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  THE  KUALA  LUMPUR  WAR  CRIMES  TRIBUNAL     Case  No.  4-­‐CHG-­‐2013     The  Kuala  Lumpur  War  Crimes  Commission     Against     The  State  of  Israel  ………..  Defendant    

  CHARGE     The  Chief  Prosecutor  of  the  Kuala  Lumpur  War  Crimes  Commission  pursuant  to  Article  7  of   the  Charter  of  the  Kuala  Lumpur  War  Crimes  Commission  charges:   The  State  of  Israel   For  the  Crime  of  Genocide  and  War  Crimes  as  follows:     From  1948  and  continuing  to  date  the  State  of  Israel  (hereafter  ‘the  Defendant’)  carried  out   against   the   Palestinian   people   a   series   of   acts   namely   killing,   causing   serious   bodily   harm   and  deliberately  inflicting  conditions  of  life  calculated  to  bring  about  physical  destruction.   The  conduct  of  the  Defendant  was  carried  out  with  the  intention  of  destroying  in  whole  or   in  part  the  Palestinian  people.   These   acts   were   carried   out   as   part   of   a   manifest   pattern   of   similar   conduct   against   the   Palestinian  people.   These   acts   were   carried   out   by   the   Defendant   through   the   instrumentality   of   its   representatives  and  agents  including  those  listed  in  Appendices  1  and  2.   Such   conduct   constitutes   the   Crime   of   Genocide   under   international   law   including   the   Convention   on   the   Prevention   and   Punishment   of   Genocide   1948   (‘the   Genocide   Convention’)  in  particular  Article  II  and  punishable  under  Article  III  of  the  said  Convention.  It   also   constitutes   the   crime   of   genocide   as   stipulated   in   Article   10   of   the   Charter   of   the   Kuala   Lumpur  War  Crimes  Commission.   Such  conduct  by  the  Defendant  as  an  occupying  power  also  violates  customary  international   law  as  embodied  in  the  Hague  Convention  of  1907  Respecting  the  Laws  and  Customs  of  War   on  Land,  and  the  Fourth  Geneva  Convention  of  1949.   1    


Such   conduct   also   constitutes   War   Crimes   and   Crimes   against   Humanity   under   international   law.     Particulars   1. From   1945   to   1948   the   Defendant   embarked   on   a   plan   to   expel   and   eliminate   the   Palestine  population  then  residing  in  Palestine  by  the  following  acts:     a. The  preparation  and  launch  of  military  plans  in  1945,  1947  and  culminating  in   the   1948   Plan   Dalet   to   conquer   and   ‘ethnically   cleanse’   the   country   then   occupied  by  the  Defendant.  The  Plan  referred  to  the  ‘destruction  of  villages’   and  the  ‘expulsion  of  the  [village]  population  to  territory  outside  its  borders’.   b. In  furtherance  thereof,  the  Defendant  carried  out  wanton  acts  of  expulsion,   massacre,  destruction  and  rape.   c. In   1948   there   was   destruction   of   500   Palestinian   villages   and   11   urban   neighbourhoods;   700,000   Palestinians   were   expelled;   and   countless   thousands  were  massacred.   d. One   such   incident   was   the   massacre   at   Deir   Yassin   where   Jewish   forces   indiscriminately  shot  at  inhabitants,  then  rounded  up  and  shot  the  remaining   inhabitants.  This  was  followed  by  the  blowing  up  of  houses  of  the  inhabitants   of  four  nearby  towns  and  the  expulsion  of  its  inhabitants.   e. Half  the  population  of  the  indigenous  Palestine  population  were  driven  out,   half   of   their   villages   and   towns   were   destroyed   and   only   very   few   of   them   ever  managed  to  return.   f. These   actions   evince   the   Defendant’s   intention   to   execute   a   policy   to   eliminate  the  Palestinians  from  the  territories  occupied  by  the  Defendant  in  a   form  and  manner  that  constitutes  acts  of  genocide  under  international  law.   g. As   a   result,   at   the   time   of   the   1949   Armistice,   the   Jewish   population   of   Mandate  Palestine  rose  from  26%  to  80%;  and  its  land  ownership  rose  from   7%  of  the  total  land  to  77%  of  such  land.     2. The  Defendant  has  since  then  carried  out  further  intensification  of  its  settler  colonial   process  through  genocidal  acts  as  evidenced  by  among  others:     a. The   massacre   of   Palestinians   in   the   refugee   camps   at   Sabra   and   Shatila   in   Lebanon  in  1982;   b. The  massacre  of  Palestinian  refugees  and  others  in  Jenin  and  Nablus  in  2002;   c. The  Summer  Rains  Operation  and  thereafter  of  2006;   d. Cast  Lead  I  Operation  in  Gaza  in  December  2008;  and     e. The  Cast  lead  II  Operation  in  Gaza  in  November  2012.   2    


3. The  Massacre  at  Sabra  and  Shatila  in  Lebanon  in  1982;     a. The   Defendant   who   was   in   control   of   the   Sabra-­‐Shatila   camps   allowed   admission   to   the   camps   of   Christian   Phalangists   from   September   16   –   18   1982   who   then   proceeded   to   kill,   maim   and   seriously   injure   its   Palestinian   and   other   inhabitants.   Estimates   of   those   massacred   range   from   300   to   3000   people.     b. The   Defendants   knew   or,   in   any   event,   should   have   known,   that   the   Phalangists   would   kill   or   cause   serious   harm   to   the   Palestinian   refugees.   Many  of  those  listed  in  Appendix  1  knew  or  should  have  known  a  massacre   would  take  place.  In  particular  the  Minister  of  Defence  and  the  Chief  of  Staff   have  admitted  to  knowledge  that  killings  would  take  place.   c. In   the   event   the   Defendant   was   responsible   for,   and   complicit   in,   the   massacres.     d. The   Defendant   was,   in   any   event,   under   an   affirmative   duty   to   protect   the   civilian  population  in  the  refugee  camps  and  failed  abysmally  to  do  so.  Such   failure,   coupled   with   its   knowledge   through   its   agents,   of   the   intent   by   the   Phalangists   to   kill,   constitute   direct   and   public   incitement   to   commit   genocide,   complicity   in   genocide   or   conspiracy   to   commit   genocide,   punishable  under  Article  III  of  the  Genocide  Convention.         4. The  massacre  of  Palestinian  refugees  and  others  in  Jenin  and  Nablus  in  2002     a. On   29   March   2002   the   Israeli   Defence   Forces   (IDF)   launched   a   new   offensive,   Operation  Defensive  Shield,  in  Palestinian  residential  areas.   b. In   Jenin   and   Nablus   a   tight   cordon   of   tanks,   armoured   personnel   carriers   and   soldiers  was  thrown  around  the  areas  where  the  IDF  carried  out  operations:   Jenin   refugee   camp   and   Nablus   old   city.   Houses   were   intensively   attacked   by   missiles  from  Apache  helicopters.   c. In  one  appalling  and  extensive  operation,  the  IDF  demolished,  destroyed  by   explosives,  or  flattened  by  army  bulldozers,  a  large  residential  area  of  Jenin   refugee  camp,  much  of  it  after  the  fighting  had  apparently  ended.   d. Throughout   the   period   4-­‐15   April,   the   IDF   denied   access   to   Jenin   refugee   camp   to   all,   including   medical   doctors   and   nurses,   ambulances,   humanitarian   relief  services,  human  rights  organizations,  and  journalists.     e. By   12   April   residents   said   that   the   continuous   curfew   had   led   to   an   acute   food  and  water  shortage.  In  some  cases  children  were  drinking  waste  water   and   became   sick   as   a   result.   One   resident   from   the   edge   of   the   camp   said   that:  "the  camp  smells  of  death  due  to  the  scattered  bodies,  some  bodies  are  

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buried  under  the  rubble,  others  crushed  by  tanks,  and  the  rest  are  left  lying  in   the  streets."   f. In  the  old  city  area  of  Nablus,  the  situation  was  quite  similar:  lack  of  food  and   water  and  the  fact  they  were  unable  to  move  from  their  houses.  Occupants   even   watched   the   body   of   an   unknown   Palestinian   die;   then   they   watched   dogs  eat  the  body  as  it  decomposed.   g. The  form,  manner  and  severity  of  this  conduct  by  the  Defendant  its  servants   or   agents,   amounts   to   genocide   under   the   Genocide   Convention   and   international  law.     5. Two  major  offensives  by  the  IDF:    27  February  and  end  June  2002       a. In   the   four   months   between   27   February   and   the   end   of   June   2002   –   the   period   of   the   two   major   offensives   by   the   armed   forces   of   the   Defendant   (IDF)   and   the   reoccupation   of   the   West   Bank   -­‐   the   IDF   killed   nearly   500   Palestinians  unlawfully  and  at  least  16%  of  the  victims,  more  than  70,  were   children.  More  than  8,000  Palestinians  detained  in  mass  round-­‐ups  over  the   same  period  were  routinely  subjected  to  ill-­‐treatment  and  more  than  3,000   Palestinian  homes  were  demolished.   b. The   Defendant   failed   as   the   occupying   power   of   the   West   Bank,   including   East   Jerusalem,   and   the   Gaza   Strip,   to   fulfil   its   obligation   to   respect   and   protect   the   human  rights  of  all  people  in  these  areas.  

c. Instead,   between   April   and   June   2002,   the   IDF   carried   out   the   following   heinous  acts:   i. unlawful  killings;   ii. the  use  of  "human  shields";     iii. torture   and   other   cruel,   inhuman   or   degrading   treatment   of   people   detained;     iv. blocking  of  medical  assistance,  food  and  water;  and     v. the   destruction   of   property,   including   damage   or   destruction   of   the   civil   infrastructure,   commercial   buildings,   historic   and   religious   buildings  and  homes.     d. The   nature   extent   and   severity   of   these   acts   constitute   genocide   under   the   Genocide   Convention   and   international   law,   and   war   crimes   under   international  law.   e. The   Defendant   also   employed   various   contrivances   to   keep   its   conduct   shielded  from  internal  and  external  scrutiny.       6. The  Summer  Rains  Operation  of  2006  and  thereafter    

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a. Operation   Summer   Rains   commenced   on   June   28,   2006   and   ended   in   November  2006.   b. It  was  the  most  brutal  attack  in  Gaza  since  1967.  The  army  invaded  the  Strip   from   land,   sea   and   air   and   bombarded   the   most   densely   populated   civilian   centre  in  the  world.     c. Daily  civilians  were  killed  by  the  Israeli  army.  For  example,  on  September  2,  3   citizens  were  killed  and  a  whole  family  wounded  in  Beit  Hanoun.  By  evening   many  more  were  killed.     d. In  September,  an  average  of  8  Palestinian  died  daily  in  Israeli  attacks,  many  of   them  children,  hundreds  were  maimed,  wounded  and  paralysed.  In  2006,  660   citizens  were  killed  including  141  children.     e. In  Gaza,  Israeli  forces  demolished  almost  300  houses  and  slew  entire  family.     f. This   meant   that   since   2,000   Israeli   forces   killed   almost   4000   Palestinians   a   large  number  of  them  children;  more  than  20,000  were  wounded.       7. Operation  Autumn  Clouds  in  November  2006     On  November  1,  2006,  in  less  than  48  hours,  the  Israeli  killed  70  civilians;  by  end  of   November,  almost  200  were  killed,  half  of  them  children  and  women.       8. Operations  from  Summer  Rains  to  Autumn  Clouds  become  a  strategy     a. Israel  followed  a  policy  of  militarisation  toward  the  Gaza  Strip  from  2005  with   the  initiation  of  Operation  First  Rains.     b. From   then   until   Operation   Autumn   Clouds   the   killing   escalated   in   every   aspect   with   the   disappearance   of   the   distinction   between   civilian   and   non-­‐ civilian   targets.   This   turned   the   civilian   population   at   large   into   a   legitimate   military  target.   c. Secondly,  every  possible  killing  machine  was  used.     d. Thirdly,  the  number  of  casualties  increased  dramatically.     e. Finally,   the   military   operations   became   a   strategy   to   deal   with   Gaza   and   its   population.       9. Killings  in  2007     a. In  2007,  300  people  were  killed  in  Gaza,  dozens  of  them  children.     b. The   Strip   was   encircled   by   barbed   wire   and   walls.   Flour,   cement,   medicine,   dairy   products   and   rice   were   barred,   and   movement   in   and   out   of   Gaza   restricted.    

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c. The   choice   was   if   the   Palestinians   did   not   repudiate   their   lawfully   elected   government,   they   will   be   strangled   and   starved;   alternatively,   they   could   adopt   the   politics   Israel   wanted   in   which   case   they   would   suffer   the   same   faith  as  that  of  the  West  Bank:  life  without  basic  human  rights.       10. New  Doctrine  implemented  in  October  2008     a. In   2008,   the   IDF   embarked   on   a   new   doctrine   in   relation   to   Gaza:   an   adaptation  of  the  Dahiyya  Doctrine  applied  to  Lebanon.     b. This  meant  the  total  destruction  as  punitive  action  and  infliction  of  damage   “that   would   take   ages   to   recover   from”.   Gaza   was   to   be   hammered   and   wiped  out  with  all  the  might  that  the  IDF  could  muster.  This  was  followed  by   the   IDF   tightening   the   blockade   on   Gaza   in   2008.   This   resulted   in   genocidal   realities:   lack   of   basic   food,   absence   of   elementary   medicine,   denial   of   building  material,  cut  out  of  water  and  electricity  supplies,  and  no  source  of   employment.     c. In  June  2008,  IDF  attacked  Gaza  from  the  air  and  ground  daily  in  violation  of   the  then  cease  fire.     d. These  actions  constituted  genocide  under  international  law.       11. The  Cast  Lead  I  Operation  in  Gaza  in  December  2008     a. The  attack  upon  Gaza  had  been  planned  for  over  6  months;   b. It  commenced  without  warning  on  27  December  2008  and  lasted  for  3  weeks;   c. Some   1,500   Palestinians   were   killed,   including   some   300   children   and   hundreds   of   other   unarmed   civilians;   large   areas   of   Gaza   was   reduced   to   rubble   rendering   thousands   homeless   and   the   economy   even   more   dire   than   ever  before.   d. On   January   4,   2009,   in   the   Zeitoun   district,   the   Samouni   clan   were   ordered   out  of  their  houses  by  Israeli  soldiers  and  finally  forced  to  move  to  a  building,   with   over   100   members   in   one   home.   On   January   5,   Israelis   began   demolishing  the  wall  of  the  house.  The  house  was  later  hit  by  missiles  fired  by   the   Israeli   Air   Force.   49   members   were   killed,   mainly   women,   children   and   the  elderly.   e. In   another   attack   Israeli   soldiers   deliberately   shot   at   another   family   house;   and  shot  the  owner  repeatedly,  about  20-­‐30  times.  He  and  his  four  year-­‐old-­‐ son  were  killed.   f.  In  another  incident,  45  members  of  the  Samouni  family  were  placed  in  one   room;  three  of  the  men  were  ordered  by  soldiers  to  "walk  to  Gaza  City"  and   to   not   "come   back".   One   killed   Samouni   member   was   found   on   the   street   on   January  4.  His  hands  were  cuffed.   6    


g. The  manner  and  form  of  the  acts  and  barbarity,  as  well  as  the  employment  of   such   fierce   military   force   in   a   narrow   civilian   space   (‘nowhere   in   Gaza   was   safe   for   civilians’),   amounted   to   genocide   as   well   as   war   crimes   and   crimes   against  humanity  under  international  law.       12. Physical  debilitation     a. The  Defendant  has  since  May  2008  imposed  a  blockade  in  Gaza.  The  fishing   zone   for   Palestinian   fisherfolk   of   Gaza   has   been   substantially   reduced;   a   buffer   zone   which   incorporates   35%   of   Gaza’s   arable   land   has   been   established.  This  has  caused  a  tight  closure  of  Gaza’s  economy.   b. This  has  seriously  debilitated  its  economy.  70%  of  Gazans  live  in  poverty  with   44%  unemployment  rate.   c. This   policy   to   keep   the   Gazans   impoverished   is   part   of   the   Defendant’s   deliberate  policy  to  prevent  sustained  growth.     13. No  Freedom  of  Movement     a. The   Defendant   has   placed   severe   restrictions   of   movement   for   Palestinians   through  a  variety  of  factors,  including  the  blockade,  checkpoints  and  a  Wall   that   cuts   through   farmers’   lands   in   the   West   Bank.   More   than   80%   of   the   Wall   is   within   the   West   Bank   and   has   been   declared   illegal   by   the   International  Court  of  Justice  (ICJ).   b. The  Wall  has  placed  Palestinian  communities  under  ‘a  virtual  siege’.     c. The  ICJ  impacts  in  a  seriously  negatively  way  the  right  of  Palestinians  in  the   Occupied  Territories  to  live  in  accordance  with  fundamental  rights  accorded   to  human  beings.     d. Palestinians  from  the  Occupied  Territories  are  banned  from  traveling  on  main   roads   and   checked   –   and   often   turned   back   -­‐   at   the   Israeli-­‐manned   barrier   outside  every  town.     e. Since  May  2002  a  Palestinian  cannot  travel  from  one  town  to  another  in  the   Occupied   Territories   without   a   special   pass.   Most   Palestinians   do   not   have   permits  and  thus  do  not  travel.     f. Gaza   is   cut   off   from   the   West   Bank   and   entry   to   Jerusalem   is   prohibited   without  special  permission  to  all  Palestinians  from  the  Occupied  Territories.   As   a   consequence   the   Palestinians   cannot   properly   worship   at   the   Al   Aqsa   Mosque  and  their  Christian  Holy  Sites.       14. Right  to  Water   a. The   Defendant   has   through   various   acts   restricted   and   deprived   the   Palestinians  in  the  Occupied  Territories  access  to  and  control  over  water.   7    


b. The  amount  of  water  supplied  falls  well  below  WHO  standards.     c. Some  90-­‐95  %  of  the  water  supplied  is  contaminated  and  not  fit  for  human   consumption.   d. Between   2000–2006,   the   IDF   wilfully   destroyed   244   wells   in   the   Gaza   Strip   including  2  drinking  water  sources.   e. The  restrictions  on  fuel  and  electricity  have  also  led  to  the  periodic  paralysis   of   water   and   waste-­‐water   services,   affecting   water   wells   and   agricultural   wells.     f. Age-­‐old  water  cisterns  in  rural  communities  have  also  been  destroyed.     g. Right  to  water  is  a  fundamental  human  right  and  essential  to  the  survival  of   Palestinians.       h. All   these   measures   by   the   Defendant   endanger   life   and   health   of   the   Palestinians  in  the  Occupied  Territories  and  are  subordinated  to  the  criminal   intent  to  destroy  and  cripple  permanently  the  Palestinian  populace.     15. Children   a. 1,518   Palestinian  children   were   killed   by   Israel's   occupation   forces   from   the   outbreak   of   the  second   Intifada   in   September   2000   up   to   April   2013,   the   equivalent  of  one  Palestinian  child  killed  every  3  days  for  almost  13  years.   b. The  number  of  children  injured  for  the  same  period  has  now  reached    6,000.   c. Palestinian  children   are   still   subject   to   attacks   by   the   Israelis   and   Jewish   settlers  on  an    almost  daily  basis.   d. 9,000   Palestinians   under   18   years   old   have   been   arrested  since   the   end   of   September  2000.  Almost  250  Palestinian  minors  are  being  held  in     prison  by   Israel;  47  of  them  are  children  under  16  years  of  age.   e. These   statistics   and   the   various   acts   described   hereinbefore   in   relation   to   children  especially  their  wanton  killings  and  causing  them  serious  bodily  and   mental  harm  including  by  the  perpetration  of  heinous  acts  in  their  presence   also  constitute  a  violation  of  the  Convention  on  the  Rights  of  the  Child  1989   (Article  19).     CONCLUSION     a. The   cumulative   intent   and   effect   of   the   serial   pattern   of   acts   of   the   Defendant   as   hereinbefore   outlined   and   particularised   amount   to   the   initiation,   intensification   and   continuation   of   a   settler   colonisation   genocidal  process  begun  in  1948  and  continuing  even  to  date.  These  acts   of  persecution  have  escalated  into  extreme  form  of  wilful  and  deliberate   acts   designed   to   destroy   a   group   or   part   of   a   group   of   the   Palestinian   8    


people.   Such   conduct   amounts   to   genocide   under   the   Genocide   Convention  as  well  as  international  law.   b. In  any  event  the  acts  taken  singly  or  otherwise,  also  amount  to  a  violation   of  customary  international  law  as  embodied  in  the  Hague  Convention  of   1907  Respecting  the  Laws  and  Customs  of  War  on  Land,  and  the  Fourth   Geneva  Convention  of  1949.   c.  These  acts  also  amount  to  war  crimes  and  crimes  against  humanity  under   international   law   and   under   Articles   9   (crimes   against   humanity),   10   (genocide)   and   11(war   crimes)   of   the   Charter   of   the   Kuala   Lumpur   War   Crimes  Commission,    in  Article  9.           Dated  the  4th  day  of  June  2013                         ……………………………   Gurdial  Singh  Nijar   Chief  Prosecutor   Kuala  Lumpur  War  Crimes  Legal  Team   (Established  by  the  Charter  of  the  Kuala  Lumpur  War  Crimes  Commission)      

 

9    


Appendix  1:  Agents  of  the  Defendant     In  respect  of  the  acts  committed  in  Sabra  and  Shatilla:   Menachem  Begin,  then  Prime  Minister   Ariel  Sharon,  then  Defense  Minister     Yitzhak  Shamir,  then  Foreign  Minister     Rafael  Eitan,  Lieutenant  General,  then  Chief  of  Staff     Yehoshua  Saguy,  major  General,  then  Director  of  Military  Intelligence    Amos  Yaron,  Brigadier  General.  then  Division  Commander   Avi  Duda’i,  then  personal  aide  to  the  then  Defense  Minister       Appendix  2:  Agents  of  the  Defendant   Cast  Lead  I  Operation   Ehud  Olmert,  then  Prime  Minister   Ehud  Barak  then  Defence  Minister   Tzipi  Livni,  then  Foreign  Minister   Gavriel  Ashkenzi,  General,  then  Chief  of  Staff   Moshe  Katsav,  then  President     Appendix  3:  Agents  of  the  Defendant   Cast  Lead  2  Operation     Shimon  Peres,  then  President   Benjamin  Netanyahu,  then  Prime  Minister   Ehud  Barak,  then  Defence  Minister   Avigdor  Lieberman,  then  Foreign  Minister     10    


Case No 4 Israel Genocide