” By Lucía Auñón and Quino Terrasa
The Great Gatsby represents the American society in Long Island, during the called Roaring Twenties. During this decade, America experienced an economic, social and cultural development, which lead to prosperity.
s we can see in Fitzgerald's book, hardly anybody worry about money. Gatsby's parties and extravagant festivities were very common, and luxury and richness were often identified with hospitality. Good manners are reflected in every gentleman or lady that go to those parties. People did not need an invitation to go to these parties, and this spontaneity is also typical of the Roaring Twenties. We can see more examples of this economic prosperity in the exaggerated decorations in every party, the way that people dress and the food they prepared.
In terms of culture, this decade is also known as the Jazz Age, during which different cultures melted together and created new jazz-styles. Many musicians moved to Chicago and New York, which were the principal centres of jazz. These musicians started a musical revolution, full of discoveries and experiments, and they began to rebel and refuse to follow the moral traditions.
Jazz was often relationed with alcohol and intimate dancing. The national radio and the speakeasies (illegal pubs) helped jazz bands to get famous. Jazz is also present in The Great Gatsby. Jazz orchestras entertain Gatsby's guests in every party.
lapper culture also characterized this decade. Flappers were young women who wore short skirts, bobbed their hair, listened to jazz, wore excessive makeup, drunk alcohol, smoked and treated sex in a casual manner.
This time can also be called the “Era of Prohibition”. This Prohibition or “dry movement” consisted of the ban on the sale, production, importation or transportation of any alcoholic drink.
Those who supported Prohibition, called “drys”, declared that this law was essential for people's moral and health, while Anti-prohibitionists, known as “wets”, criticized this ban as an intrusion on people's freedom.
his Prohibition had bad consequences like the creation of criminal organizations or bootlegging, a criminal activity consisting of the illegal transportation of alcohol. Fitzgerald alludes to this organized crime culture, which was the source of Gatsby's fortune. Despite this Prohibition, alcohol was poured out at Gatsby's parties.