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Table of Contents 1.

INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................... 1 LITERATURE REVIEW ........................................................................................................... 1 PILEATED WOODPECKER CONSERVATION AND FOREST MANAGEMENT................... 3 RESEARCH QUESTIONS....................................................................................................... 4 LITERATURE CITED............................................................................................................... 5

2.

PILEATED WOODPECKER HABITAT USE AND SELECTION IN THE ALBERTA FOOTHILLS ............................................................................................................................. 9 STUDY AREA .......................................................................................................................... 9 METHODS ............................................................................................................................... 9 Radiotelemetry ....................................................................................................................... 9 Cavity Trees ......................................................................................................................... 10 Habitat Characterization at the Territory and Stand Scales................................................. 11 Habitat Characterization at the Site, Substrate, and Substrate Position Scales.................. 11 Statistical Analyses .............................................................................................................. 12 RESULTS............................................................................................................................... 12 Habitat Selection at the Territory and Stand Scales ............................................................ 12 Habitat Selection at the Foraging Substrate and Position Scales ....................................... 13 Cavity Tree Selection at the Territory and Stand Scales ..................................................... 14 Cavity Tree Use and Selection at the Site, Tree, and Position Scales ................................ 14 DISCUSSION......................................................................................................................... 15 Habitat Use and Selection.................................................................................................... 15 Cavity Trees ......................................................................................................................... 16 LITERATURE CITED............................................................................................................. 18

3.

HABITAT CHARACTERISTICS RELATED TO PILEATED WOODPECKER TERRITORY SIZE, PRODUCTIVITY, AND SURVIVAL.............................................................................. 37 STUDY AREA ........................................................................................................................ 37 METHODS ............................................................................................................................. 38 Radio Telemetry ................................................................................................................... 38 Territory Size ........................................................................................................................ 38 Productivity........................................................................................................................... 38 Mortality and Survival ........................................................................................................... 39 Habitat Quantification ........................................................................................................... 39 RESULTS............................................................................................................................... 40 Territory Size ........................................................................................................................ 40 Productivity........................................................................................................................... 41 Mortality and Survival ........................................................................................................... 41 Habitat and Fitness Response ............................................................................................. 42 DISCUSSION......................................................................................................................... 42 LITERATURE CITED............................................................................................................. 44

4.

AVAILABILITY OF PILEATED WOODPECKER CAVITIES AND USE BY OTHER SPECIES ………………………………………………………………………………………………………...54 STUDY AREA ........................................................................................................................ 54 METHODS ............................................................................................................................. 54 Cavity Production and Availability ........................................................................................ 54 Cavity Use ............................................................................................................................ 55 RESULTS............................................................................................................................... 56 Cavity Availability ................................................................................................................. 56 Cavity Recruitment and Loss ............................................................................................... 56

Pwp 2001 04 rpt phdthesis pileatedwoodpeckerhabitatecologyinabfoothills  

http://foothillsri.ca/sites/default/files/null/PWP_2001_04_Rpt_PhDThesis_PileatedWoodpeckerHabitatEcologyinABFoothills.pdf

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