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The eMagazine of Hiory

Trafalgar's Band of Brothers: The Men and the Myths The Awatea: Another View The Mormon Battalion and the Howling of the Wolves


Contents Vol. 2 No. 1 January, 2011 Chronicles is sponsored by Fireship Press, LLC Box 68412 Tucson, AZ 85737 www.Chronicles.us.com www.FireshipPress.com Phone: 520-360-6228 info@Chronicles.us.com CHRONICLES EDITOR Barbara Marriott Barbara@Chronicles.us.com SENIOR EDITOR Tom Grundner tmg@FireshipPress.com

Copyright Š 2011 - Fireship Press, All Rights Reserved

www.FireshipPress.com

FROM THE EDITOR January, 2011

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FEATURE ARTICLES Trafalgar's Band of Brothers: The Men and the Myths by Ron Bate

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The Awatea: Another View by David Glenn

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The Mormon Battalion and the Howling of the Wolves by Jim Turner

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BOOK REVIEWS Astrodene on Books by David Hayes

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NEW AND NOTABLE

The Moghul by Thomas Hoover

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Caribbee by Thomas Hoover

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Knight Assassin: by James Boschert

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Wynfield's War by Marina Julia Neary

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Chronicles • January, 2011 • Vol 2, No 1

From the Editor... ! I just spent the last hour looking for the year, only to discover it is all in back of me and not in front. However, the end of the year does have some redeeming qualities, its holiday season. To all of you Chronicles wishes a very prosperous New Year. Our gift to you is articles by some talented writers. Jane Eppinga, a frequent contributor is a prize winning author of books on womenʼs history and the southwest. Her seasonʼs greeting is an article filled with little known historical facts on the holiday flower, the poinsettia. ! Keeping up with its tradition of presenting you with some swaggering, dare-de-do nautical history Ron Bate, a newcomer to our publication, takes a critical and analytic pen to the battle of Trafalgar in Trafalgarʼs Band of Brothers, the Myth, the Men, and the Magnificence. ! Of course the best historical reporting is by an eye-witness. In a letter to the editor David Glenn wrote of one of his World War Two experiences. An article by Franklin E. Dailey in the September issue of Chronicle brought back the memories Glenn shared with us. ! In this issue we welcome back Jim Turner. It is always a pleasure to receive one of his articles. Turner is an incredibly knowledgeable historian of the southwest. Here Turner writes about The Mormon Battalion that contributed more than soldiers to our history. ! Happy reading for the season. Keep in touch. Send us an article or a comment. Barbara Marriott

Almost all Fire ship Pre ss books have now been converted to the Amazon Kindle, Apple iPad, Barne s & Noble Nook , and coming soon the Sony Re ader. Be sure to check your favorite ebook store for the late st Fire ship uploads.

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Chronicles • January, 2011 • Vol 2, No 1

Trafalgar's Band of Brothers: The Men and the Myths

by Ron Bate ! The long period of British naval warfare, beginning in the 1790s, included victories like Trafalgar. It was to provided opportunities for men of humble origins to use their naval skills to rise up in society—opportunities they ironically subsequently lost in the long years of peace that Trafalgar helped win. ! John Pasco, Nelson's signal lieutenant at Trafalgar, and now best known for sending the famous signal ʻEngland expects that every man will do his dutyʼ, was the son of a caulker in Plymouth Dockyard. William Blight, a lieutenant in HMS Britannia, had entered as a volunteer in 1793. Both Pasco and Blight went on to achieve post-captain rank and ended their lives as retired rear-admirals. ! One who achieved more instant fame was the master's mate of HMS Defiance, James Spratt, who swam to and boarded the French ship Aigle single-handed and held out until help arrived. Although he

was promoted to lieutenant for his bravery, but his wounds limited further advancement. ! It must also be remembered that Trafalgar took place without some of the Royal Navy's best commanders. Indeed, had the galaxy of talent who ʻjust missedʼ Trafalgar been present, one might wonder how many of the fifteen fugitive French and Spanish battleships would have escaped. ! Nelson had originally planned to attack in three columns, one to cut the French/Spanish line about a third of the way down from the head, the second to engage the ships cut off, and a third kept to windward under an officer that he could trust, to use them as a reserve and to put them into the battle to gain their best advantage. However, having just sent away to Gibraltar for resupply or repair six of his best ships including those of Admiral Sir Thomas Louis (HMS

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Chronicles • January, 2011 • Vol 2, No 1 Canopus), Pulteney Malcolm (HMS Donegal), Benjamin Hallowell Carew (HMS Tigre) and Robert Stopford (HMS Spencer), and had dispatched his brilliant protégé, William Hoste (HMS Amphion), into the Mediterranean on a diplomatic mission, Nelson had to do without the third squadron and attack with only two columns.

! There was also a number who had not yet arrived from Britain in time for the battle, they were admirals Sir Thomas Duckworth, Edward Thornbrough and Richard Goodwin Keats. ! So it is clear to see that there were a large number of Nelson's 'band of brother's' missing at Trafalgar, what of the others that were there.

! Sir Robert Calder left the fleet a week before the battle to face court martial for failing to follow up his initial success at Ferrol (would he have saved his reputation had he listened to Nelson's promptings to stay longer in case the enemy came out?). Calder took as witnesses two captains, William Cheselden Brown and William Lechmere, so that two of Nelsonʼs ships were commanded in the battle by their first lieutenants.

The Trafalgar Captains ! As well as the three British admirals who participated, Nelson, Collingwood and Carnegie (Northesk), there were twenty-seven captains or acting captains of the British ships of the line. ! ! !

Van or Weather Column Capt. Thomas Hardy (HMS Victory) Capt. Charles Bullen (HMS Britannia) Capt. Eliab Harvey (HMS Temeraire)

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Chronicles • January, 2011 • Vol 2, No 1 ! Capt. Thomas Fremantle (HMS Neptune) ! Capt. Isaac Pellew (HMS Conqueror) ! Capt. Henry Bayntun (HMS Leviathan) ! Lt. John Pilfold (HMS Ajax) ! Capt. Edward Codrington (HMS Orion) ! Capt. Charles Mansfield (HMS Minotaur) ! Capt. Sir Francis Laforey (HMS Spartiate) ! Capt. Sir Edward Berry (HMS Agamemnon) ! Capt. Henry Digby (HMS Africa) Rear or Lee Column ! Capt. Edward Rotheram (HMS Royal Sovereign) ! Capt. Richard Grindall (HMS Prince) ! Capt. John Conn (HMS Dreadnought) ! Capt. Sir Charles Tyler (HMS Tonnant) ! Capt. George Duff (HMS Mars) ! Capt. William Hargood (HMS Belle Isle) ! Capt. John Cooke (HMS Bellerophon) ! Capt. James Morris (HMS Colossus) ! Capt. Sir Richard King (HMS Achille) ! Capt. Robert Moorsom (HMS Revenge) ! Capt. William Rutherford (HMS Swiftsure) ! Capt. George Hope (HMS Defence) ! Lt. John Stockham (HMS Thunderer) ! Capt. Philip Durham (HMS Defiance) ! Capt. Richard Redmill (HMS Polyphemus) ! While there were battle-hardened veterans of proven ability among the Trafalgar captains, it has to be stressed that

many were not, and that when Nelson took command of the fleet three weeks before the battle, he had many captains he hardly knew. Only five of his ships of the line at Trafalgar had been in his former Mediterranean Fleet. The rest had been hastily assembled from various squadrons of the Channel Fleet and from ships repaired or newly commissioned in home ports. ! Only eight of the ship-of-the-line captains had served under him before. Apart from Nelson and Collingwood, only five captains had commanded a ship of the line in fleet battle before, in fact it could be said that some of the captains of the French and Spanish combined fleet had much more battle-experience, having recently fought in the action off Ferrol on 23 July. ! Of Nelson's other captains, two had commanded a ship of the line in action against a frigate, seven had commanded frigates in frigate actions, and four had commanded smaller vessels in battle. Five, including Admiral Northesk, had not been in a fleet battle for over twenty years, since the American War of Independence, and seven seem to have lacked any fleet battle experience at all, including one who had not even been in a small ship action. ! However, Nelson's charismatic leadership and the high level of professionalism in a Royal Navy reaching the peak of its performance united this disparate body into an effective fighting force in only three weeks. The Significance of Trafalgar ! Among the national myths of Trafalgar was the belief that Nelson had been martyred saving the country from invasion. In fact the gathering threat from Austria, Russia and Sweden, who had joined Brit-

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Chronicles • January, 2011 • Vol 2, No 1 ain in the Third Coalition, had already induced Napoleon to abandon his invasion plans and to march south with his 177,000 men of the Grande Armee in a pre-emptive strike against Austria. That march began on 27 August and during 16 to 19 October they fought the Battle of Ulm, where the Austrian army was surrounded and forced to surrender, with 30,000 men, 18 generals, 65 guns and 40 standards being captured by the French. ! The combined Franco-Spanish fleet that sailed from Cadiz on 19–20 October 1805 was perhaps destined not for the channel but for Italy, to protect the French southern flank against an Anglo-Russian seaborne attack. Moreover Trafalgar did not stop Napoleon, Nelson and the men of the Royal Navy fought Trafalgar believing that a resounding victory would bring about peace, but Napoleon counterbalanced Trafalgar by defeating Britain's allies in Europe. As a result Britain faced a further ten years of fighting before the French emperor was finally overcome.

! The victory at Trafalgar had the effect of restricting the directions in which Napoleon could operate. It did not prevent an immediate invasion, but it did postpone the prospects of future invasion almost indefinitely. Britain was left secure in its control of the seas, and Napoleon was forced to try to bind the continent together with ever more extreme political and economic measures. This eventually turned most Europeans against him and provided the ʻnation of shopkeepersʼ with the armies necessary to defeat Napoleon, something which Britain lacked the manpower to do by itself. ! In both its immediate strategic and its long-term cultural impact, the battle of Trafalgar was important. However, in the words used by Sir Winston Churchill on the occasion of the victory by the 8th Army at El Alamein, it was “more the end of the beginning, than the beginning of the end”.

Ron Bate is one of the founding members of the Historical Maritime Society (HMS), a group who portray life in Nelsonʼs Navy. Their purpose is to put right the myths on ship board life at the time of Trafalgar. Bate has been involved in several television and film projects for the BBC and the History Channel that featured Nelsonʼs naval time. He has a degree in War Studies, and acquired an Honors degree with his dissertation on the failure of the German Ardennes Offensive, 1944.

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Chronicles • January, 2011 • Vol 2, No 1

THE AWATEA: Another View By David Glenn

! A recent article in the Chronicle about a collision at sea, recalled my own experience in that same event. The item is wellresearched and I write from memory, so this is not to dispute any of the points he makes. A little background first though. ! The RAF needed flying personnel. Because of the weather and the danger of German fighters increasing their tally of kills by knocking off training planes, the Commonwealth Air Training Scheme was born. Canada was one of the countries in which UK people could be trained away from the aforementioned dangers. ! General ʻHapʼ Arnold of the US Army Air Corps got into the act with the Arnold Training Scheme. British boys changed into civilian clothing in Windsor, Ontario, then crossed the border to Detroit, where they were inducted into the American Corps and trained in the States as Americans. Graduated, they reversed the process. Back into civilian clothing

at Detroit, transfer from the USAAC to the RAF, over the bridge to Windsor, and back to the UK. ! Little known though was another plan for training RAF personnel in the States. Named the All Through Training Scheme, six private airfields were rented by the British, staffed by a three man RAF holding unit, with all instructors American civilian flyers. Under this scheme, training was according to RAF protocols, which only meant there was less adjustment to be made after graduation. ! I was lucky enough to be trained at Polaris Flight Academy, in Lancaster, California, one of the six ATTS fields dotted around the USA. I flew Stearman biplanes, as a Primary trainer, moved up to the Vultee Vigilant for Basic, and graduated on the AT6, low wing monoplane with a retractable undercarriage, for Advanced. Many hundreds of these were manufactured and flown during the war. In the RAF it was called the Harvard.

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Chronicles • January, 2011 • Vol 2, No 1 ! What has this to do with collision at sea, and particularly the troopship Awatea, which is involved in Mr. Daileyʼs item? ! From California, it was back to Moncton, New Brunswick for three weeks, at the end of which the townspeople could (and did) tell us the date we would sail, from where (Halifax) the time of day, and the ship. The Wolf Pack must have been salivating. Our ship of course, was the New Zealand liner, the Awatea. ! We were told it had had a bang some time before but was now OK again. On board were about 200 returning RAF, about 3,000 American soldiers, and a group of women, some with babies. We sailed on a Saturday in good weather. Sunday evening, we went to our hammocks and slept. ! In my recollection, the huge bump and bang that shook us all awake happened almost on the stroke of midnight. The alarm bells rang, we grabbed our top clothing and lined up to get on deck. We were all newly anointed Sergeant Pilots, and lined up at the gangway, wondering what had happened,

and were we sinking? Gallows humour showed as one RAF sergeant hollered, "Women and Sergeants first," and the cry was taken up by all two hundred of us. ! It was a long wait, and we gained courage the longer it went on. Eventually, we were allowed on deck, to realize we were in thick fog, and already turned back to Halifax. ! By fortune's toss, one of our lads had been on deck, desperate for some fresh air, away from the fetid crowding below. ! On our port flank in the convoy had been an oil tanker. Our fellow reported that a torpedo had struck it, set it alight, and at last sight, was sinking. A USN destroyer had been on our starboard side, and cut ahead of us to get at the sub. Whatever the reason, the Awatea chopped into it. It broke in half and sank quickly. He heard voices crying out for rescue, but there wasn't time. We understood the depth charges, readied to attack the UBoat, had exploded beneath us. Mature reflection suggests that if so, we would have been fish food long before we achieved getting on deck.

David Glenn - Receiving Wings, 1942

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Chronicles • January, 2011 • Vol 2, No 1 ! Grateful for the fog which closed us in, we stood to on deck for several hours, before we were returned to our berths. The Awatea struggled along in that thick fog for four days – top speed about four knots said a crew member—and when it broke out of it we saw the happiest sight of our lives. Two destroyers and three corvettes were waiting for us. They formed a ring around us and shepherded us back to Halifax. It took two more days, then we docked safely. ! We were marched off smartly and hustled back to the Moncton camp. All of us of course took a peek at the damage to our ship. It was severe. Again, memory recalls a hole in the bows about the size of a small two story apartment. ! After that we were locked up in Moncton until the convoy reached the UK, then entrained down to New York, Penn Station, took a lighter up the East River, past the upended, sabotaged Normandie, and on to the Queen Mary. No destroyers, no corvettes, but lots of speed. Of its three giant gyroscopes which

kept the civilian Mary on an even keel, only one was used in wartime. She rolled like a hippo enjoying herself in the Orinocco. ! I recall one time particularly. The Mary rolled on to her port side. I was just behind a crewman, and we hung on like crazy, staring virtually straight down at the water. He muttered, "She's going this time", but like the gallant lady she was, she righted herself and we got to Scotland safely, all two hundred of us, and almost eighteen thousand US soldiers, many of whom had never seen the sea before. The galleys worked 24/7 to be able to serve us all 2 meals a day. ! A sad footnote is that I heard the Awatea was sunk in the Mediterranean a year or so later. ! Now, almost seventy years later, I have decided I am a lucky one. I must be one of the few left who went through that unnerving sea experience. I finished a tour of thirty four missions in Lancasters, then was seconded to the British Foreign Office on Political Intelligence. (No Bondish glamour. Just an office job really), and saw out the war in London.

When David Glenn wrote a letter to the editor that was inspired by an earlier Chronicles article, we knew we had to share it with our readers. Glennʼs account is based on his personal experience and is a great read as well as good history. Glenn is currently busy writing a third de Subermore mystery—an engaging mystery series set in the Elizabethan Era. His books are published by Fireship Press. For more information on Glennʼs books go to www.FireshipPress.com.

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Chronicles • January, 2011 • Vol 2, No 1

The Queen’s Sword

The Queen’s Jewels

Epic Novels of Persia and Palestine in the Time of the Crusades

Assassins of Alamut

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Knight Assassin


Chronicles • January, 2011 • Vol 2, No 1

The Mormon Battalion and the Howling of the Wolves By Jim Turner ! On December 8, 1846, in the wilderness just west of present-day Douglas, Elisha Smith died. We may read the details 162 years later in dozens of personal journals because Smith was a teamster for his old friend, Captain Daniel Davis of the Mormon Battalion. They took part in one of the longest military marches in history, 1,900 miles from Fort Leavenworth, Kansas to San Diego, California. ! After Congress declared war on Mexico, President James K. Polk sent Captain James Allen to Council Bluffs, Iowa to enlist 500 Mormons to help secure

California for the Union. They left Kansas in late August, and followed the Santa Fe Trail. Many suffered from malaria, dysentery, starvation, and exposure. At three different times, detachments totaling 159 men, women, and children (including Smithʼs wife, Rebecca) were sent to winter in Pueblo, Colorado. ! Colonel Philip St. George Cooke took command of the Battalion at Santa Fe, New Mexico on October 9, 1846. The 6ʼ4” tough-as-nails career officer was dismayed at the sight of his new army. The mules were feeble, clothing inadequate,

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Chronicles • January, 2011 • Vol 2, No 1

and the company “was embarrassed by too many women,” Cooke wrote in his memoirs. ! The army followed the Rio Grande River, turning west just south of presentday Las Cruces. Cooke took the battalion through a steep mountain pass where soldiers had to lower the wagons down the cliffs with ropes. Men hacked or trampled down obstacles to make a road wide enough for the wagons. ! When they reached the former presidio of San Bernardino on December 3rd, it was the first building they had seen in 31 days. For the next few days the road was stony and tough going, uphill through mesquite thickets, plodding through rain, sleet, and snow. Thorns tore their skin and clothing. Wolves circled only a few feet from their camp, disrupting the night with their hideous howls.

One soldier wrote that they seemed to smell death in the camp. ! Just west of present-day Douglas the Battalion camped near a creek where ash and walnut trees grew in abundance. They named the place Ash Creek. On December 8th, Henry Standage wrote, “This morning Sister Brown came to our tent and informed us of the death of Brother Elisha Smith . . . He had been unwell for several days.” ! Daniel Tyler said, “He was buried in the wilderness, alone, and, like the others, without a coffin, or a slab, to mark his last resting place. Brush and billets of wood were piled upon his grave and there burned to conceal his remains from the Indians and wolves.” ! The following day, Levi Hancock sang a song he wrote in memory of Mr. Smith:

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Chronicles • January, 2011 • Vol 2, No 1 Death and the Wolves ! Though the cold wind blew high down the huge mountain shelves, ! All was rife with the cry of the ravenous wolves. ! Thus we watched the last breath of the teamster, who lay ! In the cold grasp of death, as his life wore away. ! In deep anguish he moanʼd, as if mocking his pain, ! When the dying man groanʼd, the wolves howled a refrain. ! Then we dug a deep grave, and we buried him there – ! All alone by the grove – not a stone to tell where!

! From Ash Creek the Battalion marched on through Tucson, and reached San Diego on January 29, 1847. Colonel Cooke respected them for their courage and determination on this long march, which opened the road for thousands of 49ers heading for the California Gold Rush, the Butterfield Stage, and the Southern Pacific Railroad. Modern highways still follow the Mormon road in some places. ! Overshadowed by the Civil War, mocked because of their only battle was with some wild bulls, these men and women faced the weather, wilderness, starvation, and deadly disease for more than seven months and almost 2,000 miles. It seems fitting that a pack of wolves howled all night to mourn their trials and tribulations.

! ʻTwas a sad, doleful night! We by sunrise, next day, ! When the drums and the fifes had performed reveille ! When the teams were brought nigh, and our baggage arranged, ! One and all bid goodbye to the grave and the wolves.

Jim Turner, who is a noted historian of Arizona and the old west, has a new book, Arizona Celebration, hitting the shelves this year. It is a pictorial history of the state and will be released in December 2011, just in time for Arizonaʼs Centennial celebration in 2012. Turner writes a monthly column for the Arizona Daily Star titled “Life in the Old Pueblo”. He also teaches non-credit courses at several Arizona colleges, and gives informative and entertaining history presentations to groups and organizations. Turner can be contacted at www.jimturnerhistorian.org.

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Chronicles • January, 2011 • Vol 2, No 1

Book Reviews

Astrodene on Books ! Many books feature the period from the late 1700's through the Napoleonic Wars so from time to time it's good to read about another period. One period that I like to read about is the early years of the Caribbean when Oliver Cromwell had a 'Western Design' and Buccaneer Sir Henry Morgan became a governor. I first read of it in Dudley Pope's Ned Yorke series but I have just finished Carribbee by Thomas Hoover. Whilst not strictly speaking a history as names are changed so that events featuring different people can be condensed into a shorter time period with one set of characters, it certainly packs in a lot of knowledge about this early period, including a Barbados attempt at independence, the origins of slavery and the sugar trade as well as Buccaneers, the conquest of Jamaica and much more. If it is not a period you are familiar with I can recommend it. ! There have been several new naval fiction books out since the last edition of Chronicles. Firstly the latest book in Julian Stockwin's Kydd series 'Victory'. It reached a milestone in the series with the Battle of Trafalgar. This has of course featured in many novels and is a subject with which many readers will be familiar with so I asked Julian whether this posed any special problems when writing. He told me.... ! “Yes, indeed! When I first began the series I knew that at one point I would have to write about Trafalgar, but as I was only in 1793, at book one, I was able to put my concerns about writing about such a famous event to one side, and get on with the business to hand. However, last year, when writing began in earnest for 'Victory' I had to face the special challenges of this book. How could I bring something fresh and new to such a well-known story? In the end I decided to do

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Chronicles • January, 2011 • Vol 2, No 1 this by having two perspectives on the battle, one of my hero in his ship, and the other from a lowly midshipman aboard 'Victory' herself. ! Another problem was that while I have a huge admiration for Nelson (which, if anything, increased as I was writing the book) he is a huge presence on the maritime stage and I did not want the book to be his story.” ! With this in mind in my review of the book I wrote “It was never going to be easy weaving the events surrounding the well known and often used events of Trafalgar into something that was fresh and gripping but this is exactly what has been produced… Julian's research and familiarity with the ship come through clearly as a former shipmate, in the form of Midshipman Bowden, finds himself serving aboard Victory and is therefore well placed to observe and narrate the major aspects of the battle. The characterisations in this series have always been good but in this one they really mature and for me it is probably the best one yet.” ! Also popular is David Donachie's Pearce series and the latest book Blown off Course is now out. For those not familiar with the series, uniquely, it is set over a few months of 1793 including the siege of Toulon. When I asked David about this he told me …. ! “When I sold the first John Pearce, I was asked how many novels the series might run to and answered, in an off-hand way, “around twelve” and where are we? ! I have set five books in the first year of a 22-year conflict (with a short pause). I leave your readers to make the calculation. ! The surprise is in the amount of story I can tell in such a short time span but I am, and this was the intention from the beginning, following various characters, besides John Pearce: Ralph and Emily Barclay, Midshipman Toby Burns (a coward so adept at appearing heroic), the slimy Cornelius Gherson and various members of the Pelicans to provide a more comprehensive picture of the time in which they lived. ! Added to that, the narrative is continuous, in reality just one big book split into parts: each story tends to pick up at or very near to the point where the last one finished. I have a whole series of lives laid out inside my head – full of ups and downs and the surprise is how much fun it affords.” ! The third new novel already out is William C. Hammond's For Love of Country. You may be under the impression that this is old news as the novel has been listed on retailers sites since the Spring of 2009 as available (but out of stock) however when it appeared with a new cover and different publisher in October I asked William about this. He commented …...

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Chronicles • January, 2011 • Vol 2, No 1 ! “I apologize to so many for the confusion over the publication of this book. In late January of 2009, just six weeks before For Love of Country was to be released, my then publisher, Cumberland House, went out of business. I was as surprised as anyone by this decision, but because Cumberland had posted the original cover of the novel on Amazon months before publication (as most publishers would), the impression in the marketplace was that the book was available. In fact, it was not available then, nor has it been available at any time since then. Fortunately, I have an excellent agent who immediately set about searching for a new publisher. We had several expressions of interest before gratefully settling on the Naval Institute Press. I couldnʼt be happier with that decision.” ! Due to be released this month are The Invasion Year by Dewey Lambdin, 'Master of Rome' by John Stack and if you like fiction about pirates 'Hunt for White Gold' by Mark Keating ! New non-fiction books out include Brian Lavery's Royal Tars of Old England: The Lower Deck of the Royal Navy, 875-1850 which, as you don't often get a book featuring the lower deck as opposed to the more famous officers, sounds interesting, and Book 2 in Sam Willis' Hearts of Oak Trilogy The Admiral Benbow: The Life and Times of a Naval Legend. Unlike the commanders of Nelson's time, Benbow's story is not well known today. The cover tells us “Admiral John Benbow was an English naval hero, a fighting sailor of ruthless methods but indomitable courage. Benbow was a man to be reckoned with. In 1702, however, when Benbow engaged a French squadron off the Spanish main, other ships in his squadron failed to support him. His leg shattered by a cannonball, Benbow fought on—but to no avail: the French escaped and the stricken Benbow succumbed to his wounds. When the story of his 'Last Fight' reached England, there was an outcry. Two of the captains who had abandoned him were court-martialled and shot; 'Brave Benbow' was elevated from national hero to national legend, his valour immortalised in broadsheet and folksong: ships were named after him; Tennyson later fêted him in verse; in Robert Louis Stevenson's Treasure Island, the tavern where Jim Hawkins and his mother live is called 'The Admiral Benbow'.”

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Chronicles • January, 2011 • Vol 2, No 1

New and Notable From the Bestselling Author

Thomas Hoover

The Moghul "...the finest book on India since Kipling." India 1620: India is ruled by the son of the great Akbar, and is about to pass his crown to one of his sons. Brian Hawksworth, ship's captain and emissary of King James, must choose sides, but will he choose correctly? The future of England, and of India, depend on it. He had come to India to open trade for "barbaric" England and squeeze out the Portuguese, who try to kill him at every opportunity. But once on land, he becomes captivated by the country and the people. The beauty and romance of the exquisite Moghul Empire seduce him from his material goals to a new quest for supreme sensuality in music, mystical visions, and sacred lovemaking. From pulse-pounding sea battles, to tiger hunts, war elephants, harems and forbidden love--The Moghul takes you on a breath-taking tour of the India that existed before the British Raj. "Grand adventure, firmly plotted, well told... an excellent novel." Los Angeles Times "A fine old-fashioned adventurous read..." Cleveland Plain Dealer

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Chronicles • January, 2011 • Vol 2, No 1

From the Bestselling Author

Thomas Hoover

Caribbee The Untold Story of the First American Revolution Barbados, 1648. The lush and deadly Caribbean paradise, domain of rebels and freeholders, of brigands, bawds and buccaneers. Where the flames of revolution exploded a full 130 years before engulfing the American mainland. And where a dark, enslaved race secretly practiced the mysterious rites of a distant continent while daring to whisper the forbidden word... "Freedom." This is the sweeping tale of Hugh Winston, lusty, swashbuckling captain of The Defiance, and the lovely, tempestuous firebrand Katherine Bedford; the two trapped in a bloody pitched battle against the overwhelming forces of British tyranny. A story of love and betrayal, of slavery, war, piracy in the exotic land that gave birth to the fiery American ideal of "Liberty or Death." From the splendor of Barbados, to the rain forests of Tortuga, to the battle-scarred Jamaican coast, a magnificent novel of a time, a place, and a people you will never forget. "An action-crammed, historically factual novel... In the epic tradition of James Clavell and James A. Mitchner..." - Publisher's Weekly

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Chronicles • January, 2011 • Vol 2, No 1

Knight Assassin: The Second Book of Talon

by James Boschert A joyous homecoming turns into a nightmare, as a trained assassin must do the one thing he didnʼt want to do--become an assassin again. Knight Assassin is story of treachery, greed, love, and heroism set in the Middle Ages, just prior to the Third Crusade. Talon, a young Frank, returns to France with his uncle Phillip, a Templar knight, to be reunited with his family who lost him to the Assassins of Alamut when he was just a boy. When he arrives, he finds a sinister threat hanging like a pall over the joyous reunion. Ruthless enemies, who will stop at nothing to destroy his entire family to achieve their ends, are challenging the inheritance of his father. Talon will have to depend upon a handful of Welsh Archers, whom he met at sea, and his uncle's trusty sergeant Max to help him defend his family from this plot. To accomplish that, however, he must also use the skills he learned as a Persian Hashshashin to tip the balance in his family's favor.

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Chronicles • January, 2011 • Vol 2, No 1

Wynfield's War Book Two of the Wynfield Series

by Marina Julia Neary From the chaos of an extensive slum known as Bermondsey, Wynfield finds himself in the Crimea where he experiences a military campaign that makes Bermondsey look orderly. The spring of 1854 was filled with violence, deceit, and bereavement, and marked the end of Wynfield's reign as the king of the Bermondsey slums. His memory shattered and his perception of reality distorted, he falls under the influence of an unlikely patron--the ruthless Lord Lucan. Known to his Irish tenants as "the exterminator," Lucan plans to mold his ward into a brainwashed ally for his upcoming Crimean campaign. While in the company of some frightfully incompetent and arrogant generals, Wynfield travels to the Crimea as a junior officer in the British cavalry. There he catches a glimpse of the personal war between Lords Lucan and Cardigan, which results in the blunder known as the Charge of the Light Brigade, and discovers the darker side of the saintly Florence Nightingale. Short-lived alliances with comrades who would never make it home to England, and haphazard sexual encounters with women he would never see again, challenge Wynfield's innate sense of loyalty. Having seen so many heroes trampled and so many cowards exalted, Wynfield must choose sides and, in so doing, shape the course of the rest of his life.

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Chronicles • January, 2011 • Vol 2, No 1

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