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Is s ue # 0 - A pril2007

ful lcircl e T H E U B U N T U C O M M U N IT Y M A G A Z IN E

FEISTY FEATURES

U BU NTU 7 .0 4 - W H AT' S H O T FE ISTY FAW N IS H E R E ! RE A D UP O N TH E H O T NE W FE ATU RE S AVA ILA BLE IN

U BU NTU 7 .0 4

H ISTO RY :

FRO M W A RTY TO FE ISTY FAW N TH E H ISTO RY O F U BU NTU

SPECIA LFEISTY FAW N PREVIEW ED ITIO N!


CO NTE NTS

ful lcircl e Introduction

p.03

W arty W arth og p.04 H oary H e dge h og p.05 Bre e zy Badge r p.06 D appe r D rak e p.07 Edgy Eft p.08 Fe isty Faw n p.09 W indow s M igration Tool Ne tw ork M anage r Eas y Ins tal l ation ofM ul tim e dia Code cs Q uick D iagnos tic Tool s Ne w Gam e s H el p Ce nte r D e s k top Effe cts Eas ie r Ins tal l ation ofBinary D rive rs Xorg 7.2 Support for m ore h ardw are , incl uding Inte lM acs H ow to ge t Ubuntu H ow to contribute to ful lcircl e

p.14 p.17

Al lte xt and im ag e s containe d in th is m ag az ine are re l e as e d unde r th e Cre ative Com m ons A ttrib utionSh are A l ik e 3.0 Unporte d l ice ns e .Th is m e ans you can adapt, copy, dis trib ute and trans m it th e articl es b ut onl y unde r th e fol l ow ing conditions : You m us t attrib ute th e w ork to th e orig inalauth or in s om e w ay (at l e as t a nam e , e m ailor url ) and to th is m ag az ine b y nam e (ful lcircl e ) and th e url w w w .ful l circl e m ag az ine .org (b ut not attrib ute th e articl e (s ) in any w ay th at s ug g e s ts th at th e y e ndors e you or your us e of th e w ork ).A nd If you al te r, trans form , or b uil d upon th is w ork , you m us t dis trib ute th e re s ul ting w ork unde r th e s am e , s im il ar or a com patib l e l ice ns e .

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INTRO D UCTIO N

I

t's h ard to b e l ie ve th at Ub untu is now th re e ye ars ol d and h as b e e n th roug h s e ve ralve rs ions al re ady. Firs t re l e as e d in O ctob e r 2004 b y Canonical Lim ite d, and orig inal l y cal l e d no- nam e - ye t.com (w h ich s til l w ork s incide ntal l y), Ub untu is a fork of th e de cade - ol d D e b ian G NU/Linux. Th e nam e , Ub untu, com e s from th e Z ul u and X h os a conce pt of ub untu w h ich m e ans 'I am w h at I am b e caus e of w h o w e al lare ,' w h ich b e com e s 'Linux for H um an Be ing s ' – Ub untu's s l og an. For a de s k top e nvironm e nt, Ub untu us e d GNO M E and, l ik e GNO M E, Ub untu prom is e d ne w ve rs ions e ve ry s ix m onth s - s om e th ing no oth e r Linux dis trib ution w oul d prom is e , e ve n today. Each re l e as e of th e Ub untu core w as g ive n a code nam e . W arty W arth og b e ing th e firs t, w ith e ach s ubs e q ue nt re l e as e b e ing give n a s om e w h at h um orous anim alcode nam e .

Th ank s to : l inuxge e k e ry for th e w e bs ite and .org nam e , m yk al Re b orn, ook oob oontoo and m rm onday for th e ful lcircl e l ogo. UbuntuForum s.org for l e tting us s pam th e ir forum w h il e organis ing al lth is .Th e Ub untu M ark e ting Te am for h e l ping us prom ote and dis trib ute th is m agaz ine .A nd ab ove al l ;th e Ub untu com m unity - as a w h ol e - for b e ing one b ig, h e l pful , h appy, fam il y. Th is m agaz ine w as cre ate d us ing :

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W A RTY W A RTH O G O ctob e r 2004 4.10 - W arty W arth og W arty W arth og w as th e firs t re l e as e of Ub untu, s o cal l e d s ince it w oul d h ave to b e re l e as e d ‘w arts and al l ’. W h y s tart w ith a ve rs ion four? Th e four s ym b ol is e s th e ye ar in w h ich it w as re l e as e d; 2004, O ctob e r 2004 to b e e xact. Th e de s k top w as rath e r dark in col our, th e orang e and b row n w as to s ym b ol is e th e South A frican trib e s . O ne re s pe ct w ith w h ich Ub untu l e ad from th e s tart w as w ith th e Live CD . Th is Live CD w oul d al l ow pote ntialus e rs to try Ub untu w ith out ins tal l ing it, s om e th ing no oth e r Linux dis trib ution w as offe ring de s k top us e rs . Linux K e rne l- 2.6.7 xfre e 86 - 4.3.0.1 Gnom e - 2.8

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H O A RY H ED G EH O G A pril2005 5.04 - H oary H e dg e h og Six m onth s l ate r, as prom is e d, cam e th e H oary H e dg e h og . Th e de s k top col ours w e re ch ang e d s l ig h tl y b ut it w as s til l q uite dark b y today's s tandards . Th e Live CD w as im prove d and e xte nde d to incl ude Live CD s for 64- b it and Pow e r PC. By A pril2005, Ub untu h ad m ature d and g ive n b irth to a ne w dis trib ution cal l e d K ub untu.Th is w as b uil t upon th e Ub untu foundation b ut ins te ad of us ing GNO M E for its de s k top e nvironm e nt, K ub untu us e d K D E. Linux K e rne l- 2.6.10 X .O rg - 6.8.2 Gnom e - 2.10 K D E - 3.4

Ub untu 5.04 (ab ove )

K ub untu 5.04 (rig h t)

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BREEZ Y BA D G ER O ct 2005 5.10 - Bre e zy Badge r Ub untu w as , b y now , g aining w ide acce ptance w ith in th e Linux com m unity. W ith Bre e z y cam e th e b irth of Edub untu, a th ird Linux dis trib ution aim e d s q uare l y at e ducationale s tab l is h m e nts . Th e re al s o cam e s e rve r s upport for Ub untu. Not to b e outdone , th e K ub untu dis trib ution re pl ace d K ynaptic (a pack ag e m anag e r) w ith A de pt and b e cam e th e firs t to us e de vtag s for e as ie r s e arch ing w ith in A de pt for appl ications .K D E Bl ue tooth w as al s o adde d. Linux - 2.6.12 X .O rg - 6.8.2 Gnom e - 2.12.1 K D E - 3.5.2

Edub untu 5.10 (b e l ow )

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D A PPER D RA K E June 2006 6.06 - D appe r D rak e D appe r b e cam e th e firs t re l e as e to s l ip from th e h al f- ye arl y tim e fram e .A pril cam e and w e nt w ith no re l e as e due to M ark Sh uttl e w orth (Ub untu founde r) g iving additionalde ve l opm e nt tim e . Th is w as al s o th e firs t re l e as e to add L TS – L ong Te rm Support – to Ub untu. Th e de s k top re l e as e s w e re g ive n th re e ye ars s upport and th e s e rve r e ditions five ye ars . A noth e r firs t; th e Live CD doub l e d up as th e ins tal l e r CD .W h il e in th e Live CD (now cal l e d D e s k top CD ) us e rs coul d cl ick on th e ins tal l e r icon and e as il y ins tal lUb untu. Not onl y coul d us e rs ins tal lUb untu to th e ir h ard drive s , b ut w ith D appe r th e y coul d al so ins tal lUb untu to a USB de vice . O th e r im prove m e nts to th e core incl ude d a fas te r s tartup tim e , a g raph icals h utdow n, a ne w upg rade tooland b e tte r vide o pl ayb ack . Ne tw ork ing h ad al w ays b e e n trick y to s e t up b ut th e ne w Ne tw ork M anag e r m ade th ing s s om e w h at e as ie r. Ins tal l e d now b y de faul t w as O pe nO ffice 2.0.2. A s if al lth at w as n’t e noug h , th e fam il y g re w once ag ain. Rath e r th an us e GNO M E or K D E, X ub untu us e d th e X fce de s k top e nvironm e nt. Lig h t on re s ource s , X ub untu w as pe rfe ctl y s uite d to ol de r de s k top or l aptop m ach ine s . Linux 2.6.15 X .O rg 7.0 Gnom e 2.14 K D E 3.5.4 Xfce 4.3.9 0.1

K ub untu 6.06 (ab ove l e ft) Ub untu 6.06 (ab ove ) Xub untu 6.06 (l e ft)

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ED GY EFT O ct 2006 6.10 - Edgy Eft W ith a fas te r s tartup and s h ut dow n and inte g ration of Tom Boy and F- Spot, Ub untu Edg y b e cam e a s m al l s te pping s tone b e tw e e n D appe r and th e upcom ing Fe is ty Faw n 7.04. A rtw ork w ith in Ub untu b e cam e l ig h te r and m ore pl e as ant on th e e ye . K ub untu adde d ph oto m anag e m e nt s oftw are , dig iK am ; re de s ig ne d th e ir Sys te m Se tting s pane l ; and im prove d th e ir l aptop b uttons and pow e r m anag e m e nt s upport. Linux 2.6.17 X .O rg 7.1 Gnom e 2.16 K D E 3.5.5 Xfce 4.3.9 9 RC1

Ub untu 6.10 (ab ove l e ft), K ub untu 6.10 (ab ove ), X ub untu 6.10 (l e ft)

Ub untu is – to th is day - funde d b y M ark Sh uttl e w orth th roug h Canonical Lim ite d. In 2005 Canonicalannounce d th e cre ation of th e Ub untu Foundation. Th e US$10 m il l ion foundation is to e ns ure th e continuation of Ub untu s h oul d Canonicale nd invol ve m e nt.So h e re ' s to m any m ore ye ars of Ub untu!

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FEISTY FAW N April2007 7.04 - Fe isty Faw n Th is l ate s t Ub untu com e s pack e d w ith a h os t of ne w fe ature s incl uding ne w and e as ie r w ays to ins tal lm ul tim e dia code cs and b inary drive rs , as w e l las ne tw ork ing im prove m e nts and, of cours e , th e g round- b re ak ing W indow s m ig ration as s is tant and m ore .Re ad on! Linux 2.6.20 X .O rg 7.2

W indow s M ig ration Tool

Gnom e 2.18

Th e ne w m ig ration toolre cog nis e s Inte rne t Expl ore r favorite s , Fire fox b ook m ark s , de s k top w al l pape r, A O L IM contacts and Yah oo IM contacts and im ports th e m in Ub untu. Th is offe rs e as ie r and fas te r m ig ration for ne w us e rs of Ub untu and individual s w anting to run a dual - b oot s e tup. In addition to s ing l e accounts , you can m ig rate s e ve ralus e rs ' s e tting s into Ub untu.

Xfce 4.4

K D E 3.5.6

Ne tw ork ing Im prove m e nts Eas ie r conne ction to w ire l e s s ne tw ork s Ne w in 7.04 is Ne tw ork M anag e r, a s im pl e w ay to find and conne ct to w ire l e s s and w ire d ne tw ork s . W ith a s ing l e cl ick , vie w al l th e avail ab l e w ire l e s s ne tw ork s and th e ir s ignal s tre ng th s . For th os e on a s e cure d ne tw ork , W PA s upport is b uil t in rig h t out of th e b ox. Z e roconf for ins tant ne tw ork s

Th e ne w Ne tw ork M anage r (ab ove )

For th os e tim e s w ith out a route r or any e xis ting ne tw ork , 7.04 incl ude s th e ab il ity to conne ct ins tantl y via Avah i, a fre e Z e roconf im pl e m e ntation. It al l ow s prog ram s to pub l is h and dis cove r s e rvice s and h os ts running on a l ocal ne tw ork w ith out config uration.

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Easy instal l ation m ul tim e dia code cs

of

Pl aying m p3s or m e dia fil es jus t g ot a l ot e as ie r. If th e re q uire d pie ce s are not ye t ins tal l e d, 7.04 w il l g e t th e corre ct code cs for you; no m ore s e arch ing and no ne e d for l ong and com pl icate d ins tructions .

Q uick diag nostic tool s D is k Us ag e A nal yz e r al l ow s you to e as il y vie w s tatis tics in a m ore intuitive m anne r.

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dis k

us ag e


Ne w G am e s: Sudok u and Ch e ss W ith a ch ang e of m aintaine rs in g nom e - g am e s , th e pl e a for ne w and m ore e xciting g am e s w as h e ard. A fte r tw o s urve ys , one to fig ure out w h ich g am e to re m ove and anoth e r to de te rm ine w h ich one to add, tw o w inne rs e m e rg e d: g nom e - s udok u and g l ch e s s . Both of th e s e g am e s h ave now b e e n adde d to g nom e - g am e s 2.17 and you can find th e m unde r A ppl ications > G am e s > Ch e s s or Sudok u. O f cours e , one g am e did g e t axe d. Sadl y A taxx - - a g am e s im il ar to Re ve rs i or O th e l l o -didn't m ak e it.

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H el p Ce nte r In orde r to m ak e H e l p m ore acce s s ib l e , Fe is ty fe ature s a b rand ne w H e l p Ce nte r w ith an e as ie r- to- us e inte rface th at is m ore s tyl is h .

D e sk top Effe cts Stunning ne w de s k top e ffe cts are avail ab l e as a te ch nol og y pre vie w for us e rs w h o ch oos e to e nab l e th e m . For th e b e ne fit of us e rs w ith ol de r or l e s s pow e rfulch ips and ce rtain non- s upporte d g raph ics cards e ffe cts are turne d offby de faul t.

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Easie r instal l ation of b inary drive rs Th e Re s tricte d D rive rs M anag e r al l ow s us e rs to e as il y ins tal l and m anag e th e b inary drive rs of h ardw are th at m ay not h ave Fre e drive rs . W ith th e ne w m anag e r you can e as il y ins tal l drive rs for your w ifi card, vide o g raph ics card and m uch m ore .

X org 7.2 K e e ping in s te p w ith th e cutting e dg e m e ntal ity, X 11R7.2, th e th ird re l e as e of th e m odul ar X W indow s ys te m , is util iz e d in th is and future Fe is ty re l e as e s . X 11R7.2 com e s w ith s ig nificant s tab il ity and corre ctne s s fixe s , incl uding im prove d auto config uration h e uris tics , e nh ance d s upport for G L-b as e d com pos iting m anag e rs s uch as Com piz and Be ryl , and im prove d s upport for PCI s ys te m s w ith m ul tipl e dom ains . It al so incorporate s th e ne w , m ore e xte ns ib l e X A CE s e curity pol icy fram e w ork .

Support for m ore h ardw are , incl uding Inte lM acs A s w ith e ve ry ne w re l e as e , 7.04 com e s w ith s upport for ne w h ardw are , incl uding b e tte r s upport for l aptops and ne w e r pe riph e ral s .A l s o incl ude d is s upport for th e ne w Inte lM ac.

D ow nl oad Fe isty h ttp://re l e as e s .ub untu.com /fe is ty/ (Ub untu) h ttp://re l e as e s .ub untu.com /k ub untu/fe is ty/ (K ub untu) h ttp://re l e as e s .ub untu.com /e dub untu/fe is ty/ (Edub untu) h ttp://cdim ag e .ub untu.com /xub untu/re l e as e s /fe is ty/ (X ub untu) h ttp://cdim ag e .ub untu.com /ports /re l e as e s /fe is ty/ (Pow e rPC, IA - 64, SPA RC)

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H O W TO G ET UBUNTU You can g e t Ub untu b y diffe re nt m e ans : orde ring th roug h Sh ipIt!, w h ich w il ls e nd you fre e - of- ch arg e CD s ; b uying th e m from onl ine ve ndors ; or, final l y, dow nl oading an im ag e fil e (*.is o) th at you h ave to b urn to a CD or D VD . Th is is w h at w e w il lb e s h ow ing in th is h ow - to for W indow s us e rs . You w il lne e d a w ork ing D VD /CD w rite r and prope r s oftw are for th at purpos e – w e re com m e nd InfraRe corde r, w h ich is fre e and ope n- s ource . D ow nl oading th e Im ag e Fil e To dow nl oad th e ISO fil e g o to th e “G e t Ub untu Pag e ”. W e w arn you th at th is fil e is ab out 700M b s o if you’re on a s l ow or l im ite d conne ction m ayb e you s h oul d l ook for oth e r m e ans for g e tting Ub untu.

Fig 1 - Th e Ub untu dow nl oad pag e (ab ove ) You w il lb e pre s e nte d w ith a tab l e (fig ure 1, ab ove ) w h e re you’l lh ave to ch oos e w h at e dition you w ant – D e s k top or Se rve r – and al s o th e ve rs ion and arch ite cture . For th is g uide w e ch os e Ub untu 6.10 D e s k top e dition, for a s tandard 32- b it com pute r (x86 arch ite cture ), w h ich is th e m os t com m on s e tup. Ch oos e th e l ocation ne are s t to you from th e drop dow n m e nu and h it “Start D ow nl oad”. A fil e w ith th e e xte ns ion ISO w il lb e s ave d to your com pute r (righ t).

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Now th at w e dow nl oade d th e ISO fil e , fire up your Im ag e b urning s oftw are and ins e rt a b l ank re cordab l e cd in your b urning drive . If th e auto- s tart pops - up, jus t ig nore it b y h itting cance l .

Infrare corde r in W indow s (ab ove )

Now ope n th e “actions ” m e nu and s e l e ct “Burn Im ag e ” (ab ove ). You’l lh ave to b row s e to w h e re your ISO is l ocate d and s e l e ct it. If prom pte d ab out b urning to D VD m e dia ans w e r “No”.

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Th e b urning options (ab ove ) w il lpop- up. Exce pt for th e W riting Spe e d, w h ich w e re com m e nd th at you us e th e 1X - 4X , to m ak e s ure th at you e nd up w ith a pe rfe ct CD , al loth e r options can b e k e pt at th e ir de faul ts . Jus t pre s s “O K ” and th e b urning proce s s w il lb e g in. Jus t to m ak e s ure th at your CD doe s n’t h ave any de fe cts , b oot it and run th e “Ch e ck for de fe cts ” proce dure . Cong ratul ations, you’re done ! H appy Ub unting !

Joao Santiag o e xal ow profil e @ g m ail .com

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H O W TO CO NTRIBUTE W e are al w ays l ook ing for ne w articl e s to incl ude in ful lcircl e. If you are com fortab l e us ing th e w ik i, you can copy and pas te your articl e onto th e ful lcircl e page at th e Ub untu w ik i w h ich is at h ttp://w ik i.ub untu.com /Ub untuM ag az ine Th e re you w il lfind h e l p and ins tructions on adding your articl e to th e w ik i page s . If you're not s o com fortab l e w ith th e w ik i and w oul d rath e r e m ailyour articl e to us , pl e as e e m ail it to : articl e s @ ful l circl e m ag az ine .org From th e re , w e w il lpl ace it on th e w ik i for you.

If you w oul d l ik e to s ub m it ne w s, e m ailit to - ne w s @ ful l circl e m ag az ine .org Se nd your com m e nts or Linux e xpe rie nce s to - l e tte rs @ ful l circl e m ag az ine .org H ardw are /s oftw are re vie w s s h oul d b e s e nt to - re vie w s @ ful l circl e m ag az ine .org Q ue stions for future inte rvie w s s h oul d go to - q ue s tions @ ful l circl e m ag az ine .org Lists and de s k top/pc ph otos s h oul d b e e m ail e d to - m is c@ ful l circl e m ag az ine .org If you h ave q ue s tions , you can vis it our w e b s ite - w w w .ful l circl e m ag az ine .org Sub m ission G uide l ine s Th e s ing l e rul e for an articl e is ; it m us t s om e h ow b e l ink e d to Ub untu or one of th e m any de rivative s of Ub untu (K ub untu, X ub untu, Edub untu, e tc.). Pl e as e fol l ow th e s e rul es : * W rite your te xt in w h ich e ve r s oftw are you ch oos e (I w oul d re com m e nd O pe nO ffice ) b ut, m os t im portantl y, - PLEA SE SPELLCH ECK IT!. * Im ag e s s h oul d b e JPG or PNG .If you us e JPG pl e as e us e l ow com pre s s ion. * Re g arding im ag e s iz e s ; if in doub t, s e nd a ful l - s iz e s cre e ns h ot and w e w il l re duce th e s iz e during pub l ication. A rticl e s can b e on any s ub je ct as l ong as it fol l ow s th e s ing l e rul e m e ntione d ab ove . If you ne e d ide as , l ook ove r th e w ik i pag e s , th e re are ide as th e re . If your native l ang uag e is n't Eng l is h , don't w orry - - w rite your articl e and w e w il lproofre ad it for you. Not onl y are you h e l ping th e m ag az ine and th e com m unity, b ut w e 'l lal s o be h e l ping you w ith your Eng l is h ! Th e re are w ays for e ve ryone to contrib ute , s o pl e as e h e l p out.

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Full Circle 0  

Full Circle Magazine - issue 0 - April 2007

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