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New Orleans, Floating How can we rebuild The City of New Orleans and protect it from potential disasters with innovative design and construction methods, while maintaining its heritage, unique culture and personality? Studies from the American Society of Civil Engineers and the Army Corps of Engineers have shown the city of New Orleans sinking or losing land mass. Coastal erosion, global warming and severe weather has been one of the primary causes rising water levels and ultimately the failure of the levees. In the case with New Orleans, careful attention must be paid to geological data, weather history and forecasting and rising water levels before any kind of new programs or structures are planned. There must be new strategies of drainage, flood protection and emergency evacuation in case of disaster. Emergency pumps and generators should be maintained and augment the existing pump stations. Foundations to new or additional levees and flood barriers must be built to the proper depth on suitable soils. Importing suitable fill may be needed in the lower elevations. Altering elevations or grades for drainage or re-routing excess storm water. Shoring up or strengthening existing seawalls with innovative materials is possible. Adding land mass or offshore barriers that can block or deflect water. A program that compliments water while controlling it is a possibility. Flood or disaster prevention must be maintained at all times due to the upcoming hurricane seasons. In this area of the United States hurricanes, tropical storms, poor soil conditions and the event of flooding is an everyday fact of life. It must be dealt with a sense of urgency before new construction can commence.


Creole Cottage 1790-1850 SCATTERED THROUGHOUT NEW ORLEANS PREDOMINANTLY IN THE FRENCH QUARTER

water level @ 8-0” water level @ 4-0” water level @ 2-0”

STEEP ROOF PITCH

ONE STORY SET AT GROUND LEVEL SYMETRICAL 4 OPENING FACADE

WOOD/STUCCO EXTERIOR



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American Townhouse 1820-1850 LOCATED IN CENTRAL GARDEN DISTRICT, LOWER GARDEN DISTRICT, FAUBOURG MARIGNY AND THE FRENCH QUARTER

Steeply pitched roof (sometimes) w/ several dormers

Narrow 3 story wood framed w/ brick or stucco facade

Front exterior close to property line


WATER LEVEL @ 8’-0 A.G.

WATER LEVEL @ 4’-0 A.G.

WATER LEVEL @ 2’-0 A.G.


SHOTGUN HOUSE 1850-1910. The Shotgun House is a narrow residence approximatley 12 ft wide. It can be found throughout New Orleans and many other Southern Towns. It’s name comes from aligned openings. One can “fire a shot gun” through the front door and out of the back door without hitting a wall.

OPENINGS FOR ROOMS ARE ALIGNED FOR VENTILATION

WOOD FRAME W/ WOOD SIDING

DRY CONDITIONS

WATER LEVEL @ 2’-0 A.G.

WATER LEVEL @ 4’-0 A.G.


SITUATED ON BLOCK PIERS 2 TO 3 FT. ABOVE GRADE

New Beams for “lifting” house as water level rises.

Block piers on original shotgun houses New Piles that raise house in case of flood WATER LEVEL @ 8’-0 A.G.


Make it Right Actor Brad Pitt’s proposal for rebuilding the lower 9th ward with affordable, sustainable homes.

SOLAR PANELS


CONCRETE PIERS @ 8’ TO 10’ ABOVE GRADE


WATERVILLA Architect Herman Hertzberger’s “Watervilla” floats on a concrete box below. The home can be rotated at any angle.


The Citidel The Netherlands have similar flooding conditions as New Orleans. Half of the country sits at below sealevel. Architects Koen Ulthius and Herman Hertzberger are taking a different approach to flooding problems by designing structures that float on flood waters.


Floating Infrastructure Japan has 4 floating Airports Kawai International Airport New Kitakyushu Airport Kobe Airport Chubu Centrair International Airport


Coastal Barriers

Thames Barrier

Oosterscheld Storm Surge Barrier

Watergate


Watergate

New Orleans Floating  

Catolog of Thesis information

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