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If you do good it shall, be to your own advantage; but if you do evil, you shall sin against yourselves. (Verse 7, Surah al-Israa’, Al-Quran)

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July 2009 I Issue 37 www.forwardmagazine.com.my

36 LIVING ISLAM: It is during higher education where bridges of understanding can be built and diverse knowledge can be shared. In colleges and universities, people can venture into new paths of knowledge without fear.

Departments News:

Climate change odds much worse than thought. New analysis shows warming could be double previous estimates 4 Post 9/11, Islam flourishes among U.S. blacks

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Days before Obama’s Egypt Visit, a bold new call to (moderate) prayer 12 SOMALIA: No one left to tell the story

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HOW MUCH MONEY FOR CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION?

COVER STORY

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Philanthropy, wrote Rockefeller Foundation director Warren Weaver, “is not a modern invention,” for “concern for one’s fellow men extends back to ancient times.” Private gifts for community purposes were not uncommon in the classical period, the most famous being Plato’s gift of productive land as an endowment for his academy.

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10 Forward July2009


Agenda NATIONAL:

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Through numerous Hadith, Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. has demonstrated the ease of prayer especially with respects to its location. He had even once been reported to have performed solat in the veranda of a Church, marking flexibility of Islamic worship even in the most peculiar situations.

Foreign Affairs:

Obama in Cairo: A bush in sheep’s clothing ?

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PURSUITS:

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He does not only have a pleasant smile but is also a workaholic. Datuk Dr. Abdul Aziz Yahya, an obstetrician and gynaecologist, travels to and from Gleneagles Intan and Prince Court Medical Centre to service his clients.

FOCUS:

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A cleft represents a facial disfigurement that warrants unsolicited attention. Those who are born with a cleft lip or palate are often subjects of mental and social torment, especially by those who are insensitive or lack tact. Such a disfigurement also induces low self-esteem and alienation from those who look ‘normal.’

Other Departments: This Month, Gadget, Review, Photo Essay, Other Dimensions, Monthly Notes, Nuances, Environment, Features, Books & Critics.

Travels:

Perak Picks.

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Science & Tech:

New Asset Management & Maintenance Systems Surpass Time-frames, 72 Borders and Paper Management

FORTUNES OF A WIRED POLITICIAN

18 ARCHES AND DOMES

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Kuala Lumpur, the capital of Malaysia, has become a major tourist destination of the world. It is a city known to offer tourists food, culture, entertainment and shopping. The shopping haven in Kuala Lumpur lies in the Golden Triangle. The Golden Triangle is a large area that encompasses three major roads - Jalan Imbi, Jalan Sultan Ismail and Jalan Raja Chulan that forms a triangle. Tell us what you think. We promise to read everything you send, really. Write to: The Editor, Forward Magazine, No. 68-B, Jalan Kampung Attap, 50460 Kuala Lumpur or email us at zakoya@gmail.com

A Member of:

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from the editor

Location, location and location. This is what marketing consultants will tell you when it comes to selling, and they get paid thousands of RM for saying it in a day’s workshop. A mamak selling cendol and rojak can tell you the same thing by just looking at the trail of people queuing up for his bowl of iced cendol.

what’s news Climate change odds much worse than thought. New analysis shows warming could be double previous estimates

So did President Barack Obama. He chose Cairo to engage the Muslim world. He got the product and he got the location. But the Muslims are not buying. It still is the same shadow play, a play that can hardly hide US insincerity in wanting to solve the most tragic event in recent history – the confiscation of Palestinian land to create the state of Israel. But this is the state of world we live in, where the strong overlords the weak with arrogance. What saddens us is the failure of the Muslim leaders to reply, thus giving room for those with extreme views to act with such vengeance on non-Muslims and Muslims alike. What a disaster for Islam. We have an opportunity, here in this country, to be exemplary Muslims. Yes… we have often heard praises of how wonderful our multi-ethnic and multi-religious society is, yet we have not really improved much in our relationships. We just get by and by. Muslims in this country really do need to pull their socks up if we are to improve our state of harmony and tolerance, and gain the respect of others. Let us not play with the shadows. And (remember) when Luqman said to his son when he was advising him? My beloved son! Do not ascribe divine powers to anything besides Allah, for such a false ascribing of divinity to others is indeed a tremendous wrong? (QS 31:13)

Zulkafly Baharuddin

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JOHANNESBURG, 21 May 2009 (IRIN) - New projections by the US-based Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) show that mean global temperature could increase by as much as 5.2 degrees Celsius this century if “rapid and massive action” to reduce greenhouse gas emissions is not taken, according to a press release. Previous studies have indicated an increase of 2.4 degrees Celsius. Various studies have shown that a rise of 2 degrees Celsius in global temperatures would probably destroy 30 percent to 40 percent of all known species, generate bigger, fiercer and more frequent heat waves and droughts, more intense weather events like floods and cyclones, and would raise the sea level by at least a metre, displacing millions. The new projections, published in the American Meteorological Society’s Journal of Climate, indicate a 90 percent chance of the temperature increasing by between 3.5 degrees and 7.4 degrees Celsius during the next 100 years.

Post 9/11, Islam flourishes among U.S. blacks ATLANTA (Reuters) - Islam is growing fast among African Americans, who are undeterred by increased scrutiny of Muslims in the United States since the September 11 attacks, according to imams and experts. Converts within the black community say they are attracted to the disciplines of prayer, the emphasis within Islam on submission to God and the religion’s affinity with people who are oppressed. Some blacks are also suspicious of U.S. government warnings about the emergence of new enemies since the 2001 attacks because of memories of how the establishment demonised civil rights leaders Martin Luther King and Malcolm X. As a result, they are willing to view Islam as a legitimate alternative to Christianity, the majority religion among U.S. blacks. “It is one of the fastest-growing religions in America,” said Lawrence Mamiya, professor of religion at Vassar College, speaking of Islam

Forward July2009


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this month

MOKHTAR DAHARI

11 July 1991 His prowess on the football field earned him the nickname “Supermokh”. As a striker, he was well known for scoring powerful goals.His outstanding ability coupled with his strict discipline led to him being named the skipper of the Malaysian national team. His decision to retire in November 1978 created an uproar, so much that he had to delay it until October 1982, which dealt a blow to all in the football arena. Never had there been a national football player who had received more attention than Mohd. Mokhtar Dahari. Mokhtar joined the Selangor team in 1972, leading them to the Malaysia Cup title in 10 out of 12 finals, setting a new record for the State. His appearances for Malaysia in international matches were countless, and so were his goals. Among the international matches he had played in were the SEA Games, Asian Games, Pre-Olympics and the Asia Cup. He had also played against greats such as Diego Maradona, Franz Beckenbauer and Kevin Keegan. The news that he had muscular dystrophy came as a shock to all who loved and admired him. Not soon after, Mohktar Dahari died on July 11, 1991.

Tanabata

7 July Tanabata (Evening of the seventh) is a Japanese star festival, derived from the Chinese star festival, Qi Xi (“The Night of Sevens”) It celebrates the meeting of Orihime (Vega) and Hikoboshi (Altair). The Milky Way, a river made from stars that crosses the sky, separates these lovers, and they are allowed to meet only once a year on the seventh day of the seventh lunar month of the lunisolar calendar. Since the stars come out at night, the celebration is held at night.

Quotes If we all worked on the assumption that what is accepted as true were really true,there would be little hope of advance.

Never say more than is necessary.

You have enemies? Good.That means you’ve stood up for something, sometime in your life

It is better to light one candle than to curse the darkness.

-Orville Wright

-Winston Churchill

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-Richard Brinsley Sheridan

-Chinese Proverb

ForwardJuly July2009 Forward 2009


this month

Revolution Day

23 July 1952

US Independence Day

4 July The nation was founded by thirteen colonies of Great Britain located along the Atlantic seaboard. On July 4, 1776, they issued the Declaration of Independence, which proclaimed their independence from Great Britain and their formation of a cooperative union. The rebellious states defeated Great Britain in the American Revolutionary War, the first successful colonial war of independence.[9] The Philadelphia Convention adopted the current United States Constitution on September 17, 1787; its ratification the following year made the states part of a single republic with a strong central government. The Bill of Rights, comprising ten constitutional amendments guaranteeing many fundamental civil rights and freedoms, was ratified in 1791.

Revolution Day refers to the public holiday in Egypt on July 23 held on the anniversary of the 1952 Revolution. On July 23, 1952, a group of young army officers in the “Free Officers Movement” led by Muhammad Naguib, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Abdel Hakim Amer and Anwar Al Sadat forced Farouk I, the last ruling King of Egypt, to abdicate in a military coup d’état. Subsequently, Naguib, Nasser and Sadat became the first three Presidents of Egypt.

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letters

Thinking about nasi lemak in KL, most people flock to Kampung Baru; the right place to go. There are various side-dishes to be enjoyed with nasi lemak and the favourite dish is spicy-crispy fried chicken! In fact it is a common place for gathering old friends and even a family too. Having teh tarik while chit chatting with friends until midnight is one of the most memorable events that always makes me smile alone in front of my lap top. Kampung Baru has not changed much. The atmosphere is still carnival-like with a lot of people enjoying their delicious nasi lemak late at night. Recently, the government under the exprime minister Tun Abdullah Ahmad Badawi allocated RM500 million to revamp Kampung Baru as part of the new golden triangle. It will comprise of four main components, — a 60-storey condominium tower with 392 residential units, 40 floors of office units, three floors for shopping and businesses as well as an integrated development for the Kampung Baru LRT station and retail space. It sounds good for the sake of development, but development should be redefined within the context of Kampung Baru itself. This includes taking the existing residents’ interest

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into account such as culture and values like architecture and others heritage. Besides culture, the ecosystem of Kampung Baru should be seriously taken into consideration too. Traditionally, most rural urban areas surrounded by rapid development face four main problems: sewerage systems, drainage systems, limited open space, as well as old buildings that are possible hazards to the pedestrians and residents. As the population is escalating with time, all those problems should be seriously addressed to prevent Kampung Baru from becoming an urban slump. Today, with more than 70% of people living in congested and polluted cities globally, it is timely for the government to balance both human and environmental factors in order to boost a new image of Kampung Baru, as a convenient and enjoyable place while sustaining the tradition Malay image as well as integrating a green design in providing solutions to peak oil, global warming, solid waste management and sewerage systems.

Muhammad Izzuddin Syakir Hj Ishak Universiti Sains Malaysia Pulau Pinang

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cover story

PHILANTHROPY VIS-À-VIS Syed Mokhtar Albukhary

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environment

E-WASTE: Surprisingly Physical and Subtly Dangerous by Abdul Rahman Mahmud

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very year about 50 tonnes of electronic waste are trashed worldwide. The United Nations reported that five percent (5%) of municipal waste comprises of electronic waste, which unbeknown to many implicates humans and the environment. It is a new challenge for environmental management at local and global context. ‘Electronic waste’ may be defined as all secondary computers, entertainment device electronics, mobile phones, and other items such as television sets and refrigerators, whether sold, donated, or discarded by their original owners. This definition includes used electronics which are destined for reuse, resale, salvage, recycling, or disposal. Several public policy advocates apply the term ‘e-waste’ to all surplus electronics.

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The United States, European Union and China are amongst the countries that produce the highest volume of electronic waste in the world. In 2007, the US alone produced 700 million old computers that were disposed of. In China, one million tonnes of e-waste are produced per annum. Meanwhile the European Union records 8.7 million tonnes of e-waste being generated annually. Investigation by an international coalition of environmental organisations reveal that huge quantities of hazardous e-waste are being exported to China, Pakistan and India where they are processed in operations that are extremely harmful to human health and the environment. In Malaysia, the usage of electronic goods increases with the population. From 1999 to 2003, the number of computers used increased from 1.8 million into 4.18 million. The usage of mobile Forward July2009


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living Islam

Reviving Faith through Higher Education

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focus by Fariza Uzmat

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photo by Yusri Shakjee

Facing Up To Abnormalities Through CLEFT

SURGERY

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cleft represents a facial disfigurement that warrants unsolicited attention. Those who are born with a cleft lip or palate are often subjects of mental and social torment, especially by those who are insensitive or lack tact. Such a disfigurement also induces low self-esteem and alienation from those who look ‘normal.’ Yet, with today’s technology and a little awareness, cleft individuals need not face the world with their physical deformity as a permanent feature. Available treatments twinned with generous funding programmes allow cleft patients to live up to normality by correcting their deformities from a young age. Technically, a cleft is ‘an abnormal fissure or opening’ in the structure of the lip or the roof of the mouth (palate) resulting from the failure of fusion during embryonic development, (Merriam Webster’s online dictionary). When there is a cleft on an individual’s lip, usually the upper lip is affected either through a subtle notch or groove, or a wide gap. A unilateral cleft lip occurs at one side of the lip whereas a bilateral lip is affected by gaps at both sides of the lip. A complete cleft is a gap that is seen from the lip to the nose. Cleft palates also vary from case to case. The palate forms the roof of the mouth and extends from the gums behind the lip to the uvula (the small piece of soft tissue dangling from the soft palate over the back of the tongue) towards the back of the throat. Again, the cleft may be unilateral, bilateral or even complete. Dr Kim K. Tan, a plastic surgeon at Pantai Medical Centre, is often confronted by patients and their superstitions. They range from the fishing superstition to drainage renovation stories; to moon eclipses and even satanic taboos; in some morbid cultures, the baby is put to death. Dr Kim concludes that these belief systems are ingrained within different communities due to the age-old deformity. “We must dispel these cultural beliefs and allow science and advancement to correct this condition.” Apparently, genetic inheritance and epilepsy medicine (for pregnant mothers) are the most common causes of this disfigurement. “The remaining third of causes remain unknown.” One in 600 newborns are born with cleft deformity and in Malaysia alone, 800 new cases are being introduced annually. The main concern for cleft babies is their ability to feed. Following suit, are cosmetic issues, teeth formation, speech impediments,

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pursuits by Fariza Uzmat

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photo by Asraf Dahari/Wan Naqi

‘Dr Jekyll and Farmer Hyde’ between a SCALPEL and a PET GOAT 78

e does not only have a pleasant smile but is also a workaholic. Datuk Dr. Abdul Aziz Yahya, an obstetrician and gynaecologist, travels to and from Gleneagles Intan and Prince Court Medical Centre to service his clients. He also owns a goat farm. When our photographer and I arrived at his clinic at Gleneagles, we waited for almost an hour as Dr. Aziz was occupied in the operation theatre. He was involved in a long surgery and judging by his drowsy eyes, he readily said, “I am sure I look very tired.” At 54, between his role at the World Federation of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, two prestigious hospitals, a goat farm and three other businesses, he seems unfazed about the interview - but there was something bothering him. “I am a bit concerned about the photograph. Why do not I give you a ready photograph?” He laughs out loud. I assured him that technology can help adjust appearances. Yet despite his fatigue, he does not nap neither does he feel burdened by his work. “My friends think I am mad. But if you plan your time and convince yourselves that you can do it, you can do it,” says Dr. Aziz. What is his secret, then? “There is no secret. I just live my life the way I think I want to live,” he says. And what is the secret to his life? Dr Aziz migrates to a simple kampung farm in Ulu Selangor, a far cry from his complicated city schedule, to clean and feed goats – every weekend. Clad in a t-shirt and a pair of boots, he and partner Jeffri Ngah plus five workers help him take a spin off complicated medicinal practice and dawdle around Japella Agrofarm. The farm is home to his goats and a cottage. Nibong, his pet goat, is the driving force for this weekend rendezvous. “I am not from a farming family but I did come from a typical Malay village. I remember when I was 9, we moved to a little squatter colony. There was a ‘ceti’ (an Indian ah long) who had goats called ‘kambing kacang’. I liked them because after grazing in the rubber estate, they came back home by themselves. They were much disciplined animals.” “My elder brother and I used to disappear after

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Abu Hurairah narrated that the Messenger of Allah s.w.t said: “Let him who believes in Allah and the Last Day either speak good or keep silent, and let him who believes in Allah and the Last Day be generous to his neighbour, and let him who believes in Allah and the Last Day be generous to his guest.� Bukhari and Muslim

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Forward July 2009