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Mandala eZine e-VOL. 2 ISSUE 3 AUGUST 2009


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F O U N D AT I O N M E M B E R S H I P Inspired by an attitude of universal responsibility, for over thirty years the Fo undatio n fo r the Preser vation of the M a ha ya n a Tr a d i t io n (FPMT) has provided integrated education through which people’s minds and hearts can be transformed into their highest potential for the benefit of others. Your Foundation Member ship helps support outstanding educational programs and teachers, charitable projects and services, and helps keep teachings and practices alive, authentic and relevant to issues facing the modern practitioner. As a Fo undatio n Member you belong to an engaged, diverse, world-wide community of students and practitioners. All Members enjoy the benefits of Man dala magazine and eZine as well as a discount at the FPMT Fo undation Sto re. Additionally, many levels of Foundation Membership offer benefits from our newly launched Online Lear ning Cent er which promises continuously updated, interactive learning. FPMT follows the guidance of His Holiness the XIV Dalai Lama, our founder Lama Thubten Yeshe and our Spiritual Director, Lama Zopa Rinpoche. Become a Foundation Member today and lend your heart to the cause of happiness for all. Visit and register online. FOUNDATION FOR THE PRESERVATION OF THE MAHAYANA TRADITION FPMT International Office. 1632 SE 11th Avenue. Portland, OR 97214-4702. USA (503) 808-1588 phone * (503) 808-1589 fax *

$60 Year/$5 Month Right-Turning Conch One Year of Mandala Magazine and e-Zine. Foundation Store Discount - 10% $108 Year/$9 Month Precious Umbrella All of above plus Mystic Tibet DVD $240 Year/$20 Month Dharma Wheel All of above, “How to Meditate on Emptiness” MP3, Access to selected courses (TBA) 2009 Online Learning Center $360 Year/$30 Month Endless Knot All of the above; Free Discovering Buddhism DVD Set; Full access to Online Learning Center and Light of the Path Program (TBA) $600 Year/$50 Month Lotus Flower All of the above Please allow us to honor you on the web and in print $1008 Year/$84 Month Treasure Vase All of the above Yearly Patron Puja $5000 and beyond Victory Banner All of the above Special Honoree Images of the Eight Auspicious Signs © Andy Weber

Mandala eZine contents 5 FROM THE EDITOR 6 LAMA YESHE’S WISDOM: Love and Equanimity by Lama Yeshe 10 ADVICE FROM THE VIRTUOUS FRIEND: The Four Powers for Collecting Extensive Merit by Lama Zopa Rinpoche 14 COVER FEATURE: From the Archive: FPMT History Captured 20 MEDIA PAGE COMMUNITY FORUM: 22 Discussion Topic 23 Photo Bulletin Board 10

e-VOL 2 ISSUE 3 AUGUST 2009. The Mandala eZine is published as an online quarterly for Foundation Members by FPMT Inc., 1632 11th Ave, Portland, OR 97214-4702. COVER: Lama Zopa Rinpoche and Lama Yeshe, Kopan Monastery, 1977. PHOTO COURTESY of Lama Yeshe Wisdom Archive.


August 2009 MANDALA EZINE 3

THE HEART OF THE PATH Seeing the Guru as Buddha

by lama zopa rinpoche edited by ailsa cameron 502 pages, $20

“Without guru devotion, nothing happens—no realizations, no liberation, no enlightenment—just as without the root of a tree there can be no trunk, branches, leaves or fruit. Everything, up to enlightenment, depends on guru devotion.”

free books!*

DVD: BRINGING DHARMA TO THE WEST lama thubten yeshe Two interviews from 1982 Total time  hours. 

UNIVERSAL LOVE The Yoga Method of Buddha Maitreya

by lama thubten yeshe edited by nicholas ribush 158 pages, $15

Commissioned by the Maitreya Project, includes teachings and commentary on a practice near and dear to Lama’s heart. *plusshipping shippingcharges chargesofof $1 per book ($5 minimum)

Lama Yeshe Wisdom Archive contains recordings and transcripts of Lama Thubten Yeshe’s and Lama Zopa Rinpoche’s teachings dating back to the early 1970s—and we’re still growing! Our Web site offers thousands of pages of teachings by some of the greatest lamas of our time. Hundreds of audio recordings, our photo gallery and our ever-popular books are also freely accessible at Please see our Web site or contact us for more information

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Welcome to this August 2009 issue of the Mandala eZine. We’ve been enjoying the process of telling the story of FPMT over the last two print issues of the magazine. From the feedback we’ve received, it seems you are enjoying it too! Working with the FPMT archive, engaging with the stories and students, accessing the precious early teachings of Lama Yeshe and Lama Zopa Rinpoche is an endeavor marked by many unexpected treasures. Photos, documents and mementos have all contributed to the profound pleasure of traveling back to the unchartered foundation of FPMT, to a time when the organization was mainly still functioning on “the tip of a wish.” Here we include some of our favorites from the archive, snapshots of FPMT’s history that


didn’t fit into the print versions of Mandala. We received many incredible photos of our readers enjoying that last print issue of Mandala. We included a few of these on our Bulletin Board and invite you to visit the Mandala Publications’ FaceBook page to view them all. As always, we’ve included teachings by Lama Yeshe and Lama Zopa Rinpoche, and the Media Page features audio and video selections we hope you’ll enjoy. Mandala would like to give particular thanks to David Zinn, Lama Yeshe Wisdom Archive’s digital imaging specialist, for his continued enthusiastic support of our work. Please take your time and enjoy. With love, Carina Rumrill


Mandala is the official publication of the Foundation for the Preservation of the Mahayana Tradition (FPMT), an international charitable organization founded more than thirty years ago by two Tibetan Buddhist masters, Lama Lama Thubten Yeshe Lama Zopa Rinpoche Thubten Yeshe (1935-1984) and Lama Thubten Zopa Rinpoche. FPMT is now a vibrant international community, with a network of over 150 affiliate centers, projects and services, and members in more than thirty countries.

Editorial Policy Recurring topics include: Buddhist philosophy; Education; Ordination and the Sangha; Buddhism and Modern Life; Youth Issues; FPMT Activities Worldwide; Lama Yeshe and his teachings; Lama Zopa Rinpoche and his teachings; His Holiness the Dalai Lama and his teachings, among many other topics. Writers, photographers and artists, both amateur and professional, are encouraged to submit material for consideration. Mandala currently does not pay for publishable content; we credit all photos and other work as requested. Mandala, in addition to the Mandala eZine, is published quarterly and is available via Foundation Membership. Additionally, both publications are supplemented by online stories published exclusively at: To learn about membership levels and benefits, contact us or visit:

Foundation Membership supports the educational programming, charitable projects and global services of FPMT. Mandala is published in January, April, July and October. Mandala eZine is published in February, May, August and December. Managing Editor and Publisher Carina Rumrill Assistant Editor Michael Jolliffe Writers and Research Ven. Sarah Thresher Lise Hull Laura Miller Art Director Cowgirls Design Advertising Sandra Peterson Membership and Center Subscriptions Sandra Peterson

FPMT Inc. 1632 SE 11th Ave. Portland, OR 97214-4702 Tel: 1 503 808 1588 Fax: 1 503 808 1589 Toll free USA only 1 866 808 3302 FPMT Board of Directors Spiritual Director Lama Zopa Rinpoche Board Members Khenrinpoche Geshe Lhundrup Ven. Roger Kunsang Ven. Pemba Sherpa Karuna Cayton Andrew Haynes Peter Kedge Tim McNeill Tara Melwani Alison Murdoch Paula de Wijs-Koolkin

August 2009 MANDALA EZINE 5


Love and


By Lama Yeshe


he meaning of immeasurable, or limitless, love is clear from the words themselves. Fundamentally, we all have love; even animals have love. But the problem with our normal human love is that it’s limited. We choose our love objects very selectively, whether they be other people or anything else. There are innumerable phenomena throughout the universe but we choose just a few favorite objects to love. This kind of fanatical love is actually a problem. Normally, we say love is always good. Its positive side can be good, but its extreme, narrow side is not. One reason it’s a problem is that it gives us an extreme view of its object, where we exaggerate its good qualities. Another is that it gives rise to the symptoms of conflict that always arise from the dualistic mind. The inevitable reaction to fickle, narrow love is conflict and discomfort. Take, for example, the Dharma student. When you first get into Buddhism, your love changes slightly in that it now becomes, “I love Buddhism; I love Dharma; I love Lama.” Then it develops further in this direction: “This is really good. Before, I was down, but Buddhism has brought me right back up. Now 6 MANDALA EZINE August 2009

I’m happy.” Now you’ve really got a taste for Dharma. The problem is that every time you imprint, “This is good; this is good; this is good; Dharma good; meditation good,” instinctively there arises the mind that thinks that anything that is not Buddhism is unimportant. Especially when you start studying philosophy and learn that there are aspects of other religions’ philosophy that contradict what we believe in Buddhism, you start to put other religions down. You get to the point where you don’t even like to hear the words Christianity, Islam, Hinduism and so forth. That means you’ve lost your love. Instead of making you more tolerant and free, what

someone tells you your objects of love are innumerable and you simply have to believe it. There’s clear logic behind it. Say there’s somebody whom you already love. Ask yourself why you love that person. Usually you’ll reply that it’s because that person’s kind to you. That reason applies equally to all other sentient beings, but you should know all this from having studied the lam-rim, so I’m not going to go into any more detail here. This is one of the reasons why understanding of the lam-rim is a prerequisite to taking tantric teachings. But don’t take immeasurable love literally. Just because you love all sentient beings doesn’t mean you have to give people whatever they ask

True love doesn’t have to come with a smile; it can come with a frown. you’ve been calling love has become a cause of conflict. I’m talking about love from the religious point of view. When you say, “I love Dharma,” be careful that you don’t love too much. The point is that you should be using Dharma to solve your own problems, not create more. That’s its only purpose. The function of Dharma is to become an antidote to your own problems. If your love of Dharma causes conflict in your mind, makes you more narrow and limits your communication such that you just want to ignore practitioners of other religions, your love’s your problem. The way your love becomes limitless is not through blind religious faith. It’s not that

for or sleep with everybody. True, profound, universal love can be wrathful too. True love doesn’t have to come with a smile; it can come with a frown. Our problem is that we interpret love too superficially. If people frown at us we automatically assume they don’t like us. One Tibetan yogi said, “Evil friends don’t necessarily look like scorpions.” What he meant was that sometimes the people who are nicest to us are the worst for us. Scorpions are clearly dangerous, and their very appearance makes us afraid. But a person who strokes us lovingly on the arm, gives us gifts and whispers lovingly in our ear can be more dangerous than a scorpion. Such a person might even appear to be kinder to us than Lord Buddha. He was August 2009 MANDALA EZINE 7


incredibly kind, but he never stroked our arm, gave us gifts or whispered in our ear. The false friend might demonstrate such superficial loving actions, but in the end will cheat us and ruin not only this life but also many lives to come. We often find problems between parents and children. Most parents instinctively love their children, no matter what the children do. But when the children fail or do stupid things, the parents get worried. Sometimes their emotions and frustration manifest unskillfully as anger and aggression and the children think that their parents really hate them. They don’t see the deep love behind the scolding. This is just another example where what’s on the surface belies what’s underneath. … The extreme mind is a big problem. Lord Buddha had two brothers. One of them had unbelievable lust. He was always running after women. He was totally impossible. He was so overwhelmed with lustful hallucinations that there was no way that Lord Buddha could give him teachings. For example, say I’m in a nightclub with twenty girls, dancing and drinking, and you come up to me, “Hey, let me tell you some Dharma.” I’m going to go berserk. Even if Lord Buddha himself wanted to give me teachings I’d tell him to leave me alone. It was like that. So he had to come up with another solution. One day Lord Buddha showed this brother a vision of another realm. It was a hellish environment with flames and smoke all around, and in the middle there was a huge cauldron sitting on a big fire, bubbling with 8 MANDALA EZINE August 2009

boiling oil and surrounded by fearsome protectors. Somebody asked what the cauldron was for and Lord Buddha’s brother heard one of the protectors say, “Shakyamuni’s brother is up there on earth, dancing, drinking and lusting his life away, but when he dies he’s going to be reborn right here in this pot.” He totally freaked out. Suddenly he comprehended what he’d been doing and what was going to result. He was so upset that he couldn’t even eat. Then with his great skill, Lord Buddha manifested a vision of a beautiful, peaceful environment that was in complete equilibrium. No extreme suffering; no extreme happiness. That made his brother’s mind very tranquil and even, and at that moment, Lord Buddha gave him teachings. As a result, he realized the emptiness of his own mind, released his ego and became an arhat. Therefore, to practice the yoga method, you need a firm foundation of equanimity so that you can control your mind and set in the one direction. I can’t stress enough how necessary this is. But if you can develop equanimity, you will find that state of mind itself extremely blissful. The dualistic mind is a mind of extremes – uneven and unbalanced. It’s a painful mind. It’s the psychological equivalent of being constantly poked by a nail. The extreme mind is a complete hindrance to your developing the peaceful, blissful mind of equanimity. Lama Yeshe gave this teaching on the four immeasurables during a commentary on a tantric sadhana at Manjushri Institute, England, in 1977. Edited from the Lama Yeshe Wisdom Archive by Nicholas Ribush. Further edited here for space.

FPMT’S NEW ESSENTIAL LAM-RIM PROGRAM A complete experiential commentary by Lama Zopa Rinpoche on

Atisha’s Light of the Path over the next 5 years hosted by Kadampa Center, USA. The first teaching will be held

September 8-22, 2009 Gelong Thubten Gyatso will provide follow-up sessions during the course, with time for discussion and guided meditations.

Don’t miss this once in a lifetime opportunity. The event will be available via webcast and as a facilitated online program starting in 2010. Registration opens in March.

August 2009 MANDALA EZINE 9


The Four Powers for Collecting

EXTENSIVE MERIT By Lama Zopa Rinpoche

Photo courtesy of Violette


asically, in our daily life, we should use every single action – eating, walking, sitting, sleeping, doing our jobs – as much as possible; not only Dharma actions

such as meditation and prayers, which are the most profitable and which have the most benefit, but even our normal daily life activities. There are four ways of collecting extensive merit and one is by the power of the mind, the motivation of bodhichitta. Whatever activities you do with a bodhichitta motivation collect limitless skies of merit.

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The next one is the power of the object. The Guru is the highest object of merit. If you make offerings to numberless Buddha, numberless Dharma, numberless Sangha and to numberless statues, stupas and scriptures in the ten directions – not only in this one universe, but in numberless universes – you create the highest, most extensive merit. Having made offerings to them is itself unbelievable, but compared to making offerings to the Guru, having made offerings to numberless Buddha, Dharma and Sangha of the ten directions and numberless statues, stupas and scriptures becomes small. Therefore, even when you have a tea party, if you visualize that all those people are the Guru, you collect the most extensive merit. Not only with your altar and your holy objects, but even when you make charity to a beggar – a rich person or a beggar – if you think that person is the Guru, you collect the most extensive merit. Or after you have made charity to that sentient being, think, “This is the best offering to Guru, Buddha, Dharma, and Sangha” because what the buddhas and bodhisattvas cherish most is this sentient being who is suffering from poverty or who has problems. Therefore, if you help this person, it is the best offering to numberless buddhas and bodhisattvas. Similarly, if you help the child that is loved by the mother, her beloved child, if you say a few words about how the child is wise or beautiful, it makes the mother so happy, because this is what she cherishes most. Like that, the best offering to numberless buddhas and bodhisattvas is helping sentient

beings. Then whatever you are giving, think that it is also an offering to the Guru, Buddha, Dharma, Sangha. The next power is the power of phenomena. Between giving material things and giving Dharma, giving Dharma collects the most extensive merit. My memory is not so good, but if you give one verse of teachings to one sentient being, you collect extensive merit. Compared to offering three thousand galaxies filled with jewels, silver, gold and diamonds to all the buddhas, giving one verse of teaching to one sentient being collects far greater merit. The King of Concentration Sutra elaborates the unbelievable benefits of teaching the Dharma. This is for one sentient being. Now, if you teach two sentient beings, there is more merit. If you teach three sentient beings, there is unbelievable merit. I don’t know how to express it, what words to use, but it’s mentioned in that sutra that teaching Dharma is the most amazing way of collecting merit. The last one is the power of the practitioner. A person living in the lay vows collects far greater merit. If you live in the five lay vows, the merit increases hundreds, thousands, tens of thousands of times. And if you live in the eight lay vows, it’s much more. If you are living in the thirty-six vows of ordination, every single merit you collect is unbelievable. Then of course there is no question if you are living in the 250 vows; every single merit you collect is increased. It’s unbelievable! Living in the bodhisattva vows increases merit millions of August 2009 MANDALA EZINE 11


times, and if you’re living in the tantric vows, it’s much more. Like that, if the practitioner is living in vows, the merit increases. It’s unbelievable! That is how to collect extensive merit. So it has to become a very important issue in your life. A successful life – temporary happiness and of course no question about the ultimate happiness of liberation from samsara and enlightenment – it all has to do with merit. Whether it’s the success of the organization or the center, to solve economic problems, it is the same. We need not only to collect merit, but to collect it in an extensive way. You have to know that. Therefore, in our daily lives, whatever we do becomes the means of collecting the most

extensive merit. This way, you achieve enlightenment. You are able to develop the mind in the path to enlightenment quicker and most quickly, as well as being able to benefit other sentient beings, serving the Buddhadharma and so forth. Then also without much effort, the success of this life just comes by the way, even without being attached to that. That is the power of Dharma. You let go of attachment, and then happiness just comes. Teaching by Lama Zopa Rinpoche April 28, 2009 during the CPMT 2009 meeting at Institut Vajra Yogini in Marzens, France. Transcribed by Ven. Joan Nicell and edited further by Ven. Gyalten Mindrol for inclusion in Mandala ezine.

FPMT Education Services Providing Programs an d P ract i ce M at eri al s F or Al l

NEW from FPMT Education Services! Buddhism in a Nutshell is an overview of the complete Buddhist path to enlightenment that combines the blessings and transformational teachings of Tibetan masters Lama Thubten Yeshe and Lama Zopa Rinpoche with the common sense perspective of Western teacher Venerable Amy Miller. Simple meditation techniques help bring each topic “from the head into the heart”. Topics covered include the life of the Buddha, the Four Noble Truths, and a commentary on the steps of the path to enlightenment following The Foundation of All Good Qualities, a prayer requesting blessings written by the Tibetan saint, Lama Tsongkhapa. 210 pages and 11 hours of audio teachings and guided meditations on MP3.

Available from the Foundation Store:

12 MANDALA EZINE August 2009

• books • meditation supplies • ritual objects • educational programs All proceeds are used to further the charitable mission of Lama Zopa Rinpoche and FPMT Inc.

The Foundation Store Foundation for the Preservation of the Mahayana Tradition

Photo: Piero Piero Siriani Siriani Photo:

• Buddhist study materials



Ven. Connie Miller hand-drew what would become the FPMT logo in 1975 at Kopan Monastery, under the direction of Lama Yeshe.


s most of you know, Mandala has been telling the story of FPMT over the last two print issues and we’ll continue on until the January-March 2010

issue. In our research, we’ve found dozens of incredible photos and documents that help illustrate who we are and where we have come from. Here, we feature a few priceless items from the archive that haven’t made it into the print publication.

Osel Ling Retreat Center, 1982 during His Holiness the Dalai Lama’s first visit to Spain: Ven. Wangchen, Lama Yeshe, His Holiness the Dalai Lama, Geshe Losang Tsulrim, Ven. Basili Llorca 14 MANDALA EZINE August 2009

Kopan Monastery, 1977

Business card of FPMT’s Founder, Lama Thubten Yeshe (1935-1984).

August 2009 MANDALA EZINE 15


The precursor to FPMT eNews and postcursor to Wisdom Magazine, a monthly handmade “zine� called Central Office News, featured updates, events and teachings from FPMT centers around the world. Central Office News ran for roughly two years. The next formal organizational communications piece, a sixteen page newspaper called Blissful Rays of the Mandala, debuted in 1987 and quickly became known as simply, Mandala.

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Bodhgaya, 1982, Lama Yeshe with Ven. Gary Beesley and Ven. Thubten Wongmo

Our practice of Buddhism depends on you! We serve your practice of Buddhism! For over 30 years we have engaged in study, practice and service around the world, supporting your practice of Buddhism and laying the foundation for future generations of Buddhist practitioners like you. If your life has been touched through the service and practice offered by our community of monks and nuns, then we offer you the opportunity to support the teachings, the monasteries and the monastics. 399 Webster Street

San Francisco CA 94117

August 2009 MANDALA EZINE 17


In 1976, Peter Kedge, who was then serving as attendant to Lama Yeshe and Lama Zopa Rinpoche, worked with Lama Yeshe to write “Guidelines for World Centre Development.� Attached here is a scan of the first paragraph of original document, complete with timeless advice from Lama Yeshe.

The First Dharma Celebration, 1982, Ven. John Feuille, Ven. Roger Kunsang, Ven. Thubten Gyatso, Ven. Stefano Piovella 18 MANDALA EZINE August 2009

Kopan Monastery, 1981. From left to right: Chomphel, a maintenance worker who was a classmate of Lama Yeshe and left Tibet with him; Sechung, an English teacher; Lama Lhundrup; Karuna Cayton; Pam Cayton; Osel the dog, and Thubten Tsering, Office Manager.

What you write with ink, in small black letters, can all be lost through the work of a single drop of water. But what is written in your mind is there for eternity. -HIS HOLINESS THE 6TH DALAI LAMA Included in the back cover of the first issue of Central Office News, October-November 1984.

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FEATURED MEDIA FEATURED AUDIO: “Your Bank Account is Empty (of True Existence)” By Geshe Konchog Kyab Excerpted from the third part of Geshe Konchog Kyab’s recent lecture series, “Buddhist Economics 101,” entitled “Your Bank Account is Empty (of True Existence).” Geshe-la teaches a very full schedule at Tubten Kunga Center in Florida, USA. This and other lectures from Geshe-la and other guest teachers are offered for free at TKC Audio.

FEATURED VIDEO: Unmistaken Child Trailer and Clips Directed by Nati Baratz Trailer and clips courtesy of Oscilloscope Laboratories. Released in theaters in several cities across the United States, Unmistaken Child gives a rare, intimate account of Tibet’s tulku system and chronicles the four-year search for the reincarnation of Geshe Lama Konchog by his disciple, Ven. Tenzin Zopa. Available on DVD in Fall 2009.

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Tibetan Calendar 2010 Now in its twelfth year, this small elegant wall calendar features Buddhist images and inspirational sayings and the Tibetan lunar calendar for the Year of the Iron Tiger 2137. 6½” x 6½”




Liberation Prison Project’s

USA Individual orders Snow Lion +1 (800) 950 0313 Individual orders, stores & Dharma centers FPMT +1 (866) 482 5889


Mandala Books +61 (07) 3632 8380

ENGLAND Wisdom Books +44 (020) 8553 5020


Boutique Vajra Yogini +33 (05) 63 41 34 31

Includes information about more than 30 kinds of astrologically good and bad days that relate to various activities and events

• Buddha days • Meditating • Reciting prayers • Hanging prayer flags • Fire pujas • Medicine Buddha practice

• Tara practice • Eclipses, full and new moons • Weddings and funerals • Medical procedures • Building new houses; etc.

FPMT’s Liberation Prison Project supports the Buddhist practice of people in prison in the USA, Australia, Mexico, Spain, Mongolia, Italy and around the world.

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DISCUSSION TOPIC Mandala is committed to telling the story of FPMT from its humble beginnings in India and Nepal to the proliferation of centers and initiatives around the world. Through uncovering where we’ve come from, we aim to show more clearly where we are now and where we are headed in the future. Historian Gecko by Emma Bramma-Smith

HOW DO YOU ARCHIVE YOUR OWN HISTORY AND GROWTH? WHAT BENEFITS DO YOU EXPERIENCE FROM CONTEMPLATING YOUR OWN SPIRITUAL EVOLUTION? Please send your responses to Responses will be printed in the December issue of Mandala eZine.

RESPONSES TO LAST ISSUE’S DISCUSSION TOPIC (How do you recognize the hidden jewels in your life and what makes them so precious?) Answered by Guy Wheeler, Tucson, AZ My parents have supported me and my family on our spiritual path, despite their differing beliefs. Without them I wouldn’t have been able to follow my path with such ease and stability. They’ve never criticized me for my spiritual path nor disparaged Buddhism, and they’ve actively helped me to accomplish my goals. This kind of unconditional love and non-judgmental desire to assist others in their endeavors demonstrates the bodhisattva vows that I strive to emulate. 22 MANDALA EZINE August 2009



end us a photo of you or a group with an issue of Mandala and we’ll post it on our bulletin board in the next eZine. This is an excellent opportunity for us to

visualize the amazing international community of teachers, students and friends that make up the FPMT family. To see more of the FPMT family reading their Mandalas, visit our Facebook page. Send your photos to

Geshe Tashi Tsering, resident geshe of Jamyang Buddhist Center, London August 2009 MANDALA EZINE 23


Top Left: Ven. Carolyn Lawler, Tara Institute, Australia Top Right: Ven. Tonden, Mexico

Chag-Tong Chen-Tong Center, Australia

Orion and Elaine, Vajrapani Institute, California, USA 24 MANDALA EZINE August 2009

Mandala eZine August 2009  

Mandala eZine August 2009