Page 1










IN THE broken bones

p. 28

reduce stress p. 32

illinois & marijuana p. 76


p. 44

editor-in-chief Laurie Johnson

designers Tyler Bagwell Dylan Broll Nate Daubert Kourtney Elam Javier Frias David Johnson Oscar Mancilla Daniel Martin Jr. Jeremiah Pointer David Weaver contributing photographers, writers & editors Ebony Allen Joseph Halboth Skylr Harkness Ernesto Hernandez Jon Hovis Todd Pierce Gordon Pollard Trevor Reiker Amara Roberts Amanda Satanek

administration faculty advisors Carolyn Otto Pavelkis Paul Gaszak

dean of art & design Janice Kaushal

icenter director Jennifer Lamplough

VOLUME 5 • ISSUE 5 • 2011

Robert Morris University is an independent, not-forprofit, multi-location institution offering associate, baccalaureate, and graduate degree programs that focus on integrating theory and applications. Robert Morris University prepares students to be practitioners in their chosen fields, socially responsible to their communities, and a foundation for their families.

Robert Morris University offers professional, career-focused education in a collegiate setting to diverse communities. Join the magazine staff by signing up with the iCenter. Contact Carolyn Pavelkis for more information at Students from all majors and campuses are eligible to enroll. Full Bleed Magazine is published by Robert Morris University’s Integration Center in association with the Institute of Art and Design. Full Bleed is a studentproduced publication of Robert Morris University and does not necessarily represent, in whole or in part, the views of college administrators, faculty or the student body.




KAUSHAL Q & A WITH THE DEAN OF IAD FULL BLEED: Tell us about Chicago Mirage and your role as co-screen writer. KAUSHAL: Chicago Mirage tells the story of an Arab American Immigrant — a well-respected Chicago dentist — who spends 10 years in prison for a crime he did not commit. When he is released, he struggles to connect with his wife and the 10-year-old son he has never met. He also struggles between two paths: continue the legacy he earned in prison or fight to regain the life he lost. I became involved after meeting the director and lead actor Sayed Badreya. We worked on another screenplay together, and he asked me to make some changes on Chicago Mirage.

photo by Todd Pierce

Janice Kaushal is the Dean of the Institute of Art & Design at Robert Morris University.

FB: How did you learn to be a screenwriter? What/where did you study? KAUSHAL: Actually, I first learned screenwriting through a friend and co-worker who was a writer as well. We both loved film and writing, and he suggested I try my hand at it and gave me some tips. Writing for film was like a door opening for me. I instantly loved it, and I wanted to learn everything I could about filmmaking. That led me to Columbia College, where I earned my MFA in Film and Video. FB: Are you working on any other projects right now? What are you reading? What are you writing? What films are you into right now? KAUSHAL: Right now we are working on getting our other project going, a film called Bride of the Nile, and I co-wrote it with Mr. Badreya. It’s a really great story, and we are very excited about it. We’ve been tweaking the script a little. I’m also starting to work on an idea I have for another film VOLUME 5 • ISSUE 5 • 2011

that I hope will be another project with Mr. Badreya. I’m in the process of writing the premise and treatment. I just finished reading The Hunger Games series. I read all three books straight through…I couldn’t stop! They are really good! My taste in films is varied…I think I just like a really good story and a film that tells that story well. But I will always see anything with Robert DeNiro and Al Pacino!

Calendar of the upcoming shows October 3, 2011 – November 27, 2011 Opening Reception: October 13, 2011

Sam Rosenthal The unique style and sensibility in the artist’s paintings are reflective of who his is and capture the moment in a vital, timeless way.

November 28, 2011 – January 29, 2012 Opening Reception: December 8, 2011

Jeff Williams Paintings with a touch of vintage style presented through the artist’s mix of colors.

November 28, 2011 – January 29, 2012 Opening Reception: December 8, 2011

Didier Nolet The artist’s romantic landscapes reflect his realities, an amalgam of vistas of his native France, the American Southwest and the Midwest.



For more info about the gallery or exhibits, call 312-935-4088 or email the gallery coordinator, Xhengis Aliu, at

editor’s note In the past, Full Bleed has been a magazine based mainly on graphic design and art-related topics, with a staff made up of art and design students. This year, the magazine has taken a new approach. In collaboration with RMU’s Integration Center, Full Bleed was able to reach out to students from every campus and every major to find talented individuals to participate in the creation of this award-winning publication.

I hope you enjoy the great articles that the staff has produced and learn something along the way. This year’s staff has worked hard to make the publication something new that everyone can relate to. Sincerely,

Laurie Johnson Editor-in-Chief VOLUME 5 • ISSUE 5 • 2011

photo by Jonathan Wright

The staff has decided that the magazine no longer fits its original ‘Full Bleed’ connotations. For those of you who do not know what the magazine’s name refers to, let me give you a better idea. When a designer refers to ‘bleed’ they are referring to printing that goes beyond the edge of the sheet of paper after it has been trimmed. A ‘full bleed’ is a bleed that runs all the way around the sheet. This means that color bleeds off the page on all four sides. As the magazine is no longer strictly focused on art and design related topics, it has been concluded that the magazine is in need of a new name, thus making this the final edition of Full Bleed.

photo by Jon Hovis

As editor, I am very proud of what this publication has become. This edition covers a wide range of topics from music to the environment, in addition to the traditional student life and institutional subjects. When I first agreed to become editor, I was expecting the magazine to stick with its traditional ways. I am glad that we were given the opportunity to give the magazine a new life. I can honestly say that the staff of Full Bleed has come a long way in both their writing and design skills to create what will be the newest and final edition of the magazine.


dylan broll designer

laurie johnson editor-in-chief


nate daubert designer

daniel martin, jr


kourtney elam


amara roberts

contributing editor


tors editor-in-chief laurie johnson


ernesto hernandez writer

tyler bagwell dylan broll nate daubert kourtney elam javier frias david johnson daniel martin, jr. oscar mancilla jeremiah pointer gordon pollard david weaver

contributing photographers, writers, & editors

amanda satanek


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ebony allen joseph halboth skylr harkness ernesto hernandez jon hovis todd pierce gordon pollard trevor reiker amara roberts amanda satanek



contents VOLUME 5 • ISSUE 5 • 2011

iad news


alumni news faculty news green quiz

12 16 20

student life 22 bad roommate broken bones reduce stress  things to do around campus

24 28 32 36

cover story 44 down and out in the CTA

music hip-hop’s bad rap koncrete records cruadro azul soul sauce underground music good for the soul

54 56 58 62 64 68 71

treehugger 72 coffee illinois & marijuana oil spill wind farms ecocars

74 76 80 84 86

photo by Rocio Robles


Graduated 2006 BAS Graphic Design - Digital Imaging First Full Bleed Editor-in-Chief RMU Artist in Residence 2005-06 Graphic Designer, Part-time Art Teacher, and Fine Artist Salvador Jimenez is currently the graphic designer for CCDA (Christian Community Development Association), where he creates flyers, web ads, books, posters, banners, CD and DVD covers, and magazines as needed. The CCDA is a not-for-profit, national association that works in some of the most under-resourced neighborhoods in America to redevelop communities in need using the principals of Christian Community Development. In 2010, Jimenez traveled to Jamay Jalisco, México, where he curated an international, traveling art exhibition and exhibited his own work along with artists from Mexico and the U.S. In addition, he is creating new artwork for two solo


shows in the U.S. and a group show in México City, both scheduled for 2011. On a local note, Jimenez is currently working with youth from the Pilsen neighborhood to create a mosaic mural approximately 10ft by 20ft. The mural will be installed in the new Children’s Memorial Hospital in downtown Chicago in late 2011.

Other activities include being an active member of the Instituto Gráfico de Chicago where Jimenez and other members collectively make prints and exchange works with other artists. And finally, Jimenez just sent out applications for grad school. FULL BLEED

photos courtesy of Salvador Jimenez Youth from Chicago’s Pilsen neighborhood work on the nearly completed mural for Chicago’s Children’s Memorial Hospital along side Salvador Jimenez.

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alumni news

After a few years, Bratton went on to become a graphic designer for Weyerhauser, in Aurora, IL, creating conceptual displays and designing primary packaging for the point of purchase industry.


Graduated 2010 BAS Graphic Design PacSun Assistant Manager Owner/Designer of Star Struct Clothing Co. In August, 2010, shortly before graduation, Amber Alwin released her own clothing line: Star Struct Clothing Co. The company is currently sponsoring seven Chicago area bands, including AM Taxi, Bruiser, The Run Around and new addition, and A Hidden Agenda. Star Struct is a brand for those (Men & Women) who like to stand out in a crowd with creative loudness. Its Rock Star influence with an edge of elegance is its prime attraction. What makes Star Struct so unique? Besides a silkscreen base design, there are additional silk screened graphics sewn on top of the overall design that add a sense of depth to create an artistic piece.


Graduated 2001 BAS Graphic Design SERVPRO Marketing Representative Joel Bratton has worked as a marketing representative for SERVPRO of Baxter, Boone, Fulton, and Marion Counties since 2008. SERVPRO is a company in the restoration industry. Bratton has had several jobs since graduation. These jobs brought him to live in Mountain Home, Arkansas. Immediately after graduation, Bratton worked as a Macintosh technician for Robert Morris for about a year. He believes that this position aided him in obtaining his first design job with Pride Container of Chicago. Here Bratton designed point of purchase displays for the corrugated industry and learned all about 3-D conceptual design.


Bratton chose to move to northern Arkansas to be closer to family and start a new life. He has recently purchased his first home and is really enjoying his new job, as well as the part of the country he lives in. Currently a member of the Twin Lakes Toastmasters, Bratton looks to sharpen his public speaking and leadership skills. He encourages students to always have goals, never stop learning, enjoy the small things in life, and be thankful.


Graduated 2010 BAS Graphic Design - Digital Photography Design Technician at Fidelity Container, a division of Xpedx Johnna Calvillo has been a full-time employee with Fidelity Container since January 2011. Calvillo works for the Design Department as part of a small but growing team. She is working entirely in a CAD program called Esko Artios, learning how to design packaging. Fidelity Container operates as a middle man between clients who seek packaging solutions and other companies who can provide mass quantities of standard packaging solutions. They also create custom packaging solutions and work with clients like Motorola, Samsung, Affinia Group, Hewlett-Packard and many others. Calvillo has been learning how to use software to create drawings in 2-D that will later fold up into a perfectly planned container for a product. She has also been learning about different standard materials that are commonly used to create packaging, as well as the standard ways in which they are assembled and what purposes those differences serve. She has been using a machine called the CNC, a large table that uses a mechanized arm and head to cut drawings out of large sheets of corrugated cardboard or stock papers. Since graduation, Calvillo has been truly enjoying having more time to spend with her friends and family. Calvillo is also happy to report the purchase of a new car, a black 2008 Nissan Versa SL 6-speed.




Laura Ellingsen is currently a senior graphic designer for One Hope United, as well as a freelance print and web designer for her own company. Aside from work, she also volunteers for Almost Home Foundation, a not-for-profit charitable organization dedicated to rescuing stray and abandoned animals in the Chicagoland area. She works as the Co-Editor and Designer of their quarterly newsletter. The newsletter is aimed at raising animal awareness as well as fostering and ensuring the well being of cats and dogs.

Steve Wiech, pictured below, works full time at Fisher Printing, a company that specializes in grocery printing. Half the time he runs a digital press and cuts and boxes the stuff he prints. The rest of the time he updates grocery circulars. Of the job, Wiech reports that “it sucks and I hate it. Apparently graphic design companies don’t want to call me, so I’m going to come up with a reality TV show for the Travel Channel or the Food Network that I will star in.” Wiech adds, “It might possibly involve traveling all over the country or world looking for the best bar food ever.” Wiech still has not made it to Australia and says he’s no closer to getting there, as he is saving all of his money for a 1985 Cadillac El Dorado (if it runs). Wiech’s band Thunderlips is on hiatus while he works on material for a new band idea, The High Lifes. Also, he cut his hair. “I’ve been told I look professional now. I don’t act it though,” Wiech reports. “There’s a reason the new band is named after an adult beverage.”

Graduated 2005 BAS Graphic Design Senior Graphic Designer for One Hope United Freelance Print & Web Designer for Ellingsen Design

VOLUME 5 • ISSUE 5 • 2011

Graduated 2010 BAS Graphic Design Fisher Printing

name of article

News faculty MIKE KELLY Professor Kelly’s most recent client is in the process of renovating a three story building in an up and coming area not far from downtown Chicago. When completed, the space will house a unique combination of work and relaxation. Kelly has been hired to create a dynamic, 3D animated virtual tour of his vision of what the space will look like when completed. The video, available at, will be used to attract investors and potential members. Membership will allow access to the office suites, fine restaurant, and gigantic bar that will be offered on separate floors. Kelly is recreating the building’s structural details: textures, colors, light, reflections, and even window views, and adding things like 3D office furniture, simulated video screens and giant black and white photos on the walls, to show how fantastic the place will look when finished. Other important features in Kelly’s final presentation will be camera movement and video editing and compositing, to dramatically dissolve from one level’s exploration to the next. Some of Kelly’s other projects this past year include: a Flash interactive racing game called the “Food Olympics” for the Museum of Science and Industry; a Flash graffiti game for the National Urban League’s Centennial Exhibition in Washington D.C., at the end of which the visitor is able to text or email themselves a link to the painting they have just created; a puzzle game called “Sez Who” for the web; and a seven minute animated video introducing the Bronzeville Children’s Museum’s “You Are What You Eat” exhibit, which includes food-based characters who talk and perform to “Dance to the Music.”


y JEAN GRAHAM Jean Graham, Adjunct Photography Instructor, traveled to New Mexico in February 2011, where she explored and photographed Gila Cliff Dwellings. Shown above and to the right, these ancient ruins date back 12,000 years here in North America.

MARY RUSSELL Professor Russell screened a video poem in August 2011 titled “Apocrypha” at the University of Film and Video Association Conference in Boston. Gerry Wozek, also an RMU Professor, wrote the poem, and Russell directed the piece put to a composition by Moby. Russell says “thank you Moby Gratis,” and adds, “I am a collaborator at heart and love to work with words, image and music.”

VOLUME 5 • ISSUE 5 • 2011

faculty news

JOSH HESTER, Work by Josh Hester, Adjunct Faculty in the Institute of Art & Design at RMU’s Springfield campus, pictured at right, was recently featured in “Reflections,” a publication of Yale University. The issue’s cover features a photograph taken by Hester in Mathare Valley, Nairobi, Kenya, East Africa, a place considered one of the worst slums in Africa. Additional photography collected by Hester in Mathare, and also on the White Earth Ojibwe Indian Reservation in north central Minnesota, is featured throughout the issue. Hester holds a Bachelor’s in film and video production from Columbia College Chicago, a Master of Arts in Communication from the University of Illinois, and has served as Adjunct Faculty in Robert Morris University’s Institute of Art & Design since 2004.

ROBERT HUTCHISON Robert Hutchison, Adjunct Faculty in the Chicago area and former Director of the Hyde Park Art Center, has recently been appointed RMU Painting Guild Coordinator. The RMU Painting Guild is a full tuition, merit-based scholarship program for extraordinarily talented High School painters.

CAROLYN OTTO PAVELKIS Professor Pavelkis has exhibited three photographic works recently, all part of the Alumni on 5: Alumni in the Library Exhibition Series at Columbia College. Floatingdrowning, 2010, below, portrays a woman floating or sinking into a vast body of water. Text imposed over the floating figure repeats the words floating, sinking, drowning, drifting, weak, strong, let go, hold on, designed to heighten the ambiguity of the piece. Pavelkis has attempted to create a deliberately strange sense of scale, meant to evoke feelings of uncertainty. The metaphorical weathered, worn texture of the image is an intentional implication of imperfection and evidence of the passage of time. According to Pavelkis, Floatingdrowning is part of a visual examination of traditional female roles in a complex and economically unstable society. Lost, March 12, 2011, above right, is from an ongoing series in which Pavelkis explores ideas of being lost physically and metaphorically through photographic compositions that juxtapose images of dense forest, found text and other visual elements in order to create an implied but fictional meaning that is open to the interpretation of the viewer.



AGNIESZKA A. ROWSEY Recently, Professor Rowsey has been creating illustratorbased calendar illustrations, shown below and at top right. Rowsey also facilitates the Adjunct Fellows program at Robert Morris University.

DR. LISA SHARPE Dr. Sharpe recently completed her doctoral dissertation and has engaged in a new body of digital artwork, shown at bottom right, that combines 3D modeling, Photoshop, and digital painting. Sharpe’s doctoral dissertation was named “Dissertation of the Year 2010” at her alma mater, Roosevelt University. Also she is happily continuing her journey as a mom to a two year old girl, Cadence. VOLUME 5 • ISSUE 5 • 2011

faculty news

How Green Are You? BY DAVID JOHNSON In case you haven’t noticed, much of this issue of Full Bleed is about BEING GREEN. You will read about green cars, fair trade, wind power, and the Gulf Oil Spill. Now, take a short quiz to see just how green you actually are. Make note of your answers to each question, and follow the directions at the end of the quiz to see how green you are. Don’t forget to compare with your friends and think about how you can be a better citizen of Earth and make the planet a cleaner, healthier place for all of us.

When you head to the grocery store, you: 1. always bring reusable bags. 2. take plastic bags, but reuse them or recycle them. 3. take plastic bags and throw them in the trash. Who cares about how long it takes for plastic to decompose?

Your primary means of transportation is: 1. biking, walking, or public transportation. 2. carpool. 3. drive alone.

You recycle: 1. always, as many items as possible, and you recycle more than you put into the trash. 2. sometimes, like beer bottles after a party. 3. never.

You are about to go car-shopping. You: 1. rent a zip-car when necessary and bike, walk or use public transportation whenever possible. 2. research eco-friendly, fuel-efficient makes and models. 3. go for looks. Who cares about gas mileage?

You think global warming is: 1. a serious problem that needs to be addressed.

2. something you’re unsure of, you need more information. 3. a myth. It doesn’t exist.

The preservation of natural ecosystems, vegetation, and wildlife is: 1. extremely important to you. 2. important in theory, but who has time to worry about such things on a daily basis? 3. not important to you.

You see your friend littering. You: 1. inform them of the impact their trash has on the enviroment, and ask them to pick it up. 2. know it’s wrong, but do nothing. 3. join in by littering too.

Minimizing your personal impact on the environment is: 1. extremely important to you. 2. somewhat important, but it won’t make a difference anyway. 3. not important to you. Who cares?

When grocery shopping, you: 1. choose locally grown and organic items when possible. 2. buy the cheapest groceries, no matter what. 3. think organic is just a marketing ploy and buy what you wish.

Hopefully you took note of your answers as you went along. How did you do? Tally up your answers and check below to see how green you are. 9-10 points: You’re very enviromentally conscious. People like you make our world a cleaner place and help to ensure that our children will have a healthy place to live. 11-16 points: You make an effort to be environmentally-friendly, but you could do better. 17-22 points: There’s a lot you could change about the way you recycle, move around the city, and shop that could make your actions on the earth more green. Why not change today? 23-27 points: From your answers, it seems that you aren’t very concerned with your impact on the planet. Try to be more conscious about how you affect the earth.


student life 22


photo by Trevor Reiker VOLUME 5 • ISSUE 5 • 2011

name of article

dealing with a BAD ROOMMATE By Skylr Harkness & David Johnson College. It’s a time to prepare yourself for life away from home, learn some new skills, and, most importantly, make some new friends. The process starts with moving into that fancy dorm near campus. You have no idea what to expect. Parties every weekend? How about late-night study sessions? Either way, you and your roommate are going to be the best of friends, right? Well, there’s no guarantee, but with a little luck, the two, or more, of you will get along well and be able to help each other out academically and socially. Despite your best hopes, you may end up with a bad roommate. It may be that the two of you don’t click. One of you may be an early bird while the other is a nightowl. Some other cases are a bit more extreme and require special consideration. You may think that you have to share your living conditions with the worst person on the planet, but trust


me, you don’t. The types of people you may be rooming with are the same as people living on campuses across the country. There’s no way to escape them, so read this article

“You may think that you are sharing your living conditions with the worst person on the planet…” and prepare yourself for them now. The next few pages will introduce you to just some of the kinds of people you may end up rooming with: The Gunslinger, The Rockstar, and a few more.


the GUNSLINGER Despite the mounds of homework and the sink full of dirty dishes, this roommate always has time for some online COD or Halo action. He is always challenging you to a one-onone shoot-out. Don’t be surprised when the Gunslinger ends up hunched over the TV for hours on end, volume turned up as high as it can go, thus ensuring that you can’t enjoy your time while he’s playing. And don’t be dismayed if the police pay a visit because they think the loud game sounds constitute real gunfire.

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the ROCKSTAR Yup, we all know her. The Rockstar LOVES her music, and this bad roommate enjoys sharing her music vocally, no matter how bad of a singer or performer she may be. This is the girl who couldn’t carry a note if it had a handle, and yet she sings and dances around your apartment ‘til all hours of the night.





the SLOB Some people are naturally less organized than others. The problem occurs when your sloppy roommate’s landfill engulfs the place you’re sharing. It may start small, a few soda cans on the desk, but in extreme cases the mess can turn your living area into a Jurassicera swamp where undiscovered creatures call home.

the BOOZER The belligerent drinker is a staple of college life. Despite being a few years too young to legally drink, the Boozer always manages to get a hold of some hooch. It gets worse when the “casual drinker” finds a more steady supply of alcohol, and then you begin to find your refrigerator stocked with more beer and vodka than food. If you encounter this type of bad roommate, you can witness a real-life Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde personality change when they begin to drink … at 9 in the morning.

Well, there you have it. We haven’t covered every type of bad roommate, but we hope that we’ve entertained you with a few of the profiles you are likely to encounter during your career as a college student. There is not always one correct solution to the issues caused by problematic roommates, but here are a few ideas. First, why not talk to your roommate about the problems you’re having. Who knows? Maybe the Rockstar wasn’t VOLUME 5 • ISSUE 5 • 2011

aware that her performances inhibited your ability to study or sleep. If a casual conversation doesn’t solve the problem, talk to your RA or Student Life Coordinator about intervening or even, if nee d be, changing rooms. If you end up with a bad roommate, our best advice is to concentrate on making friends and enjoying your college experience as much as possible. Good luck!•

dealing with a bad roommate


B o

Ne s by




iah P


A TRUE story about getting DRUNK, a BROKEN HAND and becoming an ADULT


t had started like any other Friday night out, I suppose: getting ready and drinking a cocktail. It has been years since I was one of those gays who spent more than a half hour getting ready start to finish, so I had really spent more time pregaming than getting ready I guess. Of course, it could’ve been longer than that. I tend to get distracted easily and get off track. I’ve already checked Facebook twice just while writing this. There used to be a time when I was excited to go out. Excited to be social and see friends and be around a lot of people. Now it just seems like more of a chore or an obligation than any kind of fun social activity, something you just do on a Friday or Saturday night because that’s what’s expected or that’s what you’ve been waiting for all week to tell you that the weekend’s here. I remember when there used to be more dancing involved — something to even out all the booze — but somewhere along the way all my “drinking and dancing” friends got replaced with just “drinking” friends.

My friend Mike got to my apartment somewhere around 10:30pm, and we headed out. Friday nights were almost always Scarlet nights, and that night wasn’t any different. It also happened to be “Dance Off with Your Pants Off,” which really doesn’t mean anything more than drinking at the bar with your pants off. But, hey, you get a free drink when you participate, and I’m not one to turn down a free anything. It usually doesn’t result in anything more than a lot of inappropriate touching, followed by an even more inappropriate bar tab, but once in a while you get lucky and someone makes a fool out of themselves in their underwear. Mike lives in the suburbs, so he usually crashes at my place, and we fall asleep talking about dreamy boys or evil dragons and YouTube videos. It’s one of the few constants in my life and I take comfort in it.

Unfortunately for me, the night didn’t end there. When left to my own hand-held devices, I’ll get myself into trouble. Text message trouble. I had been seeing a kid who lived around the corner from me, so I figured three in the morning would be as good a time as any to return his drunken text messages from the weekend before. I use the term “seeing” loosely, as I make it a point never to date anyone more self-absorbed than me or any guy who doesn’t clean his apartment the first time he has me over. I honestly have no idea how it escalated from me laying in bed to getting up, getting dressed and going to meet him to rumble, but I’m gonna go out on a limb and say it was probably a combination of me being very drunk and him being a very big asshole. I would like to go on record stating that I tried to walk away three times before I popped him in the face. And then again before I popped him in the ribs. I was sober enough to know that A) I was stupid for even being there in the first place and B) he was a little on that side of crazy. He made some comment about Sharks and Jets and our matching black Chuck Taylors, and I realized neither of us were the fighting type. I’d made it about fifteen steps back home when he called me a “typical faggot.” I saw red and I launched at him. I don’t like being called a typical anything, let alone a faggot. Even by another faggot. I don’t really know how many times I hit him. I vaguely remember yelling that he wasn’t the only one who had had stuff happen to him and that didn’t give him the right to say whatever he wanted and to act like a prick. Thinking about it now, I guess I wasn’t ultimately fighting with him. I was fighting with everything that was pissing me off. Friends leaving without telling me. Asking for help and not getting any response. Me turning thirty and having no direction in life. Lost ending without revealing why that island was so damn special in the first place.


he fight ended when we were both exhausted. Or at least when we had both realized we looked like complete idiots. I walked home feeling horrible. I’d never hit anyone before, let alone full-on brawled with someone. I knew that I had done something to my hand too, but I figured it wasn’t anything an ice pack couldn’t cure. I woke up the next morning with Mike asking what the hell happened when he saw the bag of melted ice. I relayed the story and remember just feeling ashamed. Mike is the most normal friend I have, and even explaining my thought process to him felt too much like trying to justify it. I didn’t want him to think I was someone who gets into fights. I didn’t want to think I was someone who gets into fights. I’d never been in one before broken bones

this one, and I regretted it the second it started. But flying off the handle about stupid things wasn’t exactly a reaction I was foreign to, and I was terrified that people were settling into a negative opinion of me. I think that’s always been one of my biggest fears: that people would have an opinion of the kind of person I am even though I haven’t quite figured out one for myself. The thing about being an adult in a family with no previous broken bone experience is that you don’t know what to do when it happens. I’d always been an overly cautious person, mostly due to my own high level of anxiety over almost everything, so I wasn’t exactly sure what the proper course of action was when I’d lost the ability to use my pinky finger and my hand was swollen up to the size of a baseball. I finally went to the hospital around seven o’clock that night. I began to cry hysterically when the image of my fifth metacarpal snapped in two came over the x-ray machine. The magnitude of my own stupidity had finally hit me. Even after the alcohol had worn off, my hand didn’t hurt that much. But once I saw the x-ray, I knew that I had not only screwed up my hand royally, but that I was also entering into life territory that was unknown to me. And I’m not good with the unknown.


he first cast was on for seven weeks. I suppose I had adjusted to life with it alright, but I was reminded how difficult it made things every time I sat down to my computer and attempted to get any work done. Design doesn’t come easy to me. I don’t ever sit down and have ideas just pour out of my head, so I actually avoid it. Not a good trait for someone trying to break into the graphic design field. I’ll usually find any excuse to not even start until the eleventh hour. There’s always laundry to be washed, dishes that need to be done, a week’s worth of Ellen to be watched. A broken hand seemed as good an excuse as any to not do anything. To ignore reality and stay in bed just a little bit longer. The worst was explaining how the whole thing went down. Most of the time people would just laugh and write it off like it was nothing. I hated that. I hated people thinking this was just another broken bone. That it wasn’t serious to me or that punching someone is something I wouldn’t think twice about doing. In my own melodramatic way, this broken bone stood between me and the rest of my


life. I just wanted to erase that whole night and get going on becoming an adult. I wanted to finally stop avoiding life and responsibility and finally start doing. But I had this cast. This broken wing. And I wanted to fly. Or at least be able to write my own name again. Moreover, I wanted someone to fix me. I wanted someone to tell me exactly what to do about not only my hand, but also about my projects, about my career, about my life. For someone to come in with their scalpel and cut out all the bad parts and show me exactly where to find the good parts. The parts that worked. Because I sure wasn’t doing a very good job of it on my own. I wanted the playbook that everyone else had seemed to have been given while I was busy doing cartwheels in the outfield.


fter the original cast came off and the doctors realized that I was going to need surgery to fix the damage, I had pretty much already resigned myself to living with an impairment. If this cast was going to be an analogy for my messed-up life, then I was determined to go ahead and over-think things to the point of nauseam. Things always happen for a reason, right? I believe that, among other lessons, I was learning to ask questions about everything. I just assumed the doctors would explain things to me. I assumed that they already knew that I’d made it through life without any broken bones prior to this one and they would eventually walk me through the entire process before actually cutting my hand open. I was wrong. The orthopedic surgeon barely told me his name before throwing me to the anesthesiologist. Pins were inserted into my hand to keep the bone together and in its proper position, and I was sent on my merry way. No sticker. No lollipop. Even in my drugged-up stupor I wanted more. I still knew that I wanted someone else to do something more. Someone to comfort me. Someone to explain what was going on with my hand. Someone to bring me some warm milk and tell me everything was going to be alright. To tell me that I hadn’t destroyed my life and that these pins were absolutely necessary to getting it back in order. When the anesthesia wore off at about one o’clock the next morning, it was the worst pain I’d felt in my life. I spent the next two days chowing down pain killers and hating myself and everything I’d ever done. I was reminded everyday that actions have consequences. Even the drunken ones. Especially the drunken ones. I had won the fight, but I was FULL BLEED

definitely feeling like the one who got beat up. One stupid act had cost me months, money and self-respect. Each time I went back to the hospital for follow-ups, it seemed like I was there just to get more bad news. After surgery, they put me in a splint for ten days and then another cast for two weeks. It was like Karma was paying me back for being a hopeful moron. Each time I thought I

I wanted someone to fix me. I wanted someone to tell me exactly what to do about not only my hand, but also about my projects, about my career, about my life. was going in to get my cast taken off, and I imagined the kid I fought with in some dark, dank cave with a voodoo doll of me laughing maniacally as he pounded my replica hand with a hammer. Of course, everything was healing fine and the cast after cast after cast was a necessary evil for the recovery process. The third cast, however, felt more than a little redundant, and even the doctor said it was just a necessary precaution for my type of injury. A full three and a half months after the fight, the pins were removed and the last cast finally came off. I vomited in the clinic shortly after they pulled out the pins. It was a feeling I can’t really put into words. It just felt like... well, bones. Like my bones were being scraped. I thank God that it was just two pins in my hand because the guy next to me had six of them in his wrist. My hand isn’t really the same and the scar will be with me for life. An ugly line running from the crease between my fingers to about an inch down my knuckle. A reminder that sometimes you have to become your worst to realize the only person

who’s going to make you your best is you. Life lessons tend to creep up on you when you’re finally ready to understand them. They kinda show up like that song on your iTunes shuffle mode that you haven’t heard in a long time and instantly sends you back to a place or a person from forever ago. And it stops you in your tracks, and you just take it in and everything becomes clearer for five minutes. What happens is that you eventually get to a point where you just have to learn how to do things on your own. If you fall down, you get back up. Most of the time it’s that people can barely manage their own lives, let alone your mess of one, and it’s that they can’t help you, not won’t help you. So you figure out how to get around the cast. Although my design work was moving at an almost glacial pace, and I really did feel as though I was getting next to nothing actually accomplished, what I was getting done was some of the best stuff I’d put out. To be honest, I’m not sure if it was because I was just further along in school or if it was because of the casts I was forced to really sit and think about things in a more meaningful way. I’d like to think it was the latter. When I was forced to use the mouse with my non-dominant hand, I began to choose my moves and clicks more carefully. I also started learning how to control my impulses a little better. Counting to ten and deep breathes and all that. I stopped going out as much. I took it a lot easier on the drinking. I began to plan better and further in advance. Once my head was a little less cluttered, I started to see that asking for help and advice wasn’t as hard as I had thought — it just wasn’t always what I had wanted to hear, so I ignored most of it.


aybe things don’t always turn out the way you plan them to. Maybe you didn’t mean to get so drunk that you got into a stupid fight and broke your hand. Sometimes you just gotta take life as it comes and keep on rolling with the punches. No pun intended. Eventually the cast comes off and you have to scrape off all that dead skin and move on. You can look back on the last three and a half months and complain that it happened, or you can think of it as the wake up call that you were looking for the whole time. I mean, you always wanted to be ambidextrous anyway, didn’t you?• broken bones



By: Kourtney Elam

As a college student, chances are you have to prepare for a big exam every five weeks or so. Attending college will enhance your life, but in order to be successful, you’ll have to employ a great deal of multi-tasking, organization, and stress management. When exam time rolls around, not only do you have assignments and projects to complete, but you also have to add studying on your list of things to do. With all of this going on, you can’t go into “stress mode.” You have to keep a clear mind and face each challenge head on. The word EXAM, alone, is enough to bring a tinge of worry to any student’s mind. According to PR Newswire (April 2007), nearly half of all college students surveyed admit they stress more about finals than they do about choosing an academic major or dealing with roommates. So, if you want to keep a cool head during exam time, here are five ways to help you reduce stress for midterms and finals.

VOLUME 5 • ISSUE 5 • 2011

5 ways to reduce stress

5 Diet Eating healthy helps your mind remain fresh and active. This includes limiting your caffeine intake. I know you may want to live on coffee, energy drinks, and sugar during exams week, but it only offers a temporary energy boost, and those habits will cause you to “crash” (have sudden, extreme fatigue). Yes, you will be more tired when the caffeine wears off than you were to begin with. Instead, you should increase your intake of fruits and vegetables. The Hindustan Times (February 2011) says switching to healthier options such as fresh fruits and vegetables helps reduce overall stress and increases concentration. Also, daily multi-vitamins help you get the nutrients you don’t get from your diet. Finally, “breakfast is the most important meal of the day.” It gives your mind the much-needed boost to start your day and helps you remain focused. For our brains to function normally, breakfast, lunch, and dinner must not be skipped. Three squares a day will do more for you than those 6 cups of coffee, 5-hour energy shots, and king-size chocolate bars. A healthy diet helps to maintain a healthy mind.

4 Exercise Exercise prompts the release of endorphins. It is a natural energy boost that lasts longer than any cup of coffee or energy drink. A quick, ten-minute morning workout can do wonders. It will get your blood flowing and your mind going in no time. If you’re feeling upbeat and energized from your workout, then you’re less likely to be stressed out.


Not only is exercise good for producing energy, but also it can be used for relaxation. Yoga is an awesome technique that relaxes your body and brings peace to your mind. Stressed out? Try to relax.

Energy-Boosting, Stress-Reducing Smoothie Recipes Easiest Green Smoothie ½ head Romaine lettuce

3 Organize

2 cups cold water 1 large handful fresh or frozen strawberries 2 fresh or frozen bananas Source:

Organization includes making To-Do lists, planning schedules, and keeping your study space in order. Being organized will help you stay calm and focused during your exams. To-Do lists will help you keep track of the chapters and sections you need to study, when extra credit and assignments are due, and many other important aspects of your life. Making a schedule is also a great idea. Scheduling exercise, study times, and even meal breaks will give you more time to focus on your exams. Instead of focusing on what to do next and when to do it, you’ll already know! Finally, keeping your study space wellorganized will make your study time less hectic. You won’t waste time looking for notes, pencils and high lighters. More importantly, you won’t be freaking out because you can’t find your lucky pen. Everything you need should be within arm’s reach, and any unnecessary clutter (papers and books you’re not currently using) should not be in your study zone.

Stress Reliever Strawberry Smoothie 2½ cups strawberries ½ cup strawberry nectar 1 pitted peach 1 cup low-fat plain yogurt (or strawberry yogurt if you don’t have the nectar) 2 cups ice Source:

Lemon Melon Smoothie 1½ cups diced honeydew ½ cup nonfat lemon yogurt 1 cup frozen green grapes 1 tablespoon chopped fresh mint Fresh lemon juice to taste Source:

2 Rest Getting plenty of rest is a great way to keep your mind fresh. Getting a full night of sleep not only gives you energy, but it also helps you retain all of the information FULL BLEED

you’ve taken in. If you have a hard time falling asleep at night, try reducing the amount of things that distract you from sleep, like your TV, radio and cell phone. If your thoughts keep you awake at night, try keeping a journal by your bed. Write down your thoughts and get them out of your mind, instead of spending time thinking about them while trying to sleep. Another method of inducing sleep is aromatherapy. PRWeb Newswire (January 2010) says to try infusing your bedroom with sleep-promoting scents. Aromatherapy is a natural alternative to sleep medications. Set the stage for blissful sleep with lavender, sandalwood and jasmine essential oils, known for their restful properties, or pick a scent that is personally appealing. Rest not only means getting sleep at night. It also means taking breaks while studying. Cramming your brain with tons of information at one time is not good. For every hour you study, take a 5-10 minute break to relax your mind and prevent an information-overload headache. Trust me on this! I’m sure we’ve all been there, and it’s not pleasant.

1 Study!

intake and understanding of the material, and produce the best results. Sitting in front of a television, talking, or texting while studying is not a good idea. Make sure you pick an environment without any distractions. A library is always a great place to study. If you’d prefer to study in the privacy of your room, treat it like a library: no TV, no radio and no cell phone! Also, you should stay away from social networking sites like Facebook and Twitter during study times. I know it’s easy to be tempted, but if you’re spending your time updating your status and commenting on your friends’ profiles, then you’re not really studying, are you? Plus, do you really want to read about how stressed your friends are about their exams and projects? Sounds like a mood killer to me.


Bonus Tip

Take a deep breath and relax. Make time for hobbies or other activities that help you relax and ease your mind. Try reading a few chapters of your favorite book, watching a funny movie, or visiting a beach or park.•

Don’t forget to actually study and to allow yourself enough time to prepare for exams. Lack of preparation for an exam will definitely cause stress. Forty-four percent of students surveyed classify themselves as ‘last-minute crammers’, says PR Newswire (April 2007). You may be apart of this 44%. It’s so easy to put off studying until the night before, or even the morning of. You may even get a passing grade, but what’s better for your GPA? An “A” or a “D+”? Studying doesn’t just mean sitting down to an open book and reading some pages. Good study habits will improve your overall VOLUME 5 • ISSUE 5 • 2011

5 ways to reduce stress










El Café








It can be difficult to find fun and exciting things to do around campus. Having the same routine and visiting the same places over and over can be tiring. Being social and experiencing brand new things outside of the classroom are important parts of college life. Are you tired of visiting the same coffee shop every morning before class or eating the same meals for lunch everyday? Do you wish you had some place to hang out with friends after class? What about a place to go after those late night study sessions or something fun to do on the weekends? If you answered yes to any of these questions, then this is the article for you!

Space Donuts 450

VOLUME 5 • ISSUE 5 • 2011


name of article

Chicago Campus “Grab & Go” Spots Chipotle 10 E. Jackson Blvd. Chicago, IL 60604 Distance: 0.1 miles Dunkin Donuts 333 S. State St. Chicago, IL 60604 Distance: 0.1 miles Free Wi-fi Jamba Juice 209 W. Jackson Blvd. Chicago, IL 60606 Distance: 0.5 miles Subway 36 W. Van Buren St. Chicago, IL 60605 Distance: 0.1 miles 10% off with student ID Yogen Fruz 333 S. State St. Chicago, IL 60604 Distance: 0.1 miles Free Wi-fi Eateries & Cafés Corner Bakery Café 224 S. Michigan Ave. Chicago, IL 60604 Distance: 0.5 miles Giordano’s Pizzeria 223 W. Jackson Blvd. Chicago, IL 60606 Distance: 0.5 miles Exchequer Restaurant & Pub

226 S. Wabash Ave. Chicago, IL 60604 Distance: 0.2 miles Panera Bread 501 S. State St. Chicago, IL 60605


Distance: 0.1 miles Potbelly Sandwich Shop 55 E. Jackson Blvd. Chicago, IL 60604 Distance: 0.2 miles Leisure & Recreation Bally Total Fitness 800 S. Wells St. Chicago, IL 60607 Distance: 0.4 miles Free 7-day pass Grant Park 337 E. Randolph St. Chicago, IL 60602 Distance: 0.7 miles Offers athletic fields and Buckingham Fountain LA Boxing 8 E. 9th St. Chicago, IL 60605 Distance: 0.4 miles First class is free when you sign up online Millennium Park 350 E. Monroe St. Chicago, IL 60603 Distance: 0.5 miles Cloud Gate, Crown Fountain, Lurie Garden, and McCormick Tribune Ice Rick X Sport Fitness 815 S. State St. Chicago, IL 60605

Distance: 0.4 miles Get a free 7-day pass for you and a friend (pass includes 1 body fat test and 1 personal training session) Entertainment 10Pin Bowling Lounge 330 N. State St. Chicago, IL 60654 Distance: 0.8 miles

The Art Institute of Chicago

111 S. Michigan Ave. Chicago, IL 60603 Distance: 0.3 miles Free admission first two Wednesdays of each month Chicago Cultural Center 78 E. Washington St. Chicago, IL 60602 Distance: 0.5 miles Free Admission Kerasotes Theater 150 W. Roosevelt Rd. Chicago, IL 60607 Distance: 0.7 miles Museum of Contemporary Art

220 E. Chicago Ave. Chicago, IL 60611 www.mcachicago. org Distance: 1.5 miles Free Admission Tuesdays, $7 for students everyday

Nightlife Cactus Bar & Grill 404 S. Wells St. Chicago, IL 60607

Distance: 0.4 miles $3.95 appetizers everyday after 5pm with purchase Ceres Cafe 141 W. Jackson Blvd. Chicago, IL 60604 Distance: 0.5 miles Awesome place for happy hour! The Loft 15 W. Division St. Chicago, IL 60610 Distance: 1.9 miles $1 drinks Thursday nights! Sports bar and dance club Tilted Kilt 17 N. Wabash Ave #620 Chicago, IL 60602 Distance: 0.4 miles

Bensenville Campus “Grab & Go” Spots Dairy Queen 20 E. Devon Ave. Elk Grove Village, IL 60007 Distance: 1.2 miles Krispy Kreme 412 E. Devon Elk Grove Village, IL 60007 Distance: 1.4 miles Portillo’s Hot Dogs 1500 Busse Rd. Elk Grove Village, IL 60007 Distance: 1.3 miles Eateries & Cafés Art Gallery Kafé 127 Front St. Wood Dale, IL 60191 Distance: 1.7 miles Marino’s Pizzeria & Café 36 E. Irving Park Rd. Wood Dale, IL 60191 Distance: 1.7 miles Starbucks 934 Busse Rd. Elk Grove Village, IL 60007 Distance: 1.9 miles Leisure & Recreation Fairchild Park 1216 Ridge Ave. Elk Grove Village, IL 60007 Distance: 1.7 miles Athletic fields and pedestrian paths Goality Fitness Club 36A E. Irving Park Rd. Wood Dale, IL 60191 Distance: 1.6 miles Offers 3 free visits for filling out online form


Entertainment Bensenville Theater 13 S. Center St. Bensenville, IL 60106 Distance: 2.2 miles Elmhurst Art Museum 150 S. College Hill Ave. Elmhurst, IL 60126

Distance: 6.0 miles $5 Admission for students and Fridays are free Wood Dale Bowling 155 W. Irving Park Wood Dale, IL 60191 Distance: 1.8 miles Nightlife Korner House Bar 2736 W. Old Higgins Rd. Elk Grove Village, IL 60007 Distance: 1.9 miles Open til 4am Mo Shesha Lounge 443 W. Lake St. Addison, IL 60101 Distance: 3.9 miles Hookah! Free Wi-fi, no cover charge, free parking and free games! Ringside Karaoke Bar 554 E. Devon Elk Grove Village, IL 60007

Distance: 1.2 miles Drink specials include $3.50 well drinks on Saturdays and $2.95 mimosas on Sundays. Attend Karaoke parties every Friday & Saturday. Eat, drink, & sing!

DuPage Campus “Grab & Go” Spots Chipotle 848 N. Route 59 Aurora, IL 60504 VOLUME 5 • ISSUE 5 • 2011

Distance: 0.4 miles Gloria Jean’s Coffee Bean 1118 Fox Valley Center Aurora, IL 60504 Distance: 1.0 miles Quiznos 1523 N. Aurora Rd. Naperville, IL 60563 Distance: 1.5 miles Eateries & Cafés Barnelli’s Pasta Bowl 1992 W. Jefferson Ave. Naperville, IL 60540

Distance: 0.5 miles Pancake Café 1292 Rickert Dr. #168 Naperville, IL 60540 Distance: 2.9 miles Sweet Tomatoes 986 N. Route 59 Aurora, IL 60504 Distance: 0.4 miles

Entertainment Brunswick Zone 1515 Aurora Ave. Naperville, IL 60540 Distance: 1.6 miles Offers pool tables, laser tag, bumper cars, and arcade. Daily specials include $1 bowling, hotdogs, and small soft drinks every Monday from 9pm-midnight and $7.99 all you can bowl Tuesday, 9pm-midnight. Hollywood Palms Cinema 352 South Route 59 Naperville, IL 60540

Distance: 0.8 miles Daily specials on drinks and admission. Watch a movie, eat great food, and enjoy a cocktail all at one time! Naperville Art League 508 North Center St. Naperville, IL 60563

Distance: 3.5 miles Leisure & Recreation Centennial Beach 500 W. Jakcson Ave. Naperville, IL 60540 Distance: 2.9 miles River Walk Park 500 Jackson Naperville, IL 60540

Distance: 3.5 miles Ice rinks, sand volleyball courts, sled hill, and horsehoe pits World Gym 87 Executive Dr. Aurora, IL 60504 Distance: 1.2 miles Offers 7-day free guest pass with online form

Nightlife Frankie’s Blue Room 16 W. Chicago Ave. Naperville, IL 60540 Distance: 3.3 miles Offers swing dancing lessons on Wednesdays and Salsa lessons on Thursdays The Lantern 8 W. Chicago Ave #1 Naperville, IL 60540 Distance: 3.3 miles Daily specials, free popcorn everyday, and free chili during Bears games SHLOK Lounge 4448 E. New York St. Naperville, IL 60504 Distance: 0.8 miles

Elgin Campus “Grab & Go” Spots Big Sammy’s Hotdogs 2490 Bushwood Dr. Elgin, IL 60124

Distance: 1.2 miles Gloria Jean’s Coffee 1094 Spring Hill Mall West Dundee, IL 60118 Distance: 2.6 miles Surf City Squeeze 1484 Spring Hill Mall West Dundee, IL 60118 Distance: 2.6 miles Eateries & Cafés Café Roma 2175 Point Blvd. #120 Elgin, IL 60123 Distance: 0.2 miles Culinary Fox Café 2090 Larkin Ave. Elgin, IL 60123 Distance: 3.0 miles Green Jade Restaurant 10 Tyler Creek Plaza Elgin, IL 60123

Distance: 1.4 miles Leisure & Recreation Exercise in Disguise 211 E. Higgins Rd. Gilberts, IL 60136 Distance: 2.6 miles Yoga, zumba, and more Wing Park 1000 Wing St. Elgin, IL 60123 Distance: 2.3 mile Golf course and pool! World Gym 268 S. Randall Rd. Elgin, IL 60123 things to do around campus Distance: 3.5 miles Entertainment Cinema 12 100 Besinger Dr. Carpentersville, IL 60110 Distance: 4.4 miles $4.50 matinees and $6.50 general admission Elgin Lanes 401 Shepard Dr. Elgin, IL 60123 Distance: 3.8 miles Elgin Public Museum 225 Grand Blvd. Elgin, IL 60120

Distance: 4.2 miles $2 for adults Nightlife Hooper’s Sports Bar & Grill 975 N. McLean Blvd. Elgin, IL 60123 Distance: 1.6 miles River East Club 209 E. Chicago St. Elgin, IL 60120 Distance: 3.7 miles Every Friday is “Latin Friday” and ladies are free Fridays before midnight Tilted Kilt 2300 Bushwood Dr. Elgin, IL 60124 Distance: 1.2 miles

Lake County Campus “Grab & Go” Spots Delight Donuts 2693 Grand Ave. Waukegan, IL 60085 Distance: 3.0 miles Hoggie Hut 2807 Grand Ave. Waukegan, IL 60085 Distance: 2.9 miles


Jimmy John’s 3941 Fountain Square Pl. Waukegan, IL 60085 Distance: 0.7 miles Eateries & Cafés Buffalo Wild Wings 3961 Fountain Square Pl. Waukegan, IL 60085 Distance: 0.8 miles Leisure & Recreation Independence Grove 16400 W. Buckley Rd. Libertyville, IL 60048 Distance: 3.0 miles Bicycling, boating, fishing, swimming, and hiking Zip Fitness 730 N. Green Bay Rd. Waukegan, IL 60085 Distance: 2.8 miles Join for $1. Memerships as low as $12.99 per month. Entertainment Brunswick Zone 631 Lakehurst Rd. Waukegan, IL 60085

Distance: 0.6 miles Daily specials, including: $1.59/game Monday through Friday (3-6pm), $2 Tuesdays, and Monday night Buck’n Bowls ($1 bowling, hotdogs, and soft drinks) Six Flags Great America 1 Great America Prkwy Gurnee, IL 60031 Distance: 3.4 miles Nightlife Morgan’s Bar & Grill 532 N. Milwaukee Ave. Libertyville, IL 60048

Distance: 4.3 miles

All you can eat pizza Mondays & Wednesdays from 5-10pm Zanies Comedy Club 230 Hawthorn Village Commons Vernon Hills, IL 60061

Schussler Park 14609 Poplar Rd. Orland Park, IL 60462 Distance: 0.7 miles Play baseball, soccer, and tennis, and fish

Distance: 7.0 miles

Orland Park Campus “Grab & Go” Spots Smoothie Rox 13133 S. La Grange Rd. Orland Park, IL 60462 Distance: 2.3 miles Widen’s Hotdogs 9424 W. 143rd St. Orland Park, IL 60462 Distance: 1.0 miles Eateries & Cafés Corner Bakery Café 14650 S. La Grange Rd. Orland Park, IL 60462 Distance: 0.6 miles Rosati’s Pizza 9023 W. 151st St. Orland Park, IL 60462 Distance: 0.2 miles Leisure & Recreation LA Boxing 16100 S. La Grange Rd. Orland Park, IL 60467 Distance: 1.7 miles Get a free class when you sign up online Lifetime Fitness 16333 S. La Grange Rd. Orland Park, IL 60467

Entertainment Centennial Lanes 16050 Centennial Circle Tinley Park, IL 60477 Distance: 3.0 miles Daily specials include $1 bowling game and shoes, cosmic bowling, and bowling lessons Marcus Cinema 16350 S. La Grange Rd. Orland Park, IL 60467 Distance: 2.0 miles Nightlife Jordan’s Pub & Eatery 13500 S. Harlem Ave. Orland Park, IL 60462 Distance: 3.1 miles Daily food and drink specials, daily $2 shots Red Velvet Restaurant & Lounge 11011 Southwest Hwy. Palos Hills, IL 60465 Distance: 5.4 miles Daily specials, including $2 domestic bottles on Tuesdays, $4 Long Islands and Mojitos on Thursdays, and $4 Bombs on Saturdays Showtime 13343 S. Cicero Ave. Crestwood, IL 60445 Distance: 5.9 miles Bar and comedy club

Distance: 1.9 miles Offers 7-day free guest pass, when you fill out form online FULL BLEED

Peoria Campus “Grab & Go” Spots Gloria Jean’s Coffee 2200 W. War Memorial Dr. Peoria, IL 61604 Distance: 3.1 miles Qdoba Mexican Grill 1040 W. Champ St. East Peoria, IL 61611 Distance: 0.6 miles Smoothie King 424 Riverside Dr. East Peoria, IL 61611 Distance: 0.8 miles Eateries & Cafés Old Chicago 120 Southwest Water St. Peoria, IL 61602 Distance: 0.1 miles One World 1245 W. Main St. Peoria, IL 61606 Distance: 1.4 miles Rhythm Kitchen Music Café

305 Southwest Water St. Peoria, IL 61602 Distance: 0.1 miles Free Wi-fi. Daily specials. Open Mic Night every Wednesday 7pm-10pm Leisure & Recreation Body Fitness 3020 N. University Peoria, IL 61604 Distance: 2.6 miles Membership as low as $17/month. Dance classes offered Detweiller Park 8327 N. Galena Rd (Rte 29) Peoria, IL 61615 Distance: 8.5 miles BMX course, cross-country VOLUME 5 • ISSUE 5 • 2011

running, hiking trails, sledding, and soccer fields John H. Gwynn Jr. Park 809 W. John H. Gwynn Jr. Ave., Peoria, IL 61605 Distance: 1.4 miles Play basketball, tennis, baseball, and soccer Entertainment Contemporary Art Museum of Peoria 305 Southwest Water St Peoria, IL 601602 Distance: 0.1 miles Corn Stock Theater 1700 N. Park Rd. Peoria, IL 61604 Distance: 2.2 miles Community theatre (outdoor theatre during summer season) Town & Country Bowl 2010 W. Forrest Hill Ave. Peoria, IL 61604 www.townandcountrybowl. com Distance: 3.0 miles Daily specials include Friday night $2 well drinks, $2 bowling, and $2 shoes. Fri & Sat night Moonlight Bowl.

Nightlife Blue 619 W. Main St. Peoria, IL 61606 Distance: 0.9 miles $2 well drinks on Tuesdays Martini’s on Water Street 212 Southwest Water St. Peoria, IL 61602

Distance: 0.1 miles Specials include $4 Cosmos on Tuesdays, $3 well drinks on Wednesdays, and $4 dessert martinis on Thursdays

Shaumburg Campus “Grab & Go” Spots Biggby Coffee 21 S. Dunton Ave. Arlington Heights, IL 60005 Distance: 4.7 miles Portillos Hot Dogs 611 E. Golf Rd. Schaumburg, IL 60173 Distance: 0.5 miles Surf-City Squeeze E117 Woodfield Mall Schaumburg, IL 60173 Distance: 0.2 miles Eateries & Cafés Bahama Breeze 406 E. Golf Rd. Schaumburg, IL 60173 Distance: 0.8 miles Johnny Rockets 930 National Prkwy. Schaumburg, IL 60173 Distance: 0.4 miles Wildberry Pancakes & Café 1383 N. Meacham Rd. Schaumburg, IL 60173 Distance: 1.1 miles Leisure & Recreation Atcher Island 730 S. Springinsguth Rd. Schaumburg, IL 60193 Distance: 5.0 miles Water park, summer hours. $7 for residents, $9 for non-residents. Bally Total Fitness 1020 N. Meacham Rd. Schaumburg, IL 60173 Distance: 0.7 miles Get a free 7-day guest pass with online form

Olympic Park 1675 E. Old Schaumburg Rd. Schaumburg, IL 60194 Distance: 2.6 miles Play soccer, softball, and basketball, and skateboard in the skate parks Entertainment. Arlington Theaters 53 S. Evergreen Ave. Arlington Heights, IL 60005 Distance: 4.8 miles $5.25 with student ID Art Gallery Kafé 127 Front St. Wood Dale, IL 60191 Distance: 6.9 miles Free Wi-fi and art gallery! Poplar Creek Bowl 2354 W. Higgins Rd. Hoffman Estates, IL 60169 Distance: 1.9 miles “After School Specials” from 1-5pm Monday - Thursday: $1.50 games. Monday (after 9pm) and Thursday (after 10pm): $1 games. Tuesday and Wednesday (after 9:30pm): all you can bowl $6/person (includes shoes). Nightlife Fumare Lounge 305 W. Golf Rd. Schaumburg, IL 60195 Distance: 1.5 miles Hookah for as low as $10 Houlihan’s 1901 E. Golf Rd. Schaumburg, IL 60173 Distance: 1.3 miles Laugh Out Loud Theater 601 N. Martingale Rd., Schaumburg, IL 60173 things to do around campus

Distance: 1.2 miles Improv Comedy for $18! Westwood Tavern 1385 N. Meacham Rd. Schaumburg, IL 60173 Distance: 1.1 miles

Springfield Campus “Grab & Go” Spots The Bean Counter 2900 Plaza Dr. Springfield, IL 62704 www.encounterthecounter. com Distance: 0.9 miles Cozy Dog Drive-In 2935 S. 6th St. Springfield, IL 62703 Distance: 2.4 miles Gloria Jean’s Coffee 2502 Wabash Ave. Springfield, IL 62704 Distance: 0.5 miles

Eateries & Cafés D & J Café 915 W. Laurel St. Springfield, IL 62704 Distance: 1.9 miles MCL Restaurant & Bakery 2151 Wabash Ave. Springfield, IL 62704 Distance: 0.1 miles Pasta House 2800 Southwest Plaza Dr. Springfield, IL 62704 Distance: 0.9 miles Leisure & Recreation Cardinal Fitness 3246 Ginger Creek Dr. Springfield, IL 62711 Distance: 1.1 miles As low as $19.95 per month Centennial Park 5751 Bunker Hill Rd.


Springfield, Illinois 65802 Distance: 3.7 miles Eisenhower Aquatic Center 2351 E. Cornell Ave. Springfield, IL 62703 Distance: 5.2 miles Entertainment Abraham Lincoln Presidential Museum 212 N. Sixth St. Springfield, IL 62701 Distance: 3.6 miles $9 admission with a student ID King Pin Lanes 3115 E. Sangamon Ave. Springfield, IL 62702 Distance: 6.6 miles Bowl for $3.25 or less with $2 shoe rentals Route 66 Drive-In 1700 Recreation Dr. Chatham, IL 62629 Distance: 1.8 miles Double-features nightly, Memorial Day weekend through Labor Day, and weekends through October Nightlife Brewhaus 617 E. Washington St. Springfield, IL 62701 Distance: 3.5 miles D’arcy’s Pint 661 W. Stanford Ave. Springfield, IL 62704 Distance: 1.7 miles Floyd’s Thirst Parlor 210 S. 5th St.. Springfield, IL 62701 Distance: 3.4 miles•



doodle pad!





by Tyler Bagwell, photos by Jon Hovis


It’s cold in these tunnels, the strings are hard and tight, and it’s hard to tell if I’m even playing anymore. It’s hard to sing over the roar of a train, but I stand on my toes and try my best. It’s hard to get through. Most folks down in the tubes have headphones on, their eyes tied to screens in their hands. It’s hard to sing for people who can’t hear you. It makes me think of the lonesome singer in ‘Peg & Awl” driven out of business by a new machine: “makes a hundred pairs to my one, peggin’ shoes just ain’t no fun, throw away my pegs my pegs my pegs my awl,” or John Henry, that beatific steel driving man. In his legend, he says, “Did the lord say machines ought to take the place of living, then what’s the substitute for bread and beans?” There are lots of old songs about the fears of industrialization and of machines replacing people. Those are the songs I like to sing down here in the subway the most.


Somebody smiles a smile of recognition for a song they know, and another person drops some change they’ve just found in their topcoat. One woman smiles, gives a dollar, and says, “Thank you. I haven’t heard that song in ten years.” It’s those sorts of people that make you want to play, but it’s hard to find an audience who cares. Even in the poetry readings and coffee shops, you’ll be hard pressed to find anyone who’s really listening. The best audience I ever had was at two in the morning on the blue line at the Western stop. I was heading home from a show, waiting on the platform, and I heard someone say the trains were backed up. Some people had been waiting for a train for nearly forty five minutes. Snow coming down, I click open my case, sling my guitar over my shoulder, and say, “What do you folks want to hear?” Everyone gets really excited, and one guy says, “Johnny Cash,” and everyone on the platform sings, “I hear that


train a-comin,’ It’s rolling round the bend And I ain’t seen the sunshine since I don’t know when.” In the subway stations downtown, though, the audiences don’t come like that. And I guess it’s wrong to refer to them as audiences, because they’re not. They’re just people waiting for the trains, trying to get back home. Sometimes people appreciate the music, and sometimes people you say thank you to will say thank you right back. Not too long ago, a fellow told me to keep the dream alive. Sometimes the cops come. And even with a permit, you’re not allowed to play down on Lake. Once, a cop told me that I wasn’t being annoying so I could stay, but this isn’t that day.             I snap the harmonica out of the rack, fold the rack up, and put it in the bottom of my case. The latches click, and I stand and wait for the train, in the same spot I’d just stood singing. The cops stand and drink

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their coffee, and some people on the platform yell at the cops. There are a lot of rules down here. The CTA and the CPD have their rules, and the performers have their rules, too. I think about these things as the train roles down to Monroe, the doors open, and I can hear a woman’s crooning

never remember his name. He has two big speakers that play CDs he’s brought with him, and he plays his keyboard along with the songs, most of which already have piano on them. I’ve tried avoiding getting into arguments with him over the integrity of what he does, but one can only try so much. I ask how long he’s been there

There are lots of old songs about the fears of industrialization and machines replacing people. I like to sing those down here the most. echo through the hall of the platform. There are only three stops performers with permits are allowed to play: Jackson Red Line, Jackson Blue Line, and Washington Blue Line. You can get away with playing at other stops, but it depends on the cops. Depends on the day. The doors open up at Jackson, and I get off. There’s a guy there playing piano. I’ve talked to him a number of times, but I

and how long he plans to stay. He tells me he’s going to be around for another couple of hours, but he’d give me some time to play so he can take a break. This is what some people do. They get a spot, they hold onto it all day, and then they delegate time out to other performers who come along. An hour here, an hour there. It’s not something I like or do, but it’s something that happens, and I have to deal with it. He packs

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his gear, his keyboard, his two amplifiers, his rack with the CD player, onto a big pile on a dolly. He says “Watch my stuff, I’ll be back in an hour.” There are a couple of performers who consistently do this. There are a couple of performers who are lucky their stuff hasn’t been nicked. He comes back after his hour break, and I stop

There was a time I got down to the Washington stop and didn’t hear anyone playing, so I assumed the spot was free. I threw down my case and tore out my guitar. I was halfway through a song before a guy flagged me down and said this spot was his. He was just setting up down the platform. Fritz is in the tunnel

“Those people don’t need more time, they need a talent.” He adjusts his equipment. “If you can’t make it in two hours, you’re not going to make it in six.” playing. I scoop the bank notes from out of my case and replace them with my guitar. The latches of the case click. It’s going to take him fifteen minutes to set his keyboard and amps back up, but I take off down the stairs across to the blue line. It pains me to watch people setting up their amps and their mics and all their electronic gear down in the subway.


between the blue line and the red line. He plays guitar and sings like no one else. I’ve seen him sing “Somewhere over the Rainbow,” and I’ve seen him sing Bob Marley tunes. I’ve seen him try and sell a pair of shoes to Dave Russell for three dollars at two o’clock in the morning. I see someone reading a music magazine. I wonder which of today’s popular musicians has tried to sell a

pair of shoes in the subway on their way to the top. And I wonder which of them has half the talent that Fritz has. I wonder if that matters. The Jackson blue line stop is colder than the rest of them. Every guitar player you see there is rubbing his hands and breathing warm life into them between songs. Benji is at this stop, leaning up against a pillar, sweeping unending jazz lines out of a blue quilt top electric guitar. Kevin Andre Benjamin Martin is one of the best musicians down in these subways. I heard somewhere that he’s also an electrician. He plays jazz and classical guitar, stoic and focused, as commuters drop dollars into the Maxwell coffee container tied around his equipment. Benji is always reliable for a good, short talk: his opinion of what’s going on in the subway or the logistics of why you can’t take a car battery onto public transportation. He shares the same contempt I have for the people down here who play over backing tracks and hold onto spots


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all day. “Those people don’t need more time, they need a talent.” He adjusts his equipment. “If you can’t make it in two hours, you’re not going to make it in six”. I bid him good luck and step onto the next train going north to Washington. The doors open at Monroe, and I hear playing but can’t tell who it is. “Doors closing. Next stop. Washington. Doors open on the left at Washington”. It gets to the point that I can hear that voice in my dreams. C and G are the two notes the train plays before the doors close. I think. I get to Washington. It’s desolate and clear. It’s dark and silent, and I take a look to make certain no one is around. I set down my case. Finding an open spot makes you feel like Howard Carter. You can’t believe that no one got there before you. But you’re sure glad they didn’t. I take a handful of harmonicas from out of my case and jam them in my left coat pocket. The metal rattles on the harmonica rack as I tighten the wing


nuts at my throat. The train rattles too. I gaze around the platform and see unconcerned looks. Dour faces hardly break gaze with the subway walls. A man and his small son move slowly over to the pillar across from me, the only folks with any look of interest. I play “Crow Jane,” by Skip James, but I play it a bit faster than he does and with a lot of cross-harping. After I’m done with the song, the man says, “What sort of music is that? Would you call that bluegrass?” I take a new harmonica out of my pocket and trade it for the old one. “Yeah, something like that. Folk or blues or bluegrass.” He says,“You don’t get to hear that much. It’s good.” He hands a bill to his son and points to my case. His son waddles to the case and drops the bill. I say thank you, and they smile and nod and get on the next train. Someone walks up in between songs and says, “What’s with the voice? Do you smoke like five cigars a day?”

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“No, No,” I say. And then he adds, “It’s just something you put on when you’re down here?” I tell him that it’s the result of doing this for a long time. You sing loud all day, and your voice starts to tear to smithereens. I can’t remember the last time I

busks in Buffalo. Some do at the summer festivals, but no one else does on a weekly basis. All the cops who’ve stopped me in Buffalo look at my permit like they’ve never seen one before. Some didn’t even know they existed.

He sounds out the beat vocally and mimes his hands so convincingly you can almost see the sticks. You can almost see the thousands of people. sang into a microphone. I’ve been doing this for a while. The first time I went busking was in Buffalo, NY, when I was seventeen. I spent a great deal of the next summer playing in the streets in Buffalo, riding my bike from the suburbs to the city and playing in front of an abandoned building on Elmwood. It used to be a deli and now it’s a spice shop, but for that summer it was my spot. I’m twenty now. And these tunnels aren’t like the streets of Buffalo. Nobody


Here, it’s a bit tougher. Benji tells me that a couple thousand people hold permits for these three stops. You can wander these tunnels for hours trying to get a spot, all the while running into others doing the same. “Anybody on Jackson?” “Yeah, Dave’s still over there,” but still you head on anyway. I look up from my hands. A girl is smiling. She says, “That’s the best cover of that song I’ve ever heard.”

A friend of mine told me once that ‘This Land is Your Land’ ought to be the national anthem. I wholeheartedly agree with that. The girl with the smile puts a candy bar in my case and shrugs. She says, “It’s all I’ve got.” I tell her it’s better than money. I’ve gotten food and flowers, beer and cigarette, and shots of Jameson. Also a phone number once. Someone gave me a hat during the St. Patrick’s Day Parade. Fritz comes lurching down the platform with his big Haitian smile, wearing his green army coat. He says he went out to go to the bathroom and when he came back Dave had snagged his spot. A short man with bloodshot eyes once told me that Dave was a snake. When I first meet Dave Russell late one evening, he’s playing his conga down on Washington, and I introduce myself. Dave asks me if I’d like to play with him. We play at Washington and soon move down to Jackson. We play together till around 2 a.m. We don’t make much


money, but we have a good time. When I leave, he’s still playing drums down on the platform. Dave Russell is a drummer. His taped up, callused fingers extend from his maroon coat and tap out rhumba beats on the battered skin of his drum. Dave speaks enthusiastically about drumming like a boyhood dream. He’s played drums with Buddy Guy and Son Seals and countless other blues heavies. When Dave talks about who he’s played with, it sounds like he’s reading off a list of Who’s Who of Modern Blues. I think he mentions Koko Taylor. I can’t remember. The man has been around. Hard times and misfortune have put him out on the street. I can’t hardly remember a time I went down in the subway and he wasn’t there. “Lets do that reggae tune again,” he says from his stool, the night we play to an empty subway platform till two in the morning. I

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start jerking out the chords to “54-46 Was My Number” by Toots and the Maytals, just one of the songs we play that Dave’s never heard. Yet he plays it as though he’s been in and out of rehearsals for weeks. Throughout the night, Dave tells stories of shows he’s played the way my father tells stories about playing football in high school. He tells one about a Son Seals show where a break for the musicians leaves him alone on stage hammering out the beat towards thousands of fans. He closes his eyes as he sounds out the beat vocally, miming his hands so convincingly that you can almost see the sticks. You can almost see the thousands of people. He asks me if I know “Damn, Right I Got the Blues.” I remember in the eighth grade when my best friend Marc Smith gave me that Buddy Guy album when I first started getting into blues. I was drawn in by the swinging bass line of the title track.

Dave sound it out as he slaps out the beat. “Play it in A”. I sound it out with my fingers, and after a few bum notes I have it figured out. Dave starts singing, sonorous and steady. I see the handful of vagrants milling around the platform, and I see Dave with his eyes closed, feeling out the song. I think about the thousands of people he played for and the few that are here. I think about Dave playing with Buddy Guy, and I think about Dave, playing with me now, well past midnight. I think about the circumstances that brought us to this place. Someone gives a dollar to me and another to Fritz. Fritz gets on the next train, and he’s gone, same as the crowd on the platform. The tunnel is empty and quiet, but only for a moment. Soon a new crowd comes. The song I was playing is finished, so I change harmonicas, move my capo, and start a new one.•

I can hear it playing in my head, and I can hear

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music 54


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by Dan Martin Jr. Some clubs refuse to play it. Some towns don’t allow it to be performed. And some parents don’t allow it in their homes. For years, hiphop has been the scapegoat for a much bigger problem facing society. People are quick to point the finger at hip-hop because it’s easy to argue that the lyrical content is violent, suggestive, angry or down-right offensive, amongst other things. However, very rarely will you hear of any other genre and its artists with similar lyrical content mentioned when it comes time to place blame. Well, unless perhaps your name is Marilyn Manson. Music is a form of entertainment. It is no different from a movie, a television show, or even a video game. Music can’t load a gun and pull the trigger. Music can’t make a person punch another guy in a club. And music definitely can’t make a person join a gang or sell drugs. Everything an artist talks about on a record, just like the lines an actor says in a movie, is not always meant to be taken to heart and mimicked in real life. If hiphop had never been created, the actions of today’s youth would still be the same because they are a product of their environments.


Consider lyrics you’ve heard, scenes from a favorite film, or the content of video games you have played. Does your enjoyment of these types of entertainment make you say, “Wow, this really makes me want to go rob a bank?” The general population can separate real life from entertainment. Those that blame people’s actions on these things might consider digging deeper because they won’t find the answer they’re looking for in their CD player. Another aspect that plays into the negative image associated with hip-hop is the glorification of “beefs” and the record deals offered to criminals. Record labels and the media feed off of feuding rappers. They love the drama. The media wants ratings or readers, and the label wants to sell CDs. If the“If It Bleeds, It Leads” mentality of the media changed, then perhaps record labels would focus more on the quality of the music than publicity stunts. A label concerned with the negative image of hip hop might consider the kind of example they are setting for youth who listen to their recording artists when they give incarcerated rappers record deals. FULL BLEED

“...hip-hop brings people together from all walks of life.” With all of the negative attention hip-hop receives, it could be easy to overlook all of the money that hip-hop artists donate to charities and foundations. Some artists have their own charities and foundations that have been created to better the communities they came from. The media sometimes fails to mention the good deeds these artists do because they don’t deem them as good of a story. Take ,for example, the headline “Drunken Man Pulls Gun at Lil’ Wayne Concert.” If the public isn’t getting all of the facts, their view of the hip-hop community could get skewed in a negative way rather quickly.

him what he thinks the biggest misconception is about the hip-hop community. According to Y.U.N.G. Indiana, the problem is that most people think “hip-hop causes violence. It’s [just] not true at all. A few bad seeds in the crowd bring judgment to a whole culture, and that isn’t right.” Mr. Indiana adds that “the music does need to change, I agree with that. Labels don’t want the positive music though.” So where does hip-hop go from here? Time will tell. It’s going to take understanding and patience on all levels and via all mediums to clean up the negative image that’s too easily associated with hip-hop music. Hopefully people will open their minds and their hearts a little more to this genre and make an effort to understand the poetic words spoken by some of its most talented artists. History has shown that hip-hop brings people together from all walks of life. A few bad apples shouldn’t spoil it for everyone.•

Photo Courtesy of Gnarly Jargon

What a lot of hip-hop is currently lacking is a positive message, or as a matter-of-fact, just a message in general. Artists with exceptional, thought-provoking lyrics like Lupe Fiasco, Common, and Talib Kweli to name a few, sometimes get overlooked by the casual hip-hop listener because they are “conscious” rappers. Listening to their songs requires attention that not a lot of people care to pay these days. There are more mainstream artists such as Drake, Kanye West, Eminem and Jay-Z that are helping to keep lyrics a vital part of hip-hop as well. But the reality is, the average hip-hop listener nowa-days isn’t concerned with lyrics as much as someone who grew up listening to Public Enemy, for example. Thanks to the “dumb it down” philosophy of today’s labels, most artists have to conform to the label’s wishes if they want to see their album sell or even get released. This philosophy has saturated the game and caused a constant regurgitation of lyrical content. The days of the emcee are fading fast.

Full Bleed recently talked with Garage Entertainment recording artist Y.U.N.G. Indiana about the public’s view of hip-hop and asked VOLUME 5 • ISSUE 5 • 2011

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photos by Ebony Allen

Koncrete Records by Ebony Allen

Koncrete Records is a music label that was formed in Chicago in 2002. The group of artists wanted to find ways to acknowledge and explain the hardships that they have found in the Englewood community, and how these hardships gave them the power to accomplish almost anything. VOLUME 5 • ISSUE 5 • 2011

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It all started when Label-member, D-Roc (like ‘rock’), came to Big Nok (like ‘toke’) with the idea of starting a recording label to represent the ‘Koncrete.’ Koncrete is a term used by locals to represent a territory found on the south side of Chicago. Big Nok then turned around and started discussing this idea with his twin brother, known in his community as Twin G. The two then decided to look into the idea further and see what it would take to create a self-sustaining record label. After much research and gaining connections in the industry, the brothers felt they had enough capital to start the label and thus Koncrete Records was born. As young

entrepreneurs, the twins tried their hands at several types of businesses, such as investing in a cell phone store in 2001. The brothers wanted to expand the label to where they were reaching more then just one type of genre and in 2008, Rocsta Inc. was added to the label as a subdivision to bring in different types of rock-and-roll under the Koncrete label. At first, all music beats and recording studio reservations were handled in-house by Big Nok. During this period the group produced two mix tapes, The Land Vol. 1 & 2, which were exclusively sold in their neighborhood stores. The Land Vol.1 was recorded on Big Nok’s home computer with a ten dollar microphone. Even though Big Nok created the music beats for The Land Vol. 2 it was recorded at Moon Unit studio on the north side of Chicago. This was the first time the company branched out to use higher quality services for their recording purposes. Since 2002, the group has made many leaps and bounds in producing great music for everyone to enjoy. Most recently, the group has found a new home for recording music at the Oregano Studio, owned by AWOL. J. Smitty, board member for Koncrete Records and founder of Rocsta Inc., states, “[Koncrete Records] is a combination

Big Nok

CEO Koncrete Records

of rap-infused rock, with so many levels in-between.” Big Nok has a vision to, “Koncrete the world,” and Koncrete Records is certainly positioning themselves to take a large chunk of it in 2011. Introducing artists such as J the Prince, to appeal to the younger audience of hip-hop, to grab further market shares and move their agenda forward. Koncrete Records has recorded various albums and mixtapes since 2002, two of which Block Music and Raw Cocaine Vol.1 are available on iTunes, Amazon and various other music sites. In addition to utilizing social networking sites like Myspace ,Facebook, and Twitter, Koncrete music has been featured on Coast 2 Coast mixtapes. These mixtapes are available for free download at the website Right now, Koncrete Records is working on their fourth studio album Raw Cocaine Brick 2 slated for release in the first quarter of 2011. According the label, this album is going to be the best one yet. Look for it and others on as well as iTunes. The video for their first single “Hustla Talk” off of Raw Cocaine Brick 2, is now available on YouTube and as well as the Koncrete Records website for free viewing. Music is not all that’s in the works for the Koncrete organization. The Koncrete Gear clothing line is also available online. The clothing line includes all types of

Twin G

President Koncrete Records

men’s, women’s, and children’s clothing and accessories. Two books are currently being written by Twin G on the company. One of these books The Knocks At The Door will be released in November of 2011. The Knocks At The Door will follow a young couple as they battle the streets of Chicago selling drugs and committing other crimes for the almighty dollar. In addition to writing the two books, Twin G is continuing to find time to make music and also raising funds to create and produce a movie for the record label. There is no release date for the movie at this time. Koncrete Records is still a young music label and aims to grow into a superpower. The goal is to become a household name. The label feels they have the drive and momentum to accomplish this feet.•


AZUL BY ERNESTO HERNANDEZ In the world we live today, there are many rock bands all around. Every music band has a beginning, and the Spanish rock band Cruadro Azul has an interesting tale. Jesus Monsivais and Juan Leon are the founders of Cruadro Azul, and before they formed their band they didn’t speak to each other that much. This was back in the days when they were in high school in 2001, when Jesus knew Juan was a musician, and they both had a passion for music. They talked about music most of the time, without knowing this would be the start of a lifelong friendship. Jesus is a guitarist and Juan is a bass guitarist; they both started off practicing in the front porch of Jesus’s house. After a couple of months, Jesus met Lisandro Ramirez in school. Lisandro is a guitarist who later became the lead vocalist for the band. Lisandro watched them practice and decided to join the band. Jesus and Juan slowly started seeing that they had talent, and they wanted to share their passion for music with the world. But in order to create their band, they needed a drummer. Juan’s cousin Hugo had been practicing on his own, so Juan recruited


him. After several of years of practicing on Jesus’s porch, Spanish rock band Cruadro Azul was formed in 2007. That same year the band finished writing their first song, “Perdoname”(Forgive Me). And in 2008, they performed live for the very first time at a bar near Midway Airport. Since then Cruadro Azul has performed at many Chicago and Milwaukee area bars.

Their music style is inspired by bands like New Order, Interpol, Zoe, and Red Hot Chilli Peppers. They consider themselves as an indie band at the moment and talk about one another like family. They have known each other for many years and believe that they have what it takes to make it big. They practice in a warehouse where many other bands rent space. Listening to a practice session is a pretty amazing experience, like watching a something out of a movie. Their style is unique, although it is Spanish. What’s great about listening to different styles of music is learning to appreciate it. Seeing Cruadro Azul perform live is a worthwhile experience.•


photo by Ernesto Hernandez


medical marijuana is technically legal in Illinois VOLUME 5 • ISSUE 5 • 2011

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Interview By Oscar Mancilla Full Bleed interviews Maggie Mui about her work and experience as an independent DJ and finds out how she found her passion. Full Bleed: Can you tell me a little a bit about yourself and what you do for a living? Maggie Mui: My name is Maggie Mui. I was born on March 22, 1986, in Chicago. Some folks can relate me to my fecal humored aliases “The Crapper” and “Dookie Blaster.” I am a Chinese-American photographer and DJ. Growing up in Chicago’s neighborhoods of Bridgeport and Chinatown, I graduated from Hubbard High School in 2004, and dropped out of Northeastern Illinois University at the end of the 2005 fall semester. I then worked buttloads of jobs, including a hair salon, a Chinese restaurant on the west side, Starbucks, American Eagle, Drift Avenue, Touge Factory, Harrah’s Casino Shuttle Bus Service, and Kay Jeweller’s. Finally, I got my act together in 2007, and I picked up a full-time job at Northwestern University, working as a Data Technician, just a fancy title for data entry, and applied to different colleges around Chicago in the fear of getting dragged into a lifestyle that was going to take me nowhere. I jumped on the first school that accepted me, which was Robert Morris College, now Robert Morris University. I studied Graphic Design for about four


semesters, until I realized that designing is not a very strong trait of mine, so I decided to transfer to Columbia College, where I studied photography and just recently graduated with a BA. FB: How did you become a DJ? MM: In the spring of 2009, three girls and a guy started a party house, known as the Myour House, in Bronzeville, where they hired me as their resident party photographer. With all the parties I captured throughout the months of working with these folks, I got to listen to different types of music from different DJs. FB: What type of music do you play? MM: One DJ I am really impressed with is DJ Limbs, who plays a nice range of hip-hop, funk, afro-beats, house, and soul. He is actually the person who encouraged me to spin when he saw my collection of funk LPs and the soul 45s that I stole from my dad. FB: How does funk music affect your life? MM: I guess funk music affects a person’s life just like any other genre of music. It can be therapeutic, a way to escape from reality or maybe a way to cope with reality. Music itself has a magical affect on a person’s mind that can be very motivating and assuring.


photo by Oscar Mancilla VOLUME 5 • ISSUE 5 • 2011

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FB: How was your first show? MM: At the time of my first gig in the Spring of 2010, I only had two lessons on how to work a turntable: one lesson by a friend in 2006 and one from DJ Limbs a few months back. A surprising thing about my first gig is that not only was it my first time playing in public, but it was also my first residency at a bar to play biweekly. DJ Limbs asked me to partner with him to set up a soul night. He found a bar in Wrigleyville by the name of Risqué Cafe, and it became the home of our biweekly soul nights, also known as Soul Sauce. Our first night at Risqué, I was really nervous, so nervous that prior to the gig I wrote down a playlist of songs. During my set, I was extremely nervous, even with the small group of people I know and maybe a couple of drunks near the bar. I made a couple of technical mistakes, but eventually I got through it and got people to dance. I don’t play at Risqué Cafe anymore. I currently have a residency at Maria’s Packaged Goods and Community Bar, and I am a member of the People’s DJ Collective. FB: What do you use for equipment? MM: The equipment I use to practice with at home includes a Technic 1200 MK5 and a Vestex mixer, and usually when I get hired for a gig, the equipment is provided. It varies by the type of event and venue.


FB: What programs do you use? MM: I am all vinyl, so there is no need for programs. DJing really is not that hard as long as you know what songs to select and don’t let dead air get between the next one you play. FB: What advice would you give? MM: Don’t take my advice, but I’d say to practice and know how to use the knobs and buttons on your mixer and turntable.

“Funk music affects a person's life just like any other genre of music. It can be therapeutic; a way to escape from reality or maybe a way to cope with reality.” FB: What days do you play? MM: Currently, the consistent days I play are every 2nd and 4th Tuesday of the month. The only option I had in choosing these days was deciding how many Tuesdays out of the month and which Tuesdays I wanted to play. Other gigs I pick up usually depend on what day the promoter sets up the event. Sometimes I have enough gigs where I play each day of the week. FULL BLEED

FB: As a DJ of Funk do you ever run out of music to play? MM: I actually do run out of music, but it’s not because I am a Funk/Soul DJ, it’s because I am DJ that strictly plays vinyl. If I were to go digital, I definitely would have enough music to play all night. FB: What do think about the new types of DJing that are out there, such as house music and juke. MM: When I think of new music, I wouldn’t think of house and juke. I think house and juke were near the hype of DJing in the 80s and 90s, especially in Chicago. I definitely love Chicago house and juke. As for newer genres of music,

“Top five artists from the top of my head: Sharon Jones and the Dap Kings, Marvin Gaye, Charles Bradley, Bill Withers, and Stevie Wonder.” if you were talking about dub-step and newer electronica, I’m not a big fan, and to be honest I do not know why. It’s just not appealing to my ears. FB: Ever thought of changing your style of music? MM: Not really. I enjoy funk and soul a lot. The only thing I may change is the decade in which the music was made. FB: How much music do you really have to listen to? Do you pick random tracks and play freely? MM: Every track that I play during a gig is something I have heard at least once. I definitely do not randomly select tracks to play. FB: You talked about getting hired for a gig. Are you in this occupation for money, or is it mostly about your passion for the music? MM: I do it for both. There are a lot of gigs where I play for whatever I can get. But in those circumstances, if I’m

working for nothing, it has to be for a good reason, like a fundraiser or a friend’s birthday party. FB: Are you competitive with other DJ’s? MM: For me, I don’t think it is much of a competition only because I play a specific genre of music, and my entire gig is with an analog medium rather than digital. At times, I feel it’s more of a show for people, to see someone play an all vinyl set. Other than that, I still am not competitive because I don’t really take DJing seriously. I do it for the joy of it, especially when someone comes up to me and tells me how the music I am playing reminds them of their younger years or of their father’s vinyl collection. FB: How much do you charge for a show? Any specials? MM: Like any other performer and artist, it all depends on the type of venue and event.•

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an inside look at the economic effects on chicago’s underground music scene BY JONATHAN WRIGHT Given the current economy, more and more music fans are spending their time and money at underground venues found all over Chicago, most charging a miniscule cover at the door (ranging from $5 to a lessminiscule $20). The atmosphere in most places are very clean and organized, if not a little cozy (or if you would like a straight-forward approach, they can be somewhat cramped). This is understandable, given that

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the population of Chicago is “best guessed” at 2,695,598, according to USA Today, so that’s 2.5 million people worried about money and looking for budget-friendly entertainment. Full Bleed reporter Jonathan Wright visits The Flat Iron (1565 N. Milwaukee Ave., Chicago, 773-3659000) and interviews guitarist Scott Tomaselli, from the band Art of the Flesh to find out more about Chicago’s underground music scene. music & money

MUSIC & MONEY Q&A Full Bleed: What is the name of your band, and what is the origin of that name? Scott Tomaselli: Art of the Flesh is our name. It came from a group meeting where everybody was just writing down names. When we got a list together, there were two names that everyone really liked: Law of the Flesh and Art and Terror. We combined the two and came up with Art of the Flesh, meaning the music is the art and we are the flesh. FB: What genre would you categorize yourself as? ST: It’s hard to categorize our band. We are definitely metal, but more specifically we are a progressive thrash/ death metal band. FB: Can you give us the name, age and respective instrument of each band member? ST: Dan Schulz, 22, vocals; Scott Tomaselli, 29, guitar; Travi Jurs, 25, bass guitar; and Brian Leh, 25, drums. FB: Do you have a set time each week when you practice, or are your practices more spontaneous? ST: We have practiced every Tuesday and Friday for the last seven years. It’s like if a football team doesn’t practice and then tries to play the game of their lives. We stay on top of it like clockwork. Our next show could be the show of our lives. FB: Is your band signed with a record label at the moment? If not, is that something that is in the plans for the band’s future? ST: We aren’t signed with a label currently, but we don’t believe it has held us back very much. Nowadays the labels are trying to save money just like everybody else. The expenses for marketing, booking, and travel are rarely covered by labels. This all ties into whether or not we as a band are looking to be signed. It all depends on what label comes to us with an offer and what they are offering. We are always on the lookout for the “dirty labels,” and so should every other unsigned band out there. Being signed, however, would definitely give us a sense of overall accomplishment. FB: Given the current economy, pirating music to save money is becoming more popular. What are your thoughts on file sharing? ST: I definitely believe that it’s good to know as an artist that your music is reaching more people this way. But


you start to see the numbers behind it. Our album was downloaded illegally two thousand times. We were charging ten dollars for the hard copy release. When you add it up, our band lost out on $20,000. It’s hard to say that we don’t feel the pinch from it. FB: Since you’ve played all over the Chicago area, can you give us a list of your top five underground music venues? ST: First off would have to be Reggie’s Rock Club (2109 S. State St., Chicago). We as a band have a great relationship with the owner, and we always receive a warm welcome from the crowd. Second would probably be Clearwater (96 W. Main St., West Dundee, IL) because it’s a local spot, and it’s really the center of our fan base. The third place that comes to mind is Otto’s (118 E. Lincoln Hwy, DeKalb, IL) because it was one of the biggest crowds that we have played, with a lot of local fans. It’s hard to decide which one is better between the fourth and fifth: Penny Road Pub (545 Penny Rd., Barrington, IL) was just an overall great venue to play in, and Chord On Blues (106 S. Riverside Ave., St. Charles, IL) once again because it’s a local crowd. For us, it’s always great to play for people that are from the same area as we are, but we try to not play locally too often, because you’ve really gotta get out to places where you could start a whole new fan base. Sometimes we even go with the “if you book it they will come” philosophy. FB: What’s the best and worst thing that you guys have experienced while touring the Chicago scene? ST: We haven’t really had too many bad experiences, just a heckler every now and then. I did, however, see a band do a set at a venue we were playing, and the crowd got so bad that one guy threw his camera at the band. I mean how bad is the show when someone throws their camera at you? I would have to say the best memory I have in Chicago would be a time that we played at the Nite Cap (5007 W. Irving Park Rd., Chicago). We were double-booked when we showed up to play, so we didn’t even think that we were going to end up on stage. When the band before us finished, we were told that we had 15 minutes or so to play what we wanted. We took the opportunity and BLASTED through three songs without stopping. The crowd loved us that night, and they were screaming for more when we had to leave the stage. It was a great feeling to leave them wanting more.•


Good for the Soul explore the benefits of music therapy

BY AMANDA SATANEK Music therapy is known to help individuals cope with many health conditions, such as anxiety, depression, communication disorders, and other medical problems. Used as a form of medicine, music helps patients manage pain and cope with depression and anxiety. Music therapy helps prevent health risks and eases stress. The Positive Side of Music Therapy

Music therapy can have a lasting benefit on a person’s state of mind and even have an affect on one’s breathing and heart rate. Experts note that listening to music creates a relaxing physiological response, which can help prevent chronic stress by advocating a higher level of optimism to reduce depression and anxiety. Music therapy has other health benefits, too, including lowering blood pressure, boosting immunity, easing muscle tension and more. VOLUME 5 • ISSUE 5 • 2011

Music Therapy at Home Creating music therapy at home is affordable. Turn on your iPod or favorite radio station or stream music live from free music streaming sites like Pandora or Grooveshark. Then simply let the music ease the stress away. Try listening to music while working on projects to boost creativity. Listening to a faster rhythm promotes sharper concentration and increase alertness, which helps with schoolwork and other duties. Listening to music is a popular treatment in health fields that has been proven effective in helping patients treat a variety of medical conditions. It’s a simple activity that can prevent future health risks and create a stress-free life. Give it a try. • good for the soul


photo by Joseph Halboth

The Price of

By Nate Daubert Ever since Jesuit monks brought coffee to Guatemala three centuries ago, raising the beans has been a losing business for small farmers. The conditions are miserable, and coffee farmers, on average, do not earn enough money to support their families. This is where fair trade comes into play. Fair trade is a social movement and market-based approach that helps farmers in developing countries have better trading conditions and promote environmentally safe farming practices.


The movement advocates the payment of a higher price to producers as well as higher social and environmental standards. It focuses mainly on exports from developing countries to developed countries (i.e. coffee, cocoa, tea, cotton, wine, gold, etc.) Fair Trade International (FLO) is a non-profit organization headquartered in Bonn, Germany, that oversees fair trade certification and makes sure that small farmers are treated according to standards. FLO labels the minimum price, directly to the farmer, per pound of coffee at $1.26, 3-4 times

the average of non fair trade coffee. $1.26 may not sound like a lot for a pound of coffee beans, but it’s making a huge impact. Not only are farmers earning more to support their families, but also the environment is not taking the same toll as it was before. (There is a list of strict environmental standards that groups of farmers must abide by in order to keep fair trade certification.) Fair trade coffee is making its way into mainstream culture. Starbucks coffee is 10% fair trade in the U.S., and across Europe all espresso is fair trade.

Locally, Chicago is taking a fair trade initiative, too. In February 2010, Chicago signed to become a “Fair Trade City” by meeting the following criteria: 1• The Chicago City Council supporting fair trade and encouraging use of FT products will pass a resolution. 2• Fair Trade products will be available throughout the city, at least 1 outlet in each of the 77 Communities. Based on population of about 3 million, that’s 1 outlet per 10,000 people or 300 outlets in the City


Photos by Jake Liefer, John Barrie, Dave Gaffigan

Good Coffee

3• Fair Trade products will be used in institutions such as congregations, schools, universities, hospitals and workplaces, with at least 1 FT institution in each of Chicago’s 77 communities. 4• This Campaign will bring increased media attention to Fair Trade and broaden support for Fair Trade by the City. 5• Chicago Fair Trade is a coalition of businesses, faith organizations, universities, non-profits and individuals who will continue to steer the Fair Trade process. VOLUME 5 • ISSUE 5 • 2011

As of April 2011, Chicago had nearly reached fair trade status and FT coffee can be purchased around the city at 309* retailers and is served in 208 institutions. Chicago has met or exceeded every goal on their list except having

260 fair trade institutions, falling 52 short. Chicago can only do so much as a city, however. The citizens need to take initiative as well in their personal lives. Since fair trade coffee cuts out the

middleman, it costs about the same as regular coffee or about $6 a bag for good quality coffee. *Find your closest retailer online at: www. locate•

Have you heard of Fair Trade? A survey of RMU students and their knowledge of Fair Trade 11% 21%



Yes, but I don’t know what it is.

Yes, and I use fair trade products

Yes, but I have never used it.

No, I have never heard of it.

the price of good coffee


Full Bleed weighs in on the economic benefits of legalization By Dylan Broll Legalization of marijuana for both medical and public use in the state of Illinois is a controversial subject. Many advocates have recommended that the general assembly focus on the regulation of marijuana in a free market, rather than criminalizing its use. Allowing marijuana to be grown and sold in fixed quantities would stimulate the economy by opening a new job market for growers and sellers. Taxation of marijuana for both medicinal and general use would also bring much-needed revenue to Illinois. The legalization and regulation of marijuana can be addressed in a number of ways. The Cannabis sativa plant has proved to be a valuable crop throughout American history. Its two components, hemp and marijuana, have been used for a variety of purposes. In the early 1600’s, hemp was a plant essential to the citizens of Jamestown and was grown side by side with tobacco. From 1763 until 1767, the colonies were in a time of shortage and enacted a law demanding that farmers grow hemp or be jailed. Hemp was used to produce products including rope, clothing, and paper. The United States Census of 1850 recorded that the country had 8,327 hemp plantations, each with a minimum of 2,000 acres. However, this changed in 1906, when the United States passed the Pure Food and Drug Act, creating the first government regulation of all drugs. Before this time, all narcotics were easily accessible and had no government supervision, which allowed people to use opiates for medical purposes. In 1914, the Harrison Act was passed, putting large taxes on marijuana and requiring licenses for all professions using any drugs. After years of investigation, the nationwide Marihuana Tax Act was passed in 1937. This act put an even larger tax on marijuana, which meant that growing and selling


the drug was no longer a lucrative business. This act was based on yellow journalism and bogus medical data claiming that marijuana made people crazy and turned them into “monsters.” The Boggs Amendment tightened the Marihuana Tax Act and provided mandatory sentences for those convicted of drug charges. The Reagan and Bush Administrations continued to push the war on drugs. However, the benefits of marijuana far outweigh the negatives, and advocates feel that officials need to re-examine the stereotypes associated with smoking marijuana. The American Medical Association is at the head of the pack in this effort and has begun to push for testing on marijuana. Marijuana gets a bad reputation because it

“The American Medical Association is at the head of the pack in this effort, and has begun to push for testing on marijuana.” is usually smoked, versus ingested. This makes people skeptical of its medical value. John A. Benson, Jr., MD, says that the advantage of smoking for medical patients is that it provides a rapid onset drug effect. “The effects of smoked marijuana are felt within minutes, which is ideal for the treatment of pain or nausea,” said Benson. According to Ralph Nader, LLB, attorney, author, and consumer advocate, “Research has shown marijuana to be a safe and effective medicine for controlling nausea associated with cancer therapy, reducing the eye pressure FULL BLEED


medical marijuana is technically legal in Illinois

for patients with glaucoma, and reducing muscle spasms caused by multiple sclerosis, para and quadriplegia.” There are over 250 conditions that can be treated by marijuana. Doctors and government officials agree that the laws outlawing marijuana should be examined and changed. The citizens of Illinois undoubtedly have economic and humanitarian interests in the legalization of marijuana. The economy would be stimulated if legalization policies are put into effect. Also, convictions for drug crimes would decease significantly. With the legalization and regulation of marijuana would come a reduction in crime. In addition, patients suffering from diseases like cancer and glaucoma in Illinois hospitals would have access to medical marijuana to better their treatment process. Allowing

“Marijuana is estimated to be the nations largest cash crop, so why not tax it?” the growth of hemp, another component of the Cannabis sativa plant, would help current industries as well Economically speaking, Illinoisans would reap the benefits of legalization policies. The state of Colorado legalized marijuana in 2000, and by 2007 over 60,000 medical marijuana dispensaries were paying tens of thousands of dollars in taxes directly to the state. The largest dispensary in Colorado serves over 1400 patients and generates $30,000 per month in sales tax revenue for the state. Marijuana is one of a few things keeping Colorado afloat in this time of recession, where other states are going under. In Michigan, medical marijuana has been legal since 2008 and already has 63,735 patients registered. With the documented success rate of medical marijuana in other states as an example, it doesn’t make sense for Illinoisans to be denied use of a drug that helps them, while also decreasing the state deficit. When looking at the economic side of this controversial issue, marijuana is estimated to be the nation’s largest cash crop, so why not tax it? With the legalization of marijuana comes the legalization of hemp. Reintroducing hemp to the paper, plastic, oil, and textile industries would be extremely beneficial. As these industries rebuild, jobs would be created and legalization would help reduce prices due to new competition and resources. This will be an additional economy boost that the state of Illinois desperately needs.


Of course, the legalization of marijuana could also be problematic, but if Illinois instituted a policy that restricted the use to citizens over 21, limited the growing plot of home growers, and required a license to grow the plant, then it would be safe and controlled. This method would keep the drug away from young kids but also allow those who need it medically to be able to get access to it at any time. It would raise extra money for the state from taxation and licensing fees. This would lower the amount of money needed for law enforcement and decrease underground and under-tax sales. The legalization of marijuana will never solve the economic crisis, but taking advantage of something rather than spending millions fighting against it seems like an excellent plan.•

Pre-Existing Policies ILLINOIS Cannabis Control Act of 1978 Under this act Illinois has not outlawed medicinal marijuana but given licensed physicians the authority to prescribe if they have the written approval of the department of state police. This act has never been enforced.


Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 Marijuana was legal in the U.S. until the Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 was passed. This law passed a $1 tax on all marijuana, hemp, and cannabis products being sold, to shut down the industry. Although it was passed, the American Medical Association did not support the bill.

Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970 Title II of this bill, the Controlled Substance Act, categorizes all illegal drugs. Marijuana was classified as a Schedule I drug. All drugs that are put on this list are federally outlawed for any use, personal or medical.


VOLUME 5 • ISSUE 5 • 2011

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LATER photographed by Jonathan Wright



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A FULLBLEED INVESTIGATION Jonathan Wright traveled to Grand Isle, Louisiana, to photograph the aftermath of the BP Oil Spill 1. “Jack Up Service Rig,” located closer to shore than oil rigs & used for cargo transfers, maintenance assistance on boats, ect. 2. Sunken boat, likely from a hurricane, left on side of road. 3. Rubber gloves, used by clean-up crews, left all over beach. 4. Swamp wildlife. 5. Dead crab. 6. Crab, alive, cowering in corner of cage that washed up onto the beach. 7. Oil refinery located near Grand Isle State Park. 8. Huge, two-foot-long Drum fish. 9. Catfish, along with foam & huge globs of the “absorbent” soaked in tar, used by BP to extract oil from the water. 10. Birds hunting for food in still-contaminated Gulf. 11. Massive fish, washed up on shore. 12. Idle tools of “clean-up effort.”

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Clean, Domestic, Renewable and Sustainable Design BY DAVID WEAVER A wind farm is a group of wind turbines used to produce electrical power. Large wind farms consist of several hundred individual wind turbines and can cover an extended area of hundreds of square miles. Many of these wind farms are built upon agricultural areas that use the land in between the turbines for crops and other purposes. Other wind farms are located off shore, and these are less conspicuous than their turbine counterparts on land, as their noise and apparent size is lessened by distance. Wind farms provide a clean, domestic, renewable resource that helps many countries, including the United States, meet energy, ecological, and economic challenges. Wind power consumes no water, no fuel, and emits no air pollution.


According to Essential Environment, by Jay Withgott and Scott Brennan, “Most of the world’s wind-power-generating capacity is concentrated in a handful of countries, currently lead by Germany(23.6%), the United States(17.9%), and Spain(16.1%).” The potential of wind power remains largely untapped as less than one percent of the world’s energy is derived from wind power. Just five nations account for 80% of the world’s wind power output. The wind farm industry is growing quickly, but like solar energy, wind provides only a small portion of the world’s power needs. Newer technologies are making the extraction of wind energy more efficient and cost effective. Now more then ever it’s a good idea for the United States to further invest in clean and renewable energy sources like wind farms.•


Just five nations account for 80% of the world’s wind power output.

Wind Speeds are roughly 20% greater over water than over land.

VOLUME 5 • ISSUE 5 • 2011

wind farms

EcoCars driving with the environment in mind




I-GO is a Chicago-based

Zipcar is a for-profit

project run by the nonprofit organization Center for Neighborhood Technology. I-GO’s mission is to reduce car ownership rates, decrease transportation costs, reduce urban congestion and improve air quality in Chicago.

business from Cambridge, MA, with locations worldwide. Since Zipcar is so large, there are many more locations to drop-off and pick-up cars. There is also a mobile app that assists with checking out a car and works as a remote.

Minimum Age: 21 Starting Rates Weekdays and Weekends Hourly rates from $7.75 Daily rates from $72

Minimum Age: 18 Starting Rates Weekdays and Weekends Hourly from $6.75 + 40¢/m Daily from $65 + 40¢/m


Ford Fusion via AutoSavant

Ford Fusion

BMW 335d

Price: $19,850 Fuel Type: Hybrid Mileage: 39 mpg combined Class: Sport Sedan Engine: 175hp | 2.5 liter | four-cylinder | 0 – 60 miles in 8.7 sec

Price: $44,150 Fuel Type: Clean Diesel Mileage: 36 mpg combined Class: Sedan Engine: 265hp | 3 liter | sixcylinder | 0 – 60 miles in 5.7 sec

Toyota Prius

Hyundai Sonata

Price: $23,520 Fuel Type: Hybrid Mileage: 50 mpg combined Class: Midsize hatchback Engine: 98hp | 1.8 liter | four-cylinder | 0 – 60 miles in 9.8 sec

Price: $25,795 Fuel Type: Hybrid Mileage: 38 mpg combined Class: Mid-size Sedan Engine: 209hp | 2.4 liter | four-cylinder | 0 – 60 miles in 9.2 sec

VW Jetta TDi

Smart Car

Price: $24,095 Fuel Type: Clean Diesel Mileage: 36 mpg combined Class: Compact Engine: 140hp | 2.0 liter | four-cylinder | 0 – 60 miles in 8.7 sec

Price: $24,095 Fuel Type: Petrol/Diesel Mileage: 37 mpg combined Class: City Car Engine: 40hp | 1.0 liter | three-cylinder | 0 – 60 miles in 4.5 sec

Tesla Model S

Honda Civic GX

Price: $49,900 Fuel Type: Electric Mileage: 300 Miles/Charge Class: Full-size Sedan Engine: 248 hp | 4-Pole Electric | 0 – 60 miles in 5.6 sec

Price: $24,490 Fuel Type: Natural Gas Mileage: 28 mpg combined Class: Compact Engine: 113hp | 1.8 liter | four-cylinder | 0 – 60 miles in 8.9 sec

Lotus Elise SC

Chevy Volt

Price: $24,095 Fuel Type: Petrolium Mileage: 38 mpg combined Class: Roadster Engine: 218hp | 1.8 liter | four-cylinder | 0 – 60 miles in 4.3 sec

Price: $32,780 Fuel Type: Hybrid Mileage: 95 mpg combined Class: Full Hatchback Engine: 150hp | 1.4 liter | four-cylinder | 0 – 60 miles in 8.4 sec

VOLUME 5 • ISSUE 5 • 2011


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Full Bleed 2011  
Full Bleed 2011  

full bleed magazine a magazine for students created by students robert morris university institute of art & design