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Issue 337 April 2019 macformat.com @macformat

! ’s ingINE uk AZ e g th -sell ma best Apple

The best Apple how-tos & reviews

Pick the perfect

iPhone for you >The ultimate buyer’s guide with practical, easy-to-follow advice

ON TEST

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Safeguard your invaluable files

✓ Steps to prepare your Mac ✓ Help with disk & cloud options ✓ Photos & iTunes protection tips

Upgrade your Apple smart home

Do even more with your Mac!

> Brand-new gear to

>Uncover macOS secrets and stay safe on Wi-Fi

stay in control

Hot Apple add-ons tested & rated

>Including tough protection for Mac files and your iPhone

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iPhone

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57%! Turn to page 30

Well, the first couple of months of 2019 certainly flew by! Before you rush outside to enjoy the early spring weather and lighter evenings, set aside some time to make sure your critical digital life is in order. I’m talking about the perennially important task of backing up your files. You know, the documents you write for work or college, but also the precious personal stuff you might never recover from a computer catastrophe – photos from your travels, videos from your kids’ birthday parties, and even your painstakingly acquired music collection in iTunes. Almost certainly you’ve set Time Machine to back up your Mac automatically. That’s not really enough, though. Your irreplaceable files deserve more considered protection than that alone, which is where our latest cover feature can help you out. It’s packed with advice on how to build a robust backup system that’s conscientious and convenient. If you’ve been holding off on buying an iPhone, this issue also features our 12-page refreshed buyer’s guide that’ll help you weigh up which is the right model for your needs. There’s also the newest smart kit to spruce up your home, plus our latest selection of Mac, iPhone and iPad tutorials and reviews. In particular, if you want to get more from macOS’s Mission Control, check out its hidden features on page 34.

Meet the team

Alan Stonebridge Editor editor@macformat.com

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Jo Membery Operations Editor Jo is trying to weigh up all the advice from our iPhone buyer’s guide, in the hope that a pile of cash suddenly lands in her lap…

Alex Blake Commissioning Editor Alex is using our top tips to spring clean his Apple world – whipping out old files and adding to his back-up plan. If only we did a ‘tidy home’ guide.

Paul Blachford Art Editor Paul has been using Macs for years, yet he’s always surprised to learn new features when laying out this mag. Discoverability isn’t just an iOS issue!

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April 2019 | MACFORMAT | 3


Issue 337 April 2019 macformat.com

6

16

dETOX &

APPLE CORE 6

Back up Safeguard your invaluable files

rumourS & NEWS

The latest updates from Cupertino and beyond

9

apps & GAMES

Our top picks of the month for Mac and iOS

11

facts & figures

Classic Mac storage tech in numbers

14

letters

Have your say on all things Apple related

15

Opinion

Apple’s next big thing may not be a product…

APPLE HOME 71

58

homekit inheritance

This is the year Apple’s smart home gets rich

72

Smart home evolution

A whole load of new HomeKit-friendly gear

75

the robots are coming

Say hello to the home help of the future

4 | MACFORMAT | april 2019

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Subscribe today!

Issue 337 CONTENTS

& get a great gift GENIUS TIPS 52

Genius Tips

Howard Oakley solves all your Mac hardware, software and iOS issues

53

iOS software

Swipe away your touchscreen troubles

85

54

PERIPHERALS

Refreshing the parts other tips can’t reach

APPLE CHOICE 77

56

MAC SOFTWARE

We resolve restrictions with your Mac apps

APPLE CHOICE

New kit and apps – we’ve got all the latest hardware and software reviews

98

STORE GUIDE

Get help with picking accessories and apps to go with your Apple kit

42

REGULARS 76

back issues

Head here if you’ve missed an issue

104 photo stream Send us your Apple-related shots

105 Next Month What’s coming in MF338 on 9 April

APPLE SKILLS Save up to

57% off the cover price!

TURN to Page 30

34

MANAGE YOUR WORKSPACE

Take charge of windows with Mission Control

36

pinpoint files quickly

Use Finder’s detailed search capabilities

38

striking silhouettes

Use Affinity Photo to really darken shadows

APPLE HOME More and more gadgets are getting on board with HomeKit

71

40

track conversations

Use Mail’s filing features to organise comms

42

Tips for wi-fi security

Strengthen protection of your home network

44

master the long press

Linger your finger over these iOS shortcuts

46

mindfulNess masterclass

Reduce your stress with these relaxation apps

48

Expand your mind

Get ebooks and audiobooks for free

50

add polish to your movies

Customisable titles and animated transitions

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april 2019 | MACFORMAT | 5


What’s inside 6-8 RUMOUR & NEWS Word on the grapevine about future Apple kit

9 APPS & GAMES

Edited by

Alan stonebridge

Our top picks of the month for Mac and iOS Apple keyboards of the future could be completely unlike those of today.

11 apple facts How many old floppy disks would it take to cover a football pitch?

14 letters Have your say

15 opinion Matt Bolton on Apple’s next big direction…

Hot topic!

Apple explores keyboard ideas Future MacBooks could have dual displays and radically different glass keyboards Contact us Email your queries to letters@macformat.com Join the conversation at facebook.com/macformat or on Twitter @macformat

6 | MACFORMAT | april 2019

ccording to patent applications disclosed by sources such as specialist website patentlyapple. com, Apple has been working for some time on a future MacBook concept with dual screens, one of which can function as a touchscreen virtual keyboard. The main problem with virtual keyboards, though, like those on iOS devices, is that they’re flat sheets and you have to locate the keys by sight. Touch-typists work by feel, and a newly

A

published patent application, recently revealed by patentlyapple.com, suggests that Apple is working on a way to make this possible. The solution is a thin top layer of glass, less than 40µm (micrometres) thick, which could be moulded with subtly raised key-like shapes (or “protrusions, contours, recesses, and/or other shapes” to define distinct regions). This would mean you could align your fingers much more precisely, without having to look, and type with less risk of hitting the wrong spot.


FaceTime flaw fixed But how did the eavesdropping exploit slip through in the first place?

pple has released updates to iOS 12 and macOS Mojave to fix some security issues, notably a flaw in FaceTime that made it possible to listen in on people, and potentially even watch them, before they accept or reject your call. It was all too easy to do: start a FaceTime Video call to a contact who uses an iPhone or Mac, swipe up from the foot of the screen while the call is unanswered, tap Add Person, and add your own phone number. This initiated a Group FaceTime audio call between yourself and your contact, even before they accepted the call. This meant you could eavesdrop on them, without their consent (although their incoming call alert would at least mean this wasn’t likely to be for very long). What’s more, if the recipient happened to press their device’s power button at the Lock screen, their video would also be transmitted. According to some reports, other actions could have this result too. It’s surprising that Apple failed to spot this flaw. The Group FaceTime feature didn’t make the cut for the launch of iOS 12, reportedly because of technical problems, and appeared in iOS 12.1 the following month, but it looks as if it might still have been rushed out. If you don’t have auto-update switched on, make sure you install iOS 12.1.4 and macOS Mojave 10.14.3 Supplemental Update to fix this and other security issues.

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THE POLL We asked… What’s your opinion of Apple Maps in 2019? The only maps app I use

I sometimes use a rival

20%

25%

22%

33%

I only use another app

I mostly use a rival app

Log on and see next issue’s big question! twitter.com/macformat facebook.com/macformat

RUMOUR MILL

Hot on the heels of the tech giant’s latest moves…

1

16in MacBook Pro What’s more, the layer could be thin enough to have some ‘give’ to it, so the experience of typing could be much more like that of using a real keyboard than pressing on an unyielding glass surface.

A touch of glass The patent application even describes how the glass could flex abruptly instead of gradually, producing the feeling – and potentially even the sound – of a ‘click’, although this could make for a very disconcerting experience, at least initially, if the glass under your fingers makes some kind of popping or snapping sound when you press on it. Having a single sheet of glass instead

of separate keys would offer much better protection against spilled liquids, crumbs or other unwanted gunk getting into the workings. And because this top layer is transparent, it would be easy to have different keyboard layouts or alphabets displayed through it, coloured keys, other touch-based controls, or any number of customisations. Or, it could just function as a second display. As always, patents and applications are no guarantee of when, or whether, actual products might appear. Another patent application suggests that Apple is also looking into a completely different approach, a conventional mechanical keyboard with keys that have touchsensitive surfaces, although it’s hard to think how you’d stop this from registering touch input when you were just positioning your fingers ready to start typing.

A ‘click’ sound could make for a disconcerting experience when using a glass keyboard

Analyst Ming-Chi Kuo, who has a good track record, says the MacBook Pro will get an all-new design and a 16in display in 2019.

2

iPad mini 5

A March iPad mini update is rumoured, alongside a 10.2in iPad to replace the 9.7in model. Ming-Chi Kuo says the mini will also support Apple Pencil and a Smart Keyboard.

3

7TH-GEN iPod touch

An iPod touch refresh may be in the works. Its last update was in 2015, but had the same old 4in Retina display and didn’t even gain Touch ID.

april 2019 | MACFORMAT | 7


apple news roundup macOS Keychain exploit

linus henze won’t divulge findings Security researcher Linus Henze has demoed a way to access passwords in macOS Mojave keychains, but refuses to share details with Apple. The exploit can apparently access all items in the login and system keychains (although not the iCloud one), but Henze won’t say more because Apple’s ‘bug bounty’ applies only to iOS.

Apple drops Do Not Track privacy concerns not behind move Apple is dropping Do Not Track (DNT) in the next macOS and iOS versions of Safari – not because its stance on privacy has changed, but because DNT is pointless. Using it only asks websites not to track you, and many ignore the request. Indeed, using DNT can help sites identify you – it’s one of many pieces of information used in a technique called browser fingerprinting.

8 | MACFORMAT | april 2019

Shake-up at the store Changes to Apple’s retail and Siri executive teams pple’s Senior Vice President of retail, Angela Ahrendts, is leaving the company in April. The former chief executive of fashion retailer Burberry was a high-profile recruit in 2014. Commentators said Ahrendts is going due to last quarter’s drop in iPhone sales, but that seems more related to price and other market factors than retail operations, and Apple has embraced her initiatives. In Ahrendts’ five years in charge, Apple Stores have evolved into ‘town squares’ hosting workshops, tutorials and even music performances, in an effort to make visiting a store “a much more human experience”.

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Apple’s head of HR, Deirdre O’Brien, an employee for 30 years, will become SVP of Retail + People. Meanwhile, the Apple exec in charge of Siri for the last seven years, Bill Stasior, has moved to another role. He was hired from Amazon in 2012, after most of the original Siri developers left Apple. The search for a replacement will be led by Apple’s SVP of Machine Learning and AI Strategy, John Giannandrea, a highly regarded AI expert poached in April 2018 from Google, where he had headed search and artificial intelligence. Some say the reshuffle is partly to give him more say in Siri development, which observers claim has fallen behind rivals.

Are your apps recording you? Apple orders: don’t record sessions without consent ome big-name iOS apps have been recording your every move, even the personal data you input. That’s despite App Store guidelines requiring your explicit consent to record activity. TechCrunch reports that it’s down to third-party analytics code in apps from Expedia, Hotels.com, Air Canada and others. The idea is that developers can use ‘session replays’ to fix bugs and make “informed UI decisions.” But few if any apps

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tell you they’re recording you, and Air Canada’s app for one failed to mask sensitive data such as passport numbers. Apple has been notifying developers that it will take immediate action. “Protecting user privacy is paramount in the Apple ecosystem,” Apple told TechCrunch. One developer, however, complained online: “I have no issues with notifying the user

Undisclosed recording tech is said to be part of some well-known apps.

that I’m using [analytics] and why. [But] we’ve been using these frameworks for years with Apple’s full knowledge and they have never rejected an app based on its usage. What I take offence to is Apple telling me I have 24 hours (on a Friday night, no less) to update all of the apps I have on the Store or they’ll be pulled.”

macformat.com @macformat


Apps & games APPLE CORE

APPLE TV

App of the month

Our top picks of what’s worth watching and playing this month

[ M AC a pp ]

AirBuddy $6 (about £4.60) Enhance macOS’s support for Apple’s wireless earbuds AirBuddy (bit.ly/mfairbd) adds iOS-like battery info to macOS for headphones with Apple’s W1 chip inside. Open your AirPods’ case near your Mac and a window with battery info pops up – you can choose whether that’s at the top left, centre or right of the desktop. Bear in mind that info is already in macOS’s Bluetooth menu. The window can take a few seconds to appear, just like on iOS, but often

takes under two. It offers a practical benefit: you can click in it to switch your AirPods from your iPhone, say, to your Mac, rather than dig into a menu. It’s a pity the clickable area is just the words ‘Click to connect’, though. It’s AirBuddy’s other feature you may find most useful, provided you own an iPhone or iPad. Its Today view widget can display those devices’ battery levels, so you get instant insight into which needs putting on charge.

[ MOV I E]

Widows £9.99 After their husbands are killed in a botched robbery, four widows must pull off a $2 million heist in order to repay the crime boss their partners stole from.

[Podcast]

Dirty John FREE

[iO S A PP]

[iOS GAME]

[ i T U N E S ST O R E ]

Dized

Dunkypung

FREE

£2.99

Across the Borders Júníus Meyvant £7.99

If you’ve ever struggled with the labyrinthine rules of an unfamiliar board game, Dized is for you. The app bills itself as ‘the expert at the table’, and provides you with interactive tutorials and videos to help you learn a variety of games as you play. Why you need it: No more hefty rule books to read. What it’s best for: Letting you learn at your own pace.

Don’t be fooled by your character’s cute expression – Dunkypung is a game that “will destroy you”, according to its creator. It’s an incredibly challenging app that has you guide your red ball through spikes, traps and flames. It’s not for the faint-hearted. Why you need it: It’s a game that will really test you. What it’s best for: Destroying your gaming pride!

Hailing from the tiny Vestmannaeyjar isles off the coast of Iceland, Meyvant’s music is a world away from what you’d expect. With soaring strings and creeping bass, it owes much more to Motown than to Björk. It’s a Detroit soul retrospective – Icelandic style. Why you need it: It’ll have you dancing in your living room. What it’s best for: Great multi-instrumental harmonies.

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Now a TV show, Dirty John tells the story of Debra Newell and her partner John Meehan. At first charming and handsome, John is not all he seems to be.

[T V show ]

ReMastered Netflix

In this investigative show about high-profile events in musicians’ lives, The Two Killings of Sam Cooke looks at the soul legend’s power.

april 2019 | MACFORMAT | 9


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APPLE CORE Facts & figures

1

46 % IN NUMBERS Classic Mac Storage from the Mac’s debut 35 years ago, reframed in terms of today…

2

$12,000

> The Macintosh 128K used floppy disks, not a hard disk. Formatted, they held 400kB. The startup disk had to hold the system, apps and your own files. The system software took up 216kB!

9,253

3

per GB

> The amount of storage on today’s entry-level Macs (128GB) is equivalent to 320,000 400kB floppy disks. If you were to stack up that many floppy disks, their volume would be equivalent to 9,253 (and a bit) 13in MacBook Pros.

> Back in 1984, a box of 10 floppy disks was listed at $49 in the inaugral issue of Macworld US. That’s 1.2¢ per kilobyte, or $12,000 per gigabyte! Suddenly, today’s superfast SSDs don’t look so pricey!

5

847,476

4

15,075 floppies

> Oh boy, how operating systems

have grown! Mojave’s 6.03GB installer is equivalent to 15,075 floppies. A clean installation of it takes up around 14GB – roughly 64,815 times bigger than the first Macintosh System Software!

6

> How many 3.5in floppy disks would it take to cover a standard football pitch? They’d overrun the pitch’s length and width a little, but it’d take 1,121 disks to cover the length and 756 disks for the width. That’s 847,476 disks!

3.38

> 3.5in is a convenient rounding down for marketing. A floppy disk’s outer shell is really 3.54in (90mm) wide. The disk inside is 3.38in (86mm) wide. April 2019 | MACFORMAT | 11


9000

Profile for Future PLC

MacFormat 337 (Sampler)  

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You can subscribe to this magazine @ www.myfavouritemagazines.co.uk