UNPUBLISHED WORD JOURNAL / WINTER 2013 /
TO GROWING YOUR BURDEN FOR THE UNREACHED
with Tommy Thompson
Missions Director, First Baptist Church of Milford
UNREACHED with Dr. Bill Duttry
Senior Pastor, First Baptist Church of Milford
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Unpublished WORD Journal
13 16 18
The Canon of the
NEW TESTAMENT SCRIPTURE
with Dr. Jerry Rockwell firstBible International
Using Means for the CONVERSION OF THE UNREACHED
with Michael Carter
Missionary, First Baptist Church of Milford
Volume 10 . Number 4 Senior Editor: Dr. Bill Duttry Associate Editor: Tommy Thompson Graphic Design: John the Baptist Publications Milford, OH
First Baptist Church Dr. Bill Duttry, Senior Pastor 1367 Woodville Pike Milford, Ohio 45150 513.575.1705 firstname.lastname@example.org www.fbcm.org
A SILENT AND DEADLY RELIGION
with Dale Money
Director, firstBible International
Dr. Charles Keen, Founder 1369 Woodville Pike Milford, Ohio 45150 513.575.1706
Some of the authors and their material featured in the UW Journal are not necessarily in agreement with the theological position of the UW Journal. Their writings are included because of their insight into the particular subject matter published in the UW Journal. The Unpublished WORD Journal is a quarterly publication of firstBible International. All correspondence should be sent to the firstBible International address above.
EDITORIAL with Dr. Bill Duttry Senior Pastor, First Baptist Church of Milford, OH
Bearing Precious Seed Al Braley, Director Scripture Printing Ministry www.bpsmilford.org
Local Church Involvement in Bible Publishing www.bpsmilford.org
BPS El Paso
Mission Trips into Mexico and the Navajo Nation www.bpsmilford.org
Bible Translation for Unreached People Groups www.firstbible.net
Welcome once again to the Unpublished Word Journal of firstBible International, BPS. The centerfold of this magazine is your newsletter from Bearing Precious Seed that can be removed and hung up as a reminder for your people of the blessings and work of BPS. The intent of the Journal is to keep a focus and emphasis on the unreached peoples of our world. Our responsibility as God’s people is to be busy reaching the Unreached with the glorious Gospel. We must acknowledge and accept our responsibility as His children to go into all the world. Much of our world is presently without a Gospel witness; termed often as “closed” countries, what are they closed to? Closed because of their difficulty to get in? Closed because we have accepted the notion (or what we believe) that we are not wanted, thus they are not available? Closed because of language differences? Or maybe closed because of our lack of passion and commitment to go where Satan’s strongholds are in religion, like to the Buddhist nations of the world. Largely in India, is it a hard place? Yes. A difficult land? Yes. A land of difficult culture and language? Yes. A closed country? NO! Closed if only in our minds, because of its differences and difficulties. Unreached, what does this mean? Never? Now? Forever lost? Without hope? It simply means that there is no Gospel witness at the present time. It means that with a witness there is hope! So the real question may be why is there no one to reach the Unreached? Why will no one go where there is no messenger? Those in accordance with Revelation 7:9, who have heard, trusted, accepted, and believed in our precious Saviour Jesus Christ will worship together around the throne of God forever. What a joyous thought of worshipping together with every nation, people and tongue of this world. A thought that is almost a reversal of Genesis 11 when God confounded the people by languages because their desires and motives were wrong. This Journal is to provide information that is discovered in studying the Unreached for the purpose of making us aware of them and challenging us to consider them. If they die unreached, they will never know the precious Saviour; they will not spend eternity with us around His throne worshipping Him. Is that okay? Does it matter? In His work together,
William Duttry, Pastor First Baptist Church, Milford
IDENTITY OF THE TEXTUS RECEPTUS - DR. BILL PATTERSON THE IDENTITY OF THE TEXTUS RECEPTUS - DR. BILLTHE PATTERSON
to Growing your Burden for the Unreached. written by Tommy Thompson When I first began in ministry, I was privileged to be exposed to missions in a variety of ways. The church where I served had missionaries passing through constantly and sharing what God was doing in their ministry and the great need for more people to surrender to go. We had annual Missions Conferences, adopt a missionary, missions trips etc. We strategized about how our local church was going to be involved in reaching the world with the Gospel of Jesus Christ. Our strategy developed into that, if we could partner with one missionary in every country in the world then we would see the world reached with the Gospel. At the time, there were approximately 200 countries in the world. This number often changes with the political changes around the world then and today.
their culture and in some cases, a geographical region of the world. Holding the strategy of one missionary in each country to reach the world would be like saying that one local church planted in one city would reach all of the United States of America. We would laugh at the impossibility of it. It was during this special time of growth in my life that God began to show me how I can be a part of His mission to reach the Unreached around the world today. Here are seven suggestions that might help you grow your burden for the Unreached.
UNDERSTAND WHAT GOD’S MISSION IS IN THE WORD OF GOD
Revelation 7:9, “After this I beheld, and, lo, a great This strategy gave us a sense of direction and purpose multitude, which no man could number, of all nations, for our part in missions. It wasn’t until several years and kindreds, and people, and tongues, stood before the later, while studying the Scriptures and reading several throne, ....” We have the privilege of worshipping a God books on missions, that I came to realize my approach that has given us the end of the story. There will come to missions was incomplete. Seeking to partner with a day when people from every nation, tribe, kindred, one missionary in every country people, and tongue will be gathered wasn’t wrong, but it just wasn’t together to worship Him. Our part enough. God doesn’t look at the Our part in God’s mission today in God’s mission today is to worship world in geographical borders Him and bring glory to His name. is to worship Him and bring and boundaries like we often That is best accomplished when do. Throughout the centuries, we go and make disciples in every glory to His name. countries have developed and nation, tribe, kindred, people and collapsed but God’s mission tongue on the face of the earth. hasn’t change. I needed to see the world as God sees No group of people is too small, too remote, or too it. When we see the word “nation” in the Bible it is not resistant. There is no region or country that is closed referring to a geographical area on a map like we would to the power of God if some humble servant surrenders commonly think. It is referring to a group of people to go and be a messenger of God. God has clearly said that have several things in common: their language, in His Word that there will be some from every nation 4 FIRSTBIBLE INTERNATIONAL
A MINISTRY OF FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH OF MILFORD
SEVEN ESSENTIALS TO GROWING YOUR BURDEN FOR THE UNREACHED - BRO. TOMMY THOMPSON
(people group; not a geographical border or country). Our mission becomes very clear: we are to go... teach... make disciples. This will bring glory to His name.
PRAY SPECIFICALLY FOR AN UNREACHED PEOPLE GROUP As a believer, we must never underestimate the power that is in our prayers unto God. Psalms 2:8, “Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance....” The principle in this verse is that if we earnestly pray for a people group, God will answer that request for His honor and His glory. We have to commit to actively seeking to reach them by first praying for them. In Matthew 9:38 and Luke 10:2, we are asked, to “...pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest, that he will send forth labourers into his harvest.” firstBible has created a brochure of the Top 100 Unreached People Groups so you can begin praying specifically for them. These can be ordered from the website, www.firstbible.net.
PARTNER WITH MISSIONARIES THAT ARE GOING TO AN UNREACHED PEOPLE GROUP Statistics show that over 90% of missionaries are going where the Gospel of Christ is already. There are some independent Baptist missionaries going to unreached people groups. This is a much more difficult field of service. These missionaries are pioneers in their approach to missions. They are seeking to plant the seed of the Gospel in infertile ground where Satan has a stronghold. God is more powerful and can penetrate into the darkest regions of the world, but He needs laborers to fulfill His mission. The partnership between sending churches and the missionaries is vital in keeping the missionary on the field where they are called. In II Corinthians 1:11, “Ye also helping together by prayer for us, that for the gift bestowed upon us by the means of many persons thanks may be given by many on our behalf.” The Apostle Paul reveals how the prayers of the church at Corinth were a vital part of his ministry while he was facing persecution in Asia. Partnering with these missionaries is very important to the success of their ministry. There is a list of missionaries going to the unreached people groups on page 8.
BE ACTIVELY INVOLVED IN BIBLE TRANSLATION Imagine that you were born in a part of the world that doesn’t have a Bible printed into your own language. Since our western culture has had the Word of God for
so long, that is often taken for granted. “Then spake Haggai the Lord ‘s messenger in the Lord’ s message unto the people, saying, I am with you, saith the Lord.” Haggai 1:13. Two words stand out in this verse, message and messenger. We look to send and support the messenger, but sadly the Message, God is more powerful and “the Word of can penetrate into the God” is often over darkest regions of the world, looked or thought unimportant. A but He needs laborers to missionary once gave fulfill His mission. a testimony of a man he had witnessed to time and time again say, “Why, if your God is so smart, why doesn’t He speak our language?” Wow! That is convicting. God loves every nation, tribe, and people group equally. As Americans, we have the Word of God in our heart language. With that privilege comes a greater responsibility. Every people group deserves the Word of God in their own heart language. We live in a time where technology offers the ability to translate the bible into any language. Every people group needs both the messenger to bring them the eternal hope and the message God’s Holy Word in their heart language.
PLAN A MISSION TRIP TO AN UNREACHED AREA IN THE WORLD America was founded on Christian values and biblical principles. It’s true that it has deteriorated over the years, but even now, it’s still a Christian nation. There are areas around the world where that is not the case. There are places where the name of our Lord Jesus Christ is not known. These are places where Satan is lord and things happen in the name of “religion” that are so wicked and so far beyond what we can comprehend. We read in Lamentations 3:51, “Mine eye affecteth mine heart ....” The principle taught in this verse is that there is absolutely no substitute for seeing something first hand. When you go and see how great the need is, your heart will be pierced and you will seek to find a way to be involved in reaching the unreached peoples around the world.
RECRUIT OTHERS TO REACH THE UNREACHED PEOPLE GROUPS AROUND We need to enlist the help of as many believers as possible to see God’s mission fulfilled in this generation. UNPUBLISHED WORD JOURNAL / WINTER 2013 /
SEVEN ESSENTIALS TO GROWING YOUR BURDEN FOR THE UNREACHED - BRO. TOMMY THOMPSON
In August of 2012, a monumental thing took place in the world; it’s population reached 7 billion people. This number is growing every day. To date, Christians make up less than half of the world’s population. We need more believers on board with a strategy to go to the unreached people groups around the world. Acts 1:8 states that a part of our commission is the “... Unto the uttermost part of the earth.” Paul said in II Corinthians 10:16,” To preach the gospel in the regions beyond ....” Our mission and commission is clear, but we need more believers on board to see it become a reality.
the Gospel of Christ. At firstBible, we have identified many of these people groups with the intentions of developing a network of churches that are adopting people groups and languages. There are approximately 12,000 Independent Baptist Churches. If half of these churches commit to adopting just one people group, and send a missionary as the messenger of God’s Good News, then we would see God’s mission to reach all the nations of the world accomplished during this generation.
ADOPT A PEOPLE GROUP It is estimated there are over 24,000 people groups in the world today and approximately 6,000 plus of them are considered unreached. If we believe that God’s plan is to reach the world through His chosen people, then we must actively engage our focus to the people groups where there is no self-governing, self-propagating, selfsupporting church reaching that people group with
Tommy Thompson Missions Director First Baptist Church Milford, Ohio
SIZE OF MAJOR RELIGIOUS GROUPS, 2010 Percentage of the global population • 97 percent of all Hindus live in the world’s three Hindumajority countries: India, Mauritius, and Nepal • 87 percent of all Christians are found in 157 Christianmajority countries • 73 percent of Muslims live in the 49 countries where they are the majority • 71 percent of religiously unaffiliated live in six countries where they are in the majority, with China being by far the largest • 28 percent of Buddhists live in the seven countries where Buddhists are in the majority *Includes followers of African traditional religions, Chinese folk religions, Native American religions and Australian aboriginal religions. **Includes Bahai’s, Jains, Sikhs, Shintoists, Taosts, followers of Tenrikyo, Wiccans, Zorostrains and many other faiths. Pew Research Center’s Forum on Religion & Public Life . Global Religious Landscape, December 2012
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A MINISTRY OF FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH OF MILFORD
there was indeed worship being practiced, but it was worship not directed toward the one true God. Still today, the world is not void of worship; it is, however, void of correct worship. Worship can be found around the world, this world of idolatry. Man will worship anything without the knowledge of the true God. Psalm 115:4-7 states, Their idols are silver and gold, the work of men’s hands. They have mouths, but they speak not: eyes have they, but they see not: They have ears, but they hear not: noses have they, but they smell not: They have hands, but they handle not: feet have they, but they walk not: neither speak they through their throat.” “
Not only do we have questions of who they were, or what they did, but also where did they go? In studying further in the book of Acts, we find the answer–where others had not been; where Christ had not been presented. God chose to call from among those who knew Him in order to send to those who did not know Him. My thought of emphasis is that those servants were chosen from a group of believers who had the Truth to go to those without the Gospel -- the Unreached. As we read further into Acts 13 and through the missionary journeys of Paul (three journeys), we see him in places without the Gospel. We witness as he stands and beckons to be heard after discovering that
Then it is stated in verse eight that “They that make them are like unto them; so is everyone that trusteth in them.” God created man for Himself, and we are created with an innermost desire to worship (and man does). The sobering truth is that the majority of the Unreached live in hard places where false religions prevail and Christ has not been named. Understanding that an Unreached People Group is defined as follows: a people group having no Gospelpreaching church or evangelical witness, whose evangelization requires someone from without answering the call of God to minister among them, taking the Light of the Gospel, we can clearly see that the Apostle Paul went to the Unreached. We can now identify who these servants were as well as what their responsibility was and remains today for God’s children. We must now ask God to choose out from among us those who should go to those without the Gospel. Is the Holy Ghost choosing you to go to the Unreached? The question is, “Who is God choosing from within His body, the church, to go to the Unreached?”
Dr. Bill Duttry Senior Pastor First Baptist Church Milford, Ohio
Chapter 13 of Acts is known for the calling of the first missionaries from the church at Antioch. In the first few verses, we find a list of some of God’s choice servants, referred to as prophets and teachers. Ephesians 4:11 tells us, “And he gave some, apostles; and some prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers…” These select, called apart men were already busy doing ministry in their local home church when the Holy Ghost said, “...Separate me…. for the work whereunto I have called them” Acts13:2. But, who are they? They were an assorted band of culturally diverse servants who already had a handle on ministry and service. They were chosen to do His work, the work of the church – only in another place. We are privileged to see from Acts 13 a unique hand-picked troop of sterling servants who would comprise the first international missions team. They were to go and do what they had already been doing in the church--prophesy and teach.
Many of us are missing something in life because we are after the second best. I put before you what I have found to be the best - one who is worthy of all our devotion - Jesus Christ. He is the Savior for the young and the old. Lord, here I am. UNPUBLISHED WORD JOURNAL / WINTER 2013 / -Eric Liddell, Olympic gold medalist and missionary to China
MISSIONARIES TO THE UNREACHED PEOPLES
a few that are recommended by firstBible International. If you know of others, please send us their prayer card.
NAME & FIELD
Jeff and Kimberly Kruchkow Mongolia
Cranberry Baptist Church 304.252.9631
Chuck and Tammy Weber Mongolia
Grace Baptist Church 904.266.9532
Jason & Kate Christiansen Egypt
Center Pigeon Baptist Church 828.400.1735
Johnny Esposito Southeast Asia
Pacific Baptist Church 562.424.7714
Justin & Sherry Levine Tibetan People
Lincoln Avenue Baptist Church 616.527.0970
Jenn Scarfi Bible Translator to Vanuatu
Heritage Baptist Church 703.680.6629
Dan & Terri Gardner Japan
First Baptist Church 616.753.1230
Jason & Cherith Ottoson Papau New Guinea
Faith Baptist Church 215.946.7550
Eddie & Nancy Wang
Christian Way Missions 864.233.2133
Rodney & Becky Ruppel Cambodia
First Baptist Church of Bridgeport, MI
Simon & Elizabeth Jacob Pakistan
Broken Arrow Baptist Temple 918.355.4604
Robbie & Jan Mullinax China
Tabernacle Baptist Church 864.380.8876
Jacob & Heather Shaver Mexico
Greater Cumberland Baptist Church 270.890.6040
LIBRARIAN’S CHOICE The book of choice for this issue is Operation World by Jason Mandryk, the 7th edition. Are you an intercessory prayer warrior, a veteran missionary serving in a cross cultural mission field, or just beginning to understand the mission of God? Are you curious about how to get involved in His mission to reach every nation, tribe and tongue in the world? This book is an invaluable resource for every Christian who desires to pray for the unreached people groups. Prayer is a vitally important part of God’s mission to be glorified among all the nations of the world. Adding this book to your library will not be a disappointment.
*The recommendation of this book by First Baptist Church/firstBible International, Milford, Ohio should not be construed as a “blanket” endorsement of the entire contents of the material or other works by the authors. This book quotes scripture other than the King James Version, we recommend that you read the verses from the KJV as you study this resource.
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A MINISTRY OF FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH OF MILFORD
1 Corinthians 15:54 So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory. ____________ 1 Corinthians 15:55 O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory? ____________ 1 Corinthians 15:57 But thanks be to God, which giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ. ____________ 1 John 5:4 For whatsoever is born of God overcometh the world: and this is the victory that overcometh the world, even our faith.
These verses deal with victory! The battle goes on but we have victory in Jesus. Oh how we take for granted what we have at times because of where we are in our life. Many of us were born in America and given opportunities that many people around the world do not even know how to dream about. Through the years, Bearing Precious Seed, with the help of churches across the nation, has produced Scriptures to give others the opportunity to accept Christ and experience the same victory that we have. The reference, 1 Corinthians 15:54, refers to what was written in Isaiah 25:8, “He will swallow up death in victory...” What a joy it is to know that we have the opportunity to introduce millions to the true victory which they have free access to accept. Through November 15, we have produced 8 million Scriptures this year that have been printed in 14 languages and sent out around the world. The opportunity for millions to gain victory! Many things that we place importance on and associate with the word victory pale in comparison to the victory that is written in the Scriptures and its eternal consequence. Thank you for helping us publish the Scriptures and get it to those who may otherwise never have the opportunity to have victory. My father-in-law would greet people by asking them, “Do you have the victory?” If we do have the victory, we should strive to make sure that anyone that does not, has the opportunity through God’s Word to gain that victory! Thank you for all you do to get the Scriptures to others. Since 1973, we have produced 130 million Scriptures that have gone around the world into 115 countries. Many have accepted Christ throughout the years. What a blessing it is to work together with each of you to print all we can for His glory. Al Braley
Director, Bearing Precious Seed
UNPUBLISHED WORD JOURNAL / WINTER 2013 /
preserve and publish His Word through His people. If that is true, then the church must be actively involved in that work today. NBPM is also a time when churches give for the printing of God’s Word. Every dime received through NBPM is used exclusively for the purchase of paper to produce whole Bibles and New Testaments. Obviously, without paper, there is no printing. Without printing, there is no Bible produced. Without a Bible produced, there are souls that will pay the eternal consequence of not receiving the Message in time (Romans 10:17).
Our Goal We are asking God to supply $300,000 through NBPM to meet the paper needs for our four projects this year: Romania, Nepal, Sierra Leone, and Thailand. Our goal this year is to purchase for print 480 rolls of paper.
Who can participate? Churches can participate in National Bible. It is amazing how much can be accomplished when everyone gets involved at some level. Materials are provided at no cost to help churches have a National Bible Publishing Month. Sunday School curriculum has been written on an adult-level all the way down to a child-level, along with posters, bulletin shells, coin folders, and offering envelopes. Please mark your calendars, February is the time that we ask churches across the country to participate in National Bible Publishing Month. The theme for this year’s NBPM is “A People for His Name.”
What is NBPM? NBPM is a coordinated effort to focus on the role and responsibility of the local church, in providing the written Word of God for this generation as well as the next. God’s plan throughout history has been to
Individuals can participate. You can help us by giving a one-time love offering. Could you give $50, $100, $200, or even enough to buy a roll of paper, $650? Bearing Precious Seed has committed to print the Scriptures needed for these open doors but the question is, will you do your part in helping others get a copy of God’s Word. The need is great, will you partner with us? You can order your materials by phone at (513) 5751706 or our website at bpsmilford.org
The Robinson Family BPS Seedline Representatives A mission trip to Los Mochis, Mexico stirred the hearts of Chad and Heidi Robinson as they not only put Scriptures together, but watched the process come full circle as the Scriptures they passed out brought people to church the following Sunday, where the Gospel was preached. Six years later, Chad and his family are the newest part of the Seedline ministry of Bearing Precious A MINISTRY OF FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH OF MILFORD 10 FIRSTBIBLE INTERNATIONAL Seed.
minutes! We are so thankful for the lesson about prayer. It was once said, “Prayer is the slender nerve that moves the great arm of omnipotence.” Amen to that! As 2013 draws to a close, the ministry of BPS El Paso reflects over the year with an attitude of gratefulness for all that God accomplished through His work. Looking back at the busy summer season of missions trips, we saw God move in ways that we have never seen before. Through safety in travel, souls saved, hearts broken for the lost, and finances supplied, God faithfully showed Himself mighty to provide all that the ministry needed. While 2013 was a very busy year, it was another year of God showing all who would see just how amazing He is. Throughout the year, one of the greatest lessons learned by staff and guests alike was how powerful prayer is. As we encountered different circumstances, we learned that before we try to do anything to resolve the issue ourselves, we should trust God and seek Him in prayer no matter how big or “little” the situation. One example of this was toward the end of the summer trip season. Driving over the bridge to enter into Mexico, we were unexpectedly stopped in a line behind eight tour buses. That may not seem significant, but a line of eight tour buses could easily take 3-4 hours to pass through, and we needed to get into Mexico to hold the evangelistic services. As we sat on the bridge, we realized that all we could do was pray. Within a few minutes of us praying, one of our drivers came running back and said that we needed to go into the other line. The border guards saw our buses and said that we shouldn’t have to wait because we are just going in to work with a church. They took down the barricade and allowed us through. Praise the Lord! What could have been a 3-4 hour wait lasted 35
For the ministry of BPS El Paso, was it not only busy, but it was a year of change. In 2013, we were grateful to have two new families move to El Paso and join us in the ministry. The Winn family came with Brother Winn filling the role of director of BPS El Paso, and looks forward to what God is going to do in the ministry as we move forward. We also welcome newly married Trevor and Olivia Shirk who are excited about beginning a new life together in our ministry. Trevor will be working with our vehicle maintenance department and assisting with other projects on property. What a privilege it is to serve with all of the team members that we have on property. We invite you to prayerfully consider joining us on a mission trip. Our trips are available for all age groups in the church, families, or a whole church. We would be privileged to partner with you on a mission trip and to assist you as you desire to see God greater. The dates for our summer trips are listed below. If we can be of any help to you or if you have any questions regarding the ministry of BPS El Paso, please contact at missionstrips@ bpselpaso.org or by contacting Director Kenn Winn at 513-617-8583. May God bless as we continue to serve the Savior.
Dates: June 7-13
June 21-27 (Navajo) July 19-25 (Navajo) August 16-22
Chad and his wife Heidi, along with their daughters, Becca (16), Beth (15), and Brooke (12), moved to Milford from their home in Emlenton, Pennsylvania this summer. They attended Fellowship Baptist Church of Emlenton, a Seedline project church, under the leadership of Pastor Jacob Langdon. While there the Robinsons faithfully served in many areas of ministry such as the nursing home, discipleship, and the teens program. Chad also served a term as deacon .
his position 4 years ago to open up more time to serve in his local church as well as begin his studies through Bible college.
Although Chad has been serving in ministry, he has just started to do so full-time with BPS. Working the past 19 years with the same company, he stepped down from
We are excited to have this precious family serving with the BPS Seedline ministry. Please pray for the Robinson’s UNPUBLISHED WORD JOURNAL / WINTER 2013 / 11 as they travel from church to church.
Chad accepted Christ as his Savior at the age of 17 in a morning church service. Heidi was saved at the age of 8 with her mom after attending vacation Bible school. They have been married 20 years. Their daughters are part of their ministry as well, assisting at projects, and helping after school at the print shop and offices.
Memorials have been received in memory of...
In memory of John Michael Modawell … given by Victory Baptist Church of Panama City, FL In memory of Jack Stewart … given by Victory Baptist Church of Panama City, FL In memory of Ruth Price … given by Allie K. Smith of Camp Dennison, OH In memory of Ruth Price … given by Raymond & Wilma Congleton of Beattyville, KY In memory of Ruth Price … given by Alice Demarest of Milford, OH In memory of Ruth Price … given by Dr. & Mrs. Clyde Durnil of Milford, OH In memory of Ruth Price … given by Walt & Lil Miles of Milford, OH In memory of Ruth Price … given by Helen Wehmeier of Milford, OH In memory of Ruth Price … given by Lawrence and Marilyn Keller of Milford, OH In memory of Ruth Price … given by Children’s Bible Ministries of NC In memory of Ruth Price … given by Daniel & Becky Gavey of Williamsburg, OH In memory of Bob Bevington … given by Dr. & Mrs. Clyde Durnil of Milford, OH In Memory of Bob Bevington … given by Barbara J. Rea of Cincinnati, OH In memory of Bob Bevington … given by Sandra Crowley of Columbia Station, OH In memory of Bob Bevington … given by Mr. & Mrs. Randy Weingart of Eastlake, OH In memory of Lee Malone … given by Faith Baptist Tabernacle of Jamestown, TN In memory of Roger Wilson … given by Shirley A. Gibbons of Goshen, OH In memory of Linda Stripling … given by Calvary Baptist Church of Casper, WY In memory of Loretta Williamson … given by Ken & Bonnie Hopper of El Paso, TX In memory of Arlene Richards Keil … given by Mike & Wanda Duncan of Bowling, KY In memory of Emma Vineyard … given by Calvary Baptist Church of Casper, WY In memory of Jovita Sutherland … given by Mr. & Mrs. Earl Sutherland of Wellington, FL In memory of Virginia Cribble … given by Charles & Juliet Conard of Rockport, TX
1/15/13 - HAITI 297,000 French Creole John/Romans 810 French Whole Bibles
2/5/13 - AUSTRALIA 987 English Whole Bibles 7,920 English New Testaments 4,000 English Whole Bible signatures 98,400 John/Romans signatures
3/13/2013 - ROMANIA 432,000 Romanian John/Romans
5/20/13 - MOLDOVA 149,700 Romanian John/Romans 6,006 Romanian Whole Bibles 126,525 Russian John/Romans 45,000 Russian John/Romans (personalized)
6/19/13 - SPAIN 52,800 John/Romans
6/20/13 - UGANDA
as of 12 FIRSTBIBLE INTERNATIONAL Nov 2013
69,600 English John/Romans
19,827 English New Testaments 1,000 English Whole Bibles (soft cover) 1,248 English Whole Bibles (hard back) 18,000 Swahili John/Romans 36,000 French John/Romans 2,400 French Whole Bibles
6/15/13 - PERU 136,800 Spanish John/Romans 42,912 Spanish New Testaments 1,080 Spanish Whole Bibles
7/1/13 - HONDURAS 399,300 Spanish John/Romans
10/24/13 - THAILAND 339,000 Burmese John/Romans 9,834 Burmese New Testaments
10/29/13 - KENYA 288,000 Swahili John/Romans 3,000,000 Swahili & English Tracts A MINISTRY OF FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH OF MILFORD
The Canon of the NEW TESTAMENT SCRIPTURE WRITTEN BY DR. JERRY ROCKWELL
INTRODUCTION Many Christians believe the Bible originally came in a bound volume of sixty-six books. It would be nice if this were the case, and God made it simple for us in our pursuit of the truth. The New Testament Canon came to the church in a much different way than the development of the Old Testament. The previous article1 on the Canon of the Old Testament demonstrated that the document came to the church almost intact with little doubt concerning its content and what were the accepted and inspired books of the Old Testament scripture. This was established by the Jewish community and in use prior to the first coming of the Lord Jesus Christ.
of the apostles as they were on the spoken words of the same. One writer indicates that Papias, one of the early church leaders following the first century, “preferred oral accounts of the apostolic teachings over their written versions…”2 Ignatius who lived in the first and second centuries began to place more weight on the written texts of the apostles.3
THE POSITION OF THE NEW TESTAMENT HUMAN AUTHORS
The process of canonization is nothing short of a miracle. Most of the New Testament writers did not understand fully that their writings would become Scripture on the level of the Old Testament and did not necessarily understand them as canonical. Paul does encourage The entire discussion of the that the writings he submitted were development of the New Testament to be read4 and at times considered Canon would need more space his words to be inspired by the Holy than this brief article allows. Thus Spirit.5 Much of Paul’s writings the material presented here will by demonstrate his view of the “new nature be more of a survey than a testament” fulfilling the old and that full discussion of the New Testament is the “ministration of the Spirit.”6 Canon’s development. The rest of the New Testament writers were evidently of The views of the same mindset. The process of canonization is nothing when the Canon short of a miracle. Most of the New There seems to be of the New Testament writers did not understand an admission by Testament was fully that their writings would become Peter regarding formulated are Scripture on the level of the Old Testament the writings of the varied and there Apostle Paul in is no consensus 2 Peter 3:15-16. Verse 16 seems to on the date it was determined. One thing for sure is that the early believers suggest that Peter is comparing the were in somewhat of a struggle in writings of Paul with other scripture determining what sacred writings and says, “As also in all his epistles, were and what were not. Some even speaking in them of these things; consider that the early church fathers in which are some things hard to were not reliant on the written words be understood, which they that are UNPUBLISHED WORD JOURNAL / WINTER 2013 / 13
THE CANON OF THE NEW TESTAMENT - DR. JERRY ROCKWELL
unlearned and unstable wrest, as they do also the other scriptures, unto their own destruction.” This is an interesting concession by Peter but it verifies that there was an acceptance of the writings of the Apostle Paul that carried much authority even to the point of being scripture.
WHY DO WE NEED A CANON? It has been established that the word “canon” means rule or measure. For any form of doctrinal continuity and integrity there has to be some norm that helps the believer know that what they are reading is the very Word of God. This suggests one reason there is the need for a canon. The process took place over at least 500 years when the book of Hebrews was finally accepted into the canon.7 In spite of the early acceptance there have been those who would cast doubt on the authenticity of the accepted canon. For instance, Martin Luther the Reformer, had a great disdain for the book of James as well as The matter of inspiration was probably the Revelation. He the primary factor involving the called the book of importance of a book of the Bible. James “an epistle Without inspiration there is no assurance of straw”8 and that the book is from God. considered it as teaching a “system of works for salvation.” He did eventually accept the book as authentic since he included the book of James as well as the Revelation in his German translation which was completed in 1534. Another matter that plagued the early church was the invasion of false doctrine and teaching. One false teacher was a man named Marcion. He was born in 100 A.D. and was considered the first person to develop a collection of books as scripture. They included only one Gospel (basically Luke’s Gospel) and ten books of Paul’s writings.9 His penchant to remove all evidence of the Old Testament references such as Abraham and would not allow any connection between God the Father of the Old Testament and the Lord Jesus Christ.10 This magnifies the great need to develop a New Testament which was absent from any doctrinal heresy such as Marcion believed, if we are to have a “preserved word from God” (Psalm 12 6-7). That is the burden of the development of a canon of Scripture.
EARLY EVIDENCE OF A CANON There is one thing that many overlook when they study the development of the canon of Scripture. That is the presence of translations of the New Testament with the books we use today included. These eventually became accepted as authoritative. One of the earliest translations which testify of the current canon of books which includes the twenty-seven books of the New Testament is the Sahidic translation. It is dated by the UBS Greek New Testament in the fourth century. It includes this order of books: John, Matthew, Mark, Luke, Pauline Epistles with Hebrews between 2 Corinthians and Galatians, the General Epistles (James, 1&2 Peter, 1-2-3 John, Jude), Acts and the Revelation. The reason this is noted is to give the early witness to the development of the books we hold as the New Testament. The Old Latin also testified to the corpus of books included in the New Testament. While there is not a complete manuscript of the Old Latin, there are many witnesses of the New Testament with the exception of the General Epistles. It is dated in the 3rd Century and Metzger cites E. A. Lowe as showing evidence that the Old Latin was copied from a second-century papyrus.11 The purpose of these two pieces of evidence is to verify that there was an early use and copying of the New Testament by believers who wanted to have access to the Word of God. There is another study that traces the use of the early church leaders12 and their quoting of the writings of the writers of the books of the New Testament. This brief study will not permit an expansion of that discussion.
CRITERIA FOR BOOKS INCLUDED IN THE CANON One source makes this observation about the process used to determine the canon. They say, “The determining factor in New Testament canonization was inspiration, and the primary test was apostolicity.”13 The matter of inspiration was probably the primary factor involving the importance of a book of the Bible. Without inspiration there is no assurance that the book is from God.14 There was also another factor that weighed heavily on the process and that was the acceptance by the local church. The church depended heavily on the authority of
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the apostles, as can be seen in Acts 2:42, where it says, “And they [the church] continued steadfastly in the apostles’ doctrine…” [Emphasis added]. Ephesians 2:20 indicates that the “household of God” [believers] “are built on the foundations of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief cornerstone.” F. F. Bruce makes the observation that is obvious that “Jesus wrote no book.”15 This left one other source for historical and biblical authority and that was the apostles. Historians suggest that the early church would reject anything that could not be ascribed to an apostle or at least one of their close associates such as Mark, who was considered to have written the book of Mark under Peter’s guidance and information, and Luke, who was a traveling companion of Paul. This point is supported by Geisler and Nix who take the position that it was not necessarily “apostolic authorship” but “apostolic authority.”16
well as Hebrews and the Revelation, were quoted in several writings of early leaders.20 This indicates that the writings which comprise the twenty-seven books of the New Testament were authoritative with the early church leaders.
ACCEPTANCE BY THE LOCAL CHURCH
One of the overlooked aspects of the verification of the books of the New Testament becoming canonical is the authority of the local church. Just as the priests of the Old Testament were given the responsibility of being custodians of the Scripture, the New Testament priests21 who are members of the local church (the body of Christ, Romans 12:5; 1Corinthians 12:12, 27), have the responsibility of being custodians of the Scripture. The very evidence of over 5,000 manuscripts (in fragment and complete books) being extant gives authority to the fact that the local church was busy copying and distributing the Word of God. The believer today can be confident that the THE EARLY CHURCH LEADERS books of the Bible contained in the sixty-six books There has been a strong dependence on the “early comprising the Old and New Testaments are the church leaders” (which is often referred to as the preserved Word of God, just as they were 2,000 years “early church fathers,”17 for the development of the ago. acceptance of the canon of the New Testament. That is a strong argument and should not be overlooked. Many of the early church leaders left evidence of their acceptance of the authority of the biblical material by quoting from the books available to the believer. For instance, the Gospels were all quoted by various Dr. Jerry Rockwell writers of the second and third centuries. It is noted 18 Representative that Papias wrote five treatises which quoted from firstBible International all four of the Gospels.19 The book of Acts, the Pastoral Epistles of Paul, James, Peter and John, as 1 Jerry Rockwell, “The Canon of the Old Testament,” The Unpublished Word Journal, Summer 2013. 2 Tim L. Wenzig, “New Testament Canon and the Creeds” (self published) Kindle Edition, position 216. 3 Bruce M. Metzger, The Canon of the New Testament, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1977, cited by Tim L. Wenzig. 4 1Thessalonians 5:27. Revelation 1:3 gives a promise of blessing to those who read “the words of this prophecy.” 5 Ephesians 3:5. 6 See 1Corinthians 2-3 where Paul discusses how one knows the things of God. If there were no written New Testament then the things Paul and the others were writing had the potential of being the New Testament written. 7 F. F. Bruce indicates that the book of Hebrews did not have acceptance as Pauline until the fourth century. The development of the canon had a criteria of Apostolic authorship and the book of Hebrews was put in question because there was not an obvious author
thus the late acceptance of it into the canon. 8 F. F. Bruce, The Canon of Scripture, Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 1988, page 243 9 The epistles of Paul used by Marcion were Galatians, 1 & 2 Corinthians, Romans, 1 & 2 Thessalonians, Laodicia (which was actually Ephesians), Colossians, Philippians and Philemon. He excluded the pastoral epistles by Paul. 10 Bruce, pages 140-41. It should be noted that Bruce says this about Marcion’s process of nullifying the scriptures on page 145. Bruce says, “…he used the knife to excise from the scriptures whatever did not conform with his own opinion.” This sounds strangely like the process today of those who want to change the Textus Receptus with over 5000 changes and most of them omissions. 11 Bruce Metzger, The Text of the New Testament, New York: Oxford University Press, 1968, page 73. 12 These men are referred to as the “Church Fathers.” 13 Norman L. Geisler and William E. Nix, A General Introduction to the Bible, Chicago: Moody Press, 1973,
page 181. 14 See 2 Timothy 3:16. 15 Bruce, page 117. 16 A General Introduction to the Bible, page 183. 17 The designation of “Church Fathers” suggests that they gave birth to the direction of Christianity to some degree. It was the corpus of scripture under which this discussion is directed that gave direction to Christianity. This article prefers to use the term “early church leaders” for this reason. 18 He lived from about 70 A.D. until approximately 163 A.D. 19 J. B. Lightfoot, The Apostolic Fathers, Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1974 reprint, pages 263-64. These were known as the Expositions of the Oracles of the Lord, and written about 130-140 A.D. 20 See Geisler and Nix, pages 186-190. 21 The New Testament believer is called a priest in 1Peter 2:9; Revelation 1:;6; 5:10; 20:6.
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USING MEANS FOR THE CONVERSION OF THE UNREACHED
with Michael Carter Missionary
William Carey, also known as “the father of modern missions,” wrote an 87-page pamphlet, published in 1792, entitled, “An Enquiry into the Obligations of Christians, to Use Means for the Conversion of the Heathens.” This writing is widely recognized as “the first and greatest missionary treatise in the English language.” (Some direct quotes from the pamphlet will be found throughout this article.) I stumbled onto Carey’s “Enquiry” years ago while attending college. I read it and was impressed by his passionate plea for worldwide evangelism and his delineation of each country’s population and religious affiliation/s. He meticulously described, to the best of his knowledge, the size and spiritual condition of the world in the late 1700s. Those statistics alone were fascinating. It was not until recently, however, that Carey’s work really grabbed my attention--after having spent nearly two years on the foreign field ministering to an unreached people group. Upon revisiting the old text, I could not help but compare Carey’s 18th century “heathen” with the 21st century “Unreached” we find in the spiritually dark regions of our world today, such as the 10/40 Window. Two hundred twenty-one years have passed since William Carey put into writing Christians’ obligations to missionary endeavors, yet his biblical and historical argument is as relevant today as it ever was. Before going any further, let us consider the established definitions of certain missiological terms which might otherwise cause confusion—unreached / unreached people group (UPG); unengaged; and 10/40 Window.
unreached / unreached people group (UPG) “An unreached people is a people group among which there is no indigenous community of believing Christians with adequate numbers and resources to evangelize this people group.” An unreached person is not merely an unsaved person. An unreached person is not merely one who has never seen a Bible nor heard the name of Jesus Christ. William Carey essentially described the unreached when he wrote about those “who yet remain in the most deplorable state of heathen darkness, without any means of knowing the true God, except what are afforded them by the works of nature; and utterly destitute of the knowledge of the gospel of Christ, or of any means of obtaining it.”
unengaged “An unengaged people group is one which has no known on-site, active church planting currently underway.”
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10/40 Window “The 10/40 Window is the rectangular area of North Africa, the Middle East and Asia approximately between 10 degrees north and 40 degrees north latitude. The 10/40 Window is often called ‘The Resistant Belt’ and includes the majority of the world’s Muslims, Hindus, and Buddhists.” There is an enormous case to be made for the evangelization of the Unreached. The statistics are overwhelming. Joshua Project claims that of the 7.06 billion people occupying our world today, 2.9 billion of them (from 7,272 different people groups) are unreached--that is an astounding 41.1% of the global population! 85% of those UPGs are located in the 10/40 Window. Exacerbating the issue is the fact that more than 735 million unreached people are also unengaged. So what exactly is holding us back from evangelizing the Unreached and engaging the unengaged? Well, even just a brief skimming of the book of Acts will enlighten us of the difficulties faced by the apostles as they ministered to their generation’s Unreached. We can continue along history’s timeline and read the stories of martyrdom documented by John Foxe in his 16th century Actes and Monuments, or the grisly accounts of Christians [ministering among UPGs] suffering for their faith in modern-day publications such as Voice of the Martyrs. William Carey also wrote about such obstacles: “The impediments in the way of carrying the gospel among the heathen must arise, I think, from one or other of the following things;— either their distance from us, their barbarious and savage manner of living, the danger of being killed by them, the difficulty of procuring the necessaries of life, or the unintelligibleness of their languages.” Certainly these same impediments that William Carey noted stand in the way of our physically carrying the Gospel to the Unreached today--perhaps the greatest being fear. Modern-day UPGs are located in some of the most [politically, geographically, and religiously] unstable and hostile regions on the planet. Quite frankly, being an outspoken messenger of God in such an area is dangerous. And lest we incline ourselves to think that being in the center of God’s will is the safest place on earth, we should consider our spiritual
forefathers, such as the prophets, the apostles, and even Jesus Christ, who would disagree (Luke 6:22-23; Acts 7:52; 1 Thess. 2:15). Not everyone walks through the fire unburnt (Heb. 11:35-38). “It is true that whoever does go must put his life in his hand, and not consult with flesh and blood; but do not the goodness of the cause, the duties incumbent on us as the creatures of God, and Christians, and the perishing state of our fellow men, loudly call upon us to venture all and use every warrantable exertion for their benefit?” Taking these thoughts into consideration, where do we go from here? I think we have been saturated with emotional action phrases like “reach the Unreached”, “carry the Gospel to those who have never heard”, and “send the light to a dark world”; but what we lack is the practical application to propel us forward. One thing I appreciate about Carey’s “Enquiry” is just that, the practical “means” he proposed in order to set about the particular task of world evangelization. In addition to having an utmost love and knowledge of the Bible, a missionary preparing to work among UPGs would be wise to receive linguistics training, develop teaching skills, learn team-building techniques, and become an expert or semi-expert in a field outside the realm of Christian ministry. (Creating and maintaining a business identity is necessary for most missionaries working among UPGs.) He/she can take this preparation a few steps further by becoming certified to teach English [and/ or other subjects], and by learning the ins and outs of social media and internet marketing. More and more people around the world are gaining access to the internet; they are spending time online reading, watching, and socializing. Tech-savvy ministries such as Arabic Bible Outreach Ministry (arabicbible. com) have proven that the Internet can be a very powerful platform for evangelizing the Unreached and redirecting contacts to regional field workers for on-the-ground follow-up. Surely we are surrounded by a wealth of resources of which we should take full advantage. A great way to get started is by reading William Carey’s “Enquiry” (gutenberg.org/ebooks/11449) and accompanying it with frequent visits to Joshua Project’s illuminating website (joshuaproject.net). UNPUBLISHED WORD JOURNAL / WINTER 2013 / 17
Buddhism: A Silent and Deadly Religion
written by Dale Money Not every false religion arrives at your door on a bicycle, sporting a white shirt and tie. Nor do they all build huge temples or declare holy war. Some are more subtle, unassuming, and under the radar. Such is the centuries-old religion of Buddhism. Buddhism is elusive in its nature. It has no real organization to it, no unified type of system, even to the point that it could be debated whether or not it is a world religion. These helpers of humanity do not actively seek out converts to follow a set of radical teachings, rather they are content to pair up with any existing belief. The little book of Jude says it this way, “For there are certain men crept in unawares.” These vipers of deception have slithered their way into society for thousands of years with the appearance of angels of light. Originating in India, Buddha’s peaceable but poisonous teaching started in India and soon spread in three main directions: Southeast Asia, Central Asia, and into the Mongol groups. Some of its success came from a teacher named Shakyamuni Buddha who traveled to nearby kingdoms sharing his insight and much-esteemed enlightenment. Other natural means of acceptance came from Buddhist merchants who settled in trade routes throughout other lands. Naturally, Buddhism spread as the interest of the local populous developed. Their moral teachings and promises of inner happiness were widely adopted in Sri Lanka, Burma, Laos, Cambodia, China,
Tibet, Mongolia, Japan, Korea, and many other places. Buddhist teaching can be summarized into Four Noble Truths, Eight Noble Paths, and a certain set of moral codes called Precepts. These truths, paths, and precepts are for the follower as stepping stones to obtain spiritual enlightenment. Earning merits is also important in the Buddhist life. The reason merits are so desirable and earnestly pursued is because they contribute to spiritual growth and liberation. In other words, the more good deeds they perform, the better merit-rating they have, the happier they will be, and the better rebirth they will have in the new life. So, Buddhists busy themselves in an almost daily routine of performing good acts, such as giving money, laboring in the temple, and providing meals for the monks. All of this translates into karma, either good or bad, which helps or hurts them in the circle of eternal change. The goal of a Buddhist is to remove all negative karma and replace it with positive karma.
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To the lost world, Buddhism seems an inviting attraction: there is no god to whom one must answer; it promotes good morals and a healthy lifestyle; it encourages simple living and social harmony; and it gives the hope of obtaining even more enlightenment the next time around. As true disciples of Christ, we understand that Buddhism is void of truth and opposes the Word of God. The problem for many of the people in Buddhist countries is most of them have no clue about God’s Word. Countries such as Bhutan, Laos, Cambodia, and Tibet are hotbeds for Buddhism. Millions of people are A MINISTRY OF FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH OF MILFORD
BUDDHISM: SILENT AND DEADLY - DALE MONEY
of them which believe not, lest the light of the born into and will ultimately die following the subtle glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of teachings of Buddha due to a void of Christian God, should shine unto them. For we preach influence in those places. Many Buddhists have not ourselves, but Christ Jesus never even met a Christian in the Lord; and ourselves your their lifetime, much less heard Originating in India, servants for Jesus’ sake. For the good news of the Gospel Buddha’s peaceable but God, who commanded the message. Buddhist temples poisonous teaching started in light to shine out of darkness, are seen in abundance on the hath shined in our hearts, to landscape of these Eastern lands; India and soon spread in three however, churches have not been main directions: Southeast Asia, give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the planted among these people Central Asia, and into the face of Jesus Christ. But we groups. Sadly, even among Mongol groups. have this treasure in earthen American tourists, these temples vessels, that the excellency of and Buddhism itself are viewed the power may be of God, and not of us.” as cultural novelties rather than a danger. These dark places need committed, Bible-believing Christians who are willing to answer the call, leaving the comforts of their homes in order to take the truth of God’s Word to those living among Buddhist strongholds. We need trained servants to live among these multi-cultural people groups and translate the Bible into their languages. We need soldiers of the cross who will practice the Great Commission among these least-reached nations of the world.
Though Buddhism may appear soft spoken, in many places in the world its voice is louder than the Truth. The very origin of the word Buddhism is “budhi” which means “to awaken.” The souls of the more than 300 million adherents to Buddhism are longing to be awakened.
2 Corinthians 4:1-7 “Therefore seeing we have this ministry, as we have received mercy, we faint not; But have renounced the hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in craftiness, nor handling the word of God deceitfully; but by manifestation of the truth commending ourselves to every man’s conscience in the sight of God. But if our gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lost: In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds
Director firstBible International
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