Thursday February 21, 2013 Fresh ideas! Fresh Perspectives! Fresh Voices!
Black Love: How love has changed over time! By Lauren Thomas Staff Reporter
astern students were given relationship advice and tips on how to maintain healthy marriages Tuesday evening at Black Love. A program devoted to putting the spotlight on marriage in the African-American community. The program was hosted by the Director of the Minority Affairs, Mona Davenport, and was part of the African- American Heritage Month calendar of events. It featured a panel of four couples who have been married between three to 37 years. The evening was filled with swoons and laughter as the couples shared stories of how they met and what made them fall for each other. Members of the audience were able to ask them questions about their relationships and how they managed to keep them lasting for so long. The event also featured the “Not So Newlywed Game,” where the husbands and wives were quizzed on various subjects such as their spouse’s pet peeve, favorite movie, and guilty pleasure snack. The answers often resulted in fits of laughter from the audience. Throughout the evening the couples also offered advice to young couples on how to maintain a successful relationship that may one day lead to marriage. Corrine Joyner, one of the wives on the panel, emphasized the need for having respect in a relationship. “To me, respect begets love. If you don’t respect anyone you really can’t have love,” she said. Her husband Al, a former business professor at Eastern,
shared an anecdote with the audience that he had heard after the two were married. “If you are wrong about something, readily apologize. And secondly, if you’re right, shut up,” he said. The Joyners have been married for 37 years. The couple said they owe the longevity of their marriage to being respectful to each other and not expecting the other to change. “If you’re having problems, look at yourself and see if there’s something that you’re doing that you should change yourself instead of trying to change the other person,” Mrs. Joyner said. Mr. Joyner said that knowing when you are wrong and owning up to it helps make a marriage stronger. “I recognize a lot of mistakes that I’ve made and I just try to stay away from them,” he said. “And it (has) taught me how to better tolerate others.” Mr. Joyner also stressed the importance not letting small disagreements overshadow the rest of the relationship. “Along the way you have your differences that you can always work out,” he said. “I had a conversation with myself and I said I made a commitment when I entered into this relationship.” The couples also mentioned the necessity of other aspects of a relationship such as communication, conversation and quality time. Karen Enyart, another panelist, said that it is important for couples to have a common interest that they can bond over. It allows them to spend more time with each other. “If you don’t have something in common with that mate, learn and find something
(Photo 1 &2) Mr. and Dr. Enyart, Director of Human Resources, Richard Kim; Former retired professor of business, Dr. Joyner; Pastor and First Lady of Second Missionary Baptist Church Sister Rev. Hughes; Sparkle and Nick Sander, admissions counselor at Eastern.
in common,” she said. “If your man likes football then get on that and learn about it and get to liking and loving it.” Director of Human Resources at Eastern, Richard Enyart, advised young couples to always have trust and communication in their relationships and to not “sweat the small stuff.” “I’ve seen too many young
couples break up over, when you really look at and analyze the issue, it’s over nothing,” he said. The Enyarts, who have been married for 31 years, said their marriage has lasted so long because they knew what they wanted from each other. They didn’t expect more than what the other could give and appreciated what the other had
Photo taken by Yolanda Williams
to offer. “I respected him for who he was. I didn’t want to do any changing,” Mrs. Enyart said. “I knew that if I was going to be with this guy that I would have to be the type of person that would always be by his side,” she said. Lauren can be reached at email@example.com
African-Americans: Still slaves in the 21st century? By Lauren Thomas Staff Reporter
arlier this month Mississippi became the final state to formally ratify the 13th Amendment and legally abolish slavery. The action comes 148 years after the amendment was adopted by the United States government. The Mississippi State Legislature voted to ratify the
amendment in 1995, but a clerical error resulted in the vote never being considered official. News of the delayed process has garnered disapproving responses from some students on Eastern’s campus. Alyssa Rush, a junior marketing major, said she is not surprised that the state of Mississippi took so many years to ratify the 13th Amendment. “Looking at the history of the state and the social climate
it still has I don’t think it’s shocking at all,” she said. Rush said she believes that even without the official ratification the public was well aware that slavery is illegal. “After all this time we really didn’t need them to put that out there. We already knew it was illegal,” she said. Ronnica Anderson, a senior communications studies major, said she felt the delay was inconsiderate.
“They should know how hard it was with slavery and what African-Americans went through,” she said. Anderson said she is shocked that the ratification took so long and does not believe that an error is a plausible excuse for the delay. “If it wasn’t a clerical error for Alabama and all the other states then why was it a clerical error for Mississippi? Why is it just now that you guys are set-
tling this issue,?” she said. Andrea Yarbrough, a senior English and Africana Studies major, also said she believes the delay was deliberate. “I don’t really think that’s something that’s going to get bypassed, something that’s going to get looked over. I don’t think it’s that simple,” she said. Yarbrough said there were too many people involved for Story jumped to page 4
Black History Month...
Mainstream rap: Medicine or poison? By Tenola Plaxico Guest Writer -Opinion-
s the nation mourns collectively, shedding a solemn tear for Hadiya Pendleton the City of Chicago loses yet another youth to gun/ gang violence, I think introspectively about the issues that surround her death, I take a big step back, and feast my eyes on the larger picture being painted. This mural, which richly illustrates a culture of youth being enraged by neglect, misled by media, empowered by ignorance, and massacred by violence, is painted in a sordid red—with the blood of slain children. I ponder the question “Who (or what) is to blame for this madness?”As always, I settle on the answer of, mainstream rap music. My own relationship with rap music is a mysterious love affair. Right alongside cartoons, and video games, rap music was always there as a passive, yet integral part of my childhood experience. Certain songs, such as “Around The Way Girl” by LL Cool J and “I Get Around” by 2pac, still play with an idle fondness in my mind’s conscious and compartmentalized corners.
The words, while nearly incomprehensible, were always secondary to that driving beat. The songs seem to smell like summer and feel carefree. Of course there was the Sade, the Anita Baker, and the Mariah Carey, but the rap had a special place. My love affair with rap music seemed to come to a gradual, but bitter halt, as I learned to piece words with (meanings). While growing up and learning that McDonald’s, a seemingly charming childhood culinary confection, is ubiquitously bashed for being disgracefully unhealthy and deceptively predatory with its child-focused marketing. I grew up and learned that many of the problems that seem to puzzle, torment, and destroy our families, schools, and communities, are all birthed (or rather perpetuated) in rap music. To say that rap music is solely responsible for the crippling crime and pervasive gang warfare that have virtually consumed many metropolitan cities would be unfair. Poor parenting, inadequate school systems and an array of other pivotal components seem to be simultaneously failing many of our youth. However, when it comes down to the art that we (as a society and a cul-
ture) both consume, and produce, I see a culprit for many of our youth’s biggest problems. Even with the poor school systems, the lack of afterschool programs, and the overall depreciation of the black family model, I still think that art, or in this case rap music is at the core of the trouble. When we wake up in the morning and drive to work: rap music. When we are doing homework: rap music. When we are working out: rap music. When we are partying or dancing: rap music. Rap music is the kind of substance that can either be used as a medicine or a poison, and while many adults enjoy it as entertainment, many youth learn from it, and pattern their own doomed lives after its hollow glory. Mainstream rap music has slithered around the necks of our youth, strangled them of their ability to think individually, injected them with the venomous poison of ignorance, and paralyzed them psychologically, yielding them unable to fight against the basic struggles and adversities of everyday life. Can we as a culture undo the damage of mainstream rap, and take control of our music? It’s a novel idea, I admit to take control of our own music.
Everyone else in this country seems to understand the power of rap music. In fact, it is my honest opinion that many media outlets have learned to actively use rap music to marginalize the black community. However, this is the good news. We can use our rap to help our youth, and ourselves. Mainstream rap artists have popularized drug abuse, violence, self-mutilation and shameless boasting. What does this translate into for poverty-stricken, innercity youth? Buying and selling drugs are both illegal, so the natural expectation is that jail time (or death) will ensue. Violence follows the same morbid pattern. Self-mutilation, in the form of obscene and absurd tattoos, will keep youth unemployed, and make them unemployable. Of course, there is the shameless boasting—my favorite category. Why would a Chicagobased rapper, whose largest fan-base is inner-city youth, brag about driving a Lamborghini Murciélago when most of those youth can’t even spell Lamborghini, have never even seen one, and most likely can’t afford one either? Why would you infect these young minds with the diseased disillusions of monstrous wealth, when they are
surrounded by poverty and have no access to acquire the riches you “boast” in front of their watchful eyes? My fear is that this generation, like no other that has preceded it, has a fundamentally skewed concept of consequence and reality. For so many youth, who lack exposure and knowledge, their entire concept of reality is fed to them through television and music. I want for us as a community to more closely monitor the media that we sometimes unknowingly allow our youth (and ourselves) to experience. After all, we as adults might be able to distinguish the difference between “entertainment” and “reality,” but our impressionable youth (most times) cannot. More now than ever, our youth need positivity. Chicago needs positivity. I think the first step is to cut out the music that facilitates and encourages self-sabotage. Replace it with music that prompts learning, awareness, and consciousness. That change, while seemingly impossible, could mean the difference between social welfare, and social warfare. Tenola can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org
Margins to the Center: Gun Violence in Illinois: In Chicago, 29% of homicide victims are teenagers. Since 2013, began there has been 15 deaths so far due to gun violence. From 1999 to 2005, guns killed 8,018 Illinois residents. In 2005, African-Americans were victims in 42% or 429 of firearm-related deaths in Illinois. Of these deaths, 91% were homicides. In 2005, 130 children aged 0-19 in Illinois were killed by guns. From 1999 to 2005, 1,169 children have been killed by guns in Illinois. http://www.icpgv.org/pdf/facts.pdf http://wgntv.com/2013/01/09/chicago-shooting-victim-becomes-15th-homicide-of-2013/
African descent: A suppressed voice from the history books By Roberto Hodge Staff Reporter
istorically, the African culture has largely been overshadowed and given minimal mention in the history books and core history classes. Information of that nature isn’t a surprise to those who are born to that ethnicity. H o w e v e r, m a n y d o n ’t know that the African culture has made many contributions towards modern civilization. Contrary to popular belief, Africa is a continent, not a country. Also, many scientists have acknowledged it as being the birthplace of mankind. R. Hunt Davis, Jr. said in his article “Africa and the Genesis of Humankind,”that “Af-
rica has long been considered the cradle of humankind, for it is the only continent where scientists have located evidence for the early evolution of humankind.” Vital information such as that isn’t taught in regular history classes, knowledge of that caliber may only be taught in specific African Studies courses. Furthermore, Africa had many empires in the past with the most notable being Egypt. Although, what some people don’t know is that Africa had other empires that ruled during that time as well such as the Nubians and the Mali. “All those empires had a very strong system of administration—which is part of the modern day system… they had a strong political system. They
were able to build strong capacities to progress,” Dr. Felix Kumah-Abiwu, political scientist and African studies professor at Eastern said. Kumah-Abiwu also explained that modern civilization could trace some of its architecture to the pyramids in ancient Egypt and Nubia. Nevertheless, with such rich history about life and civilization being so closely interwoven with Africa, why is it ignored in core history classes? Kumah-Abiwu believes that Africa’s footnote in the history books could largely be due to what happened during the slavery era and the colonization of Africa. The people of Africa did, however, fight back the Europeans. The world may have ev-
eryone believing that Africans didn’t resist their capture— but they did. Some wars were fought as long as 16 years before defeat from the Europeans. Julius E. Nyang’oro said in his article “Africa’s Road to Independence (1945-1960),” that “Samori Toure of the West African Guinea Coast fought the French for sixteen years in defense of his empire.” It has been said that history is written by the victors, therefore, when the Europeans began to write about their findings on the continent, their views towards Africa may have possibly been obscured. “Those who have written the history of Africa from a Euro centric perspective have been largely bias,” KumahAbiwu said. “They want to
write about what they perceive is accurate about Africa.” “That is why it is important to look at the history of Africa from an Afrocentric perspective, he said.” However, he also mentioned that not every European wrote inaccuracies about historical events of Africa. Yet, a large portion of their writing was unsympathetic towards the African culture. Kumah-Abiwu said that in order to combat negative views towards those of African descent. He favors having all academic institutions on a national level require a class in diversity in order to matriculate through the system. Roberto can be reached at email@example.com
Fresh! Black History Month...
Lifetime’s Betty and Coretta’ shines dim, rosy light By Tim Deters Staff Reporter
espite the crushing blows that were dealt to both Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X during the Civil Rights Movement, including their untimely assassinations, beside both men stood the strongest wives. The Lifetime movie “Betty and Coretta,” follows the trials of these two women, King’s wife Coretta Scott King (Angela Bassett) and Malcolm X’s wife Betty Shabazz (Mary J. Blige), as they face the hardships they shared with their leading spouses. Opening shortly before the assassination of Malcolm X (Lindsay Owen Pierre) in February 1965, the movie immediately jumps into the thicket of troubles Malcolm X faced on two fronts. Malcolm X and his family not only endured constant
threats by an American public that hotly opposed his struggle, he also faced a movement he created that had begun to take a violent turn out of his control. Facing the same threats upon his life and those of his family, Martin Luther King Jr. (Malik Yoba) also struggled to overcome the fears of death while also fighting constant legal battles and progressing a form of non-violent activism many blacks were losing faith in. After the death of both their husbands, both ScottKing and Shabazz put the differences of their husbands’ activist philosophies aside to valiantly continue the efforts of the Civil Rights movement. Meeting for the first time at the Black National Political Convention in March 1978, in Gary, Ind., both women are united by these efforts and the death of their husbands.
With their relationships solidified by a common experience and common effort, the lives of Scott King and Shabazz take their own intertwined paths as they must face further struggles: Scott-King to advance the movement of her husband and lobby for a holiday in his name, and Shabazz to redirect the direction of her husband’s movement and the life of her troubled daughter Qubilah. The movie follows both women to their deaths; the movie is narrated by an unnamed friend (Ruby Dee) of both Scott King and Shabazz who leads the viewers through the women’s lives, just like a documentary. As well, the movie uses original footage of the Civil Rights rallies and violence to give the viewer a truer sense of the historic and contentious atmosphere of the time. Unfortunately, the viewer
has little time to absorb this atmosphere and the struggles of both King and Malcolm X before being swept past their assassination and into the lives of both their wives, leaving the viewer to grieve with them yet not fully understand the men or the movements their wives were left to carry on. Bassett’s portrayal of Scott King as a committed wife and steadfast advocate of her husband’s movement, is as firm as the resolve of King himself. Evoking the strongest of emotional turmoil and triumphs with the slightest of ease, Bassett is able to bring to the present a woman and an effort many might think left to the past. Unfortunately, paired with such a strong performance, Blige’s portrayal of Shabazz falls flat. Unable to conjure the anguish of her husband’s death,
she leaves the viewer wondering if Shabazz was simply a friend of Malcolm X who bore him five children. As well, her lack of passion leads the viewer to believe Shabazz was riding upon the coattails of Scott King’s aggression and fervor to accomplish what King died for. “Betty and Coretta” remain largely true to the history of King’s and Malcolm X’s struggle for civil rights after their assassinations. The movie shines a rosy light on the lives of Scott King and Shabazz; the viewer is left wondering what more there is to the story of these women and their continued struggle to capture the essence of their husband’s true purposes, as well as the darker aspects of their lives that might shine brighter in harsher light. Tim can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org
A walk in his shoes: A black man approach By Dion McNeal Staff Reporter
hat is the value of a black man’s life? Not much. Being black is a constant reminder that you will be harassed, discriminated against and you will be looked at as the first to fail. EIU’s Youth and College Division of NAACP and S.T.R.O.N.G MENtoring hosted an event: “Life as a Black man Board Game” Monday, Feb.15 in the University Ballroom. They teamed together to bring the experiences of a black male’s life and all of the realities African-American men face everyday. “The goal suggest you go around the board once and you just experience the life of a black men,” Andrea Yarbrough-Morris, president of EIU’s Youth and College Division of NAACP said, “The first person to make it through the life of a black man essentially wins.” “It’s really just the luck of the draw,” Yarbrough-Morris said. The rules are almost the same as Monopoly’s except the homes and hotels have been replaced with crack houses and public housing developments and the small metal tokens have been replaced with a
pimp, a ho, and a basketball, to name a few. “I think this game has good intentions but the creator went about it the wrong way,” Jamilah Witherspoon, a senior family and consumer science major said, “It’s so unfortunate because in many cases that’s what some black males have to go through.” ITunes has an app for the game that played out the same way, but after many complaints, they took it down, it hasn’t been running since the early 2000s. A player would have a predesigned character he or she had to play. The objective of the game is to make it out of the environment of that reality with hopefully money and an education. More than 45 people showed up for the event and some may think this is stereotypical, but Marshall Hail, a sophomore at EIU said, “It is stereotypical, but stereotypical things are built off factual things.” Yarbrough-Morris agreed with Hail. “To say its stereotypical is to say it is true,” YarbroughMorris said. Within these pre-designed realities a person would start in a scenario such as the ghetto, but beat the hardships of racism, gang violence, crimes, daily fees, jail, bills and stereo-
Andrea Yarbrough-Morris, observing and monitoring the game”Life as a Black Man” as students play Monday, Feb. 18, 2013 in the MLK Jr. Union in the University Ballroom. Photo taken by Dion McNeal.
types by co-workers, friends or roommates. The game may seem to be stacked against the player, with as many as 20 squares having negative outcomes. A player has church, a career, payday, luck and life to help him beat the outcome set against him. “[The game is] just to give an overview of just the different testimony that AfricanAmerican community deals with on a daily basis,” Hail said.
Taking the opportunity to play the game, the pre-designed character was a university student and had a $1,000 to begin with. The first roll caused me to pay a parking ticket and from there it went downhill. Of the 16 turns nine were negative outcomes of racism from a roommate and receiving racial slurs after a late walk home. The other seven turns were positive ones from a RA job to an internship.
FRESH! Editor-in Chief: Megan Johnson Copy Editor: Roberto Hodge Online Editor: Miranda Ploss Designer: Jasmine Randle Staff Reporters: Ke’Ana Troutman, Lauren Thomas,Timothy Bell, Nicholas Ruffolo, Dion McNeal, Nathan Brown, Lauren Turner, Tim Deters
If you have any question or concerns please feel free to contact us at: email@example.com
Out of the four separate games all were filled to capacity with players. Players grunted and shouted during the event, participants enjoyed the game even when only one out of five made it out of the reality. “The game is an interesting testament to how AfricanAmerican males have to live life daily and what life is like for them,” Witherspoon said. Dion can be reached at damcneal@eiu..edu
Letter from the Editor
Mississippi ‘forgets’ to ratify 13 Amendment th
By Roberto Hodge Staff Reporter -Opiniono, there I was in the newsroom, just minding my own business editing a fellow writer’s story, when Fresh! when Editor-in-chief, Megan Johnson, tapped me on the shoulder and asked me if I knew that Mississippi just ratified the 13th Amendment. Wait, what? OK, first of all, how do you ‘forget’ to ratify an amendment? And the 13th one at that! The 13 th Amendment is what essentially declared to the U.S. that African-Americans are humans, and they deserve to be treated as such. Therefore, how does one simply forget to legalize something of that magnitude? Now, you mean to tell me that if I were in Mississip-
pi just walking around a local Wal-Mart store buying some movies, I could have been stopped by the police, and sent to the nearest plantation? I just had to see this for myself. So there is an overview of the story taken from CBS Houston’s website. Professor Dr. Ranjan Batra at the University of Mississippi Medical Center was watching Steven Spielberg’s “Lincoln,” and after the film, he began to research states ratifying amendments. When Dr. Batra learned that slavery was never abolished within the state, after its initial rejection in 1865, he told a fellow colleague, Ken Sullivan, who then phoned the National Archives’ to rectify the situation. Sullivan eventually got his hands on a 1995, Senate reso-
lution that acknowledged that slavery was inhumane within the state. The forgotten document was then sent through legal channels to be properly ratified 148 years later. Thanks, Sullivan. We all know that Mississippi was, and some would say, still is the most racist state in America; however, I honestly can say that in today’s society that specific scenario would never happen. Hypothetically speaking, say it was never fixed, and MS remained a slave-legal state, what do you suppose would happen if someone actually tried to claim another as their property on the basis of race in 2013 America? The Struggle…
Jumped from page 1 A simple paperwork error to have caused a nearly twentyyear gap between the vote and the actual ratification of the amendment.
“You also have to look at whoever was over that individual who was supposed to file the paperwork because it’s a trickle-down effect,” Yarbrough said. “Someone has to
look over the work that’s done. To say that in all this time nobody’s gone back to look over any of the work is interesting to say the least.” The amendment was offi-
S By Megan Johnson Editor-in-chief -Editorial s the great late John Lennon said in his hit song Imagine, “Imagine there’s no countries, it isn’t hard to do, nothing to kill or die for and no religion too, imagine all the people living life in peace.” In past weeks racism and discrimination has been two big topics on EIU’s campus. I think it’s safe to say; this isn’t just a Charleston problem but a worldwide issue. Racism and discrimination exist everywhere in the world. It occurs against different minority groups, women everywhere and the LGBTQIA community, just to name a few. Both topics go on and on like a played out record. It’s a consistent cycle of trying of trying to hold someone back, I believe the issue is when conversations of these matters come about, and they need to be addressed when they happen. As people who care, we need to listen to and acknowledge stories of pain and anger, that is one way we can work on moving forward. Just because you haven’t directly gone through something doesn’t mean it hasn’t happened and it doesn’t exist. I like to look at different situations as if I was the one in that person shoe, would I want to be treated differently? Not at all. It’s about time that we all come together and work as one. When someone makes a discriminatory statement, it is our job to address those comments and the person the proper way. Together as a campus we should come together and fix some of these issues we are having. We know homophobia, racism and discrimination still exist. So why not have something like a “help” group with the intentions of informing the community of the different minority groups? I see changes that need to be made, during a time where college students are the center of attention. We have voices and should use them. We can do whatever we set our minds too and we should work together while building a new tomorrow.
Megan can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org
Roberto can be reached at email@example.com
For more information on the United States Constitution amendments look further at these websites: http://www.usconstitution.net/const.html h t t p : / / w w w. a r c h i v e s . gov/exhibits/charters/ constitution_amendments_11-27.html For further information on the article that was posted about the subject go to: http://houston.cbslocal. com/2013/02/19/mis sissippi-ratifies-amendment-abolishing-slavery148-years-later/
148 years later slavery is still an issue
cially ratified by Mississippi’s Office of the Federal Register on Feb. 7, 2013. Lauren can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org
HBCU: The ‘real’ black educational experience By Nathan Brown Staff Reporter
astern will be sponsoring an HBCU (Historically Black Colleges/ Universities), tour that will be held this summer, Sunday, June 3 - Friday, June 7, 2013. This tour will specifically focus on the idea of visiting historically black colleges that have sought to become famous for not only being an all black school, but for its reputation as a college with that status, and to inspire many students, mainly minorities, to attend their
prestigious institution. “The HBCU tour was originally created for the students working on (their) Master’s in College Affairs, giving students that want to work in higher education (an) understanding of how all different institutions of higher education work,” Minority Affairs Director, Mona Davenport said. Davenport mentioned that their objectives are to gain a more realistic perspective of the vast array of educational institutions in the nation, specifically through the study of historically black colleges and
universities. As well as gaining a greater awareness and better understanding of the critical issues faced by HBCUs. This is a rare opportunity to get to see many institutions that have sought to inspire and make a difference. In addition to going on this trip, you also get three credit hours of upper division credit, and the opportunity to visit the Martin Luther King Jr. monument in Washington D.C. The schools that will be covered on the tour are: Winston- Salem State University,
North Carolina A&T University, Bennett College for Women, Norfolk State University, Hampton University, Virginia State University, Howard University, Wilberforce University, and Central State University. For more information about this tour, you can visit http://eiu.edu/csd/hbcu/index. php to get the entire overview of what is required to attend and what will be covered. Hope everyone chooses to go to be educated and have fun. Nathan can be reached at email@example.com
Cooking for Campus By Jasmine Randle Staff Reporter Cost: $6
Cooking Time: 2 hours 25 minutes Materials 1) Medium size pot 2) Big spoon 3) Cookie sheet 4) Foil 5) 5 pieces of hickory smoked bacon 6) Bacon grease 7) 1 bag of collard greens 8) Salt 9) Pepper
I cook collard greens many ways. However, as a college student I do not have the time to go through the long process I was taught. So here is the simple way I found that is still good in my book.
Directions: 1. Preheat oven to 350 2. Cover the cookie sheet with the foil and place the bacon in the oven (set for 25 minutes) 3. Take the collard greens and wash them 4. In the medium pot fill half way with water 5. Place washed greens in the medium pot and turn
stove on to medium heat (set for 2 hours) I season the greens three times with salt and pepper; once without the bacon the first (30 minutes) of cooking. Second time with bacon, and the third time when the greens have been cooking for (1 hour and 30 minutes). Don’t over do it with the salt and the pepper After the bacon is cooked pour the bacon grease into the medium pot along with the five pieces of bacon. Stir it together and let it cook! Last thing to do. Enjoy!
Photo of collard greens taken by Jasmine Randle
Jasmine can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org