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Archis Interventions

Prishtina Workshop November 27 – December 2, 2006

With financial support of:


Content

Preface - Prishtina at present

03

1. Mission Statement Archis Interventions Archis Interventions Prishtina

06 07 08

2. Analysis Urban Pathology Map Prototyp 01 Urban Extension Prototyp 02 Urban Densification Prototyp 03 Urban Densification Prototyp 04 Urban Densification

09 10 14 19 24 29

3. Strategies Communication Strategy Architectural Strategy Participatory Strategy Networking Strategy Educational Strategy Support Strategy

35 37 38 39 40 41

4. Strategies for Key Typologies

42

5. Organisation

47

6. Timeline

48

7. Workshop Facts

50




Preface

Prishtina at present Prishtina is in Europe known to many people worldwide as the capital of Kosova, which since 1999 is run by an UN Mission. After long years of repression by Milosevic’s regime (former Yugoslav president), and consequently, the war of 1999, many international NGOs and Agencies engaged in supporting the citizens of Kosova to rebuild their homes and recover their lives. NATO intervention, its deployment and establishment of the transitional administration (UNMIK) and of the provisional government (PISG – Provisional Institutions of Self-Government), are crucial turning points that Prishtina, thus Kosova underwent. Yet, the larger one is to come soon after Kosova’s final status is settled, opening a broad perspective for its citizens to become the citizens of Europe. Last few years, Prishtina was to accommodate the demands

suffered severe war damages and started with building solid

of newly created institutions by assigning appropriate building

shelters. But in both cases, end results are so alike; Kosova’s

stock for offices and planning for new ones. On the other hand,

urban areas got disturbed by the erection of casual structures.

Prishtina was seen as a center of hope by many Kosovars whose houses were damaged during the war, seeking for shelter or

Just after the war, construction activities in Prishtina took place

better place to live, jobs, and schools for their children. As an

simultaneously with a quickly increasing urban population

expression of this mood, building activity increased markedly.

fueled partly by migrants from the countryside, looking for new

This is a typical characteristic of post-war urban development,

opportunities in the city and partly by returning refugees. As a

as one can also observe under different conditions and with

result, a large portion of Kosova’s urban population consisted

other consequences elsewhere in the world. Typical may be

of people who had still to find or rediscover their place in life.

also the pattern of the UN intervention in the crisis regions:

The consequential housing shortage gave local investors the

while it engaged in establishing the institutional structures,

opportunity for quick returns and substantial profits. Yet, part

construction activities went on unhindered, demonstrating how

of the building boom was based on family investments. Almost

law enforcement may completely lack or pushed for review from

every family had a member working abroad, mainly in Western

one desk to another. As a result, a large part of the city has

European countries, who amassed substantial savings that were

been reconfigured by new buildings. Remarkably, this affected

now invested in family homes. These families have constructed

Prishtina’s destruction after the war. Yet, this is not the case of

and continue to construct mostly large two or three-story houses

Prishtina only. Other towns in Kosova are not many different in

on agricultural plots at the city’s edges, mostly without supervision

terms of informal building activities, especially those that have

or control.




Preface

Prishtina at present Such trends may also be noted in the inner part of Prishtina. The

Nowadays, almost half of the town is covered by regulation

historic city with its typical one-story, square houses is being

plans and new developments are being conducted in a proper

transformed by multi-story buildings, mostly offices, hotels and

way. However, there are still consequences of the past informal

commercial buildings clad in typical blue-glass facades. Public

building activities and indications for new ones which are yet

squares and parks are being neglected, streets are in poor

quite upsetting. In many of the cases, fundamental safety

condition, the electricity supply is notoriously unreliable and

standards regarding fire and earthquakes have been ignored;

drainage systems are overtaxed.

infrastructures including the water supply and drainage have failed or are currently overburdened, and the social problems caused

There were many attempts to bring into order the informal

by unregulated building activity remain unaddressed! The lack

construction activities in Prishtina, some being international

of public debates about the urban living conditions is one of the

conferences, action plans for identification of illegal buildings,

major concerns of Prishtina’s architects. Such debates are to

new laws and regulations. Amongst the important ones is the

raise the general public’s awareness about architectural values, be

“Urban Development of Prishtina – Strategic Plan 2004-2020”,

it traditional which are at risk or contemporary ones which ought

usually referred to as the achievement of the year (2003) by the

to, sooner or latter, have a huge impact on their everyday life.

Municipal Assembly. Although not fully complying with the Law on Spatial Planning, this document has remained ever since, the

For these reason, urgent intervention in this

basis for regulatory plans of the town, based on which, future construction ought to emerge. The success of the Strategic

development process is needed to restore a sense of public responsibility for all that live and work at

Plan and the planned city expansion continues to be questioned

Prishtina.

because the plan simply lacks substantial data, such are those on population. On the other hand, population data (last census was carried out in 1981) for example, is still a project in its initial phase planned to be conducted jointly with international organizations based in Kosova. The delay in this issue - seven years under the UN Mission - has caused not only fragile strategies in urban development be it in town or Kosova level, but also in other sectors such are micro/macro economy, education, health and other.




Preface

Prishtina at present




1. Mission




1. Mission Statement

Archis Interventions Archis Interventions, a not for profit branch of Archis Foundation (also known for its magazine Volume) has set itself on a course to provide cities with clues and concepts to revive the public domain, to re-energize its urban spirit and to revitalize their trust in dialogue as the essence of civic life. Prishtina is an example for a city in transition facing an enormous

The local NGO will be supported by Archis Interventions bringing

challenge: from socialist era to the market driven economy, and

international expertise and organizing the information exchange

to reinvent itself again after a long period of oppression and

to develop a sustainable solution strategy. The problems related

conflict. It shows the difficulties of the transformation process,

to the regulation of informal building activities in post conflict

which can be identified in cities all over the Balkan, but also in

situations as the future aspects of architecture and town plan-

other parts of the world. Most of the time there is a complete lack

ning in this context regarding the specific social as political

of public bodies with the capacity and jurisdiction to enforce law.

circumstances will be theoretically discussed and brought into the

And always there is a profound crisis of confidence in the public

international urbanistic debate.

dimension of urban life. At this point Archis Interventions is intervening working out concepts in cooperation between international and local experts, bringing important themes of the future urban development into public awareness, and mediate between local authorities and the private interests.




1. Mission Statement

Archis Interventions / Prishtina Archis Interventions / Prishtina is a non for profit organization and part of the Archis network. It focusses on improving, channeling and integrating informal building in a city in transition through creating better living conditions and a sense for the cultural values of architecture and urban design. In August 2005 Archis (Kai Voeckler) founded together with three architects from Kosova, Visar Geci, Florina Jerliu and Vlora Navakazi a local NGO with the aim to develop solution strategies

The mission Prishtina Unbuilt

for the structuring of the city housing development. Archis Inter-

After the war, the Informal building activities seriously affected the

ventions / Prishtina is a local agency, which documents informal

city structure of Prishtina and raised social, infrastructural, and

buildings and looks for opportunities to upgrade these. It will

safety problems. More than 70% of the urban fabric has been

intervene into the ongoing building activities by providing profes-

transformed, demonstrating how law enforcement may com-

sional advice in the building and planning process – to provide a

pletely lack or pushed for review from one desk to another. Con-

support of architectural knowledge to the community in need for

sequently, necessary standards in the building process are not yet

housing, so that the most crucial problems can be avoided. This

put in place and there is little public awareness about fundamental

activity shall be supported by a media campaign so to raise a

problems emerging out of Informal settlement. The project will

public discussion about many problems related to informal build-

develop solution strategies to facilitate the private developers in

ing activities. The aim is to develop solution strategies which can

meeting the provisions of laws and Regulations in regard to the

mediate between the local administrations, professional devel-

needs of the community development.

opers, and single house builders in order to enable better living conditions and the sense for the cultural values of architecture

To do so, Archis Interventions / Prishtina, as a local, non-profit

and urban design.

and independent NGO, will bring professional expertise into this process.




2. Analysis




2. Analysis

Urban Pathology Map Urban Pathology Map is a kind of a map that shows the whereabouts of the problems and issues in regards to the uncontrolled urban development trends of the capital city of Prishtina. The map is intended to identify, localize and cross relate informal building areas, referred to as ‘areas of pathologies’, both in urban and architectural scale. Such pathologies are usually being (un)judged as a (bad) habit of the countries in transition. Prishtina is one of these cases. The aim of the Urban Pathology Map is to show the informal

Recent building history has shown that the scattered housing in

buildings areas, grouped into prototypical key typologies, which

the outskirts of the town tends to develop into dense neighbor-

are to be referred to as the symptoms of today. Last several

hoods without rather any compliance with the regulatory plans.

years, the uncontrolled urban development in Prishtina has

This case is already a fact in the inner part of the city, indicat-

caused damage to the existing urban fabric as well as to the open

ing how synchronized the uncontrolled building activity may be.

fields in the outskirts of the town. In order to trace the trend of

Urban Pathology Map is also intended to serve as a tool to devise

current building developments, the map will be cross-examined

a road-map for future steps of intervention. By making a case

with the newly developed urban regulatory plans, as well as those

in the city scale the Map will enable identification of potential

lacking such plans, but yet enclosed within the new border of

areas where future model projects may take place. And finally by

Prishtina Strategic Plan.

making this map accessible, the general public will become more aware of the urban and architectural scale pathologies, which in majority of cases is a pathology of their own home.

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2. Analysis

Urban Pathology Map 01 Inventory of the informal connections to the water supply connections in Prishtina (Detail) BLACK: Buildings and appartments with formal connections to the water supply RED: Buildings and appartments with informal connections to the water supply

11


2. Analysis

Urban Pathology Map 02

12


2. Analysis

Urban Pathology Map 03 Problem scale Problem scale

Architectural design visual appearance

Architectural and urban scale

physical infrastructure

regulatory plans

social infrastructure

Physical aspects

Physical aspects

Architectural and urban

physical infrastructure

Architectural design

Security Building regulation

Architectural and urban scale

Social and economic aspects

economic activities

Social and economic aspects

regulatory plans Project documentation for procedure

visual appearance

Permits

Architectural

Mediation with the neighbours

Prototype 01

Architectural and urban

Legal Legal

Architectural

regulatory plans

economic activities

Prototype 02

regulatory plans

regulatory plans

social infrastructure

Project documentation for procedures

Permits

regulatory plans

Mediation with the neighbours

insolation sewage

regulatory plans

urban

green space

insolation

Environmental aspects

urban

Environmental aspects

parking

regulatory plans

sewage green space

PATHOLOGICAL MAP Problem scale Problem scale

visual appearance

Architectural design

physical infrastructure

Architectural

Security

Physical aspects Physical aspects

Building regulation

Architectural and urban scale

regulatory plans visual appearance physical infrastructure

Architectural design

Building regulation Security

Architectural design

social infrastructure

Architectural

economic activities

Architectural design

Social and economic aspects

Architectural and urban scale

Social and economic aspects

Project documentation for procedure

Architectural

Mediation with the neighbours

Permits

Legal

Prototype 04

regulatory plans

economic activities

Prototype 03 Legal

social infrastructure

Architectural and urban

Permits

Mediation in the community

regulatory plans

insolation

regulatory plans

parking sewage

insolation Urban

Environmental aspects

Environmental aspects

Urban

regulatory plans

sewage green space

green space

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2. Evolution of informal buildings

Prototype 01 Urban Extension

14


2. Evolution of informal buildings

Prototype 01 Urban Extension

Case Study Self used single houses, outskirts. Individually family based development, the owners are part of the community.

15


2. Evolution of informal buildings

Prototype 01 Urban Extension

Based on “Urban Development of Prishtina - Strategic Plan 2003 - 2020� (UDP-Sp) - the latest existing document in town sclae: Case Study- Type 1: - no reg. plan has been issued yet - no infrastructure at all

16


2. Evolution of informal buildings

Prototype 01 Urban Extension

⇧ situation before 1999 ⇨ situation after

— formal building — informal building 17


2. Evolution of informal buildings

Prototype 01 Urban Extension Self used single houses, outskirts. Individually family based development, the owners are part of the community. Legal Situation / Status of Ownership

Infrastructure

No dispute about land ownership, the clients own land.

Sewage is taken care of individually. Some household have

The land is generally owned or bought by builders (land register

illegally connected to the public sewage network. Some neighbor-

entry).

hoods applied together for the connection to the public sewage

Permission is generally not asked for or granted.

network.

Probably neighbours know each other and ask each other before

Accesses to the properties are through non-paved roads.

the land is sold, a tradition which is vanishing.

A public transportation system does not exist.

Security Construction is based on estimations and experience but not

Public amenities are generally missing and private amenities start to be organized by the individuals themselves.

calculated.

Actors

The structural members are allegedly overestimated and the con-

Private

struction is generally executed by construction companies. Fire escape routes are still possible.

Growth UDP – SP foresees only apartment houses with a minimum of 410 stores; the growth of single houses is not supported.

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2. Evolution of informal buildings

Prototype 02 Urban Densification

19


2. Evolution of informal buildings

Prototype 02 Urban Densification

Case Study Self used maximized houses, inside the city Individual development, the owner is part of the neighborhood community.

20






ROOFLINE







 





 





 





Prototype 02 Urban Densification 













































0571

2. Evolution of informal buildings









 



 













 













  





URBAN REGULATORY PLAN “Dodona”, 2004



 















 













 







































7G15070 0562







 







 





















 









• Number of full storeys lll-V, in fact 7 full stories

















• Site occupancy 0,6, in fact full site occupancy





























 







• Coverage type d1 (50m long or 3m free space between buildings), in fact full site coverage















 









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⇨ situation after 1999

— formal building























 











  











 

 







— informal building

 

 



 

21


2. Evolution of informal buildings

Prototype 02 Urban Densification

⇧ situation before 1999 ⇨ situation after 1999

— formal building — informal building 22


2. Evolution of informal buildings

Prototype 02 Urban Densification Self used maximized houses, inside the city Individual development, the owner is part of the neighborhood community. Legal Situation / Status of Ownership

Infrastructure

No dispute about land ownership, the clients own land.

Overload of sewage and electricity systems due to over extensive

Many cases got a permit for a single family house with ground

buildings.

floor, first floor and roof but the final building exceeds the maxi-

Due to extensive densification the garbage collection is under

mum gross floor of the site and the numbers of floors allowed.

serviced.

Many land owners work together with an investor to realize a new

Energy efficiency is not considered at all, thermal insulation is

building, and the land owner gets a share of the final building

rarely used.

according to the land value he brought in.

Existing social infrastructure of the city is used.

Security The construction is less sustainable due to the use of cheaper or low quality materials. Fire protection is limited due to missing or blocked escape routes, insufficient fire walls and insufficient fire protection to the neighbors.

Mostly legal connection to the existing water, sanitation and electricity network, extensive usage pressures the existing capacities.

Actors Private families, investors and developers.

Growth The demand for this type of housing development is still rising.

23


2. Evolution of informal buildings

Prototype 03 Urban Densification

24


2. Evolution of informal buildings

Prototype 03 Urban Densification

Case Study Non self used maximized houses (rental apartments, commercial spaces).

25




 



   

2. Evolution of informal buildings

Prototype 03 Urban Densification 











 



 



 

 



















































 



 







 





 















 



 



 



























 



















 



 







URBAN REGULATORY PLAN dating from 1978















 















 

























 













 

• The area was foreseen for individual houses P+1, in fact multi story commercial building









 

 











 





 

 





 

• Site occupancy 0,6, in fact full site occupancy



 





  















 

























 

• Coverage type distance between buildings 2,5-3m, in fact full site coverage

 





  



























 





 





















 









 

















 











 





  













 





  

 





















 





 



  

 

















⇨ situation after 1999





 

 



— formal building



  

— informal building







   









 







 



 



 



 

26




2. Evolution of informal buildings

Prototype 03 Urban Densification

⇧ situation before 1999 ⇨ situation after 1999

— formal building — informal building 27


2. Evolution of informal buildings

Prototype 03 Urban Densification Non self used maximized houses (rental apartments, commercial spaces). Investors (non self-use) and the developers are usually not part of the neighborhood community. Legal Situation / Status of Ownership

Infrastructure

Recently developers start to buy and develop land for pure profit.

Overload of sewage and electricity systems due to over-extensive

The apartments are sold or rented. In some cases the apartments

buildings, responsibility rests with the town administration.

are sold before the building is finished to co-finance the construc-

Due to extensive densification the garbage collection is under

tion.

serviced.

Planning permission status Most projects of this type start to have a planning permission, and the buildings are according to the regulatory plans.

Security The construction is less sustainable due to the use of cheaper or low quality materials. Fire protection is limited due to missing or blocked escape routes, insufficient fire walls and insufficient fire protection to the neighbors.

Energy efficiency is not considered at all, thermal insulation is not used. The existing social infrastructure of the city is used. Legal connection to the existing water, sanitation and electricity network, extensive usage pressures the existing capacities.

Actors Investors and developers.

Growth Rising demand for this type of housing development.

28


2. Evolution of informal buildings

Prototype 04 Urban Densification

29


2. Evolution of informal buildings

Prototype 04 Urban Densification

Case Study Urban parasites (extensions, annexes, roof extensions, cut offs, houses on roofs) Individual development, the owner is part of the neighborhood community.

30


2. Evolution of informal buildings

Prototype 04 Urban Densification

URBAN REGULATORY PLAN dating from 1978 • Number of full storeys 8-12, in fact 15 stories • Uncontrolled stability of the construction • Commercial occupancy of common space for the dwellers

⇨ situation after 1999

— formal building — informal building 31


2. Evolution of informal buildings

Prototype 04 Urban Densification

⇧ situation before 1999 ⇨ situation after 1999

— formal building — informal building 32


2. Evolution of informal buildings

Prototype 04 Urban Densification Urban parasites (extensions, annexes, roof extensions, cut offs, houses on roofs) Individual development, the owner is part of the neighborhood community. Legal Situation / Status of Ownership The roof extension are often half legal, with basic permits which are exceeded. The Municipality supports the transformation of the flat roofs into pitched roofs, therefore it is allowed to extend the roof by one floor and transform it into a loft, but many cases extend the roof by 2-4 floors.

year are able to take the additional load of a two-story roof extension, but that is often exceeded. Fire escape is basically ensured by connecting to the existing escape routes only.

Infrastructure

Often entire houses are built on the roofs of privatized com-

Except of some unprofessional connection to the existing sewage

munal buildings. The owners bought individually the apartments

system, there are minimal hygienic problems.

and the roof is the common property of the apartment owners.

Often the owners applied for an official connection to the sewage

The needed renovation of the roof usually triggers the apartment

system and have an official connection. The permission for the

owner in the top floors to extend the roof on his own initiative,

connection to the sewage system are generally granted, even for

saving the owner community the renovation cost.

building extensions which haven’t any permit, due to the fact, that

Small, individual and hidden extensions to the apartment buildings

the different institutions do not exchange information.

are mostly illegal and have no permit and are often not coordi-

Access to the extension is provided by the existing access routes.

nated with other owners.

Energy efficiency is used for the roof extensions, but the horizon-

Transformations to the ground floors are mostly with a permit for

tal extensions have mostly no thermal insulation.

the change of use, but later on, often load baring structures are

The existing social infrastructure of the city is used.

taken out or get transformed. Basements start to become subject of activation and transforma-

Actors

tion and the ownership is often disputed about.

Mostly private family and apartment owners.

Security Serious security problems are created by the structural changes of the ground floor and the basements due to subtraction of main

For the ground floor extensions, the shops are bought and used by individuals. Basements are used by individuals.

walls. This security risk is increased by the combined additional

Growth

loads of roof extensions.

The development will most likely continue till the flat roofs are

The roof extensions do not have any vertical connection to the

entirely converted and extended and the ground floors and base-

main load baring walls, even when concrete perimeter beams

ments are transformed into nonresidential.

have been added. Most buildings which are not older than twenty

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3. STRATEGIES

34


3. Strategies

Communication Strategy Public awareness regarding the problems of informal building will be stimulated through different media and a specified strategy. The users/builders will be enabled to understand the problematic development. Also it will stimulate the awareness by responsible persons like professionals and politicians. A public discussion will integrate authorities as users into the process of thinking about better living conditions in Prishtina. • TV-show

• Newspaper campaign

In summer 2007, Visar Geci, (one of the AI Prishtina founders),

In the newspaper will be enclosed the »Urban Pathology Map«

also known for his seasonal TV shows, will be engaged in orga-

which shows on an urban scale the city development and how

nizing weekly TV shows with a key topic on informal buildings in

it is driven by informal building activities. Examples of highly

Prishtina.

problematic situations will allow readers to identify the problems

With animations crucial problems of safety as infrastructural

neighborhoods are facing.

needs will be explained. Interviews with owners and neighbors demonstrate the social dimension. With local authorities questions

Newspaper competitions:

of legalization will be discussed and with construction companies

“Who finds the best example of worst architecture in Prishtina? “

the quality of building execution.

Through a weekly competition public awareness will be raised

The TV show is addressing the individual user of informal building.

about the problems produced by informal building. Winner is

It will show her/him also good examples and solutions for major

who finds the worst example. This has to be argued, so that

problems. It will inform private builders about the possibility to

everybody who is taking part has to be aware how much informal

consult the advisory board of Archis Interventions / Prishtina to

activities can lead to problematic situations.

get access to professional advice. Also it functions to promote the manual, which includes information about how to improve buildings. The major Kosova TV channels are highly interested in distributing this format.

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3. Strategies

• Leaflet

• Architectural competition

Very common in Prishtina are leaflets which show with simple

Through an architectural competition, addressing the improve-

drawings for example the need of vaccination or how to avoid

ment of a highly problematic situation in the city, architects as

infections. This communication device is popular and can be

planners will be motivated to bring in their professional exper-

used to address simple problems not directly reflected in building

tise. The first prize will be given to the best solution in regard of

activities, especially the blocking of escape routes as fire work

improvement of building structures as public spaces due to a

connections.

efficient cost management.

• Architectural exhibition The results will be exhibited, accompanied by a media campaign publicizing the communal societies’ different solutions and strategies.

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3. Strategies

Architectural Strategy Different architectural approaches will achieve a sensibility for environmental qualities, an improvement of the life quality and will educate common people to understand the cultural value of a proper urban fabric. • Manual »How to do it better«

• Prototypical small scale individual projects

Along the defined key typologies of informal building a manual will

Per individual projects, the possibilities of improvement will be

be worked out which shows the problems and will give the single

shown to the public in order to get more confidence and aware-

builder a help by improving her/his building.

ness of professional architectural expertise.

• Advisory Board

• Model Project

An advisory board of local experts will be available for consulta-

On the level of a neighborhood the problems which are going

tion by users of informal buildings for advice on legalizing and

beyond the individual needs such as lacking infrastructure

improving their buildings.

(technical as social), safety problems (fire work access, escape routes, unstable housing structures) as social problems (blocked neighbor houses) will be addressed. The model project will help the neighborhood to find collectively agreed solutions and will also give advice in formalizing their buildings.

37


3. Strategies

Participatory Strategy Different participation strategies will refer to the users’ real needs and also guarantee a sustainable development. • Stimulation of interest groups

• Activation of local knowledge

By the combination of public campaigns with the offer of profes-

Addressing, directly via public campaigns, the intellectual elite of

sional expertise different groups with their specific interests will be

the city to take responsibility by bringing in their local knowledge

identified and stimulated to articulate their needs. They will get a

to help make the process of improvement sustainable.

public presence and will be helped by solving their problems. Also this will enable local authorities to get a better understanding of the needs of different neighborhoods..

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3. Strategies

Networking Strategy The international urban discourse as represented by the Archis network can be utilized to investigate how the workshop results can be generalized and be also helpful in other circumstances. • Archis issue: Integration in the international Archis network

• Stimulation of Balkan experts network

By presenting the results in an issue of VOLUME in spring 2007

interventions, a practical network can be established to support

the Archis network will be activated to respond to the raised issue

the longer term goals of Archis Interventions Prishtina. It will lead

of informal building and will provide Archis Interventions / Prishtina

to regional network of experts from the Balkan.

with professional expertise.

By inviting the experts needed to backup the local initiatives and

• Workshop and conference As a follow up on the December 2006 workshop a second workshop in the form of a work conference will be organized in April 2007. Ideas and results from the first workshop will be tested in discussion with stakeholders and specialists and confronted with experiences elsewhere. The conference will focus in particular on neighborhood strategies and identifying what is needed for their implementation: - Presenting and testing the beta-version of the Awareness Campaign - Presenting the leaflet on ‘How to’ (Does and Don‘ts in private house building)‘ - Presenting a model for local advice, connected to the international expert network

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3. Strategies

Educational Strategy The strategy is adressing a younger generation and will araise the awareness for architectural values. • Student Projects

• School Architecture Kit

An important part is the education of future architects and plan-

Where traditions dissolve spatial and architectural quality need

ners and to train them by intervening in the process of informal

public awareness and understanding. Educating children in

building by implementing their own projects and helping citizens

understanding their surroundings and raising there awareness

to contribute to a better development of the city of Prishtina. In

of program, organization and form will help to create a spatially

cooperation with the Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture

more integrated urban society. Archis Interventions can mediate

of the University of Prishtina students can be integrated into small

in producing educational material for elementary and secondary

scale projects.

schools.

• Lectures / Workshops Experts from the international Archis network can give lessons and workshops to show their way of practicing architecture and urban planning. The specific aspect of a ‘communicative planning’ with its specific participatory strategy as communication strategy will give students of Architecture a new perspective of integrating social aspects into to planning. This would show a young generation possible ways to contribute, with architectural skills, to the society.

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3. Strategies

Support Strategy The strategy is supporting the different local actors as the local administration and communicates the different interests and needs to find a way of general acceptance. • Mediation between actors The interests of most private investors are, in the current situation, in conflict with the proposed planning perspective of the local administration. In this situation Archis Interventions as a NonGovernment Organization can mediate between both sides and create a dialogue, which leads to solutions acceptable for both sides.

• Communicative planning The above mentioned process should be supported by a more flexible planning process; from ‘comprehensive planning’ to a more ‘communicative planning’ which addresses and integrates different social actors. To support the local administration Archis Interventions could work as an ‘advocacy planner’ and would contribute to the city development with its professional knowledge.

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4. STRATEGIES FOR KEY TYPOLOGIES

42


4. Strategies for Key Typologies

Prototype 01 Urban Expansion: Single building, outskirts. Individually family bases development, the owners are part of the community. Architectural scale

Urban scale

Improvement:

Improvement:

Legalizing the informal building and acquiring the permits.

Development of collective Infrastructure such as water supply and

Improvement of building infrastructure, and / or adjustment of the

sewage, road network and social amenities.

informal buildings to the recent regulations (Regulatory plans).

Channelling:

Channelling: Assist to develop new plans for neighborhoods.

Raise awareness for the needs of architectural design, aestheti-

Encourage participation of the citizens into the planning process.

cally and functionally.

Improvements in the neighborhoods scale. Initiate sustainable processes. Raise awareness for the needs of urban design problems, aesthetically and functionally.

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4. Strategies for Key Typologies

Prototype 02 Urban Densification Self used maximized houses, inner city. Individual development, the owner is part of the neighbourhood community. Architectural scale

Urban scale

Improvement:

Improvement:

Improve structural safety in regard to the ground condition Legalizing and/or redeveloping of the informal building and acquiring the permits especially for fires escape, accessibility, parking infrastructure, safety, hygienic, and energy efficiency.

Channelling: Encourage the process to adjust the building to the regulatory plan.

Adjust extreme densification. Transform the negative effects for neighbors like blocking views and light of the neighbors. Negotiate social dimension to avoid conflicts between neighbors. Improve impacts on the urban surrounding.

Channelling: Address community and raise awareness for the standards of security, safety, hygienic and energy efficiency. Generate consensus about the adjustment of scales and correct distances of buildings. Collect and compile interests of owners. Inform about the consequences of maximizing houses. Provide advisory board to prevent foreseeable future mistakes in the urban development to protect urban tissue and historical buildings.

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4. Strategies for Key Typologies

Prototype 03 Urban Densification Non self used maximized houses (rental apartments, commercial spaces). Investors (non self-use) and the developers are usually not part of the neighbourhood community. Architectural scale

Urban scale

Improvement:

Channelling:

Reduction of building size.

Develop minimum standards of apartment sizes and design

Re-install sidewalks and needed distances between the buildings.

related organizational principles.

Channelling: Raise public awareness of the negative architectural consequences. Inform users and enable them t be more critical about the apartment to stimulate change of developer building standards.

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4. Strategies for Key Typologies

Prototype 04 Urban Densification Urban Parasites (extensions, annexes, roof extensions, cut offs, houses on roofs) Individual development, the owner is part of the neighbourhood community. Architectural scale

Urban scale

Improvement:

Improvement:

Improve structural security of building in regard to the building

Eliminate access on public land like the staircases on the side-

transformation.

walks.

Legalizing and/or redeveloping of the informal structures and acquiring the permits especially for fires escape, accessibility and safety.

Channelling:

Channelling: Awareness of how to make improvements to the roof-scape within the neighboring context.

Providing knowledge about adequate building materials, technical standard and functional needs.

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5. Organisation

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6. Timeline

International LOCAL

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Spring 2007

Summer 2007

Volume Isssue

TV-show Newspaper campaign Newspaper Leaflets

Urban Pathology map

Manual Advisory Board

Prototypical small scale projects Student Projects

Stimulation of Interest groups

Activation of local knowledge

Stimulation of Balkan experts network

Workshops Conference

Support Strategy

Networking Strategy:

Participatory Strategy:

Architectural Strategy:

Communication Strategy:

6. Timeline

Integration in the international Archis experts network

Fall 2007

2008

Architectural competitions Architectural exhibitions

Model Project

Support of local actors

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7. Workshop Facts

PRISHTINA WORKSHOP Nov. 27 – Dec. 2, 2006 Supported by ECF / European Cultural Foundation and Erste Bank Foundation Vienna

Organization structure Body responsible for the project is the Archis Foundation in Amsterdam. The project manag ement is headed by Archis Interventions / Berlin (Kai Voeckler). Archis Interventions / Prishtina is registered as a NGO by the United Nations in Kosova and will

Regional experts Dritan Shutina, Representative of the POLIS University, Tirana, Albania; Director Co-PLAN, Institute for Habitat Development Rodina Toto, Representative of the POLIS University, Tirana, Albania; Co-PLAN, Institute for Habitat Development

together with Archis Interventions / Berlin and Archis Interventions / Amsterdam develop and realize the project. Members of the

International experts

international board of AI Prishtina are Kai Voeckler (Berlin) and Ole

Archis Interventions / Berlin:

Bouman (Amsterdam). Archis Interventions / Amsterdam is part of

Kai Voeckler

the Dutch Archis Foundation.

Thilo Fuchs

Workshop participants

Wilfried Hackenbroich

Local experts

Archis Interventions / Amsterdam:

Archis Interventions / Prishtina:

Arjen Oosterman

Florina Jerliu Visar Geci

Workshop assistance

Vlora Navakazi

Arta Basha, lecturer, Faculty of Civil engineering and Architecture, University of Prishtina

Ilir Gjinolli, Representative of the Faculty of Architecture,

Sibel Bucinca, Bardha Meka, Flutura Dedinja, students of the

University of Prishtina

Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture,University of Prishtina

Elvida Pallaska, Representative of the Institute for

Gezim Kastrati, student of Architecture, TU-Graz, Austria

Spatial Planning Kosova Agron Sallova, Representative of UN-HABITAT Mentor Haziri, freelance architect Lazim Salihu, lawyer, legal adviser UN-HABITAT Mirushe Kastrati, Reprezentative of the Department of Urban Planing, Municipality of Prishtina

Post production Thilo Fuchs Wilfried Hackenbroich Kai Voeckler

Besa Shahini, IKS/ESI

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AIP_Prishtina workshop 12 2006 English  

Archis Interventions Prishtina publikoi në dhjetor të vitit 2006 hulumtimin "Prishtina Workshop" me temë: qualifikimi i ndërtimeve pa leje n...