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ASHFORD POL 201 Entire Course For more course tutorials visit

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ASHFORD POL 201 Week 1 DQ 1 Separation of Powers Checks and Balances ASHFORD POL 201 Week 1 DQ 2 Amending the U.S. Constitution ASHFORD POL 201 Week 2 DQ 1 Policy-making in the Federal System ASHFORD POL 201 Week 2 DQ 2 Meet Your Rep ASHFORD POL 201 Week 2 Short Essay - Policy-making in the Federal System ASHFORD POL 201 Week 3 DQ 1 Presidential Leadership and the Electoral College ASHFORD POL 201 Week 3 DQ 2 Defence Spending and the MilitaryIndustrial Complex ASHFORD POL 201 Week 4 DQ 1 The Supreme Court and Judicial Review ASHFORD POL 201 Week 4 DQ 2 Habeas Corpus and the War on Terror


ASHFORD POL 201 Week 5 DQ 1 Party Platforms and Winning Elections ASHFORD POL 201 Week 5 DQ 2 Voting and Turnout ASHFORD POL 201 Week 5 Final Paper Civil Liberties, Habeas Corpus, and the War on Terror --------------------------------------------------------------------------

ASHFORD POL 201 Week 1 DQ 1 Separation of Powers Checks and Balances For more course tutorials visit

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Separation of Powers/Checks and Balances. For much of 2011 and 2012, public dissatisfaction with Congress rose to all time highs, with 70-80% expressing disapproval with how Congress does its job. Many commentators note that Americans are fed up with Washington "gridlock" that makes government apparently unable to address important problems. Other observers believe that the national government is acting according to its design, based on separation of powers and checks and balances. In your initial post of at least 200-250 words, analyze how the U.S. Constitution implements separation of powers and checks and balances. Briefly explain why the constitutional framers based the new


government on these ideas. Evaluate how separation of powers and checks and balances are working out in practice, today, justifying your assessment with persuasive reasoning and examples. --------------------------------------------------------------------------

ASHFORD POL 201 Week 1 DQ 2 Amending the U.S. Constitution For more course tutorials visit

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Amending the U.S. Constitution. The formal process of amending the Constitution is cumbersome and slow. While this fact explains why relatively few amendments have been adopted, it does not discourage advocates of constitutional change from proposing them. Four amendment proposals that have gained considerable attention are the Balanced Budget Amendment, the Birthright Citizenship Amendment, the Equal Rights Amendment, and the Overturn Citizens United Amendment. Select one of these proposals as the topic of your initial post and use the assigned resources to inform yourself about its purpose and the arguments of its supporters and critics. --------------------------------------------------------------------------


ASHFORD POL 201 Week 2 DQ 1 Policy-making in the Federal System For more course tutorials visit

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Policy-making in the Federal System. The U.S. government's expansive role in public policy is caught in a swirl of conflicting crosscurrents. On the one hand, popular expectations about government's responsibility to solve problems often exceed the capacity of state and local authorities to respond effectively. On the other hand, policies developed at the national level may not sufficiently reflect the great diversity of interests across the U.S. to be effective at the local level. Moreover, the search for effective policy is further complicated by theoretical debates about the constitutional framework of federalism, e.g., what limits on national power can be derived from the Tenth Amendment? A policy area in the middle of these cross-currents is elementary and secondary education – a subject traditionally under local control, with some oversight by the states. However, during the last four decades – especially since 2001 – the national government's role in education has grown significantly as a result of initiatives by Republican and Democratic administrations. Use the assigned resources to inform yourself about this role and the arguments of its supporters and critics. --------------------------------------------------------------------------


ASHFORD POL 201 Week 2 DQ 2 Meet Your Rep For more course tutorials visit

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Meet Your Rep. The Constitution states, "The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year by the People of the several States..." (Art. I, Sec. 2). Contrast this with the original constitutional language for the other house of Congress, "The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature thereof for six Years..." (Art. I, Sec. 3). The phrase "chosen by the Legislature" was changed to "elected by the people" by the 17th Amendment, but not until 1912. In other words, from the beginning the House of Representatives was intended to be exactly what its name suggests –representative of the people. (Note that in 2010 the Tea Party, and some Republican politicians, called for repeal of the 17th Amendment, eliminating the popular vote for Senators. While most Republican politicians have backed away from that view, many Tea Party chapters continue to demand its repeal.) --------------------------------------------------------------------------


ASHFORD POL 201 Week 2 Short Essay - Policy-making in the Federal System For more course tutorials visit

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Short Essay – Policy-making in the Federal System. The U.S. government's expansive role in public policy is caught in a swirl of conflicting cross-currents. On the one hand, popular expectations about government's responsibility to solve problems often exceed the capacity of state and local authorities to respond effectively. On the other hand, policies developed at the national level may not sufficiently reflect the great diversity of interests across the U.S. to be effective at the local level. Moreover, the search for effective policy is further complicated by theoretical debates about the constitutional framework of federalism, e.g., what limits on national power can be derived from the 10th Amendment? --------------------------------------------------------------------------

ASHFORD POL 201 Week 3 DQ 1 Presidential Leadership and the Electoral College For more course tutorials visit

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Presidential Leadership and the Electoral College. Americans expect their presidents to get things done, to solve problems, to govern effectively, and to be strong leaders. The framers of the Constitution did not envision such presidential leadership. A scholar of the presidency points out that Article II of the Constitution gives the president scant formal power to influence congressional policy-making (Simon, n.d.). He also notes that the framers intentionally designed a process for selecting presidents that would minimize their political power – the Electoral College. They hoped this institution would insulate the chief executive from the public because they feared the power of presidents who might be elected by the people. Therefore, the Constitution provides that "Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress..." Having state legislatures "appoint" the Electors who select the chief executive would minimize the president's capacity to lead on the basis of his popular support. In a very real sense, the president would not be accountable to the people but rather to the state legislatures who appoint Electors. This procedure was also seen as a way to encourage the selection of statesmen with "characters preeminent for ability and virtue” rather than mere politicians with “talents for low intrigue, and the little arts of popularity” (Hamilton, 1788). --------------------------------------------------------------------------


ASHFORD POL 201 Week 3 DQ 2 Defence Spending and the Military-Industrial Complex For more course tutorials visit

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Defense Spending and the Military-Industrial Complex. LevinWaldman (2012, pp. 186-89) analyzes how "iron triangles" link Congress, the bureaucracy, and interest groups in self-serving relationships that influence policy in ways that are contrary to the public interest. In 1961, at the end of President Eisenhower's second term, he gave a farewell address to the nation in which he warned of the dangers of a "military-industrial complex." Many commentators today see the military-industrial complex as an example of an iron triangle that bloats the defense budget and distorts national priorities. Not everyone would accept this analysis, however, especially defense "hawks" in Congress, the military bureaucracies, and defense industries. In your initial post of at least 200-250 words, briefly explain the iron triangle model of policy-making involving Congress, the bureaucracy, and interest groups. Analyze information about relationships among Congress, the military bureaucracies, and defense industries. Draw your own conclusion, and support it with facts and with persuasive reasoning, about the impact of these relationships on defense spending. Evaluate the accuracy of the iron triangle model as a basis for understanding the process of making defense spending policy.


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ASHFORD POL 201 Week 4 DQ 1 The Supreme Court and Judicial Review For more course tutorials visit

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The Supreme Court and Judicial Review. In a recent lecture at Yale University, Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer cautioned that while most citizens assume that judicial review is an enduring part of American government, judges should not take it for granted. He advises that if judges wish to preserve this undemocratic power they should follow a judicial philosophy that will "build confidence in the courts" (Breyer, 2011). Justice Breyer goes on to describe the kind of judicial philosophy he has in mind. However, some of his colleagues on the Supreme Court would reject his ideas about what philosophy should guide judges. The role of judicial philosophy (or ideology) in Supreme Court decisionmaking, especially in its exercise of judicial review to invalidate laws enacted by a democratically elected Congress or state legislature, has become a highly contentious issue both within the Court's deliberations and in the larger political environment. As the nation becomes more divided over programs and policies that inevitably seem to come before the Supreme Court, politicians and ordinary citizens are caught up in


rhetoric about judicial activism or judicial restraint, often with little understanding of what these terms really mean. Moreover, as public perceptions of the Supreme Court become more politicized, the legitimacy of its power becomes clouded. --------------------------------------------------------------------------

ASHFORD POL 201 Week 4 DQ 2 Habeas Corpus and the War on Terror For more course tutorials visit

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Habeas Corpus and the War on Terror. Soon after the U.S. invasion of Afghanistan in 2001, the Bush administration developed a plan for holding and interrogating prisoners captured during the conflict. They were sent to a prison inside a U.S. naval base at Guantanamo Bay on land leased from the government of Cuba. Since 2002, over 700 men have been detained at "GITMO." Most have been released without charges or turned over to other governments. In 2011, Congress specifically prohibited the expenditure of funds to transfer GITMO prisoners to detention facilities in the continental United States, making it virtually impossible to try them in civilian courts. As of April 2012, 169 remained in detention at GITMO (Sutton, 2012).


An assumption made by the Bush administration in selecting this location was that it was beyond the jurisdiction of U.S. courts. The administration wanted to avoid any judicial oversight of how it handled detainees, characterized as "enemy combatants." A possible legal challenge to indefinite detention with no formal charges or judicial proceedings might arise from the habeas corpus provision of the Constitution. --------------------------------------------------------------------------

ASHFORD POL 201 Week 5 DQ 1 Party Platforms and Winning Elections For more course tutorials visit

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Party Platforms and Winning Elections. Political parties mobilize voters to win elections and implement policy goals. Parties use their stated policy goals (i.e., their platforms) as a way to mobilize voter support. Generally, in order to be successful in a two-party system, parties must have policy goals across a broad range of issue areas to appeal to a broad range of voters. For this discussion, you will identify one issue area that you want investigate. Use the resources required for this discussion to gather information about the goals and proposals, in that issue area, of three


political parties – the Democratic and Republican parties and a third party. --------------------------------------------------------------------------

ASHFORD POL 201 Week 5 DQ 2 Voting and Turnout For more course tutorials visit

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Voting and Turnout. The U.S. has one of the lowest voter turnout rates among modern democratic political systems. One study ranks the U.S. 120th on a list of 169 nations compared on voter turnout (Pintor, Gratschew, & Sullivan, 2002). While during the last decade many initiatives have been undertaken to increase voter participation, concerns about the possibility of election fraud have also increased. Additionally, some political interests feel threatened by the increase in turnout among some traditionally low-turnout ethnic minorities. Several states have recently passed legislation imposing new registration and identification requirements. This has sparked debate about whether these are tactics intended to suppress turnout or to prevent fraud. Soon after the U.S. invasion of Afghanistan in 2001, the Bush administration developed a plan for holding and interrogating captured prisoners. They were sent to a prison inside a U.S. naval base at Guantanamo Bay, on land leased from the government of Cuba. Since


2002, over 700 men have been detained at "GITMO." Most have been released without charges or turned over to other governments. In 2011, Congress specifically prohibited the expenditure of funds to transfer GITMO prisoners to detention facilities in the continental United States, making it virtually impossible to try them in civilian courts. As of April 2012, 169 remained in detention at GITMO (Sutton, 2012). An assumption made by the Bush administration in selecting this location was that it was beyond the jurisdiction of U.S. courts. The administration wanted to avoid any judicial oversight of how it handled detainees, characterized as "enemy combatants." A possible legal challenge to indefinite detention with no formal charges or judicial proceedings might arise from the habeas corpus provision of the Constitution. --------------------------------------------------------------------------

ASHFORD POL 201 Week 5 Final Paper Civil Liberties, Habeas Corpus, and the War on Terror For more course tutorials visit

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The final assignment for this course is a Final Paper. The purpose of the Final Paper is to give you an opportunity to apply much of what you have learned about American national government to an examination of


civil liberties in the context of the war on terror. The Final Paper represents 20% of the overall course grade. Soon after the U.S. invasion of Afghanistan in 2001, the Bush administration developed a plan for holding and interrogating captured prisoners. They were sent to a prison inside a U.S. naval base at Guantanamo Bay, on land leased from the government of Cuba. Since 2002, over 700 men have been detained at "GITMO." Most have been released without charges or turned over to other governments. In 2011, Congress specifically prohibited the expenditure of funds to transfer GITMO prisoners to detention facilities in the continental United States, making it virtually impossible to try them in civilian courts. As of April 2012, 169 remained in detention at GITMO (Sutton, 2012). An assumption made by the Bush administration in selecting this location was that it was beyond the jurisdiction of U.S. courts. The administration wanted to avoid any judicial oversight of how it handled detainees, characterized as "enemy combatants." A possible legal challenge to indefinite detention with no formal charges or judicial proceedings might arise from the habeas corpus provision of the Constitution. Article I, Section 9 of the Constitution states, "The Privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in Cases of Rebellion or Invasion the public Safety may require it." Under this provision, persons detained by the government are entitled to a judicial hearing to determine if there is any legal basis for their detention. Some legal commentators refer to the right of habeas corpus as the "great writ of liberty" because it is a prisoner's ultimate recourse to an impartial judge who can review the possibility that he is being held illegally by the executive (e.g., the police or the military). In nations that do not honor


habeas corpus, people simply disappear into prisons without ever having their day in court. Several controversial Supreme Court cases have come out of GITMO. One fundamental question that has been debated, but not clearly resolved, is to what extent the war on terror justifies the President's indefinite detention of "enemy combatants" without the possibility of the minimal judicial review protected by habeas corpus? Another issue in the debate is to what extent Congress must clearly authorize the President to conduct extra-judicial detentions in order for them to be legal? In 2008, the Supreme Court’s decision in Boumediene v. Bush offered some answers to these questions. However, the deeply divided 54 Court and the likelihood of the protracted nature of the war on terror suggest that debate around these important questions will continue. Writing the Final Paper in this course will prepare you to participate intelligently as a citizen in this ongoing debate. Write an essay about the right of habeas corpus in the context of the war on terror. Your essay should address the following subtopics: 1. The general meaning of the right of habeas corpus in the U.S. Constitution and its relationship to the protection of other civil liberties. 2. The historical evolution of habeas corpus, including its English and American traditions. 3. Examples from U.S. history of the "suspension" of habeas corpus and their applicability to the present. 4. The relevance of habeas corpus to the contemporary U.S. situation during the war on terror, especially with respect to persons characterized by the President as "enemy combatants" or "illegal combatants."


5. The U.S. Supreme Court's interpretation of the right of habeas corpus with respect to "enemy combatants" or "illegal combatants" (i.e., the views of the five justices making up the majority in Boumediene v. Bush as well as the views of the four dissenting justices). 6. Your evaluation of various perspectives on this topic expressed by justices of the Supreme Court, leaders in other branches of government, and commentators in both the academic and popular media. Your assessment should consider several perspectives on this topic, including : a. The role of the President as commander-in-chief. b. The role of Congress in determining when habeas corpus can be "suspended." c. The role of the Supreme Court in protecting civil liberties, including the judicial philosophy which should guide the Court in this role, and d. Your personal philosophy, values or ideology about the balance between civil liberties and national security in the context of an unending war on terror.

Follow these requirements when writing the Final Paper: 1. The body of the paper (excluding the title page and reference page) must be at least 1,500 words long. 2. The paper must start with a short introductory paragraph which includes a clear thesis statement. The thesis statement must tell readers what the essay will demonstrate.


3. The paper must end with a short paragraph that states a conclusion. The conclusion and thesis must be consistent. 4. The paper must logically develop the thesis in a way that leads to the conclusion, and that development must be supported by facts, fully explained concepts and assertions, and persuasive reasoning. 5. The paper must address all subtopics outlined above. At least 20% of the essay must focus on subtopic 6, above (your evaluation of arguments about the topic). --------------------------------------------------------------------------

POL 201 Entire Course For more course tutorials visit

www.tutorialrank.com Tutorial Purchased: 3 Times, Rating: A POL 201 Week 1 DQ 1 The U.S. Constitution POL 201 Week 1 DQ 2 Week One Reflection POL 201 Week 1 Learning Activity The Constitution POL 201 Week 1 Quiz POL 201 Week 2 DQ 1 Policy and Your Life POL 201 Week 2 DQ 2 Week Two Reflection


POL 201 Week 2 Learning Activity Federalism POL 201 Week 2 Quiz POL 201 Week 3 DQ 1 The Electoral College POL 201 Week 3 DQ 2 Week Three Reflection POL 201 Week 3 Learning Activity Branches of Government POL 201 Week 3 Quiz POL 201 Week 4 DQ 1 Individual Rights and the Obligations of Government POL 201 Week 4 DQ 2 Week Four Reflection POL 201 Week 4 Learning Activity Political Parties, Interest Groups, and Elections POL 201 Week 4 Quiz POL 201 Week 5 DQ 1 Voting and Voter Turnout POL 201 Week 5 DQ 2 Week Five Reflection POL 201 Week 5 Final Paper America’s Democracy: Your Report Card --------------------------------------------------------------------------

POL 201 Week 1 DQ 1 The U.S. Constitution For more course tutorials visit

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The U.S. Constitution Prepare: Prior to writing your initial post, read Chapters 1 and 2 of American Government. In addition, watch the video provided on the U.S. Constitution, Episode IV - Built to Last. Reflect: The U.S. Constitution is the cornerstone of our federal government. The Constitution establishes a basic operational framework that enables the three branches of government – executive, legislative, and judicial – to interact and function as a unit. Embedded in this operational framework are two key principles: separation of powers and a system of checks and balances. Write: In your initial post, explain why the separation of powers and the system of checks and balances are important for our democracy. Provide recent, real-world examples of the separation of powers and checks/balances in action (one example each). Also, discuss how the Constitution protects individual and group rights. Again, provide a recent real-world example of these Constitutional protections being applied here in the U.S. You must fully respond to all parts of the prompt and write your response in your own words. Support your position with APA citations from two or more of the assigned resources required for this discussion. Please be sure that you demonstrate understanding of these resources, integrate them into your argument, and cite them properly. Your initial post should be 200 to 250 words and be written in complete sentences. Respond to Peers: By Day 7, respond to at least two of your classmates' initial posts. Your peer responses should be 75 to 100 words each. Demonstrate your understanding of the topic by respectfully asking


questions, raising new points for consideration, or requesting clarification from your fellow students. For example, you may want to compare your real-world examples to those of your classmates and see how they are similar or different and discuss why. --------------------------------------------------------------------------

POL 201 Week 1 DQ 2 Week One Reflection For more course tutorials visit

www.tutorialrank.com Tutorial Purchased: 3 Times, Rating: A Week One Reflection. Prepare: Prior to beginning your reflection this week, complete all course readings, your introduction, and the Discussion, “The U.S. Constitution.� Reflect: Once you have completed these assignments think about how American politics have and could affect your career aspirations. The Founding Fathers created an amazing governmental structure that affects almost every aspect of our lives even today. For instance,if you are a criminal justice major, what parts of the U.S. Constitution are applicable to what you are learning in your major? If you are a business major,


which branch of government – executive, legislative, or judicial – has, or will have, the greatest influence on your business ambitions? If you are a political science major, how does separation of powers in the U.S. government affect the operations of most economic, social, and political processes throughout the United States? Write: In your initial post, based on your current academic major (declared or not), complete one of the following: • Describe which actions of the Founding Fathers are continuing to affect your future career goals.
 • Discuss how separation of powers is influencing your current or future job. 
 • Explain why checks and balances are important to know in your future employment positions. 
 • Expound on how the Constitution is still relevant to the career you want to pursue. 
 Fully respond to all parts of the prompt and write your response in your own words. Support your position with APA citations from two or more of the assigned resources required for this discussion. Please be sure that you demonstrate understanding of these resources, integrate them into your argument, and cite them properly. Your initial post should be 200 to 250 words. Respond to Peers: By Day 7, respond to at least two of your classmates' initial posts. Your peer responses should be 75 to 100 words each.


Comment on a peer response that you did not select to respond to and extend the conversation by examining their claims or arguments in more depth. Keep the discussion on target and try to analyze things in as much detail as you can. For instance, you might consider comparing your perspectives on how the Constitution affects your career goals to how it affects a classmate with different career goals. --------------------------------------------------------------------------

POL 201 Week 1 Learning Activity The Constitution For more course tutorials visit

www.tutorialrank.com Tutorial Purchased: 3 Times, Rating: A The Constitution. The weekly worksheets will help you build all the necessary parts for your Final Paper. This week, you will evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the most important document for America’s national government, the U.S. Constitution. In your worksheet, you will describe one strength and one weakness of the Constitution. In addition, you will need to recommend a way to maintain the strength of this amazing document and a way to correct a weakness. This effort begins the process of critically analyzing key features of our national government.


To complete the assignment, save the Week One Learning Activity Worksheet (available in the online classroom) to your computer, fill it out, and submit it.

Develop a detailed outline of your first main point using the Week One Learning Activity Worksheet. 1.The Constitution: • Provide a topic sentence that briefly describes one strength and one weakness of the U.S. 
Constitution. 
 • Provide a topic sentence that recommends one option to maintain the strength and one to correct 
the weakness. 
 2.Scholarly Support: (Please access the Ashford Writing Center’s Sample Annotated Bibliography) • Provide two credible sources in APA format to support your main points. 
 • Briefly discuss how these sources support your main point. • Briefly evaluate your sources for bias, validity, and reliability. 
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POL 201 Week 1 Quiz For more course tutorials visit


www.tutorialrank.com Tutorial Purchased: 3 Times, Rating: A Question 1. The American system of government can be most accurately described as a _________. Question 2. In 1607, the English monarch King James I granted a charter to which organization to establish a settlement in the Chesapeake region? Question 3. The Connecticut Plan, also known as the Great Compromise, combined elements of which two other plans during the Constitutional Convention of 1787? Question 4. What United States document establishes the core principles on which our government is based? Question 5. The Federalist Papers were intended to Question 6. The theory of “American Exceptionalism� is rooted in the idea that the United States was founded in opposition to the European feudalistic tradition. Question 7. True or False: Republicanism prefers small governance units and assumes homogeneity while Liberalism tolerates diversity and is thus heterogeneous. Question 8. English philosophers Thomas Hobbes and John Locke shared the view that all government arrangements should be based on what principle? Question 9. Which of these three branches of government was NOT established by the U.S. Constitution?


Question 10. Which of these beliefs is NOT a tenant of modern liberalism? Question 11. The conservative idea that limitations should be placed on state actions is known as __________. Question 12. The Three-Fifths Compromise was included in the Constitution to resolve tension between northern states and southern states regarding _________. Question 13. The Anti-Federalists were concerned that the Constitution did not Question 14. The Articles of Confederation invested the greatest power in the individual states and left the national government weak and powerless. Question 15. English philosopher John Locke wrote in his Second Treatise that the individual exists in a hypothetical state of __________. --------------------------------------------------------------------------

POL 201 Week 2 DQ 1 Policy and Your Life For more course tutorials visit

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Prepare: Prior to beginning work on this discussion question, read Chapters 3 and 4 in American Government. In addition, watch the videos provided on federalism: Quick Study of Federalism Part 1, Quick Study of Federalism Part 2, and Quick Study of Federalism Part 3, and the U.S. Constitution: Episode I - A More Perfect Union. Reflect: The U.S. government's expansive role in public policy is caught in a swirl of conflicting crosscurrents. On the one hand, popular expectations about government's responsibility to solve problems often exceed the capacity of state and local authorities to respond effectively. On the other hand, policies developed at the national level may not sufficiently reflect the great diversity of interests across the U.S. to be effective at the local level. Moreover, the search for effective policy is further complicated by theoretical debates about the constitutional framework of federalism, that is, what limits on national power can be derived from the Tenth Amendment? Write: Select a policy or piece of legislation that involves the program you are seeking a degree in (i.e., your major). In your initial post, discuss the federalism challenges that this policy is creating or facing. For example: • If you are an education major, how are local, state, and federal government policies affected by the No Child Left Behind legislation or some other piece of education-related legislation? • If you are a criminal justice major, how does recent legalization of marijuana in some states affect local, state, and federal control over this issue? 
 • If you are a business major, how does the insurance mandate in the Affordable Care Actaffect local, state, and national businesses and their employees? 



• If you are a political science major how has the recent Citizen’s United ruling affected the amount of money available for campaigns at the local, state, or federal levels? 
Fully respond to all parts of the prompt and write your response in your own words. Your initial must be 200 to 250 words. Support your position with APA citations from two or more of the assigned resources required for this discussion. Please be sure that you demonstrate understanding of these resources, integrate them into your argument, and cite them properly. 
 Respond to Peers: By Day 7, respond to at least two of your classmates' initial posts. Your peer responses each should be 75 to 100 words. As your reply to your classmates, attempt to take the conversation further by examining their claims or arguments in more depth or responding to the posts that they reply to you with. Keep the discussion on target and try to analyze things in as much detail as you can. For instance, you might consider 
reflecting on why the legislation selected by one of your classmate’s is impacted differently than the one you selected. --------------------------------------------------------------------------

POL 201 Week 2 DQ 2 Week Two Reflection For more course tutorials visit

www.tutorialrank.com Tutorial Purchased: 3 Times, Rating: A Prepare: Prior to beginning your reflection this week, complete all course readings and assigned videos, and the


Discussion, “Policy and Your Life.” Reflect: Once you have completed these assignments, think about how federalism and the U.S. Congress have or will affect your life. The federal structure ensures that there is a clear line between local, state, and federal government regulations, policies, and oversight—sometimes! Think about how federal statues affect your work or will affect your work in the future. Does Congress have oversight of any of the processes or products in your workplace? Do the government regulations, policies, and oversight sometimes conflict with local or state regulations, policies, and oversight? Write: In your initial post of, based on your current or desired job, complete the following: • Describe how a federal policy affects your current or desired workplace. 
 · Explain what role Congress has in establishing workplace conditions in your current or desired job. 
 Fully respond to all parts of the prompt and write your response in your own words. Your initial post should be 200 to 250 words. Support your position with APA citations from two or more of the assigned resources required for this discussion. Please be sure that you demonstrate understanding of these resources, integrate them into your argument, and cite them properly. 
 Respond to Peers: By Day 7, respond to at least two of your classmates' initial posts.


Your peer responses should be 75 to 100 words each. As your reply to your classmates, extend the conversation by examining their claims or arguments in more depth or by responding to the posts that they reply to you with. Keep the discussion on target and try to analyze things in as much detail as you can. For instance, you might consider comparing how federal policies affect your workplace to how they affect a different workplace of one of your classmates. --------------------------------------------------------------------------

POL 201 Week 2 Learning Activity Federalism For more course tutorials visit

www.tutorialrank.com Tutorial Purchased: 3 Times, Rating: A Federalism This week, we continue completing the worksheets in preparation for the Final Paper. One of the most important structures in the national government is federalism. Understanding the relationship between local, state, and national level governments is critical in being able to understand all of the key features of our national government. Describe an advantage and a disadvantage to a national policy that an agency in the federal bureaucracy must implement. In addition, recommend an option to maintain the advantage and one to improve the disadvantage.


To complete the assignment, save the Week Two Learning Activity Worksheet (available in the online classroom) to your computer, fill it out, and submit it. Develop a detailed outline of your second main point using the Week Two Learning Activity Worksheet. 1. Federal Policies: • Provide a topic sentence that briefly describes one advantage and one disadvantage to a national policy that must be implemented by one agency of the federal bureaucracy. 
 • Provide a topic sentence that recommends one option to maintain the advantage and one to improve the disadvantage. 
 2. Scholarly Support: (Please access the Ashford Writing Center’s Sample Annotated Bibliography) • Provide two credible sources in APA format to support your main points. 
 • Briefly discuss how these sources support your main point. 
 • Briefly evaluate your sources for bias, validity, and reliability. 
 --------------------------------------------------------------------------

POL 201 Week 2 Quiz For more course tutorials visit

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Question 1. The national government can attempt to gain the cooperation of state governments by using what type of coercive measures? Question 2. The Tenth Amendment balances out national authority by Question 3. A presidential veto of a bill can be overridden by what percentage vote of all members of Congress? Question 4. Which legislative act is a good example of intergovernmental relations that are the hallmark of Cooperative Federalism? Question 5. The principal powers of Congress include all except Question 6. If the President requests a Congressional authorization for the use of force, Congress Question 7. In federalism, the national government Question 8. John C. Calhoun proposed the following to assert states’ right: Question 9. When Congress prepares a budget Question 10. A unitary system of government has some advantages compared to a federal system. Which of these choices is NOT an advantage of a unitary system of government? Question 11. A congressional whip is a floor leader that gauges support for bills and tries to enforce party discipline in accordance with a political agenda.


Question 12. True or False: Gerrymandering occurs when a district is intentionally configured to equalize the influence of all component groups and to guarantee that certain representatives keep their seats. Question 13. Under a Home Rule Charter, local authority is Question 14. Congressional staff have an important role in Congress because Question 15. On average, running for a seat in the House of Representatives costs around $100,000. --------------------------------------------------------------------------

POL 201 Week 3 DQ 1 The Electoral College For more course tutorials visit

www.tutorialrank.com Tutorial Purchased: 3 Times, Rating: A Prepare: Prior to beginning work on this discussion question, read Chapters 5 and 6 in American Government. In addition, read the following articles: “What Are the Arguments Made in Favor – and Against – the Electoral College?,” “GOP Leaders United in Defense of the Electoral College,” and the ProQuest article


“Why the Electoral College is Bad for America.” Also, please watch this week’s videos, Episode I - A More Perfect Unionand Episode II - It’s a Free Country regarding the U.S. Constitution. Reflect: As the textbook author asserts, the Framers intentionally designed a process for selecting presidents that would minimize the president’s political power – the Electoral College. They hoped this institution would insulate the chief executive from the public because they feared the power of presidents who might be elected by the people. However, the Electoral College has also spawned a long ongoing debate about whether the Electoral College should be abandoned in favor of new methods, which would ensure that the candidate elected has the most popular votes. The controversy over the Electoral College must be understood in order to better understand how and why U.S. presidents are elected. Write: In your initial post, summarize how the Electoral College works. Explain some of the main pros and cons in the debate about whether to keep or abolish the current Electoral College process. In addition, evaluate one proposal to change how the system works without formally abolishing it. Would this proposal effectively address some of the cons that you identified earlier in your post? Please explain your response. Fully respond to all parts of the question and write your response in your own words. Your initial post must be 200 to 250 words. Support your position with APA citations from two or more of the assigned resources required for this discussion. Please be sure that you demonstrate understanding of these resources, integrate them into your argument, and cite them properly. Respond to Peers: By Day 7, respond to at least two of your classmates' initial posts. Your peer responses should be 75to 100 words each. As


your reply to your classmates, attempt to take the conversation further by examining their claims or arguments in more depth or responding to the posts that they make to you. Keep the discussion on target and try to analyze things in as much detail as you can. For instance, you might consider comparing your classmates’ proposals for changing the Electoral College against your own proposal. --------------------------------------------------------------------------

POL 201 Week 3 DQ 2 Week Three Reflection For more course tutorials visit

www.tutorialrank.com Tutorial Purchased: 3 Times, Rating: A Week Three Reflection American Government. Review the videos, Episode I - A More Perfect Union and Episode II - It’s a Free Country regarding the U.S. Constitution. Reflect: The executive and judicial branches of the U.S. national government often seem to operate independently and with little conflict. Many laws are signed by the President and then implemented without a word from the judicial branch. However, there are times when executive decisions are challenged by the judicial branch in a process called judicial review. In addition, there are times when a judicial review has direct impact on your life. For example, when the Supreme Court declared the Affordable Care Act constitutional, many people without


health care insurance were finally able to purchase health care insurance. Additionally, when the Supreme Court declared sections of the Defense of Marriage Act unconstitutional, some of the constraints that prevented many gay and lesbian couples from marrying were eliminated. Executive Order 13658 on February 20, 2014 also had a direct impact on many business people that contract with the federal government by increasing the minimum wage to $10.10 per hour. Clearly, the actions of the executive and judicial branches often directly affect our lives. Write: In your initial post, explain how and why the actions of the executive and/or judicial branches have personally affected your life. Fully respond to all parts of the question. Write in your own words. Support your position with APA citations to two or more of the assigned resources required for this discussion. Fully respond to all parts of the prompt and write your response in your own words. Your initial post must be 200 to 250 words. Please be sure that you demonstrate understanding of these resources, integrate them into your argument, and cite them properly. --------------------------------------------------------------------------

POL 201 Week 3 Learning Activity Branches of Government For more course tutorials visit

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Branches of Government. The three branches of our government each play crucial roles in the U.S. national government. Each branch has specific power, duties, and responsibilities that are the most apparent features of our system of separate powers. Nevertheless, each branch has been critiqued for having definite strengths and weaknesses that become obvious in certain situations. Analyzing these strengths and weaknesses will enable you to evaluate and recommend ways to enhance and correct these fundamental assets and deficiencies of the branches of our national government. To complete the assignment, save the Week Three Learning Activity Worksheet (available in the online classroom) to your computer, fill it out, and submit it. Develop a detailed outline of your third main point using the Week Three Learning Activity Worksheet. • Branches of Government: • Provide a topic sentence that briefly describes one strength and one weakness of one branch of our government: executive, legislative, or judiciary. 
 • Provide a topic sentence that recommends one option to maintain the strength and one to correct the weakness. 
 • Scholarly Support: (Please access the Ashford Writing Center’s Sample Annotated Bibliography) • Provide two credible sources in APA format to support your main points. 
 • Briefly discuss how these sources support your main point. • Briefly evaluate your sources for bias, validity, and reliability. 



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POL 201 Week 3 Quiz For more course tutorials visit

www.tutorialrank.com Tutorial Purchased: 3 Times, Rating: A 1. Question : In the realm of foreign affairs, presidents are usually weak and must solicit congressional approval before entering into agreements with other countries. Question 2. Question : Prior judicial experience is required to be appointed as a judge on the federal level. Question 3. Question : The president and Congress are unable to control the bureaucracy or hold it accountable because: Question 4. Question : The idea that citizens should be suspicious of a strong central government would best be described as: Question 5. Question : The scope of presidential power has expanded over time due to presidents carving out their own powers as they have needed. --------------------------------------------------------------------------

POL 201 Week 4 DQ 1 Individual Rights and the Obligations of Government


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www.tutorialrank.com Tutorial Purchased: 3 Times, Rating: A Individual Rights and the Obligations of Government.

Prepare: Prior to beginning work on this discussion, read chapters 8, 9, and 10 in American Government and watch the video, Episode II - It’s a Free Country. Reflect: Our political system is characterized by certain fundamental features to include a system of laws, rights, and liberties. The laws, created and supported by the Constitutional framework, are designed to protect and secure the rights and liberties of individuals and groups throughout the U.S. However, the government also has an obligation to provide for the security of its citizens from serious internal and external threats that could cause grave or severe damage to our country. The need for homeland and national security can create a dilemma where conflicts emerge between these security needs and the demands for civil rights and liberties. Write: In your initial post, explain what obligations the U.S. government has towards its citizens and how can these obligations impact individual and group rights? --------------------------------------------------------------------------


POL 201 Week 4 DQ 2 Week Four Reflection For more course tutorials visit

www.tutorialrank.com Tutorial Purchased: 3 Times, Rating: A Week Four Reflection. Prepare: Prior to beginning work on this discussion, read chapters 8, 9, and 10 in American Government, watch the video, Episode II - It’s a Free Country, and review your results from the Political Typology Quiz. Reflect: Political parties mobilize voters to win elections and implement policy goals. Parties use their stated policy goals (i.e., their platforms) as a way to mobilize voter support. Generally, in order to be successful in a two-party system, parties must have policy goals across a broad range of issue areas to appeal to a broad range of voters. Write: Identify one issue area that you want investigate. Use the assigned resources required for this discussion to gather information about the goals and proposals, in that issue area, of three U.S. political parties – the Democratic and Republican parties and a third party. Summarize each of the three parties’ policy goals in your issue area. Evaluate each party's goals from two perspectives: • According on your own political philosophy, values, or ideology based on the Political Typology Quiz results, which party’s position on this issue is closest to your own and which is furthest and why? 



• Does each party currently have national popular support on this issue? If so, why, and if not, why not? 
 For example, if you are a ‘Steadfast Conservative,’ what do the Democratic Party, the Republican Party, and a third party have to say about your position on taxation? If you are a ‘Solid Liberal,’ what do Democrats, Republicans, and a third party say about your views on environmental issues? Who is the closest? Furthest away? Why? Your initial response must be 200 to 250 words. Justify your conclusions with facts and persuasive reasoning. Fully respond to all parts of the question and write your response in your own words. Support your position with APA citations to two or more of the assigned resources required for this discussion. Please be sure that you demonstrate understanding of these resources, integrate them into your argument, and cite them properly. Related Products --------------------------------------------------------------------------

POL 201 Week 4 Learning Activity Political Parties, Interest Groups, and Elections For more course tutorials visit

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Political Parties, Interest Groups, and Elections. The various political actors involved in the processes, activities, and policies of the U.S. government each have evolving goals and objectives. In addition, these actors have produced differential effects, both positive and negative, on the processes, activities, and policies of the federal government. In this last weekly worksheet, you will assess the positive and negative impacts of political parties, interest groups, or federal elections on the national government. In addition, you will recommend one option to enhance the positive impact and one to diminish the negative impact. This final effort will conclude the process of critically analyzing key features of our national government and prepare you for completion of your Final Paper in Week Five.

To complete the assignment, save the Week Four Learning Activity Worksheet (available in the online classroom) to your computer, fill it out, and submit it. Develop a detailed outline of your fourth main point using the Week Four Learning Activity Worksheet. • Political Parties, Interest Groups, and Elections: • Provide a topic sentence that briefly describes the one positive impact and one negative impact of one of the following: political parties, interest groups, or federal elections. 
 • Provide a topic sentence that recommends one option to accentuate the positive impact and one to lessen the negative impact. 



• Scholarly Support: (Please access the Ashford Writing Center’s Sample Annotated Bibliography)

• Provide two credible sources in APA format to support your main points. 
 •

Briefly discuss how these sources support your main point.

• Briefly evaluate your sources for bias, validity, and reliability. 
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POL 201 Week 4 Quiz For more course tutorials visit

www.tutorialrank.com Tutorial Purchased: 3 Times, Rating: A Question 1.What constitutional amendment guaranteed women the right to vote? Question 2. How are interest groups are different from political parties? Question 3. Which Supreme Court decision stated that affirmative action intended to promote greater equality was acceptable public policy, but the use of quotas was not.


Question 4. True or False: The peaceful transfer of power from one government to the next has a long historical legacy and predates the formation of the United States. Question 5. The 1964 Civil Rights Act: Question 6. Two-party electoral systems, such as we have today in the United States, tend to be examples of what type of political party model? Question 7. What is the basic function, or purpose, of elections? Question 8. Personal freedoms that all Americans enjoy thanks to the Bill of Rights are called: Question 9. At the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries in the U.S., political “machine bosses:� Question 10. In the United States, before U.S. citizens are allowed to vote in an election, they must: Question 11. True or False: Freedom of speech can be: Question 12. A multi-candidate Political Action Committee (PAC) may contribute up to how much money to individual campaigns per election? Question 13. Voters in a closed primary can: Question 14. Which of these have NOT been recognized as a political party in American history? Question 15. A private organization cannot deny service to any type of minority group. --------------------------------------------------------------------------

POL 201 Week 5 DQ 1 Voting and Voter Turnout


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www.tutorialrank.com Tutorial Purchased: 3 Times, Rating: A Voting and Voter Turnout. Prepare: Prior to completing this discussion question, review Chapters 9 and 10 in American Government and the following articles: “How Voter ID Laws Are Being Used to Disenfranchise Minorities and the Poor,” “Fraught with Fraud,” and “Proof at the Polls.” Reflect: The U.S. has one of the lowest voter turnout rates among modern democratic political systems. One study ranks the U.S. 120th on a list of 169 nations compared on voter turnout (Pintor, Gratschew, & Sullivan, 2002). During the last decade, many initiatives have been undertaken to increase voter participation, yet concerns about the possibility of election fraud have also increased. Additionally, some political interests feel threatened by the increase in turnout among some traditionally low-turnout ethnic minorities. Several states have recently passed legislation imposing new registration and identification requirements. This has sparked debate about whether these are tactics intended to suppress turnout or to prevent fraud. Write: In your initial post, summarize recent developments in several states enacting voter ID laws. Analyze and describe the pros and cons on both sides of the debate about these laws. Is voter fraud a major problem for our democracy or are some groups trying to make it harder for some segments of society to vote? Draw your own conclusion about the debate


over voter ID laws. Justify your conclusions with facts and persuasive reasoning. Fully respond to all parts of the question and write your response in your own words. Your initial post must be 200 to 250 words. Support your position with APA citations from two or more of the assigned resources required for this discussion. Please be sure that you demonstrate understanding of these resources, integrate them into your argument, and cite them properly. --------------------------------------------------------------------------

POL 201 Week 5 DQ 2 Week Five Reflection For more course tutorials visit

www.tutorialrank.com Tutorial Purchased: 3 Times, Rating: A Week Five Reflection.

Prepare: Prior to beginning your reflection, review all course readings and videos as required. Reflect: The U.S. national government is based on the framework detailed in the U.S. Constitution. The process that the Founding Fathers used to map out our national government is fascinating and illuminating. The Constitution creates a system of checks and balances and separation


of powers that have been focal points for class discussions. In addition, the Constitution identifies three main branches for the national government: the legislative, executive, and judicial, which are tasked, respectively, with the creation of the legislation to guide the country, the implementation and execution of that legislation, and the review of that legislation for constitutionality and legality. Interacting with the federal government includes a variety of different actors and political processes such as the states, political parties, interest groups, and federal elections. All these features create a vibrant and healthy democracy. Write: In your initial post of at least 200 to 250 words, explain how and why one feature of the U.S. government is the most important for America’s democracy. Choose one feature below to discuss in detail: · Written, detailed, flexible Constitution. 
 · Robust checks and balances. 
 · Explicit separation of powers. 
 · Expansive interaction by different political actors and processes with the federal government. · Use real-world examples and details to support your arguments. Support your position with APA citations from two or more of the assigned resources required for this discussion. Please be sure that you demonstrate understanding of these resources, integrate them into your argument, and cite them properly. 
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POL 201 Week 5 Final Paper America’s Democracy: Your Report Card (2 Papers) For more course tutorials visit

www.tutorialrank.com Tutorial Purchased: 3 Times, Rating: A Week Five Reflection.

Prepare: Prior to beginning your reflection, review all course readings and videos as required. Reflect: The U.S. national government is based on the framework detailed in the U.S. Constitution. The process that the Founding Fathers used to map out our national government is fascinating and illuminating. The Constitution creates a system of checks and balances and separation of powers that have been focal points for class discussions. In addition, the Constitution identifies three main branches for the national government: the legislative, executive, and judicial, which are tasked, respectively, with the creation of the legislation to guide the country, the implementation and execution of that legislation, and the review of that legislation for constitutionality and legality. Interacting with the federal government includes a variety of different actors and political processes such as the states, political parties, interest groups, and federal elections. All these features create a vibrant and healthy democracy.


Write: In your initial post of at least 200 to 250 words, explain how and why one feature of the U.S. government is the most important for America’s democracy. Choose one feature below to discuss in detail: · Written, detailed, flexible Constitution. 
 · Robust checks and balances. 
 · Explicit separation of powers. 
 · Expansive interaction by different political actors and processes with the federal government. · Use real-world examples and details to support your arguments. Support your position with APA citations from two or more of the assigned resources required for this discussion. Please be sure that you demonstrate understanding of these resources, integrate them into your argument, and cite them properly. 
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For more course tutorials visit www.tutorialrank.com Tutorial Purchased: 6 Times, Rating: A+ ASHFORD POL 201 Week 1 DQ 1 Separation of Powe...

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