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___________________________ Name

___________________________ Delegation/School

Florida YMCA Youth In Government

Ì GreenBook

- Volume 7 Ì

While you prepare for Youth In Government’s (YIG) Jr. Assembly, you will be responsible for 4 tasks (we call them responsibilities) designed to help you turn your choice to STAND UP & DO SOMETHING from an idea into reality. This copy of the GreenBook is yours and you should use it, the activities, tools, and resources inside to help you get ready for Jr. Assembly. As you work through the Jr. Assembly process, you may work alone or in a group with 1 or 2 other delegates. Before you get started, here are a few pointers… 1. Write in pencil: Changing your mind, making mistakes, and fine tuning your thoughts are all part of the YIG process. Using a pencil will help you make the adjustments you need without making your GreenBook a big mess!

(Make sure you use a pen when filling out any official forms, like permission slips or applications.)

2. Keep a folder: Staying organized will be a big part of your success at Jr. Assembly. Getting a folder to put all of your YIG stuff in, like your GreenBook as well as any information you collect about your bill, will make your YIG life much easier. 3. Don’t cram: Building a bill you can be proud of will take some time.

Leaving all of the things you need to do for Jr. Assembly to the last minute won’t allow you or your bill to be represented in the best light possible.

4. Ask for help: If you find yourself stuck at any point in this process, please ask for help! If you have one, talk with your Chapter Advisor, Y-Staff, or High School Mentors. If not, please contact the State Office by phone at 727.386.9622 or by email @

Think Ì Research Ì Write Ì Present

Table of Contents - Remember to check off each section as you complete it –

Responsibility #1 – THINK F F F F

Your Idea Constituent Interviews Your Bill Topic Stuck for an Idea?

1 2 3 4

Responsibility #2 – RESEARCH F F F F F F F F F F

What’s Your Problem? Good Idea? Bad Idea? Get the Scoop Find Your Place On the Web Facts & Figures Key Terms $how Me the Money Oh, Yeah?!? Says Who?!?

7 8 8 8 9 10 10 11 11 12

Responsibility #3 – WRITE F F F F F F F F F F F F F F F

Under Construction: Building Your Bill The Title The Enacting Clause The Body of the Bill Legislative Intent Definitions Guidelines Appropriations Penalties Enforcement Nullification Clause Effective Date Bill Guidesheet Entering Your Bill on the Jr. Deledex Okay, I Have Created My Bill… What’s Next?

15 15 17 18 19 20 20 22 22 22 23 23 24 27 28

Table of Contents (continued)

Responsibility #4 – PRESENT F F F F F F F

What Do I Need To Do Now? The Bill Track Bill Sharing Group 1st Committee Hearings 1st Committee Speech 2nd Committee Hearings General Assembly

31 32 32 33 34 36 37

What’s Next?!? F F F F

Recognitions Delegate Credentials Delegate Code of Conduct Beyond Jr. Assembly… What’s Next?!?

39 41 42 43

RESPONSIBILITY: #1 THINK Ì Research Ì Write Ì Present MAKING REAL CHANGE, starting something new or different, and positively

impacting the lives around you starts with a choice. The choice is to spend some time, even just a few moments everyday, to STAND UP & DO SOMETHING. What will you do today? How will you make a difference? Your ability to make a positive impact, big or small, all starts at the same point… WITH AN IDEA! You have millions of them everyday; the hard part will be choosing just one! As a delegate to the YMCA’s Youth In Government Jr. Assembly, you will be responsible for identifying and implementing an idea that you believe will create a better place for the people who live in your community and build a stronger Florida.

Do you have an idea already? Is there something about the community that you live in you would like to see changed?

Yes?!? Write it down here:



Whether you have an idea to start with or not, as someone who will be representing the people of Florida at Jr. Assembly, it is important that you reach out to your constituents and find out what they think. CONSTITUENT:

A resident of a district or member of a group represented by an Elected Official.

Your constituents are everywhere - friends, classmates, family, members at your YMCA, teachers, neighbors, and people at your place of worship. These are the people you see and talk to everyday. Knowing what they think and feel about Florida will help you be a better servant leader and community representative at Jr. Assembly.

An Elected Official?

We recommend that you talk with as many of your constituents That’s your job as possible, but that may not be practical and can be a bit now!! overwhelming. Instead, we ask that you speak to a representative of three different groups – YOUR PEERS, YOUR FAMILY, and YOUR – collecting their thoughts and ideas about Florida. COMMUNITY ©Florida YMCA Youth In Government Ì Page 1

Constituent Interviews: Make sure you use a notebook or the GreenBook’s notes section to record your interviewee’s comments. The provided interview sheet below has the questions to ask, as well as a place to summarize the answers you collect.

Feel free to ask additional questions! Interview #1: Your Peer (friends, classmates, etc.) Name: _________________________________________ Age: ______________

Grade: _____________

What 3 things would you change about the world you live in? 1. ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Interview #2: Your Family (parent, aunt/uncle, grandparent, etc. - not someone your age.) Name: _________________________________________ Relationship to you (Your mom, uncle, etc.): _________________________________

What 3 things impact your family’s quality of life the most on a day-to-day basis? 1. ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. _________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Interview #3: A Community Member (teacher, Y-staff, religious leader, law enforcement) Name: _________________________________________ Occupation: ___________________________________

What are your 3 biggest concerns about your job? 1. ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. _______________________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. _______________________________________________________________________________________________________ ©Florida YMCA Youth In Government Ì Page 2

Now that you’ve got all these ideas… What’s next? Read over your notes from the interviews and choose 3 issues select one from each interview. 1. _____________________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. _______________________________________________________________________________________________________

Check your newspaper – state and local section – pick 3 headlines about what is happening in our state you find interesting. 1. _____________________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. _______________________________________________________________________________________________________

Take a look at the local evening news. What are the lead stories about? Choose 3 1. _____________________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. _______________________________________________________________________________________________________

From your interviews, headlines, and news stories, choose one issue you want to do something about. This will become the topic you will use to build your state law around.

So, what will your bill topic be? __________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Still stuck for an idea?? The laws of our state cover a number of different issues that impact you and your community on a daily basis. If haven’t dug up an idea you are excited about, we have a few suggestions for you… FLIP the PAGE! ©Florida YMCA Youth In Government Ì Page 3

Take a look at the list below, these are just of a few of the areas that our state laws cover. Pick one! • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Adoption & Child custody Advertising Age of adulthood Age of consent Agriculture Air and water quality Alcoholic beverages Boat safety Cities and counties Coastal marshlands/beach protection Consumer protection Courts (operation of) Credit Criminal law Day-care centers Death Penalty Divorce Driver’s Licenses Drugs (prescription & illegal) Economic development Education, public & private Elderly (problems of the) Elections Emergency Management & Disaster Relief Ethics &business practices Fire safety regulations Firearms and explosives Forests Gambling (regulation of) Grocery stores

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Handicapped (problems of the) Healthcare – physical & mental Highway construction Holidays (observed by the state) Hospitals Hunting and fishing Insurance Jails Labor and unions Law enforcement Licensing Loans Marriage Medicaid Penalties for crimes Pesticides Prisons and offender rehabilitation Public assemblies and concerts Public officers and employees Public utilities (regulation of) Real estate Restaurants State government (organization of) State parks and historic sites Taxes (sales and income) Tourism Transportation Unemployment Veterans (programs for) Wildlife preservation

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RESPONSIBILITY: #2 Think Ì RESEARCH Ì Write Ì Present Now that you have chosen your idea, you will need to find out a few things to help you write your bill. You picked your bill topic for a reason - to make life better for Floridians by addressing a particular problem or concern. Use the following questions to start digging into your bill topic.

What’s YOUR problem?

What is the problem or concern your bill

is addressing? Example: too many unwanted pets in animal shelters Your Problem/Concern: _____________________________________________________________________________________________

What do you have in mind to solve this issue? You may have more than one solution… Example: build more shelters, increase the fines for animal cruelty, require shelters to put more animals to sleep, or create bigger licensing fees for breeders Possible Solution: ____________________________________________________________________________________________________ Possible Solution: ____________________________________________________________________________________________________ Possible Solution: _____________________________________________________________________________________________________

How does the problem you have identified and your possible solution AFFECT YOUR COMMUNITY? What impact will it have on the PEOPLE YOU REPRESENT? _____________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________ How does the problem you have identified and your possible solution AFFECT YOU AS AN INDIVIDUAL? What impact will it have on YOUR DAY-TO-DAY LIFE? _______________________________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________ ©Florida YMCA Youth In Government Ì Page 7

Good Idea… It’s important that you have more than just your opinion to back-up your idea. Why would others think that your bill is a good plan? These are called “pro” arguments. List three reasons why people would agree with your idea. Reason #1: Because, ________________________________________________________________________________________________ Reason #2: Because, _________________________________________________________________________________________________ Reason #3: Because, _________________________________________________________________________________________________

Bad Idea… Likewise, it is just as important to know why people would think your idea IS NOT the best plan. These are called “con” arguments. List three reasons why people may disagree with your idea. Reason #1: Because, _________________________________________________________________________________________________ Reason #2: Because, _________________________________________________________________________________________________ Reason #3: Because, _________________________________________________________________________________________________

Get the Scoop… When you start to write your bill and later when you present it, you will want as much back-up information as possible. Find an article (or two or three) on the web, in a newspaper, periodical, magazine, or book about your bill idea. • Make sure to highlight any key facts, statistics, or quotes • Does the article take a position on your issue? Yes No • Is the position pro (in favor) or con (against)? If the article supports your bill idea, you can use it when you are creating your bill presentation (see Responsibility #4). If the article opposes your bill idea, make sure that you think about why your solution is better than the article’s point of view. Why is your solution better? Because it… ___________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ©Florida YMCA Youth In Government Ì Page 8

FIND YOUR PLACE… Now that you have identified what your bill topic will be – the problem and how you will fix it – you need to know what the current rules are affecting your topic. In other words, in order to know what you need to do to Florida’s current law to address your bill topic, you need to know what the current law actually is… So, where do you go to find your bill’s place within Florida law? The FLORIDA STATUTES, of course! Florida’s laws – all of them – are called the Florida Statutes and they are organized into chapters and sections just like a textbook. To know where YOUR bill’s place in the Florida Statutes will be, you'll need to do a little digging… Ì At school or at home (with your parents’ permission), go to It should look like this… Ì Find a TITLE that you think your topic fits under (example: speed limits would be under the title dealing motor vehicles). Ask your parents or a teacher if you need help reading or navigating the statutes! Ì When you click on the Title, you will get a list of CHAPTERS beneath it - again, find the one that best fits your topic. It is the Chapter called… _______________________________________ Ì Clicking on a chapter will bring you to its SECTIONS. Select the section that best fits your topic. If you don’t see your bill topic anywhere – then you will be creating a new section. Follow the order of the numbers and use the next number in the sequence.

Your bill’s Section # is… ________________________________________ Make sure to use the COMPLETE section number in your bill title

For Example… If you want everyone to wear green shoelaces to school and the current law says nothing about shoelaces or what color they need to be… You would be CREATING a new section. If you want everyone to wear green shoelaces to school but the current law says blue socks… You would be AMENDING a section. If the current law says you have to wear green shoelaces to school and you don’t want anyone to have to wear green shoelaces at school ever… You would be REPEALING a section. ©Florida YMCA Youth In Government Ì Page 9

On the Web… Again, either at school or at home (with your parents’ permission), spend a few moments online and find organizations or associations who think that your issue is important – either agreeing or disagreeing with it. Make sure you bookmark these websites so you can reference them easily next time. Name of the Organization or Association


Pro (agree) or Con (disagree)

http://www. http://www. http://www. http://www.

If the organization or association you find disagrees with your bill’s position, look to see if they offer an alternate solution. Is your solution better? Why? ______________________________________________ Is there anything about their point of view that you can use to make your bill stronger? YES?!? What is it?? _____________________________________________________

Facts & Figures… You will need to know statistics, facts, and figures about your bill’s issue. Questions like the ones below will help generate some statistics you will be able to use while writing your bill and giving your bill presentation. We recommend that you find more statistics than what is listed below. • How many people are impacted by the problem your bill is addressing? __________ In the year… 2008 _______ 2009 ________ 2010 __________ • How many people will be helped by or benefit from what your bill is plans to make happen? __________________________________________________________________________ Yes No • Is your bill solution being tried in other states? If so, how many states? _________ Which ones? _________________________________________________________________________________ ©Florida YMCA Youth In Government Ì Page 10

Key Terms… You will need to make sure that the other delegates at Jr. Assembly understand the problem you are addressing with your bill idea. List any “key terms” and their definitions, in everyday language below. Key Term Electronic Voting

Definition An election system that allows a voter to record his or her secure secret ballot electronically.

$how me the money… Like anything else, changing Florida’s laws involves money. So, you’ll need to spend a few minutes thinking about the dollars and cents of your bill. As you have done your research, have you found anything about putting your law into effect that would cost money? Who will pay for any costs created by your new law?



State Government City or County Government

Check all that apply

School Boards Local Businesses Tax Payers Other: _________________________

Will your bill save money (cut taxes)?



Will your bill generate money (from fines or fees)



If YES… WHO will benefit from this money? HOW will they benefit from the money? ©Florida YMCA Youth In Government Ì Page 11

Oh, YEAH?!? Says Who?!? At this point you have been in contact with a number of sources for your information. During the debate of your bill, it will be important to be able to tell people where you got your information. Below, make a note of the people and resources you have used to start building the case for your bill. Name of Source (person, website, newspaper, book, etc.)

Important Information & Notes

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©Florida YMCA Youth In Government Ì Page 13


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RESPONSIBILITY: #3 Think ĂŒ Research ĂŒ WRITE ĂŒ Present You have looked into concerns of the people you represent, picked an issue to tackle, and investigated the pros & cons of that issue. At this point you are ready to begin building your bill. To construct your bill correctly, you must include the three main parts, each of which is necessary to turn your idea into a law. 1. The Title 2. The Enacting Clause 3. The Body of the Bill In this section you will find guidelines to building a strong piece of legislation, broken down into its parts. After you’ve filled in the blanks provided, enter your completed bill sections onto the Bill Guidesheet (on page 22) or you can type it into a WORD document. When you are finished with the entire bill you will use the completed guidesheet to enter your bill onto the Jr. Deledex.


Proposed or adopted laws by any governing body like the Senate or House of Representati ves.

The Title: While the title is the first section of the bill, it will be last section you complete. Why? Because the title of your bill must include all of the sections you want to include in your bill. Like a good introduction, your bill’s title will tell your fellow delegates what you will be doing to the laws of Florida and what your changes include.


YIG’s online system for keeping your bill, registering for events, and staying up to date with YIG.

First, in a simple phrase (3 or 4 words) write down what your bill will be impacting. EXAMPLE: the regulation of foster care OR the cost of college tuition

___________________________________________________________________________________________ ŠFlorida YMCA Youth In Government ĂŒ Page 15

By now, you should have decided what your bill will do to the current Florida law. Will your bill… (circle one) Create, or add, a new Florida law. Amend, or change, an existing Florida law. Repeal, or remove, an existing Florida law. If you are not sure, go back to page 7 & revisit the FIND YOUR PLACE activity Remember you can still check out the Florida Statutes – online at where you can read, search, and print out what current Florida law says about your issue. Next, take a look at the list below and answer yes or no to each of the questions. Each question refers to a certain section of your bill. If a section of the bill is required, the question has been answered for you. Answer these Questions about your bill


Will your bill have to state its legislative intent?


Will your bill have words that need to be defined? Your bill will need to explain what it will do, right?


If yes, use this phrase in your bill’s title providing legislative intent providing definitions


providing guidelines

Will your bill need any funding? Does your bill create anything that will need to be paid for?

providing appropriations

If someone breaks your new law, will there be any penalties or fines?

providing penalties

Who will enforce your new law? Will someone need to give out any fines or penalties?

providing enforcement

If your bill conflicts with another current law, you want YOUR law to be the one that is followed, right?


providing nullification

After your bill is voted on, you want it to become the law of the land, right?


providing an effective date

©Florida YMCA Youth In Government Ì Page 16

Okay, let’s build your bill’s title… 1. Start with your subject: (hint: go back and take a look at page 13)

An act relating to _____________________________________________________, 2. Add what you plan to do to the law – (pick one) creating, amending, or repealing…

_______________________ section __________ of the Florida Statutes, (creating, amending, or repealing)


3. Enter the “providing” phrases from the table on page 14

Did you know that the Florida Statutes are published books and should be cited as such in your legislation - that means underline it!!

… providing legislative intent, providing _______________, providing guidelines, providing _______________, providing _______________, providing _______________, providing nullification, and providing an effective date.

The Enacting Clause The enacting clause is what gives your bill permission to become law. Every bill must have an enacting clause. The enacting clause for a Jr. Assembly bill must be written exactly this way:

BE IT ENACTED BY THE FLORIDA YMCA YOUTH IN GOVERNMENT JUNIOR ASSEMBLY The bill editor on the Jr. Deledex will format (center, bold, italics) the Enacting Clause for you, but you will be responsible for typing in the correct words. Make sure you PAY ATTENTION to what you type!!

Let’s Recap… You have written… 5 Your bill’s title… what your bill does. Remember you’ll want to come back to your bill’s title after all the other sections are completed and make sure it contains the Florida Statutes section # and all the right “providing” phrases.


The enacting clause… permission for your bill to become law

So, let’s finish the last part of the bill… The

Body. ©Florida YMCA Youth In Government Ì Page 17

The Body of the Bill While the first two sections of your bill covers what your bill will do. The body of the bill covers how you will make it happen and why you want to. Before we tackle how you will make your law happen, you need to answer this question... Why did you write this bill? __________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________

You may want to look back through Responsibility #1and your CONSTITUENT INTERVIEWS to refresh your memory.

Body Parts… A bill’s body parts are called sections. Some sections are required and some are optional – required sections are listed below in bold print. Your Youth In Government bill will have some or all of the sections below.

5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5


Each section of the bill is labeled with a roman numeral (I, II, III, IV, V, and so on…) and the section title (one of the items from the list above). Example: To start the section about your bill’s definitions, the section title would look like this… Section II: DEFINITIONS ©Florida YMCA Youth In Government Ì Page 18


Legislative Intent: This section of your bill is designed to tell your fellow delegates why you have written your bill. It is the first time you will formally address the problems and solutions your bill presents. Your legislative intent should be made up of 3 or 4 phrases, each of which will address a problem or the solution. •

Each “problem” phrase begins with “Whereas”

Add as many “problem” phrases as you need to, each one will begin with “Whereas”. You should use at least three.

The “solution” phrase, which is the last phrase of your legislative intent, will begin with “Therefore”

How about an example… If you were going to write your bill about there being too many homeless pets, your legislative intent would look like this… Whereas there are too many cats and dogs without proper and loving homes; and Whereas pet overpopulation costs Florida taxpayers millions of dollars every year; and Whereas these millions of dollars are needed in other critical areas, such as education or healthcare; Therefore, every dog and cat sold, adopted, or licensed in Florida must be spayed or neutered, unless the owner buys a special “breeder’s” license.

Now YOU give it a try… (Problem) Whereas __________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________; and (Problem) Whereas __________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________; and (Problem) Whereas __________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________; and (Solution) Therefore, __________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________. ©Florida YMCA Youth In Government Ì Page 19


Definitions: The definitions section of your bill should be a listing of terms important to explaining your legislation. A definition of a word used in your legislation is necessary only if the word is used in a way that is different than the common dictionary definition. You may have already identified some words that need to be defined in the Key Terms section on page 9. Remember… When in doubt – define!!!


Guidelines: This section of your bill should clearly layout how your bill will impact the laws of Florida. In other words, what will your law do? Whether you are adding something to the law or taking something away, you will need to make sure you format it correctly. • Additions to the law should be indicated by underlining the text • Deletion of the law, a part of it or the whole thing, should be indicated by a strikethrough You will be able to underline or strikethrough any text you need to when you enter your bill on the Jr. Deledex.

Wait!! Before you begin… You will need to know the section number that your bill is impacting. Go back to page 7 or page 15 and take a look at what you wrote down from your previous search of the Florida Statutes. So, what is the Section #? _______________________ And will you be amending, repealing, or creating this section? ________________ Alright, now you’re ready. The next page will have some examples of what the beginning of your Guidelines section should look like… We know you can handle it from there!! ©Florida YMCA Youth In Government Ì Page 20

Here are a few examples… A bill lowering the voting age to 12 would need to amend section 97.041 (Chapter 97, Section .041) of the Florida Statutes and would read: Section III: Guidelines Section 97.041, Florida Statutes, is amended to read: Voters must be 18 12 years of age to vote.

A bill completely eliminating the voting age requirements would need to repeal section 97.041 of the Statutes and would read: Section III: Guidelines Section 97.041, Florida Statutes, is repealed: Voters must be 18 years of age to vote.

If you want to take something away from the Florida Statutes and then replace it with something else, then you would need to amend the section NOT repeal it.

A bill allowing all Jr. YIG delegates to vote would need to create a new section in Chapter 97 of the Statutes, and would read: Section III: Guidelines Section 97.041(b), Florida Statutes, is created to read: Regardless of age, any delegate attending a session of the Florida YMCA Youth In Government Jr. Assembly is eligible to vote. ©Florida YMCA Youth In Government Ì Page 21

Before you tackle the next few sections of your bill, go back to page 14 and look at the chart. You will only need to write a section of your bill for the questions you answered

“Yes” If you need to adjust your chart, take a minute to do that now.



If you are creating anything new or changing any existing state program, how will your new law be paid for? Will a fee, tax, or assessment need to be levied? Yes Do you need to make a change to the State budget?



No No


What will happen if your law is not followed? Will it be a crime?


What kind of crime?

A misdemeanor?

Is the penalty a fine…

No A felony?



If yes… How much will it be? Who will collect it? and… Who will benefit from the money ?


Enforcement: Who will enforce your law? (check all that apply) State Officials


County Officials


City Officials

Who? ©Florida YMCA Youth In Government Ì Page 22

Nullification Clause: This section will take care of any laws that would be in conflict with your law. This clause should be included in any bill you write to ensure that your law is SUPREME!! The nullification clause is written this way:

“All laws or any portions thereof in conflict with these provisions are hereby null and void.”


Effective Date: You will need to let the people of Florida know when your bill, if passed, will become law. The traditional standard for an effective date is 90 days following passage of a bill. Keep in mind how long it will take to inform everyone of your new law AND get all the people in place who must administer and/or enforce your legislation. So, when will your bill go into effect if passed by the Assembly? ___________________ Make sure you include the month, day, and year!

Keep Going… If you haven’t been already, you are ready to enter your bill onto the Bill Guidesheet. The guidesheet is designed to help you sketch out your bill. If you need to add more definitions, take out a section, or use more lines then we’ve provided… feel free!! Make sure you take your time and use a pencil! Remember that changing your mind and fine tuning your bill is part of the process. and

When you’re done, you will be ready to enter your bill onto the Jr. Deledex submit it for publication for the Jr. Assembly BillBook.

Keep reading for instructions on how to do that… ©Florida YMCA Youth In Government Ì Page 23

7th Ann nual Fllorida YMCA Y Youth h In Governm G ment Jun nior Asssembly

**For Official Use Only**

Bill # ___ Referred to C Committee:

Referred to o Council:

Primary Sponsor: S Co-Sponssor(s):

Action on the Bill:

School/YM MCA:




Delegatio on:




A Bill to o be Entitled 1 2 3

__________ _ __________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ An n Act rela ating to

4 5 6


7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

Section n I: Legislative Inttent

_______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________

7th Annua al Jr. Assemb bly May 24 – 27, 2012

Deelegate: ____ ______________________________________

18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27

Section n II: Defin nitions 1. ____________ _ _____________: meanss __________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. ____________ _ _____________: meanss __________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. ____________ _ _____________: meanss __________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ 4. ____________ _ _____________: meanss __________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________

28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45

Section n III: Guid delines Section n __________________, Fllorida Sta atutes, iss __________________________ to reead:

_______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________

7th Annua al Jr. Assemb bly May 24 – 27, 2012

Deelegate: ____ ______________________________________

46 47 48 49 50 51

Section n IV: App propriatio ons

_______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________

52 53 54 55 56 57

Section n V: Pena alties

_______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________

58 59 60 61 62 63

Section n VI: Enfo orcementt

_______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________

64 65 66 67

Section n VII: Nullification n Clause All lawss and anyy portion n thereof in conflict with these pro ovisions hereby null and void.

68 69 70 71 72

Section n VIII: Efffective Date D This law w will takke effect on ____________________________.

Entering your Bill on the Jr. Deledex… When you have completed the first three responsibilities in the GreenBook, you will be ready to enter your bill into the Jr. Deledex.

Follow these steps… •

Make sure you have a copy of your filled out Bill Guidesheet with you. If you typed your bill in a WORD document, you will want to open it up on your computer.

Log-in to your Jr. Deledex account. o You should have received your Jr. Deledex account information in your email. If not, first make sure you check your spam and junk mail folders and then, contact the State Office – 727.386.9622 o Forgot your password? Go to the website – and follow the link on the left hand side of the page.

Once you are logged onto the Jr. Deledex… look on the left hand side of the screen you will see a box called “Assembly Preparation”, click the link that says “My Bills”.

You will see a link called “Create a new bill”, click it. This will start the process to enter your bill. • The first box you see is called the Short Title. It should be filled in for you with “A Bill to Be Entitled” • The next box is for the Long Title. Refer to your Bill Guidesheet and type in your bill’s title. You can edit the bill text just like you can in a WORD document.

Make sure you underline, bold, CAPITALIZE, italicize, and strikethrough all of the parts of your bill that need it.

After each section make sure you hit the “Save Changes” button on the bottom, right hand side of the page or you could lose all your hard work!! ©Florida YMCA Youth In Government Ì Page 27

The next box is for the Enacting Clause. It may be filled in for you with “BE

IT ENACTED BY THE FLORIDA YMCA YOUTH IN GOVERNMENT JUNIOR ASSEMBLY”. If not, carefully type in the correct phrase. The Jr. Deledex will format the Enacting Clause correctly and place it in the right spot. •

Now you are ready to enter the body of your bill. Click “Insert New Section” to add a section to your bill.

Type in the title of the section. Remember to refer to your Bill Guidesheet and enter the sections in the same order as you have them on your sheet. Don’t forget to save!

Repeat this process until you have entered in all of the sections that your bill needs.

Click the “Save Changes” button one more time.

Once you're done creating your bill and you SAVE your work, your bill will show up on your “My Bills” page.

Okay, I have created my Bill …What’s next? From your “My Bills” page, you will be able to edit your bill until you decide that it is ready to be published. • Click “Edit” to make changes… • Click “Delete” to delete the bill… CAUTION!! If you hit the delete button your bill will be deleted without confirmation (we're working to change this). • Click “Publish” to send your bill the State Office. Once your bill is published you can no longer edit it. You may only publish ONE bill, so make sure it is the CORRECT one. • Congrats! Your bill has been published! As soon as it has been accepted by the State Office you will be able to see it in the Bill Directory, you will find a link to it in the “Assembly Preparation” box. • After you have published your bill make sure that you check the Bill Directory from time to time. Here you will be able to see the other bills delegates from across Florida have submitted. Maybe you will find a bill like yours or one you just can’t wait to debate! ©Florida YMCA Youth In Government Ì Page 28


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RESPONSIBILITY: #4 Think Ì Research Ì Write Ì PRESENT Whew!

You have found an idea, looked into it, and constructed a bill around


CONGRATULATIONS!! You have completed three of the four responsibilities needed to be ready for Jr. Assembly. Last but not least is preparing the presentation for your carefully constructed bill. The remaining pages will explain the Jr. Assembly debate process and what you need to know to be ready. Prepare to be a ROCKSTAR!

What do I need to do now? When you arrive at Jr. Assembly, you need to have the following speeches prepared…


1 minute summary for Bill Sharing Group


1 ½ - 3 minute opening statement for your bill. You will use this in the committee meetings and Assembly sessions.

High School Mentors and Graduate Advisors will be working with you from the very beginning of Jr. Assembly to help you with debate procedure. For the time being, just concentrate on your bill and your bill presentation.

Keep Going! You’re almost done!! ©Florida YMCA Youth In Government Ì Page 31

The Bill Track… Are you ready?!? Your bill will follow a path from the day you arrive at Jr. Assembly until the time we leave. During its journey, your bill will be ranked on 4 criteria… 1. Importance to the people of Florida – Is the bill topic important for Florida right now? 2. Feasibility of the Legislation – Will it work? 3. Preparation – Is the legislation well written and is the bill author well prepared? 4. Level of Interest – Is the bill topic debatable? Are there arguments on both sides? Your bill will also follow a 5 stop journey from the time you submit it to the State YIG Office and the time we are done debating at Jr. Assembly. 1. Bill Sharing Group 2. 1st Committee 3. 2nd Committee 4. General Assembly 5. Plenary Assembly

Bill Sharing Group (BSG) Elements of Bill Sharing Group: • Opening Statement (1 minute) • Questions and Suggestions from other BSG members (34 minutes) A Bill Sharing Group is a small group of delegates, usually the members of your villa. During the BSG meeting you will be able to share a short (1 minute) overview of your bill. This is a relaxed, simple explanation about your bill and why it is an important issue.

©Florida YMCA Youth In Government Ì Page 32

Your BSG will be able to ask questions about your bill and make suggestions about how you can make your bill and bill presentation stronger. This is not a part of formal debate.

You will have at least two opportunities to present your bill… During BSG and 1st Committee

1st Committee Hearings Elements of 1st Committee Hearing: • Opening Statement • Non-Debatable Technical Questions • Closing Statement

(1 ½ minutes) (2 minutes) (1 minute)

1st Committee Hearings are the first part of formal debate. These hearings are a small group of delegates (6-9*) with bills of similar topics. During the committee hearings you and your other committee members will… • listen to the bill presentations • ask a few questions of the bill author and • then rank the bill During 1st Committee Hearings you and your committee members will rank all of the bills in the committee. The top 4* bills will move onto the next step in the process – 2nd Committee Hearings.

All delegates will be able to debate at every step of the way, regardless of the status of their bill or ranking.

Non-Debatable Technical Questions (NDTQ) Questions that delegates ask a bill author during committee hearings or debate. NDTQs are facts, figures, and yes or no answers. They may not be answered with an opinion.

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1st Committee Speech Think back to the research you did in Responsibility #2. You can use the ideas you came up with then to help complete the next section, where you will explain why your idea is one that should become a law. First, let’s look at your bill from three of the four criteria we just discussed (doing this will help in the fourth ranking criteria PREPARATION). In the left column, you will explain why your bill should be ranked best in each category. On the right, try to think of reasons your bill might not earn the best ranking. Try to pair the arguments up. My bill is very important to the people of Florida because…

My bill might not be so important because…

My bill will work very well because…

My bill might not work that well because…

My bill is very interesting and debatable because…

My bill might not be so interesting because…

©Florida YMCA Youth In Government Ì Page 34

For your 1st Committee Hearing, you will want to pick out the sections where your “pro” arguments, or arguments in favor of your bill, are better than your “con” arguments, or arguments against your bill. Remember that you only have a limited time, so you want to focus on the best parts of your bill. It’s time to prepare your 1st Committee arguments. Write down a summary of your bill that you can use to explain what it does in 30 seconds or less:

___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ Now, write down the three most important, most convincing things you can say about your bill from the arguments you thought about above. You’ll have about 20 seconds each to explain them. 1. ______________________________________________________________________________ 2. ______________________________________________________________________________ 3. ______________________________________________________________________________ That’s it! You just created your opening statement for first committee. Of course, your bill might just get to second committee… ©Florida YMCA Youth In Government Ì Page 35

2nd Committee Hearings Elements of 2nd Committee Hearings: • Opening Statement (2 minutes) • Non-Debatable Technical Questions (3 minutes) • Con & Pro Debate • Closing Statement (1 ½ minutes) 2nd Committee Hearings are similar to 1st Committee Hearings and will follow the same process with time added for con and pro debate. 2nd Committees are made up of the combined delegates from two 1st Committees. During the 2nd Committee Hearings, delegates will also have the chance to debate - both for (pro) and against (con) the bill. During 2nd Committee Hearings you and your 2nd Committee members will again rank all of the bills in the committee. The top 5* bills will move on to the next step in the process – Council Hearings.

*The number of bills, committees, and councils will vary depending on how many delegates are registered for Jr. Assembly and how many bills are turned in for debate

General Assembly Elements of General Assembly: • Opening Statement • Non-Debatable Technical Questions • Con Persuasive • Pro Persuasive • Con & Pro Debate • Closing Statement

(3 minutes) (3 minutes) (2 minutes) (2 minutes) (3 minutes)

General Assembly is the made up of all of the Jr. Assembly delegates. The top ranked bill out of each 2nd Committee Hearing will be debated during this time. The debate procedure is much the same, with the addition of the Con & Pro Persuasive speeches. These speeches are an opportunity for a delegate who feels very strongly about the General Assembly bills – either for or against. ©Florida YMCA Youth In Government Ì Page 36

Great Job! Your bill has made it to Council Hearings or General Assembly. Remember that your goal here has changed - from wanting to get the bill to the floor for debate to wanting to have the bill pass. You need to change your opening statement so that it better fits these goals. You also have much more time to present your bill - in fact, twice as much time as in 1st Committee Hearings. You still have your 30 second summary? Good. Use that, but you have time now to add in anything that was asked about during NDTQ in committee. If the question was asked more than once, put it in your summary. You still want to add in three or four of your most persuasive arguments. This time, though, tell people why they should actually vote for your bill. You might use some arguments from the chart you created earlier in this section, or from your research in Responsibility #2. Back up each argument with facts and details (numbers, quotations, etc.) from your research. You might want to add in a story at some point as well. Use the Notes section on the next page to write down the key points of your presentation. Ì Ì Ì Ì Ì Ì

Congratulations!! You have completed your bill and bill presentation – or you should be very close, right?!? In the time remaining between now and Jr. Assembly make sure that you get your research done and practice your speeches. Take some time to check out the website… w w w . f l o r i d a y i g . n e t for Jr. Assembly updates, packing lists, other delegate’s bills, the YIG store, and more!!!

See you at Jr. Assembly!!! Ì Ì Ì Ì Ì Ì One more thing!! There are a few more things to know about Jr. Assembly and what happens after it is over - keep reading to find out… What’s Next! ©Florida YMCA Youth In Government Ì Page 37


©Florida YMCA Youth In Government Ì Page 38

WHAT’S NEXT? Ì Recognitions Ì Credentials Ì Ì Code of Conduct Ì Beyond Jr. Assembly Ì

Recognitions Each year awards and recognitions are given for outstanding achievement during the YMCA’s Youth In Government Jr. Assembly. Committees compromised of Assembly Staff and other selected individuals will observe & evaluate the delegates’ performance throughout the debate sessions, in their villas, at meals, and during social time. YOU will be asked for your input on certain awards as well. Abiding by Jr. Assembly rules, Delegate Code of Conduct, YMCA Core Values (caring, honesty, respect, and responsibility) and the delegate credentials, are criteria for all award categories. Performance and behavior at the local level may be taken into consideration as well.

Promoted Delegate Status

– all delegates who successfully participate in a Jr. Assembly will be given credit for their years of service in the Florida YMCA Youth In Government program when they enter the Sr. YIG (high school) program. Delegates will enter as at least a 2nd year delegate and will be afforded the opportunities associated with that level of delegate – special programs, positions, leadership opportunities, awards, etc.

Outstanding Statesman

- two Outstanding Statesman recognitions and up to four runners-up will be selected. •

Delegates who would like to be considered for this award should… Write, legislation as an individual or as a bill group, and submit it by the posted deadline ©Florida YMCA Youth In Government Ì Page 39

• • • •

Demonstrate a caring attitude towards passing legislation – supporting strong legislation, strengthening weak legislation and, if unable to strengthen, opposing poor legislation Demonstrate an honest approach to debate Demonstrate a respectful attitude to the presiding officers, high school mentors, assembly staff, advisors, volunteers and fellow delegates Demonstrate a responsible use of debate procedure and language

Outstanding Legislation

- two bills and up to four runners-up per grade will be recognized. Bills will be evaluated exactly as they are submitted to the Jr. Deledex and printed in the Jr. Assembly BillBook. Delegates who would like to be considered for this award should… • Follow the drafting guidelines and conform to the style emphasized throughout the GreenBook • Choose a bill topic that takes into consideration the ranking criteria as well as the YMCA core values – caring, honesty, respect, and responsibility

©Florida YMCA Youth In Government Ì Page 40

Delegate Credentials You will need to print a copy of this page and bring it with you to Jr. Assembly. Your official Jr. Assembly credentials will not be able to be assigned to you unless you have it.

Florida YMCA Youth In Government’s Jr. Assembly Delegate Credentials Delegate’s Last Name: ______________________________________________________ Delegate’s First & Middle Name: ______________________________________________ Delegate’s School: _________________________________________________________ Required for Credentials: [please check all that apply]

Date of Issue: May 24, 2012


I have read and completed the GreenBook [found at]


I have printed a copy of the GreenBook and will bring the completed version with me to Jr. Assembly.


I agree to abide by all the rules and regulations contained within the Delegate Code of Conduct found on page 38 of the GreenBook.


I have written a bill, either as an individual or with a group, and submitted it to the Jr. Deledex by the deadline according the procedure described in the GreenBook.


I will arrive at Jr. Assembly prepared with research to present my bill.


I will, to the best of my ability, conduct myself in a manner that is consistent with the Core Values of the YMCA.


I will submit my credentials to the Credentials Desk upon arriving at Jr. Assembly so that they can certify that I am in compliance with the rules and guidelines described above.

The State Director of the Florida YMCA Youth In Government hereby requests of all whom it may concern, to permit the delegate of the Florida YMCA YIG Jr. Assembly named herein to pass without delay.

NOT VALID UNTIL SIGNED Delegate Name (Please print)

Delegate Signature

Parent/Guardian Name (Please print)

Parent/Guardian Signature

©Florida YMCA Youth In Government Ì Page 41

Code of Conduct Whenever you participate in a program of Florida YMCA Youth In Government, you are agreeing to follow the Delegate Code of Conduct. When you and your parents sign your registration form, you both are agreeing that you will follow this code. If you choose not to follow it, you and your parents agree to accept the consequences.

The items within this code are based upon the desire to create a healthy, safe, and professional environment for the Florida YMCA Youth In Government programs. Participation in any of Florida YMCA Youth In Government’s programs indicates personal acceptance of this Code of Conduct. As a Florida YMCA Youth In Government delegate, I understand that disregard of any part of this Code shall have bearing on my status as a delegate, awards or candidacy, may result in the relinquishment of the opportunities afforded me by Florida YMCA Youth In Government, and that I may be sent home at my own expense, As a delegate of the Florida YMCA Youth In Government program, I agree to uphold the following CODE OF CONDUCT. 1. I agree to conduct myself in an orderly and responsible manner in transit to, from, and during all functions of the Florida YMCA Youth In Government. I acknowledge that my personal behavior reflects upon the quality of the program, my delegation, my YMCA, my school, and myself. 2. I agree to wear my nametag at all times when outside my assigned lodging. I understand that nametags shall be worn visibly on the front of the upper torso. 3. I agree to attend all scheduled program functions, activities, meetings, and training sessions. 4. I agree to refrain from any kind of harassment or intimidation by words, gestures, body language or other inappropriate behavior during any Florida YMCA Youth In Government function, activity, meeting, and/or training session. 5. I agree to refrain from the use, possession, and/or concealment of any tobacco products, alcoholic beverages, or nonprescription /illegal drugs during any Florida YMCA Youth In Government function, activity, meeting, and/or training session. 6. I agree to refrain from the use, possession, or concealment of any weapons at any Florida YMCA Youth In Government program sessions or functions. 7. I agree to refrain from the use, possession, and/or concealment of electronic devices, including but not limited to; compact disc or mp3 players, video games, radios, TV’s, or cell phones during scheduled Youth In Government activities. I understand that it is not recommended that I bring any of these items, and that Florida YMCA Youth In Government is not responsible if they get lost, damaged, or stolen. 8. I understand that I am legally and financially responsible for any removal, defacing or willful damage of public or private property. This includes the property of the state of Florida, fellow participants, advisors, staff, organizations, businesses, lodging and conference facilities. 9. I understand that the materials of officials & employees, and any facility in use by a Florida YMCA Youth In Government participant, group, or delegation, shall not be removed or tampered with in any manner. 10. I agree not to leave a program function unless under the approval of my advisor AND the State Youth In Government office. I understand that participants must be picked up and returned by a parent or legal guardian – in a timely manner. 11. I agree not to leave the lodging facility except while in transit to or from an official program activity or function and not to use or be transported in private vehicles during any program function without the approval of a parent/legal guardian, advisor, and State Youth In Government office. 12. I agree not to enter the lodging rooms of the opposite sex. 13. I agree to observe the established quiet hours and to be in my assigned rooms by the published curfew hour. 14. I acknowledge that visitors, alumni, etc., are not permitted in the lodging facility unless approved by the State Youth In Government office. 15. I agree to refrain from consuming candy, food, chewing gum, or beverages in the conference facilities unless noted otherwise. 16. I agree to dress in accordance with the published Dress Code.

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Beyond Jr. Assembly… What’s next?!? Leaving Jr. Assembly with a feeling of YIGwithdrawal? Are you sad that you won’t see your assembly friends for a whole year? STOP! YIG is not just an assembly, but a Year-Round program that allows you to participate at numerous levels whether you are a rising middle school student or about to start high school! Here’s What’s Next…

If you are a rising 8th Grader? Start a Jr. Youth In Government Chapter at YOUR middle school or YMCA • Work with your friends to create a Jr. YIG Chapter that can support students from your school year-round. Check out the website or contact the State Office (727.386.9622 or for help on how to get started. • Jr. YIG chapters are engaged year-round in building civic skills, working on community service projects at their school and in their county, and creating a “Jr. YIG City” with a charter and solutions to local issues and concerns. • Look for our year-round Jr. YIG program calendar for local chapters later this summer! Jr. Youth In Government Page Delegation • If you are a rising 8th grader who absolutely can’t wait to attend the Sr. YIG State Assembly at our state capitol in Tallahassee, then our Page Delegation is for you! • Approx. 20-25 Jr. YIG delegates from around the state will be selected to attend the State Assembly in Tallahassee as Pages. • The Page delegation will be led in both the House and Senate by the Page Delegation Leaders selected at Jr. Assembly. • Applications will be available later this summer at our website -!

If you are a rising High School Freshman? Sr. Youth In Government • Heading to high school next year? Make sure to bring YIG along for the ride! Many high schools around the state have active Chapters in our Sr. YIG program. • Make sure to join the chapter if one exists, but if your new school hasn’t heard of YIG, YOU get to start your high school chapter and BE IN CHARGE! • Sr. Youth In Government builds upon the civic skills you have developed in Jr. YIG, and allows you to explore not only the legislative branch of Florida government, but also the judicial, executive branches and other programs as well! • Joining a Sr. YIG chapter will also start you on your path to attending the Sr. YIG State Assembly, held at our state capitol in Tallahassee!

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©Florida YMCA Youth In Government Ì Page 44

Š 2011 - 2013 Florida YMCA Youth In Government


The Jr YIG (middle school) Delegate Manual

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