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This calculation was conducted by Gaia Consulting Ltd. 2011

FORCHEM TALL OIL ROSIN

TOR

AT THE FOREFRONT OF LOW CARBON SOLUTIONS

TOR TALL OIL ROSIN for85 The limited availability of the earth’s resources and growing consumer demand has turned the availability of natural resources and the state of the environment into a globally important question. Forchem tall oil products have a low carbon footprint, generating minimal volumes of greenhouse gases compared to alternative materials. Our raw material, crude tall oil (CTO) is an industrial byproduct derived from the kraft pulping process. There is no additional use of natural resources. Forchem’s modern bio refinery is powered by 99 % bioenergy.

71

CARBON FOOTPRINT Forchem TOR

gCO2eq./kg

Forchem TOR has a lower carbon footprint compared to production of gum rosin. Its carbon footprint is only 71 gCO2eq./kg*, whereas gum rosin has a significantly higher footprint with 980 gCO2eq./kg**. This makes greenhouse emissions of gum rosin as high as 14-fold compared to emissions of Forchem TOR.

Forchem climate benefits 14–fold

Forchem TOR Gum rosin

0

500

Raw material

* Forchem TOR emissions are for year 2010. They include emissions from raw material production, operations in Rauma refinery and transportation (cradle-to-gate).

Raw material logistics

1 000

Own manufacturing

gCO2eq./kg

** Gum rosin emission factor is from a substitute producer. The rosin acid composition and reactivity of Forchem’s TOR products are comparable to gum rosin.


THE GREENER CHOICE Product carbon footprint is the sum of greenhouse gas emissions and greenhouse gas removals of a product system, expressed in CO2 equivalents.

Forchem products are increasingly used by formulators and producers in support of their development of new, technically advanced, yet more sustainable products.

Forchem utilizes almost entirely bioenergy, which enables climate-friendly operations and the production facility is located next to a pulp mill which reduces the emissions from raw material logistics.

The European –produced Forchem TOFA and DTO are used to satisfy the demands of today’s environmentally aware consumers and global markets.

PULP WASHING

CHEMICAL RECOVERY PULP DIGESTING

PULPMILL BLACK LIQUER

CHEMICAL PULP

SOAP

CHEMICAL RECOVERY RESIDUE TREATMENT

FOREST

TALL OIL PRODUCTS CTO

TALL OIL REFINERY

METHODOLOGY FOR CARBON FOOTPRINT CALCULATIONS • Calculations are conducted following the best available methodolo- gies, i.e. life cycle assessment standards (ISO 14040 and ISO 14044). • Emissions are for year 2010. The presented results include emissions from raw material production and transportation and operations in Rauma refinery (cradle-to-gate). • Primary data was collected and used for all processes under the control of Forchem. • Secondary data was collected from available databases (mostly Ecoinvent v. 2.1) and used to estimate the emissions of raw material production and transportation. When more accurate data was available in literature, the database data was further modified e.g. with national information for transportation emissions.

This calculation was conducted by Gaia Consulting Ltd. 2011

• Emissions of crude tall oil production (CTO) were assumed to be 3.5 % of the emissions of sulfate pulp production. This is based on the average amount of CTO produced as side-product in sulfate pulp processes in Finland (mass basis). • The direct emissions (e.g. electricity and fuel use) were allocated to different products based on actual utility consumption for each product. • Transportation emissions and raw material emissions, including process water, were allocated to different products on mass basis (production amounts). • Emission factor for average Nordic pulp mill is utilized here, as 90 % of the CTO originates from Nordic pulp mills. • This calculation was conducted by Gaia Consulting Ltd. (www.gaia.fi) for business-to-business purposes only.

Forchem assumes no responsibility or liability for the completeness and correctness of this analysis and this document including the data and information collected from raw material suppliers.

Forchem Oy, P.O. Box 16, FI-26101 RAUMA, FINLAND tel. +358 2 478 4400, fax. +358 2 478 4499, www.forchem.com


Forchem tor datasheet