You can be involved in sending the Scriptures into “all the world.” FirstBible International can place the Scriptures in the hands of someone who does not have a Bible for only $5.00…or what some would call “pocket change.” Many people have pocket change at the end of each day. Why not turn that change into giving the Word of God? FirstBible is providing coin folders to assist those wanting to give quarters. A coin folder holds $5.00 in quarters. There are two: one for adults and one for kids. These folders are provided at no cost to you. You may order the quantity you need for your church, Christian School, class, or family and we will ship them quickly. You may want to have a special offering time in your church or class using these coin folders as a handy way to encourage people to give the Scriptures. You can make a difference with just your “pocket change.” Three ways to order: Phone: 1-888-747-1611 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.firstbible.org
EDITORIAL Editor Charles Keen introduces the premier issue of Unpublished WORD and the purpose of the publication…a call to fundamentalists to focus on the “uttermost part.” PAGE 2
THE CHURCH... THE BASIC UNIT WITH THE BASIC PLAN If the local church is the basic unit in world evangelization and her major assignment is church planting, what has gone wrong? Mike Norris suggests that soul winning and church growth have caused fundamentalists to fall short of the ultimate purpose. PAGE 3
WILLIAM CAREY AND THE WORLD OF MISSION AND B I B L E T R A N S L AT I O N
Jerry Rockwell describes the ministry of the founder of the modern missionary movement, William Carey. As a Baptist missionary working in India in the 19th century, Carey prioritized the Scriptures being translated in the heart languages of those around him. PAGE 7
IT’S ALL ABOUT HIM AND NOT A B O U T Y O U... AND IT NEVER WA S Charles Keen focuses on the supremacy of the glory of God in all things. What is life all about and what we are doing? As Christians evaluate the Great Commission, they must see it through a different paradigm…not theirs, but God’s. PAGE 14
L O O K I N G AT T H E W O R L D F R O M A BIBLICAL PERSPECTIVE...PEOPLE GROUPS Was the Great Commission to reach individuals or nations (people groups)? Charles Keen questions the traditional position of fundamentalists as he explains this from a biblical position, tracing the word “nation” through the Old and New Testaments. PAGE 10
DEPARTMENTS Pastor’s Book Club – a book review on one of the classics in missiology and a list of the essential books for the library of a pastor or Christian leader Sponsoring Churches – the local churches and organizations sponsoring the publishing of the journal, Unpublished WORD.
Unpublished WORD Editor – Charles Keen Circulation/Advertising – Jerry Rockwell Graphic Design – the graphic edge/ Lake Dallas, TX Production – Clark Printing/Ventura, CA
17 F U N D A M E N TA L I S T S A N D “ T H E U T T E R M O S T PA RT ” . . . J U S T T H E FA C T S ! A recent survey, conducted by Gil Angers, independent Baptist missionary in Indonesia, reports on 18 fundamentalist missionary sending agencies and provides interesting data that indicates the lack of outreach within the most unreached parts of our world. PAGE 17
The Unpublished WORD journal is a quarterly publication of FirstBible International. All correspondence should be sent to the editorial offices at: FirstBible International, 1660 Cobblefield, Drive, Mansfield, OH 44903-8257. Phone (513)295-6847, Fax (419)474-4225, email: email@example.com, website: www.firstbible.net. FirstBible International is a ministry of Westside Baptist Church in Mansfield, OH, Rev. Ken Fielder, pastor.
EDITORIAL By Charles Keen
The Unpublished WORD Journal is an effort of FirstBible International to bring Fundamentalism into a global posture of Acts 1:8. Though the Journal leans toward the “uttermost” area of the Great Commission, that leaning is because of the imbalance that exists toward the reached part of our world. Here are the statistics: .02 of 1% of our missions giving is going to the 3.2 billion unreached peoples (half of our world’s population)…while 99.8% is going to the reached. I do not know of any prayer movements among us directed toward the unreached and wonder how many missionaries we can name from a fundamental church working exclusively in the areas of the unreached peoples like the 10/40 Window. As neglected as the unreached are, we do not have a license to neglect the reached in our effort to correct this existing condition. What is needed is a reassessment of our activity and attitude toward the Great Commission. By that, I mean becoming global by not dropping Jerusalem, Judea or Samaria…but adding the uttermost. A close examination would convince us that the Trinity was not biased toward either the reached or unreached. As an example, God not only said Israel was the apple of His eye (Deut. 32:10), but also said He loved the world (John 3:16). Jesus wept over Jerusalem because He loved her and said “Go ye into all the world” because He loved it. The Holy Spirit baptized the church in Jerusalem with power so she could go to the uttermost. The book of Acts chronicles both the activities of the church at Jerusalem and the one in Antioch. The two leading Apostles were Peter, the Apostle to the circumcised and Paul, the Apostle to the uncircumcised Gentiles. Paul, who could “wish himself accursed for his brethren according to the flesh”, spent his life in the regions beyond. Peter, the Apostle to the Jews was the first Apostle to win a Gentile…Cornelius. The point being…The Trinity is global in approaching world evangelism, as were the Apostles and the Bible. Therefore, this Journal’s goal is to model the Trinity, Apostles, and the Bible in having a balanced approach to the challenge of reaching our world. We must honestly admit that there is a dearth of literature on the Great Commission written throughout Fundamentalism as well as a visible lack of national conferences on the subject. Additionally, there is a shortage of good college-level curriculum with a focus on reaching today’s world. All of this only serves to magnify this deficiency many times over when the focus is on the unreached and uttermost areas. We at FirstBible do not think we are the solution to all of our ills but we do believe that pastors need to know more and must consider being willing to think outside the box in search of better ways to reach the whole world with the Gospel message of God’s love and the gift of His son as the only acceptable sacrifice. Unpublished WORD
The Church THE BASIC UNIT WITH THE BASIC PLAN...
by Mike Norris
or many years now I had the privilege to pastor a soul winning, church with a mission heart. It is a blessing for any pastor to lead a church that is involved in soul winning and missions. It is equally enjoyable to reap the benefits of your labor by seeing your church grow. Nothing thrills me more than to see God’s house full. I look forward to running up the stairs to the baptistry after preaching to baptize the converts for the day. But is this all there is to God’s program? Could it be that the great commission is much broader in scope than simply seeing my church grow? Can my church play a larger role in world evangelism? What is the relationship between soul winning and world missions? There is no doubt that our churches are lighthouses
in the communities in which they exist. However, the Bible teaches that the church is the basic unit for world evangelism and the major activity of the church in its effort to reach the world is church planting. That is the basic thought of this article: Local soul winning supplies churches with fresh workers for world wide church planting. Let me explain. As you already know, the hardest thing for every Pastor is to “keep the main thing the main thing.” Of course, the main thing at our church is soul winning and I constantly accentuate this as I preach to our dear people. Each week hundreds of our folks go soul winning. Furthermore, we have all heard the indictment that the common problem today is that many good churches have substituted programs for local soul winning. As pastors, we feverishly work to keep this from happening in our own church. However, could it be that we need to go a step further and protect something even more dear to our Lord? Could it be that we have made “church growth” the ends to our means? If we are not careful, we will use local soul winning as a vehicle for church growth instead of a vehicle for world missions, which we all know is the heart of our Lord. The Great Commission is given five times by our Lord in the forty days between his resurrection and ascension. Many would say it is written in its purest form in Matthew 28:18-20 – “And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, all power is given unto me in heaven and in earth. Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.” Please notice the familiar process of this command: • Go teach all nations the Gospel • Baptize those who believe
• Teach them to observe all things that He has commanded us The key here is in the little phrase “all nations,” or people groups. Our Lord has a heart to see all nations come to Him and the church is his institution of choice that he has ordained to make this happen. I seldom meet fundamentalists that does not believe that the church is God’s ordained instrument in this world to accomplish His mandate of world evangelism. I do, however, meet many who by their actions show they feel that the major work of the local church is church growth; church planting worldwide and in every nation is not their goal. And most of the time, missions has been reduced to the level of just giving to a missionary financially and praying for them weekly. When the church views her assignment through the paradigm of worldwide church planting, it will do two things to all of our “programs”: 1. It will help us know of the value of these programs to the churches mandate…do they have any value and if so, how much. Therefore, we would know how much energy to assign and how many dollars to allocate. 2. It will help us to keep the programs from becoming ends within themselves. If they do not contribute to our assignment in some way and in some degree, they may be good but have no place in the programs of the church. It actually boils down to motives. Why am I mowing the grass, singing the song, teaching the class…and even preaching the sermon? Is it to build the church (worldwide) or is it for some lesser reason? It is time that pastors and church leaders ask themselves if the activities of our churches are resulting in church planting (both here and abroad). If not, then we have missed it. In the 1950’s a new wave of emphasis was placed on soul-winning and church growth. Books were written about America’s largest churches and
their methods of church growth. Many fundamental churches were listed among these. Church growth became the accepted norm for the purpose of the church. But today with that emphasis, we must admit that with half of the world still without a Bible in their language and with half the world never hearing the Gospel even for the first time, we have not even put a dent in bringing closure to the Great Commission! Obviously, I thank God for soul winners and every new believer that is added to our churches. I am not against soul winning, but soul winning should lead to churches being planted both here in America and throughout the world. When it doesn’t do this, it is incomplete… according to Matthew 28:18-20. Look at the example of the early believers. Church planting (not church growth) is by far the most practiced ministry mentioned in the New Testament. Think of how many churches were planted in the thirty plus years of recorded events in the New Testament. In “A GOOD QUESTION AND fact, think of how A HARD ONE TO ASK little else is men- OURSELVES IS, HOW tioned. Church MUCH OF OUR CHURCH’S planting and dis- ACTIVITIES CAN WE JUSTIFY cipling (“teaching BY SCRIPTURAL EXAMPLE?” them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you…” Matthew 28:20a) of those in the planted churches consumes most of the print space from Acts throughout the Epistles. A good question and a hard one to ask ourselves is, how much of our church’s activities can we justify by Scriptural example? Another question would be, is church planting the major activity of my church? In Romans 1:8, when the faith of the church at Rome is “spoken of throughout the whole world”… and in I Thessalonians 1:8 where the church in Thessalonica has “sounded out the word of the Lord…. in every place your faith to God-ward is spread abroad; so that we need not to speak any thing”…how do we think this happened? It was churches planting churches. Consider this: believing Jesus had given His life for the sins of the world…and knowing He Unpublished WORD
wanted to save those who were lost…and they had to be reached and told of His sacrifice if His work was to be efficient for their salvation…and if God was to receive eternal glory from them…I would think it would be safe to assume that our all knowing God would choose the way that would be most successful in global propagation. Assuming then that the church is the basic unit in world evangelism; the next issue is what is his plan? What is the goal? It is church planting! Once again let’s look to Jesus to establish this position. Jesus was the first and original church planter, and as we read the New Testament, it is obvious that the major activity of Paul (the model missionary) was church planting. If a missionary-minded church planter like Paul plants a church, that newly planted church will have as part of its DNA church planting. For example, many theologians believe that the church at Ephesus started six other churches named in chapter two and three of Revelation. It is exciting to see church planting becoming the major emphasis in some churches in fundamentalism. Paul must have seen church planting as the most efficient way to accomplish world evangelism. He saw the new churches as a source of personnel resources and prayer. All three are needed for success and are found in the local church. So, the yardstick for measuring our advancement in fulfilling the Great Commission is the multiplication of self-reproducing churches. Not just internationally…but locally as well. The Great Commission includes “both” Jerusalem, Judea, Samaria, as well as the uttermost (Acts 1:8). So, the core of the core is that Jesus commanded the church to go and “make disciples of all nations.” Not make converts, not grow churches, but win people to Christ, baptize them, disciple them, organize a church and move on. Too many fundamentalists make soul winning the end of the process. It is true that we must win a soul to Christ, and this is the place to start. But soul winning is not missions or making disciples of all nations. Let’s start here and accept the full responsibility for training our people to go to the next level that 7.
of planting Churches. Let’s share the burden of our Lord with our people that over three billion people have never heard a clear presentation of the Gospel. Let’s involve them in practical mission projects like Bible and literature publishing that is literally “hands-on” missions. Let’s target areas of our world that are unreached and pray that God will raise up missionaries for these unreached nations and peoples. Let’s pray colleges will get the vision and plan curriculum that includes reaching the unreached. Let’s pray that national leaders and conferences will make church planting a major part of their focus. Let’s pray people will rise from our congregations and accept the call to go to these unreached people groups. Let’s pray our people will support them heartily, and go back out into our communities and win someone else to Christ to take their place. Can you see the “domino effect” of this? Again, local soul winning supplies each Church with fresh workers for world wide “IT IS TRUE THAT WE MUST church planting. WIN SOULS TO CHRIST, AND The end to the THIS IS THE PLACE TO START. means of soul BUT SOUL WINNING IS NOT winning is mis- MISSIONS OR MAKING sions not just DISCIPLES OF AL NATIONS.” church growth! That is not to say that our churches will not grow. As a matter of fact, the New Testament church in Acts grew drastically. But we must remember that they were constantly in the process of sending out people to plant churches. So, as a brother in Christ may I challenge you to take a good look at what our local churches are doing? Do the programs and projects in which we become involved and support ultimately produce new churches? Or is our idea of “doing church” simply expanding our worship and self-indulgence… and maybe recognizing the world occasionally. I do not think for a moment that the reason church planting is not major is because we are against it. I do think that, for whatever reason, we just focus on local results. Yet, what we do locally continued on page 21
William Carey was a shining light in a period of doctrinal darkness that had engulfed the Baptist churches of England and shrouded their commitment to evangelism and missions. That darkness is known as “Strict Calvinism” or Hyper-Calvinism. In the midst of this God called a poor shoe cobbler to challenge the church and establish a new commitment to mission work among the nations. Most think of William Carey as “the father of modern missions.” This caricature may not be chronologically accurate since the Moravians developed the standard of mission activity. Carey himself was very much aware of this highly committed band of evangelists and would give them credit for setting that standard. Still, William Carey established many patterns of mission organization and mission strategy that have been followed even today. His commitment to establishing churches, with oversight by the local nationals of the country where he worked, is practiced by modern missionaries. He was a pioneer of the movement that has developed the modern mission board as a means of supporting missionaries. This is reason enough to consider him the “Father of Modern Missions.” William Carey’s statement, “Expect great things from God; Attempt great things for God,” has been used to promote missions and Christian commitment by many who want to stimulate the responsibility the church has for reaching the world with the Gospel of the Lord Jesus Christ. Yet, he is probably best known for the statement made to him when he suggested to the ministerial society he participated in, that they start a missionary fund. He was told, “When God wills to convert the heathen world, young man, he’ll do it without consulting you or me.” There is a lesser known incident that occurred in 1786 at a meeting of ministers in Northampton and moderated by Mr. John Ryland, Sr. Mr. Ryland invited the younger men of the group to suggest a subject of discussion to which young Carey submitted the following: “Was not the command given to the Apostles; to teach all nations, obligatory on all succeeding ministers to the end of the world seeing that
the accompanying promise was of equal extent?” The group of ministers was made up of Particular Baptists who held to strong Calvinistic views. The Chairman at the Northampton meeting gave a rather strong reply to Carey’s suggestion. He said, “You are a miserable enthusiast for asking such a question. Nothing can be done before another Pentecost.” Carey was hurt by the designation of being a “miserable enthusiast” but he still held firm to his position. Facing opposition by the religious establishment of England to his views on foreign missions, Carey published a study titled The Enquiry into the Obligation of Christians to Use Means for the Conversion of the Heathens on May 12, 1792. This was in anticipation of the minister’s meeting that would convene shortly after its publication. This Enquiry addressed five major areas William thought would be raised against his views of foreign missionary work. The five excuses were: 1. The distance the foreign lands (the “heathens”) were from England. 2. The “uncivilized and barbarous way of living” of the heathen. 3. The danger and threat of being killed by the savages of these lands.
4. The difficulty a missionary would have in securing the “necessities of life.” 5. The necessity and difficulty of learning the language of the foreigners.
William Carey was invited to address the meeting and preached from Isaiah 54:2-3, “Enlarge the Place of thy Tent.” In his sermon he challenged the conditions of the Anglican Church as well as his own Baptist denomination for its lack of commitment, its “barren disputations” and lack of vision. There was no evident reaction to his sermon by the group. The following day in the business meeting the Association agreed to make commitments to two causes. One was to give traveling expenses to each of the four poorest ministers attending the meeting. The other was to give to the fight against the slave trade. The group appeared ready to disperse without making any reference to Carey’s sermon. Carey accosted one of the men and asked, “Is nothing again going to be done?” Before the meeting adjourned, Andrew Fuller, a man of influence, gave
support to Carey’s zeal for missions. Before the meeting dispersed, it was resolved that a proposal be presented to the next meeting “for the forming a Baptist Society for propagating the Gospel among the Heathens.” This strong commitment drove William Carey to take his young family to India. He along with John Thomas, a medical doctor, became the first missionaries supported by the Baptist Missionary Society. They sailed together in 1793. William was opposed by the East India Company when he arrived and was forbidden to enter India as a missionary. This caused him to move to the Danish settlement of Serampore. There he established a large mission station that was successful in reaching a large part of India and surrounding people groups. Carey lived the rest of his life in India without the luxury of ever leaving and returning to England for “furlough.” He faced great hardships early and had to resort to finding work to support his family because of the long delay of the support that was to come from the Missionary Society. He was given the oversight of an indigo dye factory just to make ends meet. This provided a hidden blessing. The plant operated only part of the year and gave Carey time to study the language and prepare for the translation of the Bible into the Bengali language. He did not have one convert to Christianity among the nationals for over seven years. With the translation of the Bible into Bengali being completed in 1798, this enabled Carey to give the people the Word of God in their
“heart” language. In December 1800, two Bengali men, Krishna Pal and Gokul, believed that Jesus Christ died for their sins and rose to give them eternal life. This was looked upon by the Indian nationals as grave actions and the two men were attacked on their way home. This type of opposition was normal since much of India was either Hindu or Muslim. William Carey’s wife, Dorothy, died on December 8, 1807 of a fever. She had spent most of her time in India under great duress and depression with severe mental disease. She had been lovingly cared for by the mission wives and Carey was greatly moved by their affection for his wife. One of the areas William Carey is little known for is his articulate linguistic ability. He had no formal theological training in which to prepare for the task God had called him. His education was basically self-taught. By the age of 12 he mastered the grammar in Dyche’s Latine Vocabulary and learned the complete vocabulary by heart. At the age of 18 he became intensely interested in Greek and by the help of a university drop out he mastered the Greek language. It has been suggested that he had a natural gift for languages. At one point he taught himself French and Dutch in a few short weeks. This interest in languages and linguistics became a driving force in Carey’s life. He had a deep burden to translate the Bible into the Bengali language. It became apparent to him that it was necessary to learn the mother tongue of the Bengali, Sanskrit. By April, 1796 he became fluent in
this language. He believed it necessary to be able to read the language he must translate a Sanskrit dictionary and grammar into English, which he did. He also compiled an English/Bengali/ Sanskrit dictionary for his own use. By 1798 the translation of the Bible in Bengali was almost complete. He saw the burden of making the work available to the people and began plans to establish a printing facility. After much prayer and help from the people in England he was able to secure a press, a missionary printer and typesetter to begin the work of printing the Bible for the people of Bengal. While Carey’s translation work was far from perfect (by self
“WITH THE TRANSLATION OF THE BIBLE INTO BENGALI BEING COMPLETED IN 1798, THIS ENABLED CAREY TO GIVE THE PEOPLE THE WORD OF GOD IN THEIR HEART LANGUAGE.” admission) he did accomplish a monumental task, with the help of the Indian pundits, of translating the Bible into Bengali, Sanskrit, Oriya, Marathi, Hindi, and Assamese. The burden of translation was caught by Carey’s associates and they aided in the translation of the Bible in Aramenian, Assamese, Burmese, Chinese, Gujerati, Kasmiri, Malay, Naipali, Oriya, Punjabi, Pashto, Persian, Thai, Tamil, Telugu and twentyseven other languages and dialects. It is evident that William Carey understood an important concept that the modern church has
allowed to fall in the street. That is the concept of “how hear we every man in our own tongue wherein we were born?” (Acts 2:8). This question was presented by the people who had heard the Gospel preached by the Apostles on the Day of Pentecost in Acts 2. It is evident that the Holy Spirit of God did a special work in the lives of the band of believers to the point that every person in attendance at the Feast of Pentecost in Jerusalem was able to hear the Gospel in their own language. The Holy Spirit became the “translator” of the Word of God in the hearts and minds of the Apostolic band. If the Bible is taken seriously (and it should be) then the passage in Revelation 5:9 would make us think again the meaning of the Great Commission of Matthew 28:19-20. It says, “And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people and nation.” This of course is spoken about the Lord Jesus Christ and his work of redemption for all. The question must be asked, how does every “tongue and nation” hear if they do not have a written form of the Word of God? Any mission activity must take serious this concept. William Carey and his associates did. Few today understand the importance of the work of translation. Most who study the Reformation will tell you that two of the greatest contributions the “Reformers” made to Christianity were the restoration of the proper view of salvation by grace through faith and the establishment of the Bible as the sole guide for faith and doctrine. They developed two
phrases that have become popular in some circles, Sola Fide (“faith alone”) and Sola Scriptura (“Scripture alone”). The Reformers were a brave band who faced the prospect of death every day because of their willingness to expose the doctrinal heresy the Roman Catholic Church had developed for the past 1500 years. This is properly called the “Dark Ages.” People lived in darkness because they did not know the Word of God and it was kept from them by a professional clergy that had one goal and that was to control what they believed. If they are kept in the dark about what the Bible says then they will not raise up in opposition if they do not know the error of their leaders. The Reformation was opposed to the darkness that had gripped the people. Yet they understood that just to proclaim the doctrine of salvation and the importance of Scripture would fall on deaf ears if there was not some way the people could see for themselves what God had said about these matters. This moved Martin Luther to translate the Bible into his mother tongue of German. This spawned a great movement of translation that reached into many countries. Because of the severe persecution of anyone that opposed the established church and its doctrine there was a flight of people to some of the safe havens that had developed. One of these was Wittenberg, Germany. The Bible was introduced to Denmark, Iceland, Sweden, Finland and Hungary by men who had fled their countries and settled in Germany. They fell under the influence of Martin Luther and upon the return to their home by the lifting of the persecution; the first order of
business was to translate the Bible into their mother tongue. Geneva, a central city in the Reformation, was a strong hold of Calvinism. John Calvin had settled there and established a church that was in opposition to the Roman Catholic Church. While the involvement of translation work by Calvin is not verified, he did encourage mission work. Pastors were trained in Geneva and sent out as missionaries. A group of 161 pastors went from Geneva to the Reformed Churches of France and were considered to be “a Protestant counterpart to the Society of Jesus.” It should be noted that the English believers that had fled England because of persecution settled in Geneva. Because of their presence there the decision was made to translate the Bible into English. This gave birth to what is known as the Geneva Bible. The translation work during the Reformation should not go unnoticed. This activity set the stage for the “Modern Mission Movement” that was to take formation with William Carey. Evidently he recognized the importance of the Word of God in a mother tongue for the development of a strong national church that was not dependent on the mission agency or missionary. William Carey is more that just the “Father of Modern Missions” he was a man that understood the Bible and had a desire to see people “of every kindred, and tongue, and people and nation” know the God of the Bible. The only way that could be accomplished effectively was to make the Bible available in their tongue. ❖
Someone once stated that you will be the same person you are today ten years from now except for the books that you read and the people that you meet. There is some truth in this statement. The Pastor’s Book Club is designed to do three things: Give Book reviews from the staff of the Journal, recommend good books on the subject of missions, and provide a convenient way for pastors to purchase these books at reasonable prices.
Book Review By Charles Keen
Missionary Methods: St. Paul’s or Ours? Roland Allen - Erdman’s Publishers
This is the first book I read on missions and though missions has enjoyed much refinement since Allen’s original effort in 1962, his basic truths are still issues we must face. His premise is that Paul’s methods do not mirror ours nor do our results reflect his. He contends that the Holy Ghost must be trusted in the life of the native as we trust Him in our hearts. In thirty years Paul planted churches in four provinces. Before 47 AD there were no churches in Galatia, Macedonia, Achaia or Asia. By 57 AD there was a sufficient number of self-supporting, selfgoverning and self-propagating churches that he could go to Spain, a new un-reached people group. He made three missionary journeys not only because he was an exceptional person, but also because he incorporated Scriptures, both Old Testament and what was to become New Testament. He invested himself in discipling the national, traveled with nineteen different nationals and there are over 100 others named as part of his ministry at some level. Paul did not get involved in budgets and buildings, but took advantage of the synagogue system previously planted by the dispersed Jews. Paul’s emphasis was crosscultural church planting, not church pastoring. This is a must read.
Recommended Books For Sale The books below can be purchased by credit cards (Visa and Mastercard) by calling the toll free number for Keen Publications at 1-888-747-1611. Please note that shipping and handling is not included in the prices listed above.
Title Author Price Publisher A Biblical Theology of Missions ......................................Peters, George W. ..............$19.99 .........Moody Publishers Biblical Bible Translators ..................................................Turner, Charles ..................$19.99 .........Sovereign Grace Publishers By Their Blood: Christian Martyrs from the 20th Century and Beyond .....James & Marti Hefley .......$17.99 .........Baker Books C. T. Studd, Cricketer & Pioneer ......................................Grubb, Norman..................$17.98 .........Letterworth Press, England Global Missiology for the 21st Century............................Taylor, William..................$40.00 .........World Evangelism Press (YWAM) Key to Missionary Problems .............................................Murray, Andrew...................$8.99 .........Christian Literature Crusade Missionary Methods, St PaulÕs and Ours..........................Allen, Roland.....................$14.00 .........Eerdmans Missions in the Third Millennium.....................................Guthrie, Stan......................$17.99 .........Send the Light Operation World ................................................................Johnstone ...........................$17.99 .........Send The Light People Raising ...................................................................William Dillon...................$16.99 .........Moody Press Run With The Vision .........................................................Stearns ...............................$14.99 .........Bethany House Publishers (Baker) Spiritual Secrets .................................................................Taylor, Hudson ....................$6.99 .........Moody Publishers Thinking Outside the Box .................................................Charles F. Keen ...................$7.99 .........Keen Publications Training of the Twelve.......................................................Bruce, A. B. .......................$19.99 .........Kregel Vanishing Ministry, The ....................................................Kroll, Woodrow .................$11.99 .........Kregel 11.
etting people to think outside the box was a real problem in Jesus’ day. Israel had been God’s chosen nation to bless all other nations. In fulfilling that role, God put in Israel the greatest collection of men of any nation on earth . Within her boundaries He performed most of His miracles. He gave Israel the written message. It was in Israel that the most magnificient structure (the Temple) was built. And, of course, it was within Israel’s boundaries that the Messiah was born, ministered, died, and rose again, ascended and promised to return So, when Jesus announced the next great event to happen on earth (the coming of the Holy Spirit in Acts 1:4-5) the immediate response in verse 6 was, “Will you at this time restore again the Kingdom of Israel?” In effect, in 1:6 they ask if this was another great event planned by God for them. His response was, “Israel, it is time for you to think outside the box.” It isn’t just about you anymore… in fact it never was just about Israel. But man had a different mindset and Genesis 11 opens with “the whole earth was of one language and one speech.” Man did not diversify and decided to build the Tower of Babel. God blocked their progress by confusing their languages and accomplished His original purpose of dispersing the people to attain diversity. Instead of addressing that diversity, Israel had become haughty, self-centered, full of national pride, and replete with self-adulation. Israel had forgotten that her founding purpose of Genesis 12:3… “And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed.” This promise was to be used of God to reveal Himself to the nations of the world created at the scattering in Gen. 11:9. They were to be nationally what Adam was created to be individually—imaging God in a godless world. He worked to make her strategic to the world geographically by giving her the land of Canaan, which was the center of trade from east to west at that time. He wanted her to elim-
by Charles Keen
inate idols from the land and to demonstrate that He was a monotheistic God. He wanted them to be holy because He is holy. He gave them prophets to call them back when they strayed in order to display His forgiving Spirit. He made them a theocracy in an effort to make evident the value of being governed by Him. He wanted to bless them blessed financially to show them his loving generous nature. He wanted them to be governed by a written book, have high family values, and live in expectancy of a coming deity to live among them. This expectation would make them both hopeful and holy. Why did God do all this for them? They were being blessed so they could be a blessing. Their high purpose was to show the nations a portrait of God. He desired to draw men back to himself. Israel failed, as Adam failed, and both failed for the same reason—selfishness. God did great things for Israel, and she took the efforts of God to herself and used His goodness for her own goals. So it’s understandable that Israel would also misinterpret Pentecost as another avenue for her personal benefit. Regrettably, today’s church is reliving Israel’s mistakes. Many of our churches have become products of marketing principles and practices of the world. We target our market, do our demographic studies, decide what the market will bear, and design our program to appeal instead of to convert. If we are not careful all of this is done to build our ministries with only a veneer of world evangelism figuring into the mix. Israel turned inward, forgetting her founding and major function was to be the source of blessing to all the families of earth. Someone has said the only thing we learn from history is that we don’t learn from history. Let us learn from Israel’s history or we are destined to repeat it. We have been blessed but are confused as to our founding purpose. Why has God done for us what He has done? Is it for our self-absorption and consumption or is it for others? Why not let Him answer that? “Go ye into all the world…Make disciples of all nations.” That commission appears five times in 10 days and is the main topic of His 13.
conversation during His post-resurrection ministry. It is also the reason for the Holy Spirit’s coming in Acts 1:8: “But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.” The major recorded events of the New Testament center on our founding purpose. Who could deny that we as a church have been blessed? Who could deny that most of us are also looking for another blessing that we can consume on ourselves? We want revival so our church will grow and give more—without any thought that God’s reason for revival is so others may be reached worldwide (Acts 15:16-17 - “After this I will return, and will build again the tabernacle of David… That the residue of men might seek after the Lord, and all the Gentiles, upon whom my name is called, saith the Lord, who doeth all these things”). We push our budgets to construct more buildings for our church family and our discipleship is designed to better equip those saints. But to equip them for what? Sometimes we need to shout, “Enough is enough! It’s not just about us anymore.” When is it going to be about the scattered lost in our world? When will we have had enough church growth conferences, family seminars, how-to gatherings, youth retreats, or Bible conferences? When will the books quit being just about us? When will the colleges and universities quit training servants just to serve us? Jesus would say to His church as He said to Israel 2,000 years ago, “It is not just about you anymore.” Obviously all the aforementioned things are good and even needful, but when they cause us to lose sight of His founding purpose for His church and us, then they’re wrong. God’s heart is that all the nations worship Him. He is gathering those worshippers from around the world. We can be involved with Him in doing this or we can just keep focusing on ourselves and how we do “church.” So let’s not forget that all of this is about Him and not about us! ❖
By Charles Keen
This is the first in a series of articles on the subject of People Groups. Some of the other articles will cover the definitions of reached and unreached people groups, the sociological factors that are relevant to evangelism and church planting plus the current status of unreached people groups in the world. This article is about the biblical foundation of the words and their historical connections in both the Old and New Testaments.
ince 1974, when the concept of “people groups” (formerly called tribal people) was introduced to the Christian world, there has been a continuing expansion of the use of the term. The descriptions can cover a wide variety of concepts; from the “peoples” who live within a geographical location to people groups who are identified by their ethnicity, culture and language. This article will attempt to give a biblical basis for the term “people groups” and a contemporary missiological understanding of the definition as given in Revelation 5:9 and 7:9 (every kindred, every tongue, tribe, peoples). This article will address the category “people groups” and distinguish it from the ethnological category “peoples.” The singular word “people” in the English language does not clearly signify these distinctive groupings. Therefore, this first of the series of articles will look at the term biblically as it distinguishes individuals from groupings. Hopefully, the ultimate question to be answered from the Scriptures will be to specifically examine the Great Commission as: (1) a command to reach as many “individuals” as possible, or (2) a command to reach all the “fields”, or (3) a command to reach all the “people groups” of the world. The answer to this question will determine the philosophy, strategy and even missions methodology for fundamentalists.
Of the five ‘Great Commission” statements in the New Testament, the Matthew account is the most explicit. “And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth. Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost; Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you; and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world.” Matthew 28:18-20 KJV What is a “People Group?” The term “people group” refers to a sociological grouping of individuals who perceive themselves to have an affinity for each other due to language, ethnicity, location, occupation and/or geographical location. A “people group” is an ethnolinguistic group with a common self-identity that is shared by the various members. There are two parts to that word: ethno and linguistic. Language (linguistic) is a primary and dominant identifying factor of a people group. But there are other factors that determine or are associated with ethnicity. Usually there is a common self-name and a sense of common identity of individuals identified with the group. A common history, customs, family and clan identities , as well as marriage rules and practices, age-grades and other obligation covenants, and inheritance patterns and rules are some of the common ethnic factors defining or distinguishing a people. What they call themselves may vary at different levels of identity, or among various subgroups. There will be more in the next issue about the definition and missions strategy as it relates to the “people groups” in our world. Unpublished WORD
There are four verbs in verse 19. Go, teach geographical groupings. The expanded meaning (“make disciples” is the main idea of this verb), in the Bible languages is panta ta ethne baptize and teach. One is a command verb and (panta=all, ta=the, ethne=nations)…or as Jesus three are participles or verbal adjectives. The said, “Go and make disciples of all nations” (or command verb is “make disciples”. In other ethnic groups). words, Jesus was saying: go, and in your going, There are 18 uses of the term panta ta ethne in make disciples…and in that process…teach and the New Testament. Here is a list of these uses: baptize. Now, the two words of significance are: Matthew 24:9, Matthew 24:14 (Mark “nations” in verse 19 and “you” in verse 20. 13:10), Mathew 28:19, Mark 11:17, Luke “Make disciples” isn’t a mandate to disciple 12:29-30, Luke 21:24, Luke 24:47, Acts 2:5, individuals as was ordered in II Timothy 2:2. Acts 10:35, Acts 14:16, Acts 15:16-17, Acts What follows “make disciples” is “all nations.” 17:26, Romans 1:5, Galatians 3:8, II Timothy …What Jesus is saying is, “Go to every distinct 4:17, Revelation 12:5, and Revelation 15:4. 2 ethnic group (nation) on the face of the earth and All of the New Testament verses, except make disciples.” We have an equal opportunity Matthew 25:32, indicate that panta ta ethne God. He wants every group of people to have an means a grouping of individuals or “people equal opportunity to say “yes” or “no” to Him.1 groups.” The Old Testament is full of promises and The word “you” cannot be limited to the Apostles, since they died within one generation. expectations that God would one day be worIf the promise expressed is to endure to the end shipped by people from all the nations of the of the age, then the command to make disciples world. The most foundational of all of these is the promise God made to Abram in also endures to the end of the age. The Apostles received the “WHAT JESUS IS SAYING Genesis 12:1-3. This promise for the universal commission as representatives IS, ‘GO TO EVERY DISTINCT ETHNIC GOUP (NATION) ON blessing to the “families” of the of the church that endures to the THE FACE OF THE EARTH AND earth is essentially repeated a end of the age. START A CHURCH.’” number of times in Genesis. In This claim of Jesus is further fortified by His claim in verse 18, “all power is Genesis 12:3 and 28:14 the Hebrew phrase (kol given unto me in heaven and in earth.” Add to mishpahot) for ”all the families” is usually translatthis his earlier promise in Matthew 16:18 when he ed this way. The first time the word occurs in said, “I will build my church,” and God’s plan Genesis 8:19, it is translated “kinds” (although it refers to the animal kingdom). This would carry becomes apparent and is based upon: the idea of less than just a family (which can be 1. His ongoing authority of Christ over all things (Mathew 28:18, and sometimes large), but an immediate family. This is 2. His purpose to build His church verified in Genesis 24:38 when Abraham sent his (Matthew 16:18) and on servant to secure a wife for his son. The servant 3. His promise to be present and help in was sent to “my kindred.” the mission of the church to end of the In Joshua 7:14 the word is used two times. age (Matthew 28:20). One time it is translated “families” and the other Therefore, these words of our Lord are crucial time “family.” For example, when Achan sinned, for deciding what the missionary task of the Israel is examined in decreasing order of size: church should be today. Specifically, the words first by tribe, then by mishpaha (family) then by “make disciples of all nations” must be closely household (Joshua 7:14). The idea is that the examined. They contain the very important word means a family group that would involve the phrase, “all nations.” When the word “nations” smallest expression of that family. Mishpaha can appears, the common English usage is political or be, and usually is, smaller than a tribe. 15.
So the blessing of Abraham is intended by appropriate. So, the English versions are right to God to reach to fairly small groupings of people. preserve the different meaning in the two uses of The other three repetitions of this Abrahamic ethne in Galatians 3:8. promise in Genesis use the phrase “all the nations” So, what’s the conclusion? God’s purpose for which is equated with the familiar panta ta ethne the world is that the blessing of Abraham, namely, in each case (18:18; 22:18; 26:4). This again the salvation achieved through Jesus Christ, the suggests strongly that the term “panta ta ethne” in seed of Abraham, would reach to all the ethnic missionary contexts has the suggestion of people people groups of the world. This would happen as groups rather than Gentile individuals. people in each group put their faith in Christ and There are two times in the New Testament that thus become “sons of Abraham. (Galatians 3:7) the Abrahamic promise is mentioned. In Genesis The event of individual salvation as persons trust 10:5, the word mishpaha is used with another Christ will happen among “all the nations.” The important word goyiim (usually translated size and make up of the “nations” or people “nations”). The word mishpaha is translated “fam- groups referred to in this promise and its New ilies” and “goyiim” is translated “natios.” It should Testament usage are not precise. But the words be noted that the Old Testament, when viewing the point to fairly small groupings, since the reference “Gentiles” connects them with the smallest expres- to “all the nations” in Genesis 18:18 is an echo of sion of a people group, mishpaha. “all the families” in Genesis 12:3. There are two times in the New Testament that The words in Genesis 12:3 are so important the Abrahamic promise is mentioned. In Acts they need some further explanation. In the previous 3:25, where Peter states “And in thy seed shall all chapter of Genesis is the tragic account of the Tower the kindreds (families) of the of Babel and the confusion of lanearth be blessed.” The word for “EMBEDDED IN THAT CALL- guages. This was the time when “kindreds” here is patriai. This ING WAS THE PROMISE THAT ethnicity and cultural diversity IT WAS FOR THE BLESSING seems to confirm that the promise became the dominant characterisOF EVERY VARIETY OF THOSE was understood in the early tic of the human race. The very HUMAN CULTURES.” church in terms of people groups next incident recorded in the and not in terms of individuals. Patria can be a Scripture is the call of Abraham. Embedded in that subgroup of a tribe, or more generally a clan. calling was the promise that it was for the blessing The other New Testament quotation of the of every variety of those human cultures.3 What the Old Testament texts seem to demonAbrahamic promise is in Galatians 3:6-8. “Even as Abraham believed God, and it was strate is that the blessing of forgiveness and salvaaccounted to him for righteousness. Know ye tion that God had given to Israel was meant eventherefore that they which are of faith, the same are tually to reach all the people groups of the world. the children of Abraham. And the scripture, Israel was blessed in order to be a blessing among forseeing that God would justify the heathen the nations. This is expressed best in Psalms 67:1through faith, preached before the gospel unto 2, “May God be gracious to us and bless us and Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be make his face to shine upon us, that thy way may be known upon the earth, thy saving power blessed.” There are two uses of the word ethne in this among all nations.” Blessing came to Israel as a verse. One supports the justification of individual means of reaching the nations. In the book of Romans, it becomes clear that the Gentiles and the other supports the meaning of the “nations.” Paul did not see people groups in the Apostle Paul saw his specific missionary calling was Abrahamic promise since it is individuals who are to reach more and more people groups not just justified. At the same time, Paul recognized that more and more Gentile individuals. In Romans the Old Testament meaning of panta ta ethne was 15:8,9 Paul states the twofold purpose of Christ’s Unpublished WORD
coming: “Now I say that Jesus Christ was a minister of the  circumcision for the truth of God to confirm the promises made unto the fathers:  and that the Gentiles [ta ethne] might glorify God for his mercy as it is written, For this cause I will confess to thee among the Gentiles, and sing unto thy names.” These two purposes overlap since clearly one of the promises made to the patriarchs was that the blessing of Abraham would come to “all the families of the earth.” This is in perfect harmony with what we saw in the Old Testament hope. Israel is blessed that the nations might be blessed (Psalms 67).4 In saying these things, we are not necessarily arguing for a tight one-to-one correlation between the terms mishpaha and people group. Nor are we saying that the early Hebrews were sociological theorists in advance of their time. We are instead contending that people group thinking is not just a modern sociological construct, but has its roots in the way that our Creator-Redeemer looks at His world and envisions His redemptive blessing reaching all of it.5 We come back now to our earlier effort to understand what Jesus meant in Matthew 28:19 when he said, “Go and make disciples of panta ta ethne. This commands its corresponding promise of success in Matthew 24:14, “And the gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations; and then shall the end come.” The scope of the command and the scope of the promise hang on the meaning of panta ta ethne. Upon careful examination, some would say that much of the missionary work implemented by fundamentalists in the world today, will find its basis on the political breakdown of the United Nations of our world and not Scriptural breakdown of “peoples” based upon the Scriptures. Any other conclusion for the interpretation of the phrase panta ta ethne other than “people groups” would have to go against the flow of evidence. Consider these conclusions: 1. In the New Testament the singular use of ethnos never means Gentile individuals, but always means people groups or nations. 2. The plural ethne can mean either Gentile individuals or people groups. Sometimes context demands that it mean one or the other. But in most instances it could carry either meaning. 17.
3. The phrase panta ta ethne occurs 18 times in the New Testament. Only once must it mean Gentile individuals. Nine times it must mean people groups. The other 8 times are ambiguous. 4. The Hebrew word mishpaha also indicates the “families/nations” would be people groups and not just individuals. 5. The promise made to Abraham that in him “all the families of the earth” would be blessed and that he would be “the father of many nations” is taken up in the New Testament and gives the mission of the church a people group focus because of this Old Testament emphasis.
Therefore, in all likelihood, Jesus did not send his Apostles out with a general mission merely to win as many individuals as they could, but rather to reach all the people of the world and thus to gather the “children of God” which are scattered (John 11:52), and to call all the “redeemed out of every kindred, and tongue and people and nation” (Revelation 5:9), until “Praise the Lord, all ye Gentiles; and laud him, all ye people.” (Romans 15:11) So when Jesus says in Matthew 24:14 that “the Gospel must first be preached to all nations (panta ta ethne), and when Jesus says, “go and make disciples of all nations (panta ta ethne),” there is no good reason for construing this to mean anything other than that the Gospel must reach all the people of the world before the end comes. And when Jesus says, “go and make disciples of all the nations (panta ta ethne),” there is no good reason for construing this to mean anything other than the missionary task of the church is to press on to all the unreached peoples until the Lord comes. He can make that promise because He himself is building His church from all the peoples. All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to Him for this very thing (Matthew 28:18). Our God is gathering worshippers from every “people group” in the world. Our responsibility is to become involved with Him in doing this. ❖ 1 Bob Sjogren - Unveiled At Last (YWAM Publishing - 1992) – Page 50 2 John Piper - Let the Nations Be Glad! (Baker Books – 1993) Page 180 3 Patrick Johnstone – The Church Is Bigger Than You Think (William Carey Library-1998) Page 39 4 John Piper – Let the Nations Be Glad (Baker Books –1993) Page 192 5 John Robb – Focus! The Power of People Group Thinking (Marc Books – 1989) Page 14
n this article there are two tables of statistics and trends in world missions. The first: The Status of Global Mission, 2004, in Context of 20th and 21st Centuries is the twentieth year for David B. Barrett and Todd M. Johnson to publish annual Christian megacensus and their aspects in missions. This information is gathered from 890 national councils from as many as 230 countries. The second: A Status of Fundamental Baptist Missionaries by Continents is research conducted by Gil Angers, an independent Baptist missionary in Indonesia. It is important to note in this report that the units are families and not individuals. Most reports by sending agencies list husband and wife as two units where this lists them as one. Additionally, it is important to note that the statistics are gathered from sending agencies and does not include many missionaries sent by their local churches who have no relationship with any agency. The purpose of these two tables is to remind ourselves that the major strategic objective of all Christian missionary activity must serve the world’s 4.2 billion non-Christians. To consider the magnitude of this task these statistics are provided to give us better definitions and help us to be more strategic as we finish the task before us. When we consider that 30% of all Fundamental Baptist Missionaries are working in five countries and 51% of the countries in the 10/40 Window have no Fundamental Baptist Missionary present, we are forced to continue our analysis of our traditional methods in light of our mushrooming world of the unreached. ❖
Missionary Statistics from Fundamental Baptist Boards Note: These statistics are from 18 different mission boards in the fundamental Baptist movement. They do not include local-church-sent missionaries. The numbers represent family units and not individuals. Please keep this mind when comparing to statistics from sending agencies which count each individual.
Number of U.S. Missionaries on Foreign Fields ..........................2,428 Number of fundamental mission boards known ...............................18 Number of nations without any U.S. Missionaries ............................82 Nation with most U.S. Missionaries – Brazil ..................................245
Population and Number of Missionaries by Areas Africa Population ...................................................................737,000,000 Number of Countries ....................................................................56 Number of Fundamental Baptist Missionaries ................................362 Americas (Less U.S.A.) Population ...................................................................551,000,000 Number of Countries ....................................................................48 Number of Fundamental Baptist Missionaries ................................997 Asia/Pacific Population ................................................................3,241,000,000 Number of Countries ....................................................................43 Number of Fundamental Baptist Missionaries ................................525 Europe Population ...................................................................728,000,000 Number of Countries ....................................................................48 Number of Fundamental Baptist Missionaries ................................548 Middle East Population ...................................................................545,000,000 Number of Countries ....................................................................28 Number of Fundamental Baptist Missionaries ..................................21 Note: 51% of the countries in the 10/40 Window have no missionary presence.
Top Five Evangelized Nations Country
Number of Missionaries
Brazil . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245 Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 United Kingdom . . . . . . 104 Philippines . . . . . . . . . . 101 Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 Total . . . . . . . . . . . 723 (30% of all Fundamental Baptist Missionaries are located in 5 countries) Fundamental Baptist Mission Boards Name
BBF . . BIMI . . ABWE BMM .
Number of Units
. . . .
. . . .
. . . .
. . . .
. . . .
. . . .
. . . .
. . . .
. . . .
. . . .
. . . .
. . . .
.435 .429 .359 .291
CMC . . . . . . . . . . . . . .168 BWM . . . . . . . . . . . . . .145 BMWI . . . . . . . . . . . . .100 GFA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 WBF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 EBM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60 MWBM . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 MBMI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 WWNTBM . . . . . . . . . . 47 BMFB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 FBWWM . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 IBFI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21 IMB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17 BFM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 Total . . . . . . . . . . 2,428
A more detailed nine-page set of charts about Fundamental Baptist Missionaries can be secured by mailing a request to the editor at Unpublished WORD. This research is a work in progress and will be regularly updated with additional organizations and statistics.
STATUS OF GLOBAL MISSIONS, AD 2004, IN CONTEXT OF 20TH AND 21ST CENTURIES mid-2004
Trend % p.a. 1.25
2,882,917,000 3,173,798,000 4,241,648,000 3,261,345,000 980,303,000
1.94 0.60 1.40 1.76 0.17
3,113,253,000 3,251,064,000 4,484,258,000 3,497,306,000 986,952,000
4,660,918,000 3,275,822,000 6,004,953,000 5,046,637,000 958,316,000
2,400 161 650 million
4,050 402 1,400 million
2.09 1.70 3.07
4,400 430 1,580 million
6,500 650 3,000 million
GLOBAL POPULATION BY RELIGION 11. Total of all distinct organized religions 12. Christians (total all kinds) (=World C)
14. 15. 16. 17.
203,003,000 3,024,000 380,006,000 127,077,000
462,523,000 532,344,000 231,865,000 232,561,000
803,594,000 762,132,000 390,735,000 363,964,000
1.15 0.41 0.63 0.86
841,078,000 774,800,000 400,600,000 376,574,000
1,068,527,000 844,842,000 456,625,000 450,303,000
18. Atheists 19. New-Religionists
20. Ethnoreligionists 21. Sikhs
28. Evangelicals 71,726,000 29. Great Commission Christians 77,931,000 30. Pentecostals/Charismatics/Neocharismatics 981,000
98,375,000 277,153,000 167,220,000
225,733,000 650,199,000 532,917,000
1.83 1.20 1.73
242,697,000 682,026,000 570,806,000
355,039,000 876,525,000 818,637,000
MEMBERSHIP BY 6 ECCLESIASTICAL MEGABLOCS 32. Anglicans 30,571,000 33. Independents 7,931,000
GLOBAL POPULATION 1. Total population 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
Urban dwellers (urbanites) Rural dwellers Adult population (over 15s) Literates Nonliterates
232,695,000 1,386,930,000 1,073,621,000 296,258,000 777,363,000
1,353,051,000 2,337,873,000 2,312,833,000 1,475,194,000 837,639,000
300 20 100 million
WORLDWIDE EXPANSION OF CITIES 7. Metropolises (over 100,000 population) 8. Megacities (over 1 million population) 9. Urban poor 10. Urban slumdwellers
Hindus Nonreligious Chinese universists Buddhists
22. Jews 23. Non-Christians (=Worlds A and B)
GLOBAL CHRISTIANITY 24. Total Christians as % of world (=World C) 25. Unaffiliated Christians 26. Affiliated Christians (church members) 27. Church attenders
31. Average Christian martyrs per year
34. Marginal Christians 35. Orthodox
36. Protestants 37. Roman Catholics
8,756,000 20,759,000 368,209,000 60,027,000 59,570,000
117,227,000 96,462,000 467,935,000 263,552,000 168,943,000
347,071,000 303,529,000 531,177,000 475,807,000 215,361,000
2.48 1.64 -0.18 1.14 0.81
382,816,000 323,936,000 527,423,000 497,949,000 222,458,000
640,460,000 455,850,000 508,147,000 632,253,000 263,736,000
MEMBERSHIP BY 6 CONTINENTS, 21 UN REGIONS 38. 39. 40. 41. 42.
Africa (5 regions) Asia (4 regions) Europe (including Russia; 4 regions) Latin America (3 regions) Northern America (1 region)
43. Oceania (4 regions)
CHRISTIAN ORGANIZATIONS 44. Denominations 45. Congregations (churches)
CONCILIARISM: ONGOING COUNCILS OF CHURCHES 48. Confessional councils (CWCs, at world level) 40
46. Service agencies (parachurch) 47. Foreign-mission sending agencies
10 19 70
45 450 2,600
110 840 9,000
3.00 1.90 4.20
120 910 9,700
180 1,400 14,800
Giving to Christian causes, $ Churchesâ€™ income, $ Parachurch and institutional income, $ Cost-effectiveness (cost per baptism, $) Ecclesiastical crime, $
8 billion 7 billion 1 billion 17,500 300,000
70 billion 50 billion 20 billion 128,000 5,000,000
270 billion 108 billion 162 billion 330,000 16 billion
5.41 4.53 5.99 2.80 6.07
30 billion 130 billion 200 billion 349,000 20 billion
870 billion 300 billion 570 billion 650,000 65 billion
3.0 billion 1,000
15 billion 334 million
20 billion 430 million
60 billion 1,700 million
25,000,000 45,000,000 281 million
53,700,000 120,700,000 4,600 million
4.96 2.96 1.02
65,166,000 135,614,000 5,025 million
180,000,000 250,000,000 8,000 million
5 billion 10 billion
25 billion 99 billion
165 billion 938 billion
192 billion 1,195 billion
425 billion 4,250 billion
49. International councils of churches 50. National councils of churches 51. Local councils of churches CHRISTIAN WORKERS (clergy, laypersons) 52. Nationals (citizens; all denominations) 53. Aliens (foreign missionaries) CHRISTIAN FINANCE (in US$, per year) 54. Personal income of church members, 55. 56. 57. 58. 59.
60. Income of global foreign missions, $ 61. Computers in Christian use (numbers)
SCRIPTURE DISTRIBUTION (all sources, per year=p.a.) 62. Bibles, p.a. 5,452,600 63. New Testaments, p.a. 7,300,000 64. Scriptures including gospels, selections, p.a. 20 million 65. Bible density (copies in place) CHRISTIAN URBAN MISSION 66. Non-Christian megacities 67. New non-Christian urban dwellers per day 68. Urban Christians CHRISTIAN EVANGELISM 69. Evangelism-hours per year 70. Hearer-hours (offers) per year
71. Disciple-opportunities (offers) per capita per year WORLD EVANGELIZATION 72. Unevangelized population (=World A) 73. Unevangelized as % of world 74. World evangelization plans since AD 30
Source: International Bulletin of Missionary Research, January 2004, David B. Barrett & Todd M. Johnson, David B. Barrett works at the World Evangelization Research Center, Richmond, Virginia. Todd M. Johnson works for the Study of Global Christianity, Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, South Hamilton, Massachusetts. See also World Christian Encyclopedia (Oxford University Press, 1982: 2nd ed., 2001) and World Christian Trends (William Carey Library 2001), http://www.globalChristianity.org.
The information in this chart is offered as a source for comprehending world evangelization in the 21st Century. FirstBible International and Unpublished WORD do not endorse or recommend any of the organizations or ministries listed.
The Church...continued from page 7 should be impacting the world. We should desire global significance. In light of this, let me challenge you to evaluate two major areas of your ministry: 1. Soul winning – Is it being confused with missions. Soul winning is the major goal of a local church. But it is not to be the final effort of good men. We take the best-qualified people in our churches and teach them, either by actuality or inference that the greatest thing they can do is to be a soul winner. There is certainly truth in that instruction, but it needs to be amended so that they are being taught it is the greatest thing you can do locally – but there’s more! Even after being involved in aggressive soul winning in our town, we still have to deal with the challenge of the Great Commission and the problem of an un-evangelized world. We have left the impression that soul winning is missions and that it is the highest pinnacle in the Christian live. However, being a soul winner locally does not relieve a believer of the responsibility of missions globally any quicker that giving to mission lets him off the hook in soul winning. Is soul winning right? Is it commanded? Yes! But is that all or enough? No. Jesus gave the Great Commission to men who were already soul winners. None of these statements are meant to diminish the importance of soul winning, they are simply meant to help us recognize the bigger picture. 2. Church Growth – the other teaching we have allowed to become king in our ministries is church growth. It is not wrong to emphasize church growth, but it is hurtful when it is overemphasized to the point it consumes most of our funding, human resources and most of our energies are assigned to it. Consider this: An over emphasis on church growth causes us to be involved as a needs based ministry and tempts us to be shallow in our ministry. As Dr. Paul Chappell says, “We become seeker sensitive instead of Savior sensitive.” Our emphasis is on relating to our culture rather than calling men to 21.
repentance so they can relate to God. Our philosophy for the last three decades has been church growth. It is the coveted apex of success in the ministry. To my knowledge, church growth is not mentioned in Scriptures as a goal, though it is recorded that the churches in Jerusalem and Antioch were growing. My evaluation is these (at least the one in Antioch) churches must have had church planting as a goal. If church growth is to be the basic purpose of the church, then take a look at our world. There are people groups which number in the thousands in which there has been no church planted let alone one to grow. How can we continue to make church growth our yardstick for judging success when 50% of our world has no Gospel witness? We need to play “catch up” seeing we have neglected the unreached. If the church doesn’t do it, it won’t get done. With the speed and quality required, may God help us to evaluate our individual ministries as we focus on a world without Christ. May we ask for His wisdom as we become more strategic in our missions program. May we become proactive in our soul winning efforts, and recognize each convert as a new servant of God who has something to contribute toward the church becoming globally significant in worldwide missions. May we take our discipleship ministries to the next level, motivating our people to become world class Christians…and may we preach with the power of God that stirs men to global action as we wait for our Lord’s return! ❖
Rev. Mike Norris is the pastor of Franklin Road Baptist Church in Murfreesboro, Tennessee. The church supports 165 missionaries and gives generously to the cause of world evangelization. Norris is a popular conference speaker and an active leader in the fundamental Baptist movement.
Mission Facts Worth Knowing • It takes 7.1 Fundamental Baptist churches to produce one missionary. • Almost 90% of all foreign missionaries go to the reached people groups. This means that only 10% of North American missionaries are ministering in the 50% of our world who are unreached. • Out of all the full-time Christian workers (not just missionaries) going to the unreached, 99.9% go to areas where there is already an established church. • Since Guttenberg invented the movable type printing press in the 16th century, it is estimated that 6.5 billion Bible have been printed. Of these, 85% are in English for the 9% of the our world that speaks English.
Only two-tenths of 1% of every missions dollar is used for missionary endeavors in the 10/40 Window.
• For every dollar that gets put in the offering plate in the U.S., 96 cents goes right back into the American Christian culture. Out of the remaining 4 cents designated for the Great Commission, 3.5 cents goes to finance mission endeavors among cultures that are reached. Less than one penny goes to reach the unreached peoples of the world where there is no established church.
World Population (as of press time) 6,472,246,945 Unpublished WORD
The churches listed below believe in the ministry of FirstBible International and sponsor the publishing of the Unpublished WORD Journal. Pastor Rich Abney Peopleâ€™s Baptist Church Mansfield, Ohio
Pastor J. Michael Bragg Grace Community Church Massillon, Ohio
Pastor G. Douglas Ripley
Decatur Baptist Church Decatur, Alabama
Pastor Shane Skelton Berean Baptist Church Chipley, Florida
Pastor Rick Adams Greater Portland Baptist Church Portland, Oregon
Pastor Howard Casey Shelby Bible Church Shelby Township, Michigan
Pastor Bryon Sarracino Pueblo Baptist Church Grants, New Mexico
Pastor Mark Stevens Calvary Baptist Church Ft. Walton Beach, Florida
Pastor Ken Fielder Westside Baptist Church Mansfield, Ohio
Pastor Mark Siers Ripley Tabernacle Baptist Church Ripley, West Virginia
Pastor Gary Wimberly Spencer Mountain Baptist Church Gastonia, North Carolina
Pastor David Smith Rose Park Baptist Church Holland, Michigan
Pastor Jesse Zuniga Iglesia Bautista de Franklin Road Mursgreesboro, Tennessee
Pastor Mark Carpenter Fellowship Baptist Church Emlenton, Pennsylvania Pastor Tom Crichton Greater Rhode Island Baptist Church Johnston, Rhode Island
Pastor Bob Gass Harvest Baptist Temple Medford, Oregon Pastor James Gugino Lighthouse Bible Baptist Church Rochester, New York
Pastor Todd Vanaman Dixie Baptist Church Clarkston, Michigan
Pastor Wayne Holder Bible Baptist Church MacArthur, West Virginia
Dr. Mike Patterson Mt. Abarim Mission Arlington, Texas
Pastor Sam Greene Palm Bay Baptist Church Palm Bay, Florida
Pastor Rodney Kelley West Jacksonville Baptist Church Jacksonville, Florida
Pastor Jim Dennis Newark Baptist Temple Heath, Ohio
Pastor C.T. Harrison Prairie Baptist Church Scotts, Michigan
Pastor Mark Lewis Fellowship Baptist Church Vacaville, California
Pastor Terry Jobe Harvest Baptist Church Blue Springs, Missouri
Pastor Russ Merrin Monclova Road Baptist Church Monclova, Ohio
Pastor Jim Fryer Cornerstone Baptist Church Simsboro, Louisiana Pastor George Grace First Bible Baptist Church Rochester, New York
Pastor Wayne Knight Hilltop Baptist Church Colorado Springs, Colorado Pastor Roy Mack Pinecrest Baptist Church McDonough, Georgia Pastor James Adams Bellmead Calvary Baptist Church Waco, Texas
Pastor Mike Norris Franklin Road Baptist Church Murfreesboro, Tennessee Pastor Roger Pauley Cranberry Baptist Church Beckley, West Virginia Pastor Roland Rasmussen
Faith Baptist Church Canoga Park, California
Pastor Larry Emery Massillon Baptist Temple Massillon, Ohio Pastor Lee Patton Faith Bible Church San Antonio, Texas Pastor Steve Proctor Westwood Baptist Church Poplar Bluff, Missouri Pastor Steve Rebert Emmanuel Baptist Church Winchester, Virginia Pastor Glen Rogers Greensburg Temple Baptist Green, Ohio Pastor Eric Schmidt Faith Bible Baptist Church Hamburg, Pennsylvania
Pastor David Cashman Faith Baptist Church Fairless Hills, Pennsylvania Pastor Dewayne Jowers Grace Baptist Church Baldwin, Florida Pastor Jerry Stinger Victory Baptist Church Springfield, Ohio
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