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AD HOC DESIGN STRATEGIES IN RECENT RESPONSE AND REBUILDING OF DISASTER AREAS


a Collaborative Effort From the Students of Architecture (S2)

and


Natural Disaster Banda Aceh, Indonesia, 26 December 2004


Situation

In this situation, the architect is being faced with a problem-solving process which is unknown beforehand whether a particular design strategy will yield a solution or not.

Design Knowledge Rules of Thumb

Concept of Situation

General Theories

The context of natural disaster has led the architect to see situation in the terms of ‘involvement in circumstances’.


Learn How To Act

In the creative process of architectural design in responding to disaster, attempts shall be made to overcome the complexity and contradiction of the situation and make some sense out of it.

Rapidness

Social

Technology

Cost

Environmental Impact

Culture

Religion

Labor

Capacity Building

Community Involvement

Sustainability

Material

Human Behaviour

Accountability

Safety


Process of Selection


Design Decisions

All design decisions were made through a process of identifying some of the most critical problems and attempted a set of action that would lead to a more specific problem solving strategy.


Examples of Design Considerations

Planning:

Safety and accessibility

Layout:

Privacy and social interaction

Height:

Lifestyle and climate

Weight:

Mobility

Size and Space:

Milieu of social practice

Shape:

Efficiency and stability

Openings:

Ventilation, view and comfort level

Structure:

Easy, strong and safe

Materials:

Climate consideration and durability

Detailing:

Simple and easy

Color:

Climate and visual connectivity


Design Product

First Phase Rapid Intervention (collaborative synergy)

Supporting Capacity Building Programs

Continuation for Second Phase Development (long term intervention)


Parallel Development Strategy

Designing and construction process for the Core Houses took period simultaneously with the setting up of the IDP Camps. A parallel work strategy is needed to respond to the needs of the community.


Community Participation - A Self Help Housing Initiatives


Mobilizing Community’s Spirit to Secure Humanity’s Future on This Devastated Land of Finite Resources


Design Product


Flexibility of Change

Basis of Design Methods and Decisions (underlying basis)

Design Approaches (looking at problems)

Logical and Heuristic Reasoning in Approaching Ad-Hoc Situations


Health Centers in Myanmar


Future Plans

1. 2. 3. 4.

Publication on Various Topics (i.e. Architecture, Graphic Design, etc.) Evening Video Presentation by Various Designers (Artists, Architects, etc.) Arsitektur Gopek Exhibitions

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