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the financial services industry to provide the investing public a better way to invest. “Fund spokesmen are quick to point out you can’t buy the market averages,” he wrote. “It’s time the public could.” He also famously quipped, “A blindfolded monkey throwing darts at a newspaper’s financial pages could select a portfolio that would do just as well as one carefully selected by the experts.” Two years after his book was published, the Vanguard Group was formed to create the first index fund available to individual investors. Vanguard founder John C. Bogle refers to Malkiel as the “spiritual leader of the [indexing] crusade.”39

1974 – A Case For Capitalism Austrian economist Friedrich von Hayek (1899 to 1992) was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics in 1974. In his seminal book, The Road to Serfdom,40 Hayek articulated the Friedrich von Hayek reasons why free market capitalism is a superior economic model to communism or socialism. He and his mentor, Ludwig von Mises, were influential figures in the Austrian school of political economy. He postulated that centralized planning by a government is not democratic and that market economies are the result of spontaneous order, resulting in a more efficient allocation of resources than any other system could achieve. Building on the work of Adam Smith, Mises, and others, Hayek argued that in socialist or communist societies, an individual or a small group of people inefficiently determines the distribution of resources. His findings support the concept

Index Funds: The 12-Step Recovery Program for Active Investors  

This book reveals the potential land mines and pitfalls of active investing and educates readers on the benefits of passive investing with i...

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