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EDITORIAL Editor Charles Keen makes a case for the oral transmission of the Scriptures. His gives three reasons for the theme of this issue. His premise is Christians cannot overlook the critical need of non-readers any longer. His editorial is followed by “Where Do We Go From Here?” … a personal testimony of his journey to become involved in giving the Gospel to oral speaking peoples. PAGE 4

ORALITY – KEY ISSUES FOR THE CHURCH

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Pastor Ken Fielder provides the church with an honest evaluation of how to deal with the phenomenon of Orality. He gives balance to the written Word of God as it relates to the oral Word of God and gives a warning for making too little of the written Word. PAGE 11

MAKING DISCIPLES OF ORAL LEARNERS The book by the same title was written by eight leading authorities on reaching and discipling those in our world who have chosen orality as their form of communication. This article condenses the excellent publication by highlighting excerpts from each chapter. PAGE 6

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16 W H E N L I T E R AT E S S T O P R E A D I N G Here’s an article that addresses the shift in Amerca’s culture to being nonreaders. With 58% of adults stating they never read another book after high school, preachers and Bible teachers must consider their forms of communication. Orality is just not for primitive natives in a jungle.

T H I S I S M Y S T O RY. . . T H I S I S M Y SONG – MAKING A CASE FOR B I B L E S T O RY I N G Larry Bennett, church planter and Bible Storyer, explains the value of Chronological Bible Storying (CBS) and its power in evangelism and discipling new believers. With over 600 stories in the Bible, Bennett concludes with how the church needs to be addressing the 4+ billion non-literates in today’s world. PAGE 13

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A C O M PA R I S O N O F B O O K C U LT U R E S A N D O R A L C U LT U R E S Here’s a 24-point chart comparing the characteristics of Book and Oral Cultures. There is some good food for thought in this listing. PAGE 18

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Unpublished WORD

THREE POINTS AND A POEM JUST DON’T CUT IT ANYMORE!

Editor – Charles Keen Circulation/Advertising – Jerry Rockwell Graphic Design – the graphic edge, Lake Dallas, TX Production/Printing – Clark’s Printing Co./Ventura, CA

In the good old days a preacher could prepare a topical sermon and conclude it with a nice poem. Not so anymore. This article addresses the Ten Steps to telling stories from the Bible in a successful manner. PAGE 17

Some of the authors and their material featured in UW Journal are not necessarily in agreement with the theological position of the UW Journal. Their writings are included because of their insight into the particular subject matter published in the UW Journal. The Unpublished WORD Journal is a quarterly publication of FirstBible International. All correspondence should be sent to the editorial offices at: FirstBible International, 3720 West 4th Street, Mansfield, OH 44903. Phone (419) 529-5466, Fax (419) 529-9056, email: keen@firstbible.net website: www.firstbible.net. FirstBible International is a ministry of Westside Baptist Church in Mansfield, OH, Rev. Ken Fielder, pastor.


EDITORIAL COMMENT ? Can You Hear Me Now

lity and explain the principles of ora l is dedicated to introduce and rna Jou UW the g. of e gin issu This resting and challen . I believe you will find it inte oral Scripture communication

are functionally illiterate. se in the 10/40 Window tho of % 71 t tha w sho ics s are, is inhabitRecently released statist the unreached people group of ity jor ma the ere wh rld the wo on. No serious In other words, the area of preference for communicati ir the as ion iss nsm tra l their missen ora the orality of Scriptures in ing ed by people who have cho lud inc of sity ces ne the can overlook ent or “strategic” unless minded world-view Christian er themselves New Testam sid con uld sho rch chu s” Word of God. ion sions approach. No “miss and audio transmission of the ng ryi sto le Bib h wit rld wo r ch ou some attention is given to rea lity: er three reasons for this rea With this in mind, let me off one-third two thousand years. That’s t firs the for th tru His for l transmission t Job is the exception). First, God Himself used ora ument could be put forth tha arg me (So . ses Mo to am dispersed it in the of human histor y…from Ad the truth of God orally and ed eiv rec era s ose -M pre the first writin the th of God. Moses received tru All of the Bible characters the ke spo . etc , am rah Ab 0). Until , Enoch, commandments (Deut. 9:1 10 same manner…Adam, Noah the g nin tai con ne sto two tablets of ission. ings of God in the form of ed down through oral transm nd ha re we ty rni ete d an e tim d, but they had Moses, all great truths for se from Adam to Moses ha tho e dg wle kno of t en ext the much about We obviously don’t know 5 would suggest they knew 4,1 1:1 e Jud us. Jes of g (Romans cond Comin it through oral transmission d enough to know of the Se rne lea y the w, kne y Whatever the God’s plan for the ages. oral transmission. 5:13,14). s, His teachings were all by rie sto His , les rab pa His n, ling to include Jesus’ first messages to ma effort, should we not be wil l tia ini the as lity ora d use : If God So, here’s the key question who are non-readers… it in ours? use of the great numbers ca be ion iss nsm tra l ora er tries lists several Second, we must consid other choice. DAWN Minis no m the s ord aff e tur cul ir the either by choice or because this issue: ss dre ad to us facts that require munication. rmation through oral com es the majority of their info eiv rec ) ion bill 4 er (ov rld • Over 2/3 of the wo oral transmission. billion) receive only through 3 er (ov rld wo the of 2 1/ • Over information orally. least-reached only receive ause the • 75% of the unreached and d by oral transmission bec women can only be reache the of % 95 r ove rld, wo • In the Islamic taught to read. women in this culture are not

nce, will only ltiplied millions if given a cha Mu n. tio en att r ou nd ma com These overwhelming statistics d it. rea t no d an ir first introduction to God’s hear the Good News form. All languages had the n itte wr no ve ha es ag gu Third, thousands of lan guages have yet to world over 4,000 of our lan ’s ay tod in yet , lity ora gh blished. Word throu Scriptures translated and pu the ve ha t no do y usl vio ob be written and in their heart language t having the Word of God no le op pe of nce ala imb s Thi oral transmission. original pattern of orality or d’s Go to urn ret to us for t in Bible storying, cries ou it being a tool. It may be of a ide the m fro lity ora nicating in Look at ital form…it’s simply commu dig e som or s, eo vid d an nicate. or audio tapes and in a way they commu d tan ers und y the t tha ms their language in ter rity in their culture until ve a final preser ved autho ha t no do we d, min in a Bible. Keep transmission) in the form of en ritt (w n tio ela rev n itte wr as God they have a with them where they are ng rki wo gin be to ed ne Therefore, we n them as many have. g we need to do is abando thin t las The us. h wit n ga be had a written d abandoned us before we ha d Go if be we uld wo evangelizWhere le to be translated to start Bib the for it wa n’t ca We authority? ing the unreached. Charles F. Keen, editor


A Personal Testimony by Charles Keen

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have been preaching for 40 years. The first thirtyfive years of that was spent in pastoring one church, the First Baptist Church of Milford, Ohio. Through these years, my world view has gone through a slow evolutionary process. In the beginning of my ministry my world view was basically my Jerusalem and a “door to door” one. I was committed to good zealous soul winning and strongly identified with pastors who frequently preached on capturing your town for Christ. I practiced that, for it is right and Scriptural. Though I knew it was right, I also knew it wasn’t to be the total ministry effort of the church I pastored or any New Testament church. In some way I had to deal with Judea, Samaria, and the uttermost part. So I became deeply involved in world missions, raising millions of dollars for world evangelism, holding more than a score of missions conferences annually, sending more than fifty families to the field out of our membership and even founding, along with Carlos Demarest and Sam Caudill, the ministry called Bearing Precious Seed (which has and is still printing millions of Scriptures annually). The next link in my evolving world view was brought on, when in my unrest, I discovered we were sending missionaries and Bibles where missionaries and Bibles already were. Like door to door soul winning, my mission’s philosophy wasn’t wrong... it was simply not enough. God was leading me to get involved in the unreached people groups … sometimes called tribes, pocket people or unengaged peoples. The Bible calls these the “uttermost” in

Acts 1:8. To fufill this burden, God lead us to found FirstBible International under the authority of Westside Baptist Church of Mansfield, Ohio where Rev. Ken Fielder is pastor. Our goals at FBI are three-fold: 1) Bible Publishing/Translation, 2) Training of nationals, and 3) Church Planting. The next and maybe final step in my mission’s journey is to help get the Gospel to the non-literate oral speaking peoples of this world, which constitutes 2/3 of the 6.4 billion globally. They can’t use a Bible because they can’t read or they don’t have an alphabet, dictionary or written language. But they are in our Lord’s commission to the church to reach every creature…and that includes the oral only speakers. The reason for this issue of the UWJ is to create awareness among us that they are there and we have a responsibility to “Go ye into all the world and preach the gospel to EVERY creature.” I am ashamed of the fact I did not know of them and hence they have played no part in my world view until recently. We must not only include them in our mission’s philosophy but we must work toward a solution to their choice to communicate orally. Though we can give them the Gospel orally and they can be saved and even discipled into church planting…they will not have a word perfect Bible until they can have one in their mother tongue. As my journey continues, I am asking God, “Where do we go from here? What else do you want to reveal to me as I attempt to be obedient to your mandate?” ❖ Unpublished WORD

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The following article is excerpts taken from the book, Making Disciples of Oral Learners, authored and published by an eight person editorial committee.

1. Growing Awareness of a Global Situation The Gospel is being proclaimed now to more people than at any other time in history, yet many of those are not really hearing it. Oral communicators are found in every cultural group in the world and they constitute approximately two-thirds of the world’s population! Current estimates indicate that around two-thirds of the world’s population are oral communicators either by necessity or by choice. To effectively communicate with them, we must defer to their oral communication style. Our presentations must match their oral learning styles and preferences. By “oral learners” we mean those people who learn best and whose lives are most likely to be transformed when instruction comes in oral forms. The members of these societies are referred to as “oral learners” or “oral communicators.” The oral “learner”- focus is more on the receiving act; “communicator”is more on the act of telling. Those who have grown up in highly literate societies tend to think of literacy as the norm and oral communication as a deviation. That is not so. In summary, approximately two-thirds of the world’s population lives by orality.

2. God’s Word for the Whole World Without the presence of God’s Word there will be no true spiritual movements. Understanding and responding is still not enough for a spiritual movement. Those who respond need to be able to reproduce it. A Bible translation program that begins with the oral presentation of the Bible through storying and continues with a translation and literacy program is the most comprehensive strategy for communicating the Word of God in their heart language. We do not want our call for oral approaches to be seen as setting oral and literate approaches in opposition to one another. It is not a matter of “either-or,” but “both-and.” At first orally and then in a literate manner provides the entire counsel of God. 3. Oral Communicators and Oral Cultures While results of the National Adult Literacy Survey (NALS) study showed that only 4 to 6% of U.S. adults were totally illiterate, 46 to 53% were identified as unable to function adequately in a highly literate society or process lengthy written information adequately. It was reported that while many adults at Level 1 (2123%) could perform tasks involving simple texts and documents, all adults scoring at that level displayed difficulty using certain reading, writing and computational skills considered necessary for functioning in everyday life. Those at Level 2 could perform simple analysis, but were unable to integrate information from longer texts or documents or carry out mathematical skills when necessary information was contained in the directions. (Interestingly enough, a majority of those at Level 1 and almost all of those at Level 2 described themselves as being able to read English “well” or “very well!” The survey results from NALS and International Adult Literacy Survey

communicators are found “ Oral in every cultural group in the

world and they constitute approximately two-thirds of the world’s population.


(IALS) suggest that there is not a simple, black-and-white dichotomy between “literates” and “illiterates.” It is helpful for literate cross-cultural Christian workers to be aware of different degrees of literacy. James B. Slack, describes five levels of literacy to be considered in presenting the gospel: •

“Illiterates” cannot read or write. They have never “seen” a word – “blind to letters.”

“Functional illiterates” have been to school but do not continue to read and write regularly after dropping out of school.

“Semi-literates” function in a gray transitional area between oral communication and literacy.

“Literate” learners understand and handle information such as ideas, precepts, concepts, and principles by literate means. They tend to rely on printed materials as an aid to recall.

“Highly literate” learners usually have attended college and are often professionals in the liberal arts fields. They are thoroughly print-culture individuals.

Trying to reach the first three categories using customary means presents two major problems: Almost all missionaries and other Christian workers are literate or highly literate, and they communicate primarily by literate means. So they use the method they have mastered to try to communicate with oral learners who do not “hear” them. They think that if they can just simplify their outlines and exposition oral learners can grasp what they are saying. In assessing the orality of a people group, it is important to keep in mind that literacy rates often vary greatly from one group to another within a single nation. Minority language groups, many of whom are unreached peoples, are less likely to be literate. Many of them have little interest in becoming literate. Those who intend to work with unreached people groups would be wise to be skeptical of governmental literacy statistics when it comes to functional literacy. Mission groups such as the International Mission Board (Southern Baptist Convention), Scripture In Use and others have developed materials on understanding orality and oral cultures. A selection of these is available at www.chronologicalbiblestorying.com. In general, there is a cluster of features that oral learners have in

common in processing information. 4. Disciples to the Core Syncretism is the “mixing of Christian assumptions with those worldview assumptions that are incompatible with Christianity so that the result is not biblical Christianity.” Syncretism weakens the church, warps non-Christians’ understanding of Christianity and withholds from God the full devotion and complete obedience that is rightly due to Him. So the spiritual health and vibrancy of Christian churches depends on developing a faith that is as free from syncretism as possible, a faith that is both biblical and culturally relevant. Several key elements can contribute to disciple oral learners with a minimal amount of syncretism. The first key element in avoiding syncretism is communicating with people in their mother tongue – the language in which they learned their religion, values and cultural identity. They house their innermost thoughts in their mother tongue, so it is the language through which their worldview is most likely to change. They can explain their new faith more readily to others in their people group when they use the mother tongue. A second key element in reducing syncretism is to develop discipling resources that are worldview specific. Generic discipleship materials are insufficient. The best discipling resource among oral communicators is not a printed booklet but an obedient Christian. Oral communicators learn by observing. Discipleship involves the disciple spending time with the more mature believer learning by following his or her example. The teaching is conducted more by watching and doing rather than just learning facts. A third key element in discipling oral learners in order to limit syncretism is to recognize the importance of stories in transforming a person’s worldview. Those stories answer four fundamental worldview questions: Unpublished WORD

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‘oral Bible,’ the stories “ Inareancommunicated in natural,

live situations by mother tongue ‘storyers’ from the people group...

Who am I? Where am I? What has gone wrong? What can be done about it? Wright argues that this is why Jesus so often told stories, particularly parables. Jesus intended them to challenge the existing Jewish worldview and to provide an alternative picture of reality that Jesus called “the kingdom of God” or “kingdom of heaven.” When their core stories are not challenged and replaced, the traditional mythology will continue and may over time infuse the Christian practices with meanings from the traditional religion. A fourth key element in order to avoid syncretism is to provide a recorded “oral Bible” for each people group in their language. This is a recorded set of stories, biblically accurate and told in the worldview context. At this point the “oral Bible” may be the only scriptural resource available to oral learners. At some future time when written Bible translation is completed, then it could be recorded to provide a standard point of reference. In an “oral Bible,” the stories are communicated in natural, live situations by mother tongue “storyers” from the people group, using the mannerisms and storytelling techniques which are appropriate to that people group. The Bible stories are checked to ensure biblical accuracy before recording takes place. In summary, those of us who seek to make disciples of oral learners will want them to understand biblical truth and live obedient lives as free from syncretism as possible. We can increase the likelihood of that happening when we disciple in the mother tongue, use worldview-specific approaches instead of generic ones, utilize biblical stories extensively and work with mothertongue speakers to produce an “oral Bible” that provides a reliable repository of biblical truth. 5. Reproducibility, Reproducibility, Reproducibility Many people accept the idea that an oral approach like chronological Bible storying may be appropriate to initial evangelism, but they wonder whether a storying 8.

Unpublished WORD

approach is viable for a sustained, indigenous-led church planting movement. Is it adequate for sustained discipleship among second, third and successive generations and for leadership development in the church? For a spiritual movement to be engaged, we must consciously choose strategies that oral learners can easily reproduce. We must constantly evaluate whether we are modeling the kind of disciples we want the learners to become. When the gospel is communicated to an oral learner in a way that shows dependence on written or recorded presentation, it inhibits this reproducibility. The Santal people have no written history and do not rely on written documents for evidence or for credibility. They presented the gospel using oral methods, including stories, visual aids, dramas, songs, and testimonies. Deaf communities have many of the same features that characterize oral communicators. They are instead a correlation of ways of processing that are common to face-to-face, highly relational societies. The correlation of ways of processing and communicating involve concrete (rather than abstract) notions; sequential (rather than random) expression of events; and relational (as opposed to individualist) contexts. The professor concluded that the training process has successfully achieved its goals of enabling students to tell a large number of biblical stories accurately, to have a good understanding of those stories and the theology that they convey, and to have an eagerness to share the Christian message. Discipling oral communicators involves identifying what the new believers need to know and do and then communicating these truths using appropriate methods. Discipleship is not just what one does but who one is – a new creature in Christ. Discipling involves having the disciple do all of the preceding plus being held accountable to report back. Oral communicators are more dependent on relationships in communication than literate learners are. So the spiritual life and modeling of the messenger is crucial. Making disciples of oral communicators requires maintaining a loving relationship with the ones being discipled. Disciplers help oral communicators acquire biblical truth through appropriate oral means and guide them to obey it. Discipling oral communicators should lead directly to church planting as new converts come together in covenant communities of believers to carry out the functions of the church. Disciples grow best when, from the


of the world’s peo“ Two-thirds ple can’t, won’t, or don’t read and write. ” beginning of their Christian experience, they take responsibility for evangelizing, nurturing new converts, establishing new works and overseeing the development of their own converts. A summarization of the storying approach from the CD series, Following Jesus: Making Disciples of Oral Learners, specifies a ten-step process toward making disciples of primary oral learners with reproducibility as the important culminating step:

6. When Literates Stop Reading Two-thirds of the world’s people can’t, won’t, or don’t read and write. The bulk of this article has focused on those who can’t. This part will focus on those who don’t. These are the ones who choose to learn by oral methods as opposed to literate ones, in spite of their literacy. These people are known as secondary oral learners. James B. Slack defines “secondary oral learners” as “people who have become literate because of their job or schooling, but prefer to be entertained, learn and communicate by oral means.” Consider the following statistics: •

58% of the U.S. adult population never read another book after high school.

42% of U.S. university graduates never read another book.

Adults in the U.S. spend four hours per day watching TV, three hours listening to the radio and 14 minutes reading magazines.

Identify the biblical principle that you want to communicate – simply and clearly.

Evaluate the worldview issues of the chosen people group.

Consider worldview – the bridges, barriers, and gaps.

British teenagers’ pleasure reading declined by about a third from 1991-1998.

Select the biblical stories that are needed to communicate the biblical principle.

In Denmark one-third of adults do not do any significant amount of reading.

Plan (craft) the story and plan the dialogue that is going to follow the story, focusing on the task to be accomplished.

More than half the adults in the Netherlands hardly ever read a book.

Communicate the story in a culturally appropriate way, using narrative, song, object lessons, and other forms.

Dutch 12 year old school children spend, on average, less than half an hour a week reading in their leisure time.

Apply the principle by facilitating dialogue with the group, helping them to discover the meaning and application of the story to their own lives.

Obey the discovered principles by implementation steps to be taken by the individuals.

Accountability – establish accountability between group members by mutual and reciprocal commitments to implement the biblical principle in the conduct of their personal lives between members of the group, their families and other personal relationships.

Reproduce – encourage the group to reproduce the biblical principle, first by demonstrating the principle in their own “witness of life” then in sharing the principle with others.

“Reading and writing are clearly dying arts,” Professor Jim Dater of the University of Hawaii said, “something which fewer in the world are doing.” “Most people in the world, even most of the literate people in the world in fact, do not get much of their ideas about the world from reading. They get them from watching television, going to the movies, listening to the radio, and other forms of audio-visual communication.”

Executive Summary From the time of the Gutenberg Bible, Christianity “has walked on literate feet” and has directly or indirectly required literacy of others. However, two-thirds of all people in the world are oral communicators – those who can’t, don’t or won’t learn through literate means. Four billion in our world are at risk of a Christ-less eternity unless literate Christians make significant changes in evangelism, discipleship, leader training and church planting. (See Glossary of Terms on the next page). ❖ Unpublished WORD

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Glossary for Making Disciples of Oral Learners aliteracy – A lack of interest in or enjoyment of reading.

The constellation of characteristics (cognitive, communicational, and relational) that is typical of cultures that function orally.

barriers – The aspects of a culture, circumstances, or religion that hinder a listener in hearing, understanding, or acting upon the message of the Gospel.

See http://www.chronologicalbiblestorying.com/MANUAL/ sectionx.htm for “109 Characteristics of Oral and Literate Communicators.”

ethnography – A description of a culture. A description of the behavior and lifestyle of a people – a community, society, or ethnic group.

receptor language – In translation, this is the language one is translating into, not from. Opposite of source language. “Receptor’ is similar to ‘target.’

evangelical – An evangelical Christian is a person who believes that Jesus Christ is the sole source of salvation through faith in Him, has personal faith and conversion with regeneration by the Holy Spirit, recognizes the inspired Word of God as the only basis for faith and Christian living, and is committed to biblical preaching and evangelism that brings others to faith in Jesus Christ.

secondary oral communicators – People who depend on electronic audio and visual communications (multimedia).

orality – Almost two-thirds of the world’s population is illiterate (non-literate, preliterate) or has an oral preference (can’t, won’t or don’t read and write.) The quality or state of being oral.

source/source language – In translation, this is the language one is translating from, not into (for example, New Testament Greek.) Opposite of receptor or target language. storyer - The person who uses the storying method to evangelize, disciple or strengthen the church. worldview – The way a specific people view the world around them.

Facts from this Issue •

71% of those in the 10/40 Window are functionally illiterate.

Over 2/3 of the world (over 4 billion) receives the majority of their information through oral communication.

Over 1/2 of the world (over 3 billion) receive only through oral transmission.

75% of the unreached and least-reached only receive information orally.

In the Islamic world, over 95% of the women can only be reached by oral transmission because the women in this culture are not taught to read.

Over 4,000 of our languages have yet to be written.

Oral communicators (by choice or by necessity) are found in every cultural group in the world.

"Illiterates" cannot read or write. They have never "seen" a word "blind to letters."

75% of the unreached/least reached only receive information orally.

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"Functional illiterates" have been to school but do not continue to read and write regularly after dropping out of school.

"Semi-literates" function in a gray transitional area between oral communication and literacy. •

"Literate" learners understand and handle information such as ideas, precepts, concepts, and principles by literate means. They tend to rely on printed materials as an aid to recall.

"Highly literate" learners usually have attended college and are often professionals in the liberal arts fields. They are thoroughly print-culture individuals.

58% of the U.S. adult population never read another book after high school.

42% of U.S. university graduates never read another book.

Adults in the U.S. spend four hours per day watching TV, three hours listening to the radio and 14 minutes reading magazines.


We SOME KEY ISSUES FOR THE CHURCH TO CONSIDER AS IT DISCOVERS AND RESPONDS TO THE ORALITY ISSUE by Pastor Ken Fielder, Westside Baptist Church, Manfield, Ohio

have designed this issue of the Unpublished WORD Journal to expose and explore the great need for reaching the peoples in our world who are without a written language. They are our responsibility as given in the Great Commission(s). We have learned some alarming facts (a fact sheet can be seen on page 10 as to their numbers and needs). As strange as it may sound, we have learned that they do not need the written Word because they don’t have a written language, alphabet or dictionary. I thank God He is bringing their existence to our attention and I pray we will find within our ranks some churches that will feel as burdened to reach them as we feel burdened to reach the literate. To reach them we will have to develop new methodologies and extend our translation efforts to include bringing an unwritten language into written form, or partner with those who are ahead of us in these efforts. Let me share some areas of which I believe we need to be aware. Dr. Fred Schindler preaches a sermon about the lights of the dashboard of your car that indicate you may have a problem. They are called warning lights. This issue is a warning light for us. Though I admit to being a novice in the orality field, I am doing more than a fair amount of research. Sometimes a novice who has not yet developed entrenched thinking and tunnel vision can be more objective and have more peripheral vision than the veteran and scholar. Hence, here are my warnings: 1. We have adequately diagnosed the problem. There is an abundance of informational resources in the form of papers, books, web sites, manuals, seminars, etc. Should we not move on from describing the problem to solving it? Where do we go to receive materials and training to become part of the solution? Among fundamentalists, with the exception of Baptist Bible Translators of Bowie, Texas, we have no one working with over 2 billion oral only speakers. Even among those who have been addressing the orality problem for years, we do not see an increase in laborers as we get increase in light. Solomon said “of making many books there is no end.” Isn’t it time Unpublished WORD

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to convert our writing on the subject to working in the fields which are white unto harvest? 2. It seems we have not put enough emphasis on curing the illiterate problem and have developed only a way through chronological Bible storying and other methods to reach them. I admit we need to do the above in order to serve the immediate need of reaching the lost and discipling the believer, but the big picture is to get them the written Word of God in their tongue. I say that for two reasons: First, the Bible example. God started out in His communication effort with oral communication from Adam to Moses. But He went on to written communication from Moses to John the Apostle. It took Him a long time, 1600 years, and it will take us a long time too. But it is unnatural and overlooks the Bible pattern to have no plan to relieve them from both an inferior as well as unnatural form of Divine communication. Oral communication is inferior compared to the written form. This brings me to the second reason we should work as diligently to cure their illiteracy as we worked in discovering it: Until they have the Bible in written form, they do not have the Word of God which is able to build them up in the most holy faith as their final authority. At best they have a paraphrase or a verbal dynamic equiv-

alent. Thank God they can have that much, but I don’t think we should be satisfied with only that much. In addition to them not having the preserved words of God until it is in written form is the problem of the story being changed over the years as the storyer changes. We all know verbal communication is a weak way for truth to travel. 3. The final “warning”: I detect that we are not challenging the man in a literate culture choosing to get his information, especially his divine information orally. God spent a lot of time getting it to him in written form, men spilled their blood so he could have it, and it is the highest and best way to get the divine information. Instead of supporting him in his laziness and unspiritual approach, let’s bring him to repentance and get him out of a lethargic mindset into one of gratefulness and obedience to search the Scriptures daily. The mechanic knows why the lights are on and how to fix the problem. The driver only knows they are on and should be observant enough to bring it to the attention of the mechanic. I am the driver with little knowledge. The scholar and missiologist is the mechanic who knows what to do to correct the problem pointed out by the driver who sees the warning lights. Let the driver and mechanic partner together in solution. ❖

Announces the Establishment of the

Carlos Demarest Foundation Carlos Demarest was a dedicated and faithful servant to the spread of the Gospel and especially the spread of God’s Word. He, along with Charles Keen and Sam Caudill, under the authority of First Baptist Church of Milford, Ohio founded Bearing Precious Seed. God used Carlos to instill in hearts of pastors and laymen a vision for local church Bible publication that has now resulted in thousands of missionaries getting the Word of God Carlos Demarest for free distribution. Many consider him as the catalyst for local churches owning their responsibility in Bible publication. Carlos and all of his family love the Scriptures and have always made the distribution of the Bible a priority in their ministry. He went to be with the Lord in 1999…yet his legacy lives on. This foundation is to honor his life and ministry. The Carlos Demarest Foundation is an effort to establish a fundamental ministry that will underwrite the translating of the Bible. The foundation has been initially endowed with a grant of $70,000 for the purpose of assisting ministries, colleges and students in Bible translation efforts. To receive information about the foundation visit the website: www.firstbible.net. Other information regarding how to contribute to the Carlos Demarest Foundation may be obtained by emailing: CDF@firstbible.net 12.

Unpublished WORD


All of us can recall singing

Making a Case for Bible Storying By Larry Bennett

the great old hymn, “Blessed Assurance.” It is the doxology for most Baptist churches. I love the chorus when we lift our voices to proclaim, “THIS IS MY STORY.” It’s the story of Jesus…the stories in our Bible…the story of God’s redemption for mankind. Wow! What a story! In the 21st century, it’s that old, old story that is needed. All mission leaders agree that publishing a Bible for every unreached people group in their heart language, is a major component to fulfilling the Great Commission. But among the 6,000 ethno-linguistic peoples counted as unreached, oral communicators (illiterates and functionally illiterates) comprise over 70% of the population. Adding to this dilemma, the dialects of the 3,000 least-reached peoples have never been reduced to written form. Among the 10,821 commonly identified ethno-linguistic peoples of the world, only 400 have the entire Bible in their heart language. Do we wait until all the languages/dialects have been translated and a Bible printed before we attempt to evangelize them? According to Wycliffe Bible Translators it will take until 2038 before a translation will be in progress in every language group. The answer is obvious. The Great Commission compels us to go to every people group, as quickly and efficiently as possible. If the unreached are to hear, understand, remember and reproduce the Gospel in their heart language, their primary hope for proUnpublished WORD

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cessing God’s Word is an Oral Bible gained Field missionaries working among oral cultures through Chronological Bible Storying. are realizing that just because the people can’t read Chronological Bible Storying (CBS) is accurate- and write, it does not prevent them from clearly ly telling the stories of the Bible in chronological understanding the gospel story. They are discoverorder beginning with Genesis and culminating with ing that nearly every people group has some form the cross. Its goal is for the gospel to be presented of storytelling that is an intricate part of their culture. through Storying with the aim of evangelizing, disThis point is clearly illustrated in the popular miscipling, planting a church and training leaders sion video produced by New Tribes Mission called among a target people. A people group who can- EE-Taow! The Mouk Story. The story chronicles how not read and write is considered an oral communi- CBS, developed by missionary Mark Zook, cator. The Stories are translated with the hope of changed the lives of the Mouk people in Papua, being culturally and worldview specific in order to New Guinea. Mark took several months to methodbring about a life change. ically tell and illustrate the stories of the Bible beginFor decades missionaries ning with Genesis and culminat“For decades missionaries ministering to unreached people ing with the cross. When the ministering to unreached groups who primarily communigospel story was presented, cate through oral means have people groups who primarily nearly the whole tribe repented been using western methods in communicate through oral and trusted Christ. Through the their approach to evangelism. process of telling the stories of means have been using What they have discovered is the Bible this tribe of illiterate western methods in their that evangelistic preaching people understood their need approach to evangelism.” alone was not penetrating the for a Savior. Through CBS Mark hearts. There seemed to be a missing link in being created an Oral Bible that enabled everyone to able to connect the gospel with the oral culture of hear, understand and believe. the people they were attempting to evangelize. In The power of this method of evangelism is deepmany cases CBS helped identify that missing link er than “everybody loves a good story.” It is tied to and created a bridge to their heart. the fact that the theme of Scripture is redemption. CBS is not a new, novel invention of a missio- The redemptive story of salvation is clearly seen logical think tank. It’s a method that was used by throughout the Bible. CBS is the art of telling that Jesus and the Apostles to convey spiritual truth. redemptive story starting with the Genesis account Reading through Scripture you see the gospel of creation and continuing through to the death, unfold most often in story form. After the resurrec- burial and resurrection of the Lord Jesus Christ. It is tion the risen Jesus was walking with two disciples the process of allowing the hearer to experience on the Emmaus Road. The Scripture says, “And how all of Scripture links together to tell of God’s beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he love and provision for their sin. expounded unto them in all the scriptures, the things When a culture that is void of any exposure to concerning himself.” Jesus started with the Old the Scripture, hears Bible stories in a methodical Testament events and tied them to the cross and the and chronological sequence, the story of the cross resurrection. We see the same approach with makes perfect sense. One of the amazing aspects Stephen just before he was stoned and then Paul in of this approach is when the gospel story is told in his public discourse as he ties the gospel story back this manner, cultural parallels are discovered. God to the prophets. It is estimated that over 60-70% of has built into the stories of the Bible certain elements the Scripture is in a narrative format. The Bible is a that allow the hearer in any culture to identify with story - the story of God and man. one or more characters. We are hearing reports of 14.

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missionaries discovering the cultural key to reaching a certain people group through CBS.

training, which allows the individual to actually begin effectively “telling the story” of the Good News.

An Oral Bible • Turns defeated marginalized, yet highly The process of CBS produces an Oral Bible by potential semi-literate believers into powerful grouping together appropriate Bible stories. Its goal evangelists/disciplers with great impact, is for the gospel to be presented through storying a sense of fulfillment, personal value and with the aim of evangelizing, discipling, planting new hope. a church and training leaders among a target people who cannot read and write – an oral com• Can accelerate Bible translation in languages municator. that are predominantly oral cultures. The Oral Bible is most often presented in the (Wycliffe: 98% of future, new translations form of tracks and phases. To complete both phaswill require an oral component) es would include about 600 Bible stories. There are • CBS is cross-culturally two phases. Phase one is the sensitive and allows “There is a sense of Church Planting. The tracks withbreakthroughs to the core of anticipation that we can in this phase include; the culture – powered by Evangelism, Discipleship, Church complete the task within concrete specifics rather Planting, Leadership Training and our lifetime. All the tools than abstract ideas. End Times. Phase two is the are in place; technology, Church Strengthening Phase. Conclusion training, accessibility The tracks within this phase World Missions has experito closed countries...” include: Completing the enced unprecedented growth in Remainder of Bible Stories, Bible the last 15-20 years. Doctrines, Training Lay Pastors and Leaders. Each There is a sense of anticipation that we can track begins with Genesis and moves chronologi- complete the task within our lifetime. All the tools cally through the Bible. are in place; technology, training, accessibility to Jim Bowman, director of Scriptures in Use, closed countries through technical trades, linguistic states that “Oral Bible Storytelling is relevant to skills, churches worldwide mobilizing to pray and world evangelization in the following ways”: momentum. We can now add to our arsenal of spiritual weapons the tool of the Oral Bible through • Over 2/3 of the world’s population Chronological Storying. (4+ billion) receive the majority of their There is no doubt that Satan thought by keeping information through oral communication. the majority of the world functionally illiterate he • 75% of the unreached/least reached would defeat the Church in their quest to evangelize only receive information orally. the world. God always has a plan for every obsta• In the Islamic world, over 95% of all cle of the enemy. Producing the Oral Bible through women can only be reached through CBS allows any culture, at any level of literacy, in oral communication. any formal or informal setting, to clearly and powerfully proclaim the gospel of Jesus Christ. ❖ • Traditional Western models of communication among the unreached are typically relevant Larry Bennett is the founder and director of New only to the 10% literate elite. The Oral Bible Dimensions International in Elijay, Georgia and is actively model speaks directly through and to the 90%. involved in Bible Storying training of missionaries and •

It is based on a replication model that is low dollar per person for primary

nationals in the 10/40 Window. His email address is: dimensions@elijay.com Unpublished WORD

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Recall the statement earlier in this issue that two-thirds of the world’s people can’t, won’t, or don’t read and write. The bulk of this issue has focused on those who can’t. This article will focus on those who don’t. These are those who choose to learn by oral methods as opposed to literate ones, in spite of their literacy. These people are known as secondary oral learners.

orality’ of present-day high-technology culture, in which a new orality is sustained by telephone, radio, television and other electronic devices that depend for their existence and functioning on writing and print.” It is becoming increasingly evident that many of these same characteristics are as descriptive of secondary oral learners as they are of primary oral learners. As such, the effectiveness of our communication is dependent on what we do with this knowledge. Our purpose is to call missions-minded Christians to explore ways to be more effective in communicating with secondary oral learners in reaching them for Christ, helping them grow and mobilizing them to involvement in ministry. Why is it important to do this? A 2004 study reported that “literary reading in America is not only declining rapidly among all groups, but the rate of decline has accelerated, especially among the young.” This reflects a “massive shift toward electronic media for entertainment and information.” Numerous western societies are seeing similar shifts toward electronic media and the accompanying secondary orality. Consider the following statistics: • •

A report from a mega city in a southern state in the U.S. last year stated that over 60% of the graduating seniors for public high school stated, “I will never pick up another book again.” In other words, they plan to communicate and/or learn orally, by digital means, and the television. Some define these “secondary oral learners” as “people who have become literate because of their job or schooling, but prefer to be entertained, learn and communicate by oral means.” Walter Ong, father of the modern orality movement, says, “I style the orality of a culture totally untouched by writing or print, ‘primary orality.’ It is ‘primary’ by contrast with the ‘secondary 16.

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• •

58% of the U. S. adult population never read another book after high school. 42% of U. S. university graduates never read another book. Adults in the U. S. spend four hours per day watching TV, three hours listening to the radio and 14 minutes reading magazines. British teenagers’ pleasure reading declined by about a third from 1991-1998. In Denmark one-third of adults do not do any significant amount of reading.

The average church needs to evaluate how they plan to reach this generation for the cause of Christ. Orality is not a method of communicating that primitive natives in a jungle somewhere on the other side of the world need…it could be those young people in your church and neighborhood. ❖


Three Points and a Poem Just Don’t Cut it Anymore! Chronological Bible Storying is changing Christian communication forever. Emphasis on oral learning preferences is the next wave of mission advance. Nearly 70% of the world’s population – and 50% of the USA’s population – desire a non-literate approach to learning and decision-making. Preachers need to take note. Sermons can be ineffective if attention is not given to communicating context effectively. For instance, the beloved “three points and a poem” is dead! The programming recorded and distributed by many Christian ministries should take note. They are not off the hook just because they do not use print. Literate preachers must give thought to their audiences. If we are serious about actually communicating with the lost and discipling spiritually – reproducing believers… then “orality” will supercede relatively ineffective literate approaches. Have you ever listened to a sermon where the speaker used an illustration to substantiate his point or principle? Then months or years later you can recall the story used as an illustration but probably don’t have a clue as to what the point was. Orality appeals to more than non-literates, but also to functionally illiterates, post-literates, and even postmoderns. People who do not read regularly, have only a tenth grade education or less… or have been taught by rote memorization…or are attracted to Chronological Bible Storying. Key advantages for oral learners are memorization, retention, reproducibility, and cultural appropriateness. They live it as compared to exposition. So our preaching has to connect with real life. Today throughout our world, there are non-literates who are pastors that teach and minister and plant

churches effectively as a non-literate. Just memorizing Bible stories is not enough. Oral learners must harvest the Bible truth from the presentations. Real life applications are within the oral context. Often preachers complain about the disconnect between what they preach and their church members’ lifestyles. Storying is the answer. Storying is based on Bible principles that address theology and practical, real life issues. Many of the barriers to faith and righteous living can be overcome by using storying as the method of communication. Storying can also reinforce positive bridges to the gospel’s acceptance and application. Dialogue, discussion, repetition, and even drama or singing the stories aid in retention and re-telling. Here are ten steps that have been identified by missiologists as critical to storying’s effectivenss. The ages-old approach to communicating Bible truths can be new once again. Much of this is applicable to pastors who preach to their congregations each week. Storying in Ten Steps 1. Select a biblical principle and make sure it is clear and simple. 2. Consider the worldview issues of a chosen people group so that we know how to choose the correct stories and how to tell those stories. 3. Identify the pertinent bridges and barriers and gaps in the worldview of that chosen people group so we will know how to address them. 4. Select the biblical stories that need to be communicated to get this principle or concept across in their world-view. 5. Craft the story and plan the dialog that is going to follow the story so that they learn how this biblical story addresses a critical world-view that they have. 6. Tell the story in a culturally-appropriate way (including narrative, dance, song or object lessons). 7. Facilitate the dialog that will help them discover the truths and applications, usually by asking questions. 8. Guide the group to obey the biblical principle so that it can be lived out in their lives in practical ways. 9. Establish accountability within the group to help each other obey the biblical principle 10. Encourage the group to reproduce all of this by modeling the principles in their own life and then telling the stories to other people. Ten Steps courtesy of “Following Jesus” series at www.FJseries.org ❖ Unpublished WORD

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A COMPARISON OF BOOK CULTURES AND ORAL CULTURES Book Cultures

Oral Cultures

1. Learn by reading studying, examining, classifying, comparing, analyzing.

1. Learn by observing, imitating, listening, repeating and memorizing. Learn through proverbs, sayings, stories, songs and expressions.

2. Think and talk about concepts and principles. 3. Manage knowledge in abstract, complicated, scientific categories. 4. Seek to discover new information.

2. Think and talk about events. 3. Use stories of human action to store, organize and communicate information.

5. Value innovative solutions.

4. Value and learn information handed down from the past.

6. Understand things abstractly like the pieces of a puzzle.

5. Value traditional solutions.

7. See things in parts.

6. Understand things in their own context and according to the people involved.

8. Ask and answer direct questions. 9. Feel the need to define words and concepts. 10. Do not like repetition since material missed can be reread. 11. Use charts, diagrams, and lists to explain message.

7. See things as a whole, in their totality. 8. Avoid asking and answering direct questions. 9. Are uninterested in definitions since the context brings the meaning.

12. Learn and retain knowledge as general principles.

10. Appreciate repetition in case something was missed the first time.

13. Speak and write about their own feelings.

11. Use symbols and stories to explain a message.

14. Arrive at conclusions by logic.

12. Learn and retain knowledge in relation to real and imagined events of life.

15. Organize the sermon or oratory with a logical progression of thoughts.

13. Think and talk about people and events they know.

16. Tend to communicate one-to-one.

14. Make decisions based on experience.

17. Learn mostly alone.

15. Illustrate sermons, exhortations and oratory with events.

18. Tend to use a subtle verbal style. 19. Prefer realistic characters and the struggle to reach a goal.

16. Tend to communicate in groups. 17. Learn mostly through interaction with other people.

20. Use their hands little since gestures are not written or read.

18. Have a verbal style that can be dramatic and exaggerated.

21. Use informal, casual, or spontaneous verbal exchange.

19. Tend to use strong or heavy characters and to emphasize a struggle against an enemy.

22. Are affected by the content of what they read.

20. Express themselves with their hands.

23. Have talents in written forms of language and literature.

21. Use ritual and formal verbal exchange. 22. Are affected by the sound of what they hear.

24. Do not participate in verbal contests but perhaps write well.

23. Are talented in oral art such as song and poetry.

Prepared as Report 52 by DAWN Ministries

24. Participate in verbal contests, excelling in praise, insults, and riddles.

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by Charles Keen many ways, the gospel writer Luke is the most fascinating of all the Bible authors. He is the only non-Apostolic gospel writer, yet he wrote the majority of the New Testament… 52 chapters (John wrote 50). He tied with Matthew for the longest book in the New Testament with 28 chapters each, Matthew/Acts. Luke was the most educated of the Bible writers. This is obvious and proven since as a medical doctor he deals more extensively with the virgin birth…a medical marvel plus his use of medical terms in Acts. But what makes him so fascinating isn’t the fact he was non-Apostolic, nor the amount he wrote, nor the career level he occupied as physician…but that he is the writer with the most Gentile content to his writings. Matthew, one of the three synoptic writers, deals with how Jesus relates to Israel back through Abraham, the father of the Jews. Luke traces His genealogy back to Adam, a Gentile. He wrote both of these books to a Gentile friend, Theophilus. He saw the incarnation in Luke 2 for all men, not just Israel. He records many events in the life of Jesus which put the Gentiles in a good light. The ten lepers were healed, and one returned to give thanks. When the Priest and the Levite (Jews) passed by the man wounded and robbed, the Good Samaritan, a half-breed Jew/Gentile, serviced his need…making the Samaritan the hero over the Jews in both incidents. Keep in mind, the Jews had no dealing with the Samaritans, but Luke puts them in a different light. He even makes them look better than the nine Jews who didn’t return after being healed or two who passed by on the other side. He wrote of the widow of Zarapath whom God sustained in famine

In

and Naaman, the Syrian, whom God healed, both Gentiles. He records how Jesus protected the Samaritans upon whom James and John wanted to pray down fire. Luke tells of the healing of the Centurion’s son, a Roman Gentile. He records the training of the seventy which was the number for Gentiles as twelve is for the Jews. Luke seldom quotes from the Old Testament, which would be unfamiliar to the Gentile world, and he often replaced Jewish words with Gentile ones. A good example of this is the word “Master” instead of “Rabbi.” He centers his ministry at the church at Antioch, a Gentile city, from which he tracked Paul, the Apostle, to the Gentiles into a hundred different Gentile cities. The other gospel writers, for the most part, never mentioned most of these Gentile events though they knew of them. The reasons are both human and divine. From the divine point of view, they didn’t mention them because the Bible is divinely inspired and the Holy Ghost did not lead them to include those events in their writings. From the human point of view, we write/speak of those things that have interest or value to us. God’s love for the Gentiles was important to Luke. In his book on Acts, John Stott, shows us how Luke was a theologian, diplomat and historian. A theologian in dealing with the doctrinal areas of his ministry, a historian as he chronicles the growth and spread of the church thirty years in four different provinces, and a diplomat when he shows how Paul tried to mesh Christianity and Judaism under a world of Roman rule. We would have to admit the Gentiles in Jesus’ and Paul’s day had a friend in high places….Luke, the fascinating, non-apostolic Apostle. Yeah, Luke! ❖

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Recommended Books For Sale

Someone once stated that you will be the same person you are today ten years from now except for the books that you read and the people that you meet. There is some truth in this statement. The Pastors Book Club is designed to do three things: Give book reviews from the staff of the UW Journal, recommend good books on the subject of missions, and provide a convenient way for pastors to purchase these books at reasonable prices. FirstBible International and the UW Journal do not necessarily endorse any author, ministry, or organization associated with books recommended for sale. The books are offered as a source of information and encouragement.

The books below can be purchased by calling the toll free number for Keen Publications at 1-888-747-1611. Please note that shipping and handling is not included in the prices listed below.

Title Author Price Publisher A Concise History of the Christian World Mission .....Herbert J. Kane ................$20.00 ........Baker Books Hudson Taylor’s Spiritual Secret ..............................Dr. Howard Taylor ................6.99 ........Moody Press Lords of the Earth ..................................................Don Richardson ..................11.99 ........YWAM Peace Child ..........................................................Don Richardson ..................11.99 ........YWAM Missions in the Old Testament.................................Walter C. Kaiser, Jr. ............11.99 ........Baker Books Missions on the Way .............................................Charles Van Engen .............22.40 ........Baker Books The Attributes of God, 2 volumes ............................A. W. Tozer .......................13.99 ........Christian Publications The Pursuit of God.................................................A. W. Tozer .......................13.99 ........Christian Publications To the Golden Shore..............................................Courtney Anderson .............17.00 ........Judson Press Your Church Can Excel in Global Giving .................Donald A. Jensen..................9.99 ........Send the Light Let Us Give...........................................................Arthur E. Ball........................8.99 ........Kregel Publications A Biblical Theology of Missions ..............................Peters, George W. ..............19.99 ........Moody Publishers Biblical Bible Translators ........................................Turner, Charles ...................19.99 ........Sovereign Grace Publishers C. T. Studd, Cricketer & Pioneer..............................Norman Grubb...................17.98 ........Christian Literature Crusade Global Missiology for the 21st Century....................William Taylor ....................40.00 ........World Evangelism Press (YWAM) Key to Missionary Problems....................................Andrew Murray ....................8.99 ........Christian Literature Crusade Missionary Methods, St Paul’s and Ours ..................Roland Allen ......................14.00 ........Eerdmans Missions in the Third Millennium .............................Stan Guthrie.......................17.99 ........Send the Light Operation World...................................................Johnstone ...........................17.99 ........Send The Light People Raising ......................................................William Dillon ....................16.99 ........Moody Press Run With The Vision ..............................................Stearns ..............................14.99 ........Bethany House Publishers (Baker) Spiritual Secrets ....................................................Hudson Taylor ......................6.99 ........Moody Publishers Training of the Twelve ............................................A. B. Bruce ........................19.99 ........Kregel Publications Vanishing Ministry, The ..........................................Woodrow Kroll ...................11.99 ........Kregel Publications Power Through Prayer............................................E. M. Bounds .......................4.00 ........Missionary Crusader The Prayer-Shaped Disciple ....................................Dan Crawford ....................17.95 ........Hendrickson Publishers He Is Worthy ........................................................Charles Keen......................11.00 ........Keen Publications Thinking Outside the Box .......................................Charles Keen......................11.00 ........Keen Publications The following are a list we recommend but not available for order, these may be found through used book dealers or on the internet.

The Hope at Hand: National and World Revival for the 21st Century...............................................David Bryant................out Territorial Spirits and World Evangelization ..............Chuck Lowe .................out Praying Hyde: Apostle of Prayer .............................E. G. Carr, Ed..............out Praying Hyde........................................................Basil Miller ..................out Prayer ..................................................................O. Hallsby...................out

of of of of of

print ........Baker Books print ........Mentor/OMF print ........Bridge-Logos print ........Ambassador-Emerald print ........Augsburg Unpublished WORD

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Suggested Reading…Books About Orality and Bible Storying Use the following resources to learn more about Bible storying. FirstBible International does not endorse these authors or their doctrinal positions, but their books on this subject can serve as a resource for any pastor or teacher.

The Librarian’s Choice

Tell the Story - A Primer of Chronological Bible Storying

FROM JERUSALEM TO IRIAN JAYA

By Steve Evans, Grant Lovejoy, Jim Slack, and J.O. Terry

by Ruth Tucker

Published by: International Center for Excellence in Leadership Rockville, Virginia

ZONDERVAN, 1945

This is a general history of missions based upon biographical sketches of Christian leadership. It is an intriguing mixture of personality, history and missions achievement. If you are a reader that has a hard time staying with a history time line or have a challenge keeping interested when history gets mired down in dates, places and details, this is the book for you. Tucker had adopted God’s pattern of narrative writing using the lives of men like Adam, Moses, Elijah, David, Jesus and Paul to carry His historical message. She carries her story line on the backs of men like Polycarp, Zinzendorf, Adoniram Judson, Alexander Duff, Hudson Taylor and C.T. Studd. It is scholarship, without dryness, at its best. Tucker has woven Bible, ancient and modern history into one flowing tapestry. David M. Howard said “this is history at its best.” Ralph Winters called it “the most moving book ever written.” Warren W. Webster said, “it is a fascinating story by a careful historian.” We will be excited to hear your book review after you read it. It is the Librarian’s choice.

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Making Disciples of Oral Learners Authored by an eight man committee Published by: The International Orality Network

Storying the Bible By Jackson Day Published by: Bible Storytelling Project Ashville, Alabama

Chronological Approach Seminar Cassette Tapes By Trevor McIlwain Published by: New Tribes Missions Recommended website for Oral Transmission of the Scripture is: www.oralbible.com


FirstBible International has several valuable resources that will aid the pastor and church to mobilize their people for missions. Some of these come at no cost and will be shipped free of charge. If any of the items below are needed, you may order them online at www.firstbible.net. He Is Worthy - Dr. Keen has

published his second book on his most passionate subject…missions. Entitled, He is Worthy, the book is a compilation of notes, readings, and messages and is written for both pastors and laymen. Published in paper-back form, He is Worthy addresses the ultimate reason for doing missions…the glory of God. Everything from the Great Commission to personal responsibility is discussed in the eleven chapters of this much-awaited book. Rev. 5:9 comes to life as Keen addresses God gathering worshippers from “every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation.” The foreword by Dr. Raymond Barber highly recommends the publication for every leader in the local church. $11.00 (plus shipping).

1-2-3-PRAY. Few realize that two minutes a day can change the world. Use this handy monthly prayer program to pray each day for three unreached people groups residing in the 10/40 Window. It’s as easy as 1,2,3…that’s one minute, two times a day, for three groups. A brief profile of each people group is included each month with the guide. Jesus said, “Pray ye the Lord of the harvest, that he will send forth labourers…”(Matthew 9:38). The guides can be received via email. Sign up online at www.firstbible.net. Free. Unpublished WORD

This quarterly publication is receiving unprecedented acceptance and is considered a valuable tool for fundamentalists when shaping their missions program for local churches. It not only informs, challenges and motivates readers, but it is also on the “cutting edge” of world evangelization in the 21st century. One reader remarked, “the current statistics published in each issue make it a must-have reading for Unpublished me.” WORD Journal is offered free to pastors, missionaries and full-time Christian workers as available to US residents. Others may obtain the publication at the modest cost of $20.00 per year. Call 1-888-747-1611 to place your order. It can be downloaded free from the website: www.firstbible.net

Prayer Calendar. FirstBible International offers a prayer calendar that has several unreached people groups to pray for each day of the year. The calendar can be downloaded from www.firstbible.net. This is available at no cost to you.

Thinking Outside the Box. This book will challenge you to think biblically about missions instead of according to traditional missionary concepts. Over 5,000 copies were sold in its first year of publication. Any church that wants to begin to think “globally” about missions needs to read this book. This nine chapter publication has a foreword written by Dr. Tom Malone. Price $11.00 (plus shipping).

KIDS CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE! Involve the children in your church in a missions project that will send the Word of God around the world. Many times children are overlooked when churches plan their programs for world evangelism. Here a handy coin holder for kids is provided to you free. Each coin folder holds $5.00 in quarters and serves as an easy way for children to send Scriptures. These are great for use in Sunday School, Vacation Bible School, and your Church Bus Ministry. They provide the opportunity to Spread the Word Kids and to be a part of all that God is doing in our world today.


Newly Released Christian School, VBS, Sunday School Program Here’s a program that will not only involve the students in your Christian school, VBS, and Sunday School in an exciting competitive way...but it will get them personally engaged in spreading the Word of God. You Can Do It! Let’s Spread The Word! is designed to capture the interest of kids and launch them into something strategic and meaningful. With colorful tools such as posters, stickers, coin folders, and brochures, the program is easy to promote and implement. Just imagine your kids over a specific 30-day period putting stickers on the poster for every country in the 10/40 Window...and being excited about it while challenging each other in a fun way. Each coin folder holds $5.00 in quarters and when filled can provide a Bible (or in some cases Scripture portions) to someone who has never had a copy of God’s Word. Children get excited about giving a Bible to someone on the other side of the world who has never had one.

Order your materials today by calling 1-586-566-3825 or order online at www.firstbible.net. They are free!

3720 West 4th Street Mansfield, OH 44903

A Fundamental Approach to the 10/40 Window

Unpublished Word Journal - Winter 2006  

Unpublished Word Journal - Winter 2006