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FINLAND IN FIGURES

POPULATION As of July 2016, ­Finland’s population registered at 5,495,830 persons. This is an increase of 8,522 since January.

FINLAND

ECONOMIC STRUCTURE

IN FIGURES

Employed persons by industry, 2nd quarter 2016 (per cent of total)

AREA • 390,906 sq. kil­o­me­tres, of ­which 9% is fresh water; land area is 303, 892 ­sq. kil­o­me­tres. There are 188,000 lakes. 6% of the ­land is ­under cul­ti­va­tion. Fo­rests (main­ly ­pine and ­spruce) cov­er 68% of the country. GOVERNMENT • Sove­reign par­lia­men­tary re­pub­lic ­since 1917. • The pres­i­dent is elect­ed eve­r y six years. The current president of Finland, Sauli Niinistö took office in March 2012. The 200 mem­bers of Par­lia­ment are elect­ed for fouryear terms. • Finland has been a member of the European Union since January 1995. ECONOMY • GDP 2015: 207 billion euros, the annual change in volume 0.5% • Annual inflation rate as of February 2016: -0.1% • Currency: Euro

Construction and energy 8%

Miscellaneous services

13%

35%

Manufacturing

14% 4% Agriculture

10%

16%

Financial and business servces

Trade and hotel

Transport and communications

GDP

46%

Other manufactured goods

23%

Forest products

17%

Food prod. and textiles

14%

Nominal

Adjusted for Purchasing Power Standard

67.400 46.800 45.400 39.600 38.200 37.000 32.800 28.700

46.900 35.500 35.400 31.600 31.200 35.900 30.300 28.700

Foreign trade 2015 exports by products by activity: 53.829 MEUR (per cent of total) Forest industry products

21.5%

Other industries

19.5%

Chemical industry products

18.8%

Metals and metal products

14.7%

Machinery and equipment

13.5%

Electronics

12.1%

*preliminary

MONTHLY TEMPERATURES IN HELSINKI 2015

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Mean˚C -0.9 0.9 2.4 5.3 9.3 13.3 16.4 17.5 13.7 6.4 5.6 3.3 Max˚C 6.0 8.3 11.1 13.2 17.1 21.9 26.9 24.6 18.9 17.2 13.4 10.5 Min˚C -14.0 -7.2 -7.5 -1.1 1.2 6.8 10.3 9.6 6.0 -3.4 -4.2 -7.1

More information: finland.fi, goodnewsfromfinland.com, findicator.fi

98 BLUE WINGS OCTOBER 2016

Metal and engineering products

EXPORTS BY PRODUCTS

Gross domestic product per capita 2015* (EUR)

Norway Denmark Sweden UK Finland Germany France EU28

Manufacturing

Source: Statistics Finland

POPULATION • 5.5 mil­lion • Life ex­pec­tan­c y: men 78.2 and women 83.9 years • Av­er­age house­hold ­size: 2.1 persons • L anguages: 89% ­speak Finn­ish; 5.3% Swedish; 1.3% Russian • Religion: 74% Lu­ther­an; 1% Orthodox; 24% census register or unknown • 81% of the pop­u­la­tion aged 25 to 64 ­have com­plet­ed upper secondary or tertiary ed­u­ca­tion and 37% ­have uni­ver­sity or other tertiary qualifications.

Blue Wings Curiosity issue October 2016  
Blue Wings Curiosity issue October 2016