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Football

the ultimate guide to the world’s most popular game


Contents l Lionel Messi goes on

a typical surging run during the 2016 Copa America Centenario final. His efforts were not enough to stop Chile claiming a penalty shootout victory

6


Introduction

8 History of the Game

1 Major International Competitions 36 46 50 52

34

World Cup European Championships Copa America Other Competitions

Great players 132 Beckenbauer 134 Best 139 Charlton 140 Cruyff 143 Di Stefano 148 Henry 154 Maradona 156 Messi 160 Pele 165 Cristiano Ronaldo 166 Ronaldo 174 Zidane

128

2 3 4

12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 32

10

The Early History of Football The Nineteenth century 1900-1919 1920-1939 1940-1959 1960-1979 1980-1989 1990-1999 2000-2009 2010-2017

Football Nations

54

56 AFRICA 62 ASIA 68 EUROPE 70 England 76 Germany 80 Spain 84 France 87 Italy 90 Holland 92 Portugal 93 Russia 94 Other European Nations 106 NORTH & CENTRAL AMERICA 108 USA 110 Other North & Central American Nations 114 OCEANIA 116 SOUTH AMERICA 118 Argentina 120 Brazil 122 Other South American Nations

7


History of the game

The Nineteenth century On April 13, 1314, Edward II issued a proclamation forbidding football as a breach of the peace. Similar vain attempts to hold back the sporting tide were undertaken by Edward III, Richard II, Henry IV and James III. Only Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell had any success and that, like his Commonwealth, was temporary. Yet football’s early existence and subsequent image as the “working man’s game” is misleading: it was the public schools, and Oxford and Cambridge Universities in particular, that brought shape and order out of the almost aimless fury of violence. Nearly all the schools and numerous clubs that had mushroomed in the wake of the Industrial Revolution had their own sets of rules. By 1846, the overall situation was so chaotic that the first serious attempt to unify a code of rules was instigated at Cambridge University by Messrs Henry de Winton and John Charles Thring. They met representatives from the major public schools with a view to formulating a standard set of rules. Their deliberations took over seven hours and were published as the Cambridge Rules. These were developed further by Thring in 1862. Thring’s rules served for what he termed “The Simplest Game”. But they were not sufficient in themselves. Hence the creation of the Football Association on October 26, 1863, by a meeting of clubs at the Freemasons’ Tavern in central London.

Arthur Pember was appointed chairman and Ebenezer Morley as honorary secretary. Morley sent further invitations to the leading schools but a second meeting heard that Harrow, Charterhouse and Westminster preferred their own rules. Thring joined the FA after a third meeting to spark progress on unified laws which were published on December 1, 1863. An inaugural game using the new FA rules was initially scheduled for Battersea Park on January 2, 1864, but, as impatient members of the FA could not wait, an experimental game was played at Limes Field, Mortlake, on December 19, 1863, between Morley’s Barnes and neighbours, Richmond. Concessions were made to Richmond who were not members of the FA. The match was played with 15 players on each side (including Morley himself). After 90 minutes the game was declared a goalless draw. Richmond, unimpressed, decided to

“Football’s early image as the ‘working man’s game’ is misleading“

l The FA Cup is the oldest football competition in the world,

and over the years five different trophies have been awarded to the winners. The original was stolen in 1895 while under Aston Villa’s care, and despite a £10 reward offered for information, it was never recovered.

l Clubs start to use

co-ordinated kit, usually designed in hoops or blocks, such as the dark blue and maroon of the Royal Engineers

l Referee’s whistle used for the first time at a Nottingham Forest match in 1878

l Royal Engineers were runners-up to

Wanderers in the first FA Cup Final in 1872

1840-59

1860-69

1870-79

1848 First code of rules compiled at Cambridge University

1862 Notts County, world’s oldest league club, formed

1871 FA Cup inaugurated in England

1855 Sheffield FC, world’s oldest club, formed

1863 The Football Association is formed in England, October 26

1872 Size of ball standardised l Scotland draw 0–0 with England

in first official international at West of Scotland cricket ground

14

1874 Shinguards introduced by Sam Weller Widdowson of Nottingham Forest and England 1875 Crossbar replaces tape 1878 Almost 20,000 people watch first floodlit match, between two Sheffield teams, with lighting provided by four lamps on 30ft wooden towers


The Nineteenth century stick to rugby football; Barnes stuck with association football and would become founding competitors of the FA Cup. The Association and the game both grew steadily in popularity after the introduction of the FA Cup in 1871–72, and international fixtures in 1872. Such comparatively peaceful progress was then followed by a burst of major reforms, including the launch of the Football League in 1888–89. This development prompted the first major crisis over the advent of the paid player: football’s first professionals. The row came to a head early in 1884 when William Sudell, the chairman and manager of Preston admitted that they did pay their players and that nearly every other important club in Lancashire and the Midlands did likewise. Sudell’s confession brought home a need for the FA to face reality. Secretary Charles Alcock duly proposed “that the time has come for the legalisation of professionalism”, which was approved in July 1885.

HOW IT ALL BEGAN The SIMPLEST GAME

1 2 3

Kick off from middle must be a place kick. Kick out must not be from more than 25 yards out of goal.

Fair catch is a catch from any player, provided the ball has not touched the ground, or has not been thrown direct from touch, and entitles to a free kick.

4

Charging is fair in case of a place kick (with the exception of a kick off) as soon as the player offers to kick, but he may always draw back, unless he has actually touched the Ball with his foot.

5

Pushing with the hands is allowed, but no hacking or tripping up is fair under any circumstances whatsoever.

6

No player may be held or pulled over.

1880-89 1882 International Board formed 1883 Two-handed throw-in introduced

The ball may be pushed or hit with the hand, but holding the ball (except in the case of a fair kick) is altogether disallowed.

9

A goal must be kicked, but not from touch, nor by a free kick from a catch.

10

A ball in touch is dead, consequently the side that touches it down must bring it to the edge of touch, and throw it straight out at least six yards from touch.

11

That each player must provide himself with a red and a dark blue flannel cap. One colour to be worn by each side during play.

won the league again the following season. The inaugural season recorded 586 goals in 132 matches, an average of more than four goals per game.

1888 Football League, brainchild

of Aston Villa director, William McGregor, founded, and first matches played on September 8

legalised in England

1887 The first South American

1889 Unbeaten Preston, “The

football club founded – Argentina’s Club de Gimnasia y Esgrima La Plata

8

l The nineteenth

l Scottish Cup winners Renton beat English FA Cup winners West Bromwich for the “Championship of the World”

1885 Professionalism

It is not lawful to take the ball off the ground (except in touch) for any purpose whatever.

Meanwhile, British sailors, soldiers, merchants, engineers, teachers, students and other professionals had already taken their sports around Europe. Curious locals joined in and were quickly entranced. The number of English-language club names across the continent proves the historic point. But Europe was not alone. Football, by the end of the nineteenth century, was being exported to all four corners of the world.

the perfect season The Invincibles Preston North End, founded in 1881, won the first-ever Football League championship in 1888–89. They also completed the first League and FA Cup double that season. They defeated Wolverhampton Wanderers 3-0 in the final to complete their cup without conceding a goal. Preston also set an English goalscoring record when they thrashed Hyde 26–0 in the FA Cup; inside-forward James Ross set a First Division record by scoring seven goals in one match. Preston, who finished 11 points clear of Aston Villa,

7

Invincibles”, become first club to win League and Cup double (above)

1890-99 1891 Goal nets and penalties introduced l Referees and linesmen replace umpires and referees

1892 Football League

Second Division formed

century saw leather studs used for the first time, which had to be hammered into the boots

1893 Genoa, oldest Italian League club, formed 1895 FA Cup, held by Aston Villa, stolen from Birmingham shop window and never seen again 1897 English players’ union is formed 1898 Promotion and relegation introduced 15


Major international competitions WC 1958

Final: Nacional, Santiago (68,679)

Brazil 3-1 Czechoslovakia

Amarildo, Zito, Vavá • Masopust

WC 1934

The two teams had already met in the group stage, sharing a tame 0–0 draw. Come the final, the Czechs threatened to upset the odds when star midfielder Masopust gave them the leadWCin the 16th 1938 minute. But order was restored when Amarildo, Pelé's replacement for the match, equalised two minutes later. It then took until the 69th minute for Zito to head Brazil into the lead. Vavá made it 3–1 when Czech goalkeeper Schrojf fumbled a lob. WC 1950

WC 1954

WC 1930

England

WC 1934

WC 1962

Ball: Crack TOP SCORERS

4 Garrincha, VaváWC (Brazil), 1966 Ivanov V. (USSR), Albert (Hungary), Sánchez L. (Chile), Jerković (Yugoslavia) WC 1970

WC 1974

WC 1958

WC 1962

Final: Wembley, London (96,924)

England 4-2 W. Germany

Hurst (3), Peters • Haller, Weber WC 1938

Germany struck first through Haller. Hurst equalised, and his West Ham colleague Martin Peters gave England the lead. But a late scrambled goal from Weber forced the game into extra time. Hurst’s second goal, where the ball ricocheted back into WC 1950 play from behind the goal line, was a moment of controversy, rendered irrelevant by his fierce strike at the death.

WC 1966

Ball: 4-Star TOP SCORER 9 Eusébio (Portugal) WC 1970

l England’s glory: skipper Bobby Moore is hoisted high by his teammates at Wembley after the 4–2 WC 1954 defeat of West Germany

38

WC 1978

WC 1998

EURO 1996

EURO 2016

1962

WC 1930

WC 1974

Brazil retained the World Cup with outside right Garrincha taking centre stage and employing a tactical shift to 4-3-3. But the finals were marred by a violent clash between hosts Chile and Italy, full of spitting, WC 2002 WC 1982 EURO 2000 fighting and two-footed tackles. It was remarkable that English referee Ken Aston sent off only two players. Brazil continued to thrill, even without Pelé, who was injured in a group match against Mexico. Garrincha mesmerised England to defeat, then took hosts WC 1986 WC 2006 EURO 2004 Chile apart in the semi-final before being sent off. Happily he escaped suspension from the final against Czechoslovakia, the surprise package of the tournament, helping his team to a 3–1 triumph. WC 1990

WC 1994

WC 1978

WC 1982

WC 2010

WC 2014

WC 1998

WC 2002

EURO 2008

1966

Chile

EURO 2012

EURO 1996

Timeline PAGE 17

Timeline PAGE 19

EURO 2016

EURO 2000

For the first time in 32 years, the hosts, England, won the title after finals that saw a memorable upset when North Korea felled Italy. The event saw a slow start, with England held 0–0 by Uruguay, while holders Brazil WC 1986 WC 2006 EURO 2004 disappointed. They exited in the first round after defeats by Hungary and Portugal, whose nine-goalstriker Eusébio proved a tournament hero, especially helping to claw back a 3–0 deficit against North Korea in the quarter-final. Eusébio wasWCa2010 semi-final loser, WC 1990 EURO 2008 however, against England, who duly met West Germany at Wembley in the final. There they triumphed 4–2 after extra time and Geoff Hurst’s amazing three goals – the only hat-trick ever scored in a World Cup final. WC 2014 WC 1994 EURO 2012

Timeline PAGE 17

Timeline PAGE 19


1970

WC 1934

mexico

WC 1938

WC 1930 Final: Azteca, Mexico City (107,000)

WC 1958

Brazil 4-1 Italy

WC 1950

west germany

WC 1950

1974

WC 1966

Pelé, Gerson, Jairzinho, Carlos • Boninsegna

The final proved to be a marvellous affirmation for attacking football. Pelé WC 1934 opened the scoring, but Boninsegna made it 1–1, capitalising on a dreadful error by midfielder Clodoaldo. After the break, Gerson drove in a powerful cross-shot, and WC 1954 the match was sewn up with goals from Jairzinho and Carlos Alberto, the latter WC 1938 finishing off one of the greatest World Cup moves, involving eight outfield players.

WC 1970

Ball: Top Star WC 1962

TOP SCORER 10 Müller (Germany) WC 1974

WC 1966

WC 1970

Final: Olympiastadion, Munich (77,833)

W. Germany 2-1 Holland

Breitner (pen), Müller • Neeskens (pen) WC 1954

The final began dramatically, with Cruyff brought down close to goal and Johan Neeskens converting the penalty – all in two minutes. West Germany were outplayed for the first quarter but managed to fight back. On a rare break, Bernd Hölzenbein was tripped by Wim Jansen, and Paul Breitner rammed in the resultant penalty to make it 1–1. A 43rdminute goal from Gerd Müller then sealed the World Cup for the hosts.

1978

WC 1962

WC 1974

Ball: Top Star TOP SCORER 7 Lato (Poland)

Argentina

Final: Monumental, Buenos Aires (77,260)

Argentina 3-1 Holland

Kempes (2), Bertoni • Nanninga WC 1930

WC 1958

The final proved to be a bad-tempered clash. The Dutch accused the Argentinians of delays, while the plaster cast on René van de Kerkhof’s wrist was viewed with suspicion. Nanninga cancelled out Kempes’ first goal to take the game into WC 1962 WC 1934 extra time, when further strikes from Kempes and Bertoni ended Dutch hopes.

WC 1938

WC 1966

WC 1978

Ball: Top Star

WC 1974

WC 1986

WC 2002

world cup

WC 2006

EURO 2000

EURO 2004

Football triumphed in Mexico where the colourful freeWC 1998 WC 1978 EURO 1996 flowing Brazilians delighted. They overcame the heat, the altitude and – in a final full of drama – Italy, the acknowledged masters of defensive caution. Brazil beat WC 2010 WC 1990 holders, England, 1–0 in the finest group game, whichEURO 2008 included a WC legendary save from aWCPelé header by 2002 1982 EURO 2000 goalkeeper Gordon Banks. England lost their crown after extra time in the quarter-finals against West Germany who then lost 4–3 after the extra half hour themselves to WC 2014 WC 1994 EURO 2012 Italy in a dramatic semi-final. Italy, drained, duly WC 1986 WC Jairzinho 2006 collapsed 4–1 to Brazil in the final. scored in EURO 2004 every round while Pelé, scoring one of the triple champions' goals in the final, went out in glory.

WC 1990

WC 2010

EURO 2008

Europe dominated finals that saw West Germany regain the World Cup after 20 years. A team led by the magisterial Franz Beckenbauer and starring five other Bayern Munich players conceded the final’s WC 2014 WC 1994 first-ever penalty before recovering to win 2–1 in their EURO 2012 home stadium. Gerd Müller’s sixty-eighth, last and most important goal for his country won the day. However, the Dutch were the most stylish of the finalists with their “total football”, built around the peripatetic talents of Johan Cruyff and Johan Neeskens. Poland finished third thanks to the seven goals of Grzegorz Lato. East Germany made their only appearance in the finals, defeating West Germany 1–0 in Hamburg in the group stage.

Argentina needed to beat Peru by four goals. Contentiously, they beat them by six to reach the final, where they overcame the Dutch 3–1 in extra time. For neutrals, the failure of Holland, as in 1974, to claim WC 1998 EURO 2016 EURO 1996 their rightful crown as the best team in the world left a void. For Argentinians, the feeling was total ecstacy.

TOP SCORER 6 Kempes (Argentina) WC 1982

WC 1986

Euphoria greeted Argentina’s first triumph as hosts. Holland, missing the retired Johan Cruyff, again finished runners-up. The finals were shrouded in controversy concerning the country’s military dictatorship. Six-goal WC 1970 WC 1950 Kempes, the only WC 1990 by Mario foreign-based star selected coach César Luis Menotti, was top scorer. Argentina opened with wins over Hungary and France but lost to Italy. That dropped them into a tough second-round group with Brazil, Peru and Poland. In the last game, WC 1954

WC 1982

WC 1994

WC 2002

EURO 2000

WC 2006

EURO 2004

WC 2010

EURO 2008

Timeline PAGE 17

l The home fans had to wait until after extra time for the party to begin, a perfect end for the hosts of a colourful tournament WC 2014

EURO 2012

Timeline PAGE 19

39


EUROPE Europe generates more than 85 per cent of football’s estimated wealth, a ratio sparking concerns over financial imbalance in the world game. European federation UEFA came to life in 1954, half a century after the debut of world governing body FIFA and national team football on the continent. The first international was staged between Austria and Hungary in 1902; central Europe saw the launch of the Mitropa Cup, forerunner of today’s popular European club competitions in 1927. UEFA, with 55 members having built on an initial membership of 33, is based near Geneva in Switzerland. The current president is Aleksander Ceferin, a lawyer from Slovenia, who succeeded the former France star Michel Platini in September 2016.

ICELAND

FIFA Team RANKINGS (as of March 2018)

68

1

3

5

6 =

6 =

GERMANY

PORTUGAL

BELGIUM

SPAIN

POLAND

8

9

14

16

20

sWITZERLAND

FRANCE

ITALY

ENGLAND

WALES


FINLAND

Faroe islands

NORWAY HOLLAND

NORTHERN IRELAND

SWEDEN

1988

1948

DENMARK

SCOTLAND

1992 1995

ENGLAND

1956, 1988 1960

LATVIA

1966 1908, 1912

GERMANY

LITHUANIA

1954, 1974, 1990, 2014 1976 1972, 1980, 1996

BELARUS

WALES

SLOVAKIA

AUSTRIA

BELGUIM

POLAND 1972

1920

IRELAND

UKRAINE

CZECH REPUBLIC

LUXEMBOURG

1980 1976

SLOVENIA

FRANCE

1998 1984 1984, 2000 2001, 2003

MOLDOVA

HUNGARY

CROATIA LIECHTENSTEIN ANDORRA

PORTUGAL SPAIN

2010 1992 1964, 2008, 2012

BULGARIA BOSNIA

SAN MARINO ITALY

1934, 1938, 1982, 2006 1936 1968

KAZAKHSTAN

ROMANIA

1952, 1964, 1968

SWITZERLAND

2016

RUSSIA ESTONIA

SERBIA KOSOVO

MACEDONIA MONTENEGRO

GEORGIA

ALBANIA TURKEY GREECE

ARMENIA

2004

GIBRALTAR AZERBAIJAN MALTA

KEY world cup OLYMPIC GAMES EUROS Confederations Cup

CYPRUS ISRAEL


Football nations most caps Claudio Suárez

177

win percentage

51

Top Scorers Javier Hernandez* *June 2017

Goals Scored per Match

2.10

Mexico

Mexico dominated central American international football to such an extent that the national team and clubs have sought more testing competition in South American competitions such as the Copa America and Copa Libertadores Playing high-standard opposition also helped “El Tri” maintain their remarkable World Cup record of having appeared in 15 of the 20 finals tournaments. They missed the opportunity to qualify in 1990 after being banned by FIFA for having breached Youth Cup age-limit rules. Mexico’s finest World Cups were in 1970 and 1986, when they reached the quarterfinals. They have reached the second round in all six of the last World Cups. Mexico’s clubs figure among the most financially sound in Latin America courtesy of powerful television interests that have also played a key role in securing hosting the World Cup finals in both 1970 and 1986. Mexico hope to become the first country to

110

Mexicon Football Federation founded

1927 FIFA affiliated

1929

CONCACAF Championship/ Gold Cup Wins

l Mexico teammates

sing their national anthem after receiving the gold medals that marked Mexico's victory over Brazil at Wembley Stadium in the London 2012 Olympics

1965 1971 1977 1993 1996 1998 2003 2009 2011 2015 Olympics Gold

2012

48

host matches in three World Cup finals tournaments as part of a 2026 co-hosting bid with the US and Canada. Star players have included goalkeeper Antonio Carvajal, one of only two players to appear at five World Cups, 177-cap-record international Claudio Suárez, free-scoring centre-forward Hugo Sánchez and 2012 Olympic gold medal match-winning striker Oribe Peralta. A key role in the development of football in Mexico was played by tin miners brought from Cornwall in south-west England to Pachuca in the state of Hidalgo after concessions were granted to three British companies in 1900. Alfred Crowle, son of one of the mining families, was a stalwart of first national champions CF Pachuca and later led Mexico to their first international success in the 1935 Central American and Caribbean Games. Pachuca have won four CONCACAF Champions League titles and six domestic championships but have been far outstripped in terms of domestic honours by rivals such as Club América (12 titles), Guadalajara (12) and Toluca (10).


NORTH & central America

l The Costa Rica team line up

behind the national flag before their round of 16 match against Greece at the 2014 World Cup in Brazil. Costa Rica won 5–3 on penalties after extra time to go on to their first World Cup quarter-final

Costa Rica

Costa Rica have made enormous progress since the late 1980s, as their performances at the World Cup have demonstrated. The breakthrough came in 1990 under coach Bora Milutinović. The Ticos were the second of the five different teams the Serb managed at the finals. He took over very shortly before the finals in Italy yet, against all expectations, guided them to victories over Scotland and Sweden and into the second round before they fell to Brazil Costa Rica narrowly failed to reach the second round in 2002 but had the honour and glamour of sharing the opening match in 2006, although they lost 4–2 to hosts Germany. After missing out on the 2010 tournament in South Africa – after losing an intercontinental playoff against Uruguay – Costa Rica returned to the finals in style in Brazil in 2014. They topped a first-round group including a trio of former world

Costa Rica Football Federation founded

1921 FIFA affiliated

1927

CONCACAF Championship Wins

1963 1969 1989

champions in Uruguay, Italy and England. Both their knockout ties went to penalty shootouts: Costa Rica beat Greece, lost to Holland and flew home as national heroes. Two years later goalkeeper Keylor Navas went on to become the first Costa Rican to win the UEFA Champions League with Real Madrid. The Costa Rica football federation, FEDEFUTBOL, was founded in 1921 with the creation of a league championship. Membership of FIFA followed six years later. Costa Rica joined the central and north American confederation in 1962, one year after its creation, and have competed regularly in all regional tournaments. Thus far they have won three CONCACAF Gold Cups and eight central American titles while top clubs Deportivo Saprissa and LD Alajuelense have each lifted a hat-trick of CONCACAF club titles. They are considered the third most successful CONCACAF nation after Mexico and the United States, and look set to be one of the stars of the region for years to come. 111


Greatest Players gREATEST OF ALL TIME Pelé’s teenage exploits as a player with his local club, Bauru, earned him a transfer to Santos at the age of 15. He rapidly earned national and then international recognition. At 16 he was playing for Brazil; at 17 he was winning the World Cup, although not until his team-mates had persuaded national manager Vicente Feola to throw him into the action. Santos were not slow to recognise the potential offered their club by Pelé. The directors created a sort of circus, touring the world, playing two and three times a week for lucrative match fees. The income from this gave the club the financial leverage to buy a supporting cast that helped turn Santos into Intercontinental Cup champions twice. But the pressure on Pelé was reflected in injuries, one of which restricted him to a peripheral role in the 1962 World Cup finals, and it was not until 1970 that Pelé shone brightest at a World Cup again, his performance the apotheosis of a great player at his very best, achieving the rewards he deserved. It says everything about Pelé’s transcending genius that he was the one man able to set light to football in the United States in the 1970s. Although the North American Soccer League eventually collapsed, football was by that stage firmly established as a grass-roots American sport. Without Pelé's allure that could never have happened and the capture of host rights for the 1994 finals would never have been possible.

CLUB

SANTOS NEW YORK COSMOS

702 656 0.93

92 WORLD RECORD NUMBER OF CAREER HAT-TRICKS

1956

Joins big-city club Santos, scores four goals on his league debut

1957

Makes debut for Brazil against Argentina and becomes the youngest goalscorer in an international

1958

Becomes youngest-ever World Cup winner, scoring two goals in the final as Brazil beat Sweden 5–2

1962

Misses Brazil’s 1962 World Cup win because of injury but wins the Intercontinental Cup with Santos

1970

Inspires Brazil to complete historic World Cup hat-trick in Mexico

1975

Ends 18-month retirement to play for Cosmos of New York in the North American Soccer League

APPEARANCES

GOALS

1977

GOALS PER APPEARANCE

Retires again after lifting Cosmos to their second NASL championship

INTERNATIONAL

1995

Appointed Minister for Sport in Brazil. Receives honorary British knighthood two years later

GOALS

WIN PERCENTAGE

160

PELÉ

92 77 74% APPEARANCES

Edson Arantes do Nascimento 1940 – 1.73m (5ft 8in)

BRAZIL

2000

Shares FIFA Player of the Century award with Maradona


Netzer – Piola Günter Netzer

National team West Germany Born September 14, 1944 Club(s) Borussia Mönchengladbach, Real Madrid

(Sp), Grasshopper (Swz) Netzer, a supreme midfield general, was at his best in the West German side that won the 1972 European Championship. He lost his place to Wolfgang Overath after joining Real Madrid. Netzer was twice a West German champion with Borussia, twice a Spanish champion with Madrid.

Manuel Neuer

National team Germany Born March 27, 1986 Club(s) Schalke, Bayern Munich

Neuer has set new standards for a modern, enterprising style of goalkeeping, described as a “sweeper-keeper”. He won the 2014 World Cup with Germany as well as an award for being the best keeper in the tournament. Remarkably for a goalkeeper, he was third in the 2014 FIFA World Player ballot.

l Manuel Neuer makes yet

another save for Bayern Munich, in a 2011 Bundesliga game against Nuremberg

Neymar

National team Brazil Born February 2, 1992 Club(s) Santos, Barcelona (Sp), Paris S-G (Fr)

National team West Germany Born September 29, 1943 Club(s) Köln

Overath, an old-style inside left, was among the most admired members of the West German sides at the World Cups of 1966 and 1970 and in winning the crown in 1974. Overath played his entire senior club career for Köln and scored 17 goals in 81 internationals between 1963 and 1974.

Antonin Panenka

National team Czechoslovakia Born December 2, 1948

Panenka was a skilled midfield general who spent most of his career in the Czech shadows with Bohemians before emerging at the 1976 European Championship. Panenka struck the decisive blow in the final against West Germany with a cheeky penalty chip that decided the shootout and the title.

Daniel Passarella

National team Argentina Born May 25, 1953 Club(s) Sarmiento, River Plate,

Neymar is Brazil’s new superstar, leading them to the semi-finals of the World Cup at home in 2014 and then to a first-ever Olympic Games gold in Rio de Janeiro two years later. Raised at Santos, he cost Barcelona £61m in 2013, before moving to PSG for a world record £200m in 2017.

Wolfgang Overath

Club(s) Bohemians Prague, Rapid Vienna (Aus)

Fiorentina (It), Internazionale (It)

55%

Passarella is the only Argentinian player to have won two World Cups, as the hosts’ captain in 1978 and as a squad member in 1986. A rugged defensive halfback, he starred for River Plate before moving to Italy to establish himself as a goal-scoring defender with Fiorentina and Inter.

★ Pelé manuel neuer the bayern munich stopper keeps his goal intact in more than half his games. neuer reached 100 Bundesliga clean sheets in record time in february 2017 – after only 183 matches

See page 160

Silvio Piola

National team Italy Born September 29, 1913,

died October 4, 1998 Club(s) Pro Vercelli, Lazio, Torino, Juventus, Novara Piola was a powerful centre forward who scored 30 goals in 24 games between a two-goal debut against Austria in 1935 and a 1–1 draw with 161


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