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THE  JOINT  DECLARATION   TO  STRENGTHEN  THE  EU-­LAC  COOPERATION  IN  ICT   RESEARCH,  DEVELOPMENT  AND  INNOVATION  (R+D+I)  

          Considering,  in  particular:         1. The   long-­standing   and   well-­documented   cultural   and   economic   complementarity   of  the  European  Union  (EU)  and  the  Latin  American  &  Caribbean  (LAC)  regions;;     2. 7KH (XURSHDQ &RPPLVVLRQ¶V UHFRJQLWLRQ LQ LWV &RPPXQLFDWLRQ ³$ 'LJLWDO $JHQGD IRU (XURSH´i   WKDW ³WKH GLJLWDO 6LQJOH 0DUNHW« QHHGV DQ H[WHUQDO IDFH EHFDXVH progress   on   many   of   the   policy   issues   can   only   be   achieved   at   international   OHYHO´   3. The   Madrid   Action   Planii¶V FDOO IRU ³QHZ LQLWLDWLYHV IRU PRUH HIIHFWLYH FRRUGLQDWLRQ and   cooperation   aiming   at   interconnecting   knowledge,   science;;   research   and   innovation;;   as   well   as   business   and   entrepreneurial,   and   research   centres   and   QHWZRUNVIURPWKH(8DQG/$&FRXQWULHV´   4. The   steady   increase   over   the   last   decade   in   LAC   participation   in   EU   Framework   Programme  (FP)  projects  from  29  in  FP5  to  79  in  FP6  and  120,  so  far,  in  FP7.         We  declare:             1. The  relationship  between  the  EU  and  LAC  regions  with  regard  to  ICT  collaboration   should  be  re-­appraised  as  a  partnership  driven  by  clearly  identified  interests  and   leading   to   mutual   benefits.   Latin   America   should   be   formally   recognized   by   Europe  as  a  preferential  R+D+I  partner.       2. Investment  in  R+D+I  is  meant  to  have  a  positive  impact  on  the  overall  economy;;   it  is  therefore  important  ±  particularly  in  times  of  economic  crisis  -­  to  concentrate   it,  first  and  foremost,  on  topics  that  have  a  clear  spill-­over   effect  on  sustainable   economic   growth   and   wealth   creation;;   priority   investment   areas   should   be   reconsidered   in   terms   of   their   capability   to   generate   wealth   (for   the   EU   and   for   the  LAC  regions,  respectively).     3. Public   support   of   R+D+I   is   also   intended   to   stimulate   employment;;   hence,   it   should  be  concentrated  on  the  true  creators  of  employment,  particularly  SMEs.     4. R+D+I   has   a   major   role   to   play   in   addressing   societal   challenges   such   as   facilitating  the  relationship  between  government  and  citizens,  deliver  good  public   services,  improve  ROI  in  governments,  contributing  to  a  cleaner  environment  and   a  more  sustainable  re-­industrialisation,  bridging  the  digital  gap,  supporting  health   and   education,   etc.;;   many   of   these   challenges   are   common   to   the   EU   and   LAC   regions;;   intensified   collaboration   should   aim   at   identifying   solutions   that   can   be   locally  deployed  and  globally  sustained.       5. R+D+I   agendas   should   be   articulated   in   support   of   the   innovation   agendas   and   should   clearly   map   their   intended   contribution   to   a)   wealth   generation,   b)   employment  creation  and  c)  addressing  societal  challenges.      


  In  view  of  the  above,  the  following  recommendations  are  put  forward:             Strategy         1. $ VWUDWHJLF ERG\ HJ DQ ³(8-­LAC   ICT   R+', )RUXP´  FRRUGLQDWHG E\ WKH European   Commission   on   the   European   side   and   by   an   institution   on   the   Latin   American   side,   should   elaborate   a   strategic   agenda   for   cooperation   with   input   from   the   relevant   stakeholder   communities.   It   should   be   the   depositary   of   the   various   segmental   innovation   agendas   and   roadmaps   on   the   basis   of   which   ICT   R+D+I  cooperation  is  implemented  between  the  two  regions.  This  body  could  also   be  the  main  point  of  contact  for  information  sharing,  training  and  coaching.       2. Wherever   possible,   cooperation   should   be   based   on   the   reciprocity   principle.   In   the   absence   of   reciprocity   agreements   opening   LAC   programmes   to   EU   entities,   funding   of   non-­EU   partners   through   EU   programmes   is   acceptable   if   there   are   clear   benefits   for   the   EU.   The   increased   availability   of   funds   on   the   LAC   side   complementing   the   EU   funding   could   serve   to   preserve   and   consolidate   the   interests   and   leadership   of   LAC   participants   in   projects.   Coordinated   calls   based   on   jointly   defined   priorities   should   be   considered   as   ultimately   offering   the   best   foundation  for  well-­balanced,  long-­term  partnerships.     3. The   EU-­LAC   ICT   policy   dialogue   should   aim   to   promote   the   elaboration   of   policy   agendas   with   a   strong   participation   of   the   industrial   sector,   particularly   of   organisations   that   have   a   track   record   of   generating   employment   through   innovation,  particularly  SMEs.       Innovation  areas         1. Priority   areas   for   R&D+I   investment   in   ICT   should   be   based   on   furthering   economic  competitiveness  and  addressing  societal  challenges iii.       2. ICT   for   a   sustainable   re-­LQGXVWULDOLVDWLRQ EDVHG RQ FOHDQ WHFKQRORJLHV ³UG industrial   revolution´   should   be   given   absolute   priority   in   view   of   the   current   state  of  the  planet  and  the  world  economy.       3. Seeking   to   boost   industrial   competitiveness,   investment   needs   to   be   targeted   to   foster   the   participation  of   SMEs   not   only   as   users   but   also   as   key   players   in   the   development  of  the  new  R+D+I  areas  and  projects  while  promoting  job  creation.   4. The   development   of   value-­added,   multilingual,  ubiquitous   ICT-­based   services   for   businesses  and  citizens  should  become  the  real  corner-­stone  of  a  forward  looking   ICT   strategy   in   the   EU   and   LAC   regions   alike;͞   these   high-­margin   services   increasingly  constitute  the  bread-­winner  of  the  leading  global  ICT  players.     5. ICT   for   major   societal   challenges   (governance,   inclusion,   health,   learning,   etc.)   will   play   an   important   role   in   ensuring   that   the   fabric   of   our   societies   does   not   break  at  the  seams  as  they  cope  with  globalisation  /  re-­industrialisation.     6. Investment   into   advanced   and   pervasive   ICT   networks   should   be   seen   as   an   important  pre-­requisite  of  the  above  rather  than  an  end  in  itself.        


Tools  for  policy  implementation         1. The  special  international  cooperation  line  of  the  ICT  Programme  (or  its  successor)   should   be   empowered   to   coordinate   all   international   R+D+I   cooperation   on   the   EU  side.  A  similar  approach  may  be  developed  at  continent  level  on  the  LAC  side.   Such   coordination   appears   crucial   in   terms   of   determining   the   overall   strategies   to  be  pursued.       2. Coordinated  callsiv,  such  as  the  ones  initiated  between  the  EU  and  Brazil  and  the   EU   and   Mexico,   should   be   extended   and   improved   not   only   to   streamline   the   adequacy  between  the  EU  and  LAC  innovation  agendas,  but  also  to  initiate  a  more   systematic   planning   of   the   ICT   collaboration   between   partners   on   both   sides   of   the   Atlantic.     The   concept   of   sub-­regional   coordinated   calls   (e.g.   the   Caribbean,   Central  America,  the  Cono  Sur,  etc.)  could  be  introduced.       3. As    part    of    coordinated  calls    or    independently,    it    might    be    useful    to    explore     the   feasibility   of   strategic   international   collaboration   projects   in   areas     of     common     interest   with   balanced   EU   and   LAC   participation   and   consequent   budgets.  Such  projects  should  be  envisaged  only  in  areas  where  a  common  joint   Innovation  agenda  &  roadmap  has  been  defined.  They  should  involve  a  minimum   of  5-­6  partners  from  each  side  of  the  Atlantic  with  a  consequent  budget.  This  type   of  project  would  ensure  that  a  critical  mass  of  resources  is  combined  in  strategic   areas   of   common   interest   to   make   a   real   difference   in   EU-­LAC   R+D+I   collaboration.       4. At   the   other   end   of   the   scale,   in   order   to   encourage   maximum   flexibility,   a   generic   mechanism   facilitating   the   participation   of   Latin   American   partners   in   already  running  EU  projects  might  be  useful.  Latin  American  partners   could  thus   join   projects   that   they   consider   of   interest   and,   vice   versa,   European   partners   could   start   focussing   on   inviting   the   adequate   LAC   partners   once   their   projects   have   been   approved.   Such   a   mechanism   was   part   of   the   2009-­2010   ICT   Work   Programme.  It  should  be  re-­instated.         5. Joint   Innovation   agendas   (addressing   research,   development,   innovation   and   market  research)  should  be  developed  and  maintained  through  the  duration  of  a   Programme  (min.  5  years)  involving  the  representative  bodies  of  all  categories  of   stakeholders   in   the   value-­chain   as   well   as   building   on   the   achievements   of   past   support  actions  in  the  field.       6. The   setting   up   of   a   permanent   training   and   coaching   programme   on   the   development   of   joint   innovation   agendas   and   roadmaps,   the   definition   of   joint   R+D+I   priorities,   strategic   partnership   building   and   project   development   should   be  considered  in  the  wake  of  successful  mechanisms  pioneered  by  recent  support   actions.     7. The  People  Programme  of  FP7  played  a   crucial  role  in   fostering  Long-­lasting  and   trusting   relationships,   always   based   on   personal   relationships.   Mechanisms   such   as   Marie   Curie,   Erasmus   Mundus   etc.   have   played   a   key   role   in   encouraging   academic  exchanges.  Similar  mechanisms  should  be  made  available  or  extended   for  exchanges  at  corporate  level,  in  particular  between  SMEs.     8. European   market-­near   programmes   (e.g.   CIP,   Eureka,   Eurostars)   should   be   opened   to   Latin   American   participation.   Latin   American   organisations   should   be   fully  recognized  as  regular  beneficiaries  of  these  programmes     9. ICT  standardisation  is  crucial  to  foster  the  exploitation  of  the  research  results  and   a  core  element  in  the  overall  innovation  cycle:  a  permanent  dialogue  between  the   key   standardisation   bodies   in   the   EU   and   LAC   should   be   encouraged.   Research   with  potential  to  contribute  to  standardization  actions  should  be  promoted.         Brussels,  8  December  2011      


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 A  Digital  Agenda  for  Europe    EU-­LAC  SUMMIT,  Madrid,  18  May  2010  -­  ³7RZDUGVDQHZVWDJHLQWKHEL-­regional   partnership:  innovatLRQDQGWHFKQRORJ\IRUVXVWDLQDEOHGHYHORSPHQWDQGVRFLDOLQFOXVLRQ´ Madrid  Action  Plan  2010-­2012   iii  This  corresponds  to  priorities  (2)  and  (3)  outlined  in  Horizon  2020,  COM(2011)808   final,  pages  4  &  5     iv  FP7-­NMP-­2010-­EU-­Mexico  and  FP7-­ICT-­2011-­EU-­Brazil  -­  New  EU-­Brazil  coordinated   call  announced  on  8  November  2011   ii


The Joint Declaration to Strehgthen the EU-LAC Cooperation in ICT R+D+I