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FRANCISCA AROSO

selected work contact: usa 0015124227912 uk 004407403616134 portugal 00351965391529 franciscaaroso @ gmail.com


INDEX

CLASSES: _digital fabrication _internet zero _research studio _scripting _advanced materials _mapping

THESIS PROJECT (MASTER)

EMTECH _boot camp _core studio _biomimetics

COMPETITIONS _foz c么a art museum _bifurcate bridge _pixel canyon public pavilion _ universal home

RESEARCH WORK: _the lamp _exhibition: full print _programmed materiality

TEACHING WORKS: _the pipe lamp _the 3d printed textiles _the tile _the crafted tower

WORKSHOPS: _the venice biennale _the water webs _the wind

JEWELLERY WORKS

selected work.francisca aroso


CLASSES:

_digital fabrication ( the ripple, the matrix) _internet zero (the chip) _esearch studio (the parametric house, the dome) _scripting _advanced materials

selected work.francisca aroso


the RIPPLE digital fabrication class

The objective of this work was the introduction of the subtractive 3D numeric fabrication processes, using a 3-axis CNC MILLING machine. Each group of 2 students had the chance to work directly with the machine, use the software Rhino Cam to write the machine’s instructions, and oversee his/her job. The intention of the assignment was to critically evaluate the possibility to alter the fabrication parameters of the CNC machine, to produce a specific material effect in a given material (medium-density polyurethane foam). Students understood consider the implications of milling with different tools and/or diverse tooling trajectories. One important detail was the fact that we were calculating the time spent at the mill, in order to evaluate how we manage to produce great material effects, while realistically considering the economical factors that would affect a real architectural application.

INFO PROGRAM: the Ripple PROJECT TEAM: Maite Bravo and Francisca Aroso MY ROLE: PatternDesign, modelling, template and fabrication STATUS: Complete selected work.francisca aroso


the MATRIX digital fabrication class The objective of assignment was to introduce students to the RAPID PROTOTYPING numeric fabrication processes, focusing on the technique of printing with a 3D PRINTER machine. We had the chance to work directly with the machine, use the specific software to write the machine’s instructions, oversee his/her job, remove the printed models from the printer, clean and finish them with a hardening solution. In terms of design, the intention of the assignment is to produce a series of 3D printed models that can be set next to each other in multiple ways, constructing an unexpected ensemble (a MATRIX) for the whole class. For that matter, students were be provided with a simple template, to be used as a common departure point for all their individual models. The template, inscribed within a 6 x 6 x 6 cms cube, contains the basic reference geometry that must be respected by all, in order to assure the future connection between all parts (cells).

INFO PROGRAM: PROJECT TEAM: MY ROLE: STATUS:

the Matrix Francisca Aroso Pattern Design, modelling, documentation, template and fabrication Complete selected work.francisca aroso


the CHIP internet 0 class

Networked objects, distributed computing, intelligent spaces and adaptive behaviors.

This project introduced theoretical and practical principles for embedding computation into physical space. We looked at how information and communication technologies are disappearing into our surrounding spaces, how architecture might be considered an operating system, and how micro controllers are becoming part of everyday objects. While the practical exercises deal with domestic spaces, at the end of the seminar we comprehended networks as integral elements, and not as additions, of spaces, buildings, cities and territories.

We started with a wide look at networks, examining not only their technologies and topologies, but also their social, cultural and political implications when implemented at different scales. Then focus on the physicality of these networks, and how they can be used to configure a new kind of space. After we imagined, designed, visualized and practically demonstrate a network that seamlessly integrates into physical space.

INFO PROGRAM: PROJECT TEAM: MY ROLE: STATUS:

the Chip Joe Suntinanond, Ramon Velazquez, Uday Goswam, Gabriele Pieri, Akriti Sood, Hemant Purohit, Andrea Katsavra, Marcelo Riva and Francisca Aroso, Milling the board, assembling and programing the chip, defining out put and in put, production of the final model Complete selected work.francisca aroso


the DOME

design studio in digital tectonics 2

During this team work, we were looking at the alternative possibilities for ar chitectural production drawn by parametric and associative environments, yet focusing on emphasizing their integrative use from conception to construction. With that objective, the class will look into integrated design and fabrication processes to investigate their conceptual and material impact in the discipline. A traditional architectural problem - the DOME- was used as a starting point to research geometric differentiation in a component-based design approach. The regularity of this form will serve as a stable background to set-up the emergence of variation in defining building assemblies that have the potential to accomplish specific spatial, constructive and performative goals, while considering their effects as aesthetic and ornamental strategies. We developed a ‘parametric dome’, questioning its geometric attributes while discussing/judging the performative potential behind their design and fabrication solutions. selected work.francisca aroso


the DOME

design studio in digital tectonics 2

INFO PROGRAM : Dome PROJECT TEAM: Students from the Design Studio in Digital Tectonics 2 MY ROLE: Fabrication Team: (material tests, structure and joint design, full scale prototypes, digital design consul tion, 2-d cutting files, final fabrication using cnc laser cutter, final assembly and construction). STATUS: Demolished selected work.francisca aroso


the PARAMETRIC HOUSE design studio in digital tectonics 1 selected selected work.francisca work.francisca arosoaroso


the PARAMETRIC HOUSE design studio in digital tectonics 1 The house has been a continuous challenge throughout the history of architecture. In that sense, it has necessarily reflected the cultural framework and technological possibilities of each period. Given that digital production technologies have dramatically expanded today’s design and building possibilities, the subject of the house is a territory of critical experimentation. Departing from this assumption, the studio made students re-think the design and construction of a single habitat, considering the new cultural and industrial paradigm of customization. From a methodological point of view, the studio investigated the impact of digital technologies for the production of architecture, with a particular focus on the integrated use of parametric design tools and digital fabrication equipment. For that matter, participating students were required to enroll in the ‘Parametric Design’ seminar, which provided the conceptual background and necessary skills for developing the project. The studio worked as a research unit, where all the students contributed to a broad research agenda (in small groups, in this case the team was: Luis Odiaga, Javier Raya and Francisca Aroso), investigating specific themes around the house and critically identifying opportunities for new developments (i.e. programmatic, geometric, constructive or environmental). Throughout the term, the work was developed and evaluated with the construction of parametric digital models and physical experiments at 1:1 scale (including models and material prototypes).

selected work.francisca aroso


the PARAMETRIC HOUSE design studio in digital tectonics 1 5.final product

1.design

4.prototypes

2.representation

3.fabrication

INFO PROGRAM : House PROJECT TEAM: Javiel Olmeda Raya, Luis Fernando Odiga and Francisca Aroso MY ROLE: Concept, design , modelling, production of documentation, material tests, digital design consul tion, 2-d cutting files, stereolithography files, final assembly and construction, (using cnc laser cutter and 3d printing) STATUS: Prototype selected work.francisca aroso


the SCRIPTED LAMP scripting seminar

INFO PROGRAM : Scripted Lamp TEAM PROJECT: Renu, Hermant and Francisca Aroso MY ROLE Script, files preparation, test materials , cut files and final assembly STATUS: Complete selected work.francisca aroso


the BI.O.BRICK |advanced BIOTILE materials The production of this material has been developed during January 08 at IaaC, Barcelona, as i described above is the result of mixing old knowledge with up-to-daye applications. Most conspicuously, I have mixed the materials according to their characteristics and properties: 1.potato and banana (fruit) has gluing and plascity effects; banana skin is known to have fibbers that are reistance and flexibility (this knowledge was acquired through studying Palm tree); 2.newspaper resistance and body (specially after dry); Cork allows the material to be water-resistant and isolated; 3.garlic glue is a sub.product made from the process of putting garlic on water for three-days period and it’s function is complement the effect of the potato skin; glair has the “glue” function like the garlic and the potato with banana; 4.beetroot juice is necessary only to give color and finally water is basically incorporated through wetting the newspaper for molding it.

INFO PROGRAM : PROJECT TEAM: MY ROLE: STATUS:

Creat a new material for a brick and a tile Francisca Aroso Concept, test and mix mareials, production of documentation and prototype production Prototype selected selected work.francisca work.francisca arosoaroso


MAPPING BARCELONA mapping seminar

Mapping Barcelona_ The first proposed exercise is the study of the historical centre of Barcelona. This urban complex is undergoing deep transforma-tions due to its appropriation by tourism, especially fast consume tourism. In this way, places that were traditionally central spaces for the identity of the city are changing to adapt to the economies that have raised from mass tourism and with the possibility to mode in the low-cost world. Barcelona can witness the densification of pedestrians in the public space, the increase of noise on streets, the eroding process in public space. All of that following re-latively loose rules. Mapping Barcelona_Old Town aims to map this trans-formations by finding the most revealing data of the process.

INFO PROGRAM : TEAM PROJECT: MY ROLE: STATUS:

Mapping Barcelona_Old Town Dorota Kabala, Maria Effychi and Francisca Aroso On-site research, mapping, design and materialization Complete selected work.francisca aroso


selected work.francisca aroso


THESIS PROJECT

selected work.francisca aroso


the BIO FAB thesis project

INFO PROGRAM : BIO FAB PROJECT TEAM: Thesis project by Francisca Aroso oriented by Olaf Gipser MY ROLE: Research, Concept, design , modelling, production of documentation, material tests, stereolithography files and construction (using 3d printing) STATUS: Prototypes

selected selected work.francisca work.francisca arosoaroso


gecko + lotus analyses

protection, elastecity, curvatute

performance + adaptability

patc

performance variations

surface coverage (capacity)

the collector

selected work.francisca aroso


the BIO FAB thesis project

patern adaptability (pattch

ch+component

water container sherter shadow device heater and cooler system envelop Funtions: water cleaner | filterwater system container shelter space divider shadow device ....

heater and cooler system envelop water cleaner | filter system space divider

selected work.francisca aroso


the BIO FAB thesis project 1. nature observation

final result - variations

7.prototype

6. fabrication options

2. patterns analyses

4. design rules

3. design analyses

5. variations

selected work.francisca aroso


EmTech (PhD):

_boot camp _core studio _natural systems and biomimetics seminar

selected work.francisca aroso


the BOOT CAMP EmTech boot camp

INFO PROGRAM : Boot camp (Design exercise 1 - two weeks project) TEAM PROJECT: Merate Barakat, Juanjo Gonzalez-Castellon, Camila E. Sotomayor and Francisca Aroso MY ROLE: Concept development, (Parametric) design, fabrication files preparation and productioand final assembly STATUS: Complete

selected work.francisca aroso


the PERFORMATIVE DIFFERENTIATION core studio 1

Core Studio 1 commences with analysis of all the parameters and characteristics of the material systems generated in the Induction Studio, and uses the results of this analysis as the first generation of an evolutionary series. Through the application of evolutionary strategies and computational techniques the architectural qualities of different material systems will be recombined and enhanced over succeeding generations. As the systems increase in scale and three dimensional complexity through digital morphogenesis, a series of built models will explore the integration of material behaviour and fabrication processes. A fully fabricated and digitally modelled doubly curved material systems that exhibit advanced and fully integrated structural and environmental properties. Over four weeks one have designed a covered space that can be used as a café by day and a forum for learning, debate, and entertainment at night. The footprint of your pavilion-like intervention has to be between 200 and 300 m2 and be located within a perimeter of 25m x 25m at the southern end of the Place des Arénes in Nîmes, France (43° 50‘ N, 4° 21‘ E).

INFO PROGRAM : PROJECT TEAM: MY ROLE: STATUS:

Performative Differentiation Francisca Aroso Concept, test and mix mareials, production of documentation and prototype production Prototype selected selected work.francisca work.francisca arosoaroso


the VENUS FLY TRAP natural systems and biomimetics seminar

ACTIVE SYSTEMS AND BIODYNAMIC

Research, study and analyse of biological active systems - the venus fly trap - in order to extract the logics and propose an application under the context of Architecture. The goal was to have an overall understanding of the system and a more detailed look into the parts of interest (mechanism). Following the research, detailed digital models were used for the geometrical structural performative analysis with the use of computational tools [Rhino, Strand7, Ansys] and to gain an accurate understanding of the mechanisms used and performative effects within these natural systems.

INFO PROGRAM: PROJECT TEAM: MY ROLE: STATUS:

the VENUS FLY TRAP Barbara Barreda, Steven Kwo, George Koufakis and Francisca Aroso, Reserach, digital modeling and analysis, design concept and physical experiments Complete selected work.francisca aroso


COMPETITIONS:

_foz coa art museum _bifurcated bridge _pixel canyon _universal house

selected work.francisca aroso


the FOZ CÔA ART MUSEUM competition

INFO PROGRAM : TEAM PROJECT: MY ROLE: STATUS:

Art and Archaeology Museum Maria Luís Neiva, Ricardo Bastos Areias, Miguel Borges da Costa and Francisca Aroso Co-Design, Rendering and physical models Competition (1st honorable mention) selected work.francisca aroso


the PIXEL CANYON competition

PIXEL CANYON explores the intricate relationship between contemporary digital design and fabrication processes through the design of a structure that is simultaneously an enclosure and not an enclosure. PIXEL CANYON acts as a connective tissue inside the atrium of the University of Houston’s College of Architecture, generating multiple pathways around itself and bringing people together with its multi -purpose uses and undulating morphology. Through its twisting geometry, it creates enclosures and seating areas that smoothly transform into one another. As such, PIXEL CANYON gives way to the experience of multiple functions, such as eating, seating, and socializing. The idea behind PIXEL CANYON is centered on deconstructing the brick wall and transforming it to a sliced surface morphology where the visual effect of the ‘brick’ is still present but its fabrication is achieved through the layering of painted flat pieces assembled and vertically pinned together. This design removes the heavy and solid idea of the brick component and plays around with light and geometry. In this configuration, the ‘brick’ is replaced by horizontal layers of surface strips as the component; whereby a new assembly process is being proposed through the fabrication of similar lengths of ‘brick bands’ instead of placing bricks one at a time. The parametric toolset for the generation of PIXEL CANYON is Rhinoceros and Rhinoceros Grasshopper. The two undulating forms are evaluated at their specific UV coordinates for curvature information on. The curvature data is then translated into a parameter that feeds the depth of each ‘brick’ component that is centered at each evaluated point. As such, the width and height of each ‘brick’ is the same (80 mm. and 128 mm. respectively); the only changing parameter is the depth of the bricks, whereby the increase in curvature amount will result in an increase in the depth.

INFO PROGRAM : PROJECT TEAM: MY ROLE: STATUS:

Public pavilion - University of Houston’s College of Architecture Elife Erdine and Francisca Aroso Concept, digital design, material for production and production. Prototype selected work.francisca aroso


the bifurcated bridge competition

The Bifurcating Bridge project proposes a new footbridge that connects some of the older spaces of the Architectural Association with the recently acquired design studios on Morwell Street. This structure connects three different levels of the school via spanning across a small courtyard. The bridge is best described as a hybrid structure, both bridge and staircase. The name of the bridge is derived from its characteristic Y-shape in plan. The aim of this branching morphology is to facilitate circulation and visual interaction.The Bifurcating Bridge is a student project that is part of the ongoing design research of the EmTech studio 2009/2010. It is being developed in collaboration with students from the Institute of Computational Design (ICD) in Stuttgart. The design reflects the EmTech course’s interest in digital design and manufacturing; the overall process represents typical methodologies of working that oscillate between digital design and rapid prototyping. In this manner the design progresses through the use of parametric tools and physical study models at different scales. The set-up of the workflow allows for a hierarchical design approach and in return simultaneously develops different areas of the proposal. Within this process is a constant collaboration with professional consultants Buro Happold Structural Engineers and Zurich-based company Design to Production.

INFO PROGRAM : Bifurcated Bridge (connects three different levels of the school via spanning across a small courtyard) TEAM PROJECT: EmTech studio 2009|2010 in collaboration with students from the ICD in Stuttgart MY ROLE: Part of the winning team, digital design and concept development. Responsable for the 1:10 prototype files preparation, fabrication and coordenation of the final assembly STATUS: Prototype selected work.francisca aroso


the TUNE HOUSE competition

TUNE HOUSE

1 住まい方をチューンする

住まい方と気候に呼応し調節し続ける二重の家

スケルトン内部図

Tune とは 『自ら調和を図る』 という意味。 本提 案は自然環境のみならず多様化する社会環境 や家族構成に呼応した住まい方を提案してい る。 下図 ライフサイクルダイアグラムでは、 50 年のスパンにおける三世帯家族の住まい方を 例示しており、 家族が成長するにつれて、 小さ な居住空間が (微気候に包まれながら) その形 態・距離を可変させ増減築している様子が確 認できる。 また、 特に下宿学生、 共働き夫婦の ためのベビーシッターや祖父母のための介護 ヘルパーの仮住まいなど、 コア家族の外から の構成員を集合住宅内に柔軟に呼び込むこと で、 現代社会が抱える家族と住まい方の問題 を軽減する一端をも担っている。 なお、 本プログラムはサイトスペシフィックで はなく、 都市中心部、 郊外のベッドタウン、 過疎 地いずれにおいても汎用性がある (本紙では 大都市近郊の某ベッドタウンでの開発を例と している) 。 また、 本集合住宅は従来型の整形敷地を前提 としておらず、 重層の家を柔軟に増減築できる ことから、 広がりのある敷地に複数の集合住宅 が隣接するような一団地の開発も想定しうる。 また、 それによって新たな交流・コミュニティ ーが醸成される事も狙いの一つとしている。

1-2 呼吸する壁がつくる微気候を取り込む/交換する

1-1 微気候を切り取る二重の家 木質材料の持つ伸縮性を微細に利用した呼吸す る壁 (大きな箱)から、 構造積層合板で構成され る小さな箱まで、 木材が層のように折り重なった 集合住宅を想定する。

木質シートを層状に重ねた 呼吸する壁 (プレゼン2-2を参照)

大きな箱の家は、 外部環境との間での風・熱・湿 度・採光等を自動調整することができ、 断熱され 環境調整された小さな箱の家は、 大きな箱に切り 取られた微気候に包まれている (右平面図・断面 図参照) 。 この微気候の内部への取り込みは、 様々 な開き方をする建具によって調整することが出来 る。 住人は家に住み続けるうちに、 建具の開閉方 法=家の操縦方法をしだいに身につけ、 その知恵 を親から子そして孫へ受け継がれていく。 また、 こ の集合住宅では原則 外側から内側に行くにつれ てプライバシーの度合いが上がるので、 住人はそ の時々の居住目的や家族の関係性に応じて小さ な家から大きな家を行き来きできる。

大きな家の呼吸する壁

微気候との境界 人の手による開閉

微気候との境界 人の手による開閉

自然に開閉

呼吸する壁を支えるフレーム (鋼製伸縮棒により調節可能) 伸縮部分拡大図

平面図 1:100@A2

内側の軽量で小さな家 (集成材壁式構造なども想定)

採光

立面

住む人の家族構成・成長の度合いの変化に応じ て大小に可変する家。 小さな家を取り囲むフレー ムに呼吸する壁を取り付けることで、 例えば、 中庭 や寛ぎの間を内部化 (もしくは外部化) したり、 思 春期にいる子供に相応のプライバシーを与える 等、 ユーザー自身の手によって家の境界を変化さ せることが出来る (右の展開図参照) 。

縁側ベース (家引きにより水平移動可能)

小さな家の内部 環境調整された空間

微気候 和らげられた周辺環境 (大きな家の内部)

周辺環境

微気候は和らげられた周辺環境 であると同時に、 隣り合った微気 候とも交換される

上記のように内側の小さな家の位置、 外側の大きな家の外 形=微気候の形は、 あとから自由に改変することが可能で ある。 適宜環境をセルフアジャストできる居住空間 (小さな 箱) と、 定期的なセルフビルドによる半屋外の集落的空間 ( 大きな箱) を集合住宅の中で併用することで、 極小~極大様 々なスケールで形態とその境界が揺れ動き、 家族と共に成 長できる (減築もできる) 木造住宅となる。

呼吸する壁によるファサード

ユーザーの操作によってさま ざまな開閉をする小さな家 の建具。 周囲の微気候をいろ いろに選び取り取り込むこと が出来る。

断面図 1:100@A2

year 0

year 5

year 10

year 15

year 20

year 25

year 30

year 35

year 40

year 45

year 50

他界 夫 妻

母 子 父

ベビーシッター

母 子 子 父

母 子 父

母父

妻夫

2-1 呼吸する壁の駆動実験の様子

水分含有率12%あたりの伸縮率(%)

木質繊維の方向を考慮して合板をラミネーションすることで、 あらかじめプ 開閉する孔をもった呼吸する壁によって周辺環境を微気候空間に選択的に取り込む。 材料自体のミクロな性質によってパッシブに動く呼吸する壁は、 ログラムした湿度変化の範囲内で、 最小で5cm、 最大で25-30cm程度のフラップを開閉することが可能である。 二重の家は、 「切断」 と 「連続」 の双方を兼ね備えた半透膜 状の平面を利用してつくる 空間である。 これは 「均質性」 と 「特異性」 を如意に両立で きるものである。 透過率だけ で要素を制御するが、 その透 過率は時間で変化する。 よっ て、 振る舞いは半透膜のよう にみえる。 光、 音といった様々 な環境因子を面でコントロ ールする仕組みによって気 候をチューンする。  

母父

妻夫

母父

妻夫

母父

子 母父

下宿学生

相対湿度 40% ビーチベニア(0.60mm) クリアーポリウレタン接着剤 ポリプロピレンシート(0.35mm) 異なる樹種のラミネーション

樹種 木材は樹種ごとに異なる伸縮率をもっている

異なる伸縮率をもつ木材のラミネーションによって呼吸する壁を製作する

angle at 100% Relative Humidity

下宿

同様のコンセプトの集合住宅が周辺で開発・隣接 し合う事で、 新たな交流・コミュニティーが醸成さ れているイメージ

下宿

湿風 angle at 40% Relative Humidity

12月 (冬) 、 昼2時 冷たい北風を防ぎ、 南からの低い光を取り込む

湿度 高

相対湿度 80% angle at 60% Relative Humidity 湿度とフラップの開閉の関係性

孔の開閉ダイアグラム  (冬の昼間)

冬の日中における表面輻射熱の図。 南面の孔を積極的に開放し、 熱を内部に取り入れる。 卓越風向と湿度の年変化 (青斜線:冬の昼 赤斜線:夏の夜)

開 乾風 湿度 40% -

呼吸する壁の駆動実験 フラップが開いた様子

湿度を計測しながら行った実験の様子

呼吸する壁を通して二重の家のなかに取り込まれた微気候を、 様々な開け方ができる建具によって小さな家の室内に取り込むことが出来る。 配置や角度に

応じて、 小さな家の回りには下図のシミュレーションで示したような微気候が 生まれている。 右下図に示したように、 強制循環、 自然換気それぞれのモ In nature the female pine cone is a robust natural hygromorph, responding to changes in humidity. The scales start また、 to open when it ードを、 孔の開閉によって制御する事が出来る。 is dry, releasing the cone’s seeds and close up when it is humid. This passive mechanism is induced by scales consisting of two the above picture [1]. □平面・内部角度の比較 □平面・ 内部配置の比較 □強制循環モード □自然換気モード 一般に、 内部の室を風上に対して外部の壁面と平行に角度を保ったほうが 空気が流れやすいが、 角度を大きく振りすぎて、 外側のスキンとの隙間が狭

母 子 父

呼吸する壁の挙動は敷地のさまざまな気候に応じて汎用性をもってデザインできる。

相対湿度 60% angle at 80% Relative Humidity

tissues as seen on □平面 ・全体角度の比較

風上に空間を作ったほうが風通しの良い中間領域がで き、 部屋内部の風速も上がっている。 反対に、 風下に中

他界 ヘルパー

二重壁の内部に空気を強制的に循環させ る。 熱を貯めたい場合は孔をとじて空気を

二重壁の内部に保つようにし、 逆に排熱や くなる場合は反対に流速が落ちる。意図的な流れを作りたい場合は左右 The lamination consists of bound間領域を作ると風の影響を受けにくい。 together a naturally flat piece of beech’s veneer (0,60mm) that is glued (using polyurethane glue) 換気を促したいときは有効な場所に積極 非対称に内部の室を配置すればよい。 的に孔をつくる。 onto a flat polypropylene (0,350mm) .

室内の換気のため二重の開口をうまくコ ントロールする。 外部の強すぎる直接風を 入れずに二重壁の間の微気候空間で緩衝 し、 小さな家の室内部を換気する。

In this bilayer the veneer acts as active layer due its hygroscopy (attracts water from its surroundings, through either absorption or熱 adsorption), the polypropylene layer is passive (it has homogeneous behaviour - doesn’t suffer any dimensional changes). Geometrical shapes (scales) were cut off from the laminated flat veneer-plastic bilayers show self-organising complex風 structures when relative humidity changes. 冷

8月 (夏) 、 夜9時 呼吸する壁 (実際の材質は木) 南西から北東に抜ける通風を重視

2-4 二重の家を取り巻くマクロな風環境の考察

孔の開閉ダイアグラム  (夏の夜)

夏の日中における表面輻射熱の図。 上面の孔を閉じて、 直射日光の侵入を防ぐ。

変化

The Passive Bending Mechanism

祖母

冷風

厚壁繊維組織

呼吸する壁の駆動実験 フラップが閉じた様子

母 子 父

時間

•sclerenchyma fibres – microfibrils orientated along the cell (low winding angle) • sclerids – microfibrils wound around 厚膜繊維組織 the cell (high winding angle), 湿度 80%+ elongated when damp

下宿学生

木質材料のパッシブな挙動により 室内の明るさや空気の流れを自律的にコントロールする。 呼 吸する壁を通して和らげられた外部環境が大きな家の内部に取り込まれる。

冷風

松ぼっく Scaleりは、 of 2種類の異な a cone consists of two tissues, る方向を向いたセルロース which include differentially orientated 繊維からなる小片から構成 され、 吸湿による収縮をコ cellulose microfibrils controlling ントロールしている。 この仕 hygroscopic expansion of the cells: 組みを気候をチューンする ための呼吸する壁として利 用する。

2-3 二重の家の内部の風環境の考察

祖母 祖父

2-2 呼吸する壁がつくる微気候

湿度

大都市近郊の某ベッドタウンの敷地では、 50年間の間に、 右図のようなストーリーが 展開するだろう。

2 気候をチューンする

風上に対して斜めに角度を振ったほうが、 内部にまん べんなく風が入りやすく、 風速も得られる。 また周辺へ の風の影響は、 角度の緩いほうが流速が遅くなる、 特に 敷地後方への影響は角度を振ったほうが大きい。

呼吸する壁によってつくられた微気候は、 大きな家によって敷地の中に切り取られる。 人の手により自由に開閉で きる建具により、 微気候はさまざまな方法で小さな家の中に取り込まれる。 また、 微気候空間 (小さな家の外側、 大 きな家の内側) はいわば土間もしくはパティオのような空間であり、 非空調空間に適した活動を行う場となる。 微気 候は隣り合う大きな家の間でも交換される。

年変

卓越風向と湿度の時間変化を一年を通して比較した図

ケーススタディとして敷地内を流れる風の動きを図示した。 他の単純なマッスに比べて、 二重の家の内部は適切な風速の風が入り、 滞ることなく風が周辺にも抜けて行く。

□外側の微気候

□敷地においての風の流れ

二重の家 (下図) とシングルスキンの通常の家 (上図) で ボリュームの 間を流れる風の動きを比較した。 二重スキンのほうがボリューム間の 風速がはやく、 また後方を中心に周辺部分へ与える影響が小さいこと がわかる。

箱と箱のすき間にも二重の家のほうが適切な量の風が流れている。 箱の表面の流速も、 二重 の家のほうがはやい。 風下の風の乱れ方、 弱まり方は単純なマッスのほうがおおきい。 敷地 周辺、 特に側面の風の速さについては二重の家のほうが流速が速い。 単純なマッスの場合は 敷地周囲への風の流れを妨げている。 二重の家のほうが周辺への影響が少ないといえるだ ろう。 二重の家の内部は十分に弱められた風環境になっているが、 自然換気をするのに十分 な風が流れている。

清浄 風 汚染

The scales have a passive mechanism - open and close - according with the relative humidity changes. Open up towards the veneer’s side of the lamination when the humidity is drops (lower than 50%) and when the relative humidity increases from around 50% up to 100% it opens up to the opposite side. This mechanism is passive and the system works without need of any type energy.

164

[1] Dawson et al. (1997) Nature, 390, 668.

INFO PROGRAM : PROJECT TEAM: MY ROLE: STATUS:

Multi-generational House (adaptable house) Hotta Kensuke, Komi Yousuki and Francisca Aroso Concept, digital design and material system (behaviour), FCD analyse and prototype production Submited

selected work.francisca aroso


RESEARCH WORK: _the lamp _full Print3d. printing objects exhibition _programmable materiality

selected work.francisca aroso


the research LAMP work

DESIGN

SHAPE GEOMETRY

CONSTRUCTION DIMENSIONS DETAILING

CAD ADD MANUFACTURING INFORMATION

PROCESS GEOMETRY

COMPONENT GEOMETRY DWG and DXF

GENERATIVE MACHINE DATA

PRODUCTION

CAM

INFO PROGRAM: the LAMP - prototype for Santa & Cole PROJECT TEAM: Marta Malé-Alemany and Francisca Aroso MY ROLE: Design, comcept,template -laser cut file, documentation, production of the final model STATUS: Prototype selected work.francisca aroso


the FULL PRINT3D. PRINTING OBJECTS research

The permanent exhibition, Full Print3d. Printing objects provides an introduction to digital fabrication through a series of projects that illustrate the conceptual implications of this type of production for design. In additive fabrication—popularly known as ‘3D printing’—an object is created by superimposing and solidifying successive, extremely thin layers of a particular material. Whereas other types of digital fabrication grew out of the automation of manual techniques that were already familiar before the advent of the computer (cutting, milling, folding, bending, etc.), additive processes make it possible to produce the object, particle by particle, according to the data sent from the computer. This flexibility allows unprecedented freedom in the shape of the design and the control of the material. The work being explored developed in various disciplines, illustrates how new concepts in the production of material are emerging, thanks to the adaptation and use of additive fabrication technologies. The versatility of 3D printing technologies can be found in the creation of everyday objects and furniture; the printing of human cell tissue, bone prostheses, food and the adaptation of machines to print buildings, and points to a possible paradigm shift in the creation of the world around us. All of the objects presented at Full Print3d were created using different additive manufacturing processes and are organize into six thematic areas: freeform, variation, customization, complexity, materiality, and finally, applications and research.

INFO PROGRAM : Full Print3d. Printing Objects exhibition TEAM PROJECT: Curated by: Marta Malé–Alemany with the collaboration : Areti Markopoulou, Massimo Menichinelli and Francisca Aroso MY ROLE: Exhibition’s co-Design and co-curation STATUS: Completed selected work.francisca aroso


the PROGRAMMABLE MATERIALITY research selected selected work.francisca work.francisca arosoaroso


the MATERIAL SYSTEM research

Wood is one of the ancient and most common construction material available. In ancient times, wooden logs and branches were joined together to create frameworks and woven to produce walls, which became a crucial element in the construction of buildings. When human beings stopped using caves for living, the first known man-made shelters were built of wood, adobe, straw, reeds, and leaves. Later on, during the era of stonework facades, wood started to be used as a structural element. As a dependable and versatile building material, wood has been used almost universally since the Neolithic up to the modern timber residential tower presently. Conspicuously, wood is being used in diverse ways and manipulated through several techniques for a long time. Due to its wide availability, inherent qualities, ease of machining, and structural stability, it has applications in many different projects and functions. The idea behind this study is to explore new with innovative design and fabrication approaches to existing (traditional) materials, namely wood.

INFO PROGRAM : TEAM PROJECT: MY ROLE: STATUS:

Part of my own PhD research- programmable materiality Francisca Aroso Concept, design development, analysis and material experiments ( lamination nas milling work) Prototype selected work.francisca aroso


PIXEL CANYON competition thethe MATERIAL SYSTEM research

INFO PROGRAM: PROJECT TEAM: MY ROLE: STATUS:

Prototypes developed during the programanble materiallity - light effects. Francisca Aroso Design, comcept, fabrication template -milling file, documentation, final experiments fabrication Prototype selected work.francisca aroso


the PROCESS research

It is a goal of this research study to explore and propose diverse but complementary subsequent methods for integrating several technical requirements in the design process of an innovative facade system (transitional space) that will incorporate innovative solutions to integrate in the next generation of buildings.

INFO PROGRAM : Part of the PhD research. Methodology developed to aply into design to production feedback loop PROJECT TEAM: Francisca Aroso MY ROLE: STATUS: selected work.francisca aroso


the BANKSIA research

The banksia’s nut and follicle were analysed in order to understand the passive mechanism of opening and closing. This principle is applied into the design development and fabrication of the timber facade. Programable materiality is a concept that fit this research where material is manipulated in order to perform dimensional changes when triger by changes in relative humidity.

INFO PROGRAM : TEAM PROJECT: MY ROLE: STATUS:

Biomimetics - research of banksia ‘s nut Francisca Aroso 3D Scan, digital representation, digital simulations and SEM microscopic analysis Completed selected work.francisca aroso


the MATERIAL MANIPULATION research

Since wood‘s anisotropic nature and hygroscopic behaviour were considered to the most relevant properties to be explored on this research, on exhaustive analysis was made to find the out suitable species of wood for the development of n humidity-responsive system. Grounded on biomimetic case studies of the banksia (follicles) as well the pine cone (scales), which use bilayer material system to control the capacity to respond to changes in moisture, a similar approach was taken. In order to programme shape changes while still allowing variation on it, the linear relationship between MC and dimensional changes was extended by adding an isotropic (passive) layer to the veneer’s layer. This biomimetic-based material system is developed in a way that it necessitates neither external energy supply nor any type of mechanical or electronic control is necessitated (for the shape to change).

INFO PROGRAM : TEAM PROJECT: MY ROLE: STATUS:

Part of the PhD research. Programmable materiality Francisca Aroso Concept, computational design, material exploration and physical prototypes and simulations Completed selected work.francisca aroso


the MATERIAL’s HYGROSCOPY research

selected work.francisca aroso


the MATERIAL’s HYGROSCOPY research

Seven typologies of cuts with different orientation were made on the rectangular veneer sheets. These boards, in side a climatic chamber, were subjected to a relative humidity range. This change in MC led to a rapid dimensional change of the veneer, demonstrating considerable change. The geometries resultant from the cuts made on the (initial flat) veneer with greater The flat geometries have curled outwards when the relative humidity is higher than 80%

INFO PROGRAM : TEAM PROJECT: MY ROLE: STATUS:

Part of the PhD research. Material’s hygroscopy Francisca Aroso Concept, computational design, material exploration and physical prototypes and simulations Completed selected work.francisca aroso


TEACHING WORKS: _the pipe lamp _the 3d printed textiles _the tile _the crafted tower

selected work.francisca aroso


the PIPE LAMP

teaching work.digital fabrication seminar

INFO PROGRAM : PIPE LAMP PROJECT TEAM: Seminar taugh by Marta MalĂŠ-Alemany, assisted by Shane Salisbury and Francisca Aroso, work done by the 60 students (with no prior education in the field) of the Digital Fabrication Seminar. MY ROLE: teach how to model it in Rhino, how to prepear the cut files, teach how to use the laser cut machine STATUS: Complete selected work.francisca aroso


the PIPE LAMP

teaching work.digital fabrication seminar

The objective of this project is to introduce students to the SUBTRACTIVE 2D numeric fabrication processes, focusing on the technique of cutting through the use of a Laser Cut machine. Each student had the chance to work directly with the machine (supervised by a Fab-Lab instructor), use the specific CAM software to write the machine’s instructions, place the material, and oversee his/her own job. In terms of design, the intention of the class is to produce a large scale installation, where each student contributed by fabricating one of its parts. The challenge of the project was to produce a portion of a three-dimensional PIPE, constructed with planar sections and assembled in a way like a cage with planar ribs, using an egg-crate technique. In order to be able to assemble all projects together, where all the parts produce a single pipe system, the installation was understood as a sort of ‘exquisite corps’. In other words, students will be given standard part typologies and geometric constraints for the end sections of their individual part (such to standardize the ends of all pipe segments) and thus facilitate the overall assembly and allow for possibilities of variation in the final arrangement.

selected selected work.francisca work.francisca arosoaroso


the 3D PRINTING TEXTILES teaching work. digital fabrication seminar

selected work.francisca aroso


the 3D PRINTING TEXTILES teaching work. digital fabrication seminar concept

2d pattern .dwg | .dxf

design|3d model visualization

rhino .dxf

z corp

(digital file) .stl

selected selected work.francisca work.francisca arosoaroso


the 3D PRINTING TEXTILES teaching work. digital fabrication seminar

The objective of this project is to introduce students to the ADDITIVE 3D numeric fabrication processes (RAPID PROTOTYPING), focusing on the technique of 3D Printing. Students had the chance to work directly with the machine (supervised by a Fab-Lab instructor), use the specific CAM software to write the machine’s instructions, oversee their printing job, remove the printed parts from the machine, and finish by cleaning and binding their own fabricated parts. In terms of design, the intention of the class was to produce a series of articulated samples of textile patterns, which explore the potential of fabricating parts without geometric limitations. The modeling of these samples will entail controling the curvature threads, imagining their spatial interweaving and exploring different levels of intricacy across the textile sample. To produce this project, students started from a 2D pattern of their choice (weaving, knitting, graphic, microscopic or other). The challenge of the project was to produce a three-dimensional textile sample from the original pattern, though the generation of 3D threads that move in and out of eachother. These threads should have a minimum of 3mm thickness (diameter). The final textile sample must be inscribed withing a bounding box of 11 x 22 x 2 cms.

INFO PROGRAM : 3D Printed Textiles PROJECT TEAM: Seminar taugh by Marta MalĂŠ-Alemany and assisted by and Francisca Aroso, work done by the 22 students from UIC (with no prior education in the field) of the Digital Fabrication Seminar. MY ROLE: Teach how to model it in Rhino, how to prepear the templates, teach how to use the 3d printer machine STATUS: Complete selected work.francisca aroso


the TILE

teaching work. digital fabrication seminar

The objective of project is to introduce students to the SUBTRACTIVE 3D numeric fabrication processes (CNC MILLING). Students had the chance to work directly with the 3-axis Milling machine (supervised by a Fab-Labinstructor), use the specific CAM software to write the machine’s instructions, prepare their material and position it onto the machine, oversee the milling job and remove the final milled parts. In terms of design, the intention of the class was to explore Milling processes as a way of producing unique molds, and explore the potentials of creating differentiated tile assemblies (the elements of which will be casted in these molds). The modeling of these tiles will consider issues like surface curvature and relief, in order to investigate the possibilities of CNC Milling. To produce this project , students will get a standard piece of foam (33 x 33cms) in which they will mill their part, freed from any given restrictions in trems of boundary and outline (apart from the material itself ). The challenge of the project is to produce a single tile considering how it may assemble creating differentiated patterns, or a group of 2-4 smaller tiles that equally assemble in multiple configurations. In both situations the material assigned to each grup is limited to a single piece of foam. The final project will include the milled mold and the final tile assembly (minimum 6 tiles). PLEASE NOTE: In this project, special consideration was given to the student’s sense of ‘economy’, considering the milling time in comparison to the final surface effects of their tiles.

INFO PROGRAM : The Tile PROJECT TEAM: Seminar taugh by Marta Malé-Alemany and assisted by and Francisca Aroso, work done by the 60 students (with no prior education in the field) of the Digital Fabrication Seminar. MY ROLE: Teach how to model it in Rhino and Rhino CAM, how to prepear the templates, teach how to use the miiling machine. STATUS: Complete selected work.francisca aroso


theAACRAFTED TOWER Istanbul visiting school teaching work

The AA Istanbul Visiting School will explore tall structures through vertical growth algorithms by focusing on local crafts. The main aim of the AA Istanbul Global School is to revisit the basic form of creativity in crafts, and to investigate on the potential of re-linking crafts processes to contemporary digital design thinking/ production within the context of tall structures. The agenda of tall structures is one of the most relevant and significant issues concerning the contemporary architecture of Istanbul. In recent years, there has been a major increase in the construction of tall buildings in Istanbul, especially in the Levent-Maslak axis, namely the financial district of Istanbul. In this respect, the workshop will be studying the characteristics of this region, analyze the existing urban context in relation to architectural and infrastructural aspects, and offer potential models of tall structures that address the current observed problems in the area. Local crafts will be investigated as active material systems for interior and exterior organizations and developed in relation to tall structures. As such, the tower, an architectural typology that has relatively kept a stable organizational structure and formal language since the end of the 19th century, will be challenged. The objective is to extract information from crafted models in terms of structural, material and performative behavior in order to explore computationally generated dynamic models for the tower typology.

INFO PROGRAM : AA Istanbul visiting School- Crafted Tower PROJECT TEAM: Seminar taugh by Elif erdine and aand Francisca Aroso, work developed by the 2 groups: Beyroots (Rana Haddad Zeina Koreitem Joanne Hayek Yasmina El Chami) and Intrigate (Cemal Koray Bingol Tuggen Kukul Cagil Ozalp ) My Role: Co/teaching with elif Erdine a group of 10 studens divided in 4 groups STATUS: Complete

selected work.francisca aroso


WORKSHOPS: _the venice biennale _the water webs _the wind

selected work.francisca aroso


the VENICE ARCHITECTURE BIENNALE workshop

INFO PROGRAM : Hyperhabitat - reprograming the world_ Venice Architecture Biennale Instalation PROJECT TEAM: Guallart Architects :Vicente Guallart, María Díaz; IaaC: Daniel Ibañez,Rodrigo Rubio,Marta Male-Alemany, Areti Markopoulou, Laia Pifarré, Victor Viña and Tomas Diez; MIT: Neil Gershenfeld, Kenny Cheung, Luis Lafuente Molinero; Bestiario:Andrés Ortiz,Santiago Ortiz, José Aguirre, Daniel Aguilar, Architects col laborating in the installation:Vagia Pantou,Christian Zorzen, Alessio Carta, Francisca Aroso, Luis Fernando Odiaga, Maria Papaloizou,Stefania Sini,Daniel Bas,Melissa Mazik, Georgia Voudouri,Hemant Purohit, Renu Gupta,Luciano Bertoldi,Peerapong Suntinanond,Ifigenia Arvaniti,Georgios Machairas,Ismini Koronidi, Javier Olmeda Raya,Anastasia Fragoudi,Alexandra Theodorou,Higinio Llames. MY ROLE: Design it in Rhino, prepear the cut files, produce it using the laser cut machine and final production (insta lation), milling boards and assembling. STATUS: Complete selected work.francisca aroso


the VENICE ARCHITECTURE BIENNALE workshop

selected work.francisca aroso


the VENICE ARCHITECTURE BIENNALE workshop Venice Biennale workshop started on July the 7th and its aim was to produce the installation that will be representing Vicente Guallart (IaaC Director) work at the 11th Edition of the Venice Biennale Architecture Exhibition titled: Architecture beyond buildings. Researchers and collaborators from MIT - The Center for Bits and Atoms, IaaC, Bestiario and others are part of the production process of a 1:1 scale reconfigurable and shared living space representing the multi-scalar systems that constructs the world. The project engages with the theme of the Biennale by positing the need to reprogramme the structures with which we inhabit the world through the introduction of distributed intelligence in the nodes, networks and environments with which we construct buildings, cities and territories. The idea is to demonstrate that in order to make a more self sufficient world with decentralized networks, the functional relationships between the different elements of the habitability networks need to be redesigned.

selected work.francisca aroso


the WATERSMAQ WEBS workshop

INFO PROGRAM : Water webs PROJECT TEAM: Maite Bravo, Stefania Sini, Vikrant, Juergen and Francisca Aroso MY ROLE: Design it in Rhino, prepear the cut files, produce it using the laser cut machine and final production (insta lation), milling boards and assembling. STATUS: Complete selected selected work.francisca work.francisca arosoaroso


the WATERSMAQ WEBS workshop

MAA Workshops are part of the academic structure of the master program. This one week-condensed workshop was leaded by Sabine M端ller and Andreas Quednau (SMAQ) and gathered all the MAA of us back to work together after being dealing with different scales developed in the three research lines offered by IaaC. The subject of the seminar was WATER , from there we did our proposals. Creating new systems and studing the water flow,

selected selectedwork.francisca work.franciscaaroso aroso


the Wind

Lanzarote workshop

INFO PROGRAM : ECOLANDSCAPES PROJECT TEAM: Stefania Sini, Patricia Acosta, Juergen Weiss, Maria Eftychi, Enrique Mora, Luis Odiaga, Verena Volgler, Georgia Voudouri and Francisca Aroso. FACULTY: Marta malĂŠ-Alemany and Luis Fraguada. MY ROLE: Design it in Rhino, renderings, concept and documentation. STATUS: selected selected work.francisca work.francisca arosoaroso


the Wind

Lanzarote workshop

selected work.francisca aroso


the Wind

Lanzarote workshop

selected work.francisca aroso

selected work.francisca aroso


JEWELLERY WORKS

selected work.francisca aroso


the jewellery M|USE work

INFO PROGRAM : MY ROLE: STATUS:

Jewellery The founder of M|USE, a pratice specialized in the design and production of jewellery; design production and comercialization. Complete

selected work.francisca aroso


the jewellery M|USE work

B R I N C O S

selected work.francisca aroso


selected work.francisca aroso


FRANCISCA AROSO

selected work contact: usa 0015124227912 uk 004407403616134 portugal 00351965391529 franciscaaroso @ gmail.com selected work.francisca aroso


selected work.francisca aroso

Portfolio - Francisca Aroso  

Francisca Aroso is a registered architect in Portugal, graduated from ESAP (Oporto), holds a Master Degree in Advanced Architecture from Iaa...

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