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Safety


Question # 1 In which places do people handle uncertainty through more rules and control? Question # 2 How do people, who live in places that have strong focus on rules and control, think? Question # 3 In which cultures do people handle uncertainty through openness, questions, learning, developing and testing ideas? Question # 4 How do you manage uncertainty / surprises / the unknown?


Question # 1 In which places do people handle uncertainty through more rules and control?


How many rules does a company, you work for, have? http://www.imagebase.net/Concept/concept-_78_


To what extent do you and your colleagues use safety clothing?

http://www.imagebase.net/People/IMG_5256-copy


When you look around, how many surveillance cameras do you see?


When you look around, how many locked doors and gates do you see?


Russia has 546 police offers per 100,000 people

http://www.vox.com/2014/10/8/6939731/map-the-most-heavily-policed-countries-around-the-world


Peter and Paul Fortress in St. Petersburg, Russia

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2010/05/11/travel/funny-signs.html#/4be383740bca256c9e0004c0/


Russia, China and many Arab states, which want more Internet regulation, a greater governmental control and have been pushing to expand the treaty beyond traditional telecom operators. http://mobile.reuters.com/article/idUSBRE8B913L20121210


http://www.economist.com/blogs/dailychart/2011/06/military-spending


Cultures with high uncertainty avoidance try to minimize uncertainty through strict

laws and rules as well as safety and security measures. http://suite101.com/article/risk-adverse-trade-cultures-a42761


Fascism and racism find their most fertile ground in cultures with strong uncertainty avoidance plus pronouncedly masculine values.

Hofstede, Geert: Cultures and Organizations, p. 255.


http://www3.weforum.org/docs/GAC14/WEF_GAC14_OutlookGlobalAgenda_Report.pdf

How has the electoral performance of nationalist parties in Europe changed since 2003?


Question # 2 How do people, who live in places that have strong focus on rules and control, think?


People in rule-based cultures seek security and predictability by 1. structuring their environment. 2. structuring their time. For example, they set aside a time slot for each activity - resulting in appointments and strict schedules. http://repository.cmu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1149&context=tepper


Two characteristics of rule-based cultures 1. People respect the rules for their own sake. 2. Compliance with rules is often encouraged by guilt feelings and fear of punishment.

http://repository.cmu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1149&context=tepper


Much of the typical risk aversion related to smaller investments can be attributed to a combination of 2 well-documented behavioural biases. 1. Loss aversion People fear losses more than they value equivalent gains. 2. Narrow framing People weigh potential risks as if there were only a single potential outcome – as opposed to many outcomes in the long term. http://www.mckinsey.com/business-functions/strategy-and-corporate-finance/our-insights/overcoming-a-bias-against-risk


Research shows that as the days grow shorter, people feel less and less like taking risk.

http://www.fastcompany.com/3024600/bottom-line/how-seasonal-affective-disorder-twists-our-decisions http://www.businessinsider.com/psychological-reasons-people-take-risks-2014-8


Question # 3 In which cultures do people handle uncertainty through openness, questions, learning, developing and testing ideas?


Top ranked places on global open data index https://index.okfn.org/place/


http://www.nubricks.com/archives/41626/3-bed-house-usa-id-6036102/

Open gardens


The United States, Europe, and Canada want a hands-off approach to Internet regulation and want to limit the new treaty's scope to telecom companies. http://mobile.reuters.com/article/idUSBRE8B913L20121210


High spending on education in Scandinavia

http://www.flickr.com/photos/isaacmao/6422522391/sizes/l/in/contacts/


People from Singapore, the Nordic countries, Great Britain, the USA, and Hong Kong feel most comfortable in a world with few rules. They are more likely to  stimulate innovation,  emphasize new ideas,  be flexible. http://intpmcomms.com/uncertainty-avoidance-in-international-project-communications/ http://www.via-web.de/uncertainty-avoidance/


In 1997 a fire at Aisin Seiki, Toyota’s sole source of P-valves, threatened to halt production for weeks. But Toyota and Aisin were able to call on more than 200 partners and resumed full production in just six days. Toyota’s network of collaborators created redundancy and conferred robustness. https://hbr.org/2016/01/the-biology-of-corporate-survival


Even if we cannot predict what is going to happen, we can, for example, 1. collect signals to find out what is changing around us. 2. use knowledge we have to determine what may happen. 3. test ideas which relate to opportunities that arise. 4. learn new skills that help us create value from opportunities.

Adapted from https://hbr.org/2016/01/the-biology-of-corporate-survival


When people in Thailand do not do what they are supposed to do, other people may just smile and let it go. http://home.sandiego.edu/~pavett/docs/msgl_503/dim_of_cult.pdf


Question # 4 How do you manage uncertainty / surprises / the unknown?


1 = Disagree very much. 5 = Agree very much. Topic

1

2

An unforeseen event makes me very upset I don’t like being taken by surprise Planning everything in advance is very important to me

Adapted from https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/fulfillment-any-age/201511/is-the-key-getting-over-worries

3

4

5


1 = Disagree very much. 5 = Agree very much. Topic

1

2

3

The smallest doubt can stop me from acting I must get away from all uncertain situations It frustrates to me not have all the information I need

Adapted from https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/fulfillment-any-age/201511/is-the-key-getting-over-worries

4

5


Questions to discover your values https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Questions-to-discover-your-values-1329394

Safety  

Research on the value safety - including how people go about with uncertainty and change.

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