Voluntary Tax Transparency Report. FY 2020.
In this document you’ll find detailed information about Frasers Property Australia’s tax affairs including our attitude towards managing tax, our tax governance processes and how much tax we paid during the year ended 30 September 2020.
About Frasers Property Australia Frasers Property Australia (FPA) is a diversified property group, active in residential, retail, commercial and industrial property, right across the country. We began developing property in Australia in 1924, and today we’re part of the global Frasers Property Group, a multi-national company that develops, owns and manages a diverse, integrated portfolio of properties. Listed on the Main Board of the Singapore Exchange Securities Trading Limited (SGX-ST) and headquartered in Singapore, the Group has total assets of approximately S$38.7 billion as at 31 March 2020. The assets of Frasers Property range from residential, retail, commercial & business parks, to logistics & industrial in Southeast Asia, Australia, Europe and China. Its well-established hospitality business owns and/or operates serviced apartments and hotels in over 70 cities across Asia, Australia, Europe, the Middle East and Africa. As at 30 September 2020, Frasers Property is also the sponsor of three real estate investment trusts and one stapled trust listed on the SGX-ST. Frasers Centrepoint Trust, Frasers Commercial Trust, and Frasers Logistics & Commercial Trust are focused on retail, commercial & business parks, and logistics & industrial properties respectively. Frasers Hospitality Trust (comprising Frasers Hospitality Real Estate Investment Trust and Frasers Hospitality Business Trust) is a stapled trust focused on hospitality properties. In addition, Frasers Property Thailand is the sponsor of Frasers Property Thailand Industrial Freehold & Leasehold REIT, which is focused on logistics and industrial properties in Thailand and is listed on the Stock Exchange of Thailand. In Australia and across the globe, we believe experience matters, and that puts our customers at the heart of our business.
Our contribution to the Australian economy FPA has over 90 years’ heritage in Australia with activities covering the development of residential land, housing and apartments, commercial, retail and industrial properties, investment property ownership and management, and property management. Our origins date back to 1924 with the inception of T. M. Burke Pty Ltd, which later commenced trading under Australian Housing and Land and Australand. Australand was acquired by Frasers Property Limited in 2014, adopting the global Frasers Property brand in August 2015. Today, FPA employs over 600 staff, with our head office in Sydney and offices in Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Hong Kong. In our long history in Australia, we’ve delivered over 139,000 homes. This year, we settled and completed another 1,595 units, opened three shopping centres across Australia, with four centres under management and our investment property portfolio is A$1.9 billion under management in Australia. FPA ended the year with 16,640 residential development units in our pipeline. Sustainability is at the heart of our operations. The company creates places where resources are re-used, recycled and restored. It fosters new ideas to support people and the planet, and undertakes tangible initiatives to help people lead happier, healthier lives.
Tax risk appetite & tolerance The Risk Appetite & Tolerance Statement is a Statement endorsed by the Board and sets out the level of risk (including tax risk) which the group is prepared to accept. Overall, the statement provides that the group has no tolerance for a material breach (that is, an infringement with a fine in excess of $50,000 or any criminal penalty). The Board is also committed to ensuring that any non-routine transactions or arrangements undertaken by the group is: Not tax driven and supported by genuine commercial activity. Supported by a reasonably arguable position where it is unclear how tax legislation would apply. Assessed in terms of the likelihood of contravening any tax anti-avoidance rules. The Board also has no tolerance for transfer pricing benefits to arise in respect of significant international related party dealings with any other Frasers Property group entities.
Tax governance Our Board Tax Governance Policy sets out our tax strategy as follows: To comply with all State and Federal tax obligations and pay or account for the correct amount of tax. To ensure that the FPA tax positions adopted are consistent with what the FPA Directors authorised or believe is prudent. To assess tax effective opportunities but ensure they are in line with the commercial objectives of the business and within the boundaries outlined in our Risk Appetite & Tolerance Statement. To foster good relationships with State and Federal tax authorities through proactive management of FPA’s tax affairs in ‘real time’ (where possible). To collaborate with our related parties in relation to international reporting obligations.
Tax risk management The Board is also committed to the identification, assessment, monitoring and management of risks across the organisation. The overall risk management process is governed by the Risk Management Policy and specific to tax, senior management developed the Tax Risk Management Procedure. FPA’s tax risk management and governance is depicted in the following diagram:
Group Risk Appetite and Tolerance Statement
Tax Governance Policy
Tax Governance Procedure
Tax Risk Management Procedure
Tax Roles & Responsibilities
Risk Management Policy
Engagement with the ATO Consistent with FPA’s Tax Governance Policy, we seek to engage with the Australian Taxation Office (ATO) on a ‘real time’ basis by actively engaging and being transparent.
International related party dealings FPA is part of a global group. Our related party dealings predominantly comprise of financing arrangements and transactions with our Hong Kong subsidiary used to market and sell our properties. During FY 2020 FPA sold interests in AUD $23.5 million of income producing real estate assets to FLT Australia Trust which is part of Frasers Logistics & Commercial Trust (FLCT). The FLCT portfolio sale was negotiated on an arm’s-length basis with reference to independent valuations. All international related party dealings between FPA and its overseas related parties are risk assessed in accordance with the internationally recognised ‘arm’s-length principle’ and in compliance with Australian transfer pricing laws supported by contemporaneous transfer pricing documentation. Country-by-Country (CbC) reporting is part of a wide range of international measures aimed at combating tax avoidance through more comprehensive exchanges of tax information between countries. The FPA group’s FY 2020 CbC reports were lodged with the ATO at the same time as the income tax return for that period.
Effective tax rate The Frasers Property Australia Pty Limited (FPAPL) and Frasers Property (FPA) Pty Limited (FFPA) tax consolidated groups comprise the majority of the entities in the FPA group. Both of these consolidated groups prepare consolidated financial accounting information in accordance with standards issued by the Australian Accounting Standards Board (AASB) and are audited annually by an external independent auditor. A high level summary of FPAPL and FFPA’s FY 2020 tax results are presented below: FPAPL $m
A. Total Income
B. Total Expenses
C. Accounting Profit
Add/Less: Adjustments required under Australian tax laws
Permanent Differences Other
Temporary Differences Depreciation Net Property Dealings Other Utilisation of carried forward tax losses
(7.9) — 20.1 11.1 (112.2) (0.8) — —
D. Taxable Income/(Loss)
E. Tax Payable @ 30%
Effective Tax Rate – Note 1 below
Note 1: FPA’s Effective Tax Rates (ETR) The ETR is calculated in respect of tax payable (E) which relates to corporate taxes divided by accounting profit (C). In FY 2020 FPAPL derived an accounting profit of $57.5 million (C) however had a tax loss of $42.1 million (D). The FPAPL temporary differences are as a result of the differing tax treatment between the AASB and the Income Tax Assessment Act (ITAA). The difference between the accounting profit and tax loss is predominantly due to the capitalised inventory cost deductions, investment properties depreciation expense, and reversal of the fair value revaluation gains/(losses). These temporary differences resulted in an ETR of 0%. In FY 2020, FFPA derived an accounting profit of $40.4 million (C) however had a taxable income of $50.7 million (D). The difference between the accounting profit and taxable income is predominantly due to the inventory timing differences, which resulted in an ETR of 37.7%.
Total taxes paid During FY 2020 the FPA Group paid $125.2 million in various taxes and levies in Australia at the State and Federal level. A summary of the taxes paid is summarised below: Taxes Paid
Corporate Taxes (refer to Note 1 below)
Employment Taxes (refer to Note 2 below)
State Taxes (refer to Note 3 below)
Net Goods & Services Tax (refer to Note 4 below)
Council Rates (refer to Note 5 below)
Total Taxes Paid
ote 1: Corporate Taxes N Corporate taxes in Australia are paid by companies on ‘taxable profits’ at the rate of 30%. The term ‘taxable profits’ refers to the accounting profit (i.e. total income less expenses) adjusted in accordance with the ITAA 1936 and the ITAA 1997 to arrive at the ‘taxable income’ that is taxed at the corporate rate of 30% (i.e. ‘income tax’). This amount represents the Australian group’s payments made in respect of the financial year from 1 October 2019 to 30 September 2020. This figure also includes withholding tax paid (additional to the tax paid on company tax profits). ote 2: Employment Taxes N Employment taxes include Payroll Tax, Pay-As-You-Go withholding, superannuation guarantee and Fringe Benefits Tax payments made by FPA on behalf of employees. ote 3: State Taxes N State taxes include Land Tax, Stamp Duty and Car Park Levies payable by FPA in each Australian State. ote 4: Net Goods & Services Tax (GST) N The GST figure shown is the net GST amount paid by FPA. Net GST amount represents the GST collected on outputs (i.e. sales) less GST claimed on expenses. Note 5: Council Rates Council Rates are local government charges payable by FPA in respect of each development held around Australia.
If you require further information, please contact Frasers Property Australia: Tel: +61 2 9767 2000 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Rhodes Corporate Park, NSW
Cover image: Ed.Square, NSW