Page 1

g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;+3sf] ljwfg–@)^) -bf];|f] ;+zf]wg @)^^_ k|:tfjgf :jtGq k|];sf] /Iffsf nflu kqsfl/tfsf] uxgtd\ lhDd]jf/L k"/f ub}{ g]kfne/ cfd;~rf/dfWoddf sfo{/t kqsf/x¿nfO{ Ps ;"qdf cfj4 u/L /fli6«o ljsf;sf] k|jfxdf ;+nUg u/fpg' jf~5gLo ePsfn], ;"rgfsf] xs / ljrf/ tyf cleJolQm :jtGqtfnufotsf gful/s clwsf/nfO{ cfTd;ft ub}{ kf/bzL{ / Gofok"0f{ nf]stGqsf] ;+:yfut ljsf;sf kIfdf lqmofzLn x'g, /fi6« / ;dfhsf] lxtsf nflu Jofj;flos Pj+ :j:y kqsfl/tfsf] ljsf; ub}{ :jR5 kqsfl/tfsf cfbz{x¿ kl/kfngf ug{, cGt/f{li6«o hutdf kqsfl/tf If]qdf lqmofzLn ;+3, ;+:yf tyf JolQmx¿;Fu ;f}xfb|{k"0f{ ;DaGw sfod ub}{ g]kfnL kqsf/x¿sf] xs lxtsf] ;+/If0f ug{, b]zsf] d"n sfg'gn] to u/]sf k|fGtx?df;d]t g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;+3sf] ;+u7gfTds ;+/rgf v8f ug]{ k|ltj4tf JoQm ub}{, g]kfn ;/sf/sf] :jLs[lt lnO{ of] ljwfg hf/L ul/Psf] 5 .

kl/R5]b – ! k|f/lDes != gfd / k|f/De M s_ o; ljwfgsf] gfd g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;+3sf] ljwfg @)^) -bf];|f] ;+zf]wg @)^^_ /x]sf] 5 . -v_ g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;+3nfO{ c+u|]hLdf Federation of Nepali Journalists elgg]5 . 5f]6s/Ldf FNJ dfq elgg]5 . -u_ of] ljwfg dxf;+3sf ;b:o / ;b:o ;+:yfx¿nfO{ nfu" x'g]5 . -3_ of] ljwfg t'?Gt k|f/De x'g]5 .

@= kl/efiff M

ljifo jf k|;+un] csf]{ cy{ gnfu]df o; ljwfgdf, -s_ ækqsf/Æ eGgfn] o; ljwfgadf]lhd tf]lsPsf] of]Uotf k'u]sf] 5fkf, k|;f/0f tyf cgnfOgh:tf s'g} klg k|s[ltsf cfd;~rf/sf dfWod;Fu cfj4 ;dfrf/ ;+sng, pTkfbg, ;Dkfbg, ;Dk|]if0f, ;dfrf/ n]vg÷k'gn]{vg ug]{ sfo{sf ;fy} lgoldt :tDe n]vs, sf6{'lgi6, kmf]6f] kqsf/, k|]; Sofd/fk;{g, ;dfrf/ tyf ;dfrf/d"ns sfo{qmd lgdf{tf tyf ;~rfns, ;dLIfs, ;fh;Hhf, efiff ;Dkfbs Pj+ :jtGq kqsf/;d]tnfO{ hgfpF5 . -v_ æcfd;~rf/dfWodÆ eGgfn] b]zel/df ;~rflnt kqklqsf, /]l8of], 6]lnlehg, ;dfrf/ Ph]G;L / ;dfrf/ tyf ;dfrf/d"ns sfo{qmd pTkfbg tyf cgnfOg ;]jfh:tf cfd;~rf/sf dfWod;d]tnfO{ hgfpF5 . -u_ ædxf;+3Æ eGgfn] o; ljwfgadf]lhd u7g ePsf] g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;+3nfO{ hgfpF5 . -3_ æ;b:oÆ eGgfn] g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;+3sf] ljwfgsf] bkmf $ adf]lhdsf] ;b:otf k|fKt u/]sf JolQmnfO{ hgfpF5 . -ª_ æs]Gb|Lo ;ldltÆ eGgfn] ljwfgsf] bkmf !$ adf]lhdsf] dxf;+3sf] s]Gb|Lo ;ldltnfO{ hgfpF5 . -r_ æzfvfÆ eGgfn] ljwfgsf] bkmf @^ adf]lhdsf] zfvfnfO{ hgfpF5 .


-5_ æsfo{sfl/0fL ;efÆ eGgfn] ljwfgsf] bkmf ( adf]lhdsf] sfo{sfl/0fL ;efnfO{ hgfpF5 . -h_ æljz]if sfo{sfl/0fL ;efÆ eGgfn] ljwfgsf] bkmf ( adf]lhd af]nfOPsf] ljz]if sfo{sfl/0fL ;efnfO{ hgfpF5 . -em_ æ;ef;bÆ eGgfn] sfo{sfl/0fL ;efsf] ;b:onfO{ hgfpF5 . -`_ æljwfgÆ eGgfn] g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;+3sf] ljwfg @)^) -klxnf] ;+zf]wg @)^$_ nfO{ hgfpF5 . #= dxf;+3sf] p2]Zo M -s_ g]kfnL kqsf/x¿nfO{ ;+ul7t u/L Jofj;flos g]t[Tj k|bfg ub}{ pgLx¿sf] xs clwsf/ k|j4{g tyf ;+/If0f ug{ lqmofzLn /xg], -v_ pQ/bfoL, dof{lbt / lhDd]jf/ kqsfl/tfsf] ;+:yfut ljsf;df lqmofzLn x'Fb} :jtGq k|];sf] ljZjJofkL dd{, dfGotf, cfr/0f / cfbz{nfO{ kl/kfngf ug]{, -u_ ;"rgfsf] xs / ljrf/ tyf cleJolQm :jtGqtfsf] kIfdf lqmofzLn /xg], -3_ >dhLjL kqsf/x¿sf] plrt >d cEof; / k]zf tyf /f]huf/Lsf] clwsf/sf] ;+/If0fsf nflu g]t[Tj k|bfg ug]{, -ª_ kqsfl/tf If]q;Fu ;DalGwt /fli6«o / cGt/f{li6«o If]qdf lqmofzLn ;+3 ;+:yfx¿;Fu ;DaGw lj:tf/ ug]{ tyf ljleGg b]zsf ;+3, ;+:yfx¿;Fu k|ltlglwx¿ cfbfgk|bfg ug]{, -r_ kqsfl/tf If]q;Fu ;DalGwt ljifox¿df a}7s, e]nf, ;ef, ;Dd]ng, uf]i7L, cGtlqm{of, k|lzIf0fnufot cGo ljleGg /rgfTds ultljlwx¿ ;~rfng ug]{ / k':ts, kqklqsf, sfo{qmd tyf k|ltj]bg k|sfzg jf pTkfbg ug]{, -5_ /fi6«, ;dfh / cfd gful/s tyf kqsf/ hutsf] lxtsf ;fy} :jR5 kqsfl/tfsf] k|j4{gsf lglDt ;lqmo /xg], -h_ k|]; :jtGqtfsf] k|lt/Iffsf nflu cfjZos cGo sfd ug]{ .

kl/R5]b – @ ;b:otf $= k|sf/ / of]Uotf M

dxf;+3df ;b:o, ;+:yfut ;b:o, cltly ;b:o / dfgfy{ ;b:o u/L rf/ k|sf/sf ;b:o x'g]5g\ . -!_ ;b:o M

b]xfosf JolQmx¿ dxf;+3sf] ;b:o x'g of]Uo x'g]5g\ M -s_ kqsfl/tf jf c? s'g} ljifodf :gfts pQL0f{ u/L Ps jif{b]lv kqsfl/tfdf nfu]sf JolQm, -v_ kqsfl/tf jf c? s'g} ljifodf k|df0fkq tx jf ;f] ;/x pQL0f{ u/L b'O{ jif{b]lv kqsfl/tf k]zfdf nfu]sf JolQm, -u_ k|j]lzsf k/LIff pQL0f{ u/L tLg jif{b]lv kqsfl/tf k]zfdf nfu]sf JolQm, t/ dlxnf, cflbjf;L hghflt, blnt, dw]zL, zf/Ll/s?kdf czQm, cNk;+Vos / k5fl8 k5fl8 kfl/Psf] kfl/Psf] If]q s0ff{nLsf xsdf Ps jif{b]lv kqsfl/tf If]qdf lqmofzLn eP k'Ug]5 . -3_ of] ;+zf]lwt ljwfg nfu" x'g'eGbf cufl8 dxf;+3sf] ;b:o /x]sf JolQm, -ª_ dxf;+3sf] ;b:o x'g !* jif{ k'u]sf] g]kfnL gful/s x'g'kg]{5 .


-@_ ;+:yfut ;b:o M

k|rlnt sfg'gadf]lhd btf{ eO{ sDtLdf b'O{ jif{b]lv kqsfl/tf;Fu ;DalGwt ljwfut If]qsf ;+3;+:yfx¿nfO{ s]Gb|Lo ;ldltn] dxf;+3sf] ;+:yfut ;b:otf lbg ;Sg]5 . t/, o:tf ;+:yfx¿df kqsfl/tfnfO{ g} d"n k]zfsf ?kdf cFufn]sf ;b:ox¿ dfq ;+nUg /x]sf] x'g'kg]{5 . -#_ cltly ;b:o M

dxf;+3sf] s]Gb|Lo ;ldltn] g]kfndf /x]/ lqmofzLn ljb]zL gful/s kqsf/nfO{ lghn] sfd ug]{ cg'dlt kfPsf] cjlw;Ddsf nflu cltly ;b:otf k|bfg ug{ ;Sg]5 . -$_ dfgfy{ ;b:o M

dxf;+3sf] p2]Zo k|flKtsf nflu ljz]if of]ubfg k'¥ofPsf :jb]zL jf ljb]zL JolQm jf ;+:yfnfO{ s]Gb|Lo ;ldltn] ;Ddfgk"j{s dxf;+3sf] dfgfy{ ;b:otf k|bfg ug{ ;Sg]5 . %= ;b:otf k|fKt ug]{ sfo{ljlw M -s_ dxf;+3sf] ;b:otf lng rfxg] kqsf/n] cfkm" lqmofzLn /x]sf] zfvfdf of]Uotfsf] k|df0fkq, -v_ -u_

-3_ -ª_ -r_

-5_ -h_

g]kfnL gful/stfsf] k|df0fkq, kqsfl/tfdf lg/Gt/tf / lqmofzLntfsf] k|df0f / cfkm" sfo{/t ;+:yfsf] lgo'lQmkq k|:t't ug{'kg]{5 . cfj]bg cfkm";dIf cfPkl5 zfvfn] 5fglag u/L of]Uotf k'u]sf cfj]bssf] ;b:otf :jLs[t u/L cg'df]bgsf nflu s]Gb|Lo ;ldltdf l;kmfl/z ug'{kg]{5 . s]Gb|Lo ;ldltn] lzkmfl/; k|fKt ePsf] # dlxgfleq} ;b:otf 6'+uf] nufO;Sg' kg]{5 . ;b:otfdf ljjfb pTkGg ePdf s]Gb|Lo ;ldltn] 5fglag ug{ ;Sg]5 . o;/L 5fglag ubf{ of]Uotfadf]lhd ;b:o gx'g]nfO{ ;b:o agfPsf] jf of]Uotf x'Fbfx'Fb} ;b:o aGgaf6 jl~rt ul/Psf] kfOPdf To:tf] zfvf jf To; sfo{df ;+nUg lhDd]jf/ kbflwsf/L jf ;b:opk/ 5fglag ug{ ;lsg]5 . o:tf] sf/afxLdf To:tf] zfvfsf] ;ldltnfO{ ;r]t, lgnDag, e+u jf s'g} ;b:osf] ;b:otf lgnDag jf ;dfKt ug{ ;lsg]5 . t/, o:tf] s'g} k|sf/sf] lg0f{o lng'cl3 ;kmfOsf] df}sf lbOg]5 . s'g} zfvf e+u ePdf s]Gb|Lo ;ldltn] tTsfn tby{ ;ldlt u7g u/L tLg dxLgfleq bkmf !$ -!_ -s_ / -v_ adf]lhdsf] ;ldlt u7g ul/;Sg' kg]{5 . lgnDag ul/Psf] ;b:on] lgnDagsf] cjlwe/ gofF ;ldlt u7gsf nflu ePsf] r'gfjdf pDd]bjf/ x'g jf dtbfg ug{ kfpg] 5}g . ;+:yfut ;b:otf lng rfxg] ;+3;+:yfx¿n] s]Gb|Lo ;ldlt;dIf cfj]bg lbg'kg]{5 . o:tf] cfj]bg;fy ;+:yfsf] btf{ k|df0fkq, ljwfg, n]vfk/LIf0f k|ltj]bg / lgodfg';f/ gjLs/0f ePsf] k|df0f tyf ;+:yfdf /x]sf kbflwsf/L / ;b:ox¿sf] ljj/0f klg k]z ug'{kg]{5 . ;+:yfut ;b:otfsf] cfj]bgdfly s]Gb|Lo ;ldltn] clGtd lg0f{o ug]{5 . o:tf] ;b:o ;+:yfn] dxf;+3sf] 3f]lift nIoadf]lhd sfd gu/]sf] jf dxf;+3sf] p2]Zodf k|lts"n c;/ kfg]{ sfd u/]sf] k|dfl0ft ePdf s]Gb|Lo ;ldltn] ;b:otf vf/]h ug{ ;Sg]5 . t/, vf/]h ug'{cufl8 ;kmfOsf] df}sf lbOg]5 . ;b:otfsf] cjlw Ps jif{sf] x'g]5 . x/]s jif{sf] r}q d;fGtleqdf ;DalGwt zfvfdf gjLs/0f u/fpg'kg]{5 . gjLs/0fsf] ljj/0f zfvfn] gofF jif{sf] a}zfv d;fGt;Dddf s]Gb|Lo sfof{nodf k7fO;Sg'kg]{5 . cltly ;b:otfsf] nflu g]kfndf lqmofzLn /x]sf egL g]kfn ;/sf/n] k|bfg u/]sf] cflwsfl/s k|df0f;lxt s]Gb|Lo ;ldlt;dIf cfj]bg lbg'kg]{5 . o:tf] cfj]bgsf] 5fglag u/L s]Gb|Lo ;ldltn] clGtd lg0f{o ug]{5 .


-em_ -`_ -6_

-7_ -8_

cltly ;b:o / ;+:yfut ;b:on] klg tf]lsPsf] z'Ns a'emfO{ k|To]s jif{sf] r}q d;fGtleq gjLs/0f u/fpg'kg]{5 . gjLs/0fsf nflu kqsfl/tfdf lg/Gt/ ;+nUg /x]sf] k|df0f k]z ug'{ kg]{5 . ;b:otf :yfgfGt/0f M dxf;+3sf ;b:ox¿n] cfkm\gf] sfo{If]q kl/jt{g ePcg';f/ ;b:otf :yfgfGt/0f ug{ ;Sg]5g\ . o;/L :yfgfGt/0fsf nflu ;DalGwt zfvfsf] l;kmfl/z;lxt s]Gb|Lo sfof{nodf cfj]bg ug'{kg]{5 / s]Gb|Lo sfof{non] :yfgfGt/0f x'g rfx]sf zfvfdf ;b:otf :yfgfGt/0f ul/lbg]5 . :yfgfGt/0f ePsf] zfvfn] clen]v /fvL gjLs/0f ul/lbg'kg]{5 . dfgfy{ ;b:otfsf xsdf ljwfgsf] bkmf % sf] v08 -s_ b]lv -`_ ;Ddsf Joj:yf nfu" x'g] 5}g . bkmf $ sf] pkbkmf -$_ adf]lhd k|bfg ul/Psf] dfgfy{ ;b:otf dxf;+3sf] s]Gb|Lo ;ldltn] ;dfKt ug]{ lg0f{o gubf{;Dd sfod /xg]5 . gofF ;b:otfsf nflu cfj]]bg lng] / :jLs[t ug]{ sfo{ s]Gb|Lo ;ldltsf] lgjf{rg x'g'eGbf ^ dlxgf klxn] eO;Sg' kg]{5 . lgjf{rg ;DkGg ePb]lv csf]{ lgjf{rg x'g'eGbf ^ dlxgf cl3;Dd h'g;'s} j]nf klg dxf;+3sf] ;b:otfsf nflu cfj]bg lbg ;lsg]5 .

^= ;b:otf z'Ns M

-s_ ;b:otf z'Ns jflif{s ?= %)).– x'g] 5 . t/, gofF ;b:onfO{ k|j]z z'Ns ?= %)).– yk nfUg]5 . -v_ x/]s jif{ ;b:otf gjLs/0f ug'{kg]{5 . t/ @ jif{leq ztk|ltzt ljnDa z'Ns lnO{ ;b:otf gjLs/0f ug{ ;lsg]]5 . nuftf/ @ jif{;Dd gljs/0f gug]{ ;b:osf] ;b:otf :jtM vf/]h x'g]5 . o;/L ;b:otf vf/]h ePsf kqsf/n] k'gM ;b:o aGg rfx] rfx]df gof k|lqmof ;'? ug'{ kg]{5 . t -u_ k|To]s ;b:otf tyf gjLs/0f b:t'/dWo] ;b:otf z'Ns / k|j]z z'Nssf] %) k|ltzt /sd kqsf/ sNof0f sf]ifdf /fVg' kg]{5 . af“ “sL /sdsf] %) k|ltzt b:t'/ s]Gb|Lo sfof{nodf a}zfv afsL d;fGt;Dddf k7fpg' kg]{5 . -3_ ;+:yfut ;b:o ;+:yfsf] xsdf ;fwf/0f ;b:osf] ;+Vofsf cfwf/df pkbkmf -s_ adf]lhdsf] ;b:otf z'Ns a'emfpg' kg]{5 . &= ;b:otfsf] ;dflKt M

-!_ tn -s_ -v_ -u_ -3_ -ª_ -r_ -5_

n]lvPsf] cj:yfdf dxf;+3sf] ;b:otf ;dfKt x'g]5 M ;b:otfaf6 lbPsf] /fhLgfdf :jLs[t ePdf, ljwfgcg';f/ a'emfpg'kg]{ z'Ns ga'emfPdf, s'g} ;b:on] ljwfg k|lts"n sfd u/]sf] 5 eGg] bkmf #) -3_ adf]lhdsf] ;ldltn] 7x/fPdf, g}lts ktg b]lvg] kmf}hbf/L cleof]u k|dfl0ft ePdf, dfgl;s ;Gt'ng lalu|Pdf, kqsfl/tf k]zf g} kl/Tofu u/]df, d[To' ePdf .

*= ;b:osf] clwsf/ M

-s_ ;b:on] ljwfgadf]lhd dxf;+3sf] lgjf{rgdf cfkm" pDd]bjf/ x'g jf dtbfg ug{ kfpg]5 . -v_ ;b:on] sfo{sfl/0fL ;efdfkm{t\ dxf;+3sf] gLlt lgdf{0fdf ;+nUg x'g kfpg]5 . -u_ pkbkmf -s_ / -v_ sf] clwsf/ cltly / dfgfy{ ;b:onfO{ x'g] 5}g .

kl/R5]b – # sfo{sfl/0fL ;ef


(= sfo{sfl/0fL ;efsf] u7gM

sfo{sfl/0fL ;ef dxf;+3sf] ;jf]{Rr lgsfo x'g]5 . o;n] dxf;+3sf] s]Gb|Lo ;ldlt rog, gLlt lgdf{0f tyf sfo{qmd to ug{]5 . o;df b]xfosf ;b:o /xg]5g\ M -s_ dxf;+3sf] k|To]s zfvf tyf ;+:yfut ;b:o ;+:yfsf cWoIf sfo{sfl/0fL ;efsf ;ef;b x'g]5g\ . t/ pgLx¿ s]Gb|Lo ;ldltsf nflu pDd]bjf/ x'g kfpg] 5}gg\ . -v_ dxf;+3sf k|To]s zfvf tyf ;+:yfut ;b:o ;+:yfaf6 x/]s & ;b:odWo]af6 ! hgfsf b/n] lgjf{lrt k|ltlglwx¿ s]Gb|Lo ;ef;b x'g]5g\g\ . o;/L lx;fa ubf{ bzdnjdf cfpg] ;+Vofdf )=% eGbfa9L cfPdf yk ! k|k|ltlglw 5flgg] 5g\ 5g\ . o;k|sf/sf] lgjf{rg zfvf jf ;+:yfsf] gofF g]t[Tjsf] lgjf{rg ubf{s} avt x'g]5 . -u_ s]Gb|Lo ;ldltsf kbflwsf/L, ;b:o / ;Nnfxsf/ . -3_ kqsfl/tf If]qdf ljlzi6 of]ubfg u/]sf s]Gb|Lo ;ldltn] dgf]gog ug]{ a9Ldf !) hgf . t/ pgLx¿ pDd]bjf/ x'g kfpg] 5}gg\ . -8=_ cfd;~rf/dfWod;Fu ;DalGwt ljz]if1nfO{ dxf;+3 s]Gb|Lo ;ldltsf] lg0f{on] sfo{sfl/0fL ;efdf cfdlGqt u/L 5nkmndf ;xefuL u/fpg ;lsg]5 . t/ pgLx¿nfO{ dtbfgsf] clwsf/ x'g] 5}g . -r_ tby{ / ;Dks{ zfvfaf6 Ps Pshgf ko{j]Ifs ;xefuL x'g]5g\ . pgLx¿nfO{ dtbfgsf] clwsf/ x'g] 5}g . !)= dxflwj]zg / ;fwf/0f ;ef

-s_ x/]s tLg jif{df x'g] sfo{sfl/0fL ;efsf] a}7s g} dxflwj]zg x'g]5 . -v_ Ps dxflwj]zgkl5 csf]{ dxflwj]zgsf aLrdf sDtLdf Psk6s sfo{sfl/0fL ;efsf] a}7s x'g]5 . o;nfO{ ;fwf/0f ;ef elgg]5 . -u_ s]Gb|Lo ;ldltsf] lg0f{o jf sfo{sfl/0fL ;efsf Ps ltxfO{ ;b:on] k|of]hg v'nfO{ ;ef af]nfOof];\ egL s]Gb|Lo sfof{nodf lnlvt?kdf dfu u/]sf] v08df tLg dxLgfleq ljz]if sfo{sfl/0fL ;ef af]nfpg' kg]{5 . o:tf] ;ef Ps jif{df Psk6s eGbf a9L x'g] 5}g . -3_ sfo{sfl/0fL ;efsf] u0fk"/s ;+Vof %! k|ltzt x'g'kg]{5 . sfo{sfl/0fL ;ef x'g] tf]lsPsf] lbgdf u0fk"/s ;+Vof gk'u]df, sDtLdf @$ 306fsf] ;"rgf lbO{ csf]{ sfo{sfl/0fL;ef af]nfpg ;lsg]5 . o;/L af]nfOPsf] ;efdf s'n ;ef;bsf] sDtLdf @% k|ltzt pkl:ylt x'g' kg]{5 . t/ t];f| ]k6s af]nfpg' kg]{ cj:yf cfPdf sDtLdf !% lbgsf] ;"rgf lbO{ ;ef af]nfpg' kg]{5 . o:tf] ;efdf pkl:yt ;ef;b ;+VofnfO{ g} u0fk"/s ;+Vof dflgg]5 . -ª_ sfo{sfl/0fL ;efsf nflu #) lbgcufj} k|:tfj;lxtsf] hfgsf/L oyf;Dej zL3| ;~rf/sf] dfWodaf6 s]Gb|Lo ;ldltn] ;ef;bx¿nfO{ lbg' kg]{5 . t/, ljz]if sfo{sfl/0fL ;ef af]nfpg'kbf{ sDtLdf !% lbgsf] ;"rgf lbg' kg]{5 . o:tf] ;efdf k|:tfljt ljifodf dfq 5nkmn / lg0f{o x'g]5 . -r_ sfo{sfl/0fL ;ef jf ljz]if sfo{sfl/0fL ;efdf pkl:yt ;ef;bsf] ax'dtaf6 kfl/t lg0f{o sfof{Gjog ug'{ s]Gb|Lo ;ldltsf] bfloTj x'g]5 . -5_ sfo{sfl/0fL ;efsf] lg0f{o k'l:tsfdf cWoIf, dxf;lrj tyf ;fwf/0f;efn] tf]s]sf] sDtLdf tLg hgf ;ef;bn] x:tfIf/ u/L k|dfl0ft u/]sf] d"n clen]v g} lg0f{o dflgg]5 . -h_ s]Gb|Lo ;ldltn] cfkm"n] k]z ug{' kg]{ / ;ef;bx¿af6 k|fKt k|:tfjx¿ cWoog u/L sfo{sfl/0fL ;efdf k|:t't ug{' kg]{5 .


-em_ dxf;+3sf cWoIfn] sfo{sfl/0fL ;efsf] cWoIftf ug]{5 . t/ dxflwj]zgsf] aGb ;qsf] ;~rfngsf nflu cWoIfd08n u7g ug{ ;lsg]5 . !!= sfo{sfl/0fL ;efsf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/ M -s_ s]Gb|Lo ;ldltn] ;Dkfbg u/]sf sfdx¿sf] d"Nof+sg ug{],

-v_ -u_ -3_ -ª_

s]Gb|Lo ;ldltnfO{ lbPsf lgb]{zgx¿ nfu" eP÷gePsf] d"Nof+sg ug]{, dxf;+3nfO{ k|efjsf/L agfpg] / ljwfgsf] p2]Zo k"/f ug]{ ;DaGwdf cfjZos lgb]{zg lbg], dxf;+3sf ;d:of klxrfg u/L ;dfwfgsf pkfo klxNofpg], s]Gb|Lo ;ldltn] k]z u/]sf jf sfo{sfl/0fL;efn] cfjZos 7fg]sf k|:tfj jf k|ltj]bgx¿dfly ;'emfj lbg] jf lg0f{o ug]{, -r_ dxf;+3sf] ljwfg, /0fgLlt, gLlt tyf sfo{qmddf ;dofg's"n ;'wf/, kl/jt{g tyf kl/dfh{g ug]{, -5_ dxf;+3sf] gLlt tyf sfo{qmd / cfo Joosf] ljj/0f;DaGwL s]Gb|Lo ;ldltsf tkm{af6 dxf;lrj / sf]iffWoIfn] k|:t't u/]sf] k|ltj]bgsf] clGtd ;'g'jfO u/L cg'df]bg ug]{ .

kl/R5]b – $ e]nf / cljZjf;sf] k|:tfj !@= If]qLo / lhNnf k|ltlglw e]nfM

-s_ Ps cjlwdf sDtLdf Psk6s ;ef;bx¿sf] If]qLo e]nf cfof]hgf ug{ ;lsg]5 . -v_ dxf;+3sf ljleGg zfvf tyf ;+:yfut ;b:o ;+:yfsf cWoIf, ;lrj / sf]iffWoIfsf] If]qLo e]nf Ps cjlwdf sDtLdf Psk6s ug{ ;lsg]5 . -u_ oL e]nfsf lgisif{, kfl/t k|:tfj tyf sfo{qmdnfO{ dfu{ lgb]{zgsf ?kdf u|x0f u/L cfjZostf cg';f/ s]Gb|Lo jf If]qLo ;dGjo ;ldltn] sfof{Gjog jf cg'udg ug]{5 . sfof{Gjogsf] lhDd]jf/L dxf;+3sf ;a} ;ef;b;d]tsf] x'g]5 . !#= cljZjf;sf] k|:tfj M

-s_ dxf;+3sf s]Gb|Lo ;ldlt jf s'g} kbflwsf/L jf ;b:osf lj?4 Ps ltxfO ;ef;bn] sf/0f v'nfO{ x:tfIf/ u/L dxf;+3sf] s]Gb|Lo sfof{nodf cljZjf;sf] k|:tfj k]z ug{ ;Sg]5g\ . -v_ To:tf] k|:tfj btf{ ePkl5 s]Gb|Lo ;ldltn] #% lbgleq ljz]if ;fwf/0f ;ef af]nfO{ ;f] k|:tfj k]z ug{'kg]{5 . -u_ l;Ëf] ;ldlt jf ;ldltsf s'g} kbflwsf/L jf ;b:on] cfkm"nfO{ nfu]sf] cleof]usf ;DaGwdf :ki6Ls/0f lbg kfpg]5 / o:tf] :ki6Ls/0faf6 ;Gt'i6 ePdf ;efn] k|:tfj lkmtf{ lng ;Sg]5 . -3_ k|:tfj lkmtf{ gePdf o;nfO{ dtbfgdf nlug]5 . sfo{sfl/0fL ;efsf b'O{ ltxfO ;b:on] ;dy{g hgfPdf k|:tfj kfl/t ePsf] dflgg]5 . o;/L l;+uf] ;ldltlj?4 k|:tfj kfl/t ePdf afFsL cjlwsf nflu tLg lbgleq gofF lgjf{rg ug'{kg]{5 . lgjf{rg gx'~h]n;Dd s'g} kbflwsf/Llj?4 cljZjf;sf] k|:tfj kfl/t ePdf j}slNks j}wflgs Joj:yf g/x]sf xsdf ;ldltn] tf]s]adf]lhd x'g]5 . -ª_ cWoIfpk/ cljZjf;sf] k|:tfj k]z ePsf] cj:yfdf ljz]if ;fwf/0f ;efsf] cWoIftf pkfWoIfn] ug]{5 . ;ldltlj?4 cljZjf;sf] k|:tfj k]z ePsf] cj:yfdf sfo{sfl/0fL ;efsf h]i7 ;b:on] To:tf] cWoIftf ug{]5 .


-r_ zfvf / ;+:yfut ;b:o ;+:yfsf kbflwsf/L jf ;b:olj?4 ;f] zfvfsf PsltxfO ;b:on] cljZjf;sf] k|:tfj Nofpg ;Sg]5g\ . s'n ;b:o ;+Vofsf] b'O{ ltxfO ;b:on] ;dy{g u/]df k|:tfj kfl/t ePsf] dflgg]5 .

kl/R5]b – % ;ldlt !$= ;ldltsf] u7g / u7g ljlw M

-!_ dxf;+3sf zfvf tyf ;+:yfut ;b:o ;+:yfsf ;ldltx¿nfO{ Jojl:yt / ljlw;Ddt tj/n] ;~rfng ug{ lgjf{lrt ;ldltx¿ x'g] 5g\ . ltgsf] u7g o; k|sf/ x'g]5 . -s_ zfvfdf k|ToIf uf]Ko dtbfgåf/f cWoIf !, pkfWoIf !, ;lrj !, ;x;lrj !, sf]iffWoIf ! / dlxnf, blnt, hghflt / dw]zL Ps Ps hgf ;b:o;lxtsf] ;ldlt u7g ul/g]5 . -v_ ;b:o ;+Vofsf cfwf/df ;ldltsf ;b:osf] ;+Vof lgwf{/0f ul/g]5 . To;f] ubf{ !% hgf;Dd ;b:o ePdf b'O{, !^ b]lv !)) hgf;Dd ;b:o ePdf rf/, !)! b]lv @)) ;Dd 5 / @)) hgfeGbf a9L ;b:o ePdf cf7hgf ;b:o r'lgg]5g\ . -u_ dlxnf, blnt, hghflt / dw]zL ;b:o g/x]sf] zfvfdf clgjfo{tfsf] k|fjwfg nfu" x'g] 5}g . -3_ zfvf cWoIf x'g sDtLdf lg/Gt/ % jif{ / ;ef;b x'g # jif{ dxf;+3sf] ;b:o ePsf] x'g'k5{ . -ª_ lgjt{dfg cWoIf, To;cl3sf k"j{ cWoIf / ;ldltsf] lgjf{rgdf cWoIf kbsf lgs6td k|ltåGåL u/L tLghgf ;ldltsf kb]g ;Nnfxsf/ /xg]5g\ . pgLx¿sf] a}7sdf dtbfg ug]{ afx]ssf ;a} clwsf/ ;ldltsf ;b:o;/x x'g]5 . -@_ ;DalGwt If]qaf6 lgjf{lrtdWo] a9L dt k|fKt ug]{ s]Gb|Lo ;b:o If]qLo ;dGjo ;ldltsf] ;+of]hs / csf{ ;b:o ;x;+of]hs x'g]5 . ;f] If]qsf zfvf tyf ;+:yfut ;b:o ;+:yfsf cWoIf ;f] ;ldltsf] kb]g ;b:o x'g]5g\ . -#_ s]Gb|Lo ;ldltsf] u7gM dxf;+3sf] p2]Zo k"lt{sf nflu ;ef;bx¿n] uf]Ko dtbfgaf6 b]xfoadf]lhdsf] ## ;b:oLo s]Gb|Lo ;ldlt lgjf{lrt ug{]5g\ MM -s_ cWoIf – ! -v_ pkfWoIf – ! -u_ dxf;lrj – ! -3 _ ;lrj – ! - ª_ sf]iffWoIf – ! ;lxtsf kbflwsf/L %

-r_ ;b:o – k|To]s ljsf; If]q -dWodf~rn If]qsf xsdf sf7df8f}+ pkTosf afx]s_af6 lgjf{lrt @÷@ hgfsf b/n] !), sf7df8f}+ pkTosfleqsf tLg lhNnf sf7df8f}+, eQmk'/ / nlntk'/ lhNnf zfvfsf zfvfsf ;ef;bx?n] r'g]sf b'O{ hgf / k|lti7fg zfvfsf ;ef;bx?n] r'g]sf b'O{ hgf u/L ;f] If]qaf6 –$ dlxnfdWo]af6 –# blnt dWo]af6 @, cflbjf;L hghflt dWo]af6 –@,


dw]zL dWo]af6 –@, s0ff{nLjf6 –! ;+:yfut ;b:o ;+:yfsf tkm{af6 @, @, s]Gb|Lo ;ldltn] dgf]gLt ug]{ @ hgf;d]t u/L hDdf ;b:o ;+Vof of ## .

dgf]gog ubf{ s]Gb|Lo ;ldltn] ;ef;bx¿dWo]af6 k|ltlglwTj x'g g;s]sf ljwfut If]qsf] k|ltlglwTj x'g]u/L ug'{kg]{ 5 . t/ pDd]bjf/ eO{ k/flht ePsfnfO{ dgf]gog ul/g] 5}g . -$_ ;ef;bx¿dWo]] uf]Ko dtbfgaf6 cWoIf !, pkfWoIf !, dxf;lrj !, ;lrj !, sf]iffWoIf ! / ;b:o !( lgjf{lrt x'g]5g\ . kbflwsf/Lx¿nfO{ ;Dk"0f{ ;ef;bn] dtbfg ug]{5g\ . -%_ ;b:osf xsdf ;DalGwt ef}uf]lns If]qaf6 ;b:o kbsf nflu ;DalGwt If]qsf ;ef;bx? dfq pDd]bjf/ aGg ;Sg]5g\ / ;DalGwt If]qsf ;ef;bn] dfq dt lbg]5g\ . s0ff{nLaf6 k|ltlglwTj ug]{ ;b:osf nflu klg s0ff{nLsf ;ef;bx?n] dfq dt lbg]5g\ . dlxnf, blnt, cflbjf;L hghflt / dw]zLaf6 k|ltlglwTj ug]{ ;b:osf nflu ;Dk"0f{ ;ef;bn] dtbfg ug]{5g\ t/ ;+:yfut ;b:o ;+:yfsf] k|ltlglwTj ug]{ ;ef;bn] ;b:osf xsdf ;+:yfut ;b:o ;:yfsf tkm{af6 pDd]bjf/ ePsf @ hgfnfO{ dfq dt lbg]5g\ . -^_ dxf;+3sf s'g} klg ;ldltsf] kbfjlw lgjf{rg ePsf] ldltn] tLg jif{sf] x'g]5 . gofF zfvf u7g ePsf xsdf dxflwj]zg x'g] jif{ clwj]zg ug'{ kg]{5 . -&_ s]Gb|Lo ;ldltdf dgf]gLt ;b:ox¿sf] kbfjlw s]Gb|Lo ;ldltsf] kbfjlw /x];Dd sfod /xg]5 . -*_ dxf;+3sf h'g;'s} txsf kbflwsf/Lx¿ nuftf/ b'O{ k6seGbf a9L ;f]xL kbsf nflu pDd]bjf/ x'g kfpg] 5}gg\ . -(_ o; pkbkmf adf]lhd u7g x'g] s]Gb|Lo ;ldltsf] cWoIfsf] lgjf{rgdf pDd]bjf/ x'g sDtLdf ( jif{ / afFsL c? kbsf nflu sDtLdf ^ jif{ dxf;+3sf] cljlR5Gg ;b:o x'g' kg{]5 . !%= ;ldltsf] a}7s M

dxf;+3sf ;a} txsf ;ldltsf] a}7s tLg dlxgfdf sDtLdf Psk6s a:g]5 h;sf] u0fk"/s ;+Vof %! k|ltzt x'g]5 . !^= s]Gb|Lo ;ldltsf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/ M

-!_ s]Gb|Lo ;ldltsf] st{Jo Pj+ clwsf/ b]xfoadf]lhd x'g]5 M -s_ dxf;+3sf] p2]Zo k|flKtsf nflu lg/Gt/ lqmofzLn /xg], -v_ dxf;+3sf] ljsf; / lj:tf/sf ;fy} sfdsf/afxLsf] lgodg, lgoldt ;'kl/j]If0f / lgb]{zg ug]{, -u_ sfo{sfl/0fL ;efn] kfl/t u/]sf lg0f{o sfof{Gjog ug]{, -3_ ;ldltsf] s'g} kbflwsf/L kbdf sfod g/x]df j}slNks j}wflgs Joj:yf g/x]sf xsdf ;ldltsf ;b:ox¿dWo]af6 kbk"lt{ ug{] . of] Joj:yf ;a} txdf nfu" x'g]5 . -ª_ dxf;+3sf] jflif{s sfo{qmd tyf jflif{s ah]6 to u/L sfof{Gjog ug]{, -r_ kqsf/x¿sf] xslxtdf sfd ub}{ Jofj;flos g]t[Tj k|bfg ug]{, -5_ ljwfgn] ljz]if sfo{sfl/0fL ;ef, sfo{sfl/0fL ;ef, cGo pk;ldltx¿ / kbflwsf/Lx¿n] ug'{kg]{ egL tf]lslbPsf] clwsf/, st{Jonufot dxf;+3sf] tkm{af6 ug{'kg]{ sfd / pQ/bfloTj jxg ug]{, -h_ dxf;+3sf] k|ltlglwTj ug]{, -em_ zfvf / ;+:yfut ;b:o ;+:yfx¿n] dxf;+3sf] lxtlj?4 sfd u/]df :ki6Ls/0f ;f]Wg], ;b:otf lgnDag jf vf/]h ug]{ . -`_ ;ldltn] cfjZos ;Dem]df ;ldltsf kbflwsf/L jf ;b:odWo]af6 k|jQmf lgo'Qm ug{ ;Sg]5 .


-6_

s]GbLo ;ldltsf kbflwsf/L kbflwsf/L / ;b:ox?n] sfo{sfl/0fL ;ef / ;ldltsf lg0f{ox¿ sfof{Gjog ug]{, u/fpg] / cfkm"nfO{ ;'lDkPsf] lhDd]jf/L k"/f ug]{5g .

!&= ;ldlt, pk;ldlt M

ljwfgsf p2]Zo k"lt{ ug{ / dxf;+3sf] lxt ;Da4{g ug{ ;ldltn] cfjZostf cg';f/ ;lrjfno, ljifout ;ldlt tyf pk;ldlt, cfof]u / sfo{bn u7g ug{ ;Sg]5 . s]Gb|Lo ;ldltn] lgodfjnL agfO{ pgLx?sf] sfo{sfn, clwsf/, sfo{k|0ffnL nufotjf/] :ki6 ug]{5 . !*= clwsf/ k|Tofof]hg M -s_ ;ldltn] cfkm"df cGtlg{lxt clwsf/dWo] cfjZostfg';f/ vf; clwsf/ s'g} pk;ldlt,

kbflwsf/L jf ;b:onfO{ ;'Dkg ;Sg]5 . -v_ ;ldltn] pkbkmf -s_ adf]lhd cfkm\gf] sfd st{Jo / clwsf/ ;'Dkbf zt{ tf]Sg ;Sg]5 . -u_ ;ldltn] pkbkmf -s_ adf]lhd lbPsf] clwsf/ h'g;'s} avt lkmtf{ ug{ ;Sg]5 . !(= cWoIfsf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/ M

-s_ dxf;+3nfO{ gLltut / ;f+u7lgs g]t[Tj k|bfg ug]{, -v_ ;ldlt / sfo{sfl/0fL ;efsf] cWoIftf u|x0f ug]{ / pQm a}7s / ;efdf dtbfg x'Fbf dt a/fa/ ePdf lg0ff{os dt lbg] . -u_ sfo{sfl/0fL ;ef / ;ldltsf lg0f{ox¿ sfof{Gjog ug]{ u/fpg], -3_ sfo{sfl/0fL ;ef / ;ldltsf] ;do ;dodf x'g] ;ef / a}7s af]nfpg nufpg], / -ª_ ljwfg;Fu gaflemg] u/L s]Gb|Lo ;ldltsf] tkm{af6 tTsfn ug{'kg]{ cGo sfd ug]{ . @)= pkfWoIfsf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/ M

-s_ cWoIf s'g} sf/0fn] cfkm\gf] sfd ug{ c;dy{ ePdf jf lghsf] kb l/Qm ePdf sfo{afxs cWoIfsf] ?kdf lghsf] st{Josf] kfngf / clwsf/sf] k|of]u ug]{, -v_ cWoIfn] k|Tofof]hg u/]sf] s'g} clwsf/ k|of]u ug]{ . @!= dxf;lrjsf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/ M

-s_ cWoIf;Fu k/fdz{ u/L ;ldltsf] a}7s / sfo{sfl/0fL ;ef af]nfpg], -v_ sfo{sfl/0fL ;ef / ;ldltsf lg0f{ox¿ sfof{Gjog ug]{ u/fpg], -u_ dxf;+3sf sfo{sfl/0fL ;ef / ;ldltsf lnlvt sfuhftx¿sf] clen]v tof/ kfg]{ / ;'/lIft /fVg], -3_ cfkm"nfO{ ;'lDkPsf] jf tf]lsPsf] st{Josf] kfngf / clwsf/sf] k|of]u ug]{, -ª_ dxf;+3sf] lnvt k|dfl0ft ug]{, -r_ ;ldltsf] tkm{af6 k|ltj]bg k]z ug]{, -5_ e}k/L cfpg] sfd ug]{ u/fpg], -h_ b}lgs k|zf;g ;~rfng ug]{ u/fpg], -em_ ljwfgn] tf]s]adf]lhdsf cGo sfd ug]{, / -`_ zfvfsf xsdf dxf;lrjsf] clwsf/ ;lrjn] k|of]u ug]{5 . @@= ;lrjsf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/ M -s_ dxf;lrjsf] cg'kl:yltdf dxf;lrjn] ug]{ ;Dk"0f{ sfd ug]{,

-v_ dxf;lrjsf] sfddf cfjZos ;xof]u k'¥ofpg], -u_ zfvfsf xsdf ;lrjsf] clwsf/ ;x;lrjn] k|of]u ug]{5 .


@#= sf]iffWoIfsf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/ M

-s_ -v_ -u_ -3_ -ª_ -r_ -5_

dxf;+3sf] jflif{s cfly{s sfo{qmd tof/ ug]{, dxf;+3sf] sf]if tyf n]vf;DaGwL ;Dk"0f{ bfloTj axg ug]{, dxf;+3sf] cfo Joosf] lx;fa b'?:t /fVg], dxf;+3sf] tkm{af6 lhG;L nut /fVg], dxf;+3sf] tkm{af6 c;'n ug{'kg]{ z'Ns tyf /sd c;'n pk/ ug]{ u/fpg], dxf;+3sf] nflu cfjZos cfly{s ;|f]tsf] Joj:yfkg / kl/rfng ug{], / zfvfsf cfly{s sf/f]af/sf] n]vfk/LIf0f ug{ nufpg] tyf ;'k/Lj]If0f / cg'udg ug]{ .

@$= ;b:ox¿sf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/ M

;ldltsf ;b:ox¿n] a}7ssf] lg0f{oadf]lhd cfkm"nfO{ ;'lDkPsf] lhDd]jf/L k"/f ug]{ . @%= ;ldltsf] pQ/bfloTj M

;ldltsf kbflwsf/L / ;b:ox¿ ;fd"lxs / JolQmut ?kn] sfo{sfl/0fL ;ef / ;ef;bx¿dfkm{t ;Dk"0f{ ;b:ox¿k|lt pQ/bfoL x'g]5g\ . @^= zfvfsf] u7g M

-s_ s'g} lhNnf jf ;~rf/ k|lti7fgdf sfo{/t !% hgf jf ;f]eGbf a9L lqmofzLn kqsf/x¿ dxf;+3sf] ;b:o ePdf zfvf u7g ug{ ;lsg]5 . lhNnf txdf u7g ul/g]nfO{ lhNnf zfvf / ;~rf/ k|lti7fgdf u7g x'g]nfO{ k|lti7fg zfvf elgg]5 . -v_ clwj]zg x'g'cl3 ;b:otf cg'df]bg u/L tby{ ;ldlt u7g ug{ ;lsg]5 . -u_ Pp6} lhNnfdf dfq cfjZos ;+Vof gePsf] l:yltdf glhssf lhNnfx¿df sfo{/t kqsf/x¿nfO{ ;+ul7t u/L ;+o'Qm zfvf u7g ug{ ;lsg]5 . -3_ lhNnfdf cfjZos k|ltlglwTj lhNnf zfvfn] ug]{5 . -ª_ ;+:yfut ;b:otfdf ljwfut ;+:yfnfO{ k|fyldstf lbOg]5 . -r_ ljb]zdf j}wflgs ?kdf /x]sf g]kfnL kqsf/x¿n] u7g u/]sf] ;+:yfnfO{ :yfnfO{ a}b]lzs zfvfsf] dfGotf lbOg]5 . pgLx?sf] sfd st{Ao / clwsf/ tf]lsP adf]lhd x'g]5 .

kl/R5]b – ^ s]Gb|Lo sfof{no @&= s]Gb|Lo sfof{nosf] u7g M

-!_ -s_ -v_ -u_ -3_ -ª_ -r_ -5_

s]Gb|Lo sfof{nosf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/ b]xfoadf]lhd x'g]5 M b}lgs k|zf;sLo sfd ;~rfng ug]{, dxf;+3sf] lnvt, sfo{j[Q k'l:tsf -dfOGo'6 a's_ / clen]v k'l:tsfx¿sf] ;'/Iff ug]{, ;ldltsf lg0f{o / lgb]{zgx¿ tbf?stfsf ;fy sfof{Gjog ug]{, kq Jojxf/ oyf;dodf ug]{, ;b:ox¿sf] nut ljlwjt sfod ug]{, zfvfx¿;Fu ;do ;dodf kq Jojxf/ jf cGo tl/sfaf6 ;Dks{ ug]{, ;ef, sfo{sfl/0fL;ef / s]Gb|Lo ;ldlt, cGo ;ldlt, pk;ldltsf] lg0f{o zfvfnfO{ hfgsf/L u/fpg] .


kl/R5]b – & sf]if Joj:yfkg @* kqsf/ sNof0f sf]ifM

dxf;+3;Fu kqsf/ sNof0f sf]if /xg]5 . ;f] sf]ifsf] Joj:yfkg / ;~rfng dxf;+3n] tof/ u/]sf] lgodfjnLcg';f/ x'g]5 . sfo{sfl/0fL ;efsf] cg'dltljgf kqsf/ sNof0f sf]ifdf hDdf ePsf] /sdsf] ;fFjf vr{ ug{ kfOg] 5}g . @(= sf]if M

-!_ dxf;+3sf] cfkm\gf] 5'§} sf]if /xg]5 . -@_ dxf;+3sf] sf]ifdf b]xfosf /sd cfDbfgL afFlwg] 5g\ M -s_ ;b:otf / cGo z'Ns, -v_ dxf;+3nfO{ g]kfn ;/sf/, s'g} ;+:yf jf cGt/f{li6«o lgsfoaf6 k|fKt /sd, -v_ dxf;+3nfO{ k|fKt ePsf bfg, rGbf / ;xfotf, -u_ dxf;+3åf/f ;DkGg ul/g] ljleGg sfo{qmd / k|sfzg–pTkfbgaf6 k|fKt ePsf] /sd, -3_ dxf;+3n] p7fPsf] z'Ns / pkflh{t /sd, -ª_ cGo /sd . -#_ sf]if sf]iffWoIfsf] lhDdfdf /xg]5 / sf]iffWoIfsf] x:tfIf/ clgjfo{ x'g] u/L ;ldltsf] lg0f{ocg';f/ sf]ifsf] ;+rfng x'g]5 . -$_ lx;fa lstfa M -s_ sf]iffWoIfn] dxf;+3sf] lx;fa lstfa b'?:t /fVg' kg]{5 / cfo Joosf] k|ltj]bg sfo{sfl/0fL ;efdf k|:t't ug{'kg]{5 . -v_ sfo{sfl/0fL ;efn] lgo'Qm u/]sf] n]vfk/LIfsåf/f dxf;+3sf] lx;fa lstfa sDtLdf jif{sf] Ps k6s hfFr ul/g]5 .

kl/R5]b – * cg'zf;g / cfrf/ ;+lxtf #)= cg'zf;g / sf/afxL M -s_ dxf;+3sf] ljwfg tyf cg'zf;gsf] kfngf ug{' dxf;+3sf x/]s ;b:o tyf zfvf / ;+:yfut

;b:o ;+:yfsf] st{Jo x'g]5 . -v_ dxf;+3sf s]Gb|Lo ;ldlt jf zfvf ;ldltsf kbflwsf/L tyf ;b:on] ;f] kbdf axfn /x];Dd s'g} /fhgLlts bn jf e|ft[ ;+u7gsf] s'g} klg txsf] ljefu jf ;ldltdf /xL sfd ug{ kfpg] 5}g . -u_ cg'zf;g kfngf u/] gu/]sf] cg'udg tyf To;;DaGwL ph'/Lsf] ;'g'jfO ;+u7g ;ldltn] ug]{5 . -3_ ;+u7g ;ldltsf] l;kmf/Lzdf s]Gb|Lo ;ldltn] :ki6Ls/0f ;f]Wg], lgnDag ug]{ / ;b:otf vf/]h ug]{ lg0f{o;d]t ug{ ;Sg]5 . s'g} sfjf{xLsf] lg0f{o ug'{ cl3 ;kmfOsf] df}sf lbg' kg]{5 . #!= cfrf/ ;+lxtf M


;b:ox¿n] cg';"rL ! df /x]sf] cfrf/;+lxtfsf] kfngf ug{'kg]{5 . kfngf gu/]df s]Gb|Lo ;ldltn] cfrf/ ;+lxtf cg'udg tyf dof{bf lg?k0f ;ldltdfkm{t :ki6Ls/0f ;f]Wg], lgnDag ug]{ / ;b:otf vf/]h ug]{ lg0f{o;d]t ug{ ;Sg]5 . s'g} sfjf{xLsf] lg0f{o ug'{cl3 ;kmfOsf] df}sf lbg' kg]{5 . #@= k'g/fjnf]sg M

bkmf #) / #! adf]lhdsf] lg0f{oaf6 dsf{ kg]{ JolQmn] hfgsf/L k|fKt u/]sf] #% lbgleq s]Gb|Lo ;ldltdf k'g/fjnf]sgsf nflu lgj]bg lbg ;Sg]5 . s]Gb|Lo ;ldltn] () lbgleq o; pk/ lg0f{o lbO;Sg' kg]{5 .

kl/R5]b – ( lgjf{rg ##= lgjf{rg ;ldlt / sfo{ljlw M

-!_ s''g} klg txsf] g]t[Tj rog lglj{/f]w ePsf] cj:yfdf afx]s uf]Ko dtbfgsf cfwf/df ul/g]5 . -@_ gofF ;ldltsf] lgjf{rgsf nflu ;ldltn] cfjZostf cg';f/ lgjf{rg ;ldlt u7g ug]{5 . -#_ lgjf{rg ;ldltsf] sfd, st{Jo tyf lgjf{rg k|lqmofM -s_ lgjf{rg ;ldltsf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/ tf]lsPadf]lhd x'g]5 . ;ldltn] sfdnfO{ ;xh agfpg cfkm}+ sfo{ljlw to ug{ ;Sg]5 . -v_ lgjf{rg ;ldltn] o; ljwfgsf] cwLgdf /xL lgjf{rg ;DkGg ug]{5 . -$_ s]Gb|Lo ;ldltsf] lgjf{rgsf] xsdf sDtLdf #) lbgcl3 s]Gb|Lo ;ldlteGbf aflx/sf lj1x¿ /x]sf] lgjf{rg ;ldlt u7g ul/g]5 . -%_ ;ldltn] tf]s]sf] ldltdf ljlw;Ddt / lgjf{rgsf cfwf/e"t l;4fGtx¿sf] kl/kfngf u/L lgjf{rg ;DkGg ug'{ lgjf{rg ;ldltsf] st{Jo x'g]5 . -^_ lgjf{rg ;ldltnfO{ ;xof]u ug'{ ;DalGwt ;ldltsf] st{Jo x'g]5 .

kl/R5]b – !) ljljw #$= ;+zf]wg M ljwfgsf] ;+zf]wg ug{ ;lsg]5 . #%= ;+zf]wg ljlw M

-!_ s'g} ;ef;b jf zfvfn] ljz]if k|:tfjsf] ?kdf ;+zf]wg Nofpg ;Sg]5 / ;f] k|:tfjaf/] s]Gb|Lo ;ldltn] sfo{sfl/0fL ;ef x'g'eGbf sDtLdf tL; lbgcufl8 lnlvt ;"rgf k|]lift ug]{5 . -@_ k|:tfljt ;+zf]wg sfo{sfl/0fL ;efdf pkl:yt ;b:ox¿sf] b'O{ ltxfO dtaf6 kfl/t x'g]5 / To;nfO{ :yfgLo clwsf/Laf6 :jLs[t ePkZrftdfq ljwfgsf] s'g} bkmf ;+zf]wg jf vf/]h ePsf] dflgg]5 . #^= lgod agfpg] clwsf/ M -!_ o; ljwfgsf] p2]Zo k"lt{ ug{ s]Gb|Lo ;ldltn] cfjZos lgod,

ljlgod, lgb]{lzsf agfpg / nfu" ug{ ;Sg]5 . #&= cljlR5Ggtf M

-s_ @)!@ r}t !^ ut] :yfkgf eO{ /fli6«o lgb]{zg P]g @)!* cg';f/ btf{ ePsf] g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;+3nfO{ ;+3 ;+:yf btf{ P]g @)#$ cg';f/ btf{ lnO{ lqmofzLn /x]sf] g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;+3sf] cljlR5Gg pQ/flwsf/jfnf ;+:yfsf ?kdf dflgg]5 . -v_ o;cl3 pNn]v ePsf ljleGg kb tyf dxf;+3af6 eP u/]sf sfd sf/afxL o;} ljwfgadf]lhd eP u/]sf] dflgg]5 .


#*= cfly{s jif{ M o; dxf;+3sf] cfly{s jif{ k|To]s jif{sf] ;fpg ! ut]b]lv k|f/De eO{ c;f/

d;fGtdf ;dfKt x'g]5 . #(= ;fdfGo 5fk / k|tLs M dxf;+3sf] ;fdfGo 5fk / k|tLs cg';"rL –@ df pNn]v eP adf]lhd x'g]5 . $)= dxf;+3sf] lg0f{o M

-!_ o; ljwfgdf cGoyf n]lvPsf]df afx]s ax'dtsf] lg0f{o dxf;+3sf] lg0f{o dflgg]5 . -@_ dxf;+3sf] dxflwj]zg, sfo{sfl/0fL ;ef, ;ldlt tyf cGo ;ldlt, pk;ldlt / zfvfx¿sf] lg0f{o, sfo{j[Q k'l:tsf -dfOGo'6 a's_ df lnlka4 ul/g]5 . $!= JofVof M o; ljwfgsf] clGtd JofVof ug]{ clwsf/ s]Gb|Lo ;ldltnfO{ x'g]5 . $@= dxf;+3sf] s]Gb|Lo sfo{sfl/0fL;efsf] b'O{ ltxfO{ ax'dtn] ;+:yf vf/]hLsf] lg0f{o u/]df k|rlnt sfg'gadf]lhd x'g]5 .

bidhan  

-bf] ; | f ] ;+ z f] w g @)^^_ @)^)g]kfnkqsf/dxf;+3sf]ljwfg@)^)g]kfnkqsf/dxf;+3sf]ljwfg@)^)g]kfnkqsf/dxf;+3sf]ljwfg@)^) ----bf];|f] ;+zf]wg...