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The history of Franklin County is a panorama of contending influences. Blessed with abundant natural resources, society has flourished here for thousands of years. Apalachicola Apalachicola enjoys a history rich in maritime culture and natural resources. Apalachicola is an Indian word for “land beyond” or “those people residing on the other side” or “friendly people over there.” There were once more than 40,000 Indians in this region. The first Apalachicola Indians were members of the Mississippian Culture. Later tribes included the Seminoles and Creeks. The first non-natives were the Franciscan friars who arrived from Spain in the 1700s. Early trade between the Spanish and Creek Indians was in produce and fur. Apalachicola was established in 1831 and grew quickly as a

HISTORY

HIKES

SELF-GUIDED WALKING TOUR You can take a self-guided tour of Apalachicola’s historic district and learn about more than 35 private homes and public sites. Map available at the Apalachicola Visitor Center or online at apalachicolabay.org MUSEUM TRAIL This self guided tour features museums, parks and historic sites. Map available at the Apalachicola Center for History, Culture and Art, the Apalachicola Visitor Center or download at HistoricApalachicola.com. ANNUAL HISTORIC HOME TOUR This event held the first weekend in May, showcases Apalachicola’s historic homes. Details available online at apalachicolahistorichometour. org

cotton shipping port town. By the mid 1800s, Apalachicola’s waterfront was lined with brick warehouses and broad streets to handle the loading and unloading of cotton. At one point, Apalachicola was heralded as the third largest port on the gulf. Steamboats laden with cotton came down the river and were unloaded on the docks. From there, the cotton was reloaded onto shallow-draft schooners that shuttled the cargo to ships waiting offshore. The invention of refrigeration in 1851 by Dr. John Gorrie proved revolutionary not only to Apalachicola but to the Continued on page 16

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Apalachicola’s Historic Dixie Theatre has been a cultural landmark for almost 100 years. The Dixie Theatre opened in 1913 and featured a front marquee that glowed with more than 100 electric lights, a ticket office and a sunken pit for the orchestra. In 1929 The Dixie opened its doors to the town’s first talking picture. A major renovation by the Partington family brought this cultural icon back to life in 1998. Today, the theatre hosts annual season theatre and music performances. DixieTheatre.com

Franklin County, Florida Visitor Guide  

2014 Guide to Apalachicola, Alligator Point, Carrabelle, Eastpoint and St. George Island

Franklin County, Florida Visitor Guide  

2014 Guide to Apalachicola, Alligator Point, Carrabelle, Eastpoint and St. George Island