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PHL 458 Week 1 Individual Assignment Critical Thinking and Society Exercise Write 150- to 200 words on each of the following topics: •

Describe a situation in which critical and creative thought could have been used for a better outcome. Describe why it is important to think critically and creatively in similar situations.

Define free will, truth, knowledge, and opinion. Explain how we use them to form thoughts.

Identify three hindrances to the critical thinking process. Determine methods for overcoming these hindrances. Identify a time in which you experienced a hindrance in critical thinking. Describe a method you could use to overcome the hindrances.

Identify a message in advertising. Describe how you perceive the message of the advertisement. Try to determine the reality of the advertisement. Distinguish between your perception and the reality of the message.

Week 1 DQ1 To what extent does acculturation affect our individuality? How might an individual overcome acculturation to achieve independence in thinking?

Week 1 DQ2 What do you do when you face conflicting work or family obligations? How might critical and creative thinking assist in prioritization of obligations?

PHL 458 Week 2 Individual Assignment Solve a Problem Paper Write a 1,050- to 1,400-word paper in which you use the creative process to solve a problem with which you have experience. Include the following: •

Describe each stage in the creative process using Ch. 5 of your text.


Search for a personal challenge. Explain how you used the techniques to develop curiosity in your search (see Ch. 6).

Express the problem created by this personal challenge (see Ch. 7). Refine your expression of the problem by considering multiple perspectives and deciding which expression is best. Include both the initial and the refined version. Justify your revision.

Investigate the problem by obtaining necessary information (see Ch. 8). List the questions must answer to understand the problem. Identify a source of information to answer each question.

Conclude your investigation with a thorough explanation of the problem, including answers to each of the questions you identified.

Produce ideas toward solution of this problem (see Ch. 9). List all of your ideas— whether they are ridiculous or serious is not important.

Discuss the two ideas that you think are the most imaginative, original, and positive potential solutions to the problem.

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines Week 2 DQ1 What are the components of the creative process? How do you measure or analyze multiple creative solutions to your own problems? Week 2 DQ2 What are the characteristics of creative thinkers? What effect does creativity have on society and culture?

PHL 458 Week 3 Individual Assignment Refining Solutions Paper Most great solutions to problems begin with some initial flaws. Quality solutions arise by refining ideas. Refine your solution to the problem defined in your Week Two Individual Assignment by following the Three Steps in Refining process outlined in Ch. 10 and Ch. 11 of your text. Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper. Include the following: • •

Original issue Initial solutions

Critical examination of best solution

Evaluation of the argument

Revised argument


Refined solution with implementation plan

Final solution

PHL 458 Week 3 Learning Team Assignment Evaluating and Refining Resolutions Presentation Refine your team’s solution to the issue defined in the Week Two Learning Team Instructions by following Ch. 12 (overcoming errors in reasoning) and Ch. 13 (refining resolutions) of the text. Create an 8- to 12-slide Microsoft® PowerPoint® presentation. Online students, use detailed speaker notes to describe your team’s experience at each stage. Include one or two slides on each of the following: • •

Original issue Initial resolutions

Critical examination of best resolution

Evaluation of the argument

Revised argument

Refined resolution with implementation plan

Final resolution

Week 3 DQ1 What are the three steps to refining a solution? Provide an example of each. How would you decide what action should be taken about your resolution to an issue? How do you recognize and overcome what difficulties may arise? Week 3 DQ2 What kinds of assumptions interfere with critical thinking? Aside from factual inaccuracy, what are some subtle and common errors affecting a truth?

PHL 458 Week 4 Individual Assignment Famous Thinkers Paper Select and read the articles about two famous thinkers in the Week Four Electronic Reserve Readings. Find additional articles in the University Library or on the Internet.

Write a 1,050- to 1,400-word paper. Include the following:


• •

Information about the thinkers’ contributions to society Each thinkers’ personal/ social/ political environments and how you think these factors contributed to their creativity

The problems or issues that their ideas sought to solve

A description of the solutions, and how their ideas were implemented

The creative process of each thinker and a comparison of the two creative processes

A critique of their ideas and what could they have done differently

Include at least four references. Week 4 DQ1 Consider the following famous thinkers: Bill Gates, James Cone, Daniel C. Dennett, Peter Singer, JeanPaul Sartre, and Nelson Mandela. What components of their creativity and critical thinking played a prominent role in their contributions to society or their scientific breakthroughs? Week 4 DQ2 What is the process by which a famous thinker took action to resolve their specific issue? Discuss this process

PHL 458 Week 5 Learning Team Assignment Persuasive Communication Presentation Persuasive Communication Presentation Use the issue addressed in your previous Learning Team Activity and Assignment. Select the most appropriate format to persuade your intended audience of the resolution to your issue. Possible formats include a political campaign, a city council proposal, an editorial article, a commercial, a radio-style podcast, a comprehensive political pamphlet, an interactive game, a website, and so forth. Explain why you chose your format for your intended audience. Create a presentation of your message as you would present it to your intended audience. Include the following in your presentation: •

Consider possible reasons your audience might reject your ideas. Address anticipated audience objections to your proposal.

Devise strategies for persuading your audience to accept your proposal and incorporate that persuasion in your presentation of the message.


•

Strategically organize your material to deliver your message with the ultimate effect.


Phl 458 complete class