street performances. Thus I created an amphitheater by modifying the landform. PLAN

6


SECTION

PLAN

PERSPECTIVE 1

gr o u p w ork

All four of us had different ideas and we decided to combine it, re-transforming the front lawn into an amphitheater surrounded by trees. The existing statue will be at the center of the amphitheater. It is fitted with an mechanism which allows it to rise or descend into the ground to make room for performances. PERSPECTIVE 2

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1.2 studio exercise 2 redesigning the fed square + civicness

Civic spaces can be understood as a place designed for civic purpose with a focus on people (this will be further discussed in phase 2). Is the Federation Square a civic space? My team agreed it is a civic space, but a barely qualified one. We saw it as a highly programmed space which was against to the definition we had on civicness. At the same time, we also found the absence of shades and shelters, the disconnection from Yarra River, and the discontinuous surfaces, disrupted sight lines and movement had made the place an unwelcoming civic space. So we decided to do something on these problems.

SITE ANALYSIS

8

MOVEMENT ACROSS THE WHOLE SITE LEVEL CHANGES ACROSS THE SITE

MOVEMENT ACROSS ROOFS

BRAINSTORMING ON SLOPES


PERSPECTIVE 2

PERSPECTIVE 3

PERSPECTIVE 1

DETAILED SECTION 1

SECTION

DETAILED SECTION 2

elevated walkways

This is a group work exercise. We created an elevated walkway which allows people to tranverse to different parts of the square via rooftops. This also enables people to have unobstructed sightlines across the site. Vegetated shelters are included for people to gather and linger. 9


1.3 studio exercise 3 redesigning city square 1.0 + playfulness

Playfulness is considered as one of the three pillars of designing civic spaces. Playful spaces provide a stage which encourage people to interact with each other even though they do not intend to. In other words, these spaces will bring people together. In this exercise, we were given a task to transform City Square into a playful space.

SECTION

PERSPECTIVE

i n di v i du a l w o rk

PLAN

10

My main objective are 1) preventing people from directly walking pass the square, and 2) attracting people to spend time inside the square. Therefore, I designed a sunken terrace within the square. The terrace is fitted with water fountains which people can play with. In addition, the terracing will force people to take detours around the site, which will give them more time to observe the site. They will be amused by the people inside the terrace, and perhaps they may decide to join in.


PERSPECTIVE 1

PEPSPECTIVE 2 Children can build a ‘house’ with the cubes for themselves.

PHYSICAL TESTING MODEL

PLAN Red squares indicate fixed cubes, which are permanent walkways.

gr o u p w ork

One of my teammates suggested turning the site into a giant ‘minecrafty’ landscape and we decided to go with that in the group work session. The land is broken down into numerous cubes where people can climb, move, reorganize.

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1.4 studio exercise 4 redesigning city square 2.0 + compliance

Compliance is another pillar for designing civic spaces. It is about making people to act and move according to the way the designers plan. This can be seen as a political tool as people are frequently regulated and instructed by civic morals to act in a certain way in a civic society. This is a way to keep law and order of the society. Just, instead of rules, landscape are used here as an agent to determine people’s behaviours.

THE INTERVENTIONS BY THE OTHER THREE TEAMMATES AFTER REFINING

MY INTERVENTION AFTER REFINING

i n di v i du a l w o rk

MY STARTING DRAFTS

12

In my team, each of us was required to come up with a design which can make the users comply and act accordingly. Inspired by the group exercise in 1.3, I decided to use ‘objects’, featuring cubes as a mean to control people’s movement. Then we swapped our designs among the team members and refined other people’s designs in a rotation.


SECTION AND DIAGRAMS EXPLANING THE MECHANISM OF SPONGES

PLAN

gr o u p w ork

After we finished our rotation, we identified three successful and unsuccessful frameworks from our works, which are objects, topography and program for successful, and materiality, access and equality for unsuccessful. Based on our findings, we need to come up with a design by combining our own interventions. Thus, we decided to introduce spongy islands in response to the six frameworks. The sponge will change in heights depending on the usage, allowing people to have different access to the space.

PERSPECTIVE

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1.5 studio exercise 5 redesigning city square 3.0 + resistance

Resistance is the last pillar for designing civic spaces. It is the opposite to compliance: about how people respond and react to the spaces. The true spirit of a civic society is the critical thinking and freedom of people. Can they make judgment? Can they differentiate good and bad? Do they have free will? Here, this can be understood either as using landscape to provoke people’s resisting behaviour (against the existing environment), or using landscape as a mean to resist the existing physical urban fabric. Unlike the previous weeks, this week was comprised only of individual exercises.

PERSPECTIVE

MOVEMENT

c i t y squ a re

This is my first trial on testing out resistance and sadly I would call this as a fail trial. I first understood resistance as using landscapes to resist people’s behaviours, so I ended up in making verdanas which exposes people to the sun at certain areas. I realized this was a mistake as it is no different to compliance. But I will keep this one here to record my process. SECTION

14


PERSPECTIVE 2

PERSPECTIVE 1

PLAN

k o t a r a y a bus s t at io n @ jo hor bah ru

This was my second trial which I applied it to my chosen site in assignment one (this will be discussed in phase 2). I wanted to use landscape as a mean to resist the modern development of Johor Bahru (well, many lands are cleared for erecting skyscrapers). So I excavated the ground and transformed it into an amphitheater where people can protest against the development and express their opinions. A water hole is positioned in the center to collect the runoff during rain.

SECTION

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INVESTIGATING JOHOR BAHRU PHASE 2

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- A s si gn m en t 1 T h e i s t h e f i r s t par t o f t h e co r e ass i gn m e n t of th e su bj ect , pr o v i di n g a r eal t es t i n g gr o u n d f or s tu d e n ts t o r eal i z e t h ei r i deas o n cr eat i n g a ci v i c s p a c e . A ci t y i s ass i gn ed t o a t eam o f f o u r st u den ts , w h i c h t h ey h av e t o u n der go si t e an al y si s abo u t th e c i ty. Wi t h t h e r esu l t s o n h an d, t h e st u den t s are r e q u i r e d t o i den t i f y f o u r po t en t i al ci v i c s paces , w h i c h w i l l be s er v ed as t h e si t es f o r t h e s eco n d pa r t of th e ass i gn men t . I n my t eam’ s cas e, w e ar e gi v en Jo h o r Ba h r u .

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2.1 assignment 1 investigation + speculation The is the core assignment of the subject, providing a real testing ground for students to realize their ideas on creating a civic space. A city is assigned to a team of four students, which they have to undergo site analysis about the city. With the results on hand, the students are required to identify four potential civic spaces, which will be served as the sites for the individual assignment.

This assignment is collaborated by

In my team’s case, we are given Johor Bahru, the capital of Johor in Malaysia.

Yanjin Bai research data analysis diagram production

Iris Fong research diagram production graphic coordination panel layout design Michael Chester research data analysis data coordination diagram production

Zhuying Lu research diagram production landuse mapping

feedback Western mindset approach can make assumptions that are not true. > Look into bare bones and understand how people actually see the development project > Understand the government agenda Civic space is not just about providing a square, but also about civic program. Mangroves here are particularly important as they are located in the urban space (which is very rare in the contemporary era) Landscape design cannot really solve intense issues, but it is about responding the site condition - it can be a small scale intervention, simple, but able to reflect the complexity of issues.

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commercial residen�al industrial ins�tu�onal empty lot waterbody LEGEND forest LANDUSE selected site commercial kampung residen�al central district (CBD) industrial main artery ins�tu�onal empty lot waterbody forest selected site kampung central district (CBD) main artery

*This is a reproduction of the original A1 poster. Items are rearranged so they can be clearly read on the A4 format.

J O H O R B A H R U 1°29′N 103°44′E MALAYSIA STATE OF JOHOR AREA 220 KM 2 POPULATION 497067 DISTANCE TO KL 375KM TO SG 1KM CENTER OF ISKANDAR MALAYSIA 150000 PPL COMMUTE TO SG DAILY $1539 AUD PM AVE. HOUSEHOLD INCOME LABOUR FORCE 67.1% EQUATORIAL TROPICAL CLIMATE HIGH HUMIDITY RAINFALL TEMPERATURE ELEVATION 32M

S P E C I A L S P OT S A

C

alay Non-M her

D

Ot

E

an

di

In

F G

S P E C I A L S P OT S e es

in

Ch

Dataran Bandaraya Johor Bahru (JB City Square) Johor Bahru City Council JB Sentral Railway Sta�on Danga Bay Istana Bukit Serene Johor-Singapore Causeway Larkin Central Bus Terminal

A Bumipuratus

DE MOG RAP HIC

B

B C D E F G

Chinese ethnic religion

Other anity Christi ism du Hin

REL I G I O N

Dataran Bandaraya Johor Bahru (JB City Square) Johor Bahru City Council JB Sentral Railway Sta�on Danga Bay Istana Bukit Serene Johor-Singapore Causeway Larkin Central Bus Terminal

G Buddhism

D

E

Straits

of Jo ho

r

C

A

SI NGAP O RE

B

F 0

0.5

1

2 KM

N

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*This is a reproduction of the original A1 poster. Items are rearranged so they can be clearly read on the A4 format.

SELEC TED SITES

Former Kotaraya Central Bus Terminal

Johor-Singapore Causeway

Persada Johor International Convention Centre Galleria@Kotaraya

Kampung Muafakat

Komtar JBCC

Kampung Bakar Batu

Merlin Tower

Kampung Skudai Kiri Kampung Sundai Perling

Johor Bahru City Square

Immigration Office Johor

JB Central Station

Sultan Ibrahim Building Johor Bahru City Council

Danga Bay Ishkandar Malaysia Development Area Iskandar Malaysia Information Center Kampung Jawa Kampung Skudai Kampung Mohd Amin

R AI LWAY

Sultan Iskandar Complex Customs

Kampung Tanjung Danga I RA

LW

Kampung Sungai Melayu

AY

Kampung Sungai Temon Kampung Sundai Danga

Kampung Jawa Skudai Highway Danga Bay Marina Club Iskandar Malaysia Information Center

Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve (Singapore) Kampung Dato Sulaiman Menteri (Malay & Chinese)

Kampung Skudai Country Garden Danga Bay

Taman Seri Setanggi (Malay & Chinese)

Future Transportation Hub Kampung Mohd Amin

Taman Ponderosa (Chinese)

Bandar Baru Uda (Malay) Taman Larkin Perdana (Malay & Chinese) Kampung Bahru Majidee (Malay & Javanese)

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*This is a reproduction of the original A1 poster. Items are rearranged so they can be clearly read on the A4 format.

DEMAND ON P LAC ES FO R P ROTESTS ub s Go ve rn me nt Offi ce

l s Termina Former Bu d Land Abandone

Tra ns po rt H

Sh op pin gM

all s

s

*There are supposed to be ‘links’ between the sites and the graphics (about the evidence) but they cannot be shown here. Please refer to the original A1 poster.

One and only Where?

Civic Rights?

RECONCILATION O F SO C I A L C LA SSES

P O LI TI C A L R E LAT I ONSH IP B E T WE E N CITIES Najib Razak 6th Prime Minister of Malaysia

Abdul Ghani Othman 9-12th Menteris Besar of Johor

Abdullah Badawi 5th Prime Minister of Malaysia

Mohamed Khaled Nordibn 13-15th Menteris Besar of Johor

Social Class Conflict

R DA AN ISK LAYSIA MA

Kuala Lumpur

Kampungs Johor Bahru

Iskandar Malaysia

ISKANDAR MALAYSIA

Iskandar Malaysia

Danga Bay Living

Shopping

Johor Bahru

Singapore

Singapore

Lower Class

Kampungs

Iskandar Malaysia

ECOLOGICAL CO N C ERN

S I T E A DVA NTAG E

PROPAGANDA

Pollution

JO HO R DA IL Y Species Circulation

1 min

Close distance between Danga Bay and Kampungs 1 min

KAMPUNGS ARE BAD

Iskandar Malaysia

In need of ecology

Decreasing Green Land

CULTURAL DIALO G U E In need of space for interaction

Cultural conflict

Integral Ecology System Linking River & Forest

D EST R U C T I O N OF M ANG ROV ES

R APID EXPA NS ION

Iskandar Malaysia

EXPANS ION OF C B D

JB in 2010 500,000 PEOPLE 222 KM 2

I

A KUD

AI - S

SEN

NT

JB JB in 2025 3,0 00,000 PEOPLE 3,600 KM 2 (= 5 Singapores)

T EAS

MORE OPEN SPACE

E

ED

GAT

E OPM VEL

A SECOND CBD!!!

Iskandar Malaysia

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2.2 digging deeper 1 the civicness for Johor Ba hru

pro bl e m

Johor Bahru City Square is symbolically THE civic space for Johor Bahru. However, it is located at the edge of the CBD which weakens its status as a central civic space. The square is mostly open space, making the environment unbearable under the tropical climate of Malaysia. In addition, this is a space reserved for large scale official events, such as football matches or new year celebration (Tourism Johor, 2015). This makes the square a highly programmed space regulated by multiple rules, discouraging people from using it freely. When people cannot use the space according to their will, how could this space be a proper civic space?

From our investigation, I realize Johor Bahru cannot be considered as a truly civic city. Most of the urban development are determined and dominated by the government. Many people are evicted from their homelands to give way for the development... Of course not everyone is discontent with Iskandar Malaysia. But what if the people still want a place to express their opinions? Or just a place to realize their civic rights? Civic rights are the rights that protect people’s freedom, allowing them to gather, express opinions and publish. When I placed myself into the Johor Bahruans’ shoes, I found there is no proper civic space for the people. The only space that is similar to a civic space in Johor Bahru is Johor Bahru City Square (Dataran Bandaraya Johor Bahru) at the edge of the CBD. 22

Image: Lee, 2016.

Image: Google Map, 2017b.

sp e c u l a t i o n

Thus, a new civic space is needed for Johor Bahruans. It has to be within the CBD, designed for undetermined programs (as people will decide their own activities), and fit in the tropical context of Johor Bahru, or even Malaysia.


Image: Google Map, 2017a.

CB

CBD

bou

nda

D

bo

u

a nd

ry

ry N

existing city square JOHOR BAHRU CITY SQUARE

0

200

400

800 m

original site FORMER KOTARAYA BUS TERMINAL from assignment 1

final site SEGGET ISLAND (refer to 3.11)

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CONTINUE WITH SPECULATIONS PHASE 3

24


- A ss i gn men t 2 T h e i s t h e s eco n d par t o f t h e co r e as si gn m e n t of th e s u bj ect . Wi t h t h e s i t es ch o s en by o u r sel v e s , w e w i l l dev el o p t h e si t es i n t o a ci v i c space f o r th e c i ty.

25


3.1 studio exercise 6 seeking the frameworks After the presentation of assignment 1, we officially started our own individual design. I needed to find appropriate design frameworks to guide me through the design process. Given the analysis, I decided to test the frameworks of play and perspectives first. They are chosen largely because of the conflicts caused by Iskandar Malaysia.

major conflicts identified

what should I do?

potential of the site?

conflicts between the government and people

expose the conflicts? the conflicts will be escalated

conflicts between races (particularly Malay and Chinese)

soften the conflicts? it will not be solved but not escalated

central location a stage and focal point where people congregate

conflicts between locals and migrants

avoid the conflicts? remain neutral

nearby prominent buildings high exposure to different groups of people

frameworks? play allows people to understand or even learn from others perspective how they see themselves? how they see the city? rethink their position in the community 26


t o po gr a phy e xe rcis e

This is a follow-up studio exercise after the presentation. The tutors discover the students rarely experimented with the topography thus we were required to apply the frameworks by manipulating the landform. Here, I want to test the framework of perspective, thus I raised and lowered part of the areas to create different vantage points for people to view their city.

27


3.2 exploration 1 continue seeking the frameworks In this phase we started to develop our frameworks in detail. I continued to develop with the two frameworks I got in 3.1 in Rhino model. Not sure where to start, I decided to borrow the ideas from the studio exercise 1.3. for the first test, I turned the whole site into a landscape comprised purely of cubes. For the second test, I manipulated the terrain and reconstructed the resultant topography into cubes with the help from grasshopper. This result of this test is proved to be futile and everything shown here is scrapped. These tests do not really respond to the context of the site. This is because at this stage I only have a very clear idea about what is happening in and around the city, but not my site.

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PLAY (+ PARTICIPATION) LANDSCAPE OF BLOCKS WHICH YOU CAN PLAY WITH AND MANIPULATE THE LANDFORM

PERSPECTIVES (+ TERRAIN) CREATING VANTAGE POINTS TO VIEW THE CITY AT DIFFERENT ANGLES


3.3 digging deeper 2 social tension Social conflict is one of the major features that I identified from the site analysis. In order to familiarize myself with the condition of Johor Bahruans, I looked up in several journals. Here’s are some conclusions I got from the journals from the readings by Sultan, Norizan and Tahira (2016), Osman, Bachok and Rabe (2015), Barau (2016), Khalil, Johar and Sabri (2015), Nasongkhla and Sintusingha (2013), and news articles from Aw (2015), Wah (2017):

many locals are evicted from their farmlands the evicted people cannot afford the new properties and are deprived from accessing many services lower class people completely lose their livelihood most of the Johor Bahruans are doubtful about the project only the young people and people who are benefited from IM support the project serious gentrification conflicts between locals and migrants influx of foreigners such as Chineses and Singaporeans increasing racial discrimination

From these materials I understood the issues are too complicated to be addressed in this design. My hands are tied completely as I did not where to start. This feeling is particularly strong when my tutors Greene and Kazarani state that

“LANDSCAPE DESIGN CANNOT REALLY SOLVE INTENSE SOCIAL PROBLEMS” and what we can do is purely introducing an intervention that faithfully reflects and respond to the site context.

29


3.4 digging deeper 2 discovery of sungai segget I was completely lost on what I should do with the site, until I came across a term “Sungai Segget” in Nasongkhla and Sintusingha’s (2013) paper, which I had never seen during assignment one. Sungai Segget, literally means ‘Seagate River’, is the mother river of Johor Bahru. Its adjacent land was the birthplace of modern Johor Bahru. The city was first developed in 1880s by Chinese merchants and settlers from China and Singapore. They used the river as a trading route, transporting goods from Johor to Singapore. From the history, it can be understood that the establishment of Johor Bahru is mostly contributed by these Chinese people. The city also shares strong bonding with its neighbour Singapore.

However, after the independence of Malaysia, the Malaysian government (as the rightful owner of the country) wanted to gain back the control from the Chinese people and deny their influence on the country. Therefore, citing the problem of pollution, they dammed, narrowed, covered Sungai Segget and turned it into an underground drain. With the river gone, many Chinese people moved to other places for livelihood. The remaining traces of Chinese influence can only be found in the names of the streets, such as Jalan Wong Ah Fook (Jalan = Street in Malay), and the old Chinese Temple.

jalan wong ah fook

sungai segget segget island

MAP OF THE OLD JOHOR BAHRU Sungai Segget is shown in the colour of cyan. Jalan Wong Ah Fook is shown in the middle street in yellow. (Image: Chan, 2010)

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t h e le ge nd o f jo ho r bahru

This is a detailed flow chart showing the history of Johor Bahru which I concluded from several websites and journals. It is a bit wordy, but I would like to keep it here for reference. There is a reference list that is dedicated for this part at the back of this catalogue.

colonial era Both Johor Bahru (JB) and Singapore were the British colonies

JB was a village supporting the trading activities in Singapore, transporting pepper and gam from Johor to Singapore

Chinese was settled in JB, particularly on the riverbanks of Sungai Segget, a water market was established on Segget Island

this was the heart of JB at that time, forming the foundation stone for modern JB + Chinese people were the majority in JB + relatively less conflicts between Malay and Chinese

**Johor is still one of the two states in Malaysia which have significant Chinese population

world wars japanese occupation

1957 independence malaysian was declared the rightful owner of the country and considered as the majority ethnicity of the country

the government wanted to take control of the country by ‘discriminating’ against Chinese people through various means, such as job opportunities, access to services

1997

2006 onwards

citing the problem of heavy contamination and strong odour, Sungai Segget was filled and turned into an underground sewer

Iskandar Malaysia was launched as a way to promote the development of Johor Bahru as well as Johor, in order to compete with Singapore

the reclaimed space was used as pedestrian walkways, urban parks and parking lots

many people of Chinese ethnicity, from China and Singapore are moving into Johor Bahru, making the local Malaysians very discontent

this led to the disappearance of the pre-existing Chinese water-based markets + the dilution of Chinese identity in the city through urban renewal + the Chinese identity was slowly replaced by Malaysian and Islamic identities

ripping off the influence of Chinese + further dividing the two races

the issue of ethnic conflicts is getting more complicated here

the old river was slowly forgotten by the people as it was hidden and concealed under the urban fabric of the city

the conflicts escalate, and will worsen in the future

the river was reopened (daylighting) in 2016 as a mean to improve the aesthetic of the city center and alleviate the problems of repeated flashfloods

the history of the river, as well as of the city, was completely ignored

so... what should I do for this? 31


3.5 exploration 2 design brief + three iterations The discovery of Sungai Segget and the history of Johor Bahru had given me some materials to formulate my design brief. Given the historical context of the site, I decided to scrap the previous frameworks and used MEMORY and RESISTANCE instead. I started my exploration of the design brief by playing with the form first - how can I reveal and expose the sungai? I did three iterations, trying to figure out the physical form for the application of the frameworks. Then I picked the strongest one among them and turned it into a Rhino model.

1 FIRST ITERATION - WILD APPROACH

32


2 SECOND ITERATION

3 THIRD ITERATION

33


3.5 exploration 2 tearing off the strongest among the three

20

20

Jal

an Wo

ng

ok

Su

Sultan Iskandar Complex Customs

10

30

40

Fo

50

Ah

20

ng ai

Ja

Ge lan

r e ja

gg

30

Se et

ra j

a

20

Ge

red )

an

ve

Jal

o (C

B

Former Kotaraya Central Bus Terminal

Johor Bahru City Square

30 J a la b nA du ll a

JB Central Station

r h Ib

Ja

ah

la n

im

Jal

Tu

an

b nA du

Tr u

az lR

s Jal

ak

an Wo

an

Ah

ga re

s

po

Tr u

ok

S in

Komtar JBCC

Fo

la n

10

Jal

ng

Ja

Persada Johor International Convention Center

A

ult -S

Johor Old Chinese Temple

an Is k an da iq rC

Jb

Merlin Tower

20

Jal

Galleria@Johor

Ab

40

an lla

30

du

J a la

iu nS

Ch

in

br hI

A

Su

20

ah

ng ai

im

Immigration Office Johor

Seg ge t Jal

20

an

Siu

Na

m

B

Jal

an

S iu

Ko

on

n

Sa

w

uk nD

m

ill

Jala

Sultan Ibrahim Building

Ja

la

e

TEST 1/3 WILD TEARING OF THE GROUND

10

Te a r o ff t h e e x i s t i n g u r b a n f a b r i c + expose the old Sungai Segget and the “foundation r u i n” o f t h e o l d J o h o r B a h r u

0

25

50

100M

N

Jal

in response to the brutal act of the goverment for filling, narrowing and concealing Sungai Segget and its surrounding areas

an

Ta n

Jal

an

H

Ne io k

Ib ra

e

h im

Johor Bahru City Council

S tr a

TOP - SITE PLAN

RIGHT - CONTEXT PLAN WITH THE OLD RIVER COURSE

Jo ho it of

r

Sungai Segget - 1887 Sungai Segget - 2017 Johor Bahru - 1887 Building Green Area Site

34

Railway

0

50

100

200M

N Singapore


1

3

2

4

SECTION AA

1

PERSPECTIVE AT NORMAL CONDITION

3

BIRD-EYE VIEW

2 4

SECTION BB

PERSPECTIVE DURING RAIN SECTIONS

0

10

20

40M

35


3.6 exploration 3 daylighting The tutors had given me some feedback on my iterations. They suggested I could try to go with two ideas, with one of them being daylighting. Daylighting refers to the reopening of an urban river which is previously concealed or ignored. It aims to restore the river back to its natural condition, transforming it back to a habitable space where wild animals live and people gather. An iconic example is Cheonggyecheon in Seoul, Korea. I started working on this by researching methods of designing urban rivers and collecting data of Sungai Segget. But I encountered some problems during my investigation. I could not find sufficient data of the river, such as water flow, volume, etc. because they are all concealed by the Malaysian government. All I could find were photographs and videos on Youtube. 36

CHEONGGYECHEON Being covered by an highway, the river was nearly dried up after years of negligence. But it was brought back to life in 2005 through a daylighting program. (Image: City Clock, 2014)

SUNGAI SEGGET These are some of the photos I found, which give little information of the river. Thus I speculated how the river may flow on my own. The photo at the top-left corner shows the part of the river which is still covered.

Image: Embong, 2017.

Image: Embong, 2017.

Image: FayedLee, 2015.

Image: JB Citizens (+_+), 2015.


SPECULATION ON THE RIVER With the help from the photos, Nearmap and Google Street Map, I tried to figure out the measurement of Sungai Segget, such as the width of the river bed, river banks, water levels, the condition on top of the river, etc.

DESIGNING URBAN RIVER Here are some notes which I made when I read the book ‘River, space, design : planning strategies, methods and projects for urban rivers’ by Prominski et al. (2012). It is a very useful book on guiding the daylighting of the river.

37


3.7 exploration 4 tracing Another idea is tracing. It is about imprinting the river directly onto the urban fabric and tracing it through physical means, exposing it to our eyes visually. I had found several precedents. One of them had caught my eye, which is Mud Island River Park in Memphis. It inspires me to do the same for Johor Bahru as I got the old map of the city in my hand. I also searched for other ways to trace the river, such as using the contrast of materiality and the feature of lights, which I would apply later in my final design intervention.

Mud Island River Park A hydraulic scale model is constructed in concrete and stone in the park, showing the layout of Memphis as well as its location in relation to the lower course of Mississippi River. (Image: ilovememphis, n.d.; Atlas Obscura, n.d.; Rupert, 2006)

38


Image: Carneiro, 2012.

Image: Unknown author, n.d.

Image: Unknown author, n.d.

o t he r po ssi bl e w a y s

Image: Lightivity Lighting Design, n.d.

Here are some photos showing other ways of tracing, such as lights and materials. 39


3.8 exploration 5 landscape narratives There are many ways to tell a story, be it movie, oral, manga, picture books, novels... We heavily rely on media for recording and telling the stories. Is there any other way to tell a story? This book has provided an answer for my search. It is possible to use landscape to tell a story, which Potteiger and Purinton (1998) identify this typology as narrative landscapes. They have listed out five major ways of using landscapes for storytelling in the book, which provides a basis for me to develop my intervention.

40

the five major tools naming

“the abbreviated stories of discovery, biography, and identity” (p.73) > names are powerful as it is very provocative. the imagination of the people can be triggered simply by seeing and knowing the names.

sequencing

“the ordering of names, trees, paths, and other elements, events, and characters, structures meaning” (p.73) > how to design the order of the elements? some of them will need to come first before the others for informing the audience with background information

revealng + concealing

“concealing and revealing information, whether in a decipherable sequence or all at once, creates drama, suspense or surprise that engages the reader with a story” (p.73) > it is about how to unfold the stories bit by bit.

gathering

“narratives are also a way of gathering or drawing together broader experience into a tangible and cohesive place” (p.73)

opening

“opening involves ways of creating places responsive to cultural and natural processes”


3.9 exploration 6 refining design brief 1 After going through all the additional researches, I had come up with my first design brief in detail. I had listed out the the way how I thought about approaching my site, which starts with the site context, followed by design interntion, frameworks, and ended with strategies.

dissectin g my design brief

strategy 1 naming

major qualities of the site + existence of Sungai Segget + its history as a early Chinese settlement + the brutal actions done by the government to the river (cover + daylighting)

in respond to

2 sequence site >other new opening > existing sungai framework 1 memory + storytelling + tell the story of the early Chinese migrants, early Johor Bahru, early river (how does it look like)

design intention

3 reveal / conceal expose it physically by breaking the ground and expose the miniature of the city OR tracing with contrasting materials 4 gathering make it into a collection of intervention 5 opening allow people to interact within the site and exchange stories

re-representation of the early history or settlement and Sungai Segget

relate to to create

a river that flows through the city center, penetrating, permeating and infiltrating the city center of Johor Bahru

framework 2 resistance + resist what the government has done to the river + do the opposite (daylighting is an appropriate act here, plus it may help alleviating the problem of flash flood)

strategy 1 redesign the river bank by linear spatial expansion, temporary resistance and adapting 2 open up tributaries direct water into a different route (Jalan WAF is at the lowest point thus all water goes there) 3 material replace impermeable concrete with others permeable paving

41


3.10 exploration 7 put them to the test With my design brief set up, it was time to put it to the test! I was still interested in the gesture of ‘ripping off the ground’ or ‘tearing off the ground’, thus I made a clay model and actually ripped open it. Then I used its resultant form as the basis, developing it into a Rhino model. At the same time, I had made use of the information I got from the addtional research and developed draft concept plans, determining where should I apply the strategies.

CLAY MODEL (TOP) DRAFT CONCEPT PLANS (RIGHT) The site is in fact not directly located adjacent to Sungai Segget. Thus I needed to create something to link the two areas. I decided to use the new tributaries would be opened to connect the two.

42


43


3.10 exploration 7 put them to test

DETAILING OF THE NEW TRIBUTARIES (TOP) Unfortunately, the tributaries was considered as way too ‘engineering’ by the tutors. It has something to do with hydraulic engineering , but not much with landscape architecture... I need to think from the perspective of landscape architecture. But how? SKETCH OF THE MODEL FROM THE TOP (RIGHT) I outlined the shape of the clay model and used it as the line formwork for the Rhino model, which can be seen at the next page.

44


TESTING RHINO MODEL The outcome was a bit... not what I had expected. It was very difficult to creata a ‘ripping out’ landform. In addition, my tutor saw its a gigantic structure which would be impractical to be placed on the ground. The edges of the model were too tall for people to access. Also, the edges would discourage people from going into the site because the structures blocked their sightlines.

45


3.11 whoop whoop! stop stop stop and rethink

After this week, I realized it is impossible to do the daylighting of the river as I do not have any information of Sungai Segget. I cannot speculate on something that I have zero knowledge. I was very frustrated at this stage

What could I do? Comparing the two options, I decided to scrap the idea of daylighting as it was less relevant to the history of the site, as well as the frameworks (of memor y and resistance). I also changed my site from the Former Kotaraya Bus Station and relocated it to the former Segget Island, where Jalan Segget pass through. This site has a greater significance in terms of history of the city, and it is directly located in the river (it got surround bt the tributaries). After giving it a thought, I decided to dedicate my time on developing an intervention to respond the historical context, with tracing as the main driver for implementation. 46


3.12 exploration 8 refining design brief 2 I redeveloped my design brief into a one that is more tailored for the framework of memory. Now, memory will be the dominant framework while resistance would be a secondary framework to support the framework of memory. Three days after the desk crits, I had pull out emergency concept plans to modify the physical form of my intervention. The plans and drawings are included in the next few pages.

dissectin g my design brief again major qualities of the site + existence of Sungai Segget + its history as a early Chinese settlement + the brutal actions done by the government to the river (cover + daylighting)

in respond to

framework 1 memory + alert people about the existence of the old river + allow people to follow the river, tracing back the steps + allow people to interact with the objects and landscape to understand the early migrants’ stories + provoke people’s imagination on the city in the past

1 tracing trace out the whole old river course to indicate its presence if it cuts through the streets > material / topography / light ? if it cuts through the existing river > material / pattern covering the river if it cuts through the building >directly cut through it and imprint onto it

design intention re-representation of the early history or settlement and old Sungai Segget

framework 2 to create

strategy

resistance + resist what the government has done to the river + disrupt the existing urban fabric visually

2 installations unearth the early settlements > naming / simple text ? > symbolic structures / ruins ?

a river that flows through the city center, penetrating, permeating and infiltrating the city center of Johor Bahru

47


3.13 exploration 9 reconstructing the physical form

48


MASTER CONCEPT PLAN (LEFT) This was the first time that I fully implemented the tracing across the whole site. I even expanded it outwards, invading into the rest of the CBD. SITE CONCEPT PLAN (ABOVE) DETAILING DRAFT 1 (RIGHT) Note that some of the concepts here have been scrapped.

49


3.14 exploration 10 reconstructing the physical form

DETAILING DRAFT 2 (BELOW) I originally intended to included some ‘ruin areas’ along the old river course, but I scrapped this idea later as it did not go along with other ideas. DETAILING DRAFT (RIGHT) This includes the sketches of ‘cutting through’ the buildings.

50


SEQUENCE PLANS I planned out the sequence for the audience, focusing on creating an experience for them. How did they walk through the site? How did they understand the story? How could I guide them to walk to Segget Island? How could I raise their curiousity?

51


3.15 making tracing with circles For the material, I decided to use durable materials such as stainless steel and granite regarding the tropical climate of Johor Bahru. For the tracing, I decide not to apply it at full scale. In other words, I would not cover the whole river course with a cotinuous and consistent surface. This is because it may disrupt the movement of pedestrian and vehicles if the whole street is covered in stainless steel. It would potentially put people in danger. Therefore, I want to ‘disintegrate’ the surface into multiple circles as a way to trace it.

The height and the diameter of the cylinders (and circles) are determined randomly during my interaction with grasshopper.

52

TRACING-IN-PROGRESS A screenshot showing the generation of circular pattern through grasshopper.


gr a s s h o pp e r sc ript

I made use of grasshopper as a way to generate the circles across the whole site.

53


Joho r Singa pore

A

ak Ab du l Raz Jala n Tun

Jalan Siu Chin

Jalan Station

Jalan Meldrum

SEG GET ISLAND PLAZA AT NIGHT

0

50

100

200 m

N

Jala n

Un gku

Pua n

Jalan Wong Ah Fook

SU N G A I S EG G ET REEXPO S E D The m o t h e r r i v er o f J o h o r Ba h ru (l i t eral l y mean s Seag ate R i ver) i s re-ex p o s ed al o n g wit h it s s t o r ie s a nd p e n e t r a t e s t h e u rb a n f a b ri c o f J o ho r B ah ru o n ce ag ai n . T h e ri ver, w i th i ts fo rm be ing f r o ze n a t 18 8 7 , i s t r a c e d a n d d i rect l y i m p ri n t ed o n th e mo d ern ci tys cap e. The r i v e r w a s m o s t l y o c cu p i ed b y C h i nes e w h en th e ci ty w as fi rs t es tab l i s h ed as a trad ing p o r t in 18 8 0s. T h i s m a rk s t h e f o u n d a t i o n o f t he ci ty. H o w ever, g i ven i ts p ro mi n en t Ch i n es e i n f lue nc e a nd s e r i o u s p o l l u t i o n , t h e ri v er w a s n a rro w ed an d b u ri ed u n d erg ro u n d , el i mi n ati n g al l Ch ine s e t r a c e s . I n r e s p o n se t o I sk a n d a r Ma l a y s i a , t h e ri v e r w as d ayl i g h ted i n 2016 fo r aes th eti c reas o n , wit h it s his t o r y r e m a i n h i d d e n f ro m t h e p u b l i c.

THE TR ACI NG CUT THROUGH THE B UI LD I NG

The i n t r o d u c t i o n o f S eg g et I s l a n d P l a za o n th e o ri g i n al s p o t o f Seg g et I s l an d i s ai med t o p r o v id e a n unp r og r a m m e d c i v i c s p a c e f o r p eo p l e i n J o h o r B ah ru , i n co n tras t to th e ex i s ti n g J o h or B a hr u Cit y Squ a r e ( n ot t h e s h o p p i n g m a l l ).

FRA M EWORKS

M E M ORY

+ TELL TH E STO RIES O F T HE EARLY CH I N E SE SE TTLE RS + IN FORM PEO P L E AB O U T T HE H I STORY OF SUN GA I SE GGE T + PROVOKE P EO P L E’S IM AGINATI ON ON TH E CI TY I N TH E PA ST

+ R E S I STANCE

+ DISRUPT THE EXIST ING U RB AN FA BRI C + RESIST TH E B RU TAL INT ERVENTI ON S DON E BY TH E GOVE RN ME N T ON THE R IVER

54

MASTER S EC TION AA WALKING SEQUENC E 1

P EOP L E A RRI VES I N JB FROM S I NG A P ORE + OT HER P L ACES N E A R LY A L L C O M M U T E R S PA SS T H RO U G H T H IS SPOT

2

S O M E T H IN G C ATC H E S T H E IR E Y E S . . . W H AT ’ S T H AT O N T H E FAC A D E ?

P EOP LE D I S COVER THE TR ACES + FOLLOW I T ACROS S THE B UI LD I NGS

3

T H E VO IC E W H O S PE A KS TO YO U. . . A BO UT T H E C IT Y IN T H E PA ST

P EOP LE COM E ACROS S WI TH THE “TR ACI NG CI RCLES ” D I R ECTLY A ND A R E I NFOR M ED WI T OF THE EA R LY CHI NES E S ETTLER S A ND THEI R R ELATI ONS HI P WI TH J OHOR B A HR U


I RI S FO NG 636813 AB P L 9 0 1 7 2 L AND SC A PE STUDI O 3 SPEC UL ATI ONS

MATERIAL dar Ciq Jb - Sulta n Iskan

EXI STI NG ROA D PAVI NGS CLAY B R I CK

J alan S i u N am

y

Ab

dul

Raz

ak

usw wa Joh or Ca

un nT Ja la m ill

h im

w n Sa

Ja la

ra n Ib

Ja la

Jalan Siu Koon

Jalan Siu Nam

J a lan Tr u s

Sungai Segget

OLD R I VER COUR S E GR A NI TE

J alan Won g Ah Fook

S ungai Se gget

A

OLD J OHOR B A HR U GR A NI TE

EXP OS ED GA P VEGETATI ON

Ja

J alan S i u K o on

COVER ED PAVI NG

lan

t

of Jo ho r S tr ai t

Tun Sri Lan an g

TR ACI NG CI RCLES B R US HED STA I NLES S STEEL

Pe rsia ran

Jalan Dhoby

Jalan Trus

T H T H E STO RIES

GR A NI TE

et

Lebuhraya Sultan Iskandar

ge

gg

eg nS

Se

Ja la

M ASTER PLAN JOH OR BAH R U CITY C ENTER

STOR IES OF CHINESE SETTL ERS ETCHED ON THE CIRCL ES

0

50 m

N

J a la

IT GOES ON AND ON... A N D C RO S S E S PAT H W I T H SU N G AI SE G G E T

P EOP L E ENCOUNTER SUNGAI S EG G ET AND REF RES HEN T HEI R MEMO RI ES ON HOW THE RIVER LOOKS L I KE AT T HE MO MENT

m il

l

S ITE P LAN S EG G ET IS LAN D P LAZ A

<3 D EGR EE S LOP I NG FOR R A I NWATER COLLECTI ON P LA NT GROWS ON THE ROA D B R I CKS OVER TI M E

F I T T ED WI T H LED L IG H T + STO RY-T ELLI NG C H IN E SE VO IC E IS AC T IVAT E D BY M OT IO N SE N SE R S

0

4

aw n S

5

DO YOU K NOW T HERE WAS A N IS L A N D ? OR... HOW WA S T HE RI VER LO O K L IKE ?

PE O PL E A R E L E D TO SE G G E T ISL A N D PLA ZA WHER E THEY FI NA LLY E N C O U T E R “ T H E M A P” W H IC H SH OW S THE OLD J OHOR B A HR U A S WELL A S SU N G A I SE G G E T IN IT S O L D R IV E R C O UR S E

6

50

T H E H ISTO R Y O F J B L E A D S A L L T H E WAY BAC K TO . . .

200 m

100

P EOP LE ENTER THE TUNNEL WHI CH B R I NGS THEM TO THE R I VER M OUTH

7

. . . S IN G A PO R E , W H E R E E V E R Y T H IN G BE G IN S

P EOP LE CA N GA ZE AT S I NGA P OR E ACROS S THE STR A I T

55

* T HE JOU RNEY CA N G O I N REVER S E D IR E C T IO N , A L LOW IN G PE O PL E TO R E - E XA M IN E T H E PL AC E S W H E R E S UN G A I S E G G E T O N C E PA S S E D IN T H E PA ST


3.16 presentation the drawings

56

0

50

100

200 m

N

These are the drawings I finished for the presentation in week 12.


Pu an

Jalan Trus

of Joh or

ge Jal

an

Ibr

a

him

aw nS

m il l

Jalan Meld rum

S t r a it

Seg

n Tu n S ri L a n a ng

an

J a la

Jalan Siu Koon

Jalan Siu Nam

Jalan Siu Chin

Jala

un nT

d Ab

az ul R

ak

l R a za k n Abdu Ja la n Tu

M A ST E R PL A N J O H O R B AH R U CI T Y CE N T E R

Pe rs ia ra

U n g ku

Jal

Lebuhraya Sultan Iskandar

Jalan Dhoby

Ja la n

Jalan Station

N

an da r Ciq Jb re - Su lta n Isk Jo ho r Sin ga po a u sw w Jo h o r C ay

A

Jalan Wong Ah Fook

t

57


STO R I E S O F C H I N E S E S E T T L E R S E TC H E D O N T H E C O L U M N S

T HE T RAC IN G C U T T HROU G H T HE B U IL DIN G

M A ST E R SE CT I O N AA WAL K I N G SEQ UE NCE 1

P E OP L E AR R I VE D I N J B F ROM S ING APO R E

NEAR LY ALL C OMMU TERS PA S S THROUG H TH I S SP OT

58

2

S OM E THING CA U GTH T H EI R EYES ... WHATâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;S THAT ON THAT WAL L ?

PEO PL E D I S COV ER T H E T R ACES + FOL LOW IT AC ROS S T HE B U IL DIN G S

3

T HE VO I C E W HO S P EAK S TO YOU... AB O U T T HE C I T Y I N T HE PAST

P E OP L E C OM E AC ROS S W IT H T HE STA IN L E S S ST E E L I N STAL L AT I O N S D I R E C T LY AN D U N D E R STAN D T HE STORIE S OF T HE E A RLY C HIN E S E S E T T L ER S AN D T H E I R R E L AT I O N S H I P W I T H J O H O R B AH R U

4

I T GOES ON AND ON... AND C ROSSES PAT H W I T H SUNGAI SEG

P E O P L E AR E L E D TO S U N G AI S E G G E T AN D R E F R E S H E N T H M E M O R I E S O N H OW T H E R I VE R LO O K S L I K E AT T H E M O M


G G ET

HEIR MENT

F I TTED WITH LED L IGHT + STORY-TELL IN G C HIN ES E VOICE I S ACT I VAT ED BY MOT I O N S ENS ER S

<3 D E G R E E S LO P I N G FO R R AI N WAT E R C O L L E C T I O N P L AN T G ROW S OVE R T I M E

0

5

D O YO U K N OW T HER E WAS O N C E AN I S L AN D ? O R ... H OW WAS T HE R I VER LO O K L I K E?

P E OP L E A RE L E D TO S E G G E T IS L A N D P L A Z A W HE RE T HE Y F IN A L LY E N C OU T E R T HE M A P W HIC H S HOW S T HE OL D JOHOR B A HRU A S W E L L A S S U N G A I S E G G E T IN IT S OL D RIV E R C OU RS E

50

6

T H E ROAD I S NOT END... AND DO NOT FORGET T H AT...

100

PEOPLE WILL ENTER THE TUNNEL WHICH BRINGS THEM TO T H E R I VE R M O U T H

200 m

7

EVERYT H I NG I N J B B EGI NS W I T H SI NGAP ORE P E O P L E W I L L B E AB L E TO G AZ E AT S I N G AP O R E AC RO S S T H E ST R AI T

* T HE JO U R N EY C AN G O I N R EVER S E D I R EC T I O N , AL LOW I N G P EO P LE TO RE- EXAM I NE T H E P LAC ES W H ERE SUNGAI SEGGET ONC E PASSED I N T H E PAST

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J a la n S i u N am

J alan Wo n g Ah Foo k

J al an Tr u s

Ja

J a lan S i u K o on

lan

Se gg

et

AT N IG HT SEG G ET I SL A ND PL A ZA

0

60

50 m

N

Jala

aw n S

mil

l


3.17 presentation feedback I had received the following feedback from the guest crits during the presentation. After the presentation, I would have a forenight to improve and refine my intervention. I want to thank Michael for helping me to record my feedback.

more materiality focus on clear plan convey the story more clearly show spatial experiences be clear on how the diameter of the hole works daylighting is suggested in terms of speculation (!) what is happening in the end space (civic focus) program is lacking a bit, resolve it a bit more red rubber example (Stadtlounge, St. Gallen) The feeling of Johor Bahru?

the materials need to be clearly seen on the drawings. the choice may need to be refined make use of sequential perspectives and clear annotations rework the grasshopper - the height and diameter would be influenced by the â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;center water lineâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; (main water direction) in the old river refer to 3.6 and 3.11 the problem of program - is there a need to forcefully introduce some programs into the site? especially when this site is designed as a civic space?

how does Johor Bahru feel like? tropical climate, food, intense heat, high humidity, frequent rain...

did I think about the business of asian city? explore how people live sequential perspectives!

wait... there is something I missed about Johor Bahru! 61


SUNGAI REEXPOSED PHASE 4

62


- Fi n al T h i s l eads al l t h e w ay back t o .. .

63


4.1 response refining the intervention After the presentation, I actually googled on how people live their life in Johor Bahru. From the description of the netizens I can only know their lives are mostly associated with food and shopping. And more importantly, the weather! Given its equatorial location, Johor Bahru has a tropical climate which is very unbearble for many people. I asked few of my Singaporean friends (well, itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s easier to encounter a Singaporean than a Johor Bahruan!) on how do they live back in Singapore. All of them state that they would not spend their time outdoors because of the high humidity and high heat. They all prefer air-conditioned shopping malls than a plaza.

At this moment, I realized no matter how good is the program, there will be no one using the site as the outdoor plaza is deemed as a very unpleasant place to linger. So, the root of the problem, is not the design of the program but the condition of the site! This helps me refining my focus on (trying to) make the site into a more habitable and inviting space. If the space is nice enough to stay, people will gather at the site, formulating their own programs ad transforming the site into a real civic space. (Do not underestimate how Asian people can transform the site by themselves at their free will!) For Johor Bahru, this is what a civic space should be. A space with shade and comfortable atmosphere is the civic place they need. THE CENTER WATER LINE I speculated how would the water flow in the old river course (the line in cyan), and used it as the reference to adjust the height of the target surface in the grasshopper script.

64


gr a s s h o pp e r

The refined script in grasshopper... cause I made a mistake in the previous trial by not creating simple lines for the circles.

65


T H E H EART OF ISKANDAR MALAYSI A

ONE OF T H E FEW C I T I ES WH I C H H AVE SI G N I FI C AN T C H I NE SE P O P UL ATIO N

T ROPIC AL C LIMAT E VERY HOT AND HU MI D

J OH OR BA H RU MA LAYSIA 66

MASTER PLAN JOH OR BAH RU C IT Y C ENT ER 1

2

3 4

3

TH E RIVE R GLOWS AT NIG HT... CIRCLES A R E FIT T ED W ITH LED LIGHTS

S U NGAI SEGGET REEXP OSED T he m ot her ri ver of Johor Bah ru , b ein g frozen at 1887, is re-exp osed alo ng with its s t ori es and penet rat es t he u rb an fab ric of Joh or Bah ru on c e again . T h e river was o nce narrowed, covered, bu ried alon g with th e h istory of Joh or Bah ru b ecause o f its po l l ut i on. It i s day l i g ht ed in 2015 for aesth etic p u rp oses, wh ic h in lin e with the aim o f I s kandar Mal ay s i a, but i t s p reviou s statu s is n ot restored .

MASTER SECTION AA WALKING SEQUENC E

T his i nt ervent i on i s ai m ed to let th e p eop le to u n d erstan d th e h istory of their ho m et own. It al s o prov i de s sh elters for p eop le to esc ap e from th e h u mid heat. It a l so g i v es an undet erm i ned c ivic sp ac e for p eop le in Joh or Bah ru , in c ontrast to the e x is t i ng Dat aran B andaraya. T he re was wat er f l owi ng i n th e river. Now with th e water gon e, h ow c an the ‘river’ flo w a g ai n? No worri es , t he Johor Bah ru an s, will b e th e n ew en ergy wh ic h d rives the ‘water f l o w’ .

F R A M E WO RK

MEMORY

+ TEL L TH E STO R IES O F T HE EA RLY CHINESE SET T LERS + INFO R M PEO PL E AB O UT T HE HISTORY OF SUNGA I SEGGET + PROVO K E PEO PL E’ S IMAGINAT ION

+ RES ISTANCE

+ INTER R U PT TH E EXISTING URBA N FA BRIC + R ESIST TH E INTER VEN T IONS DONE BY T HE GOV ERNMENT ON T HE RIVER

W ELCO M E TO JO HO R B A HRU! YO U A RE A V IS ITO R TO THIS CITY ! A ND FIRST...

1

P EOP LE ARRIVED IN JB FROM S INGAP ORE

NEA RLY A L L CO M M UTERS PA S S THRO U GH THIS S P OT

2

SOM ETH IN G C A U GTH TH EIR EY ES. . . WH AT’ S TH AT ON TH AT WA L L ?

PE OPLE DISC OVE R TH E TR AC E S + FOLLOW IT AC ROSS TH E BUILDINGS

3

TH ER E’ S ETC H IN G S O A B OU T TH E C ITY IN T

PE OPLE C OM E AC ROSS WITH C IR UNDE R STAND TH E STOR IE S OF T C ONTR IBUTE D BY TH E IR DE SC E N WITH J OH OR BAH R U. . . AND R E M E AGAIN DUR ING TH E NIGH TS!


D E TA IL B A M B O O S HELTER

IRIS FONG 6 3 6 8 1 3 | 2017 S EM 1 | A B P L 90172 L ANDS CA PE ST UDI O 3 S PE C UL ATIONS

SITE PLAN SEGGET ISLAND PLAZA MATERIAL VEGETATION GRASS OLD MAP GRANITE TREE ALBIZIA SAMAN

7

COVERED PAVING GRANITE

5

ON THE GRO U N D. . . THE PAST

RC L ES W I TH ETC HI N G S A N D TO THE EA RLY C HI NES E S E TTL E R S ( KINDLY ND ENTS) AND THE I R R E L AT I O N S HIP EMBER TO C HECK THE B U I L D I N G S

SHELTER BAMBOO

6

RESERVOIR (NORMAL TIME)

CIRCLES WHITE CONCRETE

ACTS AS INSULATION LAYER TO PREVENT HEAT FROM TRANSFERRING FROM THE GROUND TO THE CIRCLE

ETCHING

EXISTING PAVING CLAY BRICK

THE STORIES OF CHINESE SETTLERS + THE HISTORY OF JOHOR BAHRU

RESERVOIR (DURING RAIN)

0

10

20 m

WATER HELPS BRINGING THE HEAT AWAY DURING EVAPORATION

N

0

4

IT GOES ON A ND ON... AND CROSSES PAT H WIT H SUNGA I SEGGET

P EOP LE ARE LED TO SUNGAI SEGGET AND REFRESH EN T H EIR MEMORIES ON H OW T H E RIVER LOOKS LIKE AT T H E MOMENT... P L U S YOU C AN ESC APE FROM T H E H EAT AND ENJOY YOUR T IME AND FOOD (FROM T H E NEARBY EAT ERIES) UNDER T H E SH ELT ERS!

5

DO YOU KNOW THERE WAS ONCE AN IS LAND? OR... WHAT DID THE RIVER LOOK LIKE?

P EO P L E A RE L ED TO S EG G ET IS L A ND P L A Z A W HERE THEY FINA L LY ENCO UTER THE M A P W HICH S HOW S THE O L D JO HO R B A HRU A S W EL L A S S UNG A I S EG G ET IN ITS O L D RIV ER CO URS E

6

THE ROAD IS NOT TH E EN D . . . AND DO NOT FO RG ET TH AT. . .

P EO P L E W IL L ENTER THE TUNNE L WH IC H BR INGS TH E M TO TH E R IVE R M OUTH

50

100

7

200 m

EV ER Y TH IN G IN JB B EG IN S WITH SIN G A POR E PE OPLE WILL BE ABLE TO GAZE AT SINGAPOR E AC ROSS TH E STR AIT. . . WH E R E E VE R YTH ING BE GINS

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*THE JOURNEY CAN GO IN REVERSE DIRECTION , A L LOWIN G PEOPL E TO R E-EX A M IN E TH E PL AC ES WH ER E SU N G A I SEG G ET ON C E PA SSED IN TH E PA ST


4.2 final drawings

MASTER MASTER PLAN PLAN JOHOR JOHOR BAHRU BAHRU CITY CITY CENTER CENTER

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S ITE PL AN S E GGE T I S L A N D PL A Z A

VEGETATION GRASS OLD MAP GRANITE TREE ALBIZIA SAMAN

COVERED PAVING GRANITE SHELTER BAMBOO

CIRCLES WHITE CONCRETE EXISTING PAVING CLAY BRICK

0

70

10

20 m

N


DETAIL B A M B O O SH ELT ER

RESERVOIR (NORMAL TIME)

ACTS AS INSULATION LAYER TO PREVENT HEAT FROM TRANSFERRING FROM THE GROUND TO THE CIRCLE

ETCHING

THE STORIES OF CHINESE SETTLERS + THE HISTORY OF JOHOR BAHRU

RESERVOIR (DURING RAIN)

WATER HELPS BRINGING THE HEAT AWAY DURING EVAPORATION

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WALKING SEQUENCE

1

PEOPL E ARRIVED I N JB FROM SINGAP ORE

N E A R LY A LL C OMMU T ERS PA S S T HROUG H T H I S S POT

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WELCOME TO JOHOR BAHRU! YOU ARE A VISITOR TO THIS CITY! AND FIRST...

2

SO ME T H I N G CAU GT H T H EI R EYES . . . WHATâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; S T H AT ON T H AT WAL L ?

PE OPL E D I S COV ER TH E TR ACES + FO L LOW I T ACRO S S TH E B U I L D I NG S


3

THER Eâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; S ETC HIN GS O N THE G ROU ND... ABOUT T H E C IT Y IN T H E PA ST

PEOPLE COME ACROSS WITH CIRCLES WITH E TC HIN G S A N D TO UNDERSTAND THE STORIE S OF THE E AR LY C HIN E SE SE TTLE R S ( K IN DLY CONTRIB UTE D BY THE IR DE SCE NDEN TS) AN D THE IR R E LATION SHIP WITH JOHOR B AHRU...AND RE ME MB E R TO C HE C K THE B U ILDIN G S AGAIN DURING THE NIGHTS!

THE RIVER GLOW S AT NIGH T... C IRC LE S A RE F I T T E D W I T H L E D L I G H T S

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4

I T GOE S ON A N D ON. . . A N D C ROSSE S PATH WI TH S UN GAI S E GGE T

PEOPLE ARE LED TO SUNGAI SEGGET AND REFRESHEN THEIR MEMORIES ON HOW THE RIVER LOOKS L IKE AT THE MOMENT... PLUS YOU CAN ESCAPE FROM THE HEAT AND ENJOY YOUR TIME AND FOOD (FROM THE NEARBY EATERIES) UNDER THE SHELTERS!

74

5

D O YO U KNOW T H ERE WA S O NCE A N ISL A ND ? O R ... WH AT D ID T H E RIV ER LO O K L IKE?

PEOPLE ARE LED TO SEG G ET I SLAN D P LAZA WH ERE TH EY F I N ALLY ENCOUTER TH E MAP WH I CH SH OWS TH E OLD JOH OR B AH RU AS WELL AS SUNGAI SEG G ET I N I TS OLD RI VER COURSE


6

THE ROA D IS NOT THE E N D.. . AND D O NOT FORGE T THAT.. .

7

PEO PL E WI LL ENTER TH E TUNNEL W H ICH BR IN G S TH E M TO TH E R IV E R MOUTH

EV E R Y T H ING I N J B B E G INS W I T H S ING A P OR E PEO P L E W I L L B E AB L E TO GAZ E AT S I N GAP O R E AC RO S S T HE ST R AI T. . . WHE R E E VE R YT HI N G B E GI N S

*THE JOURNEY CAN GO IN REVERSE DIRECTION , ALLOWING PEOPLE TO RE-EXAMINE THE PLACES WHERE SUNGAI SEGGET ONCE PASSED IN THE PAST 75


4.3 reference and reference Google Map. (2017a). Johor Bahru [Map]. Retrieved from https://www.google.com.au/maps/@1.4641427,103.757826,2646m/data=!3m1!1e3 Google Map. (2017b). Street View of Dataran Bandaraya Johor Bahru. Retrieved from https:/a/www.google.com.au/maps/@1.4586461,103.7415821,3a,7 5y,7.34h,95t/data=!3m6!1e1!3m4!1sxg5WCjHC4t7Cwe8_RCSykw!2e0!7i13312!8i6656 Lee, J. (2016). Dataran Bandaraya Johor Bahru Clock Tower [video]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xwwV386q1TM Tou ri s m J oh or. ( 2 0 1 5 ) . Dataran Bandaraya Johor Bahru. Retrieved from http://tourism.johor.my/tours/dataran-bandaraya-johor-bahru/ Sultan, Z., Norizan, N. Z. A. B., & Tahira, M. (2016). Between Land and People: A Review of Socioeconomic Issues within the context of Rapid Developent in Iskandar Malaysia. International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability, 3(3), 191-198. Osman, M. M., Bachok, S., & Rabe, N. S. (2015). Local Residentsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; Perception on Socio-Economic impact of Iskandar Malaysia: an example of urban regenration program in Malaysia. Procedia - Social and Behavioural Sciences, 170(2015), 58-69. Barau, A. S. (2016). Tension in the periphery: An analysis of spatial, public and corporate views on landscape change in Iskandar Malaysia. Landscape and Urban Planning, (2016), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2016.04.007 Aw, T. (2015, 13 May). With more Singaporeans in Iskandar, signs of accelerating detente with Malaysia. Malay Mail Online, http://www.themalaymailonline.com/ malaysia/article/with-more-singaporeans-in-iskandar-signs-of-accelerating-detente-with-malay Wah, V. (2017, 19 January). Iskandar Malaysia: on the edge of glory or a billion-dollar failure?. ASEAN Today, https://www.aseantoday.com/2017/01/iskandar-malaysiaon-the-edge-of-glory-or-a-billion-dollar-failure/ Khalil, R. A. A., Johar, F., & Sabri, S. (2015). The impact of New-build Gentrification in Iskandar Malaysia: A case study of Nusajaya. Procedia - Social and Behavioural Sciences, 202(2015), 495-504. Nasongkhla, S., & Sintusingha, S. (2013). Social Production of Space in Johor Bahru. Urban Studies, 50(9), 1836-1853. City Clock. (2014). Removing urban highways - the story of the Cheonggyecheon Stream in Seoul. Retrieved from http://www.cityclock.org/removing-urbanhighways/#prettyPhoto

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Embong, A. R. (2017). Giving new life to river [photo]. Retrieved from http://www.thestar.com.my/metro/community/2017/04/04/makeover-nearscompletion-testing-work-to-be-carried-out-before-sungai-segget-rehab-project-is-hande/ FayedLee. (2015). Sungai Segget flood mitigation and rejuvenation project [photo]. Retrieved from http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread. php?t=383890&page=205 JB Citizens (+_+). (2015). SEGGET RIVER PROJECT [photo]. Retrieved from http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=475583&page=387 Prominski, M., Stokman, A., Zeller, S., Stimberg, D., & Voermanek, H. (2012). River, space, design : planning strategies, methods and projects for urban rivers. Basel : Birkhäuser. ilovememphis. (n.d.). Winding River [photo]. Retrieved from https://au.pinterest.com/pin/569775790346414023/ Atlas Obscura. (n.d.). Walk the whole Mississippi River! [photo]. Retrieved from https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/564x/e7/6d/79/e76d79f6f24c7c7f24e9283ae0787629.jpg Rupert, J. (2006). Mud Island, Map of lower Mississippi River, Memphis, TN [photo]. Retrieved from https://au.pinterest.com/pin/246431410831133837/ Lightivity Lighting Design. (n.d.). Plaza & Courtyard Lighting [photo]. Retrieved from https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/564x/a8/36/ca/a836ca7aae9f026e9baa708d73ff5af3.jpg Carneiro, J. B. J. (2012). GeNeRation - Sede, Braga [photo]. Retrieved from https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/564x/08/ff/45/08ff4587c35122c360d555dffb372480.jpg Unknown author. (n.d.). Embedded river in Edinburgh [photo]. Retrieved from https://au.pinterest.com/pin/569775790346340795/ Unknown author (n.d.). Timber paving cutting through the rocks [photo]. Retrieved from https://au.pinterest.com/pin/569775790346340883/ Potteiger, M., & Purinton. J. (1998). Landscape Narratives: Design Practices for Telling Stories. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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4.3 reference and the link for ‘the legend of johor bahru’ http://www.foonyew.org.my/x/home.php?mod=space&uid=44&do=blog&id=1990 http://www.sgwritings.com/50965/viewspace_29866.html http://baike.baidu.com/item/新山 http://the-sun.on.cc/cnt/lifestyle/20111023/00480_001.html http://the-sun.on.cc/cnt/lifestyle/20111023/00480_001.html http://yihengchai.blogspot.com.au/2014/08/blog-post_30.html http://old-places.blogspot.com.au/2011/02/history-of-johor-bahru.html http://www.foonyew.org.my/x/forum.php?mod=viewthread&action=printable&tid=620 http://www.orientaldaily.com.my/features/zt3539 http://www.orientaldaily.com.my/features/zt3540 http://www.orientaldaily.com.my/s/90981 http://archive.fo/RfnU https://www.quora.com/What-is-it-like-to-live-in-Johor-Bahru https://www.quora.com/topic/Johor-Bahru-Malaysia https://www.theiskandarian.com/web/sungai-segget-jbs-wonder-waterway/

Most of these websites are in simplified chinese.

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THANK YO U 79

Profile for Iris Fong

Postgraduate Landscape Studio 3: Speculations | Sungai Segget Reexposed - Development Catalogue  

My development journal for my first postgraduate studio (ABPL90172 Landscape Studio 3: Speculations), Semester 1 2017.

Postgraduate Landscape Studio 3: Speculations | Sungai Segget Reexposed - Development Catalogue  

My development journal for my first postgraduate studio (ABPL90172 Landscape Studio 3: Speculations), Semester 1 2017.

Profile for fwtiris
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