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Federico Ruiz Carvajal Architect National University of Colombia

fruizc@unal.edu.co / (+57) 310 338 1665 All images presented here were made by me (exceptions are mentioned)


Motivation letter summary

Life after fences

My city, Bogotá, is being invaded by a way of living that, driven by

In this sense, the Dutch tradition in bringing together different scales

fear and classist ideas, is creating a more paranoid ad undemocratic city.

and disciplines into the research and design processes will be very per-

I’m talking about gated communities, housing projects enclosed by fenc-

tinent for my work; more specifically, the design oriented research, in

es that are in charge of killing all possible activity in public space or the

which TU Delft has special interest, makes the Urbanism track of the

first floors, always with the excuse of creating a safer environment.

MSc AUBS the ideal choice for me.

The fact that commerce and other programs usually found in the first

Besides this, the multinational origin of TU Delft’s Faculty of Architec-

floors are rejected means that they have to accumulate in other places

ture students could be very enriching, allowing me to share experiences

as financial districts or malls, forcing people to move in cars and col-

with people coming from other countries where the gated communities’

lapsing public transportation systems. Besides being environmentally

phenomenon is also present. In the same sense, the limited experience

unsustainable, the growth of this phenomenon results paradoxical in a

that European cities have in dealing with this kind of urbanization is ac-

country where most families have reached certain economic prosperity

tually a strength, because it guarantees a fresh look over a problem that

thanks to the flexibility of their houses (usually self-made).

is normalized for me.

But his is a model that is also in charge of worsening some social

Las but not least, I would like to highlight the fact that in the last few

breaches: as I was able to prove in my BSc thesis, gated communities’

years TU Delft’s Faculty of Architecture has put its attention in Bogotá

districts forbid homeless people to have access to certain parts of the

through research and projects of great pertinence for the city. My pres-

city and, as a result, create places where they are overcrowded and used

ence there would only improve this relationship.

by criminal mafias as human shields. My hypothetical thesis project has no other goal than to propose urban and architectural strategies in order to open this spaces to the city, creating a more vibrant and inclusive public life in those places where, so far, the street has been treated as an undesired place.


Group project. Role: design, drawings, 3d modelling, model making. Team: Daniela García and Nataly Malaver (both with similar roles)

Two forests Greenhouses, library and cafeteria

Academic / 6th semester (3rd year) / 2015

Extension for the Biology Faculty of the National University Teacher: Daniel Bonilla UNAL campus, Bogotá

daniel.bonilla@daniel-bonilla.com

Understanding the forest Four types of habitat association between trees and their context.

Interpreting the forest Four analogies between forests and architecture

How to make a building analogous to a forest? In order to answer this question, the first step was talking to a biologist for understanding how a forest is organized and the way in which trees interact with each other, their context and other species. From this analysis we concluded that the architectural equivalent of the tree is not the column, this is only a formal analogy, but the inhabitable unit, which resembles much more to the natural world and the habitat associations among specimens.

Then we proceeded to apply these formal and organizational principles to the design of an “abstract” mass that slowly adapted to a specific program (greenhouses, which contain small forests themselves) and site (the National University campus in Bogotá). As part of the project, we decided to plant a new forest around our buildings, in such a way that the two forests, the natural and the architectonic, would interlace with each other. 3


Axonometric form the southwest. Original 3d model made with D. GarcĂ­a. Hand drawing and Photoshop processing by me.

4


Urban strategy. Public space of the project undestood as an analogy of the campus’ public sructure.

Context and first level floor plan

Second level floor plan 5


Interior atmospheres

Atmospheric and constructive model. Scale 1:20. 6


Group project. Role: co-design, 3d modelling and drawings. Team: N. Villamil, J. González and S. Barrero (all with same role)

Productive landscape El Listón urban renovation plan

Academic / 7th semester (4th year) / 2015 Entry to the Convive X competition (honorable mention)

A new neighbourhood for the city center Bogotá

Teacher: Camilo Pinilla pinillac@yahoo.com / cpinillac@unal.edu.co

ICO

MED

EL

Connection The center of the center

EL

LÍN

LÍN

V/V

CÍFI CO

CÍFI CO

PA

PA

1 : 200 000

2015

NT

MED

ATLÁ

1980

ICO

LÍN

LÍN

NT

ICO

EL

EL

ATLÁ

NT

ICO

LÍN

1952 MED

MED

EL

ATLÁ

1938

NT

ICO

MED

ATLÁ

NT

1911

ATLÁ

The goal of the project is to facilitate the coexistence and interaction of different populations in the same neighborhood; then, the friction between different flows and programs is promoted, in such a way that new interactions are generated among people and groups that in other case would ignore each other. Now, including populations traditionally marginalized or accused of being unproductive, such as homeless or former guerilla soldiers, is a challenge: how can we make them all contribute to the neighborhood? Production, which can be economic or of any other sort (intellectual, cultural, academic, etc.) is the common ground for all the dwellers. If everyone can do something for others, then they can all coexist. The formal translation of this “mixing principle” is a public pedestrian diagonal that connects 13th street (La Sabana railway station) with 19th (Paloquemao market), where all the the neighborhood’s production is showcased. Instead of being only a connector, the diagonal is also a sequence of open spaces for encounter that are articulated by some historical or industrial buildings (which account for the past of the area) that are preserved. In section, the idea of mix and friction exists thanks to the continuous terracing of the buildings and blocks, which creates long descending perspectives towards the diagonal, relating all the different groups and populations between them and with public space. This is the Productive Landscape.

IC

EN

CIO

V/V

IC

EN

CIO

Agglomerations

1 : 100 000

Services agglomerate and industry leaves

Distancing

1 : 50 000

Big urban amenities leave the centre

Shortage

1 : 25 000

Progressive deficit of public and green space

Layout

1 : 10 000

Appendix and extension of 13th street, depends on it

Crossings

1 : 5 000

Connections and continnuity only towards 13th St. The rest are walls

PS: the large amount of information and renderings produced for this competition and the need to save space in the following pages forced me to focus only on the aspects of the project where I was more involved. It must be said that in the original project we had to design different types of apartments and even did some constructive detail drawings (these tasks were undertaken by my colleagues).

Conventions

Embryo

Growth

Maturity

Weakening

Decline

New station, new city.

13th Street grows, El Listón grows.

Spearhead of the industrial axis of 13th St.

26th Street absorbs flows of people. Uncertain future.

Limited connectivity: limited flows.

What is this place? Reviewing a hundred years of history. 7

Nearby towns Railway Primary street Secondary street Tertiary street Quaternary street Urban facilities Services Industry Declining industry Public space Crossings and connections


General plan

Current layout

C C A R R E R A

A

L

9

Education

Parking

External exchange

Small scale production

Recreation

Communal spaces Urban facilities

Local production exchange

Non contaminating industry

Dwellings

Dwellings and assitance for vulnerable populations

Local subsistence exchange

Land transportation hub

Education

Parking

External exchange

Small scale production

Recreation

Communal spaces Urban facilities

Local production exchange

Non contaminating industry

Dwellings

Dwellings and assitance for vulnerable populations

Local subsistence exchange

Land transportation hub

Education

Parking

External exchange

Small scale production

Recreation

Communal spaces Urban facilities

Local production exchange

Non contaminating industry

Dwellings and assitance for vulnerable populations

Local subsistence exchange

Land transportation hub

2 2

Dwellings

Parking

1

L E

Proposed layout

Communal spaces Urban facilities

C

Dwellings and assitance for vulnerable populations

A

L

L E

Local production exchange Local subsistence

exchange relations New programmatic

New entrances Vehicular Pedestrian / slow traffic Pedestrian

Small scale production

External exchange

1

3

Non contaminating industry

Land transportation hub

New mobility 8

Historycal Utilitarian

Preservation of pre-existing buildings


Enlarged area

General axonometric (northeast). Drawing by N. Villamil, based on 3D model by me.

C

11.0

7.9 2.5

San Façon school extension

16.5

28.1

O

16.6

M

21.2

M

15.5

O

General plan. The new pedestrian diagonal creates continuity in a historically divided place.

N

38.5

19.0

16.9

6.4

N

A

L

11.8

6.3

30.9

5.5

11.0

C

S

D

11.0

5.0 5.0

10.7

20.5

A

11.0

P

39.5

2.5 5.0 5.0

SENA Technical education

Store Mini-market

Pedestrian diagonal

Historycal building Sales of local products

Pedestrian diagonal

Kindergarden

Laundry Gym Communal living

E

41.5

Workshop houses

General section (N-S). Big “barrier buildings” towards the intense and metropolitan exterior protect the smooth terraced landscape of the interior. 9

20.0

2.3 5.0 5.0

Smuggling market Offices Metropolitan commerce


The block Formal

1. Platform: Occupy

2. Platform: Illuminate

3. Platform: Terracing

4. Body: Densify

5. Body: Tower & platform

6. Topping: Terraces/landscape

5. Housing towers: heterogeneous mix of typologies.

6. Green: private terraces, communal or public platforms

Programmatic The block center A landscape, not a replacement of the street

1. Parking

2. Public belt: commerce, services, facilities

3. Production: Offices, studios, house-studios

4. Collective: laundry, communal living, gym.

Formal and programmatic conformation of the block.

Education

Medical and psychological assistance

The street section Terraces = light and visual relations

Production: Services

Production: Knoweledge

Production: Workshops

Production: Entrepreneurship

Housing

Local subsistence exchange

Local production exchange

External exchange

The block program Vertical mix = diversity and opportunity

The neighborhood’s carpentry shop

Handmade products shop

Classrooms for vulnerable pop.

Workshop for vulnerable populations

Section of three blocks. Programmatic, social and economic relations. 10

Housing for vulnerable pop.

Housing common area

Workshop-houses

Housing

Local store

Offices

San Smugglers’ = Andresito market


More corners + slower streets = better urban experience

Terraces for urban farming and exterior stairs for social interaction

The interior landscape effect. Drawing by N. Villamil.

Aerial view from the north-east 11


Ultimum risus funeral home Funeral home, cafe and flower shop

Individual project

Academic / 9th semester (5th year) / 2017

Dealing with the destiny of an aging town Teacher: Alberto I. Correa Historical center, Zipaquirá

aicorreah@unal.edu.co

Y ER

ET

EM

C TO Funerary houses - Cathedral routes Cathedral - Cemetery route Existing funerary homes Project site

A funeral procession in Zipaquirá.

Urban plan with funeral processions’ routes.

My father died when I was 15. Besides the obvious grief, something that called my attention was the lack of humanity of the funeral home where he was mourned. Empathy was not a priority; instead of that, its long corridors and hospital-like rooms seemed to be the products of the need for efficiency and order. It was not a human place. Years later, when I arrived to Zipaquirá, a small town outside Bogotá, I only had the task of making a building in the historical center that was “respectful to its environment”. While wandering through the town, I passed

by the cathedral and saw a traditional funeral procession: here, the family and friends were carrying the coffin by foot from the undertaker’s to the cemetery. I realized that this outside ritual, opposed to the highly efficient customs of the city, had a great potential for rethinking the funeral home. As exposure to the elements was not a problem here, I decided to make a funeral home that was composed by multiple buildings united only by a garden. Instead of thinking that architecture had the power to console, I decided to leave that responsibility to nature: it knows better.


Existing profile. “New and ugly” vs. “Old (probably fake) and beautiful”.

(Un)proposed profile. “New and ugly” and “Old (probably fake) and beautiful”

ULTIMUM R I S U S

Café

to

El muer

Flores Lucía Regalo

(Un)proposed facade. Hiding behind ugliness = not being noticed . This facade proposal, or un-proposal, is a reaction to the academic blindness to reality in which I was taught.

When dealing with the facade, the conversation changed tone. This is why. The site was occupied by three “ugly” buildings that interrupted the sequence of (mostly fake) colonial facades. In this situations, “original colonial style” is generally thought to be worthy of preservation, while the modern buildings, usually out of proportions and made with nontraditional materials, are rejected as “mistakes”. But, aren’t both of them worthy of preservation? In the end, they are equally part of the town’s history and we are the ones who don’t want to accept them as such. Actually, most of Colombian skylines are usually distinct

because of their lack of continuity and uniformity but, nonetheless, we are still taught to search for these formal values, maybe appropriate in other contexts, in our projects. This is why I took the decision of hiding most of the project behind two of the “ugly” pre-existent facades, which are preserved as almost scenographic devices. The only section of the new intervention which is exhibited directly to the street makes the transition in height between the three stories of the left facade and the two of the right one. 13


Meditation space Cafe

Funeral room nยบ3

Reception room

Hall

Funeral room nยบ2

Flower shop Funeral room nยบ1

Car elevator

First floor plan. From the hospital-like (corridor, room, corridor, etc.) to the garden funeral home. 14


Offices

Purple = high plants (> 3 m), Red = medium plants ( 1.5 < x > 3 m) Orange = small plants (<1.50 m)

Second floor and garden plan. Context.

WC

WC

Mortuary

Parking

Car elevator

Basement plan.

The garden 15


A-A Section. From right: street, cafe and administrative office, meditation space and funeral room .

B-B Section. From left: street, flower shop, funeral rooms and parking + mortuary (at the basement). 16


AFINADO CON PENDIENTE MIN. 1%

IMPERMEABILIZACIÓN EN TELA ASFÁLTICA NEGRA

VIDRIO TEMPLADO 4 mm

VIDRIO TEMPLADO 4 mm

MARCO METÁLICO Y SELLANTE

MARCO METÁLICO Y SELLANTE

VIGA EN CONCRETO OCRE (40 x 30 cm)

VIGA EN CONCRETO OCRE (40 x 30 cm)

MURO ESTRUCTURAL CONCRETO CICLÓPEO OCRE FUNDIDO EN CAPAS c/25 cm

MURO ESTRUCTURAL CONCRETO CICLÓPEO OCRE FUNDIDO EN CAPAS c/25 cm

GARGOLA EN CONCRETO PREFABRICADA IN SITU

VIGA EN CONCRETO OCRE (40 x 30 cm)

DINTEL REFORZADO

LÁMPARA LED

LÁMPARA LED

PARAL LONGITUDINAL MADERA (10x5 cm)

PARAL LONGITUDINAL MADERA (10x5 cm)

PARAL TRANSVERSAL EN MADERA (10x5 cm)

PARAL TRANSVERSAL EN MADERA (10x5 cm)

CIELO RASO EN LISTONES DE MADERA

CIELO RASO EN LISTONES DE MADERA

PODIO PARA ATAUD EN CONRETO

PODIO PARA ATAUD EN CONRETO

MARCO EN MADERA

VIDRIO TEMPLADO 4 mm

ACABADO EN LISTONES DE MADERA

The hall.

PISO CON ACABADO LISTONES DE MADERA ANTEPECHO - SILLA CONCRETO CICLÓPEO OCRE H = 50 cm

VIGA DE CIMENTACIÓN CONCRETO (50x 50 cm)

VIGA DE CIMENTACIÓN CONCRETO (50 x 50 cm)

VIGA DE CIMENTACIÓN CONCRETO (50 x 50 cm)

CAPA DE SUELO MEJORADO SEGÚN ESTUDIOS

CAPA DE SUELO MEJORADO SEGÚN ESTUDIOS

Detail section of the funeral room’s window, impluvium and coffin base.

Funeral room. An impluvium-like opening seems to have been made by the falling of the coffin . 17


Thesis project. Individual

Abris for the homeless

11th semester (5th year) / 2018

New continuities through new urban facilities An alternative to the state of refuge

Teacher: Carlos Naranjo cenaranjoq@unal.edu.co

Bogotá

Note: this project was conceived as both an architectural and theoretical work, so words are as necessary as images. In this case, re elaborating the texts into the essay was not possible.

Current state:

PUBLIC ASSISTANCE

DISTRIBUTION OF HOMELESS + DRUG SELLING SPOTS

State-run centers for the homeless

THE REFUGE

Refuge: 1. shelter or protection from danger or distress

SA

LA

ME

AREA 3 Suba

The re- in refuge means basically “back” or “backward” rather than “again;” thus, a refugee is someone who is “fleeing backward”. Refuge tends to appear with certain other words: you generally “seek refuge”, “take refuge”, or “find refuge”

AREA 2

Engativá / Suba

Merriam-Webster dictionary, 2018 Source: SDIS

RECYCLING CENTERS Public collection centers of recycled materials

The following maps show the past and current situation in which homeless people live in Bogotá. They are an evidence of how this population has been subject of rejection and discrimination, hence being forced to a constant state of escape. Just think about this: according to one ong, a homeless person has 37 times more chances of being murdered than a “regular” citizen. This reality is so naturally accepted by bogotanos that they usually call them “desechables” –which stands for “disposables”-. Without any opportunities, homeless people are always in search for a place to hide, authentic refuges: they have been condemned to the territories of exclusion, both urban (crime ghettos) and mental (more than 70% of them are drug addicts).

AREA 1

Kennedy / Fontibón

Density 60 - 90 40 - 50 20 - 30 5 - 10 0-5 Source: SDIS, 2015 / FIP, 2017 Source: FIP, 2017

18

Aprox. homeless population

12000


ENCLAVES + DRUG SELLING SPOTS

ENCLAVES

AREA 3

AREA 3 /

AREA 3 /

Suba

Suba

Barriers for continuity of uses and movement

Suba

AREA 3 Suba

AREA 2

Engativá / Suba

AREA 2

AREA 2 /

Kennedy / Fontibón

Engativá - Suba

AREA 1

Education

Schools and universities

Commerce

Plazas and malls Financial centers

Enclosed parks

Parks and sports facilites

Kennedy - Fontibón

AREA 1 /

Industry

Kennedy - Fontibón

Gated communities

Kennedy / Fontibón

AREA 1 /

Housing

AREA 1

AREA 2 /

Engativá - Suba

Engativá / Suba

Others Source: de la Carrera, 2013 / IDECA, 2017

Clubs, military base, transportation, prisons, etc.

Source: FIP, 2017

CHOSEN AREA FOR PROJECT DEVELOPMENT (see pg. 20)

This is why the territories of criminal economies, where the prohibited is allowed, tend to be fertile but unstable soils for these people to stay and create their refuges. This situation is worsened by two factors: first, the kind of assistance given to the homeless by the state isn’t enough or adequate (both for its location as for the kind of services offered), and second, by the fact that the city is growing from cells that are designed for excluding those who are different (enclaves such as gated communities –which house the 25% of the city’s population-, malls or financial districts). This mix of factors ends up creating

areas of the city that are forbidden to the homeless and, in consequence, others which are overcrowded by them. It is no coincidence that these are also the places where criminal activities accumulate. Therefore, there is no continuity between the inhabitants of the city, homeless and not: no common ground exists for creating a more inclusive territory. This reality, which is opposite to the democratic nature that any city should aspire to have, must be transformed. Then: how to create a common ground where homeless, state and “regular” citizens can meet? 19


METROPOLITAN NETWORK

Proposed state:

General distribution of axes and buildings

THE ABRI Abri: shelter. Especially: a dugout or cavity in a hillside. Etymology: Borrowed from French, going back to Old French, noun derivative of abrier “to shelter, protect,” going back to Late Latin apricare “to expose to the sun (and hence protect from wind, cold, etc.),” alteration of the Latin deponent verb apricari “to sun oneself, bask in the sunshine,” derivative of apricus “exposed to the sun, sunny”. Merriam-Webster dictionary, 2018

An abri necessarily includes; it is the result of an entrance, not an expulsion. This is what makes it different form a refuge. The abri attracts, it allows one to be in consonance with the environment: it creates continuity. On the other hand, the refuge is a final resource, the worst expression of segregation and division, the place where the ones who cannot be go to. In order to guarantee the rights of a human group, it first has to be accepted as such, which is what has not happened yet with the homeless population of Bogotá. This process implies to move from refuges to abris, from exclusion to inclusion. This is why the project proposes to create spaces for the encounter of three actors historically segregated; homeless people, public institutions and “regular citizens” (which is a generic but necessary category). It is important to say that the goal of the project is not to offer definitive solutions to the needs of homeless people in Bogotá but just to start the dialog that will eventually lead to them. In Bogotá, and in Colombia, we are still learning how to talk to each other. In order to achieve this goal, the project proposes to distribute across the entire city –enclaves’ areas included- different points of service for the homeless. These are not just buildings that serve a specific program, but that also propose new continuities between public and private space, opposing to the existing system of excluding barriers and allowing a permanent flow of this population through places previously forbidden for them. Although forced, my hope is that the encounters generated by the project will promote unsuspected, creative and powerful interactions through time that will help create a more democratic city.

Middle point Room of mirrors Common room

+ 20

Attractor point

Collection center for recycled materials Controlled drug consumption facility


PROGRAM R

COLLECTION CENTER OF RECYCLED MATERIALS Recycled mat. temporary storage Carts and bags “parking” Pet daycae Restrooms (with showers) Laundry

Turns of 2 hours per person

ATTRACTORS

3. Bodily abri

Creating continuity between mind and body. Being body.

SUPERVISED DRUG CONSUMPTION CENTER Health care offices Restrooms (with showers) Supervised consumption cubicles Drugs storage vault Employees area

MIDDLE POINTS

Creating continuity among those who are different. Being anonymous.

2. Common abri

D

M

Dancing - acting room Handwork workshop Restrooms Lockers area

Each building has one. It’s function and form depend on the immediate context; it is intended to attract the current dwellers of the area.

1. Social abri

Turns of 0.5 hours per person

+

ROOM OF MIRRORS

PUBLIC INTERFACE

COMMON ROOM

2. Commmon abri

Creaing continuity among equals. Ser nombre.

C

Covered room Big terrace Self service kitchen Restrooms Undefined schedule

Turns of 1 hour per person

charge of articulating them with their surroundings by creating new continuities –both physical and programmatic- between public and private spaces; through them, the buildings become a complement for the neighbours’ everyday life and a part of the urban landscape. In this way, each axis has four buildings that try to reconcile the city with its homeless inhabitants in three levels of experience -which correspond to three scales-. First, with the public interfaces they are part of a large community of anonymous neighbours: this is what I call the social abri. Thanks to the recycling and drug consumption centers and to the common room, strong human relations can be created without the mediation of constant urgent needs that previously were the origin of mutual distrust and loneliness: this is the common abri. Finally, there’s the room of mirrors, in which a literal and conceptual reflection on the body tries to reconcile it with the mind –a relationship that drugs tend to denaturalize-: this is called the bodily abri.

The distribution of buildings is organized by axes that can be replicated throughout the city, each of which is composed by four structures. Of them, two are placed at the extremes and work as attractors thanks to their programs –which are consolidated activities in the homeless’ people life-: one is the collection center of recycled materials (where a symbolic payment is made in order to access the buildings) and the second is a supervised drug consumption facility (which replace the existing illegal drug ghettos). On the other hand, the other two “middle points” have programs meant to create a reflection on the body and the community –which are two entities that struggle to survive when it comes to homeless’ people lives. First, the “room of mirrors” is a place where dance and handwork generate a reflection on the body and its creative capacity, and second, a “common room” is where people come to meet as equals and where memories are created. As a complement, all four buildings have a “public interface” that is in 21


BARRIERS, CROSSINGS AND AGGLOMERATIONS AXIS 1 (EAST - WEST) / 1º DE MAYO AV. - CIUDAD DE CALI AV. HOMELESS

ADAPTNG TO A SITE

AGGLOMERATION BY USE

CROSSINGS

BARRIERS

High density

Walls / Fences

Car entrance

$

Pedestrian entrance

Commerce

OPPPORTUNITY AREAS P

Park / Plaza

Parking lot

Opportunity area

Religious

Chosen opp. area

Drug selling

New proposed continuity

BARRIERS, CROSSINGS AND AGGLOMERATIONS Medium density

High traffic street

Traffic light + zebra crossing

Low density

Π

Education

D

Pedestrian bridge

stop AXIS 1 (EAST - WEST) / 1º DE MAYO AV. -BusCIUDAD DE CALI AV.

HOMELESS

DCROSSINGS

D

Walls / Fences

P

Medium density Low density

High traffic street D

$

Commerce

Pedestrian entrance

D

Park / Plaza

Traffic light + zebra crossing

Chosen opp. area

DE Drug D CALI

New proposed continuity

selling

Bus stop

D

D

$

$

D

$

D

BARRIERS, CROS

D

HUMEDAL LA VACA

AXIS 1 (EAST - WEST) / 1º

$

D

D

$

D

$

D

D

$

$

HOMELESS

$

D

1.3

P $

BARRIERS

High density

Walls /

Medium density

High tra

km

$

16

BARRIERS, CROSSINGS AN

$

min

$

Low density

AXIS 1 (EAST - WEST) / 1º DE MAYO AV. - C

P

Π

P

P

P

HOMELESS

Π

CROSSING

BARRIERS

High density SITE 2

Walls / Fences

Car en

BARRIERS, CROSSINGS AND AGGLOM C P

Pedest

SA

P

Medium density RIC

High traffic street

AS

AXIS 1 (EAST - WEST) / 1º DE MAYO AV. - CIUDAD DE CALITraffic AV P

HOMELESS

Π

zebra

Low density 0.5 km

High density

Walls / Fences P

$

Medium density $

$

6

min

Car entrance

SITE 3

$

Pedestrian entrance

M

High traffic street Π

Pedest AGGLOMERA

CROSSINGS

BARRIERS

Π

$

P

Π

$

Π

Specific location of points and connections

D

Low density Π

AXIS 2.1 (N-S)

10th STREET LAS AMÉRICAS AV.

+

M

Park /

Traffic light + zebra crossing

Π

Pedestrian bridge

P

P

AXIS 1 (EAST - WEST) / 1º DE MAYO AV. - CIUDAD DE CALI AV. $

HOMELESS

$

$

P

BARRIERS

$

$

$

AGGLOMERATION BY USE D

CROSSINGS P

Walls / Fences

Car entrance P

$

P

Commerce

P

BARRIERS, CROSSINGS AND AGGLOMERATIONS P

Π

Medium density

+

3.5 km

+

AXIS 1 (EAST - WEST) / 1º DE MAYO AV. - CIUDAD

D

Low density

$

$

HOMELESS

D

Π

$

Walls / Fences

$

$

R

+

C

R

BARRIERS BARRIERS

AXIS/ 1Fences (E-W) Walls

density HighHigh density

traffic street HighHigh traffic street

SITE 4 Education

R

Commerce Commerce

$

Π

DP

Parking PParking lot Π

lot

200

100

/ Plaza ParkPark / Plaza 400

300

Pedestrian bridge Pedestrian bridge

Education Education

Π 500

Bus Bus stopstop

22 D

Π

D

Religious Religious CÁ

OYA

B AV.

N

Pedestrian entrance Pedestrian entrance Traffic Traffic lightlight + + zebra crossing zebra crossing

D

selling DrugDrug selling

D

OPPPORTU

Oppo

Religious

Chos

Drug selling

New contin

OPPPORTUNITY AREAS OPPPORTUNITY AREAS

$

$

D

Drug sellin

Parking lot

Bus stop

AGGLOMERATION BY USE AGGLOMERATION BY USE

entrance Car Car entrance

10 30 50 0 20 40

density LowLow density

Π

$

YO MA

Medium density Medium density

th

Park / Plaza

D

D

D

P

Opportunity Opportunity areaarea

DE

50 SOUTH STREET 41st SOUTH STREET

Traffic light + zebra crossing

Π

CROSSINGS CROSSINGS

D

Walls1º/DE Fences MAYO AV.

CIUDAD DE CALI AV.

AXIS 2.2 (S-N)

Pedestrian entrance

$

RE/ density AXIS 1 (EAST - WEST) MAYO - CIUDAD CALI AXIS 1 (EAST - WEST) / Low 1ºA 1º DEDE MAYO AV.AV.- CIUDAD DEDE CALI AV.AV.bridge Pedestrian HOMELESS HOMELESS

Commerce

$

High traffic street

Education Bus stop

AGGLOMERATION BY USE

Car entrance

Π

Π

Parking lot Religious

min

CROSSINGS

BARRIERS

Park / Plaza

Pedestrian bridge

$

$

ZO C OM EDCROSSINGS AND AGGLOMERATIONS M BARRIERS, BARRIERS, CROSSINGS AND AGGLOMERATIONS A High density

Medium density

3.5 km (short distance = walkable)

Pedestrian entrance 1.3 Traffic light + km DE zebra CALIcrossing AV. 16

Π

High traffic street

Educa

Bus sto

P

$ P

High density

D

Comm

BARRIERS, CROSSINGS AND AGGLOMERATIONS

ADAPTATION

Abstract location of points and connections

Opportunity area

Religious

SITE 1

D D

$

AREA 1: ABSTRACT MODEL

Parking lot

AV. CIUDAD

D

D

Π

OPPPORTUNITY AREAS P

Education

Π

Pedestrian bridge

D

D

D

P

AGGLOMERATION BY USE

Car entrance

LA

As an example of how this abstract spatial and programmatic model adapts to a site, I chose one of the areas studied in detail before. The axis chosen crosses through a part of the Kennedy district, in which a sequence of relatively safe neighborhoods of gated communities is enclosed by high traffic highways on the north and east sides and by Bogotá’s Central Market (Corabastos), a huge enclave of 420 000 m2 surrounded by a wall with only 8 entrances, on the west. The axis passes through Corabastos and ends at its west side, where stand three neighbourhoods which have some of the highest murder rates and criminal ativities and also one of the higher densities of homeless of the city. As shown before, these great variations in terms of security and homeless people presence is generated by the presence of walls and fences used for enclosing gated communities and other kind of enclaves. As the project’s goal is to create encounter, the next thing to do was to find the right places to intervene. For having an answer, the question was: where do people already meet –even if only by obligation-? Road crossings, buildings that attract many people (educational, religious, commercial, etc.) and entrances to the enclaves seemed to be the answer: more specifically, those places where this points accumulated. Then, intuitively, I chose four of them which seemed to have the right conditions of distance and atmosphere.

BARRIERS

High density

Chosen Chosen opp.opp. areaarea proposed NewNew proposed continuity continuity


D

SITE 1 SUPERVISED DRUG CONSUMPTION AND HEALTHCARE FACILITY PUBLIC INTERFACE: TWO PEDESTRIAN ENTRANCES / CROSSINGS

The west wall of Corabastos separates it from the complex and insecure Llano Grande neighborhood. Paradoxically, the nearest Transmilenio–the city’s massive transportation system- station can be reached by going through it; considering that 250 000 people arrive each day to the Market, it seems illogical to have this wall standing. The project consists of four massive rocky pillars that create two new pedestrian entrances on this side of Corabastos, both of which correspond to existing roads, that will allow people to arrive from the station. Occupying the ground floor is too expensive because of its commercial use, so the actual facility is a long building elevated 7 meters above the fruit shops that currently exist.

E

C BLI

C SPA

PU

E

C PA

ES AT RIV

P

Diagram of new continuities

23

Sketches


Section B - B’.

Site plan.

LOCAL CONTROL

B

C'

LOCAL

LOCAL

CONTROL

LOCAL

B

LOCAL

LOCAL

B

C

C' LOCAL CONTROL LOCAL

CONTROL LOCAL

LOCAL

LOCAL

LOCAL

CONTROL

LOCAL

LOCAL

LOCAL

C

C'

C

B'

C' CONTROL CONTROL

LOCAL

LOCAL

LOCAL

LOCAL

LOCAL

LOCAL

First floor plan. 1:300

B'

A

CONSUMO CONTROLADO

DEPÓSITO SPA

B' B'

PATIO

AT. MÉDICA

B' DEPÓSITO SPA

CONSUMO CONTROLADO

B'

PATIO

DEP.

A

EMPLEADOS

A'

EMPLEADOS

A'

EMPLEADOS

A'

AT. MÉDICA

DEPÓSITO SPA

CONSUMO CONTROLADO

PATIO

A

DEPÓSITO SPA

CONSUMO CONTROLADO

PATIO

B

B B

Second floor plan. 1:300

Section A - A’. 1:300

24

DEP. DEP.

AT. MÉDICA

A


C

SITE 2 COMMON ROOM

PUBLIC INTERFACE: OPEN AIR CINEMA / STANDS FOR SPORTS COURT

This building is located just over the fenced border that separates the private park of a gated community and the sidewalk of a public street. The idea is to dilute that limit and to create a place in which defining where the private ends and the public begins is almost impossible. For achieving this, the building is proposed as a kind of continuous stair that elevates and submerges under the ground, creating both new stands for an open air cinema -that can also be used for watching the sports events occurring in the adjacent basketball court- and an enclosed room, which is the actual Common room. As a symbol of the unfinished spirit of the project -which tries to create encounter but not yet to propose solutions- four pairs of columns that support nothing are placed throughout the building.

PR

IVA TE

PU

SP AC

E

BL

IC

SP AC

E

Diagram of new continuities

25

Sketches


Site plan.

B

B B

GRADAS / CINE

GRADAS / CINE

A

TERRAZA

A

A

B

B

TERRAZA

GRADAS / CINE GRADAS / CINE

B

B

B

TERRAZA TERRAZA

A'

A'

A

A'

A'

A

SALÓN COMÚN

A

A

COCINA

COCINA DEPÓSITO COCINA

B'

B' B'

B'

B'

B'

B'

First floor plan. 1:200

Underground floor plan. 1:200

Section A - A’. 1:200

Section B - B’. 1:200

26

DEPÓSITO

A'

A' A'

COCINA

B'

SALÓN COMÚN

SALÓN COMÚN SALÓN COMÚN

A

DEPÓSITO DEPÓSITO

A'


M

SITE 3 ROOM OF MIRRORS

PUBLIC INTERFACE: PEDESTRIAN PASSAGE AND SKATEPARK

PR

IVA TE

SP AC

E

Here, the priority is to create a double urban experience for those who are not directly related to the buildingâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s program. On one hand, a porch-like passage surrounded by mirrors on the walls and ceiling extends the experience of the room of mirrors so that anyone who passes by can be part of it. In second place, the ground floor of the building also serves as the first of a series of ramps that are part of a skatepark that consolidates the improvised one that already exists nearby. From the perspective of a skateboarder, the building is almost invisible. Finally, one of the windows of the dancing and acting room is oriented so that everything that happens inside can be seen form the street. This will create visual interaction and a notion of shared space.

PUB

LIC

SPA

CE

Diagram of new continuities

27

Sketches


Pedestrian view of the Public hall of mirrors

Site plan.

A

A

A

A

A

A

A

SALÓN DE ESPEJOS

A

SALÓN DE ESPEJOS

SALÓN DE ESPEJOS SALÓN DE ESPEJOS

B

B

B SKATEPARK

B'

B'

B

B'

B

B'

B

B

TALLER OFICIOS

SKATEPARK TALLER OFICIOSTALLER OFICIOS

A'

First floor plan. 1:200

Corte A - A’. 1:200

A'

A'

A'

Second floor plan. 1:200 A' A'

A'

Corte B - B’. 1:200

28

B'

B'

B

SKATEPARK TALLER OFICIOS

SKATEPARK

B'

A'

B'


R

SITE 4 COLLECTION CENTER OF RECYCLED MATERIALS

PUBLIC INTERFACE: PEDESTRIAN CROSSING (AND PRIVATE PARK)

This intervention tries to create a new continuity through the first gated community of a series that extends from here towards the west. In this case, the whole structure is built underground and passes under the private park of the dwelling project, which is over-dimensioned but yet to be respected. The need for natural light and ventilation was solved with two courtyards and two “green strips” that curve upwards, both serving as roof for the building and as part of the park’s topography. The underground floor is composed by several spaces articulated by a wide corridor that is designed to facilitate the entrance of homeless people with their carts.

E

IC

BL

PU

AC SP

TE IVA

E AC SP

PU

BLI

C

SP AC

E

PR

Diagram of new continuities

Sketches

29


Site plan.

B

BB

BAÑOS BAÑOSYY BAÑOS Y LAVANDERÍA LAVANDERÍA LAVANDERÍA

B

BB

PATIO PERRERA

A

A

AA

A

AA

A

AA

CONTROL PATIO

B'

PATIO PATIO

PERRERA PERRERA

CONTROL CONTROL PARQUIADERO PARQUIADERO PARQUIADERO BULTOS+CARRETAS BULTOS+CARRETAS BULTOS+CARRETAS

PATIO PATIO

B' B'

ACOPIO ACOPIO DE RECICLAJE ACOPIODE DERECICLAJE RECICLAJE

B'

First floor plan. 1:500

B'B'

Underground floor plan. 1:200

Section B - B’. 1:200

Section A - A’. 1:200

30

AA

Profile for Federico Ruiz Carvajal

Portfolio 2018  

Portfolio made for applying to the MSc in Architecture at TU Delft / Urbanism track. Admitted.

Portfolio 2018  

Portfolio made for applying to the MSc in Architecture at TU Delft / Urbanism track. Admitted.

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