Courtroom dictionary By: Frida Alfie
Words used in court:
Form: A document that must be completed at court. Independent children’s lawyer: A lawyer in charge of in the interests of the child. Interim order: An order that maintains until a final order is made. Judgment: Decision that the court makes after having evidence. Judicial officer: a judge that is chosen to hear and decide cases. Jurisdiction: an authority given to apply a law. Parental responsibility: the responsibility each parent has for their children. Bond: its also known as bail, and it is money or property given to the court while the defendant is still in the process and to make sure he’ll attend to court. Brief: A document that is written especially prepared by a lawyer and filed with the court to support arguments from each side. Broken Down Irretrievably: This is the most common reason why marriages get a divorce since not any of the husband or the wife want to get back together. Case Conference: A meeting that is scheduled by the court to review the case. Challenge: Refusing a potential juror. Common Law: Laws that progress through case decisions by judges. Damages: Money you give as a compensation for a legal wrong. Dismissal: A judge's decision to end the case. Finding: The court’s or jury’s decision on issues of fact. Drug Court: a court specially to talk about charges of drug offences. Felony: Any criminal violation for which a person may be punished for more than one year. Lien: A charge, holds, or right upon property of another as security for a debt.
Minor: A person under age 18,
Expressions: 1."Objection Sustained". 2. The Bail has been set in. 3. “What is the final verdict?” 4. Please take the stand. 5. “The jury calls (a person) to the stand.” 6. “Please take the stand.” 7. “Maintain the order.” 8. You’re entitled to have a lawyer 9. “The jury finds the defendant guilty/not guilty. 10. “ The court finds the defendant guilty/not guilty.”
EXPOSITION: Protagonist: juror 8, because he always defend the one whom the others named “guilty”. NO. 8: There were eleven votes for guilty. It's not so easy for me to raise my hand and send a boy off to die without talking about it first. Antagonist: juror 10, because he was against defending the accused one and he does not agree with juror 8. NO.10: It's tough to figure, isn't it? A kid kills his father. Bing! Just like that. Well, it's the element. They let the kids run wild. Maybe it serves ‘em right. Setting-‐time: Approximately during the 1950s. In this time the black people and the women had no rights at all. Setting-‐place: The story takes place in a New York City’s courtroom in United States, at 4:00 in the afternoon. This is the jury room in the county criminal court of a large Eastern city. It is about 4:00 P.M. Internal conflict: The juror 8 has conflict between choosing on accusing the defendant or not since he’s the only one against naming him guilty. NO. 8: I don't know whether I believe it or not. Maybe I don't. External conflict: Not everyone agrees with the same decision everybody has different points of views basing on the same conflict. NO. 7: What, just because I voted fast? I think the guy's guilty. You couldn't change my mind if you talked for a hundred years. NO. 8: I'd like to ask you something. How come you believed her? She's one of "them" too, isn't she? RISING ACTION: 1) They take a vote. 2) After entering the jury courtroom, each juror start to vote. 3) There are 12 jurors, which 11 vote guilty and 1 vote innocent. 4) The jurors begin to say why or why not they think he is guilty or not guilty. 5) Juror 8 votes not guilty, since the beginning. 6) Very good arguments from everyone start to be said. 7) Not everyone stays with their same vote as the beginning some change their decision. 8) Juror 10 and 3 do not agree at all with juror 8 which is against naming the defendant guilty. 9) Jurors 10,4, and 3 are wholehearted that the defendant is guilty. 10)Juror 8 makes great opinions and argues why he’s correct, and jurors 4 and 10 change their vote to not guilty and are with juror 8.
CLIMAX: This happens when the juror 3 changes his vote. Instead of keeping with his first decision saying that the nineteen year old was guilty, he agrees with juror 8 and is against naming him guilty. FALLING ACTION: 1) They do another voting. Resolution: The verdict is not guilty; he turns out being innocent all the time. AUTHOR’S THEME: Prejudice, because they had a prejudice against him since he is Latin and they wanted him to go to jail very badly and it took only one of all 12 juries not caring about the prejudice for him to not go to jail. SYMBOLISM: FORESHADOWING: IRONY:
Juror 10 Physical Appearance: He’s young but he is not that old, he is in the middle age. He is not short and not that tall he is medium size. He has a bald spot/ patch on his head. He always blows his nose/ he has a cold. Actions/ Thoughts and words: Juror 10 is very aggressive, he’s always yelling, shouting and he’s against of whoever doesn’t agree with him and he is rude to them. He bangs on the desks they are all sitting around and he is not in favor of defending the kid. Other characters thoughts and Feelings: They don’t like talking that much to him since he’s not tolerant and he doesn’t want to listen and in the moment they don’t agree with him he gets furious and mad. He always answers back to other jurors. [NO. 10 walks over to NO. 8:] NO. 10: (sarcastically) You're a pretty smart fellow, aren't you? He is sort of rude to everyone, that’s his way of being. Author Tells Directly: The author gives an interpretation of juror 10 as a rude, aggressive, and grown-‐up man. The way he describes him in the book makes the readers think he has a loud voice. NO. 10: (loudly) Yeah, what is this? Who do you think you are?