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Tobacco Literacy Module II Teacher’s Instructional Guide

Created by: Tammye E. Farmer, Florida State University


Table of Contents This instructional guide is intended for use with the foto-novela, BJ Has a Bad Day. After the foto-novela has been read, at the instructor’s discretion, the following activities can be photocopied and distributed to the students. The purpose of these activities is to ensure that the students understand the health material in the foto-novela and to provide practice with the vocabulary introduced. Overview of Tobacco Smoking and Asthma Review of Vocabulary Words Fill in the Blanks Word Search Discussion on Smoking, Asthma & Quitting Smoking Social Identification Information on Asthma and Smoking Additional Resources for Instructors

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Overview of Tobacco Smoking and Asthma Tobacco use is the single greatest cause of preventable disease and death in the United States. Tobacco use causes more deaths than AIDS, alcohol, motor vehicles fatalities, homicides, either illicit or illegal drugs, and suicide combined. Asthma affects about 20 million Americans and nine million of them are children. Asthmarelated signs include coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath and chest tightness. African Americans have one of the highest prevalence of asthma (second to Puerto Ricans). They are also three times more likely to develop lung cancer or die from asthma than nonHispanic white adults who smoke. About 60% of American children ages 4-11 years are exposed to passive or secondhand smoke from parents or close relatives. These children are more likely to have bronchitis, pneumonia and develop asthma. This teacher’s instructional guide contains useful, practical and fun activities that can be used to further educate students about the damaging effects of tobacco and asthma. Learning Objectives After completing the activities, the students will be able to: Identify the negative effects that smoking has on asthma. Identify new health vocabulary words. Identify resources to assist themselves and/or others in quitting smoking. Identify people within their social environment who either have asthma or smoke. Demonstrate basic literacy skills by identifying key events and main characters in the story.

Vocabulary: Vocabulary words are included to help students learn important health information while they are mastering basic literacy skills. Appointment

Asthma

Asthma Attack

Bronchitis

Cigarette

Cough

Doctor

Exposed

Pneumonia

Severe

Smoke

Smoking

Trigger(ing)

Wheeze(ing)

Sources: http://www.aaaai.org/patients/gallery/asthma.asp http://www.americanheart.org/print_presenter.jhtml?identifier=4549 http://www.lungusa.org/press-room/press-releases/black-history-month-2007.html?print=t

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Review of Vocabulary Words Directions: Review the following words with the students to help enhance their understanding of the words and the story. a. Appointment – An arrangement to do something or meet someone on a particular time and place. b. Asthma – A chronic respiratory disease that is characterized by sudden recurring attacks of labored breathing, chest constriction, and coughing. c. Asthma Attack – Respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing; usually of allergic origin. d. Bronchitis – A chronic or acute inflammation of the mucous membrane of the bronchial tubes. e. Cigarette – A small roll of finely cut tobacco for smoking, enclosed in a wrapper of thin paper. f. Cough – To expel air from the lungs suddenly and noisily, often to keep the respiratory passages free of irritating material. g. Doctor – A person that is trained and licensed to practice medicine. h. Exposed – To subject or allow to be subjected to an action, influence, or condition. i. Pneumonia – An acute or chronic disease marked by inflammation of the lungs. j. Severe – Very dangerous or harmful. k. Smoke – The act of smoking a form of tobacco. l. Smoking – The act of inhaling and exhaling smoke from the use of tobacco. m. Trigger – To set off; initiate. n. Wheeze – To breathe with difficulty, producing a hoarse whistling sound.

Source: http://www.thefreedictionary.com

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Fill in the Blanks Directions: Complete the sentences by using the vocabulary words in the box below. 1. BJ began to

cough

and

2. The Doctor said that BJ had a

wheeze

severe

shortly after he entered the car.

asthma attack.

3. The asthma attack was caused by being exposed

to cigarette smoke.

4. If BJ remains around smokers, he could develop other lung diseases such as bronchitis and pneumonia . 5. Secondhand smoke is what was

triggering BJ’s asthma.

Bronchitis

Cough

Exposed

Pneumonia

Severe

Triggering

Wheeze

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Fill in the Blanks Directions: Complete the sentences by using the vocabulary words in the box below. 1. BJ began to

and

shortly after he entered the car.

2. The Doctor said that BJ had a

asthma attack.

3. The asthma attack was caused by being

to cigarette smoke.

4. If BJ remains around smokers, he could develop other lung diseases such as and . BJ’s asthma.

5. Secondhand smoke is what was

Bronchitis

Cough

Exposed

Pneumonia

Severe

Triggering

Wheeze

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Word Search Directions: Using the words below, find and circle each word in the word search puzzle. Words may be vertical (up and down), horizontal (sideways) or diagonal.

E O I O X T R I G G E R K S J

N L W A P P O I N T M E N T X

Q O H D C I G A R E T T E V I

H U E A O M S E V E R E L A R

B U E S U W O M Z C R F T L C

Z Z Z T G X M Q O D Q T D G B

F Q E H H S U G B K A O E S N

Z Q C M F C Y B E C I X W M E

K S G A E D K S K K Z N H O H

J Y J N E H P E K U V R G K C

N F B K V L J D O C T O R E M

P N E U M O N I A T B A Z R Q

I A L N D L E X P O S E D H S

C G B R O N C H I T I S U N N

APPOINTMENT

ASTHMA

BRONCHITIS

CIGARETTE

COUGH

DOCTOR

EXPOSED

PNEUMONIA

SEVERE

SMOKE

TRIGGER

WHEEZE

Source: http://tools.atozteacherstuff.com/word-search-maker/wordsearch.php

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N Z N G B R N E P B J S S A B


Word Search Directions: Using the words below, find and circle each word in the word search puzzle. Words may be vertical (up and down), horizontal (sideways) or diagonal.

E O I O X T R I G G E R K S J

N L W A P P O I N T M E N T X

Q O H D C I G A R E T T E V I

H U E A O M S E V E R E L A R

B U E S U W O M Z C R F T L C

Z Z Z T G X M Q O D Q T D G B

F Q E H H S U G B K A O E S N

Z Q C M F C Y B E C I X W M E

K S G A E D K S K K Z N H O H

J Y J N E H P E K U V R G K C

N F B K V L J D O C T O R E M

P N E U M O N I A T B A Z R Q

I A L N D L E X P O S E D H S

C G B R O N C H I T I S U N N

APPOINTMENT

ASTHMA

BRONCHITIS

CIGARETTE

COUGH

DOCTOR

EXPOSED

PNEUMONIA

SEVERE

SMOKE

TRIGGER

WHEEZE

Source: http://tools.atozteacherstuff.com/word-search-maker/wordsearch.php

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N Z N G B R N E P B J S S A B


Discussion on Smoking, Asthma & Quitting Smoking Directions: The questions in this section can be used to initiate discussions between the students and the instructor. The discussion can be integrated with the social interaction activities. How many of you know someone who has asthma? (Integrate with social identification activity). How many of you know someone who smokes? (Integrate with social identification activity). How do you feel about their smoking? Have you ever shared with someone the harmful effects of smoking? If you were a smoker and decided to quit smoking, would you go for help? If you or someone you know decides to quit smoking, do you know where to go for help?

Did you Know? People who get help quitting are twice as likely to quit.

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Social Identification (FOR INSTRUCTOR ONLY) The social identification activity is designed to assist the students in identifying people within their social environment who either have asthma or smoke. Directions: Write your name in the center circle. Fill in the other circles with words that identify different people you know who smoke OR have asthma. Choose the social connection from the list provided. You may use the connection more than once, if necessary. Identify those who SMOKE

-

Aunt

-

Boyfriend

-

Classmate

-

Cousin

-

Coworker

-

Client

-

Friend

-

Girlfriend

-

Neighbor

-

Spouse

-

Teacher

-

Uncle

-

Other

Classmate

Spouse

Friend

Cousin

Friend

ME Teacher

Uncle Coworker

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Social Identification (Part I) Directions: Write your name in the center circle. Fill in the other circles with words that identify different people you know who smoke OR have asthma. Choose the social connection from the list provided. You may use the connection more than once, if necessary.

Identify those who SMOKE

ME

10

-

Aunt

-

Boyfriend

-

Classmate

-

Cousin

-

Coworker

-

Client

-

Friend

-

Girlfriend

-

Neighbor

-

Spouse

-

Teacher

-

Uncle

-

Other


Social Identification (Part II)

Identify those who have ASTHMA

ME

11

-

Aunt

-

Boyfriend

-

Classmate

-

Cousin

-

Coworker

-

Client

-

Friend

-

Girlfriend

-

Neighbor

-

Spouse

-

Teacher

-

Uncle

-

Other


Social Identification (Part III)

Identify those who SMOKE and have ASTHMA

ME

12

-

Aunt

-

Boyfriend

-

Classmate

-

Cousin

-

Coworker

-

Client

-

Friend

-

Girlfriend

-

Neighbor

-

Spouse

-

Teacher

-

Uncle

-

Other


Information on Smoking, Asthma, and Quitting Directions: Share the following basic information on smoking and Asthma with the class. Links and additional information can be found under the “Additional Resources for Instructors� section that you may use to setup your lesson plan.

Asthma is a problem with the air tubes that carry air to the lungs. If the tubes become narrower or close up it is hard to breathe. In an asthma attack, you feel like you cannot get enough air. While asthma is common in children, the majority of people with asthma are adults.

Risk Factors Family history Air pollution Smoking Cigarette smoke Low birth weight Overweight/Obesity Exposure to chemicals Dust, animals hairs at home Allergies

Warning Signs

Examples of Treatments

Wheezing sound when you breath Trouble breathing Tight feeling in your chest

Source: www.floridaliteracy.org/FLCHLP/files/SE%20Files/Chapter%205%20SE_6980web.pdf

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Use an inhaler


Additional Resources for Instructors Listed are additional supplemental resources that can be used to gather more information about smoking and asthma. American Asthma Association http://www.Asthma.org American Heart Association http://www.americanheart.org American Lung Association http://www.lungusa.org Florida Literacy Coalition http://www.floridaliteracy.org Florida Healthy Kids https://www.healthykids.org Nemours http://nemours.org The Office of Minority Health http://minorityhealth.hhs.gov Florida QuitLine http://www.doh.state.fl.us/tobacco/quitline.html

Community health center provide medical are to all members of a community, regardless of ability to pay. To find a community health center in you local area, go to The Florida Association of Community Health Center website at www.fachc.org, or phone (800) 456-8263. In addition, The Florida Department of Health (DOH) strives to promote, protect and improve the health of all people in Florida. Local County health departments provide local health services. To find a local health department in your area you can call (850) 245-4330 or go to www.doh.state.fl.us.

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For more information on how to quit call:

(1-877-822-6669)

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