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Monday, Sept. 25, 2017

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Fresno State’s Award-Winning Newspaper


English faculty release statement in support of DACA students

By Razmik Cañas | @Raz_Canas


embers of the English department faculty at Fresno State released a statement last week condemning President Donald Trump’s decision to end the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program and asked the university to protect undocumented students. It was the first time a group of faculty at the university spoke out on the issue. The statement includes strong support for students affected by the cancellation of the program. On Sept. 5, U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions announced the cancellation of the program and said it would be phased out over six months. He said Congress would be tasked with coming up with an alternative to DACA. “We pledge our commitment to support and protect our students in any way possible,the English department statement said. “In addition to this statement of solidarity, the department is researching all the ways we can be in support of you and uphold the university administration’s promises to defend students.” The 21 faculty members urged the university to ensure that the safety and security of DACA students is a priority amid possible actions by immigration officials. The faculty requested Fresno State to avoid sharing private information of undocumented students as well as refuse to let Immigrations and Customs Enforcement (ICE) officials on university property. It also asked that resources be made available to inform and educate undocumented students on their rights and privileges. The faculty also asked the university administration if it would support them in protecting undocumented students and if campus police officers are trained to confront ICE officials who may come to campus. The faculty members said they support


$26 million campus renovation plan could see results by next fall By Razmik Cañas | @Raz_Canas

According to the Tribune Washington Bureau, Pelosi and Schumer stated that a deal had been reached which included points such as relief from deportation for young undocumented immigrants with DACA. The president, however, said no deal has been made on DACA yet. Federal DREAM Act legislation that includes the possibility of citizenship for those who

By next fall, students at Fresno State might be walking into remodeled classrooms. At least that’s the plan after Fresno State President Dr. Joseph Castro announced a $26 million project for campus renovations. “[A] critical ingredient to our success as a university is to preserve and upgrade our physical and technological infrastructure,” Castro said during his fall address in August. “We have addressed these infrastructure issues aggressively.” The $26 million is provided by central campus reserves and Academic Affairs. The money will be divided and used to update or modernize different buildings on campus. About $10 million will be used for renovations in the North and South gyms. Another $5 million will be used to modernize what Castro considers “the oldest and most important spaces” on campus.



Daniel Avalos • The Collegian

More than 200 people protested in support of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, or DACA, program in Fresno’s Tower District on Sept. 17. 2017.

the university’s efforts in continuing to allow DACA students to continue their education at Fresno State. The future of the program established by former President Barack Obama is largely unknown, but there are talks emerging from Washington, D.C. On Sept. 13, Democratic House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi and Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer spoke with Trump over dinner to discuss a possible deal that would protect the current recipients of DACA.


Fall items arrive at the Gibson Farm Market By Alexandra Harrell @alexandraharell

Daniel Avalos • The Collegian

Fresno State student-produced sweet corn at the Gibson Farm Market.

If you wander over to Fresno State’s Gibson Farm Market, you’ll find the latest student-produced items for the fall season. There are corn, varieties of squash and pumpkins – including the fall seasonal pumpkin-pie flavored ice cream. “It’s a little bit [of a] more modern take on the traditional farm stand,” said Jeremy Lewis, farm market manager. The market, founded in the mid-1980s, sells student-produced goods year-round, such as meat and dairy products, produce, wine, ice cream and canned goods. “As we get closer to colder weather, we

start to see a little bit of a shift more to the comfort foods,” Lewis said. The popular products include the famous Fresno State sweet corn, a hit with customers during the fall. The sweet corn is usually a summer attraction. But the farm market grew an excess amount of corn, so customers could still enjoy it during September and October. Geoffrey Thurner, communications specialist at the Jordan College of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, said the sweet corn craze earlier resulted in a line of about 200 people waiting outside of the store at as early as 5:30 a.m. When corn became available to buy in June, Lewis said it was flying off the shelves






No, really – the future IS Fresno By Amber Carpenter | @shutupambs

San Francisco is a hotbed of culture and art, and Los Angeles is the home of cinematic legends. And somewhere in between lies Fresno. It’s easy to discard the Central Valley and write it off as – literally – flat and lifeless, but it’s actually the complete opposite. Aside from being a key area for agricultural growth, Fresno is a quickly growing and changing city full of promise. Last year’s national census proved that Fresno’s population had grown over 5 percent in the last six years. Fresno county has almost a million inhabitants. Fresno State is a California university growing every day in mission and reputation. According to recent data, Fresno State has enrolled more students than either the University of California, Santa Barbara and Cal Poly San Luis Obispo. In addition to our physical growth, Fresno State has been featured as a top 25 college by Washington Monthly two years running. Educational growth is not the only thing happening here. After announcements that online sales giant Amazon and cosmetic company Ulta are opening distribution centers in Fresno in the next year, citizens of Fresno anticipate dramatic economic growth.

Great Valley Center • Flickr

Fresno arch on Van Ness Avenue

Fresno also houses a quickly growing arts scene itself, hosting events like ArtHop each month. Arthop offers artists throughout town a chance to showcase their work, through the cultural epicenter that is Downtown Fresno. The Save Mart Center hosts artists of diverse interests and is growing as a venue in terms of popularity and mainstream performers. Because of this, citizens all over the Central Valley flock towards Fresno for any given concert – from Garth Brooks, to Paul McCartney, to Janet Jackson. In addition to the revitalization of

downtown, the Tower District is bursting with new and promising businesses after the renovation of Mia Kuppa, now called The Revue. Another recent addition to Tower includes Hi-Top Coffee and people are anticipating the reopening of Livingstone’s, a popular spot for nightlife. The constantly changing state of the city only causes more reason for promise and positive change. And then there’s the obvious. Nestled between two of the most expensive places to live within the state and California being difficult to afford as it is, Fresno has some of the most affordable housing that

California has to offer. Though some might dread the thought of setting down roots in the Central Valley, in general, Fresno offers the opportunity to live between two established cultural and economic powerhouses and holds its own in terms of opportunities to grow. While only short drives away from Disneyland and the Golden Gate alike, Fresno continuously offers promise in all areas – educational, economic and the arts – and continues to challenge naysayers who doubt its growth. Whether you like it or not, the future is Fresno – and it’s here to stay.

Jordan Bradley • The Collegian

THE COLLEGIAN The Collegian is a student-run publication that serves the Fresno State community. Views expressed in The Collegian do not necessarily reflect the views of the staff or university.

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Fresno State celebrates Native American Day

By Victoria Cisneros @TheCollegian

Flute playing and Powwow dancing kicked off the inaugural Native American Day event on campus last week. The Fresno State First Nations Indigenous Students organization hosted the event at the university Memorial Peace Garden. Native American Day, celebrated each fourth Friday in September, was initiated in 1968 with a resolution signed by former California Gov. Ronald Reagan and was originally called “California Native American Day”. First Nations vice president Jeannette Jimenez said she hoped the event could bring awareness about the Native American culture, especially at the university. Yoeme Tribe elder and former state representative David Alvarez said that although the public may see the rituals performed at the event they are much more personal for those involved. “To us, what we’re doing today is not Daniel Avalos • The Collegian a presentation,” Alvarez said. “To us, Northern traditional dancer, Jose Red Sky shows his regalia on Sept. 21, 2017. Red Sky’s outfit it’s always considered prayer.” features hand made beadwork and uses it when he dances which is how he celebrates his heritage.

Alvarez said celebrations such as last week’s would have been prohibited prior to the American Indian Religious Freedom Act of 1978, which granted protections to American Indians under federal law to express and exercise their religious beliefs and practices. “I wasn’t aware that our own native people weren’t even able to express their own religion in a public setting,” said Dulcinea DeLeon, a junior transfer student who attended the event. She added, “It’s disappointing that they barely got that right 40 years ago, but I’m glad that they’re able to express their religion [now].” Event leaders expressed their gratitude for those who attended, especially those who brought their children to experience a culture that may be unfamiliar to them. Alvarez, who has spent his life advocating for his heritage and cultural pride, said he personally teaches the younger generation to “resist assimilation” because “you do not have to assimilate in order to be an American.”

The Gibson Market is little known secret AGRICULTURE from Page 1 by the bag full as customers began buying as much corn as they could carry. Ruth Kwon, a transfer student and health care administration major at Fresno State said she considers the market corn to

be the “best around town.” “My parents and I would always have to rush here to make sure we got some,” Kwon said. But the excitement for fresh produce extends to the market’s squash, pumpkins and green vegetables, Lewis said.

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“If they’re [students] looking for a quick and easy recipe, that’s good comfort food. Try one of our salsas,” Lewis said. “Put it in the Crock-Pot with our chicken breast, and you can serve that over rice or you can make it into tacos.” Purchases made at the Gibson market go toward Fresno State students, Lewis said. Isaac Adame, a biology major and assistant at the Gibson market, gets his corn, grapes, meat and other produce there. He considers the items little-known secrets. “I feel like if more people knew about

this place, there would be hardly anything left on the shelves,” Adame said. “What they make here is really top tier.” The market is also hosting its second annual Fall Festival from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. on Oct. 21. It will showcase its fall items and offer wine tasting and pumpkin carving.

DACA renewal deadline is Oct. 5

Daniel Avalos • The Collegian

More than 200 people protested in support of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, or DACA, program in Fresno’s Tower District on Sept. 17. 2017.

COMMUNITY from Page 1 qualify has been discussed but would require a vote in Congress, according to media reports. Dr. Lisa Bryant, assistant professor in the department of political science, believes Congress’s task on immigration will be difficult. She said the time limit of six months to find agreement on a deal on immigration is too short. “There will be tremendous pressure from the president’s base to stand firm on immigration issues, so it’s difficult to predict what his position on this issue will be in six months,” Bryant said. As for the construction of the wall at the U.S.-Mexico border, Bryant said that Trump may have the chance to enhance some border security, but funding the entire wall will be a challenge. “Congress has been directed to find a way to make the U.S. taxpayers pay for the wall,” Bryant said. “That is going to be a tough sell to the American public because, according to polls, only about 33 percent of Americans support building the wall.” Bryant also noted the looming deadline

for eligible DACA recipients to renew their work permits. That deadline is Oct. 5. Bryant said she isn’t sure if many of those eligible for a DACA renewal will do so. “I can imagine that some current DACA students might be hesitant to provide updated information to officials at this time given the uncertainty of the future of the program,” she said. Brian Chavez, a sophomore mechanical engineering major who is in T.O.R.T.I.L.L.A., Teatro Of Raza Towards Involvement in Local Latino Awareness, said he is eager for Congress to make a deal soon. He said it is important for Congress to make the DACA program permanent so that students don’t have fear or uncertainty about their future. “It has to become a law,” Chavez said. “I feel like he [Trump] put it out there, and he left it up to Congress. If you want this to become a law, if you want to help out students, make it a law.” Hayley Salazar contributed to this story.





Jazz and soul were the ‘terrain in which gender and race were contested’

Alejandro Soto • The Collegian

Music historian Dr. Tammy Kernodle answers questions from students and faculty, following her presentation on Civil Rights protest music in the Peters Building on Sept. 21, 2017.

By Christian Mattos & Hayley Salazar

@ChrisssyMattos, @Hayley_Salazarr During the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 1960s, America went through progressive change. For black Americans partaking in the social activism, music was an outlet as well as a means of expression and protest. Dr. Tammy Kernodle, a professor of musicology at Miami University of Ohio and a specialist in women in jazz, presented a two-part lecture last Thursday and Friday on women and their role as musicians and activists during the fight for social and gender equality of the 1960s. The lectures are part of the Global Music Series in conjunction with the Center for Creativity and Arts 2017-2018 theme: Voice and Silence: Expressions of Community, Advocacy and the Human Spirit set up by the College of Arts and Humanities. Kernodle’s first lecture of the series, titled “Trying Times: Black Women, Soul, and Narratives of Resistance in the Age of Black Power,” focused on the music of black women singers used to promote social activism during the Civil Rights Movement. The narrative of change, in regard to both racial and gender equality, is depicted in the artistry of musicians like Nina Simone, Aretha Franklin, Melba Liston and Mary Osborne, said Kernodle. “When we look at the idea of resistance culture in America and we look at it within the spectrum of popular music, in the late 1960s, black women artists were at the

vanguard,” Kernodle said. “They operated as the vanguard in terms of defining, promoting and disseminating these particular narratives of protest and resistance.” In response to the violence of the Civil Rights Movement, vocalist and pianist Nina Simone articulated the pain, shock and anger Americans felt during the late 1950s with songs like “Backlash Blues” and “Mississippi Goddamn,” Kernodle said. “But Simone also reflects for us how centric black women’s voices had become in expressing what was part of a narrative of resistance or resistance of culture that came to define the Civil Rights Movement,” she said. “She would prophesize in many ways what would become a more militant, angry perspective of civil rights music in the late 1960s.” Franklin’s debut album for Atlantic Records – “I’ve Never Loved a Man the Way I Love You” – included emotional lyrics that allowed for open interpretation by the audience. “Feminists heard strong statements advocating for equality and respect, while black listeners heard messages that articulated their growing lack of patience with America,” Kernodle said. Singer Roberta Flack demonstrated a sound that was more jazz than the sonic blackness of soul, Kernodle said. Her cover of the folk song “Business as Usual” invokes the perspective of a black woman whose brother went to Vietnam and returned forever changed. “We don’t get those perspectives of black women’s experiences as mothers and

sisters and daughters in popular music until we get to this point in our historiography,” Kernodle said. “[Flack] moved through these multiple kinds of pronunciations of activism and love and resistance embedded in songs in the midst of them.” Gospel blues marketed as soul denoted consciousness and blackness, Kernodle said. Singers like Mavis Staples and her family’s musical group, the Staples Singers, had a sonic identity rooted in gospel music. “Black female artist-activists shaped the narrative of protest music during a period in which America faced significant social challenges,” Kernodle said. “They benefited from layering their albums with songs that dealt with the spectrum of love along with this social-political commentary.” In her second lecture, titled “Playing From the Margins: Gender, Jazz and Cultural Containment in Cold War Era America,” Kernodle highlighted major shifts in the style of jazz after the late 1940s as women emerged in what was once considered a “masculine space.” “What happens with the emergence of these [all-girl] bands is that there is an ideology that is promoted about femininity,” Kernodle said. Physical and mental restrictions were often placed on these female bands as they were pushed to promote the idea of femininity that their male counterparts did not have to deal with, Kernodle said. “I want you to imagine being a drummer, and you have to drum in 4-inch stilettos with a dress and girdle,” Kernodle said to the audience. “Or you being a saxophone

player and being told that you must take your eye glasses off because everyone must look the same.” Kernodle said jazz became a terrain in which gender and race were contested on a performing stage, but also in a culture that framed jazz during that period and global political climate. Groups like the International Sweethearts of Rhythm, a racially integrated, all-female band, were spearheads and an inspiration for the composition of more integrated groups of jazz jam sessions. “These became spaces where knowledge was transferred,” Kernodle said. “These also became spaces where people’s sound identities and personalities came to be formed.” Kernodle exhibited the works of Melba Liston, a black, female trombonist who jammed with Dizzy Gillespie, and Mary Osborne, a white, female guitarist who worked with male musicians alike, to showcase the pivotal role women played in the art of jazz. Women who played brass, woodwind and percussion instruments were seen as distractions or job stealers from male musicians, Kernodle said. Musicians like Liston and Osborne faced backlash when entering male groups, but their talents in performance and arrangement earned the respect of their male counterparts, she said. Zena Samuelson, a senior majoring in music education, attended the lecture as part of an assignment for her introduction to world music class. Samuelson previously took both a history course and an Africana studies course where she first learned about the histories of jazz, bebop and blues. “So hearing this [lecture], I thought I’d already know all the major figures from jazz and blues, but you’re always going to learn more,” Samuelson said. What stood out to Samuelson the most was Kernodle’s words during the question and answer session about some of the dangers faced while being “an agent for change” in post-war segregated society. “It [change] shouldn’t make you afraid,” Samuelson said. “It should just make you more aware, but it’s worth fighting for. Change is worth fighting for. That’s what I took from it.” Kernodle’s lecture, along with other lectures put on by the college, helps to inform students of things they didn’t know before and encourages them to seek positive social change, said Samuelson. “It’s good to bring in other academic people so it’s not just Fresno State professors saying we need to be positive change,” Samuelson said. “I play percussion, so it’s funny when listening to the lecture when she was talking about women doing jazz. It was frowned upon if you weren’t a piano player or a singer because I played drumset.” For Samuelson, being a female in percussion has never been limiting for her. “People are super supportive. They’d be like, ‘What, you have a girl drummer? That’s so cool,’” she said. “I remember we played for Yosemite National Park and a dad came up to me during one of our set breaks and said his daughter was there, she was 5, and he was so happy that I was playing drums.”





‘Waria’ documents struggle with identity

By Sabrina Stevenson @TheCollegian

Students got an inside look at the life of transgender Muslim students during the movie screening of “Tales of the Waria.” The film takes place in Indonesia, the largest Muslim country in the world, and focuses on the love lives of four transgender or gender nonconforming, defined as when someone does things differently from the “norm,” individuals. Shawna Irissarri, a student coordinator, said the term “waria” umbrellas a

diverse group of people. “The waria aren’t just transgender women,” Irissarri said. “It also covers a lot of different identities, but because it’s not a Western identity, it’s harder for us to really pigeon-hole it into something like, ‘Oh, it’s just transgender women,’ or ‘Oh, it’s just effeminate gay men.’” The film screening was held last Tuesday on the second floor of the Henry Madden Library. The event provided different cultural perspectives on gender identity and sexuality, two important topics, said Irissarri. “It helps people to be more accepting of diversity and to acknowledge that the


Western view of things is not the only view,” Irissarri said. A student who asked to be referred to as “Toby,” found Mama Ria’s expressed need to make Ansar happy in the film particularly appealing. “She was only second place because she wasn’t a ‘real woman,’ and I felt that was really unfair,” Toby said. “I felt like if she was in a different society, she could be more of a woman than she’s feeling like she has to be because of where she lives.” Toby added: “I think it’s important to show that people are also gender-nonconforming and trans in other countries

that don’t have certain influence.” According to New Day Films, the queer story consultants and crew filmed for over three years to provide a first-look into transgender struggles and Islamic culture in Indonesia. According to director Kathy Huang in a Huffington Post article, the team hopes that the film will show that there is room for different gender expressions, identities and sexuality in Islam. Irissarri said the Cross Cultural and Gender Center plans to hold its annual Transgender Day of Remembrance on Nov. 20 from 5-9 p.m. in the North Gym.


Adam Devine coming to ‘American Assassin’ is campus, tickets on sale the action movie we’ve By Selina Falcon @SelinaFalcon

USU Productions has announced that the headliner for the inaugural “Homecoming Big Show” will be actor and comedian Adam Devine. Devine is known for his roles in the movie “Pitch Perfect” and the TV series “Workaholics.” He will perform at the Save Mart Center on Oct. 12. The event is scheduled to begin at 7 p.m.

The opener will be actor and comedian Adam Ray, who is known for his role in “Spy.” Tickets went on sale on Friday at 10 a.m. and can be purchased at the Save Mart Center box office. Tickets are $10 for students and $20 for faculty and staff. A valid Fresno State ID must be presented at time of purchase. Students, faculty and staff can purchase up to four tickets per ID card. A full list of Homecoming Week events is available on the Fresno State website.

been searching for

Dylan O’Brien and Shiva Negar in “American Assassin.”

By Hayley Salazar @Hayley_Salazarr



Watch your six because “American Assassin” is an unconventional thrill ride with epic fight scenes, big guns, fast cars and shameless characters around every corner. The screenplay, inspired by the novel by Vince Flynn, ditches the typically formulated action plot and wastes no time diving into what viewers paid to see: action. The story focuses on Mitch Rapp (played by Dylan O’Brien) who after losing his fiancee to a terrorist attack becomes obsessed with wreaking vengeance on the men who killed her. This obsession attracts the attention of CIA black operatives who recruit Rapp to join a special task force led by Stan Hurley (played by Michael Keaton). O’Brien sheds his common portrayal of the geeky, boy-next-door and transforms into a character who is ruthless, rugged

Christian Black • CBS Films/TNS

and out for revenge. But as it turns out, there is something sweeter than revenge. It is watching the dynamic between Keaton and O’Brien’s characters as they communicate with sarcasm. Hurley becomes the mentor Rapp was missing by offering field advice. Both actors bring these somewhat flat characters to life on the screen. Their relationship as a mentor/mentee reaches its climax in the most poignant scene of the film when Rapp disobeys orders to rescue Hurley from the torturous cells of antagonizer “Ghost” (played by Taylor Kitsch). Hurley’s thanks takes the form of advice, leaving Rapp to smile and move on to catch an escaped “Ghost.” Rapp, who struggles to play by the op team’s rules or follow orders, reaps no consequence for his reckless behavior in the field, which deterred his growth as a character. The film, which ran under two hours, is action packed the whole way through but lacks strength in character background and development. And for all you “Teen Wolf” fans, I can confirm Dylan O’Brien is still as charming as ever. “American Assassin” is in theaters now.





ASI moves forward on veteran center, Fresno Bee contract By Victoria Cisneros @TheCollegian

A new contract between The Fresno Bee daily newspaper and the Fresno State Associated Students, Inc. was discussed last week after the previous newspaper subscription contract ended. It was one of two major topics discussed during the regular student government meeting on Sept. 20.

ASI Readership Program

ASI had voted 8-7 to sever ties with The Fresno Bee during its Sept. 6 senate meeting after The Bee proposed raising the cost of the newspaper subscription to students. The Bee’s Maria Rivera proposed a new contract on Sept. 20, that includes a print and digital subscription in hopes of maintaining business with the university. Rivera proposed a rate of roughly 15 cents per printed copy and 5 cents per digital copy with a minimum of 500 subscriptions. “Digital access will be 24/7, but we won’t limit it to 500 students,” Rivera said. “We are making an offer here to open this up to

Associated Students Inc. senator of veteran and transfer affairs, Cody Sedaño, at the senate meeting on Sept. 20.

as many students as would like to take advantage of it.” If approved, the proposal could provide Fresno State students with unlimited digital access to The Fresno Bee online, including the app and customizable newsletters. The 500 printed copies would be distributed across campus throughout the school week. The senate will vote on the new proposal during its Oct. 4. Meeting. Until then the university will continue to supply a small amount of daily papers.


The ASI senate also revisited the Veterans Center resolution it had approved at its Sept. 6 meeting, which urges Fresno State administration to establish a Veterans Resource Center. The senate previously could not decide on specific language to include in the resolution.

The approved resolution states: “Associated Students Inc. make the establishment of a veterans resource center a top priority.” The “top priority” wording of the resolution was debated by the senate. Senator of veteran and transfer affairs Cody Sedaño defended the word choice, urging the senate to prioritize “something that we [veterans] have been asking for, for over a decade.” In an interview with The Collegian on Aug. 28, Sedaño said he has long fought for his position to advocate for the veteran community at Fresno State. “Now I hold the position I fought for, and I am an active and vocal voice for my constituents in the veterans community on campus,” Sedaño said during a previous interview. One of Sedaño’s goals during his term, he said, is to a establish an interim Veterans

Alejandro Soto • The Collegian

Resource Center on campus. He said Fresno State is one of the last CSU campuses to have one. Jed Soberal president of Fresno State’s Student Veterans Organization, also defended the “priority” language of the veterans center resolution. “I’d really like an answer as to what is the top priority, if not this,” he said. Afterward, the senate voted 11-6 to keep “a top priority” in the resolution. Vice President of Student Affairs Dr. Frank Lamas has also spoken in favor of the veterans center. Lamas said there are plans to make a space for it in the lower level of the University Student Union. It’s currently housed in the Joyal Administration Building. Lamas also said a resource center for veterans would likely be included in a New Student Union if a referendum on the New USU is approved by students.

First phase of classroom renovations begin next summer CONSTRUCTION from Page 1

Daniel Avalos • The Collegian

Rooms in Fresno State buildings will undergo renovations pictured here is McLane Hall Building.

The remaining funds are expected to be used to update classrooms in different buildings across the campus. Vice President of Administration Deborah Adishian-Astone said the classrooms being targeted for renovation are those that have gone untouched by major updates for the past 20 years. “We also looked at classrooms with high utilization,” Adishian-Astone said. The university received feedback from college deans, staff and faculty about what areas need the most attention, she said. The first phase of campus renovations will begin in the summer of 2018 and the second phase will begin in the summer of 2019. The first phase is expected to be completed by fall 2018, according to Sara Mitchel, interim director for planning, design and construction in the facilities management department. “The investment to modernize our classrooms is a top priority for our campus,” Mitchel said. Mitchel said the classroom renovations

will be similar to those recently done in the Conley Art 101 lecture hall. “[There will be] new seating, technology, lighting, ceilings, paint and flooring,” Mitchel said. “Rooms with tiered, fixed seating, will get new fixed seating.” The projected renovations on campus are part of an ongoing effort by Castro’s administration. Previously, the Jordan Agricultural Research and the Physical Therapy and Intercollegiate Athletics buildings were built. The hope with all the modernizations is that “students and faculty will have an enhanced learning and teaching environment,” Mitchel said. The rooms planned for renovation this summer are: Social Science 210, Professional Human Services 102, McLane 161, Science II 109 and 207, Speech Arts 26, Grosse Industrial Technology 288 and Agricultural Sciences 109. The rooms planned for renovation the summer 2019 are: McLane 121 and 162, Peters Building 103 and IT 101.




‘It was a cruel game today.’ SOCCER from Page 8 ‘Dogs took the field Sunday afternoon against Utah State. They fought until the end but were outlasted by the Aggies, 1-0. “We feel like we stuck to the game plan,” Zwaschka said. “We did everything we were hoping to do in terms of execution except for the final ball. It just wouldn’t go in for us. Credit to their goalkeeper. She had a great game, and we had a couple off the woodwork so there you have it. It was a cruel game today.” The second game of a back-to-back weekend for the ‘Dogs started in their favor. The team attacked early and often, almost leading to a goal. In total, the ‘Dogs

registered 15 shots but couldn’t convert a single one. “It’s really frustrating because the first 15 to 20 minutes we were dominating in our attacking third,” sophomore Tori Nicolo said. “It’s clear on the scoreboard we had more opportunities and if you don’t put those opportunities away it haunts us. It’s a hard game to play but once we get those opportunities finished, we are going to start seeing better results.” Delgadillo threatened early with a perfectly weighted pass that went unmet as it rolled across the six-yard box in the fourth minute. Shortly after the ‘Dogs threatened the Aggies, the visiting team responded with

a combination play down the field. The attacking movement resulted in a goal for Bailey Hammond in the eighth minute. The momentum switched to the Aggies, and they rode that wave to the end of the half. The visitors had more intent with the ball, however just coming up short on multiple occasions. Although the ‘Dogs had many chances in the second half, they were unable to find the back of the net. Senior forward Kaitlyn Crooker had the best chance of the second half after she latched onto a ball in the penalty area. Crooker was one-on-one with the goalkeeper, but she was unable to get her shot over the Aggie stopper.

Controversy surrounded the last kick of the game after what seemed to be a Bulldog goal. The ball bounced over the Aggie goalkeeper into the net, but the sideline ref called offside on the ‘Dogs. To the disappointment of the home crowd, the point didn’t stand, ultimately costing the ‘Dogs a draw. “I was right in front,” Nicolo said. “I could see the sun was in the keeper’s eyes. She was not clear where the ball was. It went straight through her hands.” The ‘Dogs head to Wyoming (5-4-1) next Friday for another conference showdown.

What it takes to be a cheerleader CHEERLEADING from Page 8 cause you’re relying on other people to do their job,” Wong said. “Injuries can happen, and I’ve been a part of that before.” Just last week, after recovering from a torn ACL, Wong landed herself in the emergency room after being dropped from a basket-toss. During that, another injury occurred when Wong stomped on another base, and he ended up with a concussion. “I’ve broken a couple of fingers myself. I broke my nose from a flyer before, so I mean you have to expect that,” Nunez said. “Especially the way we’re putting our body in the air. Whether [we’re] a flyer, tumbler, base, you’re putting your body out there.” Although cheerleading could lead to injuries, cheerleaders believe it if it means they can finally stick those difficult landings or stunts, and do it as a team. With rigorous practices, countless appearances and workouts, the cheer team continues to challenge those who think what they are doing is not sportsworthy. “A misconception about cheerleaders is people put on a uniform and they look cute in front of the game,” Nunez said. “It’s actually a lot of hard work.” Try it, Wong said. “Try to do what we do, throwing people, catching them, holding them,” Wong said. “You have to have perfect grips. It’s

not just I’m gonna throw someone and let her fall to the ground because you have a person’s human life in your hands. That’s my advice. If you think it’s not a sport, come and try it. Go for it.” Other than challenging others to perform at its level, the cheer team only has one end goal. “...To be better than the previous year,” Jennings said. In April, the cheer team traveled to Daytona, Florida to compete in the National Cheer Association and National Dance Association Collegiate National Championships. According to the team’s Facebook page, it has been 17 years since Fresno State has competed at that level. Placing seventh in Large Co-ed Cheer Division 1A, the cheer team looks to go back to Florida for a higher placing. For now, one can catch the cheerleaders on the sidelines entertaining the crowds locally. “We’re here for the Red Wave. We’re the face of Fresno State. We go up to the fans, especially the little girls. They love us, and we just bring the spirit to the Red Wave, help fans get more involved, get more on their feet,” Jennings said.

Daniel Avalos • The Collegian

The Fresno State cheer team practicing outside the South Gym on campus, Sept. 20, 2017. The team is plugging in new cheerleaders as they prepare and adjust with one another during a two-tier stunt.

IN BRIEF ‘Dogs lose to Utah State Fresno State women’s volleyball lost to Utah State on Saturday, three sets to one, despite having a season-high 10 blocks in the second set. “We blocked a ton of balls but again didn’t serve tough enough to earn runs,” head coach Lauren Netherby-Sewell said in a news release after the game. “We had far too many receive errors to win the match. We have some things to figure out when we get home, but we are asking

a few players to step up and lead on the floor from here on out.” Utah State took the first set 25-21, but the ‘Dogs bounced back with their strong blocking to take the second set 25-19. The Aggies regained momentum in the third set, winning it 25-18 and it continued into the fourth set, taking it 25-16 Freshman Sydney Lostumo had a career-high 33 assists and seven digs, and junior Emily Dzubak had a career-high 14 digs. The Bulldogs’ record drops to 5-9. They return home Thursday to face Nevada (4-10).

Equestrian splits first two competitions This weekend, the Fresno State equestrian team lost to No. 1 Texas A&M 14-5, but won 17-2 against South Dakota State. On Friday morning, the Aggies swept the ‘Dogs 5-0, in the equitation over fences event at the Student Horse Center. In the horsemanship event, the ‘Dogs managed to get on the board, 4-1. After the break, the Aggies continued to dominate the ‘Dogs 4-1 in equitation on the

flat. In the reining event, Fresno State finally gained its footing, defeating Texas A&M 3-1. As for Saturday, against South Dakota, the team improved to 1-1 after reaching its highest point total since 2010. “Today speaks a lot to our team to be able to bounce back from yesterday,” equestrian head coach Eric Hubbard said. “We got over the first meet jitters and were able to perform today, the way we know we can.” Fresno State quickly took the lead 4-1 in the equitation over fences event. The Bulldogs continued their dominance throughout the day, sweeping the Jackrabbits 4-0 in the horsemanship event, 4-1 in reining and 5-0 in the equitation on the flat.





Blood, sweat and cheers By Vanessa Romo @VanessaRomo_

The Fresno State Cheer team is not just a pile of pompoms, skirts and eyelashes, but a hardworking, dedicated and committed team, just like other student-athletes. Right now, the cheer team is plugging in new teammates as they improve and prepare for this season’s games, events and competitions. At the top of the pyramid, head coach Emmi Jennings is calling the shots. Right under her are assistant coaches and alumni Jocelyn Estrada and Luis Sepulveda. Coaching for six seasons, Jennings looks for cheerleaders who have heart, dedication and can commit to the team. “It is mind over matter, how hard you want to work to get that certain skill,” Jennings said. “How much you train.” Incoming freshman Emily Taylor knows the cost and benefits of hard work. “I hadn’t done a lot of collegiate tumbling or stunting, but my coach actually partnered me with our best stunter, Adam [Nunez],” Taylor said. “So, he has really pushed me, and I’ve had to meet his level in order for our stunts to even hit.” Along with heart, cheerleaders must also be able to meet the minimum requirements for stunting and tumbling: a standing back-handspring and being able to be a base, flyer or back spot. Once on the team, cheerleaders commit to workout days, practices and event appearances.

Daniel Avalos • The Collegian

The Fresno State cheer team practicing outside the South Gym on campus, Sept. 20, 2017. The team is practicing their stunts as they prepare for game days and events.

“We have to do a minimum of five appearances, so we get our attendance taken,” Taylor said. “We go to football dinners, Greek festivals and a lot of community appearances.” On top of that, cheerleaders enhance

the spirit at sporting events such as basketball, volleyball and football games. Soon, the wrestling and water polo teams will be added to the list. “It’s a pretty hard-core schedule,” Jennings said. “We do practice up to [four

days] a week in the afternoons, and then we have workouts at 5:30 in the morning [in preparation for those games].” During these practices and workouts, the team is doing body-weight exercises, cardio, tumbling passes and stunts. “We constantly have to be in shape,” said Julie Wong, a senior flyer. “We all work out together to make sure we have enough muscle to do the things we do. Because tumbling, lifting people and throwing them takes a lot of muscle.” Although training prepares cheerleaders for their performances and keeps them looking sharp, it also takes a toll on one’s body. “It’s super-exhausting,” Nunez said. “I spend most of my days sore because we’re putting our bodies in positions that normally shouldn’t bend.” These positions include a heel-stretch full-down, a roundoff back-handspring, a running back-handspring tuck, a standing tuck and other complicated cheerleading tricks. “The physical pain we’re putting [our] body through with tumbling and flipping … we’re punching off concrete, basketball courts, with our toes and our feet, and if you have one wrong landing you’re going to feel it for a while,” Nunez said. Not only do the cheerleaders put their bodies in positions that are abnormal, they put their bodies on the line for an audience’s entertainment. “[Injuries] are pretty common. Especially in tumbling, but also in stunts be-



Misfiring ‘Dogs drop conference matchups By Nugesse Ghebrendrias @nugebear13

Megan Trindad • The Collegian

Fresno State sophomore forward Julia Glaser attempts a shot against Utah State on Sept. 24, 2017. The Bulldogs lost the game 1-0.

The Fresno State women’s soccer team opened its Mountain West schedule in back-to-back fashion at home against Boise State and Utah State but was unable to pick up a victory, losing 2-1 and 1-0. “We’re in a hole in terms of collecting points,” head coach Brian Zwaschka said. “It’s still early in Mountain West play, and we’re playing good soccer. I’m giving my team credit where it’s due, but we are realistic, and we know we have to turn it into results.” The ‘Dogs put up a tough fight in both matches but weren’t able to find the back of the net consistently. On Friday night, the ‘Dogs outshot the Broncos 14-13 but were able to convert only one of those chances. Senior defender and midfielder Anna Crawford recorded her first goal for the ‘Dogs, with an assist by senior forward Myra Delgadillo. The Broncos then scored a penalty goal in the first half followed by a late winner in the 78th minute. The ‘Dogs went down 2-1, dropping their first game in the conference. And looking to rebound from the loss, the

See SOCCER, Page 7

September 25, 2017  
September 25, 2017