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4

cfkm}a “ f6 ;'? u/f}“ ufoqL cfrfo{

;Gbe{ dlxnf lj?4 x'g] lx+;f cGTo x' g ' cfhsf] cyf{ t \ @!cf}F ztfAbLsf] cfjZostf / cGTo u/fpg' xfdL ;a}sf] bfloTj / st{ J o klg xf] . To;}n] t xfdL ;a} xfdL ;S5f}F cleofgdf uf]j4 ePsf 5f}F . xfd|f] cleofgnfO{ P]Soj4tf hgfpFb} ;/sf/n] klg ;g\ @)!) nfO{ lx+ ; f lj?4sf] jif{ eg] / 3f] i f0ff u/]sf] lyof] . t/ klg egfO{df hlt klg cfbz{jfg s'/f ul/P Jojxf/df eg] cem klg ;'wfg'{ kg]{ h'?/L b]lvG5 . cem klg b]zdf /x]sf P]g, sfg'g ;fy} gLlt lgodx?df dlxnfdfly lje]b u/]sf] kfO{G5 . k'?ifTj lbdfuaf6 kvfNg g;s]sf k' ? ifju{ x ?af6 cem klg dlxnfnfO{ j:t'sf] ?kdf x]g]{ / v]nf}gfsf] ?kdf k|of]u ug]{ afgLdf kl/jt{g cfpg ;s]sf] 5}g . dlxnf lj?4 x'g] ;a} lx+;f cGTo ug{ æxfdL ;S5f}FÆ cleofgsf] d'Vo p2]Zo kl/jt{gsf] ;'?jft cfkm}Faf6 / cfh}af6 z'? ug'{k5{ eGg] xf] . of] cleofg 6f]n, a:tL / ;d' b fo b] l vg} ;fgf;fgf d'2fdf 5nkmn ul/g] ePsf]n] ;d'bfo:t/df of] cleofgn] VoftL sdfPsf] kfOG5 . b]ze/L kl/jt{gsf ;+jfxsn] d s'g} klg lx+;f ulb{g eGg] k|ltj4tf klg hgfO{ ;s]sf] cj:yf 5 . h;/L kl/jt{gsf ;+ j ufxsx?n] lx+ ; f gug] { ;+ s Nk hgfpg' ePsf] 5 To;/L g} ca kl/jt{ g sf ;+jfxs gaGg]x?n] klg ca ;+sNk JoQm ug}{ k5{ eGg] dnfO{ nfU5 / s'g} ;dodf of] /fHosf] k|ltj4tfsf] ?kdf

xfd|f] cfFvf cufl8 x]g{ / ;'Gg kfOof];\ / ca ;+ljwfg agfpg tf]lsPsf] / ylkPsf] ;do klg 5f]l6Fb} uPsf] 5, oflgsL # dlxgfdfq afF s L 5 . of] ;+ l jwfg lgdf{ 0 f ubf{ xfdL ;S5f}F cleofgnfO{ cfTd;ft ub}{ dlxnfsf xs clwsf/ ;'lglZrt ;fy} dlxnfsf d'2f ;d]6]/ aGg] P]g sfg'g klg cIf/;f] sfof{Gjog ug]{ u/fpg] u/L ;+ l jwfgdf ;d] l 6of] ; \ . lx+;f sf6df/ dfq x}g lx+;f ljleGg k|sf/sf x'G5g\ h:t} ;fdflhs lx+;f, of}lgs lx+;f, dfgl;s lx+;f, zf/Ll/s lx+;f, ;fF:s[lts lx+;f cflb sf]xL g sf]xL s]xL g s]xL cyf{t s'g} g s'g} lx+;faf6 k|efljt ePs} x'G5g\ . To;}n] t eg]sf] ækl/jt{gsf] ;+ j fxs agf}F , ;a} vfn] lx+;fsf] Go"gLs/0f u/f}F .Æ lx+;f rfx] dlxnfdfly xf];\ rfx] k'?ifdfly Tof] sbfkL :jLsfo{ x' F b } g . t/ t'ngfTds?kdf k'?ifsf]

t' n gfdf dlxnfx?n] al9 ljleGg k|sf/sf lx+;f ef]Ug' k/]sf] afWotf xfdLn] k|;:t} b]v]sf 5f}F . s'g} klg sfo{ k'?ifn] ug{ ;S5 t/ dlxnfn] ;Sb}g eGg' klg lx+;f xf] . s' g } ckdfghgs Jojxf/ b]vfpg' klg lx+;f xf] . s'g} clZnn lrq b] v fpg' , of} g b'Jo{jxf/, lh:Sofpg', anfTsf/ cflb klg lx+;f xf] . wDSofpg] , xf] F R ofP/, x] k ] / af]Ng] lt/:sf/ ug] s'6kL6 ug]{ , dlxnf ePs} sf/0f e]befj cflb ;a} lx+;f x'g\ . dlxnfx? oL ljlegg lsl;dsf lx+;fdf lklN;g afWo 5g\ -s]xL xb;Dd Go"gLs/0f eP klg_ . oBkL cem klg slt dlxnfx? lx+ ; f v] k ] / } a:g ljjz 5g\ . lsgeg] 3/af6 lgsflng] 8/, >Ldfg\ a f6 5f] l 8g] 8/, 3/ ;dfhaf6 lt/:s[t eOPnfsL, 5f] / f5f] / L cnkq knf{ g \ s L cflb 8/n] klg lx+ ; f ;x] / a:g afWo b] l vG5g\ xfd| f cfdf lbbLalxgLx? .

@)^% ;fndf s'g} ;fyLn] xfdL ;S5f}F cleofgdf xft] d fnf] u/f} F , kl/jt{ g sf] ;+ j fxs ag]/ dlxnfdfly x'g] ;a}vfn] lx+ ; f cGTo ug{ ;fydf ;fy / xftdf xft ldnfpg dnfO{ hfgsf/L u/fpg' e of] / d kl/jt{ g sf] ;+ j fxs ag] F / d}n] cfkm}F kl/jt{gsf] ;'?jft cfkm}Faf6 ug]{ ;+ s Nk klg JoQm u/] F / o; cleofgdf ;+nUg x'g' cufl8 kl/jf/sf ;b:ox?n] ef]lu/x]sf] b' M vnfO{ d}n] slxn] a' e m\ g / dxz' ; ug{ k5fl8 k/] 5 ' . ha d o; cleofgdf ;+ n UIg ePF d} n ] lx+ ; f a' e m] F / Jojxf/df klg kl/jt{ g u/fPsL 5' . d] / f] 3/sf ;b:ox?n] s]xL xb;Dd lx+ ; f a' e m\ g ' x' G 5 . s' g } klg sfddf efuj08f u/fOFb}g . 5f]/l, a'xf/L, cfdf 5f]/f, a'af, gftL cflbdf leGg Jojxf/ ul/Fb}g / qmdzM d}n] 3/ / ;d'bfodf qmdzM kl/jt{gsf] z'?jft u/fPsL 5' . cGTo gegf}F Go"gLs/0f eg] kSs} ePsf] 5 . ljBfnodf ljsf;] c8\8fdf, ;/sf/L lgsfodf, ufpF a:tL ;d'bfodf of] ljifonfO{ cfcfkm\ g f] tx / tKsfaf6 5nkmn, sf]lrË, e]nf u/fof] eg] xfdL l5§} ;kmntfsf] lzv/ r'Dg ;S5f}F . h;sf] nflu b] z e/Lsf kl/jt{ g sf ;+jfxsdf Pstf ckl/xfo{ 5 . ha lx+ ; f x' F b } g Tof] kl/jf/ ;d[ 4 x'G5, snx x'F b }g, ljsf; x'G5, cfly{s dha't x' G 5 . To;} n ] lx+ ; f cGTo u/f}F . If we want change the first step should ours.

;xof]uLx?sf] ;Ddfg bf]nvf÷ gLns07]Zj/ pRr dflj bf]nvf h'uF 'n] !( cf} cleefjs lbj;sf] cj;/df ;lxb kl/jf/, /fli6«o v]nfl8 / ljBfnonfO{ ;xof]u ug]{ bftfx?nfO{ ;Ddfg u/]sf]] 5 . ljBfnon] ;lxb l/taxfb'/ v8\sfsf] dftf dgdfof v8\sf, ;lxb hLtaxfb'/ lh/]nsf] a'af cd/l;+x lh/]n, ;lxb b]aaxfb'/ lh/]nsf] a'af nfnaxfb'/ lh/]n / ;lxb ;'Gb/L sfsL{sf] cfdf /flwsf sfsL{nfO{ ;Ddfg u/]sf] 5 . To;}u/L ljBfnosf] k"j{ ljBfyL{ t]SjfGbf]sf] /fli6«o v]nfl8 ldg' sfsL{nfO{ h'uF ' k|ltef k'/:sf/n] ;Ddfg u/] s f] 5 . To;} u /L

ljBfnonfO{ cfly{s ;xof]u ug]{ bf]nvf pBf]u afl0fHo ;+3sf cWoIf /fd]Zj/ dfgGw/, ;dfh;]lj s]bf/ v8\sf / jL/Wjh v8\sf tyf lzIfs lslt{axfb'/ v8\sfnfO{ klg ;Ddfg u/]sf] 5 . sfo{qmddf dGtJo JoQm ug' { x ' b } Plss[ t g] s kf dfcf]jfbLsf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o u|uf sfsL{ n ] dfcf] j fbLn] u[xdGqfnosf] nflu dl/xTo gu/]sf] pNn]v ug'x{ 'b} ;ft a'bF ] ;xdltdf :ki6 geP/ dfcf]jfbL ;/sf/df ;fd]n gePsf] atfpg' eof] . ljBfno Joj:yfkg ;ldltsf cWoIf ljzfn v8\ s fsf]

;efkltTjdf ;DkGg sfo{qmddf ;ef;b\ x]daxfb'/ >]i7, Plss[t g]skf dfcf]jfbL bf]nvfsf s'naxfb'/ a'9fyf]sL, g]skf Pdfn] bf]nvfsf ;lrj e/t b'nfn, lhNnf lzIff clwsf/L u]xgfy uf}td, kqsf/ dxf;+3 bf]nvfsf k"j{ ;efklt lr/~hLjL df:s], bf]nvf pBf]u afl0fHo ;+3sf cWoIf /fd]Zj/ dfgGw/, gLns07]Zj/ pR dflj lzIfs cleefjs ;+ 3 sf cWoIf lbnaxfb'/ s];L nufPtn] dGtJo JoQm ug'{ ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf ljBfnosf k|wfgfWofks kf]dnfn kf]v/]nn] k|ultk|ltj]bg / n]vf

lzIfs hgsaxfb'/ lh/]nn] cfly{S k|ltj]bg k|:t't u/]sf lyP . ljBfnonfO{ bf]nvf If]q gDa/ ! af6 lgjf{lrt ;ef;b\ b]jL v8\sfn] $ j6f sDKo"6/ / bf]nvf If]q gDa/ @ af6 lgjf{lrt ;ef;b\ x]daxfb'/ v8\sfn] ! j6f sDKo"6/ x:tfGt/0f ug'{ ePsf] lyof] . To;}u/L bf]nvf pBf]u afl0fHo ;+3sf cWoIf /fd]Zj/ dfgGw/n] cfkm\gf] :jlu{o lktf t'nl;gf/fo0f dfgGw/sf] :d[ltdf ljBfnosf] v]ns'b ljsf;df vr{ ug] { u/L %! xhf/sf] cIfosf]if :yfkgf ul/lbg] 3f]if0f ug'{ ePsf] 5 .


jif{ – !!, c° – %@, k"0ff{ª\s !&&, @)^&, kmfu'g @% ut] d+unaf/

dlxnf ;zQmLs/0f u+uf l/dfn

;Gbe{ sfln~rf]s j8f g+= ! 3/ eO{ ;b/d'sfd rl/sf]6 cfPsf lx/faxfb'/ yfdL % lbg ;Dd sf]qmf] af]s]/ 6'ls ;+3sf] xn leq, aflx/ ul//x] . slxn] pgL sf]qmf] xnfpFy] t slxn] aRrf sfvdf lnP/ v]nfpFy],] a]nf a]nfdf aRrfnfO{ cfdfsf] b' w v' j fpg xn leq klg k'¥ofpFy] . ;Gb{e xf] O{sf8{;\ bf] n vf / x' / f8] s g] k fnn] cfof]hgf u/sf] % lbg] hgd'lv lzIff ;xhstf{ tflndsf] . # dlxg] ;' T s] / L >Ldlt pQm tflnddf ;xefuL x'g cfPkl5 lx/fa'xfb'/ n] gfafns 5f]/fsf] lbge/ x]/rfx ug]{ lhDd]jf/L kfPsf lyP . >LdtL tflnddf ;xefuL x' g ] >Ldfg\ aRrf ;DxfNg] , Pbfsbfsf s] x L pbfx/0f afx]s lkt[ ; tfTds xfd|f] ;dfhdf dlxnfnfO{ cl3 a9fP/ k' ? ifx? 3/wGbfdf nfu] s f] b] V g d' l :sn g} k5{ . t/ lhNnfsf] pQ/L b'u{d uflj;sf lx/faxfb'/ n] ug'{ ePsf] of] sfd c?sf nflu klg

pbfx/0f / k|]/0ffsf] ;|f]t aGg ;S5 . lx/f / sflnsfn] 8]9 jif{ cl3 ljjfx u/sf lyP . @# jlif{o sflnsfn] sIff !@ pQL0f{ u/]sL l5g\ eg] pgsf >Ldfg\ @@ jlif{o lx/fn] eg] cfFpbf] r}q dlxgfdf k|j]lzsf kl/Iff lbb}5g\ . >Ldlt tflnddf ;xefuL ePkl5 k|j]lzsf kl/Iffsf] tof/LnfO{ cf]em]ndf kfb}{ pgL % lbg ;Dd aRrfsf] x]/rfxdf nfu]sf lyP . # jif{ cl3 km]S6 g]kfn bf]nvfdf sfd u/]sL sflnsfnfO{ ;fdflhs If]qdf sfd u/]sf] cg'ej 5 . sflnsf elG5g\ æ;fdflhs If]qdf sfd ug{ ?lr 5 .Æ Osf8{ \ ; bf]nvfsf] ;xof]udf sflnsfn] sflnGrf] s uflj;df afn ;fIf/tf sIff ;+ r fng ub{]l5g\ . afn ;fIf/tf sIff ;+ r fng ubf{ klg pgnfO{ ;3fpg] atfpF5g\ lx/faxfb'/ . >LdltnfO{ ;fdflhs sfo{df cl3 a9fP/ cfkm' aRrf :ofxfg{ tyf 3/wGbfsf] sfddf nfUbf s'g} cˆ7\of/f] / nfh dx;'; geO{ ue{sf] cg'e"lt

ePsf] pgL atfpF 5 g\ dlxnfx?sf] Ifdtf k|:km'6g tyf clej[l4 u/fpgsf] nflu ca;/ / ;xof]u ug{ ' kg]{ lx/faxfb'/sf] pgsf]] wf/0ff 5 . ljutsf s]xL aif{x?df eGbf dlxnfx? clxn] cl3 a9\ g yfn] s f 5g\ . s] x L pbfx/0f afx]s ;w}+ 3/3Gbf, r'nf]rf}sf] df l;ldt x'g] ljz]if ul/ u|fld0f e]usf dlxnfx? klg ;zQm x'g yfn]sf 5g\ . kl5Nnf] ;dodf clwsf/sf If]qdf sfd ug{] ;+3;+:yfx?n] dlxnf clwsf/ / ;zlQms/0fsf sfo{qmd ;+rfng ug{ yfn]kl5 kl/jt{g cfpg yfn]sf] xf] . s'g}klg ;+ 3 ;+ : yf tyf ufpF s f ;d' x x?, ;xsf/L, ljBfno Aoj:yfkg ;ldlt, jg pkef]Qmf ;d' x , cGo ljsf; lgdf{ 0 f sfo{sf pkef]Qmf ;ldltdf klg dlxnfx?sf] cfj4tf a9]sf] 5 . slt ;d' x df t d' V o g]t[TjbfoL e"ldsf dlxnfx?n] g} lgjf{x ub{] cfPsf 5g\ . dlxnfx? dfq ;b:o ePsf]

;d'x, ;xsf/L klg :yfkgf x'g] qmd a9\ b f] 5 . o;n] klg dlxnfx? ca ;zQm / h'hf? x'b}F 5g\ eGg] atfpF 5 . bf]nvfsf s]xL uflj;df dlxnfx?sf] ;femf kmf] / d uflj; :tl/o dlxnf clwsf/ d~r klg /x] s f] 5 . o:tf kmf]/d n] dlxnfx?nfO{ ;+ul7t / ;zQm agfpFb} n}hfg cem ;lhnf] agfpg yfn]sf] 5 . clxn] ljleGg ;+3;+:yfn] ufpF :t/df ug{] sfo{qmddf klg k|f}9 dlxnf ;xhstf{ x ? a9\ g yfn]sf 5g\ . ljutsf aif{ x ?sf] bfFhf]df dlxnfsf] kx'Fr tyf ;xeflutfdf a[l4 ePklg of] cem} kof{Kt / lrQa'em\bf] eg] x' g ;s] s f] 5| } g . s' g } k lg :yfgdf cy{k"0f{ ;xeflutf / lg0ff{os e"ldsfdf dlxnfx?sf] kx'Fr a[l4 ug{' cfjZos 5 . c;n ;dfh lgdf{0fsf nflu dlxnfx?nfO{ cj;/ lbO{ ;zQm agfpg' cfhsf] cfjZostf xf] . o;sf nflu dlxnfx? klg lqmoflzn / d]xgtL x'g' h?/L 5 .

/]l8of] z}nË ;fd'bflos Pkm=Pd= !)$ d]ufxh{df

= L ; = L a f = L ] j a L; n f ]g k x/]s ;fFem *M$% ah] ;fydf M • z}lIfs ultljlw • ufpFjz ] L • :jf:Yo / jftfj/0f • ;'gf}nf] laxfgL • al;laofFnf] • km';f| ] tfn • z}nË ' b]p/fnL • hghLljsf • ;Demgfsf] rf}tf/L • ;femf ;jfn • /f]hL /f]6L • z}nË ' ;]/f]km]/f] • z}nË ' 8anL • tdfª, yfdL, lh/]n / z]kf{ efiffdf ;dfrf/ .

5

cWofTd aL=Pg= dxtf] cWofTd eg]s} r]t cyf{t cfkm\gf] lgh:j?ksf] cg'ej 1fg xf] . cyf{t h;n] of] r]tnfO{ cg'ej ug{ ;kmn x'g'eof] eg] pxfF cWoflTds cyf{t r]tg x'g'eof] eg] h;n] Tof] r]tnfO{ r]ts} k|efjn] ;+;f/df ;a} ljsf; ePsf] xf] Tof] cg'ej} gu/L Joj;fotkm{ nfUg' eof] eg] pxfF ef}ltsjfb x'g'eof] . t/ r]t} cWofTd of ef}lts pGgtLsf] d'n xf] . h;n] r]tg} ;jf}k/L xf] egL To; r]td} l:y/ eO{ afFRgsf] nflu dfq ef]hg lng'eof] eg] pxfF r]tg cWoflTds x'g'eof] . eg] h;n] z/L/nfO{ of] of] le6fldg rflxG5 Tof] le6fldg s]xL sf/0fj; kof{Kt dfqfdf gk'u] of] of] of] /f]u nfU5 eGg] s'/fsf] kQf nufO{ Tof] z/L/ tkm{ hfg' eof] eg] pxfF ef}ltsjfb x'g'eof] . h:t} r]tnfO{ Pp6f h'gf/sf] af]6 dfgf}F / Tof] h'gf/sf] af]6df, sfutL, lga'jf, ;'Gtnfsf] sNk afFwf}F eg] ToxL h'gf/s} h/faf6 sfutL, h'gf/, lga'jf / ;'Gtnf klg kmNg yfN5 . t/f h/f eg] Pp6} h'gf/sf] x'G5 . To:t} Tof] r]t ?kL af]6nfO{ tkfO{F htftkm{ hf]8g\ '; Tot} tkm{ cfkm\gf] ljsf; To;} cfwf/df ug{ yfN5 . Tof] eg]sf] dfgjsf] tk Tofu / cg'ejsf] kmn xf], h;sf] h:tf] Tofu, tk, ;fwgf x'G5 To:t} kmn kmN5 . cfb0fL{o ldq cWofTdsf] wd{;uF hf]l8Psf] hlt ;+3;+:yfx? ljsf; eP klg r]tg k'?if lj/n} 5g\ h'g rtg leq l;km{ ;]jf / afFRg] cfwf/ cGg kfgL xf] . eg] afFsL le6fldg, dxn, /fd|f] ;kmf sk8f, ld7f ef]hg, cgf/, :ofp eg]sf] ef}ltsjfbLsf ef}lts pGgtL xf] eGg] a'em\g' k5{ . hxfF oL cWoflTds sxnfpg]x? cWofTdsf asf]{ cf]9]/ ef}ltsk"0f{ ePsf ;f]rdf 8'a]sf dfgjx? x'g\ . h;sf] ljrf/g} r]t, ef}lts ;'vsf] rfxgfdf ldl;P/ cWofTdsf] efjg} x/fPsf] cj:yfdf k'u]sf] x'G5 . hxfF a'l4sf] z/0f kl8 Tof] dfgjx? ld7f zAb, ld7f ef]hg / lztn zfGt jftfj/0f rfxG5 . t/ Tof] cWofTd xf]Og cWofTdsf] Pp6f gSsn xf] . lsg eg] cWoflTds l;km{ kfs]sf] ;fsfxf/L cGg afFRgsf] lgDtL k|of]udf Nofpg' ePsf] x'G5 / z/L/nfO{ 9fSg Pp6f j:q / ;fydf lbg u'hf/f ug{sf] Pp6f emf]k8L k|of]udf Nofpg' ePsf] x'G5 . eg] afFsL ;a} cWofTdsf] 7f/; u/L /fVg' ePsf] x'G5 . sf/0f cWoflTds r]tdf z/L/ s] xf] eGg] s'/f cg'ej eO{ ;s]sf] x'G5 / Tof] r]t s]xL sf/0fj; ef}lts dgf]/~hgdf ldl;P d]/f] cWofTd p2]Zo g} u'ldG5 egL pxfF r]td} l:y/ eO{ a:g' x'G5 . cfb0fL{o ldq clxn] klg of] cWofTd / ef}ltsaf6 :k]zn aGgnfO{ w]/} s]nfpg' kg]{ b]lvG5 . t/ of] hutsf] r]t g} o:tf] cj:yfaf6 kf/ ul//fv]sf] 5 ls s]nfpg' t k/ hfcf];;\ dfgj ;'Gg k9\g klg rf;f] /flv/fv]sf] 5}g . ;a}sf] Pp6} p2]Zo ef}lts pGgtL / ef}lts dgf]/~hg hxfF cWofTd k|s6 g} x'g kfpFb}g . r]tnfO{ cfkm\gf] j+z a'emL To; r]t j+z;Fu k|]d ug]{ JolQm lj/n} x'G5 . sf/0f dfgjdf :jfb / t[i0ffn] cfkm\gf] 7"nf] 3/ agfO;s]sf] cj:yf 5 hxfF r]t cfP klg ef}lts of]u / ef}lts dgf]/~hgdf ldl;P/ :k]zn r]tg aGg ;ls/fv]sf] 5}g . of] hutdf h8nfO{ h8 eGg klg dfgjn] ;ls/fv]sf] 5]g eg] To; dfgjdf r]taf6 r]tg eO{ a:g ;Snf d s;/L egf}F . of] hutdf cWoflTds eO{ a:g' 5 eg] tkfO{F k]6nfO{ eGbf r]t6nfO{ k|fyldstf lbg';\ eg] le6fldgnfO{ k|fyldstf lbg' eGbf klxn] le6fldg s;sf] lgDtL xf] To;tkm{ rf;f] /fVg';\ . clg dfq} tkfO{F of] hutaf6 lhljt} d'lQm kfpg' x'G5 . of] dfgj hGd g} Ps hGd xf] h'g hGddf ;Gt sjL/n] cfkm"nfO{ lrGg ;kmn ePsf lyP / ToxL ;kmntf ^)) jif{ k"j{sf] clxn] xfd|f] x[bodf cg'ej e}/fv]sf] 5 . t;y{ olb tkfO{F cWoflTds :k]zn aGg rfxg' x'G5 eg] 9f+/;df guO{ jf:tljsnfO{ s]nfO{ jf:tljs lj>fd ug]{ afgL a;fNg';\ tkfO{F xfd|f] ofqf Ps lbg 6'Ëf]df k'U5 . cWofTd Ps r]t e|ddf gk/f}F ldq r]tg} ;a}sf] lktf 5g\ xfdL leq ;fx]aGbuL Û -dxtf] ;fu/ d]l8sndf sfo{/t 5g\ ._

eLd]Zj/ a'S; P08 :6]zg/L

cfwf/e"t 6«l] 8· sG;g{ ljut !% jif{bl] v oxfFx?sf] ;]jfdf ;dlk{t ch]G{ 5 5fk tyf cGt/f{li6«o :t/sf] s'l/o/, sfuf]{ / sIff ! b]lv SofDk; tx;Dd u];k]k/, ufO8, kf7\ok':ts, v]ns'b ;fdfu|L tyf d;nGb ;fdfgsf nflu ;Dks{ ug'x{ f];\ .

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;fdfGo ===

;fdfGo k|zf;g ;d"x -låtLo kq_ sfof{no sfo{ljlw ;DaGwL k|Zgf]Q/x? >Ls[i0f >]i7 ljifout k|Zgf]Q/x¿ • l/;jt eGgfn] s] a'‰g'x'G5 < s'g} /fi6«;]jsn] sfg" g L kfl/>ldsafx] s eP l/;jt lnPdf s] sf/afxL x'G5 < -;xn]vfkfn @)%$_ l/;jt eGgfn] gubL, lhG;L jf cGo h'g;'s} lsl;dsf] nfe jf ;' l jwf ;Demg'k5{ / ;f] zAbn] 3";;d]t hgfpF5 . /fi6« ; ]js jf /fi6« ;]js x'g nfu]sf] s'g} JolQmn] cfˆgf] cf]xbf jf ;f] ;DaGwL s' g } sfd ug' { jf ul/lbPafkt cfˆgf] jf c? s;}sf] lgldQ l/;jt lnPdf jf lng dGh'/ u/]df e|i6«frf/ P]g, @)%( sf] bkmf # -v_ adf]lhd s;"/ sf] dfqfcg';f/ s}b / lauf]adf]lhd hl/jfgf x' G 5 . h:t} , kRrL; xhf/ ?k}ofF;Dd l/;jt lng] JolQmnfO{ tLg dlxgf;Dd s}b x'G5 eg] l/;jt lnO;s]sf] eP ;f] ;d]t hkmt ul/g]5 . • /fi6« ;]jssf] cf]xbfsf] lgldQ of] U otf gfd OTofbL 9fF6\g] JolQmnfO{ s] ;hfo x'G5 < -;f=k|=@)%@ kf}if_ e|i6«frf/ lgjf/0f P]g, @)%( sf] bkmf !^ -!_ cg';f/ s' g } /fi6« ; ] j s n] cf] x bf kfpg] jf cf]xbfdf axfn /xg] p2]Zon] of]Uotf gfd OToflb 9fF 6 ]df lghnfO{ s;'/sf] dfqfcg';f/ ^ dlxgfb]lv Ps jif{ s}b / bz xhf/ ?k}ofF;Dd hl/jfgf x'g]5 . • gkfPsf] cf]xbf jf ;'ljwf jf clwsf/ kfP eGg] JolQmnfO{ s] ;hfo x'G5 < -;f=k|=@)%$_ e|i6«frf/ lgjf/0f P]g, @)%( sf] bkmf !% cg';f/ s'g} /fi6« ; ]js JolQmn] cfkm" n ] gkfPsf] cf] x bf jf ;'ljwf jf clwsf/ kfP egL ;f] cf]xbf jf ;'ljwf jf clwsf/ k| o f] u u/] d f dfg kfPsf] cf]xbf;DaGwL lrGx, kf] z fs jf lg;fgf b] v fPdf lghnfO{ s;"/sf] dfqfcg';f/ Ps jif{b]lv b'O{ jif{;Dd sf] s}b / krf; xhf/ ?k}ofF b]lv Ps nfv ?k}ofF;Dd hl/jfgf x' g ] 5 . • e|i6«frf/ lgjf/0f P]g, @)%( df e| i 6« f rf/;DaGwL d'2fdf ljz]if Joj:yf s] 5 < :ki6 kfg' { x f] ; \ . k|rlnt sfg'gdf h'g;'s} s'/f n] l vPsf] eP tfklg o; P]gcGtu{t bfo/ x'g] jf ePsf] d'2fdf b]xfosf s'/fdf b]xfoadf]lhd x'g]5M– -s_ s'g} /fi6«;]js jf cGo s' g } JolQmn] o; P] g cGtu{ t

s;"/ dflgg] s'g} sfd u/]sf] jf To:tf] sfd ug]{ l;nl;nfdf cGo k| r lnt sfg" g adf] l hd s;" / dflgg] s' g } sfd;d] t u/]sf] /x]5 eg] lghpk/ cGo k|rlnt sfg"gadf]lhd 5'§} d'2f rnfpg afwf kg]{ 5}g . -v_ s'g} /fi6«;]js jf cGo JolQmn] o; P]gcGtu{tsf] s;"/ dflgg] s'g} sfd ubf{ jf To:tf] sfd ug] { l;nl;nfdf s' g } JolQmsf] xs, ;DklQ jf ;/f]sf/pk/ klg k|lts"n c;/ k/]sf] /x]5 eg] To:tf] JolQmn] 5'§} d'2f bfo/ ug{ afwf kg]{ 5}g . -u_ o ; P ] g c G t u { t s f ] s;"/df s'g} JolQmpk/ d'2f bfo/ ePsf]df To:tf] d'2fsf] k|df0f a'‰b} hf"bf cGo JolQmpk/ ;d] t d' 2 f bfo/ ug'{kg]{ b]lvPdf To:tf] JolQmpk/ 5' § } cleof] u kq bfo/ ug{ afwf kg]{ 5}g . -3_ s'g} /fi6«;]js jf cGo JolQmn] g] k fn ;/sf/ jf ;fj{hlgs ;+:yfnfO{ u}/sfg"gL xflg–gf]S;fgL k'¥ofPsf]df ;f] c;" n pk/ ug{ lghpk/ 5' § } d'2f bfo/ ePsf]df o; P]gcGtu{t s;"/df 5'§} d'2f rnfpg afwf kg]{ 5}g . -ª_ s ' g } / f i 6 « ; ] j s j f JolQmpk/ o; P]gcGtu{t d'2f bfo/ ePsf]df To:tf] /fi6«;]js jf JolQmpk/ g]kfn ;/sf/ jf ;fj{hlgs ;+:yfnfO{ k'Ug uPsf] xflg, gf]S;fgL e/fpg ;lsg] s'g} sfg"gL Joj:yf /x]5 eg] ;f] x L sf/0fn] dfq o; P]gcGtu{t d'2f rnfpg afwf k' U g] jf ;f] x L sf/0fn] d' 2 f vf/]h x'g] 5}g . -r_ o; P] g cGtu{ t sf] d' 2 f lkmtf{ lng jf ldnfkq ug{ ;lsg] 5}g . • e|i6«frf/ ;DaGwL sfg"gdf cg';Gwfg / txlssft ug]{ cg';Gwfg clwsf/Ln] s'g s'g clwsf/ k|of]u ug{ ;Sb5 < – s'g} lgsfo, ;+ : yf, /fi6«;]js jf s'g} JolQm;+u ;Da4 sfuhft k|df0fsf] lnvt jf cGo s' g } s' / f cfkm";dIf k7fpg' jf lglZrt ;doleq k]z ug{ nufpg' . – ;DalGwt JolQmnfO{ pkl:yt u/fO{ ;f]wk'5 ug]{ jf lghsf] aofg lng] . – e|i6« f rf/sf] cf/f]k nfu] s f] /fi6« ; ] j s jf cGo s' g } JolQm;F u :ki6Ls/0f, ;f]wk'5 jf aofg lnO;s]kl5 To:tf] JolQmnfO{ cfjZostfcg' ; f/ vf] h ] s f] avt xflh/ x'g] sfuh u/fO{ 5f8\g] jf tf/]vdf /fVg] .

– k|rlnt sfg'gadf]lhd w/f}6L jf hdfgt dfuL tf/]vdf 5f8\g] jf w/f}6L jf hdfgt glbPdf y'gfdf /fVg] . • cg' ; Gwfg clws[ t sf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/x¿ s] s] x'g < – s;" / bf/nfO{ tTsfn lu/km\ t f/ u/L cfjZos sf/jfxL ug] { . – cg';Gwfg / txlssft ubf{ jf ;a'b k|df0f ;+sng ubf{ 3/, sfof{ n o, ejg, uf]bfd, ;jf/L ;fwfg jf cGo s' g } :yfgsf] vfgtnf;L lng], lng nufpg] . – cg';Gwfg clwsf/LnfO{ ePsf] cGo clwsf/ k|of]u ug] { . – cleo'QmnfO{ aofg u/fpg], ;/hldg d'r'Nsf tof/ ug] { , k| r lnt sfg' g adf] l hd k|x/Ln] kfP;/xsf] clwsf/, st{ J o, ;'ljwf / bfloTj cg';Gwfg clws[tnfO{ k||fKt x' g ] 5 . – cleo' Q mnfO{ tf/] v df /fVg], w/f}6L jf hdfgL lnO{ 5f8g], w/f}6L /fVg jf hdfgL lbg g;s]df y'gfdf /fVg];d]t cbfntnfO{ eP;/xsf] clwsf/ cg';Gwfg clws[tnfO{ k|fKt 5 . • /fli6«o ;ts{tf s]Gb|sf] :yfkgfsf] p2] Z o / o;sf sfo{x¿ ;+If]kdf n]Vg'xf];\ . e|i6frf/hGo sfo{nfO{ k|efjsf/L ¿kdf lgoGq0f ug{ tyf e|i6«frf/ lj?4 hgr]tgf clej[l4 ug]{ p2]Zon] g]kfn ;/sf/n] k|wfgdGqLsf] k|ToIf /]vb]v / lgoGq0fdf /xg] u/L Ps /fli6«o ;ts{tf s]Gb|sf] :yfkgf u/] s f] 5 . o;sf sfo{ x ¿ o; k|sf/ /x] s f 5g\M– – ;/sf/L lgsfo / ;fj{hlgs ;+:yfgaf6 ;DkGg ug'{kg]{ sfo{x¿ lgoldt ¿kdf eP gePsf] ljifodf ;" r gf ;+ s ng ug] { . – pNn] l vt lgsfo tyf ;+:yfaf6 x'g] sfo{x¿ ePsf] gePsf]df To:tf lgsfonfO{ ;f] ljifodf ;ts{ ug]{ . – ;fj{ h lgs kb wf/0ff u/]sf] JolQmn] k|rlnt sfg'gadf]lhd lbPsf] ;DklQ ljj/0f / cfPsf] cg' d fg ug] { . – e|i6frf/ x'g;Sg] :yfg jf sfddf lgoldt lgu/fgL /fVg], 58\s] hfFr / cGj]if0f ug]{ cfjZos Joj:yf ldnfpg] . – e| i 6frf/sf] /f] s yfd ug]{ ;DalGwt lgsfonfO{ ;'emfj jf lgb]{zg lbg] .

– g]kfn ;/sf/n] tf]s]sf] cGo sfd ug]{ u/fpg] cflb . • u}/sfg'gL sfd jf xfgL eGgfn] s:tf s:tf sfdnfO{ hgfpF5 < – cfof]hgfsf] ;DefJotf cWoog ubf{ jf gD;{ tof/ ubf{ s:tf c:jfefljs tl/sfaf6 a9L sfd jf nfut b] v fpg] . – sd u'0f:t/nfO{ lgwf{l/t u'0f:t/ xf] egL k|dfl0ft ug]{ sfd . – lgwf{l/t zt{ tyf dfkb08 ljk/Lt lgdf0f{ ug]{ u/fpg] . – em"6f ljn, e/kfO{ agfO{ e'QmfgL lng], lbg] jf lansf] bf]xf]/f] e'QmfgL lng] lbg] . – ;fj{ g lgs ;DklQsf] c:jfefljs d" N of+ s g ug] { u/fpg] . – dfn;fdfg vl/b ubf{ u'0f:t/xLg Dofb gf3]sf] / c:jfefljs ¿kdf a9L d"No lt/L vl/b ug]{, u/fpg] . – clws d"Nof+sg u/fO{ a9L C0f lng] sfd . pNn]lvt s'g} sfd u/] d f s;" / sf] dfqcg' ; f/ tLg dlxgfb]lv s;" / sf] dfqfcg';f/ tLg dlxgfb]lv tLg jif{ ; Dd s} b / lauf] v'n]sf]df lauf]adf]lhd hl/jfgf u/L lauf] c;'npk/ ul/g] 5 . lauf] gv' n ] s f] d f tLg dlxgfb]lv tLg jif{;Dd s}b / b'O{ xhf/ ?k}ofFb]lv krf; xhf/ ?k}ofF;Dd hl/jfgf x'g] . • æe|i6frf/Æ eGgfn] s] a' l emG5 < æe|i6frf/Æ eGgfn] e|i6frf/ lgjf/0f;DaGwL k|rlnt sfg'gadf]lhd ;hfo x'g] s;"/ ;Demg'k5{ . cyf{t\ kl/R5]b– @ cGtu{t ;hfo x'g] s;"/ -l/;jt lng], lagf d"No jf sd d"Nodf j:t' jf ;]jf lng], sldzg lng] , unt lnlvt tof/ ug]{, /fh:j r'xfj6 ug]{, u}/sfg'gL nfe k'¥ofpg], k|Zgkqsf] uf]kgLotf e+u ug]{, unt cg'jfb ug]{ cflb_ ;Demg'k5{ egL kl/efiff ul/Psf] 5 . • s;"/sf] dfqf eGgfn] s] a' l emG5 < s;" / sf] dfqf eGgfn] o; e| i 6frf/ P] g cGtu{ t ;hfo x'g] s;"/ u/]sf] jf ug]{ pBf]u u/] s f] cj:yf, kl/l:ylt / To:tf] s;"/sf] ufDeLo{tf jf To:tf] s;"/ ug]{ jf ug{ pBf]u JolQmsf] lgot, of]Uotf, cf]xbf qmdzM

/ x} l ;ot;d] t sf] cfwf/df lgwf{/0f ul/g] s;"/sf] dfqf ;Demg' k 5{ . • cg' ; Gwfg clws[ t sf] clwsf/x¿ n]Vg'xf];\ . e|i6frf/;DaGwL s;" / df cg';Gwfg / txlssft ubf{ cg';Gwfg clwsf/Ln] e| i 6frf/sf] cf/f] k nfu] s f] /fi6«;]js jf cGo JolQm;"u ;f] w k' 5 ug] { , aofg lng] , tf/]vdf /fVg], w/f}6L lng], hdfgt dfuL tf/]vdf 5f8\g] jf To:tf] w/f}6L jf hdfgt glbP y'gfdf /fVg ;Sg] clwsf/ e|i6frf/ P]gsf] bkmf @* df pNn] v 5 . • e|i6frf/ lgjf/0f P]g, @)!& cg';f/ yk ;hfo x'g] kbflwsf/Lx¿ sf]–sf] x'g\ < e|i6frf/ lgjf/0f P]g, @)!& sf] bkmf !$s cg';f/ b]xfosf kbflwsf/Lx¿nfO{ yk ;hfo x'g] Joj:yf 5 M -s_ ;+ j }wflgs c+ u sf kbflwsf/L -v_ >L % af6 lgo' Q m jf dgf]gog x'g kbflwsf/L -u_ >L % sf ;/sf/sf ljlzi6 >]0fLsf kbflwsf/L -3_ g]kfn ;/sf/sf] :jfldTj ePsf] ;+ u l7t ;+:yfsf] k|d'v dxfk|aGws jf ;f] ;/xsf kbflwsf/L • s'g–s'g sfo{nfO{ e|i6frf/ u/]sf] elgG5 < ;fdfGotM e|i6 cfr/0f ug' { n fO{ e| i 6frf/ elgG5 . e|i6frf/ lgjf/0f P]g, @)!& cg' ; f/ s' g } /fi6« ; ] j sn]

6

b]xfosf sfds'/f u/]df To;nfO{ e|i6frf/ elgG5 M -s_ /fi6«;]jsn] cf]xbfsf] sfo{afkt sfg'gL kfl/>ldsafx]s c¿ l/;jt lnPdf -v_ /fi6« ; ] j spk/ k| e fj kfg{ l/;jt lnPdf -u_ sfdsfh;" u ;DaGw ePsf] JolQm;"u lagfdf]n jf sDtL df]ndf dfnj:t' lnPdf -3_ u}/sfg'gL nfe jf xflg k'¥ofpg] ablgotn] sfd u/]df -ª_ unt lnvt tof/ jf cg'jfb u/]df -r_ k| Z gkqsf] uf] k gLotf e+u u/]df -5_ u}/sfg'gL vl/b laqmL u/]df -h_ gkfPsf] cf]xbf jf ;'ljwf jf clwsf/ kfP" eg]df -em_ cf]xbfsf] nflu of]Uotf cflb 9f"6]df -`_ cfkm\ g f] lhDdfsf ;/sf/L ;DklQsf] lxgfldgf jf xflggf]S;fgL u/]df -6_ u}/sfg'gL bafa lbPdf . • e|i6frf/ lgjf/0f P]g, @)%( cg' ; f/ ;fj{ h lgs hjfkmb] x Lsf] kb eGgfn] s] a'lemG5 < e| i 6frf/ lgjf/0f P] g , @)%( cg';f/ ;fj{hlgs hjfkmb]xLsf] kb eGgfn] kfl/>lds 7]lsPsf] jf g7]lsPsf] h] eP tfklg s' g } ¿kdf lgo' Q m x' g ] jf lgjf{ l rt x' g ] jf dgf] g og x' g ] sfg' g L dfGotf k|fKt ;fj{ h lgs sfd, st{ J o / clwsf/ ePsf] kb xf] .

cf/= cf/= sDKo'6/ O{lGi6Ro'6 eLgkf –!, rl/sf]6, bf]nvf

sf]

cfjZostf ;DaGwL ;"rgf Û bf] n vf lhNnf eLd] Z j/ gu/kflnsf j8f g+ = ! l:yt o; cf/= cf/= sDKo' 6 / O{ l Gi6Ro' 6 sf] nflu ! hgf sDKo' 6 / lzIfssf] cfjZostf k/]sf] x'F b f lgDgfg';f/ of]Uotf k'u]sf dxfg'efjx?n] ;"rgf k|sflzt ePsf] ldltn] & lbgleq ;Dks{ ug' { x ' g cg' / f] w ub{ 5 f} F . cfjZos ;+ V of M ! of] U otf M a] l ;s sf] ; { , l8Knf] d f sf] ; { -u| f lkms l8hfOg, 8f6fa] ; l8hfOg_, xf8{ j ] o / ;DaGwL 1fg ePsf] . cfjZos sfuhft M O{ R 5' s JolQmsf] kmf] 6 f, JolQmut ljj/0f, of]Uotfsf] k|df0fkqsf] k| l tlnlk / gful/stf k| d f0fkqsf] k| l tlnlk .

sDtLdf @ jif{ sDKo'6/ lzIfssf] ?kdf sfd u/]sf]nfO{ ljz]if u|fXotf lbOg] 5 .

cfk;L ;xdltdf cfsif{ s tna ;' l jwf lbO{ g ] 5 . ;Dks{ M cf/= cf/= sDKo' 6 / O{ l Gi6Ro' 6 , rl/sf] 6 , bf] n vf kmf] g g+ = M )$(–$@!)$#, (*$$)^)%$$, (&%$@)!!&!


jif{ – !!, c° – %@, k"0ff{ª\s !&&, @)^&, kmfu'g @% ut] d+unaf/

hghfltsf] clwsf/ hLjg nfdf

clwsf/ b]zdf nf]stGq k|fKtLkl5 cfkm\gf] clwsf/sf] nflu pTkLl8t ;d'bfox? cfGbf]ngdf nfu]sf 5g\ . cflbjf;L hghfltn] klg cfkm\gf] clwsf/ gofF aGg] ;+ljwfgdf ;'lglZrt ug{sf] nflu nfdf] ;dob]lv cfGbf]ng ub}{cfPsf] 5 . /fHon] Gofof]lht 9+ u n] clwsf/ afF8kmfF8 gu/]s} sf/0f :jtGqk" j {s cfGbf]ngdf xf] l dPsf] b] l vG5 . ufF ; , af; / skf; kfpg'dfq dfgjclwsf/ xf]Og . clwsf/sf] kl/efiff lxhf]sf] lbgdf h] ePgL casf] lbgdf ;a}n] ;dfg 9+un] clwsf/ kfpg' g} dfgjclwsf/ xf] . dfgjclwsf/sf] nflu ljleGg ;/sf/L u} / ;/sf/L sfof{nox? nfuL k/]sf 5g\ . dfgjclwsf/s} gfddf w]/} ;+ 3 ;+ : yfx? hGd]sf 5g\ . /fhgLlts cf8df ;d]t s]xL dfgjclwsf/ ;+:yfx? hGd]sf 5g\ . o;/L /fhgLlts cf8df hGd] s f dfgjclwsf/ ;+:yf jf JolQmx?n] s] ;xL lgisif{ lgsfN5 t < ;xL cg'udg / d" N of+ s g xf] n f t < ToxL sf/0f hgtfn] ;xL cg'e'lt ug{ gkfPs} sf/0f cfGbf]ngdf xf]ldg' kg]{ afWotf 5 . nfdf] ;dob] l v lklN;Psf cflbjf;L hghfltx?sf] clwsf/ k'gMlh{ljt ug{ g;s]s} sf/0f lbgfg'lbg ;8sdf cf]ln{g'kg]{ l:ylt 5 . ;fRr} g} zflGtk" 0 f{ cfGbf]ngn] ;DalGwt lgsfosf] Wofgcfsif{0f ug{ g;ls/x]sf] cj:yfdf ;8sdf 6fo/sf] w'Fjf lg:sg afWo 5 . aGb, x8\ t fn / rSsfhfdsf] ljsNk x'Fbfx'Fb} klg xhf/f} df; ;8sdf plqg' s] /fd| f ] xf] t < hf] JolQmnfO{ kL8fn] lklN;Psf x'G5g, k|;fakL8f g} cflbjf;L

hghfltsf] d' V o kL8f dfGg ;lsG5 . cGt/fli6«o hutsf] ;fd' /fHon] cGt/fli6«o >d;+u7g dxf;lGw !^( df cg'df]bgsf] nflu x:tfIf/ ul/;s]sf] cj:yfdf klg g]kfn ;/sf/ sfof{Gjogsf] kIfdf sfgdf t] n xfn] / a;] s f] 5 . t/ clxn] x:tfIf/ cg' d f] b g xf]O{g clwsf/dfly x:tfIf]k ePsf] 5 . bf]nvfs} ;Gbe{ d f klg w] / } cfof] h gf, kl/of] h gfx? ;~rfngsf] cj:yfdf cfO{/x]sf] cj:yfdf klg cflbjf;L hghfltx?nfO{ s'g} hfgsf/L lagf g} ;~rfngdf NofPsf] 5 . cGt/fli6« o >d;+ u 7g ILO-!^(_ df s'g}klg cflbjf;L hghfltsf] yftynf]df cfof]hgf, kl/of]hgfx? ;~rfngdf Nofpg'k"j{ cflbjf;L hghfltx?sf] cg'dlt lnP/ dfq ;~rfngdf Nofpg' kg]{ a'Fbf pNn]v ubf{ub}{ klg df}g /x]sf 5g\ . bf]nvfsf] dflyNnf] tfdfsf]zL hnljB't cfof]hgf / uf}/Lz+s/ ;+/If0f If]qdf ;d]t cflbjf;L hghfltnfO{ s' g } kjf{ x gu/L sfo{qmd ;~rfngdf NofPsf] 5 . h;n] ubf{ sltko cflbjf;L hghfltx?sf] laRrnL x'g'sf] ;fy} yftyfnf] 5f8\ g ' kg] { l:ylt 5 . cflbjf;L hghfltsf] hn, h+ u n / hldgg} 5f] 8 \ g ' kg]{ l:ylt cfPkl5 h:tf;'s} sfo{ q md cfPklg s] ef] / < s'g} ljsf;sf] sfo{ x'g'x'Fb}g eGg] xfd|f] cfjfh xf]O{g t/ sfo{ ;xL / /fd|f] kIf slQsf] 5 ;ldIff ug' { k g] { 5 . olb s;} n ] clwsf/ k| o f] u ubf{ c?sf] clwsf/ xgg x'G5 eg] lsg sfo{ ug'{ < cflbjf;L hghflt nufot dlxnf, blnt ;d'bfo / lk5l8Psf ;Dk" 0 f{ ju{ n ] ;+ljwfg gag]sf] df}sf 5f]k]/

cfGbf] n gdf xf] l dPsf] 5 . lxhf] lbgdf ag]sf] ;+ljwfgdf ;fRr} s;}sf] efjgf ;d]6\g g;s]s} sf/0f ;+ljwfg k'gM n] V g' kg] { cj:yf cfPsf] xf] . olb ca aGg] gofF ;+ l jwfgdf klg cflbjf;L hghfltx?sf] clwsf/nfO{ ;'lglZrt ug{ ;s]g eg] cjZo klg k'Mg ;+ l jwfg 3f]if0ff u/]sf] ef]lnkN6 RofF l tg] cj:yf cfpF 5 . t;y{ ;dod} ;r]t agL ;+ l jwfg n] V g' kg] { lbg 5 . hgtfn] ;+ljwfg n]Vgsf] nflu k7fPsf ;ef;b\x? cf}krfl/s sfo{qmddf hfg] / eQf krfpg] afx] s c? pknAwL ug{ ;s] s f] 5} g . ;a} hfltsf] k|ltlglwTj u/]sf] ;ef;b\ x ? ePklg cfkm\ g f] hfltsf] eGbf kf6L{sf] xjLkdf rNg afF W o ePsf 5g\ . cfkm"\ kf6L{sf] l;kmfl/;df cfPsf] ;a} n ] dxz' ; u/] s f 5g\ . x/]s lgsfodf g]kfn ;/sf/n] cflbjf;L, dlxnf, blnt / ljkGg ju{ s f] nflu clwsf/ ;'lglZrt u/] tfklg :yfgLo :t/df hfgsf/L ug'{ kg]{, dfUg' kg]{ TolQdfq xf]O{g, c?s} xfaL x'g] l:ylt 5 . t;y{ cfufdL lbgdf cflbjf;L hghfltx? dfu] / cfGbf]ng u/]/ xf]O{g, vf];]/ cfkm\ g f] clwsf/ ;' l glZrt ug' { k g] { l:ylt 5 . /fHon] ;' l glZrt u/] s f] clwsf/df xfn;Dd cfGbf]ng u/]/ 6' q mf6' q mf lng' k g] { cj:yf 5 . cflbjf;L hghfltx?n] s;} s f] efu lng vf] h ] s f] xf]O{g . c?sf] efunfO{ vf];]/ cflbjf;L hghfltnfO{ lbg' k 5{ eGg vf] h ] s f] klg xf]O{g . /fHon] Joj:yf u/]sf] clwsf/nfO{ lbg lsg sGh':ofO{ ug]{ < lhNnf txdf ;/sf/L u}/;/sf/L sfof{ n odf ;d] t cflbjf;L hghfltsf] gfddf nfvf},

s/f] 8 f} ah] 6 ePklg cGo ljifodf vr{ ug]{ / cflbjf;L hghfltsf] gfd hf]8\g] l;i6d 5 . cflbjf;L hghflt nlIft h:tf;' s } sfo{ q md ePklg cflbjf;L hghfltsf] gfd dfq lng] rng 5 . cfly{ s , ;fdflhs / z}lIfs :t/ j[l4 ug]{ gfddf nfvf} vr{ bf] n vfdf leqL ;s] s f] 5 . t/ sfuhL ?kdf dfq b] l vG5 . vf]h]df kfO{g] gq ah]6 nufot ;a} cj;/x? n'sfpg] l;i6d 5 . cflbjf;L hghfltx? To;}sf] nflu n8\g' kg]{ l:ylt 5 . ;a} lgsfon] ;f]Rg afWotf 5 . oxL ljifonfO{ dgg u/] / g] k fn cflbjf;L hghflt dxf;+3n] cfof]hgf u/]sf] ;/sf/L sfof{ n ox?n] cflbjf;L hghfltsf] nflu lbg] ;] j f ;'ljwfsf] af/]df cGt/lqmof sfo{qmddf ;d]t cg'kl:yt x'g] Jojxf/ 5 . st} eQf jf /fd|f] xf]6ndf sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hgf ubf{ hfg] t/ cflbjf;L hghfltsf] gfd hf]8g\ ] lalQs} kl5 x6\g] Jojxf/n] ubf{ cfh lbgfg'lbg cfGbf]ng ug'{kg]{ l:ylt hGdfPsf] 5 . /x/n] xf] O { g afWotfn] cfGbf] n g ug'{kg]{ 5 . ha;Dd clwsf/ ;'lglZrt x'g ;Sb}g ta;Dd cfGbf]ng hf/L /xG5 . :yfgLo:t/df ;d]t cflbjf;L hghfltnfO{ ;fIfLsf] ?kdf /fVg] u/]sf 5g\ . cj;/ lngsf] nflu ljleGg ;/f]sf/ ;ldltx? Pglhcf] aGg yfn]sf 5g\ . bf]nvfdf ;~rflnt of]hgfx?sf] lgikIf, ;docjlwdf ;DkGg ug{ / hgtfsf] kIfaf6 jsfnt ug{sf] nflu ag]sf] ;ldlt /fHosf] ;] j f;' l jwfsf] ;fy} ljleGg cj;/sf] nflu Pglhcf] ag]sf] 5 . h;n] ubf{ bf] n vfnL cflbjf;L hghfltx?sf] efjgf ljkl/t ePsf] 5 . o;/L slxn] ;Dd rN5 t <

;fKtflxsnfO{ n]v, /rgf, ;dfrf/ / sljtf k7fpFbf ;kmf cIf/df sfuhsf] Psfkl6dfq n]vL k7fpg'xf]nf . k|sflzt n]v /rgf;Fu ;Dkfbg÷k|sfzg 6Ldsf] s'g} k|sf/sf] ;xdtL÷c;xdtL /xFb}g . k|sflzt n]vx¿sf] lhDd]jf/L n]vssf] x'g5] . k|ljlws sl7gfOsf sf/0f o; ;fKtflxssf] s]xL cÍ lgoldt k|sflzt x'g g;s]sf]df;d]t Ifdfk|fyL{ 5f}F . ;+=

ljZj === k]Dafbf]h]{sf] egfO{ 5 . clxn] ;Dd dlxnf ;u/dfyf cf/f]lxn] o:tf] /]s8{ agfPsf 5}gg\ . o:t} cleofgdf Ps ljb]zL dlxnf klg nfu]sf]n] s;n] klxnf of] /]s8{ agfpg] eGg] k|lt:k|wf{ ;d]t /x]sf] k]Dafbf]h]{n] atfP . …;u/dfyf ;/;kmfO{ cleofg ko{6s aif{ @)!!Údf l6d sf]cl8{g]6/sf] ?kdf ;a} eGbf sd pd]/ !^ aif{ d f ;u/dfyfsf] ;kmn cf/f]x0f u/]/ ljZj lslt{dfg agfPsf bf]nvf uf}/Lzª\s/ uflj; j8f g+ ! sf t]Dafl5/L z]kf{n] sfd ug]{ 5g\ . …;u/dfyf ;/;kmfO{ cleofg ko{6s aif{ @)!!Ú cGt{ut ;u/dfyfsf] * xhf/ dL6/ eGbf dfly /x]sf] kmf]x/ ;kmf ug]{ of]hgf ;d]t /x]sf] l6d sf]cl8{g]6/ t]Dafl5/L z]kf{ n ] atfP . ;u/dfyf cf/f]x0fs} qmddf xftsf s]lx cf} n f u' d fPsf t] D afl5/Ln] cfkm\ g f] ckfª\ u xftn] ;u/dfyfdf y'kf/LPsf] kmf]x/ ;kmf u/]/ c?nfO{ kmf]x/ y'kfg'{ x'b}g eGg] ;Gb]z lbg] cleofgsf l6d ln8/ k]Dafbf]h]{n] atfP . hnjfo' kl/j{tsf ;fy} ;u/dfyfdf aiff} b]lv y'kf/LPsf] kmf] x /sf] sf/0f jftfj/0f k|b" i f0f e} lxpF x ? kUn]/ ;u/dfyf Pp6f gfª\uf] sfnf] kxf8sf] ?kdf b]lvg] vt/f a8\ b } uPsf] n ] ;u/dfyfsf] ;kmfO{df ;a}nfO{ bjfj lbg] pb] Z on] of] cleofg ;' ? ul/Psf] cleofgsf l6d ln8/

7

k]Dafbf]h]{n] atfP . l6ddf ;ft hgf ;b:o /xg] / ;u/dfyfaf6 hDdf ul/Psf] kmf]x/ sf7df8f}Fdf NofO{g] k]Dafbf]h]{n] atfP .

sfjf{xL === lhNnf lzIff sfof{no bf]nvfn] k]zfdf clgodLttf ug]{ @& hgf lzIfsnfO{ :kli6s/0f ;f]w]sf]df clwsf+ z n] To;sf] hjfkm lbPsf 5g\ . lzIfsx? cfkm\gf] bfloTj k|lt ;r]t ag'g eg]/ sfof{non] ;'l4s/0f cleofg ;'? u/]sf] sfof{nosf] egfO{ 5 . xfdLn] clxn] clgodLt x'g] lzIfsnfO{ :kli6s/0f dfq ;f]w]sf 5f} . o;sf] k|efjn] nueu ;a} lzIfsx? lgodLt ePsf 5g\ cfufdL lbgdf km]l/ lzIfsx? cfkm\ g f] k] z fdf lgodLt ag]gg\ eg] sfof{non] s8f sfjf{lx ;d]t ug]{ 5 – lhNnf lzIff clwsf/L uf}tdn] eGg' eof] . lhNnf lzIff clwsf/L u]xgfy uf}tdsf cg';f/ cfkm' n ] sl/a * dlxgfsf] calwdf ^) eGbf a9L ljBfnosf] :ynut e| d 0f u/] s f] d f clxn] clwsf+ z ljBfnodf lzIfsx? lgodLt ePsf 5g\ . s'g} ljBfnodf lzIfs lgodLt geP/ klg lgodLt ePsf] elg k|wfgfWofks, ;|f]t k|d'v tyf ljBfno Joj:yfkg ;ldltsf cWoIfn] l;kmf/L; u/] s f] kfO{ P df pgLx?nfO{ ;d]t sfof{non] plrt sfjf{lx ug]{ lhNnf lzIff clwsf/L uf}tdsf] egfO{ 5 .

;zQmLs/0f sfo{qmd n

u+uf l/dfn

rl/sf]6 n}lËs lx+;f Go"lgs/0fsf] nflu ;d'bfo :t/df ;r]lts/0f tyf hfu/0fsf sfo{qmdx? ;+rfng ug'k{ g]{ Ps sfo{qmdsf ;xefuLx?n] hf]8 lbPsf 5g\ . pgLx?n] ;r]lts/0fsf] kf6f]nfO{ cl3 a9fO{ ;d'bfosf dflg;nfO{ ;zQm agfP/ dfq lx+;fsf 36\gf lj?4 cfjhx? cem p7\g] atfPsf x'g\ . o'gfO6]8 :6]6;\ OlG:6\Ro'6 ckm lk; sf7df8f} / x'/f8]s g]kfn bf]nvfn] ;b/d'sfd rl/sf]6df cfof]hgf u/]sf] n}lËs lx+;fsf] cGTo / Gofosf] ;'lglZrttf ljifos ;Dafb sfo{qmdsf ;xefuLx?n] o:tf] wf/0ff /fv]sf x'g\ . n}lËs lx+;fsf] k|j[ltsf] klxrfg, ;dfwfg / Go'lgs/0fsf nflu ;xsfo{sf] pkfo vf]Hg] pb]Zon] cfof]lht sfo{qmddf bf]nvfdf dlxnf lx+;fsf] cj:yf, 36\gfsf k|jl[ Q / ;d:of ;dfwfgsf nflu ul/g'kg]{ kxn nufot ljifodf 5nkmn ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmdf af]Nb} dlxnf clwsf/sdL{ ;[hgf sfsL{n] ;dfhdf dlxnf dfyL 3/]n' ,;fdflhs, cfly{s, /fhg}lts dfgl;s / zf/Ll/s lx+;f ljBdfg /x]sfn] lx+;f Go'lgs/0fsf nflu ;dfhsf ;a} kIf lhDd]jf/ jGg'kg]{ atfO{g\ . pgn] elgg\ ælx+;f cGTosf] nflu gful/stf, ax'ljjfx sf ljifodf ag]sf] lje]bk"0f{ sfg'g kl/jt{g u/L Gofono lkl8td'vL agfO{g'k5{ .Æ ;dfhdf ljBdg lx+;fsf] 36\gf phfu/ / cGTo ug{ sfg'gL ;fIf/tf cfjZos /x]sf] pgn] atfO{g\ . clwjQmf jljtf sfsL{n] klg sfg'g af/]df uf=lj=;= :t/df r]tgfd"ns sfo{qmd ;+~rfng ug'{ kg]d{ f hf]8 lbb} lx+;fsf 36\gf phfu/ ug{ ;fIfLsf] ;'/Iffsf] klg Uof/]G6L x'g'kg]{ pNn]v ul/g\ . c;nzf;gsf lbks j:g]tn] klg k/Dk/fut ;+:sf/ lx+;fsf] d"n sf/0f ePsfn] hfu/0f cleofg / sfg'gL s'/f ;d'bfodf hfgsf/L u/fpg' kg]d{ f hf]8 lbP . OG;]s If]lqo ;+of]hs s[i0f uf}tdn] n}lËs lx+;fsf] l;sf/ dlxnf g} al9 ePsf] atfpb} Go'lgs/0fsf nflu ;a}n] kxn ug'{[ kg]{ atfP . sfo{qmddf k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L u0f]z k|;fb e§f/fO{n] lx+;fsf 36\gf phfu/ / cGTosf] nflu ;zlQms/0f g} cfjZos ePsf]df hf]8 lbP . cfly{s k/lge{/tfn] ubf{ dlxnf dflysf] 3/]n' lx+;f a9]sfn] dlxnfx? cfTdlge{/ x'b} hfFbf lx+;f klg sd x'b} hfg] pgn] atfP . pgn] P]g sfg'gdf ePsf s'/f sfo{Gjogdf k|ltj4tf hgfP . ;]jf k|bfos :yfgdf ;"rs /fv]/ cg'udg ug]{ hfgsf/L lbb} n}lËs lx+;f Go'lgs/0fsf] nflu ;DalGwt ;a} lgsfo ;Fu ;xsfo{ ug]{ k|lhc e§f/fO{n] atfP . sfo{qmddf o"=o;=cfO{=lk= sf /fli6«o ;Nnfxsf/ zf]efs/ a'9fyf]sL lhNnf l:yt clwsfjfbL ;+3 ;+:yfsf k|ltlglw, jlsn, k|x/L, kqsf/sf] ;xeflutf lyof] . ckmufg:yfg af6 n}lËs lx+;f ;DaGwL cWoog ug{ g]kfn cfPsf] ckmufgL ;'/Iff lgsfosf] 6f]nL ;+u pQm ;Djfb sfo{qmd ePsf] xf] . sfo{qmddf g]kfn / ckmufg:yfg sf] n}lËs lx+;fsf] cj:yf lx+;fsf k|jl[ Q / sfg'g ljifodf hfgsf/L ;f6f;f6 ul/Psf] lyof] .


lh=k|=sf=bf]=b=g+= ^÷)%&÷%*, d=If]=x'=lg=b=g+= !^÷)%&÷%*, bf]=lh=x'=b=g++ )@÷)^#÷)^$

:yfgLo zflGt ;ldltsf] r'gf}tL lr/~hLjL df:s]

of] cª\sdf nfdf] ;dosf] ljjfb kl5 ut xKtf bf]nvfsf] :yflgo zflGt ;ldltn] ;+of]hs kfPsf] 5 . bnx? aLr klxn] s;sf] eGg] ljjfbsf sf/0f u7g ePsf] b'O{ aif{ ;Dd zflGt ;ldltn] ;+of]hs kfpg ;s]sf] lyPg . h;sf] sf/0f ;a} eGbf 7"nf] df/df k/]sf lyP åGå kLl8tx? . ;ldltdf ;+of]hs 5gf}6 x'g g;Sbf åGå kLl8tx?n] ;/sf/af6 kfpg] ;'ljwf kfpg ;ls/x]sf lyPgg\ . ;fx]b ca pgLx?sf] nflu ;xhtf x'g] 5 . nfdf] ;do;Dd ;+of]hs 5gf}6 x'g g;Sg'sf] sf/0f cfkm' ;+of]hs ag]/ cfkm\gf] bnsf] dflg; w]/}nfO{ åGå kLl8t agfP/ ;/sf/L ;'ljwf lbnfpg] s;/t xf] eg]/ w]/}n] a'em]sf lyP . ca ;+of]hs 5gf}6 ePsf] cj:yfdf cfd ?kdf b]lvPsf] To;vfnsf] e|dsf] cGTo ug]{ bfloTj bnsf g]tfx?sf] xf] . ;+of]hs 5gf}6 e} ;s]sf] cj:yfdf ca jf:tljs åGå kLl8tsf] 5gf}6 u/]/ lhNnfdf zflGt sfod ug]{ / åGå kLl8tx?nfO{ /fxt lbg] s'/fdf ;ldltsf ;b:ox? s]Gb|Lt gx'g] xf] eg] bnsf g]tfx?nfO{ h] cf/f]k nfu]sf] 5 Tof] s'/f k'li6 dfq x'b}g hgtfdf bnsf g]tfx? k|ltsf] yf]/} ljZjlgotf ;d]t u'Dg] cj:yf x'g] 5 . To;}n] :yflgo zflGt ;ldltn] klxnf] sfd jf:tljs åGå kLl8tx?sf] 5gf}6 ug]{ s'/fdf s]Gb|Lt ug'{ k5{ . s'g bnsf] slt dflg; åGå kLl8t agfpg] x}g h'g ;'s} bnsf] xf]; jf:tljs åGå kLl8t sf] xf] eg]/ x]g'{ kg]{ x'G5 . o; cl3 åGå kLl8t eg]/ gfd n]vfO{Psf] s'/fdf klg ljjfb b]lvPsf] 5 . dfcf]jfbLn] ltg ;o hgf eGbf a9LnfO{ åGå kLl8t eg]/ gfd n]vfof] eg]/ cGo bnn] lj/f]w ul//x]sf 5g\ . clg dfcf]jfbLn] cGo bnaf6 cfkm'v'lz 3/ 5f]8]/ lx8]sfnfO{ klg åGå kLl8t agfof] eg]/ cfklQ hgfO{ /x]sf] 5 . of] bf]xf]/f] lj/f]wn] klg s] s'/fsf] ;ª\s]t u/]sf] 5 eg] bnx? zflGt ;ldltdf cfkm\gf] kf6L{sf] ;b:onfO{ åGå kLl8t agfP/ ;/sf/L ;'ljwf lbnfpg] s'/fdf tNnLg 5g\ . of] cj:yfdf zflGt ;ldltdf gful/s ;dfh tyf kqsf/sf] tkm{af6 k|ltlglwTj ug]{ / åGå kLl8tx?sf] tkm{af6 k|ltlglwTj ug]{x?n] ljz]if rgfvf] aGg' kg]{ b]lvG5 . ;ldltdf åGå kLl8tsf] tkm{af6 k|ltlglwTj ug]{x? k|fo bnsf g]tfx? g} /x]sf]n] jf:tljs åGå kLl8t 5fGg] s'/fdf ;ldltdf åGå kLl8tsf] tkm{af6 k|ltlkglwTj ug]{x? ;+u Tolt w]/} ck]Iff ul/xfNg] 7fFp eg] 5}g . t/ pgLx?n] Ps vfnsf] kL8faf]w u/]sf] x'gfn] jf:tljs åGå kLl8t 5fGg] s'/fdf ;sf/fTds x'G5g\ eGg ;lsG5 . zflGt ;ldltnfO{ /fhgLlts lvrftflgaf6 d'Qm ug{ ;lsg] xf] eg] o;n] åGå kLl8tsf] nflu w]/} sfd ug]{ 7fFp 5 . aflif{s *÷!) nfv t 3f]lift ah]6 g} x'g] u5{ clg ;xdltsf] cfwf/df åGå kLl8tx?sf] nflu s]lx of]hgf agfP/ k7fpg] xf] eg] zflGt dGqfnon] yk /sd ;d]t pknAw u/fpg ;Sg] cj:yf x'g ;S5 . of] s'/fdf ljz]ifu/L bnsf g]tfx?sf] Wofg k'Ug ;sf]; eGg] cfd ck]Iff /x]sf] 5 . ;/sf/L ;'ljwfsf] nflu w]/} åGå kLl8tx?n] ljut b]lvg} cfjfh p7fpb} cfPsf 5g\ t/ lhNnfdf zflGt ;ldltsf] ;+of]hs 5gf}6 x'g g;Sbf ;d:of ePsf] pgLx?sf] egfO /x]sf] 5 . ca ;+of]hs 5gf}6 e} ;s]sf] cj:yfdf pgLX?n] /fxt kfpg] s'/fdf b'ljwf g/xnf . t/ cfkm'nfO{ åGå kLl8t eGg]x? sltko rflx ;]gf k|x/Laf6 efu]sf] / åGå/t kIfaf6 ;d:of gePklg cfkm'v'lz 3/ 5f]8]/ uPsfx? klg b]lvPsf]n] ;'ljwf lbnfpg] s'/fdf ;ldltn] ljz]if Vofn ug'{ kg]{x'G5 . o:tf] cj:yfdf vt/f s] s'/fdf 5 eg] jf:tljs åGå kLl8tn] /fxt gkfpg] t/ c?n] eg] bnsf] g]tfx?sf] bjfjdf /fxt kfpg] x'g ;S5 . :yfgLo zflGt ;ldltsf] of] Pp6f kIf eof] . h;df bnsf g]tfx?sf] a9L rf;f] /x]sf] 5 . t/ zflGt ;ldltsf] dxTjk"0f{ s'/f t csf]{ klg 5 gL . lhNnfdf zflGt sfod ub}{ ;xh 9+un] /fhgLlts tyf ljsf;sf sfo{qmdx? ;~rfng ug]{ . lhNnf kl/ifb glhlsPsf] / :yflgo lgsfo gePsf] cj:yfdf jf:tljs of]hgf 5gf}6 ub}{ lglj{jfb 9+un] lhNnfsf] ;a} 7fFpdf ljsf;] of]hgfx? ljjf{w ;~rfng u/fpg] s'/fdf klg :yflgo zflGt ;ldltn] e"ldsf v]Ng' k5{ . lhNnfdf åGå lgDtfpg] Pp6f sf/0f ljsf;sf k|s[ofx? klg x'g . ljsf;df /fhgLlts ;xdlt h';6\g ;s]g eg] åGå lgDtG5 h'g 8/nfUbf] x'G5 To;}n] cfufdL lhNnf kl/ifbdf ;xh 9+un] ljsf;] of]hgfx? 5gf}6 ug]{ / To;nfO{ sfof{Gjog u/fpg] s/fdf klg zflGt ;ldltsf] Wofg k'Ug' h?/L x'G5 . clg laleGg 7fFpdf u7gx'g] pkef]Qmf ;ldlt, ljBfno Joj:yfkg ;ldlt cflbdf ;d]t zflGt ;ldltn] Wofg k'¥ofpg' k5{ . bf]nvfs} pbfx/0f xf] ljBfno Joj:yfkg ;ldltsf] r'gfjdf Ps o'jfn] Hofg u'dfpg' k/]sf] . cGtdfM :yflgo zflGt ;ldlt lbuf] zflGtsf] dxTjk"0f{ sl8 xf] . /fhgLlt ug]{ ynf] x}g . b'O{ aif{ ;Dd bnsf g]tfx?n] hlt /fhgLlt u/] u/] ca eg] ;xdltsf] cfwf/df sfd cufl8 a9fcf} . bf]nvf w]/} s'/fdf gd"gf lhNnf x/b} cfPsf] 5 zflGt ;ldltsf] sfdsf] lx;fan] klg gd"gf aGg ;sf]; z'esfdgf . o;sf] nflu klxnf] lhDd]jf/L ;ldltsf] klxnf] ;+of]hs dfcf]jfbL / To;sf lhNnf ;]qm]6/L lxdfn zdf{sf] sfFwdf 5 .

jif{ – !!, c° – %@, k"0ff{ª\s !&&, @)^&, kmfu'g @% ut] d+unaf/

8

;fgf hnljB't\ cfjZos rl/sf]6÷g]kfn pBf]u jfl0fHo dxf;+ 3 sf cWoIf s' z s' d f/ hf] z Ln] d' n ' s df nf]8;]l8ªsf] ;d:of ;dfwfg ug{ lhNnf :t/dfg} ! b]lv % d]3fjf6 ;Ddsf] ljB't pTkfbg ug'{ kg]{ / To;sf] nflu bf]nvf pBf]u afl0fHo ;+3n] lhNnf ljsf; ;ldlt, uflj;, gu/kflnsf nufPt ;+u ;dGjo u/] / of] h gf lgdf0f{ ug' { k g] { atfpg' ePsf] 5 . bf]nvf pBf]u afl0fHo ;+3sf] !* cf} aflif{s ;fwf/0f ;efsf] pb\3f6g ug'{x'b} cWoIf hf]lzn] g]kfn pBf]u afl0fHo dxf;+ 3 n] b] z df nf] 8 ;] l 8ª cGTo ug{ ;fgf hnljB' t cfof]hgfsf] cfjZostfnfO{ dxTj lbb} lhlj; dxf;+3;+u ;dGjo u/]/ wflbªsf] dx]Zj/L

vf]nfdf @ d]3fjf6sf] hnljB't cfof]hgf lgdf0f{ ;'? u/]sf] atfpg' eof] . cWoIf hf]lzn] dxf;+3n] :yflgo lgsfo;+u ;dGjo u/]/ klxnf] r/0fdf $% lhNnfdf ;fgf cfof]hgfx? ;~rfng ug]{ of]hgf agfPsf] pNn]v ug'{x'b} To;df bf]nvf klxnf] k|fyldstfdf k/]sf] ;d]t atfpg' eof] . cWoIf hf] l zn] 7" n f 7"nf hnljB't cfof]hgfsf] lgdf0f{ cjlw nfdf] ;dosf] x'g] ePsf] n ] klg lhNnf pBf] u afl0fHo ;+ 3 x?n] :yflgo lgsfo;+u ;dGjo u/]/ ;fgf hnljB't cfof]hgfx? lgdf0f{ ug'{ kg]{ atfpg' eof] . pxfFn] phf{ ;ª\ s 6sf] sf/0f d' n ' s e/sf pBf] u Joj;fo w/f;foL aGb} uPsf] / b]zdf

phf{ ;ª\s6 x'g'df ;/sf/ d'Vo bf]lif /x]sf] pNn]v ug'{x'b} phf{ ;ª\s6 x6fpg ;/sf/ ulDe/ x'g' kg]{ ;d]t atfpg' eof] . g] k fn pBf] u afl0fHo dxf;+ 3 sf cWoIf hf] l zn] dxf;+3n] /fhgLlts lvrftflg 5f]8]/ cfly{ s cleofg ;~rfng ug{ gj ul7t ;/sf/sf k|wfgdGqLnfO{ cfu|x u/]sf] k|z+u pNn]v ug'{x'b} d'n'ssf] ;du| ljsf;sf] nflu :yflgo pBf]u Joj;foLx?sf] ;xof]udf cfly{s cleofg ;'? ul/g' kg]{ atfpg' eof] . bf]nvf pBf]u jfl0fHo ;+ 3 sf cWoIf /fd]Zj dfgGw/sf] ;efkltTjdf ;DkGg sfo{qmddf g]kfn pBf]u jfl0fHo dxf;+3sf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o l8lj j:g]t, bf]nvf pBf]u jfl0fHo

;+ 3 sf k" j { cWoIf ;' b { z g sfsL{, l;Gw'ln pBf]u jfl0fHo ;+3sf cWoIf ldgaxfb'/ >]i7, bf]nvf pBf]u jfl0fHo ;+3sf k|yd pkfWoIf ;f]gfd z]kf{ / dxf;lrj ;hn sfsL{n] dGtjo JoQm ug'{ ePSf] lyof] . sfo{ q mddf cfly{ s kqsfl/tfdf dxTjk"0f{ of]ubfg k'¥ofp afkt Ple Go"hsf bf]nvf ;+ j fbbftf ;xb] j yfkfnfO{ ;Ddfg ul/Psf] lyof] eg] ;+3sf] cIosf] i faf6 ;+ 3 sf d[ t s ;b:ox? k'ikn u'?ª -l;+u6L_, ?b|axfb'/ >]i7 -dfufb]p/fnL_, 5qaxfb' / tdfª -l;+ u 6L_, sdnsfhL >] i 7 -lh/L_ / s[ltaxfb'/ j:g]t -lh/L_ sf] kl/jf/ ;b:onfO{ % xhf/ % ;o cfly{s ;xof]u pknAw u/fPsf] lyof] .

k|sfzs M k|;] rf}tf/L, bf]nvf, k|j| Gw lgb]z{ s M e/t s];L, lgb]z{ s M afa'sfhL sfsL{, sfg'gL ;Nnfxsf/ M s[i0f a:g]t, sfof{no M eLd]Zj/ gu/kflnsf, j8f g+= !), rl/sf]6, kmf]g M )$(–$@!)%!, km\ofS; M )$(–$@!@%$, l8hfOg M /l;g >]i7, cf/=cf/= sDKo'6/ O{lGi6Ro'6, rl/sf]6, kmf]g g+= )$(–$@!)$#÷$@!!@* , d'b0| f M =;h' n ckm;]6 sf7df8f}+ kmf]g M $@##$%(, ;x–;Dkfbs M ejfgL sfsL{, ;Dkfbs M lr/~hLjL df:s], kmf]g g+= M (&%$@)!)@^, e-mail: cmaskey198@gmail.com


Shailung Ko Surya Sap