THE JOINT DECLARATION TO STRENGTHEN THE EU-LAC COOPERATION IN ICT RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND INNOVATION (R+D+I)
Considering, in particular: 1. The long-standing and well-documented cultural and economic complementarity of the European Union (EU) and the Latin American & Caribbean (LAC) regions;; 2. 7KH (XURSHDQ &RPPLVVLRQ¶V UHFRJQLWLRQ LQ LWV &RPPXQLFDWLRQ ³$ 'LJLWDO $JHQGD IRU (XURSH´i WKDW ³WKH GLJLWDO 6LQJOH 0DUNHW« QHHGV DQ H[WHUQDO IDFH EHFDXVH progress on many of the policy issues can only be achieved at international OHYHO´ 3. The Madrid Action Planii¶V FDOO IRU ³QHZ LQLWLDWLYHV IRU PRUH HIIHFWLYH FRRUGLQDWLRQ and cooperation aiming at interconnecting knowledge, science;; research and innovation;; as well as business and entrepreneurial, and research centres and QHWZRUNVIURPWKH(8DQG/$&FRXQWULHV´ 4. The steady increase over the last decade in LAC participation in EU Framework Programme (FP) projects from 29 in FP5 to 79 in FP6 and 120, so far, in FP7. We declare: 1. The relationship between the EU and LAC regions with regard to ICT collaboration should be re-appraised as a partnership driven by clearly identified interests and leading to mutual benefits. Latin America should be formally recognized by Europe as a preferential R+D+I partner. 2. Investment in R+D+I is meant to have a positive impact on the overall economy;; it is therefore important ± particularly in times of economic crisis - to concentrate it, first and foremost, on topics that have a clear spill-over effect on sustainable economic growth and wealth creation;; priority investment areas should be reconsidered in terms of their capability to generate wealth (for the EU and for the LAC regions, respectively). 3. Public support of R+D+I is also intended to stimulate employment;; hence, it should be concentrated on the true creators of employment, particularly SMEs. 4. R+D+I has a major role to play in addressing societal challenges such as facilitating the relationship between government and citizens, deliver good public services, improve ROI in governments, contributing to a cleaner environment and a more sustainable re-industrialisation, bridging the digital gap, supporting health and education, etc.;; many of these challenges are common to the EU and LAC regions;; intensified collaboration should aim at identifying solutions that can be locally deployed and globally sustained. 5. R+D+I agendas should be articulated in support of the innovation agendas and should clearly map their intended contribution to a) wealth generation, b) employment creation and c) addressing societal challenges.
Â In Â view Â of Â the Â above, Â the Â following Â recommendations Â are Â put Â forward: Â Â Â Â Â Â Strategy Â Â Â Â 1. $ VWUDWHJLF ERG\ HJ DQ Âł(8-ÂLAC Â ICT Â R+', )RUXPÂ´ FRRUGLQDWHG E\ WKH European Â Commission Â on Â the Â European Â side Â and Â by Â an Â institution Â on Â the Â Latin Â American Â side, Â should Â elaborate Â a Â strategic Â agenda Â for Â cooperation Â with Â input Â from Â the Â relevant Â stakeholder Â communities. Â It Â should Â be Â the Â depositary Â of Â the Â various Â segmental Â innovation Â agendas Â and Â roadmaps Â on Â the Â basis Â of Â which Â ICT Â R+D+I Â cooperation Â is Â implemented Â between Â the Â two Â regions. Â This Â body Â could Â also Â be Â the Â main Â point Â of Â contact Â for Â information Â sharing, Â training Â and Â coaching. Â Â Â 2. Wherever Â possible, Â cooperation Â should Â be Â based Â on Â the Â reciprocity Â principle. Â In Â the Â absence Â of Â reciprocity Â agreements Â opening Â LAC Â programmes Â to Â EU Â entities, Â funding Â of Â non-ÂEU Â partners Â through Â EU Â programmes Â is Â acceptable Â if Â there Â are Â clear Â benefits Â for Â the Â EU. Â The Â increased Â availability Â of Â funds Â on Â the Â LAC Â side Â complementing Â the Â EU Â funding Â could Â serve Â to Â preserve Â and Â consolidate Â the Â interests Â and Â leadership Â of Â LAC Â participants Â in Â projects. Â Coordinated Â calls Â based Â on Â jointly Â defined Â priorities Â should Â be Â considered Â as Â ultimately Â offering Â the Â best Â foundation Â for Â well-Âbalanced, Â long-Âterm Â partnerships. Â Â 3. The Â EU-ÂLAC Â ICT Â policy Â dialogue Â should Â aim Â to Â promote Â the Â elaboration Â of Â policy Â agendas Â with Â a Â strong Â participation Â of Â the Â industrial Â sector, Â particularly Â of Â organisations Â that Â have Â a Â track Â record Â of Â generating Â employment Â through Â innovation, Â particularly Â SMEs. Â Â Â Innovation Â areas Â Â Â Â 1. Priority Â areas Â for Â R&D+I Â investment Â in Â ICT Â should Â be Â based Â on Â furthering Â economic Â competitiveness Â and Â addressing Â societal Â challenges iii. Â Â Â 2. ICT Â for Â a Â sustainable Â re-ÂLQGXVWULDOLVDWLRQ EDVHG RQ FOHDQ WHFKQRORJLHV ÂłUG industrial Â revolutionÂ´ Â should Â be Â given Â absolute Â priority Â in Â view Â of Â the Â current Â state Â of Â the Â planet Â and Â the Â world Â economy. Â Â Â 3. Seeking Â to Â boost Â industrial Â competitiveness, Â investment Â needs Â to Â be Â targeted Â to Â foster Â the Â participation Â of Â SMEs Â not Â only Â as Â users Â but Â also Â as Â key Â players Â in Â the Â development Â of Â the Â new Â R+D+I Â areas Â and Â projects Â while Â promoting Â job Â creation. Â 4. The Â development Â of Â value-Âadded, Â multilingual, Â ubiquitous Â ICT-Âbased Â services Â for Â businesses Â and Â citizens Â should Â become Â the Â real Â corner-Âstone Â of Â a Â forward Â looking Â ICT Â strategy Â in Â the Â EU Â and Â LAC Â regions Â alike;Íž Â these Â high-Âmargin Â services Â increasingly Â constitute Â the Â bread-Âwinner Â of Â the Â leading Â global Â ICT Â players. Â Â 5. ICT Â for Â major Â societal Â challenges Â (governance, Â inclusion, Â health, Â learning, Â etc.) Â will Â play Â an Â important Â role Â in Â ensuring Â that Â the Â fabric Â of Â our Â societies Â does Â not Â break Â at Â the Â seams Â as Â they Â cope Â with Â globalisation Â / Â re-Âindustrialisation. Â Â 6. Investment Â into Â advanced Â and Â pervasive Â ICT Â networks Â should Â be Â seen Â as Â an Â important Â pre-Ârequisite Â of Â the Â above Â rather Â than Â an Â end Â in Â itself. Â Â Â Â
Tools for policy implementation 1. The special international cooperation line of the ICT Programme (or its successor) should be empowered to coordinate all international R+D+I cooperation on the EU side. A similar approach may be developed at continent level on the LAC side. Such coordination appears crucial in terms of determining the overall strategies to be pursued. 2. Coordinated callsiv, such as the ones initiated between the EU and Brazil and the EU and Mexico, should be extended and improved not only to streamline the adequacy between the EU and LAC innovation agendas, but also to initiate a more systematic planning of the ICT collaboration between partners on both sides of the Atlantic. The concept of sub-regional coordinated calls (e.g. the Caribbean, Central America, the Cono Sur, etc.) could be introduced. 3. As part of coordinated calls or independently, it might be useful to explore the feasibility of strategic international collaboration projects in areas of common interest with balanced EU and LAC participation and consequent budgets. Such projects should be envisaged only in areas where a common joint Innovation agenda & roadmap has been defined. They should involve a minimum of 5-6 partners from each side of the Atlantic with a consequent budget. This type of project would ensure that a critical mass of resources is combined in strategic areas of common interest to make a real difference in EU-LAC R+D+I collaboration. 4. At the other end of the scale, in order to encourage maximum flexibility, a generic mechanism facilitating the participation of Latin American partners in already running EU projects might be useful. Latin American partners could thus join projects that they consider of interest and, vice versa, European partners could start focussing on inviting the adequate LAC partners once their projects have been approved. Such a mechanism was part of the 2009-2010 ICT Work Programme. It should be re-instated. 5. Joint Innovation agendas (addressing research, development, innovation and market research) should be developed and maintained through the duration of a Programme (min. 5 years) involving the representative bodies of all categories of stakeholders in the value-chain as well as building on the achievements of past support actions in the field. 6. The setting up of a permanent training and coaching programme on the development of joint innovation agendas and roadmaps, the definition of joint R+D+I priorities, strategic partnership building and project development should be considered in the wake of successful mechanisms pioneered by recent support actions. 7. The People Programme of FP7 played a crucial role in fostering Long-lasting and trusting relationships, always based on personal relationships. Mechanisms such as Marie Curie, Erasmus Mundus etc. have played a key role in encouraging academic exchanges. Similar mechanisms should be made available or extended for exchanges at corporate level, in particular between SMEs. 8. European market-near programmes (e.g. CIP, Eureka, Eurostars) should be opened to Latin American participation. Latin American organisations should be fully recognized as regular beneficiaries of these programmes 9. ICT standardisation is crucial to foster the exploitation of the research results and a core element in the overall innovation cycle: a permanent dialogue between the key standardisation bodies in the EU and LAC should be encouraged. Research with potential to contribute to standardization actions should be promoted. Brussels, 8 December 2011
A Digital Agenda for Europe EU-LAC SUMMIT, Madrid, 18 May 2010 - ³7RZDUGVDQHZVWDJHLQWKHEL-regional partnership: innovatLRQDQGWHFKQRORJ\IRUVXVWDLQDEOHGHYHORSPHQWDQGVRFLDOLQFOXVLRQ´ Madrid Action Plan 2010-2012 iii This corresponds to priorities (2) and (3) outlined in Horizon 2020, COM(2011)808 final, pages 4 & 5 iv FP7-NMP-2010-EU-Mexico and FP7-ICT-2011-EU-Brazil - New EU-Brazil coordinated call announced on 8 November 2011 ii
Published on Dec 12, 2011
Joint Declaration that was the result of the International Conference "Fostering EU- Latin America ICT Policy Dialogue" in Brussels, Belgium...