PORTFOLIO David Folsom
PORTFOLIO David Folsom
History. Cities. Culture. In order for an individual to be successful in their occupation, they must have passion. Passion in many ways is the offspring of living a life of purpose and having a vision for the better future. The study and pursuit of architecture has given me a passion for the subject matter and a greater vision for my existence. My love of architecture evolved from my love of history and cultures. Cultures are often times defined by their architecture and that architecture tells a story about what a culture values. The medieval cities in Scotland, told me that these soaring walls and castles acted as mighty fortresses in a time when protection was para-
mount. The famous skyscrapers of New York reveal a time when America was bent on showing our financial dominance and ingenuity to rest of the world. The story of the Mayans was made evident to me in their ancient capital city of Chichen Itza. Their precision and attention to detail was incredible. (Pictured left is from the temple of one thousand pillars.) Architecture can be iconic or mundane but it all tells a story. This grouping of projects tells the story of my architectural discovery. What I love about my study and pursuit of architecture is that with every work, I grow as a designer. The next project is usually conceived with more insight than the last. This pursuit is a continual evolution of my own culture.
Contents La Pyramide Chicagoâ€™s Philharmonic Hall Brookline Ridge Winery Galileo Pavilion Marvin Hall Addition A Modern Kitchen Appendix
La Pyramide Individual project
La Pyramide is prototype structure designed to accommodate for a growing population of humans and in response to potential environmental challenges that future humans will face. The design also considers future issues such as terrorism and defense like medieval based cities. The form and structure is a result of a thesis research project on High Tech architecture. Buckminster Fullerâ€™s Tetrahedron City and Triton city are precedents of a city in the form of a pyramid based in water. Desalinization and land scarcity would make building communities on the water advantageous and would also provide a level of defence. There are many High Tech features to this building. The lattice work of structural steel is explicitly expressed through vierendeel trusses that buttress themselves against each other and are bridged to the core. The foundation is concrete and set on a system of piles that must travel 20 meters into the bedrock of the ocean floor. The top five levels of the building all rotate to provide occupants with a 360 degree view of Rio De Janeiro. In the central core, a platform 120 feet in diameter slowly ascends and descends to allow occupants to socialize in a party setting as they travel to their destination. The goal is to build a building that would provide a safe spectacular place to live and also generate tourist revenue. It will perhaps draw more tourists than the Eiffel Tower.
Site and First Floor Plan
Chicago Philharmonic Hall Individual project
Conceptualized as the â€œMachine for Music,â€? the design goal of this project is to create a structure housing a 2,000 seat philharmonic hall, that would adapt to its surroundings while creating a spectacle. The site is on the shore of Lake Michigan in Chicago, Illinois. The new philharmonic hall is envisioned as another Chicago city landmark that would rival the Willis tower, the john Hancock building and the bean. There are many mechanized parts of this building that adapt to the weather, sunlight, and or functions taking place in the building. The flanks of the building open up to allow patrons with 360 degree views of Chicago and lake Michigan. During intermission, the roof of the building opens up to allow star gazing through the glass enclosure of the music hall. For the socializing patron, a deck will extend out cantilevered over lake Michigan before, after and during the performance.
Music Hall Floor Plans
Program The program of the philharmonic hall includes; 2,000 seat hall, multiple size dressing rooms, green room, small music hall for practice, restaurant, sky lounge, conductor lounge and first class parking garage.
Opening Wings and Roof Panels
Extending Deck Bar and Lookout
Initial Concept Sketch
Brookline Ridge Winery Group, five week project
The program for the winery on the prairie is to create a gravity flow winery that contains; grape receiving and crushing area, fermentation tanks, vintner lab, bottling, a barrel cellar, etc. The site is locate approximately forty miles south of Kansas city, Missouri. The wine maker is hoping to promote wine tourism with his winery. The goal is also to create a building that would be completely self sustaining also contributing power back onto the grid. Our initial process started with visiting a couple wineries and researching on the process of gravity fed wine making. The design is aimed at creating a dialogue between production and consumption. The waving pavilion ties the production facility to the glass encased office and tasting area to create a central space for gathering and potential parties.
Plans and Section
Interior Processing Space
Galileo Pavilion The goal for the Galileo Pavilion is to create an environment which is a node of activity and interaction on the campus of Johnson County Community College. The building, situated to the south the campus main quad, incorporates and enhances the existing Galileo sculpture designed in the 1980â€™s by sculptural artist Dale Eldred. The design amplifies the artistâ€™s concept of working with the sun by showcasing the sun sculpture in the center of the main courtyard. The original intent was to create prototypical modular classrooms that could be dropped anywhere on campus and would adequately meet the needs of the college. Upon further investigation, a specific site was chosen and a more permanent building was designed. While the building retains its modular form, it is being constructed on site. The building is approximately 3,300 square feet, housing two twenty five occupant classrooms, a student lounge/ exhibition space, coffee bar and conference room. The building is designed to be passive haus certified and leed platinum.
1. Passive Solar Design .a Summer Solstice: 75 째 .b Winter Solstice: 28 째 2. Photovoltaic Solar Panels 3. Living Roof 4. Wind Turbine 5. Cross Ventilation 6. Cool Earth Tubes 7. Thermal Mass Stone gabion wall 8. High performance glazing Twin wall construction, operable windows 9. Evaporative Cooling 10. Radiant Heating-Cooling 11. Super Insulation 12. Energy Recovery Ventilator 13. Rainwater Harvesting and Retention 14. Draught Tolerant Landscaping
Marvin Hall Addition The proposed 30,000 square foot Marvin hall expansion building at the university of Kansas accommodates the ever growing needs of the architecture and urban planning departments. The building weaves its way into the university context by providing an inviting quad and enhancing circulation paths frequently traveled by students and faculty. The four story studio tower provides occupants with views of the Kansas prairie South of Lawrence, KS and views of the rest of the campus. The program of the building was broken up into two wings and a prominent studio tower. The north wing houses faculty offices while the south wing houses the architectural library, computer lab, conference room, and exhibition space. Many environmental factors were used in the design of this building. Special consideration was given to passive heating and cooling techniques, rain water harvesting and renewable energy production methods.
Exploded Axonometric Programmed Spaces
Circulation and Egress
A Modern Kitchen This kitchen design was for a client that had just purchased a new cape cod style home in Roeland Park, KS a suburb of Kansas City, MO. The 1,500 sq. ft. house needed to be completely updated. Working directly with the goals and ideas from the client, the design concept was to design a kitchen of modern style that would open up the space and function as an eat in kitchen. The traditional cabinets are hinged on the interior to allow for ultra clean lines and the hardware are stainless steel handles. The counter tops are made of concrete and are anchored by a large white porcelain apron sink. There are two sets of shelves: the lowest shelf is pure cantilever anchored with lag screws and acts as the shelf for all manner of cups and glasses, the second shelf is a maple veneered open shelf that houses plates, bowls, etc. It is a modern kitchen with a very inviting appeal.
3D Model of Kitchen
CV Education 2002-2006
BSBA Marketing, Kansas State University
Master’s of Architecture, University of Kansas
Work Experience 2011-2012
Architecture Intern, Studio 804
Graduate Teaching Assistant for Building Technology Course, University of Kansas
Ran Contracting Business for Residential Remodels and Construction, Design Contracting
Business to Business Sales Representative for Metlife Group Employee Benefits
Marketing Intern for Joe’s on Shannon in Melbourne, Australia
Achievements/ Community LEED Contributor. Studio 804, Center for Design Research, Fall 2011 Public Relations and Membership Chair. CSI, University of Kansas Chapter, Spring 2012 J Gordon Moorman Scholarship Recipient 2011-2012, Academics and Interest in Green Design Greenbuild Volunteer. Toronto, Canada, 2011 Greenbuild Conference Publications Lesnikowski, Wojciech. “New Philharmonic of Chicago - Three Concepts.” Archivolta Feb. 2011. Web. *Cover and feature article Professional skills AutoCad + Revit 2012 + 3ds Max 2012 + Sketch up + Adobe Creative Suite + Microsoft Office Suite
Appendix Galileo Pavilion CD’s High Tech Research Photography Art Sketches
Galileo Pavilion CD’s
High Tech Architecture This is a sample of my research thesis of my last semester of university studies. The aim of the research was to discover what High Tech architecture is and find current examples of the style. Much attention was given to structure and the characteristics that qualify buildings as “High Tech.” Research also included a look at structures that were the forefathers of the architectural movement towards High Tech. Examples included; the Eiffel Tower, Tetrahedral City by Bucky Fuller, Jean Prouve’s Maison du Peuple, Centre Georges Pompidou, Lloyd’s of London and the Hong Kong Bank by Sir Norman Foster.
High Tech Architecture for the 21st Century: Architecture in the Digital Age From an architectural movement that firmly established itself in the 1970’s, High tech architecture has lead to some awe inspiring structures. “High Tech” was a term that was derived from architects catching the wave of Alternative energies, new construction methods, and newer technologies. As a style, the High Tech architecture from the 1970’s to 2000 was a manner of designing that usually used steel and glass explicitly expressively. It adhered to a strict honestly of expression and made use of industrial technologies. As Colin Davies puts it in his book, “High Tech Architecture”, the style could “be defined in purely personal and historical terms as the label we apply to almost any building designed in the last twenty years by Richard Rogers, Norman Foster, Nicholas Grimshaw, or Michael Hopkins.” There are also many other architects who designed in this style at the time but these aforementioned gentlemen were the acknowledged leaders of this movement. In the contemporary age, High tech architecture has come to mean so much more than structurally expressive structures made of steel and glass. With technologies in the twenty first century, High Tech architecture maintains its adherence to expressive structure and flexible uses but forms of modern are taking many new and exiting shapes. It is High Tech Architecture in the digital age.
30 St. Mary Axe, London, UK Norman Foster The structure of the building is what really makes this building unique and interesting. The building has a steel framed central braced core, containing lifts, risers, and stairs. From this central core, radial steel beams span onto a perimeter of columns which carries the floor plates of lightweight concrete. This building is a version of a hull and core structure that takes thirty six outer columns and forms them into a self bracing diagonal grid structure similar to the form explored in Fosterâ€™s Humana Building. Unlike the usual Cartesian repetition of standard joints, the connections are complicated and made up of computer controlled fabricated connections. The design of the structure was elongated when constructed compacted into its final resting place as calculated.
Hearst Tower New York, NY Norman Foster Like Fosterâ€™s Swiss Re Headquarters in London, the Hearst tower is structurally framed with a diagrid structural system which utilizes twenty percent less steel than a traditional Cartesian style construction. Along with the use of less steel on the project, Foster claims to have used steel with a recycled content value of up to eighty percent. Other environmental attributes that are characteristics of the tower are; a radiant heating and cooling system which uses rain water collection to circulate through Polyethylene tubing embedded under the floors, conductive limestone paving in the atrium, and rainwater harvesting for plants and the atrium water feature. The building has been designed to use twenty six percent less energy than a typical office building in New York, New York. In 2006, the Hearst tower became the first LEED Gold skyscraper in New York according to the United States Green Building Council.
Palace of Peace and Reconciliation Astana, Kazakhstan Norman Foster The seventy seven meter tall structure is broken into two sections. The underground portion of the palace houses a 1,500 seat opera hall with an auditorium and performance equipment design by Anne Minors Performance Consultants and acoustics by Sound Space Design. The structure making up this bottom portion is concrete and has been engineered to withstand the extreme high and low temperatures of that region. The top portion, the exposed pyramid is a five storey steel structure made up of triangles. The five stories are as high as the base is wide. Each triangle of the structure is twelve meters on each side. The lower three stories of the pyramid are clad in pale granite. The upper two stories form a glazed apex and are glazed with stained glass doves by British artist Brian Clarke. The pyramid is to be the centerpiece of the Kazakhstanâ€™s presidential park.
Khan Shatyr Entertainment Center Astana, Kazakhstan Norman Foster The Khan Shatyr Entertainment Center is said to be a symbol of Kazakhstan’s bright future. At an estimated cost of $400 million, the large tent-like cable-net structure designed by Foster and Partners is located at the north end of the new city axis and has a height of one hundred and fifty meters. The structure encompasses an area in excess of 100,000 square meters. Held up by a large mast of three trusses, the envelope of the center is made up of three layers of ETFE and is designed to shelter the enclosed programmatic spaces from the harsh weather extremes of Astana and. The ETFE is translucent and allows daylight to wash the interiors and the climate controlled water parks. The design of the center allows the occupants to feel as if they are in the summer heat all year long even while it is -35 degrees Celsius outside.
Torre Agbar Barcelona, Spain Jean Nouvel The structure of the Torre Agbar is quite sophisticated. It is made up of two structurally reinforced concrete hulls. It is much like Norman Foster’s Swiss Re skyscraper in London with a strong central core housing services and circulation for the building which the floor plates extrude out from to the outer structure, only made up of concrete. Like the Gherkin, there are no vertical columns in the office spaces throughout the building. The structural loads are carried from the inner core to the outer structure. The perimeter concrete structure is pierced by 4,400 different window openings in irregular fashion creating variation to otherwise conventional office floors. At the thirtieth level, a crown of steel and glass replaces the reinforced concrete.
Tour Sans Fins Paris, France Jean Nouvel In order to achieve the objective of having no origination point and having no ending point, Nouvel played with building tectonics and used different structural systems. The building does not rest on the ground to average observer, but vanishes into a crater in the ground which is twenty five meters deep and just a few meters wider than the tower. The skin of the building is what really gives the building it’s origin less quality. The base the tower is clad with grey granite which gives way to a softer limestone as it ascends. The limestone gives way to a screen printed glass that eventually transforms into clear glass. The effect is a building that kisses the sky. This building has a tower of Babel like quality, reaching up to heaven. Unlike a tower of masonry, this 425.6 meter building of glass simply passed God’s gaze.
London Bridge Tower aka. The Shard London, UK Renzo Piano In 2009, construction on the London Bridge Tower began. A tower that has come to be known as the Shard, a name given to the tower by the buildings architect, is a spire of glass emerging out of the Southwark area. The building is 309.6 meters tall and has seventy two habitable floors. With an area roughly 110,000 square meters, the tower acts as a vertical city housing shops, offices, hotels, restaurants, museums, and residential units. The structure is predominately made up of steel with and core of reinforced concrete. The concrete hull actually rests atop a structure of steel. At ground level, occupants feel as if they are traversing through a forest of slender steel columns. The façade is a curtain wall system made up of White Iron free glass. This glass will retain a clarity of reflected light and create and will shimmer different shades throughout the day.
World Trade Center 3 New York, NY Richard Rogers The real attraction of the building is the three floor lobby space that offers a big picture window to the World Trade Center Memorial across the street. The glazing system for the lobby space is a cable net tension system which further emphasizes the connection to the memorial. Upper level floors will straddle those beneath in a ‘podium building formation, lending the tower a distinct interlocking nature and facilitating the high occupancy of the office floors. The building was to be projected as LEED Gold under the United States Green Building Council and utilized the PureCell System for power generation. Overall, this was to be a real gem for the area and was projected to be the fourth tallest tower in New York but it will be yet another sad story for difficult economic times in the city’s history.
Turning Torso Malmo, Sweden Santiago Calatrava The core is an enormous concrete pipe, with an inner diameter of 10.6 metres and walls which gradually go from 2.5 metres in thickness at the bottom to about 0.4 metres at the top of the building. Inside the core there are lift shafts and staircases. The structural slab is fitted around the core. The forms for the structural slab are shaped like slices of a pie, and together they form an entire floor. The forms were rotated 1.6 degrees for each floor in order to create the characteristic twist of the building. The most obvious element of structural expression on the building is the outer steel support which is linked together by a spine. The steel support transfers shearing forces to the supporting concrete core. The total weight of the steel support frame is approx. 820 tons. The facade is made up of 2,368 glass windows and 2,313 aluminum panels. Due to the twisting of the building, the facade is double curved. In order to follow the twist of the building, the windows are leaning either inwards or outwards, depending on which side of the building they are on.
Burj Al Arab Dubai, UAE 1999 W.S. Atkins and Partners The building is a braced framed structure comprising of two wings housing the hotel accommodations. In the void of the v-shape is the soaring 180 meter tall atrium. The exoskeleton structure of the building is expressed and looks like the structure of a wind surfing sail. Atop the building, a large cantilever carries the loads of the hotelâ€™s 360 degree restaurant and the helipad situated on top. Many wind tests were done to locate the primes spot for a helipad, due to the ferocious wind coming of the desert and in from the sea.
Glasgow Wing Tower Glasgow, UK Richard Horden The tower is shaped like an aerofoil with computer controlled motors to turn the tower into the wind in order to reduce wind resistance and improve stability through aerodynamic forces. The structure of the building also needed to be very light due to its rotating capabilities. The structure is a three-part system braced by secondary tubes to form a vertical, space-frame truss capable of resisting lateral loads and twists. The tower has a central stairwell and two lifts with a twelve person capacity.
Diagonal Zero Zero Barcelona, Spain Enric Massip-Bosch The structural system of the building is a tube in tube scheme, with a bearing central core and a perimeter structure along the faĂ§ade. The exterior structure is made up of two different but equally expressed systems. The small slender vertical interior pillars take on the compressive forces and the external diamond lattice cross bracing structures bear horizontal forces and torque. The greatest concentration for the cross bracing structural system is concentrated mostly on the bearing elements in the lower half of the tower. The floors are solid concrete slabs that transmit horizontal forces to the central core. The facade is a modular curtain wall made of white aluminum profiles and extra transparent glass with white ceramic paint serigraphy, according to a vertical pattern that reinforces the slenderness of the building. The inner structure is placed every 1.35 meters and in combination with the exterior structure, a pattern is developed that contributes to the diffusion of solar light and controls glare to the interior spaces.
Deutsche Post Building Bonn, Germany Helmut Jahn The most interesting and high tech elements of the building are how this building is able to use forty percent less of typical operating costs for the same build costs as comparable to a conventional building. The heating and cooling system is quite sophisticated and would need to be for an all glass building that utilizes less power in operation. The concrete floors have cast iron water filled pipes that heat the building. Also, the concrete mass of the building acts as a thermal flywheel. The double envelope system is utilized to use stack ventilation to help cool the building. The space between the innermost wall and outer wall is heated and naturally forces an up draught to expel the hot air from the interior spaces. Stack ventilation is also a by product of the large central atrium spaces and further reduces heating and cooling costs.
Pyramid of Light Wojciech Lesnikowski and David Folsom Prototype There are many high tech features to this building. David Folsom, studied many high tech buildings during the execution of the design and incorporated the design elements that a characteristic of the so called High Tech style. The Lattice work of structural steel is explicitly expressed throughout. There are two structural systems seen in the design. The first is the primary structure of the building which is composed of a strong central steel framed core and a perimeter structure of a network of steel vierendeel trusses that buttress themselves against each other and are bridged to the core. The foundation is concrete and set on a system of piles that mush travel 20 meters into the bedrock of the ocean floor. Engineers of the day are completely blown away by the marvelous feet involved in creating and Island and then building a 350 meter tall pyramid atop it.
Monk at Buddha Tooth Relic Temple Singapore January 2011
Next Page Top: Marina Bay Resevoir from Marina Bay Sands Bottom: Marina Bay Sands from across resevoir
Buddha Statue with effects from Buddha Tooth Relic Temple Singapore January 2012
Portal at St. Andrew Cathedral. Scotland, UK August 2008
Mary Queen of Scots hideout Scotland, UK August 2008
WORKS CITED FOR RESEARCH THESIS PAPER Books: Piano, Renzo, and Philip Jodidio. Piano: Renzo Piano Building Workshop, 1966 to Today. Köln: Taschen, 2008. Print. Wells, Matthew. Skyscrapers: Structure and Design. New Haven, CT: Yale UP, 2005. Print. Harriss, Joseph. The Tallest Tower: Eiffel and the Belle Epoque. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1975. Print. Bolloch, Joelle. The Eiffel Tower. Milan: 5 Continents Editions, 2005. Print. A Study of a Prototype Floating Community. Cambridge, MA, 1968. Print. Fuller, R. Buckminster. Ideas and Integrities, a Spontaneous Autobiographical Disclosure. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1963. Print. Davies, Colin. High Tech Architecture. New York, NY: Rizzoli International Publications, 1988. Print. Foster, Norman. Norman Foster. Berlin: Ernst, 1989. Print.
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Portfolio of Architecture Design Work, 2009-2012