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Freshwater Action Network Annual Report 2010–11

Celebrating our first decade


This year marks the 10th anniversary of the Freshwater Action Network (FAN); it is amazing and humbling to look back on how far we have come since 2001. FAN Global is now established as the only international, bottom-up platform voicing issues on water and sanitation, and linking the environmental and developmental agenda – from the local to the global level. What began as a conversation between a small group and me (at a meeting in 2000) has flourished into a vibrant network spanning 89 countries in the global south. Through this network, members across communities, countries and continents are having valuable conversations, working together to influence policy and share their learning. Social justice is at the heart of everything we do. Our aim is to strengthen civil society’s participation – by making and implementing water and sanitation policy at national, regional and global levels. We have seen lots of success over the past 10 years, from promoting the human right to water and sanitation, to supporting our members with the tools to participate in policy debates, and hold their governments to account. As we reach our 10th birthday, our structure is changing significantly. Since our establishment in 2000, WaterAid has provided invaluable support, including hosting the Secretariat in their offices in London. But by August 2012, FAN Global should be in a position to continue to exist independently, as a consortium of regional networks registered in the UK (as a charity), and governed by an international board. In the future, a smaller global Secretariat will work in collaboration with the membership and regional networks, to coordinate global advocacy and programming, fundraising, strategy and governance. This Annual Report not only highlights the impact we have made over the past year, it reviews the decade and looks in to the future too. I feel confident that FAN will continue to thrive independently as FAN Global, and we look forward to facing the challenges that lie ahead, and bring in results that outstrip investment. Thanks to our work, southern voices will continue to be heard and have increasing influence and impact over the critical issues they face every day in the next decade and beyond.

Danielle Morley FAN Executive Secretary

BY JULY 2012 FAN GLOBAL AIMS TO BE AN INDEPENDENT ORGANIzATION

Contents 4 3 About FAN 4 A unique approach to advocacy and influencing 8 Strengthening grassroots networking; action in the regions 10 A decade of impact 12 Facilitating change by helping civil society to be heard 16 Sharing knowledge, empowering communities 19 Our finances


About FAN

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FAN members are working to improve access to safe water

Our consortium members are five regional networks based in Africa, South Asia, South and Central America and Mexico, with a coordinating Secretariat based in London. Together, we join together more than 900 Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) from 89 countries to influence water and sanitation policy. Our members range from Costa Rican groups campaigning against water pollution to Kenyan organizations building water points in slums; Nepalese communities demanding water and sanitation rights to be included in their new constitution to people working together to achieve an integrated water management approach for the watershed located in the valley of Mexico. Operating on the ground, these grassroots organizations intimately understand the water and sanitation problems poor people face. For this reason, it is vital that their expertise is recognized and that they are meaningfully consulted when local, national and international policies are formed. We believe in the right to water and sanitation for all. By supporting CSOs (NGOs and community based organisations), FAN provides a platform for marginalized groups in rural and urban communities to present under-represented issues (such as water poverty, sickness and death) caused by the lack of adequate sanitation and related environmental impacts.

Freshwater Action Network Annual Report 2010–11

Members of ANEW discuss strategy at their General Assembly

Our vision is a world where water is respected and protected as an essential resource for all forms of life and universal access to water and sanitation is achieved responsibly and inclusively. Our mission is to improve water governance by strengthening the role of civil society in decision-making, linking the environmental and developmental agenda, for the realization of the right to water and sanitation for present and future generations. We underpin our vision with a set of principles that inspire our work and mission: • FAN upholds the principles of non-hierarchical and democratic networking. • FAN is facilitative and innovative and is open to change and learning. • FAN works towards the progressive realization of the human right to water and sanitation. • FAN promotes the voices of marginalized and excluded communities in policies and programmes. • FAN promotes gender equality and women’s empowerment in its activities. • FAN members respect each other’s unique skill, experience and perspective and take ownership of the network in a spirit of cooperation and sharing. • FAN considers sustainable water resource management and water supply to be integrally linked.


A unique approach to advocacy and influencing

We know we are making a unique contribution towards addressing the global water and sanitation crisis when people suffering due to lack of access to water or a clean toilet, or severe impact on their families due to floods or droughts, speak out and share those experiences with decision-makers or proudly present the alternatives their communities have developed to face such issues. As 884 million people worldwide do not have access to safe drinking water, this is a fundamental step forwards. We believe in collective action and collaboration. Everyone with water and sanitation expertise – from community groups to international institutions – should work together to find sustainable solutions. FAN gives civil society organization (CSOs) the opportunity, influence, tools and knowledge to participate in this crucial work.

“We are part of a real grassroots CSO community. We are cost effective and powerful because of our capacity to be able to mobilize a global community on our issues.” Jorge Mora Portuguez, FANCA Coordinator

The approach also involves making sure the right people are in the room when decisions are made. FAN Global provides a single point of contact for consulting a broad range of civil society by developing criteria and guidelines for selecting the most appropriate people to represent communities. In order to make an impact, the preparatory process to any opportunity is essential. We take the time to prepare a good team, provide training and information where required and work together to develop our key messages and influencing strategy in advance to ensure meaningful engagement. We take care of logistical arrangements and our communications work ensures that other network members are kept informed on the process as it unfolds and there is timely follow up after events.

FAN GLOBAL JOINS TOGETHER MORE THAN 900 csoS FROM 89 COUNTRIES

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FANAS


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FANSA FANCA

FAN Mex

ANEW

FAN Global is a global network with five consortium members, the regional networks. Through a range of channels and activities, FAN Global creates linkages between our members and national / regional networks. This illustration shows how FAN Global acts as a kind of oil that facilitates the rotation of the each of the parts, or ‘cogs’, that make up the network.

Freshwater Action Network Annual Report 2010–11

Regional networks National networks CSOs FAN Global

This infographic is an illustration and not intended as an accurate representation of our network.


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Hilda Coelho facilitates a discussion with a local women-led community group

Social audit techniques used at village level

Improving governance and transparency: making an impact with modest resources FAN is working to ensure that our members have the tools they need to claim their rights to water and sanitation and monitor the accountable and transparent provision of services. Critical but modest donor funds have enabled some members to initiate advocacy action, awareness raising, communications and community mobilization that has leveraged significant benefits for people on the ground. Through gathering evidence about what works, there is also the potential to catalyse change through take up by other agencies and authorities at the national, regional and even global level.

Both the country’s agency responsible for regulating water management and the Nicaraguan Water and Sewage Institution (ENACAL) are now considering adopting FANCA’s model to improve the relevance and quality of WASH services to the poorest.

Modern Architects for Rural India (MARI) spent roughly £18,000 this year and further leveraged more than £71,000 from government and communities for a range of activities such as hand pump repairs, new wells, chlorination and water quality testing kits. MARI are forming water committees in poor tribal villages, providing them with appropriate training (water and sanitation technology, influencing skills and information on their constitutional rights) and organizing exposure visits to other ‘model’ villages. The water committees then request information from local government on plans and budgets for their villages. They use social audit techniques to assess what they should have against the quality and quantity of facilities actually provided. This is documented and presented to local officials as evidence to claim their entitlements. In Nicaragua, FANCA members successfully contributed to the drafting of a new law which aims to make sure the country’s water resources are managed in a way that’s best for people, the environment and the economy. Previously, water committees couldn’t participate in decisionmaking processes or apply for government funding to improve water supply in rural communities. Now these committees are legally recognized, they have been able to suggest improved management mechanisms resulting in hundreds of local water management committees better supplying their communities with water.

“The programme gives FANCA the opportunity to scale up our political advocacy work from the local to the national and regional levels. Through reinforcing the capacity of our national networks and their members, we have achieved real impact with the implementation of new legal frameworks and monitoring processes in Nicaragua and throughout the wider Central America region.” Vanessa Dubois, Programme Coordinator The Centre for Rural Studies and Development (CRSD), based in India, facilitated 60 workshops between the most marginalized communities – made up of dalit and tribal people – and relevant government officials, which resulted in 85% (347) of the 412 water and sanitation problems/demands being represented by those committees being addressed. TAKING LOCAL ACTION TO GLOBAL FORUMS CRSD President, Hilda Grace Coelho, has since been invited to come out of the field to promote her organization’s achievements to an international audience of water experts in a session on rights and gender with the US Department of State, the UK Department for International Development (DFID), the WASH Advocacy Initiative and WaterLex at Stockholm Water Week 2011.

FAN continued to make an impact with modest resources in 2010–11


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FAN Global – an empowering approach The FAN Global Secretariat, currently based in London, has been supporting the regional networks by offering guidance on issues such as grant management and donor reporting, advocacy, communications and fundraising strategies, planning and budgeting, recruitment and organizational governance. Support from the Secretariat has allowed the networks to grow, increasing their impact. The regional networks also learn from and guide one another. In 2006, members from South Asia who attended the 4th World Water Forum in Mexico as part of the FAN delegation were so impressed by how the regional networks in Africa and Central America (ANEW and FANCA) were working together as a unified group, that they returned home inspired to create something similar for South Asia. The FAN Secretariat worked with members to develop a concept and provided some seed funds to make it happen. A series of sub-national and national level consultations culminated in a meeting in Kathmandu in January 2008 – and FAN South Asia (FANSA) was born. Since then, the Secretariat has helped the network win grants from bodies including DFID, plan their communications and fundraising, and monitor and evaluate their progress. “Being part of FAN gives the national networks synergy. When we are advocating, we feel strengthened to mention that we are affiliated to FAN Global. It lends more weight to our policy and advocacy work.” Doreen Kabasindi Wandera, Uganda The future vision for FAN Global is a network driven by its consortium members (the regional networks) raising their own funds to coordinate global advocacy, communications, strategic direction and governance. A smaller global secretariat will work in collaboration with the regions and an independent global Board of Directors.

Visual minutes captured discussions at FAN Governing Council meeting

Freshwater Action Network Annual Report 2010–11


Strengthening grassroots networking; action in the regions

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Our Consortium members achieved some impressive successes in 2010-2011 supported by the Secretariat.

FAN Mexico (FANMex) Developed a constructive relationship with the National Water Commission, CONAGUA, the agency responsible for water and sanitation. Active in the Dialogue on Water and Climate in Latin America and the Caribbean at the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) summit in Cancun. Organized learning platforms to enable knowledge sharing between communities. Co-organized the 3rd Community Water Management Forum where traditional knowledge of how to look after water resources was complemented with up to date technology and scientific knowledge to solve problems related to water conservation, supply, management and quality.

FAN Central America (FANCA) Six national networks and 280 members have had great success this year.

Mobilizing communities in Mexico

Considered as a key regional player in the sector; members are invited to regional level discussions on water and sanitation-related issues. Supported 600 community organisations in El Salvador, Costa Rica, Honduras, Nicaragua and Guatemala with advocacy and community water management training. Organized the first ever Central American community water management fair, “Nuestra Agua 2010” in Costa Rica, attended by water specialists across the region as well as members. Promoted the inclusion of the human right to water in the Central American Strategy on Integrated Water and Sanitation and lobbied for the UN recognition of the right. Contributed to ending gold mining in Costa Rica, which was damaging vulnerable ecosystems and polluting water sources.

FAN South America (FANAS) Four national networks in Brazil, Argentina, Colombia and Peru support nearly 100 members. As FAN Global’s newest member, they have been focusing on growth. Influenced decision-makers at the 5th World Urban Forum and discussing rights to water and sanitation with World Bank representatives and the Brazilian Government. Participated in the 4th Assembly of the Global Environment Facility, a global partnership of 178 countries, NGOs, international institutions and private sector organizations addressing global environmental issues. Lobbied Brazil Government for the inclusion of the right to water and sanitation at the UN Human Rights Council.

Impressive successes in 2010–11


9 5 regional networks 38 national networks 10 SUB-NATIONAL NETWORKS 1,110 CSO members

Capacity building in Uganda

The African Civil Society Network on Water and Sanitation (ANEW) 23 national networks across Africa with more than 230 organizational members. Supported national network members to improve their skills through training on advocacy and policy influencing. Organized a “Learning Forum”, bringing members together from across the continent. Organized civil society delegates at the African Union summit in July 2010 to campaign for governments to prioritize access to clean water to improve maternal health and reduce infant mortality. Their demands were reflected in the final declaration. Monitored governments’ progress against their commitments on sanitation and water in line with their mandate from the African Ministers Council on Water (AMCOW).

“Thanks to FAN, I have learnt about influencing and have put it in to practice at various events. I have learnt how others deal with challenges in the sector and how to critically evaluate how far we have come. I have learnt about initiatives in other countries to improve community participation in sanitation and water projects.” Dr Aflodis Kagaba, Chair of the Rwandan Water and Sanitation Network (RWASEF)

Freshwater Action Network Annual Report 2010–11

Grassroots voices session at SACOSAN

FAN South Asia (FANSA) Four national networks with more than 400 members across the region. Organized a mass mobilization of over 100 community leaders and NGOs to discuss and agree the key issues blocking equitable sanitation in the region. This created solidarity among different groups as they shared knowledge and practical actions for addressing the sanitation crisis. Convened a session and presented their demands at the 4th South Asian Conference on Sanitation (SACOSAN IV) in Sri Lanka. The ministerial statement that concluded the conference, the Colombo Declaration, echoed their calls almost word for word. Committed to monitoring the Colombo Declaration, translating it into many local languages and widely disseminating it to members, community leaders and local bodies.


A decade of impact

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It is just 10 years since the FAN network was conceived. In that short time we have built a strong and vibrant movement of people, working together to improve water and sanitation policy for the poorest and most vulnerable – and for our environment.

Building a local – Global Consortium We have evolved from a loose network of members centred on a global Secretariat into a consortium of five regional networks, each supporting organizations who in turn support national networks. As we reach our 10th anniversary, our structure is changing significantly and we aim to continue to grow stronger, giving vital influence to water and sanitation CSOs worldwide. Capacity building of CSOs to be effective advocates Our Training of Trainers in advocacy has played a significant role in supporting CSOs to efficiently address their own knowledge gaps, and build their skills, as well as organizational or network capacity – to meaningfully influence and engage in strategic and sustained advocacy. Fostering a reputation for bringing credible voices to high level policy events We have been particularly strong at coordinating participation at the World Water Forums and at UN processes; playing a key role in ensuring effective participation and engagement for southern CSOs including involvement in preparatory processes. Developing a vibrant Global platform for communicating Over the years we have built a vibrant communications platform – through the web, print and online media - that enables our members to learn about global policy processes, and provide them with opportunities to influence others and share stories.

Recognition by governments and other major sector stakeholders All of the regional networks are now recognized as key players in the sector. For example, the African Ministers Council on Water has provided ANEW with a substantial mandate as a key partner in policy processes and events across the continent. Such recognition for CSOs in Africa is not common and is a demonstration of the impact that ANEW has had in the sector. FANSA and ANEW were invited to nominate two members onto the Sanitation and Water for All (SWA) Steering Committee, along with national governments, donors, and other development partners. They are working together to increase political will and improve aid-effectiveness by mobilizing and better targeting resources for water supply and sanitation. Recognizing the human right to water and sanitation From the very beginning, FAN has lobbied governments worldwide to recognize water and sanitation as human rights. Our work paid off in 2010, when the UN finally recognized these rights, meaning member states are now legally bound to work towards fulfilling them. Improving Governance and Transparency in the sector As a result of winning a five year grant (with WaterAid) from DFID in 2007 to support partners in 15 countries (32 partners in total in Asia, Africa and Central America) to improve governance, transparency and accountability in the sector, we were able to increase the capacity, resources and voice of civil society “policy communities”, including marginalized groups. The grant allows these groups to participate in effective and inclusive evidence-based dialogues with decisionmakers and build pressure to secure pro-poor service delivery. FANCA, for example, have done a lot of research and documentation on the role of community water associations and the need for their recognition, regulation and support within Central America, as they provide water to millions of people in the region.

We have built a strong and vibrant global movement

Global consortium

Grassroots voices at high level platforms

Government recognition

Securing water and sanitation as human rights


“We’ve been working towards this moment for a decade. This is a fantastic development and will have a huge impact on the water and sanitation sector. In 160 countries in all regions of the world, governments can no longer deny their legal responsibility to provide water and sanitation to the billions of poor people lacking access.” Danielle Morley, FAN Executive Secretary, speaking on the day that the rights to water and sanitation were made legally binding in international law with a resolution passed at the Human Rights Council.

Whatever level FAN Global operates on, communities play a central role. Whether it’s building their capacity to hold their governments to account or raising their concerns at international policy events.

Freshwater Action Network Annual Report 2010–11

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“FAN made an active contribution to the efforts to raise the profile of water issues at the climate change negotiations. Their delegation of water experts and community leaders were integral to the success of getting water onto the agenda. They approached advocacy and lobbying with enthusiasm, insight and expertise.” Hannah Stoddart, Head of Policy and Advocacy at Stakeholder Forum

FAN members influencing positive policy change in 2010–11


Facilitating change by helping civil society to be heard

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Our expertise and focused approach has won us the appreciation and confidence of several actors in the sector and afforded invitations to build collaborative links with major institutions such as WSSCC, the World Bank, the UN Special Rapporteur on human rights obligations related to access to safe drinking water and sanitation (formerly the UN Independent Expert); the Water and Climate Coalition (WCC), the African Ministers Council on Water (AMCOW) and our host, WaterAid.

Contributing towards the UN recognition of the human right to water and sanitation Making governments formally recognize that everyone has a right to water and sanitation is vital for setting the legal framework necessary for respecting and protecting the rights of people to live in dignity. FAN had a significant role to play towards the UN recognition of this basic human right in September 2010. From sharing information, delivering training, facilitating dialogues and mobilizing members to lobby their governments; to supporting a handful of members to bring their ideas and experience from the field to the UN consultation on good practice in water, sanitation and human rights the day before the resolution was passed. FAN will continue to support the efforts of the UN Special Rapporteur. Through country missions, wide consultation and serious discussion and debate, she has continued to expose the layers of issues related to these human rights and provide greater understanding of why these rights deserve recognition and what this means in practice. Pushing for a stronger link between water and climate change From irregular rainfall and drought in Kenya or Mexico to rising sea levels causing contamination of freshwater in Bangladesh, many of our members face the reality of climate change-related problems in their daily lives. The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) negotiations have not focused enough on water, a critical, cross cutting issue. As a member of the Water and Climate Coalition (WCC), FAN Global representatives from Latin America and South Asia lobbied negotiators at the COP-16 talks in Mexico in December. As a direct result, six countries called for water to be included on the agenda of one of the technical advisory committees’ meeting at the following set of negotiations.

Freshwater Action Network Annual Report 2010–11

The FAN Global Secretariat produced a briefing paper based on a survey of members’ views on climate change and water which FAN representatives then used in their lobbying efforts. 6th World Water Forum – the Forum for Solutions? International meetings like the World Water Forums have the potential to offer opportunities for people to come out of the field and share their experiences and influence policies. The next Forum will take place in Marseille in March 2012 and we are working to ensure opportunities for meaningful participation for southern civil society. Up to 30,000 people from all over the world will attend the Forum to discuss “solutions for water” and we want to ensure that this really does mean working in partnership with grassroots organizations, setting an agenda that reflects the real issues that matter. FAN Global was approached early on by the organizers to contribute to the preparations and FAN members from Africa, Asia and Latin America, along with representatives from the FAN Global Secretariat, attended preparatory meetings in June 2010 and January 2011. We have since joined a global NGO coalition called the Butterfly Effect, working together for independent mobilization around the Forum. FAN has a strong reputation for coordinating effective CSO participation in previous World Water Forums and reaching out widely to southern CSOs through our regional networks. FANMex and FANCA have been very active in pushing for participation for CSOs during the preparatory process for the forum of the Americas which will develop the Americas position document.

Rolando Castro, FAN representative from Costa Rica, holds up a newspaper announcing our lobby success


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Demanding action on the Millenium In 2010–2011 FAN Development Goals (MDGs) members have presented their diverse Lajana Manandhar is Executive perspectives, knowledge Director of a Nepali NGO called Lumanti, which works to reduce and experience to urban poverty. She is used to people in power at making her voice heard on national platforms but, as part of FAN, she Lajana at the United the UN Human Rights Nations in New York has been able to be heard on the Council, water and biggest possible global stage – at the UN in New York. climate dialogues Selected from 760 applicants, Lajana made and the climate government representatives sit up and listen to change negotiations, her speech on the water and sanitation crisis, compelling them to take action with a passionate parliamentary debates, address during the UN civil society consultation on the MDGs in New York in June 2010. Sanitation and Water for Speaking about the negative impacts of poor All, the United Nations, water and sanitation on areas including education and health, she called on governments to “bring World Water Forum about a revolution in the water and sanitation sector, end the neglect and make it a key priority preparatory meetings, in national plans.” Stockholm Water Week, “If I hadn’t been there, water and sanitation in and urban slum needs specifically the African Union summit general would have been completely missed out from the discussion.” and at the regional sanitation conferences Halving the number of people without access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation by 2015 AfricaSan and SACOSAN. is one of the MDGs. While states are on track to meet the drinking water target, they are off track to meet the sanitation goal. If current rates of progress continue, they won’t meet the target until 2045. “One of the Assembly members approached me afterwards and said: ‘Your two questions are still ringing in my ears’” says Lajana. “I had simply asked people if they had any idea how many people worldwide had defecated in an open space that morning (1.1 billion) and how many children die worldwide every year due to a lack of proper sanitation (1.4 million).”

1.4 million children die worldwide every year due to a lack of proper sanitation


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Freshwater Action Network Annual Report 2010–11


Sharing knowledge, empowering communities

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When people work together to share knowledge, experience, expertise and resources, they learn from one another and become more powerful and influential. By providing a vibrant global platform for sharing information across countries, continents and the globe, FAN allows members to exchange ideas, knowledge and innovation so they can strengthen and coordinate their work.

Comms team

We do this through face-to-face meetings and forums between members and other stakeholders from different countries as well as by sharing information through our newsletters, website, eBulletin, other publications and facilitating opportunities for south-south learning. FAN also produces tools and provides training to help organizations improve their work, and build their capacity to influence and implement water and sanitation services. Here are just some of the ways FAN has supported our members to share their knowledge and experience in 2010–11: Developing a FAN Global communications team This year’s global communications workshop benefited from an influx of new faces, as well as long-term FAN communications people. With a valuable opportunity to take part in the planning day of the FAN Global Governing Council meeting, the team embraced the challenge to work hard to cover a wide range of topics – from developing writing skills to online tools and social media – in a limited time as well as do some hands-on practical tasks, all in just three days. The team came away inspired and we have already seen positive results of the training with an improvement in the quality of their inputs and excellent reporting through blogs, Twitter, and the web and media engagement at the regional sanitation conferences.

Sharing knowledge and experience in 2010–11

Knowledge

Evidence-based advocacy – the GTF learning programme Support from DFID has allowed us to set up the Governance and Transparency Fund programme, working in partnership with WaterAid to increase our members’ ability to hold decision-makers to account. This year, we have produced an overview of the work we have done so far thanks to the fund, drawing out common lessons and generating knowledge we can share more broadly with our members. Distributing our newsletter and eBulletin Our bi-annual newsletter, Freshwater News, allows our members to share their achievements, knowledge and innovative new practices. This year, it reached over 1,000 members, as well as other interested parties at conferences and events including Africa Water Week, preparatory meetings towards the 6th World Water Forum, COP-16 and local meetings and community gatherings. Compiled by the FAN Global Secretariat, with inputs from our regional communications team, each edition is translated into many languages including French, Spanish, Portuguese, Telegu, Hindi and Nepali, – ensuring we share news and achievements further. We also shared news, information, policy updates and new resources with our subscriber members through a regular electronic bulletin.

Newsletters


FAN information is like my daily newspaper – we are all out there listening and learning. Even when you do not hear from us we are benefitting. Thank you to the FAN Secretariat and to FAN members everywhere for sharing your work. It is invaluable to my own.

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Josiah Omotto, Umande Trust and KEWASNET, Kenya.

Website & Blog

Toolkits

Developing an online community – www.freshwateraction.net We redeveloped the FAN Global website this year to provide a dynamic space where members can interact, learn and network. The new site also demonstrates our impact more clearly to decisionmakers and donors. It includes a new discussion forum for members and a tool that allows any member to host their own blog. We’ve further shared news and ideas through our frequently updated blog and Twitter feed. Creating toolkits for members In 2010–2011 we published two toolkits as a response to demand expressed by our members to increase their knowledge and understanding of using a human rights based approach to advocacy and understanding how the World Bank works. We hope that they open up a wide range of discussions among our membership and help us all share experiences and increase expertise.

Freshwater Action Network Annual Report 2010–11

Rights to Water and Sanitation: A Handbook for Activists This publication sets out how to adopt or improve a human rights-based approach to advocacy, providing innovative and practical suggestions for promoting and protecting the rights to water and sanitation. “I welcome the publication of this handbook and hope that it will provide civil society organizations with the intrinsic tools needed to use and support the recently strengthened international framework. It is a great introduction to advocacy processes and how to influence decision-makers for those who are just getting started in this important work.” Catarina de Albuquerque, United Nations Special Rapporteur on human rights obligations related to access to safe drinking water and sanitation. The World Bank and the water and sanitation sector: A guide for civil society engagement The World Bank makes crucial decisions about projects that have a huge impact on developing countries. So it is vital that civil society is able to influence them to fund water and sanitation projects to benefit the world’s poorest people. This publication serves as a starting point for increasing the effectiveness of CSO engagement with the World Bank.


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Sharing learning: In-country and cross-regional member exchanges ProCuenca seeks to improve quality of life in Valle de Bravo, Mexico, by promoting environmental conservation and restoration of the watershed. Having only recently joined FANMex, it is proving to be a key member, making valuable contributions as well as benefiting through newly formed skills and relationships. Through the network, ProCuenca came into contact with other members working on similar issues. They have been working with two other members to exchange learning on rural sanitation. For ProCuenca Director, Horacio Bonfil, these relationships have proved to be a great benefit to their work. “Each member has its own specific angle and strength.” Horacio says. “SARAR focuses on capacity building, while we look more at social processes and SENDAS does lots of work around environmental monitoring. As a result of our contact, each of us is transforming our work by integrating our learning from one another”.

Sharing knowledge about community water management in Mexico at a water fair organized by FANMex

Not only have these relationships strengthened their programmatic work, for Horacio they have also been incredibly motivating on a personal level. He says, “It’s not just sharing best practice,” he says, “the feeling of discussing successes and challenges with others injects new energy into what we’re doing.” ““When you are not alone, when you can say that you are part of something global, it gives added weight to your work.” Being part of a wider network has also helped ProCuenca make a breakthrough in their relationship with the authorities and their powers to influence them. Previously, Horacio and his organization were working in isolation and the authorities were sceptical of their work. Through the network, he was able to gather lots of examples from other national contexts on decentralized water and sanitation supply systems. Being able to present themselves as part of a bigger, global organization, gave them added credibility. This year, the authorities finally recognized the value of grassroots projects.

Being part of a global movement gives FAN members credibility

“The Nepal – Bangladesh visit was very motivating and gave us lots of ideas. It gave me a rare opportunity to meet organizations outside my country. We shared our concerns about various issues, especially impacts of climate change on the water and sanitation sector, which gave us a better understanding of each others’ problems.” Kulmani Devkota, a member of FANSA Nepal, one of 9 FANSA Nepal members who took part in a four day exchange visit to water and sanitation projects in Dhaka, Bangladesh to learn about how the city is adapting to climate change.


Our finances

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Financial year Total expense

06–07 £180

07–08 £329

08–09 £642

09–10 £1,891

10–11 £1,233

Financial year Total income

06–07 £180

07–08 £622

08–09 £366

09–10 £1,757

10–11 £1,348

All figures are in £000s

Restricted Year B/F Income Expense C/B 2010–11 115 860 745 2009–10 19 1,563 1,697 115 2008–09 295 329 605 19 2007–08 2 344 51 295 2006–07 2 2 Unrestricted Year Expense Income 2010–11 488 488 2009–10 194 194 2008–09 37 37 2007–08 278 278 2006–07 180 180

Total expense 1,233 1,891 642 329 180

Total income 1,348 1,757 366 622 180

The above figures are drawn from WaterAid’s statutory accounts. WaterAid/ FAN are currently in discussion with the EC FAN partners on final balances of the EU Grant, of which most significant is ANEW. There are monies owed to WaterAid/FAN and as such these figures will change the above amounts, although this change will be immaterial to the WaterAid’s statutory accounts.

We’d like to thank all the photographers for their work featured in this publication. Prakash Amatya Andres Mora Mahjabeen Khan Herina Joshi Kolleen Bouchane Isabella Montgomery Nathalie Seguin WESDE Cameroon Macarena-GEA Fundación Procuenca Valle de Bravo UWASNET FANCA FANMex FANSA ANEW FAN Global archive


FAN Global

FAN Regional Networks

With thanks to our donors for their support

FAN Global Secretariat Office 2nd Floor, 47–49 Durham Street London SE11 5JD United Kingdom Tel: +44 (0) 20 7793 4509 Fax: +44 (0) 20 7793 4545 Email: info@freshwateraction.net www.freshwateraction.net


Freshwater Action Network annual report 2010-11