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Wednesday, Dec. 6, 2017

Fresno State’s Award-Winning Newspaper




Provision in House GOP tax plan could stress graduate students By Cresencio Rodriguez-Delgado @Cres_Guez

Republicans in the Senate last week voted yes to overhaul the country’s tax code. With the House already having approved its version, Congress is set to com-

promise on a tax reform bill that could be sent to the president for his signature. On the heels of a hasty vote last Friday, the Joint Committee on Taxation and the Congressional Budget Office said that the Senate-proposed bill would add $1 trillion to the national deficit over a 10year period. GOP legislators continue to

promise otherwise. But as the Senate and House bills are joined to make one, there are provisions in the House version that could stress graduate students. The tax bill from the Senate does not include any measures on higher education. The tax bill introduced by the House

would repeal the Lifetime Learning credit, which provides a tax credit of up to $2,000 per taxpayer for education expenses, and it would end the ability for graduate students to deduct tuition and fees and student-loan interest from their taxes, leaving them to pay more for their education. Dr. James E. Marshall, dean of research and graduate studies at Fresno State, said that while the House bill might not affect too many graduates at Fresno

See TAXES, Page 4



Event to honor women’s rights

By Dr. Sudarshan Kapoor |

Professor Emeritus & Chair of the Human Rights Coalition

Sign at the front entrance of the Kremen School of Education and Human Development on Nov. 28, 2017.

Daniel Avalos • The Collegian

University to pull student teachers if strike happens By Razmik Cañas @Raz_Canas


ngoing developments in Fresno Unified School District affairs could affect aspiring teachers at Fresno State. The Fresno Bee reported on Nov. 17 that the university will pull more than 200 hundred student-teachers from their assigned schools if Fresno Unified School District teachers carry out their threat to strike after fact-finding results are announced on Jan. 18. The Fresno Teachers Association (FTA) said they are striking for several reasons including class-size reduction and retroactive salary increases. The policy to pull the student-teachers was agreed to by California State University Chancellor Timothy White, university lawyers, district staff and the FTA leadership. At this point, the student-teachers who would potentially be affected have been notified via email by the college. Paul Beare, dean of the Kremen School of Education and Human Development, said his priority is the well-being of his students who are learning how to be teachers.

“We cannot guarantee that the teacher candidate’s master teacher will be in place, thus no time spent in schools may count toward the required hours of field experience,” Beare said. “For liability reasons, no Fresno State student teacher can be in a classroom in that role without public school and university supervision available.” Instead of doing their course field work at schools in the community, students will be required to attend a teach in (lecture) about past education strikes, according to The Fresno Bee. The field work courses that take place on Fresno Unified campuses will also be temporarily relocated to Fresno State’s Kremen Education Building or elsewhere. The courses will still meet at their regular assigned time if the strike occurs, Beare said. Carlos Gonzalez, a liberal studies major who is a student-teacher at Jefferson Elementary School, said he is unhappy about being pulled out of his class. “I do not really like it, but if it is what they must do, I have no choice but to go with the flow,” Gonzalez said. Substitute teaching has been on his mind and the minds of his fellow peers. The district has advertised on multiple occa-

sions that subs can receive $500 a day for subbing during the strike. Although he is interested in subbing, Gonzalez said his classmates are divided on the issue. “I could really use the money since I am not working right now, and I have rent to pay – not to mention tuition coming up for next semester,” Gonzalez said. “I will only sub if I can and it does not interfere with my schooling and classes.” Beare said the Kremen staff is supportive of both the district and the union, both of which play a role in the career preparation and employment of graduates. “This is a very complex situation and we are neutral on all political issues,” he said. “We are positive in our admiration of the teachers and the district leadership.” If student have any questions on the potential strike, they can go to the Kremen School of Education and Human Development dean’s office, in the Kremen Education Building in Room ED 210. COMMENT: The Collegian is a forum for student expression.

“Human rights are women’s rights and women’s rights are human rights once and for all.” Those were the powerful and bold words expressed by Hillary Clinton, then U.S. First lady, on Sept. 5, 1995, during the United Nations’ fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing, China. These words echo the fundamental principle of “Equal Rights of Men and Women” as mentioned in the U.N. charter, which was adopted by world leaders in 1945. Upholding, promoting and protecting women’s rights is the responsibility of all states, thus declared the charter. In view of the recognition of growing importance and the need to promote women’s rights, the Human Rights Coalition (HRC) of the Central Valley has selected “Women’s Rights Are Human Rights” as its theme to commemorate Human Rights Day on Dec. 9. The commemoration will be held from 8:30 a.m. to 1 p.m. on the Fresno State campus in North Gym, Room 118. The planning committee of the HRC, chaired by Veena Kapoor, Bernadette Vasquez and Gail Gaston, have developed the program, which includes a panel led by experts and eight discussion groups on various issues affecting women. The keynote speaker will be Amanda Renteria, chief of operations, for the California Attorney General’s Office. A welcome address by Fresno State First Lady Mary G. Castro and special message by Dolores Huerta are slated. This year’s commemoration will focus on women’s leadership and resilience to turn obstacles and barriers into opportunities for growth and empowerment. The commemoration starts with registration at 8:30 a.m. and a continental breakfast hosted by Fresno State President Dr. Joseph Castro. The event is being organized in partnership with the Fresno County Office of Education; The Ethics Center at Fresno State; the Islamic Cultural Center of Fresno; and several other human rights groups from the Central Valley. For more on human rights from Kapoor, visit





A goodbye letter from the editor By Amber Carpenter | @shutupambs

When I started this job last fall, I had zero idea what to expect. There were a lot of things I didn’t know, but of three things I was positive – I knew that I was terrified, that this was personally uncharted territory for myself but also that I loved to write. From Day One, I hoped to be able to take aspects of the human experience and put them on paper in a way that was warm and humorous. But I learned early on that doing just that wouldn’t be enough. I had to be informed; I had to be aware; and I had to find my own voice. It’s with this last opinion piece that I say goodbye and move forward into new adventures, experiences and creative endeavors. The growth I’ve experienced in the year-and-a-half that I’ve worked at The Collegian has never been comfortable. There were growing pains and revelations I had to make about myself to facilitate growth as not only a writer, but as someone who was making

Collegian staffers gather around the fountain in preparation for the fall 2017 semester.

strides to become more informed and aware of what was going on in the outside world. If I had a time machine and was able to go back to the beginning of my first semester, the first and only thing I would do is tell myself that all of it matters. It is just as important to write about political happenings as it is to tell stories of humanity and growth as they relate to things like pop culture or campus happenings. There are few things that read-

ers can relate to more than shared human experience. Whether that has been writing about campus and nationwide responses to experiences of sexual assault, or about the struggle of doing group projects in college, people are willing to sound off with their own shared experiences, and that is part of what has made this experience so special. This job has taught and given me so much. It has given me the ability to stand firmly on my own

Daniel Avalos • The Collegian

words and be confident about what I have put out into the world through writing. While working here as an editor has taught me the value of my own words, it has also taught me about the responsibility of someone who writes. I have been faced head-on with institutionalized pressure to say or do the right thing, just as I have been faced with a decision of where to channel my loyalty. But all in all, the purpose and

intent of this job has been to hold those in positions of power accountable and to bring an awareness to issues that happen locally and on a national level to the attention of students who read this publication. Working as opinion editor has also forced me to hold myself accountable – to make my research on social issues thorough and to keep my eyes and ears open toward issues happening nationally and in our own backyard. This job has never been easy, but it has brought me just as much joy as it has stress and pressure under deadlines, or outcry from people in regards to the comments section of our Facebook or letters to the editor. There are so many moments in The Collegian office that I will hold near and dear to my heart. I feel privileged to say that I was writing opinion during what could have been – and what might still be – one of the most socially and politically divisive moments in recent history. From sitting at my desk in tears on election night to latenight trips to Taco Bell with fellow editors, there is nothing I would trade for the last year-anda-half of experience I’ve had here. I feel grateful to have worked with some of the most promising journalists I have ever seen, and am so excited to see where our professional careers take us.

Drew Sheneman

THE COLLEGIAN The Collegian is a student-run publication that serves the Fresno State community. Views expressed in The Collegian do not necessarily reflect the views of the staff or university.

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Be fair to your religious neighbor. Study their past By Cresencio Rodriguez-Delgado @cres_guez

It’s important to know when people’s decisions are based on their religion. Important because, although we may not always agree with their faith, their firm beliefs fuel their everyday actions which then have an effect on everyone else. There are extremely scary points where someone’s religion is used to carry out violent actions against fellow humans. And there could well be cases in which laws are inspired by someone’s faith or belief in God – God-believers in the U.S. slightly declined, according to a 2015 Pew Research Center study. We’ve seen time and time again the debates among communities when an “In God We Trust” sign goes up at a city hall somewhere. Nevertheless, heated tension is not alien to the area of religion. One question we should ask, however, is whether placing an “In God We Trust” sign is the fair thing to do when we have such diverse religious communities. There are also other questions that could help when trying to understand religion and its impact on our neighbors. I stopped following my Catholic faith because I lost interest in the teachings. But for those who keep up with it for the long run, why do they do it? Understanding everything about religion would take quite a long time. But in a short quest to shine even a dim light on how religion plays a part in the lives of individuals, I learned a few things that are worth sharing. I spoke to a few students and a professor who enlightened me. I first heard from Breanna Rodriguez, fifth-generation Apostolic Pentecostal, who told me that being another generation of faithful followers of her faith is more of a choice for her than it is keeping family tradition. Like many others, her belief in God is strong. The reason she gave made sense to me: believing in God has helped her endure difficult times throughout her life. Rodriguez said she struggles with mental health. Prayer and scriptures that encourage strength and hope have only helped her grow a deeper connection to her faith. She also said that losing six people in her life has led her to seek comfort – and she has found her solace in the presence of God. The value Rodriguez places on her faith is evidently linked to her life experiences. I learned that this is the case for many religious followers after speaking with Fresno State Anthropology profes-

sor Henry Delcore, who teaches a course on religion. Delcore told me that the faith people choose to follow typically has meaning to them because people link their own experiences to it. A key factor in determining the importance of one’s religion is to consider their background. What I learned from Delcore was that it is important to talk about religion in the context of racial, economic and historical backgrounds. When someone talks about the power of their religion, Delcore told me, we should ask what it is about that particular person that makes their religious experience important to them. Were they hurt at one point? Did a certain faith offer them a way to cope with their struggles? Are they in a better place now after choosing to join a church? All the approaches to religion by students who take Delcore’s class have validity, he told me. That has to do with everyone being able to control what they believe based on how they have experienced life. Religion serves a function that many of us would benefit from learning. It could deter the next atrocity caused by disagreement on whether one’s religion is better than the other. We have seen ugly things play out in the headlines in regards to religion. There is, for example, the ban on travelers from certain countries with a majority of Muslim people. Why a ban on people? We should ask each other if the measure is really intended for stopping terror – because the numbers show a different story – or whether it is because we believe the negative, and false, stereotypes we hear about Muslims. In speaking with Delcore, he told me that there is no evidence to prove any religious group is inherently violent. There are periods, he said, where certain people within a religious group will engage in extremist behavior. But that could depend on the political, economic and historical context of the time, Delcore said. When we learn to examine these areas, things become less a question of “is one religion bad” and more about how is one’s economical or historical experiences tied to his or her beliefs or actions.

COMMENT: The Collegian is a forum for student expression.

Christian K. Lee • Los Angeles Times/TNS

John Wilder, background, welcomes Muslims to the United States at the Tom Bradley International Terminal of LAX in Los Angeles on June 29, 2017, protesting President Trump’s travel ban.



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Tax plan could increase costs for graduates TAXES from Page 1 State, there would still be some burdens added to graduate students studying at the university. Out of 2,231 graduate students at Fresno State this fall, 1,968 are working toward a master’s degree, while 251 are pursuing their doctoral degree. Twelve graduate students are pursuing a certificate in advanced studies, Marshall said. Graduate students at Fresno State are not offered stipends like those given at other universities. Marshall said some eligible graduate students pursuing their

master’s degree get “partial fee waivers” that are called “sponsorships” if they become teaching assistants. The House tax bill would force that tuition reduction to become taxable, Marshall said. For a few non-resident graduate students who get tuition waivers, their waived tuition will also become taxable if the House bill’s provision remains in a final bill. Marshall said that taxing non-resident tuition waivers for graduates from out of state could deter them from coming to Fresno State. Further, he said that taxing previously waived tuition also has the

potential to impact graduate research productivity if fewer students decide to enroll in a graduate studies program. Although “nothing is set in stone yet,” Marshall said about the House tax bill provision, “it has the potential to negatively affect some graduate students.” Democrats unanimously opposed any tax bill offered by the Republicans. Only one GOP Senator voted against the Senate’s version due to the $1 trillion deficit impact. Now, the GOP will take its bills and turn them into one. They expect to send a tax reform bill to the president before Christmas, according to reports.


Students can now do hands-on research at new forensic lab By Christian Mattos @ChrisssyMattos

Criminology students are getting handson experience with a new lab in their department. Fresno State students and faculty in the criminology department were used to consulting with professors at their offices or in general classrooms. But this semester, the new Forensic Behavioral Science lab is available to help in their studies. Dr. Jenna Kieckhaefer and Dr. Peter English, professors in the forensic behavioral sciences (FBS) option of the criminology department, are co-directors of the lab, which opened on Sept. 15. The FBS lab, located in rooms 148, 150

Daniel Avalos • The Collegian

New computers and furniture were put into the Forensic Behavioral Science criminology lab located in the Science II Building on Dec. 4, 2017. The forensic lab was recently installed in what used to be criminology professors’ offices.

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For Marshall, he hopes any final tax bill is one that does not hurt students’ higher education. The Council of Graduate Schools, which includes Fresno State as an affiliate, released a statement encouraging legislators to consider maintaining the current tax provisions that help graduate students finance their education. It stated that since graduate students already pay high interest rates on their loans, a tax bill that targets education by removing the ability of the graduate students to deduct the loan interest payments “only increases their debt.”

and 152 in the Science II Building, consists of two faculty offices converted into one larger room for a data entry area and storage of study participant information, Kieckhaefer said. A third office is furnished with computer stations and an interviewing table for research and one-on-one interactions. “We also have the ability to run research studies that need to be at a computer,” Kieckhaefer said. “But mostly, it’s probably going to be for data analysis, transcribing, just so multiple people can work in here at once.” Kaylee Jones, a junior in the FBS option, said she spends time in the lab working on a class research project and assisting Kieckhaefer in her own research on the effects of police rapport in interviewing a cooperative witness. Much of her work in the lab, Jones said, has consisted of going through transcripts and spreadsheets, collecting survey responses and categorizing information and

See RESEARCH, Page 5




Lab gives students a chance to get their ‘hands dirty’ RESEARCH from Page 4 questions. Jones is studying rates of sexual harassment and sexual assault within the LGBTQ community. She said she distributed an anonymous survey on campus and through social media. This class project is a pilot that she hopes to expand into a further study, Kieckhaefer said. “I also hope to maybe get a look at the education on sexual assault and what you can do if you’ve experienced it, or a friend, because it seems like a lot of victims just didn’t know what they could do or that they

could do anything at all,” Jones said. “I was inspired by the #MeToo campaign for my research.” The lab is open to faculty and student research assistants. Students are required to fill out volunteer paperwork, complete the human subjects online training module through the Institutional Review Board and undergo a background check in order to be allowed access to the lab, Kieckhaefer said. “It’s important for sensitive information, so it’s crucial that we have password-protected computers, the locked room, the locked doors, and that we moni-

tor who has access to this space because it’s all confidential information,” she said. Kieckhaefer and English, the criminology professors, said they are looking into getting more research equipment for the lab, including video cameras, recording equipment and an eye-tracker, which tracks and records the movement of eyes scanning a visual scene. English said the lab gives students the opportunity “to get their hands dirty” doing research from the beginning stages of experimental design, to data collection, to writing results that will hopefully lead to publication.

“It started to provide students the opportunity to do research and have given faculty a chance to do the kinds of research upon which the FBS discipline is based,” English said. “It’s going to put our FBS students particularly in better positions for graduate school, which is critical if they really want to do professionally what they have gotten a taste of in the FBS lab.”

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Backbone of university communications retires By Hayley Salazar @Hayley_Salazarr

The campus may have seen his emails promoting university news and updates. Others have seen him at countless events. In November, he was inducted as a Hall of Fame fellow to the media, communications and journalism department. Wednesday marks Tom Uribes’ final day as the university’s public information officer for University Communications. He is wrapping up nearly 30 years of service. His accomplishments best fit on a long list, but for Uribes, he does it all in a day’s work. He found the idea humorous of sitting down with The Collegian to discuss his time at Fresno State. “When I first saw your email my first

thought was ‘Why do you want to write a story about me?’” he said. But, since his start at Fresno State, Uribes has come to be the backbone of university communications. He discussed retirement plans, the highlights of being Fresno State’s public information officer and the role his parents played in him becoming the media professional he is today. The following Q&A is from an interview granted to The Collegian on Dec. 5, 2017. Questions and answers have been edited for brevity. Q: “What are some of the emotions you’re feeling as your last day as PIO approaches?” A: “It is a mixed emotion kind of feeling. I guess I’m kind of sentimental. Knowing anything comes to an end, I always stop to think about things like that. I’m definitely

looking forward to not working anymore. At least not the way I was, I’m sure I’ll keep busy somehow. I’m really looking forward to that break. I have to admit there are moments of ‘Man I’m going to miss the hectic, craziness the new life is about,’ but I really am looking forward to it. I’m going to miss all the people I work with both here on campus and off campus because I got to work so much with especially news folks throughout most of the region, even sometimes beyond. So mostly it’s kind of a mixed feeling.” Q: “What do you plan to do after leaving Fresno State? What are you going to be doing?” A: “The primary plan I have in mind is simply one of visiting with my father more often. He’s 96-years-old. He was a World War II veteran. He just moved back [to Sanger]. He decided he wanted to move back home because this is where we all grew up. So he’s there now and I hope to spend a lot more time with him. That’s primarily what I anticipate doing. Obviously I’ll be doing other things. I’ll just kind of relax mainly. I have a little dog, Coco, so I’d like to walk her and get some exercise. Actually get a lot more exercise. That’s one of the things that happened here was that, even though as busy as I was, as non-stop as my daily routine was, it actually was in my head and not in my legs. I was at a desk most of the time, and even though I would

get out to go places on campus, you know because we have a great walking park here, it was minimal.” Q: “What is your advice to aspiring journalists?” A: “We need journalists to dig in and pursue now more than ever the principles and ideals of journalism. To get out there to question issues, to question people, to report on it. Tell stories, tell good stories, you have to tell bad stories too. But, to get out there to tell the story. I would hope there would be a renewed interest amongst young people to pursue the profession in journalism. To not be discouraged if they’re seeing a lot of commotion out there, if it sounds like it’s disgusting and you don’t want to be involved in it. Take it as a challenge to show how you can keep the ideals of journalism. It’s kind of what I’ve had to face as a Chicano journalist, having to prove myself – to be objective, and competent and a professional as much as anybody else.” For more of Uribes’ interview, visit

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Alejandro Soto • The Collegian

University public information o f f i c e r, To m Uribes, who is retiring on Dec. 6, 2017. He sat down with The Collegian to give a one-on-one interview.





Locals react to the end of Warped Tour By Selina Falcon @SelinaFalcon

Kevin Lyman, founder of the Vans Warped Tour, announced in a public statement last month that summer 2018 would be the final full cross-country run of the tour. Warped Tour, a traveling music festival that has been staged every summer since 1995, has been dubbed “punk-rock summer camp” by many and has given a stage to some of today’s biggest artists, including Katy Perry, G-Eazy, Fall Out Boy and Jimmy Eat World. Lyman said in his statement that after spending four summers on the Lollapalooza tour, he had wanted to create his own show that mixed music and action sports. “With the support of so many people, I have now spent the last 23 summers bringing that show to a city near you,” he said on the Vans Warped Tour website. “We have brought that show to over 11 million people around the world and watched that same world change while doing so.” One of those places Lyman brought Warped Tour to was Fresno, and while the tour has not made a stop in the Central Valley in eight years, many still remember when it did set up in the Save Mart Center parking lot. Sean McElhinney, interim general manager at the Save Mart Center, said he was just starting out at the venue the last time Warped Tour was in Fresno. “We did ours on an asphalt parking lot during the dead of summer, so that was a challenge,” he said. “And then by the time [the tour] got to California, they were looking at school starting because California typically started a lot earlier than the East Coast for






school. I know the last time we did it was on the first day of school for pretty much everyone.” McElhinney said one of the biggest reasons Warped Tour could be ending is due to the expenses. “Right now, there’s a festival that’s basically popping up in every city,” he said. “Warped Tour was up there. Yes, it was a festival, but they had a lot of expense to get from city to city to city to city.” In an interview with Billboard in November, Lyman said recent years had been tough financially, but the decision wasn’t solely based on finances. “Despite what people’s perception is, I do [Warped Tour] because I love music and I love turning people onto new bands,” he said. “Last year, the finances weren’t good, and it was tough because you’re sitting there going, you worked this hard … So we’re not ending it because of that. We don’t mind running it to break even. But you’ve got to be smart in business, too.” Debbie Speer, associate news editor at Pollstar, a trade publication based in Fresno that reports on the global concert industry, said Warped Tour has had a large impact on the concert industry. “Vans Warped Tour has been a tremendous platform for emerging artists, and founder Kevin Lyman has been a real innovator in the festival space,” she said. “Gwen Stefani and No Doubt, and a ton of other bands that are household names now, got their starts on Warped.” Speer said other things Lyman did included pricing the festival affordably, because he was aware that the Warped audience was young. He also provided a free ticket for parents and “an area where they could hang out while their kids watched the show, for

Selina Falcon • The Collegian

Arizona band The Maine performed on the full 2016 Vans Warped Tour with a backdrop on stage that read: ‘You are watching a band called The Maine.’

those who felt a little skittish about dropping their 12-year-old off at a massive festival site and leaving them there.” “They also brought in educational nonprofits alongside the sticker and food vendors, so they brought a socially responsible aspect to the festival as well,” Speer added. As for the impact the end of Warped Tour will have on bands, Speer said it is “a big loss to those baby bands, whose first major exposure and experience on a big tour and lessons learned about cohabitating on the road with other bands, might have been Vans Warped Tour.” Codie Collins, frontman, manager and booking agent for Fresno band Wee Beasties, said he attended the last Warped Tour date in Fresno in 2009. “A few friends of mine per-

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formed, [I] got to see a ton of bands I loved, and overall had a great time,” Collins said. “I believe that Warped Tour serves as an integral part of the live music culture and scene,” he said. “It’s something that most all bands look at as a goal to strive for. I personally always wanted to do the entire tour nationally in a band. It’s taken everyone by surprise that it’s finally ending.” Collins said he was at a Hunny and Bad Suns concert with his bandmate, Giovann Mena, when he found out that the tour was ending. He said he sits in between seeing the end as a negative or a positive. “On the negative side, smaller underground bands won’t get a chance to be put in front of those large audiences, who otherwise would never discover them,” he said. “On the positive side, it may open up the door of possibilities to a new and improved tour. It may also force listeners to now spend more time investing in bands who don’t get the opportunity to play Warped Tour. We’ll just have to wait and see how it all plays out.” Also sitting in the middle is Fresno State animal science major Nikki Xiong. “I think I’m more in between because I feel like now there’s not too many good bands going anymore,” she said. Xiong said she has attended Warped Tour twice, the first time being in Fresno in 2009, and the most recent being in 2016

in Mountain View. She said on the first tour she saw bands like Breathe Carolina, The Devil Wears Prada, Lights and Cash Cash. “I wanted to go because I really wanted to see the band Breathe Carolina, so my best friend and I went,” she said. “We were young. We were in high school, freshman year. We were like, ‘Let’s go, it’s fun.’” When asked what bands she saw on the 2016 tour, Xiong said she only went for one. “The Maine for sure, and that was pretty much it,” she said. “I only watched The Maine, I’m gonna be honest, that’s what [I] did.” Xiong said she found out about Warped Tour ending via Twitter. “I’m kind of sad, but I guess it’s OK,” she said. “More sad though because I think it’s something fun, and it’s something to do over summer that everyone can kind of go to. And then you get to meet bands and usually it’s free, you just pay to get in.” Xiong said whether she attends the final Warped Tour will depend on the lineup, and there’s only one band the would convince her to go. “Most likely [The Maine]. If they go, yes, I’ll go because they’re worth seeing,” she said. The 2018 Vans Warped Tour will kick off on June 21 in Pomona and finish up on Aug. 5 in West Palm Beach, Fla. This story was produced in Ron Orozco’s advanced reporting class, MCJ 102W.





‘La Posada’ makes campus ‘feel more inclusive’

Daniel Avalos • The Collegian

Frankie Maldonado participates in a blessing of the food before eating at ‘La Posada’ in the Thomas building on Dec. 4, 2017. ‘La Posada’ is a holiday celebrated in Mexico.

By Gabriel Verde @TheCollegian

Dishes of traditional Mexican food, hymns of praise heard and dancing seen throughout the hallways marked this year’s “La Posada” event, held Monday at

the Cross Cultural and Gender Center. “La Posada” (inn or shelter) is a traditional event held during the holiday season that commemorates the religious story of Mary and Joseph, journeying from town to town in search of shelter so that a pregnant Mary could rest and give birth. During the holiday season, Latinos


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travel from house to house re-enacting Joseph and Mary’s search for shelter. They sing at each home, much like caroling at Christmas time, and participants ask the “innkeepers” at each house if they can provide shelter. Joseph and Mary are turned away each time until they finally come to the “stable” that was offered to

them and where Jesus was born. The “La Posada” event included traditional Latin dishes, such as tamales and posole, singing, dancing and some folklore of the culture. Flameless candles were also passed out to honor and pray for those suffering from mental, emotional or physical stress or disability during this holiday season. “I feel like this event is important because Latinos are from all different countries, but events like this remind us that, even though we are from different areas, we can still be reminded of our native land,” said Ivan Cevallos, event coordinator for the Cross Cultural and Gender Center. Monserrath Sanchez, another event coordinator, said, “‘Las Posadas’ is meant to expose and educate students and the Fresno community [of] the various cultures that are on the Fresno State campus.” Sanchez said the event has been a tradition ever since the center was called the Central Valley Cultural Heritage Institute. He estimates the event has been on campus for at least 10 years. Maria Guzman, a Chicano and liberal studies student at Fresno State, said she thinks events like these are a good idea because “they help Latinos feel more recognized and feel more inclusive about things going on around campus.” On Wednesday a similar event called “La Pastorela” will take place at the Satellite Student Union at 7 p.m. It is another form of a shepherd’s tale that is more of an educational representation about current issues in the Latino culture.





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Kiss My Face moisture shave, NOTO Botanics: Multi-Benne Tint Stick, Pacifica Coconut Water Micellar Cleansing Tonic and Heartspring lip balm.

By Jessica Johnson | @iamjesslj

Some may think cruelty-free beauty products are expensive, don’t work well or smell funny. But, I am here to say, they are not any of those things. You’ll rarely find me in Ulta or Sephora looking for makeup because a majority of their beauty

products contain harmful chemicals such as polyethylene, petroleum distillates, sodium lauryl sulfate and parabens. Some of those ingredients have been linked to hormonal destructions, reproductive and developmental disorders, according to Beauty products do not need to be tested on animals or have unpronounceable ingredients in them for them to be affordable, useful and effective. I’ve used these products for a few years, and they have yet to fail me, and they have yet to break my bank account, as they are also economical.

Kiss My Face moisture shave Why: The best part of the product besides its creamy, silky consistency: It lasts for months. Gone are the days of buying a can of shaving cream and it running out in a couple weeks. The brand is completely natural, organic and never tests on animals. One pump goes a long, long way. I’m talking shaving both of your legs with one pump. The cream comes in seven scents, but the pomegranate grapefruit is my favorite. Where you can buy it: On their website, Or the

cost is about $7 at Whole Foods, but it can also be purchased at Lassen’s, Sprouts and some Target and Walmart locations in Fresno. NOTO Botanics: Multi-Benne Tint Stick Why: This stick can be used on your lips, eyelids and my favorite – cheeks. I use this on the days when I don’t want to wear makeup, but my face needs a pop of color, or as the brand’s website puts it, “pop of natural flush.” I circle the stick on my cheeks, purse my lips to accentuate my cheeks and massage the color in. Where you can buy it: On their website,, for

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$18.50. Heartspring lip balm Why: I started using this lip balm because I watch the reality show “Vanderpump Rules,” and a castmate on there has a podcast and featured her friend, Kristina Kelly, as a guest. She talked about how she makes her own lip balm at her home in Venice, California, with all organic and ethically sourced products. I decided to buy her lip balm on Etsy, and immediately fell in love with the cute drawstring bag it came in and how much love and detail that was obviously put into it. Out of the four scents, I’ve tried the coconut and rose balm, as well as the lavender and honey. My lips have never been softer, and there is nothing more pleasant than rubbing natural, mood-enhancing aromas on your lips in the morning and before bed. Where you can buy it: One tube is sold for $6 on Kelly’s Etsy account, Heartspringco. Pacifica Coconut Water Micellar Cleansing Tonic Why: I use this tonic when I am too lazy to clean my face in the morning or before bed. I put a bit of it on a cotton ball and run it over my face. It’s that simple. The scent is fresh, and it makes your skin feel firm and clean. Not only does the tonic make you feel fresh and clean, but the packaging of the bottle is pretty with gold accents that will make your bathroom counter or shelf have a pop of color. Where you can buy it: An 8-ounce bottle is sold on Pacifica’s website,


These stories are available on The Collegian website in English and Spanish. Estos artículos están disponibles en el sitio web de The Collegian en español e inglés. MIÉRCOLES, 6 DE DICIEMBRE DE 2017


Con baile y mucho color, así fue la ‘Navidad en México’

Benjamin Cruz • The Collegian

Danzantes bailan en el escenario del Satellite Student Union durante el 30 anual “Christmas in Mexico Folklorico Show” el 2 de diciembre de 2017.

Escrito por Blanca Ramos @blancaramos1998

Los Danzantes llevaron a cabo su trigésimo espectáculo anual de danza folclórica “Navidad en México” en el campus Fresno State. Conocido como uno de los programas de invierno folclóricos más antiguos en el Valle Central, el espectáculo, “Navidad en México”, acogió a la comunidad. Al comienzo del espectáculo se le dio la bienvenida al público en la voz del profesor y director de Los Danzantes de Aztlan Victor Torres, en donde se le agradeció a los patrocinadores, bailarines y al público por su participación. El espectáculo, patrocinado por el departamento de Estudios Chicanos y Lati-

noamericanos y por la facultad Ciencias Sociales, revivió la cultura mexicana de una manera muy colorida y tradicional. Los Danzantes de Aztlan, los Danzantes Juvenil, Grupo Folklórico de Fresno City College, Danzantes de Tláloc de Central High and El Alma de la preparatoria de Clovis dieron vida a la cultural por medio de los bailes tradicionales. Las regiones que se hicieron presentes por medio de los bailes fueron Yucatán, Sinaloa, Baja California Sur, Hidalgo, Veracruz, Nuevo León, Jalisco y Colima. Antes de dar inicio con los bailes, se les dio la bienvenida a los bailarines, quienes entraron por las puertas traseras en forma de proposición para representar la posada. Al llegar al escenario, los bailarines quebraron la tradicional piñata para revivir el espíritu navideño. Al comienzo de cada

baile, Torres presentó el grupo de Danzantes al igual que la región a la cual pertenecía cada baile. Los Danzantes de Aztlán empezaron con un baile de la región de Yucatán, donde los colores vivos de los vestuarios y la imagen del Castillo, Chichén Itzá como fondo de pantalla del escenario enfatizaron la cultura de la región. Seguidos por el grupo juvenil de niños, quienes dieron vida a la región de Sinaloa, la región fue presentada por imagen de portada del escenario. La región de Baja California se hizo presente en el baile, cual fue bailado por Fresno City College. Y la preparatoria de Clovis le dio vida a Veracruz. La región de Jalisco fue presentada por Danzantes de Tláloc de Central High School. Durante el transcurso del espectáculo, se produjo un pequeño problema con la seguridad cuando no había espacio donde sentarse para el público y se apagó la música a plena presentación de uno de los bailes por parte de los Danzantes de Aztlán. Sin embargo, los Danzantes de Aztlán supieron cómo manejar la situación, ya que siguieron con el baile aun sin música y el público se los aplaudio. Con un ambiente acogedor por parte de las decoraciones navideñas, los colores vivos, la representación de la bandera mexicana por medio de las luces del escenario, los tradicionales vestuarios y el compás de la música, se transporto el público a una Navidad en México.



DHS tiene nuevo lider By Escrito por Francisco J. De León Alonso @frankiejda

Kirstjen Nielsen ha sido nominada por el Presidente Donald J. Trump para dirigir el Departamento de Seguridad Nacional de los Estados Unidos DHS con un voto de 6237 en el senado según el PBS Newshour. Anteriormente, Nielsen sirvió como Chief of Staff del DHS. El periódico The Washington Post dijo que ningún senador del partido republicano votó en contra de la nominación de Nielsen. Los demócratas, al contraste del líder de la mayoría en el Senado de los EE. UU. Mitch McConnell, asienten que Nielsen no tiene la experiencia suficiente para dirigir el DHS, que consta de 240,000 empleados con un presupuesto discrecional de $40 billones. NOTA: Encuentre la historia “Como la reforma del sistema tributario puede afectar a inmigrantes, estudiantes postgrado” en nuestro sitio web:

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Individual stars led team to success

Nugesse Ghebrendrias • The Collegian

Fresno State quarterback Marcus McMaryion drops back to pass against San Jose State on Oct. 7, 2017 at CEFCU Stadium in San Jose, California. The Bulldogs won 27-10.

By William Ramirez @willoveslakers2


lthough the Bulldogs fell short 17-14 last Saturday to Boise State in the Mountain West Championship game, there is no denying the progress the Bulldogs made after a 1-11 record last season. The team finished this season 9-4, won the West division and will play in the Hawaii Bowl on Dec. 24. Coach Jeff Tedford, the Moun-

tain West Coach of the Year, said he is extremely proud of his players, and they have nothing to be ashamed about. “Even though we fell short, I’m really proud of them,” he said after the championship game. “I love them, and we’ll go back to the drawing board. We’ll be back.” The team’s players worked extremely well with Tedford and it showed in statistics, awards and, of course, team success. The Collegian chose to highlight three of the team’s biggest contributors this season in honor of their success on the field.

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Marcus McMaryion One of the biggest questions looming over the football team coming into the season was the quarterback position. Quarterback Chason Virgil and Jorge Reyna were projected to be at the heart of the battle for the starting job. That was before McMaryion, a Dinuba native, decided to transfer from Oregon State and come home to the Valley. McMaryion seized the starting job before the team’s game against Nevada in Week 5. The quarterback threw for 2,384 yards, 14 touchdowns and a 61.1 comple-

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tion percentage this season. His 139.8 passer efficiency rating ranked fourth in the conference. He quickly established a strong rapport with receiver KeeSean Johnson, which led to Johnson’s team-leading 69 receptions and 918 yards. McMaryion told The Collegian back in October how happy he was to be a Bulldog, how close the team was – ”brotherhood” was a constant theme among the players – and just how good it felt to be home. “I expected some excitement,

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but just the response I’ve gotten from the Valley and the Dinuba community is just unreal and unbelievable,” the junior said. “It’s definitely pushing me that much more every day knowing how many people are behind me.” McMaryion still has one more year of eligibility so, barring injury, Bulldog fans can expect to see him taking snaps again next season. Jeffrey Allison Linebacker Jeffrey Allison was a force for the best defense in the Mountain West. The Bulldogs placed first in average points allowed per game with 17.2. Allison led the team with 113 tackles and placed fourth in the conference in that category, all as a sophomore. His season started with some emotional challenges. He is a Miami native, and his family was forced to deal with the devastation caused by Hurricane Irma. Allison said he used that devastation as a motivation to play harder in his game against Alabama on Sept. 9. He finished that game with a career-high 14 tackles. Performances like that turned into more of a trend than an anomaly, and his efforts were rewarded via two Mountain West Defensive Player of the Week honors and a first-team All-Mountain West selection. Allison is only a sophomore, but even in his two years here, he has felt a huge change when comparing his first season here to his second. “As a team, we came more together. I can really say that we’re a family now,” Allison told The Collegian in September. “We probably had our little differences last year, but we’re all together.” Aaron Mitchell Center Aaron Mitchell will play his final collegiate game on Dec. 24 in the Hawaii Bowl, but he’s made sure to leave a strong legacy during his time as a Bulldog. Mitchell has been a constant on the Bulldogs’ offensive line, starting and playing in 37-straight games for the Bulldogs, this season being his first at center. His veteran presence and consistency were rewarded with second-team All-Mountain West honors and his role as a captain all season. Mitchell has been very clear about how proud he is to be a part of the Fresno State football program. “It’s really an honor to play here at Fresno State. It’s an honor to play [offensive line] here,” Mitchell said on Nov. 25 after the ‘Dogs’ victory over the Boise State Broncos. Only time will tell what path Mitchell will take after Fresno State. He told The Collegian his hope is to play in the NFL, but he wouldn’t mind running a Fortune 500 company if he is unable to make it into professional football.





Tedford racking up accolades By Daniel Gligich @danielgligich

First-year Fresno State head football coach Jeff Tedford is earning many accolades after leading the Bulldogs to a 9-4 record and first place in the Mountain West’s West division. Last season, before Tedford, the ‘Dogs finished with a 1-11 record. The 8-win improvement over last year is the best in the nation. On Tuesday, Tedford was named a Regional Coach of the Year by the American Football Coaches Association. There are five regional coaches of the year for each

football division, and they will be honored at the American Football Coaches Awards on Jan. 9 in Charlotte, North Carolina. The other four winners are Scott Frost from the University of Central Florida; Kirby Smart from Georgia; Paul Chryst from Wisconsin; and Matt Campbell from Iowa State. Also on Tuesday, Tedford was named a finalist for the 2017 Eddie Robinson Coach of the Year Award, presented on behalf of the Football Writers Association of America (FWAA), in conjunction with the Allstate Sugar Bowl. The other finalists are Bill Clark from the University of Alabama at Birmingham, Frost; Lane Kiffin from Florida Atlantic

University; Jeff Monken from Army; Lincoln Riley from Oklahoma; Smart; and Dabo Swinney from Clemson. The winner will be announced on Dec. 14, and the official presentation reception will be on Jan. 6 in Atlanta in conjunction with the College Football Playoff National Championship. Tedford was named the Mountain West Coach of the Year on Nov. 29. On Nov. 16, Tedford was named one of 16 semifinalists for the George Munger College Coach of the Year Award, which is presented yearly by the Maxwell Football Club. Finalists are announced on Dec. 11, and the winner is announced on Dec. 27.

Daniel Gligich • The Collegian

Fresno State head football coach Jeff Tedford.


Six Mountain West teams going to bowl games By Daniel Gligich @danielgligich

Six teams from the Mountain West conference are going to bowl games. It is the 11th consecutive year the conference has sent at least five teams to postseason games. Fresno State (9-4) is headed for the Hawaii Bowl against Houston (7-4) from

the American Athletic Conference on Dec. 24. The game will be televised on ESPN, and the teams have never played each other before. Mountain West champion Boise State (10-3) will play Oregon (7-5) from the Pac-12 in the Las Vegas Bowl on Dec. 16. The game will be televised on ABC. This is the Broncos’ 16th year in a row going to a bowl game, sixth-best nationally, and they lead the series 2-0.

Colorado State (7-5) is playing Marshall (7-5) from Conference USA in the Gildan New Mexico Bowl on Dec. 16. The game will be televised on ESPN, and it is the first meeting between the teams. Wyoming (7-5) will play Central Michigan (8-4) from the Mid-American Conference in the Famous Idaho Potato Bowl on Dec. 22. The game will be televised on ESPN, and the series is tied 1-1. San Diego State (10-2) will play Army

(8-3), an independent school, in the Lockheed Martin Armed Forces Bowl on Dec. 23. The game will be televised on ESPN, and the Aztecs lead the series 2-0. Utah State (6-6) is playing New Mexico State (6-6) from the Sun Belt in the NOVA Home Loans Arizona Bowl on Dec. 29. The game will be televised on CBS Sports Network, and New Mexico State is playing in its first bowl game since 1960. Utah State leads the series 30-7.





‘Dogs win the Battle for the 99

Senior guard Jahmel Taylor with the ball against California State University, Bakersfield on Dec. 5, 2017 at the Save Mart Center. The Bulldogs won 70-55.

By Michael Ford @MFordCollegian


resno State men’s basketball was able to score another double-digit victory with its 70-55 win against California State University, Bakersfield on Tuesday in the Battle for the 99 at the Save Mart Center. The win extends the Bulldogs’ win streak to five games after coming off of a 36-point drubbing of Long Beach State in southern California on Saturday. Guard Deshon Taylor led the ‘Dogs with 19 points on 4-of-10 shooting and 9-of-11 from the charity stripe. Six of those points came in the first half. The first half was a brutal, slow and grinding style of basketball that saw 14 fouls combined between the two teams, but that only translated into four free throw attempts for the Bulldogs. The ‘Dogs took just a two-point lead into halftime, 28-26, but that lead would begin to swell early in the second half. Guard Ray Bowles Jr., who had a relatively quiet first half, took it upon himself to give his team an extra jolt coming into the second half. Bowles scored two quick buckets within the first couple of minutes to provide a lift that helped propel his team forward and extend the lead. Bringing energy is something that Bowles said he takes pride in. “I try to take pride in [defense], do whatever I can,” Bowles said. “I knew that I didn’t have a good first half, so I knew that I had to come out in the second half and play harder and bring the team as much energy as I can. That is what I did.” Taylor said that when he and the rest of the team play good defense, it helps

Alejandro Soto • The Collegian

Senior guard Jaron Hopkins drives the ball to the basket against the Bakersfield Roadrunners on Dec. 5, 2017 at the Save Mart Center.

Alejandro Soto • The Collegian

them get out into transition and score easy baskets. “Everyone was playing hard,” Taylor said. “That is kind of our game, ins to get out and push the ball. As long as we get stops we can keep doing that.” The Bulldogs only managed to score four fastbreak points in the game, but many of the defensive stops still turned into points on the other end of the floor. All told, the Bulldogs scored 19 points off of turnovers and an additional 11 points on second chance opportunities. Those second chance opportunities were a direct result of Fresno State’s dominance on the backboard. After beng outrebounded by five in the first half, the ‘Dogs put their paws down in the second half by crushing Bakersfield 29-11 in the second half. Head coach Rodney Terry said that he went into the game expecting that it would be a hard-fought and intense physical matchup between two very tough teams. “We knew that this was going to be a grinding game. Bakersfield is a team that is going to play the same when they are up or down,” Terry said. “They are going to keep playing for 40 minutes, and we knew that we were going to have to do that, and our guys responded well to that.” Senior center Terrell Carter II anchored the second unit for the Bulldogs with 16 points off of the bench, and sophomore forward Bryson Williams had his third career double-double with 10 points and 13 rebounds. Fresno State now has a few days off before its next game Saturday at Cal Poly. The team’s record improves to 7-2.

December 6, 2017  
December 6, 2017