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March 2014

Healthy Living, Positive Aging and Educational Information for ALL Ages

The ‘hearing bone’s’ is connected to the what? Are you over 65? Save money at tax time Eating well at any age: How to fuel your mind, body and soul

Serving Kingston, Frontenac Lennox & Addington


{Contents}

4

Welcome

5

You are never ‘too old’ to learn

6

Are you 65 or older? Save money at tax time

8

Good oral hygiene is a must for Canada’s Senior’s

10-11

The ‘hearing bone’s’ is connected to the what?

12-13

How to plan a memorable multigenerational vacation

15

4 Life Expo Exhibitor’s

16-17

4 Life Expo Floor plan Sailroom & Lobby

18-19

4 Life Expo Guest Speakers

20-21

Normal pressure Hydrocephalus: The only reversible form of Dementia

22

A modern way of living

24-25

The Body’s Windows

26-27

A thing that matters

28-29

Retirement can be hard on the feet

30-31

Eating well at any age: How to fuel your mind, body and soul

{sponsors} The 4 Life Expo was made possible by:

Door prizes provided by:

4 life expo living, aging & more

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Welcome Publisher Frose Creative Solutions Inc. Contributing Editor Rob Mooy Contributers J Andrew Tonner Gilda Katz Dr. Sanjay Vakani Rubi Sulyma Advertising Olivia Rose frose@kingston.net 613-532-6661 Design Sacha Frederiks frose-creative@kingston.net

“4 Life Expo Guide” is published ones a year by Frose Creative Solutions Inc., 4185 Mangan Blvd., Kingston, ON, Canada, K0H 2N0

On behalf of the board of directors and all the 4 Life Expo volunteers I would like to welcome you to our inaugural event. We are glad that you are able to join us and hope that your participation in the Expo is both illuminating and educational. As I look forward to next year’s event, I am encouraged by the potential and possibility that surrounds me. The positive feedback and response the council has received in regards to creation of a support, resource and education expo geared towards an aging population has heightened my focus and impassioned our entire board. The Council on Aging will continue to push forward in our advocacy roles regarding capacity assessment and an elder abuse law. Thank you for joining the 4 LIFE EXPO; living, aging and more.

Mary Thompson President COA

The publisher accepts no responsibility for advertiser’s claims, unsolicited manuscripts, transparencies or other materials. No part of this magazine may be reproduced in any form without the written permission of the publisher. All rights reserved.

“Aging, Everybody’s Doing It!” we help make it better

FROSE CREATIVE SOLUTIONS INC.

4

Frontenac-Kingston Council on Aging Inc. 230 Brock St., Kingston, ON K7L 1S4 • Ph. 613-542-1336 info@councilonagingkingston.org • www. councilonagingkingston.org 4 life expo living, aging & more


You are never ‘too old’ to learn The best compliment we get everyday .... � I can’t wait to tell my friends and family what I learned today.� We never stop the quest for information. There is always something new to learn everyday and a lecture is a gift. Our minds are our best asset, without constant feeding and attention over the years they give up just like our bodies. Keeping our brains tuned in and turned on is what relevant information can do. The news is the most watched event on T.V because our brain likes the information. Crossword puzzles are still the biggest selling game book because our brian needs this type of stimulation, its the brains type of food. We are never to old, to weak, to tired, to lazy to sit around and be absorbed by wonderful words. Its so easy to listen and learn.

Why would anyone ever give up the chance to improve their best and easiest feed asset. ~ ANONYMOUS~

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Are you 65 or older? Save money at tax time (NC)— A lifetime dedicated to your career has finally paid off in precious retirement years. You’ve worked hard, and you deserve to enjoy your future. While retirement is often referred to as the golden years, living on a fixed income can be challenging and requires some smart financial planning. Here are a few ways that you can stretch your retirement dollars by saving money at tax time: • Public transit saves money that you might otherwise spend on rising gas prices, parking, and car maintenance. Not only do seniors typically pay less for public transit, but the cost of certain public transit passes can be claimed on your tax return. • You may be able to split your eligible pension income with your spouse or common-law partner, allocating up to 50% of your pension to him or her, to lower your combined taxes. • If you, your spouse, or common-law partner has a severe and prolonged impairment in physical or mental functions, and 6

meets certain conditions, you might be eligible for the disability tax credit. • If you care for a spouse or other family member who has an impairment that makes them dependent on you for care, the family caregiver amount could save you money. • Applying for the goods and services tax/ harmonized sales tax credit helps to offset all or part of the GST or HST that you pay. • If you receive the Guaranteed Income Supplement or Allowance benefits under the Old Age Security program, you can usually renew your benefit simply by filing your return by April 30. If you choose not to file a return, you will have to complete a renewal form. This form is available from Service Canada. Other helpful tax-time information for seniors can be found at www.cra.gc.ca/ seniors. To make filing easy this year, why not consider filing online? It’s fast, easy and secure. Information to get you started is available at www.cra.gc.ca/getready.

4 life expo living, aging & more


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Good oral hygiene is a must for Canada’s seniors (NC)—Thanks to healthier lifestyles, as well as advances in oral and medical care, Canadians can expect to keep most, if not all of their natural teeth as they enter their senior years. But keeping those teeth healthy can be a challenge. According to the Canadian Health Measures Survey, 53% of adults ages 60 to 79 do not have dental insurance, and the lack of coverage is one of the main reasons why they don’t see a dental professional. Because older adults have specific dental needs, seniors and their caregivers should be aware of the importance of regular dental care. Bacteria from the mouth can travel and develop into serious infections affecting overall health, specialists say. Many medications can cause dry mouth, a condition that can contribute to cavities and other 8

oral problems. Seniors also develop more cavities on the roots of their teeth than younger adults. As a result, all older adults should be encouraged to brush natural teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste and clean in between the teeth at least once a day. Dentures (full or partial) should be cleaned and soaked daily and the gums should be brushed and massaged, either with a soft toothbrush or with a warm, damp cloth. Whether you’re at home or in a long-term care residence, good oral hygiene coupled with regular treatments by a dental hygienist can help to prevent more serious health problems. Together, you can plan a daily oral care routine that will keep your teeth, and you, healthy for life. More information on this topics available online at www.dentalhygienecanada.ca.

4 life expo living, aging & more


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The ‘hearing bone’s’ connected to the what? (BPT) - Once upon a time, before people knew any better, they thought that hearing loss was simply a part of growing older - something not worth doing much about. They were wrong Turns out, hearing loss isn’t fussy about age. More than half of us with hearing loss are still in the workforce. And hearing loss is a much bigger deal than we ever imagined. We need to take it seriously. The big surprise is that hearing loss has been linked to other health conditions. Hearing loss can have unwelcome companions - like heart disease; diabetes; chronic kidney disease; depression; cognitive decline, dementia or Alzheimer’s disease; increased risk of falling; increased hospitalizations. In fact, as studies on the link between hearing loss and other health conditions mount, we’ve begun to see how our ears and specifically how our hearing - connect to our whole body and health. Here’s what we know: The very best thing to do for hearing loss 10

is to find out if you have it as soon as possible. Then take it seriously. If deemed appropriate by a qualified hearing health care professional, treat it. Hearing aids can benefit the vast majority of people with hearing loss. Cardiovascular and hearing health are connected. Studies show that a healthy cardiovascular system positively affects hearing. Conversely, inadequate blood flow and trauma to the blood vessels of the inner ear can contribute to hearing loss. Some experts even believe that because the inner ear is so sensitive to blood flow, it is possible that abnormalities in the cardiovascular system could be noted here earlier than in other less sensitive parts of the body - making the ear a kind of “window to the heart.” People with diabetes are about twice as likely to have hearing loss as those without it. Recent studies show a link between hearing loss and dementia, leading many experts to stress the importance of addressing hearing loss. One study found that

4 life expo living, aging & more


seniors with hearing loss are significantly more likely to develop dementia over time than those who retain their hearing. Another found that hearing loss is associated with accelerated cognitive decline in older adults, and that those with hearing loss are more likely to develop problems thinking and remembering than older adults whose hearing is normal. People who don’t address hearing loss are more prone to depression. Fortunately, studies show that people with hearing loss who use hearing aids often have fewer depressive symptoms, greater social engagement, and improved quality of life. Hearing loss is tied to a three-fold risk of falling. One study found that even people with mild hearing loss were nearly three times more likely to have a history of falling. A study of older adults showed that those with moderate chronic kidney disease had a higher prevalence of hearing loss than those of the same age without the

disease. Hospitalization is more likely for older adults with hearing loss than for their peers with normal hearing, according to a study by experts at Johns Hopkins. A 2013-published study found that older men with hearing loss had a greater risk of dying, particularly from cardiovascular causes. But men and women who used hearing aids - even though they were older and had more severe hearing loss - had a significantly lower mortality risk than those with hearing loss who did not use hearing aids. Most doctors don’t include hearing health as a routine part of annual exams. So ask to have your hearing tested. Once you reach middle-age, it makes sense to include hearing tests as part of your routine annual care. It seems that the “hearing bone” may be connected to more than we originally thought. So the next time you think you might be having trouble hearing something, listen to your ears. They may be telling you something.

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4 life expo living, aging & more

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How to plan a memorable multigenerational vacation (BPT) - Whether over the river or through the woods, families across the U.S. are planning to travel during the holidays. In a world of well-traveled toddlers, worldly teens and active seniors, multigenerational travel is growing and for good reason: everyone enjoys a vacation together while creating unforgettable memories. “Multigenerational family travel can be character building. In exploring new places with the people who already know your strengths and flaws - and love you anyway - you can come together in a way that otherwise wouldn’t happen at a holiday or reunion. Planning a trip for the whole family doesn’t have to be intimidating. With a few simple tips, it’s easy to coordinate a vacation everyone will enjoy: 1. Keep a “group” mindset Whether you’re orchestrating an elaborate vacation where the whole group flies across the country, or you’re road-tripping, picking up the grandparents along the 12

way, keep the lines of communication open. 2. Plan together “If you have more than one ‘planner’ in the group, involve them all in creating the agenda as much as possible,” advises Henning. This will help ensure everyone provides input and the responsibilities are spread between multiple people. Online travel sites make it easy to plan multigenerational trips, even if families live in different locations. 3. Communicate budgets It’s important to be open about your vacation budget and expectations to avoid any awkward moments and unintended expenses once you’ve arrived at your destination. Be sure to talk about who is paying for what, or if it will be split equally. With so many people involved, the cost of multigenerational vacations can add up quickly, and no one wants to be surprised by going over-budget.

4 life expo living, aging & more


4. Pack and prepare Preparing to leave is one of the most difficult parts of multigenerational travel. Each age group will need different things your toddler needs diapers and her favorite blanket, your teen needs his favorite mobile device and charger, and the grandparents need to make sure they pack any necessary medications. Make lists and start packing early to eliminate the lastminute rush. If you’re driving, make sure the car gets a tune-up before you leave. If you’re meeting up with the grandparents to use their RV, remind them to have any necessary maintenance done before you arrive. Properly winterizing and preparing RVs, boats and other vehicles is important for a headache-free multigenerational trip ... and just good sense overall. Check with your insurance company to see if towing is covered under your plan in case the need ever arises.

5. Cherish meal time Mealtime is when everyone comes together to share their days and reconnect. Make an effort to enjoy regional food, shop at the local farmers market, or cook the meal your family enjoys most. 6. Expect the unexpected Remember that nothing is perfect, including your vacation. Be patient and understand flexibility will go a long way toward ensuring a smooth, stress-free vacation. Keep in mind that everyone needs some down time, even from the people they love most. Make this holiday one to remember by planning a multigenerational trip now. These tips will help you create a vacation itinerary everyone will love, helping to forge new bonds and traditions while creating memories to last a lifetime.

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4 life expo living, aging & more

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4 life expo living, aging & more


4 Life Expo Exhibitors Sailroom exhibitors 2 3 4 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 26 27 28 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 41 42 44 49 55

Arbor Memorial Arbor Memorial- Glenhaven Memorial Gardens, Gordon F. Tompkins Funeral Home, Robert J. Reid & Sons Funeral Home L’Dara Advanced Anti Aging Serum Senior Support Services Group March of Dimes Canada Premier Homecare Services Seniors Association Kingston Region Disability Tax Credit Consultants Impact Pardon Plus Surface Medic Later Life Learning Canadian Cancer Society Gordon’s Estate Services Ltd. Brokerage Forever Young Chiropractic Chartwell Conservatory Pond Alzheimer’s Society + KFL&A/Hospice Kingston Helix Hearing Care Thomson & Jemmett Financial Ltd.-Barry Miners, Broker Gariepy Lawn Care Coffee Trends Coffee Trends Coffee Trends Epicure Selections Consultant-Marg Hart-Nadon Capital Movers & Storage Mary Kay Cosmetics-Deborah Kenny Foley & Sutherland Insurance and Financial Services-Sunlife Financial University Hospitals Kingston Foundation YMCA of Kingston The Royale Retirement Residence The Royale Retirement Residence Ontario Ministry of Finance Foot Solutions Repute Healthcare Eastern Ontario Financial Services Frontenac Chiropractic + Sports Rehab Amica at Quinte Gardens Kingston Community Credit Union

56 58 59 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 75 78 79 80 81 83 85 86 87 89 90 91 92

4life expo

living, aging & more

Stella & Dot Independant Stylist- Robyn Houle Kingstown Chiropractic KFL&A Public Health Active Orthopedic Solutions Inc St. Lawrence Place + Briargate by Revera Senior on the Move Bath Solutions Bath Solutions Stand Your Ground Abbeyfield Kingston Better Bath by Design Gliding Shelves Pilates Plus for Forty Plus Blinds by Agnes Ocean Ave-Theresa James & Sally Kane Clean Freaks McCoy Bus Service & Tour Blaser’s Family Physio Canatara Court Limestone Optical Pearle Vision Sunray Holistic Health and STEP IT UP DANCE STUDIO Trivita - Marie Warner Taxwise Taxwise Queens Elder Law Clinic Community Care Access Centre Navigator Series & COA Publications Elder Abuse Prevention

Lobby exhibitors 93 94 95 96 99 100 101 102

Door Prize Display Door Prize Display Disability Dreams Group Investors Group CanGrands Limestone Hearing James Reid Funeral Home, Cremation, Reception Centre Brigantine, Inc

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4life

4 Life Expo Floor plan

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living, aging & more

SailRoom Main Vendor Display Room 22

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Overhead Garage door entrance

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Emergency Exit

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electrical room

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electrical outlet

*Floorplan subject to change - Not to scale

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4 life expo living, aging & more

main Entrance from Lobby


4life

4 Life Expo Floor Plan

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Foodbank donations bin

LOBBY Additional Display Room

e

anc

entr

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washrooms

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entrance to press lounge

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*Floorplan subject to change - Not to scale

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4life expo

living, aging & more

4 Life Expo Guest Speakers

Saturday, March 8, 2014 9:00am

Welcome

Mayor Mark Gerretsen, City of Kingston Chris Whyman, Town Crier, Tourism Kingston Mary Thompson, President, Frontenac-Kingston Council on Aging

9:45am

Trends in Seniors’ “Care� in Canada* PANEL Robert Kiley, Executive Director, Frontenac-Kingston Council on Aging (facilitator)

Vicki Poffley, Executive Director, Kingston, Frontenac, Lennox & Addington Alzheimer’s Society Betty Cornelius, Founder, CANGrands Rachel Herron, Ph.D candidate, Queen’s Geography Department

11:00am

Powers of Attorney and Wills* PRESENTATION

12:15pm

1:30pm

Mary Thompson, President, Frontenac-Kingston Council on Aging (facilitator) Susan Elliott, Partner, Good Elliott Hawkins LLP

Engaging in Meaningful Activities as a Senior* PANEL Diane Luck, Executive Director, Seniors Association Kingston Region (facilitator) Tara Caron, Enrichment Coordinator, Kingsdale Chateau Graham Lodge, Retiree, Kingston ON Dianne Britton, Team Leader of Adult Programming, YMCA

Aging Well & Physicality* PANEL Samantha Wright, Volunteer Coordinator, Frontenac-Kingston Council on Aging (facilitator) Dr. Paul Given, Chiropractor, Kingstown Chiropractic Linda Deschamps, Pedorthist, Stand Your Ground

2:45pm

Downsizing, Retirement Residences, & Long Term Care* PANEL

Sue Graham, 1st Vice President, Frontenac-Kingston Council on Aging Chris Lawson, Owner, Seniors on the Move Ryan Wilkinson, Marketing Manager, Chartwell Select Conservatory Pond Janine Earle, Client Care Coordinator, Comfort Keepers (facilitator)

4:00pm

Skin Care & Aging* PRESENTATION

5:15pm

Samantha Wright, Volunteer Coordinator, Frontenac-Kingston Council on Aging (facilitator) Dr. Kevin Woo, Assistant Professor, Queen’s School of Nursing

Preplanning & End of Life Services* PRESENTATION Olivia Rose, Public Relations, Frontenac-Kingston Council on Aging (facilitator) TBA, Arbor Memorial

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4 life expo living, aging & more


4life

4 Life Expo Guest Speakers

expo

living, aging & more

Sunday, March 9, 2014 10:15am

CCAC Services for Seniors* PRESENTATION

Mary Thompson, President, Frontenac-Kingston Council on Aging (facilitator) Tracey Elliott, Community Relations Coordinator, Community Care Access Centre

11:30am

Budgeting, Estate Planning & Giving on a Fixed Income* PANEL

Jeff Locke, Eastern Ontario Financial Services Zoe McKenzie, LEAVE A LEGACYTM South Eastern Ontario Christine MacLean, TaxWise

12:45pm

Elder Abuse Prevention* PRESENTATION

David Swerdfeger, Past-President, Frontenac-Kingston Council on Aging Robert Kiley, Executive Director, Frontenac-Kingston Council on Aging (facilitator)

2:00pm

Eye, Ear, Mouth (& Nose?) Care* PANEL

Dr. Mark Martins, Mark Martins Implant Denture Clinic Dr. Sanjay Vakini, Limestone Optometry

3:15pm

Injury Prevention & Recovery* PANEL

Philip Wente, Occupational Therapist, P&G Consulting Rhonda Lovell, Falls Prevention Expert, KFL&A Public Health Dr. Paul Given, Chiropractor, Kingstown Chiropractic Gemma Woticky, Education and Health Promoter March of Dimes

4:30pm

Thank-you

The Frontenac-Kingston Council on Aging would like to thank all guest speaker for their participation in this event.

Just the right care.. Just in time. DR ]_\cVQR P\Z]N``V\[NaR PN_R Na U\ZR N[Q ]R_`\[NYVgRQ `R_cVPR` a\ URY] `R[V\_` N[Q aURV_ SNZVYVR` dVaU VZ]\_aN[a QRPV `V\[` aU_\bTU YVSR a_N[`VaV\[`

Call today to see how we can help.

613.531.0931

www.PremierKingston.com

Serving your loved ones with dignity and respect.

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Normal pressure Hydrocephalus: The only reversible form of Dementia “I started to feel like I was walking on gum, like I could not lift and place my feet properly - I was shuffling along. Over time, I required a walker, then a wheelchair. Gilda Katz I started having problems with balance, fatigue, incontinence, increased irritability and a noticeable decline in my ability to think and process information.” ~ Gilda Katz ~

NPH is not an inherited or genetic condition.

Submitted by Gilda Katz

Gait Disturbances (Difficulty Walking) Usually the most pronounced and first to appear, gait disturbances range from mild imbalance and instability to inability to stand or walk. A person’s gait may be wide-based, short-stepped, slow and shuffling. Individuals have trouble picking up their feet and often trip over curbs and fall. They describe the feeling as “feet stuck to the floor.” Turning around requires many small steps.

This is what it is like to experience the onset of Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH), widely described as the only reversible form of dementia by medical professionals. Affecting more than one in 200 adults aged 55 and older, NPH is difficult to diagnose and frequently misdiagnosed as Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s disease. Once diagnosed, however, the condition is readily treatable and the symptoms can often be reversed. This neurological disorder is characterized by an excessive accumulation of cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) in the ventricles of the brain, sometimes with little or no increase in intracranial pressure. The cause is unknown in most cases and 20

What Are the Symptoms? The classic symptoms of NPH, gait disturbances, mild dementia and impaired bladder control, as described below, are not always present at the same time and typically develop gradually over months or years. If you or a loved is experiencing them, contact your doctor.

Mild Dementia This is a loss of interest in daily activities, forgetfulness, difficulty performing routine tasks and short-term memory loss. Cognitive symptoms are often overlooked for years or accepted as a consequence

4 life expo living, aging & more


of aging. Not everyone will have obvious cognitive impairment; conversational skills and thinking abilities may be unchanged. Cognitive changes may be detectable only with formal neuropsychological testing.

early detection, effective treatment and appropriate intervention services, symptom reversal and a return to a high quality of life is increasingly possible. The future for individuals with NPH is promising.

Impaired Bladder Control This can range from urinary frequency and urgency in mild cases to complete loss of bladder control in severe cases, when urinary urgency is strong and cannot be controlled. Not all individuals with NPH display signs of bladder problems.

“…The doctor took me out in the hall. With a twinkle in his eye, he pointed to my husband at the end of the corridor and told me to,‘Walk over to your husband and give him a kiss.’ ‘Walk without a walker?’ I thought, ‘I can’t.’ But I could, and I DID!” ~ Gilda Katz ~

Diagnosis & Treatment An early diagnosis is believed to increase the chances of successful treatment. Once a physician suspects NPH, testing is usually conducted to confirm the diagnosis and assess suitability for treatment. Surgical implantation of a shunt to drain CSF from the brain to another part of the body is the most common and usually the only available treatment for NPH. It is important that a neurosurgeon or neurologist becomes part of the medical team to interpret test results and discuss surgery and its risks. Symptoms will be evaluated with physical and neurological examinations, including: • Discussion and observation of walking and turning for gait disturbance; • Asking questions/administering neuropsychological evaluations for cognition; • Verbal assessment of urinary urgency and frequency or incontinence; • An MRI or CT scan to detect enlarged ventricles; Possibly CSF tests such as lumbar puncture (spinal tap).

For more information, including details about NPH support groups, visit the Spina Bifida & Hydrocephalus Association of Ontario (SB&H) website at http://www. sbhao.on.ca/hydrocephalus/normal-pressure-hydrocephalus or contact SB&H by email provincial@sbhao.on.ca or phone 416-214-1056 or 800-387-1575 (toll free, Ontario only).

Shunt Surgery No single factor is reliable in predicting success from shunt implantation. The chance of a more complete recovery depends on several factors. It is important to discuss the expected outcomes for regaining motor skills or mental ability with your medical team. Although NPH is a chronic condition, with 4 life expo living, aging & more

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A modern way of living Submitted by Rubi Sulyma Remember when a modular home was considered a mobile home? Nothing more than a beefed up travel trailer with the wheels taken off and dropped onto the bed of your home site's foundation. That is no longer the case these days. Today's modular homes are something to behold. The type of homes that are built to the exacting specifications of our Ontario climate, complete with a beautifully, fully functional kitchen, with cove mouldings on top of the cabinetry, pot drawers, plenty of lighting and more; the perfect kitchen. Why stop there, keep walking through your house. Notice the smooth finish ceilings or maybe a tray ceiling, granite topped vanities, glass door showers, low e-argon filled windows with sills,

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Frontenac Modular Homes

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everything you would expect to have and more in your new home. These homes are built with R50 insulation in the attic, R24 in the walls, 2â&#x20AC;? x 10â&#x20AC;? floor joists and 2â&#x20AC;? x 6â&#x20AC;? walls and 30 year architectural shingles. They come complete with a furnace, hot water tank, even a HRV (Heat Recovery Ventilation system). These modular homes are built in a climate controlled factory, built with the home owner's additional specifications which may include grab bars, larger interior doors or wheelchair friendly plans. They can even come with the garage attached. Homes come in two or more sections, delivered and installed right onto your foundation, where the tradesmen complete your home. In less than 10 weeks the keys are handed over and you move into your brand new customized maintenance free modular home. Best of all, even the banks and government recognize these new energy-efficient modular homes by offering mortgages and rebates.

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The Body’s Windows Dr. Sanjay Vakani - Optometrist Limestone Optometry Going to the eye doctor is just not a conscious issue for many people, especially if they don’t wear glasses. We wake up and, if we can see, we figure all is well. At age 65 and older, it is recommended that you have an eye exam at least once a year. This is an OHIP covered service for Ontario residents. Early identification and treatment of conditions that can often have no visible symptoms is key to protecting your sight. Many serious eye conditions don’t have obvious symptoms. Some eye diseases only show symptoms when the condition is advanced and difficult, or even impossible to treat. A comprehensive eye exam is the only way to confirm good health and good sight. 24

Most have probably heard some of the common eye diseases such as cataracts, glaucoma and macular degeneration. All of which can have an affect on the eyes, but systemic diseases such as hypertension and diabetes too can have ocular complications. More than 2.5 million Canadians have cataracts. They are painless, develop within the existing lenses in your eyes, and are usually detected during routine eye exams. Over time, the lens of our eye can become cloudy. Patients often report that their vision has changed and complain of trying to look through a fog that doesn’t clear. A cloudy lens blocks light from reaching the retina and interferes with vision. When the lens gets cloudy enough to impede vision to any significant degree, it is called a cataract.

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Some of the risk factors for cataracts are: • Age • Family History • Other health problems; Examples: Diabetes, Hypertension • Smoking • Drinking Alcohol • Excessive Sun Exposure • Medications The early stages of cataracts In the early stages of cataracts, there may be little to no effect noted by the patient, this is an important time to have a confirmed diagnosis and close annual monitoring. Cataracts can also change the prescription, meaning that older glasses may no longer be as effective as they once were. Reviewing the changes with your Optometrist in the early stages are very important as this will give your Optometrist the opportunity to see what changes are occurring and to set out some expectations for your ocular health and the potential changes over time. Your Optometrist will also discuss the importance of good UV light protection. This should be in the form of good sunglasses. They are suggested to help slow the progression of the cataracts also allowing you to maintain as best a level of vision possible withlittle impact from cataracts. The early stages are a very important time for you to further discuss with your optometrist other potential affect, such as different types of medications, smoking and other general health diseases. They will be able to help make suggestions of changes or resources to help maintain your optimal ocular health. Cataracts are a progressive disease that will continue to change over time, as they approach the intermediate stage there will be further affect on your vision

Left Eye

Right Eye

Cortical Cataract - A cortical cataract is characterized by white, wedge-like opacities that start in the periphery of the lens and work their way to the centre in a spoke-like fashion. (Shown in black in the image, due to the image style) (Submitted photo)

though prescription changes, increased occurrences of glare or haze, night time driving too can become more difficult. Your Optometrist will review the changes in the prescription, your overall ocular health and how you are coping with the changes. They will discuss the options and considerations of surgery and if your vision has been impacted enough. The late stages of cataracts Later stage cataracts are particular of changes in vision and longstanding loss of vision. Often glasses and new prescriptions have little to no effect. Your Optometrist is likely to recommend cataract surgery. If you are having difficulty seeing through your eyes due to cataracts then your Optometrist is also having difficulties seeing in, to check your full ocular health. Cataract Surgery is one of the most common and successful surgeries done around the world. With the continued advancements in technology recovery times are minimal and opportunity to be less dependent upon glasses is highly likely and should be further discussed with your Optometrist. Routine Eye Exams is the best way for you to maintain your Ocular Health.

4 life expo living, aging & more

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A thing that matters Submitted by J Andrew Tonner You have been thinking about a sun drenched cruise for years and you’ve been working towards that end by reading everything about Central American rain forests, the cruise line you want to use and even solving that nagging issue of how best to transfer to the ship from the airport. Your Canadian passport is good for another three years and it looks like clear sailing either this season or next. Of course, to get there from here, your planned route takes you through US Customs at Toronto Pearson International Airport. Crossing into the US with a Canadian passport should be a simple matter. However, both Canada and the US now share all criminal information through sources such as the FBI’s National Crime Information Center (NCIC) and the RCMP’s Canadian Police Information Centre (CPIC). The information sharing between Canada and the United States happens when your 26

passport is swiped at the border. Your criminal background, perhaps dating back 10, 15 or 25 years or more, now becomes a thing that matters. There are many ways a record may turn up in shared data bases. If, for instance you attempt a border crossing before the record suspension (formally pardon) is granted, the charge might be copied to the US data base. During previous US border crossings, particularly prior to 9/11, you may have mentioned your charges to the border official when asked if you had ever been charged with an offence. The charges would have been entered into the US system where they sat, not a bother to you or anyone else until after 9/11. Since the creation of the Department of Homeland Security in November, 2002, if your criminal background makes you stand out as a risk, you could be turned back without hesitation. Even if that long-ago charge was dismissed

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or withdrawn, you were still arrested and fingerprinted and those records may still exist. If there were delays in updating records, yours may be years out of date and may not even show your acquittal. You could be denied entry to the United States even though you were never convicted. Getting a record suspension (formally pardon) wonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t get you into the United States if US Customs Border Protection (CBP) already has your charges. Your record suspension (rs) will ensure your Canadian charges are set aside, suspended and kept separate from other Canadian criminal charges in the RCMPâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s CPIC system, but the rs will not remove Canadian criminal records from CBP computers.

before your scheduled departure. The waiver guarantees pre-approval entry to the US and can be issued for up to 5 years.

How do you know you will need a US waiver? If your criminal record contains charges of, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;stolen propertyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;fraudâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;theft over $5000â&#x20AC;&#x2122; or â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;possession of marijuanaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; or other controlled substances, it is best to obtain a non-immigrant waiver. The US views some other charges in a kinder light and may allow entry if you have the court documents with you. These other charges might include â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;simple assaultâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;, â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;failure to appearâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; or a single â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;more than 80 mgsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; (DUI).

2) There is a general belief that one must get a record suspension before applying for a passport. Not so. Although slated for some time in the future, currently, criminal records are not checked in the processing of a Canadian passport.

A couple of mythsâ&#x20AC;Ś 1) You do not need a record suspension to get a US waiver but you do need a US waiver to get into the United States if you have a criminal record.

If it looks like you will need a waiver, start the process for a US waiver 8 to 12 months

J Andrew Tonner, Executive Director Impact Pardons Plus (IPP) 556 Oâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Connor Drive, Kingston

The road to a better tomorrow, today!

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343 333 1778 www.ImpactPardons.ca

27


Retirement can be hard on the feet (NC) Retirees travel, chase grandchildren and often stand for hours at volunteer events. If this sounds like you, is some of your enjoyment of these long-awaited pleasures diminished because of an agerelated foot problem? “As people grow older their feet can change in shape and size. The fat pads on their heels and the balls of their feet may decrease and they may develop poor circulation in their lower limbs,” says Alison Smith, a Canadian Certified Pedorthist and president of the Pedorthic Association of Canada. “Even though these changes are a normal part of aging, if seniors don’t pay extra attention to their feet they may develop serious pain and mobility issues, which will prevent them from doing the things they love.” 28

Foot experts say one of the most frequent causes of foot pain and injuries in older adults are poor fitting shoes. A career spent in high heels or in fashionable yet ill-fitting shoes often leads to bunions, corns, and hammertoes later in life, says Smith, so securely-fitting, stable shoes with wide toe boxes and adjustable closures are the best choice for everyday wear during retirement. Even if you have worn the same shoe size for your entire adult life, it is recommended you have your feet measured and your shoes fitted by a professional as changes in foot size and shape are common. Age increases the risk of type 2 diabetes and diabetes can cause reduced circulation and loss of feeling in the lower

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limbs and feet. As a result, foot injuries may develop and can go unnoticed due to poor sensation in the feet. An untreated foot wound can be very serious, in some cases even leading to amputation, so daily foot checks for blisters, irritations and other wounds are essential for all older adults living with diabetes. Canadian Certified Pedorthists are foot orthotic and footwear experts who are specially trained in preventing and treating age-related foot conditions to keep patients mobile and pain free. They measure, fit and advise patients about the appropriate footwear for their feet and lifestyle needs. They can also assess for, design, manufacture and dispense custom foot orthotics if required. More information on pedorthists can be found at www.pedorthic.ca.

Footcare Advice for retirees

Canadian Certified Pedorthists recommend the following foot care tips for seniors:

• • • •

Always purchase comfortable, professionally fitted, supportive shoes. Wear socks and shoes at all times – both indoors and out. If you are living with diabetes, wash and dry your feet daily and check them for wounds or other injuries. If you are experiencing foot or lower limb pain, book an appointment with a pedorthist and see if a foot orthotic will help.

1469 Princess Street, Kingston Across from The Ambassador Hotel Orthopedic Bracing Specialist

613.530.2233

Keeping You Active and Pain free Custom Orthopedic Bracing and Foot Orthotics I Orthopedic and Diabetic Footwear Full Biomechanical Assessment I On Site Fabrication Professionally Fit Off-the-shelf Bracing I Free Parking I No Referral Required Preferred Provider of in-patient orthotic services at KGH Long term devices may be funded through the Ministry of Health ADP program Osteoarthritis Bracing

Orthopedic Braces

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www.active-ortho.ca 4 life expo living, aging & more

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Eating well at any age: How to fuel your mind, body and soul

(BPT) - It’s common knowledge that children should eat plenty of fruits and vegetables, consuming all the nutrients needed to grow up strong. Many adults don’t know that it’s just as crucial to continue those healthy habits throughout adulthood and well into the “golden years.” Regardless of age, we should all make nutritious and sensible choices to promote peak physical and mental performance. Build strong bones Experts say the human body begins to lose

bone mass at about age 30. That’s why it’s important to get plenty of calcium to keep bones strong, along with vitamin D, to help your body absorb calcium. Good sources of calcium include green leafy vegetables such as spinach, kale, okra and collard greens. A convenient and delicious way to take in more calcium is to incorporate an Emerald Smoothie into your daily routine. Simply blend pineapple, celery and spinach with soy milk and ice in a Vitamix 7500. This quick and easy concoction will give your diet an extra boost of essential nutrients.

for today’s

active senior /Hʋʢɚn3Oʋɨn:ɰɸʙȸHVɡ

613.548.7810 seniorskingston.ca 30

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Sharpen the mind Making wholesome choices helps keep your brain fit. Omega-3 fatty acids, found in oily fish like sardines and salmon, as well as flaxseed and walnuts, have been linked to improved cognitive function and reduced risk for certain diseases.

as fish, meat and eggs. Steamed clams and lean beef are some of the best sources of Vitamin B12. Those maintaining a vegan or vegetarian lifestyle should consider a supplement or foods specially fortified with B12, including certain breakfast cereals or soy products.

Eating fish regularly is one way to get enough omega-3s. If youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re not a seafood fan, numerous types of fish oil capsules are available at drug stores. Avocados also boast omega-3s, as well as monounsaturated fat, which can help lower cholesterol and improve circulation. Avocado provides a rich flavor and texture perfect for nearly any sandwich, as well as dips, smoothies and even desserts.

Stay hydrated Water is essential for your body. It keeps you hydrated, regulates body temperature and flushes waste. As we age, our sense of thirst may not be as effective, causing some older adults to be dehydrated but not feel thirsty. The average adult requires six to eight glasses of water each day, so a good rule of thumb is to have one glass at each meal and at least one glass in between meals.

Antioxidant-rich blueberries are another mind-boosting addition to any diet. Considered a â&#x20AC;&#x153;super food,â&#x20AC;? these berries contain properties that have been linked to better brain health, improved motor skills and a sharper memory. To increase your berry intake, try a fruit salad for lunch or whip up a fresh berry sorbet for dessert.

Almond milk, soy milk and whole-food juices, made by blending whole fruits and vegetables in a high-performance blender like a Vitamix, can also keep you hydrated and satiated. When reaching for a thirst quencher, try to avoid sugary drinks such as soda and processed fruit juice, which add calories without much nutritional value.

Nourish your nervous system Vitamin B12 is vital to your well-being. It can aid your body in producing red blood cells, properly developing nerve cells and preventing anemia. This vitamin can be found naturally in animal products, such

Aging is inevitable, however, you can build a stronger body, mind and soul at any phase in life. All it takes is knowledge, motivation and follow-through to keep yourself healthy and full of energy for years to come.

Live Your Life Call today to book your complimentary meal and tour!

Briargate 613-384-9333 St. Lawrence Place 613-544-5900

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Do you know a senior that might be neglected or abused? things can change...

ELDER ABUSE prevention Support Line Toll Free:

1-855-542-1336 (All calls are confidential)

Serving Kingston, Frontenac Lennox & Addington


Coa 4 Life Expo 2014