Page 1

Roots: Him Mark Lai Family History Project 㕼ἣ⪓ஒ᎔㈆ᵖ "2014


Ԟ⸇ㄥЎ ă‰śá˜ąŕ¸Łá&#x;? ŕŚŻáœ˛áœ?⌨ ▲ࢇᰳ᎔ When entering the village, follow the local customs. When drinking water, remember the source. To the farthest corners of the earth,         


from Friends of Roots Dear Friends and Family, I am very pleased and proud to present to you the 2014 Anthology of the Roots: Him Mark Lai Family History Project cohort.                          into a family as they journeyed into their familiesâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; villages in Guangdong.                            !" #$%  "  & '  (  )  *  +        '  !" #$%/3           '  5+  * 5    $  67    & / 8    5     $  *     /9  (      one. The most random of events turn into the most personal. Thunderstorms holding you in one village can lead you to the            /;                  5        < /;                      /    5    5 $   have found more then your history, you have found a place to call home. Were you to have traveled with these interns, you would know they found that and so much more. They found within them              =    *  +   >        sense of who they are. As a leader, there are few things as rewarding to see than the change that can overcome an intern   <   

 ?   5  5  /+  5     included here in this book, in the stories and memories of these amazing interns. I encourage you to read through these pages and take into your heart each of their stories.

Best regards,

Brian Yee â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;01 & â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;02 President, Friends of Roots


In Memoriam Laura Lai

஭Ň?ऎ

January 8, 1933 - December 10, 2014

Laura Lai (Jung Yuk Ying ஭Ň?ऎ) was born on January 8, 1933 in Tong Gah village of Zhongshan, Guangdong Prov  5*  Ď?ŕ­Żá&#x2030;śÜżŕŁŞĎ?ΞŕŚ&#x17E;ŕ§&#x17D;â&#x20AC;Ť×¸â&#x20AC;Ź. Her father was a paper son immigrant and in 1949 was able to bring Laura     "  /Q   S "5%& # * 5   U       *  +  /;      3   * V $       >      "   % 8   " /Q     5     >   /X [ 65\]^5     (   S 5%   5   " #$%_`  5\6]'#  656\q5$   x)  *  +  " /{ Laura was a close advisor and sponsor of Friends of Roots and the Roots: Him Mark Lai Family History Project, but more importantly she was a dear friend to so many. Thank you for everything, Laura. - Roots Family


Board of Directors Friends of Roots ྨ਼Ď?Ďś President

Brian Yee á&#x2021;łâ&#x20AC;Ť×&#x2C6;â&#x20AC;ŹÓľ

9 |  

Frank Lee â&#x20AC;Ť×ľâ&#x20AC;Źá&#x2030;şŕšŽ

  

   % ŕ¤&#x161;௾ܴ

Treasurer

+  ; ' !á&#x17D;&#x2026;Ďżá?Ş

)   * Directors

% * á&#x2021;łŕ˝&#x201E;á&#x152;Ş Danielle Lam!Ý&#x2026;á&#x192;?ŕŁ&#x201C; Elsie Lam Ý&#x2026;᥏ŕĄ&#x2DC; Walter Lim Ý&#x2026;ä&#x; ந Ronald Lee â&#x20AC;ŤßŞ×ľâ&#x20AC;ŹŕšŽ Ted Truong ஭ŕž? April Yee Ő§ŕ¤?৹

+ * 

+ * á&#x17D;&#x201E;ŕ­Żâ&#x20AC;ŤÚŠâ&#x20AC;Ź Laura Lai ஭Ň?ऎ Alan Liu á&#x201E;&#x192;Đ&#x17D;á ˛   X  á&#x160;ťŕť&#x161;Óľŕ§&#x2013;

8


Leaders Roots: Him Mark Lai Family History Project ŕ´?á&#x2DC;śá&#x2013;°ŕľ¨ŕ¨Ľŕť¨Ň&#x17E;   *  | 

+ * á&#x17D;&#x201E;ŕ­Żâ&#x20AC;ŤÚŠâ&#x20AC;Ź

ྨ਼Đ&#x2021;á Ąâ&#x20AC;Ť!ŢŁâ&#x20AC;Ź Leaders

Elsie Lam Ý&#x2026;᥏ŕĄ&#x2DC; Frank Lee â&#x20AC;Ť×ľâ&#x20AC;Źá&#x2030;şŕšŽ Walter Lim Ý&#x2026;ä&#x; ந Alan Liu á&#x201E;&#x192;Đ&#x17D;á ˛ Brandon Louie á&#x201A;&#x153;ལĐ&#x17D;   X  á&#x160;ťŕť&#x161;Óľŕ§&#x2013; John Wong 㲢ܴܹ Q '* ; ŕťłâ&#x20AC;ŤŰ&#x2021;Ű&#x2021;â&#x20AC;Ź Brian Yee á&#x2021;łâ&#x20AC;Ť×&#x2C6;â&#x20AC;ŹÓľ

6~   ![ 58 5+ V   S &> 

9


Leaders HIM MARK LAI ŕ´?á&#x2DC;śá&#x2013;° " #$%5*'     | 5*nese +   /" $   x)  *  +  " {  his academic peers, despite the fact that he is professionally trained as a me           <  / " #$%' <    *  +    | *    3    \Â&#x20AC;\5      3   * V $  8  |    \7 \Â /" #$%=  $  $x !|   " *     +   5\'\~{5    &  [ Â&#x201A;  S

% /;     x"  *  )    |& {   *          +   )   V$  *          *  8> +/ |  *"+

 \\5" #$% + *      |     *  *   5*  "  + 5  X  *  +Â&#x192;XÂ&#x201E; S   |  5* /  6\5" #$%   5      numerous people he has inspired and through the Roots Program.

Ó&#x2026;Ó&#x2022;ŕ´Źá&#x2019;¤ŕľ¨ŕ¨ĽŕĽ&#x20AC;á&#x192;&#x201E;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źŕ´?á&#x2DC;śá&#x2013;°Ó&#x192;Ň&#x201C;ŕ˘&#x201A;Î&#x2039;Ő?ŕ¤?୯๮á&#x20AC;´á?&#x2022;Ń&#x17E;á?˘ŕ§&#x17D;Çśŕł?á&#x2020;&#x20AC; ࣠ȸ)  *  +  " Čš!â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źŕ´?á&#x2DC;śá&#x2013;°Ó&#x192;Ň&#x201C;â&#x20AC;ŤÚ â&#x20AC;Źá&#x192;´á?ąÔ&#x2013; á?&#x2019;ŕ°&#x201C;Ď&#x20AC;ำá?˘Ő?ÇśÓ§\Â&#x20AC;\Ô&#x192;Ç´Đ´á &#x;| * Ó?բ௲Î&#x2018;ŕ˛&#x192;Î&#x2039;á??ŕ¤?ŕ­Ż ๮á&#x20AC;´á?&#x2022;Ń&#x17E;á??ำǴΨÓ&#x2022;á&#x160;ŹÓ§\7Ôż1980Ô&#x192;ĐśÓ§Ő¤ŐŹŮ°Ń&#x192;Ô&#x20AC;Îľá?˘ŕŻ˛ 8  Çś! 1991Ô&#x192;ŕ´?á&#x2DC;śá&#x2013;°Ó&#x192;Ň&#x201C;â&#x20AC;ŤÚŠâ&#x20AC;Źá&#x17D;&#x201E;ŕ­Żâ&#x20AC;ŤÚŠâ&#x20AC;ŹÓ&#x192;Ň&#x201C;á &#x;á&#x2122;&#x2018;ß&#x17D;ΞĎ?๮Đ&#x17D;ĎŻĎ?Đ&#x2C6;Ç´ŕ¤?୯๮ Î&#x201C;á?&#x2022;Ń&#x17E;á?˘ŕ˝Žâ&#x20AC;ŤÚŠâ&#x20AC;Źá&#x2030;śÜżŕŁŞÎ&#x201C;Ň&#x2021;ग़ۏá&#x201A;žŕ­?á&#x2019;¤ĎŚŕ ťâ&#x20AC;ŤÜĄâ&#x20AC;Źá&#x201D;&#x17E;ŕ´Źá&#x2019;¤Î&#x2018;ȸྨ਼ȚŕĽ&#x20AC; á&#x192;&#x201E;Çś á&#x2014;¨ŕ¸&#x2026;ŕ´?á&#x2DC;śá&#x2013;°Ó&#x192;Ň&#x201C;Ď&#x201A;ೳШÎ&#x2018;Ç´Ő Đ´!á&#x192;šŕ¤?୯๮á&#x20AC;´á?&#x2022;Ń&#x17E;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹŕŹ&#x2026;á?&#x2DC;࢏â&#x20AC;ŤŢąâ&#x20AC;ŹÔ­ Шǜ

10


ALBERT CHENG сОДрнптАл┌йтАм + * 5  *  |  + of Roots, is   *  +     ~       / \┬Б┬Б5  ~5   *  <  5  > Q_╬Яр╗ВрйЫ╥бq5      *  _╧Н ╬╛╤▒) of Guangdong Province (сЙ╢▄┐ргкq   * _сОД) family has lived for   6┬А  5  ~~/;     &    *       5   5                 / ( 5  " #$%    x  {   \\/+   ^ 5 *       5         5         5 ┬Е           /"    *    5р╗п╨ЭрбШ р╛Н    5x  $  5    /{    6] 5 *         *   +   $  *         / 65 X  *  +┬ГX┬Д   S   |     *     5 x    *    | {р╡ирие╨ЗсБбтАл▐гтАм/+  6┬А5┬Ж┬З8)|;     U  V  +  / `  665 X  *  +┬ГX┬Д S  |      *  66S * ┬И"   +р╜Бр╣У╬УтАл▐ВтАмсЛЫ. ; 5*        " #$%   History Project р┤ЭсШ╢сЦ░р╡ириер╗и╥Ю. This year, he plans to lead several groups back.

р╡ириер┤мсТд╬УсЖ╢р╡ирие╧Р╧╢сЯЭрнвтАл▐СтАмсОДрнптАл┌йтАм╙Г╥УрвВр▓Г╤д╨╢рдНрнпр╣осВ╛/!1988╘Г тАл▐СтАмриФржВ╟┤40р╛ГтАл▐СтАмсОДрнптАл┌йтАм╙Г╥Ур▓Г╬Л╘Ы╙гтАл┌ЙтАм╧НрнпсЙ╢▄┐ргк╧Н╬╛╤▒╬Яр╗ВрйЫ╥б/!ро╡ 1044╘Гр╗ТтАл█ИтАм-!р║мсБ╕╬Т╬Ь╧д╨╢тАл▐СтАмсОДрзО╒Р╬С╙зр│нсА╣/!┘Ч╘Ыр╜В╬УтАл▐СтАмриУр╕│сРЯр╕з╬С сОДрнптАл┌йтАм╙Г╥У╤Рр╣И╙Э╨┤тАл▐СтАмрп▓тАл╪╗тАм╟┤р╡ирие╟┤тАл┌йтАмрзОрзесРХ╤ЮтАл▐СтАмсЛЧрпГ╟┤сБЯр┤ЭсШ╢сЦ░╙Г╥У ╙з1991╘Г╬ЛрмЖр┤мсТд╬С╚╕р╡ирие╚╕реАсГД╟╢╒вргБ╬Л╒Прп▓тАл▐г╪╗тАм╧Вр║мсБ╕30╘ГтАл▐СтАмсОДрнп тАл┌йтАм╙Г╥У╟┤╨┤р▒Б▀Ю╘ЦроотАл▐СтАмриер╡й╘ЦроотАлраФ▐СтАмри▒╟┤╘ЦроотАлраФ▐СтАмри▒р╡й╘ЦроотАлр╜о▐Ч▐СтАм╟┤╘Ц роотАлр╜о▐Ч▐СтАмр╡й╘ЦроотАл▐СтАмрнпрзО╟┤сТ┐рбХтАл▐СтАм╨иргЪроТрвВ╬ЛржБтАл┌й╫│тАм╤│тАл▐СтАм╙ж╨С╬С╟╢!╚╕р╗п ╨ЭрбШр╛Н╚╣!╨ЗсПд╬СсОДрнптАл┌йтАм╙Г╥УтАл▐СтАм╬У╥У╟╢ сОДрнптАл┌йтАм╙Г╥У╙з25╘Г┘░╧Вр┐╢роесИж╬Ср║мсБ╕╬Л╘нржБрдНрнпр╣осВ╛тАл┌ЙтАм╧Нрнпрбир│Ц╨┤ре║тАл▐СтАм ркТсЭд╟╢╙з2001╘Г╟┤сЙ╢▄┐ргк╬У╥Зрб╣█мсВ╛рнНсТд╧жра╗р╣П╨┤╚╕р╡ирие╨ЗсБбтАл▐гтАм╚╣тАл▐СтАмр╡з сЖА╟╢╘╢╙з2006╘ГKQED╧ж╙ЕсВЭр║О╤а╬исЖА╨┤ргБ╥Б╙жсб╝рнФрдор╗в╟╢╙з2012╘ГтАл▐СтАм 11╨Ф╟┤сЙ╢▄┐ргк╬У╥Зрб╣█мсВ╛рнНсТд╧жра╗сВзсЛЫ╬С2012╘Гр╜Бр╣У╬УтАл▐ВтАмсЛЫр╣П╨┤╟╢ р▒Ь╙зсОДрнптАл┌йтАм╙Г╥У╧Эр╕ЕсЭйсЮ╗сФЕр╡ирие╧Р╧╢╟║р┤ЭсШ╢сЦ░р╡ириер╗и╥Ю╟╢╧Ю╘Г╨┤╤║сЖЙрое сИжр╡│ржБсГШ╤Р╧Нрнпр╡ирие╟╢

11


Leaders BRIAN YEE сЗ│тАл╫ИтАм╙╡ V ┬В    3   * 5 *U5     &  *     # / < 5(     + +      [ ┬В 5    $  *  *   =     ?6             / 6    5V            V# x*   + {    /"   >      ┬Е ?$        <    5              /        5V  $     numerous ways. In 2002, Brian became a mentor to new interns of the program. He currently serves on the Board of Directors of  *  "  + /  5        U 5       " #$%  " |&  66/x         ?                 ${

╤Г╘А╬╡сПвсАГ╒мсО╣р╢о╧йриариа╧╢тАл▐СтАмсЗ│тАл╫ИтАм╙╡рз╛тАл┌ЙтАм╬СсВЭсАРрг╜сПвсЖ╢сКзсПвсПв╒П/!╙з╨┤тАл▐СтАмр▓Г╬Л╘ГсаР┘есА┤рдНрнп╬Ург┤тАл╪▓тАм╟┤╨┤р│П╧Яр▓П╤Р ргоргосЩС▀О╬╛╧Нр╣о╨О╧п╧Н╨ИтАл▐СтАмр╡ириереАсГД╟┤╬и╙зтАл┘┐тАм╘ГрбХрнЦ╤Г╬С╙г╧Нрнпр╡ириетАл▐СтАмриУр╕│╟╢╨┤сЭ║ро│╨┤тАл▐СтАмр┐╢сбНрвВрбРсР▒рйЭтАл▐СтАм╟┤╙вргБ ╨┤рз╛╬СтАл┘┐тАм╘ГтАл▐СтАмриФр╗Ф╧ЙрлИ╘Л╤Д╙жтАл┌Й╫дтАм╨┤тАлрб║▐СтАмр╗В╟┤╬ир╡йр│нсКмсбг╨┤╘ЦрбРр▒БтАл▐С┌ЕтАм╙Ср║Э╟┤╧ЙтАл▐ХтАмр│нр╗и╥ЮтАл▐СтАмреЩрд╛тАл▄ДтАм╟╢╙з2002╘Г╟┤ сЗ│тАл╫ИтАм╙╡рм║╬Ср╜ер╡ирие╙ХсПвтАлрб░▐СтАмсПдтАл▐гтАм╟╢╨┤р▒Ь╙зсП╝╥║рдНрнпр╣о╬УсРХ╤ЮсПвр╜осАа┘гр╜отАл▐СтАм╬Л╒П╟╢╨┤╬ирвВ2012╘ГтАл▐СтАмр╡ирие╧Р╧╢╟║р┤ЭсШ╢ сЦ░р╡ириер╗и╥ЮтАл▐СтАм╬Л╒ПсИжсПд╟╢

STEVEN OWYANG сК╗р╗Ъ╙╡рзЦ   X  5 5     & /"     >  ┬Д * =     6 /X     *  '+    &    *        /"    3   * V $           5X         +     5 *  ) 5  *  '+   /"  *   5& 5       +     /X  $      675   a lecturer and leader.

р╡ирие╧Р╧╢сЯЭрнвтАл▐СтАмсК╗р╗Ъ╙╡рзЦ╙Г╥УрвВ╬Л╒ПрбУрзгтАл┌йтАм╒Йрб╣тАл█Ф▌д▌дтАм╟╢╨┤╙з* =**  сП╝╥║╬С╬Т╬Ь╘ГтАл▐СтАм сХ┤р║К╟╢сК╗р╗Ъ╙╡рзЦ╙Г╥УрвВр▓Г╤д╨╢рдНрнпр╣осА┤╟┤╙з╨┤саРтАлрбУ▌дтАм╧Р▀╗╟┤╨┤рз╛╬СсРХ╤ЮтАл┌йтАм╧НрнпсПвсПв╒П╟╢╒вргБсИжсПд╬УтАл┌йтАмрп▓рпд╟┤сК╗р╗Ъ ╙╡рзЦ╙Г╥У╧В╙з67╘Гр╗ТтАл█ИтАмсФЕ╒╖р╡ириер╗и╥Ю╟╢

12


ELSIE LAM ▌ЕсбмрбШ 8 %     *  +  5<    3   /        /     3*  &  *   5%5 ┬Й   | * < /8 $$    `  *+ "/ 6┬Б5        |       &    [  5*        /8      !" #$%  " |& /8    9  |   *  "  +     /

▌ЕсбмрбШрвВр▓Г╬Т╨╢рдНрнпр╣осВ╛-р▓Г╬ЛржБ╙зсЩС▀О╬╛╤А╥УтАл▀П┌йтАм╬╡╟╢╙┤╙зрдНрнп╤Г╘А╬╡сПвсЕЯсб╝╧йриасаР╥Нр┐╛сПв╟╡тАлрбУ▌дтАмсЖ╢тАлр╜о▐ЧтАм сПв╟┤╨░╧╖сП▒╘ЦрбУрзг╒╖р▒ЫсЫ╛риЬ╟╢сбмрбШр▒Ь╙з╙зрвГ╨Г╒мрм║сНУрвЧ╬Уржй╟╢╙з2008╘Г╙┤рнЦ╤Г╬Ср╡ириер╗и╥Ю╟┤╙з╧Н╬╛тАл┌йтАм╘в▀Ррби р│Ц╨асТГтАл▐СтАмркТсЭд╟╢сбмрбШ╬ирвВр╡ирие╧Р╧╢╟║р┤ЭсШ╢сЦ░р╡ириер╗и╥ЮтАл▐СтАм╬Л╒ПсИжсПд╟╡рвВрдНрнпр╣о╬УсРХ╤ЮсПвр╜отАл▐СтАмрнЛсХ┤р▓НтАл┌йтАмр╡ирие╧Р╧╢ тАл▐СтАмсАа┘гр╜ор╜оржй╟╢

BRANDON LOUIE сВЬр╜г╨О V  % 5  *  +  5     5*+/ Q      5    3   * 5)     + +      |    / 6]5 V   $   & *        ; /  of 2010 marked the year Brandon went back on the Roots program as both a group leader and     /+    5V          program and helps out whenever possible. He is a strong advocate of the programтАЩs core values                 /

сВЬр╜г╨О╟┤рвВржБ╤А╥УтАл▄нтАм╤Г╘А╪Е╤ГсМСрбЛр▓Г╬Я╨╢тАл▐СтАмрдНрнпр╣осА┤╟╢╬в╬╡сПвриФ╟┤╨┤╒╕╬Ъ╘╡╬всЪЖрзО╨ЪсБи▀ИтАл▐СтАмрдНрнп╤Г╘А╬╡сПвсФО сЖвр╢о╧йриа╟╢╙з┘ЧсА╣╟┤╨┤╬ЛсЬР╨мржЕ╨Ир▒ЫсПвтАлр╜о▐Ч┌йтАмсПв╟┤╬ЛсЬРсПвр▓ЮсЬвтАл▄нтАм┘есА┤рдНрнп╬Ург┤тАл╪▓тАм╟╢╙з6]╘Г╟┤р╜г╨ОрзЦр╗Т╬С╨┤ тАл▐СтАмр▓Г╬Л╘Ы╧Нрнп╧РриУ╟┤сЖ╢╘Ь╙ХриФ╟┤╨┤╙Г╙ЯрнЦсвА╬СркТ╙ГтАл┌йтАм╨а╥Ж╙з╤а╬╛тАлсдЮ╫╕▐СтАм╟╢2010╘Г7╨Ф╟┤╨┤╨░╬ЛржБ╚╕р╡ирие╚╣р╗и ╥ЮсИжсПд╬╗р▓Ф╒╖▀ПтАл┘К▐СтАм╥╜╙Ж╘Ыр╜отАл┌ЙтАм╧Нрнп╟╢сЧир╕Е╨┤╥Урв▓╙зсЪЖсЩС▀О╬╛тАлржБ┘┐тАм╬╗риФтАл▐СтАм╪Е╤ГсМСрбЛрад╤▒╟┤╒арвВ╨┤сЧЛрвВсЕ░╤СрлИ ╙жсФЕ╒╖╚╕р╡ирие╚╣р╗и╥Ю╟┤р╗и╥ЮтАл▐СтАмриб╨ИсИ╜ре╢свА╟┤╬итАл╫ЖтАмр░И╙з╧ЮрбХр╡│╘ГрлИрн╝▀ербнрм║тАл┌ЙтАм╬ЛржБсСИр╜╡тАл▐СтАмсИжсПд╟╢

13


Leaders ROSA WONG-CHIE р╗│тАл█З█ЗтАм Q '*    3  ┬А  + /+     <    _  q5          =    ;     $   *        =*  /+  3*V $  5  &        $    < U   *    X U *  *   )   *  / 6\5              6  "`  /    5       '         '   66/

р╗│тАл█З█ЗтАм╙з╧др╛ГтАл▐СтАмриФржВро╡раДрдНрвкр▒╜╥ЗтАл┌ЙтАмрдНрнп╟╢╙вргБ╙зсЩС▀О╬╛тАл▐СтАм╧Нрнпрад▀П╬╡╟┤╙┤сПвр╜о╬СсаРтАл┌йтАмсЙк╧Н╨О╟┤╬ирлИсЗе╤а╬╛сБЙ тАл┌йтАмсЙ╢▄┐сБЙ╟╢6]╘Г╙┤╙зрвЩ╒мр╣▓р▒ер╜░╟┤рз╛тАл┌ЙтАм╨Ир▒ЫсПвтАлр╜о▐Ч┌йтАмсПв╟╢сЧир╕ЕтАлрвВ█З█ЗтАм╙з2009╘Гр╡Ф╙ЬрнЦ╤Гр╡ириерв▓рнП╟┤╒арвВ╙вргБ "`тАлрвм▐СтАмр╜ВргЭ╟┤тАл▄МтАм╨░╙┤тАл┌йтАм╒▒тАл▐СтАмсПв╥Ур│┐р╕╗╬С╬Л╘Г╧ЙрлИ╙г╧Нрнп╤Р╟╢ро╡┘ЧриФржВрмЖ╟┤╙┤р╡йрбРрв▓сЯМр╡ириетАлрнПрв▓▐СтАм╟┤╬ироесИжр╜е тАл▐СтАм╘Лржй╤Р╧Нрнпр╡ирие╟╢

FRANK LEE тАл╫╡тАмсЙ║р╣о  $% 5    *  +  5       ) * /  $     $    *  ] 5     $   V + / 675     * 5 &  ; 5*            < / $        6\/" 9 |   /

тАл╫╡тАмсЙ║р╣о-!╬ЛржБр▓Г╬Т╨╢рдНрнпр╣осВ╛-!рвВ╤А╥УтАл▄нтАмсЩС▀О╬╛-!▀ПтАл▄нтАмсФО╒│рад╤▒/!сЙ║р╣о╙зраД╤Г╘А╬в ╬С╬╡сПвсБЯ╧А╒в╬С╬Ь╧Ц╘Г-╧Йр╜Ъ╙г╤РсЩС▀О╬╛сб╝рнФ/67╘Г╟┤сЧЛ╒Р╙зраД╤Г╘АтАл▐СтАм╨┤р▓Г╬Л╘Ы╤Р ╬СсЙ╢▄┐╤а╬╛рбир│Ц╬С╨┤ркТ╙ГтАл▐СтАмрзОр╗В╟╢тАл╫╡тАмсЙ║р╣о╧В╙з2009╘Гр╗ТтАл█ИтАмсФЕ╒╖р╡ириер╗и╥Ю-╬ирвВр╡ирие╧Р╧╢тАл▐СтАмрнЛ╨м╥║╟╢

+%+`%3сДГ╨ОсБ▓ + %    *  '+    %9 5`9 #  8  ┬Й┬В 5%%|/"      5$      * /"   | $ 3   5V & =3       V  8  5 3    X>5  S  Q  3   /+ $ *   5#  5;  5  8 5  # + +|<  V          3     / 67 6┬Б5+               /   5            /"  the immediate past President of Friends of Roots, an alumni network of Roots interns.

╤А╥У╙з▄Ор╢осЖв╤Гр╢отАл▐СтАмсДГ╨ОсБ▓рвВр▓Г╬Т╨╢рдНрнпр╣осА┤╟╢╙зErnst & Young, LLP╤║╧АтАл▐СтАм╨┤рвВ╬Л╒Пр┐╢р▒Ы╟╢╨┤╙з3     Francisco!р▒ер╜░╟┤рз╛╬С+|< сЕ║╬│сПв╒ПтАл┌йтАмFinanceсПв╬│сПв╒П╟╢╨┤сФЙро│сЗесЙ╢▄┐сБЙ╟╡р╢пр│псБЙ╟╡╤а╬╛сБЙтАл┌йтАмрдо сЗЯ╟╢67╘ГтАл▐СтАмриФржВ╨┤рнЦ╤Г╬Ср╡ириереАсГД╟┤р▒Ь╙з╧ВрвВ╬Л╒П▀╗сИжсПдтАл▐гтАм╬ирвВр╡ирие

14


JOHN C. WONG 㲢ܴܹ V   5* ;   5   3+  " Â&#x2020;   6/+  % "5  V/+/    3/[        *  Â&#x201A;#*+       ;   *         /  ( 6     X  Hour Photo stores. John became a leader with Rootâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s inaugural Plus group in 2009. He has           | * /

! Ń&#x20AC;Ň&#x201C;â&#x20AC;ŤÜ­â&#x20AC;ŹÎ˘ŕŠ&#x2021;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹŕťłÜ´Üąŕ˘&#x201A;Î&#x153;Î&#x2019;ŕž&#x192;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źŕ¨&#x201D;ŕŚ&#x201A;வ३ŕˇ?ŕą˝Ň&#x2021;â&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x2030;â&#x20AC;Źŕ¤?୯ǜдŕŞ&#x2019;á&#x2122;&#x2013;Ď?ŕ­Żá&#x2030;śÜżŃ Ξ/ܴܹӧ࢜ࠜá&#x2026;&#x;ଯĎ?΢á?˘Ç´Î&#x17E;â&#x20AC;ŤÜ­â&#x20AC;Źá&#x2122;&#x2018;ß&#x17D;ΞÔ&#x20AC;ŇĽÎľá?˘á&#x2022;&#x2021;ளá&#x160;§á?˘Đ&#x17D;á?˘Îł/!΢ξá?˘ŕ¨&#x201D;Ǵдӧ๮୵ß&#x2122;Ô&#x192;཮଺Î&#x2018;ß&#x2122;Ô&#x192;ŕ˛&#x201D; ß?â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źá&#x20AC;&#x20AC;Ď&#x20AC;-!Î&#x17E;â&#x20AC;ŤŕŹş *  ;Ü­â&#x20AC;ŹÎ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŤŮżâ&#x20AC;ŹÔ&#x192;á&#x20AC;&#x20AC;ŕ­?ǜܴܹ࿜á&#x201D;źŕłąá&#x2122;šÎ&#x2039;Îťŕ¨&#x201D;â&#x20AC;ŤŕžŁ×&#x2013;â&#x20AC;ŹĎŠŰŤ28Ô&#x192;Ď&#x2030;ŕŹ?Ňś/Ó§2009Ô&#x192;Đ´Ô&#x2039;࣠Î&#x2018;ŕ´? á&#x2DC;śá&#x2013;°ŕľ¨ŕ¨Ľŕť¨Ň&#x17E;ŕ˛&#x192;Î&#x2039;Ô&#x192;Ô&#x2039;Î&#x201C;ŕ˛&#x201D;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÎ&#x2039;Ő?á&#x2C6;Śá?¤ÇśÜ´Üąá?Šá&#x17E;ťŕś&#x153;â&#x20AC;ŤŕĄ°ŮŽâ&#x20AC;Źá?¤â&#x20AC;ŤÚŠâ&#x20AC;Źŕ´&#x2030;Ő&#x201D;â&#x20AC;ŤÜ&#x152;â&#x20AC;ŹÔ&#x2013;Ô&#x2039;Ô&#x192;ŕ˛&#x201D;ÓŁâ&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x2030;â&#x20AC;ŹĎ?ŕ­Żá&#x2030;śÜżŕľ¨ŕ¨ĽÇś

WALTER LIM Ý&#x2026;ä&#x; ந Q %     *  '+      =*  /"   '   <      ' /Q   3*V $     3*%+  3   /X < *  \7^5   his fatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s ancestral village where he met his paternal grandmother. From his monolingual par Q Â&#x2026;  Â&#x160;   ;      $ *     Putonghua. He and his wife Jackie were very fortunate in joining the 2009-10 inaugural Roots Program for older adults as they researched family histories and visited their ancestral villages. +(       5   x|{                6^ 6~ /   &  '    $  

  

     >          $       /

Ń&#x20AC;Ň&#x201C;â&#x20AC;ŤÜ­â&#x20AC;Źá&#x2122;&#x2018;ß&#x17D;ξ๮୵â&#x20AC;ŤÝ&#x2026;Ţ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹŕšŽŕŽ¨ŕ˘&#x201A;ŕ˛&#x192;Î&#x2019;Đśâ&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źŕ¤?୯๮á&#x20AC;´ÇśŃ&#x160;ŕŹ?Ňśâ&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹĐ´ŕ˘&#x201A;Î&#x2039;Ő?ଯࣽâ&#x20AC;Ť×&#x17E;â&#x20AC;Źŕ´Źŕ˝°ĎŚŃ&#x2122;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹŕŹ&#x201E;á&#x2019;&#x152;á &#x152;ŕŽ&#x2018;ŕ§&#x17D;Ƕ๮நӧ Ń&#x192;Ô&#x20AC;Îľá?˘ŕ˘&#x2122;Տٰϊਠ΢ξá?˘Ç´Î&#x17E;â&#x20AC;ŤÜ­â&#x20AC;ŹŃ&#x192;Ô&#x20AC;Îľá?˘ŕ˘śâ&#x20AC;Ť×źâ&#x20AC;Źá&#x2022;&#x161;ϊਠâ&#x20AC;ŤÚŠâ&#x20AC;ŹŕśŽâ&#x20AC;ŤÚśâ&#x20AC;Źá&#x2026;˝Îľá?˘ŕŁ Î&#x2018;ࣴâ&#x20AC;ŤÜ&#x152;زâ&#x20AC;ŹÇśÓ§\7^Ô&#x192;Ç´ŕ˛&#x192;Î&#x2039;Ô&#x203A;ÓŁâ&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x2030;â&#x20AC;ŹĎ? ŕ­Żâ&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źŕ¨&#x201D;Đ´Ó§â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;ݿݿâ&#x20AC;ŹÔ´ŕ§&#x17D;á śâ&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x2030;â&#x20AC;ŹĐ´ŕŞ&#x2019;Ň&#x2020;ǜӢ࣠дâ&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹĐ Ň&#x2020;á&#x2019;&#x192;Ń?ཎá&#x2013;ąĐ´ŕĽşâ&#x20AC;ŤŇ&#x2020;Ţ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źá &#x2030;Ǵ๮நΨ཮á&#x2013;ąŃ Îžá &#x2030;ǜдΨá?&#x192;ŕť&#x2020;â&#x20AC;Ť×Żâ&#x20AC;Źŕš&#x201C; á&#x2021;Ľá&#x2030;śÜżá &#x2030;á&#x2020;śŕśŻŕłŻá &#x2030;â&#x20AC;ŤŕŤ&#x2C6;Ţ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÎ&#x161;ǜдâ&#x20AC;ŤÚŠâ&#x20AC;ŹĐ´ĎźĎźJackieӳறÔ&#x2013;á?&#x2019;ཎŕ­&#x2013;Ń&#x192;Î&#x2018;ŕ´?á&#x2DC;śá&#x2013;°ŕľ¨ŕ¨Ľŕť¨Ň&#x17E;ŕ˛&#x192;Î&#x2039;Ô&#x192;Ô&#x2039;Î&#x201C;ŕ˛&#x201D;Ӣ࣠д༺ŕŤ&#x2C6;ŕ­ź á˘&#x2022;ŕŁ´ÔžĎ ŕ§&#x17D;ৼá?&#x2022;Ń&#x17E;â&#x20AC;ŤÚŠâ&#x20AC;ŹÓŁŃ?ŕ§&#x17D;ŕť&#x201A;ÇśÔ&#x153;ŕĄ&#x2022;Ç´Đ´ŕť&#x2019;â&#x20AC;ŤŰ&#x2C6;â&#x20AC;Źá&#x201D;&#x2026;â&#x20AC;ŤÚ â&#x20AC;ŹĐ´Ô&#x2039;Î&#x201C;ŕ˛&#x201D;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÔ&#x2039;঩ࣴâ&#x20AC;ŤŘ˛â&#x20AC;ŹĐ´ŕĽşŕ§&#x17D;௟á?&#x2022;Ń&#x17E;â&#x20AC;ŤÚŠâ&#x20AC;ŹÔ&#x2039;࣠Î&#x2018;2013â&#x20AC;ŤÚŠâ&#x20AC;Ź2014Ô&#x192; Ô&#x2039;Î&#x201C;ŕ˛&#x201D;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źŕ­&#x2039;á&#x2C6;Śŕť&#x2014;ǜӢ࣠дá&#x2019;&#x192;ŕąłâ&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x2030;Ů&#x20AC;â&#x20AC;ŹÔ&#x2039;঩ॺԾวŕą&#x153;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źŕ´ťá&#x160;ˇâ&#x20AC;ŤÚŠâ&#x20AC;ŹÎ&#x201C;Ň&#x201C;á&#x153;˘ßŻâ&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źŕżśá?&#x2022;Ç´Đ´á?&#x;á&#x2030;&#x2030;ञŕš?ŐąÎ&#x201C;Ó&#x2022;á&#x160;Źâ&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÓłá?&#x2019;ཎǜ

]


2014 Interns *  *

  † 

ヽ⼖⢮

⸲෩ᦡ

Taishan, Xinhui

Taishan

Derek Lee

Ryan J. Lee

ዼ‫ݢ‬෠

ዼ‫ݢ‬ㄳ

Taishan, Zhongshan

Taishan, Zhongshan

Ryan M. Lee

ዼⶅ঑ Taishan, Zhongshan


  # 

  `

ã&#x192;½á&#x2021;·ã&#x2022;²

Î&#x2C6;ร෺

 U

Taishan

* | 

*

Q 

ã&#x2039;&#x2019;à¬&#x2DC;â&#x2019;²

ã&#x2013;&#x2039;ß&#x201C;â&#x153;&#x203A;

Foshan, Guangzhou

Â&#x2020;  5; 5 Zhongshan

Tracy Zhu

á&#x2039;¨á&#x2021;®âµ² Taishan

7


About the Program *       *     

Q     $ [ 5  -

 *      5   

gram makes stops at each Rooterâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s ancestral village. All Rooters

  5         * /+ 

$     =      >    

     5 5$5      

<    5       5 

       /%   ( 

         /*  -

    *       

mentary to the village visits, Roots leaders work with the school

acculturate in their new homeland. These simultaneous and

Â&#x192;       <  5   

   Â&#x160;  Â&#x160;   U    

local cuisine, and shop for local products. Moving from west to

*       *  +  =

5 5         

   /

way to Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong, for more site see 5  5   /Q   Â&#x160; $ 

Roots: Him Mark Lai Family History Project is a yearlong program

3//5 

  >   " Â&#x2020; 5  

   x {     

* 5   /

    5 *       5     *  +     /+(  >  

3      * 5   Â&#x2026;  

 *   + '     

         ?     

 <  5    >    * 

 $ Â&#x160;     >       ?

visits to their ancestral villages in Guangdong Province. The

      > 5  5 

     X  *  +Â&#x192;XÂ&#x201E; 

       ?  

S  |    S  X  *  

'             5

9 ;      5  

friends, and the community. Many Rooters go on to contribute

  Â&#x201E;5      

back to the program as alumni and future leaders of the Roots

       5    > 

program.

on language and customs.

18


2014 Itinerary [ ^



)  X

[ ~

+#

+ " Â&#x2020;  $





 U /

PM

Traveled to Guangzhou for lunch with





S  X  *  9 







Â&#x201E;    





+#

Rooted at Derek Lee, Ryan J. Lee,



 *

Q =  =



village. 



 *

Q =    

PM 



|#

9   *$   

    )/ Â&#x201A; /

July 12 AM

Traveled to Nanhai / Foshan (pg 142)



 * | =   

|#



grandfatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s village in Foshan and

great-grandfatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s village. 

Rooted at Ryan M. Leeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s paternal grandfatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s village and visited the

Kaiping (pg 24) [ ]

July 11 AM

paternal grandmotherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s village in 

Guangzhou (pg 146)

traveled to Taishan (pg 42) [ Â&#x20AC;

+#

   `=    



[ ^ +#

9   ;   Q 



  #++ /





and Ryan M. Leeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s maternal 

|#

grandfatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s village.

July 14 AM

Traveled to Baoâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;an / Shenzhen (pg 160)

   `=   



   # =   

|#

grandfatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s village. [ 7

+#

 ; =    /



|#

   Â&#x2020; =   

July 8 

July 9

AM |#

AM

great-great-grandfatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s village. [ ] +#

;   Nanxiong (pg 174)

grandfatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s village and Tracy Zhuâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s

[ Â&#x20AC; +#

9 #  /

maternal village.



9 &> /

Rooted at Derek Leeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s maternal

[ 7 +#

;  Guangzhou (pg 183)

grandfatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s village.



)

  #$ /

 *

Q     '

|#

|#



motherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s village and Derek Leeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s ma-

[ Â  +#

9  X  *  #  /

ternal great-great-grandfatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s village.



")  /

Rooted at Ryan J. Leeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s maternal

[ \ +#

grandfatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s village. 

|#

 *  * =   





  = /9  # 





*  )  / Traveled to Xinhui (pg 102)



|#

 *  * =   





 /9 * | *   

|#

PM 

[ 6 +#

9   * ; #$ / Went on a Pearl River cruise. 9  #  ` Â&#x201A;  



the Five Rams Park. 

July 10 AM



|#

July 21 AM

9  * * +  "/ Traveled to Hong Kong.



then traveled to Zhongshan (pg 118) 19


Guangdong Province

൝ጐᵥ

Beijing

Guangzhou Hong Kong

20


Quick Facts â&#x20AC;˘

S         *   ' lion residents.

â&#x20AC;˘

               '    5   ;   )

 5S           '"  5   5 >   emigrants from the north.

â&#x20AC;˘

|   S   Â&#x2026;    x;  {ŕŚ&#x17E;Î&#x201C;      Â&#x160;>        ;  Dynasty.

â&#x20AC;˘

Guangdong has a long history of contact with the outside world, includ +5|  5 [ /% 5|  5  5)5 English, French, and Americans came to trade and in some cases to        Â&#x160;   S  /

â&#x20AC;˘

S    8   _ U 55 ' q  * =        ^ /

â&#x20AC;˘

S      '  ! *    $     |  ) ?"$$     # >          ? #

  $    *U'   5 % U|  5     x  {   /

21


Pearl River Delta

᭥ᙌ̀⦨ᛦ

*green indicates where we traveled

22


Quick Facts â&#x20AC;˘

; |  )   _ S U5" Â&#x2020; 5 #q        & *      3     \Â&#x20AC;]/

â&#x20AC;˘

; Â&#x17D;[ _xQ  {q5 V [ _x` {q5  ) [  _x8 {q    |  x[ {5   Pearl River Delta.

â&#x20AC;˘

; ] 5Â&#x2026;  _   U * q|  V _੧Ԣ ࢏୹q   & * * _S   S >   q5    _Â&#x201A;

 5SU5"    [ >   q  ` 9   _*VÂ&#x2018;  %Â&#x2019; Â&#x201C; q/

â&#x20AC;˘

; |                  Â&#x160;  S U/

The Pearl River Basin _x&    { Â&#x2020;  q

23


Kaiping (Hoiping)

ゅഋ

24


Quick Facts â&#x20AC;˘

Â&#x2020;  _"  q  '      U     5Q+/

â&#x20AC;˘

 <    Â&#x2020;  _"  q     *' nia, Arizona and the Mississippi Delta.

â&#x20AC;˘

Â&#x2020;   #      ?"   *    '

  /   5= " /

â&#x20AC;˘

Â&#x2020;  _"  q    $   _U  Yup) ѤŮ&#x201C;/;      ; _; q5Â&#x17D; _ ' wui) and Enping (Yanping).

â&#x20AC;˘

;    5Â&#x2020;  _"  q  x   /{

â&#x20AC;˘

Â&#x2020;  _"  q$  diaolou or watchtowers that incorpo 8   Q     /;   '   were homes built to defend against bandits in the 1920s and 1930s.

â&#x20AC;˘

* # Â&#x201A;  Â&#x2020;  _"  q/

Rooted â&#x20AC;˘

*

Q '    '  =  á&#x2030;śÜżŕŁŞŕť&#x2019;ѳѱ༠αá&#x2C6;ąŕŽ˘ŕť&#x201A;ŇĄá  Ů&#x161;

6]


;  Â&#x2020;  _"  q   /

;      *

=  /

;      (   Â&#x2020;  _"  q/

;       (   Â&#x2020;  _"  q/

*

5  #/5* 5         Â&#x2020;  _"  q/ 6Â&#x20AC;

Rat poison for sale (and proof that it works) at the morning market.


Duck eggs for sale at the morning market. *   _    q     $ /

;   Â&#x2020;  _"  q/

*$       $ /

8  *

 $    /

;  Â&#x201E;   Â&#x2020;  _"  q/

9  <  Â&#x2020;  _"  q/

Fresh lifun (noodles) for lunch.

    $  Â&#x2020;  _"  q/

67


Chikan ⮢à¢&#x2022; Located along the Tan River á&#x2039;&#x2021;Ô¢,   *$  retains its 1920s charm and is known for being used as a movie set.

;  *$ _* $ qâ&#x20AC;« Ö¢Ù&#x2021;â&#x20AC;¬from the bridge.

;   *$ _* $ qâ&#x20AC;«Ö¢Ù&#x2021;â&#x20AC;¬.

+   $    / 28

%        *$ /

;   *$ _* $ qâ&#x20AC;«Ö¢Ù&#x2021;â&#x20AC;¬.


Zilicun â?Ąâ&#x20AC;Ť×&#x2020;â&#x20AC;Źá&#x2039;ż Zilicun is a village known for its towers or diaolou ŕż&#x153; 㚪/ #

         \^  

 *   emigrants returned and used their wealth to build towers that integrated Western architecture styles    *       / ;      refuges for the community, as private residences for                   / + 5Â        Â&#x2020;  / The watchtowers of Zilicun.

Brandon, our tour guide for the day!

3U      /

;   5    Â&#x2020;     3`8*XQ"   /

29


Caitlyn Wong

ă&#x2013;&#x2039;ß&#x201C;â&#x153;&#x203A;    +   *  /   +          Â&#x192;   / However, I have always felt out of place in my own skin. As a  5     Â&#x192;   Â&#x2022;+  5[   5 Â&#x2020;  &   /          $ /   <   5

     Â&#x2022; *  / X  5        *        /3    urging of my older cousin, Derek Lee, I unknowingly applied for      / = $       Â&#x2026;  Â&#x192;    /+  never would have fathomed that I would discover a second home    $    Â&#x2022;* / V     * 5U  >   *  $   >   >    change my life. I have been very fortunate in being able to visit three ancestral   * /; <   Â&#x2020;   

30

; $Â&#x2020;  %_á&#x2030;śÜżŕŁŞŕť&#x2019;ѳѱ༠αá&#x2C6;ąŕŽ˘ŕť&#x201A;ŇĄá  Ů&#x161;) this was the home of my paternal great-grandfatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s village. My  '  =  % * ?      <(    /   5%  *      +      my grandfather, Philip Wong, in the Midwest. Philip Wong was the grandfather I never met. My grandfather passed away sud  5       Â&#x2022;    /8        Â&#x192;   5   been curious about that side of the family I had never met. + < 5 >   Â&#x2022; =$   > / =   > < 

 /;       $         U    '  =  5% * /3   5    < 

 %  * =   / What I remember most when I arrived at the village, was the     Â&#x2022; Â&#x201E;5 $ '        5  /;   >*   language rang in my ears and I felt the need to respond to all


 Â&#x2026;     = $    / I have never once before in my life wished that I could speak *      /  $  was happening and how to react. Before I knew it, tears welled up in my eyes. There was something powerful going to happen in   Â&#x2022;     / +(       >       Â&#x201E;5 Â&#x2026;$      $ /       $  thing about my great-grandfather. But no sooner had I raised my        Â&#x201E; me that they had never heard that name before. They went to go seek the oldest living member of the village to see if he knew my great-grandfather. An elderly, 90-year old man appeared with what appeared to be cataracts in his eyes. He was given a seat        $ what he knew about my family. He in fact, knew who my greatgrandfather was. I started crying in earnest, relieved that I had at     /+( 5 UU      keep falling into place. By chance or fate, the daughter-in-law who married a descendent % * =         

  /           /   |' /        $   Â&#x2022; showing me my â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;home.â&#x20AC;&#x2122; My Pau-pau had the keys to the house and I was able to see the place my great-grandfather called home for the earlier years of his life. When I performed a bai sun ceremony at the ancestral altar, I was overcome with even more  /  $   towards my ancestors. Inside my head, the only words I wanted to say to my ancestors were these: â&#x20AC;&#x153;Thank you for bringing me to this place. Thank you for leading me home, grandpa. Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m so happy I was able to meet you. Thank

/{ #     =           % *  >    /X         % *      $  U    /+  5       >   / >    5  5  /8  

 >   what it means to me to be able to â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;meetâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; my grandfather for the < /|           / 31


      Â&#x2020;  5   '          /;      me to see where they had come from and I felt their spirits beside me as I walked through our ancestral home. I met my great       < /$  in the place my great-grandfather called home during the early

 /            knew I had. And despite the language barrier, we communicated     /     >    <  

&  / At my paternal grandmotherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s village (on my fatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s side) called V# * _á&#x2030;śÜżŕŁŞŃ ΞѹŇ&#x203A;Ř&#x2026;á&#x2020;žá&#x201C;?â&#x20AC;Ť*׸â&#x20AC;Ź, I saw a clash     /# <   U    tral home was that the house is so white! The walls were a stark white plaster in contrast to the older, gray brick walls of the other  /X   Â&#x201E;    collapsed a couple years ago and had been rebuilt as a â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;modernâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; *   Q       /    the village from almost 24 years ago when my father visited the    = >   / I brought with me pictures that my father took in 1989 when he visited the village and compared them at every angle with the 32

help of friends and fellow Rooters. I also had pictures from the \7   '      /8             Â&#x2022;       >     / A thunderstorm later forced us inside the house to stay dry. The caretaker of the home brought the house keys to open up my    &      /; Â&#x160;        ' 5       5   was electricity & modern light switches and there was even a Q    Â&#x2014;`      imagine what my father had seen so many years ago. The only part of the house that remained was the outside courtyard. The  $        it might have looked like in the past. It was a moving and strange >           6~  Â&#x2022;$       Â&#x192;    / ; V$     Â&#x192;   >      <  /   &                      / >         the news of what had happened to the village. I had received      =      


33


   >    &<   /  $<                /#            >   *   >   /     

       the years as an avid family genealogist. Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m very grateful that I    >          many miles between us. I hope in the future, that I will be able     >          Midwest if and when they get the opportunity to see where their roots all began. From this trip, I have been able to share something deeply         /   >        the people we met there. I loved sharing the images and video of everything we saw and witnessed with my grandparents. They      >     *         /`   34

before has Roots had such avid Tumblr followers as my grand  Â&#x2014;=     $  *          of when they were in the villages. I have created deeper bonds with my mom and dad. It is with          journey. Without their advice and support I would have been a      $      /#  mom and my dad have been on this journey with me, seeking         $         *   /#         $   <  more about our family history on my behalf. I am truly grateful for them being there every step of the way. I hope that one day           Â&#x2026;  & *  $ Â&#x2022;<     about who they are as well.


     >      5   !   5 >  5   /   >          *   /

   *  $            Â&#x192;   /     *   >   ?    thing that I am and everything Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m not. I have learned so much about who I am and where I have come from in the few weeks I   * / &  (*            / From this trip I have realized new goals and dreams. I have learned more about myself and the things I am capable of. By learning about my roots and where my familyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s humble begin    5     < $  / I have been humbled in the best way possible and touched by the generosity of those who had materially less than I. The people   *         always give me strength to move forward. It has become a new     $*   '    /*  (           x <  {  (   /;         >   Â&#x2022;         * /  *   Â&#x2022;    /

â&#x20AC;Ťŕ˘&#x201A;×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Źŕ§&#x17D;௟á&#x20AC;šŕ˛&#x192;ѤМӧŕ¤?ŕ­ŻŃ&#x20AC;Ň&#x201C;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źŕ¤?á?¤ŕšŽÎ&#x201C;Çśâ&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Źá&#x192;š ÔžĎ â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źŕ¤?ŕ­ŻÎ&#x201C;â&#x20AC;ŤŮ&#x160;Ţ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹŇ˝ŕĄ?Ôžá&#x2021;ŹÇ´Î¨ŕĄ?ŕ˝&#x201A;á?&#x;Ó§ŕ¤?ŕ­Żâ&#x20AC;ŤÜ&#x152;â&#x20AC;Ź á?ąÔ&#x2013;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źá?&#x2019;ཎǜŕ¸&#x2026;Ôśâ&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Źá&#x192;šâ&#x20AC;ŤÜ­â&#x20AC;ŹÔžĎ Ó§ŕ¤?୯բ࣠Î&#x2039;ঠϿ á&#x160;§ŕŻźá&#x20AC;´â&#x20AC;ŤŕŁŞŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹŇ˝Ô&#x2013;٤ŕŤ&#x2022;ŕ¸&#x2026;Çśâ&#x20AC;ŤÜ&#x152;â&#x20AC;ŹĐ°ŕŽľÎťâ&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹŕľŠá &#x201A;á&#x192;&#x2122;Ń?Î&#x2018; á&#x20AC;žĎ&#x152;Ó&#x2022;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹĐ&#x17D;ĎŻÇ´ŕ¤?ŕ­ŻÇ´Đ&#x2019;Ň Ç´á&#x2014;Źŕ­Żŕ¸ťŕ¸ťÇśŕ¸&#x2026;ÔśÓ§ ೭ঠŕŻ&#x2013;ŕŞŠá ¸ŕ¸łĎ?Ǵբ࣠Î&#x2039;ঠ๮á&#x20AC;´Ç´â&#x20AC;Ťŕ &#x2026;×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹŕŽľŮ°Ř&#x2019;Ô&#x2013; Ń?ŕ˝&#x192;á ¸ŕŻ&#x2013;ŕŞŠá ¸Ď?ŕ­ŻĐ&#x17D;ĎŻÇś Ó§2014Ô&#x192;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹŕŚšĎşÇ´â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹŕŽľŮ°Ď&#x152;ඪŕ˝&#x192;ŕş?ÔžĎ Ű&#x161;ŕ¸&#x2026;ཎ Ď&#x152;á&#x2021;ťŕż¤á&#x20AC;šÇ´ŕĄ¨ŕł&#x2013;Î&#x2018;ŕŞ&#x2019;Ó&#x192;Ó§Ď?ŕ­Żâ&#x20AC;Ť×¸Ţ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źá&#x20AC;&#x2022;ÇśÓ§â&#x20AC;Ťß&#x201E;Ţ&#x2018;×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Ź ঢâ&#x20AC;ŤŕŻ´×ľâ&#x20AC;Źá&#x2030;şâ&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źŕť˝ßŚÎ Ç´â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹÓ§Ř&#x2019;Ô&#x2013;ÖšÓ&#x201E;Î&#x2018;á&#x20AC;žŕ°Žŕ˝ąŕľ¨ŕ¨Ľ Ď?ŕ¨&#x201C;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źŕ˝&#x20AC;á&#x20AC;&#x20AC;ßťŕľ&#x201D;Ó&#x153;ŕ­&#x2013;Ń&#x192;Î&#x2018;ŕł­á&#x160;ŹÎ&#x2039;ঠÎ&#x2039;Ň&#x201C;á&#x153;¤â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;×&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źŕ¨&#x201C; ำǜâ&#x20AC;ŤŘ&#x2019;×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹÔ&#x2013;ŕ˝&#x192;â&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x2030;â&#x20AC;ŹÔžĎ ཎӾÔ&#x153;ÓŚŕ˝&#x201E;΢Î&#x2039;ঠâ&#x20AC;ŤÚŠâ&#x20AC;ŹÔžĎ â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Ź Đ&#x17D;ĎŻÓľÔ&#x153;Ď&#x152;Ó&#x2022;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹĐ&#x17D;ĎŻÇśâ&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹÎ¨ŕŽľŮ°Ř&#x2019;Ô&#x2013;ŕ˝&#x192;á ¸ÔžĎ ŕ˝Ž Ó§Ď?ŕ­ŻÇ´ŕł­á&#x160;ŹÎ&#x2039;ঠĎ&#x152;ÎľÔ&#x2013;Ń&#x2018;ŕŤ&#x2C6;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÓŚĐ&#x2018;Ç´â&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x2030;פâ&#x20AC;ŹÔžĎ â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źŕ˛&#x192;Î&#x2019;ঠŕ§&#x17D;Çś Ó§Ń?Ď?ŕ­ŻĎ?ߝǴâ&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Źá&#x192;šĎ?ŕ­ŻÎ&#x2039;ŕ¸&#x201E;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2022;Ü&#x152;â&#x20AC;ŹÎ¨Ď&#x152;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2022;â&#x20AC;Źá °ÔžĎ ཎ࿜á?&#x2022;٤Ď&#x2122;á&#x2C6;śÇś â&#x20AC;ŤŕĄ?×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹÔ&#x2013;ŰŠÓŚŕł&#x2013;ŕ­˘Î&#x2018;Î&#x;ঠÓ&#x192;ŕŞ&#x2019;Ó§Ď?ŕ­Żâ&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹŕŞ&#x2019;ŕĄ&#x201A;Çśŕ˛&#x192;Î&#x2039; ঠŕł&#x2013;ŕ­˘â&#x20AC;Ť×¸Ţ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÎˇŕ˘&#x201A;á&#x2030;śÜżŕŁŞŕť&#x2019;ѳѱ༠αá&#x2C6;ąŕŽ˘ŕť&#x201A;ŇĄá  á&#x20AC;šÇśŕł­ŕ˘&#x201A;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Źá&#x2019;&#x192;මŕŞ&#x2019;Đ â&#x20AC;Ť×¸Ţ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÎˇÇśâ&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Źŕś¸ŕŞ&#x2019;Đ â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÓ&#x153; Óˇŕ˘&#x201A;% * Ǵдӧ೭ঠâ&#x20AC;Ť×¸â&#x20AC;ŹÎˇŃ&#x20AC;Ň&#x201C;Ç´Ó§7ঠлâ&#x20AC;ŤŰ&#x2020;×&#x152;â&#x20AC;Ź â&#x20AC;ŤŰ&#x201A;â&#x20AC;ŹĎ?௨Ő&#x2030;ŕ˛&#x192;]/!Ó§Ů&#x2014;Î&#x2039;ĐśÎ&#x201C;Ď?Ç´â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Źŕś¸ŕŞ&#x2019;Đ ŕ˘&#x201A;ŕ­¤Î&#x2039; Î&#x2039;ঠŃ?Î&#x2018;ŕ¤?ŕ­Żâ&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÇśĐ´â&#x20AC;ŤŮ˝Ţ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÎˇÇ´Philip WongÇ´Ó§ŕ¤?ŕ­Ż

^]


‫ޑ‬ύՋ೽рғǶ‫ך‬Ψவٰؒ‫ـ‬ၸ‫ྭྭޑך‬ǶдԐ ೳǴ੮ΠΑ4ঁ‫ٽ‬ηǴхࡴ‫ݿݿޑך‬Ƕᗨฅд‫ޑ‬ೳ ШؒԖ‫ޔ‬ௗቹៜ‫ךډ‬Ǵ‫ך‬΋‫ޔ‬೿ࡐགྷΑှৎ௼ў ύ‫ޑ‬೭΋೽ϩǶ ӧಃ΋ԛೖୢ߻Ǵ‫࣬ך‬྽‫ޑ‬ᆙ஭Ƕ‫ֹך‬ӄؒԖᒤ ‫ݤ‬གྷຝԾρஒ཮࿶ᐕ٤ϙሶǴΨؒԖࡐଯ‫ޑ‬ය ఈǶჹ‫ޑךܭ‬ම઒РǴ‫ך‬ଫ‫ޕ‬ၰ‫׸‬Ӝ‫ک‬ම઒РӜ ӷ‫ޑ‬मЎǶჹ‫ܭ‬໻Ԗ‫ߞޑ‬৲Ǵ‫ך‬᝺ள‫ډפ‬ම઒Р ઒ࡂ‫׆ޑ‬ఈࡐෲ૕Ƕ

‫׆‬ఈਔǴ‫׸‬υ೽֋ນ‫ॺך‬дॺவٰؒԖ᠋ᇥၸ೭ ঁӜӷǴ‫ࢂܭ‬дॺѐ‫׸פ‬η္നԴ‫҇׸ޑ‬Ƕ΋ঁ 90ӭྃ‫ޑ‬ԴΓр౜ΑǴд՟ЯᗋԖқϣምǶд֤ ΠǴ‫ॺך‬೿ൎ๱дઠ๱Ǵа஥๱΋ํ‫׆‬ఈ‫ޑ‬α֍ ୢдࢂց‫ޕ‬ၰҺՖᜢ‫ޑךܭ‬ৎ৥‫ߞޑ‬৲Ƕдۚฅ ‫ޕ‬ၰ‫ޑך‬ම઒РǶ‫ך‬ᐟ୏Ӧ௞ΠΑ౳ఽǴჹ‫פܭ‬ ‫ډ‬Ծρ‫׸ޑ‬ηག‫ډ‬Α΋ํញฅǶᒿӟǴ‫֚ޑך‬ൽ ΋΋೏ှเΑǶ

খ‫׸ډ‬ηਔǴ‫ך‬ӑຝനు‫ޑ߆៿ࢂޑڅ‬ΓዊǴ‫׸‬ υ೽Ǵ‫҇׸‬Ǵдॺ೿адॺ‫ޑ‬วԾЈۭ‫ޑ‬ઢ৒‫ک‬ ε།ߐ߆ௗ‫ॺך‬Ƕᕵ٬‫ך‬ό཮ᇥύЎǴӧԸᜐៜ ଆ‫ޑ‬ᙦ൤ӭற‫ޑ‬ύЎॣᜩᡣ‫ך‬᝺ளԾρा‫ک‬дॺ ߄ҢᗺϙሶǶ‫׆ך‬ఈΑှ‫ڬ‬ൎวғ๱‫ޑ‬΋Ϫ‫ךک‬ ᔈ၀ӵՖӣᔈǶό‫ޕ‬ՖਔǴӧ‫ך‬၂კ౛ှ‫ڬ‬ൎว ғ‫ޑ‬΋ϪਔǴ‫ך‬ς࿶዗ఽࣦ౴ǶӧЈۭǴ‫ך‬ག‫ڙ‬ ‫ډ‬ΑԖ٤ߚதமε‫ޑ‬ᡏᡍջஒวғǶ

Ψό‫ޕ‬ၰࢂѯၶᗋࢂϺཀǴ‫ך‬ම઒Р‫ޑ‬Βঢ‫ޑ‬ӟ Γ࡞ӳΨவࠤ္‫ډ‬Α‫׸‬η္଺࠼ǶӴႽ៿߆Ѩණ ӭԃ‫࠸ޑ‬ηӣৎ‫ޑ‬БԄ៿߆‫ך‬ǶӴᡣ‫ך‬ћӴஇ இǶ΋ၡ΢Ӵ౐๱‫ޑך‬ЋǴ஥‫ޑךډך‬ৎ္‫ډ‬ೀ ᙯᙯǴ‫ך‬΋ၡΜϩག୏ǶஇஇԖ઒ࡂ‫ޑ‬ᢄ୒Ǵሦ ‫࣮ך‬Αම઒РԐԃԋߏ‫ޑ‬ӦБǶ‫ך‬ӧઓᏝ߻౼ࡨ Α઒ӃǶ‫ך‬ཇวᐟ୏Ǵ΋ѡ၉ΨᇥόрٰǶӧ‫ך‬ ‫ޑ‬ЈύǴ‫ך‬നགྷჹ‫ޑך‬઒Ӄॺᇥ‫ޑ‬΋ѡ၉ࢂȸᖴ ᖴգॺሦ‫ך‬ӣ‫ډ‬Α೭္ǶྭྭǴᖴᖴգ஥‫ך‬ӣ ৎǶ‫ࡐך‬໒Ј‫ך‬ಖ‫ډـܭ‬գΑǶᖴᖴǼȹ

ӧი϶‫׸ک‬υ೽‫ޑ‬อኩൣཫၸӟǴ‫זࡐॺך‬ඔॊ Α‫ך‬ा‫ޑפ‬઒ӃǶ‫࡚ך‬ϪӦ‫׆‬ఈдॺ‫ޕ‬ၰҺՖ‫ޑ‬ ᜢ‫ޑךܭ‬ම઒Р‫ߞޑ‬৲ǶฅԶ҅྽‫ך‬ག‫ډ‬΋ํํ

ӧම઒Р‫׸ޑ‬ηೖୢ‫ޑ‬ଯዊวғӧ‫׸‬η‫ޑ‬ఈѠǶ ӧఈѠ‫ޑ‬ഗ೽Ǵ‫ך‬९ᕒ๱೭ঁ‫׸‬η‫ޑ‬ඳՅǴག‫ڙ‬ ‫ډ‬Αම઒Р‫ޑྭྭޑךک‬ӸӧǶ೭ࢂ΋ᅿൺᚇ‫ޑ‬


ག௃Ǵ៿኷Ǵགᐟ‫ک‬ལࣙҬᚇǶ‫ډ‬౜ӧࣁЗǴ‫ך‬ Ψค‫ݤ‬ඔॊԾρ‫ޑـ࣬ྭྭک‬ཀကǶ‫܈‬೚ԿϞǴ ‫ך‬٩ฅӧಒಒᡏ‫ښ‬Ƕ வ‫ډ‬໒ѳ‫ٗޑ‬΋‫څ‬Ǵ‫ך‬՟Я൩ག᝺‫ډ‬Αྭྭ‫ک‬ම ઒Рᡣ‫ך‬ӣৎ‫ޑ‬єെǶдॺགྷᡣ‫࣮࣮ך‬дॺғߏ ‫ޑ‬ᕉნǶӧ઒ࡂᙯ஽‫ޑ‬ਔংǴ‫ך‬ག᝺‫ډ‬Αдॺ‫ޑ‬ ᡫሲ‫ޑ‬ӸӧǶ‫ך‬ѐΑ‫ޑך‬ම઒РԐԃ‫ޑ‬ৎǴԏ‫ډ‬ Α߃ԛ‫ـ‬य़‫ޑ‬ᇻБᒃ௏ॺ‫ޑ‬዗ਗ਼៿߆Ƕ೭ࢂ΋ঁ ӭሶᜤ‫ޑב‬࿶ᐕǴ‫ך‬഻ཱུԶ‫ݘ‬Ƕ ӧೖୢ‫ך‬ѪѪ‫׸ޑ‬ηǴቶܿ࣪Ѡξѱқ؅ᆾᓐ ‫׸‬Ǵ‫ډ࣮ך‬Α౜ж‫ک‬໺಍Ўܴ‫ޑ‬٠ӸǶ࣮‫ޑךډ‬ ઒ࡂǴ‫ך‬ಃ΋ϸᔈࢂѬࢂ೭ሶ‫ޑ‬қǶ‫ޑך‬઒ࡂǴ ‫ک‬εӭኧઇᙑ‫ک‬ԪՅ‫ޑ‬ᑄґ‫܊‬ό΋ኬǴࢂ΋ᅿ჻ ཥ‫ޑ‬қǶ‫ޑ္׸‬΋ঁυ೽֋ນ‫ޑךך‬Դ઒ࡂӧ൳ ԃ߻༥ΑǴ౜ӧ‫ࢂޑډـ‬ཥࡌ‫܊ޑ‬ηǶ‫ך‬ම࿶‫ـ‬ ၸ‫ݿݿ‬ӧ24ԃ߻ӣٰਔ‫܊‬η‫ྣޑ‬ТǶ౜ӧ‫܊ޑ‬η ‫܌ךک‬Ⴃය‫ֹޑ‬ӄόӕǶ ‫৾ך‬р྽ԃ‫ܡݿݿ‬ឪ‫ྣޑ‬ТǴ໒‫کۈ‬ი϶‫϶ܻک‬ ॺ΋ଆჹКࡂη‫فঁ؂‬ပ‫ޑ‬όӕǶ‫ך‬ΨԖ\7ԃ ‫ژژޑך‬ೖୢ‫׸‬η‫ྣޑ‬ТǶӧၸѐ‫ޑ‬൳Μԃ໔Ǵ วғΑӵԜӭ‫ޑ‬ᡂϯǴ೭΋Ϫ೿ࢂ‫ך‬όૈႣ਑ ‫ޑ‬Ƕ খ‫ډ‬઒ࡂߡ‫ڊ‬ଆΑኪ॥ߘǶ઒ࡂ‫࣮ޑ‬ៈ‫ޣ‬ջ‫څ‬ᡣ ‫ॺך‬຾ࡂᗉߘǶࡂϣᎎ๱ᐊՅ‫ޑ‬Ӧ݈Ǵഓқણ‫ڇ‬ ‫ޑ‬ᕅᏛǴ౜ж‫ޑ‬ႝᏔ‫ک‬໒ᜢǴࣗԿᗋԖՋԄ‫ޑ‬൵ ‫܌‬Ƕ΋Ϫ೿ᡂΑǶ೭ᡣ‫ࡐך‬ᜤགྷຝ྽ԃ઒Ӄॺۚ Ր‫ޑ‬ᕉნǶ୤΋ؒᡂ‫ࢂޑ‬ଣηǶٗԪՅ‫ޑ‬ᑄᕅᗋ ᒪ੮๱Ǵᡣ‫ัૈך‬༾གྷႽ྽߃‫܊‬η‫ޑ‬ኬηǶ೭ࢂ ΋ᅿࡐགΓࠅΞ‫ޑ܁ڻ‬ག᝺Ƕ‫ך‬ӣ‫ډ‬Α‫ݿݿ‬24 ԃ߻ٰၸ‫ޑ‬઒ࡂǴฅԶ‫ڬ‬ൎ‫ޑ‬΋ϪࠅᡂϯӵԜϐ εǶ ‫ךک‬ѐ‫ޑ‬ಃ΋ঁ‫׸‬ηჹКǴқ؅‫ࢂ׸‬΋ঁֹӄό ӕ‫ޑ‬ᡏᡍǶٰ‫ډ‬΋ঁ‫ޑך‬Рᒃ‫ࡐک‬ӭᒃ௏೿ٰၸ ‫ޑ‬ӦБᡣ‫ך‬᝺ள‫׳‬у៿഻Ƕ‫ࡐך‬ᐟ୏Ӧ‫ک‬ѪѪϩ ٦Α‫׸‬ηวғ‫ޑ‬٣௃Ƕ‫ך‬Ψவᒃ௏‫ޑ‬ແҹύΑှ ၸ‫܊‬ηёૈςόൺӸӧǴёૈଫԖ΋ТβӦഭ էǶ‫܌‬а྽‫ـ࣮ך‬೭ኬ΋ঁ౜ж‫܊ޑ‬ηࢂǴ‫ך‬Μ ϩ᎜ᡋǶ‫ޑך‬ѪѪߚதᐟ୏‫ך‬ाӣٰ൨ਥǶբࣁ ৎ௼ύ‫ޑ‬ৎ௼ў஑ৎǴӴ೯ၸႝηແҹ‫ךک‬ϩ٦ Α೚ӭӴԏᙒ‫ޑ‬ৎ௼ᐕўЎҹǶ‫ࡐך‬གᐟ‫୼ૈך‬ ‫ک‬ϩപί္‫ޑ‬Ӵϩ٦‫ޑך‬࿶ᐕǶ‫׆ך‬ఈӧόΦ‫ޑ‬

ஒٰǴӵ݀‫ך‬ӧऍ୯ύՋ೽‫߄کۂۆޑ‬л‫ॺۂ‬Ψ ा൨ਥǴ‫ך‬ёа‫ک‬дॺϩ٦೭٤ᐱ੝‫ޑ‬࿶ᐕǶ ೭ԛਓำᡣ‫ޑךکૈکך‬Р҆‫ྭྭک‬ѪѪϩ٦΋ ٤ߚதགΓ‫ޑ‬࿶ᐕǶ‫ߚך‬தᐟ୏Ӧӛдॺϟಏ઒ ࡂวғ‫ޑ‬٣௃‫҇׸ޑډـ܌ॺךک‬Ƕ‫ך‬዗૱‫ܭ‬ӛ ྭྭѪѪϩ٦‫ך‬Չำύ‫ܡ‬ឪ‫ޑ‬კТ‫ک‬ຎᓎǶдॺ Ψӧࡐᐟ୏Ӧ฻ࡑ๱‫׆‬ఈΑှ‫ॺך‬Չำ‫ޑ‬຾৖Ƕ дॺёૈࢂ൨ਥ໨Ҟബҥаٰനᑈཱུ‫ک‬዗௃‫ޑ‬კ Тറ࠼‫ޑ‬ଓᒿ‫ޣ‬Ƕ‫ࡐך‬໒ЈԾρૈ୼‫ྭྭךک‬Ѫ ѪǴѦϦѦஇϩ٦΋٤‫ޑך‬ύ୯࿶ᐕǴᡣдॺख़ ྕԾρ྽ԃӧ‫׸‬η္ೖୢ‫૶ޑ‬ᏫǶ ‫کך‬Р҆ϐ໔‫׳‬уᆙஏΑǶдॺӧག௃΢ჹ‫ޑך‬ Ѝ࡭ᡣ‫وૈך‬΢೭ኬ΋ԛਓำǶдॺ‫ࡌޑ‬᝼ᡣ‫ך‬ ૈ‫׳‬ӳӦࣁ೭ኬ΋ঁߏ೼ਓำ଺঑ഢǶவ‫ୖך‬у ೭ঁ໨Ҟ໒‫ۈ‬Ǵ‫ޑך‬Р҆ΨόᘐӦᔅ‫ך‬ԏ໣‫ॺך‬ ৎ௼ᐕў࣬ᜢ‫ߞޑ‬৲Ǵ٠Ъ‫ޑךک‬ᒃ௏ܻ϶ॺϩ ٦‫ޑך‬ਓำ‫ޑ‬຾৖Ƕ‫ך‬ा੝ձགᖴ‫҆ޑך‬ᒃǴӴ ࡐ၁ಒӦୢΑ‫ޑॺך‬ᒃ϶Ǵ၂კᔅ‫ך‬ԏ໣ᅰໆӭ ‫ߞޑ‬৲Ƕ‫׆ך‬ఈԖ΋Ϻ‫ۂۂঁٿޑך‬Ψૈ‫و‬΢Ӵ ॺԾρᐱ੝‫ޑ‬൨ਥϐਓǴѐΑှ‫׳‬ӭᜢ‫ܭ‬дॺԾ ρ‫ߞޑ‬৲Ƕ ӵ݀ाҔ൳ঁຒٰཷࡴ‫ޑך‬൨ਥϐਓǴ‫ך‬᝺ளд ॺࢂǴߚ‫ق‬ᇟૈඔॊǴཀѦ‫ޑ‬ǴӕਔΨࢂᡣ‫ך‬ញ ฅ‫ޑ‬Ƕ‫ך‬வٰؒԖགྷ‫ډ‬Ծρ཮ӧύ୯‫ޑ‬βӦ΢ӵ ԜԾฅǶ‫ך‬Ψؒ‫ݤ‬Ҕᇟ‫׎ق‬৒‫ך‬ӧύ୯ག‫ޑډڙ‬ ৎ‫ޑ‬ག᝺Ǵᗨฅ‫ך‬ό཮ᇥύЎ‫ک‬ύऍ‫ޑ‬Ўϯৡ౦ ࡐεǶૈӧύ୯൨ਥჹ‫ٰך‬ᇥࢂ΋ᅿှಥǶբࣁ ΋ঁऍᝤ๮ΓǴ‫کך‬೭္Ԗ๱ίํ࿤ᕰ‫ޑ‬ᖄ‫س‬Ƕ ฅԶբࣁ΋ঁऍ୯ΓǴ‫کך‬೭္ΞࢂӵԜ‫ޑ‬ό ӕǶӧ೭္‫ޑ‬ᡏᡍᡣ‫ך‬ΑှΑԾρ‫ޑ‬ᐕўǴᡣ‫ך‬ ‫׳‬уΑှԾρࢂፔǶᚆ໒ύ୯ਔǴ‫ך‬ག‫ډڙ‬Αࡐ ߏਔ໔аٰ೿ؒԖ‫זޑ‬኷Ƕ ೭ԛਓำᡣ‫ך‬ԖΑཥ‫ޑ‬Γғ౛གྷ‫ک‬Ҟ኱Ƕ‫׳ך‬у ΑှΑԾρǴΨᇡ᛽‫ډ‬ΑԾρ‫ޑ‬ወૈǶ࣮‫ډ‬Α‫ך‬ Ծρ‫ޑ‬઒Ӄ‫ޑ‬౩ၞ‫ک‬дॺ‫ޑ‬ե༾‫ޑ‬໒‫ۈ‬Ǵ‫ך‬ག‫ډ‬ ‫׳‬у‫ޑ‬ԾߞǶ‫ך‬ག‫ډ‬ΑԾρ‫ޑ‬ෲλǴΨ೏ٗ٤‫׸‬ Ӝ‫ޑ‬ᄋඉ‫܌‬ག୏Ƕ‫ך‬ӧύ୯‫ޑډـ‬Γ‫کךک‬дॺ ࡌҥ‫ޑ‬ᖄ‫س‬ᡣ‫׳ך‬Ԗ߿਻ӛ߻Ƕ‫׆ך‬ఈԾρૈӣ ύ୯ѐՐ΋ԃǴ‫܈‬೚‫׳‬ΦǶύ୯๏‫ך‬੮ΠΑӵԜ ు‫ޑ‬ӑຝǴᡣ‫ך‬᝺ளԾρᗋԖ೚ӭؒԖֹԋ‫ޑ‬௖ ઩ǶԖϼӭ‫ޑ‬٣௃ᗋ฻๱‫ך‬ѐ௖઩‫ک‬ᡏᡍǶ ‫ך‬ག‫ډڙ‬Αύ୯ჹ‫ڥޑך‬െǴӴ‫ڥ‬െ‫ך‬ӣৎǶ ^7


Taishan (Toisan)

‫ٸ‬௑

42


Quick Facts â&#x20AC;˘

; _; q  '       ?   /^   ;   " Â&#x2020;  /

â&#x20AC;˘

; _; q    $   _U Â&#x201A; qѤŮ&#x201C;. The      Â&#x2020;  _"  q5Â&#x17D; _ q 8  _Â&#x201A;  q/ +  57   *   *     _U Â&#x201A; q ; _; q      ~   *      the state.

â&#x20AC;˘

*     3   ; _; q/+      *  +   ;    /

â&#x20AC;˘

;  #      ?;  *          the local dialect, itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s called Hoisan.

â&#x20AC;˘

  +  %5  # 8%  3+ * S  Locke have roots in Taishan (Toisan).

Rooted â&#x20AC;˘

  `'        

â&#x20AC;˘

!!!!á&#x2030;śÜżŕŁŞŃ ΞѹξԢξŕĄ&#x2026;ŕť&#x201A;ོӌâ&#x20AC;Ť×¸â&#x20AC;Ź

Derek Lee- maternal grandfatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s and great-greatgrandfatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s villages

!!!!á&#x2030;śÜżŕŁŞŃ Ξѹá&#x201D;&#x201A;ŕ¤&#x2122;ŕť&#x201A;ß&#x17D;๮Ů&#x161;

!!!!á&#x2030;śÜżŕŁŞŃ ΞѹÝ&#x160;ä&#x161;Łă˛&#x2022;Ň&#x2030;๮â&#x20AC;Ť×¸â&#x20AC;Ź

â&#x20AC;˘

!!!!á&#x2030;śÜżŕŁŞŃ ΞѹŇ&#x203A;Ř&#x2026;Ň&#x2013;Đ&#x2C6;â&#x20AC;Ť×¸â&#x20AC;Ź

Ryan M. Lee- maternal grandfatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s village

!!!!á&#x2030;śÜżŕŁŞŃ ξѱ఩໦ŕť&#x201A;Đ?Ő&#x2039;â&#x20AC;Ť×¸â&#x20AC;Ź

â&#x20AC;˘

â&#x20AC;˘

!!!!á&#x2030;śÜżŕŁŞŃ ΞѹŇ&#x203A;Ř&#x2026;á&#x2020;žá&#x201C;?â&#x20AC;Ť×¸â&#x20AC;Ź

Tracy Zhu- paternal and maternal villages

*

Q '      =

!!!!á&#x2030;śÜżŕŁŞŃ ÎžŃąá ˝â&#x20AC;Ť×¸â&#x20AC;Źŕť&#x201A;Îľŕź â&#x20AC;Ť×¸â&#x20AC;Ź

â&#x20AC;˘

!!!!á&#x2030;śÜżŕŁŞŃ ΞѹܿÖ&#x17E;ŕť&#x201A;Îťá&#x201D;&#x201A;â&#x20AC;Ť×¸â&#x20AC;Ź

!!!!á&#x2030;śÜżŕŁŞŃ Ξѹäť?ĺ&#x2C6;­ŕ &#x201E;áŹ&#x160;â&#x20AC;Ť×¸â&#x20AC;Ź

â&#x20AC;˘

â&#x20AC;˘

  Â&#x2020; '     = 

!!!!á&#x2030;śÜżŕŁŞŃ ΞѹÎ&#x;Î&#x2013;ŕ­&#x201D;Ř&#x2018;໦ŕť&#x201A;໩â&#x20AC;Ť!׸ڊâ&#x20AC;Ź

Ryan J. Lee- maternal grandfatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s village *  * '     =

!!!!á&#x2030;śÜżŕŁŞŃ ΞѹĐ?Ξá&#x2122;źĎ¤â&#x20AC;Ť×¸â&#x20AC;Źŕť&#x201A;Îľŕ¤?â&#x20AC;Ť×¸â&#x20AC;Ź

43


$  / Melon with garlic.

* /

;     < /

Pedestrian walkway in Toisheng.

9  ; =    /

Live abalone.

Toisan is famous for claypot rice dishes.

)    / 44

+ [ *  % 5    X  *  +Â&#x192; XÂ&#x201E; ; * 5   8 /


In Ryan J. Leeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s village.

Wong pei or yellow-skinned fruit.

Yellow eel claypot rice, a specialty in Toisan.

Ducks wandering through the village.

Â&#x201A; %5    X  *  9 5  /

9  )  $Â&#x2DC; /

Drying mushrooms.

~]


  `=    /

"   /

A durian fest! ~Â&#x20AC;

Toisan style watchtowers.

9  *  =      = /

Wooden gate that slides.


+5[  #/Q 5 Â&#x201E;  V$/

A village with good feng shui: water is in the front and a hill is in the back.

Entrance guardians of good luck.

Ancestral hall at Francesâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; paternal grandfatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s village.

+#/Â&#x201A; 5 ; Â&#x201E;/ #>  /

9  $  /

+     Â&#x2DC; /

* /

~7


 Â&#x2014;

Rice drying on a sidewalk.

Ryan M. Lee trying to take a life-threatening dive into a pile of peanuts at his village.

9       /

 x  5{     ; =  /

Ryan J Lee with men in a village. + Â&#x192;Â&#x2014;

V

 >   ;   / 48

Frances and plants growing on a wall.

Dried bok choy, dragonfruit and peanuts.


) $ Â&#x2020;    `=    /

The village hall at Derekâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s maternal grandmotherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s village.

S  # * à°&#x2DC;à§&#x17D;εଣ

       #  * /

   *

=      = /

49


Ryan Ng

Î&#x2C6;รࡺ +(        5     

    5     < 

3     '    '< 

 /;   Â&#x2026;        

& <    /[ 656~5   

that he lived with his parents and sister. The two houses were

 = 5 Â&#x2122;   V+;  -

  >  5 =  /

        +   /

Finally, he drew where the village tree was, and where the pond

Q    5 <  

Â&#x2022;   $  /"  5

my ancestral villages back in Toisan. But then I remembered that

then I can go to that village tree and look.

& $ 5Â&#x17D; * 5     year. As any curious son would ask, I asked my dad to show me

)  >     V+; 5    -

pictures that he took of his village during his last visit in March

   /;  5          

6~/#  5     >    

 5 $      &   

of the stories that he had as a kid. He showed me the village tree

  /"  5 $ 5 Â&#x2122;    

that he might have climbed. He showed me my grandparentâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s

 V+; &      <-

      /

 >     6~  the Roots: Him Mark Lai Family History Project. This was because

; 5    Â&#x2026; /"   *

<  <    5 <     -

Q      5   <  

ents and ancestors for all that they have done for me.

the car the day before. He turned the receipt around and then     $ '(   /"  

V  5 =  $ Â&#x2022;$ 

me the path to enter the village, then showed me where the pigs

Â&#x161;*  5 =/Q   5 

    /;   Â&#x2026; /; < -

of my parentsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; friends and classmates would occasionally call me

]


 x+V*{5  5 x+  V *  {/  5

U  5        $

          '  

that I would have once I stepped foot into my paternal village,

*    5      ; 5 * 

Â&#x17D; * 5      5[ Â&#x20AC;56~Â&#x2022;& 

* 9  5         *  

(    =~

  5   =< -

  /;   +   %      

    * /

hometown, and when growing up I felt closer to these cultures. However, I did not feel comfortable because I did not truly iden-

When I arrived at my dadâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s paternal village early in the morning,

      /

the village looked absolutely surreal. I immediately recognized        Â&#x2022;  U     

% $     $     -

the village via the back entrance on my dadâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s gas receipt village

 = 5     <     

 /         < 5

 *     5       )  -

 <  

Â&#x192;      <  

 6^/     

+* /" 

 /<         ? 

  $   Â&#x2022; 5 55

   5    (  ^ ?

  `Â&#x2022;$S  5*    

and my grandfather, who I never had the opportunity to meet,

      ;     

since he passed away long before I was born.

  \\7 6/+  5            Â&#x160;  ]` 

Q <  = Â&#x2022;   Â&#x2022;  

 ;    <        

      <   /; <

up. Thus, when presented with this rare opportunity to go with Al

thing that greeted me was the kitchen that had a wood burning

<  <    5       

stove. It reminded me of stories of how my dad used to go out

learn more about my parents, I jumped at the chance to honor

  <    $  

 < /

for the day. This reminded me of my privilege and how lucky I am           < 

 *      Â&#x2022;=  V & 5

on a daily basis for cooking. Walking into the living room was

 5Â&#x17D;= 5" U5U5  U Â&#x2022; -

  /<       =  ! ]


             5 

down from the blistering humid heat inside the house.

           / With the skills and mindset that my dad learned, my dad eventu-

+(  $    5     

  (  5      " Â&#x2020; 5

  5   $   

<      ` ; 3   

rooms in the house, and even went to the backyard to see the

 ; 5       * 8  -

water pump. It was incredible and humbling to see how all of

    ;   5   3  

            

 /;     Â&#x160; 5    

 

my dad lived in the house, however it pales in comparison to

    Â&#x160;    5  

the technology that is now available during the 21st century. My

           Â&#x2022;

dadâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s childhood friend, whom I call Gong Gong, then took me

   Â&#x17D; *        

to see the village well and a tree that he used to climb with my

   5    Â&#x2122;  /

dad. It was surreal to be able to climb the same tree that my dad   Â&#x2022; $  $  /

+(          5   $ with the oldest villager, who told me that she was 90 years old,

I was also fortunate to have the opportunity to visit a second

and was very happy that I was back at the village. Again, I could

village: my maternal grandfatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s village, JinghuaLi, later in the

     x=   ${   

same day. For this village, I was unable to ask for much informa-

out of pure happiness. It was amazing to be able to share a family

      5     

photo with her, as well as other villagers. They were able to see

 $        Â&#x2022;   

not only a photo of my siblings, but also a picture of my niece

 5        <   

#5    / >   

  5       " Â&#x2020; 5   -

that I was going to have a new nephew, Logan, son of Rita, who

  3   /"  5        

   `  6~/    

stories about how they had lots of land.

     5      ]6


]^


;    Â&#x192;     <     /Q < Â&#x192; 5  $        $5  & observe and look at the village that my mom grew up, with my      5   /Q $    way area, where there was rice on the ground that the villagers   Â&#x2022;U     Â&#x2014;    ( 5      that my maternal grandparents lived in. As soon as we got to     5+ $   Â&#x160;  Â&#x160;     /+ >     Â&#x160;           $5   5      $ /; <        $ <   5          always stressed family as #1 importance. As soon as we entered   5       and gorgeous. I am very lucky that the people that currently live in the house have been watching over the house. According to the people in the house, the roof broke in 2012, so the women living in the house all rebuilt the roof for the house. I was amazed     $ Â&#x2022;$        /;      5  >   of one room that nobody was allowed into due to a danger of  Â&#x160;  /    $  the house, as well as being in awe of how my maternal grandpar    

             3   / <       of how the people living in the house live a very simple life, and     Â&#x2022;       Â&#x2022;      U /

 

  & /+(          

   < 5     / a chance to see a bit more of the design of the village, including      /            /=  Â&#x201E;5     =  Â&#x2014;         into what goes into rice milling, and how nothing is easy or ever

In JinghuaLi, I had an opportunity to walk around the outside

handed to them.

     <         /; 5  $     <  /;       <          Â&#x2022;           $/    <  also reminded me of humble beginnings, in which it takes a lot $  Â&#x192;        / =           +Â&#x2022; `5+      ] years prior that he would take me back to my ancestral villages, &$    5 <     +

V   <    5+$ $  to the group with one of the villagers that is taking care of our  /" Â&#x160;  $Â&#x2022;  $Â&#x2014;         >   +      < Â&#x2022;     $ < Â&#x2022;     $  /+ >        he visited the JinghuaLi village with my older siblings, they were

  <   $5 <      < Â&#x2014;;    $   take photos of the book. When I returned home, I brought the

]~


 $$   5 <    =    $Â&#x2022;        $<     / )     ; 5 <   $ me back to my humble beginnings of learning the important lesson of hard work: it might take a while for the job to be accomplished, however in the end, the lessons and skills that you      $  Â&#x192;/; ;            Â&#x2022; 

ŕżśá ¸Ó­Ô&#x192;â&#x20AC;Ťŕž&#x2014;Ţ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źŕ´˘â&#x20AC;ŤŘ˛ŕŁ´ÚŠâ&#x20AC;ŹÇ´á&#x161;&#x2020;ŕť&#x2019;ŕ¤?ŕ­Żŕť&#x2019;â&#x20AC;ŤŰ&#x2C6;â&#x20AC;ŹÎ&#x2039;ঠâ&#x20AC;Ť×Żâ&#x20AC;ŹáĄ&#x201A; Ň&#x201C;â&#x20AC;ŤÖšÚŠÚŽâ&#x20AC;ŹÔ&#x2039;Ň&#x201C;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;ÚŽâ&#x20AC;Źŕ¨&#x201C;ำŕ˛&#x2013;â&#x20AC;ŤŮ°Ú&#x2030;Ü­â&#x20AC;ŹÇśÓ§2014Ô&#x192;Î&#x17D;Đ&#x201D; Î&#x2019;Đ&#x2019;Ç´â&#x20AC;ŤÖ¤×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹÓ§ŕŻ&#x2DC;á ŽÓŚá&#x;&#x201C;Ç´â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;ÚŠâ&#x20AC;ŹĐ á&#x2019;&#x192;ߝ۳Î&#x;á&#x203A;ŤŃąŕ­Ż á&#x2C6;&#x17E;á?&#x2019;ŕľ&#x2018;Çśâ&#x20AC;ŤŕĽş×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹŕłżŘ&#x2C6;á&#x201C;¨Ď&#x152;á&#x2021;&#x;ǴӢ࣠â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Źá&#x192;šâ&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹÓ§ŕĄşŕť&#x201A;Ń  Ξâ&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x2030;פâ&#x20AC;ŹŮ¤Ď&#x2122;á&#x2C6;śŕ˝&#x201A;â&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x2030;â&#x20AC;Źá&#x2020;&#x2122;஭Ƕՠâ&#x20AC;ŤŕŤś×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹŕŽłâ&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹĐ á&#x2019;&#x192;Ď&#x17E;Ô&#x192;á ¨ Ô?ŕ¨&#x201D;ŕť&#x201D;ÓŁâ&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x2030;â&#x20AC;ŹĐ´â&#x20AC;ŤŕĄşŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źŕť&#x201A;ོӌâ&#x20AC;Ť×¸â&#x20AC;ŹÇśá&#x201A;˝ŇşŐ&#x2013;Ółâ&#x20AC;ŤŮ˝Ţ&#x2018;Úťâ&#x20AC;ŹÎˇ ೿ཎୢâ&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÎ&#x2039;á&#x160;ŹÇ´â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Źá?&#x17D;â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹĐ á&#x2019;&#x192;ŕš?â&#x20AC;ŤŕŁŽ×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹĐ´Ó§2014Ô&#x192;Î&#x; Đ&#x201D;ÓŁŕť&#x201A;â&#x20AC;ŤŕžŁŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹĐ˘Çśâ&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹĐ á&#x2019;&#x192;ŕš?ྣТâ&#x20AC;ŤŕŁŽ×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹÇ´ŕ¸&#x2026;ŕĄ&#x2022;ŕť&#x2019;â&#x20AC;ŤÖ&#x2039;Ű&#x2C6;â&#x20AC;Ź ŕş&#x2122;â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹĐ´ŕ¸šÔ&#x192;ӧॺŕť&#x201A;â&#x20AC;ŤŕĄşŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹŮŁÇśĐ´áĄŁâ&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x2030;࣎×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹĐ´ŕ¸šÔ&#x192;ŕ¨&#x201D; â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;Ý˝â&#x20AC;Źá?&#x2039;Ǵᥣâ&#x20AC;ŤŕŁŽ×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹŕŞ&#x2019;Đ Ň&#x2020;â&#x20AC;ŤŕžŁŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹĐ˘Ç´Ů&#x2014;٤ྣТǴâ&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x201D;â&#x20AC;ŹÔż Ď&#x17E;ĎşĎ?௠ӧŕ§&#x17D;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źá&#x2022;&#x2026;΢ǜ

have helped me so much while I was growing up, that Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m glad I had the opportunity to return to my ancestral roots to be able to take the opportunity to learn about their past. The saying â&#x20AC;&#x153;When  $  5   { <      !

      >        Â&#x2022; 5    5    /  $   5=  <          *  '+  /;5 

   *  '+  5    roots coming from Toisan in Guangdong Province.

ŕ¸&#x2026;ŕĄ&#x2022;Ç´â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹĐ á&#x2019;&#x192;଺Î&#x2018;Î&#x2039;Ňšá?ąŕŠ?â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹŮŁÇśĐ´â&#x20AC;Ť×¤â&#x20AC;ŹŃ&#x20AC;Î&#x2039;஭ŕ˘&#x201E; ĎşÓ§*Q  Î&#x2022;Ř&#x201C;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;ݨâ&#x20AC;ŹÔ?á?ľÇśĐ´á&#x2122;&#x152;á&#x2122;ŻŕĄ&#x2022; ŕĽ&#x;Ç´ŕť&#x2019;â&#x20AC;ŤŰ&#x2C6;â&#x20AC;Źŕ¸?Î&#x2018;Î&#x2039;஭дࡺŕť&#x201A;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źá&#x2122; ŕľ&#x201A;ÓŚá&#x192;&#x2122;ǜдᥣâ&#x20AC;ŤŕŁŽ×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Ź ŕşžÎ&#x2022;ŕť&#x201A;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;׸â&#x20AC;ŹÎ&#x2022;ιǴŕ¸&#x2026;ŕĄ&#x2022;॰Ń&#x20AC;á?&#x153;Ó§Ď&#x2122;á&#x2C6;śÓŚĐ&#x2018;Ǵ޸ŕź&#x153; Ó§Ď&#x2122;á&#x2C6;śÓŚĐ&#x2018;ǜРá&#x2019;&#x192;ŕ¸&#x2026;ŕĄ&#x2022;ŕ¸?Î&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŤŕŚ Ůżâ&#x20AC;ŹĐ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x17D;â&#x20AC;ŹÇśŕ˛&#x192;Î&#x2039;ঠж ß&#x201E;Đ´â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹŕŞ&#x2019;Ű&#x161;Ç´Ů&#x2014;ŕ˘&#x201A;Ů&#x2014;Ń&#x20AC;Ň&#x201C;ŕĄ&#x2022;ŕľłÔ&#x192;â&#x20AC;ŤÜ&#x152;â&#x20AC;ŹŐ?â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÓŚĐ&#x2018;Çśŕ˛&#x192; Î&#x2019;ঠĐ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x17D;â&#x20AC;ŹĐśß&#x201E;Î&#x2018;дමâ&#x20AC;ŤÚŠâ&#x20AC;ŹĐ´Đ Ň&#x2020;â&#x20AC;ŤÜ&#x152;Ű&#x160;Ű&#x160;ÚŠâ&#x20AC;ŹŐ?â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źŕ˝Ľâ&#x20AC;ŤÜ&#x160;â&#x20AC;Ź Ρǜâ&#x20AC;ŤŮżâ&#x20AC;Źŕ§Śâ&#x20AC;ŤÜ&#x160;â&#x20AC;ŹÎˇŕłżá&#x17D;&#x17E;Ó§Î&#x2039;ŕŹ&#x2020;Ç´Ó˘ÔśĎ&#x152;ཎá&#x2019;ąá ¸Çśŕ´¨ ŕĄ&#x2022;Ç´Đ´ŕ¸?Ń&#x20AC;ŕť&#x201A;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;׸â&#x20AC;Źá?&#x2039;Ó§Ď&#x2122;á&#x2C6;śÓŚĐ&#x2018;Ç´ÔŁŕź Î&#x17E;Ó§Ď&#x2122;á&#x2C6;ś ]]


ӦБˇˇٗࢂՏ‫ܭ‬ໂ‫ࡕޑ׸‬य़Ƕ ԜԛӧӦ៓‫ޑ‬࿶ᡍǴς࿶з‫ך‬གྷনǶ΋ӛ‫ך‬ჹ྽ วғϙሶ٣Զ‫ך‬ό཮ᇸܰ৖౜‫ޑך‬௃ᆣ‫࡭ߥૈک‬ հᓉ‫࠼ک‬ᢀǴЇаԾᇬǶՠࢂǴ‫ך‬ό‫ޕ‬ၰӧӦ៓ ਔϐ௃ᜤа࿣ǴႣҢΑ‫ך‬Ԝԛୖу2014ԃহ‫ۑ‬ഝ ᘶᖰ൨ਥ໨Ҟ‫ޑ‬௃ᆣ‫ֹک‬ԋǶӢࣁ‫ך‬ว౜ΑԾρ ‫يޑ‬ҽǴаϷԖᐒ཮ӛ‫ޑך‬Р҆‫ک‬ӃΓठལǴག ᖴ΋ϪǶ ӧ൨ਥϐਓϐ߻Ǵ‫ځך‬ჴ੿‫ޑ‬ό‫ޕ‬ၰ‫ࢂך‬ፔˇˇ ‫ޕך‬ၰ‫ࢂך‬ԭϩϐ΋ԭ‫ޑ‬๮ဴǴ൩ࢂ೭ኬǶӧ‫ך‬ ԋߏ‫ޑ‬ਔংǴ‫ך‬Р҆‫ޑ‬΋٤ܻ϶‫ک‬ӕᏢԖਔ཮ћ ‫଺ך‬ȨABCȩǴջӧऍ୯рғ‫ޑ‬๮ဴǶᗨฅ‫۩ך‬ ၮ‫ޑ‬Ծᇬ‫ޑ‬ёаᆀԾρࢂಃΒж‫ޑ‬๮ဴǴӧуԀ ύ‫ك‬΋ঁλࠤѱ੝ႜՋߏεǴ‫ך‬ག‫ךکډ‬ҁ‫ޑي‬ ύ୯໺಍Ԗ‫܌‬ϩ႖Ƕӧ੝ႜՋऍ୯Γ‫܎ک‬΍ဴࡐ ӭǴ‫ך‬ӧԋߏਔག‫׳ډ‬ௗ߈೭٤ЎϯǶՠࢂǴ‫ך‬ ٠όག‫ډ‬ԾӧǴӢࣁ‫ך‬ค‫کޑ҅੿ݤ‬೭٤ဂᡏᇡ ӕǶ ‫ך‬ΨࡐϿԖགྷ‫ޕ‬ၰৎ৥ᐕўǴаϷԖᐒ཮ӧ๮Γ ‫୔ޗ‬൨‫يךפ‬ҽ‫ޑ‬෰ఈǹՠӧ2013ԃΜΒД΋ঁ ఁ΢೭Ԗ‫ׯ܌‬ᡂǶ‫ך‬Ԗᐒ཮‫ک‬ᎄ୯‫ک‬ख़ཥᖄᛠǶ дϐ߻ම஥‫ޑך‬ѤӜঢঢ‫ۊۊ‬.ˇRoland-!Ramford-!Rita‫ک‬Rubyˇ.߻۳ቶܿǴ௖ೖ‫҆ך‬ᒃ‫ک‬Рᒃ ӧѠξ‫ࡺޑ‬ໂǴٗࢂ\\7ԃ‫ک‬2000ԃ൨ਥीჄ‫ޑ‬ ೽ҽǶ‫ޑך‬Р҆‫ں‬᝘Αคኧค‫ޑد‬ਔ໔Ǵӧ‫ނ‬Κ ଄Κ೿ࡐϿ‫ޑ‬௃‫ݩ‬ΠǴӧ੝ႜՋᎦ‫ॺךػ‬ԋΓǶ ӢԶǴ྽ԖԜ‫ش‬Ԗ‫ޑ‬ᐒ཮ёа‫ک‬ᎄ୯‫ک‬΋ଆ൨‫פ‬ ‫يޑך‬ҽǴаϷԖᐒ཮߄ඦ‫׳ک‬уΑှ‫ך‬Р҆ ਔǴ‫ך‬ଭ΢ௗ‫ڙ‬Ǵа߄ඦдॺ௲Ꭶ‫ںޑॺך‬᝘Ƕ ᗨฅ‫ך‬Ԗ࣬྽‫ྗޑ‬ഢǴӧ2014ԃΎДϤВ΋ঁܴ ߝ‫ࢃޑ‬යϺԐ΢Ǵӧ‫ܢך‬ၲ‫ך‬Рᒃ‫ࡺޑ‬ໂཥӦ‫׸‬ ਔǴ‫܌ך‬࿘‫ޑډ‬Ўϯ᎜Ᏼϝз‫ך‬௛ЋόϷǶໂ‫׸‬ ๏‫ך‬ຬ౜ჴ‫ޑ‬ག᝺Ƕ‫ך‬ҥ‫څ‬ᇡ‫ډ‬ໂ‫ޑ׸‬ᐋ‫ک‬ԣ༠ ˇˇԶ‫ޕך‬ၰ‫ࢂॺך‬வ‫ࡕޑ׸‬य़຾ΕǴӵӕ‫ך‬Р ᒃӧؓ‫ݨ‬ԏᏵ΢‫܌‬ฝ‫ޑ‬Ӧკ΋ኬǶ‫ך‬ҥ‫څ‬ག‫זډ‬ ኷‫ک‬ᅈ‫ى‬ǴаϷкᅈΑӚᅿ௃ᆣˇˇ‫ך‬ӣৎΑǶ ‫ך‬നࡕόѝёаӛ‫ך‬РᒃठལǴӕਔӛ‫ޑך‬઒҆ ठལǴӴӧ‫ך‬ΜΟྃғВࡕ΋ϺѐШǴ‫ک‬ӛ‫ך‬઒ РठལǴ‫ך‬வ҂Ԗᐒ཮‫ـ‬ၸдǴӢࣁдӧ‫ך‬рғ ϐ߻ςѐШǶ ྽‫ܢך‬ၲ‫ך‬Рᒃ‫ޑ‬ཥ‫܊‬ηਔǴಃ΋ঁ߆य़Զٰ ‫ޑ‬Ǵࢂታ‫܊‬΋ঁᐨਮ‫ޑ‬᝗‫؞‬ǶѬගᒬΑ‫ך‬Рᒃ࿶ தѦрԏ໣ਮ݄ӢԶёаӧৎฆ१‫ޑ‬۳٣ǶѬග ]€

ᒬΑ‫ך‬٦Ԗ‫ޑ‬੝ඁǴёаԖႝ᝗ٰฆӞࢂՖ฻‫ޑ‬ ۩ၮǶ‫و‬Ε࠼᡺Ψࢂкᅈຬ౜ჴ‫ޑ‬ག᝺Ƕ‫ډ࣮ך‬ ઒Р҆‫ྣޑ‬ТǺдॺࣁ‫ך‬Рᒃᐋҥ΋ঁ҅य़‫ޑ‬ኳ ጄǴ๏дᐒ཮໣ύ‫ܭ‬д‫ޑ‬௲‫ػ‬΢य़Ƕӧඓඝ‫܌‬ሡ ‫کૈמޑ‬ԖԾρ‫ޑ‬ЈᄊࡕǴ‫ך‬Рᒃ‫ܭ‬Μԃࡕᚆ ໂǴ߻۳३ෝǴӧ္ٗߏε‫ک‬΢ᏢǴ‫ک‬ϩձӧѠ ᡼‫ک‬ऍ୯ֹԋд‫ޑ‬ҁࣽ‫زࣴک‬ଣᏢՏǶ೭٤௃ᆣ ྍྍԶрǴ‫ך‬ሡाࡐӭરτٰ࡬ଳவ‫ך‬य़΢ࢬΠ ‫ఽޑ‬НǴӢࣁ‫ך‬வ҂Ԗᐒ཮‫ޑךک‬઒҆ெձˇˇ ӢԜӣ‫ډ‬ཥӦ‫ޑ׸‬ৎǴவ‫҉ך‬ᇻό཮‫૶ב‬дॺǴ ‫ך‬ӛ‫ך‬઒Р҆ठལǶ ӧठལࡕǴ‫ך‬Ԗᐒ཮‫ک‬നԃߏ‫҇׸ޑ‬ҬፋǴӴ֋ ນ‫ך‬ӴςΐΜྃǴࡐଯᑫ‫ך‬ӣ‫ࡺډ‬ໂٰǶ‫ࠀࠀך‬ மம‫ޑ‬ᖱрȨࡐଯᑫӣٰȩ‫ޑ‬၉ǴӕਔϝӢࣁ‫ז‬ ኷Զ‫ה‬όՐনǶૈ୼‫ک‬дΓϩ٦΋஭ৎ৥‫ྣޑ‬Т ࢂࡐᜤள‫ྣˇˇޑ‬Тхࡴ‫ך‬Р҆ǵл‫ۊ‬ǵᨷ‫ٽ‬ᨷ ζǶ‫ډ࣮ך‬೭ԃߏ‫҇׸ޑ‬ΨӧҔરτ࡬ఽǴӕਔ Ҕ৻η৻థǴ០೴ᜤऐ‫ޑ‬ᔸ዗Ƕ ‫ך‬ӧ‫܊‬η‫ڬ‬ൎ‫وٰو‬ѐ΋཮‫ٽ‬Ǵ‫و‬΢ኴఊ࣮࣮‫܊‬ η‫ځ‬д‫܊ޑ‬໔Ǵ‫ࡕډک‬༜࣮࣮НࢷǶзΓᜤа࿼ ߞ‫ک‬ག‫ډ‬ᖰ‫ޑڒ‬Ǵࢂӧ‫ך‬Рᒃғࢲ‫ځܭ‬໔‫ޑ‬ਔ ংǴ೭٤‫ೌמ‬೿ࢂཥ‫کޑ‬౜ж‫ޑ‬Ǵՠ‫ک‬౜ӧΒΜ ΋Шइ‫܌‬ගр‫࣬ೌמޑ‬КǴ߾ᡉளပࡕǶ‫ך‬Рᒃ ูԃ‫϶ܻޑ‬Ǵ‫ך‬ћд଺ϦϦ‫ޑ‬Ǵ஥‫ୖך‬ᢀໂ‫׸‬Ǵ ࣮да߻‫ךک‬Рᒃ΋ଆ‫ޑݽ‬ᐋǶ‫ݽ‬΢‫ך‬Рᒃа߻ ‫ݽ‬ၸ‫ޑ‬ᐋԖᗺຬ౜ჴ‫ޑ‬ག᝺ˇˇ൳Я൩ࢂԖ‫ځ‬Р ѸԖ‫ځ‬η‫ޑ‬ኬηǶ ‫ך‬Ԗ۩ӕਔԖᐒ཮྽Ϻัࡕ۳ೖಃΒঁໂ‫׸‬Ǻ‫ך‬ Ѧ઒Р‫ޑ‬ໂ‫ߎ׸‬๮ٚǶϐ߻‫ך‬ค‫ࡐډפݤ‬ӭԖᜢ Ԝ‫ޑ׸‬ၗ਑ǴӢࣁ‫҆ޑך‬ᒃѝӧӴрғ‫ޑ‬ᓐΟঁ Дӧ္ٗۚՐၸǴϐࡕ҂මӣѐၸǶՠࢂǴ‫૶ך‬ ள‫҆ך‬ᒃ֋ນ‫ך‬дॺԖࡐӭҖӦ‫ࡺޑ‬٣Ƕ ӧ‫ॺך‬຾Εໂ‫׸‬ਔǴሉ዗ᜤ྽Ƕ‫ࢂך‬ಃ΋ঁவЃ γΠًǴ‫ך‬౜ӧၨૈ௓‫ޑךڋ‬௃ᆣǴӳ‫ڻ‬Ӧᢀჸ ‫ک‬੮ཀ‫҆ך‬ᒃӧӴР҆Ꭶ‫ػ‬Πԋߏ‫ޑ‬ໂ‫׸‬Ƕ‫ॺך‬ ࿶ၸًՉၰǴӦ΢Ԗ‫ܫ҇׸‬ӧၡᜐᠴ‫ޑ‬ԯˇˇ೭ ሶӭ‫ޑ‬ԯǼ ᒿջ‫وך‬ӛ‫ך‬Ѧ઒Р҆මՐ‫܊ޑ‬ηǶӧߐ߻Ǵ‫ך‬ ‫ک‬ᎄ୯‫܊ډ࣮ک‬ηԖጷጸӧ०ᆸǶᎄ֋ນ‫ך‬ጷጸ ຝቻ‫ޑ‬ӃΓӣٰ៿߆‫ך‬ӣৎǶ೭ޭ‫ۓ‬٬‫ך‬ག‫ךډ‬ ಖ‫ܭ‬ӣৎΑǴӢࣁ‫ך‬Р҆‫ک‬઒Р҆೿΋‫ޔ‬மፓৎ ৥നख़ाǶ‫܊‬η๊ჹऍ᜽‫ک‬๮᜽Ǵ௃‫ݩ‬ऍӳǴ੝ ձࢂ౜ӧՐӧ‫܊‬η‫ޑ‬Γ΋‫ޔ‬ҔЈѺ౛‫ک‬මঅ౛ၸ Ϻय़Ƕૈୖᢀ‫܊‬ηࢂӳ‫ޑ‬Ǵ࣮‫ךډ‬Ѧ઒Р҆Ր


ӧ೭ৎؒԖҺՖട‫ॺך‬ӧऍ୯΋ኬԖ‫ޑ‬౜ж๤፾ ೛ഢ‫܊ޑ‬η္Ǵ‫׳‬зΓࣁϐ๘ฅଆལǶΓॺӵՖ ӧԜၸΜϩᙁൂ‫ޑ‬ғࢲǴаϷΓॺӵՖϝฅΜϩ மፓৎ৥ϐሽॶˇ੝ձࢂаໂ‫ࣁ׸‬΋ঁৎ৥‫ޑ‬ሽ ॶǴޭ‫ۓ‬з‫ך‬ག‫ډ‬ᖰᇽǶ ‫وך‬ӣໂ‫׸‬ǴऀၸዿҖǶԜ‫ךڅ‬ག‫ډ‬ᖰᇽǴӕਔ ٬‫ך‬௃ᆣᐟ୏ˇѬගᒬΑ‫҆ך‬ᒃၸѐӵՖ༇Κπ բǶ࣮‫ډ‬ዿҖҭගᒬ‫ڒॺך‬༾‫ޑ‬໒‫ۈ‬Ǵ‫ॺך‬ሡा ࡐ༇Κ‫ޑ‬πբǴбрࡐӭոΚωၲ‫ډ‬҂ٰ‫ޑ‬ԋ фǶ‫ࡐך‬ଯᑫёа֋ນᎄ୯‫ޑךک‬ག‫ˇˇڙ‬ᎄ୯ ‫ک‬ම๏‫ך‬΋ঁΜϖԃ‫܍ޑ‬ᒍǴ஥‫ך‬ǴҴৎനλ‫ޑ‬ ࠸ηӣໂǴႽдම஥‫ޑך‬ঢ‫ۊ‬ӣໂ΋ኬǶനࡕӧ ᎄ‫ޑ‬ഉҔΠ‫ך‬ӣৎΑǴ΋Ϫ҅ӳǶவዿҖගᒬ‫ך‬ ॺ‫ڒ‬༾‫ޑ‬໒‫ۈ‬Ǵ‫ୖך‬ᢀໂ‫ځޑ׸‬Ꭹ೽ҽǶ‫ך‬Ԗᐒ ཮࣮‫׳ډ‬ӭԖᜢໂ‫ޑ׸‬೛ीǴхࡴ୏‫ނ‬Ƕ‫ך‬ӕਔ ӧ‫߻׸‬ᑃԯǶԜᖑᜤ‫ޑ‬πբᡣ‫ޕ׳ך‬ၰᑃԯ‫ޑ‬௃ ‫ݩ‬ǴаϷҺՖܿՋளٰϐόܰǶ ӧ‫״่ॺך‬΋Вϐ߻Ǵᎄ୯‫کک‬΋Ӝ‫و҇׸‬ӣი ᡏٰǶдӧඦଆ΋ҁৎ᛼Ǽ྽ᎄ୯‫֋ک‬ນ‫ך‬೭ό

৒ܰ‫ډפ‬٠Ъдϐ߻ම҂࣮ၸԜৎ᛼ਔǴ‫ך‬ག‫ډ‬ ࡐ۩ၮ‫ک‬кᅈᑫᏟǶᎄ୯‫ک‬ᇥд྽ԃ‫ךک‬л‫ۊ‬ӣ ໂਔǴдॺ‫פ‬ό‫ډ‬ৎ᛼ǴӢԶ‫ࢂך‬ৎύಃ΋ঁ‫פ‬ ‫ډ‬Ѭ‫ޑ‬ΓǼ‫҇׸‬኷ཀᡣ‫ॺך‬๏ৎ᛼‫ྣܡ‬Ƕӧ‫ך‬ӣ ৎࡕǴ‫ך‬๏҆ᒃ࣮ྣТǴӴዴᇡ‫ך‬઒Р‫ޑ‬ӜӷԖ ӈΕৎ᛼ύˇӴкᅈᡋ഻Ǵ೭ҁৎ᛼ഖࢂӧӴ‫ޑ‬ ৎໂ‫ޑډפ‬Ƕ ೖୢ‫ঁٿ‬Ѡξ‫ޑ‬ໂ‫ۓޭ׸‬஥‫ך‬ӣ‫ךډ‬ᖰ‫ޑڒ‬໒ ‫ۈ‬ǴΑှ༇Κπբ‫ޑ‬ख़ा௲૽Ǻाֹԋ΋ҽπբ ёૈሡा΋ࢤਔ໔ǴՠനࡕǴգவ༇Κπբ‫܌‬ள ‫ޑ‬௲૽‫ૈמک‬Ǵ‫ى‬ё‫ܢ‬ᎍ΋Ϫٌध‫ޑ‬Ƕ೭ԛ۳Ѡ ξǴӕਔᡣ‫ך‬ёӛ‫ך‬Р҆‫ک‬઒Р҆ठལˇ.дॺӧ ‫ך‬ԋߏ‫ޑ‬ਔংᔅշ‫ך‬όϿǴ‫ࡐך‬ଯᑫԖᐒ཮ӣ‫ډ‬ ӃΓ‫ޑ‬ਥྍӦǴԖᐒ཮ᇡ᛽дॺ‫ޑ‬ၸѐǶȨ໯Н ࡘྍȩ‫ޑ‬ᖱ‫ࢂۓޭݤ‬Ԗᜢ‫ޑ‬Ǻ‫ך‬ஒ҉ᇻό཮‫૶ב‬ ‫ך‬۳ೖӃΓࡺٚ‫ޑ‬ᖰᇽ‫ޑ‬ག‫ˇˇڙ‬٣ჴ΢Ǵคፕ ‫ך‬මԖҺՖԋфǴଓྍྉ‫ۈ‬೿ࢂٰԾໂ‫׸‬ǶӢࣁ ा௲Ꭶ΋Ӝ࠸ηሡा΋ঁ‫׸‬ပǴ‫ࡐך‬ԾᇬǴ‫ך‬ಖ ‫׳ܭ‬Αှ‫ࣁيך‬๮ဴ‫يޑ‬ҽǶ‫ך‬౜ӧჹԾρࢂ๮ ဴǴਥྍٰԾቶܿ࣪Ѡξᑜ‫يޑ‬ҽǴࡐགԾᇬǶ ]7


Tracy Zhu

á&#x2039;¨á&#x2021;Žâľ˛ +  *     +   Â&#x153;Q 

        Â&#x160; 

 *    $     ;  $ 

   /Q      Â&#x160;

    5Â&#x2026;       

place incense in the altar, it was super cool to look down into the

  /+  Â&#x2026;     

<Â&#x160;/+    5    

 5         Â&#x2026;  

recreate the pictures of myself from 1989 when I was age three

stomach. When we rolled up to my fatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s village where my four

and visited the house with my family.

older sisters spent part of their childhood, I was ready with a few things to look for: the pond that my sister Janine almost drowned

+(  $  $    

in as a kid, the elementary school my sisters went to that are now

      5$     

   Â&#x2026;      5   

to the elementary school that was now closed. What we found

 /+   5      _ '

  U  *      !   

  '   =  q  

         S >  

 

     = /#        

a mushroom-in-a-bag business. They were grounding up organic

in front of our house that my sister Janine almost drowned in and

 _ $Â&#x153;q<     '

         (    

oculant. We saw the mushrooms-in-a-bag in various stages: base

 ( \Â ]      3

material, base material with mushroom mycelium (roots), bags

        " Â&#x2020; /#   = 

      5  < 

sister, her daughter-in-law, and her toddler grandson came from

       /_+ Â&#x201A;5

their nearby village to welcome us too. What struck me the most

      $   

Â&#x20AC;


 $  /qQ    =

years Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve been doing Roots, these are the biggest, juiciest,

have enough children to keep the school open, probably due to

   ' =     5{   /  5

       5 

they were the biggest wong-pei guo we had seen thus far with

the school has a second wind as a place of opportunity for other

a lot of sweet juice. My cousin proceeded to tell me a bunch of

*           S >/"

stories about the house: how my dad and two maternal aunts

  Â&#x160;         

contributed money to build the new house in the late 1980s,

> Â&#x2014;

   =     <Â&#x160;5  metal patch on the lower part of the door covered a hole made

;  >     = Â&#x2020; /;  5

by Japanese troops trying to break into the house, and how the

it dawned on all of us that Frances and I must be distantly con-

window grates and door came was reclaimed from the old house

          Â&#x2020; Â&#x2C6;Â&#x2020;  /   > 

      /

   =    ;"8 Â&#x2020;            Â&#x2020;   &   /;  

#       =   >! $

    =  >5  

to the wong-pei guo tree that my mom had planted from which

            =    

  5

   /Q']   

>     '   _ '   q/    

     U < !   

        >    = /

     /)      5 understood as â&#x20AC;&#x153;Your grandfather ran a store that was located in

#  5 ' '       

 <    { xÂ&#x201A;  

            5< $'

used to run a store that was located in the footprint of this new

 Â&#x2026;  5 $  ' /+ 

 /{

     5        kind, but the big round kind was picked from a tree that my

My family had built a new house in the footprint of my grandfa-

            /+=

therâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s store and abandoned this old house that had my momâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s

eyes bulged when he saw them and ate one. â&#x20AC;&#x153;In all of the twenty

wong pei guo tree growing in its yard. Dusty and dirty, a lot of Â&#x20AC;


Â&#x20AC;6


random things looked like they were tossed everywhere: old baskets, faded calendars, broken abacus (that my grandfather    Â&#x153;q5       

   photos were among the things I can recall. An astonishing surprise blast from the past: among the moldy faded photos of my maternal uncles and aunts were pictures of my sisters and me in my favorite red dress holding my favorite Mickey Mouse doll as a three year old. [     <        thick layer of grime: a hand-made shallow ceramic bowl with a seal stamped on the inside of the bowl. He guessed that the bowls were over a hundred years old and were stamped with the seal of the household. He surmised that when members of the       $   5  their own dishware, and when the event was over and dishes     5   <      Â?     /#      were more bowls in the new house, so we went back to col  /Q   $ &       _$ *    Â&#x153;q5 took four bowls with me as a keepsake and something to show     /+ 5 < $        Â&#x192;

   usher in some fortuitous energy.

â&#x20AC;Ťŕ˘&#x201A;Ű­Ú&#x2030;×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Źá&#x201A;˝Ď?ŕ­ŻÎ&#x201C;Ó­á&#x2014;&#x2039;ŕ˘&#x201A;á&#x201A;˝ŕ¤?ŕ­ŻÎ&#x201C;Ó­Çťá?&#x192;á&#x2020;&#x2026;ӧ೭ Î&#x153;ঠ൨ਥĎ?Ďśâ&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÔ&#x2039;঩á&#x20AC;šÇ´â&#x20AC;ŤÚ ŕ˘&#x201A;×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹĎ?Ѥঠ཮á&#x2013;ąá&#x2030;śÜż á &#x2030;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÎ&#x2039;঩ǴΨŕ˘&#x201A;ŕ­¤Î&#x2039;Î&#x2039;ঠ཮á&#x2013;ąŃ Ξá &#x2030;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÇ´ŕł­ŕŚ ŕ­˘ á&#x161;&#x2019;á&#x2014;&#x2039;ŕ˘&#x201A;Î&#x2039;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x201D;â&#x20AC;ŹÓ§Ö&#x161;á&#x2DC;&#x2039;ŕšąâ&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹÇśŕŽĽŕšąŕł­ŕŚ ŕ­˘á&#x161;&#x2019;â&#x20AC;ŤÚŠâ&#x20AC;Źá&#x153;˘â&#x20AC;ŤÜ­â&#x20AC;Źŕ§&#x17D; ௟á?&#x2022;Ń&#x17E;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÎ&#x2039;â&#x20AC;ŤŘłâ&#x20AC;ŹÓ&#x2C6;á&#x2026;Şŕ­˘Ç´Ó§â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹÓŁâ&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x2030;â&#x20AC;ŹÔžĎ â&#x20AC;Ť×¸Ţ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÎˇßťÇ´ â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Źá&#x201E;&#x2021;â&#x20AC;ŤÚšâ&#x20AC;Źŕ¸&#x201E;ŕŞ&#x20AC;Ç´á?ŻÎ˘Ő&#x2030;ำΨŕ˝&#x201A;á?şŕ¸&#x201A;á&#x17E;&#x2026;Ď&#x152;ӼǶ྽â&#x20AC;ŤŕĽş×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Ź â&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x2030;â&#x20AC;Źá ˛â&#x20AC;Ť×¸Ţ&#x2018;ݿݿâ&#x20AC;ŹÎˇÇ´Î¨ŕ˘&#x201A;â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹŃ¤ŕŚ â&#x20AC;Ťŕ¸šŰ&#x2020;Ű&#x2020;â&#x20AC;ŹÔ&#x192;Ô&#x2039;ß?â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÓŚ Đ&#x2018;ŕ¨&#x201D;Ç´â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹĐ&#x2C6;Ď?Ď&#x201A;Ô&#x2013;Î&#x2039;٤â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Źŕ¤žŕľ¨â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;פâ&#x20AC;ŹÓŚá&#x160;ąÇşâ&#x20AC;ŤŰ&#x2020;Ű&#x2020;â&#x20AC;ŹJanineӧΝŕ¨&#x201D;ŕŚ&#x201A;Ѩâ&#x20AC;ŤŮ&#x2030;â&#x20AC;Źá&#x20AC;&#x2022;Î&#x2022;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÔŁŕź Ç´â&#x20AC;ŤŕĽşŰ&#x2020;Ű&#x2020;â&#x20AC;Źŕś¸ŕżśá ?á ¸â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Ź Îťá?˘á&#x2122;&#x2018;Ö&#x;Ő ŕą&#x153;Ó§Ő?Î&#x2018;ࢬ੠â&#x20AC;ŤŢŁâ&#x20AC;ŹÇ´á&#x2014;&#x2039;Ô&#x2013;â&#x20AC;ŤŕĄşŢ&#x2018;ݿݿâ&#x20AC;ŹŮŁÇś Ó§â&#x20AC;Ť×¸â&#x20AC;ŹÎˇß?ιǴâ&#x20AC;ŤŕĽş×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Źá &#x;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹÎ&#x2039;ঠá&#x2021;ťĐ&#x2018;á&#x2019;&#x192;ŕŻ?࣏â&#x20AC;ŤŮ&#x20AC;â&#x20AC;ŹÎ&#x2018;Č? á&#x2019;&#x192;ŕŻ?á&#x153;˘ßŻÓ§ŕś¸ŕŞ&#x2019;Đ Ô&#x192;Đśŕť&#x2019;â&#x20AC;ŤŰ&#x2C6;â&#x20AC;ŹČ&#x2018;Ǵ೭ঠá&#x2019;&#x192;ŕŻ?Ψŕ˘&#x201A;â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Ź ༺ŕŞ&#x2019;ŕĄ&#x201A;â&#x20AC;ŤŕŁŽŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źá&#x;&#x2C6;๱Ƕâ&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Źá&#x2019;&#x192;ŕŻ?஥๱â&#x20AC;ŤŮ&#x2C6;༺×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Źá ¸â&#x20AC;ŤŰ&#x2020;Ű&#x2020;â&#x20AC;Źŕž˝ Ô&#x192;Ѩâ&#x20AC;ŤŮ&#x2030;â&#x20AC;Źá&#x20AC;&#x2022;Đ?â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÔŁŕź Ç´Î&#x2039;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x201D;â&#x20AC;Źá&#x2C6;Śá?¤â&#x20AC;ŤŕĽş×&#x161;Ú&#x2030;â&#x20AC;ŹŕĽ&#x2122;ŕŚ&#x2026;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹŕŞ&#x2019;ŕĄ&#x201A; ߝǜŕŞ&#x2019;ŕĄ&#x201A;Ó§\ ]Ô&#x192;â&#x20AC;ŤŕĽş×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Źá&#x161;&#x2020;ŕť&#x2019;ŕĄ&#x2022;Ň&#x2014;â&#x20AC;ŤÚŠÝżÝżŢ&#x2018;×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹÓ§ŕĽŠ ŕˇ?â&#x20AC;ŤŰ&#x201E;Ű&#x201E;ঠٿŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÎ&#x2039;ŕŹ&#x2020;໣á &#x2014;ŕĽ&#x2122;ŕĄ&#x152;Çśâ&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Źŕź°ŕź°â&#x20AC;ŤŰ&#x201A;Ű&#x201A;Ţ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÇ´Ó´ â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źŕź˛ŕŽ Ç´â&#x20AC;ŤÚŠâ&#x20AC;ŹÓ´ŕŚ&#x2013;á?˘ŕ˝Žâ&#x20AC;ŤŮ&#x2C6;â&#x20AC;Źá Ąâ&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źŕ§&#x160;ηǴΨவá&#x17D;&#x192;â&#x20AC;Ť×¸â&#x20AC;Źá&#x2021;´Ů° á&#x;żß&#x2020;â&#x20AC;ŤŕĽş×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹÇśŕĄ&#x201A;Ρá&#x20AC;šáĄŁâ&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Źá?ťŕ­?ന๠â&#x20AC;Ťŕ˘&#x201A;Ţ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÓ§Î&#x2019;á&#x160;´ŕĄ&#x201A;ŕ´&#x2014; â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹŐ˘ŕŁ ŕşžÓ&#x20AC;Ďžâ&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹĎşŕ¸ˇÇśŕž˝â&#x20AC;ŤŮ&#x2C6;×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹÎ˘Î&#x2019;á&#x160;´â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źŕąźá??Ń?΢ ༊ŕ¨&#x201D;Ǵவ΢ŕĽ&#x;ŰłÎ&#x2039;á&#x160;´ŕŁŽÇ´Ó&#x20AC;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źŕ¨?Ý&#x20AC;ŮŹá?žŕŚ ŕĄ&#x201A;Ρá&#x2030;&#x161; Â&#x20AC;^


ՅόϿǶ‫کך‬ᒃ௏ಠள‫׫‬ᐒǴۚฅ‫ב‬Αख़‫ྣܡ‬΋ ஭‫ךک‬ӧ1989ԃΟྃਔӣ઒ࡂྣ‫࣬ޑ‬Ƕ ‫وॺך‬ၸӸᓯ࠻Ǵ຾ΕΑ‫ݿݿ‬ၸѐᅿౡҐ‫ޑ‬ଣη ϐࡕǴ൩ୢ‫ޑך‬ᒃ௏ࢂցёаѐ‫׸‬η‫ޑ‬λᏢᙑ֟ ࣮࣮ǶೖୢλᏢᙑ֟ԋࣁΑΑှύ୯ബ཰ᆒઓ‫ޑ‬ ᆒறਓำǶ΋ჹவቶՋٰ‫ޑ‬ϻ஁ӧλᏢᙑ֟ബҥ Α΋ঁ೓း᝱⏯‫ޑ‬ғཀǶдॺᅿ෌Ԗᐒ‫׷ޑ‬਑Ǵ ஒѬॺ‫ޑ⏯᝱ک‬ᅿηѫ‫ػ‬ᏊషӝࡕးΕ༟਑೓Ƕ ‫ډ࣮ॺך‬Αѫ‫ޑ⏯᝱ػ‬όӕ‫ޑ‬ਔයǺ߃ය‫׷‬਑Ǵ షӝ๱খว޵‫׷ޑ⏯᝱ޑ‬਑Ǵԋߏว‫ػ‬аठᷠઇ ༟਑೓‫⏯᝱ޑ‬Ǵ‫ک‬നࡕӧӇጃߥӸ๱‫ޑ‬ᅆߝ‫ޑ‬қ ᝱⏯Ƕӵ݀գӳ‫࡛ךڻ‬ሶ‫ޕ‬ၰ೭΋ၸำǴ‫ځ‬ჴ‫ך‬ ӧΟ᛫ѱම࿶΢ၸ΋ঁ᝱⏯Ꭶ෗‫ޑ‬ፐำǶ‫ډ‬λᏢ ᙑ֟‫ޑ‬ೖୢǴ΋Бय़ᡣ‫ך‬ᜤխ᝺ள໾གǴӢࣁ‫׸‬ ҇‫ޑ‬ᎂ౽Ǵ‫׸‬η္ς࿶ό‫ى‬ሡाௗ‫ڙ‬λᏢ௲‫ޑػ‬ ࠸ηǴฅԶӕਔǴ‫ࡐך‬ᐟ୏Ꮲਠ‫ޑ‬ᙑ֟ёаԋࣁ ‫ځ‬дѦ࣪౽҇‫׆ޑ‬ఈϐӦǶࡐ‫ז‬Ǵ΋ঁъλਔߡ ၸѐΑǴ‫ॺך‬ाᇴ۳Π΋ঁ‫׸‬ηΑǶ €~

Π΋ঁ‫ॺך‬ѐ‫ࢂޑ‬ㄷЈฅ‫ޑ‬ԴৎǴㄷৎ‫׸‬Ƕӧٗ ္Ǵ‫ॺך‬εৎँฅཀ᛽‫کךډ‬ӴԖёૈࢂᇻᒃǴ Ӣࣁ‫ך‬༰༰Ψ‫ۉ‬ㄷǶ೭ঁ‫׸‬ηᗋᡣ‫ࡐך‬ᑫᏟ‫ޑ‬΋ ᗺࢂ೭ࢂ൳ঁ྽Ӧㄷৎ‫׸‬ٚനε‫ޑ‬Ǵ‫ڬ‬ൎ‫ޑ‬ㄷ‫ۉ‬ ‫׸ޑ‬η‫؂‬೹࿯В೿‫ډ‬೭္ٰቼઔǶ೭ঁ‫׸‬ηࣁ‫ך‬ ѐ༰༰‫׸ޑ‬η଺ΑᎎპǶ‫ך‬ჹ༰༰‫׸ޑ‬ηΑှό ӭǶ༰༰๏‫ߞޑך‬৲ύǴ‫૶ך‬ள‫ࢂޑ‬ाӞ྽Ӧ‫ޑ‬ ໳Ҝ݀Ƕࢌᅿำࡋ΢ٰᇥǴ೭٬‫ך‬ೖୢਔ‫ޑ‬Ј௃ ᇸ᚞ΑόϿǶ ‫׸ډ‬η္‫ޑ‬ਔংǴ‫߄ޑך‬ᒃǴ߄࠰Ǵ‫ک‬д‫ޑ‬৊η ς࿶ӧ฻ং‫ॺך‬ΑǶӴॺྗഢΑ౼઒Ҕ‫ޑ‬१‫کނ‬ ३ᕀǴ‫ך‬੝ձा‫ޑ؃‬ᚎࣇǴᗋԖ‫ٿ‬ᅿ྽Ӧ‫ޑ‬໳Ҝ ݀Ƕӧ‫ך‬༰༰‫ڦ֊ޑ‬ΠǴ߄ᒃॺྗഢΑ༰༰੝ձ ֊‫ޑڦ‬ၨӾ‫ޑ‬΋ᅿ໳Ҝ݀ǴᗋԖ΋ᅿКၨε‫ک‬༝ ‫ޑ‬Ǵᒃ௏֋ນ‫ࢂך‬வ༰༰λਔংᅿ‫ޑ‬ᐋ΢੝ཀᄔ Πٰ‫ޑ‬Ƕ!AlᓳΑ΋ঁ໳Ҝ݀Ǵд‫ޑ‬౳࿊ᡋ೗Ӧᕑ ளࡐεΑǺȸӧ൨ਥ‫ޑ‬ΒΜԃ࿶ᐕύǴ೭ࢂ‫ך‬Ӟ ၸ‫ޑ‬നౡǴНϩന‫ى‬Ǵ‫ک‬നε‫ޑ‬໳Ҝ݀Ƕȹд‫ޑ‬


၉ዴჴؒԖ၅ε‫ޑ‬ԋϩǶฅࡕǴ‫߄ޑך‬ᒃ໒‫֋ۈ‬ ນ‫ך‬ৎ௼‫ޑ‬΋٤ᐕўǶ‫ۄۄکݿݿ‬ӧΖΜԃжࡌ ‫ࢂ܊‬೿Ԗ΋ଆ໣ၗǴ‫ޑך‬ѦϦම࿶ӧ΋ኴ໒ၸ΋ ঁλᚇ೤۫ǴεߐΠय़‫៓ޑ‬ТࢂҔٰ༤ံ྽ԃВ ैΕߟਔ၂კઇߐ‫ࢰޑ‬Ǵ‫ک‬ཥৎ‫ืޑ‬η‫ޑߐک‬ख़ ࡌ೿ԖҔᙑࡂ‫׷ޑ‬਑Ƕ ӧ༰༰‫׸ޑ‬η‫ـ‬ᆪύǴз‫ך‬ന໒Ј‫ޑ‬٣௃ࢂวғ ӧ‫وॺך‬۳༰༰ᅿ‫ޑ‬໳Ҝᐋ‫ޑ‬೼ύǶ‫ך‬ҁٰаࣁ ೭൩ࢂ΋ঁ']ϩដѰѓ‫ޑ‬ᅐ‫؁‬ǴฅԶӧ݀༜ ߕ߈Ǵ‫ۚॺך‬ฅ࣮‫ـ‬Α༰༰ԋߏ‫ޑ‬ᙑ‫܊‬ηǶࡕٰ ‫ک‬ᒃ௏Ҭፋ‫ך‬ω‫ޕ‬ၰǴ‫ך‬ϐ߻ᇤှΑᜢ‫ܭ‬ѦϦ໒ ‫ޑ‬ᚇ೤۫‫ࡺޑ‬٣Ƕ‫ך‬ϐ߻аࣁѦϦӧཥࡂη‫ޑ‬΋ ኴ໒Αᚇ೤۫Ǵჴሞ‫ޑ‬௃‫ࢂݩ‬Ǵ‫ޑॺך‬ཥ‫܊‬ηࢂ ୷‫ܭ‬྽ԃѦϦ໒‫ޑ‬ᚇ೤۫‫ޑ‬চ֟ǴӧࡌΑཥ‫܊‬η ϐࡕǴ೭ঁғߏ๱༰༰ᒃЋᅿ‫݀ޑ‬ᐋ‫܊ޑ‬ηߡ೏ ቲకΑǶᙑࡂηࡐᠢǴლβ०ඦǴܿՋҧӦ‫ډ‬ೀ ೿ࢂǺቲᙑ‫ޑ‬ᝣηǴԴВ᏿ǴᆉዬȐ‫܈‬೚ѦϦම ࿶٬ҔၸփǻȑǴ‫ک‬΋ঁး๱ว᎝‫ޑ‬ᙑྣТ‫࣬ޑ‬

ਣǶ΋ঁཀѦ‫ޑ‬ᡋ഻ࢂǴӧ೭୴ᇮ՟ว᎝‫ޑ‬ᙑྣ ТύǴ‫ۚך‬ฅ‫ډפ‬Α‫ךکॺۆۆ‬ӧΟྃऀ๱आՊ ٗԃǴ‫ܤ‬๱ԯ‫ڻ‬ԴႵྣ‫ޑ‬΋஭ᙑྣТǶӧว௚ቲ క‫ޑނ‬ȸ௖઩ȹύǴJohnӧ΋ჹ೏ლβᙟᇂ‫ޑ‬ቲ క‫ނ‬ύ‫ډפ‬Α΋ঁభభ‫ޑ‬ഏౠ࿙Ǵ࿙ϣᗋԖ΋ঁ ӑകǴ೭೏εৎϦᇡࢂനӳ‫ޑ‬ว౜Ƕд౒གྷ೭ঁ ࿙εཷԖ΋ԭӭԃ‫ޑ‬ᐕўǴ࿙ϣ‫ޑ‬കࢂৎ௼‫ޑ‬ӑ കǶд௢ෳӧၸѐǴ྽‫׸‬η္Ԗεࠠ‫ޑ‬໣཮ਔǴ Ӛৎ೿཮஥Ծρ‫ޑ‬࿙‫ڀ‬Ǵ࿙‫ڀ‬ϣ‫ޑ‬കБߡӧ໣཮ ࡕЬΓёаଏᗋ๏҅ዴ‫ޑ‬ΓৎǶ߄ᒃ֋ນ‫ך‬ৎ္ ᗋԖ‫׳‬ӭႽ೭ኬ‫ޑ‬࿙Ǵ‫ॺךࢂܭ‬،‫ۓ‬ӣѐԏ໣΋ ٤ᡣ‫ך‬஥ӣऍ୯Ƕᗨฅ‫ך‬ซᒕΑਔংा஥઒Ӄ‫ޑ‬ ᒪ‫ނ‬ӣऍ୯Ǵаࣁ଎ߞᇥ೭ኬόӓճǴฅԶനࡕ բࣁइ‫ࠔۺ‬Ǵ‫ך‬ᗋࢂ஥ΑѤঁӣѐǴᡣ‫ޑך‬༰༰ ‫࣮࣮ॺۆۆک‬Ƕբࣁനࡕ‫៿ޑ‬ቼǴ‫ך‬ӧৎߐαᗺ ᐯΑᚎࣇǴ០‫و‬Αٕ਻Ǵᡣৎ္кᅈӓճǶ

€]


1. Mother and Father Tongue   Â&#x201E;      5  >  5Â&#x201E;        Â&#x2022;  ;   *     /       ;  *     5   5     /Q   $; *   5  =         /+    ! $           Â&#x153;V     Â&#x153;

    &       /         U +   /Q       Â&#x153;+            5 " Â&#x2020; 5   5           Â&#x153;  5                 /X     5         /

Marcus Garvey said, â&#x20AC;&#x153;A people without its history is like a tree /{Q    5            Â&#x153;"       Â&#x153;

X         that family genealogy focuses on the patriarchal lineage, and   (      &  x  { in the family genealogy book. When I asked my mother about my paternal auntâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s husband and his parents (the origins of our      q5   =x {            x {  /;5     x/{

|           x   {              *   / S     5 ;     5  " Â&#x2020;  5        _  q          the words, which was something foreign to my some of Roots peers. There is a lot communicated through language beyond / >  5 >          5 

   (5  norms like younger ones speak when spoken to by somebody  /V    5     with the Toisan dialect that I carry: the deep melodic voice of the Â&#x201E; V_   ; q      story of the Wong clan, villagers who tell me about the simple    5  Â&#x2026;    =ters to an American. 2. Legacy and lineage: motherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s eyes During my visits to each of my father and motherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s villages, I tried to see each village through my motherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s eyes. What was it like to grow up in her village, then to move to my dadâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s village at age 6       Â&#x153;Q$   learning about oneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s ancestral lineage, give up oneâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s lineage, and     =  Â&#x153; +(           5        " Â&#x2020;    $ to both our father and motherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s villages to rebuild our ancestral  / +      5           5     5   / 8                     =       5       back money they earned from less than minimum wage jobs. +(    5                   Â&#x20AC;Â&#x20AC;

Displacement disrupts legacy, as much as my father tried to            / *   American family tree, do we get to choose how we deal with     Â&#x153;)        $  =$ Â&#x153;   5   >      /Q     Â&#x2026;  family when I create one. 3. Wong pei guo: new and old I am sure that a product of my momâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s village life is her green  5$ $       /  provided me with very few pieces of memory and advice about her village: â&#x20AC;&#x153;You must eat wong pei guo [yellow peeled fruit]   =  *     =    /{X   <  *   $   $ 5       /X    8  >     5  >   5  =    ?          Â&#x192;       /      5  >     wong pei guo. When we arrived at my momâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s village, my mom had instructed my    >        /Q rived with the Roots entourage, my cousin and his mom presented me with full baskets of pointy and round wong pei guo at a nicely $   /;  >      5    lar ones were bought from the market, while the round ones were $          /xQÂ&#x2014;


  6]   * 5    &           5{  5+/ I asked my cousin if we could walk to the wong pei guo tree that      /x= <(    $     5{ /x;=< 5{/x8       Â&#x153;{xÂ&#x201A; /{Q   a walk to an orchard turned out to be a walk to the neighboring  /+(       = 5        ^'       /+(      >    5 U  old house was actually the house that my mom grew up in, not  

   < /%   5          5 but tracing the roots of the wong pei guo tree had led me to the      = /  >  >plored the old ancestral house that my cousin was clearly embarrassed by: abandoned with no windows and main door because it      5  <    and faded pictures of me and my siblings, aunts and uncles, and grandparents, discarded baskets and old bowls, dangerous steps leading up to the room with a view, and a towering wong pei guo    $ 5         $     /

4. Wong-pei guo: Chinese values      5  (  5  _ ' q/ /+(  the Roots trip when I was traveling with my partner Jen in the S Â&#x2C6;Â&#x201A;   S >   5  $         5$   Â&#x2020;  / decided at the spur of the moment to grab some wong pei guo from an orchard along the side of the road. â&#x20AC;&#x153;This is probably the  =         5{ I thought. As I biked up and laid my hands on a branch of juicy   5$39      /+     5   *        snarled something at me in Mandarin. Though I didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t under  5    /x 5 =$   =$ 5{  /    5    Â&#x192; 5x%       /{ xX 5; 5{[   $ $  /x#   Â&#x2014;{        / X    *               Â&#x2022; 5  5    Â&#x2022;    Â&#x2022; * Â&#x20AC;7


 5S %  5 /V  ! $   *   Â&#x153;;     S U    = < /  *   Â&#x153; 8    [   5   >   <   American stereotypes that had crept into my consciousness. For >  5     *      = $     5$ $ 5  & 

   *   " Â&#x2020;    $  ;  Leaping Gorge as Westerners. Perhaps class has a bigger impact       /)*     *            Â&#x153;X       Â&#x153; 5. Father: yesteryear and today in China %   (  *   5   >    ! 

  water, investments that come few and far in between, constant worry about defending the house and valuables from drug   (5         snakes for food which creates a rat problem, fresh water sources that get contaminated by human waste, and the gossip of the                *  5 X  <  * 5     >     early morning on outdoor workout machines on the city streets in Hoiping and men carrying elaborate cargo holders made of bamboo on the back of their motorcycles. I thought, would my          *       Â&#x153;)              5       5 >   ( / `       <Â&#x2122;    /      Â&#x153; +  $ Â&#x2026;  * 5 =    $  (        knowledge in the countryside. Perhaps the enduring legacy of         $    U    

 ! ' *

= 5 <   5         = $/       and a pile of ashes in the corner, I concluded that it must be a       U  5  water is conserved and wastewater isnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t created. - In my fatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s village, the elementary school that my sisters    $    

    the village had moved away. A couple from the mountains of the Â&#x20AC;Â

          !        Â&#x2014;Q    $    5            _   $q<          _q/+(  the mycelia started to grow and were ready to fruit, the couple  $             /Q    U     $         to produce food that could be sold! '9   $U       them that were abundant. In Francesâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; village, adobe brick made from the indigenous red soil were the original building blocks of  /  5           Â&#x192;         5   hundreds of stories above us. Rice was fashioned into all sorts of  5  5 $5  5   5 Â&#x2022;  Â&#x2022;    5x   {  < $    Â&#x2026;  $/ ' S >5 S 5[     ) $ Rice Terraces built by the indigenous people of the mountains. X    5       blanket the hillsides, allowing them to grow rice on horizontal, Â&#x160;   /8              Â&#x2026;        from the paddy above. What an engineering feat that sustained the locals for centuries and now draws hordes of tourists. 6. Water: Displacement and loss Q     *          Â&#x153;  '  * 5[           *  S >Â&#x201A;

    /Â&#x201A;

      

  ! * =      5    # $        9   5     Â&#x201A; U       *  U /X      ; %   S   yellow-hued Yangtze River rages. Yunnan is also home for many forced displaced people due to the megadams constructed on the Yangtze River with many more displaced to come. As my parents and I have clambered for     (   5 

        Â&#x201A;

 /


Â&#x20AC;\


Frances Kwong

⸲ࡊጥ Two years ago, I was intent on traveling on my own more outside

     = * 5    " Â&#x2020; /

of the country. Maybe I was searching for a bit of self-awareness,

       * /+ 

maybe I just wanted a break from the daily grind. In the end

I did get to see a bit of the country, by the end of the trip, I

though, I decided to start with a place where my family has roots.

      *   paternal and maternal grandparents had known.

      $ * 5    that I thought would give me a broad view of the country- Bei-

`5  5   5 

& 5Â&#x17D;= 5*  <  5     

    *        -

 5   $ [U/ <  

parents grew up. I was only two months old when my paternal

          Â&#x192;  

grandfather passed away and due to age, distance and language

foods. Walking around, I blended into the masses, but I knew

 55         -

*  +  5Â&#x192;  /

ship with my paternal grandmother and my maternal grandpar      /          

Â&#x2122;     

where my grandparents lived, to learn more about my auntsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;,

* /   $     5

  =    =        

     $ *  5 #  $

   " Â&#x2020;      3   /

werenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t great, so naturally they were curious. This, of course, led  Â&#x2026;  xQ     Â&#x153;{$     

To start, I got my paternal grandfatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s village name from my

x`5       Â&#x153;{ 5 >   

dad- á&#x2030;śÜżŕŁŞŃ ΞᣠÎ&#x;Î&#x2013;Ř&#x2018;໦ŕť&#x201A;໩â&#x20AC;Ť×¸ÚŠâ&#x20AC;Ź/; < 

=    *  _xâ&#x20AC;Ťŕ˘&#x201A;×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹŕšŽÎ&#x201C;{q5     *-

   =     

nese (â&#x20AC;&#x153;â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹĎ&#x152;ŕ˘&#x201A;Ď?ŕ­ŻÎ&#x201C;{q/+    >  

  /#       = Â&#x192; -

76


ent story though. Despite some digging around and phone calls to    " Â&#x2020;  * 5     <   village name. All we knew was that my grandmother grew up in      =     near the city Toisheng. )    $5[  5 >     /  <       /Q    <    Â&#x160;" Â&#x2020; 5      Â&#x2122;  >        U Â&#x201A; ' >        Â&#x2014;#   < 5     "  /    >   them who, where, what and why I was traveling with a group to Guangdong, I pulled out my name tag to show them the name    = /"      >  _    qx" 5   Â&#x2020; Â&#x2014;#     Â&#x2014;{"  >    $      those with the surnames Louie (á&#x201A;&#x153;), Fong (Đ&#x2018;q Â&#x2020; _ă&#x201E;ˇ). Q  =    *         >        $     _  Â&#x2C6;  q     =lage is located. X    5   S  Â&#x192;           * /    *    $      / U S  = '       5  <  reminded me of other countries I had traveled to before. What I    >     '       

7^


   <       &Â&#x2026;$

  = /+  5  

drive away- was just like where my family has roots.

out his genealogy book and a history book published by the fam   " Â&#x2020; /8 5    



;           

 $    5   * -

visit to an internâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s ancestral village. Weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re not told in advance

 5<   /+$   

 Â&#x201E;       

 $5       

    /  5  $  

 Â&#x2020;  5       % 5  

aunts had told me- the name of the village and that it was in

Â&#x2020;  /        

  ; /#      $  

        Â&#x2020;  /

   * /+(    " Â&#x2020;   

 >    5  $   

1930s, they only returned to the village once. My dad, aunts and

 <    =  

   =$ 

         

> /

a cousin with whom they hadnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t kept in touch. They didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t say 

    = ?    =

X  (   [ 75    = /

   $        

While there wasnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t a gate at the entrance, there was a line of

important part of the community.

 5      Â&#x201E;  /;         '  -

The day before we visited my grandfatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s village, we went to

 $Â&#x2014;"         

  `=    'Â&#x2020;  5&$  

name and my fatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s, my grandfatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s and my great-grandfa-

7~


 =  /  $5    <    =

     =      /`    5+

second name and my great-grandfatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s name on the last page.

said, my roots were here.

The genealogy book mapped our familyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s genealogy back to the <Â&#x2020;     Â&#x2014;+  5

In front of the garden, I paid my respects to my ancestors. A

think was how glad and how touched I was that my grandfatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s

  _         

 q   

       $   

     /Q     Â&#x192; -

 '    =    

ing and he lit the two red candles and set them in the ground.

people like me who might eventually make their way back to the

Q    5 Â&#x2026;$ $ 

village.

                Â&#x2122;     /+(    5

We then went on our way into the village and into the neat rows

burned paper money to send up to my ancestors.

of houses. We stopped in front of a garden and there I learned that my grandfatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s house had fallen apart years ago. We were

I went on to see the rest of the village, which included my grand-

       /    

fatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s second lot of land. It had never been built upon and it

disappointed. We had visited houses in other internsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; villages

 (  5 $ /8>       

already and I knew that in previous years, most interns had found

every village we visited was one of my favorite parts of the trip.

houses in their villages. As we stood in front of the garden, Mr.

This gave me the chance to take it in, see the buildings and talk

Â&#x201A;  5 ;   Â&#x201E;5 >  

to the locals. Here though, I knew it was unlikely that we would

         

< 

 $    /"       7]


7Â&#x20AC;


 (          away. While a few locals we talked to didnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t know him directly,  $    <      " Â&#x2020;   /;      > 

â&#x20AC;ŤŮżâ&#x20AC;ŹÔ&#x192;ߝǴâ&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹŘ&#x152;â&#x20AC;ŤŰ&#x201C;â&#x20AC;ŹÎ&#x2039;ঠÎ&#x201C;Ń?୯ь࣎࣎ǜâ&#x20AC;ŤÜ&#x2C6;â&#x20AC;Źŕł&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŤŕŁ ŕ˘&#x201A;×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹÎ&#x2018; ŕłŻá ¸ŕ¨&#x201C;Ő&#x2030;Ń?Î&#x2018;á&#x20AC;žâ&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹÔžĎ ŕ˘&#x201A;á?&#x201D;ǴΨâ&#x20AC;ŤÜ&#x2C6;â&#x20AC;Źŕł&#x161;â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹŃ?ŕ˘&#x201A;࣠Î&#x2018;வ á&#x2022;ˇá&#x2026;Ľâ&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹĐ&#x2019;தŇ&#x201C;ࢲĎ?ྨâ&#x20AC;Ť×¤â&#x20AC;ŹÎ&#x2039;٤Ď&#x152;Ó&#x2022;Ç´â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Źŕ´¨ŕĄ&#x2022;Ń?Î&#x2018;Ď? ŕ­ŻÇ´â&#x20AC;ŤŕĽş×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Źŕ§&#x17D;௟á?&#x2022;Ń&#x17E;ŕť&#x2019;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;Ű&#x2C6;â&#x20AC;ŹÓŚĐ&#x2018;Çś

up from my grandfatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s second lot of land told me that his father had known my grandfather and later, as we waited in front of the ancestral hall, a woman came up to tell us that her mother knew my grandfather!  $          / > ' $     

Ӣ࣠â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹÓ§Ď?ŕ­ŻŃ?Ô&#x2013;â&#x20AC;Ťŕ˘&#x192;ঠٿâ&#x20AC;Źŕśşâ&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źŕ¨&#x201D;ŕť&#x201D;Ç´â&#x20AC;ŤÜ&#x152;â&#x20AC;ŹĐ°â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹŘ&#x152;â&#x20AC;ŤŰ&#x201C;â&#x20AC;Źá&#x2026;°ŕť&#x2020; Ó­ÓŚŕ˝&#x201A;â&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x2122;â&#x20AC;ŹĎ&#x152;Ó&#x2022;ÓŚĐ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹŕĽĽÎ˛Î&#x201C;ŕŻ&#x192;Çśâ&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹŃ?Î&#x2018;Ń&#x2021;٧ǴŐ&#x2039;ӟǴ Ô&#x2039;೿ǴനŕĄ&#x2022;࣠Î&#x2018;࣎â&#x20AC;Ťŕ ¤ÚŠâ&#x20AC;ŹŃąĎ&#x152;Ó&#x2022;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹŕĽĽŕśłÇ´Î¨Ń?Î&#x2018;ŕ­Żŕ§&#x17D;ĎŚ ŕź&#x153;Î?á&#x192;ľŕž&#x17D;ÇśÓ§â&#x20AC;ŤŘ&#x201A;â&#x20AC;ŹÎ&#x2039;ঠࠤѱǴâ&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹŕłżŕĄ?ŮŚâ&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x2122;â&#x20AC;ŹŕŻ&#x2013;઩྽Ӧâ&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹŇŹ ೯â&#x20AC;ŤŘłâ&#x20AC;Źŕ˛?Ç´ŕ &#x201D;á&#x201C;łÓ&#x161;Ô&#x201E;Ď&#x152;Ó&#x2022;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źŕ¤?༧ǜâ&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹÓ§Ď?ŕ­Żâ&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÎ&#x201C;á&#x20AC;&#x201A;Ď?â&#x20AC;ŤŮ&#x2C6;â&#x20AC;Ź ๱Ǵâ&#x20AC;ŤÚŠ×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹĐ´ŕĽşŕŁŽÎ˘Ń?Ř&#x2019;Ô&#x2013;Ď&#x2122;á&#x2C6;śĎ&#x152;Ó&#x2022;Ç´ŕ¸&#x2026;Ԝբ࣠Î&#x2039;ঠŕ¤? á?¤ŕšŽÎ&#x201C;Ç´â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2022;×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Źá °ÔžĎ á&#x2039;´á&#x192;´â&#x20AC;ŤÚŠâ&#x20AC;ŹĐ´ŕĽşĎ&#x152;Ó&#x2022;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÇś

      Â&#x153;+   $5  $       =    Â&#x153; +(     5    remembered my grandfather and his name and that was all. V       5  Â&#x201E; found someone to open up the ancestral hall. My aunts were '  $  5    <(  years ago. At the altar here, I again paid my respects to my ancestors.    *      5   *  +           <  5   =        / =    5/V$  35    two eldest paternal aunts had actually accompanied my grand     Â&#x160;      \~Â /#            -

Ó§Ń?Ô&#x2039;ŕłżâ&#x20AC;ŤâŹ?ŢŽŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÎ˘Ď?Ç´â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹÔ&#x2013;â&#x20AC;ŤÚŠâ&#x20AC;ŹÎ&#x2039;٤Ď?୯྽Ӧâ&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÔ­ Ň&#x201C;Î&#x201C;ಠϺǜâ&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹÓ§ŕĄ?ŕ° â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źŕ¨&#x201D;ŕŚ&#x201A;Ď&#x2030;΢Î&#x2018;Đ&#x17E;Ů&#x2039;Ç´â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹÎ&#x2039;ঠÎ&#x201C;Ǵ࣎΢Ń?ß?ள൩ŕ˘&#x201A;Ď?ŕ­ŻÎ&#x201C;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źá&#x160;łá&#x160;ŹÇ´ŕ¸&#x2026;Ôśâ&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹŕśŻ ೯á &#x2030;á&#x2021;ĽŕŽłâ&#x20AC;ŤŮłâ&#x20AC;ŹĎ&#x152;ŕ˘&#x201A;ŕĄ?ӳǴâ&#x20AC;ŤÜ&#x152;â&#x20AC;ŹĐ°Îľŕ§&#x17D;ŕłżÓłâ&#x20AC;ŤÚťâ&#x20AC;ŹÎ&#x2018;Çśŕž˝ŕ¸&#x2026; Îľŕ§&#x17D;೿ཎୢâ&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹÇşČ¸ŐŁŕŽľŕŚŹâ&#x20AC;ŤŮ°Ů˝â&#x20AC;ŹÇťČšâ&#x20AC;Ťŕ˝Ž×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Źŕš&#x20AC;â&#x20AC;Ťŕ˘&#x201A;×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹŕšŽ Î&#x201C;Ç´Ď&#x152;ŕ˘&#x201A;Ď?ŕ­ŻÎ&#x201C;Çśâ&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹÓ&#x203A;д༺á&#x20AC;žá&#x17E;&#x2030;â&#x20AC;Ťŕ˘&#x201A;×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Źŕ¤?ŕ­ŻÎ&#x201C;Ç´Ů ĐŞ â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹĐ Ň&#x2020;Ď&#x152;ŕ˘&#x201A;வĎ?ŕ­ŻÎľŕ´&#x152;Ů°â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÇ´Ôśŕ˘&#x201A;ٰԞ༊ŕˇ?Ç´ â&#x20AC;Ťŕž­ŕž­Ţ&#x2018;×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹŃŞŃŞŕ˘&#x201A;Ď?ŕ­ŻÎ&#x201C;ÇśÓ§Ő&#x2030;ำŕš&#x2C6;â&#x20AC;Ť×´â&#x20AC;ŹÇ´á&#x2014;¨ŕ¸&#x2026;â&#x20AC;ŤŕŁŽ×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Ź â&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x2030;â&#x20AC;ŹÎ&#x2018;Ď?ŕ­ŻÓ&#x161;ÓŚĎ&#x152;Ó&#x2022;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źŕśłá˘&#x20AC;Ç´â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Źá&#x2014;&#x2039;ŕ˘&#x201A;á?şŕŽłÔžĎ â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;ÚŠâ&#x20AC;Ź â&#x20AC;Ťŕž­ŕž­Ţ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹŃŞŃŞá&#x192;šĎ?ŕ­Żâ&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÎ&#x2018;á&#x20AC;žâ&#x20AC;ŤÚŠâ&#x20AC;Źŕ˝&#x201A;â&#x20AC;ŤŕĄ?ŕ˘&#x201A;Ú&#x2122;â&#x20AC;ŹĎ&#x152;Ó&#x2022;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÇś ŕ¸&#x2026;Ôśŕą&#x153;ӧǴӧâ&#x20AC;ŤŮżâ&#x20AC;ŹÔ&#x192;Ď?ŕĄ&#x2022;Ǵբ࣠൨ਥ໨Ň&#x17E;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÎ&#x2039;ঠÔ&#x2039; ঩Ǵâ&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹÔ&#x2013;á?&#x2019;ཎÓ&#x2020;Ô&#x203A;ŕł&#x2013;ŕ­˘Ď?ŕ­ŻÇśŕł­Î&#x2039;Ô&#x203A;Ç´â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Źŕ¤žŃ?ŕž­ŕž­ ŃŞŃŞâ&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹŃ&#x20AC;Ň&#x201C;ÓŚÇśâ&#x20AC;ŤŕŚ Ůż×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹĐ&#x201D;Îľâ&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źŕ¨&#x201D;ŕŚ&#x201A;Ç´â&#x20AC;ŤßĄŕž­ŕž­Ţ&#x2018;×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹŃ? ШÎ&#x2018;ÇśŇ&#x2014;â&#x20AC;ŤÜ­â&#x20AC;ŹÔ&#x192;á&#x17E;&#x;Ç´á&#x2021;&#x;â&#x20AC;ŤÚŠŮ&#x201A;â&#x20AC;ŹŕşŻá&#x161;&#x2020;΢â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źá&#x2C6;?á&#x203A;&#x2013;Ç´â&#x20AC;ŤÚŠ×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹŃŞ ŃŞÇ´ŃŚĎŚÇ´ŃŚŕŽ&#x2021;ŕłżŘ&#x2019;Ô&#x2013;ŕĄ?á&#x2019;&#x192;ß&#x2C6;Çśŕą&#x153;ӧд༺೿Ď&#x152;Ó§Î&#x201C; ШÎ&#x2018;Ç´â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Źŕ˝&#x192;â&#x20AC;Ť×łâ&#x20AC;ŹÓłÓŚŃ?Î&#x2018;á&#x20AC;žĐ´ŕĽşâ&#x20AC;ŤŰ&#x161;Ü&#x152;â&#x20AC;ŹŐ?â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÓŚĐ&#x2018;Ç´Î&#x2018;á&#x20AC;ž â&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x2DC;Ú&#x2DC;Ţ&#x2018;×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹÇ´ß&#x201C;ŕ °Ô&#x2039;ß?ÓŚÇ´â&#x20AC;ŤÚŠâ&#x20AC;ŹĐ´ŕĽşŕ˘&#x201A;ŕĄ&#x203A;á&#x160;ŹŕŽľÎľŕ´&#x152;á&#x2014;&#x2026;á&#x2122;Ż Ń?â&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x2030;â&#x20AC;ŹŕĽŠŕˇ?ǴаठനŕĄ&#x2022;ŕ¤?ŕ­ŻÇś

ber the rooms of my grandfatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s house and the walk she took to our familyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s grave site in the hills. + <  5 $(     * 5       '   =     grandmother came through! The records had her place of birththe name of her village is á&#x2030;śÜżŕŁŞŃ Ξá&#x2018;&#x153;á ˝â&#x20AC;Ť×¸â&#x20AC;Źŕť&#x201A;༠᢭Ů&#x161;. The village is literally just up the road from my grandfatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s village- we had passed by it the day we went to my grandfatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s village!       

   *           ?    the name of my grandmotherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s village, I know Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll be returning to * /

೭ঠŕ¨&#x201C;ำŕ˘&#x201A;வâ&#x20AC;Ť×¸Ţ&#x2018;ŕž­ŕž­×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹÎˇ.á&#x2030;śÜżŕŁŞŃ ΞѹÎ&#x;Î&#x2013;Ř&#x2018;໦ ŕť&#x201A;໩â&#x20AC;Ť×¸ÚŠâ&#x20AC;Ź.ŕť&#x2019;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;Ű&#x2C6;â&#x20AC;ŹÇśŕł­ŕŚ â&#x20AC;Ť×¸â&#x20AC;ŹÎˇŕ˘&#x201A;ŕżśá ¸á&#x192;šŕž­ŕž­á&#x192;?ŕż&#x17E;΢â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Ź ŕż&#x17E;Đ&#x17D;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;ŕ °ß&#x201C;ڊزࣴŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹŇŹá?&#x2039;Ď?࣏á&#x192;šŕ§&#x2019;ܰྊá&#x2039;´á&#x2021;Ąâ&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÇśâ&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Ź ŃŚŕŽ&#x2021;â&#x20AC;Ť×¸Ţ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÎˇŕ &#x2026;á&#x153;¤â&#x20AC;ŤŕĄ?פâ&#x20AC;ŹÓ­ÇśÓ§á&#x160;§á?şâ&#x20AC;ŤÚŠâ&#x20AC;ŹŃŚŕŽ&#x2021;â&#x20AC;Ťß&#x201E;Ţ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źá&#x2019;&#x192;â&#x20AC;Ťŕž&#x17D;Ţ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Ź ೯ŕĄ&#x2022;Ç´â&#x20AC;ŤŕĽş×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Źá&#x2014;&#x2039;ŕ˘&#x201A;Ř&#x2019;Ô&#x2013;á&#x2019;¤â&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x2030;פݤâ&#x20AC;ŹŃŚŕŽ&#x2021;â&#x20AC;Ť×¸Ţ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÎˇÓ&#x153;ӡǜâ&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Ź ॺ໻Ô&#x2013;â&#x20AC;Ťß&#x17E;Ţ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źŕ§˛ŕ˘&#x201A;வѦŕŽ&#x2021;ŕž˝Ô&#x192;á&#x192;šß&#x201C;ŕ °â&#x20AC;ŤŕŻśŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹŕĽ&#x160;Ď?â&#x20AC;ŤÜ&#x152;â&#x20AC;ŹŕŽłŮ° â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÇ´ŃŚŕŽ&#x2021;â&#x20AC;Ť×¸Ţ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÎˇÎ¨Ó§Î&#x;Î&#x2013;ŕ­&#x201D;Ç´â&#x20AC;Ť×¸â&#x20AC;ŹÎˇá&#x161;&#x2020;ŃŚĎŚâ&#x20AC;Ť×¸Ţ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÎˇâ&#x20AC;ŤÚŠâ&#x20AC;Ź ѠΞѹ೿ŕĄ?ß&#x2C6;Çś Î&#x17D;Đ&#x201D;á&#x2013;?ß&#x2C6;Ç´â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Źá&#x192;šŐťŕŽ&#x2019;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;Ů°Ú&#x2030;â&#x20AC;Źŕ¨&#x201C;Ő&#x2030;Đ&#x20AC;â&#x20AC;ŤÚ â&#x20AC;Źá&#x2018;Ťá?&#x;Çśŕž˝â&#x20AC;ŤŕĽş×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Ź ŕ´¨ŕĄ&#x2022;֤΢Ń?༊ŕˇ?â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹŕŤ?੤ŕ¨&#x201D;Ç´â&#x20AC;ŤÚŠ×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Źá&#x17D;&#x192;ৌâ&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÎ&#x2039;á&#x192;šÔ´ĎťŕŽ á&#x2018;Ťá?&#x;ÓŚŇŹá?&#x2039;Î&#x2018;Î&#x2039;á ĄÇśÓ§ŇŹá?&#x2039;Ď?Ç´â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹŕŽłâ&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2022;â&#x20AC;ŹĐ´ŕĽşŮ°ÔžŃ¤ Ů&#x201C;Ç´â&#x20AC;ŤŕĽş×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹÔ&#x153;Ô&#x203A;ŕ¨&#x201C;ำâ&#x20AC;ŤÜ&#x152;â&#x20AC;Źŕ¤žŃ?â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÓŚĐ&#x2018;ÇśÓ&#x2020;ŕ˛&#x2019;ಠǴâ&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Źŕ¸§ŕą&#x153; д༺Ψŕ˘&#x201A;ŕť&#x2019;ŃłÎ&#x201C;Çśâ&#x20AC;ŤÜ&#x152;â&#x20AC;ŹĐ°â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Źŕť&#x2019;â&#x20AC;ŤŰ&#x2C6;â&#x20AC;ŹÓ&#x203A;д༺á&#x20AC;žá&#x17E;&#x2030;â&#x20AC;ŤŕĽş×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Źŕł­Ô&#x203A; Ő&#x2030;ำâ&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹŮ&#x161;Ů&#x161;ŃŚŃŚÇśâ&#x20AC;Ťŕ§ž×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹŃ&#x20AC;ÔžĎ â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÓ&#x153;Óˇá&#x160;ąŕ¸&#x2C6;Ǵ॰Ń&#x20AC;â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Ź 77


ྭྭ‫׸ޑ‬ηǶϻ஁ύ‫ޑ‬Ӄғᐟ୏ΑǺȸ գ‫ۉ‬ㄷǴ‫ۉך‬БǼȹдᐟ୏‫ޑ‬চӢࢂ ႜǴБ‫ک‬ㄷ೭Οε‫ۉ‬Мᐕў΢೿ԖҬ ᒃǶ‫ॺך‬ᗋؒԖ‫ډ‬ၲύ୯ǴฅԶ೭္ς ࿶ԖΓ΋ኬ‫ךک‬΋ଆࣁ೭ঁՉำ‫܌‬ᐟ୏ ๱ǴдࣗԿ‫ޕ‬ၰ‫׸ྭྭך‬η‫܌‬ӧ‫ޑ‬ໂǶ ྽‫ॺך‬๱ഌϐࡕǴ‫ך‬໒‫ۈ‬ག‫ډڙ‬ቶܿ࣪ ‫ךک‬྽ԃѐ‫ޑ‬ύ୯ч೽‫ޑ‬ᄒฅόӕǶ᠋ ‫ڬډ‬ൎ‫ޑ‬Γ೿ӧᇥቶܿ၉ᡣ‫ࡐך‬ԾӧǶ ቶܿ‫ޑ‬ᆘՅ෌೏Ǵ‫׸‬ηǴΓ‫ک‬Ӧ೿ᡣ‫ך‬ གྷଆΑ‫ך‬ѐၸ‫ޑ‬΋٤‫ځ‬Ѭ୯ৎǶ‫ך‬ӧऍ ୯ਔǴ΋ѿᚆ໒ࠤѱύЈѐ‫ډ‬ໂΠǴߡ ё‫϶ډـ‬๓‫ޑ‬ΓॺǶٗᅿག᝺‫ک‬೭္Ǵ ‫ࡺޑך‬βǴ๏‫ޑך‬ག‫߈࣬ࡐڙ‬Ƕ ‫ঁ؂ک‬ი϶‫ޑ‬࿶ᐕ΋ኬǴ‫ך‬кᅈΑය ࡑǶӧ‫ډ‬ၲ߻Ǵი϶೿ό཮೏֋‫ޕ‬྽Ӧ ‫҇׸ޑ‬ਥᏵ‫ॺך‬ග‫ߞޑٮ‬৲‫ޑډפ܌‬ጕ ઩Ƕ‫܌‬аӧ‫ډ‬ၲ߻Ǵ‫ޕך‬ၰ‫ޑ‬໻Ԗ‫ߓך‬ ࠰‫֋܌‬ນ‫׸ޑך‬ηӜӷǶྭྭѪѪவٰ ؒԖၸӭӦӛ‫ך‬ඔॊдॺӧύ୯‫ޑ‬ғ ࢲǶӧΒΜШइΟΜԃждॺཚѐ३ෝ ࡕǴдॺѝӣၸεഌ΋ԛǶ‫ژژޑך‬Ǵ ߓ࠰‫ݿݿک‬೿όᇡ᛽‫ޑॺך‬ᇻБᒃ௏Ƕ дॺεཷ‫ޕ‬ၰԖ΋ঁ୸лՐӧ‫׸‬η္Ǵ ฅԶдॺΨؒԖϕ࣬ᖄᛠǶдॺؒԖᇥ ҺՖᜢ‫ྭྭךܭ‬઒ࡂ‫ޑ‬٣௃Ǵ!дॺѝ

‫ޕ‬ၰઐ୸ᔈ၀ᗋӧӢࣁ೭ࢂ‫׸‬ηٚЎϯख़ा‫ޑ‬ಔԋ೽ϩǶ ӧѐ‫׸ޑྭྭך‬η߻Ǵ‫ॺך‬ѐΑҴࡘ۸‫ޑ‬Ѧ઒Р‫ޑ‬΋ঁㄷ‫׸ۉ‬ ηǶ൩ӳႽ‫ڮ‬ၮӼ௨ӳ‫ޑ‬΋૓Ǵд‫ޑ‬ᒃ௏ॺ৾рΑ΋ҁҗ३ෝৎ ௼‫܌཮ڐ‬р‫ޑހ‬௼᛼‫ک‬ᐕўਜǶӧϐ߻Ǵ‫ॺך‬൩ள‫ޕ‬Αࡐӭ‫׸‬η ೿ԖԾρ‫ޑ‬௼᛼ǴฅԶӧЎϯεॠ‫ࡕڮ‬Ǵ೭٤௼᛼൩ϿϐΞϿ ΑǶӧҔ࣬ᐒ‫ܡ‬Πৎ௼᛼‫ޑ‬ၸำύǴ‫ך‬Αှ‫ډ‬೭ҁਜԖᜢ‫ܭ‬ㄷ‫܄‬ ৎ௼ଆྍ‫ޑ‬ᐕўǴᗋԖхࡴ࣬ᜢ‫ޑ‬ႜ‫ک‬Б‫ޑۉ‬ᐕўǶ‫ځ‬ύᜢ‫؂ܭ‬ ঁ‫ۉ‬М‫؂‬΋ж೿Ԗ΋२၃Ǵ၃ύх֖Αㄷ‫ۉ‬ന߃ଆྍ‫ޑ‬ӦБǶ೭ ΋ว౜зΓЀ‫ځ‬ᐟ୏ǴฅԶჹ‫ךܭ‬ϐࡕ‫ډ‬઒Р‫׸ޑ‬η‫ޑ‬࿶ᐕǴ‫ך‬ ᗋࢂόඪ‫ܤ‬ϼӭ‫ޑ‬යఈǶ ӧΎДΎဦ‫ޑ‬ΠϱǴ‫ډך‬Α઒Р‫׸ޑ‬ηǶ‫׸‬ηؒԖ‫ߐ׸‬Ǵ߆ௗ‫ך‬ ॺ‫ࢂޑ‬΋௨ᐋǴკਜᓔ‫׸ک‬η‫ޑ‬ൔтύЈǶ‫׸‬η္‫ޑ‬௼᛼஑ৎӧ ᐋΠ฻๱‫ॺך‬ǴдԖ‫ޑॺך‬௼᛼ǶдࣗԿᗋЋ‫כ‬Α΋஭Ԗ๱‫ך‬Ǵ ‫ݿݿך‬Ǵ‫ྭྭך‬ᗋԖම઒РӜӷ‫ޑ‬చηǶᙌ໒௼᛼Ǵ‫ך‬ӧനࡕ΋ ।‫ډפ‬Α‫ޑྭྭך‬මҔӜǴම઒Р‫ޑ‬ӜӷǶ௼᛼ஒ‫ޑॺך‬ৎ௼‫ޑ‬ ᐕўଓྉ‫ډ‬ΜΒШइ‫ޑ‬ಃ΋ঁㄷ‫ޑۉ‬ΓǶӧٗ΋ঁᕓ໔Ǵ‫ך‬ག‫ډ‬ Αᐟ୏‫۩ک‬ᅽǶྭྭ‫׸ޑ‬ηӧؒ஥೿ԖΓߥᆅ೭٤ᐕўǴࣁ‫׸‬η ္‫ࡕޑ‬Γ‫ک‬Ⴝ‫ך‬೭ኬӣٰ൨ਥ‫ޑ‬Γ੮ΠӣᏫǶ ᒿࡕǴ‫وॺך‬຾‫׸‬ηǴ໒‫ۈ‬௖઩΋௨௨᏾ሸ‫ࡂޑ‬ηǶ‫ॺך‬ӧ΋ঁ ޸༜߻ଶՐǴ‫ך‬ள‫܊ޑྭྭޕ‬ηӧ൳ԃ߻ॹ༥ΑǴ‫ॺך‬ઠӧ‫ࢂޑ‬ ‫܊‬η‫ޑ‬ᒪ֟߻Ƕ ‫ך‬Ԗ٤ᡋ೗‫ک‬ѨఈǶ‫ډॺך‬ೖΑ‫ځ‬дი϶‫׸ޑ‬ηǴ࣮‫ډ‬Αдॺ‫ޑ‬ ઒ࡂǶ‫ך‬Ψ‫ޕ‬ၰӧ߻٤ԃǴεӭኧ‫ޑ‬ი϶೿‫ډפ‬Αдॺ‫ޑ‬઒ࡂǶ ӧ઒ࡂᒪ֟߻Ǵ྽ӦѠξ‫ޑ‬πբΓ঩ླྀӃғӼኃ‫ך‬ᇥ೭ࢂдಃΒ


ԛว౜઒ࡂόӧǶฅԶόᆅ࡛ሶኬǴ҅ӵAl‫܌‬ᇥ‫ޑ‬Ǵ ‫ޑך‬ਥӧ೭္Ƕ

‫ګ‬ǻฅԶӧ൳ϩដၸࡕǴ‫܌ॺך‬ள‫ޑޕ‬໻ԖӴ‫ޕ‬ၰ ‫ޑྭྭך‬ӜӷǶ

ӧ޸༜߻Ǵ‫ך‬ӛ‫ޑך‬Ӄ઒ठལǶ‫ޑך‬΋ঁᒃ௏ȐᏵ дॺᇥ‫҇׸‬ϐ໔೿Ԗ٤ᖄᛠȑᔅ‫ך‬ӧӦ΢མଆ΋ঁ ౼ᏝǶ‫ܫॺך‬࿼Α΋٤ᑗ݀բࣁ౼ࠔǶдᗺΑ‫ٿ‬ਥ ៃᕀ‫ܫ‬ӧӦ΢ǶЋඝ๱΋‫ע‬३Ǵ‫ך‬ӛ઒ӃॺᇥΑ൳ ѡགᐟ‫ޑ‬၉ǴᗫΑΟԛଇǴ‫ע‬३ᕀϩԋΟҽ‫ܫ‬ӧΑ Ӧ΢ǶΟԛᗫଇࡕǴ‫ך‬ᗋᐨΑરᒲǶ

ӧᚆ໒‫׸‬η߻Ǵ྽Ӧ‫ޑ‬Γ঩Ѻ໒Α‫׸‬η‫ޑ‬ઐ୸ߐǶ ҅ӵ‫܌࠰ߓޑך‬ᇥٗኬǴ‫׸‬η΋‫ޔ‬ӳӳӦߥӸ๱ઐ ୸ǴΜϖԃ߻дॺᗋख़অၸǶӧ္ٗ‫ޑ‬౼Ꮭ߻Ǵ‫ך‬ ჹ‫ޑך‬઒Ӄॺӆԛ຾ՉΑ౼ࡨǶ

‫ୖॺך‬ᢀΑഭΠ‫׸ޑ‬ηǴ‫ځ‬ύᗋхࡴ‫ޑྭྭך‬ಃΒ ༧ӦǶ೭༧Ӧ΋‫ޜޔ‬๱ǴࣗԿؒԖ೏ѳ᏾Ǵՠߥᆅ ளࡐӳǶӧ᏾ঁՉำύǴ‫ך‬ന഻៿‫ޑ‬΋೽ϩߡࢂӧ ‫׸‬η္‫ډ‬ೀ‫وو‬௖઩ǴӢࣁ೭ኬёаᡣ‫ࡐך‬ӳӦᡏ ᡍ྽Ӧ‫ޑ‬॥βΓ௃Ƕӧ೭္Ǵόӕ‫ࢂޑ‬Ǵ‫ޕך‬ၰा ‫ډפ‬΋ঁᇡ᛽‫ޑྭྭך‬Γ৮‫ࡐ܂‬ᜤǶྭྭ‫ک‬ѪѪӧ ٗሶӭԃ߻൩ᚆ໒ΑǴдॺ΋ж‫ޑ‬Γεӭኧᔈ၀೿ όӧΑǶӧ‫ک‬൳ঁ྽ӦΓ‫ޑ‬ҬፋύǴ‫ך‬ว౜྽Ӧ‫ޑ‬ Γᗨฅόᇡ᛽дǴՠࢂ᠋ᇥၸдǶдॺ‫ޕ‬ၰ‫ྭޑך‬ ྭࢂ΋ঁႝቹጓᒠǴӧࡐӭԃ߻ཚѐΑ३ෝǶ‫ྭך‬ ྭ‫ޑ‬ಃΒ༧Ӧ‫ޑ‬ᎃۚ֋ນ‫ך‬ǴдςၸၸШ‫ݿݿޑ‬ᇡ ᛽‫ྭྭޑך‬Ƕ྽‫ॺך‬ӧ઒୸߻฻ࡑਔǴ΋ঁ஁Γ߆ ΢ٰ֋ນ‫ॺך‬Ӵ༰༰ᇡ᛽‫ྭྭޑך‬Ƕ Ӵ஥‫ॺך‬ѐӴৎǴ‫ډـॺך‬ΑӴ‫ޑ‬Ρϻ‫ک‬΋Տԃᗌ ‫ޑ‬ԴѪѪǶ‫ࡐך‬ᐟ୏ǴӴ཮ό཮Ψᇡ᛽‫ޑך‬ѪѪ‫ک‬ ‫ޕ‬ၰ‫ך‬ѪѪ‫׸‬η‫ޑ‬Ӝӷ‫ګ‬ǻ೯ၸӴ‫ޑ‬ζ‫ٽ‬ǴӴ཮ό ཮֋ນ‫ך‬ᜢ‫کۂۆޑྭྭךܭ‬Ӵࡕж‫ޑ‬Γ‫ޑ‬Ӝӷ

೯ၸ೭ԛ‫ޑ‬ਓำǴ‫ך‬᝺ள‫࣮ך‬ύ୯‫ޑ‬ຎ‫ف‬ᡂቨ ΑǴ‫ך‬ჹԾρբࣁ΋ঁऍᝤ๮Γ‫يޑ‬ҽ‫׳‬Αှ Α΋٤Ǵ٠Ъ‫ޑך‬ৎ௼ᐕў‫׳‬уֹ᏾ΑǶ྽ฅ ‫ך‬ᗋӧ௖઩๱ࡐӭܿՋǶӧӣऍ୯߻Ǵ‫ך‬ӧ३ ෝࡑΑ΋ࢤਔ໔Ǵ‫ޑך‬ထထԖ‫ޑך‬ѦϦѦஇӧ Ϻࢭ‫ޑ‬Ӧ֟Ƕӣ‫ډ‬ऍ୯ࡕǴ‫ך‬ω‫ޕ‬ၰǴ‫ٿޑך‬ ঁ ‫ ۄ‬༰ ‫ ځ‬ჴ ӧ 1948 ԃ ਔ ම ഉ ӕ ‫ ྭ ྭ ޑ ך‬Ѫ Ѫ ӣ ၸ ‫ ׸‬η Ƕ ‫ ޑ ך‬ന ԃ ߏ ‫ ۄ ޑ‬༰ ྽ ਔ ѝ Ԗ 10ྃ Ǵ Ӵ٩ฅ૶ளྭྭ‫ޑ‬઒ࡂ‫ک‬྽ਔѐ઒ቛ‫ޑ‬ၡǶ നࡕǴӧ‫ך‬ӣऍ୯‫ࡕຼٿ‬Ǵ‫ޑך‬Π΋ঁख़εว౜ ࢂǴ‫ך‬ԏ‫ډ‬Αᜢ‫ךܭ‬ѪѪ‫ޑ‬౽҇ᔞਢǶ૶ᒵύԖ‫ך‬ ѪѪ‫ޑ‬рғӦǴቶܿ࣪Ѡξѱၽ‫׸‬ໂ༠α္Ƕ‫ځ‬ჴ ೭ঁ‫׸‬η္ᚆ‫׸ޑྭྭޑ‬ηѝԖ΋‫؁‬ϐᇿǴ‫ॺך‬྽ Ϻӧ೼ύ൩࿶ၸΑǶ ‫׆ך‬ఈԖ΋ϺǴ‫ૈך‬஥๱‫ޑך‬ৎΓӣ‫ډ‬ύ୯ ࣮࣮‫ٰ܌ॺך‬Ծ‫ޑ‬ӦБǴ੝ձࢂ౜ӧ‫!ޕך‬ ѪѪ‫׸ޑ‬ηǴ‫ך‬൩΋‫ۓ‬ाӣύ୯ѐ࣮࣮Ƕ

7\


Derek Lee

á&#x2039;źâ&#x20AC;ŤÝ˘â&#x20AC;Źŕˇ The sky lit up with lightning as thunder cracked the sky. Rain

  +     Â ]=/;   > 

followed for an hour, which felt like an eternity to me. I stared at

    <       

 *

       

  <     

while standing outside her front yard. With her eyes closed, she

 /;   $ 

 $  5

smiled, and I knew for those few seconds that nothing else in

      U    Q )$ /+

      /   

   *

=    

looking for as we stood outside of her paternal grandfatherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s

 Â&#x201E;    $   /*

=

house. I was happy for her, but couldnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t help wonder if I would

village was located about 20 minutes away, and when we ar-

>    &! &    

rived, there were signs of a storm coming.

 <      < / was feeling nervous and concerned that we wouldnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t be able to

) *

= 5       

<        =  &   

      /#   

    ;  /

          /X      5   $   $;  /X

Q    ;         > 

was full because we had to pick up a local woman in order to

  $  Q )$ 5 

      *

= /+$ 

   =  5 <$     

would like to ride on the back of a local guideâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s motorbike back

84


;  /         

was no surprise how hard it was to track down a man who had

back of a motorbike in the rain. Traveling on the motorbike is an

 (  Â&#x160;      ] /; 

>      /Q   $ 

     5     

      $ /;    

~5   $<      

streets that led back to the main road. Along the way I took in

 /; U   Â&#x201E;$  5

       

 5   

some reason I chose a path that led to the right side.

 <          / V  5       5    ;        ;  5 Â&#x192;

            

 $ 5   <     /

covered in rolling fog. With the clouds slowly clearing, I couldnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t

My eyes were presented with one of the largest villages we had

  $ $    /#/Â&#x201A; 5  

seen on the trip. I opened my mouth in complete awe and tried

; Â&#x201E;   > 5   

  (   5     

   = < 

 5  Q )$  (

    *

&/       

   5  

        

for that short moment before our bus arrived to meet with the

        / 5

Â&#x201E;/;  Â&#x201E;      

  Â&#x192;           

     ( $    =  

reverie across the stunning landscape towards the mountain.

         Q )$ / Â ]


€


; Â&#x201E; +  $   (   

of confusion since the name in the village can be misinterpreted.

 $    /+( $  

The man said that he actually might know the person we were

   5+       5

referring to, so Al asked him to write the characters. The man

   Â&#x201E;      /"  -

began the strokes of the characters with his pen. Al turned to

   >        = 

  >            /

  > / *  5    5

The look he had in his eyes told me that we had found some-

   5    Â&#x192;$ 

thing. The man on the motorbike guided us to meet with some

  /Q $ Â&#x192;         

people at the village town hall. There was a brief gathering

  $   /*     

 5    Â&#x192;    

 $  ;  5     5

  /+   5+      

as she could not speak the dialect. The man asked who we were

man on the motorbike know the house we were looking for, but

and what we were doing there. There was an obvious language

     / =   </$ 

 5   $  5    

thinking to myself that it could not have been a coincidence that

$/;        $   

      >  5    

mountain. We turned towards him, doing our best to converse

me to what I had been searching for: the house of Wong Duk

with him again, when I saw Al walking by himself in the distance.

 /

We walked back towards Al, who met us halfway. The man on

;    U < 5  $

  $    5$ +  

   /`   <  5

we are here for. Al told him that we were searching for my great

  =      <    

   5Q )$ /;    

to ever see it. The man opened the door to the house, which  7


was half full of storage. The other half contained a shrine with a

had rushed us all day in order to stay on schedule, was so moved

ladder that led to an altar. The man climbed up the ladder and

  $     / 

pulled an ancestral tablet from the altar. Dust was gently cleared

    $      

from the tablet, revealing the characters I had been searching

 / ( ( 5 (  

for.

  /

+   5    

+            

to hold in that day were released. I was so overwhelmed with

me there. He told me that, earlier that day, in my grandfather

   /;      $ 

Q = 5$ Â&#x160;    /

the caretaker of the home, and revealed to be related to me.

 ~       >   

X    5     5  5 

$ Â&#x160; 5 

*         

incense so that I could pay respects to my ancestors. During the

of someone who has died and come back to see the living. The

   

 Q )$ 5  

$ Â&#x160;          

that Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve never met. I thought about family and the importance

  < /

of remembering and paying respects to ancestors. I hope that one day I will be remembered and honored. It was a very power-

I believe there had to be some supernatural force that led me

 >      /

to the house. There were just too many perfect coincidences. I  $    *

= 5 

#   $ $     

    ;  /;   

his family. When we asked him if he had a genealogy book, he

something pushing me to the right of the village when everyone

  $     

    (/;      $  $-

our past. It is very rare for a family to keep a genealogy book,

ing his kids up from school. What are the chances that our paths

so it was incredible that this man had kept a record. He was

+< Â&#x153;8    

curious about me and how I was related to him. Mr. Yang, who

  5 =  <       /

88


൳ၰଢႝჄၸϺ‫ޜ‬ǴྣߝΑ᏾ঁϺ‫ޜ‬ǶߘΠΑ᏾ ᏾΋ঁλਔǴ‫ך‬᝺ளӳႽࢂࡐᅐߏ‫ޑ‬ਔ໔Ƕ‫ך‬΋ ‫حޔ‬๱‫ۂ߄ޑך‬໳჏ើ࣮ǴӴઠӧ߻ଣǴ՜рЋ ѐௗပΠ‫ߘޑ‬ᅀǶ໳჏ើഈ΢Αᚈ౳Ǵ༾ઢӦ٦ ‫ڙ‬೭΋ᕓ໔Ƕ‫ޕך‬ၰӧٗ΋‫څ‬ǴؒԖϙሶКӴখ খ‫ޑ‬࿶ᐕ‫׳‬ख़ा‫ޑ‬٣௃ǶઠӧӴྭྭ‫܊ޑ‬η߻Ǵ Ӵ‫ډפ‬ΑӴ೭ঁਓำ‫ޑ‬ཀကǶ‫ך‬வЈۭඹӴག‫ډ‬ ଯᑫǴฅԶӕਔΞ‫ה‬όՐӧགྷԾρࢂցΨ཮ႽӴ ΋ኬ‫ॺךډפ‬Ԝԛਓำ‫ޑ‬ཀကǴ٦‫ٗڙ‬ᅿតࢩၸ ੇ‫ډפ‬΋ঁԾρவٰؒགྷ‫ډ‬Ӹӧ‫ޑ‬൳ίϦٚѦឦ ‫ܭ‬Ծρ‫ޑ‬ৎǶ‫ࡐך‬ᏼЈ‫ؒॺך‬Ԗᒤ‫ݤ‬ӧᚆ๱൳ٚ ϐѦ‫ޑ‬ѠξҖЈ‫ךډפ׸‬இஇ‫ޑ‬઒ࡂǶ ٗϺӧҖЈ‫ޑ׸‬ਔংǴ‫׸‬ٚ‫ޑ‬஑ৎॺ‫ډפ‬Α‫ךک‬ Ѧϼම઒РӜӷȹ໳ቺપȸ࣬߈‫ޑ‬΋٤ЎӷǶԐ ӧΜΐШइϖΜԃж߃Ǵ‫ޑך‬Ѧϼම઒Рࢂ‫္׸‬ ς‫ޑޕ‬ಃ΋ঁ౽҇‫ډ‬ऍ୯‫ޑ‬ΓǶ‫׸‬η‫ޑ‬஑ৎॺӭ ԛᡣ‫ך‬ዴᇡдॺ‫ޑډפ‬Ўӷ‫ךک‬Ѧϼම઒Рቛ΢ ‫ޑ‬Ӝӷ΋ठǶдॺ޸Αӳ٤ਔ໔ୢ྽Ӧ‫ࢂ҇׸ޑ‬ ց‫ޕ‬ၰ΋ঁћȹ໳ቺપȹ‫ޑ‬ΓǴ!ฅࡕؒԖΓ‫ޕ‬ ၰǶ!Al‫ࡌࢂܭ‬᝼‫ॺך‬Ӄѐ໳჏ើ‫׸ޑ‬ηǴ೭ኬ ёа๏‫׸‬ٚ‫ޑ‬Γ‫׳‬ӭਔ໔‫ޑךډפ‬઒ࡂǶ߄‫ޑۂ‬ ઒Рᚆ‫׸ޑך‬ηѝԖ20ϩដ‫ًޑ‬ำǴ྽‫ډॺך‬ၲ ਔǴϺՅς࿶སΠٰǴ΋൑ኪ॥ߘଭ΢൩ाٰᖏǶ

89


ӧ჏ើ‫ޑ‬൨ਥਓำύǴࣁΑᗉߘǴ‫ॺך‬ӧӴ‫ޑ‬઒ ࡂ္֤Α΋ঁӭλਔǶεৎ೿ࡐऐЈள฻๱Ǵฅ Զ‫ޑך‬Ј΋‫ᦶᦷޔ‬όӼǶߘ༈΋λǴ‫֤ߡॺך‬΢ Αًӣ‫ډ‬ΑҖЈ‫׸‬ǶӢࣁ೼ύ‫ॺך‬ௗΑ΋ঁૈ‫פ‬ ‫ډ‬໳჏ើ઒ࡂ‫ޑ‬྽Ӧ஁ΓǴ‫܌‬аًηߡ֤όΠ‫܌‬ Ԗ‫ޑ‬ი঩Ǵ‫ࢂܭ‬Alୢ‫ך‬ाόा֤΋ঁ྽ӦᏤၯ‫ޑ‬ነ Ԏًӣ‫ډ‬ҖЈ‫׸‬ѐǶ‫ך‬᝺ள೭᠋ଆٰࡐ‫ڈ‬ᐟǴߡ ӕཀΑǶӧߘύ֤ነԎًࢂ‫ך‬΋ঁ౥ғᜤ‫ޑב‬࿶ ᐕǶҗ‫ܭ‬εໆ‫ޑ‬फ़НǴၡ΢ᑈ‫ޑ‬НᅐၸΑ‫ޑך‬ဌ ፭Ƕ΋ၡ΢‫ݒך‬፞๱‫׸‬ပ‫ޑ‬ၭҖඳᢀǴЈӸ΋ํ ‫׆‬ఈ‫ૈך‬ӧ‫׸‬η္‫ޑךډפ‬઒ࡂǶ ྽‫ډॺך‬ၲҖЈ‫׸‬ਔǴߘ༈෧১Ǵ‫ך‬ག‫ډ‬΋ํํ ‫׆‬ఈǴ᝺ள཮Ԗӳ٣วғǶ‫ך‬౳߻‫ޑ‬ҖЈ‫๊׸‬ჹ 90

ࢂ‫ॺך‬೭ԛ൨ਥਓำύ‫ډـ‬ၸ‫ޑ‬ε‫׸‬ပϐ΋Ƕᚶ ๱ལࣙ‫ޑ‬Ј௃Ǵ‫ך‬஭໒቏གྷᓳᓳ೭္‫ޑ‬ኪ॥ߘࡕ ߘᗺ‫ښޑ਻ޜک‬ၰǴ‫׆‬ఈૈག‫ډڙ‬Ⴝ߄‫ۂ‬΋ኬ‫ޑ‬ ઓ‫ڻ‬ᕓ໔Ƕӧ฻໗Ҵ‫ޑ‬੤ً‫ډ‬ၲ‫ޑ‬อኩᕓ໔Ǵ‫ך‬ ག‫ډ‬Αញฅ‫ک‬ѳᓉǶ‫׸‬ٚ‫ޑ‬υ೽֋ນ‫ॺך‬ᇥдॺ ୢΑ‫׸‬ٚനԴ‫҇׸ޑ‬ǴΨؒԖΓૈᇡр‫ޑך‬Ѧϼ ම઒Р‫ޑ‬ӜӷǴӢԶΨؒԖᒤ‫ޑךډפݤ‬઒ࡂǶ ‫ך‬٠όᡋ೗‫ܭ‬೭΋่݀ǴӢࣁा‫ډפ‬΋ঁӧ] ԃ߻ᚆ໒‫׸‬ηǴύ೼ѝԖอኩӣೖ‫ޑ‬Γᜤࡋϐε ёаགྷႽǶ‫׸‬ηӧ೭٤ԃ໔ΨᡂΑǴ౜ӧς࿶ᘉ ஭‫ډ‬ΑѤঁ୔ǴቚуΑ‫ޑډפ‬ᜤࡋǶᗨฅ‫׸‬ηࡐ εǴՠ‫ࠅך‬ᒧ᏷Α۳ѓᜐ‫ޑ‬ၰၡǶ ‫ډ‬೭ঁਔংǴߘς࿶ֹӄଶΑǴ‫ך‬೏‫ڬ‬ൎ‫ޑ‬ᆧᆘ


෌೏‫ک‬ᇻೀᜦ਻ᑚᙅ‫ޑ‬ξ‫֎܌‬ЇǶ྽໦ණ໒ࡕǴ ‫ך‬όҗԾЬӦ‫ݮ‬๱Ѭॺ‫ޑ‬Бӛ‫و‬ѐǶླྀӃғǴѠ ξ྽Ӧ‫ޑ‬πբΓ঩ǴԐς֋ນ‫ॺךך‬ค‫ךډפݤ‬ ‫ޑ‬Ѧϼම઒РǶȸ໳ቺપȹӧ΋ঁШइӭ߻൩ᚆ ໒ΑǴ!྽Ӧ‫ࡐ҇ۚޑ‬ӭΨཚѐΑεࠤѱǶ!‫ך‬٠ ؒԖᡣ೭΋੃৲ቹៜΑ‫ޑך‬኷ᢀǶ ࡹ۬Γ঩‫ک‬Alᡣ‫ޑًډך‬ѰୁྣΑ൳஭ӝቹǶ่‫״‬ ࡕǴ‫ך‬ୢAlࢂցёа๏‫ך‬΋ਔ໔ ѐག‫ڙ‬΋ΠҖЈ‫׸‬Ǵ‫܌‬аAlଶՐΑ҅Ѻᆉ ћ‫ޑوॺך‬Γ঩Ƕ!AlႴᓰ‫׸ډך‬η‫وو‬Ǵᕵ٬‫ך‬ ॺ٠ؒԖ‫ޑךډפ‬઒ࡂǶ‫܌‬а‫ך‬ћ΢Αი϶ഋሌ ՉǴ΋ଆ۳ξ‫ޑ‬Бӛ‫و‬ѐǶӧ‫و‬໒΋ࢤਔ໔ࡕǴ ΋ঁ᚛๱ነԎً‫҇׸ޑ‬၂კ‫ॺךک‬མ၉ǶഋሌՉ ᗨฅૈ᠋ᔉѠξ၉Ǵՠࢂ٠ό཮ᇥǶ‫҇׸‬ୢ‫ॺך‬ ࢂፔ‫ک‬வব္ٰǶᇟ‫ق‬Ҭࢬࡐܴᡉ‫ޑ‬ԖምᛖǴ ‫܌‬а‫֚ॺך‬ൽӦᝩុ۳߻‫و‬Ƕ೭ঁ‫҇׸‬ၟ‫ॺך‬Ψ ‫و‬ӕ΋చၡ۳ξٚѐǶ‫ࢂܭॺך‬჋၂ӆԛ‫ک‬дҬ ࢬǴ೭ਔং‫ـ࣮ॺך‬Alර‫ٰوॺך‬ΑǶ ‫ॺך‬۳ӣ‫و‬ӛAl-᚛ነԎً‫҇׸ޑ‬Ψၟ๱‫ॺך‬Ǵ ‫܌‬а‫ך‬ᡣAlӛдှញ‫ॺך‬Ԝԛਓำ‫ޑ‬Ҟ‫ޑ‬Ƕ!Al֋ ນд‫׸ډٰॺך‬η္൨‫ޑךפ‬Ѧϼම઒Рȹ໳ቺ પȹ‫ޑ‬઒ࡂǶ໒‫ޑۈ‬ਔংǴ೭ঁ‫ت‬η٠ؒ᠋ᔉǴ ӢࣁѦϼම઒Р‫ޑ‬Ӝёૈ཮೏ᇤှǶ೭ঁ‫ت‬ηۚ ฅ֋ນ‫ॺך‬дԖёૈ‫ޕ‬ၰ‫ॺך‬ा‫ޑפ‬೭ঁΓǴAl ᡣ!дቪΠ೭ঁΓ‫ޑ‬ӜӷǶ೭Տ‫׸‬Ӝ௩р฽Ǵ໒‫ۈ‬ ΋฽΋ฝӦቪ๱Ƕ!Al‫ܩ‬ᓐᙯӛ‫ך‬Ǵ‫҉ך‬ᇻ૶ளٗ ΋‫څ‬Alᖍ΢‫߄ޑ‬௃Ƕд‫ޑ‬౳ઓ֋ນ‫ॺךך‬ёૈ‫פ‬ ‫ډ‬Α΋ํጕ઩Ƕ೭ঁ‫҇׸‬஥๱‫ॺך‬ѐ‫׸‬ύЈ‫ـ‬ќ ΋٤‫҇׸‬Ƕӧอኩ‫ޑ‬ᆫ໣ࡕǴ‫ॺך‬Ξ߇ӣΑӛ๱ ξБӛ‫ޑ‬ၡ΢Ƕӧၡ΢ǴAlӛ‫ך‬ှញǴ೭ঁ‫҇׸‬ ό!໻‫ޕ‬ၰ‫ޑך‬઒ࡂӧবǴдࣗԿԖёૈࢂ‫ޑך‬ᒃ ௏Ƕ‫ך‬໒‫ۈ‬൳Яόඪ࣬ߞ೭΋ϪǶ‫ך‬΋‫ޔ‬གྷ೭๊ ჹό໻໻ࢂѯӝ೭ঁ‫ךک҇׸‬ӧӕ΋ਔ‫څ‬ӧ೭ٚ ࣬ၶǴԶЪд‫ޕ‬ၰ‫ޑך‬઒ࡂ‫܌ޑ‬ӧӦǶ ‫ډפ‬઒ࡂ੿ࢂঁ‫ڻ‬ᙬǴԶЪ‫ך‬ಖ‫ܭ‬ёа੿҅Ӧᡏ ᡍ೭΋ਓำ‫ޑ‬ཀကǶεৎ೿ؒԖᒤ‫ޑךډפݤ‬઒ ࡂǴฅԶ‫ۚך‬ฅࢂ‫ॺך‬ৎ௼္ಃ΋ঁ࣮‫ډ‬Ѭ‫ޑ‬ ΓǶ‫҇׸‬Ѻ໒Α઒ࡂ‫ߐޑ‬Ƕ઒ࡂ౜ӧЬाҔٰӸ ‫ܿܫ‬ՋǴຬၸ΋ъ‫ޜޑ‬໔೿ࢂӸ೤ǶќѦ΋ъ‫ޜ‬ р‫ޑ‬ӦБǴࢂ΋ঁ஥Ԗఊη‫ޑ‬౼ᏝǶ‫ݽ҇׸‬΢Α

౼ᏝǴ‫ܜ‬р઒ӃจՏǶдᇸᇸ‫ܒ‬ѐ߄य़‫ޑ‬ԪლǴ ‫څ‬ӧจՏ΢‫ޑ‬൳ঁη҅ࢂ‫ך‬ा൨‫ٗޑפ‬൳ঁӷǶ ྽‫ډ࣮ך‬Αٗ൳ঁዕ஼‫ޑ‬ӷ‫ޑ‬ᕓ໔Ǵ‫ך‬ϣЈ‫܌‬Ԗ ‫ޑ‬၂კ௓‫ڋ‬ག௃೿೏ញฅΑǶ‫ࢂך‬ӵԜӦ௃ᆣᐟ ୏ǴόՐ௞ΠΑ౳ఽǶٗঁ‫ॺך‬ၡ΢ၶ‫҇׸ޑـ‬ ࢂ‫ॺך‬઒ࡂ‫࣮ޑ‬ៈΓǴΨࢂ‫ޑך‬ᇻᒃǶ੃৲΋໺ ໒Ǵ྽Ӧ‫҇׸ޑ‬஭ᛥӦ৾рΑ౼ᘶǴᑗ݀‫ک‬३ᕀ ᡣ‫ך‬౼ࡨ‫ޑך‬઒ӃǶӧ౼ࡨሺԄύǴ‫ך‬ག᝺‫ډ‬Ծ ρಃ΋ԛ‫ک‬໳ቺપǴ΋ঁ‫ך‬வ҂‫ـ‬ၸ‫ޑ‬ΓǴᖄᛠ ӧΑ΋ଆǶ‫ך‬གྷଆΑৎ৥‫ک‬इ‫ۺ‬Ǵࡨ઒Ӄ‫ޑ‬ख़ा ‫܄‬Ƕ‫׆ך‬ఈԖ΋ϺԾρΨ཮೏ࡕΓ‫܌‬ᚶᠰ‫ک‬౼ ࡨǶ೭ࢂ΋ঁ‫ך‬౥ғᜤ‫ޑב‬ᕓ໔Ƕ ‫ޑך‬ᒃ௏஥‫ך‬ѐΑдৎǴஒ‫ך‬ϟಏ๏Αд‫ޑ‬ৎ ΓǶ྽‫ך‬ୢдࢂցԖ‫ॺך‬ৎ‫ޑ‬௼᛼ਔǴд৾р΋ ҁдЋ‫ޑכ‬௼᛼ǶࡐϿԖৎ৥ߥ੮ԖԾρ‫ޑ‬௼ ᛼Ǵ‫܌‬а‫ך‬྽ਔ‫ޑ‬ᡋ೗ำࡋёаགྷႽǶдΨჹ‫ך‬ ॺᜢЈࡐӳ‫ڻ‬ǶླྀӃғ΋ӛࢂ΋ঁԖਔ໔ᢀ‫ޑۺ‬ ΓǴฅԶӧ೭΋‫څ‬дΨ࣬྽‫ޑ‬ག୏Ǵᡣ‫ך‬όҔᏼ Јਔ໔ୢᚒǶ‫ޑךکך‬ᒃ௏ಠΑ΋཮Ǵӧ‫׸‬η‫ޑ‬ ύЈ߻ྣΑӝቹǶϐࡕ‫ߡך‬ᚆ໒ΑǴᗨฅࢂӵԜ อኩ‫ޑ‬ਔ໔Ǵ‫ࠅך‬੮ΠΑ΋ᖂ೿ᜤа‫ב‬ᚶ‫૶ޑ‬ ᏫǶ Al࣬ߞ঍঍ϐύޭ‫ࢂۓ‬Ϻཀ஥‫ډٰך‬Α೭္Ƕд ֋ນ‫ٗך‬ϺԐ΢Ǵӧ‫ޑך‬઒Р໳‫׸ޑۉ‬η္Ǵд ࣮‫ډ‬΋ଫ໵Յ‫ޑ‬ጷጸ΋‫ޔ‬ၟ๱дǶдᇥ೭ࢂ14ԃ ٰдಃ΋ԛ࣮‫ีډ‬Ԗ‫ޑ‬໵ጷጸǶӧύ୯ЎϯύǴ ςೳ‫ޑ‬Γ཮ϯ‫ي‬໵ጷጸٰ࣮ࢲ๱‫ޑ‬ᒃ϶Ƕٗଫ໵ ጷጸǴӧ०ӛዿҖ߻Ǵ‫ک‬д࣬ၶΑΟԛǶ ‫ߞ࣬ך‬΋‫ڮࢂۓ‬ၮ‫ޑ‬Ӽ௨ᡣ‫ډפך‬Α઒ࡂǶ೭΋ ϺԖ๱ϼӭઓ‫ޑڻ‬ѯӝǶ‫ך‬གྷଆஒ‫֚ॺך‬ӧ߄‫ۂ‬ ઒ࡂ‫ޑ‬ኪ॥ߘǴӧ‫ډॺך‬ၲ‫׸‬η‫ޑ‬೼ύߡᅌᅌණ ѐǶ঍঍ϐύޭ‫ۓ‬Ԗ٤Ӽ௨ᡣ‫ך‬۳‫׸‬η‫ޑ‬ѓᜐ ‫و‬Ǵεৎ೿၂კሦ‫ډך‬ѰᜐѐǶٗঁӧነԎً΢ ‫ޑ‬ᒃ௏҅Ѻᆉѐௗд‫࠸ޑ‬ηǶ‫ޑॺך‬ၡ৩ख़ӝࢂ ӭሶλཷ౗‫ޑ‬٣ҹǼᗋԖAlۚฅΨઓ‫ڻ‬૓Ӧ‫ډפ‬ Α‫ॺך‬Ƕ ‫ߞ࣬ך‬Γғύ‫ࡐޑ‬ӭ٣೿ࢂ‫ڮ‬ၮӼ௨‫ޑ‬Ǵ‫ډפ‬઒ ࡂߡࢂ‫ځ‬ύ‫ޑ‬΋ҹǶ 91


Ryan J. Lee

á&#x2039;źâ&#x20AC;ŤÝ˘â&#x20AC;Źă&#x201E;ł Q $  >   *   

;  <   (    $   

ancestral villages in my mind I had a clear picture of the villages

     *       >-

         

*    

    *  +  5   

 /   Â&#x160;     

ancestral village where my grandfather had been born been over

  / *    V & 

  /;  $ 

  

 " Â&#x2020; 5            

>       /+( 

             

 =          

before me. I had seen old photos of the interior of the house and

going to lead us to my village. I was asked to go for a ride on the

even an outside wall but they were old and dark making them

  Â&#x2026;$ $     

very hard to imagine a layout, just random shots of what I would

everyday. As soon as we got to a corner where I would soon

learn to be the kitchen and the front door way.

              

94


 Â&#x192;   $

8 /    

who lived in the who were taking care of the house, let alone my

few minutes, an old woman comes out of her home and starts to

uncle who I see every holiday had been back four years before.

$  *  /      5    

 >   Â&#x201E;   

     $      /

(     /+(            V  >    /

A few minutes later the bus pulls up and everyone starts to ask me who this lady is like I understood anything she was saying to

      >    

    /+ = $

*  

lot more cement and bricks than dirt. What I had seen so many

them she gave me tea and had been talking to me for the past

     * $     

ten minutes, so I assumed we had to be related. Then John said

ago. I remember the old stairs creaking with every step and

she was a neighbor and that my house was across the street. I

$      

 = 

$              5

   /8 (    = -

$   5 <       /

prised it was sturdy enough for walking around yet alone others

trying to absorb everything that was happening and understand

   /;    < 

           

chests, which hadnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t been open for years from the amount of

    /      

  /+( $        = \]


house down the street, which he had remodeled to be very modern having three stories and painted white.

I couldnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t believe this was his house as it was nothing like the others in the village. I was glad to see that the part of my family that never made it to America was doing well for themselves. ;        >     =    ' /Q    $

྽ୢϷâ&#x20AC;Ťßť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹŰłĎ?ŕ­Żŕł&#x2013;ୢॺŕť&#x201A;ŕ¨&#x201D;â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹÔ&#x2013;Ď&#x2122;á&#x2C6;śŕśşŕ°&#x2C6;ŕ¨&#x201D;Ç´ â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Źá&#x20AC;?ŕŠ&#x2021;Ď?â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źŕť&#x201A;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;׸â&#x20AC;Źá&#x192;&#x2122;ŕ¸?Ǵྊá&#x201A;˝â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹÓ§ŕĄ?Ó­Ď?ŕ­Żá&#x201A;?á&#x2030;š Ď?࣎â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;Ú&#x2030;â&#x20AC;ŹÎ&#x2039;á&#x160;ŹÇśâ&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹŃ&#x2018;ŕ˝&#x192;á&#x201A;˝ŕłżŕ˘&#x201A;á&#x2DC;¸Î˛â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÓŚŕĽ&#x;Ç´â&#x20AC;ŤÚŠâ&#x20AC;Źŕ¤¤ ŕŤ&#x203A;á&#x2021;&#x201A;â&#x20AC;ŤŕĄ&#x201A;Ţ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹŕĽ&#x;Çśâ&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹĎ?߻මâ&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x2030;â&#x20AC;Źá ¸Ď?୯Ǵߝ۳Ń&#x2021;٧â&#x20AC;ŤÚŠâ&#x20AC;ŹŕĽŠ ŕˇ?ŕ¨&#x201C;Ő&#x2030;Ç´Ő Ů&#x2014;٤ŕ˘&#x201A;ŕą&#x153;Đśâ&#x20AC;Ťŕ ¤Ţ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹŃąÇ´Ôśâ&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹŕŽľŇ&#x201A;â&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x2030;â&#x20AC;Źá ¸ŕť&#x201A; ΠŃ?Ç´â&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x2030;Ü&#x2C6;â&#x20AC;ŹÓ&#x192;Î&#x201C;මŐ?á ¸â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÓŚĐ&#x2018;Çśâ&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Źŕś¸ŕŁŽá ¸â&#x20AC;ŤÜ&#x160;â&#x20AC;ŹÎˇĎŁ ŕł˝â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źá&#x2122;&#x2018;ྣТǴâ&#x20AC;ŤŕŁ&#x2014;ÚŠâ&#x20AC;ŹÔżâ&#x20AC;ŤÜ&#x160;â&#x20AC;ŹÎˇŃŚá&#x2022;&#x2026;â&#x20AC;ŤŕžŁŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹĐ˘Ç´Ő Ů&#x2014;٤ྣ Т೿Î&#x153;ĎŠŃ&#x2019;á&#x2122;&#x2018;Ď&#x152;ŕ°ŽÇ´ŕ¸&#x201E;â&#x20AC;ŤÝ¤â&#x20AC;ŹĐˇÎ&#x201C;Đ&#x2021;ŕŹ&#x2020;ŕ˝&#x192;á&#x201A;˝Ç´ŕłżŕ˘&#x201A;Î&#x2039; ٤á&#x2019;żŕ˝&#x20AC;â&#x20AC;ŤÜĄâ&#x20AC;ŹÎ â&#x20AC;ŤÜżŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹŐ&#x2039;Ç´â&#x20AC;ŤŮŻâ&#x20AC;ŹÓľá&#x2030;łâ&#x20AC;Ťß?ßťÜ&#x2C6;Ü&#x160;â&#x20AC;Źŕ¸ťÇś

they set up the supplies for Baisan, which I hadnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t done in so many years since my grandmother passed away. It felt like the *  ` Â&#x201A;         ?  5   5  Â&#x2026;      /   Â&#x160;            $    /;   $             <         /+(  we had completed Baisan and taking one last picture with my

               $ <    $ /

\Â&#x20AC;

ŕżśá ¸Ó­ŕŚ Đ&#x201D;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;Ň&#x192;ÚŹâ&#x20AC;ŹĎ?ŕ­Żá?&#x2022;Ń&#x17E;ࣴ૸཮â&#x20AC;ŤÚŠâ&#x20AC;ŹĎŠŮŚâ&#x20AC;ŤŕŚ ×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹÎ&#x201C; â&#x20AC;ŤŕŁ Ů&#x160;â&#x20AC;ŹŕšŽá&#x20AC;´â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹŕżśáĄ?Ď?ŕĄ&#x2022;Ç´Űłŕł&#x2013;Ď?ŕ­Żâ&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹĐ&#x2019;Ρŕ˛&#x2013;â&#x20AC;ŤŮ°Ü­â&#x20AC;Ź Î&#x2018;Çśâ&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹŕŽ&#x2019;ߝ۳â&#x20AC;ŤŕĄşŢ&#x2018;×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Źŕť&#x201A;Ç´Ů&#x2014;ŕ˘&#x201A;â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹĎŚĎŚÎ&#x2013;Î&#x153;Ó­Ô&#x192;ßť Ń&#x20AC;Ň&#x201C;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÓŚĐ&#x2018;ÇśŮ&#x2014;Ďşâ&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;Źŕť&#x2019;â&#x20AC;ŤŰ&#x2C6;â&#x20AC;ŹÇ´á&#x201A;˝ŇşŐ&#x2013;ྨ਼â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹĐ&#x2019;ΡÎ&#x2039; á&#x160;ŹÇ´â&#x20AC;ŤŕĄ˝×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Źá&#x2018;Ťá?&#x;Î&#x17E;Ď&#x152;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2022;â&#x20AC;Źá °â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹŕŽ&#x2019;ཎ࣎â&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x2030;â&#x20AC;ŹĎ&#x2122;á&#x2C6;śâ&#x20AC;ŤÚŠâ&#x20AC;ŹÔ&#x2013;Ď&#x2122;á&#x2C6;ś ŕ˝&#x201A;â&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x2122;â&#x20AC;ŹÇśá&#x2019;żŕšąâ&#x20AC;Ťß&#x201E;×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Źá&#x2019;&#x192;á ¨Ô?â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÎ&#x2039;ঠ൨ਥࢲŕ­?Ď?ŕĄ&#x2022;Ç´Î&#x2039; Ó&#x153;á&#x161;&#x203A;ŕšąÔžŕ­?á&#x160;?Ô&#x17D;Ů&#x2039;â&#x20AC;ŤŘŞŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÎ&#x201C;߻ٰ஥â&#x20AC;ŤŕĽş×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹŃ?â&#x20AC;ŤŕĄşŢ&#x2018;×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Ź ŕť&#x201A;ǜдá?&#x17D;â&#x20AC;ŤÖ¤×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹÓ§Ů&#x2039;ŕĄ&#x2022;Ç´â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹÓ˘ÔśÔ&#x2013;á?&#x2019;ཎ࣎â&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x2030;â&#x20AC;ŹŇ ÓŚÎ&#x201C; ÓľŐ&#x2013;â&#x20AC;ŤŘ&#x201A;â&#x20AC;ŹĎşŮ°ŰłÇśÓ§â&#x20AC;ŤÚ&#x2030;×&#x2013;༺×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹÎ&#x2039;ঠŕş&#x2030;â&#x20AC;ŤŮ â&#x20AC;Źŕ¨&#x201D;Ç´â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x2013;ŕĄ?×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Ź ྊâ&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2022;â&#x20AC;Źá °ŕł­ŕ˘&#x201A;â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹŕŞ&#x2019;Ű&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŤŢ&#x2018;â&#x20AC;ŹÎ&#x2039;೽ҽǴŮ&#x2014;â&#x20AC;ŤŘŞâ&#x20AC;ŹÎˇŕĄ°Ň˘ŕš?â&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;Ź ࣎Ǵŕ¸&#x2026;ŕĄ&#x2022;ඦß?ÔśŃ?ǴӢ࣠дĎ&#x152;á&#x2013;ąŕ¤Žá&#x2021;&#x;Çśâ&#x20AC;Ť×&#x161;â&#x20AC;ŹŕŞ Ó§Ů&#x2014;


\7


္ኧϩដǴ΋ӜԴ஁Γவ‫܊‬ηύ‫و‬рٰǴ໒‫ۈ‬Ҕ ๮ᇟ‫ךک‬ҬፋǶӴઠӧ္ٗ༾ઢǴ๏‫ך‬΋݆ૡǴ ᝩុӧᖱ၉Ǵ࡝‫ܴך܆‬қӴӧᖱϙሶǶ ൳ϩដϐࡕЃγ‫ٰډ‬Ǵ‫ঁ؂‬Γୢ‫ך‬ԜζγࢂፔǴ ൩Ⴝ‫ܴך‬қӴჹ‫ך‬ᖱ٤ϙሶ΋ኬǶӢࣁ‫ך‬όᖱ๮ ᇟǴ‫֋ך‬ນдॺӴ๏‫ך‬ૡǴ٠ӧၸѐΜϩដၟ ‫ך‬ᖱ၉ǴӢԶ‫ך‬ଷ೛‫ࢂޣ܈ॺך‬Ԗᜢ߯‫ޑ‬Ƕฅ ࡕJohnᇥӴࢂ΋ӜᎃۚǴԶ‫ޑך‬ৎࢂӧӴৎ‫ޑ‬ჹ य़Ƕ‫وך‬ӛ߻य़Ǵ‫ঁ؂‬Γ೿ൎᆫӧ‫يך‬ᜐǴԖΓ ᙌ᝿ǴԖΓ‫ྣܡ‬ǴԖΓᒵႽǴ໒‫ۈ‬Ԇၸό൐Ƕ‫ך‬ ჋၂֎ԏวғ‫؂ޑ‬΋ҹ٣Ǵ೯ၸᙌ᝿ܴқ΋٤‫ך‬ ཥ᛽‫ޑ‬ᇻᒃӧᖱ٤ϙሶǶ‫ך‬ό‫ޕ‬ၰ‫ࣗך‬ԿԖᒃΓ Րӧ္ٗѺ౛‫܊‬ηǴЪόाᇥ‫ঁ؂ך‬࿯В೿࣮‫ډ‬ ‫ژޑ‬РǴς࿶ӧѤԃ߻ӣໂǶ‫ࡐך‬ଯᑫᇡ᛽д ॺǴՠӧϕ࣬ϟಏϐࡕࡐᜤྎ೯Ƕ྽‫ך‬๏‫ך‬ᘅᘅ ᒲວࡨઓ‫ނޑ‬ҹࡕǴ‫ך‬໒‫ۈ‬௖઩઒ۚǶ ‫ࡺޑډ࣮ך‬ໂǴ‫ךک‬යఈ‫ޑ‬όӕǴѬхࡴ‫׳‬ӭН ‫کݝ‬ᑄǴၨϿ‫ݝ‬βǶ‫ך‬ӧႝቹ࣮‫ࡐډ‬ӭԛ‫ޑ‬ඳ ႽǴᔈࢂύ୯ԭӭԃ߻‫ޑ‬ኬᇮǶ‫૶ך‬ள΢ᙑኴఊ

98

ਔ΋ભભბ֕ბ֕‫ޑ‬բៜǴԶ΋໔‫܊‬໔္‫ޑ‬ኴఊ ςᆭឳǴԖᒿਔຳΠ‫ޑ‬ёૈǶջ٬࿶ၸӭԃ‫ޜ‬࿼ ϐࡕѬϝฅ่ჴё‫ٮ‬ΓՉǶќѦ΋໔‫܊‬໔߾‫ܫ‬ᅈ ΑጃηǴӭԃ҂මѺ໒Ǵ΢य़ᎎᅈლষǶֹ࣮‫܊‬ ηϐࡕ‫ډॺך‬ຉࡕय़‫ޑژژ‬ৎǴдஒ‫܊‬ηးঅྨ ฅ΋೽ǴԖΟቫǴ⹋΢қᅊǶ ‫ך‬ค‫ߞ࣬ݤ‬೭ࢂд‫܊ޑ‬ηǴٗᆶໂ‫ځ׸‬д‫܊ޑ‬η ֹӄόӕǶ‫ך‬ଯᑫ࣮‫ךډ‬ৎ৥ύ҂මԖᐒ཮‫ډ‬ऍ ୯‫ޑ‬ΓғࢲளࡐӳǶдॺΜϩ൤ԖǴёаࡌ೷΋ ০೭ኬᇬ๮‫܊ޑ‬ηǴԶдॺࣗԿόࢂ‫܌‬Ԗ‫ޑ‬ਔ໔ ೿Րӧ೭္Ƕ྽‫ޑך‬ᘅᘅӣٰࡕǴдॺྗഢӳࡨ ઓ‫ނޑ‬ҹǴԾ‫ך‬઒҆ѐШϐࡕ‫ך‬ςӭԃ҂Ԗ଺Ԝ ٣Ƕ‫؂‬ԃ‫ך‬઒҆ा‫ࡨॺך‬ઓ‫ޑ‬ਔংǴ‫ޑך‬ག᝺ࢂ Ⴝၸၭ᏿ཥԃǹεৎࣹᛗǵก३ǵ‫ॹک‬ଚ൚౼Ӄ ΓǶ‫૶ך‬ளа߻ࡐӭਔং೿මགྷ‫ډ‬೭ᅿᘶ‫ڋ‬Ǵՠ ٠ό੿҅‫ޕ‬ၰ‫ځ‬ཀကՖӧǶ೭ԛࢂ੝ձ‫ޑ‬ǴӢࣁ ‫ޕך‬ၰ‫ࢂך‬ઠӧ‫ך‬คኧжӃΓ‫߻ޑ‬य़Ǵ‫ך‬നࡕԖ ᐒ཮ӛдॺठལǶӧ‫ֹॺך‬ԋࡨઓϐࡕ‫ک‬ᆶ‫ך‬ཥ ว౜‫ޑ‬ৎ৥‫ࡕྣܡ‬Ǵ‫ך‬ёа࣮‫ঁ؂ډ‬Γࡰр‫ޑ‬੝ ቻ‫ک‬੝‫܄‬Ǵ‫ך‬ག᝺ࢂ‫ך‬ಖ‫ܭ‬ӣৎΑǶ


99


Xinhui (Sunwui)

ᇮዉ

102


Quick Facts â&#x20AC;¢

         !

â&#x20AC;¢

           " ѤÙ&#x201C;!# $% & '& #  #  (& "& !

â&#x20AC;¢

) * *  à´&#x2039;Ò&#x153; % &!

â&#x20AC;¢

+ &,-.   * */4! !& /     !

Rooted â&#x20AC;¢

%*/& á&#x2030;¶Ü¿à£ªà½¥à½®Ñ±Ù&#x2014;Ò·â&#x20AC;«×¸â&#x20AC;¬

103


A& . B!

<=!,9  !

A<  B/&6 !

& &  *>?@?!

6*66&;!

: 6& ) /&!

$    9 /&!

7     !

8 9 /&! 104

,&6 & !


# &;   !

 !

) ;!

#    !

, D 9 /&!

,&&9 /&! 105


Candice Chin

ă&#x192;˝âź&#x2013;⢎ F &/ **

4  *  /6 . %

6& ! & *6 ) 

. :&:&   *&

 * /G !  

* != *   :&

*  *HA)  *) !B

:&/& 6K&* 

       *  !#

.  / !:&:& 

/&** &  

/&  / //!L & 

 *!& &,/

*. ***. 

>= 6/  /

  ***!= 

=   / &6  

6* *M*Îľŕ¤?â&#x20AC;Ť ׸â&#x20AC;Źin

 !/ = 

# Ń Îž*) **N

 &  !

6&    !# % * 66 

I  @J* )  

 *!=*64

/&. **6 6 

 .!

/ ! .  *6

106


P  Q  R7 < 

& !I**)  *

 SA4. P  TB  &&.  

:!Ù&#x2014;Ò·â&#x20AC;«׸â&#x20AC;¬à½¥à½®**6 

*./ 

6*&&**>?VW !I*

*&!

    &/      *&66!&*&&*%

&  & 6*   

&*  * &&66 

*!

*!=&&*  /6/ &%%  *!   X .*

7   **  

 !#&/66 * 

/ &!  

 !=*

 &  / &**

G ** &%   6 

 !P*<   

 !:   &*!

  / U/  !6* &

7*&6*  

    6&&//

*  !*/ Y* 

=-& /& #QÒ&#x2013;Ð&#x2C6;â&#x20AC;«׸â&#x20AC;¬# 

 &&6   &

Ñ Î¾!

 /   &!I       !P  &

 ***  6%

*  *   107


108


6!#/&/[WW* @WWW!

  *&6 /&) 6 Y!/< 6 /&!I 6 &Q/&\  R /// Y  &6   * &  &&/&  & *Q* * %.*!& 6   /Q/&!

#& &Q * *        *  &!PG *&/* 6**%  /&%M*!εऍ‫!׸‬# Ѡξ!' /* ]Q>@ ) Q  *!

  */&& &66*  6 Q&/!IQ 6  * * *6*&/&!I         *6&!.*   &*/!#    T

P * 66!

   ** 6*  *  &  %    %&:&:&#  !7*6% *&:&:& &.   /& !6/   !I  / * *&/&  *   &&6 *!

&  /*  * &* ! & 6D* *  &!#& * *   /*6R * 6**! >W?


ӧ‫ך‬ԋߏ‫ޑ‬ਔයǴ‫ך‬வٰؒԖёаೱ่‫ޑך‬ৎ৥ ‫ࣁيک‬๮ဴ‫ޑ‬ག᝺ǶӧΒԃભ‫ޑ‬ਔংǴ‫ך‬൳Я‫؂‬ ϺӧΠፐࡕ཮߻۳‫ךډ‬നӳܻ϶‫ޑ‬ৎ္ǶԖ΋ ϺǴӴ‫ޑ‬Р҆ǴЬाࢂᖱቶܿ၉Ǵ֋ນ‫ך‬ǺȨ੿ ёெգό཮ᖱቶܿ၉Ƕȩ‫ך‬ჹдॺ‫ץޑ‬ຑǴག‫ډ‬ ᎜ᡋ‫ک‬ό‫ז‬Ƕٗঁఁ΢‫֋ך‬ນ༰༰‫ך‬གྷ΢ࢃයϤ ‫ޑ‬ύЎᏢਠǴӴ൩ࣁ‫ך‬ฦ૶ΕᏢǶӧଯύǴ‫ך‬჋ ၂ѐ᠐߃ભ୯ᇟ੤Ǵՠ੤ύ‫ঁ؂‬Γ೿ᖱࢬճ‫ޑ‬୯ ᇟǴፋଆύ୯ࡹ‫ݯ‬ЎϯਔǴᇸ᚞ԾӵǶ‫ࣗך‬Կό ‫ޕ‬ၰȸ᝴݀ȹҔ୯ᇟࢂ࡛ኬᖱǴ‫ך‬നࡕᙯঅՋ੤ УᇟǶ 110

ӧ‫ך‬ΒΜϤྃਔǴ‫ݿݿך‬ၟӧ࠸ηਔংՐӧໂ ໔‫ޑ‬лߏഉӕΠǴಃ΋ԛӣ‫ډ‬дР҆‫ޑ‬ໂ‫׸‬Ƕ ‫ࣁي‬ӧऍ୯ಃ΋ঁрғ‫ٽޑ‬ηǴ‫ݿݿך‬வٰؒ Ԗᒃ౳࣮‫ډ‬䣴䣴ӵՖӧᖑᜤ‫ྃޑ‬Д္ոΚᅿԯ Ꭶࢲৎ৥‫ޑ‬࿶ᐕǶ‫᠋ݿݿך‬ၸࡐӭ䣴䣴ӵՖᔅ շ‫ځ‬д‫҇׸‬ᡣдॺ‫ޑ‬ዿҖπբ‫ک‬ϩ٦ԏԋ‫ࡺޑ‬ ٣Ƕӵ݀䣴䣴ؒԖᔅշ೭٤‫҇׸‬Ǵдॺёૈค ‫ݤ‬ғӸǶ‫ݿݿ‬ಃ΋ԛ௖ೖࡺۚǴ‫ځ‬ཀကࢂд ಖ‫ډ࣮ܭ‬дৎ৥ٰԾ‫ޑ‬βӦǶ‫کݿݿ‬դդૈ ӣ‫ډ‬Ѡξεऍ‫׸‬Ǵ΋Ϫ೿Ꮷ‫ך‬դդ‫ޑ‬ӣᏫǹ ᒪᏬ‫ࢂޑ‬Ǵдॺѝૈѐ‫ډ‬઒ۚ‫߻ߐޑ‬Ƕдॺ ག‫ډ‬Ѩఈ‫ࢂޑ‬Ǵྣ਑‫܊‬η‫ޑ‬Γόӧ‫܌‬адॺ


όૈϣ຾Ƕ‫ݿݿך‬ӣ‫ډ‬ऍ୯Ǵག‫ډ‬ཀԖ҂ᅰǶ Ӣࣁ೭٤࿶ᡍǴ‫ך‬ᒧ᏷Αୖу൨ਥϐ϶ǴচӢϐ ΋ǴࢂֹԋȨ҂ֹ‫ޑ‬Һ୍ȩǼ‫ך‬ाֹԋ‫ݿݿך‬҂ ֹԋ‫ޑ‬ǴёаԖᐒ཮നࡕೱ่‫ޑך‬໺಍Ƕ ӧ೼ύǴ‫ך‬ᇡ᛽Α൳ҹԖᜢԾρ‫ޑ‬٣ǴॹрЯ‫ך‬ ཀ਑ϐѦǶ ‫ٯ‬ӵǴ‫ך‬ว౜‫کך‬ύ୯ਥྍ‫ޑ‬ೱ่ǴК‫ך‬ϐ߻གྷ Ⴝ‫ޑ‬ाӭǶӧ‫ך‬᏾ঁูԃਔংǴ‫ޑךک‬ӕ፸࣬ КǴ‫ך‬᝺ளԾρό୼Ⴝ๮ΓǶՠࢂǴӧ‫ޑך‬൨ਥ

ϐ϶ӕՉύΜΓǴ‫ࢂך‬ѤӜ٣ჴ΢ёаҔቶܿ၉ Ԗਏྎ೯‫ޑ‬ԋ঩ϐ΋Ƕ‫ך‬ԋࣁ‫ॺך‬ი໗‫ޑ‬ᙌ᝿ ঩ǴჹૈᡣΓॺᗎፎ‫ޑॺך‬იᡏӧѠξҖЈ‫ک׸‬ ‫҇׸‬΋ଆѺഞஒǴЇаԾᇬǶ ‫ך‬ӕਔᇡ᛽‫ךکךډ‬ৎ৥‫ޑ‬ೱ่ǴຬຫΑ‫ࣁي‬๮ Γ‫يޑ‬ҽǶ྽‫ך‬຾Ε‫ך‬༰༰ӧཥ཮ٗҷ‫ޑ׸‬઒ۚ ਔǴ‫૶ך‬ள΋ঁԖᜢ‫ך‬ම઒҆ӧ>?VWԃж‫ޑ‬੝ձ ࡺ٣ǶӢࣁ઒ۚ྽ਔค‫ت‬ΓՐȐдॺ೿ӧу৾ε πբȑǴӢԶԋࣁཟն‫ޑ‬ЬाҞ኱ǶԖ΋ఁǴ‫ך‬ ‫ޑ‬ම઒҆ǵ䣴䣴‫ۄک‬ᘅ฻Γ೿ӧৎǴնঘᚃΕǶ ‫ך‬ම઒҆ࢂ΋ঁߚத߿ඪ‫ک‬ཀ‫୲ד‬ம‫ޑ‬ΓǴӴ 111


৾๱൳Ѝٰᅽᄳາ΢ࡂഗǴӛѤ‫ڬ‬໒ᄳǶӴ๏ն ঘ΋ঁϺय़΢ԖࡐӭΓ‫ޑ‬ӑຝǴӢԶдॺѝӳᄖ ‫و‬Ƕ‫ך‬༰༰ࡐӭਔংᇥ‫ך‬ཀ‫୲ד‬மǴёஒ‫࠸ت‬η ᓵ‫و‬Ƕ‫ך‬౜ӧ‫ޕ‬ၰٗࢂٰԾϙሶӦБǶ നࡕǴ‫ך‬ᇡ᛽‫ډ‬྽‫ך‬ҔԾρ‫ޑ‬Б‫ٰݤ‬Αှ‫ޑך‬ਥ ྍਔǴ‫׳ך‬໒ЈǶӧ‫ך‬ϐ߻‫܌‬ԖᏢಞύ୯ᇟ‫کق‬ Ўϯ‫ޑ‬჋၂ύǴ‫֡ך‬ค‫ݤ‬ԋфǴӢࣁ‫ך‬჋၂Ҕ‫؂‬ ঁΓᏢಞ‫ޑ‬Б‫ݤ‬ѐᏢಞǶი໗ೕ‫ࢂۓ‬ӕՉ΋ଆǶ ྽‫ॺך‬ӧཥ཮‫ޑ‬ਔংǴໂ‫׸‬ԖΎԭӭ০‫܊‬ηǴԖ ΒίӭΓۚՐǶՠӢࣁ‫ॺך‬ਔ໔ό‫ى‬ǴԶЪค‫ݤ‬ Ҕ২‫ޑ؁‬БԄѐ࣮‫܌‬Ԗ‫ܿޑ‬ՋǶ ӢԶǴ‫ך‬வӕՉύወрǴॷΑ΋೽‫ޑ҇׸‬ԾՉ ًǴΨᇥܺΑ΋Ӝ൨ਥϐ϶‫ޑ‬ԋ঩֤‫ډ‬ԾՉًࡕ य़‫ࡕޑ‬০Ǵӧໂ‫ڬ׸‬ൎ᚛ᑲǶ‫҅੿ૈॺך‬ᡏ཮‫ډ‬ ໂ‫ޑ׸‬ᕉნˇߘࡕॕॕጳጳ‫ޑ‬βӦǵԖ‫ؒک‬Ԗᎎ ‫ޑ‬ၡǵ᚛๱ԾՉًᖱ၉όଶ‫ޑ‬ᏢูǵҁӦΓᅿ‫ޑ‬

112

޲ഞǵӧεᐋΠҶᏨ‫҇׸ޑ‬ǵཥᙑషӝ΋ଆ‫܊ޑ‬ ηˇӄ೿‫ܡ‬ឪΠٰǶᗨฅ‫ؒॺך‬ԖӺೕ߾ǴՠԖ Ԝᐒ཮௖઩၀‫ॶࢂ׸‬ள‫ޑ‬Ƕ ӧ‫܌‬Ԗ೭٤Ꮲಞ‫ޑ‬࿶ᡍύǴჹ‫ך‬ཀကനε‫ࢂޑ‬྽ ‫ך‬ઠӧ‫ݿݿך‬Ѥԃ߻ઠӧ߻य़‫ޑ‬आЕߐ‫܊‬ηϐ ߻Ƕӧ‫ך‬ᚆ໒ऍ୯ਔǴ‫ݿݿ‬๏Α΋ҁ௼᛼Ǵ΢य़ Ԗ‫ך‬Р҆઒‫ޑ׸‬ӦკˇѠξεऍ‫׸‬Ƕд๏‫ך‬΋஭ ]Q>@‫܊ޑ‬ηѦ೽ྣТǴ‫ך‬ёаҔٰаၗ᛽ձǶ ӧ‫ॺך‬ௗ߈ໂ‫ޑ׸‬ЬाΕαਔǴ‫׬ך‬Ր࠾य़҅ࢂ ΕαྣТ‫ޑ‬௼᛼Ƕ྽‫ך‬வЃγΠًਔǴྣ਑‫܊‬η ‫ޑ‬Γඝ๱‫ޑך‬ЋǴҔӴ‫ߘޑ‬ദࣁ‫ך‬፿ጬǴ஥‫ऀך‬ ၸໂ‫׸‬Ƕ‫ॺך‬ଶӧ઒ۚ‫ߐޑ‬໘߻ǴӴ‫ڗ‬рߐ୒Ǵ ߐ୒‫ޑ‬ќ΋य़ࢂ΋ঁ༝ሌჾ՟‫୒ᙹޑ‬ԌǶࣁዴჴ ‫ࢂॺך‬ӧ҅ዴ‫܊ޑ‬ηǴ‫ڗך‬рྣТਡჹ΋ΠǶ҅ ࢂǼ


ՠ೭ԛ‫ך‬ёа຾ϣ္य़Ƕ ຾Ε‫܊‬ηϐࡕǴ‫ך‬ҥ‫څ‬ӣ‫ډ‬ၸѐǴѐ ‫ۄډ‬դ‫ژ‬ᘅ࠸ηਔ‫وٰو‬ѐ‫ޑ‬ਔংˇ ӧኴఊ‫و‬΢‫و‬Πˇ‫ک‬ҔѠξ၉ћ䣴䣴 ‫ޑ‬௃ნǶவ៛ѠύǴ‫ך‬ёаགྷႽ䣴 䣴ӧዿҖ္‫ځک‬д‫҇׸‬΋ଆբࢲ‫ޑ‬௃ ნǶ‫ך‬ค‫يޑ੿ךߞ࣬ݤ‬ӧԜࡂύǶ ‫ྣܡॺך‬Ǵ‫ܡ‬ᒵႽǴ΋ํόवӦइᒵ ΋ϪǴӵӕ‫ݿݿך‬ઠӧ‫يޑך‬ᜐ΋ଆ ག‫ڙ‬Ƕ ᗨฅ‫ך‬໒‫ۈ‬ԜᐕำǴЬाࢂࣁ‫ֹݿݿ‬ ԋ҂ഖϐᜫǴ‫ך‬ว౜‫ך‬Ψӕਔӧֹԋ ‫ޑך‬҂ഖϐᜫǶ‫ך‬ҁаࣁ‫ࡐך‬ᜤ‫ךک‬ ‫ޑ‬ύ୯໺಍ೱ่ӧ΋ଆǶ‫ך‬வ೭ԛਓ ำύǴҔԾρ‫ޑ‬БԄ଺٣ǴΨว౜ࡐ ӭᜢ‫ܭ‬Ծρ‫ک‬ৎ৥‫ܿޑ‬ՋǶ

113


Zhongshan (Chungsan)

̒௑"

118


Quick Facts •

^&  %/   *  &!

^&   *  & ३ξ    A&*!B

^& ) D    ''      ᔝ३ξB  !B

^&    *G ! # *GM! "%        ^& !

M! "% .  &<% 6  ^& !

Rooted •

M,<-!,I&%

+*&) /& !!!!ቶܿ࣪ύξѱεᕉ •

<=!,%&) /&

!!!!ቶܿ࣪ύξѱ؅ྛ੐ᜐ‫׸‬

>>?


#/&!

76 86 !

#%*  )/&M ! 120

7  86 !

(R& /!

M6% T


#*  86^& !

#&^& ) *  86 ╥б╫БтАл┘нтАм.

'  9 &!

7  86 !

^&&  86 !

#&!

!

M. !

121


the Former Residence of Sun Yat-Sen

ପÌ&#x2019;à¯&#x2018;á&#x2020;§à®²" M! 9 *!

M! "% A7:B<6  6 /&&á&#x2020;§Õ&#x17D;â&#x20AC;«! &^׸â&#x20AC;¬M! "%   '  '&$&   /.  & <6!'%$*& $=#  /&  .  !M! "%   &  *!

M! 9 * 6!

#& ! 122

 ** '!

 M! !


Cousins Caitlyn Wong, Ryan J. Lee and Derek Lee Caitlyn Wong ,   6/ *F&F&) /&**%

* **& /

  *   !)/ *& 

  & &&

** 6 & & !  

/  *!/  &%

* **  *6* 6*

 R   .!

*& !=  M<  

  **  / /&

** & & / * *

 *&*     

 &! 6&* /

 /& 6  / !

 8* *  !#  / & 

*&   6&  

  !#M /&   /&

/& * /&&  !

   /  *.K&R 

 )   &  P /&

 /& &!

6&&*   &% &M !=*&  //&

    /M /& á&#x2030;śÜż

 S* * U  !I*

࣪Ď?Ξѹξá&#x2022;&#x2030; /& *F&F&)   !

  *S 6 !#

  6&&* /&   

 *=  /  

&*&   !7*

 **&  ! *  

123


 * *6&

=  &*G*

 &  !  &

R&!# * &   

66 * & !# *

&*<&    !R&& 

*  */   &!

&Y6R **&  6&  &%R  *6  !

# *   !"  

I &* /6 

/ !#  G

/  &   *** !I

6 * /  &!' /

/ Q 6&  &

    . S &

SQ        

&&&G !  

R  !7*&& 

 & * !(/

   *&     

 **6/& //S   *

M&*&*!

. *Q*!  &

<.&*  6&

  *F&F&  6*

 *      *!#6

 & * !

*&*. 6& *& !

G  =)  6 &/  * F&F&) &*66* 

Ryan J. Lee

&!=F&F&  & &/ 

I  &**6 & ** *

  !' *    F*%

     &  

/* /&

 6  &   &

  !PII 6  

 !I* M*6 < 

*X6* !

  &R 6&6/ 

G   *  F*

  // 6!  

& *& *F&F&  

 &/  *&

*  &6Y* * !=

&    !P* 

F&F&   &  6/

6<  /& &

F* *  !I 

/ */&! M/ 

=  *  

 /&  *& 6 &%

/&/   &

&  6 *!/&

!I    !  

6/&/ *&66

 &*F&F&   

 !   6

6 / !

 !'&  /&*&&  **Q/ !

I &/ & %  !#&   ** 8  

#  *&/ &

/& /*!G& &

6   *Q 

  .&/ !  

/!  *  /

*Q6&/ *F&F&) 

.G !**6 &U6    

F*!=  &/ 

 * *66/ 

6 / * !

.G 6/**

    G &/ 

6 666!  

      !#&   S *%

/  6    * * 

S  &  ! **

6**  !   **& 

)/&!

/  6 !I& 

124


125


 .  &  

     *6&XX 

6 / !#  * 

&66&6  /  * !G &

6!#    *&

   .*!=  

*  *&*!M     

G   !# *

Y6   &    

6& *&  

66   &&   &

*R6!I  &  6

 *!#  &/  *6

**Q& R  .6*

 G6/  &

6*  *   

  !  &*& 

6&6 *** **&

 /*!

/& !

G& &   

Derek Lee

&& *6    

  & * 8% !#

6!**6  *&)    

   */*    

   !P *

!<6&  &

6&*&R&6 

&Q6%

 *D!  ** 

&  R&&*!A7*B

126


& Q  * R*

 6&& * !

&) /&M  *     ! #* **R 6 66 **& 

 H   * &   

6/& 6*& &!

**/&!:  

I&66*6 * *%

*&6/&6 

*  .66  *   

*  <!I*  6

&-* ,*>W &!I

   6Q  &%

  &/*&&%&&)   != 

     &&6!

**   &* 

I6 /M /&  6&&

*& /M !&

**6!  *=

 6*       6

 6 * !=

& &!# &*  *&

 6   !)8

6R &**6* Q !

& .  &6 ***%

 && R *   &/&&%

6*** / !# 

&&* 6N  &%

 *  *   

 6 /&!

 */ !# * & &  *  Q

=Q>W &  * *!

      G &!  

,&6*&&%&& 6*/

&&  * &&%&&/

 &   /  /*&&%

  *6&& 

&&    !  &

6G6!

  6**6&*) *66&& H* &-*     & 

&  6&&    

  &!=&&%&& / 6/&[

*&  6&6* 

*  6*!

*&&%&& !P   &&%&&8   =   

=& &/  

 &*GG

&/& &!#  

/&!# *  

&&&66 ***

- /!'  & *%

&    !G &

    *  

/&>W &/& //

G* !=.* &*

*6!#  *&

6X 6/

  *   **  *

- !7&     **%

M !

 //66& *!G & ** 

/M  &

  *  &/   

*&&%&&)   "// ** 

!

G6   * &!P/ 6/&   &* 

#  R  D **6!I

&  *&&%&&)  !  

*& *  &&

   _  !8Q*& 

*!#  /*   &/ 

.*   & !# 6

&6&   =)  %

*      G *

6 !I .&/  

*//!#   

6 !<6  127


/  &&/!    / *

  & /&*!&

 *6   * !#

*  6*  R& &*

   

 / /   %

K&&  &6    

&&!     66&6

  !

6&&%&&!I      *!:   &

# *   ***  *!

* N   *&&%&&) 6 

6   &&%&& 6

  * !I     &

  !#& G&6

6 !#   **

  6&*6!'/&*  6

* & !    )6

* *   / 

 **6!

 &. !I 

128


໳჏ើ നࡕǴ‫ך‬ಖ‫ٿޑךکܭ‬Ӝ߄л‫׌‬ӣ‫҆ךډ‬ᒃ‫ޑ‬Р ᒃˇˇϦϦ‫ޑ‬ໂ‫׸‬Ƕ‫ך‬ӧԋߏၸำύ‫ک‬ϦϦஇஇ ΜϩᒃஏǴӭঁපය‫ک‬дॺ΋ଆǶ‫߄ޑך‬л‫׵׌‬ ௴ቺ‫௴׵ک‬໢ӧ‫ך‬۳ೖдॺ‫ک܈‬ৎΓ΋ଆ෠ଷ ਔǴ೿ࢂ‫ך‬ԋߏਔং‫ޑ‬ၯՔǶ‫ך‬ς࿶Ԗࡐӭ‫ޑ‬ਔ ং҂Ԗ‫߄ޑךک‬л‫׌‬Ӆ෠΋ࢤඍ‫ޑז‬ਔӀΑǶ೭ ԛύ୯ϐਓ๏‫ॺך‬೭ঁᐒ཮ǴаԋԃΓ‫يޑ‬ҽቚ у۶Ԝ‫ޑ‬ᇡ᛽Ƕεᕉ‫ॺךࢂ׸‬ΟΓനࡕೖୢ‫ޑ‬ໂ ‫׸‬Ǵٰ࣮҅ӝ่‫ॺך״‬΋ଆ௖ೖӃΓࡺໂ‫ޑ‬ਓ ำǶ ྽‫ܢॺך‬ၲεᕉ‫׸‬ǴٗΞࢂ΋ঁΠߘϺǹεᕉ‫׸‬ ࢂ‫ך‬ϦϦਥྍ‫ޑ‬໒‫ۈ‬ǶѬК‫ॺך‬ς࿶࿶ၸ‫ޑ‬ӭঁ ໂ‫׸‬ၨεǴӕਔჹ‫ॺך‬ΟΓԖ‫׳‬ు‫ޑ‬ཀကǶӭঁ ДٰǴ‫ޑך‬இஇ֋ນ‫ঁ؂‬ΓԶ‫ঁ؂‬Γ೿‫ޕ‬ၰӴ‫ޑ‬ Οঁ৊‫ٽ‬ζஒӣໂ࣮ఈ઒ۚǶ‫܌ॺך‬Ԗ‫ޑ‬ᒃ௏ჹ ‫ޑॺך‬ύ୯ϐਓаϷӧ္ٗ཮ว౜٤ϙሶ֡གᑫ ፪Ƕ‫ॺך‬໼᠋‫ך‬Р҆ӣໂਔ‫ޑ‬ӣᏫǴаϷᙌ࣮வ ᘕ္‫פ‬р‫ޑ‬ᙑྣТǴό‫ޕ‬ၰӧ‫ॺך‬۳ೖ઒ۚ‫ޑ‬ਔ ংǴໂ‫ࢂ׸‬ϙሶኬηǶ Кၨ൳஭‫ॺך‬஥ٰ‫ྣޑ‬ТǴ‫ך‬ว౜Ԝໂ‫׸‬Ԗࡐε ‫ޑ‬ᡂϯǶѬؒԖႽ‫ך‬ӧѠξѱқ؅‫ޑډ࣮׸‬ቃਗ਼ ᙯᡂǴՠգёаག‫ډ‬ύ୯ϐ‫ׯ‬ᡂǴҭӕਔӧ‫ׯ‬ᡂ εᕉ‫׸‬Ƕ౜ӧԖࡐӭٰԾѦӦ‫ޑ‬πΓՐӧ‫္׸‬ ˇˇࡐӭᖱόӕ‫ޑ‬Б‫ق‬Ƕ‫ـ཮ॺך‬Αྣ਑‫ॺך‬઒ ۚ‫ޑ‬ΓǴ΋ჹߏ‫ޣ‬ϻ஁Ƕ‫ۀ‬ηӜћߓMuyǴࢂ΋Ӝ ᇻᒃǴஒ઒ۚચ๏ѦٰπΓǶӴඝ๱‫ޑך‬Ћ΋ଆ ຾Ε઒ۚǴΒΓኖ๱΋‫ע‬ദᏲߘǶ‫ך‬ӆԛ೏ֹӄ ‫ޑ‬ढ़ғΓ‫ޑ‬዗௃Զག‫ډ‬ᡋ೗ǶдॺགྷΨόགྷǴ൩ ៿߆‫߄ޑך‬л‫ךک׌‬຾Εдॺ‫ޑ‬ғࢲ္Ƕ ઒ۚଯԶઞǶգёа࣮‫ྃډ‬Д‫ޑ‬ཞᇑǶΟኴӧ൳ Μԃ߻‫ޑ‬΋ԛ॥ኪࡕςॹ༥ǶՠࢂǴ‫܊‬η္य़к ᅈΑғ਻ˇˇ࠸ηӧ᠐ਜǵታ‫܊‬Ԗଳᠴ१‫ނ‬ǵ╢ ΢බ๱Պ‫ނ‬Ƕ‫ך‬ӧύ୯‫׳‬ໂ‫ޑ׸‬ӦБ࣮‫ډ‬ғࢲ‫ޑ‬ ΋ঁୁय़Ƕջ٬౜ӧǴ‫ך‬ϝΜϩమཱ‫૶ޑ‬ள΋ Ϫˇˇᙁൂ‫ޑ‬ғࢲǴՠкᅈፄᚇ‫ޑ‬Γ‫܄‬Ƕ‫ࡐך‬ଯ ᑫϦϦูԃ‫܌‬Ր‫܊ޑ‬ηǴԋࣁ΋ঁ‫ځ‬дΓ‫׈ޑ‬ៈ ‫܌‬Ƕ ϐࡕǴߓMuy‫ޑ‬Ρϻ஥‫ډॺך‬ϦϦ઒҆‫ߓک‬ᘅ‫ޑ‬ቛ ӦǴдॺӭԃ߻ရӧԜೀǶ‫ޑך‬ϦϦፎ‫ॺך‬੝ձ ߻۳Ԝೀ΢ቛǴа߄ԵࡘǶд֋ນ‫ࡐॺך‬ӭᜢ‫ܭ‬

д઒҆‫ߓک‬ᘅ‫ࡺޑ‬٣ǴдॺӵՖӧд࠸ηՐӧύ ୯‫ޑ‬ਔংǴྣ਑дӭԃǶՠӢࣁΒԛεᏯǴд‫ک‬ д‫ޑ‬л‫׌‬ሡा‫و‬ᗉӣऍǶϐࡕǴԖ໺ᆪᇥд‫ޑ‬઒ ҆‫ߓک‬ᘅӧᏯ‫ݾ‬ύё‫܀‬ӦԝѐǶ‫ޑך‬ϦϦ‫׆‬ఈ‫ך‬ ‫߄ޑ‬л‫פךک׌‬р໺ᆪϐ੿ଷǶ‫ך‬ϦϦགྷ‫ޕ‬ၰд ‫܌‬ང‫ޑ‬઒҆‫ߓک‬ᘅࢂӵՖѐШ‫ޑ‬Ƕ‫ॺך‬ୢߓఘǴ Ӵ֋ນ‫ॺך‬ᇥӴॺࢲளࡐߏǴ٠҂ӧᏯ‫ݾ‬ύԝ ѐǶ྽‫ډ᠋ך‬೭٤၉ਔ‫ࢂך‬ӵՖ‫ޑ‬᚞΋α਻Ƕ‫ך‬ ଯᑫǴӢࣁ‫ך‬ёа֋ນϦϦԖᜢдᒃΓ‫ޑ‬ԜзΓ ‫ݒ‬ኃ‫੃ޑ‬৲Ƕ ‫ॺך‬೏஥΢΋০εξǴᅈթᐋယ‫ک‬හ݅ǶӢࣁΠ ߘӦΠᔸྖǴ‫ډ‬ೀ೿ࢂ‫פ‬Γѕ‫ޑ‬૨ηǶӧόଶΠ ߘΠ΢ԜεξǴ‫ॺך‬ಖ‫ܢܭ‬ၲቛӦǶઠӧϦϦ઒ ҆‫ߓک‬ᘅ‫ޑ‬ቛ߻Ǵ‫ך‬΋ਔ௃ᜤԾςǶ‫߄ޑך‬л‫׌‬ ‫ךک‬మନቛ߻‫ޑ‬ᚇ૛໶݄Ƕӧ‫ॺך‬΢३ᛗ֋ਔǴ ‫הך‬όՐࢬΠఽٰǶ‫߄ॺך‬ᒃΟΓˇˇ΋ৎΓ΋ ଆࡨ౼‫ޑॺך‬઒ӃǶ೭ஒࢂ‫҉ך‬ᇻό཮‫ޑ૶ב‬ӣᏫǶ ӧ‫ך‬೭ঁࡐӭਔং೿ག௃ፂ୏‫ޑ‬ύ୯ϐਓύǴ‫ך‬ ‫߄ޑ‬л‫ॄު׌‬όё‫܈‬લ‫ޑ‬ख़ೢǶӧ‫ך‬൨ਥ‫ޑ‬ၸำ ύǴдॺࢂ‫ך‬നԖΚ‫ޑ‬Ѝ࡭‫کޣ‬നᒃ‫϶ܻޑ‬Ƕ‫ך‬ ഻៿Ԝԛ‫ک‬дॺ΋ଆ‫ޑ‬ᜤ‫ב‬ਓำǴࡐགᐟ೭ঁ٬ ‫׳ૈॺך‬ᒃஏӧ΋ଆ‫ޑ‬ᐒ཮ˇˇόѝࢂৎΓǴΨ ࢂܻ϶Ƕ‫ॺך‬ӧനૄ১‫ޑ‬ਔং࣮‫ډ‬۶ԜࢬఽǴӧ ௃ᜤԾ࿣‫ޑ‬ਔংࣗԿӅনǶ‫ॺך‬ϩ٦΋ঁ٬‫ॺך‬ ‫׳‬ௗ߈‫ޑ‬࿶ᡍǴ΋ঁ‫ॺך‬ӧᝩុԾρӧШࣚ‫ޑ‬ᐕ ำύ࿶த཮ϩ٦‫ޑ‬࿶ᡍǶ྽‫ך‬Ԗੰ߻۳ᙴଣዴߥ ‫ך‬ค٣‫ޑ‬ਔংǴགᖴ‫௴׵‬ቺჹ‫ߥޑך‬ៈ‫ྣک‬਑Ƕ གᖴ‫௴׵‬໢ᡣ‫ך‬ӧύ୯‫ޑ‬ВηǴӢࣁգ‫ޑ‬ᒐ‫ࡉڈ‬ ᓨགǴз‫ך‬Ԗคज़‫៿ޑ‬ઢ‫ک‬༾ઢǶགᖴգॺǴз ‫ך‬ಃ΋ԛᚆ໒ऍ୯‫ޑ‬εਓำࢂӵԜ੿҅‫ޑ‬੝ձǶ ‫௴׵‬໢ ‫૶ך‬ளၨԃᇸ‫ޑ‬ਔংǴපଷ೿‫߄ޑךک‬ᒃՐӧࡂ ட઒Р҆‫ޑ‬ৎύ൳ঁࢃයǴՠӧ‫ߏॺך‬εϐࡕǴ ‫ॺך‬ѝԖӧ࿯В္ω‫ـ‬य़Ƕ྽‫߄ޑך‬л‫௴׵‬ቺ֋ ນ‫ך‬೭ঁ൨ਥ‫ޑ‬ਓำࡕǴѬ᠋ٰࡐԖ፪ǴӢࣁջ ٬ѝࢂ‫߄ޑךک‬ᒃ໳჏ើ΋ଆਓՉςࡐԖ፪Ǵ‫ך‬ ॺவ҂΋ଆਓՉၸǶ೭ࢂ΋ঁ๏‫ॺך‬Ԗ‫׳‬ӭਔ໔ ӧ΋ଆ‫ک‬Ⴝа۳΋ኬ‫׳‬ௗ߈‫ޑ‬ᐒ཮Ƕӧ‫߄ޑך‬ᒃ ፋϷ൨ਥ໨ҞаϷдॺ଺٤ϙሶϐ߻Ǵ‫ך‬வ҂གྷ ‫཮ךډ‬Ԗᐒ཮۳ೖύ୯‫ࡺޑךک‬ໂǶ‫ޕך‬ၰ‫௴׵‬ ቺම‫ޑךک‬઒Р҆ӣໂǴՠٗԛ‫ޑך‬઒Р҆ᇥǴ дॺԃइεΑǴٗࢂдॺനࡕ΋ԛӣໂǶ‫ך‬வ҂ >@?


གྷ‫ࡺډ‬ໂǴ‫ޣ܈‬ӧԜԛਓำϐ߻ǴࣗԿමୢ‫ך‬઒ РԖᜢࡺໂ‫ޑ‬ᅿϪǶ‫ޕך‬ၰӧᏯ‫ݾ‬ϐ߻дԖ൳ԃ ՐӧࡺໂǶӧ᠋‫ךډ‬઒РᖱԖᜢࡺໂ‫ࡺޑ‬٣ࡕǴ ‫ך‬ჹ߻۳ೖୢག‫ډ‬ᑫᏟǶ ‫ך‬઒Р๏‫࣮ך‬΋஭дูԃՐ‫܊ޑ‬η‫ޑ‬ᙑྣТǴٗ ࢂ΋০ӿҥӧቨᗡ‫ݞ‬ᜐ‫܊ޑ‬ηǶ‫ٰࡕך‬ว౜д๏ ‫ྣޑ࣮ך‬ТςԖϖΜԃ‫ޑ‬ᐕўΑǶ‫૶ך‬ள‫ך‬ӧΠ Ѓγ‫ޑ‬ਔংǴ‫ך‬ག‫ډ‬᎜ᡋǴԜೀӧྣТ‫ޑࡕܡ‬ϖ ΜԃഖԖ೭ሶε‫ޑ‬ᡂϯǴ౜ӧѬࣗԿԖ΋০‫୔ޗ‬ ύЈǴ္य़Ԗ΋ঁᝣౚ൑Ƕ‫ࢬݞ܁ڻך‬ӧϙሶӦ Б੃ѨΑǴӢࣁ‫ך‬ѝ࣮‫ډ‬΋చλλ‫ޑ‬ԦࢉΑ‫ྛޑ‬ ዏǴ‫ڬ‬ൎࢂН‫܊ݝ‬ηǶ‫ך‬ว౜೭ࢂӧԜӦπቷπ բ‫ޑ‬ѦٰπΓՐ‫ޑ‬ӦБǶ‫و‬ӛྣТ‫ޑ‬༣Ǵ‫ॺך‬Ӄ ‫ॄפ‬ೢྣ਑઒ۚ‫ޑ‬ΓǴдॺࢂᇻᒃǶдॺ஥‫ॺך‬ ຾Ε઒ۚǴ౜ӧςрચ๏ձΓΑǶኴΠࢂ΋ঁታ ‫܊‬ǴԖ΋Ӝλ‫࠸ت‬ӧ᠐ਜǴΒኴ‫ܫ‬ᅈΑᚈቫ‫׉‬Ǵ ௠ԖࡐӭՊ‫ނ‬Ǵ‫ך‬ག᝺ࢂᚃΕдΓ‫ޑ‬Ր‫܌‬Ƕ‫܊‬η ؒԖܿՋࢂࡐᙑ‫ޑ‬ǴࣗԿ೚ઓᘚ೿ό‫ـ‬ΑǶ‫ך‬ჹ ઒ۚ࿶ၸӭԃྃДࡕϐቃਗ਼‫ׯ‬ᡂǴག‫ډ‬ѨఈǶ ӧ‫ྣکྣܡ‬਑‫܊‬η‫ޑ‬ΓҬፋࡕǴдॺ஥‫ॺך‬۳΋ ঁရӃΓ‫ޑ‬ቛӦѐǶ‫૶ך‬ள‫ך‬઒Р‫ޑ‬ᜫఈϐ΋Ǵ ࢂ‫ډ‬ξ΢дРᒃቛ߻ࡨ౼а߄ԵࡘǶٗਔߘΠள ‫׳‬εǴ٬΢ξऀၸᘀ݅‫ک‬ᐋ݅‫ޑ‬ၡ‫ٌ׳‬धǶ‫ࡐך‬ ᡋဿǴ஥ሦ‫ॺך‬΢ξ‫تޑ‬ΓǴԿϿςԖΐΜྃǴ дऀ๱Γӷ‫ܦ‬ᎠǴ᎞‫׬‬๱ࠆЕࠆ଼݄‫؁‬΢ξǶ࿶ ၸ൳ঁቛӦϐࡕǴ‫ॺך‬ಖ‫ܢܭ‬ၲҞ‫ޑ‬ӦǶ‫߄ޑך‬ ᒃ‫ךک‬ӧቛ߻ᛗ֋Ǵᐯ३౼઒Ƕ‫ך‬᏾ঁਔং೿ӧ གྷǴ‫ࢂॺך‬ӧࣁ઒Р଺Ԝ٣ǴӢࣁдςค‫ݤ‬ӆӣ ٰǶ‫ॺך‬፺ࢬᛗ֋Ǵ‫ؒך‬Ԗϙሶ੝ձ‫ޑ‬ག᝺Ǵନ Α഻৹ǴӢࣁ‫ך‬നࡕૈӣ‫ࡺډ‬ٚӛӃΓठལǴ٠ ‫ܡ‬΋٤ྣТ๏઒РǴ஥๏д΋٤ูԃӧࡺໂ‫܌‬ၸ Вη‫ޑ‬ӣᏫǶ ‫௴׵‬ቺ ‫ॺך‬ӧ΋ঁкᅈ૨η‫ޑ‬ξᓐ΢ξǴߏ೼ະੋǶξ ৩ᔸྖǴӢࣁΠߘǴ‫ޑך‬థᎠᅈࢂ‫ݝ‬ᔬǶߘ᏾Ϻ ‫ޑ‬ΠǴ‫ך‬ᇡࣁ҅ӳଛӝ‫ॺך‬൨ਥ‫ޑ‬࿶ᡍǴ೭ࢂ‫ך‬ ԾவуΕԜीჄࡕ‫ࣰ܌‬ఈ‫ޑ‬ǶȨനࡕǴ‫ډٰך‬೭ ္Ǵȩ‫ך‬གྷǴ҅ӵ‫ך‬ϐ߻฻όϷࡑǴ‫ٿךک‬Ӝന ᒃ‫߄ޑ‬ᒃӕٰ‫ך‬઒Рӧεᕉ‫ޑ‬ໂ‫׸‬Ƕ ! ϐ߻‫ך‬ම‫ךک‬ৎΓ‫ک‬઒Рٰ҆ၸԜೀ΋ԛǴՠவ ҂གྷ‫཮ךډ‬ӆԛ‫ݽ‬΢೭ξᓐǶ‫׬ॺך‬Ր‫ߘޑॺך‬ 130

ദǴྗഢ‫ך‬ёа֋ນ‫߄ޑך‬ᒃǴ‫ॺך‬઒Р‫׵‬Ҹ҇ Μԃ߻ම஥‫ډך‬ԜӦБǶξᓐ΢ࢂ‫ך‬઒РӃΓ‫ޑ‬ ቛოǶჹдٰᇥനख़ा‫ࢂޑ‬д‫ޑ‬઒҆‫ߓک‬ᘅǴд ॺࢂдูԃՐӧεᕉਔྣ៝д‫ޑ‬ΓǶᗨฅдӧऍ ୯рғǴд࿶த֋ນ‫ॺך‬ӧύ୯ԋߏ‫ࡺޑ‬٣Ƕ೭ ঁीჄ๏‫ך‬΋ঁᐒ཮ǴόЗ‫֋ܭ‬ນ‫ޑך‬ৎΓԖᜢ ‫ޑך‬ၸѐԶςǶ‫ٿکך‬Ӝ߄ᒃୖуԜਓำǴ٬‫ך‬ ‫ޑ‬઒РԖӭ΋ঁёЇаԾᇬ‫ࡺޑ‬٣Ǵջд‫ޑ‬Οঁ ৊‫ٽ‬ζමᖄ૳ӣ‫ډ‬д‫ޑ‬ໂ‫׸‬ѐǶ ! Μԃ߻‫ך‬ӧύ୯‫ޑ‬࿶ᡍࢂ‫ך‬ғ‫ڮ‬ύ‫ޑ‬΋ঁٚำ ࿞ǶΑှ‫ך‬઒Рමӧύ୯ۚՐ‫ޑ‬อኩྃДǴ‫࣮ک‬ ‫ךډ‬઒Р࿶தགྷ‫ॺךک‬ϩ٦дමՐӧ္ٗ‫ޑ‬ғࢲ ‫ޑ‬௃‫ݩ‬Ƕ‫ࣁي‬შ৊Ǵ‫ך‬ག‫ډ‬ԖೢҺ૶ள‫ך‬ৎ৥‫ޑ‬ ‫ڒ‬༾‫ޑ‬໒‫ۈ‬ǹ‫ך‬઒РӧдԃѴ‫ޑ‬ਔং೏ଌӣύ୯ ྣ਑д‫ޑ‬઒РǶ‫ך‬઒Р΋ғමӣໂΎԛǴՠд֋ ນ‫ך‬คीჄӆӣѐǶ ! ‫ޑך‬઒Р҆ς࿶ค‫ݤ‬ਓՉΑǴՠؒԖдॺ‫ࡰޑ‬ ᏤǴӧ൨‫ࡺפ‬ໂ΋Ϫ‫ޑ‬ਔংǴ‫཮ך‬ག‫ډ‬଎ѨǶӢ ࣁନΑ‫ޑך‬઒Рܴ҆қ‫ک‬ᖱ๮ᇟаѦǴ‫ॺך‬ৎΓ ค‫ځ‬дΓёᖱ๮ᇟǴӢԶ‫ॺך‬ԖѮε‫ޑ‬ᇟ‫ق‬ም ᛖǶӧΜԃ߻࣮‫ࡺډ‬ໂϐࡕǴ‫ך‬வ҂གྷ‫཮ךډ‬ӆ Ԗᐒ཮ख़ٰǶ‫ޔ‬Կ‫ך‬ᇡ᛽ᎄ୯‫ک‬Ǵд‫ޕ‬ၰ‫ޑך‬ৎ ৥ٰԾεᕉǴ዗௃‫ࣗ׳‬Ƕ ᎄ୯‫ک‬Ԑԃම۳εᕉǴᔅշ‫ך‬઒Р‫߄ޑ‬ᒃ"/ ຑቩӴРᒃ੮Π‫ޑ‬ӣᏫǴٗࢂӴ҅ӧኗቪ‫ޑ‬΋ҁ ਜ‫׷ޑ‬਑Ƕӧ‫ࣗך‬Կ֋ນᎄ୯‫ک‬ᜢ‫ךܭ‬઒ۚ‫ޑ‬٣ ϐ߻Ǵд‫פ‬р΋஭ྣТǴࡰрдᇡࣁٗ҅ࢂ‫ך‬઒ Р‫܊ޑ‬ηǶٗࢂ΋஭ᙑྣТǴᡉҢ΋০Οቫଯ‫ޑ‬ ‫܊‬ηǶ‫ޑזࡐך‬ջวอૻ๏‫ޑך‬઒Р҆Ǵፎдॺ ዴᇡٗࢂдॺ‫܊ޑ‬ηǶдॺเࢂǴՠᇥ࿶ၸε॥ ኪࡕΟኴς੃ѨǶдॺӧϝ҂ࣁ‫ॺך‬ԏ໣ҺՖಒ ࿯ϐ߻Ǵჹᎄ୯‫ک‬ග‫ٮ‬Ԗᜢ‫܊‬η‫ޑ‬ၗ਑ࣁϐઓ ۳Ƕ ! ჹ‫ٰך‬ᇥǴᎄ୯‫ک‬ϞԃၨԐਔම߻۳၀ೀٰ࣮ό ѝࢂ΋ঁଽӝǺ೭ࢂ΋ঁమཱ‫ߞޑ‬৲Ǵ֋ນ‫ך‬౜ ӧࢂӣໂ‫ޑ‬ਔংΑǶ೭όѝࢂ‫ך‬ќ΋ঁӣໂ‫ޑ‬ ᐒ཮Ǵӕਔҭё٬‫ך‬ೱ่‫߄ޑך‬ᒃǴ‫௴׵‬໢‫ک‬໳ ჏ើǶԖдॺ΋ଆǴ‫ޕך‬ၰ೭ஒࢂ΋ঁ‫ॺך‬ёа ‫ک‬઒Р҆ϩ٦‫ޑ‬ў၃Ԅ࿶ᡍǴдॺჹ‫ॺך‬ϐӣύ ୯ǴЇаԾᇬǶ


ӧЃγ‫ܢ‬ၲεᕉࡕǴѬК‫૶ך‬ள‫ޑ‬ၨεǶᎄ୯‫ک‬ ஥‫ॺך‬۳‫ߓـ‬Muy‫ک‬Ӵ‫ޑ‬ΡϻǴдॺϞԃၨԐම‫ک‬ ᎄ୯‫ـک‬य़ǶߓMuy‫ک‬Ӵ‫ޑ‬ΡϻҞ߻҅ྣ៝‫܊‬ηǶ ӧಃ΋ԛ࣮‫܊ډ‬ηਔ‫ך‬҂ૈᇡ‫ډ‬ѬǴՠߓMuy૶ள ‫ॺך‬΢ԛٰೖ‫ޑך‬ৎΓǶдॺҞ߻ஒ‫܊‬ηચ๏΋ ঁԖλ࠸‫ޑ‬ৎ৥Ǵ΢ԛ‫ٰך‬Ԝ௃‫ࢂ҅ݩ‬ӵԜǶд ॺࡐଯᑫ‫ޑ‬஥ሦ‫ୖॺך‬ᢀ‫܊‬ηǴӢԶ‫߄ޑך‬ᒃ‫ک‬ ‫ך‬ёа௖઩ϝฅӿӸ‫ٿޑ‬ቫኴǶᡉҢ๏߄ᒃ࣮઒ РමՐӧϙሶӦБࢂ΋ᅿ‫ޑ܁ڻ‬ག᝺Ǵՠ‫܊‬ης คҺՖ‫ॺך‬ৎ৥‫ނޑ‬ҹᒪ੮ΠٰǶ ᗨฅ္य़ؒԖឦ‫ޑॺךܭ‬ჴ‫ނ‬Ǵ‫ॺך‬གྷ஥΋٤ܿ ՋӣৎǴᡣ઒РЈӼǶӧ‫ॺך‬ᚆ໒ϐ߻Ǵ઒Рම ा‫ॺך؃‬ୢߓMuyӴࢂց‫ޕ‬ၰд‫ޑ‬઒҆‫ߓک‬ᘅӧд ᚆໂϐࡕวғϙሶǶԖ໺ᆪᇥдॺӧВҁߟ๮ਔ ‫ډڙ‬सࡑ‫ک‬೏ఠǶдགྷ‫ޕ‬ၰӧдูԃਔྣ៝д‫ޑ‬ ғ‫ڮ‬ύ‫ঁٿޑ‬ख़ा‫ޑ‬Γ‫ޑ‬΋٤੿࣬ǶߓMuyዴჴд ‫ޑ‬઒҆‫ߓک‬ᘅ྽ਔ֡ૈ଒ຽǴᗉ໒ΑВҁΓǶ‫פ‬ р೭٤เਢКவࡺۚ஥ӣ‫ޑ‬ҺՖइ‫܈ࠔۺ‬Ў‫׳ނ‬ ࣁख़ाǶӧ‫܊‬η੮Π΋ࢤਔ໔ࡕǴ‫ך‬གྷᡣ‫߄ޑך‬ ᒃ࣮࣮‫ॺך‬ӃΓՏ‫ܭ‬ξ΢‫ޑ‬ቛӦǶ !

΢ξ‫ޑ‬ၡӵ‫૶܌ך‬ள‫ޑ‬ΜϩᜤՉǶԜԛ‫ࡷޑ‬Ꮿࢂ ӧߘύ‫ݝ‬ᔬύ΢ξǶԖ൳ԛ‫ך‬ଶӧ‫ך‬аࣁࢂӃΓ ‫ޑ‬ቛ߻Ǵՠ࣮‫ߓډ‬Muy‫ޑ‬Ρϻ҅ӧᇻೀ฻ংǶന ࡕ‫ډٰॺך‬ቛӦǴྗഢࡨ౼Ƕ‫௴׵‬໢‫ךک‬మନቛ ߻‫ڬ‬ൎ‫ޑ‬ഁ૛໶݄Ƕ‫ॺך‬Ҕߘദ፿Ᏺ॥ߘǴεৎ ೿؈ᓨόᇟǶߘᝩុӧΠǴ‫ߘࢂޑډ᠋܌ך‬ᅀӧ Ӧ΢‫ޑ‬ᖂॣǴԶ‫ॺך‬ӧགྷᔈӛӃΓᖱ٤ϙሶǶ ! ೭ঁሺԄჹ‫߄ך‬ᒃ‫ٰךک‬ᇥǴࢂ΋ঁ੝ձ‫ޑ‬ਔ ‫څ‬Ƕ‫ך‬གྷ‫ךࢂޑډ‬઒Рჹ‫܌ॺך‬ԖΓ೿ӧ೭္཮ ག‫ډ‬ӵՖԾᇬǶӧԜਓำύ‫ࡐך‬ӭਔংགྷǴࢂϙ ሶз‫ך‬ӆԛӣٰԜӦǶԖ‫߄ޑך‬ᒃӧ‫يޑך‬ᜐ΋ ଆࡨ౼‫ॺך‬ӃΓǴٗࢂϐ߻‫ॺך‬҂ම཮གྷ‫ޑډ‬Ƕ ‫ॺך‬ӧӛ‫ޑॺך‬઒Р‫ޑ‬ӃΓठལǴд҉ᇻό཮‫ב‬ ૶дॺǶᗨฅ‫ך‬ѝ೽ҽॄೢ‫߄ޑך‬ᒃୖуԜी ჄǴ‫ޕך‬ၰдॺԖҁ‫ي‬གྷѐ‫ޑ‬౛җǶՠ‫ॺך‬Ԗ΋ ঁӅӕ‫ޑ‬চӢǴࢂૈж߄઒Рӣ‫ډ‬д‫ࡺޑ‬ໂǶ‫ך‬ ॺགྷࣁдӛӃΓठལǶӧ္ٗ‫ॺך‬όѝж߄Α‫ך‬ ॺ‫ޑ‬ৎ৥ǹ‫ॺך‬ӕਔж߄Α઒Р‫ޑ‬л‫ۂۊ׌‬Ǵ‫ک‬ дॺ‫ޑ‬ৎ৥Ƕ‫ঁ؂ॺך‬Γ೿ᇥΑ൳ѡ၉Ǵம‫ה‬๱ ఽǶ೭ࢂӭঁДٰ‫ࣰך‬ఈԜਓำ཮р౜‫ޑ‬΋‫څ‬Ƕ ‫ך‬ӕਔ‫ޕ‬ၰ೭ஒό཮ࢂ‫ך‬ӣٰ‫ޑ‬നࡕ΋ԛǶ

131


Ryan M. Lee

á&#x2039;¼â¶&#x2026;à¦&#x2018; # &R  6!

  *  6Q *! & 6**

)/  6&!'*& 

Q!' /    

)/    &K&!#  

6 **!

 &'*=,&*/  .* !  & %

#*!6  *!

*    @W>>!

I** . & $&!#Q  & ! 

  R &&&*  *

*  )// %

&!&&.&

* !(/&* &  

*  &&&&*%

&6     

/ / G!P *  

Q*! * 

*6!7* %

 * *!

/  &  *&&!=

134


I&& / **  F&&/!     **6  Y * !7. **  )&6   &&  ! *Q &6 *Q6/*/Y & )  ! <&*/&   &&Q! &  6*&) &  6G*!,&*&) %     .&Q     *! ,&6 //Q 6& 6 * %.* &!  //Q 6  /  * !  Q&*6* & )  !

135


136


೭ঁ൨ਥ‫ޑ‬ਓำࢂзΓᜤа࿼ߞ‫ޑ‬Ƕ ‫ך‬ό‫ޕ‬ၰவՖ໒‫ۈ‬Ƕ‫ࣗך‬Կό‫ޕ‬ၰ೭ஒ཮ࢂϙሶ ኬη‫ޑ‬Ƕ‫ٿ‬ԃϐ߻‫ୖך‬уΑഝᘶᖰ൨ਥ໨ҞǶ‫ך‬ ࢂคᆒѺߍӦǴӧ‫ۂۂޑך‬ԾՉ،‫ۓ‬Πฦ૶ୖу ‫ޑ‬Ǵ‫ۂۂך‬ӧ2011ԃමୖу၀ਓำǶ ‫ך‬໒‫ޑۈ‬ਔংόၸࢂ‫وو‬ၸ൑ǴؒԖགྷ‫ډ‬ϙሶǶ ‫ֹך‬ԋΑำ‫ׇ‬ǵ༤Ҭ߄਱ǵࣴ‫ز‬ৎ᛼ǵ‫ک‬ଽԶ଺ ΋٤ᒿཀ‫ޑ‬ೖୢǶฅࡕӧ฻ংΑ‫ٿ‬ԃǴрว‫ޑ‬ਔ ໔‫ډ‬ΑǶৎΓǴ੝ձࢂӧύ୯ߏε‫ߏޑ‬፸Ǵჹ‫ך‬ ߻۳ύ୯೿ག‫ډ‬ԾᇬǶ‫ۂۂޑך‬ӕਔ֋ນ‫ך‬೭ஒ ࢂ΋ঁ΋ғᜤ‫ޑב‬࿶ᡍǶӧ‫׳‬ௗ߈рว‫ޑ‬ВηǴ ‫ـ׳ך‬ᑫᏟǶՠࢂǴ‫ך‬ϝฅό‫ޕ‬ၰԜਓำஒ཮ࢂ ϙሶኬηǴаϷஒ཮ჹ‫ך‬ғ‫ڮ‬ԖϙሶቹៜǶ ฅࡕٰΑǶ‫ך‬Ⴝ‫ځ‬дႽ‫ך‬΋ኬ‫ޑ‬Γ΋ଆ΢ᐒǶ‫ך‬ ॺӧύ୯๱ഌǴฅࡕಃ΋‫ڹ‬ӧ໒ѳၸ‫ڹ‬Ƕٗঁ࿶ ᡍࢂ΋ঁࡐε‫ޑ‬Ўϯ᎜ᏴǶ‫ࣁي‬๮ဴǴ‫ך‬வ҂Ꮲ ಞၸύ୯‫ޑ‬ಞ߫Ƕ‫؂‬΋ኬܿՋǴவၸଭၡ‫ډ‬ӧᓓ ᓔమዅգ‫ޑ‬࿙ᅷǴჹ‫ٰך‬ᇥ೿ࢂཥᗲ‫ޑ‬࿶ᡍǶ ‫ך‬а໒‫ޑܫ‬ᄊࡋٰௗ‫ڙ‬ǴᏢಞ೭٤ೕጄǴ‫؂‬Ϻ΋ ঁǶ όӧ൨ਥ‫ޑ‬ਔংǴ‫ޑॺך‬იᡏ߻۳ቶܿ࣪ӭঁӜ യୖᢀǶ‫ॺך‬ҔΑคኧঁλਔᔒӧλЃγ္ᓐǴ Ѭၩ‫ऀॺך‬ఖٰ۳ӚೀǶӧ‫ޑך‬ғ‫ڮ‬ύ೭ࢂ‫ך‬ಃ ΋ԛǴ٠ߚႽவҔఈᇻ᜔‫᜔ޑ‬ᓐύٰΑှύ୯Ƕ ‫ך‬ว౜‫ך‬ϐ߻வፐҁ᎙᠐Ԗᜢύ୯ϐ࿶ᡍǴ๏‫ך‬ ჹ೭ঁ୯ৎ‫ޑ‬ᐕў‫ޕ‬᛽ࡐϿǶ ӧࡺໂ൨ਥǴΨࢂ΋ঁΜϩௗӦ‫ޑ‬࿶ᡍǶ‫ך‬Ԗᐒ ཮࣮‫ךډ‬઒Рӧ߻۳ऍ୯ϐ߻ԋߏ‫ޑ‬ӦБǶӧᕅ ΢௠΢‫ޑ‬઒Р‫ྣޑ‬ТǴΨࢂ΋ᅿࡐкჴ‫ޑ‬࿶ᡍǴ Ӣࣁ‫ך‬᝺ளύ୯ࢂд੿҅‫ޑ‬ৎǶ ӣ៝΋ΠǴ‫ך‬வ҂གྷ‫ډ‬೭ঁਓำё๏‫ך‬೭ሶӭԾ ‫ֹך‬ԋ‫ޑ‬ག᝺‫ޕک‬᛽Ƕ‫ך‬ϐ߻๊ό཮གྷ‫ډ‬೭ঁਓ ำԋࣁ‫ך‬຾΋‫؁‬Αှύ୯Ўϯ‫ک‬ৎ৥ᐕў‫ޑ‬᝻ ൞Ƕ‫ך‬৖ఈ҂ٰё௖઩‫׳‬ӭ‫ঁך‬Γ‫ޑ‬໺‫܍‬ǴаϷ ᙦ൤‫ޑ‬ύ୯ᐕўǶ 137


138


>_?


Nanhai (Namhoi)

‫خ‬ᜏ"

142


Quick Facts â&#x20AC;¢

: :*    &   * " Î&#x;Ù&#x201C;!#  ; ; à¸&#x17E;ࣼ   ໩á&#x2030;º!

â&#x20AC;¢

# : :* * A  !B

â&#x20AC;¢

: :*  6aM  @>VP / 6*%/   *&6 6*& 7  7  Õ&#x2022;ξ.

â&#x20AC;¢

7  7   %/   *

7 P!

â&#x20AC;¢

# 7  7  * AP*!B

â&#x20AC;¢

I&7'&໳०á&#x2014;¶ &**  " Man á&#x20AC;&#x161;à­¢ I&**  P, /  : :* 7  7  !

Rooted â&#x20AC;¢

 ;&%&) /&

!!!á&#x2030;¶Ü¿à£ªá&#x2030;¶Ô&#x20AC;ѱà &#x201E;à©&#x2021;á&#x2122;¦à®¢â&#x20AC;«×¸â&#x20AC;¬

143


*6  7  7  !

48  7  7  !

#7  #*!

 7  7  !

#< & D  7  7  !

L&6 *67  7  !   7  7  !

7  7  7  ! 144

,  7  #*!

/&6  7  7  !


Foshan Ancestral Temple θà¯&#x2018;ứàµ&#x2122;" 7  #* M *%   . 6 & % 6=&M ! # *     P  :F   / % /  F&&!G ;) <6    >?V?  *   % /  7  = = *! !

6 7  7   #*!

 &Y !

  &U!

#< & 7  7   #*Õ&#x2022;ξàª&#x2019;ã¢&#x2C6;! 145


Guangzhou

൝ಮ"

146


Quick Facts â&#x20AC;¢

F& F&&!

â&#x20AC;¢

 >_*    **% , &  , & S,&PS* !

â&#x20AC;¢

F& **&6;</M!

â&#x20AC;¢

F& ./: &&/& *&  *  !

â&#x20AC;¢

F&)  * ;à¸&#x17E;ࣼ/* 6 *   ;"* !

â&#x20AC;¢

M&^M 6   *! ,& ./   G* 

/&./ 6& ./ * !#6    ) *!#./ 6& G6./ *  /6 &/ !'    c<*)Ô²à ¤ c<( ) & !

Rooted â&#x20AC;¢

 ;&%&*) /& á&#x2030;¶Ô&#x20AC;ѱÒ&#x203A;໦à­&#x201D;Ԣଯá&#x2122;¼à»¢á&#x2122;¦â&#x20AC;«×¸â&#x20AC;¬

147


# =-< !

#< &  D =-< . *!

M  F&!

 =-< !

  &/& F&!

<6  . *!

*&=M) *! 148

 F&!


P6 8  F&!

F&!

# 6F&&/   L !

8 !

#< & D F&&/   L !

7666  ! P  !

7/ !

( P !

66&   ! >V?


Christine Phung

ã&#x2039;&#x2019;à¬&#x2DC;â&#x2019;² M=%=    666 **Q%

 . 6& *\  

  .   /&6

  !

 * !I/Q *  **  * Q**

#   ** /R< 

  L*    *6

/ /&!#&*8

  !" * 

/   &*6*. *

  **   /&

 66*

L*     

 !. * 

* L*!I  */ 

6       !"

  * 

* 6& * &%

 *!" 6

*L*6/&;!"/

Q     & 

   &  

 /. 6& L* \*

*6L* - / 

150


& ! /; >??]**R/&!

"%"     /  *6       !=6   *X & */& *   ! "%") /&. 6 .*  "%") /& /&% &6 ! * * * & D &  ."%") ) *!   &6& 6;& * Y * / Y**)  * !I  * */&&  & Q *   A#) *  *!B=6   *&* .  ;! "/&  & /    6& %F&  8R  * ! 6 & **& *   &6 *        * 151


  !& *

   / 6) &/*&/

 !: /  *66

 */&!#   

  ** 

 Q6   H6&

 ) &6 &  * 

**6&*&*&* *

!

U6 "%"*!

     

I* /  

  /!:*%

/   *Q*< &*!  

*6 *   

   & /&

66*  **/!

/&   *&

  Y !  6

Q .*!     

* &   G66

/*& 6U* 

   !    &

&  6& &

/& *&/ %

*R & *.* !

 R X   !  P    *&%

  /6* 6&6%

) *T=&Q / 

8** & 6   

* 6 6P G* 

   !#    &&6

& * A: ) "%") 

  *Q 66  

*!B /&& N *  

** !  /

I& /6"%") Q*! 

    & 

152


153


154


   U*R!I ** */ 6*6 ! **     &/& 6  &Q/&6/&  &&! "*  Y /& 6/&&!   *6 X*  G*&   /% &!   *!& *6/&; * &*Q <     G   6Y *% &. * 6  !

,/ "F&

155


ᒃང‫ޑ‬䣴䣴Ǵ ‫۩ࡐך‬ၮǴаாࡕжಃ΋ঁΓԖᐒ཮ӣ‫ډ‬ா‫ޑ‬ਥ ྍǴ‫ޑך‬ਥྍ‫يޑ‬ҽǴ֋ນா‫ך‬ԜՉ‫ޑ‬΋٤࿶ ᡍǶҺՖਔং྽‫֋ך‬ນձΓ‫ך‬ৎ৥ࢂٰԾϙሶӦ Б‫ޑ‬ਔংǴ‫֋཮ך‬ນдॺா‫ޑךک‬Р҆೿ࢂຫࠄ ဴǴ൩Ⴝ‫ࢂך‬๮ဴ΋ኬǴՠӧ௼ဴ΢य़Ǵ‫ॺך‬೿ ࢂ๮ΓǶாѝᖱ࿵ᇟǴԶாࡐӭਔংගᒬ‫ॺךך‬ ࢂ๮ΓǴջ٬ӧ੝ձ‫ޑ‬Вηாฆ‫ࢂޑ‬ຫࠄ๼ǴԶ ா‫ޑ‬΋ғε೽ҽਔ໔ࢂӧຫࠄၸ‫ޑ‬Ƕ྽‫࣮ך‬ύ୯ ႝቹ‫ޑ‬ਔংǴா཮ࡰрฝय़‫ޑ‬ዿҖǴ֋ນாၸѐ ӧύ୯‫ޑ‬ਔংමӧҖ္πբǶாࡐϿᖱாӧύ୯ ‫ޑ‬࿶ᡍǴӢԶ‫ך‬࿶த‫܁ڻ‬Ǵ྽ாᇡࣁԾρࢂ๮Γ ‫ޑ‬ਔংǴாࢂӵՖӕਔᇡӕຫဴ‫يޑ‬ҽˇˇ൩Ⴝ ‫ך‬ᇡӕ๮ဴ‫يޑ‬ҽ΋ኬǶ ϞԃহϺǴ‫ך‬Ԗᐒ཮ୖу൨ਥϐਓ‫ډ‬ύ୯ਓՉǴ ӣ‫ډ‬ா‫ࡺޑ‬ໂǶीჄሡा‫ך‬ೖୢாǴӢࣁԜբ ཰Ǵ‫ך‬ಃ΋ԛୢϷாӧύ୯‫ޑ‬ғࢲ‫ޑ‬௃‫ݩ‬ǴԶா ٗԛ‫܌‬ᖱ‫ޑ‬ǴόЗ‫ܭ‬ዿҖΑǶ‫ך‬ಃ΋ԛ‫ޕ‬ၰாӧ ‫ྃٿ‬ਔමӣ‫ډ‬ா‫ޑ‬ਥྍӦǶாǴா‫҆ޑ‬ᒃ‫ک‬ா‫ޑ‬ л‫ۂۊ׌‬ഉӕாԖੰ‫ޑ‬઒Рவຫࠄӣ‫ډ‬พࣼ‫ޑ‬ໂ ΠǶாӧ္ٗՐΑό‫ٿى‬ԃǴ‫ޔ‬Կா઒РѐШࣁ ЗǴฅࡕாॺᖐৎӣ‫ډ‬ຫࠄǴ଒ᗉВҁΓ‫ߟޑ‬ ౣǶ‫ך‬ว౜ாමӧ΋ΐΐΖԃමӣพࣼ΋ԛǴٗ ჹ‫߻ך‬۳ாࡺໂ‫ޑ‬ೖୢԖ‫܌‬ᔅշǶ Ծӧ‫ך‬΋ྃεྭྭѐШϐࡕǴ‫ך‬வٰჹдؒԖᇡ ᛽Ǵՠ‫ࡐך‬ӭਔং೿‫܁ڻ‬дࢂ࡛ኬ‫ޑ‬΋ঁΓǶ‫܈‬ ‫ޣ‬ா‫ي‬΢ߥ੮‫܈‬ϸࢀΑд‫ޑ‬΋٤೽ҽǴٗ٤೽ҽ ࢂ‫کך‬ா΋ଆғࢲ߈ΒΜԃ‫ޕ܌‬ၰ‫ޑ‬Ƕ‫ך‬Ӄ‫ྭډ‬ ྭ‫ࡺޑ‬ໂǴՠ‫ॺך‬ค‫ݤ‬ዴჴ‫ࢂٗॺך‬ցӧд‫ࡺޑ‬ ໂǴӢࣁдॺ٠ค΋ঁৎ᛼ё๏‫ୖॺך‬ԵǶ‫ך‬Ҕ Αε೽ҽਔ໔ӧ઒ቴǴ฻ংሦᏤ‫۔ک‬঩࣮ࢗइᒵ ‫פک‬рྭྭРᒃ‫ޑ‬ӜӷǶ‫ך‬ค‫ݤ‬ҔЎӷٰ‫׎‬৒‫ך‬ ӧቴϣ࣮‫ڬډ‬ൎቪԖ໱‫ޑۉ‬ӜӷǴԶ‫ך‬ѝ࣮‫ךډ‬ ৎΓӜӷ‫ޑ‬ག᝺Ƕ྽‫ۉޑךډ࣮ך‬М‫څ‬ӧ΋০ε ‫ޑ‬ҡ࿞΢य़ਔǴ‫ך‬ག‫ډ‬ལࣙǴѝૈᇥȨ೭ࢂ‫ޑך‬ ‫ۉ‬Ƕȩ‫ޣ܈‬ாӧಃ΋ԛ຾Εพࣼ‫ޑ‬ਔংǴா཮ܴ қӕኬ‫ޑ‬ག‫ڙ‬Ƕ

ா‫ࡺޑ‬ໂǴϝฅၭ‫ښ׸‬ၰΜ‫ى‬ǴᗨฅѬՏ‫ܭ‬ϞϺ 156

ቶԀόᇻ‫ޑ‬ӦБǴԶቶԀࢂ΋ঁ‫זࡐך‬൩ёа፾ ᔈ‫ځ‬౜жࡌᑐ‫ک‬ғࢲ॥਱‫ࠤޑ‬ѱǶ‫ך‬ӧਓำύ΋ ‫ޔ‬ᖱ࿵ᇟǴҔ࿵ᇟ‫ک‬ε೽ҽ‫ޑ‬ҁӦΓྎ೯Ǵՠ྽ ‫ډـך‬ா‫߄ޑ‬ᒃ‫ޑ‬ਔংǴ‫ך܁ڻך‬ค‫ܴݤ‬қӴ‫܌‬ ᖱ‫ޑ‬Б‫ق‬Ƕՠ‫ך‬ёаᇡ‫ךډ‬வாᖱ၉ύ᠋‫ޑډ‬ᜪ ՟‫ޑ‬αॣǶคΓම࿶ᇥ‫ך‬ႽாǴՠ‫ך‬ଯᑫ‫ډ᠋ޑ‬ ‫ޑך‬΋٤ӕՔᇥ‫ך‬Ⴝா߄ᒃ‫ޑ‬ζ‫ٽ‬ǴӢࣁ‫ך‬ᇡࣁ Ӵ‫ک‬ாԖᜪ՟‫ޑ‬੝ቻǶ ‫ך‬ୢா‫߄ޑ‬ᒃࢂցԖா‫ྣޑ‬ТǴா‫܌‬ᖱ‫ޑ‬ዿҖ‫ޑ‬ ྣТǴ‫ک‬ாමՐၸ‫܊ޑ‬η‫ྣޑ‬ТǶς࿶ؒԖ೭٤ ྣТ੮ΠٰΑǴՠӴ஥‫ډך‬ாමՐ‫܊ޑ‬η‫ޑ‬Ӧ БǴ౜ӧςࢂ΋০౜ж‫ࡌޑ‬ᑐ‫ނ‬ǴԖΓۚՐǶ‫ך‬ ԖᗺѨఈǶ‫ځ‬д‫ޑ‬൨ਥ‫ޣ‬೿ૈௗ᝻‫ډ‬дॺӃΓᒪ Π‫ޑ‬΋ᗺܿՋǴԶ‫ך‬ค‫ޕݤ‬ၰாමӧϙሶӦБπ բ‫ک‬ၯᔍǶ྽‫ך‬ӧໂ‫ڬ׸‬ൎ‫ޑو‬ਔংǴ‫ך‬੮ཀ‫ډ‬ ӧ΋చ೯ၰ΢य़‫ޑ‬΋༧ҡ΢Ǵଳృճပ‫څޑ‬Ԗ΋ ٤ύЎӷǶ‫ך‬ୢሦ໗ႜལЎٗࢂϙሶǴдᇥٗࢂ ‫ך‬઒Р‫ޑ‬ӜӷǼ‫ޑך‬ӕՉ೿ག‫ډ‬ᑫᏟǴࣁ‫کך‬ҡ ༧‫ܡ‬Αӭ஭ྣТǴՠལЎӧჹྣ΋٤ર஭ϐࡕ ᇥǴȨόǴٗόࢂாྭྭ‫ޑ‬ӜӷǶȩ‫ך‬ᔈ၀྽ਔ ջ‫ݙ‬ཀ‫ޑډ‬ǴӢࣁҡ΢‫څޑ‬ӷࢂ‫ۉ‬໳Ǵٗόёૈ ࢂྭྭ‫ޑ‬ӜӷǶՠࢂǴӧா‫ࡺޑ‬ໂว౜ாΡϻӕ ኬ‫ޑ‬Ӝӷ‫څ‬ӧ‫وך‬ၸ‫ޑ‬ၰၡ‫ޑ‬ҡ΢Ǵࢂࡐຬ౜ჴ ‫ޑ‬Ƕ೭ঁԖ፪‫ޑ‬ଽӝࢂќ΋ঁٗ٤ค‫ݤ‬ᇥܴ‫ޑ‬੝ ձ௃‫ݩ‬ǺѬ๏‫ޑך‬൨ਥ࿶ᡍ஥ٰᜤ‫ޑב‬ઢᖂǴ‫ک‬ ๏ྭྭǴாǴ‫ךک‬஥ٰ΋ᅿόё‫ق‬േ‫ޑ‬ೱ่Ƕ ྽‫ך‬ӣ‫ډ‬ऍ୯ࡕǴ‫۩ך‬ၮ‫ޑ‬Ԗ൳ঁࢃයٰ‫ـ‬ாǴ ֋ນா‫ୖך‬у൨ਥीჄ‫ޑ‬࿶ᡍǶӧ‫ॺך‬΋ଆ࣮‫ך‬ ாࡺໂ‫ྣޑ‬ТԶா٩ี૶ளӧாॺ‫܊ޑ‬ηୁќԖ ΋০઒ቴԶ‫ך‬ϒаዴჴਔǴ‫ࡐך‬ЇаԾᇬǶ྽‫ך‬ ๏ா࣮‫ך‬ӧ‫ܦ‬΋ᓐНФ‫ޑ‬ᛣ઩൳Я‫ޑؤډ‬ᒵႽ ਔǴா֤ଆٰ‫ٿ‬౳วӀǴઢǴ֋ນ‫ך‬഻៿࣮೭ᒵ Ⴝ‫׳‬ӧ࣮ႝቹϐ΢ਔǴ‫ך‬ག‫ډ‬ᄪᚲǶ ӧύ୯Ǵ‫ޑך‬ӕՉᇡࣁ‫ך‬ёаҔ࿵ᇟ‫کޑ୼ى‬Γ ྎ೯Ǵՠ‫ޕך‬ၰӧ‫ک‬ாྎ೯ਔ٠ߚӵԜǶ‫ॺך‬࿶ தԖᇟ‫ޑق‬႖ሖǴӢࣁ‫ך‬ค‫ݤ‬Ҕ‫ך‬Ԗज़‫ޑ‬࿵ᇟٰ кҽ߄ၲǶ‫׆ך‬ఈ‫ך‬ёаҔ࿵ᇟ֋ນா೭΋ϪǴ ᠐р೭٤।΢‫ޑ‬ύЎǴ‫ک‬Ҕᇟ‫ق‬మධᖱрாჹ‫ך‬


ਓำ‫ޑ‬ቹៜǶ྽‫ך‬வύ୯ӣٰࡕǴ‫ך‬٠҂᝺ள‫ך‬ ‫ޑ‬࿵ᇟԖ‫ׯ܌‬๓Ǵՠ‫ך‬ག‫کךډ‬ா‫ޑ‬ᒃೱ‫׳‬ஏǶ ӧ‫ॺך‬ፋϷாࡺໂ‫ޑ‬ਔ‫္څ‬Ǵ‫ך‬ς࿶ག‫کډ‬ா‫׳‬ ௗ߈ǴӢࣁϩ٦ම۳ೖாࡺໂ‫ޑ‬࿶ᡍǴຬຫΑᇟ ‫ޑق‬ज़‫ڋ‬Ƕ ா֋ນ‫ך‬ӵ྽ԃ‫ך‬ၨε΋ᗺǴ‫ॺך‬ёа΋ଆӣா ‫ࡺޑ‬ໂǶৎ৥‫ޑ‬ቹៜ࿶தගᒬ‫ך‬ǴӢԶ྽ӧύ୯ ਓՉਔǴ‫ך‬࿶த‫ޑ‬གྷଆΑாǶӧࢌᅿำࡋ΢Ǵா ࢂ‫ךک‬ӧ΋ଆǶᗨฅ‫ך‬྽ԃค‫ݤ‬ഉாӣพࣼǴ‫ך‬ ‫׆‬ఈவϩ٦‫ך‬൳ঁࢃය‫ޑ‬൨ਥ࿶ᡍύǴ‫ך‬ёаࣁ ா଺΋ᗺᗺϙሶǴӵӕாॺಃ΋ԛӣ‫ډ‬ਥྍӦࣁ ா઒Р‫ޑ଺܌‬΋ኬǶ ངாǴ ா‫ޑ‬৊ζ

157


Shenzhen (Samzan)

ᝬ࢈"

160


Quick Facts •

  6%/   *  I & !

  *  P)ᝊӼᑜ.

  ) . \*   \ (% *^ !

 * &;&<% 6L*!

   %& &  !

* A B    %   /  *     . !

; 6 * (*^&%  ** 6/ '  !

Rooted •

=%*&%&%&) /&

!!!!ቶܿ࣪ుӥѱᢀ᝔ክ֞৩΢ൎ‫׸‬

161


P/ *&&!

!

)  &6& !

= * !

P&6 . * G &6*'&$&!

<:& &6 &! #!

6 ! 162

;!

6&!


#&/*6& ) /&!

#* /  ) 6& !

I& ) /&!

  D P) !

7&    &  / !

) . !

163


Steely Morneau

ă&#x192;˝á&#x2021;ˇă&#x2022;˛ =*  / ŕ´&#x2039; /&  &  

6   ' 

&6 !#. &

 &6(&   / 

6!á&#x160;­Ö&#x17E;ă˘?â&#x20AC;Ť  &   ׸â&#x20AC;Ź

/&  *&) M!I*&&%&&

Y &   &< R

 @WW?6&  &*

 Q  Q.*

  *!   

& &6&%    

*/  !=

* * ! */&  

*   / /&6/&

  6***& 

!6< *

Q  &     %

 6**6

& .*&*! &  

!

&*)  *6&% ) /&  &*

->V/&/ &**&%&

*     

&) /&Ď?ŕ­Żá&#x2030;śÜżŕŁŞŕą ÓĽŃąá˘&#x20AC;á?&#x201D;á&#x160;­Ö&#x17E;৊΢ŕľ&#x17D;â&#x20AC;Ť׸â&#x20AC;Ź

/ & *   6* >dW &!

FP)M  !F& 

# 6 **    !

*/& 6;</(    &6 *7 *&!  *

F &/ *!=*%

164

& !I   /&


' *-D  (& !

66 4M /*' !

  &*& 8  

# *  *%% 

&*!6 */&  

&_> &*& 

 *&  

6_@T

*   &T: & Q6 *  &!  6**& 

I  Y66  /

Q*//&!

 *   !       *  *&%&&

       &!)Q

6**&  !I8.&%

    */&& *

  U 66 

  / &* /&*!%

R  & *&  *!I   

**/ ). 

   * /   

*&    !,  R 

 /& !   !)  

6&&!7   *&6&

TeR  *@d &!

  T *&*    /&D  *6*

#6  6  6 *

* /!I *à´&#x2039; & 

& !/   

&&6*6 * 

* $*#&&*&%&%&&%

 *(&  66G6*M

& :* 6 

 & !/&) 

 & * &$!)6/N 165


  6!  *&U%

 * &HA*=   

  6.&6 

 6 !B

 ! *  6 6!

 *. **6   QXQ&6

G */    =

    *R6  *

'/**   /

 (& * *4M) /  !#

/& *  *&*

QX  * *Q 6 &!#

 4M / >?]?! 

 &     G

/& D  * 

&!,  &&&*

/ *T*! à´&#x2039;á&#x2026;&#x2021;

  6  6/ *  %

 *  6 

66& !*6 Y&

*A"&& B

6Y/ **/& !

***!**  & *   *&*!

  *&!à´&#x2039;á&#x;&#x201C;Î¥-* /  &&/*6

 & / 

& *  */&!I 

/&.! &   

 &6 /  66 

*=&*</!

    / &  *%

 /   &

  *!I 6&

 Û¸Û¸*&c)* *%

 6&  &  

166


167


< 6 !) /!6 & )6/  /& 6  & ***6!

,&6* 6/&*fQ%  *6 !  /*  < && &. *Q * / ) 6   &** 6 * Y  6& !P)/ .   )*Y  !* &      *   * **6  Q.& *&)Q /&*! ) &66&*** *! 168

тАл▐С╫ЪтАмрзО╬Ур│┐сЗбргБтАл▐Сре║╫ЪтАмр┤ЛрзОтАл╫╕тАм╘Р╧Вр│Пр▒Б╙етАл╫ЦтАмр│▓тАл▐СтАм р▒Ь╨╢╧птАл▄МтАм╒┐╪Т╬С╟╢╙зр╡ирие╬Лр╗ТтАл█ИтАм╟┤тАл╫ЪтАмр╡й╧Вр┐╢тАл▐ХтАмсБ░ ╘╛╧БрбР╘Ц╤СрлИтАл╫дтАм╧МтАл┌ЙтАм╘╛╧БтАл╫╕▐СтАм╬╖╟╢тАл╫ЪтАм╬СсА╛сЬвтАл╫╕▄нтАм ╬╖сКн╓ЮрзйтАл▐С╫╕тАмр▓Г╬Л╥╣┘г▀брвВ╟┤тАл╫╕тАм╬╖тАл┌мтАмр╡Ор▒Ь╙зр│Прмп сЕЯ╧╗р▒Ър╡СтАл▄МтАм╤Ер╡О╟┤тАл▄МтАм╨░╙зсП╛ржБр╡ириетАл▐СтАмр│╝╧Н╟┤тАл╪ВтАм╘Ы ╬Лр╜ГтАл╫╕▐С╫Ъ┌ЙтАм╬╖р▒Ь╙з╤СрлИ╘Р╧ВрйГ╤и╙зрмпсК┤╬╡р╝║тАл┌йтАм рнШр╡С╧Н╟┤тАл╫ЪтАмр│┐сЕ░р╗Ж╧Мсбг╘╛╧БтАл▄дтАм╧╝╬╡тАл╫Ж▐СтАмр░И╟╢тАл╫╕╫ЪтАм ╬╖тАл▐СтАмр│Црнв╟┤р│П╙╝рпи╙зсП╛ржБриУр╕│тАл▐СтАмр┤ирбХ╬Л╧║╟╢╙зр┐╢ сРХ╬Ср│нсИ╢╙нсГШ╧╢тАл▐СтАмр╡ирие╧РриУрбХ╟┤тАл╫ЪтАмсГ╣р╡ириетАл▐СтАмр╜АсАА тАл┌йтАмр┐╢сБ╕р│┐╘Ц╬С╬ЛтАл▐С█УтАмр╜ГтАл▌дтАм╟┤╙з╨И█н╟┤тАл╫ЪтАм╬иреР╧к╙ж тАл╫ЖтАмр░ИтАл┌Й╫дтАм╘╛╧БриУр│╝тАл▐СтАмр╜АсАА╟╢рготАл┌Б┌ЙтАм╨┤тАл▐СтАмсГШ╧╢╙з╤к ╤ктАл▄К▐СтАм╬╖рнЦсвА╟┤тАл▌╜тАм╬вр╛нр╛нтАл╫╕тАм╬╖тАл▐СтАмсРЛ╟┤тАлраФрвВ▐г▄ИтАмсУ│ ╘╛╧Бр╝░р╝░сТГ╨Лрин╬атАл▐СтАмр╗│╥Ь▌А╟┤тАлрбР╫ЪтАмсП╝╨И╘╛╧БрвВ╓Б р╜осГ╣╬ЛржБ╙з150╘Г▀╗╤А╥УтАл▐СтАм╬УтАл▐СтАмрзОр╜ВтАл┌ЙтАм╥║╒Цф╕ЦтАл╪│тАм╟╢ р╛╜р╕Ер│н╬Л╧ксЧЛрвВрбМ╥е╙зркТрбВсЧЛ╙зтАл▀╗▐СтАмр╢Ь╬а╟╢


ро╡╬╗тАл┌ЙтАм╬╡╟┤тАл╫ЪтАмсГ╣╧Нрнпр│┐р╜ВтАлрбР┌ЙтАмреЭ╥У╟╢╙з╘Л▀ПсБ╕р╕│ ╧Н╟┤тАлре║╫ЪтАмсЙ╝ркФ╧Нрнпр╗║р▓Н╟┤р╕Е╘╢рвВ╒вргБ╙н╧бтАл▐СтАмрж╣ра╢ ╙о╨О╧птАл▐СтАм╬Лр│╜╧й╟┤╘╢╨ктАлре║╫ЪтАм╤ЭсЗердо╨О╟╢тАлре║╫ЪтАмрзОрп╝ ╧Нр┤ирбХ╬ЛржБ╤РсБ╕тАл╫╕тАм╬╖сА╣тАл╫ЪрвВ▐СтАм╧ж╧жтАл┌Ш┌Ш▐СтАм╟┤M╟╢ р╛╜тАл▐С╫ЪтАм╧ж╧ж╙з@WW?╘ГсБ╕╨ириФ╟┤тАл╫ЪтАмр╗ТтАл█ИтАмсП╝╨И╟┤╙в ргБтАлре║╫ЪтАмрзОрп╝тАл▄МтАм╘ЦсРХ╤ЮтАл▐СтАм╬СсА╛╒Я╨пр│┐роТсТ┐р╣▒╨┤╘╢╧М ╙з╟╢тАл╫ЪтАмсП╝╨И╧Вр┐╢╧╝сТи╬С╟┤тАлре║╫ЪтАмсЪЖр╗Т╧Нрнп╧╝╬ж╟┤тАл╫ЪтАм ре║╘╛тАл▐С┘КтАм╧Нрнп╨О╧птАл▐СтАм╬Лр│╜╧й╘Р╧В╧М╙Жрвмр╗║╟╢тАл╫ЪтАмр╝░ р╝░╬ЛтАл▐ФтАмр│┐р╜Г╙гтАл╫╕тАм╬╖╤Рргорго╟┤╒а╬и╬ЛтАл╪Т▐ФтАм╘Ц╙ЭсН╛тАл▐СтАм сРТр╜о╟╢тАл╫ЪтАм╙зр│нсКм╬ЛржБрбЮ╙│тАл▐СтАмриФсРТро│тАл▐ХтАм╬Ср╡ириер╗и ╥Ю╟┤тАлрвВ▄нтАм╪МтАл█УтАмр│нрвВ╬ЛржБ╙│сРТр╜о╟┤сбгтАл╫ЪтАм╘ЛргБтАл┌йре║╫ЪтАм тАлре║╫ЪтАмрзОрп╝сРХ╤ЮтАл▐СтАмрклрое╟╢ ╙з╬О╨Ф╬Ь╤д╨Т╟┤тАл╫ЪтАм╘Ц█й┘░тАл┌ЙтАм╬Ср╢╕р╢╕ркТ╨атАл╫╕▐СтАм╬╖╟┤ сЙ╢▄┐ргкр▒Б╙е╤▒свАсЭФсКн╓Юрзй╬вр╡ОтАл╫╕тАм╟┤╙зр▒Б╙е╤▒тАл▐СтАмсЭК ╙╝рнФ╟╢ро╡╙жр▒Ы╒Пр┐╝╘╢тАл┘ВтАм╟┤тАл╫╕▐С╫ЪтАм╬╖тАл┌Б┌йтАм╨┤тАл▄МтАм╘ЦтАл▐СтАм тАл╫╕тАм╬╖сВЦ╬СсП╛╬ЛржБрйз╘в╟┤ро╡╒Х╬╛рп┤р╕│╟┤╓д╬С╬ЛржБ╬в ╧▒╧ЙтАл┌ЙтАм╟╢тАл┌Йре║╫ЪтАмр▒Б╙е▀брбЮ╙│рвВ╧▒сУУриФр╗Ф╟╢тАлре║╫ЪтАмрм╢ ╙з╬ЛржБра╝рзОсУУсУФ╟┤╙з┘ЧсА╣тАл╫ЪтАмсЗбсЫ╜╬С-╟┤╬ЛржБр╛╜ ╙жр╜осЗердо╨ОтАл▐СтАм╧А╒в╬Уржй╟╢тАл╫ЪтАмсГ╣╘╛╧БтАл▐СтАмр╡ирие╧РриУр╜В

тАлрбР┌ЙтАмсСлсПЯ╟┤╬ЛтАлсЮ║▐ФтАмр╣▒╙┤рнврнвсЪТ╟╢тАл┌╗тАмсЩмрлУтАл▐СтАм╟┤╙┤╓Л р║ЩтАл╫╕╫ЪтАм╬╖сЧЛ╙з╟┤┘а╨к╬Л┘д╘┤тАл▄КтАм╬╖р│┐сЧЛрм╝╙з╟╢╧Р▀╗ тАл╫Ъ▐СтАм╨║сЕИ╬Ср╢║р░И╬Ю╓╣╙Д╧Мр╢ктАл╫Ж▄дтАмр░И╟┤╙з╘ЬриФтАл╫ЪтАмсЭ║ ро│╘Ц╙Ж╘Ы╬СтАл╫ЖтАмр░И╟╢╙зсП╛ржБсОн╬ХтАл╫╕тАм╬╖тАл▐СтАмр│╝╧Н╟┤тАл╫ЪтАм╨И ╧НрвВрбктАл┌╝тАм╧М╒РтАл▐СтАмсРЯрнП╟╢ р╛╜тАлре║╫ЪтАмсОЮ▀ИтАл╫╕тАм╬╖риФ╟┤тАл┌Йрго╫ЪтАм╬СтАл▀Р╫╕тАм╟╢тАл╫ЪтАмр╕ДтАл▌дтАм╥ФтАл┘ВтАм сЗЯтАл╫ОтАмрзТтАл╫ЪтАмр╛╜риФтАл▐СтАм╨ИрпГ╟┤▀РсбгтАл┌Й╫д╫ЪтАм╘╛╧БтАл▐СтАмркТ╙ГтАл▐СтАм ╤СрлИтАл▄ДтАмсбВро│тАл╫│тАм╤Грй┐сГ┤╬С╟╢╙з┘Ч╬ЛтАл┌ЕтАм╟┤тАл╫ЪтАмр╡й╓Лр║Щ╘╛ ╧Б╟┤╒╗┘мтАл╫дтАм╧МтАл┌ЙтАмркТрбВ╟┤рготАл╫╕┌ЙтАм╬╖р╡й╧Вр┐╢╓╣╘Л╬СтАл╫ЪтАм риУр╕│тАл▐СтАмр╜АсАА╟╢█йсБотАл▐СтАмриФ╟┤┘ЧрвВтАл╫ЪтАмриУр╕│тАл▐СтАмр╗ТтАл█ИтАм╟╢р╗Т тАл▐С█ИтАмриФржВ╟┤тАлре║╫ЪтАмсОнсБ╕╬С╬Л┘дргмсГ╣р▒Ь╨╢тАл▐СтАмсК┤тАл▄КтАм╟┤тАл┌ЙтАм ╬С╬ЛржБ█Ър╕Е╘ЦтАл▐ЬтАмсНУтАлр╜о▐СтАмсЭ╝ра╗╟╢╙зр╜осЭ╝ра╗╟┤тАл╫ЪтАм╙ЫтАл╫╕тАм р╝╕р│╜ре║рзЦ╥в╬СтАл▐Х╫ЪтАмсБ░тАл▐СтАмсЬвтАл▄нтАмрзОрп╝сРХ╤Ю▀Юрз▓╟╢тАл╫ЪтАм╙Ы ╨┤ре║рзЦ╥втАл▐С╫ЪтАмр┤Л╨Ьрп╝сЫ╝╟┤╨┤ре║рпй╤А╬Ср╡│╨п╓╣╙Дргм ╙ХтАл▐СтАм╬Л╥Б╟┤╬вреЯргЧ╘┐сЧЛ╘ЦтАл╫ЪтАм╧ж╧жтАл▐С┌Ш┌Ш▐СтАмрдо╨О╙Ь сЛДрлЫтАл▐СтАм╙╖сБЮ╟╢рбХ┘░тАл╫ЪтАмро│тАл▐ХтАм╟┤ржЪ┘░╙вргБтАл╫╕тАм╬╖тАл▐СтАмрп╝сЫ╝ р│ПсРир╛Д╬С╟┤тАл▄МтАм╨░тАл╫ЪтАм╧ж╧жтАл┌Ш┌Ш▐СтАмMро╡рж╣ра╢╙ороМ╬С╬Л ╥Б╙г┘░╟╢╙в╘ЬтАл▐А▐С╫ЪтАм╥БтАл┌БтАмсГ┤тАл╫│тАм╤ГтАл╫│тАмр╜е-!╤мрл╢сТ╡╬С 31╨╢╬У╟┤тАл▐С╫ЪтАмсЧЛ╘Ц32╨╢╟╝

>J?


‫֤ॺך‬΢Αًӣ‫׸ډ‬η‫ޑ‬Դ‫܊‬η୔Ƕ྽‫ॺך‬ଶً ਔǴ‫ـ࣮ך‬΋ঁ‫ךک‬මම઒Р྽ԃࡌ‫܊ޑ‬ηኬԄ Ϸ‫࣬ځ‬՟‫܊ޑ‬ηǶٗ΋ᕓ໔Ǵ‫ך‬аࣁ೭൩ࢂ‫ך‬ा ‫ޑפ‬Դ‫܊‬ηΑǶฅԶ‫זࡐॺך‬Ӧว౜ٗ٠όࢂǶ ӧٗ΋‫څ‬Ǵ‫ך‬ς࿶᝺ளࡐ۩ၮǴӢࣁԾρ࣮‫ډ‬Α ઒ࡂཱུ࣬՟‫܊ޑ‬ηǶ‫وॺך‬Α΋λࢤǴࡐ‫ډߡז‬ Α΋ঁ‫ڇ‬๱ᒬҞ‫ޑ‬ᐊՅࡂഗ‫ޑ‬Οቫ‫܊‬η߻Ƕ‫ך‬ᡋ քΑǴ‫܊‬ηᗋӧǻ೭ၟ‫ޑ࣮ך‬25ԃ߻‫ྣޑ‬Т൳Я ΋ኬǶ ‫܊‬η΢Α‫ٿ‬ၰᙹǴՠࢂ‫ך‬௢໒Α΋٤Ǵᑍ࣮Α‫܊‬ η္य़Ƕӧ‫܊‬η΋຾ߐǴߡࢂ‫ٿ‬஭ӝྣǶྣТ΢ Ԗ‫ޑך‬ϼϼ઒РഋᒸܿǴࡌ๱઒ࡂ‫ޑ‬ഋຬࠄ‫ک‬д ‫ޑ‬Ꭶζ * &$Ƕ‫ך‬όඪ࣬ߞ౳߻‫ޑ‬΋ϪǶ ‫ך‬Ԗ࣮ၸ೭٤Γ‫ྣޑ‬ТǶ‫ך‬໒‫ۈ‬฼ᒉӚᅿӚኬ‫ޑ‬ 170

໒ߐᒤ‫ݤ‬ǴኡᙹǴ‫ࢂޣ܈‬வߐᕳύᢕ຾ѐǶ‫ܔך‬ ๊ௗ‫ٰךڙ‬Α೭ሶᇻࠅ೏΋‫܌ᙹע‬ᝏӧߐѦ‫่ޑ‬ ֽǶ ೯ၸ൳፺ᐟਗ਼‫ޑ‬ቶܿ၉Ǵද೯၉‫࠼ک‬ৎ၉-!ӧ૸ ፕᜢ‫ܭ‬௼᛼‫ک‬നࡕߥӸ‫׸ޑ‬ηྣТǴԖΓᇡрΑ ΋ঁӧ‫ך‬ϦϦ‫ژژޑ‬M྽ԃӧ>?]?ԃӣٰਔӝ ቹ‫ޑ‬΋ঁΓǶ೯ၸԭ૓൨‫פ‬Ǵ‫ډפॺך‬Α‫ঁٿ‬ᇻ Бᒃ௏Ǵ‫ځ‬ύ‫ޑ‬΋ՏۚฅԖᢄ୒ǶќѦ‫ڻ‬ᙬр౜ ΑǴ྽‫ޑך‬ᒃ௏ഋᅇѺ໒ߐਔǴᇥ;ȹ!գёа ຾Εգ‫ޑ‬ৎǼȸǶӧٗ΋‫څ‬Ǵ೭΋Ϫᡂள੿ჴ ΑǶ‫܌ך‬Ԗ‫ޑ‬௃ག೿෢Α΢ٰǴ‫ך‬ཀ᛽‫ډךډ‬ৎ ΑǼ ຾ѐϐࡕǴ‫܊עך‬η‫؂ޑ‬΋ঁ‫ف‬ပ೿ҔྣТ‫ک‬ຎ


ᓎ૶ᒵΑ‫ך‬ӧࡂη္‫ޑډפૈ܌‬΋ϪǶࡐԖཀࡘ ‫ࢂޑ‬Ǵӧࡂϣ‫ࣗॺך‬Կ‫ډפ‬Αર݈‫ޑ‬ЛЬৢ‫ޑ‬ႽᗋԖ྽ԃЎϯεॠ‫࠹ޑڮ‬໺ၗ਑Ƕӧ߻ߐ΋຾ߐ ߡё࣮‫ঁٿډ‬εε‫ޑ‬ύЎӷȹ۸۸ȸǴ೭ࢂ྽ԃ ЛЬৢ࠹໺ਔයҔٰঀᏤȹЛЬৢሡाգॺคచ ҹ‫ޑ‬۸ԽȸǶ! ‫ך‬வಃ΋৻ߐ‫ډو‬ታ‫܊‬Ǵฅࡕ‫ݽ‬΢འਗ‫ޑ‬ఊη‫ډ‬ ΑಃΒቫǴ໒‫ۈ‬௖઩ӧቲᙑ‫ޑ‬਩֩Ѡ‫ک‬ᘕη္‫ޑ‬ ᚇ‫ނ‬ǴԖ‫ࣗޑ‬ԿࢂमЎਜǴࡐܴᡉࢂDan྽ԃ੮Π ‫ޑ‬Ƕӆ΢΋ቫǴନΑ΋ঁғឌ‫׉ޑ‬პѦǴ൳Яϙ ሶ೿ؒԖΑǶ΢ഗቫ‫ޑ‬ఊης࿶ࡐઇᙑΑǴ‫۩܌‬ ‫ࢂޑ‬ᗋ‫ى‬аЍኖ‫ך‬ฦഗǶӧࡂഗǴӄ‫ޑ׸‬ඳՅǴ ཥᙑҬᚇǴ΋ំคᒪǶ‫ݽך‬΢‫׳‬ଯ‫ޑ‬΋୹ᕅǴ࣮ ‫ډ‬Α‫׳‬ऍ‫ޑ‬ඳᢀǴ໒‫ۈ‬٦‫ڬڙ‬ൎ‫ޑ‬΋ϪǶ ࡐ‫ࢂߡז‬ϩձ‫ޑ‬ਔ‫څ‬ΑǴഋ៓ΥǴ‫ঁٿך‬ᇻᒃύ ԃߏ‫ޑ‬΋ՏǴҔነԎًଌ‫ך‬рѐǶӧၡ΢Ǵ‫࣮ך‬ ‫ډ‬Α‫׳‬ӭ‫׸‬η‫ޑ‬ඳՅǶ྽‫ॺך‬ӧ฻ი໗‫ًޑ‬η‫ډ‬

ٰࢂǴ‫ॺך‬ஒд‫ޑ‬ነԎً౽຾ΑࡂηǶдৎᚆ‫׸‬ ߐѝԖ൳‫؁‬ຯᚆǶдӛ‫ך‬৖ҢΑдৎ৥‫ྣޑ‬ТǶ ‫ך‬όགྷᚆѐǶӧѐӞఁ໭‫ޑ‬ၡ΢Ǵ‫ך‬όඪ࣬ߞਔ ໔Ԗၸளӭ‫ז‬Ǵ٠ॐόϷࡑӦགྷ֋ນ༰༰วғ‫ޑ‬ ΋ϪǶ ӣགྷଆٰǴ!‫ך‬྽ਔᏼЈᜢ‫ܭ‬೭ঁਓำࢂց཮ჹ‫ך‬ Ԗ‫܌‬ቹៜǴٗགྷ‫ࢂ੿ݤ‬ϼ૖ঞΑǶ‫ࢂך‬ӭሶॐϪ Ӧ‫׆‬ఈԾρૈག‫ځډڙ‬дი϶‫ޑ‬࿶ᐕǴࣗԿ၂კ ѐКၨ‫ޑך‬࿶ᐕࢂցૈ‫ک‬дॺ‫࣬܌ޑ‬КǴ౥ഖ‫ך‬ ॺᚆ໒ύ୯ϼΦΑǴ‫ޑॺך‬๮Γཀ᛽Ψࡐ఩ᖓǶ ฅԶ‫ך‬ว౜Ǵ!྽գ‫ډפ‬Ծρ‫ޑ‬ਥਔǴ‫ځ‬ჴόᆅᚆ ளӭᇻǴѬჹգ‫ޑ‬ཀကΨࢂค‫ݤ‬Ҕ‫ق‬ᇟ‫׎‬৒‫ޑ‬Ƕ ‫ך‬၂კགྷှញࣁϙሶӧ൳ίϦٚϐѦ‫ޑ‬΋ঁઇ‫܊‬ η཮ჹ‫ޑך‬ཀကӵԜख़εǴฅԶ‫࡛ך‬ሶҔ‫ق‬ᇟ‫׎‬ ৒‫ך‬྽ਔ‫ٗޑ‬ᅿЈ௃Ƕ‫ך‬όඪ࣬ߞԾρ੿੿ዴዴ Ӧ‫ډפ‬Α઒ࡂǴ٠Ъӧ္य़‫ך‬᝺ளӵӣৎ΋૓ྕ ཪǶ‫ޕך‬ၰ‫ך‬ς࿶ॐόϷࡑाӆӣѐΑǴ೭ԛǴ ஥‫ך‬༰༰΋ଆǶ

171


Nanxiong (Namhong)

‫خ‬ㄳ"

Nanxiong

Guangzhou

Hong Kong

Guangdong Province

174


Quick Facts â&#x20AC;¢

:Q& :*&  %/F&& ;/  *!

â&#x20AC;¢

' :Q& :*& F&&-% &Q Ô¢Õ&#x2039;࣪ ;/  *R6   !

â&#x20AC;¢

:Q& :*& *    &^RQ&=&!

#& :Q&D  !

175


Meiguan

сПАуВ╛ #=&  ,&сИжраД*&! #   &    &*& *-&Q;/╘в╒Лргк!F&&;/& #&M 6>@WW &!  * /   #&;ржЮ╬У   ржЮ╬Урн╡ %   ржЮр╣╝   ржЮсЗЯ  && !

<-!, &&=&* !

F&=&* ! 176


<-!,<:&&6 !

=& <  &/-&Q/!

I&=&&!

(R&R *=& !

( & *  =&* !

#/& * !

177


Zhujixiang

# /&   %       !  :% / *   /  ^R & рйзсР│

снеспар▓╛

рбЕ A; ,B   /&   %

#  & >@[_*%

 :</!#R.%

6*'7сЭ╡╙▓*) 

   &   

  X! *

Y Y/   

 *'&^ р╗│р║Яр┐д    %

//;</

&&!Y66'&

M!

& *      6&&   X   ! # *66*6G X

6 * *:Q&раДр╗в F&&!,* /6) 

=;</M *

6  !PG&

  *      

D .!

        *& ; </%  M        

M& '&   / !

=X    *& &%* !

/& &*  %

#% /*  X

*6'& !#

% * *&*!%

* * D  

      * ^R &

  /   /    .  %

   U%

66 6:Q%

&  * * 

&&!#     

    %

  /!

& ^R& !

#& F^RQ&! 178

 '7!


#M6M&P&!

'  ^RQ&!

& !

& !

(Q&  !

M& &Y ! >[?


 +& !

## "P#!

<-!, !

<=!,<-!,M,, ! 180

( =F!


 6& &!

( P, !

    !

7 #$ &+$& !

#@W>V  F! 181


Guangzhou เตเฒฎ" 6 * !

#'&  =!

* *F&!

#&= R& * !

*  * *F&!

; ! 182

# *F&!

   *F&!


7 &!

# /& F&!

<-!,!

'& **& * * !

 &&;</F&!

; * 6* * !

;6 * * !

(&& * * !

* * ! 183


Overseas Chinese Museum ŕľ?á&#x152;?â&#x2022;žŇ´â&#x20AC;ŤŘŻâ&#x20AC;ŹáŠ¤ă&#x160;&#x2DC;

 **&  & :* !

< /   = *!

& /  &@WW>!

Museum of the Nanyue King âŚ&#x201A;á şâ&#x20AC;ŤâŽťŘŽâ&#x20AC;ŹáŹ­â&#x20AC;ŤŘŻâ&#x20AC;ŹáŠ¤ă&#x160;&#x2DC;

< F&!

F&&! 184

#R/:$&!


Fang Cun Tea Market â&#x2019;­á&#x2039;¿à¡°ã&#x201E;&#x161;â&#x201D;&#x201E;â&#x2013;»à³&#x192;à¤&#x153;

#7&#=!

( <-!, R&!

< R&&/  ") )  !

M &)!

185


Five Rams Park ⮻ἲԣࡳ

 !

#& ***&&*  /!

#& !

&  ! 186

<-!,R&  !


Chen Clan Ancestral Hall ã&#x192;½à­&#x203A;á»±    *  >VF&Q & >]]]   *   >?  >]?_ !  /   %* **%    **6      *  F&!     &  Q% *  ,&    Q   F&&! ;    A ;  ,&  B   >? /     6 &     * /  &/*6/& !  !

#& '!

;K&!

/  !

Q*,&! 187


Thank you 7 < @W>V   &/ &%   < H'*=,7*' ;R! & ;.  '  * M(/ & ' 7 7M  ;.F g( ; *;;& <P *#

/  P& < g<*686 M =  "/ 7 ,g " g6& ;& (& -& &g / & -g-* I& =gMM = P PM

 M $M  ML :Mg-' M(** M7 :7& Nathan Gong =Y'  #*' P'* ,'* $ '* Rod Hong gI' Sara Huang #*' -8- gI,*

=-& I-& #$  :$ -g=Y$ ,$ =g7$ -$& =$  <$  ,, M,* ( ,* g<*,* "*,* $, , , P,  g, (, 7, Fg, F, -,g,* = g-* , =, <6, <,

,

 , #,

g< ,& :YgM, /,* $ ,*

g'*,* #,* P6, /, I, , 7, =, P, = , $*6, -P!,&-! ( , I, , = <,*=

= Hang Ngo ;:& M& -gF&& -& =Y  & L; M;& I;& ;*  ; ;&g * " -;& # a =Ra -&< :  g= *

Rosana & Garry Soriano F# ( #* -# &#&g-  -g##*

 g(#* F&# =# ;#  &# & ;# & $g # <L PgP I&  g=I& F*a!I&  6I& -I& ,gLI& =I& < I&%g##&  I I % I % - I " P" (6"

* " &" -U" -"&  &


2014


Roots: Him Mark Lai Family History Project 2014 Anthology  
Roots: Him Mark Lai Family History Project 2014 Anthology  
Advertisement