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Record the following notes on the top ½ of page 23. Your title should be: Enlightened Thinkers 1600-1700’s You only need to copy what is typed in black.

• Unlike Hobbes, Locke believed that people formed governments to protect their rights, not to save them from themselves. “The [purpose] of law is not to abolish or restrain, but to preserve and enlarge freedom.”

Locke (1632-1704) English Philosopher

• Believed that people were naturally good, but were corrupted and enslaved by society. “Man is born free, but everywhere he is in chains.” He believed governments had a duty to secure freedom for their people.

Rousseau (1712-1778) French Philosopher

Hobbes (1588-1679) English Philosopher

Hobbes thought people were too selfish to govern themselves and needed the protection of a strong ruler. He wrote, “All mankind [has] a perpetual and restless desire of power…that ceaseth only in death.”

Montesquieu (1689-1755) French philosopher • Believed that democracy

was the best form of government. But he said that power must be divided among different groups for it to work. “When the [lawmaking] and [law enforcement] powers are united in the same person, there can be no liberty.�

Enlightened thinkers