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National Survey of Young Adults on HIV/AIDS Chart Pack

Kaiser Family Foundation November 30, 2017


Community and Personal Concern about HIV/AIDS Among 18-30 year olds in the United States

“How serious of a concern is HIV/AIDS for people you know?” White

Black

Latino

15%

10% 50%

Very serious Somewhat serious

35%

35%

41%

46%

Not too serious Not at all serious

24% 11%

12%

8%

12%

“How concerned are you personally about HIV/AIDS?” White

Black

Latino

11% 8% 61%

33%

35% 44%

20%

40%

Very concerned Somewhat concerned Not too concerned Not a concern

14% 9%

13%

2017 Kaiser Family Foundation National Survey of Young Adults on HIV/AIDS; conducted January 25 – February 16, 2017

12%


Personal Connection to HIV/AIDS Among 18-30 year olds in the United States

“Do you know personally know anyone living with and/or who has died of HIV/AIDS?”

16% Don’t Know

17%

Yes

30%

8% 20%

18% White

Black

16% No

9%

64% Latino

2017 Kaiser Family Foundation National Survey of Young Adults on HIV/AIDS; conducted January 25 – February 16, 2017

Family member, spouse, or close friend


Sense of Personal Risk Among 18-30 year olds in the United States

“How worried are you about getting HIV?” Very worried

Somewhat worried

White

Not at all worried

Not too worried

Black

Latino

6% 10% 35%

53%

15%

22%

12%

31%

36%

30%

2017 Kaiser Family Foundation National Survey of Young Adults on HIV/AIDS; conducted January 25 – February 16, 2017

20% 29%


Awareness of PrEP Among 18-30 year olds in the United States “As far as you know, is there a pill that people who do not have HIV can take to protect themselves from getting HIV, or does such a pill not exist?”

Don't Know 32%

“As you may know, there is now a pill to protect people from getting HIV, sometimes known as PrEP or by the brand name Truvada. How much, if anything, have you heard about this pill?”

Yes 13%

No 55%

2017 Kaiser Family Foundation National Survey of Young Adults on HIV/AIDS; conducted January 25 – February 16, 2017

A lot 3% Fair amount 7% Only a little 17%

Nothing at all

74%


Perceptions about PrEP Among 18-30 year olds in the United States who have heard anything about PrEP

“As far as you know, how effective is PrEP in protecting people who take it from getting HIV?”

“Do you think most people in the U.S. who want PrEP are able to get it, or not?”

D/K Not at all 3%

5%

D/K 1%

Very

18%

Not too

17% No 64% Somewhat

55%

2017 Kaiser Family Foundation National Survey of Young Adults on HIV/AIDS; conducted January 25 – February 16, 2017

Yes 35%


Know Someone Who has Used PrEP Among 18-30 year olds in the United States who have heard anything about PrEP

“PrEP, also known as Truvada, is a pill to protect against getting HIV. Do you personally know anyone, including yourself, who has ever taken this prescription medication for HIV protection?”

Yes 15%

Not Sure 17%

No 68%

2017 Kaiser Family Foundation National Survey of Young Adults on HIV/AIDS; conducted January 25 – February 16, 2017


Perceptions and Experiences with PrEP by Race Among 18-30 year olds in the United States who have heard anything about PrEP

White

Percent who say PrEP is “somewhat” or “very” effective in protecting against HIV

Percent who say most people in the U.S. who want PrEP can get it

Latino

Black

77%

38%

13%

62%

29%

10%

Percent who know someone who has taken PrEP

2017 Kaiser Family Foundation National Survey of Young Adults on HIV/AIDS; conducted January 25 – February 16, 2017

73%

34%

16%


Awareness of How HIV Treatment Works Among 18-30 year olds in the United States

“Antiretrovirals (ARVs) are the medications to treat people living with HIV. As far as you know, how effective, if at all, are current treatment options in terms of each of the following…”

Very effective

Somewhat effective

Not too effective

Not at all effective

…helping people with HIV live longer?

25%

57%

12%

4%

…improving the health of people with HIV?

26%

56%

12%

4%

…preventing the spread of HIV to sexual partners?

…preventing the spread of HIV from a pregnant woman to her baby?

11%

13%

36%

29%

38%

28%

2017 Kaiser Family Foundation National Survey of Young Adults on HIV/AIDS; conducted January 25 – February 16, 2017

23%

18%


Understanding Treatment as Prevention Among 18-30 year olds in the United States “As far as you know, if someone who has HIV takes their medication as prescribed, does this reduce the risk of passing HIV to their sexual partners, or not?”

Don't Know

1%

No, does not reduce risk

52%

“With ongoing antiretroviral treatment, some people with HIV can become undetectable. Have you heard this term before, or not?”

Yes, significantly reduces risk

Yes, heard of, and know what it means

10% Yes, somewhat reduces risk

36%

25% No, never heard of it before

57%

Yes, heard of, but don’t know what it means

18%

2017 Kaiser Family Foundation National Survey of Young Adults on HIV/AIDS; conducted January 25 – February 16, 2017


Misperceptions about HIV Prevention Among 18-30 year olds in the United States

“How effective, if at all, are the following at preventing HIV?” Very effective

Somewhat effective

Not at all effective

Birth control pills

Condoms

11%

Not too effective

3% 6%

5%

9%

32%

Correct Answer

51%

81% Correct Answer

2017 Kaiser Family Foundation National Survey of Young Adults on HIV/AIDS; conducted January 25 – February 16, 2017


Comfort with People Living with HIV Among 18-30 year olds in the United States

“How comfortable would you be personally in the following situations …”

Somewhat comfortable

Very comfortable

…working with someone with HIV?

… having a close friend with HIV?

… having a roommate with HIV?

…having food prepared by someone with HIV?

Somewhat uncomfortable

34%

32%

24%

9%

35%

30%

24%

11%

22%

18%

…being in a sexual relationship with someone with HIV?

27%

30%

24%

33%

21%

3% 5% 18%

2017 Kaiser Family Foundation National Survey of Young Adults on HIV/AIDS; conducted January 25 – February 16, 2017

25%

73%

Very uncomfortable


Misperceptions about HIV Risk Among 18-30 year olds in the United States

“What is the risk, if any, of HIV being passed from one person to another in each of the following ways…” High risk

Low risk

Not a way HIV is spread [correct answer] By spitting

Sharing plates, glasses, silverware

11% 63%

20% 27%

46% 34%

From a toilet seat

By kissing

10% 61%

22% 28%

42%

36% 2017 Kaiser Family Foundation National Survey of Young Adults on HIV/AIDS; conducted January 25 – February 16, 2017


Conversations about HIV/AIDS Among 18-30 year olds in the United States

“How often do you talk about HIV with each of the following…”

Friends

Family Members Often 2% N/A 7%

Never 59%

Sexual Partners

Often 3%

Sometimes 7%

N/A 7% Sometimes 10%

Rarely 24%

Never 47%

Rarely 32%

N/A 14%

Often 7% Sometimes 16%

Never 38% Rarely 24%

2017 Kaiser Family Foundation National Survey of Young Adults on HIV/AIDS; conducted January 25 – February 16, 2017


Conversations about HIV/AIDS Among 18-30 year olds in the United States

Talk about HIV with Family Members

White

Black

8% 1% 4%

8% 7% 36%

44% 37%

7% 2% 5%

6% 9% 30%

56%

12% 5%

13%

19%

69%

Talk about HIV with Friends

Latino

22%

33%

Talk about HIV with Sexual Partners

46%

4%

34%

15%

12% 25%

27%

9% 4% 15%

37%

30%

14%

12%

21%

18% 10%

17 %

20% 23%

28%

24% 2017 Kaiser Family Foundation National Survey of Young Adults on HIV/AIDS; conducted January 25 – February 16, 2017

24%

Often Sometimes Rarely Never N/A


HIV Testing and Reasons Tested (or Not) Among 18-30 year olds in the United States

“Have you, yourself, ever been tested for HIV?”

Reason(s) got tested (all that apply)

Reason(s) have not been tested (all that apply)

Don't believe at risk Doctor never suggested Don't know where to go

Yes, within past 12 mos. 20%

67% 41% 13%

Felt judged or embarrassed

13%

Worried about cost

12%

Worried about confidentiality

7%

Worried about results

6%

No, never tested 54%

Seemed like a good idea

Health care provider suggested

Yes, longer than 12 mos. ago 26%

2017 Kaiser Family Foundation National Survey of Young Adults on HIV/AIDS; conducted January 25 – February 16, 2017

Something you do every year Concerned might have been exposed Partner suggested

69% 46% 39% 20%

10%


More about HIV Testing Among 18-30 year olds in the United States who report ever being tested for HIV regarding the most recent time

“Was it part of another health visit, such as a routine check-up?”

Went specifically to get tested

“How did you know the test was being done?”

Impression, but not discussed Part of a blood donation 10%

9%

21% Asked to be tested

38%

Part of another visit

79%

Told being tested

43%

2017 Kaiser Family Foundation National Survey of Young Adults on HIV/AIDS; conducted January 25 – February 16, 2017


Self-Reported HIV Testing Among 18-30 year olds in the United States, by race

“Have you, yourself, ever been tested for HIV?” Black

White Yes, w/in past 12 mos.

Yes, w/in past 12 mos.

16% Never

58%

Yes, >12 mos. ago

Latino

Never

34%

39%

26% Yes, >12 mos. ago

27%

2017 Kaiser Family Foundation National Survey of Young Adults on HIV/AIDS; conducted January 25 – February 16, 2017

Yes, w/in past 12 mos. Never

25%

51% Yes, >12 mos. ago

24%


Talking with Health Care Providers about HIV Among 18-30 year olds in the United States

“Have you ever talked with a doctor or other health care provider about HIV?”

“Has a doctor or other health care provider ever suggested you be tested for HIV, or not?”

Yes, within past 12 mos. 12%

Yes, within past 12 mos. 11%

No, never talked 63%

Yes, longer than 12 mos. ago 26%

No, never suggested 69%

2017 Kaiser Family Foundation National Survey of Young Adults on HIV/AIDS; conducted January 25 – February 16, 2017

Yes, longer than 12 mos. ago 19%


Talking with Health Care Providers about HIV Among 18-30 year olds in the United States, by race

“Have you talked with a doctor or other health care provider about HIV?” White

Black

8%

10%

25% 25%

67%

Latino

47%

Yes, within last 12 mos.

20%

62%

Yes, longer than 12 mos. No, never talked

28% “Has a doctor or other health care provider ever suggested that you be tested for HIV, or not?” White

Black

Latino

8% 25%

19% 72%

14%

59%

Yes, within last 12 mos. Yes, longer than 12 mos.

64%

16%

2017 Kaiser Family Foundation National Survey of Young Adults on HIV/AIDS; conducted January 25 – February 16, 2017

22%

No, never suggested


Information Needs about HIV Among 18-30 year olds in the United States Percent who would like more information about each of the following: How HIV is and is not spread

Where to get tested for HIV

29%

How often to get tested for HIV

29%

19%

30%

28%

Prevention options for HIV

How to bring up HIV with a partner

Treatment options for HIV

Any Topic (at least one)

25%

2017 Kaiser Family Foundation National Survey of Young Adults on HIV/AIDS; conducted January 25 – February 16, 2017

41%


Sources of Information about HIV/AIDS Among 18-30 year olds in the United States

“Thinking about what you know about HIV, how much of that information have you gotten from …” A lot

School

Some

34%

Online search

34%

30%

Doctors

15%

Other media (TV, radio, print)

14%

18%

34%

20%

Social media

Nothing at all

Only a little

32%

15%

18%

17%

25%

29%

23%

30%

37%

26% 30%

18%

Family

9%

23%

29%

39%

Friends

7%

25%

31%

37%

Religious institutions 2% 8%

13%

77%

2017 Kaiser Family Foundation National Survey of Young Adults on HIV/AIDS; conducted January 25 – February 16, 2017


Use of Health Care Services Among 18-30 year olds in the United States

“In the last 12 months, have you been to any of the following for your own personal health care, or not?” Total

White

Black

Latino

Private Doctor

55%

65%

46%

37%

Health Center (incl. PPFA)

44%

44%

51%

41%

Emergency Room

27%

28%

78%

83%

35%

25%

Any of above

80%

2017 Kaiser Family Foundation National Survey of Young Adults on HIV/AIDS; conducted January 25 – February 16, 2017

67%


Factors Impacting Access to Care Among 18-30 year olds in the United States, by race

“Have you ever put off getting any type of health care for any of the following reasons, or not…?” Total

White

Worry about cost

45%

43%

Didn’t have insurance

27%

22%

21%

23%

18%

20%

Didn’t know where to go

Embarassed

Black

Latino

47%

46%

38%

33%

16%

20%

9%

18%

2017 Kaiser Family Foundation National Survey of Young Adults on HIV/AIDS; conducted January 25 – February 16, 2017


Concerns about Paying for Health Care Among 18-30 year olds in the United States, by race

“How worried are you about being able to pay for health care if you need it?”

White

Not at all 17%

Not too 28%

Very 19%

Black

Not at all 15% Not too 20%

Somewhat 36%

Latino

Not at all 9% Very 31%

Very 29%

Not too 20%

Somewhat 34%

2017 Kaiser Family Foundation National Survey of Young Adults on HIV/AIDS; conducted January 25 – February 16, 2017

Somewhat 41%


The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation Headquarters 2400 Sand Hill Road Menlo Park, CA 94025 Phone: (650) 854-9400 Fax: (650) 854-4800 Washington Offices and Barbara Jordan Conference Center 1330 G Street, NW Washington, DC 20005 Phone: (202) 347-5270 Fax: (202) 347-5274 www.kff.org

The Kaiser Family Foundation, a leader in health policy analysis, health journalism and communication, is dedicated to filling the need for trusted, independent information on the major health issues facing our nation and its people. The Foundation is a non-profit private operating foundation, based in Menlo Park, California.

National Survey of Young Adults on HIV AIDS Chartpack  
National Survey of Young Adults on HIV AIDS Chartpack