Record the following notes on the top Â˝ of page 23. Your title should be: Enlightened Thinkers 1600-1700â€™s You only need to copy what is typed in black.
• Unlike Hobbes, Locke believed that people formed governments to protect their rights, not to save them from themselves. “The [purpose] of law is not to abolish or restrain, but to preserve and enlarge freedom.”
Locke (1632-1704) English Philosopher
• Believed that people were naturally good, but were corrupted and enslaved by society. “Man is born free, but everywhere he is in chains.” He believed governments had a duty to secure freedom for their people.
Rousseau (1712-1778) French Philosopher
Hobbes (1588-1679) English Philosopher
Hobbes thought people were too selfish to govern themselves and needed the protection of a strong ruler. He wrote, “All mankind [has] a perpetual and restless desire of power…that ceaseth only in death.”
Montesquieu (1689-1755) French philosopher â€˘ Believed that democracy
was the best form of government. But he said that power must be divided among different groups for it to work. â€œWhen the [lawmaking] and [law enforcement] powers are united in the same person, there can be no liberty.â€?