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East  Africa  Future  Day  –  November  12,  2012   Background  to  the  Future  Day   As   part   of   its   Trend   Monitoring   and   Horizon   Scanning   function   in   the   Greater   Horn   of   East   Africa,   SID   will   organize   a   Future   Day   around   questions   of   regional   integration   –   how   this   is   being   perceived   by   its   citizens   and  how  they  think  it  will  affect  their  lives,  both  in  positive  and  negative  terms.  In  particular,  this  event  will  try   and  capture  ideas  of  how  the  young  citizens  of  the  region  view  the  ‘periphery’  -­‐  those  neighboring  countries   which   are   not   part   of   the   East   African   Community   (EAC)   process   but   whose   affairs   nonetheless   have   a   significant  impact  on  the  community.   In  recent  months,  East  Africans  have  come  to  realize  much  more  keenly  the  extent  to  which  the  northern  and   western  fringes  of  the  community  (Somalia,  Ethiopia,  Sudan  and  the  DR  Congo)  influence  the  daily  goings-­‐on  in   the   region.   Beyond   the   conflict   potential   that   is   frequently   the   subject   of   media   attention,   there   are   increasingly  evident  a  number  of  business  and  development  opportunities  that  the  region  can  take  advantage   of.   The   common   effort   by   the   states   in   the   expansion   of   the   port,   road   and   rail   infrastructure   into   South   Sudan   and  Ethiopia  are  indicators  of  this  potential  and  are  exciting  a  number  of  traders  and  investors.   But   beyond   the   commercial   potential   that   the   EAC   and   its   neighboring   countries   offer   to   investors,   what   really   do   its   citizens,   and   in   particular,   its   youth  think?   The   role   of   the   youth   in   the   regional   integration   process   is   rarely  given  a  thought  beyond  reflections  on  the  ‘problem  potential’  of  large  hordes  of  unemployed  youth  (East   Africa   is   one   of   the   youngest   regions   in   the   world   today)   and   their   participation   in   the   culture   and   arts.   The   East  Africa  Future  Day  will  aim  to  explore  the  hopes  and  fears,  the  opportunities  and  challenges  of  some  of  the   region’s   younger   citizens   as   they   look   towards   a   regionally   integrated   future   through   two   thematic   entry   points:  ecology  and  security.  These  entry  points  have  been  selected  if  only  for  the  fact  that  they  are,  arguably,   the   two   key   pillars   that   underpin   livelihoods.   With   more   than   50%   of   the   region’s   population   dependent   on   agriculture   and   related   services,   the   ecology   and   what   happens   to   it   should   be   a   critical   concern   for   as   they   look   to   the   future.   Furthermore,   security   –   looked   at   from   a   dual   prism   of   ‘state   security’   as   well   as   ‘human   security’   aims   to   explore   both   its   hard   and   soft   aspects.   Hard   aspects   are   perhaps   more   easily   related   to   as   these   regard   the   integrity   of   our   states,   their   borders   and   the   ability   to   maintain   control   over   violence.   The   ‘soft’  aspects  of  security  will  seek  to  understand  the  extent  to  which  individual  and  communal  livelihoods  are   facilitated  and  sustained  by  the  economic,  social  and  political  choices  that  regional  integration  contemplates.   The   conversations   that   the   Future   Day   will   explore   will   be   broad   and   build   on   initial,   brief   expert   presentations   to   set   the   scene   with   global   and   regional   trends.   Subsequent   small-­‐group   and   plenary   discussions   will   delve   further   into   shared   experiences   and   aim   to   explore   the   different   facets   of   the   issues   raised   as   seen   from   around   the   region.   In   particular,   the   Future   Day   will   seek   to   focus   attention   around   the   development  challenges  that  the  region  faces  and  the  ideas  that  the  youth  have  to  try  and  address  them  as  well   as  how  these  challenges  are  shaping  their  individual  choices.  What  are  the  hopes  and  fears  of  this  generation   of  young  East  Africans?  What  are  their  views  with  regard  to  inter-­‐generational  dialogue?  How  do  they  think   regional   integration   impacting   on   the   poor   and/or   marginalized   population   groups   (urban   poor,   pastoralist   and   nomadic   peoples;   IDPs   and   refugees,   etc.)?   Will   regional   integration   generate   (even   more)   economic   migrants  who  choose  to  leave  for  the  Middle  East  and  beyond?     This   EAFD   will   seek   to   sow   the   seeds   for   a   broad   conversation   about   the   regions   opportunities   and   what   priorities  it  should  focus  on.  By  aiming  to  bring  in  voices  from  different  parts  of  the  EAC  (and  beyond)  through   live  chats,  call-­‐ins  and  taped  messages  in  addition  to  a  documentary  shot  in  various  countries  of  the  region  that   samples   views   and   opinions   on   regional   integration,   the   EAFD   seeks   to   celebrate   the   diversity   of   the   region   and  highlight  its  most  precious  asset  –  the  ideas  and  aspirations  of  its  youth.  Furthermore,  by  engaging  them  in   a   wider   conversation   with   their   ‘seniors’,   it   also   seeks   to   generate   a   space   where   they   can   earnestly   explore   ideas   and   challenge   each   other   in   their   search   for   and   contribution   to   a   broader   development   vision   for   the   region.   SID's  vision  is  to  have  a  truly  regional  conversation  –  if  only  for  a  short  day  –  about  the  potential  of  East  Africa   and  the  wisdom  of  its  people.   East  Africa  Future  Day  –  November  12,  2012   Page  1  of  2  

“Guns  &  Roses”1   Security,  Ecology  and  East  African  Integration   Agenda   Time   Session   0800   Registration  Opens   0900-­‐0915   Introduction  to  the  Future  Day   0915-­‐0945   Introduction  to  the  Bertelsmann  Foundation  Mega  Trends  &  Global  Risk  Study   (Tom  Fries  and  Anneliese  Guess  of  The  Bertelsmann  Foundation)     0945-­‐1000   Views  and  Perceptions  of  East  Africa  –  A  Video  Collage     1000-­‐1100   Does  an  integrated  East  Africa  respond  to  our  ecological  and  security  challenges?   Panel  discussion  moderated  by:   Julie  Gichuru,  Citizen  TV  &  Omar  Mohammed,  BBC  Media  Action   1. Mr.  Abdullahi  Boru,  Analyst,  International  Crisis  Group   2. Mr.  Patrick  Maingi,  Chief  Economist,  National  Environmental  Management  Agency   3. Ms.  Nanjira  Sambuli,  New  Media  Strategist  and  Consultant     1100-­‐1130   Tea  Break     1130-­‐1230   Q  &  A  Engagement  with  the  Panel     1230-­‐1330   Lunch     1330-­‐1415   Working  Group  Session  1:  Hopes  and  Fears   • What  are  our  hopes  &  fears  for  regional  integration?   • What  is  our  lived  experience  regarding  ecology  and  security?     1414-­‐1430   Plenary  Feedback   1430-­‐1530   Working  Group  Session  2:  Understanding  Our  Challenges     • Group  A  –  East  Africa’s  Ecological  Challenge:   What  role  for  today’s  youth  in  resolving  the  ecological  challenges?  Where  will  we  be  20   years  from  today?  How?  Why?   • Group  B  –  East  Africa’s  Security  Challenge:   What  role  for  today’s  youth  in  resolving  the  security  challenges?  Where  will  we  be  20  years   from  today?  How?  Why?   1530-­‐1600   Plenary  Feedback  and  Conversation:   Rapporteurs  set  the  stage   • Facing  our  future  with  confidence:  Ideas  from  the  Youth   1600-­‐1700   Regional  Challenges  Responses  Panel-­‐Moderated  by  Mr.  Omar  Mohammed     1. Dr.  Ibrahim  Farah,  University  of  Nairobi   2. Mr.  Magode  Ikuya,  Molo  Integrated  Agrifarming  Initiative   3. Professor  Judi  Wakhungu,  Africa  Centre  for  Technology  Studies   1700-­‐1730   Wrap  Up  and  Closing      

                                                                                                                1  Allusion  to  domestic  and  interstate  conflict  (guns)  and  the  trade-­‐offs  between  desired  growth  (rose  petals)   and  its  environmental  impact  (thorns  on  the  stem)     East  Africa  Future  Day  –  November  12,  2012   Page  2  of  2  

Agenda of the Future Day in Nairobi, 12 November 2012