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FUNG SCHOLARS network newsletter August 2016


A MESSAGE  FROM  THE     EDITOR-­‐‑IN-­‐‑CHARGE   1st  August  2016    

“It   gives   me   great   pleasure   to   welcome   you   to   the   August   2016   issue   of   the   Fung   Scholar   Network   Newsletter!   I   hope   that   everyone   is   enjoying   the     summer   and   that   the   articles   included   in   this   newsletter   will   be   perfect   for    

beach time   reading.   The   newsletter   opens   with   the   Global   Affairs   Section,   which  could  be  divided  into  two  parts:  firstly,  slightly  more  science-­‐‑oriented   articles  covering  the   topics  of   climate   change,  cancer  research  and  genetically   modified   organisms   and   secondly   articles   which   introduce   relevant   global   issues   such   as   freedom   of   press   and   street-­‐‑based   sex   workers   with   a   more   local   focus.   Following   this,   we   discuss   careers   in   the   update   on   the   ‘Career   Experience   Sharing   Session’   and   in   the   interview   about   the   role   of   ethics   in   career  choices.   This   is   followed   by  the  updates   of  local   volunteering  activities   carried  out  by  the  Fung  Scholars  in  Hong  Kong  and  Singapore  chapters.  The   ‘Remarkable   Moments’   section   covers   the   culture   exchange   experiences   of   the  students  during  their  internships  and  studies   abroad.  If  you   want   to  get  to   know   more   about   the   writers,   editors   and   designers,   who   helped   to   put   together   this   newsletter,   have   a   look   at   their   short   biographies   in   the   ‘Editorial   Board’   section.   Lastly,   ‘Upcoming   Activities’   introduces   all   the   exciting   events   that   the   Victor   and   William   Fung   Foundation   has   scheduled   for   the   coming   months.   I   hope   that   every   reader   will   find   something   of   interest  in  this  issue  and  that  the  experiences  described   will  encourage  you  to   participate  in  the  vibrant  community  of  Fung  Scholars  worldwide!”    

Magdalena Kohut  (FS  2015-­‐‑2016,  University  of  Oxford)   Editor-­‐‑in-­‐‑Charge  

 

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INSIDE THIS  ISSUE   August  2016  newsletter       GLOBAL  AFFAIRS  SECTION  -­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑  3   FOUNDATION  UPDATES  -­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑  22   FUNG  SCHOLARS  COMMUNITY  -­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑  33   REMARKABLE  MOMENTS  -­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑  44   EDITORIAL  BOARD  -­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑  58   UPCOMING  EVENTS  -­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑-­‐‑  67  

The Editorial  Board  would  like  to  thank  all  the  writers  who  have  contributed  to  the  diverse  topics  and  opinions  included  in   this  newsletter.     We  would  also  like  to  add  that  the  Editorial  Board  and  the  Victor  and  William  Fung  Foundation  take  no   responsibility  for  the  views  expressed  in  this  publication.  

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FEATURES G  l  o  b  a  l      A  f  f  a  i  r  s      S  e  c  t  i  o  n        

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GLOBAL AFFAIRS   Features    

CAREERS IN  CLIMATE  CHANGE   Kaylee  BRENT  (FS  2014-­‐‑2015,  Massachusetts  Institute  of  Technology)     One   of   the   speakers   at   the   Fung   Scholars   Leadership   Conference   in   2014   made   a   point   that   stuck   with   me   ever   since.     He   said,   find   an   industry   you   think  is  going  places,  and  get  yourself  in  on  it.  That’s  how  to  make  a  career.    

A lot  of  people  –  especially  younger  people  –  will  say  it  is  hard  to  think  like   that   in   today’s   political   and   economic   climate.     There   is   a   lot   of   uncertainty,   a   lot   of   unemployment.     Old   industries   are   shrinking   or   collapsing.     Young   people,   especially,   have   the   highest   rate   of   unemployment   or   underemployment  across  most  of  the  world.    To  add  to  all  of  the  above,  there   is   the   specter   of   climate   change.   Today’s   college   students   and   recent   graduates   are   the   ones   who   are   going   to   be   alive   and   working   through   the   transition  the  world  has  to  make,  in  order  to  achieve  the  Paris  agreement  to   limit   global   warming   to   2   degrees   centigrade.     They   will   also   have   to   live   through  the  effects  of  the  warming  that  is  still  taking  place  despite  the  treaty.    

Perhaps things   are   not   as   bad   as   they   seem,   at   least   in   terms   of   individual   career  options.    New  industries  are  being  created,  and  industries  that  already   existed  are  extending  their  reach.    Not  only  is  this  happening  in  order  to  meet   the   pledges   that   nations   made   in   Paris   to   reduce   carbon   emissions   (those   who   study   climate   change   call   this   mitigation),   but   it   is   also   happening   in   response  to  climate  change  itself  –  what  is  known  as  adaptation.  

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Both adaptation   and   mitigation   will   require   actions   from   businesses   and   government.     People   from   all   fields   will   be   needed   to   help   tackle   these   challenges.    

Carbon-­‐‑free energy  capacity  will  need  to  increase  drastically,   which  includes   development  of  batteries  to  store  intermittent  energy  sources  like  wind  and   solar.   The   way   we   currently   distribute   electricity   is   currently   not   set   up   to   handle  renewable  energy  very  well,  due  to  its  high  fluctuations  in  availability,   leading   to   a   large   waste   in   these   resources   known   as   curtailment   as   high   outputs  are  simply  turned  off.    Changes  in  our  methods  of  energy  distribution   and  storage  as  well  as  dramatic  growth  of  renewable  energy  sources  will  be   necessary  to  replace  fossil  fuels.    

We will   need   insurance   policies   developed   especially   for   climate-­‐‑change   related   risks,   such   as   sea   level   rise,   forest   fires,   and   stronger   storms.     This   may   seem   trivial,   but   insurance   providers   are   currently   writing   off   entire   communities  because  they  do  not  have  the  ability  to  deal  with  them.    In  some   cases,  this  is  because  they  do  not  have  the  correct  types  of  policies.    In  others,   it   is   because   they   lack   the   research   to   know   how   to   deal   with   these   changing   risks.    

Adaptations will  be  necessary  in  agriculture  as  well.    Locations  and  patterns   of  rainfall  are  going  to  move,  and  the  volumes  of  many  rivers  fed  by  rain  or   snow  may  change.    It  may  become  too  hot  or  too  cold  for  some  plants  where   they   are   currently   grown,   and   an   increase   in   carbon   dioxide   in   the   atmosphere   changes   the   growth   rates   and   outcomes   of   various   crops.     The   potential   to   use   biofuels   will   require   careful   planning   so   as   not   to   interfere   with  the  global  food  supply.  

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Infrastructure around   the   world,   such   as   roads   and   buildings,   will   need   to   adapt   to   the   coming   shifts   in   climate.     Cities   that   were   built   to   handle   cold   winters  may  suddenly  have  to  adapt  to  boiling  summers.    Drainage  systems   sufficient   for   intermittent   rainfall   may   not   be   capable   of   handling   storm   surges   or   flash   floods.     All   of   these   problems   will   be   local   in   scale,   and   will   change   over   the   course   of   the   next   century,   in   ways   that   must   be   first   predicted   and   then   dealt   with.   Seawalls   must   be   constructed,   strengthened,   and   made   taller.     Many   low-­‐‑lying   areas   above   sea   level   today   –   such   as   the   edges  of  most  of  the  world’s  coastal  cities  –  may  find  themselves  below  high   tide,  or  below  the  level  of  a  storm  surge.     Computer  models  will  need  to  be  refined  in  order  to  accurately  predict  global   and  local  changes,  which  will  have  an  impact  on  all  of  the  above.    Currently,   models   have   large   uncertainties,   especially   regarding   extreme   effects   and   regional   changes.     Reducing   these   uncertainties   requires   more   scientific   research,  as  well  as  better  and  more  powerful  computation.     All   of   this   will   be   the   work   of   those   who   are   starting   their   careers   today,   along  with  many  more  projects  and  potential  issues  barely  touched  upon  in   this   article   –   and   perhaps   not   even   thought   of   yet.     For   those   looking   for   a   career,   especially   a   meaningful   one,   this   is   an   area   to   make   it   that   rarely   gets   talked  about.  People  tend  to  prefer  to  dwell  on  the  terrifying  consequences  of   climate  change  –  and  it  is  not  the  intention  of  this  article  to  minimize  them.     However,   for   young   people   especially,   climate   change   is   going   to   be   reality   soon   enough,   if   it   is   not   already.     It   is   time   to   start   talking   about   what   that   reality  is  going  to  look  like,  and  how  to  shape  it,  on  an  individual  scale  as  well   as  a  global  one.    

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GLOBAL AFFAIRS   Features    

MODEL ORGANISM  &  CANCER   RESEARCH  –  BAKER’S  YEAST  AND   ROUNDWORMS?   Frank  YE  (FS  2011-­‐‑2012,  Xiamen  University)  

Cancer still   remains   the   major   cause   of   deaths   globally,   and   it   is   estimated   that  more  than  600,000  people  will  die  from  the  disease  in  2016.  Meanwhile,   extensive  spending,  personnel  and  resources  are  invested  in  cancer  research,   from  understanding  the  etiology  to  enhancing  patient  care.     Challenges  in  cancer  research:  Two  Big  Questions.   1.  What  causes  cancer?   Cancer   is   a   genetic   disease.   Changes   to   a   cell’s   DNA   (also   known   as   mutations)   drive   the   transformation   of   a   normal   cell   to   a   malignant   cancer   cell.       The   causes   of   cancer   are   quite   diverse:   they   can   be   either   endogenous   or   exogenous;   in   other   words,   both   hereditary   defects   inherited   by   the   patients,   and  exogenous  exposure  to  carcinogens  can  lead  to  the  mutations  that  drive   tumor   initiation.  In   order   to   understand   which   mutations   actually   lead   to   cancer,  model  organisms  offer  a  great  genetic  tool.  As  August  Krogh  put  it  in   1929.  

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“… for   such   a   large   number   of   problems   there   will   be   some   animal   of   choice   or   a   few   such   animals   (organisms),   on   which   it   can   be   most   conveniently  studied.”   Baker’s  yeasts,  in  particular,  have  been  extensively  studied  and  used  as  one   of  the  most   popular   model   organisms  (Figure  1).   This   single-­‐‑celled  organism   has  a  short  cell  cycle  and  lifetime  and  a  simple  genetic  makeup  (also  known   as   genome);   they   grow   fast   and   are   amenable   to   high-­‐‑throughput   genetic   analysis.   In   this   regard,   yeast   provides   a   high-­‐‑throughput   genetic   platform   to   interrogate  which  genes,  when  mutated,  can  cause  characteristics  associated   with  cancers  such  as  uncontrolled  growth  or  high  mutation  rates.  C.  elegans,   a   soil-­‐‑living   roundworm   with   a   length   of   approximately   1mm,   provides   a   more   complex   model   and   yields   additional   insights   of   how   disruption   of   certain   genes   can   give   rise   to   cancer   characteristics   in   a   multicellular   organism  background  (Figure  2).      

Figure 2:  Soil-­‐‑living  roundworm,  C  elegans  

Figure 1:  Baker’s  Yeast,  S.  cerevisiae  

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2. How  to  cure  cancer?   Many   efforts   have   been   devoted   to   advancing   cancer   treatment,   from   improving   conventional   therapy   such   as   ionizing   radiation   and   chemotherapy  to  more  recent  immunotherapy.       “It   is   many   different   diseases   with   common   themes   that   can   cause   different  kinds  of  disorders  in  many  of  our  organs.”  -­‐‑-­‐‑Harold  Varmus     Since  cancer  is  a  complex  disease,  there  will  be  no  singular  cure  for  cancer,   but  rather  hundreds  of  individual  cures.  All  the  distinctive  features  of  cancer   can   potentially   be   targeted   to   achieve   a   therapeutic   effect.   Conventionally,   anticancer   therapies   target   dividing   cells,   and   thus,   both   normal   cells   and   cancer   cells   that   are   proliferating   are   killed,   which   result   in   side-­‐‑effects   including   hair   loss   and   nausea.  More   recently,   attention   has   been   given   to   personalized   medicine,   and   developing   chemotherapeutic   agents   that   are   able   to   specifically   kill   cancer   cells   and   spare   normal   cells   by   targeting   mutations  in  cancer  cells,  which  may  be  the  Achilles’  heels  of  cancer.     Cancer   gene   mutations   often   affect   key   biological   processes,   such   as   DNA   replication  and  cell  division  (Figure  3).  These  processes  are  strikingly  similar   in   yeasts,   roundworms   and   humans,   such   that   both   yeasts   and   worms   have   most   of   the   functional   equivalent   of   human   genes   that   regulate   the   same   processes.     As   a   result,   the   Awesome   Power   of   Yeast   and   Worm   Genetics  can   be   exploited   to   investigate   these   potential   Achilles’   heels   of   cancer  and  to  find  chemical  agents  that  are  able  to  target  these  weaknesses.   Similar  to  the  first  challenge  in  cancer  research,  the  large-­‐‑scale  capabilities  of   yeast  and  worms  facilitate  high-­‐‑throughput  screening  for  potential    

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anticancer drug   candidates   with   a   large   number   of   cancer   associated   mutations.  Many   therapies   targeting   specific   cancer   mutations,   or   cancer’s   weaknesses  have  witnessed  breakthroughs  and  reduced  side-­‐‑effects.     Summary   Above   all,   science   is   a   gradual   and   slow   process   towards   greater   certainty,   and   sometimes   simple   animal   models   can   make   big   contributions   to   the   understanding  

and

treatment

of

human

diseases.

Yeasts

and roundworms,  albeit   with   little   physical   resemblance   to   us,   share   with   humans   the   basic   biological   processes   needed   for   life.   While   high   profile   clinical  studies  often  get  the  lion’s  share  of  media  focus,  attention  should  also   be  given  to  the  contributions  to  cancer  researcher  of  these  inconspicuous  but   ubiquitous  simple  organisms.        

Figure 3:  DNA  Helix  

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Some relevant  facts  about  using  yeasts  and  roundworms  in  cancer  associated   studies:    

  Leland   Hartwell,   (2001  Nobel   Prize   laureate   in   Physiology   and   Medicine)  used  baker's  yeast   and  identified   genes   regulating  control   of   the   cell   cycle.   In   addition   to   that,   he   also  studied  the   sensitivity   of   yeast  to  irradiation   and  introduced  the  concept  of  checkpoint,  which   suggests  that  the  cell  cycle  is  blocked  when  DNA  damage  is  present.   In  cancer  cells,  the  cell  cycle  checkpoint  is  often  defective.      

Robert   Horvitz,  (2002   Nobel   Prize   laureate   in   Physiology   and   Medicine)   worked   on   genetics   and   cell   lineage   of   roundworms   (C.   elegans),   and   identified  “death   genes”  that   control   programmed   cell  death,   also   known   as   apoptosis.   Cancer   cells   have   been   characterized   by   a   reduction   in   cell   death,   resulting   in   abnormal   survival  of  cells  that  are  destined  to  die.    

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GLOBAL AFFAIRS   Features    

WHAT’S GMO?   Yue  LU  (FS  2007-­‐‑2008,  Sun  Yat-­‐‑Sen  University)       Now  the  three  letter  “GMO”  has  swept  the  media,  the  supermarket  and  even   casual  conversation.  It  brings  out  curiosity,  excitement,  and  probably  panic  in   people.  Lists  like  “foods  containing  GMOs”  are  somewhat  popular.  So  what  is   a  GMO?  These  three  magic  letters  stand  for  “Genetically  modified  organism”.   It   means   the   DNA   of   the   organisms   that   the   foods   are   produced   from   have   been  engineered.  In  other  words,  those  genes  are  not  completely  the  result  of   natural   processes.     Instead,   they   are   modified   by   human   beings   based   on   different  needs.       With  this  technique,  everybody  can  be  a  magician.  Here  are  a  few  examples.   Genetically   modified   papaya   can   be   resistant   to   the   ring   spot   virus   with   no   assistance   from   pesticides.   More   than   half   of   China's   cotton   can   produce   a   substance   that   protects   it   against   insect   pests   (Figure   4).   Furthermore,   genetically   modified   salmon   can   grow   year-­‐‑round   instead   of   only   during   spring  and  summer.        

Figure  4:  Cotton  in   China’s  Xinjiang   region  

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The first  genetically  modified  plant  was  produced  in  1983,  when  an  antibiotic   resistant   gene   was   inserted   into   tobacco.   A   report   in   2011   found   that   more   than   170   million   hectares   of   genetically   modified   (GM)   crops   are   being   cultivated  worldwide1.   Although   GM   animals   are   not   yet   on   the   market,   their   introduction  can  be  foreseen  in  the  near  future.  People  have  begun  to  ask,  are   those  genetically  modified  products  really  safe?       The   controversies  and   public   concern   focus  on  issues  related  to  human  and     environmental   safety,   labelling   and    consumer   choice,   intellectual    property   rights,   ethics,   food   security,   poverty  reduction  and  environmental    conservation   (Figure   5).   The   number   one  concern  is  safety.   Figure  5:  Skeptics  about  genetically  modified  organisms     “Essentially,   farmers   have   been   modifying   crops   for   thousands   and   thousands   of   years   —   we’ve   been   cross-­‐‑breeding   our   best   possible,   most   productive  hybrids  to  create  the  best  crops.  Theoretically  GMOs  are  just  the   next   level   of   agricultural   advancement.   What’s   different   is   a   new   gene   is   being  inserted  into  a  crop  which  otherwise  wouldn’t  be  there,”  Isobel  Yeung   said  on  Vice  Debrief:  Savior  Seeds.  Lots  of  scientists  side  with  Yeung,  thinking   that   this   is   an   amazing   new   technique   and   people   should   embrace   it   and   enjoy  the  merits.  As  this  is  a  new  technique,  the  risk  of  it  hasn’t  really  been   verified.   What’s   the   risk   of   “tampering   with   Mother   Nature”?   What   are   its   long   term   effects?   It   may   take   several   generations   before   we   know   the   answer.                                                                                                         1  Report  aforementioned:  C.  James,  Global  status  of  commercialized  biotech/GM  crops:  2011,   Volume  43  of  ISAAA  Brief,  Ithaca,  NY  (2011)  

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GLOBAL AFFAIRS   Features    

AN INVISIBLE  HAND  CONTROLLING   WHAT  YOU  KNOW   Cassie  WONG  (FS  2011-­‐‑2012,  Hong  Kong  Baptist  University)     Five   staff   members   of   Causeway   Bay   Books,   an   independent   bookstore   in   Hong   Kong,   were   reported   missing   between   October   and   December   2015.   The  bookstore  is  famous  in  both  Hong  Kong  and  mainland  China  for  selling   political  books  which  are  sensitive  and  banned  by  the  Chinese  government.     The   citizens   of   Hong   Kong,   a   city   that   enjoys   a   one   country,   two   system   policy,  should  be  able  to  enjoy  freedom  of  speech  and  freedom  of  the  press.   Those   rights   are   protected   by   the   Basic   Law   according   to   the   Sino-­‐‑British   Joint   Declaration.   The   Chinese   government   had   no   rights   to   detain   them   without   the   Hong   Kong   government’s   approval.   The   incident   became   even   more  mystifying  when  one  of  the  missing  men  was  last  seen  in  Thailand  and   another’s  travel  documents  were  left  at  home.     Their   disappearance   therefore   raised   concerns   about   the   Chinese   government's   disregard   of   the   Basic   Law   and   whether   the   latter   can   still   protect  the  freedom  of  speech  and  freedom  of  the  press  in  Hong  Kong.    

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Ways press  freedom  can  be  hindered   Like   many   developed   cities,   Hong   Kong   appears   to   have   a   relaxed   environment  for  the  media  and  the  city’s  press  freedom  is  well  protected  by   the   law.   However,   just   like   the   Causeway   Bay   Books   disappearances,   governments   –   not   just   in   Hong   Kong   but   all   over   the   world   –   have   been   controlling   public   information   mostly   by   manipulating   the   media   in  various   ways.     The   most   common   hindrance   of   press   freedom   is   media   regulation.   While   no   government   will   state   in   the   law   that   press   freedom   is   prohibited,   they   usually  achieve  the  desired  censorship  effect  through  licensing.  In  late  2013,   prime-­‐‑time   morning   talk   show   host   Lee   Wai-­‐‑ling,   an   influential   critic   of   the   Hong   Kong   government,   was   dismissed   with   no   particular   reason   stated.   A   former   media   executive,   however,   stated   that   it   was   “an   open   secret”   that   media   operators   are   under   considerable   political   pressure   during   the   time   of   license   renewal   and   vocal   program   hosts   disliked   by   the   government   are   made  to  leave.     Besides   the   threat   of   license   revocation,   bureaucratic   foot-­‐‑dragging   is   also   another   common   method.   In   Ethiopia,   for   example,   the   1999   Broadcasting   Proclamation   allowed   the   licensing   of   private   radio   broadcasters,   but   the   licensing   authority   was   not   open   until   2002   and   two   private   broadcasters   were  not  awarded  licenses  until  2006.     At  the  same  time,  media  outlets  are  prone  to  carrying  out  self-­‐‑censorship  to   avoid  affecting  their  relationships  with  their  governments.  In  Hong  Kong,  the    

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incentives are  even  greater  when  many  of  the  media  owners  have  businesses   in  mainland  China  or  are  representatives  of  the  National  People’s  Congress.     Take   South   China   Morning   Post,   Hong   Kong’s   largest   English   publication   as   an   example:   many   journalists   and   columnists   claimed   to   be   under   much   pressure   when   reporting   about   the   Chinese   government   since   real   estate   tycoon  Robert  Kuok  acquired  it  in  1993.  Kuok  and  his  family  are  known  to  be   inclined   toward   the   central   government   of   China   and   departed   journalists   complained  about  the  repeated  pressure  to  tone  down  coverage  of  politically   sensitive  issues2.       In  April  2016,  the  newspaper  was  acquired  by  Alibaba  Group,  an  e-­‐‑commerce   giant   in   China.   While   the   group   has   promised   to   respect   editorial   independence,  it  also  admitted  that  one  of  the  motives  behind  the  acquisition   was   to   make   media   coverage   of   China   “objective,   fair   and   accurate”   and   different  from  Western  news  outlets.     Technology’s  role  in  promoting  press  freedom   As   demonstrated   above,   many   traditional   media   are   easy   targets   of   censorship.   Luckily,   the   development   of   technology   and   new   media   has   provided  a  new  path  for  both  the  media  and  audience.                                                                                                           2  Liu,  J.  (n.d.).  Questions  over  Alibaba's  Hong  Kong  newspaper  purchase.  Retrieved  August  10,  2016,   from  http://www.bbc.com/news/blogs-­‐‑china-­‐‑blog-­‐‑35068144    

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In the   past,   media   owners   required   both   licenses   and   a   significant   amount   of   resources   to   publish   or   broadcast   content.   With   online   media,   licensing   is   usually  not  necessary  and  the  cost  has  gone  down  considerably.  As  a  result,   both  the  political  and  economic  pressures  have  been  lessened.     Also,   the   collection   and   distribution   of   information   is   made   easy   with   voice   over   internet   protocol   and   social   media.   With   the   former,   low-­‐‑cost   strong   cryptography   can   be   employed   to   avoid   government   surveillance.   Meanwhile,   social   media   has   famously   facilitated   the   Arab   Spring   uprisings   when   some   authoritarian   regimes   tried   to   block   communication   and   the   spread   of   information   amongst   protesters   by   controlling   national   broadcast   media.     While   governments   have   responded   with   increasingly   sophisticated   technology,  it  is  still  harder  and  harder  for  them  to  completely  monitor  and   manipulate   media.   For   example,   China’s   Great   Firewall   attempts   to   control   access  to  the  Internet  and  citizens  are  blocked  from  websites  like  Google  and   Facebook.   However,   many   Chinese   are   actually   able   to   overcome   the   blockage  with  the  use  of  virtual  private  networks.     How  individuals  can  stay  informed  when  press  freedom  is  declining   With   the   threat   from   governments   and   businesses,   individuals   have   to   stay   critical   when   absorbing   information.   It   is   recommended   that   one   has   a   greater   variety   of   news   sources,   both   online   and   offline,   to   offset   the   effect   of   censorship   in   any   media.   Also,   citizens   should   try   to   acquire   information   from   sources   known   to   have   differing   stance   in   order   to   get   an   unbiased   opinion.  

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While you   may   disagree   with   Alibaba’s   motive   behind   acquiring   a   news   media,  it  was  right  about  having  a  global  optic.  Local  and  international  media   have   their   own   emphasis   and   may   not   have   enough   coverage   on   certain   issues.   It   is   therefore   important   to   read   news   from   both   parties   to   gain   a   fuller  vision.     After   obtaining   knowledge   about   a   broad   range   of   issues,   it   is   also   important   to   go   in-­‐‑depth   with   your   research.   This   is   crucial   when   reading   about   suspicious   claims   or   statements.   Although   discussing   political   issues   with   your   friends   and   families   is   not   recommended,   it   is   actually   important   to   exchange  ideas  with  others  to  learn  about  different  viewpoints  and  keep  an   open  mind.     How  individuals  can  protect  press  freedom   Besides   donating   to   NGOs   supporting   press   freedom,   there   are   many   ways   individuals  can  help  protect  journalistic  independence.  For  example,  one  can   start   with   educating   people   around   you   on   its   importance.   Many   people   in   developed  countries  have  taken  the  right  for  granted   and  may  not  realize  the   need   to   protect   it.   This   is   especially   the   case   when   governments   are   trying   to   tighten   the   laws   on   censorship.   Therefore,   we   should   stay   alert   when   it   happens  and  help  spread  the  word  to  object  to  such  attempts.     Lastly,   one   should   try   to   spread   under-­‐‑reported   news.   With   the   boom   of   social  media,  it  is  now  much  easier  to  raise  awareness  on  issues  that  are  not   getting  the  attention  they  deserve.  As  a  result,  sharing  such  news  reports  will   help   achieve   the   social   impact   required   and   at   the   same   time   promote   independent  media  outlets.  

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GLOBAL AFFAIRS   Features    

WHEN I  SAW  A  DIFFERENT  LIFE  OUT   THERE   Tahira  TAZREEN  (FS  2014-­‐‑2015,  Asian  University  for  Women,  Bangladesh)     “I  was  afraid,  because  that  was  the  first  time  I  came  to  a  city  from  an  isolated,   rural,   and   underdeveloped   place,   but,   at   the   same   time,   I   was   very   hopeful   about   the   completely   new   life   I   was   going   to   start.   Unfortunately,   I   did   not   know   there   was   only   a   calamitous   darkness   waiting   for   me,”   the   woman   said   with   a   heavy   heart.   Obviously,   it   was   not   easy   for   her   to   share   her   experiences  about  how  she  became  a  street-­‐‑based  sex  worker  from  a  simple   and  innocent  village  girl.       This  summer,  while  searching  for  internship  opportunities,  I  heard  about  an   internship  opportunity,  where  the  intern  was  asked  to  make  a  documentary   film   about   the   street-­‐‑based   sex   workers   of   Chittagong,   the   port   city   of   Bangladesh.   I   was   fortunate   to   be   selected   for   the   position   in   CARITAS,   Chittagong.    It  meant  a  lot  to  me  to  work  on  that  issue,  and  I  could  not  help   myself  from  becoming  really  involved  with  this  remarkable  project.       The   first   day   of   work   was   indeed   a   very   memorable   experience.   I   was   so   excited   to   work   on   this   issue,   and   at   the   same   time   I   was   quite   nervous   as   well.  I  had  never  met  any  sex  worker  before,  and  could  hardly  concentrate  on   planning  a  schedule,  and  many  people  had  tried  to  discourage  me  from  doing   this  internship.  

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Despite this,  I  was  determined  and  reached  my  destination  for  my  first  day  in   the   role.   The   very   first   thing   I   noticed   about   the   sex   workers   was   that   they   look  exactly  the  same  as  we  do!  I  was  nervous,  and  even  lost.  I  did  not  know   where  to  start,  but  to  break  the  ice,  I  started  talking  to  them.       Since   that   first   day,   I   have   met   them   so   many   times,   and   we   got   more   and   more   familiar   with   each   other.   Throughout   this   time,   I   listened   to   their   stories,  and  was  able  to  get  to  know  their  lives,  their  sorrows,  and  happiness,   almost  everything.  There  were  almost  twenty  to  twenty  five  girls,  and  most   of   them   were   quite   young.   Their   life   stories   reminded   me   of   what   we   were   doing  being  almost  the  same-­‐‑age  -­‐‑  studying  at  universities,  doing  internships,   and  so  on.  The  most  shocking  thing  to  me  was  that  none  of  them  came  to  this   occupation  out  of  their  own  will.  They  were  fooled  to  take  up  this  profession,   and  they  were  threatened  every  time  they  tried  to  quit  the  job.       There   was   a   young   girl,   who   came   to   Chittagong   City   in   search   of   a   job   to   make  money  so  that  she  could  support  her  family  back  in  the  village.  One  of   her  acquaintances  in  the  village  gave  her  an  address  of  someone  in  the  city,   and  she  came  to  the  place  as  instructed.  The  person  told  her  that  he  knew  of   an   interesting   job   with   a   high   salary.   She   believed   what   the   person   said   even   though  she  knew  nothing  about  him.  The  next  day,  she  was  brought  to  some   brokers   who   first   told   her   about   the   “interesting”   work   -­‐‑   prostitution.   She   was  so  afraid,  and  told  them  that  she  did  not  want  any  job;  she  just  wanted  to   go   home,   that   was   all.   Then   the   brokers   threatened   her,   and   as   she   did   not   agree,  they  left  her  in  the  street.  She  had  no  place  to  go,  no  food  to  eat,  and   nowhere   to   sleep   at   night.   Roaming   around   the   city,   she   ended   up   in   the   railway   station   of   the   city,   where   she   stayed.   The   next   day   she   begged   for   money,  and  after  getting  some,  she  went  back  to  home.    

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Right after   her   arrival   at   home,   her   family   asked   where   she   stayed   last   night,   because  the  person  she  went  to  at  first  had  informed  them  that  she  was  lost.   She   explained   everything   to   her   family,   but   the   only   response   that   her   family   gave   her   was   that   there   was   no   place   for   her   in   the   house,   as   she   had   dishonored  the  family  by  staying  alone  in  an  open  place  at  night.  With  these   words,  all  of  her  dreams  were  shattered.  The  next  part  of  the  story  was  short.   She   came   back   to   town   straight   away,   contacted   the   brokers,   and   chose   to   become  a  prostitute.  Never  in  her  rest  of  her  life  has  she  contacted  her  family   again,  nor  did  they  get  in  touch  with  her.       The  more  I  went  there  and  talked  with  them,  the  more  I  got  to  know  them,   and  each  of  the  conversations  with  them  was  shocking  and  surprising.  I  knew   a   girl   who   had   never   even   thought   of   being   anything   but   a   prostitute,   since   her  mother  was  also  one.  There  was  another  girl,  who  had  no  choice  but  to   become   a   sex-­‐‑worker,   when   her   husband   left   her   with   a   child   and   she   sold   her   child   in   order   to   survive.   Every   time,   I   could   not   hold   my   tears   hearing   the  stories,  although  I  was  no  more  than  an  intern  on  a  project.       I   have   learned   a   lot   from   their   struggles,   sorrows,   ups   and   downs,   and   everything   they   always   go   through.   However,   if   I   were   ever   asked   what   struck   me   the   most,   I   would   not   hesitate   to   say   that   I   was   truly   impressed   by   their   strength   and   optimism   after   what   they   have   been   through.   Amidst   all   the  adversities,  they  had  never  let  that  ray  of  hope  leave  their  lives.  Most  of   them  said  that  they  wanted  their  children  to  be  well  educated,  and  that  they   would   never   allow   them   to   enter   this   profession.   They   positively   believed   that  their  children  would  not  have  to  be  in  the  same  devastating  situation  as   them.      

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FOUNDATION UPDATES     C  A  R  E  E  R      D  I  S  C  U  S  S  I  O  N  S    

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AN INTERVIEW  WITH  FUNG   SCHOLARS    

ETHICS ON  THE  JOB   Kaylee  BRENT  (FS  2014-­‐‑2015,  Massachusetts  Institute  of  Technology)     Many   Fung   scholarship   recipients   are   just   starting   out   their   careers,   or   still   finishing   their   studies.     One   of   the   questions   that   has   preoccupied   me   the   most   as   I   think   about   my   future   is   that   of   ethics   –   how   do   I   make   sure   that   in   my   career,   I   am   doing   the   right   thing?     I   cannot   be   the   only   one   with   these   questions,   and   so   I   decided   to   ask   several   other   Fung   scholars   for   their   advice.     They   studied   in   fields   as   diverse   as   public   policy   and   chemistry,   and   have   started   careers   in   marketing,   civil   service,   pharmacology,   and   materials   engineering.     For   some   of   them,   ethical   reasoning   was   high   on   their   list   of   priorities  in  choosing  a  career,  and  others  had  never  really  considered  it  until   asked.       All   the   Fung   Scholars   interviewed   for   this   article   offered   a   fascinating   and   diverse   range   of   ideas   about   these   issues;   here   are   their   opinions   in   their   own  words:        

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ME: What  made  you  interested  in  your  career  field?   GEORGIA   CLARKE   who   works   in   marketing   (FS   2015-­‐‑2016,   University   of   Oxford):   [I]   chose   to   study   Chemistry   at   University   as   I   thought   it   would   give   me  a  wider  choice  of  career  options  afterwards.  I  moved  into  Marketing  as  I   wanted  to  move  away  from  lab  work  and  research,  but  marketing  still  has  a   large  amount  of  analysis  involved.   TAO  HONG  who  is  a  materials  engineer  (FS  2012-­‐‑2013,  Nanjing  University):   New   materials   and   new   energies   are   always   the   hope   for   our   future   world.   We   need   to   develop   new   materials   and   new   energy   sources   that   can   make   our   future   development   more   environmentally   friendly   and   sustainable.   I   hope  I  can  contribute  more  to  this  field  to  make  our  world  better.     LI  ZIWEI  who  is  currently  a  student  in  public  administration  (FS  2015-­‐‑2016,   Xiamen  University):  Responsibility  for  the  society  and  the  intent  of  avoiding   fierce   competition   in   private   companies   made   me   choose   to   work   in   the   government.       MAGDALENA  KOHUT  who  just  completed  a  Master’s  in  Chemistry  (FS  2015-­‐‑ 2016,  University  of  Oxford):  If  I  had  to  cut  the  influences  on  this  choice  down   to   three,   I   would   say:   very   inspiring   teachers,   books   and   the   surrounding   reality.   I   remember   a   huge   admiration   I   had   for   my   teachers,   especially   in   Chemistry  and  Mathematics,  since  they  were  the  ones,  who  through  tutoring   me   allowed   me   to   get   to   know   myself   better.   They   made   me   feel   that   the   knowledge  I  am  gaining  is  useful  for  the  society,  that  I  can  leave  some  impact   on  the  society.  [My  high  school  in  the  UK]  Ardingly  [College]  made  me  realize   what  my  passion  was  and  allowed  me  to  follow  it  to  the  full  extent.  Last  but    

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not least  it  was  my  curiosity  for  the  reality  around  me  and  within  me  that   made  me  want  to  learn  exactly  what  the  world  is  made  of.     ME:  Have  you  ever  worked  or  studied  in  an  area  you  decided  not  to  continue   with?   ZIWEI:  Statistics  is  my  double  degree,  so  I  worked  in  that  field  too.    I  think  it   interesting,   and   do   get   some   very   high   grades.   But   the   courses   become   much   harder   in   the   third   year,   and   it   is   difficult   and   stressing   for   me,   because   I   don't   have   enough   knowledge   of   mathematics   and   programming.   So   I   think   I'd  better  apply  for  jobs  related  to  my  major.     MAGDA:   Archaeology   fascinated   me   as   it   deals   with   the   reconstruction   of   human   behaviour   from   materials   used   and   therefore   allows   for   a   better   understanding   of   human   past.   I   think   it   is   very   important   to   use   science   to   better   understand   the   history   of   human   behaviour   and   to   bridge   the   technological  and  cultural  gap  that  exists  at  the  moment.  However,  I  started   to   feel   that   my   work   was   too   focused   on   the   past   and   that   it   didn’t   have   enough  impact  on  the  society  nowadays,  and  therefore  I  carried  on  walking   on   my   rather   curved   career   path,   investigating   applications   of   chemistry   in   other  fields.      

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ME: What  ethical  principles  matter  to  you  the  most,  and  how  did  they  influence   your  career  choice?   GEORGIA:   Environment,   Animal   Welfare,   [and]   Health.     I   was   excited   to   work   at   my   company   because   of   the   fact   that   they're   working   towards   a   future   where   chemicals   will   not   need   to   be   tested   on   animals,   and   instead   can   be   correctly  assigned  as  toxic  or  not  using  a  computer  program.       TAO:   I   think   the   most   important   principle   is   respect.   We   need   to   show   respect  to  people  with  different  backgrounds.  Different  people  have  different   cultural   backgrounds   and   different   life   and   work   styles.   We   need   to   show   respect  to  their  habits  as  long  as  their  habits  don’t  influence  our  own  work  or   life.    In  addition,  we  need  to  respect  others’  privacy.     ZIWEI:  Integrity  and  responsibility.  These  are  basic  requirements  if  you  work   in  the  public  sector   [but]   whether   a   career   is   ethical   or   not   has   not   ever   been   a  problem  for  me.       MAGDA:  When  making  career  choices  I  considered  three  important  aspects.   Firstly,   how   interesting   the   work   is   for   me.   I   think   it   is   important   to   consider   this  before  looking  at  the  ethical  implications  of  one’s  work  because  even  the   most   ethical   job   if   done   without   interest   cannot   be   done   well.   Secondly,   I   considered   what   direct   impact   my   job   has   on   immediate   recipients   (…).   Thirdly,   I   considered   the   greater   impact   of   my   job   on   the   society.   For   this   reason,   I   chose   to   undertake   the   industrial   placement   in   a   pharmaceutical   company  and  explore  the  drug  discovery  processes  and  the  decision  process   taken  to  assess  and  develop  promising  candidates.  

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ME: Have  you  ever  encountered  an  ethical  dilemma  on  the  job?   GEORGIA:   I   have   never   encountered   any   direct   ethical   dilemmas   in   my   study   or   work.   But   being   involved   with   Pharmaceuticals   means  that   I   am   very   aware   that   animal   testing   is   widespread.   My   company   is   not-­‐‑for-­‐‑profit   and   one   of   our   main   charitable   aims   is   to  reduce  the   need   for   animal   testing,   by   supplying   in   silico  ("via   computer   simulation")   alternatives   for   toxicity   testing.     TAO:  Luckily  not,  I  haven`t  experienced  any  ethical  dilemmas  in  my  job.     ZIWEI:  Not  yet.       MAGDA:   Sadly   the   perception   of   the   pharmaceutical   industry   is   on   the   whole   quite  negative  across  the  society.  One  of  the  ethical  dilemmas  that  arise  is  the   use   of   animals   in   research   (…).   The   second   ethical   dilemma   of   the   pharmaceutical  industry  is  the  pricing  of  medications.  It  could  be  argued  that   medications  as  a  necessity  for  health  should  be  highly  subsidised  or  even  free   of  charge.  I  do  agree  with  the  concept,  however,  I  think  that  it  should  be  dealt   with  on  a  government  level  rather  than  on  the  industry  level.    Another  ethical   dilemma  is  that  the  research  is  often  conducted  in  the  medicinal  areas  where   there  are  the  finances  for  it  rather  than  where  it  is  really  needed.      

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Some of   the   interviewees   offered   advice   for   those   who   are   just   starting   to   think  about  their  careers.    Magda  Kohut  recommends  that  you  “do  what  you   really   want,   without   worrying   about   the   social   norms   or   reputation,   and   maybe   in   a   slightly   Taoist   fashion,   to   have   belief   in   yourself   and   high   flying   ambitions  but  not  too  high  expectations  as  in  my  opinion  it  is  always  better   to  be  positively  surprised  than  disappointed  (…).”     Tao   Hong   offered   a   few   questions   to   consider:   “How   can   I   find   my   real   personal  ethics  and  how  can  I  connect  [them]  with  my  career?    What  should  I   do  if  my  original  ethics  change  during  my  work  but  my  current  work  is  still   going  well  and  is  in  the  upward  stage?  How  can  I  balance  my  changed  ethics   with  my  booming  career?”     Thinking   about   ethics   on   the   job   is   not   just   for   people   who   work   for   non-­‐‑ profits.     It’s   for   all   of   us,   because   any   one   of   us   can   find   a   way   to   make   the   world  a  better  place.      

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FUNG SCHOLARS  CAREER   EXPERIENCE  SHARING  SESSION   2016     Jinyu  Hazel  HUANG  (FS  2015-­‐‑2016,  Peking  University)     The  Fung  Scholars  Career  Experience  Sharing  Session  2016  was  successfully   held   at   HKU   Shanghai   Study   Center   on   2nd   July   2016.   Fung   Scholars   from   several   top   Mainland   China   universities   attended   the   conference,   together   with   five   guest   speakers.   Yuhuan   WANG   (FS   2015-­‐‑2016,   Tsinghua   University)  hosted  the  conference.     The   conference   was   made   up   of   three   parts,   namely   a   series   of   lectures,   a   buffet  and  a  tea  party.  The  conference  started  at  10  a.m.     At   the   very   beginning,   Mr.   Yunfei   HE,   Product   Director   of   Ali   Database   and   Director  of  Alibaba’s  Dubble  Eleven  Program,  delivered  a  speech  entitled  “My   Eight  Years  in  Ali”  via  Facetime.  During  the  speech,  Mr.  He  shared  his  career   experience  and  offered  valuable  advice  to  young  Fung  Scholars.     The   second   speaker   was   Mr.   Yang   YANG,   CEO   of   the   11:11   APP   and   the   founder  of  Youqian  Network.  He  talked  about  the  Three  Stages  of  Startup,  in   which   his   experience   of   starting   up   a   business   and   business   perception   were   covered.      

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Mr. Tingfeng   NIE,   the   third   speaker,   who   is   Chairman   of   Beijing   Swime   Swimming   Appliances   Company.   He   talked   about   two   stories—the   meaning   of   life   and   what   a   person   will   think   about   looking   back   on   their   life,   which   fitted  his  theme  of  “Entrepreneurship  in  an  E-­‐‑commerce  background.”     The   fourth   speaker   was   Ms.   Jueyi   LEI   (FS   2012-­‐‑2013,   Fudan   University),   a   teacher   for   the   Teach   for   China   program   from   2013   to   2015.   Ms.   Lei   delivered   a   speech   entitled   “Career   Choice—Youth   Devoted   to   Education.”   She   talked   about   her   experience   in   Teach   for   China,   pointing   out   that   education   was   really   far   from   maturity   in   China’s   distant   areas.   The   young   Fung  Scholars  were  impressed  by  Ms.  Lei’s  speech  and  her  passion.     Mr.  Guang  REN  (FS  2009-­‐‑2010,  Zhejiang  University)  was  the  final  speaker  of   the   conference;   he   worked   for   Investment   Banking   Department   in   CICC   (Figure  6).  He  talked  about  the  development  of  China’s  capital  market  and  his   career   in   the   Investment   Banking   Department.   The   young   Fung   Scholars   learned   much   about   the   status   of   China’s   capital   market,   IPO   and   how   to   progress  in  Investment  Banking  Department.        

Figure 6:   Mr.   Guang   REN   (FS   2009-­‐‑2010,   Zhejiang   University)   shared   the   latest   trend   of   investment  banking  

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The buffet  started  before  the  fourth  lecture.  While  enjoying  the  buffet  lunch,   Fung   Scholars   and   guest   speakers   were   able   to   converse   with   each   other,   providing  them  with  the  opportunity  for  more  relaxed  interactions.         The  conference  then  transitioned  to  the  tea  party  section  of  the  conference,   following  the  end  of  the  lectures  in  the  afternoon.  Another  two  Fung  Scholars   —   Mr.   Zhimin   LIAO   (FF   2009-­‐‑2010,   Harvard   University)   and   Mr.   Longquan   HOU   (FF   2006-­‐‑2007,   Harvard   University)   joined   the   conference   at   this   point.   Participants   surrounded   the   food   bar,   and   carried   on   with   their   pleasant   discussions.  Fung  Scholars  shared  their  life  experiences  and  goals  with  each   other,  which  deepened  their  acquaintance  and  improved  their  understanding   of  each  other’s  lives  and  careers.     After   the   tea   party,   the   conference   came   to   an   end   at   6:30   p.m.   During   the   conference,   Fung   Scholars   from   different   places   engaged   in   varied   and   profound   discussions.   Guest   speakers   selflessly   shared   their   experiences   and   perception,   covering   a   range   of   topics.   At   the   same   time,   Fung   Scholars   listened  carefully  and  gained  a  lot  in  the  Q&A  sessions  (Figure  7).      

Figure 7:  Interactive  Q&A  session    

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The Fung   Scholars   Career   Experience   Sharing   Session   2016   was   held   to   create   a   platform   for   deeper   communication   between   Fung   Scholars   and   to   provide   a   forum   for   career   discussions.   The   entire   conference   was   both   professional   and   relaxing,   and   received   positive   feedback   from   all   guest   speakers  and  Fung  Scholars.  Though  the  conference  only  lasted  for  one  day,   Fung  Scholars  built  lasting  friendships,  making  the  career  experience  sharing   session  more  than  just  a  conference.  We  all  believe  that  the  gathering  on  2nd   July   and   the   people   we   got   to   know   over   the   course   of   the   conference   will   make  a  positive  difference  in  our  future  lives  and  careers  (Figure  8).    

Figure 8:  Group  photo  taken  after  the  event  

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FUNG SCHOLARS   COMMUNITY   L  O  C  A  L      C  H  A  P  T  E  R  S      U  P  D  A  T  E  S                  

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LOCAL CHAPTERS  UPDATES   Hong  Kong      

COASTAL CLEAN-­‐‑UP   Joey  LAI  (FS  2010-­‐‑2011,  City  University  of  Hong  Kong)     A  team  of  Fung  Scholars  joined  a  cross-­‐‑border  clean-­‐‑up  activity  on  the  World   Environment  Day  (5th  June  2016)  organized  by  the  Coastal  Watch  project  of   WWF-­‐‑Hong   Kong,   which   involved   teaming   up   with   passionate   participants   from  Hong  Kong,  Macau  and  mainland  China.     Lung  Kwu  Tan,  one  of  the  most  heart-­‐‑breaking  coastal  sites  in  Hong  Kong,  is   notorious   for   its   high   proportion   of   marine   debris.   In   two   hours,   the   Fung   Scholars  and  other  volunteers  found  791  plastic  caps,  594  plastic  plates  and   cups,  303  plastic  straws  and  stirrers  (Figure  9).  This  clearly  reflects  a  serious   problem   with   the   consumption   and   improper   disposal   of   single-­‐‑use   plastic   products.   Not   only   does   the   accumulation   of   marine   litter   destroy   coastal   scenery,  but  it  also  impacts  both  marine  and  human  life  (Figure  10).        

Figure 9:  Fung  volunteers  cleaning  up  the  coastal  line    

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Figure 10:  Marine  debris  


It may   seem   convenient   to   use   plastic   bowls   or  foam  box   for  fish  ball,  siu  mai   (popular   street   food   in   Hong   Kong)   or   other   take-­‐‑away   food.   However,   when   we  picked  up  the  trash,  we  found  that  some  of  them  were  bitten  or  deformed.   We  could  not  imagine  how  much  plastic  the  fish  had  swallowed.     It  may  only  take  us  a  few  minutes  to  buy  and  finish  a  bottle  of  drinks.  But  if   these   plastic   bottles   go   into   the   sea,   it   will   take   them   at   least   450   years   to   degrade!   If   these   marine   debris   enter   the   food   chain,   marine   animals   and   human  being’s  health  will  be  undoubtedly  harmed!     Indeed,   there   would   not   be   a   huge   change   even   if   volunteers   clean   up   the   coastlines  regularly;  neither  would  there  be  any  big  difference  if  people  put   plastic   rubbish   into   the   recycling   bins   without   taking   off   the   caps   or   cleaning   them  (Figure  11).      

Waste  reduction  is   the  only   means  to  solve  the  problem.     Take   some   time   to   dine   in   instead   of   ordering   take-­‐‑ away   or   delivery;   or   if   you   really   need   to,   please   use   your   own   utensils   and   Figure  11:  Group  photo  of  all  the  volunteers  

containers. Let’s   change   for   a  better  world.    

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LOCAL CHAPTERS  UPDATES   Hong  Kong    

SHARING LOVE  WITH  COMMUNITY   Michelle  CHAN  (FS  2014-­‐‑2015,  The  University  of  Hong  Kong)     Mandy  TANG  (FS  2014-­‐‑2015,  The  Hong  Kong  Baptist  University)     Sharing   Love   with   Community   was   established   by   a   group   of   enthusiastic   Hong   Kong   Fung   Scholars   after   participating   in   the   Make   a   Difference   Conference  2016.  We  came  together  as  we  were  inspired  by  the  spirit  of  the   Conference  –  to  make  a  positive  change  and  care  about  our  community.  Being   a  non-­‐‑profit  organisation,  our  vision  is  to  contribute  back  to  our  society.  We   endeavour  to  serve  and  share  our  love  with  vulnerable  groups  in  Hong  Kong.       So   far,   we   have   organised   two   events   this   year.   Thanks   to   generous   sponsorship   from   the   Victor   and   William   Fung   Foundation,   we   purchased   rice   box   vouchers   totalling   HK$1,012   from   Ming   Gor   (明哥)3.   We   then   distributed  the  vouchers  as  well  as  other  materials,  including  scarves  and  hot   water  bottles,  to  the  homeless  in  Sham  Shui  Po  (Figure  12).       In   our   upcoming   events,   we   envision   extending   our   focus   beyond   the   homeless  to  other  disadvantaged  groups  in  Hong  Kong,  such  as  families  living   in  subdivided  units.    

                                                                                                    3  陳灼明,  also  known  as  明哥  or  深⽔水埗明哥,  runs  a  restaurant  called  北北河燒臘臘飯店  in  Sham  Shui  Po.  

He has   been   giving   free   rice   boxes   to   the   grass-­‐‑root   communities   in   Sham   Shui   Po,   a   lot   of   them   being   the   homeless   in   the   district,   for   8   years.   His   generous   act   was   publicised   by   the   media   in   2012   and  received  wide  support  and  praise  from  Hong  Kongers.  

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Through organising   socialising   activities   such   as   dinner   gatherings   and   site   visits,   we   wish   to   take   a   step   forward,   listen   to   their   needs,   promote   social   inclusion,   and   develop   self-­‐‑sustaining   mutual-­‐‑aid   networks   among   low-­‐‑ income  districts  and  neighbourhoods.       As   John   Lennon   once   said,   “A   dream   you   dream   alone   is   only   a   dream.   A   dream  you  dream  together  is  reality.”  Your  support  means  a  lot  to  us.  Please   click  on  the  “like”  button  on  our  Facebook  page  to  support  us!     https://www.facebook.com/Sharing-­‐‑love-­‐‑with-­‐‑community-­‐‑FS-­‐‑ 1759354390966075/      

Figure 12:  Sharing  our  warmth  with  the  homeless  in  Sham  Shui  Po  on  a  cold   January  night  

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LOCAL CHAPTERS  UPDATES   Hong  Kong    

SINGLE ELDERLY  VISIT   Kitty  CHAN  (FS  2013-­‐‑2014,  The  Chinese  University  of  Hong  Kong)     Let’s   step   back   from   the   fancy   idea   of   universal   retirement   protection:   the   elderly  may  just  want  a  listening  ear.       Don’t   get   me   wrong,   I   do   believe   we   should   ensure   that   the   elderly   have   a   comfortable   life   in   their   retirement.   However,   after   the   visit,   I   think   the   elderly  need  something  more  than  just  material  comfort.     I   visited   some   single   elderly   people   at   Wan   Hon   Estate   on   12th   March   with   other   Fung   Scholars   and   volunteers   of   the   Christian   Church   of   Love   (Figure   13).   We   were   divided   into   groups   and   visited   three   to   four   elderly   people   each,   chatting,   socializing   and   generally   having   a   good   time   with   them.   The   Estate   is   home   to   more   than   1,000   single   elderly   people.   Each   of   them   is   allocated  a  room  and  has  to  share  bathroom  and  kitchen  with  five  to  six  other   residents.      

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During the  visit,  we  just  needed  to  sit  beside  the  elderly  residents  and  listen   to  them  attentively.  As  simple  as  it  was,  I  could  see  the  smile  on  their  faces   when   we   talked   to   them.   They   were   willing   to   share   their   personal   experience  with  us,  talking  about  their  youth  and  family.  While  they  told  us   they   want   to   meet   their   family   more   often,   they   understand   that   their   children   and   grandchildren   are   just  “too   busy”   to   drop   by.   This   did,   however,   make  me  wonder  if  the  younger  generation,  like  me  and  you,  are  really  “too   busy”  to  spend  time  with  the  elderly,  when  we  always  seem  to  have  time  for   other  activities.     There   is   no   doubt   that   living   conditions   of   many   single   elderly   people  can   be   further   improved.   While   the   community   is   striving   hard   for   a   better   retirement  in  a  material  sense,  let’s  not  forget  the  psychological  needs  of  the   elderly.    

Figure 13:  Fung  scholars  and  volunteers  at  Wan  Hon  Estate  

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LOCAL CHAPTERS  UPDATES   Hong  Kong    

FUNG SCHOLARS  GATHERING  IN   HONG  KONG   Candy  CHIK  (FS  2015-­‐‑2016,  The  University  of  Hong  Kong)    

In April   2016,   we   organized   a   gathering   at   a   party   room   in   Mongkok   to   connect  with  Fung  Scholars  who  were  on  exchange  in  Hong  Kong.      

Figure 14:   Fung   Scholars   sharing   interesting  facts  about  themselves   Figure   15:   Fung   Scholars   learning   the   Hong  Kong  slang  through  Pictionary  

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Both local   Fung   Scholars   and   those   on   exchange   from   mainland   China   and   Japan   joined   the   gathering   and   it   was   a   great   opportunity   to   make   new   friends   and   to   share   our   exchange   experience.   Thanks   to   our   organizing   committee  –  a  group  of  passionate  local  Fung  Scholars  –  we  had  a  fun  night   getting   to   know   not   only   each   other   but   also   each   other's   cultures   (Figure   14).   Through   games   we   introduced   Hong   Kong   slang   such   as   "jip   lib"   (an   expression  describing  students  studying  really  hard  in  the  library)  and  "Hong   Kong  Golden"  (a  popular  and  influential  online  forum  in  Hong  Kong)  to  our   incoming   Fung   Scholars   (Figure   15).   During   the   gathering   we   also   enjoyed   some   fantastic   singing   and   dancing   performances   from   our   talented   Fung   Scholars.   The   night   was   a   great   catch-­‐‑up   event   following   the   welcoming   gathering  for  incoming  Fung  Scholars  in  January  (Figure  16)!    

Figure 16:  Group  photo  at  the  end  of  the  event;  CHEERS!  

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LOCAL CHAPTERS  UPDATES   Singapore    

COMMUNITY EVENT  2016   Li  Qin  Lynn  SEAH  (FS  2014-­‐‑2015,  National  University  of  Singapore)    

The Singapore   Fung   Scholars   are   extremely   grateful   for   the   privilege   of   studying   in   Singapore   and   decided   to   organise   a   community   event   to   give   back  to  the  local  community.  To  contribute  in  a  meaningful  way,  the  Scholars   held   an   early   Chinese   New   Year   Celebration   on   23rd   January   2016   with   the   patients   at   Ang   Mo   Kio-­‐‑Thye   Hua   Kwan   Hospital.   Most   of   the   patients   are   elderly   between   the   ages   of   50   to   80.   Throughout   the   event,   the   Scholars   hoped   to   bring   some   warmth   and   laughter   to   the   patients   to   ease   their   recovery.         Thirteen  Fung  Scholars  in  Singapore  volunteered  at  the  event.  Each  volunteer   was  assigned  to  a  patient  to  interact  and  bond  with  through  various  activities   (Figure   17).   To   begin   with,   the   volunteers   worked   together   with   the   patients   to   make   the   lanterns   and   the   room   was   filled   with   lively   conversation   and   laughter.      

Figure   17:   Fung   scholars   interacting  with  patients  

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After the   making   of   lanterns,   we   all   participated   in   a   sing-­‐‑a-­‐‑long   session   of   Chinese   New   Year   Songs.   All   the   patients   and   volunteers   sang   out   loud   and   several   patients   commented   that   singing   these   songs   brought   back   many   memories   for   them.     All   the   patients   and   volunteers   had   an   enjoyable   and   meaningful  time  together  (Figure  18).         The   Singapore   Chapter   would   also   like   to   thank   the   Foundation   for   the   funding   and   support   we   received,   which   was   instrumental   in   making   this   event  a  success.  We  look  forward  to  many  more  events  like  this  to  continue   our  positive  contributions  to  our  local  community.    

Figure 18:  Volunteers  and  patients  with  their  hand-­‐‑made  lanterns  

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REMARKABLE MOMENTS   E  X  C  H  A  N  G  E      E  X  P  E  R  I  E  N  C  E  S    

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EXCHANGE EXPERIENCES   Features    

WHEN YOU  BECOME  A  FUNG   SCHOLAR   Yuchen  Caroline  LI  (FS  2015-­‐‑16,  Zhejiang  University)       Looking  back  on  the  past  year  of  exchanging  in  Hong  Kong  with  other  Fung   Scholars,  I’m  glad  to  find  that  I  truly  immersed  myself  in  many  FS  activities   and   had   a   wonderful   time   with   other   Fung   Scholars,   both   local   and   international.   Events   included   Make   a   Difference   (MaD)   forum,   Wanchai   &   Blue   House   historical   buildings   tour,   Sham   Shui   Po   visit   and   two   welcome   gathering   parties,   to   name   but   a   few   (Figure   19   and   20).   All   these   precious   memories   made   my   year   in   Hong   Kong   so   enjoyable   and   unforgettable.   I   appreciate  that  the  FS  network  provides  me  with  such  a  large  international   platform  to  learn  and  grow  as  an  individual.       One  of  the  most  memorable  events  was  the  Make  a  Difference  (MaD)  forum   sponsored  by  the  Victor  and  William  Fung  Foundation  (Figure  21).  It  was  a   2.5-­‐‑day   event   featuring   talks   and   interactive   activities   which   brought   together   an   exciting   line-­‐‑up   of   speakers   with   an   impressive   portfolio   of   achievements  on  the  international  stage  and  over  1,000  youngsters  from  Asia   and   beyond.   MaD   is   a   great   platform   to   share   creativity   and   innovative   ideas,   exposing   young   people   to   different   global   issues   and   development   trends,   which  greatly  broaden  our  horizons,  inspire  innovation,  and  encourage  us  to   bring  about  positive  change  in  our  society.  No  matter  what  part  of  the  globe   the   participants   were   from   and   no   matter   which   language   they   spoke,   we   were  all  villagers  and  we  were  all  equal.    

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It is   promising   to   see   that   our   generation   is   paying   so   much   attention   to   society  and  considering  how  to  change  it  for  the  better.  Events  like  this  allow   us   to   transcend   differences   and   divides   while   we   humbly   listen   to   each   other’s   stories.   This   is   also   true   of   the   Fung   Scholars   Programme.   We   Fung   Scholars  are  using  our  creativity  and  innovation  to  make  a  difference  to  our   lives,  by  learning  and  traveling.  We  chose  to  leave  our  comfort  zone  and  were   selected  to  be  Fung  Scholars.  I  think  it’s  time  to  use  our  experiences  to  make   a  difference  for  ourselves  and  our  society.    

Figure 20:  Caroline  with  her  friends  on  a  visit  to   Shum  Shui  Po  

Figure 19:  Caroline  having  fun  at  her   exchange  university,  HKU   Figure  21:  Caroline  and  the  other   participants  of  MaD  forum    

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EXCHANGE EXPERIENCES   Features    

THE STORY  OF  A  FUNG  SCHOLAR   Chathuri  WEERASINGHE  (FS  2014-­‐‑15,  Asian  University  for  Women)     My   life   has   been   tremendously   exciting   thus   far,   thanks   to   the   Asian   University   for   Women   (AUW)   and   the   Victor   and   William   Fung   Foundation,   the  two  turning  points  of  my  life.  Since  early  childhood,  I  have  always  wanted   to   study   abroad   to   improve   my   English   fluency.   However,   I   was   aware   that   there   was   little   chance   of   accomplishing   my   dream,   as   I   knew   my   mother   would   never   be   able   to   afford   to   send   me   to   a   university   abroad.   This   all   changed  when  I  found  out  about  AUW  in  Bangladesh,  which  provides  full  and   partial  scholarships  to  its  students,  and  I  decided  that  it  was  worth  giving  it  a   shot!   My   dreams   came   true   when   I   was   selected   to   enroll   in   AUW   in   2013,   with  a  tuition  fee  waiver  of  100%.       Flying  to  Bangladesh  alone  was  my  first  ever  experience  travelling  overseas   and  it  proved  to  be  exciting  as  well  as  nerve-­‐‑wracking.  I  still  remember  how   nervous  and  scared  I  was  to  leave  my  family  behind  and  fly  to  a  strange  land,   all   alone.   Never   did   I   ever   expect   that   the   destination   of   that   scary   journey   would  build  the  person  I  am  today.       Since  then,  AUW  has  built  up  my  confidence,  taught  me  how  to  interact  with   people  and  to  build  networks,  to  present  myself,  to  embrace  multiculturalism   and  most  importantly  to  improve  my  English  literacy.  I  am  happy  that  now  I    

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can provide   my   mom   with   financial   support.   AUW   taught   me   the   value   of   being  educated,  independent  and  confident!     Thanks  to  the  Victor  and  William  Fung  Foundation  for  awarding  me  the  Fung   Scholarship   in   AUW.   I   am   also   interning   with   the   Strategic   Engagement   department  at  Li  &  Fung  main  branch  in  Hong  Kong  this  summer  (Figure  22).   Besides,  I’ve  been  granted  the  opportunity  to  join  a  summer  institute  in  the   University  of  Hong  Kong  right  after  the  internship.  Just  like  the  internship,  I   hope  the  summer  school  is  going  to  be  a  wonderful  experience.       Words  can  do  no  justice  to  express  how  grateful  I  am  to  AUW  and  the  Victor   and   William   Fung   Foundation;   for   making   my   mother   no   longer   worry   about   my   education,   for   creating   many   other   opportunities   ahead   of   me   and   for   building  whoever  I  am  today!       If  one  may  ask  what  my  future  ambition  as  an  AUWian,  my  answer  would  be,   “To  be  a  leader;  a  leader  who  is  influential  enough  to  make  my  mother’s  life   happy  and  to  make  her  as  confident  as  I  am,  today!”    

Figure 22:   AUW   students   shared  their  stories  at  the  Li   &  Fung  Hong  Kong  office  

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EXCHANGE EXPERIENCES   Features    

IT’S JUST  THE  BEGINNING   Kaylee  BRENT  (FS  2014-­‐‑2015,  Massachusetts  Institute  of  Technology)     The   Fung   Scholarship   gave   me   my   first   opportunity   to   leave   my   country.     I   was   twenty   years   old   and   monolingual,   and   the   organisation   provided   me   with  the   opportunity   to   go   to   Argentina   to   learn   Spanish.     I   took   five   hours   of   classes   per   day   in   a   university   in   Buenos   Aires,   and   everything   I   did   that   summer   had   to   take   place   in   a   foreign   language   that   I   was   slowly   getting   better  at  –  from  ordering  coffee  to  chatting  with  new  friends.     Afterwards  I  had  the  opportunity  to  go  to  Hong  Kong  for  the   Fung  Scholars   Leadership  Conference,  and  that  was  only  the  second  time  I  had  left  the  US.     The   local   students   showed   us   around   Victoria   Peak   and   took   us   to   the   best   dim   sum   I’ve   had   in   my   life,   and   I   spent   a   few   days   exploring   on   my   own   and   with  other  scholars.         I  came  back  with  the  travel  bug.    I  had  met  so  many  interesting  people  who   had  been  to  so  many  fascinating  places,  and  I  wanted  to  be  like  them.    More   importantly,   I   had   realized   it   was   possible   –   that   international   travel   was   doable,  and  opportunities  were  out  there  to  help  me  afford  it.    If  I  was  going   to   be   seeking   out   internships   and   university   courses   anyways,   why   not   try   and  do  them  abroad  and  gain  that  experience  as  well?    

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The following  semester  I  went  to  Spain  to  continue  studying  Spanish,  taking   all   of   my   university   classes   exclusively   in   a   foreign   language   alongside   native   speakers.    It  was  an  even  more  thorough  immersion  than  I  had  experienced   in   Argentina,   as   my   classmates   were   Spaniards   and   not   fellow   foreigners.     Then  I  went  to  England  for  an  internship  in  renewable  energy  the  following   summer   and   fall,   living   on   my   own   in   London   which   was   the   biggest   and   most   cosmopolitan   city   I   have   ever   lived   in.     I   came   back   to   the   US   for   almost   a   year   before   leaving   again   for   Portugal   to   volunteer   with   a   Portuguese   architecture   group,   and   to   start   working   on   learning   Portuguese   as   a   third   language.     I   am   not   who   I   was   before   these   experiences.     I   learned   how   to   deal   with   change,  with  the  unexpected,  with  unfamiliar  situations.    I  have  friends  from   all   over   the   world   with   fascinating   perspectives   to   share   with   me.     I   have   the   practical   skills   that   come   from   internships   and   university   classes,   but   I   also   gained   those   that   come   from   learning   multiple   languages   and   figuring   out   how  to  live  and  work  in  foreign  cities.    These  are  immeasurably  valuable  life   skills   that   you   cannot   learn   in   a   classroom   or   a   job,   and   there   are   opportunities   available   everywhere   to   gain   them   for   those   who   are   looking   for  them.    

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EXCHANGE EXPERIENCES   Features    

FUNG SCHOLARS  AND  ME   Tao  HONG  (FS  2012-­‐‑2013,  Nanjing  University)     After   living   in   Mainland   China,   Hong   Kong,   and   Canada   for   years,   I   am   currently   living   and   working   in   Japan.   My   workday   life   is   quite   Japanese:   it   starts  from  taking  the  train  and  ends  with  some  small  drinks  at  izakaya  (居酒 屋).   I   am   not   really   sure   how   I   had   the   courage   to   move   to   Japan   and   work   here  when  I  barely  knew  any  Japanese.  But  one  thing  I  was  sure  about  is  that   my  previous  experiences  overseas  really  broadened  my  outlook,  and  helped   me   greatly   in   adapting   to   the   new   environment.   Amazingly   I   found   that   I   always  had  something  that  connects  me  to  the  Fung  Scholars  family.     In   2012,   at   the   end   of   my   time   on   exchange   in   Hong   Kong,   I   wanted   to   do   something   meaningful   and   memorable.   After   some   brainstorming,   we   decided   to   take   photos   at   every   metro   station   with   one   Fung   Scholar,   and   then   piece   them   all   up   like   a   big   jigsaw   puzzle,   because   the   metro   had   become  a  part  of  our  daily  life  and  we  took  them  almost  wherever  we  went.   About   ten   Fung   Scholars   joined   the   photo-­‐‑taking   project,   and   soon   enough   we  collected  photos  from  all  metro  stations  and  finished  this  project.  This  is   the  achievement  that  I  am  proudest  of  from  my  time  at  HKU.  The  assembled   photo   was   so   popular   that   it   was   selected   as   one   of   the   theme   pictures   of   the   Fung  Scholars  Leadership  Conference  in  2013  (Figure  23).        

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There was   no   metro   station   at  

HKU when   I   was   an   exchange  

student in   Hong   Kong.   It   was   a  

pity that   I   did   not   have   one   photo   for   the   HKU   station.   Fortunately,   the   HKU   metro   station  was  finished  in  late  2014,   and   the   first   place   I   visited   in   Hong   Kong   this   May   was   the   HKU   station.   I   took   the   photo   I   missed,   and   at   that   moment,   all   the   best   memories   for   this   project  flooded  over  (Figure  24).    

Figure 23:  Hong  Kong  MTR  Photos  

I left   Hong   Kong   at   the   end   of   2012,   and   then   moved   to   Vancouver   and   started   my   graduate  study  in  2013.  In  November  2013,   around  the  time  of  my  first  term  finals,  I  had   the  opportunity  to  attend  the  Fung  Scholars   Leadership   Conference   2013   in   Shanghai.   I   barely  hesitated  before  booking  the  ticket  to   fly   across   the   Pacific   to   gather   old   friends   and   meet   new   ones   in   the   Fung   Scholar   Group.   It   was   fun   to   reminisce   and   see   old   friends   in   a   different   city;   we   shared   our   experiences  from  the  past  year,  and  felt  our   bond   was   strengthened   despite   one   year   Figure  24:  HKU  Metro  Station  

apart.  

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It was   amazing   that   I   met   the   exact   same   Fung   Scholars   from   the   Fung   Scholars  Leadership  Conference  2012  again  (Figure  25).    

 

Figure 25.  Fung  Scholars  Leadership  Conference  in  Hong  Kong  and  Shanghai  

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One year   passed   in   Vancouver,   and   I   moved   to   a   new   apartment   and   was   looking   for   a   roommate   to   share.   I   was   then   introduced   by   Yanting   JIN   (FS   2012-­‐‑2013,  Xiamen  University),  whom  I  shared  a  semester  in  HKU,  to  Frank   YE  (FS  2011-­‐‑2012,  Xiamen  Univeristy),  who  happened  to  be  in  Vancouver  as   well.   Interestingly,   Frank   became   my   roommate   until   I   left   Canada,   and   we   have  been  really  good  friends  ever  since,  and  we  still  keep  in  touch  at  times.   If  I  weren’t  part  of  the  Fung  Scholar  Group,  then  I  would  probably  not  meet   Yanting,   nor   would   I   meet   Frank,   neither   would   I   be   writing   this   at   the   moment  (Figure  26).      

 

Figure 26:  My  Fung  Scholar  Roommate  (right)  and  I  (left)  

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Although it   might   just   be   a   coincidence   that   I   met   a   Fung   Scholar   in   Vancouver,  being  part  of  the  FS  family  really  builds  up  my  friendship  almost   everywhere   in   the   world.   When   I   visited   Beijing,   Shanghai,   and   Nanjing   where   local   Fung   Scholar   Chapters   are   established,   I   would   often   initiate   a   local   FS   gathering,   and   I   was   always   inspired   by   every   single   FS   for   their   excellence  and  unrelenting  endeavors  towards  their  dreams.  Last  summer,  I   visited   Beijing,   and   met   a   few   old   friends   that   I   knew   from   HKU   exchange   (Figure  27).  Truly,  I  was  very  impressed  for  their  cordiality:  Junyuan  YI  (FS   2012-­‐‑2013,   Zhejiang   University)   took   two-­‐‑hour   train   to   Haidian   District   for   the  gathering,  and   Jialong  LAO  (FS  2012-­‐‑2013,  Tshinghua  University)  did  not   wait   a   second   to   see   me   after   he   had   just   landed   in   Beijing   from   the   US.   Indeed,  we  had  a  lot  of  fun  spending  time  together.  

   

Fig 27:  Fung  Scholars  Gathering  in  Beijing  in  2015  Summer  

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The Fung  Scholar’s  network  can  always  inspire  me,  and  for  that  reason,  I  still   keep  myself  involved  in  Fung  Scholar  activities.  I  was  originally  from  Nanjing   University,  and  was  the  first  to  organize  a  pre-­‐‑departure  gathering  for  FS  in   Nanjing.  I  have  attended  the  pre-­‐‑departure  gathering  of  the  Nanjing  Chapter   for   three   times,   including   the   most   recent   one,   last   November.   I   shared   my   own  experience  of  my  HKU  exchange  as  well  as  studying  and  living  in  Canada   and  tips  for  job-­‐‑seeking  in  Shanghai  and  Japan.  During  all  these  activities,  not   only  did  I  feel  a  sense  of  community  with  the  group,  but  also  I  learnt  a  lot  in   sharing  my  ideas  with  others  (Figure  28).      

Fig 28:  2015  Nanjing  Chapter  Pre-­‐‑Departure  Gathering  

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Returning to  the  subject  of  my  current  life  in  Japan,  I  am  actually  swamped   by  my  work.  I  thought  my  FS  journey  might  have  come  to  a  stop,  until  Anqi   TAO   (FS   2012-­‐‑2013,   Shanghai   Jiao   Tong   University)   whom   I   had   once   met   briefly   in   Hong   Kong,   replied   to   one   of   my   Facebook   posts   of   working   in   Japan.  To  my  surprise,  she  is  currently  studying  in  Tokyo.  We  soon  managed   to   meet   up   and   have   dinner   together,   and   enjoyed   reminiscing   about   our   time  in  Hong  Kong.  We  were  so  busy  chatting  that  we  forgot  to  take  a  photo   that  time,  but  I  am  sure  we  will  soon  meet  again.     Living   and   working   in   Japan   without   knowing   Japanese   is   rather   challenging;   but   on   the   other   side,   it   gave   me   the   opportunity   to   experience   a   different   culture.  This  overseas   experience  unexpectedly  reunited  me  with  Anqi,  and  I   believe   I   will   meet   more   Fung   Scholars   during   my   stay   in   Japan.   To   anyone   who   is   coming   to   Japan   or   anyone   who   is   already   in   Japan,   please   feel   free   to   contact   me.   Hope   you   can   be   the   next   Fung   Scholar   I   come   across   in   my   FS   journey!       Fung  Scholars  are  almost  everywhere  over  the  world.  It  is  fascinating  how  an   exchange  experience  has  connected  us  then  and  later,  and  people  who  share   similar   experiences,   can   easily   make   friends   from   there.   Thank   you,   Fung   Scholars   Group!   The   conversations   we   have   shared,   the   moments   we   have   been  through,  the  gatherings  we  had  really  shaped  me  to  become  who  I  am   now,  and  feel  that  these  experiences  have  made  me  a  better  person.    

Thank  you,  Fung  Scholars!      

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EDITORIAL BOARD      

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Editor-­‐‑in-­‐‑charge

 

Magdalena KOHUT  

Writer/ Editor   Tao  HONG  

In 2015   Magda   (FS   2015-­‐‑2016,   University   of   Oxford)   was   selected   to   participate   in   an   internship   at   Hang   Seng   Management   College,   Hong   Kong,   an   opportunity   made   possible   by   funding   from   the   Fung   Scholarship   Programme.   Her   work   involved   organizing   an   international   symposium   for   architects,   which   focused   on   the   topics  of  Sustainability  and  Bamboo.     Having  recently  completed  her   MChem   Chemistry   degree   at   the   University   of   Oxford,   Magda   is   looking   forward   to   moving   on   to   her   graduate   studies,   as   she   works   towards   her   Doctorate   of   Philosophy   in   Organic   Synthetic   Methodology   at   the  University  of  Auckland,  New  Zealand.     In   her   free   time,   Magda   enjoys   yoga,   salsa   dancing,   swimming,   skiing,   traveling   and   visiting   art   galleries.    

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Tao (FS   2012-­‐‑2013)   received   his   Bachelor   degree   in   Chemistry   from   Nanjing   University.   During   the   last   year   of   his   undergraduate   studies,   he   exchanged   to   the   University   of   Hong   Kong   and   then   joined   the   Fung   Scholars   Family.     After   graduation   from   Nanjing   University,  he  went   to  Canada  to  pursue   his   Master’s   degree   in   Materials   Engineering   at   the   University   of   British   Columbia.   Currently,   he   is   working   for   Sony  Corporation  in  Japan.    


Writer/ Editor  

Writer

Frank Bin  YE  

Chathuri WEERASINGHE  

Frank Bin   YE   (FS   2011-­‐‑2012,   Xiamen  University)  was  a  Fung   Scholar  on  exchange  to  HKU  in   2012.   He  is   currently   a   PhD   candidate   at   the   University   of   British   Columbia,   studying   cancer   genetics.   He   is   actively   involved   in   science   outreach,   and   he   is   a   self-­‐‑confessed   foodie.      

Chathuri (FS  2013-­‐‑2014,  Asian  University  for  Women)   is   originally   from   Kalutara,   Sri   Lanka   and   currently   lives   in   Bangladesh,   pursuing   her   Bachelor’s   degree   at   the  Asian  University  for  Women  (AUW).  She  is  a  rising   3rd   year   student   at   AUW,   majoring   in   Environmental   Sciences.     She   is   currently   the  student   ambassador   of  Sri   Lanka   at   her   university   where   she   plays   a   major   role   in   representing   AUW   in   Sri   Lanka   and   representing   the   entire   AUW   Sri   Lankan   community.   She   also   helps   the   students   with   their   residence   life   by   being   a   resident   assistant   (RA).   She   is   a   current   member/   teacher   of   AUW   guitar   club   and   an   active   member   of   AUW   photography  club.     Her   favorite   leisure   time   activity   is   doing   photo-­‐‑walks   in   rural   areas   of   Bangladesh   and   exploring   local   food.   She  also  enjoys  spending  her  spare  time  playing  guitar,   listening  to  music  and  immersing  herself  in  nature.      

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Writer

Candy Chun  Ming  CHIK    

Writer

Candy (FS   2015-­‐‑2016,   The   University   of   Hong   Kong)   is   a   recent   BBA   graduate   and   will   pursue   her   LLB   in   the   coming   year.   She   became   a   Fung   Scholar   during   her   semester   abroad   at   McGill   University   in   Canada.   She   is   a  keen  language  learner,  currently   learning   French   and   Spanish.   In   her   spare   time,   she   also   enjoys   travelling  and  watching  movies.      

Mandy Hiu  Man  TANG  

Mandy (FS   2014-­‐‑2015,   Hong   Kong   Baptist   University’  16)  is  a  graduate  of  the  business  school   of   HKBU.   In   addition   to   her   strong   interest   in   business   studies,   she   is   also   fascinated   by   the   concept   of   social   enterprises.   During   her   four   years   of   university   life,   she   has   actively   participated   in   different   case   studies   and   competitions   related   to   the   development   of   social   enterprises.     Involvement   in   these   social   projects   has   enriched   her   understanding   of   the   local   community   and   encouraged   her   to   do   more   for   the   society.   She   also   has   a   love   of   adventure   and   exploration,   and   likes   travelling,  reading  literature  and  listening  to   people’s   stories.   Participating   in   the   Fung   Scholar   Network   and   the   “Sharing   Love   with   the   Community”  project,  she  hopes  to  engage  more  in   social   services   and   gain   insights   from   other   devotees  that  share  similar  mindset.      

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Writer     Lynn  SEAH  

Editor

Lynn (FS   2014-­‐‑2015,   National   University   of   Singapore)   participated   in   an   exchange   to   Tsinghua   University   in   Beijing   in   2015.   She   has   just   graduated   with   a   Bachelor’s   degree   in   Business   Administration   (Accountancy)   with   Honours   and   is   currently   working   as   a   Finance   Analyst   at   Johnson   and   Johnson,  Singapore.    

Jennifer REDMOND  

Jennifer (FS   2014-­‐‑2015,   University   of   Oxford)   was   selected   to   represent   the   University   of   Oxford   at   the   2014   Beijing   Normal   University   International   Leadership  Programme,  an  experience  made  possible   by   funding   from   the   Fung   Scholarship   Programme.     She   thoroughly   enjoyed   her   experiences   in   Zhuhai   and   Beijing,   working   as   part   of   a   team   investigating   education   on   climate   change   in   China   and   drawing   comparisons   with   the   British   curriculum.     The   experience   was   unforgettable   allowing   a   fantastic   opportunity   to   broaden   horizons,   work   as   part   of   an   international  team  and  forge  lasting  friendships.       Having   recently   completed   her   MChem   Chemistry   degree  at  the  University  of  Oxford,  Jennifer  is  looking   forward  to  moving  on  to  her  graduate  studies,  as  she   works   towards   her   DPhil   (PhD)   in   Physical   and   Theoretical   Chemistry.     In   her   free   time,   Jennifer   enjoys   swimming,   rowing   and   getting   involved   with   Oxford’s  access  and  outreach  initiatives.    

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Writer Josy  LAI  

Josy (FS   2010-­‐‑2011,   City   University   of   Hong   Kong   ’11)   was   a   Fung   Scholar   in   2010.   Josy   studied   Media   and   Communication,  and  Marketing   at  CityU  for  her  Bachelor’s,  and   Translation   at   CUHK   for   her   Master’s.   Josy   is   based   in   Hong   Kong   as   a   journalist,   media   producer   and   musician.   She   is   also   keen   on   promoting   environmental   conservation   and  humanitarian  aid.    

Writer/ Editor   Tahira  TAZREEN  

Tahira (FS   2014-­‐‑2015,   Asian   University   for   Women)   is   currently   working   towards   undergraduate   degree   in   Economics   at   Asian   University   for   Women,   Chittagong,   Bangladesh   and   was   born   and   brought   up   in   the   same   city.   Tahira   has   been   actively   participating   in  various   volunteer   activities   from   the   very   beginning   of   her   school   life   since   she   joined   Girl   Guides   Association   Bangladesh,   and   has   continued   doing   that   throughout   her   university   life.     She   is   an   academic   mentor   for   the   students   of   a   recently   launched   special   project   in   her   own   university   named   “Pathways   for   Promise”   which   is   designed   for   women   who   used   to   work   in   garment   factories.   There,   she   assists   the   students   to   gain  skills   in   basic  spoken   English.     In  addition   to   this,   she   has   also   worked   with   visually   impaired   children   of   Chittagong   while   working   as   a   member   of   a   volunteer   organization.   Tahira   is   an   active   member   of   “Project   Humans   of   AUW”,   where   she,   along   with   other   group   members,   interviews   members   of   the   AUW   community,   and   posts   these   interviews   on   Facebook.   Outside  of  work,  Tahira  loves  travelling  and  singing  a  lot!    

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Writer

Writer

Cassie Yu  Shan  WONG  

Kitty CHAN  

Cassie (FS   2011-­‐‑2012,   Hong   Kong   Baptist   University)  is  a  digital  marketer  based  in  Hong   Kong.   A   keen   traveller,   Cassie   spent   her   university   years   around   the   globe.   After   volunteering  in  Casablanca,  Morocco,  she  went   to   Linfield   College   in  the  US   for   exchange  study   and  took  a  winter  term  at  New  York  University   during  the  same  year.    

Kitty (FS   2013-­‐‑2014,   Chinese   University  of  Hong  Kong)  graduated   in   2015   with   a   bachelor's   degree,   majoring   in   Translation   with   a   minor   in   German.   She   went   to   University   of   Bonn   in   Germany   for   her   exchange   in   2013-­‐‑2014.   She   enjoys   travelling   and   watching   movies,   and   is   interested   in   voluntary  work.  

Upon graduating   in   2013   with   a   bachelor's   degree   in   Computer   Science   and   a   minor   in   Translation,   she   interned   at   Mindshare   Worldwide   in   London,   UK.   Afterwards,   she   returned   to   Hong   Kong   to   continue   her   study   and   attained   a   Master's   degree   in   Communication  in  2014.  

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Writer/ Editor  

Writer

Writer

Kaylee BRENT  

Caroline LI  

Hazel HUANG  

Kaylee Brent   (FS   2014-­‐‑ 2015)   is   an   MIT   student   majoring   in   Earth,   Atmospheric   and   Planetary   Sciences,   with   a   minor   in   Anthropology.     She   has   studied   in   Argentina   and   Spain   and   worked   in   England.     She   loves  to  travel  and  see  the   world   through   others'   eyes.  

Caroline (FS   2015-­‐‑2016,   Zhejiang   University)   is   a   student   at   Zhejiang   University,   majoring   in   Finance,   and   is   currently   an   exchange   student   at   The   University   of   Hong   Kong  for  2  semesters.  The   friends,   teachers,   scenery,   food   and   all   the   beautiful   things   there   have   made   this   exchange   the   most   exciting   and   memorable   experience  of  her  life.      

Hazel (FS   2015-­‐‑2016,   Peking   University)   received   the   Fung   Scholarship   in   2016.  As  a  native  of  Jiangsu,   Hazel   studied   International   Economy   and   Trade   at   Peking   University   for   her   Bachelor’s   degree.   Out   of   her  love  for  art,  Hazel  chose   Arts   as   her   second   major.   She   currently   works   as   an   HR   Intern   for   Career   International,   a   Chinese   local   human   resource   company.  In  her  spare  time,   Hazel   enjoys   doing   voluntary   work,   watching   and  commenting  on  movies,   as   well   as   visiting   all   kinds   of  art  exhibitions.      

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Writer

Michelle CHAN  

Michelle (FS   2014-­‐‑2015,   the   University  of  Hong  Kong’16)  is  a   graduate   of   the   law   school   of   HKU.  As  much  as  she  enjoys  her   school   life,   she   is   also   dedicated   to   community   service.   During   her  time  as  a  university  student,   she   has   participated   in   four   overseas   service   trips,   and   she   will   embark   on   a   new   journey   this   summer   for   a   two-­‐‑month   volunteering   project   in   Taiwan.   She  has  a  wide  range  of  hobbies,   from  photography  and  singing  to   handicrafts   and   playing   badminton.   In   this   warm   weather,   though,   her   favourite   pastime  is  watching  a  nice  movie   at  home  with  a  refreshing  young   coconut  in  her  hand.    

Writer

Designer

Yue LU  

Jia Yi  NGUI  

Yue (FS   2007-­‐‑2008,   Sun   Yat-­‐‑   Sen   University)   graduated   in   2009   with   a   Bachelor's   degree   majoring   in   Chemistry.   She   is   currently   a   graduate   student   at   Washington   University   in   St.   Louis.  As  well  as  her  scientific   interests,   she   also   shows   great   concern   for   social   issues.   In   her   leisure   time,   she   enjoys   reading,   swimming,   hiking,   especially   travelling.      

 

Jia Yi   (FS   2015-­‐‑2016,   National   University   of   Singapore)  was  an  exchange   student   at   the   University   of   British   Columbia   in   2016.   She   is   currently   doing   her   undergraduate   studies   in   the   National   University   of   Singapore   for   a   Bachelor’s   degree   in   Business   Administration   (Accountancy)   with   Honours.   In   her   free   time,   she   enjoys   travelling   and   reading.    

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UPCOMING ACTIVITIES    

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UPCOMING EVENTS    

18TH  AUGUST  2016   Dialogue  between  youths  of  Europe  and  Hong  Kong,  Hong   Kong      

27TH AUGUST  2016   Mainland  China  Fung  Scholars  Welcome  Gathering,  Hong  Kong        

29TH –  30TH  OCTOBER  2016   Fung  Scholars  Leadership  Conference  2016,  Hong  Kong    

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August 2016  

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Profile for FungScholars

Fung Scholars Network Newsletter - Aug 2016  

Fung Scholars Network Newsletter - Aug 2016  

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