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5-Year Anniversary Issue - Food

Business Africa magazine celebrates 5 years SPECIAL REPORT

How the food industry has changed since the launch of this magazine PERSPECTIVE:

Food Safety vs. Food Security Dr. Charity Mutegi


Listeria & Lubricants JAN/FEB. 2018 NO. 28 FOODBUSINESSAFRICA.COM



Africa’s Largest Food, Beverage & Milling Industry Conferences & Exhibitions

DISCOVER • NETWORK • BE INSPIRED Africa’s food, beverage and milling industry investors, managers and executives meet at the only series of events that bring out the heart beat of Africa’s industry: AFMASS Conferences & Exhibitions. AFMASS events bring world class technologies and ideas to Africa’s growing manufacturing, retail and foodservice industry, better than any other trade event in the Continent. Conference sessions, networking opportunities, a vibrant Expo Hall and Africa’s only food industry Award ceremony make AFMASS events the most celebrated events in Africa.

Seeking to discover Africa? Come on! Sign up to discover Africa’s industry, its people and market trends at an AFMASS event near you.

AFMASS KENYA: APRIL 25-27, 2018 Nairobi Convention & Conference Centre Mombasa Road, Nairobi, Kenya


AFMASS ZAMBIA: OCTOBER 3-5, 2018 Lusaka, Zambia Venue to be announced soon



SAVE THE DATES. Register today for Africa’s most comprehensive conferences and expos. Discover industry trends, network with industry peers and source industry solutions from leading suppliers to Africa’s growing industry.






PERSPECTIVE Food Security vs. Food Safety


Take advantage of advertising opportunities in the AFMASS Kenya special issue to reach your audience in Africa’s industry.

Dr. Charity Mutegi creates the case for food safety in Africa, even as the continent continues to fight food insecurity

My Company, My Story: Proctor & Allan EA Ltd

FOOD SAFETY Lubricants & Food Safety


Lubricants can be a source of Listeria contamination. Find out ways to avoid slipping into the trap



You can read this and past issues of this magazine for free on the website

Industry Report: Dairy Industry in Kenya

Special Report: Sustainability

Adverts deadline: March 30, 2018 FOODBUSINESSAFRICA.COM

FOOD MICROBIOLOGY The complete collection for your lab

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Nigeria and Central African regions Olugbenga ABIODUN +234 908 744 0240

CONTENTS Volume 4 Issue 6, No.27 • ISSN 2307-3535 FOUNDER & PUBLISHER Francis Juma EDITORIAL LEADER Maureen Onyango ADVERTISING & SUBSCRIPTION: Jonah Sambai | Lavender Atieno DESIGN & LAYOUT Frank Bett


Food Business Africa celebrates 5 years of publishing


AFMASS Kenya edition 2018


Calender of events - A run down on the key industry events in Africa and the World




Dairy Association asks FDA for less regulation, more flexibility


Heineken opens its greenest brewery ever in Mexico


Tiger Brands, RCL Foods hit by Listeria contamination


Africa’s animal feed production stagnates, as Russia, India shine


Bidco Land O’Lakes begins construction of new animal feed plant


Nigeria maize production to fall on pest attacks


Meat company closes in UK as regulators go hard on meat industry due to food safety concerns


EU develops first plastics management strategy


SABMiller boosts AB InBev profits, as merger is the ‘best ever’


Risks of food grade lubricants in Listeria contamination


The Food Security vs. Food Safety Paradox - by Dr. Charity Mutegi


How the food industry has changed in 5 years since this magazine started


Frutarom invests in European colours centre | Cargill partners to develop low saturate, high oleic cooking oils | SIG forms Japanese joint venture with local company | Lesaffre acquires Alltech’s Serbia facility


FoodWorld Media P.O Box 1874-00621, Village Market, Nairobi Kenya Tel: +254 20 8155022, Cell: +254 725 343932


Email: Food Business Africa (ISSN 23073535) is published 6 times a year by FoodWorld Media Ltd. The magazine is distributed for free to food, beverage, milling and foodservice companies and Government regulatory agencies in Africa. The magazine is available through subscription for the other stakeholders in the food chain, including suppliers to the sector. Postage is paid at Nairobi, Kenya. Send address changes to FoodWorld Media Ltd by phone or email. Copyright 2017. Reproduction of the whole or any part of the contents without written permission from the editor is prohibited. All information is published in good faith. While care is taken to prevent inaccuracies, the publishers accept no liability for any errors or omissions or for the consequences of any action taken on the basis of information published. FOODBUSINESSAFRICA.COM

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Celebration time as Food Business Africa magazine turns 5!


or us at FoodWorld Media, the publishers of the magazine, the past five years have been the most exciting and transformative in our daily lives. Doing what we do, collecting information from all over the world and putting it together for our readers on the website and the magazine fills us with pride – while at the same time shows us that we have a bigger duty to remain rooted to the ground and to reach out more into the industry to get their views on the future of the industry. And we are glad to have remained a viable magazine, despite the fact that the industry is a tough one around the World. We owe it to the support of the regional and international companies that have believed in our publication as the medium to advertise their services to Africa’s industry. To them, we say, Asante sana! (Kiswahili for Thank you!) We are also elated to hear from many readers that the magazine and the website continue to add value to them and their businesses. The idea of starting this magazine, the first one of its kind in sub-Saharan Africa out of South Africa, was the identification of the need to have an industry-focused publication that would be used by key decision makers in Africa to gather information on market trends, investments and opportunities in the food manufacturing, retail and foodservice industry in Africa and beyond. In the five years since the magazine went into publication, we have seen a tremendous change in the industry in Africa and the World that we have chronicled in this issue. We have also done a special report on the rising focus on Sustainability and a short article on the rising investments in alternative meat products in the developed World. We wish you a good read. Francis Juma Publisher




“One thing that I’m 100% certain is that the pace of change will continue to increase. In fact, over the next several years we believe that the rise of Millennials and a changing retail landscape, coupled with an emerging set of new variables, will only accelerate the transformation of the food industry.” Campbell’s Soup CEO Denise Morrison on the changes in the food industry that are disrupting the sector.

“For decades shoppers have been sold the lie that we can’t live without plastic in food and drink. Finally we can see a future where the public have a choice about whether to buy plastic or plasticfree. Right now we have no choice. Plastic food and drink packaging remains useful for a matter of days yet remains a destructive presence on the earth for centuries afterwards.” Sue Sutherland, head of the environmental campaign group A Plastic Planet, on the introduction of plastics free supermarket aisle in Netherlands

“Expansion in Africa continues with a planned entry into Kenya before the end of 2018, where weakened competitor positions have opened a window of opportunity to strengthen the group’s presence in East Africa.” Shoprite Supermarkets CEO Pieter Engelbrecht, on the retailer’s plan to finally make its entry into Kenya

“I can safely say that all cooking oil producing companies have completely complied with the mandatory fortification with some companies having bought their fortification machinery.” Busisa Moyo, President of the Oil Expressers Association of Zimbabwe on progress made in mandatory fortification of oil products in the country

“Consumers are increasingly demanding dairy products that are

richer in fat as they are allowing fat, and thus also butter, back into their diets.” Hanne Soendergaard, Arla Foods Amba’s Executive vice president of Marketing and Innovation, commenting on the rising demand for butter

“Unilever believes that complete transparency is needed for radical transformation . . . but we know there is more work to be done to achieve a truly sustainable palm oil industry and we will continue our efforts to make this a reality.” Marc Engel, Unilever’s Chief Supply Chain Officer, on the company’s unprecedented announcement that it will provide full information on its palm oil supply chain

“We continue to invest significantly in our traditional meat business, but also believe in exploring additional opportunities for growth that give consumers more choices.” Justin Whitmore, Executive vice president Corporate Strategy and Chief Sustainability Officer at meat processor Tyson Foods, after its investment in Memphis Meats, a producer of plant based meat products.

The new plant ‘will boost production capacity, give us ability to produce new, high quality and innovative animal feeds products’

Bidco Land O’Lakes on its twitter feed, announcing the start of the construction of the company’s new US$10 million animal feed plant in Nakuru, Kenya

“We have still not identified the next destination but we are looking at a bunch of countries in Africa, and countries like Myanmar and Bangladesh. We would identify one of those and move forward in FY 201920.” Britannia Industries Managing Director Varun Berry, on the company’s plans for regional expansion.



Milk pasteurizer

Portable milking machine


BIGGER, BETTER AFMASS KENYA 2018 IS HERE The event is set up to be the biggest food, beverage and milling industry trade event in Eastern Africa this year

F EVENT NAME: AFMASS KENYA 2018 DATE: April 25-27, 2018 VENUE: Nairobi Convention & Conference Centre (NAICC), opposite the new Hilton Garden Inn Hotel near the SGR Station on Mombasa Road. CONFERENCE & EXPO TIMINGS 08.00 am to 06.00 pm daily

Register today:

Online registration is required to access the conference and expo at AFMASS Kenya 2018. Please reserve your slot today by registering on the website 10


oodWorld Media, the publishers of this magazine and the organisers of the Africa Food Manufacturing & Safety Summit (AFMASS) Conferences & Exhibitions, are pleased to announce that AFMASS Kenya 2018 edition is just a few weeks away, with arrangements in place to host the best AFMASS ever. This year’s edition of AFMASS Kenya is set for April 25-27, 2018 at the Nairobi Convention & Conference Centre (NAICC), which is located opposite the new Hilton Garden Inn Hotel near the SGR Station on Mombasa Road. With most of the exhibition floor taken up by some of the leading suppliers to showcase their products to the industry, and the conference sessions attracting some of the most outstanding keynote speakers, speakers and panelists from across the World, the event has is set up to deliver on its promise to the Eastern Africa’s largest food, beverage and milling industry conference and exhibition. Now in its fourth year, AFMASS Conference & Expo Kenya edition has carved a niche for itself, becoming the most widely recognized platform for the entire food manufacturing retail and foodservice industry in Eastern Africa in a matter of few years.

THIS YEAR”S EVENT HAS SEEN MORE SPONSORS & EXHIBITORS FROM MORE THAN 14 COUNTRIES SIGN UP TO SHOWCASE THEIR PRODUCTS & SERVICES. “The entire food and agro industry in the region, be they suppliers, manufacturers, retailers, foodservice managers, researchers, students and entrepreneurs find AFMASS to be a unique platform. Technical and commercial oriented conference sessions presentations by leading subject matter experts highlight some of the latest technologies in the post-harvest, processing, packaging and food safety of food products, that the industry can use to build its capacity to meet local and export requirements,” says Francis Juma, the organizer of the AFMASS events. “Beyond the conference sessions, delegates and visitors to the Expo Hall also have face-to-face interactions with leading local, regional and international suppliers of equipment, packaging, food safety and laboratory, ingredients and chemicals, and industry services, providing a one-stop shop for latest information and industry solutions,” Juma adds. FOODBUSINESSAFRICA.COM

New Venue with Easier Access to Industrial Area, Airport Bigger, better AFMASS 2018

“AFMASS Keya 2018 is surely going to be better than any other event we have had over the last 3 years. This year, we have received more support from sponsors and exhibitors from diverse sectors of the industry and regions of the World,” Juma says. A number of leading industry players, including BioMerieux, Coca-Cola, DSM, BASF, DNV GL and Atlas Copco have confirmed their sponsorship for the event, indicating the important role AFMASS plays in their plan for the growth of their businesses in Africa. And a few more are lining up, with plans to sign up, say the organisers. “The fact that most of these brands are supporting AFMASS for at least a second consecutive year shows their belief that AFMASS is the most important event in this region,” he explains. With confirmed exhibitors from South FOODBUSINESSAFRICA.COM

Africa, Kenya, Germany, Norway, France, China, UK, Sweden, USA, Turkey and India, expo visitors will not only find the solutions at the show to be varied but also meet the unique needs of their businesses, with solutions for the small, medium and large manufacturer, retailer of foodservice provider at the Expo Hall. Many more are expected to sign up by the time the event is held.

Free entry to industry managers

AFMASS Conferences & Expos are unique for their admissions policy: free conference and expo entry to industry investors, managers and professionals from Africa’s food, beverage and milling industry from the manufacturing, retail and foodservice sectors; Government regulators and select number of managers from the NGO sector with a focus on those focused on the food

INDUSTRY MANAGERS FROM AFRICA’S FOOD MANUFACTURING, RETAIL & FOODSERVICE GET FREE ACCESS TO THE CONFERENCE & EXPO FOR THE ENTIRE DURATION OF THE EVENT. PRIOR ONLINE REGISTRATION IS REQUIRED and agro industry. Those who qualify through this route get access to teas, lunches and all other functions, except the Dinner and Awards ceremony that are charged at US$60 per person. Please note that conference seating is limited and that online booking is required to book your slot. The expo hall at the event is free to all delegates and visitors FOOD BUSINESS AFRICA | JAN/FEB 2018



Network, Discover, Be Inspired

For conference delegate and expo visitors, AFMASS has been the most outstanding networking forum for former colleagues, schoolmates, business associates and Government officials. With daily teas, lunches and other networking forums at the conference and expo, the event offers more than just networking opportunities. Get to discover some of the region’s leading suppliers to Africa’s growing food, beverage and milling industry all at the same place and venue. Discover also the latest technologies and market trends at the daily conference sessions.

New Venue, Easier Access

With a new venue, the organisers are confident that the bulk of the industry players will find the event to be easier to access from the main Industrial Area in Nairobi and surrounding towns. It is also strategically placed 5 minutes from the Jomo Kenyatta International Airport ( JKIA), Eastern Africa region’s largest airport, enabling travellers from across the region and the world to get into and out of the venue without going through the traffic challenges in Nairobi. “The Nairobi Convention & Conference Centre (NAICC) is a new events venue that has enables us to host this event on Mombasa Road. This will ensure that the main industry players from Industrial Area in Nairobi, all the way to Machakos, Athi River and Kajiado towns, which are critical drivers of industrial development, can find it easy to visit AFMASS over the three days of the event,” explains Juma, about the choice of the venue. He says that for international visitors, the choice of hotels near the venue including the recently opened Hilton Garden Inn, Four Points by Sheraton, Lazizi Premier, Ole Sereni Eka Hotel and many more are adequate to meet their specific accommodation, food and entertainment needs during their stay.




APRIL 25-27, 2018



Eastern Africa’s Largest Food, Beverage & Milling Industry Conference & Exhibition



Food, Beverage & Milling Equipment

Industry & Consultancy Services

Ingredients & Chemicals

Engineering Services & Solutions

Packaging Equipment & Solutions

Supply Chain & Warehousing

Laboratory & Food Safety Solutions





Tel: +254 725 343 932 •







Value of food exports from the UK to overseas markets in 2017, a record, as the industry calls for a fair Brexit deal UK


Jobs affected by the closure of 3 meat companies by 2 Sisters Group in the UK following a food safety scandal USA

20% Targeted percentage of no and

low-calorie beers by AB InBev by beer company 2020, from the current 8%, as the buzz towards alcohol free beers rises around the world.



174,000 Projected driver shortage in the US food industry by 2016, according to the trucking association



Dairy and food copany Danone’s investment in Harmless Harvest, a US producer of premium refrigerated coconut water


26.8M Projected tonnes of maize production in Mexico in the 2017/18 season.



Amount, in short tons, of projected sugar production in the US in the 2017/18 season, a record since 1999/2000.



Heineken Breweries’ target for renewable thermal energy across its plants around the world to reduce its emissions, from the current 14%



Projected value of plant-based proteins market by 2020 across the world, according to a report



Tonnes of Ghana’s projected rice production in 2017/18 season, from 390,000 last season WEST AFRIACA



The price of cocoa per tonne in the world market, falling from US$3100 ten months earlier, hitting farmer incomes in West Africa


Profit after tax recorded by Nigerian Breweries for the 2017 financial year, a 16% increase from 2016.



Rice imports into Angola in tonnes, with the country producing 25,000 tonnes per year. ZAMBIA

US$ 255.8 M Turnover of Zambeef Products in the 2017 financial year to September, up 16.6% from a year earlier






Tonnes of grain that Russia has harvested in the current season, the highest in over 40 years, as the country becomes the highest wheat exporter EUROPE


Danish dairy company Arla’s investment commitment in 2018, as it ramps up its 2020 growth ambitions UK



58% Percentage of fish samples

The cost of surplus food, nearing expiry, sold to staff at Tesco Supermarkets retail shops in the UK, as the company aims at reducing food waste from its system



Annual capacity per annum, in tonnes, of Cargill’s first animal feed plant in India

found to have been mislabeled, indicating the challenges with food fraud in the country CHINA

40% The annual growth rate in


Value of UAE’s Lulu Group’s investment in India’s fruit and vegetable processing and logistics; and retail mall in India’s Telangana state




US$234M Value of Del Monte Philippines




Daily capacity of an expanded soybean meal plant in Egypt, after Cargill and ADM signed a partnership in the country

Value of investment by Chinese online giant Alibaba in Bigbasket, India’s largest food grocer, as India’s e-commerce industry hots up

Budget allocation to India’s food processing ministry in this year’s budget, double last year’s figure

initial public offer in selling a 20% stake, the highest in food industry in the south-east Asia region since 2012 PHILIPPINES

600 Number of employees made

redundant by Coca-Cola Femsa, the bottler of CocaCola products in the country after the imposition of a sugar tax on sweetened beverages.



Number of people that are facing starvation in Eastern Africa, according to a regional inter-government body



of maize imported by Kenya from Uganda and Tanzania during January and February 2018



Number of people who died from a Listeriosis disease outbreak in Australia caused by rockmelon fruit consumption



Value of sweet potato factory put up in Meru, Kenya, with the support of USAID KENYA



45,000 – Tonnes of final product targeted by Africa Improved Foods, Rwanda’s nutrition products manufacturer

shareholding it has sold in Japanese dairy company Yakult

craft beer demand in China, as local and international brands including AB InBev invest in the sector




US$ 1.9B The value of Danone


196% The growth in sugar imports in 2017 compared to 2016 to 989,619tonnes, as drought hit local production




Growth in revenues that AFDIS, Zimbabwe’s spirits and wines company, reported in the half year to December 2017 SOUTH AFRICA


Number of people who had been confirmed by early March from the outbreak of Listeriosis disease in South Africa






March 20-23, 2018

May 13-15, 2018

June 12-15, 2018

Anuga FoodTec Cologne, Germany Focus: Food & Beverages

International Conference on Nutrition and Food Sciences (ICNFS) Lisbon, Portugal Focus: Nutrition

FOOMA Japan Tokyo, Japan Focus: Food Industry

May 15-17, 2018

June 19-20, 2018

Vitafoods Europe Palexpo, Geneva, Switzerland Focus: Nutraceuticals

International Grains Council Grains Conference Queen Elizabeth II Centre, Westminister, UK Focus: Grains

April 8-11, 2018 Food Automation & Manufacturing Conference Hyatt Regency Coconut Point Bonita Springs, Florida Focus: Food Engineering

May 22-23, 2018 April 11-12, 2018 Dairy Innovations Summit Amsterdam, Netherlands Focus: Dairy

European Coffee Expo Olympia, London, UK Focus: Tea, Coffee & Beverages

May 22-24, 2018 April 25-27, 2018 Africa Food Manufacturing & Safety Summit (AFMASS) Conference & Expo Kenya edition Nairobi Convention & Conference Centre, Mombasa Road, Nairobi, Kenya Focus: Food, Beverage and Milling Contact: FoodWorld Media Ltd Tel: +254 725 34 39 32 Email:

Sweets & Snacks Expo McCormick Place, Chicago, USA Focus: Sweets & Snacks

June 4-6, 2018 Dietary Fibre Conference Rotterdam, Netherlands Focus: Dietary fibre

May 9-12, 2018

June 7-8, 2018

Bakery China Shanghai New International Expo Center, Shanghai, China Focus: Bakery & Confectionery

Sustainable Foods Summit – European edition Focus: Sustainability Movenpick Hotel, Amsterdam, Netherlands

June 20-21, 2018 European Halal Expo Utrecht, Netherlands Focus: Halal products

June 24-26, 2018 Africa’s Big 7 Gallagher Convention Centre, Johannesburg, South Africa Focus: Food, Hospitality

October 3-5, 2018 Africa Food Manufacturing & Safety Summit (AFMASS) Conference & Expo – Zambia edition Lusaka, Zambia Focus: Food, Beverage and Milling Contact: FoodWorld Media Ltd Tel: +254 725 34 39 32 Email:

For event listings, contact us at for consideration. Terms and conditions apply

AFMASS CONFERENCE & EXHIBITION COMES TO ZAMBIA!! The fast growing industry-focused trade show Africa Food Manufacturing & Safety Summit (AFMASS) Conference & Exhibition is expanding in 2018 with a new edition in Lusaka, Zambia. The event, planned for October 3-5, 2018 is the first processing, packaging and food safety focused event of its type in the SADC region, and will bring together industry leaders, Government regulators, NGOs and suppliers to the industry to discuss the future of the food and agro industry in the region - while providing a platform to identify technologies required by the industry to do value addition, store and trade food and agro produce. AFMASS Zambia edition will bring together the stakeholders from Zambia, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Botswana, Mozambique, Angola, DRC, Tanzania and other African countries into Lusaka for three days of technical conferences, exhibitions and field vists to leading companies to share the future of the industry in the region. More information can be found at www. 16




Seaboard consolidates African operations with West Africa, Kenya units buy

KENYA – Kansas-based American group,

Seaboard Corporation, has announced its intention to acquire the shares of minority shareholders in Kenya’s pioneer milling concern Unga Group PLC, expanding its focus on Africa’s growing food and flour milling industry. The move adds to the company’s late 2017 acquisition of the milling and grain trading businesses of Groupe Mimran in Senegal,

boosting the company’s already strong portfolio of ownership of such businesses in Africa, Caribbean and Latin America. The acquisition handed Seaboard Groupe Mimran’s wheat milling and feed operations in Senegal (Grands Moulins de Dakar), wheat mill in Abidjan, Ivory Coast (Grands Moulins d’Abidjan) and grain trading business in Monaco, France. The acquisition

of this business increased the flour and feed milling capacity of Seaboard’s businesses by about 15% to over 24,000 metric tons per day and its grain trading volume by about 9%, hitting 10.5 million metric tonnes per year. In Kenya, if the company gets shareholders approval and subject to regulatory clearance, it will increase its stake in Kenya’s leading miller of human food and animal feed to 49%, with Victus Limited, the current majority shareholder, having the rest. The company intends to delist Unga from its current listing at the Nairobi Securities Exchange, once the deal is finished. The two investments in Kenya and West Africa will further add to Seaboard’s impressive list of companies where it either wholly owns or has a significant stake. Through its Seaboard Overseas & Trading Group, where its international grain processing and trading reside, the Fortune 500 Company has operations in 14 African countries including Nigeria, South Africa, Botswana, Zambia, DRC, Morocco, Kenya, Senegal, Ivory Coast and more.

Internattionaal sup pplier trade fair fo for the fo ood aand drink indusstry

COLOGNE, 20.–23.03.2018

ONE FOR ALL. ALL IN ONE. Food Processing | Food Packaging | Safety & Analytics Food Ingredients | Services & Solutions

Koelnmesse GmbH Messeplatz 1 50679 Köln, Germany Tel. +49 1806 578 866 Fax +49 221 821-991020


Dairy Association calls for less regulation of dairy products – The International Dairy Foods Association (IDFA) has recommended areas for regulatory reform for dairy product manufacturing, claiming the current regulations are overly burdensome, out-dated and barriers to innovation. The association is urging the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to modernize out-dated standards of identity for dairy products, revise overly burdensome regulations under the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) and extend the compliance date for the revised Nutrition Facts label. The IDFA made the comments in response to the agency’s request to identify regulations that foods manufacturers believe should be repealed, replaced or modified. “IDFA appreciates the opportunity to provide comments to FDA regarding the regulatory burden that dairy foods manufacturers face and suggest revisions to those regulations,” said Cary Frye, IDFA senior vice president for regulatory affairs.


“IDFA supports the Trump administration’s goals to significantly reduce regulatory burdens while maintaining the product safety and integrity that consumers expect.” IDFA is also asking FDA to extend the compliance dates for the nutrition facts label and serving size final rule to July 1, 2020, for manufacturers with US$10 million or more in annual food sales and until July 1, 2021, for manufacturers with less than US$10 million in annual food sales. This additional time will allow dairy companies to properly manage label changes and significantly reduces costs to food companies and consumers, the association believes, saying that the suggested deadlines will align more closely with the US Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) bioengineered food disclosure standard. In its comments, IDFA said that there are currently 300 identity standards for foods across 20 broad categories that establish defining characteristics and describe processing parameters, permitted ingredients

IDFA SAYS MANY OF THE 300 IDENTITY STANDARDS FOR FOODS ARE OUTDATED AND DON’T REFLECT CURRENT PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY OR PROVIDE FLEXIBILITY FOR FUTURE TECHNOLOGY ADVANCEMENT and compositional requirements. However, IDFA pointed out, many of these standards are out-dated and do not reflect current processing technology nor do they provide the much-needed flexibility for future technological advancement. “Reviewing and revising the existing standards of identity would provide more flexibility, allow for new ingredient uses and reflect current and future technological advances,” said Frye.


US Grains Council deny China sorghum dumping allegations – The U.S. Grains Council (USGC) and sorghum industry led by the National Sorghum Producers (NSP) have acted in response to new anti-dumping and countervailing duties investigations launched against imported U.S. sorghum by China. The response came a week after the sorghum markets reacted as farmers and the trade became concerned about market access in China. NSP CEO Tim Lust and USGC President and CEO Tom Sleight noted in media interviews that the market in China is not shut down and, to the industry’s knowledge, sales contracts continue to be executed. “The U.S.–China agricultural relationship is beneficial to U.S. farmers, Chinese


consumers and our respective partners,” Lust said in a statement. “We appreciate our deep and longstanding relationships within these buyers and the feed and livestock industries in China.” USGC and NSP will participate fully in the investigations to demonstrate that U.S. sorghum farmers do not dump products into China or elsewhere and that U.S. sorghum is not unfairly subsidized. “It is a prescribed process. There are lots of steps China must recognize in terms of sheer timing,” Sleight said in an interview with the National Association of Farm Broadcasting (NAFB). “It is critical to cooperate in these investigations because that’s the only way to defend your rights moving forward.”

USGC has worked on two similar cases with China related to U.S. distiller’s dried grains with solubles (DDGS) and one with Peru related to ethanol and has staff prepared to assist the sorghum industry in its defense. China was the largest market for U.S. sorghum in 2016/2017 with 205 million bushels in sales, according to USDA’s Foreign Agricultural Service, which represented 82% of all U.S. sorghum exports. Sleight said Council staff globally is also working to immediately find new export demand for U.S. sorghum, which has been dominated by China in recent years. The proceedings on the investigations will be governed by procedures outlined by the World Trade Organization (WTO) and will likely last for a year or more.


Mondelez International unveils new regional research and development centre SINGAPORE – Consumer goods giant

Mondelez International has launched a new Technical Centre in Singapore to build on its research and development capabilities in the Asia-Pacific region. Part of its US$65 million development plan, the centre will focus on introducing new methods or ideas in a product development scheme that will solely engage new technologies, as part of its



earlier announcement to invest in R&D facilities and build a network of Research, Development & Quality (RDQ) hubs across the globe in order to secure the its business position. At the centre, research will be spearheaded at a range of labs equipped with pre-commercial production systems to monitor the efficiency of new production technologies and innovations. The site will

also be equipped with a creative packaging studio to create new designs with better art work, having a team of 75 scientists, developers, engineers, analytical chemists and other specialists. The Singapore centre is the sixth fully operational R&D plant by Mondelez, with a focus on the US, UK, Poland, India, China, Singapore and Brazil.






Heineken opens its ‘greenest’ brewery in Mexico

– Leading brewing company Heineken has opened a new brewery in Mexico that it says will be the most water efficient in the World, with unique circular economy principles that drive its sustainability agenda. Made using the latest technology, the brewery is constructed following circular economy principles, focusing on renewable energy and


efficient water usage. The brewery fits into Heineken’s announcement in February 2018 of the ‘Drop the C’ programme that aims to grow the brewer’s share of renewable thermal energy from the current 14% to 70% by 2030, as it seeks to drive real change in its renewable energy plans and emissions reduction targets. Located in Meoqui, Chihuahua, the new brewery is a US$500 million investment and is the largest green-field project in the company’s history, says the company. It has a production capacity of 600 million litres (6 million hectolitres) per year and is the seventh in Mexico, where the brewer says is a key market for its future growth. According to Heineken, environmental sustainability was central to the design of the new brewery. Operating on circular economy principles, the brewery will use 100% renewable electricity, using a mix of solar and wind energy. Majority of the electricity, 88%, will come from wind power, while the remaining 12% will come from solar power which will be

generated through windows in the brewery, which contain photovoltaic cells. The brewery will also have a wastewater treatment plant, which will allow the use of biogas in boilers. It will reuse treated water for the cleaning of shared facilities and the irrigation of green spaces. In terms of water usage, the Meoqui brewery will be the brewer’s most water efficient brewery globally and is aiming to use just two litres of water for every litre of beer produced by 2020, reveals Heineken. “With a developing economy, a rich geographical and demographic diversity and a flourishing beer sector, we see great additional potential here. I am proud that the Meoqui brewery will be one of our biggest and ‘greenest’ breweries showcasing our longterm commitment to the country, the region and the environment,” said Jean-François van Boxmeer, Chairman of the Executive Board/ CEO of the company.


Tiger Brands, Rainbow Foods facilities source of outbreak as Listeriosis cases hit 945

SOUTH AFRICA – A plant by Enterprise Foods, a division of leading conglomerate Tiger Brands in Polokwane South Africa, has been identified as the source of the Listeriosis outbreak that has hit South Africa over the last year. In an announcement by the Health Minister Aaron Motsoaledi and the National Institute of Communicable Diseases (NICD) identified 20


the facility and has also traced Listeria, the source of the disease to another Enterprise facility in Germiston, and a Rainbow Foods chicken facility in the Free State, but further tests were needed as the sequence type was not yet known, as we went to press. Tiger Brands on behalf of its division, committed to recall ready-to-eat meat products that had been identified with the outbreak, but are conducting its own tests as well. The company, meanwhile, closed down the two plants as a precaution “As a company that prioritises the health and safety of consumers above all else, we are committed to ensuring that all Enterprise products, as identified, will be recalled as part of the directive received. We are working very closely with the officials at present to conduct the process and will provide updates to the public on this matter,” Tiger Brands spokesperson Nevashnee Naicker said in a statement. Meanwhile, Health authorities in South Africa have warned vulnerable groups of the population, including young children and the old, from eating ready-to-eat meat products and unpasteurized milk products as the Listeriosis cases hit the 945 mark at the end of February in the country. A report issued by the National Institute for

Communicable Diseases (NICD) showed that since January 1, 2017, confirmed Listeriosis cases continue to rise, with another 30 new cases in the week from February 20. The report noted that at the end of hospitalisation an additional 18 cases had been confirmed, bringing the total with known outcome to 635 out of the 945, or 67% of the total patients and that 176 (19%) patients are known to have died from the disease so far. The disease has particularly taken a blow on young children below 28 days, with 41% of the cases belonging to this age group. They have also adviced the general population to avoid or thoroughly cook before eating, processed, ready-to-eat meat products including viennas, polonies, russians, ham, other ‘cold’ meats, sausages, various corned meats, salami, pepperoni and similar products typically found in the processed meat sections of food retailers and butcheries. By the end of February, over 1500 foodstuffs from retail outlets, food processing plants and patient homes had been tested by the authorities, with over 70 food items testing positive for Listeria monocytogenes, the bacteria responsible for Listeriosis.


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KFC and Taco Bell owner buys stake in delivery company to boost e-commerce

USA – Yum! Brands, the owner of KFC and Taco Bell restaurants, has taken a 20% stake in one of USA’s leading online and mobile takeout food-ordering company Grubhub, to drive incremental sales to in the U.S. through online ordering for pickup and delivery. The agreement for the company to purchase US$200 million of common stock of Grubhub comes at a time that food companies are getting to terms with the rising importance of food delivery, and where Amazon, which last year bought the leading retailer of healthy food products, Whole Foods, is ramping up its position to take on food companies in their own space. The investment will provide Grubhub with additional liquidity to accelerate expansion of its US delivery network, drive more orders to Yum restaurants, and enhance the ordering and delivery experience for diners, restaurants and drivers, making the two brands easier for consumers to access. Grubhub will be Yum! Brand’s only national partner for KFC and Taco Bell branded online delivery channels. “We are committed to making our iconic brands easier to access through online ordering for pickup and delivery, and aggressively pursuing delivery as a strategic global growth opportunity, with nearly half of our 45,000 restaurants already offering it today,” said Greg Creed, Chief Executive Officer, Yum! Brands, Inc. 22



Unilever calls for accelerated industry action on packaging waste, reduce ocean waste. NETHERLANDS - Unilever has called for the consumer goods industry to step-up its efforts to tackle the mounting challenge of ocean plastic waste and create a circular economy for plastics and address plastic leakage into the world’s natural systems including waterways and oceans. “As a consumer goods industry, we need to go much further, much faster, in addressing the challenge of single use plastics by leading a transition away from the linear take-make-dispose model of consumption, to one which is truly circular by design,” said Unilever CEO Paul Polman, who has been an advocate of environmental causes since joining the company in 2009, where he launched the company’s Sustainable Living Plan, that has an ambitious vision to fully decouple its growth from overall environmental footprint while increasing its positive social impact. According to Polman, four key actions the consumer goods industry should take to create the systemic change required and accelerate the transition to a circular economy include companies investing in innovation towards new delivery models that promote reuse of plastics; more companies committing to 100% reusable, recyclable

or compostable packaging while setting stretching targets for using post-consumer recycled content; and for companies to engage positively in policy discussions with governments on the need for improvements to waste management infrastructure, including the implementation of Extended Producer Responsibility schemes. Further, the company believes that there should be a Global Plastics Protocol that will set the common agreed definitions and industry standards on what materials are put into the marketplace, to ensure that packaging is compatible with existing and cost-effective recycling infrastructures. Polman has also called for all stakeholders in the value chain to take a shared responsibility to find effective solutions to ocean plastic waste, arguing that the ‘response from the consumer goods industry will be amongst the most critical in determining the speed at which positive change takes place.’ Unilever has made a commitment to ensure 100% of its plastic packaging is fully reusable, recyclable or compostable by 2025, as part of its effort to accelerate the industry’s progress towards the circular economy.


Philippines introduces soda tax to raise revenues as industry protests – The popular Asian nation of Philippines has introduced a new tax on sugar-sweetened beverages to seal budgetary deficits after the country’s leadership reduced corporate taxes, leading the industry to protest the move. Introduced on 1 January 2018, the tax, which targets drinks with caloric and noncaloric sweeteners has added PHP 6 ($0.12) per litre of beverages. Beverage products using high-fructose corn syrup (HFCS), a common sweetener from maize processing, were however hit with a higher levy of PHP 12 ($0.24) per litre. The new sugar tax, which was announced in December 2016, has been praised by the World Health Organization as a way of “protecting the health of Filipinos”, where the WHO says overweight and obesity rates have been steadily increasing and


diabetes and cardiovascular disease now cause four out of every ten deaths. The industry has protested the latest introduction of the tax, with Coca-Cola Femsa, the bottling operator of CocaCola announcing that it will restructure its business in the country in light of the developments, despite making a commitment to invest US$800 million in the country to expand its operations in the Philippines to boost production capacity in 2016. The Philippines joins a growing list of countries that have recently introduced soda taxes, with the UK and South Africa being the latest to do so to stem rising obesity and lifestyle diseases. The Emirate Kingdom of United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia also introduced hefty excise duty levies on beverages in 2017. FOODBUSINESSAFRICA.COM


World feed production continues upward trend, driven by pig, broiler and dairy feed.


– Worldwide production of

animal feeds continued on an upward trend in 2017, surpassing the 1 billion metric tonnes mark for second consecutive year, after having hit the milestone figure in 2016, reveals a new survey by Alltech. The 2018 Alltech Global Feed Survey estimates that a total of 1.07 billion metric tonnes of feed were produced in 2017 from more than 30,000 feed mills in 144 countries, growing at 2.57% over the 2016 figures. The survey shows that China and the US still dominate the animal feed industry, producing one-third of the global feed supply and that predominant growth came from the pig, broiler and dairy feed sectors as well as the European and AsiaPacific regions. China, the U.S., Brazil, Russia, Mexico, India and Spain, which contain about 54% of the world’s feed mills accounting for 53% of total production, were the largest producers in order of prominence, acting as indicators of the trends in agriculture, notes Alltech. The industry, valued at US$430 billion, has seen 13% growth during the past five years, equating to an average of 2.49% per annum due to an increase in worldwide demand for meat, milk and eggs, reveals Alltech

Africa stagnates for first time

Africa produced 39.1 million metric tonnes of feed in 2017 but its production stagnated for the first time over the last few years despite the region remaining the fastest growing region in the world for dairy and broiler feeds. The continent has also recorded the fastest growth rate in total production since 2012, nearly 30% to 2017, the highest in the world, followed by Europe where production has grown 28% over the same period. Pig, dairy, layer and boiler feed production increased in Africa during 2017, with smaller countries such as Botswana and Mozambique leading the growth, while beef and aquaculture FOODBUSINESSAFRICA.COM

declined, reflected in falls in Zambia and Morocco’s production. Aquaculture feed production showed small increases in most African countries, but lower production in Egypt, which has surpassed Nigeria as the continent’s top producer, dragged down the regional figures. Despite the lull in growth recorded in Africa, the continent had the highest growth rate per species, posting 11% growth in layer feeds and 10% in both dairy and broiler feed. Pet food grew 6% and pig feed grew 9% in complete reversal to beef feed that fall by a sub


RUSSIA MOVED FROM NO. 7 TO 4 IN 2017 AS IT BECOMES MORE SELF RELIANT IN MEAT PRODUCTS stantial 15%, dragging down Africa’s total feed production. Feed production, and uptake, in Africa is still largely affected by high final feed costs, the highest in the World, with Cameroon and Nigeria mentioned as two countries with especially high feed costs.

China falls but pig feed rises

China, already the number 1 producer of animal feed in the World, saw a slight decease of 0.4% in its reported animal feed production figures, down to 186.86 million metric tonnes, but pig feed production rebounded, increasing 11%, driven by the proliferation of larger, more professionallyrun farms that have boosted efficiency of pork production in the country. Layer and broiler feed production declined 11% and 5% respectively due to improvements in efficiencies and relatively rapid consolidation of the world’s largest egg market. Dairy and beef feed production both declined by 17%, as China’s dairy farmers struggle to balance poor milk prices with highly priced inputs. Cheaper, higher quality meat imports could be impact the beef feed industry, hence the decline in

AFRICA’S FEED VOLUMES STAGNATED FOR FIRST TIME. LAYERS, DAIRY AND BROILER FEEDS GREW 10% FROM 2016 FIGURES. local production. During 2017, China was forecast to import 950,000 metric tonnes of meat, from a paltry 26,000 metric tonnes in 2003, mainly from Australia and Brazil. The US, banned from importing meat to the country in December 2003, got a reprieve to begin exports to China after 14 years of being deprived of the opportunity to take advantage of a rapidly growing market. The Asia-Pacific region produced 381.1 million tonnes of feed in 2017, accounting for 35% of the world’s tonnage, an increase of 3% over 2016, primarily due to increases in pig and pet food production. India, Thailand and Vietnam were the regional leaders in growth, recording 9%, 8% and 4% respectively. The report notes that after China, India is a country to watch, as feed production is expected to continue with its booming population. In spite of cultural and religious barriers hindering the opening of the sector to its full potential, Alltech says that the dairy and layer feed production each increased by 5% in 2017, and its broiler feed production increased by 12%. Its aquaculture feed production rose 8%, one of the few countries to record such a substantial growth rate. In Latin America, Brazil remained the leader in feed production for the region and third overall globally. Brazil, Mexico and Argentina accounted for almost 75% of regional feed production. Mexico leads the region in beef and layer feed production. The region produced 160.7 million metric tonnes in 2017 Europe recorded 3% feed tonnage growth rate, mainly due to pig, boiler and aqua feed production increases, totaling 267.1 million tonnes. The region was led by Russia with 37.6 million tons produced in 2017, moving up in the country rankings from number seven to number four, driven by the authorities’ directive to boost local production of meat, milk and eggs and rising self-sufficiency in feed production. The country’s total production went up 19% in the year. FOOD BUSINESS AFRICA | JAN/FEB 2018




Coca-Cola debuts craft soda, leans on transparency, local South African Starbucks and Dominos franchise CEO sourcing and heritage USA –Coca-Cola has returned to its Carlo Gonzaga resigns artisanal roots with the release of two new

– The CEO of Taste Holdings, responsible for bringing the for Starbucks and Dominos franchises to South Africa CEO Carlo Gonzaga has resigned from his position 10 days after the restaurant group unveiled new board members in a bid to breathe life into the cash-strapped company, reports Business Day. The beleaguered retailer said that Gonzaga would remain employed for the next six months to support new interim CEO Tyrone Moodley and the board of directors during the handover period. He has been with the company for 18 years, founding the business with a single pizza outlet in Durban with his father, Luigi. Gonzala’s resignation came as part of a series of shake-ups that major shareholder Riskowitz Value Fund LP (RVF) has been implementing to save the nearly penniless retailer, adds Bizcommunity. “Given the recent changes to the board and shareholding I am of the view that the time [to hand over] is now,” Gonzaga said. The New York-based RVF, which has been a shareholder in Taste since 2009, increased its stake in the retailer to 64.5% after it underwrote most of Taste’s R398 million (US$34.4 million) rights issue in January. Apart from holding the franchise for Starbucks and Domino’s pizza, Taste also has its own brands including Maxi’s, Fish & Co and Zebros Chicken.




specially crafted beverages, combining the timeless taste of Coca-Cola with peach flavor sourced from peaches grown in Georgia and raspberry flavor sourced from raspberries grown in California. The beverages producer hopes to capitalize on the growing popularity of craft sodas and build on the success of CocaCola from Mexico, which the company began importing into the U.S. in 2006 and has posted solid growth ever since. The new products, Coca-Cola Georgia Peach and Coca-Cola California Raspberry, are available in 12-oz. glass bottle singles or four-packs and will be availed across the US in restaurants and other outlets. With soda sales continuing their fall in volumes in the US market, with a 2.5%


drop in 2017, according to Euromonitor, Coca-Cola’s move comes at a point that locally produced, artisanal beverages are beginning to take a bite out of the soda industry. It is this rising market, akin to the booming craft beer market, that the beverage giants are seeking to emulate to meet new consumer tastes and preferences. The global craft soda industry totalled US$537.9 million in 2016 and is expected to grow by 3.5% per year to 2015, hitting US$732.4 million by 2025, according to Grand View Research, Inc., driven by consumer interest in healthier beverages. “While traditional soft drinks are under review by nutritionists, craft soda, also known as specialty, small-batch, or artisanal soda, is gaining share owing to its finest and natural ingredients, unique packaging, creative flavors, and its strong local

presence. Rising trend of gourmet food as well as wellness food is expected to be the vital factor for increasing consumption of craft sodas,” says the report by Grand View Research. “Specialty sodas are particularly appealing to people who enjoy discovering crafted flavors and who have a desire to try curated food and beverage experiences,” said Lillian Norton, senior brand manager, Coca-Cola Innovation. “We see an opportunity to make more of a full portfolio play in this space with these new locally inspired flavors.” According to Ted Ryan, Coca-Cola archivist, he sees the new drinks as a modern-day interpretation of the ritual of personalizing Coca-Cola with locally relevant tastes. They also align with people’s desire for more information about the foods and beverages they consume. “We know that our consumers want more transparency,” Norton added. “They want clear ingredient information, and they’re seeking out more local products. They’re shopping local, and eating local. So we wanted to allow people to experience some unique local flavors no matter where they live in the United States.” The bottle and package designs also reinforce the local, craft-inspired personality of the new beverages. The logos and imagery are printed directly on the glass bottles versus a label, the four-pack carrier is designed in an artful, understated way, and the on-pack copy shares the story behind these beverages,” Norton explained. According to Norton, the company sees an opportunity to make more of its full product portfolio to play in craft soda space with locally inspired flavours. FOODBUSINESSAFRICA.COM


Nestlé launches 100% bottle from recycled plastics, reports lower than expected full-year results SWITZERLAND/USA – Food and beverage major Nestlé has

launched a new water bottle made from 100% recycled plastic in its North American market as it strives to deliver on its sustainability agenda, and as concerns over plastic bottles take centre stage around the World. The Nestlé Pure Life Purified Water, available in 700 ml, is made from 100% food grade recycled plastic, otherwise known as rPET, aims to inspire consumers to recycle their water bottles. “Environmental sustainability is an integral part of our company’s purpose and heritage,” said Antonio Sciuto, Executive Vice President and Chief Marketing Officer for Nestlé Waters North America. “This new bottle . . . is the latest way we’re satisfying consumer demand for healthy hydration on-the-go and inspiring consumers to recycle.” It is already available in grocery, mass, and convenience stores across the country. As part of its sustainability agenda, the company says that since 2005, it has reduced the amount of PET plastic in Nestlé Pure Life half-liter bottles by 40%. All the company’s Arrowhead Mountain Spring Water and Nestlé Pure Life Purified Water produced in California, USA are made with 50 percent recycled plastic, the company says. Meanwhile, the company has released its full year results for 2017, reporting 2.4% organic growth rate, which are below its expectations, as the new CEO Mark Schneider reported the results after his first year in charge of the company. Weak sales growth in North America and Brazil were largely blamed for the company’s slower growth, but the company reported increased sales growth in all categories despite its missing of its guidance sales growth target. The company’s total reported sales increased by 0.4% to US$97.3billion from US$96.7 billion in 2016, with underlying trading operating profit margin coming in ahead of expectations, up 0.5% in constant currency and up 0.4% on a reported basis to 16.4%. As part of the company’s restructuring, the company intends to sell the Gerber Life Insurance business it acquired as part of its deal to take over Gerber from Novartis in 2007 but will retain the Gerber infant nutrition business within the recently revamped infant nutrition portfolio. The company also announced that it will not renew its long established agreement with the Bettencourt family for its stake in French personal care maker L’Oréal. “In order to maintain all available options for the benefit of Nestlé’s shareholders, the Board of Directors has decided not to renew this agreement. We do not intend to increase our stake in L’Oréal and are committed to maintaining our constructive relationship with the Bettencourt family,” says the company. Accelerating the company’s growth through product innovation and renovation will be high on the agenda of the company as it seeks to reach its growth targets in 2018 and forward. The company expects organic sales growth to improve in 2018 and has confirmed that it is on track to hit the 2020 margin improvement target, according to the CEO.


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Bidco Land O’Lakes starts construction of US$10 million feed plant in Kenya

KENYA – Bidco Land O’Lakes, the joint venture animal feed business between Bidco Africa and Land O’Lakes has commenced the construction of a KSh 1 billion (US$10 million) plant in Nakuru, Kenya. The new plant ‘will boost production capacity, give us ability to produce new, high quality and innovative animal feeds products’, said the company on its Twitter feed. The new plant will be ready by early 2019. The new investment could provide the company with capacity to meet rising local demand in Kenya where the company’s sales have been focused, into East Africa, where the company has high aspirations to reach into the East African market. “With more space and better equipment, the business can tackle a growing demand

for different kinds of feed, including valueadded products and more best-inclass formulas from our Land O’Lakes catalogue,” said Land O’Lakes in the blog post. “With nearly 450 million people, these are large markets that will continue to grow rapidly and where more middle-income consumers are being added every day because of strong economic growth throughout the region,” Jerry Kaminski, Land O’Lakes executive vice president and chief operating officer of International Business said in a blog post on the Land O’Lakes website. The Bidco Land O’Lakes investment adds to Land O’Lakes’ focus on Africa, where Land O’Lakes International Development, a nonprofit affiliated with Land O’Lakes, has been laying the groundwork for dairy industry growth in Kenya for over 20 years. “This work has primed the industry for the next phase – commercialization and private sector investment,” says the company, of its previous involvement in the

region’s dairy value chain, where it expects that the demand for animal feed products will rise, driven by changing consumer habits, and rising incomes and urbanisation. “We know from experience that the demand for animal protein products (milk, meat, eggs) in Kenya and East Africa will continue to grow. Bidco Land O’Lakes can take a leadership position by leveraging our world class animal feed capabilities from the United States to help East African farmers produce more, high quality products. This joint venture along with our investment in Villa in South Africa position Land O’Lakes to be a leader in the growing African marketplace,” the company revealed in January. The company has revealed that Bidco Land O’Lakes sales have more than doubled since the signing of the joint venture in 2016. The company says that commercialisation of dairy farming, where only 5% of farms are commercial ventures, will change, with ‘more Kenyan farmers seeing opportunities in commercializing their dairy businesses.’ Land O’Lakes bought a controlling interest 52.2% stake in Villa Crop Protection, A South African company in 2015, its first commercial foray into Africa.


ISO 45001 to replace OHSAS 18001:2007 in March 2018

WORLD – A new health and safety system

is set for final publication in March 2018, replacing the current OHSAS 18001 that has been in use since 2007. The new version, called ISO 45001:2018, will become the globally recognized occupational health and safety management system certification standard. It will have a migration period of 3 years to give organisations an ample time to align with its requirements. According to SGS, the standard is a good tool in health and safety management as it attracts attention from both internal and external stakeholders to look into the overall risk control strategies. It is also essential in strategizing and adopting an occupational and health management system relating to its importance to the overall performance of the organisation. ISO 45001 stipulates new requirements



that need to be implemented by organisation. Although it borrows some aspects from the OHSAS system, it renames and repositions some Occupational Health and Safety Management System activities and procedures. In the new version, the term ‘documented information’ has been used to replace the terms ‘documented procedure’ and ‘record’ used in OHSAS 18001:2007, to give emphasis on information that needs to be controlled and maintained by an organization. It puts into consideration the organizational context, which combines internal and external factors, and conditions that can affect the approach of the business in implementing the health and safety requirements. ISO 45001:2018 eliminates the need for a Management Representative to

ensure that management of the OHSMS is not solely focused on an individual but on leadership, at the same time engaging direct participation from top management. In addition to OHSAS 18001:2007 requirements, the system proposes specific requirements when planning, implementing and developing an OHSMS, adopting a risk-based approach when developing and implementing an OHSMS, identification of the awareness and competence necessary for workers. SGS says that organisations already accredited to OHSAS 18001:2007 need not to change their existing OHSMS procedures and document structure, or the terminology they use to reflect the ISO 45001:2018 requirements.



Alibaba leads US$300 million funding for Indian online grocer Bigbasket INDIA – Chinese internet giant Alibaba Group has led a US$300 million investment in India’s biggest online grocer Bigbasket, reports Bloomberg. Hari Menon, Bigbasket’s co-founder and CEO, said the investment values the company at US$950 million, as investments in India’s e-commerce accelerates to take advantage of rising penetration in the country. The company sells vegetables, kitchen mops, spice mixes and savoury Indian tea-time snacks and many other everyday grocery items. “We wanted a strategic investor and saw Alibaba as the best fit,” Menon said in an interview. He said existing investors Abraaj Group and Bessemer Venture Partners participated in the latest round. India’s retail market is worth over US$900 billion and grocery shopping accounts for about US$600 billion of that, Menon said. Bigbasket’s rivals include India’s leading online retailer Flipkart Online Services Pvt., as well as the SoftBank Group Corp.-backed Grofers. The company will deploy the funds into building farmer networks, warehouses and delivery infrastructure with a goal to penetrate deeper into the more than 24 cities it currently operates in, Menon said. PRODUCTION

Nigeria’s maize output may fall 7% amid rising imports, pests NIGERIA – Maize output for the 2017-18 season in Nigeria, Africa’s number 2 maize producer, will probably decline by as much as 750,000 metric tonnes due to the impact of pests and increased imports, according to the Maize Association of Nigeria, reports Bloomberg. Bloomberg sources quoted the President, Maize Association of Nigeria, Tunji Adenola, as saying that Nigeria was estimated to produce 10 million tonnes of corn in the current season, 7% less than 10.75 million tonnes in the 2016-17 season. “Apart from import which is the major challenge to corn production in Nigeria, the two-year-old armyworm attacks ravaging farms have discouraged farmers from producing,” Adenola said, adding that those unable to compete with imported corn, which was cheaper, were being compelled to switch to other crops. Nigeria is Africa’s biggest corn producer after South Africa, whose 2017-18 output is estimated at 12 million tonnes, according to the United States Department of Agriculture’s Foreign Agricultural Service. The grain is grown all over the country from the semi-arid north to the rain forests of the south. Most of Nigeria’s corn is consumed locally as a staple or used in feed for livestock and raw material in the food industry. The West African nation saw corn imports jump 33 per cent in the 2016-17 season to reach 400,000 tonnes, the USDA figures show.


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Danone exits India dairy business, reduces Japanese dairy Yakult stake to 7%

FRANCE – French food and dairy conglomerate Danone exited the dairy business in India as part of product rationalization in the country, almost 8 years after entering the country, the largest milk producer and market. The company has also reduced its stake in Japanese Asian regional dairy player Yakult by two-thirds from 21% to 7% to appease investors who are pushing the company to

deliver returns, as its fresh dairy products line continue to face market challenges around the World, according to various reports. A company spokesperson said the company remains committed to invest and grow in India through brands such as Protinex, Aptamil, Farex, Dexolac and Neocate. In a statement, Danone said it has decided to rationalise its product portfolio in India to allow for accelerated investments and a sharper focus on growing its nutrition portfolio, which is more than 90% of the business. Danone’s closure of its dairy business in India also included its company’s factory in Rai near Delhi according to ET Retail. Retailers and industry sources told Times of India that Danone was incurring losses on its dairy business which included milk, flavoured yogurt, buttermilk, cold coffee, curd and smoothies and could not sustain maintaining

its margin and that the company was unable to compete with national giants like Amul, Mother Dairy and other regional brands. The dairy industry in India, largely in the hands of informal traders and co-operatives with a huge sway, was valued at Indian Rupees 7 trillion (US$108 billion) and is expected to more than triple to Indian Rupees 22 trillion (US$340 billion) by 2022, according to IMARC Group. The MoU, says Danone, will facilitate intensified activities with the probiotic beverages company for the project, where the company has also increased its capital allocation. Meanwhile, Danone has announced that it is reducing its 21.29% stake in Japanese dairy producer Yakult to about 7% shareholding that it first acquired in 2000. Danone will continue to be the dairy’s largest single shareholder and have a Board seat.


USDA estimates record US beet and total sugar production in 2017/18 USA – The U.S. Department of Agriculture

has reported forecast record high U.S. beet and total sugar production in 2017/18, in it’s in its World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates. The U.S.D.A. forecast U.S. 2017-18 sugar production at a record 9,230,000 short tons, raw value, down 82,000 tons from January based on beet sugar at 5,219,000 tons, down 38,000 tons but still record high, and cane sugar at 4,011,000

tons, down 44,000 tons. The report said that if realized, 201718 total sugar production would surpass the prior record of 9,032,000 tons in 1999-00. Forecast 2017-18 imports were unchanged from January at 3,316,000 tons, including imports from Mexico at 1,268,000 tons. Total supply was forecast at 14,422,000 tons, down 57,000 tons from January as lower production was partially offset by higher beginning stocks. The U.S.D.A.

estimated 2016-17 sugar ending stocks at 1,876,000 tons, up 25,000 tons from January on a like decrease in sugar deliveries for food, estimated at 12,102,000 tons. Domestic use was forecast at 4,886,000 tonnes, actual weight, down 86,000 tonnes from January, with exports forecast at 1,362,000 tonnes, up 105,000 tonnes, all for non-U.S. destinations.


Meat companies fail regulator’s food safety audits, one closes down UK – Russell Hume, one of UK’s meat suppliers has fallen into administration with a loss of 300 jobs as an industry-wide inspection audit takes its toll on the country’s meat cutting and retail industry. The meat supplier has blamed the Food Standards Agency (FSA) for its over-zealous approach to food safety concerns raised by the company, including inappropriate handling of ‘food hygiene concerns’ and labelling impropriety, according to a report in the Guardian. In addition to this, claims emerged that the meat supplier had sold foreign beef as ‘British’. The company claimed that the decision to go into administration and make hundreds of workers redundant was caused by FSA’s actions, which created impossible conditions for them. In a statement, the company 28


directors said that the misfortune could not have happened had FSA worked closely with them in early stages of the situation. In January, the company was ordered by the FSA to stop beef, chicken, pork, lamb and steak cuts deliveries to its customers due to food hygiene concerns plus an instruction to withdraw the already supplied products. The move to go into administration comes after the FSA and Food Safety Scotland announced an audit of all the main meat cutting and storage facilities in the country, after the UK’s major chicken supplier 2 Sisters Group was found to have breached food safety protocols at its factories. Undercover footage by Guardian and ITV of the company’s West Bromwich showed chicken being dropped on the floor and returned to the production line, and an instance of labels recording the

slaughter dates of poultry being changed. “In the last six months the FSA and FSS have faced two serious incidents involving major players in the meat sector. People rightly expect food businesses to keep to the rules, rules designed to keep consumers safe and to sustain public trust in food – and food businesses have a duty to follow the regulations,” said Heather Hancock, Chairman of the Food Standards Agency and Ross Finnie Chair of Food Standards Scotland said in a joint statement in January. Plans are underway to install CCTV cameras at meat cutting plants across the UK to manage the rising non-compliance in the sector. The passing of the regulation is currently awaiting parliamentary debate and approval. FOODBUSINESSAFRICA.COM


Arla Foods acquires milk, butter and cheese brands from Yeo Valley to grow organics line UK – Danish dairy cooperative Arla Foods Limited has acquired Yeo

Valley Dairies Limited, a subsidiary of the Yeo Valley Group Limited, as it seeks to grow its line of organic milk products in the key UK market. The transaction will give the farmer-owned dairy cooperative the rights to use the Yeo Valley brand in milk, butter, spreads and cheese under an intellectual property licence with Yeo Valley. However, the Yeo Valley yogurt, ice cream, cream and desserts business will continue to be run independently through Yeo Valley Group, a family owned dairy company. According to Arla, the deal will enable the dairy to meet its ambition to encourage customers to trade up from standard to organic milk, butter and cheese hence driving overall growth for its organic products across dairy categories, said Peter Giortz-Calsen, Executive Vice President and Head of Europe, Arla Foods. The company says that 25% of households in the UK currently buy organic milk products. “Arla Organic Free Range milk has driven 60% of all the growth within the organic milk category in the last 12 months, with 70% of all Arla Organic Free Range milk sales attributable to customers who would have not previously purchased organic milk. Through the licence to use the Yeo Valley brand, we believe that we can further drive organic penetration of the milk market,” adds Peter. According to Arla, in the UK only 4% of milk sold in the UK fresh milk market is organic, which compares with far greater shares of organic in the milk market in Germany (10%), Sweden (16%) and Denmark (29%). “This is a great chance for us to catch up with our European neighbours. Organic milk has a key role to play as consumers increasingly look for ways to make their diets healthier.” PRODUCTION

FrieslandCampina obtains full ownership of Chinese dairy company CHINA – FrieslandCampina, a Dutch multinational dairy cooperative, has acquired all remaining shares in Friesland Huishan Dairy (FHD), making it a 100% owned subsidiary of FrieslandCampina. FHD produces tea creamers and coffee creamers on behalf of other FrieslandCampina companies, besides infant formula. It is located near Shenyang in Liaoning Province. According to the company, the business was set up in April 2015 as a joint venture for the production and marketing of highquality locally sourced infant milk formula under the Dutch Lady brand in the People’s Republic of China.



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ALL-IN-ONE INDUSTRY SOLUTIONS’ MARKET PLACE Leading regional and international suppliers of equipment, chemicals, ingredients, food safety & laboratory systems, packaging, industry services and more converge at AFMASS Conferences & Exhibitions each year to showcase the right technologies to take Africa’s industry forward. AFMASS events provide solutions to both the big and small-scale industry players, better than any other event. Looking for supplies for your next project? Seeking partners or distribution opportunities with international or regional brands? Visit the website today to sign up to attend the conferences and exhibitions today. FOOD BUSINESS AFRICA | JAN/FEB 2018



European develops first plastics strategy to protect the planet from waste Strategy aims at having 100% of all plastics packaging recyclable by 2030 and reduce use of single-use plastics BELGIUM – The European Union (EU) has developed its first-ever Europe-wide strategy on plastics as the continental body seeks the transition towards a more circular economy by having all plastics used in the region recyclable by 2030. The new strategy will protect the environment from plastic pollution whilst fostering growth and innovation, turning a challenge into a positive agenda for the future of Europe, says the body, adding that there is a strong business case for transforming the way products are designed, produced, used, and recycled in the EU block. Under the new plans, all plastic packaging on the EU market will be recyclable by 2030 while the consumption of single-use plastics will be reduced; and the intentional use of micro plastics, blamed for interfering with marine life and other health concerns, will be restricted. The region generates 25 million tonnes of plastic waste. Less than 30% of the total is collected for recycling, notes the EU. “If we don’t change the way we produce and use plastics, there will be more plastics than fish in our oceans by 2050. We must stop plastics getting into our water, our food, and even our bodies. The only long-

term solution is to reduce plastic waste by recycling and reusing more. This is a challenge that citizens, industry and governments must tackle together. With the EU Plastics Strategy we are also driving a new and more circular business model. We need to invest in innovative new technologies that keep our citizens and our environment safe whilst keeping our industry competitive,” said EU’s First Vice-President Frans Timmermans, responsible for sustainable development. The goal is to protect the environment while at the same time lay foundations to a new plastic economy, where the design and production fully respect reuse, repair and recycling needs and more sustainable materials are developed. EU’s Vice-President Jyrki Katainen, responsible for jobs, growth, investment and competitiveness, said that despite concerns of job losses, the plastic strategy will bring new opportunities for innovation, competitiveness and high quality jobs. “This is true win-win,” he said. Under the new strategy, the EU will develop new rules on packaging to improve the recyclability of plastics and increase the demand for recycled plastic content. It will also curb plastic waste with focus turning to

IN NUMBERS 25 MILLION TONNES OF PLASTICS GENERATED BY EU COUNTRIES EVERY YEAR other single-use plastics and fishing gear and supporting national awareness campaigns. It will also restrict the use of microplastics in products and fix labels for biodegradable and compostable plastics. The block will also drive investment and innovation and provide guidance for national authorities and European businesses on how to minimise plastic waste at source. It will scale up innovation with an additional €100 million financing for the development of smarter and more recyclable plastics material to make recycling processes more efficient. The Union will also work with partners from around the world to come up with global solutions and develop international standards.


Dunkin’ Donuts to eliminate foam cups packaging by 2020

USA – Leading coffee and sweet goods retailer Dunkin’ Donuts has announced that it will eliminate all polystyrene foam cups from its global supply chain by 2020 as part of its sustainability commitments, eliminating up to 1 billion of such packs a year. The company will commence the replacement initiative in its key US home market beginning this year through to 2020,joining a majority of its international markets that have already done so. It will 30


replace the foam cups with a new, doublewalled paper cup. “With more than 9,000 Dunkin’ Donuts restaurants in the U.S. alone, our decision to eliminate foam cups is significant for both our brand and our industry. We have a responsibility to improve our packaging, making it better for the planet while still meeting the needs of our guests. Transitioning away from foam has been a critical goal for Dunkin’ Donuts U.S., and

with the double-walled cup, we will be able to offer a replacement that meets the needs and expectations of both our customers and the communities we serve,” said Karen Raskopf, Chief Communications and Sustainability Officer, Dunkin’ Brands. The new, double-walled paper cup be introduced at all Dunkin’ Donuts restaurants in New York City and California in spring 2018, and will be phased in across the U.S. as supplier manufacturing capabilities ramp up. The paper cup is made with paperboard certified to the Sustainable Forestry Initiative Standard and will feature the current reclosable lid the retailer’s hot beverages are served in. It will be used for all of the brand’s hot beverages, including coffee, lattes, macchiatos, tea and hot chocolate. It will have heat retention properties equal to the company’s foam cup, keeping hands cool, without the need for a sleeve, said the company. The company says that the transition to paper cups will remove nearly 1 billion foam cups from the waste stream annually, while meeting its ‘criteria for performance, environmental impact and cost. FOODBUSINESSAFRICA.COM


Britannia to add 50 dairy and baked products, grow into Asia and Africa by 2020 INDIA – India’s biscuits major Britannia

Industries has plans to launch around 50 new products under its existing as well as new categories by the end of 2020 as part of efforts to be a total food company, a top company official has told ET Retail. The company will also launch dairy products by end of 2019 and croissants through its joint venture with Greek cakes and confectionery company Chipita by the end of 2018. “Almost 50 new products would be there by the end of next financial year,” Britannia Industries Managing Director Varun Berry said. The Kolkata-headquartered company is looking to diversify into bakery,

non-bakery and snack segments. “We are also looking into other areas as bakery and outside bakery, the macro-snacking category, which could be potential areas for us to grow,” he said. Britannia may also launch new subbrands in the market for some categories, although it will primarily rely on its existing ones. The group will continue with its existing sub-brands to make sure that it is not completely entering the unknown territories, Berry said, adding that however, in some categories, the company will look for a new one where there is no suitable brand. A croissants manufacturing plant with

joint venture partner Chipita is expected to come up by the third quarter of the year, while Berry has confirmed the group’s plan to enter the dairy market and the value added product segments. Further, the company will continue with its strategy of adding new countries in its list and scout for new markets in Africa, while foraying into Bangladesh and Myanmar. With a plan to add a country every year to its portfolio, Berry said that they are looking at a number of countries in Africa from 2019-20, to add to its manufacturing plants in Dubai and Oman. Its Nepal plant will be on stream from the start of the fourth quarter 2019.






SABMiller delivers ‘transformative year’ for AB InBev as revenues grow 5.1% BELGIUM – AB InBev, the world’s biggest

beer producer, has a lot to thank for its acquisition of its former rival SABMiller for a ‘transformative year’ for the company, as the company delivered a solid 5.1% growth in revenues for the full year to end of 2017. The US$103 billion SABMiller deal, which closed in September 2016, has been billed by AB InBev as its ‘most successful business integration ever’ enabled the maker of Budweiser, Stella Artois and other beer brands to deliver its best performance in three years. In a widely positive financial release statement, the cost conscious conglomerate, says that it has ‘adopted a new way of looking at the beer category that recognizes different market maturities and the role of brand portfolios in driving category growth.’ “The combination has created something greater than the sum of its parts. The combination with SAB has exceeded our expectations. Cost synergies are not only greater than originally expected, but they are also being delivered at a faster pace. Revenue synergies are well underway through the successful launch of our global brands into new territories, among other activities,” the company says.

Excellent financials

The company revealed a 5.1% revenue growth in 2017 up from 2.4% in 2016 with a big contribution from higher growth developing economies, with a CAGR of 4.6% for the five years to 2017, exceeding its global FMCG peers. With particularly strong results in the fourth quarter, the company’s three global brands Budweiser, Stella Artois and Corona revenues grew 9.8%. Budweiser grew its global revenue by 4.1%, while Stella Artois grew 12.8% driven by sales in North America, Australia and its entry into South Africa and other new markets. Corona grew its revenue by 19.9% globally, led by Mexico, China, Australia and Argentina. The company has said that it will maintain its US$3.2 billion synergy and cost savings expectation as of August 2016, with US$2.1 billion already realized way before time. It believes that the balance of just over US$1 billion will be captured in the next two to three years. 32


Africa drives aggressive growth

Former SABMiller operation in Africa had memorable performance for the brewer, which is tapping into the huge potential in the continent, and SABMiller’s deep investment in some of the fastest beer growing countries. In the African region excluding South Africa, beer volumes grew in the midteens in 2017 in most of the countries, including in Nigeria, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia, through the focus on affordability and premiumization strategies in these countries. Beer revenues in South Africa grew 6% in FY17, with volume growth of 0.9%. EBITDA grew by 21.1% High end portfolio brands Stella


Artois, Corona and the recent introduced Budweiser grew volumes and gained market share gains, finishing the year with tripledigit growth. Flavoured beer brand Flying Fish recorded over 60% growth while Castle Lite continued its growth trajectory. “Continuously investing in innovation, we introduced several new packages and products this year. Some especially noteworthy launches include the one liter bottle, which establishes a new multi-serve pack size at an attractive price point within the core brand segment, and Castle Free, enabling us to compete in the non-alcohol beer segment with exciting implications for the image and health of the beer category,” the company said. In China revenue grew by 7.3% in the year with volume growth of 1.1%, driven by premium brands in a general market that decline nearly 1% during the year. EBITDA grew by 34.7% with margin expansion to 28.9% with premiumization driving topline growth.

US struggles, Brazil, Mexico and China deliver

The PET packaging ban in Russia affected the total beer industry, with revenues in Eastern Europe declining by low single

IN NUMBERS US$2.1B AMOUNT OF COST SAVINGS IN LAST TWO YEARS, AHEAD OF FORECAST digits. A decline in the US’s beer market impacted the brewery in the country, where it reported at 3% fall in sales. Brands within the above premium brand portfolio had a strong year, including Michelob Ultra led where volumes grew by double-digits. Premium beers Budweiser and Budweiser Light lost market share. In Mexico, volumes were up midsingle digits, revenues up high single digits, with local and international premium brands growing aggressively. Colombia saw revenue growth of 4.5% with revenue per hector-liter up 7.3%, benefitting from improved brand mix driven by continued rapid growth of global brands, especially Corona. Brazil saw a recovery throughout the year, delivering its strongest results in the fourth quarter. Revenue grew by 5.6% with beer volumes up 0.7% whereas the beer industry was slightly negative.

Sustainability focus onwards

The company will focus on sustainability in 2018, and is set to announce a set of ambitious sustainability goals, including clean energy, smart agriculture, water conservation, recyclable packaging as well as safer workplaces and communities. In 2017, the brewer committed to source 100% of its purchased electricity from renewable energy sources by 2025. “To brew the highest-quality beers, we need a sustainable environment and thriving communities. Sustainability is not just related to our business, it is our business. Consumers increasingly demand a commitment to sustainability from the brands they purchase,” the company said.



Food grade lubricants – an unlikely source of listeria By Linda Jackson


any scientific sources agree - the processing environment can be a primary source of Listeria monocytogenes. The ability of the organism to survive low temperatures means that even in chilled environments, any Listeria present will carry on multiplying. Low numbers of cells in inaccessible places provide a hidden reservoir that can continually cause recontamination after cleaning has been carried out. Another of the features of Listeria is that it is better able to withstand drying than many bacteria. Again this means it can persist in low moisture environments, so it can survive after being transferred by aerosols or in dust and re-contaminate the environment. Together these properties explain why it can become persistent in factories. While product testing is important, the focus in a manufacturer should be to prevent contamination and this is where maintenance plays a significant role through the hygienic design and construction of the plant. Hygienically designed, correctly installed and operated equipment should reduce the number of harbourage sites or niches while preventative maintenance of surfaces will minimise cracks and exposed rough areas that could provide growth areas. Listeria is quite versatile in using different types of nutrients. In nature it grows equally well on decaying plant matter or in an animal gut. In the food factory, therefore, lots of different types of food residues can provide the appropriate nutrients for growth. This feature means that it can often be found colonising food production equipment, such as chopping blades and vacuum packing equipment and it can also colonise chillers and refrigeration units. Even food grade lubricants can allow the survival and even growth of microorganisms, including Listeria.

Food grade lubricants – the double-edged sword

The food safety team should ensure that all potential hazards that could impact on food safety are identified and controlled. During the identification of hazards, the potential contamination from lubricants, greases and other maintenance related chemicals in the processing environment should be addressed. The control measure FOODBUSINESSAFRICA.COM

in most cases would be to replace unsuitable chemicals with suitable food grade lubricants. For confidence that lubricants used are in fact suitable to use in a food facility, an internationally recognized classification system should be consulted. Lubricants manufactured for use in a food facility are classified as H1, H2 and H3 types. The classification is based on where they are used and the potential for direct food contacts. H1 lubricants are often referred to as “above the line” lubricants—used on equipment or mechanical components where there is the possibility they may drip onto the food production line below and cause incidental contact. They comply with food regulations because they are physiologically inert, tasteless and odorless. They are suitable for incidental, technically unavoidable contact with a food product up to 10ppm. Selecting the correct lubricant is essential in removing the chemical hazard but could introduce the potential for a biological hazard – Listeria monocytogenes.

Listeria and Lubricants

Synthetic and mineral oil based lubricants used in the food industry have been shown to allow for the survival and growth of Listeria monocytogenes. In a 2007 study on the Finnish food industry it was shown that lubricants used in maintaining the equipment may act as contamination vehicles of L. monocytogenes. Waterbased chain conveyor lubricants are also susceptible to microbial contamination, including environmental pathogens such as L. monocytogenes. The survival of microbes in lubricants has been reported to be enhanced when the lubricants are contaminated with organic material and water. In a 2012 study, the survival of three L. monocytogenes strains in eight H1 lubricants, seven greases and one oil, applicable for food-processing machinery was studied. None of the native lubricants contained Listeria spp. above the detection limit of 103 cfu/g. In artificially contaminated lubricants, the viable counts of different L. monocytogenes strains decreased by more than 99.9% within 7 days, and the reduction rates were found to be dependent on the

composition of the respective lubricant as well as on the L. monocytogenes strain. The UN’s Food & Agriculture Organisation (FAO) and many industry guidelines advise that lubricants should be preserved. The addition of antimicrobial substances such as glutaraldehyde, sodium benzoate or isothiazoline has been reported to inhibit the growth of microbes. When selecting the correct lubricant ensure these are appropriately preserved to ensure these will be listericidal. So, make sure you ask ALL the right questions when selecting your lubricants to effectively and ensure that maintenance team members are trained on biological hazards and the importance of cleaning drip trays and taking all measures possible to preventing cross contamination of lubricants

Lubricants contamination risks

Lubricants can be contaminated with water, organic material, residues of other lubricants, physical or chemical substances causing oxidation and other chemical reactions, particles from corrosion (Anon., 2003), or with microorganisms. Contamination in lubricants can lead to contamination of food products e.g. through leakage from bearings, dripping from open lubrication points e.g. chains, leakage from oil circulation systems or from corroded joints of oil-filled heat exchange systems or contact between oil-coated machine surfaces (Anon., 2003). Microbes often tolerate anaerobic conditions and low water activity in lubricants. L. monocytogenes is capable of withstanding these conditions (Buchanan et al., 1989; Lou and Yousef, 1999). It has been shown to survive in butter, which was the vehicle in a Finnish L. monocytogenes epidemic in 1998-1999 (Lyytikainen et al., 2000). Rossmoore (1988) reported findings of L. monocytogenes in dairy conveyer lubricants. Use of lubricants in conveyers has also caused hygiene problems in breweries (Heinzel, 1988). Acinetobacter sp., Algaligenes sp., Pseudomonas sp. and sulphate reducing bacteria have been isolated from lubricants (Ortiz et al., 1990; Hamilton, 1991). Petitdemange et al. (1995) observed clear differences between strains of Clostridium butyricum in their ability to survive and grow in industrial glycerol. Excerpt from dissertation thesis - Kaarina Aarnisalo Linda Jackson is a Director at Food Focus, a consultancy company based in South Africa FOOD BUSINESS AFRICA | JAN/FEB 2018



Hungry Bellies and Silent Killers: Why both Quantity and Quality Matter in Food Security By Dr. Charity Mutegi


hat do you look for at the market or the grocery store? Do you seek out food that offers good value for money or the best taste? Would you rather have a large helping or a dish that looks appealing? Amongst all these decisions we grapple with, one thing is easily taken for granted: that the food we eat should neither make us sick nor damage our health. Food that harms us negates the very essence of why we eat and what food should be. Basic safety is the least we deserve, yet we have witnessed people die from the lack of it. Our subconscious target is to fill every belly. Food security should however, rest on four pillars, straddling both quantity and quality. It requires availability of sufficient food and its accessibility where it is needed, but equally important are the elements of nutrition and safety. Food safety is often overlooked, and quality considered synonymous with nutritional content. Certainly, valuable research combining nutrition and agriculture, from diversified cropping systems to nutritionally-enhanced crop varieties, is helping resource-poor people access healthier diets. However, the quality of a food is not a fixed attribute, and even the most nutritious crop can become harmful in the absence of good agricultural and manufacturing practices. What is the use of a plentiful harvest if eating it does us harm? Critical disciplines in agricultural organizations are key in ensuring food quality and safety. They include food science, postharvest management and nutrition. Unfortunately, their numbers are lean in many of such institutions compared to those mandated to increase crop and livestock productivity. A quick mental tally in such organizations will bring this fact closer home. A major food safety concern that threatens to negate the gains in crop and livestock productivity is aflatoxin contamination in crops and subsequent exposure in man and animals. Aflatoxin is produced by certain strains of Aspergillus flavus, A. parasiticus, and



related fungi. These fungi grow and produce toxins on many foods, including maize (corn), the most important staple in subSaharan Africa, and groundnuts (peanuts), a key addition to staple starches and a constituent of infant and therapeutic foods used globally. During an aflatoxicosis outbreak in eastern Kenya in 2004–5, over 125 people died after consuming contaminated maize. As recently as 2016, 65 people were affected and 19 died in Tanzania after consuming contaminated maize. The majority of sub-Saharan inhabitants are chronically exposed to aflatoxin, most without ever realising – even though accumulation in our bodies leads to cancer, immune suppression, and stunting in children-. The impact is dire, shortening lives and depriving productivity and happiness, coupled with a high societal cost of managing long-term illnesses. Since aflatoxin contamination largely affects our staples, we might expect some reprieve from the nutritious green leafy vegetables, widely grown across the African continent. In our quest to choose the best we obviously target the dark green leaves with no sign of damage, largely sold in open-air markets where traceability is next to nil, but prices are favourable. The outcome? We compound aflatoxin exposure with exposure to pesticide residues – overused and under- regulated – and heavy metals, found in high concentrations from effluents that trickle into systems where crops are grown, many of which are carcinogenic. This notwithstanding, staggering amounts of dangerous antibiotic residues in meat sources are gradually being unearthed. A recent study by one of Kenya’s leading public universities that was reported in the Daily Nation illustrates how grave the matter is in the country after large doses of antibiotics were found in beef, pork and chicken dishes in parts of the country. This is however not unique to Kenya, a fact that can be laid bare by a critical look at reports of similar products, east or west. The situation is grimmer when we consider that only a meagre population in the African continent has access to adequate and clean water for drinking and food preparation among other uses.

“OUR HISTORY OF HUNGER AND STARVATION ON THE AFRICAN CONTINENT HAS GIVEN MANY OF US A SKEWED PERCEPTION OF FOOD SECURITY.” According to several entities working on availing safe water across the globe, while about 10 per cent lack access to safe water globally, this statistic increases to over 40% in many countries in Africa, with an even greater number having no access to improved sanitation. In Kenya for example over 60% of the population lacks access to improved sanitation, with more than 5000 children under 5 years in the country dying each year due to diarrhoeal diseases caused by poor water and sanitation standards. As noted, it pits the number of people who own cell phones as being more than those who access improved sanitation! Due to water scarcity, those economically advantaged result to sinking boreholes in the absence of reliable tapped water, but rarely test water quality. It is common knowledge that a significant proportion of the SSA population gets their water from rivers polluted with effluent from industry and agriculture; soaps and detergents; and human and animal waste. The result is exposure to heavy metals, toxic chemicals, and a range of waterborne diseases. As I write this blog, parts of my country are emerging from a cholera outbreak – with resultant fatalities – yet the national news media has already moved on to other matters. Aflatoxin, routinely found in dangerous quantities in foods across sub-Saharan Africa, illustrates the dilemma of plenty versus safe in the African context. The fungus responsible colonises crops while they are growing, and continues to produce toxins even after harvest. It can sometimes appear as a surface mould but often shows no outward sign. This makes it difficult to accept the fact that not all foods that look good are safe to be eaten. Therein lies a challenge in promoting aflatoxin reduction technologies because there is no obvious distinct visual difference between clean and contaminated food. FOODBUSINESSAFRICA.COM

This is in contrast to the use of fertiliser or a new variety to achieve higher yields where the effect on the crops is pretty obvious. Also a few improvements in quality are equally evident, such as the enhanced pro-vitamin A content that gives a golden orange hue to crops such as cassava, maize and rice. Unfortunately, aflatoxin reduction, like many differences in nutrition and safety, is invisible. In a reversal of the fairy tale, the emperor looks naked but really is wearing a fine new suit! Raising awareness about safety concerns is therefore paramount, and must go beyond our traditional focus on farmers. Amongst those who know that aflatoxin can kill, many assume that they have escaped exposure and impact by being alive. I see these same people transformed once they understand how chronic exposure can affect their health. Sufficient demand for safe and nutritious food among ordinary consumers will incentivise its production and monitoring throughout the value chain. Alongside efforts to improve productivity, the agricultural research community must accommodate more technologies and innovative research aimed at enhancing food safety and nutrition. This can be attained by mainstreaming research in these areas within institutional core mandates, increased resource allocation, and engagement of requisite expertise.

In addition, the value for knowledge, “AFLATOXIN, ROUTINELY information and technologies generated FOUND IN FOODS IN will only be realized once they are moved SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA, from the libraries to end users. Such outputs ought to be supported by an enabling ILLUSTRATES THE DILEMMA environment of good infrastructure, OF PLENTY VERSUS SAFE IN working policies that speak to food quality AFRICA.” concerns, regularity mechanisms that should be enforced and frameworks for by a barometer of checks and balances to routine monitoring and surveillance to accommodate the volatility and dynamism accommodate both formal and informal of the multifaceted food quality concerns. A full belly should sit within a healthy establishments. In addition, politically body. Food is essential to life, yet it is stable environments where effective almost impossible to eat safely in much of extension services, advocacy/information Africa – and right there lies the paradox dissemination platforms, incubation of achieving meaningful food security in platforms and access to financial services our continent. Our bodies are like ticking and market access exist is key. time bombs, potentially counting down to Worth noting are the efforts that a health disaster. Silent killers like aflatoxin several institutions and bodies have made and other toxic compounds introduced into to address some of the concerns raised here. our bodies in minute doses over time are They include those with a global mandate the most elusive, but by thwarting them we such as WHO, FAO through joint efforts stop those clocks or organizational based initiatives, others with a regional mandate such as Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), the East Africa Community, Dr. Charity Mutegi is a Research Scientist Economic Community of West African at the International Institute of Tropical States (ECOWAS), and African Union, Agriculture (IITA), She was the 2013 winner North-South collaborations and numerous of the Norman Borlaug award for Field country based initiatives that are multiResearch & Application for her work with sectoral involving health, agriculture, Foodpublic Safety International aflatoxin management strategies. universities, environment, among others. P.O. BOX, 356 01000. THIKA 0701accompanied 986951, 0722 402089 Every single effort must EMAIL. NITA/TRN/827, PIN A002633083V

Food Safety International 2018 Training Calendar – Nairobi, Kenya Month



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I N T H I S I S S U E : I M P O R TA N C E O F C A L C I U M I N F O O D S










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Industry Report:

Mexico’s Bimbo Bakeries enters India

Beer Industry in Ethiopia

Dairy Business Africa:

Zambia begins export of maize into Eastern Africa

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Dangote to invest US$1bn in Nigerian rice

Africa’s regional Innovation & Technology Expo

African Milling School: Pictorial of the first graduation ceremony

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IAOM Ethiopia 2016 pictorials

In the News:

World feed production hits 1 billion tonnes WWW.FOODBUSINESSAFRICA.COM

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Food Safety • Honey: Food Applications • Nutrition: Fish Benefits

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By FoodWorld Media


ive year is such a long time. Since the first issue of this publication came out in February 2013, the food industry in Africa and the World has gone through unbelievable transformation that could have been unimaginable when the started out with our ambitious, but somewhat crazy idea of an industry magazine focusing on the goings-on in sub-Saharan Africa’s food, beverage, milling, retail and foodservice industry. For a keen observer, the food industry in Africa has gone through the most dramatic period from about 2012 more than it ever did in the last 30 years or even more. There are more international players present in Africa more than any time in history. From a dark continent, Africa has become the place to be, despite the many challenges that the industry still faces. At the World stage, the food industry has also seen many significant changes, many of which are reflected in Africa’s industry, with the most critical changes being the rise of a more informed, younger Millenials who are breaking all the rules, making an industry not used to being to put on the spot light for decades. As we celebrate the 5-year anniversary








INDUSTRY CHAMPIONS 2017 VOLUME 5 • ISSUE 3 • NO. 24 • ISSN 2307-3535


VOLUME 2 • ISSUE 4, NO. 4 • ISSN 2412-3366

Tetra Pak launches new PlantMaster Clover SA launches enriched, lactose-free milk products A FOODWORLD MEDIA PUBLICATION

Focus on Drinking Yoghurt Basics of Sugar Reduction in Dairy Products

Executive Interview:

Suresh Kanotra CEO, Sheffield Africa

VOLUME 5 • ISSUE 2 • NO. 23 • ISSN 2307-3535


The Burden of Diabetes in Africa A FOODWORLD MEDIA PUBLICATION


since ways the food industry has been transformed, and how these transformations will likely impact the food industry in the future.

1) International and regional giants entered sub-Saharan Africa

It wasn’t too long ago when the only major food companies that had a significant interest and investments in sub-Saharan Africa were Nestle, Unilever and the two soda giants, Coca-Cola and Pepsi. The industry was then made up of mainly family-owned enterprises that had started as small enterprises and had managed to survive the tough terrains of Africa to thrive, despite the hard ships they faced. That has largely changed, with the industry having gone through some changes not only in sophistication but also in the ownership of businesses, the food industry included. Not only have the likes of Unilever, Nestle, Coca-Cola and Pepsi expanded their footprint into the continent, they have also been followed by the brewing giants Heineken, Diageo and AB InBev and other giants deep into Africa, beyond the tried and tested geographies of South Africa, Kenya and Nigeria. Leading beverages

IN NUMBERS US$17BILLION COCA-COLA PLANNED INVESTMENT IN AFRICA BY 2020 investment binge in the continent, where it announced an investment of US$17 billion by 2020. With a new juice plant launched in Kenya in 2017, buying a stake in Nigeria’s Chi Limited in 2016 and upcoming new bottling plants including in Ethiopia, the bottler is on a roll, even as it is consolidating its bottling franchise operations in the continent through the Coca-Cola Beverages Africa behemoth that covers the bulk of Africa’s land mass. Heineken, the Dutch brewer has upped its investments in Africa, entering Ethiopia, Mozambique and Ivory Coast in the last few years. Beyond the beverage sector, Danone, FOODBUSINESSAFRICA.COM


Buhler’s African Milling School’s first class. Suppliers like Buhler and food companies have boosted theri investments in Africa in the last five years the French dairy group, has invested more than US$1.3 billion in Africa since 2013 according to the Financial Times, to build its production and distribution networks across the continent, with investments in Kenya where it took a 40% stake in Brookside Dairy; Western Africa where it has a majority stake in Fan Milk, a regional processor of milk products; to its investments in dairy companies in Tunisia, Morocco, Algeria and Egypt. Breakfast cereals giant Kellogg’s has also entered Africa to grow future sales volume of its breakfast cereals, whose demand is stagnating in its key US market, buying out Mass Food, Egypt’s leading maker of Temmy’s and Nutrifit cereals in 2015. The company has also taken a 50% US$450 million stake in Tolaram’s Multipro, a food sales and distribution company, besides setting up a joint venture with the company in western Africa to grow its breakfast cereals business in the region. The list gets longer by the day. While these multinational acquisitions make bold headlines, there are hundreds of deals that have occurred in the region, reported, or covered by the media in a less flashy way. Be they by private equity funds that continually dot the continent, FOODBUSINESSAFRICA.COM


manufacturing sector in Africa through their investments in the likes of Zambia, Kenya, Mozambique, Angola, Nigeria and other African countries.

or by other food companies, Africa’s food industry is not where it used to be at the end of 2012 – and may never be the same again. On the other hand, companies of African origin have not only conquered local markets, but have also grown beyond their borders. Dangote, Zambeef, Trade Kings, Choppies Supermarkets, Azam, Bidco Africa and tens of other similar companies have spread their wings across their original territories into the rest of Africa. Not to be forgotten are several South African companies that took advantage of the fall of Apartheid to enter Africa in the 1990s and the 2000s. Tiger Brands (even as it faced many hurdles in its foray into Nigeria) and Rainbow Foods and other giants, including retail behemoths Shoprite, Pick n Pay and Massmart have defined the growth of the retail and

The global market for grab-on-the-go and food ordered through online plans has reached an eye-popping US$110 billion, despite e-commerce still constituting a small, but growing share of the total consumer products around the world. This was not the case some 5 years ago. E-commerce options, be it home delivery, in-store pickup, drive-through pickup, curbside pickup, virtual supermarket or automatic subscription, are rising worldwide, with young Millenials most willing to use all of the above e-commerce options now and into the future. The 2017 acquisition of Whole Foods, an American grocer of healthy food products by the World’s leading online retailer Amazon, has altered the prospects of the e-commerce space and changed the game in the distribution and retail of food; and provides a glimpse to the way food is going to be sold in future, and the high

2) E-commerce and social media disrupted the industry as food deliveries gathered steam



e-commerce craze, led by China, where e-commerce sales in the year to November 2017 rose 27% according to Nielsen, compared to offline sales which grow 6% in the same period, driven by the ‘growth of the internet, greater smartphone usage, more focused investment from retailers and shifting demographics,’ in China. Statista, a research company, estimates that online grocery sales in China touched US$41 billion in 2015, the World’s biggest market, followed by UK (US$15 billion), Japan (12) and US (7). China is forecast to surge further ahead to US$178 billion by 2020. According to international grocery research organisation IGD, sales of online grocery in China could more than double in growth between 2017 and 2020, from 3.1% share of the country’s total grocery market forecast to leap to 6.6% over the next three years, a growth of 32% year on year. This compares with the 5.9% growth for the total grocery market. Nielsen that sales of food products drives online shopping in the country, with online sales of liquid milk, though only 2% of total milk sold, growing 91% between 2013 and 2014. 17% of chocolate, another online favourite, was from online sales, growing 59% in the year to 2014. Investors have followed these forecasts


Nestle’s package made from 100% recycled plastics. Plastics are getting a new focus as environmental degredation issues take hold stakes game that is coming our way. Nielsen, a research company, says that the willingness to use digital retailing options in the future is highest in AsiaPacific, Africa/Middle East and Latin America regions, even higher than the US and Europe, with about 60% of consumers in the developing regions of the World being open to using these new technologies. Total spending on food and alcohol through e-commerce is projected to hit US$20 billion this year. Asia has taken the lead in the 38


keenly, with online retailers Alibaba’s Tmall and Walmart (through, where it bought a stake in 2016), Sun Retail and Carrefour, the French retailer and food companies jumping into partnerships to ensure their products get into the hands of consumers in the fast growing industry. Investments in India’s e-commerce have boomed over the last two years: Amazon invested US$1 billion in its Indian arm in 2017, to drive its business, including the country’s first foreign farm to plan a fresh grocery venture in the country; Alibaba invested US$300 million in online grocer Bigbasket early this year. In Africa, the growing fast food trend and coffee culture has brought with it young people used to buying their favourite shoes

NESTLE SIGNED AN E-COMMERCE DEAL WITH ALIBABA IN 2016 TO GROW ITS ONLINE SALES ON THE PLATFORM TO OFFER NEW PRODUCTS, REACH RURAL PARTS OF CHINA online, but also their favourite variety of pizza, burger or chicken and chips. Online grocery retailers keep popping up in Africa, including Jumia, one of the early players to enter the sector, with operations in 12 African countries from Nigeria, to Kenya and Morocco. But it is the involvement of the major brick-and-mortar retailers in the online grocery ordering and delivery service that has opened new avenues to e-commerce in Africa. Leading South African retailers, Woolworths, Pick n Pay, Makro and Shoprite offer online purchase and door-to-door delivery service to their customers who seek the convenience and the offer of free delivery. In Kenya, Chandarana FoodPlus Supermarkets offers a similar service. Food companies have tweaked their strategi3es to take advantage of online e-commerce opportunities. Food major Nestle signed a partnership with Alibaba in early 2016 to grow online sales, offer new products and expand sales in rural parts of China. It also launched its super premium Cailler brand on Amazon, which was the primary retailer of the product. Chocolates and confectionery producer Mondelez has a big goal of delivering US$1 billion of its sales through e-commerce. In India, it has set up a virtual chocolate store on Amazon India, besides launching new products exclusively to its online customers before expanding it to offline retailers in the country.

3) Suppliers moved closer into Africa

As the food industry grows in Africa, one notable addition to the scene has been the tens of supplier companies that have followed suit, seeking to tap into rising demand for machinery, packaging, ingredients, laboratory supplies and equipment and other industry services. When we started out in 2013, the number of major global suppliers that had local operations and teams, leave alone offices in Nairobi, Kenya, for example, was FOODBUSINESSAFRICA.COM



in the single digits. Not any more. Gone are the days when one lonely technical manager or exports manager used to cover any country above South Africa from the company’s base in either Johannesburg. Or even Cape Town. One machinery supplier once told us that the expansion into Africa is dictated by the major multinationals’ expansion into the continent and the vast array of local businesses that have, on their own merit, become regional giants. “Wherever they go, we simply follow them, to ensure that our services are as close to them as possible,” he said. “The South African business is more of a replacement business. The rest of the continent gives us the opportunity to introduce new products and is a very vibrant, profitable region for our business,” he added. Taking the new road from Nairobi to the industrial town of Thika, an industrial complex hosts Buhler’s African Milling School and Krones, the German beverages equipment supplier. Located less than 200 metres from the highway, Buhler’s training school is the only milling school in subSaharan Africa, and has seen students from the likes of Nigeria, Egypt and Mozambique study the latest technologies in the milling of grains, a sector that is experiencing exponential growth in the number of new mills being set up in the region and at the same time, demand for milled cereal products. This is just one example of a company that has looked at the prospects of the growth of the industry and taken advantage of it. Other global giants that have entered into the fray in Eastern Africa include GEA, Bosch Packaging and many more. A long list of such companies continues to knock on the sub-Saharan Africa door.

4) Retail, mall and coffee culture blossomed into Africa

A rising economy, rapid urbanization and a young, educated population are drawing in the malls, and with it the retailers and FOODBUSINESSAFRICA.COM

coffee and food chains into the continent. Lusaka, Zambia may not ring the bell as the retail paradise, but a casual look across the city shows a great deal of transformation in the past 5 years. With more than 15 mall complexes spread right from the entry into the city from the airport, to a new mega-mall that is set for opening by mid 2018 on the road to the northern part of the country, the Copperbelt, Lusaka is experiencing a boom in investment in malls probably more than we have seen in the region. And it’s not just Lusaka that is growing. Zambia’s second tier cities of Livingstone, Ndola, Kitwe and more have at least one mall, driven by South African property developers, who are also to be found in Nigeria, Zimbabwe and many other African countries. With a booming mall scene across the continent, South African and international fast food and restaurants have followed suit, investing in most African countries to take advantage of a rising middle class, who are on the look out for well-known brands they used to watch and read on magazines. In the last five years, American fast food chains KFC, Subway, Dominos Pizza, Pizza Hut and Hardees have opened several outlets in Eastern and Central Africa. Only McDonald’s and Starbucks are the two giants yet to set foot in the two regions, after Starbucks opened its first store in the sub-Saharan Africa region in South Africa two years ago. Although South African fast food and restaurant chains have had their influence in the region somehow wane in the face of the international brands that came into the market after their entry, South African Famous Brands’ owned chains including Mugg & Bean, Steers and Debonairs continue to expand into Africa, with a Debonairs Pizza opening in Ethiopia a few years ago, where Yum! Brands owned KFC is set to open its first store this year of its famous chicken restaurants to add to its Pizza Hut franchise, to serve the over 100 million potential clients. In the retail space, a market formerly dominated by family-owned, local retailers, the industry has gone through a wave of growth and changes that are set to change the face of the industry forever. In Kenya, a yard stick to the growth of formal retail, given its well-developed retail value chain, local retailers including Nakumatt, Tuskys, Uchumi and Naivas have gone through trying times with the entry of international giants Carrefour, Game and the recent announcement that Shoprite is finally making its move into Kenya, at a time that

Nakumatt, Kenya’s poster boy of retail, is on its knees.

5) Plastics’ shine faded

The versatility, low cost and ease of use that made plastics the king of packaging in the 20th Century, from wrapping of fruits and vegetables, bottling soft drinks and beer and other essentials has become the Achilles’ heel to plastics usage, as evidence grows of the negative impact plastics have had on the environment. Recent headline grabbing news that by 2050, the world’s oceans will have more plastics than fish has catalyzed the anti-plastics movement.



As a result, new regulations have banned or restricted the use of plastics packaging around the World. Russia recently banned the use of plastic packaging in the beer industry, limiting its usage to packages less than 1.5 litres, with a possibility of a complete ban by the end of this year, impacting the sales and profitability of the beer industry in the country. The most sweeping ban on plastics usage, however, has been in the regular, single use plastics used as shopping bags in millions of transactions around the World on a daily basis. Bans have been imposed in some states in India and in Morocco, Kenya, France, among others. The ban has also extended to other plastic products, including Styrofoam and polystyrene. The European Union (EU) recently released a new strategy that will strive to limit the usage of plastics in every day use, and increase investments in alternative packaging and recycling of plastics. Earlier this year, UK’s Prime Minister Theresa May announced several measures to tackle plastic waste in the country’s 25-year environment plan, including encouraging plastic-free supermarket aisles. Iceland Supermarkets has pledged to go plastic-free on all its own-brand packaging by 2023, while Asda is eliminating single use plastics in its supply chain. In the Netherlands, supermarket chain Ekoplaza has commenced the roll out of plastic-free FOOD BUSINESS AFRICA | JAN/FEB 2018


caught attention of consumers

Investments in Africa’s food industry continues to soar. Here, a new food factory in Rwanda by DSM, IFC and other partners aisles across its 74 branches by the end of this year. Widely used as the best packaging type for the rising on-the-go packaging concept, plastics are getting shunned around the World in a major way. Could it be that plastics may never recover from this bashing?

6) Africa’s second tier countries came into the limelight

The last five years has also seen the emergence of a second wave of countries in sub-Saharan Africa beyond the usual investment destinations – South Africa, Nigeria and Kenya. Even though Nigeria has for a long time been a tough place for new entrants, as demonstrated by the entry and eventual exit two years ago of South Africa’s conglomerate, Tiger Brands, the country has had a long list of multinationals operating in the country for decades. Companies like Unilever, Nestle, Coca-Cola, Heineken, Diageo, Friesland Campina and many more understand the intricacies of operating in Nigeria. South Africa, Africa’s most developed economy, has remained the fulcrum from which to launch into the rest of the continent, while Kenya, located right at the Equator and centre of continent, has been the preferred entry point for multinationals or regional companies seeking their foothold into the rest of Africa. 40


But the choice of countries to invest in in Africa has become wider in the last five years. Ethiopia, Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique, Ghana and even Rwanda, probably one of Africa’s smallest countries, have become more attractive for investors in the food industry. Ethiopia has just witnessed one of the highest investments in Africa’s beer industry in the last 7 years since the country privatized formerly state owned enterprises. From a sector largely controlled by the state, the brewing industry in Ethiopia is one of the shining lights of the future of Africa, and has attracted international beer giants Heineken, Bavaria (through Habesha) and Diageo, which joined Castell, which has been in the country for many years, and a number of local brewers, including Dashen, Raya and Zebidar. Investments in Uganda’s food industry have expanded beyond sugar production, with the country standing out as an excellent dairy investment destination. Investments in Tanzania, Mozambique and Zambia’s food industry, be it in milling, meat or fruits and vegetables processing continue to rise. In Rwanda, the IFC, DSM and other partners came together to build one of the region’s most outstanding nutritional products processing plant, Africa Improved Foods, last year.

7) Alternative proteins and milk

Gone are the days when alternative sources of protein or dairy alternatives like soya, whether soya meat or soya milk was for the few, either suffering from allergies or people with queer food habits. Younger consumers are changing the way dairy and meat alternatives are consumed around the world, driven by their urge to diversify food choices, to their concerns about environmental, health and ethical concerns. According to a report published by Grand View Research in 2016, the global dairy alternatives market is expected to witness significant growth, hitting US$35 billion by 2024, due to rising consumer awareness towards health coupled with increasing number of lactose intolerance cases across various parts of the world. The report projects increasing penetration of plant-based milk products such as almond milk, soy milk and, coconut milk to replace cow milk in our diets. Other common plant sources include pecan, quinoa, hazelnut, rice, cashew and flax. Apart from beverages, alternative plant based milks are used in the formulation of cheese and ice cream. But the fact that even consumers with no health concerns are consuming

IN NUMBERS US$35BILLION PROJECTED VALUE OF DAIRY ALTERNATIVES MARKET BY 2024 these products is set to change the game significantly in some parts of the World. The market for milk alternatives grew 61% over five years between 2012 and 2017 in the US, according to Mintel, a research company, in a market where it is expected that milk sales will drop 11% between 2017 and 2022. “If you walk down what used to be just the dairy aisle, you will notice that plantbased alternatives to dairy are occupying a significant portion of the shelf. The sustained demand for great tasting plantbased dairy alternative products made from nuts such as almonds, seeds such as hemp or sunflower, potato, tapioca, rice, oats etc. indicate they are consumed and thought of as great tasting, staple foods that happen to be plant based,” Andre Kroecher, coFOODBUSINESSAFRICA.COM



founder of Daiya Foods, one of the early entrants into meltable, 100% plant-based cheese, told Food Dive. The rising tide of the alternative milk market has attracted significant investments into the sector. In 2016, Danone, the world’s largest yoghurt maker, acquired White Wave, the maker of alternative milk products for US$12.5 billion, a clear demonstration of the potential of the sector in future. As the milk industry faces up to plant based alternatives, the meat sector has also come across competing interest by consumers for alternative protein sources. Known as meat analogs, mock meat, faux meat or meat alternatives, the global meat substitutes market was valued at US$3.2 billion in 2013, and it is estimated to grow 7.4% to reach US$5.81 billion by 2022, according to Million Insights. Increasing consciousness about personal health and shift in dietary preference towards the demand for a healthy source of proteins and plant-based nutrients is the primary driving force of the market. Increasing standard of living in places like Latin America and Asia Pacific have also driven the demand for these products. Further realignment in demand for alternative sources of protein has been the evolving demand for insect proteins for use in food and feed. Eaten in many parts of the world in various communities, insects have become a critical potential source of affordable, sustainably produced sources of protein to feed the world’s rising population, with investments rolling in. In 2017, Buhler, the supplier of milling equipment formed a joint venture with a Dutch company to develop scalable industrial solutions for insects’ production and processing. In South Africa, Agriprotein, a company that feeds insect larvae on waste, replacing fish feed in aquaculture, animal feed and petfood, has plans to build its factory model plants around the World. And regulators have caught on. In a landmark move, the FOODBUSINESSAFRICA.COM

Fast food giants, coffee chains and restaurants have pushed into Africa to take advantage of rising incomes, urban population and an emerging trend for convenience foods European Union (EU) gave the go-ahead to the application of insects protein in aqua feed in 2017, joining other countries that have opened the way to insect use in food and feed.

8) Fat (almost) became cool; sugar got a (really) bad name

A shortage of butter and skyrocketing prices of the fatty substance around the World in the last two years is indicative of how fickle consumer attitudes can be. Changing consumer attitudes in the last decade due to a preference for ingredients that are natural and less processed, has turned the market for butter and other higher fat products to rise, after decades of decline, when consumers were made to chose lower fat products because of concern over the health complications of full fat diets. Plus, recent studies have actually indicated that products like butter are in fact neutral, and don’t increase chances of dying from heart

disease and diabetes. However, as butter and other fatty products become cool again, sugar has become the poster child of unhealthy eating habits, with government regulators coming down hard on sugar consumption, mainly through sweetened beverages, more akin to smoking bans that have become common around the World. Legislations have been passed in Mexico (often quoted as a classic successful case by those who propose the ban, South Africa, UK and Ireland, Saudi Arabia, Philippines, UAE, some cities in the US, Colombia, Portugal, France, Sri Lanka, with many more countries and territories discussing ways to implement this initiative, which is supported by the World Health Organisation. Sweetened soft drinks manufacturers continue to argue against these bans, arguing that targeting one food type will not solve the obesity problem in these countrie FOOD BUSINESS AFRICA | JAN/FEB 2018



Frutarom invests US$6.16m in new European color formulation centre SLOVENIA – Israeli flavor and fragrance

company Frutarom has invested US$6.16 million in its newly opened natural color formulations facility at its Etol plant in Celie, Slovenia. The investment was designated to improve equipment and technology at the new facility, meant to serve 15,000 of Frutarom’s customers in Europe. It follows

Frutarom’s acquisition of the Slovenian manufacturer of flavor and fragrance for US$ 24.9 million in its rapid growth strategy into Europe. According to the company, Europe forms more than half of Frutarom’s global market for flavours and fine ingredients for customers in the food, beverage, functional food, flavour, fragrance, pharmaceutical,

nutraceutical and cosmetic industries. According to Ori Yehudai, Frutarom CEO, Etol had a solid reputation of successful cooperation with food and beverage customers in creating new flavour solutions. The new facility expands its variety it offers to customers with innovation to win over the competitive European market.


Cargill partners Precision BioSciences to develop low saturate, high oleic canola oil USA – Agribusiness giant Cargill has

teamed up with Precision BioSciences in a partnership that will create low saturate, high oleic canola oil with the aim of delivering the lowest saturated levels in the market. The collaboration involves use of Precision’s ARCUS genome-editing technology to further reduce saturated fat in canola oil. The ARCUS editing platform helps to eliminate cancers, cure genetic

diseases, and create safer, more productive food sources, says Cargill. The partnership follows late last year’s debut by Cargill of 4.5% saturated fat content high oleic canola oil, a 35% reduction from previous canola oil generations. It also follows USDA and Health and Human Services’ call on Americans to limit saturated fat intake to 10% of their daily calories. The canola oil targets quick service

restaurants and food ingredient industries, which use the product in fried foods, allowing them to include nutrient content claims on saturated fat levels such as “Low in Saturated Fat” or “No Saturated Fat”. High oleic canola oil, high in oleic acid and low in linoleic acid was specifically bred for repeated deep frying, making the oil less susceptible to deterioration during deepfrying.


Japanese company partners SIG for new value added carton packaging in Japan JAPAN – Dai Nippon Printing Co. Ltd

(DNP), one of the largest printing/coating technologies companies in the world, has entered a definitive 50-50 joint venture with SIG Combibloc Co., Ltd, that seeks to bring value-added carton packaging and filling technology solutions. With a focus to enrich the Japanese food and beverage industry, the new joint

venture aims to be Japan’s number 2 in aseptic carton packs by 2022. The partnership will bring packaging as a new source of product differentiation and create value in carton packaging, technology and services for the food and beverages industry in Japan, say the companies. According to Souichiro Nishitani, Corporate Officer and General Manager

of Packaging Operations at DNP, the huge variety offered by the packaging system from SIG will enrich the Japanese market and offer clear added value for beverage manufacturers and consumers alike. DNP has played a significant role in developing and marketing carton packs and filling systems for alcoholic beverages and soft drinks in Japan.


Lesaffre acquires Alltech’s facility, expands yeast business in Serbia FRANCE – Yeast and ingredients supplier Lesaffre has acquired Alltech’s yeast extract facility in Serbia as part of the company’s plan to expand into the health and nutrition business. The transaction concurs with Lesaffre’s objective to build a strong business while focusing on crop and animal nutrition. Accoprding to Lesaffre, it will use its 165 years’ experience and expertise in yeast and fermentation products to lay a foundation for a great nutrition and health business in a bid to grow its yeast extract market. Under a new name, Biospringer RS, the Alltech’s Serbia facility will continue to produce baker’s yeast to serve the bakery 42


industry in Serbia as well as yeast extracts. Through its Biospringer Lesaffre culinary solutions hub, the company has committed to success of its yeast extract business through a wide range of formulations and recipes to demonstrate the benefits of their clean label ingredients and the variety of yeast products applications. “On the yeast extracts and its derivatives market, Lesaffre is recognised as a reliable partner with expertise in producing tailormade solutions. This acquisition will strengthen our presence in this market,” said Antoine Baule, CEO Lesaffre. FOODBUSINESSAFRICA.COM

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Food Business Africa Feb 2018  
Food Business Africa Feb 2018  

Africa's Food Processing, Packaging & Food Safety Magazine