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Thinking Mountains 2015 Interdisciplinary Mountain Studies Conference Jasper National Park

May 5-8

CANADIAN MOUNTAIN STUDIES INITIATIVE

UNIVERSITY OF ALBERTA


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STEERING COMMITTEE Andy Bush Elizabeth Halpenny Eric Higgs David Hik John Hull Jessamyn Manson Sherrill Meropoulis Liza Piper Zac Robinson Stephen Slemon Bill Snow Craig Steinback

CONFERENCE COORDINATORS Jamie Bradshaw Jill Cameron

SPONSORS / PARTNERS Alliance for Mountain Environments, Thompson Rivers University The Alpine Club of Canada Banff Mountain Film & Book Festival Brewster Travel Canada Faculty of Arts, UAlberta Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, UAlberta Faculty of Science, UAlberta Friends of Jasper National Park Jasper Artists Guild Kule Institute for Advanced Study, UAlberta MEC The Mountain Legacy Project, University of Victoria Parks Canada Travel Alberta


A MULTI-MEDIA, GROUP ART EXHIBIT featuring members of the Jasper Artists Guild and Guest Artist, VIET TIEU The Jasper Artists Guild (JAG) is home to a diverse group of artists and is well known for its lively exhibitions throughout the year. With plans afoot to relocate to a permanent gallery space in the Jasper Library and Cultural Centre, JAG is actively engaged in exposing its quality fine art collections by emerging, mid-career and senior artists at different local venues. JAG is extremely pleased to offer an on-site, multi-media display of artwork at the Thinking Mountains 2015 mountain studies conference here at the Sawridge Inn (May 5 – 8). JAG views this conference as a unique and beneficial opportunity to build exposure and associate with recognized experts in many different fields of mountain studies.

Greg Deagle, “Icefall” Oil on canvas

JAG has created a regionally focused, mountain themed, multi-media display called "Edith To Everest" featuring a local guest artist, Viet Tieu, who has recently returned from a photographic trek to Everest base camp. Participating members of the Jasper Artists Guild will support and complement Tieu with original expressions of the local area. All works are for sale. Be sure to drop by Boardroom # 4 and view our inventive creations. Ask to speak with our informed gallery representatives and see how local artists think mountains all the way from "Edith To Everest".

Viet Tieu, “Sadhu” Black/White Format Print

Viet Tieu, “Path Of The Himalayas” Colour Format Print


Tuesday, May 5 OPENING ADDRESS AND KEYNOTE

John Geiger “The Royal Canadian Geographical Society and the Third Man Factor” With opening remarks by David Hik and Kerry Mummery, University of Alberta Chief Paul Ballroom, Sawridge Inn and Conference Centre Doors open at 6:30 pm

On Tuesday evening, John Geiger, author and CEO of the Royal Canadian Geographical Society, will introduce the Conference to two of his passions: the geography of Canada and the human mind. The Royal Canadian Geographical Society is dedicated to promoting and enhancing public awareness for Canadian geography, and to strengthening the bond between Canadians and their diverse and vast geographical heritage. As one of Canada’s oldest and largest educational, non-profit organizations, the RCGS, and its iconic publication, Canadian Geographic, has been Canada’s most recognized voice for connecting Canadians with the land, culture, and environment in which they live. Extending our current knowledge of Canada’s geography through exploration and scientific expeditions, the RCGS has funded some major expeditions across the country, including Mount Logan 1992 and the Victoria Strait Expedition in 2014 that finally located HMS Erebus. The Third Man Factor is an extraordinary account of how people at the very edge of death often sense an unseen presence beside them who encourages them to make one final effort to survive. This incorporeal being offers a feeling of hope, protection, and guidance, and leaves the person convinced he or she is not alone. There is a name for this phenomenon: it’s called the ‘Third Man Factor’. If only a handful of people had ever encountered the Third Man, it might be dismissed as an unusual delusion shared by a few overstressed minds. But over the years, the experience has occurred again and again, from 9/11 survivors, to mountaineers, divers, polar explorers, prisoners of war, sailors, shipwreck survivors, aviators, and astronauts. All have escaped traumatic events only to tell strikingly similar stories of having sensed the close presence of a helper or guardian. The force has been explained as everything from hallucination to divine intervention. Recent neurological research suggests an organic basis for the phenomenon.


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CONFERENCE PROGRAM

May 5 - 8, 2015 Sawridge Inn and Conference Centre, Jasper, Jasper National Park, Alberta, Canada www.mountains.ualberta.ca TUESDAY, MAY 5 16.00 – Registration Opens [Lower Lobby] 18.00 – Dinner – on own Public Keynote Address: [Chief Paul Ballroom, Sawridge Inn and Conference Centre] 19.00 – Opening Blessings: Elder Emil Moberly, Upper Athabasca Valley Elders Council, Grand Cache, and Elder Pat Grey, Treaty 8, Whitefish Lake First Nation 19.15-19.25 – Welcome and Opening Address: Dr David Hik, Department of Biological Sciences, UAlberta [Chief Paul Ballroom] 19.25-20.45 – Keynote Address: John Geiger, author and CEO of the Royal Canadian Geographical Society [Chief Paul Ballroom]. With an introduction by Dean Kerry Mummery, Physical Education and Recreation, UAlberta. Lecture followed by a Reception and Hors d’Oeuvres [Champs Lounge, Sawridge Inn] Sponsored by the Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, UAlberta

WEDNESDAY, MAY 6 8.30-8.50 – Welcome and Opening Remarks: Dr Elizabeth Halpenny, Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, UAlberta, with greetings by Mayor Richard Ireland, Municipality of Jasper, and Greg Fenton, Superintendent, Jasper National Park. 8.50-9.45 – Morning Plenary: Pat Thomsen, Executive Director of the Mountain Parks, Parks Canada, “Managing National Parks in a Modern World” [Chief Paul Ballroom]


Wednesday, May 6 KEYNOTE ADDRESS

Pat Thomsen “Managing National Parks in a Modern World” With opening remarks by Elizabeth Halpenny, University of Alberta; Mayor Richard Ireland, Municipality of Jasper; and Superintendent Greg Fenton, Jasper National Park Chief Paul Ballroom, Sawridge Inn 8:30 – 9:45am Pat Thomsen is the Executive Director Mountain National Parks, for Parks Canada. She is the sixth individual to fill this position, and has been with Parks Canada long enough to have known and worked with the five former occupants of the position since it was created in the mid 1990s. Pat has a 25 year career as a human resources professional working in the post-secondary and federal public service contexts. Since joining the Parks Canada team in 2001, she progressed through various roles until becoming the Chief Human Resources Officer for the Agency in 2009. She spent five challenging and rewarding years in that role, and, with the responsibility and privilege of serving on the 8 member Executive Management Committee for Parks Canada, she gained a rich appreciation and understanding of the corporate vision and direction of the Parks Canada Agency. When offered the opportunity to return to the west, as it is home, to assume the role of Executive Director in the fall of 2013, Pat was both excited to accept the opportunity, and well prepared to face the challenges. Pat has a Bachelor in Biblical Studies and is a Certified Human Resources Professional (CHRP - retired). In 2012, she was awarded the Michelle C. Comeau Head of Human Resources award, which is the highest honour available to an HR professional in the federal public service. That same year she was also a recipient of the Queen Elizabeth II Jubilee Medal for service to Canadians, and to her profession. She is regarded as a strategic leader, with critical thinking skills that well qualify her for her current role. “Since Canada's first national park was created more than a century ago, the world, and park use, has changed profoundly. During this presentation, you'll hear about Parks Canada’s mandate and vision for the future, learn about the work that has made us leaders in conservation, and come to understand the challenges we face and the and successes we've had, in helping to connect Canadians to nature through our national parks.”


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9.45-10.00 – Coffee/Tea Break [Lower Lobby] 10.00-11.45 – Concurrent Sessions 1.1 Mountain Literature and 19th Century North American Identities [Boardroom 1] Chair and comment: Katie Ives, Alpinist Magazine  Maurice Isserman, Hamilton College, “Purple Mountain Majesties”  Joseph Taylor, Simon Fraser University, “Mounting Passions: Nature, Gender, and Sex in John Muir’s Letters”  Zac Robinson and Stephen Slemon, University of Alberta, “The Shining Mountains” 1.2 Alpine Glaciers: Current and Projected Global Impacts [Boardroom 2] Chair and comment: Andrew Bush, University of Alberta; and Ulrich Kamp, University of Montana  Andrew Bush*, S. Emily Collier, Edward Pollock, University of Alberta, “Numerical modelling of alpine glacier mass balance for the Rockies and the Himalaya”  Ulrich Kamp*, Caleb Pan, Don Alford, University of Montana, “Assessment of the Role of Glaciers in the Stream Flow of the Amu Darya and Syr Darya, Pamir and Tien Shan Mountains”  Caleb Pan* and Ulrich Kamp, University of Montana, “Rare Ice: Finding Mongolia's Glaciers”  Chris Gat, Mary Sanseverino*, Michael Whitney, University of Victoria, “Mountain Legacy Explorer: Thinking Mountains with a Web-delivered Application”  Charles (Chas) J. Yonge, Yonge Cave and Karst Consulting Inc. and the Alberta Speleological Society, “The Systematics of Perennial Ice found in Western North American Ice Caves” 1.3 Mixed Mountain Media [Boardroom 3] Chair and comment: PearlAnn Reichwein, University of Alberta  Klara Maisch, Alaskan artist and educator, “Painting Mountains: A Visual Approach”  Amber Phillippe, University of Alaska Fairbanks, “The ‘Great and Grim’: Looking for the Cultural Roots of Glaciers”  Kristen Walsh, University of Victoria, “Thinking Weather in Mountains Experience”  Clayton Whitt, University of British Columbia, “Everything is Mixed Up: Experiencing the Elements of Climate Change in the Bolivian Andes” 1.4 Roundtable: Resilience and Conservation in Mountains [cordoned off section of Chief Paul Ballroom]


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Chair and panel moderator: David Hik, University of Alberta  Jeff Kneteman*, David Hik, Government of Alberta and University of Alberta, “Resilient Bighorn Sheep: 40 years of counting sheep in the Northern Rocky Mountains”  John Wilmshurst, Parks Canada, “Efforts to protect mountain caribou populations”  Majid Iravani*, Jeff Kneteman, David Hik, University of Alberta, “Implications of a changing climate for bighorn sheep in the Northern Rocky Mountains”  Richard Hobbs, University of Western Australia, “Restoring disturbed environments” 12.00-13.00 – Lunch provided to conference registrants [Walter’s Dining Room] 13.30-15.15 – Concurrent Sessions 2.1 The Role of Mountains in the (De)Construction of German-Austrian National Identity [Boardroom 1] Chair and comment: Caroline Schaumann, Emory University  Wilfried Wilms, University of Denver, “Mountains as Monuments: The ‘White War’ in the Publications of The Alpine Club”  Harald Höbusch, University of Kentucky, “‘Steel your arms, your senses, and your will’: German (Himalaya) Mountaineering between the World Wars”  Kamaal Haque, Dickinson College, “Luis Trenker and the Myth of South Tyrol”  Sean Ireton, University of Missouri, “Deconstructing the Alps: Elfriede Jelinek’s Critique of Austrian History and Identity” 2.2 Managing Ecological Change in Mountainous Environments – Socio-ecological Dimensions of Imagining an Uncertain Future [Boardroom 2] Chair and comment: Mary Sanseverino, University of Victoria  Eric Higgs, University of Victoria, “New Natures: Rapid Change and Mountain Landscapes”  Tanya Taggart-Hodge, University of Victoria, “130 Years of Change: An Analysis of Vegetation Patterns and Fluvial Geomorphology of the Bow and Elbow Watersheds”  Jenna Falk, Galiano Conservancy Association, “Park Management Legacies and Climate Change Through the Camera Lens: Management Challenges Observed Through Scientific Repeat Photography”  Rod Davis, University of Victoria, “Wild Design: A Social-Ecological Resilience Framework for Wildlife Conservation”  Heike Lettrari, University of Victoria, “The Mountain Pine Beetle, Climate Change, and Scientists: Understanding the Implications of Rapid Ecological Change” 2.3 Literary Mountains [Boardroom 3]


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Chair and comment: Dianne Chisholm, University of Alberta  Helen Mort, “From summit to stanza: the trouble with mountaineering poetry”  Karen Stockham, University of St. Mark and St. John, “The feminine stamp”: exploring the interface between gender and mountaineering in selected women’s mountaineering literature”  Catherine Addison, University of Zululand, “Rushdie’s Everest: The Limits of Religious Doubt”  Thomas Wharton, University of Alberta, “Climbing Mount Imaginary: Experience of Nature in Lucid Dreaming” 15.15-15.30 – Coffee/Tea Break [Lower Lobby] 15.15-16.00 – Poster Session #1 [Lower Lobby] 16.00-17.45 – Concurrent Sessions 3.1 Mountains and Masculinity [Boardroom 1] Chair and comment: Dianne Chisholm, University of Alberta  Caroline Schaumann, Emory University, “Topographies of Masculinity: Mountaineering in the Nineteenth Century”  Catherine W. Hollis, University of California Berkeley, “The Mountaineer as Bloomsbury Artist: George Mallory’s Aesthetic Alpinism”  Julie Rak, University of Alberta, “Gender and Experience: Lene Gammelgaard, Jon Krakauer, and the 1996 Everest Disaster”  Niall Fink, University of Alberta, “Into the Violence: Writing the Brawl on Everest” 3.2 Roundtable: Serpents, Bees, and Trees: Three Cultural Expressions in the Appalachian Mountains and the Benefits of Comparative Mountain Studies [Boardroom 2] Chair and comment: Katherine Ledford, University of Kentucky  Katherine Ledford, University of Kentucky, “Comparing Mountains: Studying Appalachia in Little Switzerland, North Carolina”  Melanie Harsha, Appalachian State University, “‘These signs shall follow’: The Serpent Handling Religious Tradition in Appalachia and Reality Television”  Robyn Seamon, Appalachian State University, “Buzzing around the World: Mountain Beekeeping Traditions in Appalachia in Comparative Context”  Karen Russo, Appalachian State University, “Appalachian Mountain Ecotourism as an Economically Sustainable and Sublime Experience” 3.3 Mountain Space and Mobility [Boardroom 3] Chair and comment: Randy Haluza-DeLay, King’s University College


As part of the 2015 Interdisciplinary Mountain Studies Conference

For more information visit: www.mountains.ualberta.ca


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Elizabeth Halpenny* and Farhad Moghimefar, University of Alberta, “A comparison of visitors’ knowledge and awareness of Rocky Mountain World Heritage sites” Harold Richins, Thompson Rivers University, “Innovation Leadership in Mountain Tourism Experiences: The Evolution of Mike Wiegele Helicopter Skiing” John S. Hull, Thompson Rivers University, Heike A. Schänzel, AUT University, and Jan Velvin, Buskerud and Vestfold University College, “Understanding the Family Ski Experience at Sun Peaks Mountain Resort: Canada’s Alpine Village” Edward Slavishak, Susquehanna University, “Blind Curves: Crashing Cars in 1950s Appalachia” Ben Bradley, University of Alberta, “‘Lucerne No Longer has an Excuse to Exist’: Mobility, the Tourist Gaze, and Park Aesthetics in the Canadian Rockies”

3.4 Wilderness and Mountain Parks [cordoned off section of Chief Paul Ballroom] Chair and comment: Philip Mullins, University of Northern British Columbia  Debbie Mucha, Alberta Parks, “Acquiring an Improved Understanding of Willmore Wilderness Park Visitors, Alberta, Canada”  Adam Linnard, York University, “Differently Wilded: The Many Modes of Wilderness in Tokumm Creek, Kootenay National Park”  Nirmolak Kang, University of Waterloo, “Wilderness: The New-Canadian Framework”  Qi Chen and PearlAnn Reichwein, University of Alberta, “The Village Lake Louise Controversy and Social Activism: Ski Resorts, Public Advocacy, and Environmental Politics in Banff National Park, 1964-1979”  Sabine Buchczyk, University of Munich, “‘The Mystique of Mt. McKinley': Creating a Wilderness Lodging Experience in Denali National Park and Preserve, Alaska” 17.45-19.30 – Dinner – on own 19.30-21.00 – Evening Public Plenary: Writing and Mountaineering: “The Most Literary of all Sports”? A Conversation with Katie Ives and Pat Deavoll [Jasper Activity Centre, Multi-Purpose Room, 303 Bonhomme St.] Opening Remarks: Joanna Croston, Programing Director, Banff Mountain Film & Book Festival Moderator: Dr Dianne Chisholm, Department of English and Film Studies, UAlberta Sponsored by the Alpine Club of Canada and the Banff Mountain Film & Book Festival

THURSDAY, MAY 7 9.00-9.05 – Opening Remarks, Dr Craig Steinback, Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, UAlberta [Chief Paul Ballroom]


Thursday, May 7 KEYNOTE ADDRESS

Jeffrey Kavanaugh “The Times They Are AChangin’: Glaciers in Our Modern World” With opening remarks by Craig Steinback, University of Alberta Chief Paul Ballroom, Sawridge Inn 9:00 – 9:45am

Jeffrey Kavanaugh is an Associate Professor in the Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences at the University of Alberta. His research focuses on the dynamics of glaciers and ice sheets, their response to climate change, and their impact on the landscape, and has taken him to glaciers in Yukon, British Columbia, Alaska, the Canadian High Arctic, and Antarctica. From 2012 through 2014 he was Director of the Juneau Icefield Research Program, a long-running educational and scientific program that takes students on an eight-week trek across the Juneau Icefield from Juneau, Alaska, to Atlin, British Columbia, and is currently the program’s Academic and Research Director. “Over the past several decades, the majority of world’s glaciers worldwide have lost mass due to warming of the climate system. Because of the varied and important roles glaciers play in their local environments, glacier wastage will result in significant changes downstream. In this talk, I will discuss recent glacial change, highlight some of the ecosystem services glaciers provide, and examine the implications of glacier change on Yukon’s ability to generate hydroelectric power.”


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9.05-9.45 – Plenary, Dr Jeffrey Kavanaugh, Department of Earth & Atmospheric Sciences, UAlberta, “The Times They Are A-Changin’: Glaciers in Our Modern World” [Chief Paul Ballroom] 9.45-10.00 – Coffee/Tea Break [Lower Lobby of the Inn] 10.00-11.45 – Concurrent Sessions 4.1 Mountain Refuge [Boardroom 1] Chair and comment: Tom Hinch, University of Alberta  Dwight Hines, Point Park University, “Thinking of the Unsaid: Displacement in a Gentrifying Mountain Town”  Jeremy Mikecz, University of California-Davis, “Landscapes of Refuge and Resistance: Indigenous People and Peasants, and Mountains”  Tom Hinch*, Nick Holt, and Aisulu Abdykadyrova, University of Alberta, “Whose Mountain Refuge? Place Meaning through the Lens of an Alpine-based Sport Event” 4.2 Mountain Adventure, Experience, and Advocacy [Boardroom 2] Chair and comment: Elizabeth Halpenny, University of Alberta  Mary W. Benjamin* and Michael Quinn, University of Calgary, “The Mountaineering Experience: Determining the Critical Factors and Assessing Management Practices”  Maud Vanpoulle, University of Lyon, “Accidentology of mountain sports: Perspectives offered by modelling post-accident qualitative data with a systemic approach”  Ghazali Musa*, University of Malaya, James Higham, University of Otago, and Anna Thompson-Carr, University of Otago, “Mountaineering Tourism” 4.3 Immersive Mountains [Boardroom 3] Chair and comment: Peter G. Wells, Dalhousie University  Henry Moller*, Bryan Sher, Bertram Denzel, Kunal Sudan, Mark Havitz, University of Toronto, “Natural High: Immersive Mountain Environments and Wellbeing Creation”  Paul Heintzman, University of Ottawa, “Mountain Recreation and Spirituality: A Synthesis of Empirical Research”  Robin Reid* and Terry Palechuk, Thompson Rivers University, “Two Canadian Mountaineering Camps: Participant motivations and sense of place in a wilderness setting” 4.4 Mountain Wildlife [cordoned off section of Chief Paul Ballroom] Chair and comment: Jessamyn Manson, University of Alberta  Greg Horne* and Saakje Hazenberg, Parks Canada, “Bats in the Mountains: What about Jasper?”


As part of the 2015 Interdisciplinary Mountain Studies Conference

For more information visit: www.mountains.ualberta.ca


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Diana Tirlea*, Alwynne B. Beaudoin, Christopher N. Jass, Greg Horne, Dave Citchley, Royal Alberta Museum, “Pollen, Poop, and Palaeoenvironments: Using Pollen Analysis in Cave Studies, Jasper National Park” Shailyn Drukis, Wilfred Laurier University, “Effective Consideration of Wildlife in Cumulative Effects: The case of the southwest Yukon” Jessamyn Manson*, University of Alberta, James Strange, UDSA Pollinating Insects Lab, Rebecca Irwin, Dartmouth College, “Plant invasions affect pollinators in the Rocky Mountains of Colorado”

12.00-13.00 – Lunch provided to conference registrants [Walter’s Dining Room] 13.30-17.00 – Optional afternoon field trips/workshop (i) The Columbia Icefield Visitors Centre, Icefield Parkway (ii) Walk in the Past, a historic walking tour of the Jasper townsite, put on by the Friends of Jasper National Park (iii) Repeat Mountain Photography Workshop, with researchers from the University of Victoria’s Mountain Legacy Project (http://explore.mountainlegacy.ca). (iv) Medicine Walk, with Ojibway Elder Jim Ochiese (Knowledge Keeper, Yellowhead Tribal College): Spend a few hours on a walk at Buffalo Prairie, just southwest of the Jasper townsite, and learn about local plants and Indigenous connections to the landscape. 17.30-19.00 – Conference Banquet Dinner provided to conference registrants [Chief Paul Ballroom, Sawridge Inn] 19.45-21.00 – Evening public event: Slideshow by Chic Scott, “Filming The Eiger Sanction” [Jasper Activity Centre, Multi-Purpose Room, 303 Bonhomme St.] Join writer, guidebook author, and Rockies’ legend Chic Scott tell the tale of working on climbing’s ultimate cult classic, The Eiger Sanction (1975). Scott pulls back the curtain on a different time when, before the luxury and no-risk factor of green screens, movie stars like Clint Eastwood performed their own climbing stunts – even on the north face of The Eiger! This fun, behind-the-scene glimpse is free to all conference registrants. Opening remarks: Dr Stephen Slemon, English and Film Studies, UAlberta FRIDAY, MAY 8 8.30-8.45 – Opening Remarks, Dr Liza Piper, Department of History and Classics, UAlberta [Chief Paul Ballroom]


Friday, May 8 KEYNOTE ADDRESS

H.V. Nelles “Seeing and Not Seeing Mountains” With opening remarks by Liza Piper, University of Alberta Chief Paul Ballroom, Sawridge Inn 8:30 – 9:45am H.V. (Viv) Nelles is the L.R. Wilson Professor of Canadian History at McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada, and a Distinguished Research Professor Emeritus, York University. He is the author or coauthor of ten books that have been published in both of Canada’s official languages. His most recent book, Wilderness and Waterpower, appeared in 2013. He was awarded the Sir John A. Macdonald Prize of the Canadian Historical Association for the best book in Canadian History, once in 1986 for Monopoly’s Moment, in 2000 for The Art of Nation-Building, and was shortlisted again in 2010. He is the only person in the more than 40-year history of the Macdonald Prize to have won it twice. In 1985, he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. He received the J.B. Tyrrell Medal for Historical Studies from the Royal Society of Canada in 2006. From 1988 to 1992, H.V. Nelles chaired the Ontario Council on University Affairs. In 2000, he was elected as an overseas Fellow of Churchill College, Cambridge University. He has been a member of the editorial board of the Business History Review since 1982. He was for many years the editor of the Canadian Social History Series at the University of Toronto Press, and is a past editor of the Canadian Historical Review (1988-1992). “What emotions do we feel looking at mountains? When do we see them? When do we not see them? How have our perceptions of and projections upon mountains changed over time? I hope to answer these and other questions influenced by of two books, Mountain Gloom and Mountain Glory, a 1959 monograph by a Columbia University English professor, Marjorie Hope Nicholson, and The Canadian Rockies: Early Travels and Explorations published in 1969 by the Edmonton teacher, broadcaster and biographer, Esther Fraser. Nicholson's cultural history of mountains in English literature showed, as her title suggested, how mountain aesthetics changed from gloom to glory in the late eighteenth century. Fraser's book introduced me to the remarkable cast of characters precursors of the modern day tourists - who ranged up and down and across the Rocky Mountains in the long nineteenth century and lived to write about it. In this paper, I will try to put these two books together taking note of changing perceptions of physical space in the literature of Canadian Mountain exploration and travel. In the process, I hope to add another dimension to Nicholson's dualist gloom and glory analysis of looking at mountains by contrasting the observations of those traversing through the mountains with those who lived among them.”


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8.45-9.45 – Plenary, Dr H.V. Nelles, Department of History, McMaster University, “Seeing and Not Seeing Mountains” [Chief Paul Ballroom] 9.45-10.00 – Coffee/Tea Break [Lower Lobby] 9.45-10.15 – Poster Session #2 [Lower Lobby] 10.15-12.00 – Concurrent Sessions 5.1 Re-Thinking Mountains: Superstition, Sovereignty, Science and Socialism [Boardroom 1] Chair and comment: Maurice Isserman, Hamilton College  Dawn Hollis, University of St Andrews, “Shedding Light on Mountain Gloom: Evidence for Mountain Activity and Appreciation before 1750”  Peter H. Hansen, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, “Making Up Mountaineering and Enlightenment”  Michael Reidy, Montana State University, “How Mountaineering Changes Science”  Maggie Greene, Montana State University, “A Mountaineering Party of 600 Million: Towards a History of Mountaineering in Modern China” 5.2 Mountain Narratives [Boardroom 2] Chair and comment: Julie Rak, University of Alberta  Randolph Haluza-DeLay, King’s College, “Climbing Shasta with John Muir and my Younger Self”  Veronica Belafi, University of Alberta, “Travel Guide Poetry: Mount Rainier’s ‘capacity for fact’”  Patricia Louw, University of Zululand, “What does the Mountain say? Place and Identity in Kiran Desai’s The Inheritance of Loss” 5.3 Participatory Mountains [Boardroom 3] Chair and comment: John Hull, Thompson Rivers University  Philip M. Mullins, University of Northern British Columbia, “A Participatory Ecological Approach to Outdoor Ethics”  Genevieve Huneault* and Philip M. Mullins, University of Northern British Columbia, “Exploring Fly-Fishing to Inform Outdoor Education Theories and Practices in Place Connectedness and Corporeal Mobility: Developing a Heuristic Model”  Farhad Moghimehfar* and Elizabeth Halpenny, University of Alberta, “Activitybased study of pro-environmental behavior among campers in Kananaskis Country, Alberta” 12.00-13.00 – Lunch provided to conference registrants [Walter’s Dining Room]


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13.30-15.15 – Concurrent Sessions 6.1 Peasants, Professionals, and Pundits: Knowledge Transfer and Mountain Environments [Boardroom 1] Chair and comment: Michael Reidy, Montana State University  Kerwin Lee Klein, University of California, Berkeley, “Ice Time: Peasants, Patrons, and the Emergence of Glaciology, 1750-1875”  Amrita Dhar, University of Michigan, “High Knowledge: Across Peaks and Passes of the Himalaya in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries”  Carolin F. Roeder, Harvard University, “The Congress System: Institutionalizing Networks of Alpine Knowledge, 1857-1932” 6.2 Impacting Mountains: War, Earthquakes, and Water [Boardroom 2] Chair and comment: Andy Bush, University of Alberta  Richard Tucker, University of Michigan, “Environmental Impacts of Warfare in Mountain Regions”  Shah F. Khan*, Ulrich Kamp, Lewis Owen, University of Montana, “Landslide Monitoring in the 2005 Kashmir Earthquake Region”  Debbie Mucha, University of Alberta and Parks Canada, “Flood Recovery and Renewal in Kananaskis Parks”  Eric Strahorn, Florida Gulf Coast University, “A Preliminary History of the Contradictions in Flood Control in the Himalayas” 6.3 Mountain Places, Language, and the Sacred [Boardroom 3] Chair and comment: Daniel Bender, University of Toronto  Benedict Fullalove, Alberta College of Art and Design, “Naming, Remembering and Forgetting: Mountain Toponymy and the Survey of the Alberta British Columbia Boundary Commission, 1913-1920”  Ian MacRae and Tadzio Richards, Wilfred Laurier University and Alberta Reviews, “Blessings and Burdens: Community, Culture, Resistance & Resources in Northwestern B.C.”  Bruce Cutknife, Samson Cree First Nation, “First Nation's Sacred Mountain Places”  Sean Atkins, MacEwan University, “Blue Maple Sugar: Among the Mountains of Ontario”  Bill Snow, Nakoda First Nation, “Stoney Nakoda Sacred Mountain Places” 15.15-15.30 – Coffee/Tea Break [Lower Lobby] 15:30-17.15 – Concurrent Sessions


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7.1 Honouring the Legacy of Dr Brent Cuthbertson: Uncharted Territory [Boardroom 1] Chair and comment: Bob Henderson, McMaster and Brock universities  Stephanie Potter, Lakehead University  Bob Henderson, McMaster and Brock universities 7.2 Stories of Identity, Landscape, Circulation, and Climate Change in the Himalayas [Boardroom 2] Chair and comment: Peter Hansen, Worcester Polytechnic Institute  Sara Shneiderman, University of British Columbia, “Mountains as Identity Markers: High Tropes in Himalayan Cultural Politics”  Frances Garrett, University of Toronto, “Therapeutic Landscapes and Mountain Interiors”  Jayeeta Sharma, University of Toronto, “Mountain Subjectivities and Himalayan Histories of Circulation”  Pallavi V. Das, Lakehead University, “Towards a People’s History of Climate Change: A Case Study of Western Himalayas in India” 7.3 Socio-economic Impacts of Changing Climate and Environment [Boardroom 3] Chair and comment: Jeff Kavanaugh, University of Alberta  Scott Slocombe, Wilfred Laurier University, “Evolving Land and Resource Regimes: The Case of the southwest Yukon”  Vishwambhar Prasad Sati, Mizoram University (Central), “Altitudinal Zonations of Forest Biodiversity and the Socio-Economic Impacts in Mountain Regions: A Case Study of Garhwal Himalaya”  Graham McDowell, McGill University, “What we know, do not know, and need to know about climate change adaptation in high mountain socio-economical systems”  Marc Foggin, Christian Hergarten, and Qobil Shokirov*, University of Central Asia, “Pastoralist societies in Central Asian mountains: Reliance on ecosystem services and adaptation to climate change, with special reference to the role of local and regional governance institutions” 18.00 – Dinner – on own 19.00-21.00 – Evening Public Event: Museum Exhibit, Opening Reception, “Frank Smythe: The Rockies Revisited.” [Jasper Yellowhead Museum and Archives, 400 Bonhomme St.] Frank Smythe brought mountaineering to the masses in the 1930s and 1940s with his popular books, photographs and articles. Famous for his Himalayan expeditions, he also explored, climbed, photographed and wrote about the Canadian Rockies, frequently based in Jasper.


Frank Smythe - the Rockies revisited MOUNTAINEER, AUTHOR, PHOTOGRAPHER, BOTANIST, LOVAT SCOUT Frank Smythe brought mountaineering to the masses in the 1930s and 1940s with his popular books, photographs and articles. Famous for his Himalayan expeditions, he also explored, climbed, photographed and wrote about the Canadian Rockies, frequently based in Jasper. This exhibition looks at his adventures then and his continuing relevance today.

Jasper Yellowhead Museum and Archives 400 Bonhomme St., Jasper, AB

Opening Reception: May 8th 7:00 - 9:00pm May 8, 2015 to November 15, 2015 Opening hours: Summer: 10:00 – 5.00 Daily Winter: 10:00 – 5.00 Thur-Sun Proud Sponsors:

John & Anne Smythe - Tony Smythe - Hugh Smythe


the uni ver sit y of alberta pr e s s

Conrad Kain: Letters from a Wandering Mountain Guide, 1906–1933 Zac Robinson, Editor

This Wild Spirit: Women in the Rocky Mountains of Canada Colleen Skidmore, Ed. $34.95 paper / $27.99 PDF

E.J. (Ted) Hart

Civilizing the Wilderness A.A. den Otter

$49.95 paper / $39.99 PDF

$34.95 paper / $27.99 PDF or EPUB

Mapper of Mountains: M.P. Bridgland in the Canadian Rockies I.S. MacLaren with Eric Higgs and Gabrielle Zezulka-Mailloux $39.95 paper / $31.99 PDF

Under the Holy Lake: A Memoir of Eastern Bhutan Ken Haigh

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Nahanni Journals: R.M. Patterson’s 1927-1929 Journals R.M. Patterson Richard C. Davis, Ed. $29.95 paper

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PearlAnn Reichwein

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J.B. Harkin: Father of Canada’s National Parks

Climber’s Paradise: Making Canada’s Mountain Parks, 1906–1974

Culturing Wilderness in Jasper National Park: Studies in Two Centuries of Human History in the Upper Athabasca River Watershed I.S. MacLaren et al

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