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May 8, 1865

The Flower Troupe Thursday

The Civil War A special issue featuring the Civil war Written by the most esteemed staff members of the Flower Troupe; Meredith Elliott, Milena Nelsen, Alexis Murray, and Amber Ellis.


May 8, 1865

Biographies This is the who’s who of the Civil War.

Jefferson Davis Meredith Elliott

Jefferson Davis was the President of the Confederate States from 1861 to 1865. He is still alive as of today. He is a Democrat, and was a cotton farmer before he began his politics career, and was in the military even before that. He is a very passionate and charismatic man, and will be a symbol of Southern pride for years to come. Jefferson Davis was born on June 3, 1808. He was born in Christian County, Kentucky, and he grew up on a plantation in Mississippi. Davis returned Kentucky later on to go to a boarding school, and after that, enrolled in

Jefferson College, and finished his education in Transylvania University. He was involved in the military, and got married to Sarah Knox Taylor in the June of 1835. Unfortunately, she passed away only a few months after the wedding, in the September of 1835. In 1845, he remarried to Varina, and had six children named Varina, Margaret, Joseph, Samuel, Jefferson, and William, of course not all in the same year though. Also in 1845, he got a seat in the House of Representatives. He became president of the Confederate States in 1861. As Southerners, most of us admired Jefferson Davis as our president, but times have changed, and he no longer leads us. We have been joined as a nation once again, but that will not dull our Southern pride. Jefferson Davis is,


May 8, 1865 and will in the future, remain a symbol of our pride.

Mildred, and Mary. They lived on a plantation, but Lee was also involved in the military. In 1861, he became the commander of the Confederate army. When we lost the war, Abraham Lincoln and Ulysses Grant spared him from being hanged for being a traitor. He is currently the president of a small college in Virginia.

Above: President Jefferson Davis of the Confederacy

Robert E. Lee By Meredith Elliott

Robert E. Lee was the commander of our Confederate army. He began leading it in 1861. He is still alive as of today. Robert E. Lee was born on October 12, 1807. He had several famous family members, so he thought of himself as being just as great. When he turned 18, he attended West Point Military Academy, and did perfectly on almost everything. Once he graduated, he married Mary Custis, who was the greatgranddaughter of George and Martha Washington. They had seven children, who were named Robert, George, William, Anne, Eleanor,

Above: General Robert E. Lee of the Confederate Army

Ulysses S. Grant By Meredith Elliott

Ulysses S. Grant was the commander for the Union Army. He began leading it in 1864. Ulysses S. Grant was born on April 27, 1822 in Point Pleasant, Ohio. He grew up in Georgetown, Ohio, and was very shy and


May 8, 1865 reserved. At age 17, he attended the United States Military Academy at West Point. He was not an extraordinary student, earning average grades. He graduated in 1843, and met his wife, Julia Dent. They were married in 1848, and had four children named Jesse, Fredrick, Ulysses, and Ellen. He quit the military in 1854, but as soon as the civil war began, he felt a surge of patriotism and rejoined in 1861. He led the Union Army to victory throughout the Civil War and spared Robert E. Lee and his men when he surrendered, taking none of them as prisoners. While he was commanding the Army, he appointed several people who were of bad character. As Southerners, we were not fans of Grant, but he was a good commander.

Above: General Ulysses S. Grant of the Union Army

A Typical Soldier What was the life of a typical soldier like? Alexis Murray reports her findings here. Imagine you are a soldier in the Civil War. You’re in the Confederate army, and what do you see? Blood? Starvation? You go back to your tent at night and might wonder ‘Will I still be here, alive, tomorrow?’ The average life of a soldier is worse than prison. They lack proper clothing, food, pay, and medical attention. Many die from things that aren’t even war related. Since there are tons of soldiers in the war, it can be hard to make life for individual soldiers pleasant.

Above: Two Confederate Soldiers

To start with, it could be hard to give proper nutrition to the soldiers. Since budgets were limited good food was


May 8, 1865 out of the options. The soldiers diet consisted of hardtack and salted pork. Lacking a good variety of fruits and vegetables the soldiers were left to either fend on their own or to deal with the improper food options. To fill this nutritional gap they gathered nuts, berries, and hunted in the woods around them. In addition to the fact that they got poor medical attention and poor food selection, they also were not paid well. The typical soldier was paid about $11 a month! So, you may ask yourself, ‘Why do they fight in a job that does them more negative than good?’ I believe I can answer that. It’s simple; it’s the American spirit that keeps them going.

Major Events What happened in the Civil War? This section brings you all the details of what happened.

The Surrender By Meredith Elliott

The South lost the Civil War, because Robert E. Lee surrendered, which was depressing news for us. The real question that some of us are wondering about is why. Why did Lee surrender? What were so great about Ulysses S. Grant’s terms that made Lee okay with surrendering? Why did our sons come home safely after the war, without being taken prisoner? I did some research and found the answers to all the things we have been dying to know about. Robert E. Lee surrendered our army because he realized that we could not win the war. The North had so much more


May 8, 1865 money and equipment than we did, a higher population, and it was more industrialized. All of those things up against some cotton farmers from down here. He probably did not want more lives to be lost to a cause that there was little hope for it to be won. Now, how about those surrender terms? Here they are, word-for-word. “General; In accordance with the substance of my letter to you of the 8th inst., I propose to receive the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia on the following terms, to wit: Rolls of all officers and men to be made in duplicate, one copy to be given to an officer to be designated by me, the other to be retained by such officer or officers as you may designate. The officers to give their individual paroles not to take up arms against the Government of the United States until properly [exchanged], and each company or regimental commander to sign a like parole for the men of their commands. The arms, artillery, and public property to be parked, and stacked, and turned over to the officers appointed by me to receive them. This will not embrace the sidearms of the officers, nor their private horses or baggage. This done, each

officer and man will be allowed to return to his home, not to be disturbed by the United States authorities so long as they observe their paroles, and the laws in force where they may reside.�1 Our sons could return home and not be taken prisoner because of this. For those poor families who scrimped and saved for a horse for their son, the son would be able to keep his horse. So, in conclusion, we seceded because we did not have as great of a chance of winning the war, and Robert E. Lee must have wanted to spare our fathers, sons, and brothers from perishing in the war. He was overwhelmed, and decided to surrender. This was a great devastation to all of us Southerners, as this meant that we would lose our beloved slaves, who were like family to some of us. We needed them, and they needed us. The loss of the war was terrible for us, but on the bright side, we are no longer in danger.

The Battle of Gettysburg By Meredith Elliott

1 General Ulysses S. Grant’s Terms of Surrender


May 8, 1865 The Battle of Gettysburg basically decided what the outcome of the War would be. The South was winning, but the Battle of Gettysburg changed everything.

Above: The Battle of Gettysburg illustration

General Robert E. Lee was going to attempt to invade the North for a second time. It began on July 1st, when our Confederate Army broke through Union defenders. Fighting took place in many areas, including Gettysburg, Cemetery Hill, Devil’s Den, Peach Orchard, Little Round Top, Cup’s Hill, and the Wheatfield. The South was winning, but the Union recovered and fought hard on July 3rd. Then, there was an event that is called Pickett’s Charge. This was when the North fought and won the Battle. We were all sorely dissapointed. If we had won this battle, then we would have won the war.

Slavery

By Alexis Murray

In the South, slavery is necessary. Northerners believe that slavery is morally unjust but the way I view it is that it is for the good of America. The North is so quick to judge the South’s ways, but it is not a way of life for them. There, slave labor is less necessary. We even made it easier for slaves to do work on plantations with the invention of the cotton gin. How much easier can it get? The South gives them work, a good home, and a purpose and for that they should appreciate. In the South’s opinion, slavery should be legal. Is it really fair for people to mix up morals with economics? People are mixing up the ‘rightness’ of the whole slavery concept with the efficiency of it all. We don’t mix up church and state so why should we mix up morals and state? Sometimes people just need to do things for the best. Slavery is an undeniable good that in which is described by John C. Calhoun. To sum things up, morals and state decision shouldn’t be mixed. We are making such a big deal over something so small. The South isn’t forcing people to have slaves, so if you don’t agree stay out of it. Sectional crisis has broken out over the North and the


May 8, 1865 South. I mean look at this, the North and the South. I thought we were one country, America.

The Ending of the Civil War By Alexis Murray

The Civil War ended in what we (the South) believe to be a great disappointment. There were over 620,000 deaths in the end along with an overall loss on the South’s side. Not to mention the potential for America was washed down the drain. When the South returned to the Union slavery of course was ridded. The end of the Civil War was most disappointing, and it determined the outcome of an America that I feel would stay with us forever. The North’s defeat when Robert E. Lee surrendered on April 1865 was devastating. But what is even more appalling is that they expect us to change our way of life because they think we are wrong. We didn’t even ask them to change theirs. The South just wanted peace with the North and wanted to have slavery. Why was the Civil War necessary? In conclusion, after years of bloodshed in all ending the South lost

the war. Slavery is later banished and African Americans are given the freedoms that are unimaginable. They even are beginning to think that they are our equals! Where has all our work to be a self-sustained country gone? Without slaves America has begun to slack in agriculture. This is all because of the ending of the Civil War.


May 8, 1865

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May 8, 1865


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